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Participant Packet _GrassrootsAdvocacyTraining2011_








       PARTICIPANT PACKET                            


                          ESSENTIAL INFORMATION 
                           CONGRESSIONAL ASKS 
             Registration packet including congressional asks and information 



                                             Official Events

The following events are official Grassroots Advocacy Training and Lobby Day events. There are also affiliated events 
scheduled for Saturday, March 5; and Tuesday, March 8, and organized by the American Friends Service Committee, the 
US Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation and Interfaith Peace‐Builders.  

Official Event Locations: 

        Sunday, March 6 
        Cesar Chavez School for Public Policy      Mi Vecindad Restaurant  
        709 12th St. SE                            Cuban and Pan‐Latin Cuisine 
        Washington, DC 20003                       1129 Pennsylvania Ave. SE, Washington DC 

        Monday, March 7 
        Capitol Hill (The Methodist Building Meeting Room) 
        100 Maryland Avenue NE  
        Washington, DC 20002 

Location: Cesar Chavez School for Public Policy 
        9:30 – 11:00 am: Keynote Address  
                ISRAEL/PALESTINE IN THE AGE OF OBAMA AND THE TEA PARTY: What Does the Future Hold? 
                Nadia Hijab ‐ Co‐Director of Al‐Shabaka, the Palestinian Policy Network  
        11:00 – 11:15 am: Morning Break (light refreshments) 
        11:15 am – 12:15 pm: Introducing our Policy Asks 
                A chance to focus on Monday's Lobby Day, this session will introduce our shared policy asks and 
                discuss strategies to use on Capitol Hill  
                • Josh Ruebner ‐ National Advocacy Director at the US Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation 
                • Abed Ayoub ‐ Legal Director at the American Arab Anti‐Discrimination Committee 
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    12:15 ‐ 2:00 pm: Lunch Break (lunch provided for pre‐paid registrants) 
            Break‐Out Sessions: Meet with Your state lobbying groups to discuss congressional asks and plan your 
            1:15 ‐ 2:00 PM: Optional Informational Workshops 

            •   The Interfaith Peace‐Builders Delegation Experience: What Makes an IFPB Delegation Unique? 
                Presented by Emily Siegel, Delegations Coordinator for Interfaith Peace‐Builders 

            •   Using 'Reality Snippets' to Reshape American Public Opinion: New Media and Your Activism. 
                Presented by Ed Thompson of the Chicago Faith Coalition for Middle East Policy 

            •   Understanding the Israel Lobby: How You Can Challenge AIPAC in DC this May. Presented by Medea 
                Benjamin, Rae Abileah and Shaden Dowiatt of CODEPINK 

            •   US‐registered 501(c)3's and the Israeli Settlement Industry: Who Funds the Settlements and How Can 
                We Stop Them? Presented by Abed Ayoub of the American Arab Anti‐Discrimination Committee and 
                members of Northern Virginia Citizens for Middle East Peace  
    2:00 – 3:30 pm: Workshops 
            Workshop 1: Mobilizing the Grassroots: Generating Leverage through Constructive Campaigns 
            • Anna Baltzer ‐ award‐winning lecturer, author, and National Organizer at the US Campaign to End 
               the Israeli Occupation 
            • Loubna Qutami ‐ an International Executive Board Member for the Palestinian Youth Network and 
               Special Events Coordinator at the Arab Cultural Center in San Francisco 
            • Dalit Baum ‐ Coordinator of, a project of the Coalition of Women for Peace (Israel), 
               and director of Global Exchange's Palestine Economic Activism Project 
            Workshop 2:  Bringing Solidarity Home: Supporting Palestinian and Israeli Partners While Working for 
            Change Locally 
            • Andrew Kadi ‐ human rights activist, member of Adalah‐NY: The New York Campaign for the Boycott 
               of Israel, and occasional contributor to the Guardian's Comment is Free, The Electronic Intifada, 
               Mondoweiss, Left Turn, and other publications 
            • Jennifer Bing ‐ Regional Program Coordinator of the Great Lakes Region of the American Friends 
               Service Committee 
            Workshop 3: Faith Based Organizing:  Engaging Religious Communities and Creating Interfaith Space 
            • Naeem Baig ‐ Vice President for Public Affairs at the Islamic Circle of North America 
            • Mark Braverman ‐ Executive Director of Friends of Tent of Nations North America and Board 
               member of the Israeli Committee Against Home Demolitions USA 
            Workshop 4: Ending Military Aid to Israel: Mobilizing for Policy Change in Your Community  
            • Josh Ruebner ‐ National Advocacy Director at the US Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation 
    3:30 ‐ 3:45 pm: Afternoon Break 
                                                                                                             Page | 4  

       3:45 ‐ 5:00 PM:  Facilitated Panel Discussion 
               Policy Levers and Grassroots Fulcrums: Where Can We Push and Be Most Effective? 
               Facilitated by Mike Daly, Program Coordinator for Interfaith Peace‐Builders.  
               Panelists include: 
               • Adam Horowitz ‐ Co‐editor of Mondoweiss, founding member of Jews Against the Occupation in 
                   New York city and board member of Jews for Racial and Economic Justice 
               • Loubna Qutami ‐ International Executive Board Member for the Palestinian Youth Network and 
                   Special Events Coordinator at the Arab Cultural Center in San Francisco 
               • Other presenters to be announced  
       5:00 – 5:15 pm: Final Plenary Meeting and Details for Monday 
       5:30 – 8:00 pm: Social Event and Fundraiser 
               Mi Vecindad Restaurant  
               Cuban and Pan‐Latin Cuisine 
               1129 Pennsylvania Ave. SE, Washington DC  
               (1 block from training site) 
               Food available for purchase 
               Free entrance for Grassroots Advocacy Training Registrants  
               Non‐registrants suggested donation: $10 ‐ $50  
               Special Guest: Daoud Nassar – Palestinian farmer from Bethlehem and Director of the Tent of Nations  
Location: The Methodist Building Meeting Room 
        Between 9:00 AM and 5:00 PM the Meeting Room at the Methodist Building will be available for registrants 
        to use for meeting, resting, and storing bags.  The Methodist Building is accessible by Metrorail from Union 
        Station (Red Line) 
       10:00 am – 5:00 pm: Meetings on Capitol Hill 
       3:30 pm– 5:30 pm: Evaluation Session 
       The Methodist Building Meeting Room 
       A review and evaluation of the lobby day focused on tangible achievements and avenues for growth and success. 
       Moderated by Joe Groves ‐ Senior Fellow at Interfaith Peace‐Builders. 

                                                                                                              Page | 5  

                                                   Affiliated Events 
The following affiliated events are organized by the American Friends Service Committee or the American Arab Anti‐Discrimination 
Committee, in cooperation with Interfaith Peace‐Builders and the US Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation.  Your registration for 
the Grassroots Advocacy Training covers only the official events of March 6 ‐ 7 detailed above.   
        SATURDAY, MARCH 5 
        12:00 ‐ 6:00 PM: Campus Organizing Conference 
                 For students and youth. Featuring Panels and Interactive Workshops for Students and Youth Activists! Learn the 
                 skills to catalyze your activism on your campus and in your community, featuring a special opportunity to “stump 
                 the chump” and hear from experienced organizers on how to respond creatively to difficult organizing scenarios. 
        7:00 ‐ 9:00 PM: Evening Event ‐ "Telling the Story of Gaza" 
        Location:  Busboys and Poets Restaurant, 2021 14th Street, NW, Washington DC (14th and V Streets) 
                 Join bloggers Adam Horowitz (Mondoweiss) and Laila el‐Haddad (Gaza Mom) as they discuss their contributions to 
                 the  new  book  "The  Goldstone  Report:  The  Legacy  of  the  Landmark  Investigation  of  the  Gaza  Conflict"  (Nation 
        MONDAY, MARCH 7 
        (Pending Confirmation) 6:00 ‐ 8:30 PM: Reception and Panel Discussion 
        Location:  American Arab Anti‐Discrimination Committee Heritage Center, 1732 Wisconsin Ave NW, Washington, DC 
        The American Arab Anti‐Discrimination Committee and the US Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation welcome you to a 
        reception  and  panel  discussion  on  current  events  and  policy  prescriptions  for  the  Middle  East.  More  information  and 
        speakers to be announced. 
        The ADC Heritage Center is accessible by the DC Circulator Bus from Union Station (the Union Station ‐ Georgetown Line). 
        The DC Circulator departs from Union Station ‐ Parking Deck Mezzanine Level  and drops off passengers at Wisconsin Ave 
        NW & 34th St NW (one block from the Heritage Center). 
        TUESDAY, MARCH 8 
        Location:  Rayburn House Office Building, Room B‐339 (Capitol Hill) 
        9:00 ‐ 10:30 AM: Congressional Briefing 
                 How U.S. Policy Impacts Us: Testimonies from Israelis and Palestinians 
                 Israeli and Palestinian witnesses will tell seldom heard stories that raise critical questions about the effects of U.S. 
                 policies on three key issues: property rights, freedom of movement, and U.S. military aid in the region. Voices of 
                 those who are directly affected by the conflict will be highlighted.  
                 Featuring expert testimony from: 
                     • Daoud Nassar ‐ Palestinian farmer from Bethlehem and Director of the Tent of Nations. He will address 
                         challenges posed by nearby Israeli settlements to his property. 
                     • Leila el‐Haddad ‐ Palestinian blogger and journalist from Gaza. She will address freedom of movement for 
                         Palestinians in Gaza. 
                     • Elik  Elhanan  ‐  Former  Israeli  soldier  and  current  peace  advocate.  He  will  address  military  aid  and 
                         militarism within Israel. 
                     • Moderator: Helena Cobban ‐ Veteran writer and researcher on global affairs. 

                                                                                                                                 Page | 6  

The following information provides directions and maps to each location at which official Grassroots Advocacy Training and Lobby 
Day events will take place. 
PARKING:  Both event locations have limited street parking available. Participants are encouraged to take the 
Washington DC Metro to the events, and/or park and metro to the locations.  
The closest DC Metro parking lots to Cesar Chavez School are at Minnesota Avenue Station (Orange Line) or Capitol 
Heights Station (Blue Line). DC Metro Station parking lots are free on weekends. 

Official Event Locations: 

        Cesar Chavez School for Public Policy          Mi Vecindad Restaurant  
        709 12th St. SE                                Cuban and Pan‐Latin Cuisine 
        Washington, DC 20003                           1129 Pennsylvania Ave. SE, Washington DC 
       METRO:  Cesar  Chavez  School  for  Public  Policy  and  Mi  Vecindad  Restaurant  are  accessible  by  Metrorail  from 
       Eastern Market Station (Orange/Blue Lines).  
       Click here for a map of location and directions to/from Eastern Market Station.  
       NOTE: Parking is limited at the school and nearby streets. Participants are encouraged to travel via metro. For 
       metro directions and times, check 
Events will take place at Capitol Hill (Methodist Building) 
       The Methodist Building ‐ Meeting Room 
       100 Maryland Avenue NE (Capitol Hill) 
       Washington, DC 20002 
       Event: Lobby Day Evaluation Session, 3:30 ‐ 5:00 PM 
       Between 10:00 AM and 5:00 PM the meeting room at the Methodist Building will be available for registrants 
       to use for meeting, resting, and storing bags. 
       The Methodist Building is accessible by Metrorail from Union Station (Red Line). Click here for a google map of 
       location and here for directions to/from Union Station. Check schedules and your specific itinerary at 
                                                                                                                       Page | 7  

Capitol Hill Map (Methodist Building between Dirksen SOB and Supreme Court): 

                                                                                Page | 8  

Abed Ayoub, Esq., is Legal Director at the American Arab Anti‐Discrimination Committee. Abed is admitted to the Michigan State 
Bar, and a member of the American Bar Association. He is a graduate of the University of Detroit‐Mercy School of Law, where he 
received recognition for his public interest work and dedication to the legal community. He previously served as the Membership 
and  Development  Coordinator  for  the  ADC‐Michigan  Office,  as  Chapter  President  of  ADC‐Detroit,  and  sat  on  the  ADC‐Michigan 
Advisory Board. Before joining the ADC National Office in 2007, he was in private practice in Michigan, specializing in immigration 
and  criminal  law.  Outside  of  ADC,  Abed  worked  with  a  number  of  organizations  on  interfaith  projects  and  has  participated  in 
numerous diversity training programs throughout the State of Michigan. Abed will co‐lead the session on Introducing our Policy Asks. 
Naeem Baig is the Vice President for Public Affairs of the Islamic Circle of North America (ICNA). He is also Executive Director for 
ICNA Council For Social Justice. Mr. Baig served as the Secretary General of the Islamic Circle of North America from 2000 to 2004, 
and later from 2006 to 2008. He was recently elected to serve on the National Board of ICNA for the session 2010 ‐ 2012. Mr. Baig 
played a major role in strengthening ICNA's Interfaith Relations Department. During his time as the Secretary General, ICNA became 
member of many Interfaith Initiatives including Religions for Peace USA. Recently, Mr. Baig served as the consultant on the 'Study on 
Christian‐Muslim Relations', sponsored by the Department of Interfaith Relations of the Presbyterian Church (USA). Currently, he co‐
chairs  the  'National  Muslim  Christian  Initiative'.  Naeem  will  co‐lead  a  workshop  on  Faith  Based  Organizing:   Engaging  Religious 
Communities and Creating Interfaith Space. 
Anna  Baltzer is  National  Organizer  for  the  US  Campaign  to  End  the  Israeli  Occupation.  She  is  a  renowned  speaker,  writer,  and 
organizer for Palestinian rights. Since she began volunteering with the International Women's Peace Service, documenting human 
rights  abuses  and  supporting  Palestinian‐led  nonviolent  resistance,  Baltzer  has  appeared  on  television  more  than  100  times  and 
lectured  at  more  than  400  universities,  schools,  churches,  mosques,  and  synagogues  around  the  world  with  her  acclaimed 
presentation, "Life  in  Occupied  Palestine:  Eyewitness  Stories  &  Photos," and  her  full‐color  book: Witness  in  Palestine:  A  Jewish 
American Woman in the Occupied Territories. Anna has contributed to various other books on the subject, including Shifting Sands: 
Jewish  Women  Confront  the  Israeli  Occupation  and  Letters  from  Palestine.  She  is  the  recipient  of  the  Arab‐American  Anti‐
Discrimination  Committee's  prestigious Annual  Rachel  Corrie  Peace  &  Justice  Award and  a Certificate  of  Commendation  from  the 
Governor of Wisconsin for her commitment to justice in the Holy Land. She is a contributor to three upcoming books on the subject, 
serves on the Board of Directors of The Research Journalism Institute, Grassroots Jerusalem,, and is co‐founder of the 
St.  Louis  Palestine  Solidarity  Committee. Anna  will  co‐lead  the  workshop  on  Mobilizing  the  Grassroots:  Generating  Leverage 
through Constructive Campaigns. 
Dalit Baum, Ph.D., is the founder of "Who Profits from the Occupation?", an activist research initiative of the Coalition of Women for 
Peace in Israel ( During the last four years, "Who Profits" has become a vital resource for dozens of campaigns 
around the world, providing information about corporate complicity in the occupation of Palestine. Dalit is a feminist scholar and 
teacher in Israel, teaching about militarism and about the global economy from a feminist perspective in the Haifa University and the 
Beit  Berl  College.  This  year  she  is  visiting  the  US  as  an  activist  in  residence  with  Global  Exchange,  directing  a  new  program  titled 
Economic Activism for Palestine, which aims to support existing divestment campaigns in the U.S. as well as help new ones through 
education,  training,  networking  and  the  development  of  dedicated  tools.  Dalit  will  co‐lead  the  workshop  on  Mobilizing  the 
Grassroots: Generating Leverage through Constructive Campaigns. 
Phyllis Bennis is a fellow of the Institute for Policy Studies in Washington ‐ where she directs the New Internationalism Project ‐ and 
of the Transnational Institute in Amsterdam. Phyllis has been a writer, analyst, and activist on Middle East and UN issues for many 
years. In 2001 she helped found, and remains on the steering committee, of the U.S. Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation. She 
works closely with the United for Peace and Justice anti‐war coalition, co‐chairs the UN‐based International Coordinating Network 
on  Palestine,  and  since  2002  has  played  an  active  role  in  the  growing  global  peace  movement.  Phyllis  continues  to  serve  as  an 
adviser to several top UN officials on Middle East and UN democratization issues. Her books include Understanding the Palestinian‐
Israeli  Conflict:  A  Primer.  She  is  also  author  of  primers  on  the  US‐Iran  conflict  and  the  Iraq  war  in  the  same  series.  Earlier  books 
include  Challenging  Empire:  How  People,  Governments  and  the  UN  Defy  US  Power.  Phyllis  will  present  on  the  facilitated  panel 
discussion Policy Levers and Grassroots Fulcrums: Where Can We Push and Be Most Effective?   
Jennifer Bing is the Regional Program Coordinator of the Great Lakes Region of the American Friends Service Committee (AFSC), a 
Quaker organization founded in 1917.  Jennifer has worked for 22 years at AFSC, serving as its national coordinator of its Middle East 
Peacebuilding Program  and earlier  as  the Program  Director  of  the  Chicago AFSC’s  Middle East  program.  Jennifer's  involvement  in 
Middle East issues began in 1982 when she lived and traveled in Israel and Palestine, later returning to work at the Ramallah Friends 

                                                                                                                                                Page | 9  

Schools. She also worked as a senior researcher for the U.S. and Swedish Save the Children organizations on a three‐volume status 
report  on  Palestinian  children  and  the  first  intifada  (uprising  in  1987).  Jennifer  has  organized  hundreds  of  speaking  tours, 
conferences, workshops, advocacy campaigns, and educational programs about the Middle East in her tenure with AFSC.  She has 
worked with coalitions around Israel/Palestine and Iraq issues and organized delegations to help Americans witness realities of life in 
Palestine and Israel. She serves as a resource to organizations and individuals beginning their Middle East and/or anti‐war activism in 
the  Chicago  area,  and  is  a  steering  committee  member  of  the  Committee  for  a  Just  Peace  in  Israel  and  Palestine.  She  currently 
coordinates an apprenticeship program for college graduates interested in social justice issues in the Chicago AFSC office. In 2010 
Jennifer received an award from Chicago Mayor Richard Daley for her service to the Arab‐American community in Chicago. Jennifer 
will co‐lead the workshop on Bringing Solidarity Home: Supporting Palestinian and Israeli Partners While Working for Change Locally. 
Mark Braverman is a Jewish American with deep family roots in Israel/Palestine ‐ his grandfather, a fifth generation Palestinian Jew, 
was born in Jerusalem. Trained in clinical psychology and crisis management, Mark worked with groups and individuals undergoing 
traumatic stress. He now devotes himself full‐time to the Israel/Palestine conflict. He has written and spoken on the role of religious 
beliefs in the current discourse in the United States and has worked closely with several Christian denominations and ecumenical 
bodies on education and activism for justice for the Palestinian people. Mark serves on the advisory board of Friends of Sabeel North 
American and on the Board of the Israeli Committee Against House Demolitions‐USA. He is a cofounder of Friends of Tent of Nations 
North  America,  a  nonprofit  dedicated  to  supporting  Palestinian  land  rights  and  peaceful  coexistence  in  Palestine.  He  is  a  charter 
member  of  American  Jews  for  a  Just  Peace  and  has  recently  been  appointed  Consultant  for  Evangelicals  for  Middle  East 
Understanding. He is the author of Fatal Embrace:  Christians, Jews and the Search for Peace in the Holy Land (Synergy Books, 2010). 
Mark will co‐lead a workshop on Faith Based Organizing:  Engaging Religious Communities and Creating Interfaith Space. 
Mike Daly is Program Coordinator at Interfaith Peace‐Builders. He has worked with the organization since 2004. Before coming to 
IFPB, he studied in Damascus as a Fulbright Scholar, worked as a public relations consultant with the United Nations Development 
Programme in Ramallah, and completed a year of intensive Arabic at the American University in Cairo. Mike has co‐led four IPFB 
delegations, has presented at numerous conferences and workshops and taken on leadership roles in national, regional and local 
organizing initiatives and coalitions. Mike will facilitate the panel discussion Policy Levers and Grassroots Fulcrums: Where Can We 
Push and Be Most Effective? 
Joe  Groves  is  Senior  Fellow  at  Interfaith  Peace‐Builders.  He  has  been  working  with  IFPB  since  2001,  first  as  Coordinator  for  the 
program under the Fellowship of Reconciliation, then as Co‐Director of IFPB in 2006‐08. He has worked on Middle East issues for 
over  40  years,  in  the  US,  Israel  and  Palestine,  and  Iraq.  He  was  Professor  of  Religious  Studies  and  Director  of  Peace  and  Conflict 
Studies  at  Guilford  College  and  is  currently  an  Adjunct  Professor  in  the  International  Peace  and  Conflict  Resolution  Program  at 
American  University.  He  draws  on  popular  education  methods  and  critical  studies  to  actively  involve  students  in  the  subjects  he 
teaches. He is a frequent presenter and workshop leader on a variety of issues, including Middle East politics, US movements for 
justice, and the theory and practice of nonviolence. Joe will moderate the Evaluation Session during the Lobby Day. 
Nadia  Hijab  is  Co‐Director  of  Al‐Shabaka,  the  Palestinian  Policy  Network,  and  a  writer, public  speaker and  media  commentator.  
Nadia's  first  book, Womanpower:  The  Arab  debate  on  women  at  work was  published  by  Cambridge  University  Press  and  she  co‐
authored Citizens  Apart:  A  Portrait  of  Palestinians  in  Israel (I.  B.  Tauris).  She  was  previously  Editor‐in‐Chief  of  the  London‐based 
Middle  East  magazine  before  serving  as  a  senior  development  officer  at  the  United  Nations  in  New  York.  She  now  runs  her  own 
consulting business on human rights, human development, and gender. Nadia has served as co‐chair of the US Campaign to End the 
Israeli Occupation, and currently sits on its advisory board, and is a past president of the Association of Arab American University 
Graduates.  Nadia  will  present  the  keynote  address  on  Israel/Palestine  in  the  Age  of  Obama  and  the  Tea  Party:  What  Does  the 
Future Hold? 
Adam Horowitz is a writer and co‐editor of Mondoweiss, a news website devoted to covering American foreign policy in the Middle 
East, chiefly from a progressive Jewish perspective. His primary interests are exploring alternative solutions to the Israeli‐Palestinian 
conflict as the two‐state consensus falters, examining the contradiction between American liberalism and support for Zionism and 
promoting progressive Palestinian and Israeli voices from the region. Prior to Mondoweiss, Adam was Director of the Israel/Palestine 
Program  for  the  American  Friends  Service  Committee,  where  he  gained  extensive  on‐the‐ground  experience  in  Israel/Palestine. 
Before  that  he  was  primarily  engaged  in  activism  in  the  Jewish  community  as  a  founding  member  of  the  New  York‐based 
organization Jews Against the Occupation, and board member of Jews for Racial and Economic Justice. His work has appeared in The 
Nation, Middle East Report, Z Magazine, The Huffington Post, Talking Points Memo and The He has a master's degree in 
Near Eastern Studies from New York University. Adam will present on the facilitated panel discussion Policy Levers and Grassroots 
Fulcrums: Where Can We Push and Be Most Effective?   

                                                                                                                                            Page | 10  

Andrew  Kadi  is  a  human  rights  activist,  member  of  Adalah‐NY:  The  New  York  Campaign  for  the  Boycott  of  Israel,  and  occasional 
contributor to the Guardian's Comment is Free, The Electronic Intifada, MondoWeiss, Left Turn, and other publications.  Andrew will 
co‐lead the workshop on Bringing Solidarity Home: Supporting Palestinian and Israeli Partners While Working for Change Locally. 
Daoud Nassar is a Palestinian farmer living and working in the fertile hill country south of Bethlehem. The Nassar farm, in the family 
for four generations, is ringed by Jewish settlements and the encroaching Separation Wall.  The family has been offered millions for 
the land, but they remain steadfast. "This land is our mother," says Daoud. "Our mother is not for sale." Under his leadership, the 
family has taken the case to establish the family's land rights to the Israeli Supreme Court.  To demonstrate their commitment to 
peace and coexistence, the Nassar family has established The Tent of Nations providing arts, drama, and education to the children of 
the villages and refugee camps of the region. In addition, Daoud and his family have also established a Women's Educational Center 
offering classes in computer literacy, English, and leadership training. Daoud will be a special guest at the IFPB Fundraiser and Social 
Event on Sunday evening. 
Jacob Pace is Communications and Grants Coordinator at Interfaith Peace‐Builders and staffs its San Francisco office. Jake joined the 
organization in 2007 after first traveling to the region with an IFPB delegation in 2003. He previously worked with Partners for Peace, 
the US Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation and the Resource Center for Nonviolence in Santa Cruz, California. He spent more 
than a year in Israel/Palestine between 2003 and 2005 working with the Applied Research Institute of Jerusalem in Bethlehem and 
the  Palestinian  Centre  for  Human  Rights  in  the  Gaza  Strip.  His  work  experience  has  focused  particularly  on  media  advocacy  and 
grassroots organizing. He led IFPB delegations in August 2008 and August 2010. 
Loubna  Qutami  is  a  student,  activist,  performer,  and  scholar.  She  is  an  MA  Candidate  in  Ethnic  Studies  at  San  Francisco  State 
University  and  the  first  student  with  an  emphasis  in  Arab  and  Muslim  Ethnicities  and  Diasporas.   Her  MA  thesis  focuses  on  the 
involvement  of  Palestinian  youth  from  the  United  States  in  transnational  youth  movement  building  and  challenges  conventional 
discourses  about  Palestinian,  Arab  and  Muslim  communities  within  the  purview  of  Ethnic  Studies  and  other  disciplines.  As  an 
undergraduate at SF State, Loubna worked with the General Union of Palestine Students, and inaugurated the Palestinian Cultural 
Mural honoring Dr. Edward Said, the first mural of its kind on any public institution in the US. Loubna is also a founder, member, and 
elected  officer  of  the  first  ever  International  Executive  Board  of  the  Palestinian  Youth  Network (PYN).  She  currently  works  as  the 
Special Project Coordinator for the San Francisco‐based Arab Cultural and Community Center (ACCC) where she has spent the past 
four  years  spearheading  various  projects  ranging  from  Social  Services  Coordination,  Domestic  Violence  and  Sexual  Assault  case 
management, Cultural Competency Workshops for Bay Area educational and medical facilities, Civic Engagement Mobilization and 
Youth Empowerment Programming. She is solely responsible for creating, organizing and producing the ACCC’s first and subsequent 
Annual  Arab  Women’s  Conferences,  and  is  currently  coordinating  the  fourth  conference  scheduled  to  take  place  in  March  2011. 
Loubna will co‐lead the workshop on Mobilizing the Grassroots: Generating Leverage through Constructive Campaigns and present 
on the facilitated panel discussion Policy Levers and Grassroots Fulcrums: Where Can We Push and Be Most Effective?   
Josh Ruebner is the National Advocacy Director of the US Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation, a national coalition of more than 
325 organizations working to end U.S. support for Israel’s illegal 43‐year military occupation and to change U.S. policy toward Israel/ 
Palestine to support human rights, international law, and equality. Josh is a former Analyst in Middle East Affairs at Congressional 
Research  Service  and  holds  a  graduate  degree  in  International  Affairs  from  Johns  Hopkins  University  School  of  Advanced 
International Studies in Washington, DC. His analysis and commentary on U.S. policy toward the Middle East appear frequently in 
media such as NBC, ABC Nightline, CSPAN, Al Jazeera, USA Today, The Hill, Detroit Free Press, Huffington Post, Middle East Report, 
and more. Josh will lead the session on Introducing our Policy Asks and the workshop on Ending Military Aid to Israel: Mobilizing for 
Policy Change in Your Community. 
Emily  Siegel  is  Delegations  Coordinator  at  Interfaith  Peace‐Builders.  Emily  holds  a  Master's  Degree  in  International  Peace  and 
Conflict Resolution from the School of International Service at American University and a BA in International Relations, with minors 
in Sociology and Jewish Studies, from the University of Delaware.   Her undergraduate studies included time abroad at Israel’s Ben‐
Gurion University, exploring Israeli society, politics, and Bedouin rights. The focus of Emily’s Masters’ Degree was on the intersection 
of justice and peace‐building through education, including extensive research on identity formation in the Israeli school system and 
how peace education methods create social change. Emily has previously worked for Seeds of Peace, Partners for Peace, AMIDEAST, 
the US Institute of Peace, and as Assistant Director of Unity Programs at Abraham’s Vision.  She is a trained facilitator and has co‐
facilitated dialogues focusing on US‐Islam relations and the Israeli‐Palestinian conflict.  She co‐led an IFPB delegation in 2009 and will 
co‐lead IFPB's July‐August 2010 delegation. Emily will co‐present at the optional lunch time session on The Interfaith Peace‐Builders 
Delegation Experience: What Makes an IFPB Delegation Unique? 

                                                                                                                                        Page | 11  

        Interfaith Peace-Builders/US Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation
                                  Constituent Lobby Day | March 7, 2011

                                           Talking Points and Asks

1. Amendments to the FY2012 Budget Request for Military Aid to Israel 
    We ask Members of Congress to offer amendments to the budget/appropriations bill to condition military 
    aid to Israel to prevent U.S. weapons from being misused, as detailed in enclosed memo.  
    •   In  February  President  Obama  sent  his  FY2012  budget  request  to  Congress,  which  included  a  record‐
        breaking $3.075 billion in military aid to Israel.  The FY2011 budget, which has not yet been passed by 
        Congress or signed by the President, includes $3 billion in military aid to Israel.  
    •   The United States cannot afford military aid to Israel. The website documents how 
        much  military  aid  your  state  and  Congressional  district  will  be  providing  under  the  terms  of  the  2007 
        agreement between the United States and Israel, and what that money could fund instead to promote 
        affordable housing, green jobs training, education programs, and health care access.  Please take a look 
        at the numbers. The research shows that military aid to Israel comes at a price that we cannot afford.  
    •   Military  aid  to  Israel  does  not  work  to  promote  a  just  and  lasting  peace  between  Palestinians  and 
        Israelis. In fact, it does the opposite, by literally “fueling” the conflict (as documented in a 2009 Amnesty 
        International report). Israel routinely misuses U.S. weapons in violation of the Arms Export Control Act 
        to commit human rights abuses against Palestinians and to maintain its illegal military occupation of 
        the Palestinian West Bank, East Jerusalem, and Gaza Strip. These U.S. weapons were misused by Israel 
        to  commit  violations  of  human  rights  and  international  law,  war  crimes,  and  possible  crimes  against 
        humanity  before,  during,  and  after  “Operation  Cast  Lead,”  according  to  the  UN‐backed  Goldstone 
        Report. Since September 2000, Israel has killed more than 3,000 unarmed Palestinian civilians, according 
        to the Israeli human rights organization B'tselem, often with U.S. weapons. 
    •   Since  the  United  States  cannot  afford  military  aid  to  Israel,  and  since  Israel  routinely  misuses  U.S. 
        weapons  in  violation  of  U.S.  law,  U.S.  military  aid  to  Israel  should  be  conditioned.  Our  proposed 
        amendments  to  the  budget/appropriations  bill  include:  conditioning  aid  to  Israel  on  its  freezing 
        settlements; ending the siege on Gaza; restricting the use of US weapons to within Israel’s sovereign 
        territory; and investigating prior misuses of weapons (please see enclosed memo for details). 
2. Letter to Secretary of State Clinton requesting AECA Investigation of U.S.‐supplied Tear Gas 
    We ask Members of Congress to send Secretary of State Clinton a letter asking for the State Department 
    to investigate Israel's possible violations of the AECA through its misuse of high‐velocity tear gas canisters 
    and other “riot control equipment.”  
    •   Members  of  Congress  have  a  responsibility  to  ensure  that  the  laws  they  pass  are  followed.  When  a 
        country misuses U.S. weapons in violation of the Arms Export Control Act (AECA), the State Department 
        is obligated by law to open an investigation and report its finding of violations of this law to Congress.  
    •   The  AECA  restricts  the  use  of  U.S.  weapons  to  “internal  security”  or  “legitimate  self‐defense.”  Israel 
        misuses U.S.‐supplied tear gas canisters and other “riot control equipment” to crack down on peaceful 
        protests led by Palestinians, and often supported by Israelis and international citizens in solidarity with 
        them.    Several  U.S.  citizens  have  been  gravely  injured  by  high‐velocity  tear  gas  canisters,  and  a 
        number  of  Palestinians  have  been  killed  after  being  hit  with  the  canisters  or  inhaling  the  gas.    Each 
        individual case is detailed in the template letter enclosed.  
3. Letter to the Internal Revenue Service Requesting Investigation of 501c3 Organizations 
    We ask Members of Congress to send a letter to the Inspector General of the IRS asking it to investigate 
    organizations that support illegal Israeli settlements. 
    •   Israel  has  established  150  settlements,  populated  by  a  half‐million  Jewish  Israelis,  in  the  occupied 
        Palestinian  West  Bank  and  East  Jerusalem  in  contravention  of  the  4th  Geneva  Convention,  which 
        prohibits  the  transfer  of  civilians  to  occupied  territories.    The  State  Department  concluded  in  a  1978 
        legal  memorandum  that  these  settlements  are  “inconsistent  with  international  law”  and  the  Obama 
        Administration  has  repeatedly  called  them  “illegitimate.”    The  continued  expansion  of  Israel’s  illegal 
        settlements cast doubts on the viability of a two‐state resolution to the Israeli‐Palestinian conflict.    
    •   Non‐profit  organizations  registered  with  the  Internal  Revenue  Service  (IRS)  as  501c3  organizations  are 
        supposed  to  be  charitable  and  educational  in  nature.    However,  many  501c3  organizations  exist  to 
        support  Israel’s  illegal  settlements  and  operate  in  ways  counter  to  IRS  regulations  to  finance  their 
        distinctly  non‐charitable  purposes.    Individuals  donating  to  501c3  organizations  are  allowed  by  law  to 
        take  a  tax‐deduction.    Therefore,  money  going  to  these  organizations  deprives  the  U.S.  Treasury  of 
        badly needed tax receipts.   
    •   Members  of  Congress  have  a  responsibility  to  ensure  that  charitable  organizations  are  not 
        fraudulently taking advantage of the tax code to funnel money to non‐charitable purposes that conflict 
        with IRS regulations, U.S. law and policy, and international law.   
4. Attend the Congressional Briefing (Tuesday, March 8) 
    We ask Members of Congress and their staff to attend the briefing: 
       Tuesday, March 8 
       9:00 AM 
       Rayburn House Office Building, Room B‐339 
       light breakfast available  
       see enclosed flyer for further details 
    •   Members of Congress rarely have an opportunity to hear about the impact that U.S. policies have on the 
        lives  of  Palestinians  and  Israelis.    Tomorrow’s  briefing  offers  Members  of  Congress  and  their  staffs  an 
        excellent  opportunity  to  do  so.  It  includes  high‐profile  Palestinian  and  Israeli  activists  and  analysts 
        discussing  how  U.S.  policies  affect  property  rights  and  freedom  of  movement,  and  how  U.S.  weapons 
        affect human rights.          
                                 ASK: CONDITION MILITARY AID TO ISRAEL
                                           TO ACHIEVE U.S. POLICY GOALS 
1. Background 
In August 2007, the United States and Israel signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to increase U.S. military 
aid to Israel by an annual average of 25% over previous levels of assistance, totaling $30 billion between FY2009‐2018.  
In February 2011, President Obama requested $3.075 billion in Foreign Military Financing (FMF) for Israel in his FY2012 
budget, the fourth budgetary allocation under the terms of the MOU.   
In  previous  years,  Congress  has  approved  annual  military  aid  appropriations  to  Israel  without  any  strings  attached, 
leading to little or no discernible progress toward stated U.S. policy goals of halting the expansion of Israeli settlements 
and promoting Israeli‐Palestinian peace.  This year, Members of Congress should reverse this trend and act to ensure 
that the FY2012 budget request for military aid to Israel is leveraged in order to achieve stated U.S. policy goals. 
2. Possible Amendments for FY2012 Budget  
         A. Accountability to U.S. Laws Protecting Human Rights 
         i. Restricting Use of U.S. Weapons to Israel’s Sovereign Territory 
         Data compiled by B’tselem: The Israeli Information Center for Human  Rights  in the Occupied Territories shows 
         that since September 2000, Israel has killed more than 3,000 unarmed Palestinian civilians who took no part in 
         hostilities.  Oftentimes,  these  Palestinian  civilians  were  killed  with  weapons  paid  for  by  and  produced  in  the 
         United States in violation of the Arms Export Control Act (AECA). 
         To  ensure  that  U.S.  weapons  are  not  being  used  to  commit  human  rights  abuses  against  Palestinian  civilians, 
         while  at  the  same  time  affirming  Israel’s  right  to  use  these  weapons  for  “legitimate  self‐defense”  against  an 
         attack  by  a  foreign  country  or  for  “internal  security”  consistent  with  the  terms  of  the  AECA,  Congress  should 
         state that U.S. weapons should not be used by Israel in its military occupation of the Palestinian Gaza Strip, West 
         Bank, and East Jerusalem.   
         Precedent for restricting Israel’s use of U.S. assistance within its own sovereign borders already exists through 
         the loan guarantee program.  In the April 2003 supplemental war appropriation bill authorizing $9 billion in loan 
         guarantees  to  Israel,  Congress  stipulated  that  these  funds  can  be  used  “only  to  support  activities  in  the 
         geographic areas which were subject to the administration of the Government of Israel before June 5, 1967.” 
         Congress  should  insert  the  same  or  similar  language  as  found  in  the  loan  guarantee  program  and  extend  this 
         principle  to  Israel’s  FMF  program  to  ensure  that  such  funds  are  not  being  used  in  violation  of  the  AECA  to 
         maintain a foreign military occupation and to commit human rights abuses against an occupied people.    

                                                                                                                            Page | 25  

    ii. AECA Violations Must Be Investigated before Money Is Appropriated 
    In January 2009, Rep. Dennis Kucinich requested the State Department to investigate Israel’s possible violations 
    of the AECA during “Operation Cast Lead,” its December 2008‐January 2009 assault on the Gaza Strip.  To date, 
    it remains unclear whether the State Department has complied with this request for an investigation.  Despite 
    Israel killing more than 3,000 unarmed Palestinian civilians since September 2000, the State Department has not 
    once publicly informed Congress of any violation of the AECA.     
    Members of Congress can take no action against violations of the AECA until the Executive Branch notifies them 
    of  a  violation.    Therefore,  to  ensure  that  Congress  adheres  to  the  letter  and  spirit  of  the  AECA,  Members  of 
    Congress should insert the following language into the FY2012 budget line‐item for FMF to Israel: 
    “No  amounts  appropriated  under  this  bill  shall  be  disbursed  prior  to  the  State  Department  transmitting  to 
    Members of Congress and making public the results of a complete, accurate, and transparent investigation into 
    Israel’s possible violations of the Arms Export Control Act during “Operation Cast Lead,” as previously requested 
    by Congress in January 2009.” 
    B.  Promoting a Freeze on the Expansion of Israeli Settlements 
    Since 1967, every U.S. Administration has upheld the illegality of Israel’s settlements in the Occupied Palestinian 
    Territories, decried them as obstacles to peace, and urged Israel not to expand settlements.  Despite this stance, 
    Israel has continued to build settlements in the West Bank and East Jerusalem.  During the Oslo “peace process,” 
    the  number  of  Israeli  settlers  doubled.    Currently,  500,000  Israeli  settlers  live  in  150  illegal  settlements  in  the 
    West Bank and East Jerusalem, making a contiguous and viable Palestinian state impossible.  
    On  numerous  occasions,  Israel  has  pledged  to  halt  the  expansion  of  settlement  building,  most  recently  in  the 
    “road  map,”  at  the  Annapolis  peace  conference,  and  during  a  self‐defined  “moratorium.”  Yet  these  promises 
    have gone unfulfilled as Israel continues to expand its illegal settlements.   
    Members  of  Congress  should  hold  Israel  to  its  pledge  to  halt  settlement  activities  and  back  the  Obama 
    Administration’s positions on settlements by inserting the following language into the FY2012 budget line‐item 
    for FMF to Israel: 
    “Amounts appropriated under this bill shall be disbursed only in quarterly installments after the Administration 
    delivers  to  Congress  a  report  verifying  that  during  the  previous  quarter  Israel  has  fulfilled  its  commitments 
    under the ‘road map’ and Annapolis peace conference to halt the building of new settlements in the Palestinian 
    West Bank and East Jerusalem and to freeze the expansion of existing settlements in these areas, including so‐
    called ‘natural growth’ of these settlements.  Israel shall be ineligible to receive a quarterly installment of this 
    appropriation if the President reports that Israel has undertaken any form of settlement expansion during the 
    previous quarter.” 
    C. Ending the Blockade of the Gaza Strip          
    Since 2006, Israel has maintained a full‐scale land, sea, and air blockade of the occupied Gaza Strip in an illegal 
    act of collective punishment against the 1.5 million Palestinian civilians who reside there.  This blockade has led 
    to a dire humanitarian crisis and decimated the economic life of the region.   
    In January 2009, President Obama declared that “Gaza's border crossings should be open to allow the flow of aid 
    and commerce.”  Members of Congress should support this important policy goal by insisting that no military aid 
    to  Israel  be  disbursed  until  the  blockade  is  ended  and  that  the  borders  of  the  Gaza  Strip  remain  open  to 

                                                                                                                             Page | 26  

        humanitarian  aid  and  normal  economic  activities  by  inserting  the  following  language  into  the  FY2012  budget 
        line‐item for FMF to Israel: 
        “No amounts appropriated under this bill shall be disbursed prior to the President certifying in a public, written 
        report to Congress that Israel has ended its blockade of the Gaza Strip and that its borders are open to the free 
        flow of humanitarian aid and for all normal economic transactions, including imports and exports of materials, 
        and  that  all  provisions  of  the  2005  Agreement  on  Movement  and  Access  are  being  implemented.    Amounts 
        appropriated under this bill shall be disbursed thereafter only in quarterly installments after the Administration 
        delivers to Congress a report verifying that during the previous quarter Israel has not reestablished its blockade 
        of the Gaza Strip nor violated the terms of the 2005 Agreement on Movement and Access.” 
3. Conclusion 
In  order  to  achieve  President  Obama’s  goal  of  establishing  a  just  and  lasting  Israeli‐Palestinian  peace,  Members  of 
Congress should incentivize Israel’s behavior toward freezing settlement growth, ending the blockade of the Gaza Strip, 
and  ending  the  human  rights  abuses  associated  with  its  military  occupation  of  the  Palestinian  West  Bank,  East 
Jerusalem, and Gaza Strip. 
This incentivization should be accomplished by leveraging U.S. influence over Israel through its FMF appropriation.  For 
decades, blank checks to Israel have not succeeded in modifying its behavior toward accomplishing U.S. policy goals of 
promoting human rights and establishing peace.  The continuation of the same policy will bring only the same results.  
Now is the time for change.  

                                                                                                                        Page | 27  

The following congressional sign‐on letter is currently circulating on Capitol Hill.  While we agree that U.S. leadership 
is essential in pursuit of a just and lasting peace between Israelis and Palestinians, sending more U.S. military aid to 
Israel at this time does not suit that purpose.   

The $3.075 billion in military aid in the FY2012 budget request does not work to promote a just and lasting peace 
between Palestinians and Israelis. In fact, it does the opposite, by literally “fueling” the conflict (as documented in a 
2009 Amnesty International report of that title).  

Our  research  shows  that  military  aid  to  Israel  comes  at  a  price  that  we  cannot  afford  (see  
Moreover, Israel routinely misuses U.S. weapons in violation of the Arms Export Control Act to commit human rights 
abuses against Palestinians and to maintain its illegal military occupation of the Palestinian territories.   

Rather than signaling to Israel that the U.S. will continue to overlook its own laws and ethics, we should ensure that 
taxpayer aid is used in ways that are legal and ethical.  This letter encourages the opposite.  Please do not sign it. 

Dear Mr. President:

We write in the wake of historic events in the Middle East over the past month, recognizing that these are critical times for the
people of the Arab world, for us as Americans, and for our ally Israel.

We support your effort to shape American policy in the region in ways that promote democracy, more open societies, strong
economies and lasting security – all of which are essential to the long-term interests of the United States, Israel, and the people of
the Middle East. The United States, as the global champion of democracy and freedom, must stand with people across the region
who are advocating peacefully for their rights and freedoms and to improve their lives.

In this context, we support your administration’s efforts to prevent reductions in foreign aid that advance U.S. interests in the Middle
East and to forestall efforts to separate aid to Israel from other assistance. We are committed to working in Congress toward
continuing this important aid and appreciate your support for these efforts. We also write to express our support for your
administration’s active promotion of a stable and secure future for the region, in part by continuing to work with the parties and other
regional actors toward a two-state resolution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

We also strongly support your budget request providing $3.075 billion in assistance to Israel as agreed upon in the 2007
Memorandum of Understanding between Israel and the United States.

Israel faces very real challenges to its security, and reducing or otherwise endangering aid to Israel by removing it from the broader
foreign aid package would be unproductive. At the exact moment Israel is being asked to take significant steps for peace, Israelis
should know that the United States remains fully committed to their security.

We also encourage consistent aid to the Palestinian Authority. Your request for continued strong funding to strengthen institution
and state-building efforts in the West Bank, to grow the economy, meet basic needs, and reduce the risk of terror aimed at Israel
will greatly benefit the peace process. Moreover, a viable and stable PA is essential to achieving a negotiated, peaceful solution
with Israel.

This moment in the Middle East represents an important opportunity to reaffirm the United States’ leadership, vital to achieving a
resolution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict that establishes two states for two people living side by side in peace and security. We
offer our support for your efforts to make a better future in the Middle East a reality.

Representative Jan Schakowsky (IL-09)
Representative Anna Eshoo (CA-14)
Secretary of State  
Hillary Rodham Clinton 
U.S. Department of State 
2201 C Street NW  
Washington, DC 20520 
January 2011 
Dear Secretary Clinton, 

We are writing to express our concern about Israel’s injuring and killing of unarmed civilians with U.S.‐supplied tear gas, 
and  we  request  the  Department  of  State  to  investigate  whether  Israel’s  use  of  tear  gas  to  injure  and  kill  unarmed 
civilians violates the Arms Export Control Act. 

On January 1, 2011, Jawaher Abu Rahmah, a 36 year‐old resident of the West Bank village of Bil’in, died from tear gas 
inhalation one day after the Israeli military fired tear gas canisters at a demonstration in her village. [1]  

On  May  31,  2010,  Emily  Henochowicz,  a  U.S.  citizen  from  Potomac,  MD,  lost  her  left  eye  and  fractured  her  jaw  and 
cheekbone after she was struck in the face with a tear gas canister fired by Israeli security forces during a demonstration 
at the West Bank checkpoint of Qalandia. [2]   

On April 17, 2009, Jawaher Abu Rahmah’s 29 year‐old brother Bassem Abu Rahmah died after being hit directly in the 
chest with a high‐velocity tear gas canister during a demonstration in Bil’in. [3] 

On  March  13,  2009,  Tristan  Anderson,  a  U.S.  citizen  from  Oakland,  CA,  was  critically  injured  after  being  struck  in  the 
head by a tear gas canister fired by Israeli Border Police while engaging in peaceful protest activities in the West Bank 
village of Ni'lin. [4]  

On June 29, 2002, Muhammad Ahmad Mabareq Ishteiwi, a 14 year‐old resident of al‐Far'a refugee camp in Tubas, was 
killed after he collapsed after being hit in the chest by a rubber bullet. When he fell, a tear gas canister exploded near his 
face and killed him. [5] 

On June 13, 2002, Khader 'Abd al‐Fatah al‐Gharbi died after inhaling tear gas from more than 20 grenades which were 
thrown into his Silwan, East Jerusalem home. [6] 

Evidence  exists  that  the  deaths  of  Jawaher  and  Bassem  Abu  Rahmeh,  and  the  injuries  of  Tristan  Anderson  and  Emily 
Henochowicz, were caused by tear gas produced by Combined Systems, Inc. of Jamestown, Pennsylvania. [7]   

From FY2000‐2008, the Department of State authorized the transfer to Israel through Direct Commercial Sales (DCS) of 
at  least  408,266  units  of  “anti‐personnel  riot  control  chemicals,”  “riot  control  equipment,”  and  “tear  gases  and  riot 
control agents” valued at $19,510,622. [8] 

We respectfully ask you  to initiate an investigation into whether  Israel’s use of U.S. supplied tear gas in  the incidents 
detailed above violate the terms of the Arms Export Control Act. 

We look forward to your response. 

Members of Congress 

                                                                                                                              Page | 30  

[6] ibid. 
                                                                                                                            Page | 31  

U.S. Military Aid to Israel
Its Impact on Palestinians and U.S. Taxpayers                                             WWW.AIDTOISRAEL.ORG
Imagine that a foreign army invaded       other civilian infrastructure, delib-
                                                                                                 TAKE ACTION!
the United States, imposed military       erately impoverishing Palestinians.
occupation throughout the country,        Israel has erected more than 500 1. Sign a postcard to the President
deprived us of our rights to freedom      checkpoints, barriers, gates, fences          and a petition to your Members of
and self-determination, established       and walls, preventing Palestinians            Congress telling them to end U.S.
settlements on lands taken from us,       from moving freely in their own               military aid to Israel and redirect
                                                                                        the money to unmet needs here
and maintained this cruel system          land. Israel has built 150 illegal
                                                                                        at home.
of oppression through daily human         settlements, in which half a million
rights abuses and degrading apart-        Israelis live on stolen Palestinian land, 2. Find out how much your city,
heid laws that discriminated against      making a two-state resolution to the          county, Congressional district,
us based on our nationality.              Israeli-Palestinian conflict difficult, if    and state provide in military
                                          not impossible, to achieve.                   aid to Israel, and what that
With the words of American revo-                                                        money could purchase instead at
lutionary Patrick Henry—“Give             These policies are part of Israel’s 
me liberty, or give me death!”—           apartheid system of control, which
                                                                                     3. “Offset” the taxes you pay in
ringing in our conscience, we would       gives Palestinians less water, elec-          weapons for Israel by making a
struggle to overthrow the tyrant and      tricity and access to roads. Human            tax-deductible donation to the
appeal to other nations that supported    Rights Watch called Israel’s discrimi-        US Campaign to End the Israeli
this military occupation to end their     nation against Palestinians “sepa-            Occupation. In 2011, the average
diplomatic and military aid.              rate and unequal.” Israel main-               individual taxpayer will contrib-
                                          tains this military occupation only           ute an estimated $21.59 in taxes
         Israeli Occupation               by brutally repressing Palestinians           for weapons to Israel.
For more than four million                forced to live under it, killing more
Palestinians in the West Bank, East       than 3,000 unarmed Palestinian By giving Israel the guns, ammuni-
Jerusalem and the Gaza Strip, this is     civilians since 2000.                      tion, missiles, tanks, ships, helicop-
no hypothetical scenario. It is all too                  Our Role                    ters and airplanes it uses to enforce
real. Since 1967 Israel has imposed                                                  its illegal military occupation, we
                                          Israel’s violence against Palestinians
an illegal military occupation on                                                    U.S. taxpayers are, in the conclusion
                                          is made possible only by the
these Palestinian territories—one of                                                 of Amnesty International, literally
                                          unconditional diplomatic and
the longest military occupations                                                     “fueling conflict.” We are directly
                                          military support provided by the
in modern history.                                                                   complicit in Israel’s human rights
                                          United States. The United States has
                                                                                     abuses against Palestinians, and
Not only is this occupation long—it       vetoed dozens of UN Security Council
                                                                                     even against Americans who have
is also brutal. Israel has demolished     resolutions condemning Israel’s
                                                                                     stood in solidarity with Palestinians
roughly 25,000 Pales-                                  policies, thereby shielding
                                                                                     who protest nonviolently against this
tinian homes, making                                   it from accountability for
hundreds of thou-                                      its actions. Since 1949
sands homeless. Israel                                 the United States has         Take, for example, Israel’s misuse of
has uprooted more than                                 provided more than $100       U.S.-supplied tear gas. Israel has shot
a million Palestinian                                  billion in military and       high-velocity gas canisters directly at
olive trees, decimating                                economic aid to Israel. In    Palestinian and U.S. civilians partici-
the backbone of Pales-                                 2007 the United States        pating in nonviolent demonstra-
tinian agriculture. Israel                             signed an agreement with      tions, severely injuring and killing
has destroyed billions                                 Israel to provide it with     them. Jawaher Abu Rahmah
of dollars of Palestinian                              another $30 billion of        died January 1, 2011, after inhaling
roads, schools, busi-                                  weapons in the decade         tear gas fired in her village of Bil’in.
nesses, hospitals, and                                 2009-2018.                    Residents of this West Bank village

                     ( 202-332-0994 8 *
How would you rather spend $30 billion over a decade?
                                                      Rachel Corrie by repeatedly           other country in the world and hold
                                                      running over her with a bulldozer     it accountable when it misuses U.S.
                                                      as she nonviolently protected         weapons in violation of the law.
                                                      a Palestinian home in the Gaza
                                                                                            Moreover, with the same $30 billion
                                                      Strip from being demolished.
                                                                                            that the United States proposes to
                                                      Since 2000, the Defense Depart-
                                                                                            give Israel in weapons from 2009 to
                                                      ment has financed the purchase
                                                                                            2018, we could provide more wisely
                                                      of more than $30 million of
                                                                                            each year:
                                                      these bulldozers for Israel, at
                                                                                            ‚ More than 350,000 low-income
                                                      taxpayer expense.
                                                                                               families     with     affordable
Jawaher Abu Rahmah, 36, died Jan. 1,                                                           housing vouchers; or
2011, from inhaling tear gas provided by                   Can We Afford It?
the U.S. and fired indiscriminately by Israeli                                              ‚ Nearly 500,000 unemployed
occupation troops. Photo:      Morally, politically, legally and finan-      workers with re-training for green
                                                 cially, we cannot afford to continue          jobs; or
hold weekly demonstrations against               arming Israel and to enable its human      ‚ Almost 900,000 at-risk children
the wall that Israel has built through           rights abuses. We have good laws              with early reading programs; or
the village to prevent its farmers from          on the books to prevent U.S. mili-         ‚ 24 million people lacking health
reaching their lands. In April 2009,             tary aid from being misused in this           insurance with basic care.
Israeli soldiers killed Jawaher’s                way. The Arms Export Control
younger brother Bassem, hitting                                                    The choice is clear. Fund Israel’s
                                                 Act limits the use of U.S. weapons
him in the chest with a high-velocity                                              destruction of Palestinian homes,
                                                 to “internal security” and “legitimate
tear gas canister. In 2009 and 2010,                                               or invest that money in affordable
                                                 self-defense.” Israel’s illegal occupa-
Israeli soldiers fired canisters directly                                          housing for Americans. Fund Israel’s
                                                 tion and apartheid policies toward
at U.S. citizens Tristan Anderson                                                  uprooting of Palestinian agriculture,
                                                 Palestinians are neither.
and Emily Henochowicz, causing                                                     or develop our economic base for
                                            The Foreign Assistance Act states green jobs. Fund Israel’s restrictions
brain damage and the loss of an eye,
                                            that no U.S. aid may be provided on Palestinian education, or build
respectively. In most if not all of
                                            to any country “which engages in a our children’s skills. Fund Israel’s
these cases, the tear gas came from
                                            consistent pattern of gross violations injuring and killing of Palestinians,
Combined Systems, Inc., of James-
                                            of internationally recognized human or provide healthcare to our own citi-
town, PA. Since 2000, the State
                                            rights.” Let’s treat Israel like every zens. It’s our money, our choice.
Department authorized the transfer
to Israel of tear gas and related
equipment valued at nearly $20             How much military aid do you provide?
million, at taxpayer expense.
                                        At, our interactive
Another example is Israel’s map answers this question in amazing
lethal misuse of Caterpillar D9 detail! Learn how much money your
bulldozers while demolishing city, county, Congressional district
Palestinian homes. Since 2000, and state are now providing in
Israel has killed 21 Palestin- military aid to Israel, and what
ians, including seven children, that money could purchase
while demolishing their homes, instead. Use our site to write
including eight members of the to your Members of Congress
al-Sho’bi family in Nablus, who and suggest wiser ways to
were crushed to death when the spend your tax dollars. Download and print additional fact sheets,
Israeli military destroyed their see creative ad campaigns opposing this military aid, and stay informed of
                                        our future successes by joining our Facebook page and email list. On our site
home in April 2002 after failing
                                        you can electronically “offset” your individual taxes going toward military
to give them enough time to flee
                                        aid by making a tax-deductible contribution to sustain our work.
the premises. In March 2003 the
                                        Visit today!
Israeli military killed U.S. citizen

                                “ We can n ot b e b ot h th e wo r ld’s leadin g cham pio n of p eace
                 an d t h e wo r ld’s leadin g su p p lier of th e weap o n s of w ar.” - Pre sid e nt Jim my C ar ter
Mr. Eric Thorson, Inspector General 
U.S. Department of the Treasury 
1500 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW 
Washington, D.C. 20220 
February 2011 
Dear Inspector‐General Thorson, 

We  are  writing  to  request  an  investigation  into  the  activities  and  finances  of  501(c)(3)  organizations  that  promote 
Israel's military occupation of Palestinian territories. 

Reports by news media and independent researchers have made it clear that such organizations transfer tens of millions 
of dollars every year to Israeli organizations that promote the expansion of settlements, which are considered illegal by 
the United States government, the United Nations Security Council, and the International Court of Justice. 

Although these organizations operate with little accountability, it has become known in at least some cases that their 
principal  activities  are  not  charitable.  For  example,  several  news  articles  report  that  one  of  these  organizations, 
American Friends of Ateret Cohanim, is primarily involved in the acquisition of real estate for the purpose of replacing 
Arab residents of the Old City of Jerusalem with Jewish residents, and that it does not devote any resources to its stated 
purpose of supporting a religious educational institution in Jerusalem. 

In  other  cases,  reports  indicate  that  charitable  activity  is  supplemented  by  substantial  non‐charitable  activity.  For 
example, the Hebron Fund helped to finance the 17‐month occupation by settlers of a Palestinian building in Hebron, in 
defiance of even the Israeli police and courts. The Hebron Fund spent tens of thousands of dollars just to pay for heating 
the building in the winter months. 

As the above paragraphs indicate, many of the settlement support organizations are involved exclusively or substantially 
in activities that are not only uncharitable, but which promote results that are the very opposite of charitable. The IRS 
lists,  in  its  definition  of  "charitable,"  the  purposes  of  lessening  neighborhood  tensions,  eliminating  prejudice  and 
discrimination, and defending civil and human rights secured by law. Activities such as purchasing houses in Palestine for 
settlement  by  Israeli  Jews  only,  financing  illegal  takeovers  of  Palestinian‐owned  buildings,  and  arming  and  training 
paramilitary organizations accomplish the opposites of these purposes. 

In addition, it has long been the position of the IRS that racially discriminatory organizations are not charitable. All of the 
settlements  supported  by  the  organizations  in  question  are  exclusively  populated  by  Jewish  Israelis,  and  some  have 
explicitly racially discriminatory policies. 

No organization that substantially supports Israeli settlements is eligible for tax exemptions under the standards set out 
in the Internal Revenue Code and the IRS's rules. In many cases, favorable rulings appear to have been obtained through 
fraudulent reporting by the organizations, as when these organizations tell the IRS that they operate in Israel when they 
in fact operate principally or exclusively in the occupied Palestinian territories; or tell the IRS that they are involved in 
charitable activity, when they are in fact exclusively or substantially involved in non‐charitable activity. 

The tens of millions of dollars that settlement support organizations receive, tax‐free, on a yearly basis represents a loss of 
millions of dollars to U.S. taxpayers. We request an investigation that would reveal the true amount of this loss to taxpayers; 
that would enable the U.S. government to recover the funds from these organizations; and that would reveal the nature and 
extent of the activities supported by these organizations, so that U.S. nonprofit policy can be aligned with U.S. foreign policy. 
Members of Congress 
                                                                                                                        Page | 32  

                                    Tax-Exempt Funds Aid Settlements in West Bank
                                    By Jim Rutenberg, Mike Mcintire and Ethan Bronner
                                    July 5, 2010

HAR BRACHA, West Bank — Twice a year, American evangelicals show up at a winery in this Jewish settlement in the hills of ancient Samaria to
play a direct role in biblical prophecy, picking grapes and pruning vines.
Believing that Christian help for Jewish winemakers here in the occupied West Bank foretells Christ’s second coming, they are recruited by a
Tennessee-based charity called HaYovel that invites volunteers “to labor side by side with the people of Israel” and “to share with them a passion for
the soon coming jubilee in Yeshua, messiah.”
But during their visit in February the volunteers found themselves in the middle of the fight for land that defines daily life here. When the evangelicals
headed into the vineyards, they were pelted with rocks by Palestinians who say the settlers have planted creeping grape vines on their land to claim
it as their own. Two volunteers were hurt. In the ensuing scuffle, a settler guard shot a 17-year-old Palestinian shepherd in the leg.
“These people are filled with ideas that this is the Promised Land and their duty is to help the Jews,” said Izdat Said Qadoos of the neighboring
Palestinian village. “It is not the Promised Land. It is our land.”
HaYovel is one of many groups in the United States using tax-exempt donations to help Jews establish permanence in the Israeli-occupied territories
— effectively obstructing the creation of a Palestinian state, widely seen as a necessary condition for Middle East peace. The result is a surprising
juxtaposition: As the American government seeks to end the four-decade Jewish settlement enterprise and foster a Palestinian state in the West
Bank, the American Treasury helps sustain the settlements through tax breaks on donations to support them.
A New York Times examination of public records in the United States and Israel identified at least 40 American groups that have collected more than
$200 million in tax-deductible gifts for Jewish settlement in the West Bank and East Jerusalem over the last decade. The money goes mostly to
schools, synagogues, recreation centers and the like, legitimate expenditures under the tax law. But it has also paid for more legally questionable
commodities: housing as well as guard dogs, bulletproof vests, rifle scopes and vehicles to secure outposts deep in occupied areas.
In some ways, American tax law is more lenient than Israel’s. The outposts receiving tax-deductible donations — distinct from established
settlements financed by Israel’s government — are illegal under Israeli law. And a decade ago, Israel ended tax breaks for contributions to groups
devoted exclusively to settlement-building in the West Bank. Now controversy over the settlements is sharpening, and the issue is sure to be high on
the agenda when President Obama and the Israeli prime minister, Benjamin Netanyahu, meet in Washington on Tuesday.
While a succession of American administrations have opposed the settlements here, Mr. Obama has particularly focused on them as obstacles to
peace. A two-state solution in the Middle East, he says, is vital to defusing Muslim anger at the West. Under American pressure, Mr. Netanyahu has
temporarily frozen new construction to get peace talks going. The freeze and negotiations, in turn, have injected new urgency into the settlers’ cause
— and into fund-raising for it.
The use of charities to promote a foreign policy goal is neither new nor unique — Americans also take tax breaks in giving to pro-Palestinian groups.
But the donations to the settler movement stand out because of the centrality of the settlement issue in the current talks and the fact that Washington
has consistently refused to allow Israel to spend American government aid in the settlements. Tax breaks for the donations remain largely
unchallenged, and unexamined by the American government. The Internal Revenue Service declined to discuss donations for West Bank
settlements. State Department officials would comment only generally, and on condition of anonymity.
“It’s a problem,” a senior State Department official said, adding, “It’s unhelpful to the efforts that we’re trying to make.”
Daniel C. Kurtzer, the United States ambassador to Israel from 2001 to 2005, called the issue politically delicate. “It drove us crazy,” he said. But “it
was a thing you didn’t talk about in polite company.”
He added that while the private donations could not sustain the settler enterprise on their own, “a couple of hundred million dollars makes a huge
difference,” and if carefully focused, “creates a new reality on the ground.”
Most contributions go to large, established settlements close to the boundary with Israel that would very likely be annexed in any peace deal, in
exchange for land elsewhere. So those donations produce less concern than money for struggling outposts and isolated settlements inhabited by
militant settlers. Even small donations add to their permanence.
For example, when Israeli authorities suspended plans for permanent homes in Maskiot, a tiny settlement near Jordan, in 2007, two American
nonprofits — the One Israel Fund and Christian Friends of Israeli Communities —raised tens of thousands of dollars to help erect temporary
structures, keeping the community going until officials lifted the building ban.
Israeli security officials express frustration over donations to the illegal or more defiant communities.
“I am not happy about it,” a senior military commander in the West Bank responded when asked about contributions to a radical religious academy
whose director has urged soldiers to defy orders to evict settlers. He spoke under normal Israeli military rules of anonymity.
Palestinian officials expressed outrage at the tax breaks.
“Settlements violate international law, and the United States is supposed to be sponsoring a two-state solution, yet it gives deductions for donation to
the settlements?” said Saeb Erekat, the chief Palestinian negotiator. The settlements are a sensitive issue among American Jews themselves. Some
major Jewish philanthropies, like the Jewish Federations of North America, generally do not support building activities in the West Bank.
The donors to settlement charities represent a broad mix of Americans — from wealthy people like the hospital magnate Dr. Irving I. Moskowitz and
the family behind Haagen-Dazs ice cream to bidders at kosher pizza auctions in Brooklyn and evangelicals at a recent Bible meeting in a Long
Island basement. But they are unified in their belief that returning the West Bank — site of the ancient Jewish kingdoms — to full Jewish control is
critical to Israeli security and fulfillment of biblical prophecies.
As Kimberly Troup, director of the Christian Friends of Israeli Communities’ American office, said, while her charity’s work is humanitarian, “the more
that we build, the more that we support and encourage their right to live in the land, the harder it’s going to be for disengagement, for withdrawal.”

Sorting Out the Facts
Today half a million Israeli Jews live in lands captured during the June 1967 Middle East war. Yet there is a strong international consensus that a
Palestinian state should arise in the West Bank and Gaza, where all told some four million Palestinians live. Ultimately, any agreement will be a
compromise, a sorting out of the facts on the ground.
Most Jewish residents of the West Bank live in what amount to suburbs, with neat homes, high rises and highways to Jerusalem and Tel Aviv.
Politically and ideologically, they are indistinguishable from Israel proper. Most will doubtless stay in any peace deal, while those who must move will
most likely do so peacefully.
But in the geographically isolated settlements and dozens of illegal outposts, there are settlers who may well violently resist being moved. The
prospect of an internal and deeply painful Israeli confrontation looms. And the resisters will very likely be aided by tax-deductible donations from
Americans who believe that far from quelling Muslim anger, as Mr. Obama argues, handing over the West Bank will only encourage militant Islamists
bent on destroying Israel.
“We need to influence our congressmen to stop Obama from putting pressure on Israel to self-destruct,” Helen Freedman, a New Yorker who runs a
charity called Americans for a Safe Israel, told supporters touring the West Bank this spring.
Israel, too, used to offer its residents tax breaks for donations to settlement building, starting in 1984 under a Likud government. But those donations
were ended by the Labor Party, first in 1995 and then, after reversal, again in 2000. The finance minister in both cases, Avraham Shohat, said that
while he only vaguely recalled the decision-making process, as a matter of principle he believed in deductions for gifts to education and welfare for
the poor, not to settlement building per se.
In theory, the same is true for the United States, where the tax code encourages citizens to support nonprofit groups that may diverge from official
policy, as long as their missions are educational, religious or charitable. The challenge is defining those terms and enforcing them.
There are more than a million registered charities, and many submit sparse or misleading mission summaries in tax filings. Religious groups have no
obligation to divulge their finances, meaning settlements may be receiving sums that cannot be traced.
The Times’s review of pro-settler groups suggests that most generally live within the rules of the American tax code. Some, though, risk violating
them by using the money for political campaigning and residential property purchases, by failing to file tax returns, by setting up boards of trustees in
name only and by improperly funneling donations directly to foreign organizations.
One group that at least skates close to the line is Friends of Zo Artzeinu/Manhigut Yehudit, based in Cedarhurst, N.Y., and co-founded by Shmuel
Sackett, a former executive director of the banned Israeli political party Kahane Chai. Records from the group say a portion of the $5.2 million it has
collected over the last few years has gone to the Israeli “community facilities” of Manhigut Yehudit, a hard-right faction of Mr. Netanyahu’s governing
Likud Party, which Mr. Sackett helps run with the politician Moshe Feiglin.
American tax rules prohibit the use of charitable funds for political purposes at home or abroad. Neither man would answer questions about the
nature of the “community facilities.” In an e-mail message, Mr. Sackett said the American charity was not devoted to political activity, but to
humanitarian projects and “educating the public about the need for authentic Jewish leadership in Israel.”
Of course, groups in the pro-settler camp are not the only ones benefiting from tax breaks. For example, the Free Gaza Movement, which organized
the flotilla seeking to break Israel’s blockade of Gaza, says on its Web site that supporters can make tax-deductible donations to it through the
American Educational Trust, publisher of an Arab-oriented journal. Israeli civil and human rights groups like Peace Now, which are often accused of
having a blatant political agenda, also benefit from tax-deductible donations.
Some pro-settler charities have obscured their true intentions. Take the Capital Athletic Foundation, run by the disgraced Washington lobbyist Jack
Abramoff. In its I.R.S. filings, the foundation noted donations totaling more than $140,000 to Kollel Ohel Tiferet, a religious study group in Israel, for
“educational and athletic” purposes. In reality, a study group member was using the money to finance a paramilitary operation in the Beitar Illit settlement,
according to documents in a Senate investigation of Mr. Abramoff, who pleaded guilty in 2006 to defrauding clients and bribing public officials.
Mr. Abramoff, documents show, had directed the settler, Shmuel Ben Zvi, an old high school friend, to use the study group as cover after his
accountant complained that money for sniper equipment and a jeep “don’t look good” in terms of complying with the foundation’s tax-exempt status.

While the donations by Mr. Abramoff’s charity were elaborately disguised — the group shipped a camouflage sniper suit in a box labeled
“Grandmother Tree Costume for the play Pocahontas” — other groups are more open. Amitz Rescue & Security, which has raised money through
two Brooklyn nonprofits, trains and equips guard units for settlements. Its Web site encourages donors to “send a tax-deductible check” for night-
vision binoculars, bulletproof vehicles and guard dogs.
Other groups urge donors to give to one of several nonprofits that serve as clearinghouses for donations to a wide array of groups in Israel and the
West Bank, which, if not done properly, can skirt the intent of American tax rules. Americans cannot claim deductions for direct donations to foreign
charities; tax laws allow deductions for domestic giving on the theory that charities ultimately ease pressure on government spending for social programs.
But the I.R.S. does allow deductions for donations to American nonprofits that support charitable projects abroad, provided the nonprofit is not simply
a funnel to another group overseas, according to Bruce R. Hopkins, a lawyer and the author of several books on nonprofit law. Donors can indicate
how they would like their money to be used, but the nonprofit must exercise “some measure of independence to deliberate on grant-making,” he said.
A prominent clearinghouse is the Central Fund of Israel, operated from the Marcus Brothers Textiles offices in the Manhattan garment district.
Dozens of West Bank groups seem to view the fund as little more than a vehicle for channeling donations back to themselves, instructing their
supporters that if they want a tax break, they must direct their contributions there first. The fund’s president, Hadassah Marcus, acknowledged that it
received many checks from donors “who want them to go to different programs in Israel,” but, she said, the fund retains ultimate discretion over the
money. It also makes its own grants to needy Jewish families and monitors them, she said, adding that the fund, which collected $13 million in 2008,
was audited and complies with I.R.S. rules.
“We’re not a funnel. We’re trying to build a land,” she said, adding, “All we’re doing is going back to our home.”

Support From a Preacher
Late one afternoon in March, Vice President Joseph R. Biden Jr. landed in Israel and headed to his Jerusalem hotel to prepare for a weeklong effort
to rekindle Middle East peace talks. Across town, many of the leading Israeli officials on Mr. Biden’s schedule, among them Prime Minister Netanyahu,
were in a convention hall listening to the Rev. John Hagee, an influential American preacher whose charities have donated millions to projects in Israel
and the territories. Support for the settlements has become a cause of some leading conservative Republicans, like Mike Huckabee and Sarah Palin.
“Israel exists because of a covenant God made with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob 3,500 years ago — and that covenant still stands,” Mr. Hagee
thundered. “World leaders do not have the authority to tell Israel and the Jewish people what they can and cannot do in the city of Jerusalem.”
The next day, Israeli-American relations plunged after Israel announced plans for 1,600 new apartments for Jews in East Jerusalem, which the
Palestinians want as their future capital. Israeli officials said Mr. Hagee’s words of encouragement had no effect on government decision making.
And the preacher’s aides said he was not trying to influence the peace talks, just defending Israel’s right to make decisions without foreign pressure.
Still, his presence underscored the role of settlement supporters abroad.
Nowhere is that effort more visible, and contentious, than in East Jerusalem, which the Netanyahu government says must remain under Israeli
sovereignty in any peace deal. The government supports privately financed archaeological projects that focus on Jewish roots in Arab areas of
Jerusalem. The Obama administration and the United Nations have recently criticized a plan to raze 22 Palestinian homes to make room for a
history park in a neighborhood where a nonprofit group called El’Ad finances digs and buys up Arab-owned properties.
To raise money, groups like El’Ad seek to bring alive a narrative of Jewish nationalism in living rooms and banquet halls across America. In May, a
crowd of mostly Jewish professionals — who paid $300 a plate to benefit the American Friends of Ateret Cohanim — gathered in a catering hall high
above Flushing Meadows-Corona Park in Queens to dine and hear John R. Bolton, United Nations ambassador under President George W. Bush,
warn of the danger of a nuclear-armed Iran.
A few days earlier, the group’s executive vice president, Susan Hikind, had gone on a Jewish radio program in New York to proclaim her group’s
resistance to American policy in the Middle East. The Obama administration, she said, did not want donors to attend the banquet because it believed
Jerusalem should “be part of some future capital of a Palestinian state.”
“And who’s standing in the way of that?” Ms. Hikind said. “People who support Ateret Cohanim’s work in Jerusalem to ensure that Jerusalem
remains united.”
The Jerusalem Reclamation Project of Ateret Cohanim works to transfer ownership of Arab homes to Jewish families in East Jerusalem. Such efforts
have generated much controversy; Islamic judicial panels have threatened death to Palestinians who sell property in the occupied territories to Jews,
and sales are often conducted using shell companies and intermediaries.
“Land reclamation is actually sort of a bad name — redeeming is probably a better word,” said D. Bernard Hoenig, a New York lawyer on the board
of American Friends of Ateret Cohanim. “The fact of the matter is, there are Arabs who want to sell their homes, and they have offered our
organization the opportunity to buy them.”
Mr. Hoenig said that Ateret Cohanim bought a couple of buildings years ago, but that mostly it helps arrange purchases by other Jewish investors.
That is not mentioned, however, on its American affiliate’s tax returns. Rather, they describe its primary charitable purpose as financing “higher
educational institutions in Israel,” as well as children’s camps, help for needy families and security for Jews living in East Jerusalem.

Indeed, it does all those things. It houses yeshiva students and teachers in properties it helps acquire and places kindergartens and study institutes
into other buildings, all of which helps its activities qualify as educational or religious for tax purposes.
The American affiliate provides roughly 60 percent of Ateret Cohanim’s funding, according to representatives of the group. But Mr. Hoenig said none
of the American money went toward the land deals, since they would not qualify for tax-deductible donations.
Still, acquiring property has been an integral part of Ateret Cohanim’s fund-raising appeals. Archived pages from a Web site registered to the
American affiliate — taken down in the last year or so — described in detail how Ateret Cohanim “quietly and discreetly” arranged the acquisition of
buildings in Palestinian areas. And it sought donations for “the expected left-wing Arab legal battle,” building costs and “other expenses
(organizational, planning, Arab middlemen, etc.)”

An Unyielding Stance
Deep inside the West Bank, in the northern region called Samaria, or Shomron, lie 30 or so settlements and unauthorized outposts, most considered
sure candidates for evacuation in any deal for a Palestinian state. In terms of donations, they do not raise anywhere near the sums produced for
Jerusalem or close-in settlements. But in many ways they worry security officials and the Palestinians the most, because they are so unyielding.
Out here, the communities have a rougher feel. Some have only a few paved roads, and mobile homes for houses. Residents — men with skullcaps
and sidelocks, women with head coverings, and families with many children — often speak in apocalyptic terms about the need for Jews to stay on
the land. It may take generations, they say, but God’s promise will be fulfilled. In November, after the Netanyahu government announced the
settlement freeze, Shomron leaders invited reporters to watch them shred the orders.
David Ha’Ivri, the public liaison for the local government, the Shomron Regional Council, has positioned himself as a fierce yet amiable advocate. As
a leader of an American-based nonprofit, he also brings a militant legacy to the charitable enterprise. Mr. Ha’Ivri, formerly David Axelrod, was born in
Far Rockaway, Queens, and was a student of the virulently anti-Arab Rabbi Meir David Kahane and a top lieutenant and brother-in-law to the rabbi’s
son, Binyamin Kahane. Both Kahanes, who were assassinated 10 years apart, ran organizations banned in Israel for instigating, if not participating
in, attacks against Arabs. The United States Treasury Department later added both groups, Kach and Kahane Chai, to its terrorism watch list.
As recently as four years ago, Mr. Ha’Ivri was involved in running The Way of the Torah, a Kahanist newsletter designated as a terrorist organization
in the United States. He has had several run-ins with the authorities in Israel over the last two decades, including an arrest for celebrating the
assassination of Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin in a television interview and a six-month jail term in connection with the desecration of a mosque.
Treasury officials said a group’s presence on the terror list does not necessarily extend to its former leaders, and indeed Mr. Ha’Ivri is not on it.
Mr. Ha’Ivri said he no longer engaged in such activism, adding that, at 43, he had mellowed, even if his core convictions had not. “I’m a little older
now, a little more mature,” he said.
A Sunday in late May found him in New York, on a stage in Central Park, speaking at the annual Israel Day Concert. “We will not ever, ever give up
our land,” Mr. Ha’Ivri said.
He posed for pictures with the Republican National Committee chairman, Michael Steele, and distributed fliers about the “501 c3 I.R.S. tax
deductible status” of his charity, Shuva Israel, which has raised more than $2.6 million since 2004 for the Shomron communities.
Although I.R.S. rules require that American charities exhibit “full control of the donated funds and discretion as to their use,” Shuva Israel appears to
be dominated by Israeli settlers. Mr. Ha’Ivri, who lives in the settlement of Kfar Tapuach, was listed as the group’s executive director in its most recent tax
filing; Gershon Mesika, the Shomron council’s leader, is the board’s chairman; and Shuva Israel’s accountant is based in the settlement of Tekoa. Its
American presence is through a post office box in Austin, Tex., where, according to its tax filings, it has two volunteers who double as board members.
“I’ve never been to the board,” said one of them, Jeff Luftig.
When asked about his dual status as leader of the charity and an official with the council it supports, Mr. Ha’Ivri said he was no longer executive
director, though he could not recall who was. He said he was confident the charity was following the law, adding that the money it raises goes strictly
toward improving the lives of settlers.

Exacting a Price
If Mr. Ha’Ivri has changed tactics, a new generation has picked up his aggressive approach. These activists also receive American support. Their
campaign has been named “Price Tag”: For every move by Israeli authorities to curtail settlement construction, the price will be an attack on an Arab
mosque, vineyard or olive grove.
The results were on display during a recent tour through the Arab village of Hawara, where the wall of a mosque had been desecrated with graffiti of
a Jewish star and the first letters of the Prophet Muhammad’s name in Hebrew. In the nearby Palestinian village of Mikhmas, the deputy mayor,
Mohamed Damim, said settlers had come in the dark of night and uprooted or cut down hundreds of olive and fig trees.
 “The army has done nothing to protect us,” he said. Though the attacks are small by nature, Israeli commanders fear they threaten to scuttle the
uneasy peace they and their Palestinian Authority partners have forged in the West Bank.
“It can bring the entire West Bank to light up again in terror and violence,” a senior commander said in an interview.

Israeli law enforcement officials say that in investigating settler violence in the north, they often turn to people connected to the Od Yosef Chai
yeshiva in the Yitzhar settlement. After the arson of a mosque in Yasuf in December, authorities arrested the yeshiva’s head rabbi, Yitzhak Shapira,
and several students but released them for lack of evidence. Rabbi Shapira denied involvement. He is known in Israel for his strong views. He was
co-author of a book released last year that offered religious justification for killing non-Jews who pose a threat to Jews or, in the case of young
children, could in the future.
A plaque inside the recently built yeshiva thanks Dr. Moskowitz, the hospitals entrepreneur, and his wife, Cherna, for their “continuous and generous
support.” Another recognizes Benjamin Landa of Brooklyn, a nursing home operator who gave through his foundation, Ohel Harav Yehoshua
Boruch. Mr. Landa said he donated to the yeshiva after its old building was destroyed in an Arab ransacking. None of the American donations have
been linked to the campaign of attacks. The Israeli military has activated outstanding permit violations that have set the stage for the yeshiva’s
threatened demolition. And officials have barred some of the yeshiva’s students from the West Bank for months on end.
Od Yosef Chai’s director, Itamar Posen, said in an interview that the military was unfairly singling out the yeshiva because “the things that we publish
are things that are against their ideas, and they are frightened.” Mr. Ha’Ivri and Mr. Mesika have charged the military with jeopardizing the men’s
livelihoods without due process.
A settler legal defense fund, Honenu, with its own American charitable arm, has sought to provide a safety net. An online appeal for tax-deductible
donations to be sent to Honenu’s Queens-based post office read, “If the 3 men can have their families supported it will cause others at the Hilltops to
brave military and government threats against them.”
Reached last month, one of the men, Akiva HaCohen, declined to say how much support he had received from American donors; Honenu officials in
Israel declined to comment as well. There is no way to tell from Honenu’s American tax returns; none was available through Guidestar, a service that
tracks tax filings by nonprofits. Groups that raise less than $25,000 a year are not required to file. But a review of tax returns filed by other charities
showed that one American family foundation gave it $33,000 in a single year, enough to have required filing.
Asked whether it had ever filed a tax return, Aaron Heimowitz, a financial planner in Queens who collects Honenu’s donations there, responded, “I’m
not in a position to answer that.”

Opaque Finances
Religious charities are still more opaque; the tax code does not require them to disclose their finances publicly. Mr. Hagee is one of the few Christian
Zionists who advertises his philanthropy in Israel and its territories, at least $58 million as of last year, distributed through a multimedia empire that
spins out a stream of books, DVDs and CDs about Israel’s role in biblical prophecy.
Mr. Hagee’s aides say he makes a large majority of his donations within Israel’s 1967 boundaries and seeks to avoid disputed areas. Yet a sports
complex in the large settlement of Ariel — whose future is in dispute — bears his name. And a few years ago, according to officials at the yeshiva at
Har Bracha, Mr. Hagee donated $250,000 to expand a dormitory.
The yeshiva is the main growth engine of the settlement, attracting students who put down roots. (Some are soldiers, and the head rabbi there has
called upon them to refuse orders to evict settlers.) After the yeshiva was started in 1992, “the place just took off,” growing to more than 200 families
from 3, said the yeshiva’s spokesman, Yonaton Behar. “The goal,” he added, “is to grow to the point where there is no question of uprooting Har Bracha.”
Various strains of American pro-settlement activity come together in Har Bracha. The Moskowitz family helped pay for the yeshiva’s main building.
Nearby, a winery was built with volunteer help from HaYovel ministries, which brings large groups of volunteers to prune and harvest. Mr. Ha’Ivri’s
charity promotes the program. The winery’s owner, Nir Lavi, says his land is state-sanctioned. But officials in the neighboring Palestinian village of
Iraq Burin say part of the vineyard was planted on ground taken from their residents in a parcel-by-parcel land grab.
Such disputes are typical for the area, as are the opposing accounts of what happened that February day when HaYovel’s leader, Tommy Waller,
and his volunteers say they came under attack and the shepherd was shot.
 “They came up screaming, slinging their rock-slings like David going after a giant,” Mr. Waller said. A Har Bracha security guard came to the rescue
by shooting in the air, not aiming for the attackers, he added.
But, in an interview, the shepherd, Amid Qadoos, said settlers started the scuffle by throwing rocks at him as he was grazing his sheep on village
land a few yards from the vineyard, telling him, “You are not allowed here.” He and his friends then threw rocks in retaliation, he said, prompting the
security guard to shoot him in the back of his leg. His father, Aref Qadoos, added, “They want us to go so they can confiscate the land, through planting.”
Though two volunteers were hurt, Mr. Waller said neither he nor his group would be deterred. “People are drawn to our work who believe the Bible is true
and desire to participate in the promises of God,” he said. “We believe the restoration of Israel, including Samaria and Judea, is part of that promise.”
In the last year, he said, he brought 130 volunteers here. This coming year, he said, he expects as many as 400.

Isabel Kershner and Myra Noveck contributed reporting from Jerusalem.

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                                  MAY 21 – JUNE 3, 2011: Voices of the Peacemakers Delegation
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                                  Delegation leaders: Huwaida Arraf and Adam Horowitz

July 16 – July 29, 2011: Today’s Realities, Tomorrow’s Leaders
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Delegation leaders: Mohammed Abu-Nimer and Emily Siegel

July 16 – July 29, 2011: African Heritage Delegation
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                                  Oct. 29 – Nov. 11, 2011: Trees of Peace- Olive Harvest Delegation
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