Prokaryote and Eukaryote Packet by stariya

VIEWS: 68 PAGES: 6

									Mr. Switzer—Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes                                       “Fight Apathy”

                                                                    Name: ________________________________
                                                                      Date: ________________________________
                                                                      Hour: ________________________________
Standard       Obj #    Objective Description                  Key Points
2.2.1.7        1        Explain the difference between            Organelles
                        prokaryote and eukaryotic cell            Uni vs. multicellular
                                                                  Examples: protists, bacteria
3.1.1.1        2        Explain the difference between            Biotic vs. abiotic
3.1.1.3                 viruses and bacteria                      Viruses cannot regulate
2.2.1.1                                                           Both can reproduce
                                                                  Examples: HIV, Herpes, TB, ecoli,
                                                                  giardia
                                                                  Difference between antibiotic and
                                                                  vaccine

Standards
II.II.I.7. Know how to classify organisms: domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species.
III.I.I.1. Analyze the contributions of science to health as they relate to personal decisions about smoking,
drugs, alcohol, and sexual activity.
III.I.I.3. Describe how scientific information can help individuals and communities respond to health
emergencies (e.g., CPR, epidemics, HIV, bio-terrorism).
II.II.I.1 Identify how living and nonliving parts of an ecosystem and the relationship among these components.




Key Question: Why can’t people take antibiotics when they have a cold, the flu,                                  1
herpes, or HIV?
Mr. Switzer—Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes                                       “Fight Apathy”

                                                                     Name: ________________________________
                                                                      Date: ________________________________
                                                                     Hour: ________________________________
                                        Vocabulary Words:
           REVIEW: Organelles, Unicellular, Multicellular, bacteria, protist, antibiotic, vaccine
                    NEW: Prokaryote, Eukaryote, bacteria, virus, biotic, abiotic

 Word              Prokaryote                          Eukaryote                            Bacteria
Drawing




Sentence _________________________          _________________________          _________________________
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            ________________________        _________________________          _________________________
Definition _________________________        _________________________          _________________________
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           _________________________        _________________________          _________________________
           _________________________        _________________________          _________________________
           _________________________        _________________________          _________________________
           _________________________         ________________________          _________________________

 Word                 Virus                              Biotic                             Abiotic
Drawing




Sentence _________________________          _________________________          _________________________
           _________________________        _________________________          _________________________
           _________________________        _________________________          _________________________
           _________________________        _________________________          _________________________
           _________________________        _________________________          _________________________
            ________________________        _________________________          _________________________
Definition _________________________        _________________________          _________________________
           _________________________        _________________________          _________________________
           _________________________        _________________________          _________________________
           _________________________        _________________________          _________________________
           _________________________        _________________________          _________________________
            ________________________        _________________________          _________________________
Key Question: Why can’t people take antibiotics when they have a cold, the flu,                           2
herpes, or HIV?
  Mr. Switzer—Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes                                     “Fight Apathy”

                                                                     Name: ________________________________
                                                                      Date: ________________________________
                                                                     Hour: ________________________________

                     Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes                           Date: _________________

                        I.   Two major types of cells exist
                                A.                             are ancient cell types
                                          1. Cells lack a                and most other
                                          2. Domains                    and                          are
                                              prokaryotes
                                          3. All prokaryotes are                          (which means
                                                                                                    )
                                B.                                      evolved after prokaryotic cells
                                          1. These cells have


                                            2. Domain                    is made of eukaryotes
                                            3. The following kingdoms are made of eukaryotic cells
                                                   1.                            —amoeba, paramecium,
                                                        stentor, kelp
                                                   2.                                     —Yeast, mushrooms,
                                                        puffballs
                                                   3.                            —ferns, trees, roses, moss
                                                   4.                            —ladybugs, clams, dogs,
                                                        humans
                                            4. Eukaryotes can be                          or
                                                                                 .

                     Viruses and Bacteria

                        I.   Humans often get sick from                            or
                                A. Viruses are abiotic (meaning                                       )
                                         1. Viruses do not have all the characteristics of living things.
                                                  i. Viruses are not
                                                  ii. Viruses don’t really perform
                                                  iii. Viruses don’t use
                                         2.                     protect us by helping our bodies build immunity
                                             to viruses.
                                         3. Viruses cause
                                B. Bacteria are biotic (meaning                                       ).
                                         1. Bacteria have all characteristics of                         things
                                         2. Antibiotics kill                                                    .
                                         3. Common                                          include: E. coli,
Summary:                                     Anthrax, Salmonella, Tuberculosis




  Key Question: Why can’t people take antibiotics when they have a cold, the flu,                               3
  herpes, or HIV?
Mr. Switzer—Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes                                            “Fight Apathy”

                                                                          Name: ________________________________
                                                                           Date: ________________________________
                                                                          Hour: ________________________________
New York Times Health Guide: AIDS
http://health.nytimes.com/health/guides/disease/aids/overview.html
(Paraphrased)




AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) is the final stage of HIV disease (Human Immunodeficiency
Virus), which causes severe damage to the immune system.

Causes
The virus can be spread (transmitted) in any body fluid that contains DNA, such as the following:
     Through sexual contact
     Through blood -- via blood transfusions (now extremely rare in the U.S.) or needle sharing
     From mother to child -- a pregnant woman can transmit the virus to her fetus through their shared
        blood circulation, or a nursing mother can transmit it to her baby
        in her milk
HIV infection is NOT spread by:
     Casual contact such as hugging                                                Do you think you can get HIV
     Mosquitoes                                                            by kissing?
     Participation in sports                                               Why?__________________________________
     Touching items previously touched by a person infected with           ________________________________________
        the virus                                                           ____

Symptoms
         AIDS begins with HIV infection. People infected with HIV may have no symptoms for 10 years or
longer, but they can still transmit the infection to others during this symptom-free period. If the infection is not
detected and treated, the immune system gradually weakens and AIDS develops. Common symptoms are:
     Chills
     Fevers
     Sweats (particularly at night)
     Weakness                                              How long can you have HIV without
     Weight loss                                       having symptoms?
                                                        _________________________________________________
                                                        _________________________________________________
Key Question: Why can’t people take antibiotics when they have a cold, the flu,                                      4
herpes, or HIV?
      Mr. Switzer—Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes                                         “Fight Apathy”

                                                                             Name: ________________________________
                                                                              Date: ________________________________
                                                                             Hour: ________________________________
      Treatment
                There is no cure for AIDS at this time. However, a variety of treatments are
      available that can help keep symptoms at bay and improve the quality of life for those
      who have already developed symptoms. Antiviral therapy slows the copying of the HIV
      virus in the body. A combination of several antiviral drugs, called highly active                   Is there a
      antiretroviral therapy (HAART), has been very effective in reducing the number of HIV        cure for AIDS?
      particles in the bloodstream. HAART is not a cure for HIV, but it has been very effective    ____________________
      for the past 12 years. People on HAART can still transmit the virus to others.               ___________________

      Outlook
              Right now, there is no cure for AIDS. It is always fatal without treatment. In the
      U.S., most patients survive many years after diagnosis because of the availability of
      HAART. HAART has dramatically increased the amount of time people with HIV remain
      alive. Research on drug treatments and vaccine development continues. However, HIV                  What does
      medications are not always available in the developing world, where most of the              “Fatal” mean?
      epidemic is raging.                                                                          ____________________
                                                                                                   ___________________
      Prevention
          Do not use illegal drugs and do not share needles or syringes.
          Avoid contact with another person's blood (or any substance that contains DNA). Protective clothing,
             masks, and goggles may be appropriate when caring for people who are injured.
          HIV-positive women who wish to become pregnant should seek counseling about the risk to their
             unborn children, and methods to help prevent their baby from becoming infected. The use of certain
             medications dramatically reduces the chances that the baby will become infected during pregnancy.


1. Is HIV a virus or a bacteria?

2. Is HIV biotic or abiotic? ____________________________

3. Write an ACE paragraph answering the following question: Can you take antibiotics to cure you of
AIDS? Why or Why Not?




      Key Question: Why can’t people take antibiotics when they have a cold, the flu,                              5
      herpes, or HIV?
Mr. Switzer—Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes                                “Fight Apathy”

                                                               Name: ________________________________
                                                                Date: ________________________________
                                                               Hour: ________________________________

Study Guide for Prokaryote and Eukaryote CBM (due as Homework before the CBM)

   1. What are 3 things that Eukaryotic cells have that Prokaryotic cells do not?
           a. _____________________
           b. _____________________
           c. _____________________
   2. What are three things that are the same between prokaryotes and eukaryotes?
           a. _____________________
           b. _____________________
           c. _____________________
   3. Can prokaryotes be unicellular, multicellular, or both?
           a. ________________________________________________
   4. Can eukaryotes be unicellular, multicellular, or both?
           a. ________________________________________________
   5. Which after each kingdom, correctly identify it as prokaryote or eukaryote
           a. Plants: _______________________
           b. Animals: _____________________
           c. Fungi: _____________________
           d. Protist: _____________________
           e. Bacteria: _____________________
           f. Archaea: _____________________
   6. Are viruses made of cells? ________________________
   7. Are viruses biotic or abiotic? ___________________________
   8. Are bacteria biotic or abiotic? ___________________________
   9. Are virus infections prevented by vaccines or antibiotics? _____________________________
   10. Antibiotics kill viruses or bacteria? ________________________
   11. How are bacteria similar to viruses?
       _________________________________________________________________________________
       _________________________________________________________________________________
       _________________________________________________________________________________
   12. What similarities do prokaryotes and eukaryotes have?
       _________________________________________________________________________________
       _________________________________________________________________________________
       _________________________________________________________________________________
       _________________________________________________________________________________




Key Question: Why can’t people take antibiotics when they have a cold, the flu,                     6
herpes, or HIV?

								
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