RECOGNITION OF ZOO RULES 1992
In exercise of the powers conferred by clauses (f) and (g) of sub-section (i) of Section 63 of the Wild Life (Protection) Act
1972 (53 of 1972), the Central Government hereby makes the following rules, namely:
1. Short title and commencement:
(1) These rules may be called the Recognition of Zoo Rules, 1992.
(2) They shall come into force on the date of their publication in the Official Gazette.
2. Definitions : In these rules, unless the context otherwise requires,
(a) "Act" means the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 (53 of 1972);
(b) "Enclosure" means any accommodation provided for Zoo animals;
(c) "Enclosure barrier" means a physical barrier to contain an animal within an encloure;
(d) "Endangered species" means species included in Schedule I of the Act;
(e) "Form" means form set forth in Appendix A to these rules;
(f) "Performing purposes" means any effort to force the animal to carry out unnatural act including performance of circus
(g) "Stand-of barrier" means a physical barrier set back from the outer edge of an enclosure barrier;
(h) "Zoo operator" means the person who has ultimate control over the affairs of the Zoo provided that
(i) in the case of firm or other association of individuals, any one of the individual partners or members thereof shall be
deemed to be the Zoo operator;
(ii) in the case of a company, any director, manager, secretary or other officer, who is in-charge of and responsible to the
company for the affairs of the Zoo shall be deemed to be the Zoo operator;
(iii) in the case of zoo owned or controlled by the Central Government or any State Government, or any local authority, the
person or person appointed to manage the affairs of the zoo by the Central Government, the State Government or the
local authority, as the case may be shall be deemed to be the Zoo operator.
3. Application for recognition:
An application under section 38H of the Act for recognition of a zoo shall be made to the Central Zoo Authority in Form A.
4. Fees for application:
(a) There shall be paid in respect of every application under rule 3 a fee of rupees five hundred.
(b) The amount of the fee shall be paid through Demand Draft/Postal Order(s) in favour of the Central Zoo Authority, New
5. Documents to be filed alongwith the application and particulars it should contain:
Every application shall be accompanied by the prescribed fee and shall contain clear particulars as to the matters
specified in Form A.
6. Power to make inquiries and call for information :
Before granting recognition to a zoo under section 38H of the Act, the Central Zoo Authority may make such inquiries and
require such further information to be furnished, as it deems necessary, relating to the information furnished by the zoo in
its application in Form A.
7. Form of recognition:
The recognition granted to a zoo shall be subject to the following conditions, namely: ~]
(a) that the recognition unless granted on a permanent basis, shall be for such period not less than one year as may be
specified in the recognition;
(b) that the zoo shall comply with such standards and norms as are or may be prescribed or imposed under the provisions
of the Act and these rules from time to time.
8. Renewal of recognition:
(a) Three months before the expiry of the period of recogntion, a recognised zoo desirous of renewal of such recognition
may make an application to the Central Zoo Authority in Form A.
(b) The provisions of rules 3, rule 4, rule 5, rule 6 and rule 7 shall apply in relation to renewal of recognition as they apply
in relation to grant of recognition except that, the fee payable in respect of an application for renewal of recognition shall
be rupees two hundred.
9. Classification of Zoos:
For the purposes of deciding standards and norms for recognition of Zoos and monitoring and evaluating their
performance, the zoos, on the basis of the area, number of animals and their variety exhibited, and the number of visitors,
shall be classfied into four categories as specified below :
Category of the Large Medium Small Mini
Area of the zoo in More than 50-75 20-50 Less than
hectares 75 hectares hectare hectare 20 hectare
Number of animals More than 750 500-750 200-499 200
Animals variety More than 50-75 20-49 20
exhibited 75 numbers numbers numbers numbers
Number of More than 15-Oct 9-May Less than
Annual attendance More than 5-7.5 5-Feb Less than
of visitors per year
7.5 lakhs lakhs lakhs 2 lakhs
10. Standards and norms subject to which recognition under section 38H of the Act shall be granted:
The Central Zoo Authority shall grant recognition with due regard to the interests of protection and conservation of wild life,
and such standards, norms and other matters as are specified below :
(1) The primary objective of operating any zoo shall be the conservation of wildlife and no zoo shall take up any activity
that is inconsistent with the objective.
(2) No zoo shall acquire any animal in violation of the Act or rules made thereunder.
(3) No zoo shall allow any animal to be subjected to the cruelties as defined under the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals
Act, 1960 (59 of 1960) or permit any activity that. exposes the animals to unnecessary pain, stress or provocation,
including use of animals for performing purposes.
(4) No zoo shall use any animal, other than the elephant in plains and yak in hilly areas for riding purposes or draughting
(5) No zoo shall keep any animal chained or tethered unless doing so is essential for its own well being.
(6) No zoo shall exhibit any animal that is seriously sick, injured or infirm.
(7) Each zoo shall be closed to visitors at least once a week.
(8) Each zoo shall be encompassed by a perimeter wall at least two metres high from the ground level. The existing zoos
in the nature of safaries and deer parks will continue to have chain link fence of appropriate design and dimensions.
(9) The zoo operators shall provide a clean and healthy environment in the zoo by planting trees, creating green belts and
providing lawns and flower beds etc.
(10) The built up area in any zoo shall not exceed twenty five per cent of the total area of the zoo. The built up area
includes administrative buildings, stores, hospitals, restaurants, kiosks and visitor rest sheds etc., animal houses and
(11) No-zoo shall have the residential complexes for the staff within the main campus of the zoo. Such complex, if any,
shall be separated from the main campus of the zoo by a boundary wall with a minimum height of two metres from the
Administrative and Staffing Pattern:
(12) Every zoo shall have one full-time officer in-charge of the zoo. The said officer shall be delegated adequate
administrative and financial powers as may be necessary for proper upkeep and care of zoo animals.
(13) Every large and medium zoo shall have at least one full-time curator having the sole responsibility of looking after the
upkeep of animals and maintenance of animal enclosures.
(14) Each large zoo shall have at least two full-time veterinarians and medium and small zoo shall have at least one full-
time veterinarian. The mini zoo may at least have arrangement with any outside veternarian for visiting the zoo every day
to look after the animals.
Animal Enlosures - Design, Dimensions and other Essential Features:
(15) All animal enclosures in a zoo shall be so designed as to fully ensure the safety of animals, caretakers and the
visitors. Stand of barriers and adequate warning signs shall be provided for keeping the visitors at a safe distance from
(16) All animal enclosures in a zoo shall be so designed as to meet the full biological requirements of the animals housed
therein. The enclosures shall be of such size as to ensure that the animals get space for their free movement and
exercise and the animals within herds and groups are not unduly dominated by individuals. The zoo operators shall take
adequate safeguards to. avoid the animals being unnaturally provoked for the benefit of viewing by public and excessive
stress being caused by visibility of the animals in the adjoining enclosures.
(17) The zoo operators shall endeavour to simulate the conditions of the natural habitat of the animal in the enclosures as
closely as possible. Planting of appropriate species of trees for providing shade and constructing shelters which would
merge in the overall environment of the enclosures, shall also be provided. Wherever it is technically feasible, only moats
shall be provided as enclosure barriers.
(18) The enclosures housing the endangered mammalian species, mentioned in Appendix I to these rules, shall have
feeding and retiring cubicles/cell of minimum dimensions given in the said appendix. Each cubicle/cell shall have resting,
feeding, drinking water and exercising facilities, according to the biological needs of the species. Proper ventilation and
lighting for the comfort and well being of animals shall be provided in each cell /cubicle /enclosure.
(19) Proper arrangement of drainage of excess of water and arrangements for removal of excreta and residual water from
each cell /cubicle /enclosure shall be made.
(20) Designing of any new enclosure for endangered species shall be finalized in consultation with the Central Zoo
Hygiene, Feeding and Upkeep:
(21) Every zoo shall ensure timely supply of wholesome and unadulterated food in sufficient quantity to each animal
according to the requirement of the individual animals, so that no animal remains undernourished.
(22) Every Zoo shall provide for a proper waste disposal system for treating both the solid and liquid wastes generated in
(23) All left over food items, animal excreta and rubbish shall be removed from each enclosure regularly and disposed of
in a manner congenial to the general cleanliness of the zoo.
(24) The zoo operators shall make available round the clock supply of potable water for drinking purposes in each cell
(25) Periodic application of disinfectants in each enclosure shall be made according to the directions of the authorised
veterinary officer of the zoo.
Animal Care, health and Treatment:
(26) The animals shall be handled only by the staff having experience and training in handling the individual animals.
Every care shall be taken to avoid discomfort, behavorial stress or physical harm to any animal.
(27) The condition and health of all animals in the zoo shall be checked every day by the person in-charge of their care. if
any animal is found sick, injured, or unduly stressed the matter shall be reported to the veterinary officer for providing
(28) Routine examination including parasite checks shall be carried out regularly and preventive medicines including
vaccination be administered at such intervals as may be decided by the authorised veterinary officers.
(29) The zoo operators shall arrange for medical check-ups of the staff responsible for upkeep of animals at least once in
every six months to ensure that they do not have infections of such diseases that can infect the zoo animals.
(30) Each zoo shall maintain animal history sheets and treatment cards in respect of each animal of endangered species,
identified by the Central Zoo Authority.
(31) Every large and medium zoo shall have full-fledged veterinary facilities including a properly equipped veterinary
hospital, basic diagnostic facilities and comprehensie range of drugs. Each veterinary hospital shall have isolation and
quarantine wards for newly-ariving animals and sick animals. These wards should be so located as to minimise the
chances of infections spreading to other animals of the zoo.
(32) Each veterinary hospital shall have facilities for restraining and handling sick animals including tranquilizing
equipments and syringe projector. The hospital shall also have a reference library on animal health care and upkeep.
(33) The small and mini zoos, where full-fledged veterinary hospital is not available, shall have at least a treatment room
in the premises of the zoo where routine examination of animals can be undertaken and immediate treatment can be
(34) Every zoo shall have a post-mortem room. Any animal that dies in a zoo shall be subjected to a detailed post-mortem.
and the findings recorded and maintained for a period of at least six years.
(35) Each zoo shall have a graveyard where the carcasses of dead animals can be buried without affecting the hygiene
and the cleanliness of the zoo. The large and medium zoos shall have an inscinerator for disposal of the carcasses and
other refuse material.
Breeding of Animals:
(36) Every zoo shall formulate a programme for captive breeding of only such animals as are approved by the Central Zoo
Authority for that zoo. They shall abide by the guidelines and directives of the Central Zoo Authority in this regad.
(37) Every zoo shall keep the animals in viable, social groups. No animal will be kept without a mate for a period
exceeding one year unlss there is a legitimate reason for doing so or if the animal has already passed its prime and is of
no use for breeding purposes. In the event of a zoo failing to find a mate for any single animal within this period, the
animal shall be shifted to some other place according to the directions of the Central Zoo Authority.
(38) No zoo shall be allowed to acquire a single animal of any variety except when doing so is essential either for finding a
mate for the single animal housed in the said zoo or for exchange of blood in a captive breeding group.
(39) Every zoo shall take up regular exchange programmes of animals so as to prevent the traits or ill effects of
inbreeding. To achieve this objective each zoo shall maintain a stud book in respect of every endangered species.
(40) To safeguard against uncontrolled growth in the population of prolifically breeding animals, every zoo shall implement
appropriate population control measures like separation of sexes, sterilizaiton, vasectomy, tubectomy and implanting of
(41) No zoo shall permit hybridization either between different species of animals or different races of the same species of
Maintenance of Records and Submission of Inventory to The Central Zoo Authority:
(42) Every zoo shall keep a record of the birth, acquisitions, sales, disposals and deaths of all animals. Th inventory of the
animals housed in each zoo as on 31st March of every year shall be submitted to the Central Zoo Authority by 30th April
of the same year.
(43) Every zoo shall also submit a brief summary of the death of animals in the zoo for every financial year, alongwith the
reasons of death identified on the basis of post-mortem reports and other diagnostic tests, by 30th April of the following
(44) Every zoo shall publish an annual report of the activities of the zoo in respect of each financial year. The copy of the
said annual report shall be made available to the Central Zoo Authority, within two months, after the end of the financial
year. The report shall also be made available to the general public at a reasonable cost.
Education and Research:
(45) Every enclosure in a zoo shall bear a sign board displaying scientific information regarding the animals exhibited in it.
(46) Every zoo shall publish leaflets, brochures and guidebooks and make the same available to the visitors, either free of
cost or at a reasonable price.
(47) Every large and medium zoo shall make arrangements for recording, in writing, the detailed observations. about the
biological behaviour, population dynamics and veterinary care of the animals exhibited as per directions of the Central
Zoo Authority so that a detailed database could be developed. The database shall be exchanged with other zoos as well
as the Central Zoo Authority.
(48) The zoo operators shall provide adequate civic facilities like toilets, visitor sheds, and drinking water points at
convenient places in the zoo for visitors.
(49) First-aid equipments including anti-venom shall be readily available in the premises of the zoo.
(50) Arrangements shall be made to provide access to the zoo to disabled visitors including those in the wheel chair.
Development and Planning:
(51) Each zoo shall prepare a long-term master plan for its development. The zoo shall also prepare a management plan,
giving details of the proposal and activities of development for next six years. The copies of the said plans shall be sent to
the Central Zoo Authority.
APPLICATION FOR GETTING RECOGNITION FROM
THE CENTRAL ZOO AUTHORITY
UNDER SECTION 38H (sub-section 2)
FORM - A
Central Zoo Authority of India,
We want to get recognition under section 38H of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 in respect of __________________
Bank draft/Postal Order for Rs.500/- drawn in favour of Central Zoo Authority is also enclosed. The required information in
respect of______________________is as under:
1. Name of the Zoo:
2. Location of the Zoo and Area:
3. Date of establishment:
4. Name of controling authority/operator:
5. Total number of visitors to the Zoo during the last three years (Year wise)
6. Total number of days on which zoo is open to visitors during a calender year.
7. Number of animals exhibited by the zoo:
Stock position during the current financial year
Number of Stock Position Births Acquitions Deaths
Species Disposals Stock as on the date of
exhibited on the close of preceding application
FISHES AND OTHERS
8. Total number of enclosures:
(i) Open air moated encloures:
(ii) Closed cages/aviaries:
9. List of endangered species bred during last 3 years
10. Veterinary facilities
(a) Whole time veterinarian available or not:
(b) Facilities available in the Veterinary Hospital:
(a) Operation theatre /Surgical room
(b) X-ray facility
(c) Squeeze cages
(d) In-door patient ward
(e) Quarantine ward
(g) Nursery for hand-rearing animal babies
(h) Pathological laboratory
(i) Tranquilising equipments./drugs
11. Whether the following facilities exist in the zoo:
ii) Food store
iii) Deep Freeze
iv) Potable water facility
v) Food distribution van/rickshaw etc.
12. Sanitary care and disease control:
i) Pollution free water to nimals for drinkng is available ?
ii) Proper drainage system exists in enclosures ?
iii) Regular disposal of refuse material is done ?
iv) Programme for control of pests and predators exists ?
v) Preventive measures like deworming and vaccination are being provided ?
13. Amenities to visitors:
(a) Public facilities like toilets /bathrooms exist ?
(b) Sufficient number of drinking water taps available ?
(c) Visitor information centre and nature interpretation centre exist ?
(d) Zoo eduation facilities have been provided ?
(e) Public telephone booths are available ?
(f) Kiosks and restaurants are available at the zoo ?
14. Safety measures for visitors:
(a) Effective stand-of barriers have been provided around enclosures ?
(c) Adequate number of warning sign boards exist ?
(d) First-Aid measures are availabe ?
15. Budget of the Zoo for last 3 years
Revenue Grants Total expenditure
16. Annual Report, Guide books, Brochure or any other publication (copies enclosed)
17. Master plan of the Zoo (copy enclosed)
Signature of the Applicant
APPENDIX - I
MINIMUM PRESCRIBED SIZE FOR FEEDING/RETIRING
CUBICLE/ENCLOSURES FOR IMPORTANT MAMMALIAN SPECIES OF
Name of the Species. Size of the cubicle/enclosures - in metres
length breadth height
FAMILY - Felidae:
Tiger and lions 2.75 1.8 3
Panther 2 1.5 2
Clouded leopard & snow 2 1.5 2
Small cats 1.8 1.5 1.5
FAMILY - Elephantidae
Elephant. 8 6 5.5
FAMILY - Rhinocerotidae
One-horned Indian 5 3 2.5
FAMILY - Cervidae
Brow antlered deer 3 2 2.5
Hangul 3 2 2.5
Swamp deer 3 2 2.5
Musk deer 2.5 1.5 2
Mouse deer 1.5 1 1.5
FAMILY - Bovidae
Nilgiri tahr 2.5 1.5 2
Chinkara 2.5 1.5 2
Four horned antelope 2.5 1.5 2
Wild Buffalo 3 1.5 2
Indian Bison 3 2 2.5
Yak 4 2 2.5
Bharal, goral, wild sheep 2.5 1.5 2
FAMILY - Equidae
Wild Ass 4 2 2.5
FAMILY - Ursidae
All types of Indian bears. 2.5 1.8 2
FAMILY - Canidae
Jackal, wolf & wild dog 2 1.5 1.5
FAMILY - Vivirridae
Palm civet 2 1 1
Large Indian civet & 2 1.5 1
FAMILY - Mustellidae
Otters all types 2.5 1.5 1
Rate]/Hogbadger 2.5 1.5 1
Martens 2 1.5 1
FAMILY - Procyonidae
Red Panda 3 1.5 1
FAMILY - Lorisidae
Slow loris and slender loris 1 1 1.5
Monkeys and langurs. 2 1 1.5
JOINT SECRETARY TO THE GOVT. OF INDIA
(No. F. 6-3/91-WL.1)
NUMBER OF ZOOS AND CAPTIVE WILDLIFE FACILITIES IN STATES
AND UNION TERRITORIES OF INDIA
STATE/ ZOOS DEER SAFARI TOTAL SNAKE
NATURE/ AQUARIUMS EDUCATION
PARKS PARKS PARKS
Andaman and 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
Andhra Pradesh 3 14 3 0 1 1 22
Arunachal Pradesh 3 0 0 0 1 0 4
Assam 1 0 0 0 3 0 4
Bihar 5 1 0 0 0 0 6
Delhi 1 1 0 0 0 0 2
Goa 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
Dadra and Nagar
Haveli (UT) 1 2 0 0 0 0 3
Gujarat 8 4 0 0 2 2 16
Haryana 5 2 0 0 1 0 8
Himachal Pradesh 4 1 2 0 3 0 10
Jammu & Kashmir 2 1 0 0 0 0 3
Karnataka 19 3 4 1 0 0 27
Kerala 3 1 1 1 2 0 8
Madhya Pradesh 5 0 0 0 1 1 7
Maharashtra 10 1 1 2 2 1 17
Manipur 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
Meghalaya 2 0 0 0 0 0 2
Mizoram 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
Nagaland 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
Orissa 2 7 3 0 1 0 13
Pondicherry 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
Punjab 5 3 1 0 0 0 9
Rajasthan 6 1 0 0 1 0 8
TamilNadu 8 1 0 1 1 2 13
Tripura 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
Sikkim 1 1 0 0 0 0 2
Uttar Pradesh 3 7 0 0 6 0 16
West Bengal 3 0 1 1 0 1 6
Total 107 *51 16 6 25 8 213
* The actual number could be much more but State-wise details are not available.
IMPORT-EXPORT POLICY (APRIL 1992-MARCH-1997)
Extracts from the Export & Import Policy U April 1992-31 March 1997) as
application from 1.4.94 to 31.3.96
Para 7: Definitions
(2) "Act" means the Foreign Trade (Development & Regulation) Act 1992 (No. 22 of 199.2).
(24) "Manufacture" means to make, produce, fabricate, assemble, process or bring into existenc, by hand or by machine,
a new produce having a distinctive name, character or use and shall include process such as refrigeration, repacking,
polishing labelling and segregation. Manufacture, for the purpose of this Policy, shall also include agriculture_
aquacultures, animal husbary floriculture, horticulture, pisciculture, poultry and sericullure.
(31) "Policy" means the Export & Import Policy 1992-97 as amended from time to time.
Para 8. Exports & Imports free unless regulated
Exports and imports may be done freely, except to the extent they are regulated by the provisions of this Policy or any
other law for the time being in force.
Para 9. Form of Regulation
The Central Government may, in public interest, regulate the import or export of goods by means of a Negative list of
Imports or a Negative List of Exports, as the case may be.
Para 10. Negative Lists
The Negative lists may consists of goods the import or export of which is prohibited, restricted through licensing or
otherwise, or canalised. The Negative List of Imports and the Negative list of Exports shall be as contained in this Policy.
Para 11. Prohibited goods
Prohibited goods shall not be imported or exported.
Para 16. Procedure
The Director General of Foreign Trade may, in any case or class of cases, specify the procedure to be followed by an
exporter or importer or by any licensing, competent or the authority for the purpose of implementing the provisions of the
Act, the Rules and Orders made thereunder the this Policy. Such procedures shall be included in the Handbook of
Procedures and published by means of a Public Notice. Such procedures may, in like manner, be amended from time to
NEGATIVE LIST OF IMPORTS
155 PROHIBITED ITEMS
3. Wild animals including their parts and products a ivory.
156 RESTRICTED ITEMS
D.SEEDS, PLANTS AND ANIMALS
1. Animals, Import permitted against a licence to zoos and zoological parks, recognised scientific/
Birds & research institutions, circus companies, private individuals, on the recommendation of
Reptiles the Chief Wildlife Warden of a State Government subject to the provisions of the
(including Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna &
theirparts & Flora (CITES)
4. Plants, (a) Import of seeds of wheat, paddy coarse cereals, pulses, oilseeds and fodder for
Fruits & sowing is permitted without a licence subject to fulfilment of the provisions of the New
Seeds Policy on Seed Development 1988 and in accordance with a permit for import granted under the Plants, Fruits and
Seeds (Regulation of Import into India) Order 1989.
(b) Import of seeds of vegetables flowers, fruits and plants, tubers and bulbs of flowers, cutting, saplin& budwood etc.of
flowers and fruits for sowing or planting is permitted without a licence in accordance with a permit for import granted under
the plants, Fruits and Seeds (Regulation of Import into India) Order 1989.
(c) Import of Seeds, fruits and plants for consumption or other purpose is permitted against a licence or in accordance
with Public Notice in this behalf.
(d) Import of plants, their products and derivatives shall also be subject to the provisions of the Convention on
International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fanua and Flora (CITES).
NEGATIVE LIST OF EXPORTS
158 PROHIBITED ITEMS
1. All forms of wild animals including their parts and products except Peacock tails including handicrafts made thereof and
manufactured Articles and Shavings of Shed Antlers of Chital and Sambhar subject to condition as specified in Annexure
to Public Notice No. 15-ETC (N)/92/97 dated 31st March, 1993 issued by the Director General of Foreign Trade and
reproduced in the Handbook of Procedures. (Vol. 1)
2. Exotic Birds
3. All items of plants included in Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES), wild
orchids as well as plants as specified in Public Notice No. 47 (PN)/92-97 dated 30th March, 1994 issued by the Director
General of Foreign Trade and reproduced in the Handbook of Procedures (Vol.1)
7. Wood and wood products in the form of logs, timber, stumps, roots, barks, chips, powder, flakes, dust, pulp and
charcoal except sawn timber made exclusively out of imported teak logs/timber subject to conditions as specified in
Annexures to Public Notice No. 15-ETC (PN)-92/97 dated 31st March, 1993 issued by the Director General of Foreign
Trade and reproduced in the Handbook of Procedures (Vol.1)
10. Red Sanders wood in any form whether raw, processed or unprocessed as well as any product made thereof.
159 AESTRICTED ITEMS
(EXPORTS PERMITTED UNDER LICENCE)
8. Fur of domestic animals, excluding lamb fur skin.
10. Hides and skins, namely:
(i) Cuttings and fleshing of hides and skins used as raw materials for manufacture of animal glue gelatine.
(ii) Raw hides and skins, all types excluding lamb fur skin.
(iii) All categories of semi-processed hides and skins including E.I. tanned and wet blue hides and skins and crust leather.
(iv) clothing leather fur suede/hair, hair-on suede/shearing suede leathers.
(v) Fur leathers.
20. Seeds and planting materials namely:
Castor seeds, cotton seeds except such cotton seeds are of varieties hybrids of other countries, grown under custom
production; cashew seeds and plants; Egyptial clover (Barseem) Trifloium alastum seeds, Fodder crop seeds; Green
manure seeds other than Dhanincha; guar seeds (whole); jute seeds; linseeds; lucrene (alfalfa) medicago sative; mesta
seeds; Nux vomica seeds /bark/leave/roots and powder thereof; onion seeds, seeds of ornamental plants (wild variety);
paddy seeds (wild variety); pepper cuttings or rooted cuttings of pepper; persian clover (snaftel trifolium, - resupinatum)
seeds; red sanders’ seeds (Pterocarpus santalinus; rubber seeds; russa grass seeds and tufts; seeds of all forestry
species; seeds of all oilseeds and pulses; soyabean seeds; sandalwod seeds (Santalum album); saffron seeds of corns
(planting material for saffron); wheat seeds (wild variety).
21. Sea shells, excluding polished sea shells and handicrafts made out of sea shells of all species except those of the
undermentioned species the export of which shall not be allowed in any form.
i. Trochus niloticos
ii. Trubo species
iii Lambis species
iv. Tridacna gigas
v. Zancus pyrus
22. Sea weeds of all types including G. edulis but excluding brown sea weeds and agarophytes of Tamil Nadu coast origin
GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
MINISTRY OF COMMERCE
PUBLIC NOTICE No. 47 (PN)/92-97
NEW DELHI : DATED 30TH MARCH, 1994
Note: Please see para 158 part I (3) of the policy.
Attention is invited to item no. 3, part I para 158 (Prohibited Items) of Chapter XVI Negative List of Exports, of the Export
and Import Policy, 1992-97 (revised Edition : march 1994).
2. The Director General of foreign Trade hereby porhibits the export of plants plant portions and their derviatives and
extracts obtained from the wild as under:
1. Aconitum species
2. Attropa species
3. Aristolochia species
4. Angiopteris species
5. Arundinaria Jaunsarensia.
6. Balanophora species
7. Colchisum luteum (Hirantutya).
8. Commiphora whight ii.
9. Coptis species
10. Drosera species
11. Gentiana Kurroo (Kuru, Kutki).
12. Gloriasa superba.
13. Gnetum species
14. Iphignia indica.
15. Meconipsis betonicifolia.
16. Nardostachys species (Jatamansi)
17. Osmunda species
18. Rhododendron species
19. Physochlaina praealta (Bajarbang)
20. Praltia serpumlia
21. Rheum emodi (Dolu)
22. Berberis aristata (Indian barberry; Rasvat)
23. Acorus species
24. Artemisia species
25. Coscinium fenestratum (Calumba wood).
26. Costus speciousas (Kew, Kust).
27. Didymocarpus pedicellata.
28. Dolomiaea pedicellata
29. Ephedra species.
30. Gynocardia odorata (Chaulmogri).
31. Hydnocarpus species.
32. Hyoscymus niger (Broseword).
33. Strychnos potatorum (Nirmali).
34. Swertia chirata (Charayatah).
35. Urgines species.
36. Beddomes cycad (Cycas beddomei).
37. Blue vanda (Vandaeoerules).
38. Kuth (Saussurea lappa).
39. Ladies slipper orchid (Paphiopedilium species).
40. Pitcher plant (Nepenthes Khasiana).
41. Red vanda (Renenthera imschooiana).
42. Rauvolifia serpentina (Sarpagandha).
43. Ceropegia species.
44. Frerea indica (Shindal Mankundi).
45. Araucaria araucana (Monkey-puzzle tree).
46. Podophyllum hexandurm (emodi) Indian Podophyllum).
47. Cactacea species (Cactus).
48. Cyatheaceae species (Tree Ferns).
49. Cycadacea species (Cycads).
50. Dioscorea deltoidea (Elephant’s Foot).
51. Euphorbia species (Euphorbias).
52. Aloe species (Aloes)
53. Orchidaceae species (Orchids)
54. Pterocarpus Santalinus (Red Sanders).
55. Taxus wallichiana (Common Yew of Birmi leaves).
56. Aquilaria malaccensis (Agarwood).
3. Plants and plant portions, derivatives and extracts (including value added herba formulations) of the cultivated varieties
of the species above (excluding serial no.54) will be allowed for export subject to production of a certificate of cultivation
from Regional Deputy Director (Wildlife), or Chief conservator of Forests or Divisional Forest Officers of the state
concerned from where these plants and plant portions have been procured. However in respect of cultivated varieties of
the species covered by Appendix I (S.No. 36 to 41 of Paragraph 2 above) and Appendix II (s. No. 42 to 56 of Paragraph 2
above) of CITES, a CITES Permit for export will also be required.
4. Exports allowed only through six major ports viz. Bombay, Calcutta, Cochin, Delhi, Madras, and Tuticorin.
5. This issue is public interest.
(Dr. P. L. Sajeev Reddy)
Director General of Foreign Trade