MRF Nairobi July Bulletin

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					                                                      MRF NAIROBI
                                                       BULLETIN
                                                         VO L UM E          3,     I S S U E      6                                        J UL Y      20 10
INSIDE THIS ISSUE:
                                                 PROMOTING PEACE BETWEEN REFUGEES AND NOMADIC PASTORALISTS IN NORTH
IOM Initiates Dialogue                                                     WESTERN KENYA
for Peace Among
Refugees and Host      1                                                                                      the refugees. Among the issues raised were;
Communities in                                                                                                relocation of refugees from the Dadaab refugee
Kakuma                                                                                                        camp to Kakuma without the community’s consent,
                                                                                                              unwarranted arrests and lack of payment for the
                                                                                                              youth from the host community who seek work in
IOM Uganda Connects
                                                                                                              the camps and harassments (sexual and violent) of
ex-Combatants with
                                                                                                              women and children. They also say that the “easy
War Injuries to UN  2
                                                                                                              life” witnessed among the refugee community has
Trust Fund for War
                                                                                                              influenced high number of children dropping out of
Victims
                                                                                                              school to find work within the camps. Increased
                                                                                                              cases of drugs and substance abuse within the
IOM Facilitates Move-                                                                                         camps and increased cases of livestock theft were
                                                IOM’s Anne Keitany listens to a resident of Kakuma during a
ment for Canada       2                                                                                       also reported.
                                                          community dialogue in Echor Edome
Bound Refugees
                                               The International Organization for Migration has               The host communities feel sidelined by aid agencies
Nomadic Pastoralists                           embarked on an initiative to help address                      and service providers who pay preferential attention
in Turkana receive                             underlying issues of conflict between the refugee              to the refugees, even though they share same
                        3                      community hosted at the Kakuma refugee camp                    facilities and resources. They also blame ineffective
Medical Assistance in
a Fight Against Cholera                        and the nomadic pastoralist host community in                  peace structures that were established to address
                                               North-Western Kenya.                                           conflict issues.

IOM-FAO Partners to                            Kakuma has since 1992 hosted refugees from                     In order to address these issues and in an effort to
Boost Livelihood                           3   Sudan, Rwanda, Burundi, Djibouti, Eritrea, DRC and             mitigate the rising conflict, IOM is engaging both the
Activities in Turkana                          Ethiopia and for the longest time, the relationship            refugee and host communities in dialogues to create
                                               between the refugees and the host community has                space for inter community conflict prevention
                                               been characterized by tolerance. This harmony is               around Kakuma and also intends to strengthen the
IOM Facilitates                                however threatened by the ever increasing number               capacities of the leaders and community peace
Assisted Voluntary                             of refugees and thus a heightened competition for              committees as well as other existing peace
Return for Ethiopian                       4   natural resources and relief aid. The refugees                 structures. IOM is also supporting livelihood
Migrants from                                  interact with the host community who supply them               activities among the residents of Kakuma.
Hargeisa                                       with firewood, fencing materials, charcoal, casual
                                               work for food, trading together and sharing social
IOM Joins the East                             amenities like schools, water and health facilities
African Community                              that are provided by the NGO’s, INGO’s and UN
and Partner States in 5                        agencies to the refugees. Ironically, on average the
Support of the Free                            refugees are considered wealthier than the local
Movement of Persons                            residents, a situation that is seen to be fuelling
                                               conflict between the two communities.
     International Organization for
               Migration                       It is due to the foregoing that IOM is implementing
Mission with Regional      Functions For
             Eastern Africa,                   a livelihood for peace building and conflict
    Church Road, Off Rhapta Road,
              Westlands
                                               prevention project in north western Kenya. An intra
 PO Box 55040- 00200-Nairobi, KENYA            community dialogue convened by IOM within the
     Phone: + 254 20 4444167/174               Echor Edome community, one of the host
         Fax: + 254 20 4449577
                                               communities around the Kakuma refugee camp
 E-mail: mrfnairobi@iom.int Website:                                                                           Residents of Echor Edome follow proceedings of a community
         http://nairobi.iom.int
                                               saw residents open up and talk about issues that                            dialogue convened by IOM in Kakuma
                                               they feel are creating tension between them and
VOLUME 3, ISSUE 6                                                                                                                PAGE 2


    IOM UGANDA CONNECTS EX-COMBATANTS WITH WAR INJURIES TO UN TRUST FUNDS FOR WAR
                                      VICTIMS

IOM Uganda in partnership with the African Youth Initiative
Network (AYINET) is providing general and reconstructive
surgery to individuals suffering from war injuries in Northern
Uganda.

Many of IOM’s clients who mainly consist of ex-LRA
combatants and formerly abducted youth suffer from
serious injuries or chronic illnesses sustained from combat
or from the living conditions in the bush. The ailments range
from bullets and shrapnel splinters lodged within the body,
fractures that have not healed properly, pains from carrying
heavy loads (or from torture), various parasitic infections,
genital infections (particularly, in the case of women),
                                                                   One of the victims show a contracture of the little finger caused by a burn
amoebic dysentery, and septic wounds.                                               injury he sustained while in LRA captivity

IOM has formed a synergy with AYINET who in partnership with an Italian NGO AVSI and with support of the UN Trust Fund for
war victims, is also providing transport and after care support to the clients, at no cost to IOM. The collaboration that started in
February 2010 has proven effective because the services provided through AYINET responds to the needs of ICRS clients. IOM
is also able to assist AYINET in identifying and reaching individuals in need of primary health care.

IOM and AYINET have since March 2010 coordinated a series of medical assessments for ICRS clients and other community
members. So far, 109 individuals have received medical screening and assessed for eligibility to undergo general and recon-
structive surgery.




     IOM FACILITATES MOVEMENT FOR 92 REFUGEES FROM ASMARA TO CANADA AND NORWAY

IOM with the support of UNHCR facilitated the resettlement process for 92 Somali refugees from the Emukulu refugee camp in
Eritrea to Canada and Norway.

The movement process was done in two groups, in consideration of the big number of migrants. The first group comprising 26
Canada bound refugees was moved on June 7th and the remaining departed on 14th of the same month.

Eritrea has always had a tedious exit process and this time was no exception. The clients had to be moved from one govern-
ment office to the next in a bid to acquire exit permits. The documentation process also proved challenging, due to the number
of refugees that were being cleared to travel. The personnel at Asmara Airport are not accustomed to such volume of work
within the operating hours of the airport which only opens 2 ½ hours before departure time.


                                                                 The Asmara airport opens 2 ½ hours before
                                                                 departure. Facilitating movement for a big
                                                                  number of refugees is therefore hectic for
                                                                           the airport personnel

                                                     IOM’s mandate in this resettlement entailed; movement assistance from the
                                                     Emukulu refugee camp to the transit center in Asmara and to the airport,
                                                     pre-departure medical assessment, application and processing exit visas,
                                                     pre-departure assistance at the Asmara airport and transit assistance in
                                                     Europe.

   Refugees from Emukulu refugee camp arrive a the
                  Frankfurt airport
         VOLUME 3, ISSUE 6                                                                                                                  PAGE 3

  IOM RESPONDS TO CASES OF CHOLERA AMONG THE                                          IOM- FAO PARTNERS TO BOOST LIVELIHOODS IN
        NOMADIC PATORALISTS IN TURKANA                                                            NORTHERN KENYA
                                                                                  The International Organization for Migration (IOM) in partnership
                                                                                  with the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), have in the
                                                                                  month of July continued to implement a joint venture - geared
                                                                                  towards the restoration of livelihoods and income generating
                                                                                  activities among the vulnerable pastoralists communities that
                                                                                  were critically affected by the food crisis in Northern Kenya as
                                                                                  well as those affected by the post election violence in the North
                                                                                  Rift Valley.

                                                                                  The partnership that was initiated in early 2009 saw IOM and FAO
                                                                                  work towards uplifting the livelihoods of vulnerable communities
                                                                                  in Northern Kenya with interventions that included seeds/farm
                                                                                  input fairs, facilitating linkages between the beneficiaries and the
                                                                                  markets as well as enhancing the capacity of the implementing
                                                                                  partners to ensure effective delivery.
 IOM staff giving health education messages to school children in Kakuma Muslim
                                     School.                                      The key outcomes of this partnership in Northern Kenya have
                                                                                  been the rehabilitation of water pans, supervised by the Ministry
IOM is implementing a cholera emergency response programme in                     of Water and the Department of Agriculture. Three water pans
Northern and Western Turkana in close collaboration with various                  were rehabilitated in the Turkana region and two constructed in
government agencies including: Department of Health Promotion,                    North Eastern province. This initiative has boosted agricultural
Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation, Division of Disease Surveil-            productions in the arid and semi arid areas, where farmers now
lance & Response, District Health Management Teams (DHMTs),                       practice drip irrigation in the cultivation of drought resistant
community leaders, youth leaders, counselors and church leaders.                  crops. This has further helped to reduce the distance that pastor-
Cholera has been on-going in the region with irregular out-breaks                 alists travel in search of water for their animals.
that require a pro-active multi-sectoral and collaborative approach
between government agencies, health service providers and local 120 existing farmers and pastoralists have received drip irrigation
authorities.                                                           kits and training on the drip irrigation technology. FAO provided a
                                                                       solar powered water pump to a pastoralist settlement group
Majority of the populations in Turkana have limited access to clean where 40 drip kits were installed. 100 farmers received pasture
and safe drinking water and limited or no access to pit latrines and seeds while 20 youth from the Turkana community were identi-
poor waste disposal methods, which is additional burden with re- fied for training on Community Animal Health Workers. The
duced knowledge on basic hygienic practices.                           trained personnel were provided with drug kits for treatment of
                                                                       animals within their communities. The second phase of this train-
Mobility caused by nomadic lifestyles and poor communication and ing is scheduled for latter this year.
transport infrastructure further increase the difficulty of setting up
static health facilities or providing Primary Health Care (PHC) ser-
vices.

IOM is conducting awareness community based activities in schools,
churches and local community settings. These include development
and distribution of IEC materials such as posters and pamphlets in
the local language-Turkana, Kiswahili and English, health promotion
and education sessions, service delivery and capacity building activi-
ties with emphasis on good hygienic practices. Treatment is offered
either in government health facilities or at makeshift community
Cholera Treatment Centers (CTC).

Since May 2010, IOM has reached 124,243 individuals (44,622
households) through outreach sessions in spite of numerous chal-
lenges faced among which besides high mobility, poor infrastructure
(transportation, communication etc), includes serious security con-                  Community members in Oropoi tend to their gardens. Turkana is a dry land,
                                                                                   IOM-FAO helped the community to establish drip irrigation kits that they use to
straints.                                                                                                    water their plants

Despite the challenges IOM aims to reach more individuals and set The implementation of these projects has been made possible
up mechanisms that will reduce or even wipe out cholera incidents with the participation of local implementing partners. They
in the Turkana region.                                            include Riam Riam (Kakuma), FAIDA and Relief Reconstruction
                                                                  and Development Organization (Dadaab) and GOAL (North Rift).
        VOLUME 3, ISSUE 6                                                                                                                PAGE 4

        MRF NAIROBI FACILITATES VOLUNTARY                                         IOM PROVIDES CULTURAL ORIENTATION FOR
     RETURN OF STRANDED ETHIOPIAN MIGRANTS                                      KENYAN YOUTH DESTINED FOR QATAR AND DUBAI
                   IN HARGEISA
                                                                                MRF Nairobi’s cultural orientation team in partnership with the
                                                                                Youth Enterprise Development Fund (YEDF) in the month of
                                                                                June provided cultural orientation for a group of 21 youth des-
                                                                                tined for various employment opportunities in Dubai and
                                                                                Qatar.

                                                                                The training aimed to equip the group with adequate informa-
                                                                                tion about their various countries of destination as well as allay
                                                                                their fears with regard to cultural information. Out of the 21
                                                                                individuals trained, eight were female.

                                                                                The training session was very interactive given that the group
                                                                                of trainees was very knowledgeable. Additionally, three of the
  Panel physicians carry out pre-departure health assessments on migrants be-   participants had prior work experience in Dubai and Qatar and
                      fore they are repatriated to Ethiopia                     could therefore also share their experiences with the class.

MRF Nairobi last month facilitated assisted voluntary return for 160
Ethiopian Refugees who were stranded in Hargeisa. The group that
comprised 81 adults, 62 children and 17 infants were eager to re-
turn home, after years in Hargeisa, Somalia.

In February this year, IOM facilitated a similar return for 498 Ethio-
pians who were eager to return home following threats and attacks
on the Ethiopian migrant community in Somalia. IOM chartered 4
flights for this movement and was able to safely repatriate the mi-
grants in two days.

The repatriation was carried out in collaboration with the Ethiopian
Government who verified the applicants’ documents before clear-
ing them to return. On arrival in Addis Ababa, the returnees were
provided with airport reception assistance to facilitate easy clear-
ance at immigration and an overnight accommodation. Each Adult
                                                                                     Participants engage each other during a group discussion session
returnee was provided with reintegration money amounting to
US$ 260 and an additional US$ 30 that would enable them to get
transport back to their homes. To facilitate smooth reintegration
of returnees with minor children, they are provided with an addi-                          Participants had researched well
tional US$110.                                                                            about their countries of destination
This return was made possible with funding from the Government
                                                                                          and appeared very knowledgeable
of Japan, Finland and Switzerland


                                                                                Participants had the opportunity to ask the recruiting agency
                                                                                pertinent questions regarding their contract. Their concern on
                                                                                each item of their contracts was exhaustively addressed. The
                                                                                YEDF took the opportunity to highlight the functions of the
                                                                                youth enterprise fund as well as the relevance of the fund to
                                                                                their employment opportunities in the Middle East.




   IOM chartered 4 flights for the return and repatriated 160 migrants
    VOLUME 3, ISSUE 6                                                                                                       PAGE 5

   IOM JOINS THE EAST AFRICAN COMMUNITY (EAC) & PARTNER STATES IN SUPPORT OF THE FREE
                                 MOVEMENT OF PERSONS
IOM has partnered with the EAC Secretariat to implement
the regional project “Enhancing the Capacity of the East
African Community to Harmonize Migration Management
and Allow Free and Safe Movement of persons” which seeks
to promote orderly and free movement of persons through-
out the East Africa region in the spirit of implementing the
EAC Common Market Protocol. The first meeting for the
project will be held on 27 – 28 July 2010 in Kampala, Uganda
with the Chiefs of Immigration of Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda,
Tanzania and Uganda.

The Common Market Protocol calls for enhanced collabora-
tion amongst the Partner States in the economic and social
sectors through integration and harmonization of their
policies in areas of free movement of persons, labour,
goods, services and capital and to ensure the enjoyment of     Representatives from the EAC partner states pose for a photo during a project
the rights of establishment and residence of their nationals                      inception meeting in Kampala Uganda
within the Community.

The project will provide technical assistance to incorporate migration into the implementation phase of the Common Market
Protocol including: setting up a dedicated “migration” desk and resource centre to support the EAC Secretariat; sensitizing
Partner States to relevant migration issues and ensuring that these are appropriately addressed in the implementation of the
protocol and its annexes; and establishing a Regional Advisory Committee to oversee migration management issues.

Partner states will deliberate and discuss on the progress thus far in the implementation of the protocol and identify the way
forward for joint collaboration & coordination within the framework of the project.

The project is funded by the UK Department for International Development (DFID) as part of its comprehensive Regional East
Africa Integration Programme (REAP) cooperation with the EAC.


   MRF NAIROBI WOULD LIKE TO THANK THE DONORS AND PARTNERS WHO HAVE FEATURED IN THIS
   MONTH’S NEWSLETTER AND WITH WHOSE SUPPORT THESE PROGRAMMES HAVE BEEN POSSIBLE




                                             International Organization for Migration
                                        Mission with Regional Functions For Eastern Africa,
                                            Church Road, Off Rhapta Road. Westlands
                                               PO Box 55040- 00200-Nairobi, KENYA
                                                   Phone: + 254 20 4444167/174
                                                       Fax: + 254 20 4449577
                                                    E-mail: mrfnairobi@iom.int
                                                  Website: http://nairobi.iom.int

				
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