Comparing Cultural Norms and Values by stariya


									Comparing Cultural Norms and Values

Aspects of Culture     Mainstream Canadian Culture         Other Cultures

1. Sense of self and
                       Informal, Handshake                 Formal Hugs, bows, handshakes

                       Explicit, direct communication      Implicit, indirect communication.
2. Communication
                       Emphasis on content--meaning        Emphasis on context--meaning found
and language
                       found in words                      around words

3. Dress and           "Dress for success" ideal. Wide     Dress seen as a sign of position, wealth,
appearance             range in accepted dress             prestige. Religious rules

4. Food and eating                                         Dining as a social experience. Religious
                       Eating as a necessity--fast food
habits                                                     rules

                       Linear and exact time
5. Time and time                                           Elastic and relative time consciousness.
                       consciousness. Value on
consciousness                                              Time spent on enjoyment of relationships
                       promptness-->time = money

                       Focus on nuclear family.            Focus on extended family. Loyalty and
6. Relationships,
                       Responsibility for self. Value on   responsibility to family. Age given status
family, friends
                       youth, age seen as handicap         and respect

                    Individual orientation.
                                                           Group orientation. Conformity. Preference
7. Values and norms Independence. Preference for
                                                           for harmony
                    direct confrontation of conflict

                                                            Hierarchical. Respect for authority and
                       Egalitarian. Challenging of
8. Beliefs and                                              social order. Individuals accept their
                       authority. Individuals control their
attitudes                                                   destiny. Different roles for men and
                       destiny. Gender equity

9. Mental processes    Linear, logical, sequential,        Lateral, holistic, simultaneous. Accepting
and learning style     Problem-solving focus               of life's difficulties

                       Emphasis on task. Reward         Emphasis on relationships. Rewards
10. Work habits and
                       based on individual achievement. based on seniority, relationships. Work is
                       Work has intrinsic value         a necessity of life

 Source: The Managing Diversity Survival Guide: A Complete Collection of Checklists, Activities,
               and Tips/Book and Disk, by Lee Gardenswartz and Anita Rowe

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