Foundation is the root system of a structure. It is usually referred to as footing by most construction professionals because of its natural design and function. Its job is to transfer the entire load (dead and live) created by the structure to the soil. In turn, the ground exerts a counteracting force equal to the load transferred by the footing. Without a footing, the structure can exert different distributive forces on the ground that may result in uneven settlement. Footing can be categorized as deep or shallow. Deep footing is the foundation used for skyscrapers or tall buildings that need significant degree of stability. This normally requires deep excavation, piling, extreme compaction and wide range of concrete spreading. On the other hand, shallow footing refers to the footing of a typical house, where there is not much loads involved. Unlike deep footing, this only involves a few feet of excavation and concreting. Shallow footing follows simple construction procedure. However, sizes and shapes of the feet should fit with the specifications and standards. The shape of a footing slab varies according to the area to be covered. Most slabs are parallelogram (square, rectangle, trapezoid or rhombus). In special cases, a footing slab is designed circular. The efforts involved in structuring a footing diverge in terms of size and thickness. Professional construction usually designs footing with well-arranged lateral and vertical steel bars, and positioning of underground columns are based on enclosing perimeter. In DIY build a house techniques, footing design is usually neglected because of the impression that it is a concealed structure. Lateral and vertical forces acting upon the footing must be considered well in designing the foundation. Remember that the soil does not only vertically counteract with the base of the footing but also exerts lateral pressure as soon as the backfill encapsulates the column. If planning a DIY build a house project, it should be taken to account that the stability of the footing should be greater than any structural membrane above the surface. Also, footing concrete mixture is usually higher in class than for off-surface beams and columns. Class A mixture, with high content of cement and a more saturated CW ratio, is poured and curing period is longer than the rest of the concrete-containing membranes. This must be strictly followed in DIY build house project to keep the house from immediate collapse. Related Articles - diy build a house, diy build house, Email this Article to a Friend! Receive Articles like this one direct to your email box!Subscribe for free today!
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