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					                               ¼dk;kZy; mi;ksx gsrq½



   jk"Vªh; ckxokuh fe'ku

;kstuk dk;ZØe fØ;kUo;u fn'kk&funsZ'k
               ¼la'kksf/kr½
              2010&11




jktLFkku gkWVhZdYpj MoyiesaV lkslk;Vh]
 m|ku funs'kky;] iar d`f"k Hkou] t;iqj
                                     vuqØef.kdk
Ø-la-                                dk;ZØe                             ist la[;k
 1          lkekU; funsZ'k                                                  1-2
 2          ikS/k jksi.k lkexzh dk mRiknu                                   3-6
 3          cht dk cqfu;knh <kapk fodkl                                     6-7
 4          u;s m|kuksa dh LFkkiuk                                         7-14
        I   Qy cxhpksa dh LFkkiuk                                          8-11
       II   e'k:e mRiknu                                                  11-13
      III   Qwyksa ds u;s cxhpksa dh LFkkiuk                                13
      IV    elkyk Qlyksa ds cxhpksa dh LFkkiuk                              14
 5          iqjkus cxhpksa dk th.kksZ)kj                                  15-16
 6          tylzksr dk fodkl                                              16-21
 7          lajf{kr d`f"k                                                 21-26
  ¼d½       xzhu gkÅl LFkkiuk                                             21-23
  ¼[k½      ,UVh cMZ usV                                                    24
   ¼x½      IykfLVd Vuy                                                   25-26
 8          lesfdr iks"k.k izca/ku@lesfdr thouk'kh izc/aku                26-27
  ¼d½       lefUor dhV izca/ku                                            26-27
  ¼[k½      jksx iqokZuqeku bdkbZ                                           27
 9          tSfod [ksrh                                                   27-30
 10         e/kqeD[kh ikyu                                                30-34
 11         m|kfudh esa ;kaf=dj.k                                         34-35
 12         ekuo lalk/ku fodkl dk;ZØe                                     36-40
  ¼d½       i;Zos{kdksa] m|fe;ksa] xkMZuj o QhYM dk;ZdÙkkvksa ds          36-37
            izf'k{k.k dk;ZØe
  ¼[k½      d`"kd izf'k{k.k                                               38-39
   ¼x½      d`"kd izf'k{k.k ,oa Hkze.k                                    39-40
 13         Qly rqM+kbZ mijkar izca/ku                                    41-44
 14         cktkj ds cqfu;knh <kaps dk l`tu@fodkl                         44-45
 15         izn'kZu@vxziafDr izn'kZu ds ek/;e ls izkS|ksfxdh dk izlkj       45
 16         lsehukj@odZ'kkWi                                                46
 17         ftysokj HkkSfrd ,oa foRrh; y{;                                47-55
 18         vuqnku@lgk;rk izkIr djus dk vkosnu izi=                     ifjf'k"V&1
 19         ftysokj p;fur Qlysa                                         ifjf'k"V&2
 20         Qynkj ikS/kksa dh thforrk gsrq lR;kiu izi=                  ifjf'k"V&3
 21         vknku ijfeV izi=                                            ifjf'k"V&4
 22         vkbZih,e flQkfj'ksa                                         ifjf'k"V&5
 23         vkbZih,e lkadsfrd ykxr ekWM~;wy                             ifjf'k"V&6
 24         vkbZih,e@vkbZ,u,e ds rgr lqfo/kkvksa dk fodkl               ifjf'k"V&7
 25         tSfod [ksrh dk;Zdze vuqca/k izi=                            ifjf'k"V&8
 26         e/kqeD[kh dkWyksuh ds LisflfQds'ku                          ifjf'k"V&9
 27         e/kqeD[kh ekbxzs'ku izek.k i= vf/kd`fr vkns'k               ifjf'k"V&10
 28         e/kqeD[kh ekbxzs'ku izek.k i=                               ifjf'k"V&11
 29         d`"kd izf'k{k.k ykxr dk enokj fooj.k                        ifjf'k"V&12
 30         d`"kd izf'k{k.k o Hkze.k ykxr dk enokj fooj.k               ifjf'k"V&13
           jk"Vªh; ckxokuh fe'ku dk;ZØe fØ;kUo;u fn'kk&funsZ'k

ds-iz-;ks- jk"Vªh; ckxokuh fe'ku ds rgr ckxokuh Qlyksa& Qy] lfCt;ka] elkys]
Qwy o vkS"k/kh; ,oa lqxa/kh; ikS/kksa ds lokZafx.k fodkl dks c<+kok nsus ds fy, o"kZ
2005&06 ls fofHkUu dk;ZØe fØ;kfUor fd;s tk jgs gSA blesa {ks= fo’ks"k dh d`f"k
tyok;qoh; fLFkfr;ksa esa rqyukRed :Ik ls lokZf/kd mi;qDr ,oa laHkkouk okyh
ckxokuh Qlyksa dks orZeku ,oa Hkfo"; esa ekax dks ns[krs gq;s l?ku :i esa c<+kok
fn;s tkus ds iz;kl fd;s tk jgs gSA ;kstukUrZxr ckxokuh Qlyksa dh xq.koÙkk
lqfuf'pr djus ,oa vkuqokaf'kd mUu;u ds fy, mPp izkS|ksfxfd;kas dks viukdj
eq[; :i ls mRiknu] mRikndrk o Qly mRikn dh xq.koÙkk dks c<+kus rFkk
QlyksÙkj izca/ku ij fo’ks"k /;ku fn;k tk jgk gSA ;kstuk ds rgr d`f"k ,oa
lgdkfjrk foHkkx] Hkkjr ljdkj }kjk o"kZ 2010&11 esa la’kksf/kr fd;s x;s
lgk;rk@vuqnku izko/kku ds vuqlkj fofHkUu dk;ZØeksa ds fØ;kUo;u fn'kk&funsZ'k
fuEukuqlkj gS&
lkekU; funsZ’k%
   1. ;kstuk dk;ZØeksa dk fØ;kUo;u ftysokj p;fur Qlyksa@ vkaofVr y{;ksa
      ds vuqlkj fd;k tkosaA
   2. ;kstukUrZxr fofHkUu dk;ZØeksa dk fØ;kUo;u l?ku DyLVj ds :Ik esa
      fd;k tkosaA blds fy;s d`"kdksa dk p;u ;FkklEHko lewg ds :Ik esa fd;k
      tkosaA
   3. ;kstuk xfrfof/k;ksa o la’kksf/kr lgk;rk@vuqnku izko/kku dk d`"kdksa ds
      chp O;kid izpkj&izlkj fd;k tkosaA
   4. ;kstukURkZxr fofHkUu dk;ZØeksa ds rgr d`"kd@ ykHkkFkhZ p;u esa vk/kqfud
      gkbZ&Vsd Qly mRiknu rduhd ,oa fMªi la;a= i)fr vkfn viukus ds
      bPNqd d`"kdksa dks izkFkfedrk nh tkosaA
   5. ;kstuk dk;ZØeksa ds fØ;kUo;u esa LFkkuh; Lrj ij iapk;r jkt laLFkkvksa
      dks tksM+dj j[kk tkosaA
   A. ;kstukUrZxr fofHkUu dk;ZØeksa ds rgr vuqnku@ lgk;rk gsrq vkosnu i=
       {ks= ds mi funs'kd d`f"k ¼foLrkj½@ lgk;d funs'kd m|ku@ lgk;d
       funs'kd d`f"k ¼foLrkj½@d`f"k vf/kdkjh@lgk;d d`f"k vf/kdkjh@d`f"k
       i;Zos{kd dks izLrqr djus gkasxsA
   B. fofHkUu vknku vk/kkfjr dk;ZØe fØ;kUo;u gsrq LFkkuh; Lrj ij d`"kdksa
       dks jktdh;] lgdkjh laLFkkvksa ls le; ij vknku vkiwfrZ@miyC/krk
       lqfuf’pr dh tkosaA ftys esa dk;Zjr lHkh lgdkjh laLFkkvksa dks vknku
       vkiwfrZ ds laca/k esa foLr`r tkudkjh miyC/k djk;h tkdj le; ij
       fofHkUu vknkuksa dh ekaax ls voxr djk;k tkosa] rkfd d`"kdksa dks lgh
       le; ij vknku miyC/k gks ldsA
   C. ikS/k jksi.k lkexzh@cht ds vfrfjDr vU; lHkh vknku xzke lsok lgdkjh
       lfefr@Ø;&foØ; lgdkjh lfefr@ysEil@iSdl ds ek/;e ls miyC/k
       djk;s tkosA
D. ftyk vf/kdkjh }kjk muds dk;Zy; Lrj ls fdlh Hkh laLFkk ls fdlh
   izdkj dk dhVuk’kh jlk;u o moZjd vuqnkfur nj ij Ø; dj d`"kdksa
   dks miyC/k ugha djk;k tkosA
E. ;kstuk ds rgr d`"kd dks vknku miyC/k djkus gsrq d`f"k vf/kdkjh@
   lgk;d d`f"k vf/kdkjh@d`f"k i;Zos{kd }kjk ijfeV@flQkfj’k vknku
   vkiwfrZ      laLFkk    lgdkjh       lfefr@           Ø;&foØ;          lgdkjh
   lfefr@ysEil@iSdl dks nh tkosaA
F. d`f"k vf/kdkjh@ lgk;d d`f"k vf/kdkjh@d`f"k i;Zos{kd dh flQkfj’k ij
   d`"kd ds Lo;a ds }kjk d`"kd fgLlk jkf’k lgdkjh lfefr esas tek djkdj
   dk;ZØe ds izko/kku vuqlkj vknku izkIr fd;s tk;saxsA
G. ;kstuk vUrZxr dhVuk’kh jlk;u d`f"k foHkkx }kjk jftLVMZ fuekZrk
   dEifu;ksa esa ls izkFkfedrk ls ^,* o ^c* Js.kh ik;s x;s fuekZrkvksa ds
   miyC/k djk;s tkoasA ^,* o ^c* Js.kh ds dhVuk’kh jlk;u fuekZrkvksa ds
   ikl miyC/k ugha gksus dh fLFkfr esa jktLFkku gkWVhZdYpj MoyiesaV
   lkslk;Vh dh iwoZ vuqefr ls gh vU; Js.kh ds dhVuk’kh jlk;u miyC/k
   djk;s tk ldsaxsA
H. ;kstuk dk;ZØe vUrZxr d`"kd }kjk Ø; fd;s x;s vknku dk laLFkk }kjk
   tkjh fcy ds i`"B Hkkx ij Lo;a d`"kd }kjk vknku izkIrh dks izekf.kr
   djokdj gLrk{kj@vaxwBk fu’kkuh izkIr djus ds funsZ’k vkiwfrZdrkZ
   laLFkkvksa dks tkjh fd;s tkdj ikyuk lqfuf’pr dh tkosA lgdkjh
   laLFkkvks }kjk miyC/k djk;s x;s vknkuksa dh d`"kdokj lwph ds lkFk
   d`"kd ds gLrk{kj’kqnk fcy vuqnku Hkqxrku gsrq ftyk dk;kZy; dks izLrqr
   fd;s tk;saxsA
I. vuqnku Dysel~ dk dk;kZy; }kjk lR;kiu mijkar fcy izkIr gksus ds
   vf/kdre ,d ekg esa laLFkk dks pSd@Mªk¶V }kjk Hkqxrku lqfu’pr fd;k
   tkosaA
J. d`"kd pkgs rks lgdkjh laLFkkvksa ls ’kr~ izfr’kr ykxr ij vknku Ø;
   dj vuqnku ds Dyse~l foHkkx dks izLrqr dj ldsaxs] ,slh fLFkfr esa foHkkx
   }kjk d`"kd dks Dyse~l izkfIr ds Ik'pkr vf/kdre 15 fnol esa vuqnku
   jkf’k dk Hkqxrku pSd@Mªk¶V ds }kjk fd;k tkosaA
K. ;kstukUrZxr fofHkUu dk;ZØeksa ds rgr Lohd`r vuqnku jkf’k ds
   pSd@Mªk¶Vl dk;kZy; ls tkjh gksus dh fnukad ls vf/kdre lkr fnol
   esa lacaf/kr d`"kd@ laLFkk@ykHkkFkhZ dks vko’;d :Ik ls miyC/k djkus
   gksaxsA
L. ;kstuk dk;ZØeksa ds fØ;kUo;u esa Hkkjr ljdkj ds funsZ'kkuqlkj 16
   izfr'kr vuqlwfpr tkfr o 8 izfr'kr vuqlwfpr tutkfr ds d`"kdksa dks
   ykHkkfUor fd;s tkus dh lqfuf'pÙkk djkosaA vkoafVr ctV jkf'k dh 30
   izfr'kr jkf'k efgyk ykHkkfFkZ;ksa@ d`"kdksa ds fy;s fu/kkZfjr dh tkosaA
M. ;kstukUrZxr lHkh dk;ZØe@ xfrfof/k;ksa ds fy;s vkosnu fu/kkZfjr vkosnu
   i= esa izkIr djus gksaxsA vkosnu i= ij lacaf/kr d`"kd@ laLFkk@ykHkkFkhZ
   dk QksVks o ftl Hkwfe ij dk;ZØe@ xfrfof/k yh tk jgh gS dk
      Hkw&LokfeRo ds [kljk uEcj vafdr djuk vfuok;Z gksxkA blds vfrfjDr
      e`nk ,oa ty dh tkap dh fjiksVZ Hkh laYkXu djuk vfuok;Z gksxkA
   N. ;kstuk ds rgr vuqnku izkIr djus ds fy;s vkosnu djus okys okLrfod
      vkosnd dh e`R;q gksus dh fLFkfr esa vuqnku jkf'k okLrfod vkosnd ds
      dkuwuh mÙkjkf/kdkjh dks ns; gksxhA blds fy;s ykHkkFkhZ dks dkuwu esa
      fu/kkZfjr fd;s vuqlkj mÙkjkf/kdkjh izek.k i= izLrqr djuk gksxkA


         ikS/k jksi.k lkexzh dk mRiknu   (Production of planting material)%

mPp xq.koÙkk;qDr cht ,oa ikS/k jksi.k lkexzh dk mRiknu o forj.k fe'ku ds
izeq[k mn~ns';ksa esa ls ,d gSA ckxokuh Qlyksa dh mPp xq.koÙkk o vf/kd mRiknu
{kerk;qDr fdLeksa ds varxZr vf/kd ls vf/kd {ks= ykus ds fy;s ikS/k jksi.k lkexzh
dh t:jr dks iwjk djus gsrq lkoZtfud vkSj futh {ks= esa u;h ulZfj;ksa dh
LFkkiuk ds fy;s foÙkh; lgk;rk ds izko/kku fd;s x;s gSA ulZjh;ks dh LFkkiuk gsrq
fuEu <kpkaxr lqfo/kkvks dk fodkl lEefyr gS&
   1- mi;qDr QSfUlax
   2- izfrdqy ekSle ifjLFkfr;ksa ls cpkus ds fy;s ikWyhdoj esa ekr` o``{k CykWd
      dk j[k&j[kko
   3- usV gkÅl esa :V LVkWd lhMfyaXl dk mRiknu
   4- izlkj.k gkÅl] Vªksfidy ikWyh gkÅl dk fuekZ.k ftlesa lkbZM esa ok;q
      lapkj.k ds fy;s dhV jks/kh uSfVax] QkSfxax rFkk fNM+dko dh flapkbZ
      iz.kkfy;ka yxh gksA
   5- dhV jks/kh] 35 izfr'kr ykbZV LØhfuax o lw{e fNM+dko flapkbZ iz.kkyh;qDr
      ’ksMusV gkÅl esa gkMZfuax@ j[k&j[kko
   6- flapkbZ gsrq iEi gkÅl o de ls de 2 fnu dh t:jr dks iwjk djus ds
      fy, ty Hk.Mkj.k VaSd dk fuekZ.kA
   7- e`nk mipkj ds fy;s ck;ylZ ds lkFk LVhe LVjykbZts'ku iz.kkyhA

mijksDr lqfo/kkvksa ;qDr ,d gSDVs;j {ks= dh ulZjh dh vuqekfur ykxr 6-25
yk[k :i;s gksxhA UklZjh fodkl gsrq U;uwre ,d gSDVs;j {ks= ,oa vf/kdre pkj
gSDVs;j {ks= ds fy;s lgk;rk izko/kku fd;s x;s gSA pkj gSDVs;j {ks= esa ulZjh
LFkkiuk ds fy;s vuqekfur ykxr 25-00 yk[k :Ik;s j[kh x;h gSA ,d gSDVs;j
{ks= dh ulZjh dks NksVh ulZjh o blls vf/kd {ks= dh ulZfj;kas dks cM+h@ ekWMy
ulZjh ds :Ik esa oxhZd`r fd;k x;k gSA bl izdkj ,d gSDVs;j ls vf/kd {ks= esa
LFkkfir ulZjh dks ekWMy ulZjh dh Js.kh esa j[krs gq;s blds {ks=Qy ds xq.ku esa
vuqnku miyC/k djkus ds izko/kku j[ks x;s gSA bl ;kstuk esa fodflr dh x;h
izR;sd ulZjh dks Qyksa ds 50000 ikS/ks izfr gSDVs;j izfr o"kZ okuLifrd izlkj.k
¼Vegetative Propagation½ fof/k ls rS;kj djus vko’;d gksaxsA ulZjh ij cht ls
rS;kj ikS/kksa dks bldh x.kuk esa lfEefyr ugha ekuk tk;sxkA
;kstukUrZxr LFkkfir ulZjh dks ikS/k jksi.k lkexzh dhs xq.koÙkk lqfuf’pr djuh
gksxhA blds fy;s mUgsa jkT; Lrj ij jk"Vªh; ckxokuh fe'ku dk;ZØe fØ;kUo;u
,stsalh jktLFkku gkWVhZdYpj MoyiesaV lkslk;Vh] t;iqj ds funsZ’ku esa izekf.kr
gksuk gksxkA jk"Vªh; ckxokuh fe'ku ds rgr ulZjh ds {ks=Qy ds vuqlkj cqfu;knh
lqfo/kkvksa ds fodkl dk lkadsfrd ekWMy fuEukuqlkj gSA blesa ulZjh ifj;kstuk
izLrko ds vuqlkj lw{e cnyko fd;s tk ldrs gSA



                                   ulZjh {ks=Qy vuqlkj cqfu;knh lqfo/kk lkadsfrd ekWMy ¼jkf'k
                                                         yk[k :Ik;ksa esa½
        dEiksusaV@ dk;Z            ,d gSDVj      nks gSDVj       rhu gSDVj       pkj gSDVj
                                         jkf'k          jkf'k              jkf'k       jkf'k
QSfUlax                                  0.80           1.50            2.50            3.50
ekr` o``{k Cykad dk j[kj[kko o           0.50           1.00            1.50            2.25
vU; lgk;d lqfo/kk;s
'kSMusV gkml ¼oxZehVj½             500   2.00   1000    4.00   1500     6.00   2000     8.00
Vªksfidy ikWyh gkml e;dhV          250   1.65   500     3.25    750    5.000   1000     6.50
jks/kh uSfVax] QkSfxax o flapkbZ
iz.kkfy;ka ¼oxZehVj½
ulZjh midj.k@ vkStkj                     0.30           0.75            1.00            1.25
flpkbZ iEi gkÅl o ty                     0.75           1.50            2.00            2.50
Hk.Mkj.k VaSd dk fuekZ.k
e`nk mipkj& ck;ylZ LVhe                  0.25           0.50            0.75            1.00
LVjykbZts'ku iz.kkyh
dqy ;ksx                                 6.25          12.50           18.75           25.00


ulZjh dk {ks=Qy ,d ls pkj gSDVs;j ds chp gksus dh fLFkfr esa {ks=Qy ds
vuqlkj ;Fkkvuqikr vuqnku jkf'k dh x.kuk dh tk;sxhA mijksDr cqfu;knh <kaps
dh LFkkiuk ds fy;s lkoZtfud {ks= esa LFkkfir dh tkus okyh ulZfj;ksa ds fy;s
{ks=Qy ds vuqlkj fu/kkZfjr bdkbZ ykxr dh vf/kdre lhek rd ’kr~ izfr'kr
lgk;rk ns; gSA futh {ks= eas ulZjh dh LFkkiuk gsrq {ks=Qy ds vuqlkj vuqnku
dh x.kuk dh tkdj fu/kkZfjr bdkbZ ykxr dk vf/kdre 50 izfr'kr ØsfMV fyaDM
cSd ,afMM vuqnku ds :Ik esa ns; gSA

vuqnku@ foÙkh; lgk;rk miyC/k djkus dh izfØ;k%

v- lkoZtfud {ks=%
lkoZtfud {ks= esa ulZjh LFkkiuk ds fy;s ekWMy o NksVh ulZjh ds fy;s u;k
{ks=Qy vfrfjDr gksuk vko’;d gSA buesa mPp xq.koÙkk;qDr ikS/k mRiknu ds fy;s
fu/kkZfjr ekin.M vuqlkj vko’;d cqfu;knh <kapkxr lqfo/kkvksa ds fodkl gsrq
fuEu lwpuk ds LkkFk ifj;kstuk izLrko ftyk gkWVhZdYpj MoyiesUV lkslk;Vh ds
ek/;e ls jktLFkku gkWVhZdYpj MoyiesaV lkslk;Vh] t;iqj dks izLrqr djus gksaxsA
   I. ulZjh dk uke] iapk;r lfefr o ftys dk ukeA
  II. laLFkku dk uke ftlds v/khu ulZjh dk;Zjr gSA
 III. ulZjh dk dqy {ks=Qy o u;h ulZjh LFkkiuk ds fy;s miyC/k vfrfjDr
      {ks=QyA
 IV. Qyo`{kkas ds uke ftlds fy;s uLkZjh LFkkfir dh tkuh gS ¼fe’ku dh p;fur
      Qlyks es ls gh Qyo`{k p;fur fd;s tkosa½A
  V. fodflr dh tkus okyh cqfu;knh <kapkxr lqfo/kkvksa dk fooj.k o mudh
      ykxr ds foLr`r ifj;kstuk izLrkoA
ifj;kstuk izLrko dk jktLFkku gkWVhZdYpj MoyiesaV lkslk;Vh }kjk ijh{k.k
mijkar mi;qDr ik;s tkus ij iz’kklfud Lohd`fr vkns’k tkjh fd;s tkdj
fu/kkZfjr jkf’k miyC/k djkus dh dk;Zokgh dh tk;sxhA ulZfj;ksa ds cqfu;knh
<kapkxr lqfo/kkvksa ds fodkl ds dk;Z vko’;d izfØ;k viukdj bl {ks= esa n{krk
j[kus okyh v)Zljdkjh@xSj ljdkjh@futh QeZ@dEiuh vkfn ls djok;s tkus
gksaxsA ulZjh ij jk"Vªh; ckxokuh fe'ku ds rgr vuqnkfur] LFkkfir o"kZ] dqy
ykxr] ekr` o`{kksa dh fdLe@ Qly bR;kfn dh tkudkjh dk cksMZ yxkuk vfuok;Z
gksxkA UklZjh LFkkiuk dk dk;Z iw.kZ gksus ij lacaf/kr laLFkku }kjk jktLFkku
gkWVhZdYpj MoyiesaV lkslk;Vh] t;iqj dks dk;Z iw.kZ gksus dh lwpuk ls voxr
djkrs gq;s fu/kkZfjr izi= esa mi;ksfxrk izek.k&i= izLrqr djuk gksxkA ulZjh }kjk
mRikfnr ikS/k jksi.k lkexzh dks vko’;drk gksus ij Ø; djus dk izFke vf/kdkj
¼fu/kkZfjr njksa ij½ jktLFkku gkWVhZdYpj MoyiesaV lkslk;Vh dk jgsxkA

c- futh {ks=%
ewyHkwr vko’;drk;sa%
              ulZjh {ks= fo'ks"k esa ikS/k jksi.k lkexzh dh vko’;Drk ds vuqlkj
              cgq&Qyh; ;k fdlh ,d Qy fo’ks"k ds fy;s LFkkfir dh tk
              ldsxhA ifj;kstuk izLrko esa Qyksa o fdLeksa ds uke dks Li"V :i
              ls vafdr djuk gksxkA ulZjh esa ftu Qy ikS/kksa dk mRiknu
              izLrkfor fd;k x;k gS og fe’ku ds fy;s p;fur Qlyska esa ls gksuk
              pkfg;sA
              ulZjh ij mPp xq.koÙkk;qDr ikS/kksa dk ekr` o`{k CykWd LFkkfir djuk
              vfuok;Z gksxkA blds fy;s ekr` ikS/kas Hkkjrh; d`f"k vuqla/kku ifj"kn
              ds laLFkkuksa] d`f"k fo’ofo|ky;ksa ;k jkT;@ dsUnz ljdkj ds
              vuqla/kku dsUnzksa ls izkIr djus gksaxsA
              ulZjh dks ikS/k jksi.k lkexzh dh xq.koÙkk lqfuf'pr djuh gksxhA
              blds fy;s Qyo`{kksa dh Hkkjrh; d`f"k vuqla/kku ifj"kn@ d`f"k
              fo’ofo|ky;ksa }kjk flQkfj’k dh x;h mPp xq.koÙkk o vf/kd
              mRiknu {kerk;qDr fdLeksa ds ikS/ks rS;kj djus gksaxsA
              ulZjh dks ekr` o`{k o mRikfnr ikS/k jksi.k lkexzh dk fjdkWMZ
              la/kkfjr djds j[kuk gksxk o bldh izxfr ls jktLFkku gkWVhZdYpj
                MoyiesaV lkslk;Vh] m|ku funs’kky;] t;iqj dks voxr djokuk
                gksxkA
                ulZjh ds izLrkoksa esa cqfu;knh <kapas dh lqfo/kkvkas ds lkFk&lkFk
                QSfUlax] lfoZl jksM+ ¼dPph@iDdh½] vko’;d midj.k vkfn Hkh
                lfEefyr fd;s tk ldsaxsA
                ulZfj;ka cht vkSj jksi.k lkexzh ls lcafa/kr ykxw fu;eksa ds varxZr
                fofu;fer gksxhA
                vkosnd dks izLrkfor ulZjh esa ikS/k jksi.k lkexzh mRiknu ds fy;s
                vko’;d gkyh&ekyh] rduhdh tkudkjh j[kus okys n{k O;fDr
                j[kus gksaxsA
                jktLFkku gkWVhZdYpj MoyiesaV lkslk;Vh ;k blds }kjk vf/kd`r
                laLFkk }kjk ulZjh dk le;&le; ij fujh{k.k fd;k tk ldsxkA
                ulZjh }kjk fu/kkZfjr fn’kk&funsZ’kkuqlkj ifj;kstuk izLrko dk
                fØ;kUo;u ugha djus o ikS/ksa mRiknu dk;Z cUn djus dh fLFkfr esa
                jkT; ljdkj ds fu;ekuqlkj vuqnku jkf'k okil yh tk ldsxhA
                ulZjh ij jk"Vªh; ckxokuh fe'ku ls vuqnkfur dk cksMZ] LFkkiuk dk
                o"kZ] dqy ykxr] ekr` o`{kksa dh fdLe@ Qly bR;kfn dh tkudkjh
                vafdr djuk gksxk o izos’k }kj ij ikS/kksa dh fdLeokj foØ; nj dk
                cksMZ yxkuk vfuok;Z gksxkA

izfØ;k%
          ekWMy o NksVh ulZjh LFkkiuk ds fy;s vkosnd ¼laLFkk@d`"kd@dEiuh½ dks
          tehu ¼Consolidated land½ ds Hkw&LokfeRo ds nLrkost] fodflr dh tkus
          okyh lqfo/kkvksa ds iw.kZ fooj.k] ykxr ,LVhessV] foÙkh; fo’ys"k.k bR;kfn ds
          lkFk foLr`r ifj;kstuk izLrko] ’kiFk&i=] cSad _.k Lohd`fr i= ds lkFk
          jktLFkku gkWVhZdYpj MoyiesaV lkslk;Vh] m|ku funs’kky;] t;iqj dks
          izLrqr djus gkasxsA
          ulZjh LFkkiuk ds fy;s cSad _.k vfuok;Z gS] blds fy;s ifj;kstuk izLrko
          ds lkFk ifj;kstuk ykxr dh yxHkx 75 izfr'kr rd dh jkf'k dk cSad ls
          _.k Lohd`fr dk i= lyaXu djuk vko’;d gksxkA
                       vkosnd }kjk iw.kZ ifj;kstuk izLrko izLrqr djus ds mijkar
          jktLFkku gkWVhZdYpj MoyiesaV lkslk;Vh }kjk iz’kklfud Lohd`fr ¼LOI½
          tkjh dh tkdj vkosnd dks ulZjh ds cqfu;knh <kaps dh lqfo/kk;sa fodflr
          djus dh Lohd`fr tkjh dh tk;sxhA
                       vkosnd }kjk cqfu;knh <kapa dh lqfo/kk;sa fodflr djus dk
          dk;Z 6 ekg dh le;kof/k esa iw.kZ fd;k tkuk vko';d gksxkA dk;Z iw.kZ
          gksus ij jktLFkku gkWVhZdYpj MoyiesaV lkslk;Vh ¼vkj-,p-Mh-,l-½] t;iqj
          dks voxr djk;k tk;sxkA blds mijkar vkj-,p-Mh-,l- }kjk xfBr desVh
          }kjk HkkSfrd lR;kiu djds fjiksZV esa dh x;h flQkfj’k ds vuqlkj vuqnku
          jkf’k vkosnudÙkkZ ds cSad vuqnku vkjf{kr [kkrs esa gLrkUrfjr dh tk;sxhA
                       vuqnku jkf'k 3 o"kZ dh ykWd bu vof/k iwjh gksus ds i'pkr
          csd ,afMM izfØ;k ls vUr esa lek;ksftr dh tk;sxhA
             cht dk cqfu;knh <kapk fodkl (Seed Infrastructure)%

chtksa ds mfpr j[k&j[kko] Hk.Mkj.k rFkk iSdsftax dh lqfo/kk ds fy, cqfu;knh
<kapk tSls& 'kq"d IysVQkeZ] Hk.Mkj.k fcUl] iSdsftax ;wfuV vkSj blls lacaf/kr
midj.k yxk;s tkus ds fy, lgk;rk iznku dh tk,xhA lkoZtfud {ks= dks
ifj;kstuk dh 100 izfr'kr ykxr vFkok vf/kdre jkf'k :Ik;s 200-00 yk[k rd
lgk;rk nh tk,xh vkSj futh {ks= dks ØsfMV fyad csd ,afMM lfClMh] tks
ifj;kstuk ykxr dh 50 izfr'kr vf/kdre :Ik;s 100-00 yk[k izfr ykHkkFkhZ rd
rd gksxh] dh lgk;rk nh tk,xhA

   1- lkoZtfud {ks= esa lhM bUQzkLVªDpj fodflr djus ds fy;s vko’;d
      e’khujh o cqfu;knh <kapkxr lqfo/kk,a tSls& 'kq"du IysVQkeZ] Hk.Mkj.k
      fcUl] iSdsftax ;wfuV vkSj blls lcaaf/kr IykaV o e’khujh dk iw.kZ fooj.k]
      ykxr ,LVhessV] foÙkh; fo’ys"k.k bR;kfn ds lkFk foLr`r ifj;kstuk izLrko
      e; ’kiFk i= ftlesa ifj;kstuk lapkyu dh ykxr Lo;a laLFkku ds Lrj
      ls ogu djus vkfn ds fooj.k lfgr jktLFkku gkWVhZdYpj MoyiesaV
      lkslk;Vh] t;iqj dks izLrqr djus gksaxsA
   2- ifj;kstuk izLrkoksa ds d`f"k ,oa lgdkfjrk foHkkx] Hkkjr ljdkj ls
      vuqeksnu mijkar vkj-,p-Mh-,l-] t;iqj }kjk iz’kklfud Lohd`fr tkjh
      djds vuqnku jkf’k miyC/k djkus dh dk;Zokgh dh tk;sxhA
   3- lhM bUQzkLVªDpj ds fodkl dk dk;Z bl {ks= esa n{krk j[kus okyh
      v)Zljdkjh@xSj ljdkjh@futh QeZ@dEiuh vkfn ls vko’;d izfØ;k
      viukdj djok;s tkus gksaxsA
   4- bdkbZ ij ij jk"Vªh; ckxokuh fe'ku ds rgr vuqnkfur] LFkkfir o"kZ] dqy
      ykxr] e’khujh dk fooj.k bR;kfn dh tkudkjh dk cksMZ yxkuk vfuok;Z
      gksxkA
   5- cht dk cqfu;knh <kapk dh lqfo/kkvksa ds fodkl dk dk;Z iw.kZ gksus ij
      lacaf/kr laLFkku }kjk jktLFkku gkWVhZdYpj MoyiesaV lkslk;Vh] t;iqj dks
      dk;Z iw.kZ gksus dh lwpuk ls voxr djkrs gq;s fu/kkZfjr izi= esa mi;ksfxrk
      izek.k i= izLrqr djuk gksxkA
   6- futh {ks= esa lhM bUQzkLVªDpj fodflr djus gsrq IykaV o e’khujh dk iw.kZ
      fooj.k] ykxr ,LVhessV] foÙkh; fo’ys"k.k bR;kfn lfgr foLr`r ifj;kstuk
      izLrko] cSad _.k Lohd`fr i=] Hkw&LokfeRo nLrkost o ’kiFk&i= ds lkFk
      izLrko jktLFkku gkWVhZdYpj MoyiesaV lkslk;Vh] t;iqj dks izLrqr djus
      gksaxsA
   7- vkosnd dks ifj;kstuk izLrko dh ykxr dk 75 izfr'kr rd dk _.k ysuk
      vfuok;Z gksxkA
   8- ifj;kstuk izLrkoksa ds Hkkjr ljdkj ls vuqeksnu mijkar vkj-,p-Mh-,l-]
      t;iqj }kjk iz’kklfud Lohd`fr tkjh dh tkosxhA RkRi'pkr vkosnd }kjk
      cht <kapkxr fodkl dk;Z izkjEHk djus gksxsaA
     9- vkosnd }kjk cqfu;knh <kaps dh lqfo/kk;sa fodflr djus dk dk;Z iw.kZ djds
         jktLFkku gkWVhZdYpj MoyiesaV lkslk;Vh dks voxr djk;k tk;sxkA blds
         mijkar vkj-,p-Mh-,l- }kjk xfBr desVh }kjk HkkSfrd lR;kiu djds
         fjiksZV esa dh x;h flQkfj’k ds vuqlkj Lohd`r vuqnku jkf’k vkosnudÙkkZ
         ds cSad vuqnku vkjf{kr [kkrs esa gLrkUrfjr dh tk;sxhA
     10- vuqnku jkf'k 3 o"kZ dh ykWd bu vof/k iwjh gksus ds i'pkr csd ,afMM
         izfØ;k ls var esa lek;ksftr dh tk;sxhA
     11- bdkbZ ij ij jk"Vªh; ckxokuh fe'ku ds rgr vuqnkfur] LFkkfir o"kZ] dqy
         ykxr] e’khujh dk fooj.k bR;kfn dh tkudkjh dk cksMZ yxkuk vfuok;Z
         gksxkA
              u, m|kuksa dh LFkkiuk   (Establishment of new orchards)%

jk"Vªh; ckxokuh fe'ku vUrZxr d`f"k tyok;qoh; fLFkfr;ksa ds vuqlkj ftysokj
p;fur Qlyksa dh mUur fdLekasa ds u;s {ks= esa m|kukasa dh LFkkiuk gsrq fofHkUu
Qlykas dh ykxr ekin.M ds vuqlkj vuqnku@lgk;rk miyC/k djk;s tkus dk
izko/kku gSA ckxokuh Qlykas tSls& Qy] Qwy] elkys rFkk lqxa/kh; ikS/kks ds u,
Qy cxhpksa dh LFkkiuk gsrq vuqnku@lgk;rk dk Qlyokj fooj.k ifjf’k"V&1 esa
fn;k x;k gSA

d`"kd p;u%
  1. d`"kdksa dk p;u igys ^vkvks igys ikvks* ds vk/kkj ij fd;k tkosaA
    2. Qy cxhpksa dh LFkkiuk gsrq d`"kdksa dk p;u ;FkklEHko lewg esa fd;k
       tkosaA
    3. d`"kdksa ds p;u esa iapk;r jkt laLFkkvksa dk lg;ksx fy;k tkosaA
    4. p;fur d`"kd ds ikl flapkbZ lqfo/kk miyC/k gksA
    5. d`"kd vk/kqfud Qly mRiknu rduhd o cwan&cwan flapkbZ fof/k viukus
       ij lger gksA
    6. vk/qfud gkbZVsd ckxokuh viukus ds bPNqd d`"kdksa dks p;u esa izkFkfedrk
       nh tkosaA

I.   u;s Qy cxhpksa dh LFkkiuk%
     vuqnku jkf’k dh x.kuk%
         1-          Qy okyh Qlyksa ds varxZr u;s Qy cxhpksa dh LFkkiuk ds
            fy, vuqnku@ lgk;rk jkf'k mRiknu ykxr ds 75 izfr'kr vf/kdre
            :Ik;s 30]000@& izfr gSDVs;j rd lhfer j[kh x;h gSA izR;sd ykHkkFkhZ
            vuqnku gsrq vf/kdre lhek 4 gSDVs;j {ks= rd lgk;rk izkIr dj
            ldsxkA vuqnku@lgk;rk jkf'k izFke] f}rh; rFkk r`rh; o"kkZsa esa Øe’k%
            60%20%20 ds vuqikr esa rhu fd'rksa esa foHkDr djds mUur ikS/k jksi.k
            lkexzh o lefUor iks"kd rRo@ dhV O;kf/k izca/k bR;kfn ij gksus okys
            O;; ds isVs miyC/k djk;h tk,xhA f}rh; ,oa r`rh; o"kZ dh
           vuqnku@lgk;rk jkf'k Qy cxhpksa esa ikS/kks ds Øe’k% 75 izfr'kr o 90
           izfr'kr thfor jgus ij vk/kkfjr jgsxhA
      2- u;s Qy cxhpksa dh LFkkiuk ij Qlyokj fuEukuqlkj dqy bdkbZ ykxr
           ds vk/kkj ij o"kZokj fu/kkZfjr vuqikr esa vuqnku dh x.kuk dh tkdj
           vuqnku@ lgk;rk ns; gksxh&
                     Qly dk uke                 lkadsfrd ykxr ¼:Ik;s izfr gSDVs;j½
                                               lkekU; Qly gkbZ MsuflVh IykUVhax
        1- vkaoyk                                 23340
        2- uhacw oxhZ; Qy ¼larjk]                 35340
              fdUuks] ekSleh] uhacw½
        3- vukj                                   40000              55010
        4- vke                                    22000              80000
        5- ve:n                                   21950              62775
        6- csj                                    18950
        7- csy i=                                 18950
        8- iihrk                                  40000
        9- tkstksck                               40000
   vuqnku izfØ;k%
   v- lkekU; ikS/k jksi.k gsrq
    1- u;s Qy cxhpksa dh LFkkiuk ij vuqnku dk Hkqxrku Qyo`{k okj bdkbZ
       ykxr dks vk/kkj ekurs gq;s ykxr dk 75 izfr’kr vf/kdre 30]000 :Ik;s
       dh lhek ds v/;/khu rhu fdLrksa esa izFke] f}rh; rFkk r`rh; o"kkZsa esa
       60%20%20 ds vuqikr esa js[kkafdr pSd@ Mªk¶V ;k tgka bysDVªkWfud
       VªkalQj ;k euh VªkalQj lqfo/kk gks ogka lh/ks fdlku ds [kkrs esa Hkstk
       tkdj lacaf/kr d`"kd dks bl vk’k; dh lwpuk ds lkFk fd;k tk;sxkA
    2- vuqnku dk Hkqxrku bdkbZ ykxr ds v/;/khu fuEu izdkj ls fd;k
       tkosxk&
a.         lkekU; Qly%
       Ø-l-         o"kZokj fd'r               izFke o"kZ         f}rh; o"kZ        r`rh; o"kZ
        1 izFke fd'r&                  ikS/ks vkiwfrZ o xMMs   xSi fQfyax        xSi fQfyax (z)
            ikS/ks vkiwfrZ ij ¼110%½   Hkjs tkus ds le;        gsrq ikS/ks (y)
                                       okafNr vknkuks ij
                                       25% d`"kd va’knku
                                       ysdj
                                       [75% vuqnku (x)]
         2    f}rh; fd'r& ikS/ks       fcUnw l- 2 ds           fcUnw l- 2 ds     fcUnw l- 2 ds
              yxkus ds 15 fnu ckn      vuqlkj Qyo`{kokj        vuqlkj            vuqlkj
              lefUor          iks"kd   ykxr dh 60              Qyo`{kokj         Qyo`{kokj
              Ùko@ dhV O;k/kh          izfr’kr vuqnku          ykxr dh 20        ykxr dh 20
              izca/k bR;kfn ij gksus   jkf'k & (x)             izfr’kr           izfr’kr vuqnku
                                       ¼90 %z ikS/ks thfor     vuqnku jkf'k      jkf'k & (z)
              okys O;; ds isVs         gksus ij½               & (y)             ¼90 % ikS/ks
              ¼cwUn cwUn flpkWbZ                               ¼75 %z ikS/ks     thfor gksus ij½
              la;= dh LFkkiuk                                  thfor gksus
            gksus ij½                                         ij½

    c- gkbZ MsuflVh IykUVhax
  I. u;s Qy cxhpksa dh la?ku ckxokuh LFkkiuk ij vuqnku dk Hkqxrku
       Qyo`{kokj bdkbZ ykxr dks vk/kkj ekurs gq;s ykxr dk 50 izfr’kr
       vf/kdre 40]000 :Ik;s dh lhek ds v/;/khu rhu fdLrksa esa izFke]
       f}rh; rFkk r`rh; o"kkZsa esa 60%20%20 ds vuqikr esa js[kkafdr pSd@Mªk¶V
       ;k tgka bysDVªkWfud VªkalQj ;k euh VªkalQj lqfo/kk gks ogka lh/ks
       fdlku ds [kkrs esa Hkstk tkdj lacaf/kr d`"kd dks bl vk’k; dh lwpuk
       ds lkFk fd;k tk;sxkA
 II. vuqnku dk Hkqxrku bdkbZ ykxr ds v/;/khu fuEu izdkj ls fd;k
       tkosxk&
     Ø-       o"kZokj fd'r           izFke o"kZ               f}rh; o"kZ            r`rh; o"kZ
     l-
     1 izFke fd'r&           ikS/ks vkiwfrZ o xM~Ms     xSi fQfyax gsrq ikS/ks xSi fQfyax   (z)
        ikS/ks vkiwfrZ ij Hkjs tkus ds le;              (y)
        ¼110%½               okafNr vknkuks ij
                             50% d`"kd va’knku
                             ysdj
                             [50% vuqnku (x)]
     2 f}rh; fd'r& ikS/ks fcUnw l- 2 ds                 fcUnw l- 2 ds         fcUnw l- 2 ds
        yxkus ds 15 fnu vuqlkj                  la?ku   vuqlkj         l?ku   vuqlkj           l?ku
        ckn           lefUor ckxokuh               dh   ckxokuh          dh   ckxokuh            dh
        iks"kd          Ùko@ Qyo`{kokj ykxr dh          Qyo`{kokj ykxr dh     Qyo`{kokj ykxr dh
        dhV O;k/kh izca/k 60 izfr’kr vuqnku             20 izfr’kr vuqnku     20 izfr’kr vuqnku
                             jkf'k & (x)                jkf'k & (y)           jkf'k & (z)
        bR;kfn ij gksus ¼90 %z ikS/ks thfor             ¼75 %z ikS/ks thfor   ¼90 % ikS/ks thfor
        okys O;; ds isVs gksus ij½                      gksus ij½             gksus ij½
l- ukWu iSfjfu;y Qy ;Fkk& iihrk vkfn es u;s Qy cxhpksa dh LFkkiuk ij
   fu/kkZfjr dh x;h lkadsfrd ykxr dh 75 izfr'kr ¼vf/kdre 40]000 :-
   izfr gSDVs;j½ vuqnku jkf'k ns; gksxhA vuqnku jkf'k dk Hkqxrku 75%25 ds
   vuqikr esa nks fd'rksa esa Øe’k% izFke o f}rh; o"kZ esa foHkDr djds fd;k
   tk;sxkA nwljs o"kZ esa 90 izfr'kr ikS/ks thfor jgus ij vuqnku ns; gksxkA
   vuqnku ds fy;s fMªi la;a= yxkus dh vfuok;Zrk jgsxhA vuqnku gsrq
   vf/kdre lhek izfr ykHkkFkhZ 4 gSDVs;j rd jgsxhA

    izfØ;k%&
    1- izfr d`"kd U;wure 0-4 gSDVs;j ,oa vf/kdre 4-0 gSDVs;j {ks=Qy ds
        fy;s vuqnku ns; gksxkA vuqlwfpr tkfr@tutkfr ds d`"kdksa ds fy;s
        U;wure lhek 0-2 gSDVs;j jgsxhA
    2- d`"kd dks ftys ds fy;s p;fur Qly ds fy;s gh vuqnku ns; gksxkA
        ftysokj p;fur Qlyksa dk fooj.k ifjf’k"V&2 ij lyaXu gSA
    3- Qy cxhpksa dh LFkkiuk gsrq mPp mRiknu {kerk;qDr mUur fdLeksa dh
        ikS/k jksi.k lkexzh miyC/k djk;h tkosaA
4- cgqo"khZ; Qynkj ikS/kksa esa cht ls rS;kj ikS/ks jksi.k lkexzh dk mi;ksx
    ugha fd;k tkosaA
5- u;s Qy cxhpksa dh LFkkiuk gsrq izfr bdkbZ fu/kkZfjr ikS/kksa dh l[;k
    ls 10 izfr’kr vf/kd ikS/ks ¼110%½ ifjogu ,oa jksi.k ds le; e`R;q ds
    isVs fn;s tkosaA
6- Qy cxhpksa dh LFkkiuk ds fy;s Qly fo’ks"k dh flQkfj’k vuqlkj
    fu/kkZfjr nwjh ij fuf'pr vkdkj ds xM~Ms [kksns tkus vko’;d gksaxsA
7- u;s Qy cxhpksa dh LFkkiuk esa fMªi la;a= yxkuk vfuok;Z jgsxkA
8- d`"kdksa dks ikS/ksa ,oa xM~Mk Hkjrs le; miyC/k djk;s tkus okys vknku
    ;Fkk moZjd ,oa ikS/k laj{k.k jlk;u ij fu;ekuqlkj vuqnku ikS/k
    jksi.k ds rqjar ckn miyC/k djk;k tk;s rFkk 'ks"k vuqnku jkf'k fMªi
    la;a= dh LFkkiuk ds ckn js[kkafdr pSd@ Mªk¶V }kjk miyC/k djk;h
    tkosaA
9- d`"kdksa dks xM~Mk Hkjrs le; miyC/k djk;s tkus okys vknku ¼moZjd
    ,oa ikS/k laj{k.k jlk;u vkfn½ fu/kkZfjr izi= esa d`f"k
    Ik;Zos{kd@lgk;d d`f"k vf/kdkjh@ d`f"k vf/kdkjh ds }kjk ijfeV
    dkVdj lgdkjh laLFkkvksa ds ek/;e ls vuqnkfur nj ij miyC/k
    djk;s tkosaA
10- d`"kd }kjk Qy cxhpksa dh LFkkiuk gsrq izLrqr fd;s tkus okys vuqnku
    vkosnu&i= ds lkFk gh lw{e flapkbZ ;kstuk esa fMªi la;= ds vuqnku
    ds fy;s Hkh vkosnu i= izkIr fd;k tkosaA
11- Qy cxhpksa dh LFkkiuk ds lkFk gh fMªi la;a= dh LFkkiuk djok;s
    tkus ds dk;Z dks izkFkfedrk nh tkos o ;fn fdlh d`"kd }kjk ikS/ks
    yxkus ds lkFk gh fMªi la;a= dh LFkkiuk djok yh x;h gS rks ,sls esa
                                            a
    lefUor iks"kd Ùko@ dhV O;kf/k izc/k bR;kfn ij gksus okys O;; ds
    isVs izFke o"kZ dh vuqnku jkf'k ,d lkFk miyC/k djk;h tkosA
12- d`"kd }kjk LFkkfir u;s Qy cxhps esa fMªi la;= ugha yxk;s tkus dh
    fLFkfr esa dk;ZØe vUrZxr izFke o"kZ ds fy;s ns; 'ks"k vuqnku jkf'k ns;
    ugha gksxh ijUrq f}rh; o r`rh; o"kZ ds fy;s cwan&cwan flapkbZ la;=
    yxkus ds ckn gh ;kstuk izko/kku vuqlkj fu;ekuqlkj vuqnku jkf'k
    ns; gksxhA
13- f}rh; o r`rh; o"kZ dh fd'r ds fy;s ikS/kksa dh thforrk dk HkkSfrd
    lR;kiu ifjf’k"V&3 ds vuqlkj ;FkklEHko ebZ o twu ekg esa fd;k
    tkosxkA
14- f}rh; o r`rh; o"kZ dh vuqnku jkf'k tkjh djus ls iwoZ ;g lqfuf'pr
    djuk gksxk fd ;kstuk ds vUrZxr LFkkfir cxhps esa f}rh; o"kZ 75%
    ,oa r`rh; o"kZ esa 90% ikS/ks thfor jgsA blds fy;s d`"kdokj ikS/k jksi.k
    dh thforrk dk ’kr~ izfr’kr HkkSfrd lR;kiu djok;k tkdj ikS/k
    jksi.k lqfu’pr djuk gksxkA
15- gkbZ MsuflVh IykufVax esa ikS/k jksi.k ds lkFk ls dsuksih eSustesaV ij
    /;ku nsus gsrq d`"kd dks vko’;d rdfud@ izf’k{k.k fn;k tk;sxkA
      16- ljdkjh Hkwfe] iapk;r Hkwfe ij u;s Qy cxhpksa dh LFkkiuk ij lacaf/kr
          foHkkx] iapk;r }kjk d`"kd fgLlk jkf'k tek djkus ij ;kstuk fn'kk
          funsZ'kkuqlkj vuqnku@ lgk;rk ns; gksxhA blh izdkj U;wure 10 o"kZ
          dh jftLVMZ yht ij ij yh x;h d`f"k Hkwfe ij Hkh vuqnku@ lgk;rk
          ns; gksxhA bl gsrq lacaf/kr d`"kd dks d`"kd fgLlk jkf'k tek djkuk
          vko';d gksxkA
      17- u;s Qy cxhpksa dh LFkkiuk gsrq d`"kd ds Lrj ls mi;ksx esa fy;k
          x;k vknku xkscj dh [kkn ¼FYM½ d`"kd dh fgLlk jkf'k ds :i esa
          Lohdk;Z gksxkA xkscj dh [kkn dh nj 0-60 :Ik;s izfr fdyksxzke gksxhA
          blds okLrfod Percentage dh x.kuk LFkkuh; Lrj ij dh tk;sxhA
      18- u;s LFkkfir Qy cxhpksa ij d`"kd dk uke o iw.kZ irk] LFkkfir o"kZ]
          dqy {ks=Qy] Qly o fdLe dk uke] jk"Vªh; ckxokuh fe'ku ds rgr
          vuqnkfur bR;kfn dh tkudkjh dk cksMZ yxkuk vfuok;Z gksxkA
      19- Qy cxhpksa dh LFkkiuk gsrq vko';d ikS/kksa dh O;oLFkk d`"kd ds Lrj
          ls ugha dh tkosxhA Qy ikS/kksa dh O;oLFkk jktLFkku gkWVhZdYpj
          MoyiesUV lkslk;Vh vFkok jktgal ds ek/;e ls dh tkdj d`"kdksa dks
          ikS/ksa miyC/k djk;s tkosxsaA

II- e’k:e mRiknu%
e’k:e dh [ksrh dks c<+kok nsus gsrq Liku] dEiksLV rS;kj djus o izf’k{k.k ds fy;s
lefUor e’k:e bdkbZ dh LFkkiuk] Liku cukus dh bdkbZ o dEiksLV bdkbZ gsrq
vuqnku izko/kku j[ks x;s gSA dk;ZØeokj vuqnku izko/kku fuEukuqlkj gS&
        dk;ZØe          vuqekfur ykxr                ns; vuqnku jkf'k
                                        <kapkxr lqfo/kkvksa ds fodkl gsrq
 lefUor e’k:e bdkbZ                     lkoZtfud {ks= dks ’kr~ izfr'kr o futh
 dh LFkkiuk& Liku] 50-00           yk[k {ks= dks Ikfj;kstuk ykxr dk 50 izfr'kr
 dEiksLV rS;kj djus o :Ik;s             vf/kdre 25-00 yk[k :Ik;s izfr bdkbZ
 izf’k{k.k ds fy;s                      ØsfMV fyad cSd ,afMM vuqnku ds :Ik
                                        esaA
                                        lkoZtfud {ks= dks ’kr izfr'kr o futh
                        15-00      yk[k {ks= dks Ikfj;kstuk ykxr dk 50 izfr'kr
 LikWu cukus dh bdkbZ
                        :Ik;s           vf/kdre 7-50 yk[k :Ik;s izfr bdkbZ
                                        ØsfMV fyad cSd ,afMM vuqnku ds :Ik esa
                                        lkoZtfud {ks= dks ’kr izfr'kr o futh
                        20-00      yk[k {ks= dks Ikfj;kstuk ykxr dk 50 izfr'kr
 dEiksLV bdkbZ
                        :Ik;s           vf/kdre 10-00 yk[k :Ik;s izfr bdkbZ
                                        ØsfMV fyad cSd ,afMM vuqnku ds :Ik esa

 1-    lkoZtfud {ks= esa e’k:e bUQzkLVªDpj fodflr djus ds fy;s vko’;d
      e’khujh o cqfu;knh <kapkxr lqfo/kk,a vkSj blls lcaaf/kr midj.kksa o
      LFkkfir dh tkus okyh LikWu o dEiksLV bdkbZ;ks ds fooj.k lfgr foLr`r
      ifj;kstuk izLrko e; ’kiFk i= ftlesa ifj;kstuk lapkyu dh ykxr Lao;
        laLFkku ds Lrj ls ogu djus vkfn ds fooj.k lfgr jktLFkku gkWVhZdYpj
        MoyiesaV lkslk;Vh] t;iqj dks izLrqr djus gksaxsA
 2-      ifj;kstuk izLrkoksa ds Hkkjr ljdkj ls vuqeksnu mijkar vkj-,p-Mh-,l-]
        t;iqj }kjk iz’kklfud Lohd`fr tkjh djds vuqnku jkf’k miyC/k djkus dh
        dk;Zokgh dh tk;sxhA
 3-      e’k:e bdkbZ dk;Z bl {ks= esa n{krk j[kus okyh v)Zljdkjh@xSj
        ljdkjh@futh QeZ@dEiuh vkfn ls vko’;d izfØ;k viukdj djok;s
        tkus gksaxsA
 4-      bdkbZ ij jk"Vªh; ckxokuh fe'ku ds rgr vuqnkfur] LFkkfir o"kZ] dqy
        ykxr] e’khujh dk fooj.k bR;kfn dh tkudkjh dk cksMZ yxkuk vfuok;Z
        gksxkA
 5-      e’k:e bdkbZ ds fodkl dk;Z iw.kZ gksus ij lacaf/kr laLFkku }kjk jktLFkku
        gkWVhZdYpj MoyiesaV lkslk;Vh] t;iqj dks dk;Z iw.kZ gksus dh lwpuk ls
        voxr djkrs gq;s fu/kkZfjr izi= esa mi;ksfxrk izek.k i= izLrqr djuk
        gksxkA
 6-      futh {ks= esa e’k:e bUQzkLVªDpj fodflr djus gsrq vko’;d e’khujh o
        cqfu;knh <kapkxr lqfo/kk,a vkSj blls lcaaf/kr midj.kksa o LFkkfir dh tkus
        okyh LikWu o dEiksLV bdkbZ;ks ds fooj.k lfgr IykaV o e’khujh dk iw.kZ
        fooj.k] ykxr ,LVhessV] foÙkh; fo’ys"k.k bR;kfn lghr foLr`r ifj;kstuk
        izLrko] cSad _.k Lohd`fr i=] Hkw&LokfeRo nLrkost o ’kiFk&i= ds lkFk
        izLrko jktLFkku gkWVhZdYpj MoyiesaV lkslk;Vh] t;iqj dks izLrqr djus
        gksaxsA
 7-     izLrkoksa gsrq ifj;kstuk dh ykxr dh dqy 75 izfr'kr rd dk _.k ysuk
        vfuok;Z gksxkA
 8-     ifj;kstuk izLrkoksa ds d`f"k ,oa lgdkfjrk foHkkx] Hkkjr ljdkj ls vuqeksnu
        mijkar vkj-,p-Mh-,l-] t;iqj }kjk iz’kklfud Lohd`fr tkjh dh tkosxhA
        RkRi'pkr vkosnd }kjk bdkbZ LFkkiuk ds dk;Z izkjEHk djus gksxsa tks fd
        vf/kdre ,d o"kZ es iw.kZ fd;s tkus vko';d gksxsaA
 9-     vkosnd }kjk cqfu;knh <kpas dh lqfo/kk;sa fodflr djus dk dk;Z iw.kZ djds
        jktLFkku gkWVhZdYpj MoyiesaV lkslk;Vh dks voxr djk;k tk;sxkA blds
        mijkar vkj-,p-Mh-,l- }kjk xfBr desVh }kjk HkkSfrd lR;kiu djds fjiksZV
        esa dh x;h flQkfj’k ds vuqlkj Lohd`r dh xbZ vuqnku jkf’k vkosnudÙkkZ
        ds cSad vuqnku vkjf{kr [kkrs esa gLrkUrfjr dh tk;sxhA
 10-    vuqnku jkf'k 3 o"kZ dh ykWd bu vof/k iwjh gksus ds i'pkr csd ,afMM
        izfØ;k ls var esa lek;ksftr dh tk;sxhA
 11-    bdkbZ ij ij jk"Vªh; ckxokuh fe'ku ds rgr vuqnkfur] LFkkfir o"kZ] dqy
        ykxr] e’khujh dk fooj.k bR;kfn dh tkudkjh dk cksMZ yxkuk vfuok;Z
        gksxkA

III.   Qwyksa ds u;s cxhpksa dh LFkkiuk%
      vuqnku izfØ;k%
      1- bl dk;ZØe vUrxZr d`"kd dks vf/kdre 2-0 gSDVj {ks= ds fy;s vuqnku
         ns; gksxkA dk;ZØe vk;kstu ds fy;s U;wure {ks=Qy 0-10 gS- jgsxkA
         Qly ,oa d`"kd Js.khokj ns; vuqnku fuEu izdkj gS&
               Qly        vuqekfur ykxr     d`"kd oxZ       ns; vuqnku ¼:- izfr gS-½
                                           NksVs vkSj   ykxr dk 50 izfr'kr vf/kdre
          ywt ¶ykoj                        lhekar       :- 12]000@gS-]
                           24]000 :-@gS0
          ¼nslh xqykc½                     vU; fdlku    ykxr dk 33 izfr'kr vf/kdre
                                                        :- 7920@gS-]

      2- p;fur d`"kdksa dks Qwyksa dh [ksrh esa viuk;s tkus okyh 'kL; fØ;kvksa]
          Qwyksa ds foi.ku] j[k&j[kko ,oa mi;ksx vkfn dh tkudkjh nh tkosaA
          blds fy;s rdfudh lkfgR; d`"kdksa dks miyC/k djk;k tkosaA
      3- lHkh vknku ¼cht@IykfVax esVsfj;y] [kkn] moZjd ,oa ikS/k laj{k.k
          jlk;u½ foHkkxh; flQkfj'k ds vuqlkj miyC/k djk;s tkosaA moZjd
          ;FkklEHko d`"kd ds [ksr dh feV~Vh ,oa ikuh dh tkap djokdj flQkfj’k
          vuqlkj iz;ksx fd;s tkosaA
      4- vuqnku jkf'k loZizFke ikS/k jksi.k lkexzh ij ,oa jkf'k 'ks"k jgus ij vU;
          vknkukas ds fy;s miyC/k djk;h tkosaA
      5- ikS/k jksi.k lkexzh d`"kd ds Lrj ls Ø; ugha dh tkosxhA
      6- ikS/k jksi.k lkexzh dh O;oLFkk funs'kky; Lrj vFkok ftyk Lrj ij
          jktdh; ulZjh ¼jktgal½ ds ek/;e ls dh tkosxhA
      7- moZjd ,oa ikS/k laj{k.k jlk;u Ø;&foØ; lgdkjh lfefr@xzke lsok
          lgdkjh lfefr ds ek/;e miyC/k djk;s tkosaA
      8- vuqnku dh x.kuk gsrq xkscj dh [kkn dh nj 0-60 :i;s izfr fdyks rFkk
          oehZ dEiksLV dh nj 1-50 :i;s izfr fdyks fu/kkZfjr dh x;h gSA vU;
          vknkuksa dh njsa d`f"k foHkkx ds vuqlkj ;k Ø;&foØ; lgdkjh lfefr@
          xzke lsok lgdkjh lfefr }kjk miyC/k djk;h xbZ nj ds vuqlkj jgsxhA
      9- vuqnku dh x.kuk djrs le; xkscj dh [kkn@dEiksLV dh dher dks
          d`"kd fgLlk jkf'k ekuk tkosaA
      10- u;s LFkkfir Qwyksa ds cxhpksa ij d`"kd dk uke o iw.kZ irk] LFkkfir o"kZ]
          dqy {ks=Qy] Qly o fdLe dk uke] jk"Vªh; ckxokuh fe'ku ds rgr
          vuqnkfur bR;kfn dh tkudkjh dk cksMZ yxkuk vfuok;Z gksxkA

IV.   elkyk Qlykas ds u;s cxhpks dh LFkkiuk%

      vuqnku izfØ;k%
         1- elkyk Qlyksa ds u;s cxhpksa dh LFkkiuk ,sls LFky@[ksr tgka xr o"kZ
            ml Qly dh [ksrh ugh dh x;h ij djok;h tkosaA
         2- dk;ZØe vUrZxr ykHkkfUor fd;s tkus okys d`"kdksa dks Qly fo’ks"k ds
            fy;s foHkkxh; iSdst vkWQ izsfDVlst dk yhQysV@ lkfgR; miyC/k
            djk;k tkosaA
      3- ,d d`"kd dks U;wUkre 0-50 gSDVs;j ,oa vf/kdre 4 gSDVs;j {ks= rd
         elkyk Qlyksa ds u;s cxhps LFkkfir djus ij vuqnku fn;k tk
         ldsxkA
      4- ;kstukZUxr mPp mRiknu {kerk ;qDr mUur cht] lefUor iks"kd Ùko@
         dhV O;k/kh izca/k bR;kfn vknkuksa dh ykxr ds O;; ij fuEukuqlkj
         Qlyokj vuqnku miyC/k djk;k tk;sxkA
      5- dk;ZØe vUrxZr d`"kdksa dk vknkuksa dh ykxr dh 50 izfr'kr jkf'k
         ftldh vf/kdre lhek fuEukuqlkj jgsxh] ns; gSA
                                                            ¼jkf’k :i;s izfr gSDVs;j½
       Ø-l-       Eklkyk Qlyas        vknkuks dh vuqekfur      ns; vuqnku jkf’k
                                              ykxr
         1    Tkhjk@ /kfu;ka               11000-00                 5500-00
         2    eSFkh@lkSQ                    9000-00                 4500-00
         3    yglqu                        12500-00                 6250-00

vknku O;oLFkk%
   1- dk;ZØe vUrZxr loZizFke cht@dUn ,oa Prophylatic  Measures ds :i esa
      fy;s tkus okys cht mipkj ds jlk;u@ck;ks ,tsaV o ,sls miknku ftudk
      izn’kZu fd;k tkuk gS d`"kdksa ls 50 izfr’kr va’knku ysdj miyC/k djk;s
      tkosasA
   2- vU; lHkh vknku@ miknku fu/kkZfjr izi= esa d`f"k Ik;Zos{kd@lgk;d d`f"k
      vf/kdkjh@ d`f"k vf/kdkjh ds }kjk ijfeV dkVdj lgdkjh laLFkkvks ds
      ek/;e ls 50 izfr’kr vuqnkfur nj ij miyC/k djk;s tkosaA
   3- ftykf/kdkjh ljdkjh@lgdkjh laLFkkvks ls LFkkuh; Lrj ij le;c)
      vknku vkiwfrZ@miyC/krk lqfuf’pr djsaA
   4- d`"kdksa }kjk ’kr~ izfr’kr ykxr ij mDr laLFkkvksa ls vknku Ø; dj
      vuqnku ds Dyse~l foHkkx dks izLrqr djus ij vuqnku jkf’k dk Hkqxrku
      pSd@MªkQ~V ds }kjk d`"kdksa dks fd;k tk;sxkA
   5- d`"kd 50 izfr’kr va’knku vkiwfrZ laLFkk dks tek djkdj vknku izkIr
      djus dh fLFkfr esa vuqnku jkf'k dk Hkqxrku laEcaf/kr vkiwfrZ laLFkk dks
      fd;k tkosA
   6- d`"kd dks vknku miyC/k djkus ds fy;s d`f"k i;Zos{kd@lgk;d d`f"k
      vf/kdkjh] ¼m|ku@ d`f"k½ }kjk ijfeV dkVk tkosa ¼ifjf’k"V&4½A
             iqjkus cxhpksa dk th.kksZ)kj (Rejuvenation of senile orchards)%

vke] ve:n] fdUuw vkSj larjk vkfn dh de mRikndrk dk izeq[k dkj.k iqjkus
vkSj th.kZ isM+ksa dh izpqjrk vkSj vknku tSls& ikuh] iks"kd Ùkoksa vkSj dhVuk'kh dk
fuEu Lrjh; izcU/ku gSA ,u-,p-,e- ds varxZr th.kZ ,oa iqjkus isM+ksa dks gVkdj
buds LFkku ij u, LVkd dks iqu% jksfir djus ds ek/;e ls mRikndrk o`f)
dk;ZØe 'kq: djus ij lgk;rk dk izko/kku gS ftlesa fuos'k] NVkbZ rFkk ikS/k
jksius dh rduhdksa ds mfpr vkSj lesfdr la;kstu ij lgk;rk feysxhA

iqjkus isM+ksa ds th.kksZ)kj ds fy, lgk;rk ykxr dh 50 izfr'kr nh tk,xh ftldh
vf/kdre lhek 2 gSDVs;j izfr ykHkdrkZ rd lhfer j[krs gq, :- 15]000 izfr
gSDVs;j rd vf/kdre jgsxhA

vuqnku izfØ;k%
   a. dk;ZØe vUrZxr ,sls Qy cxhps ftuesa Ik;kZIr iks"k.k ds vkHkko vFkok
      dhV&O;kf/k ds izdksi ds dkj.k mRikndrk de gks x;h ;k ikS/kksa dh la[;k
      de gS dk th.kksZ)kj@ iquZLFkkiu fd;k tk;sxkA
   b. bl gsrq loZizFke ,sls cxhps ftudh mRikndrk de gks x;h gS dk
      fpUg~hdj.k fd;k tkosxkA
   c. cxhpksa esa okafNr o`{k l?kurk] la[;k] i;kZIr iks"k.k] ’kL; fØ;k izca/ku ,oa
      mRiknu xq.koÙkk esa lq/kkj ds fy;s Qy cxhpksa dh th.kZrk@ de
      mRikndrk ds vk/kkj ij fu.kZ; fd;k tkdj th.kksZ)kj@ iquZLFkkiu ij
      lgk;rk nh tk;sxhA
   d. th.kksZ)kj@ iquZLFkkiu gsrq iqjkus cxhpksa dks vkfFkZd #Ik ls mi;ksxh cukus
      ds fy;s fuEu dk;Z djok;s tk ldsaxsA
              iquZjksi.k ,oa vUrj jksi.k ds fy;s ikS/k jksi.k lkexzhA
              iqjkus o`{kksa dh dVkbZ NaVkbZ ,oa ’kL; fØ;kvksa dks viukus ds fy,A
              moZjd] lw{e iks"kd Ùko ,oa o`f) fu;ked gkjeksal vkfnA
              ikS/k laj{k.k jlk;u&jklk;fud ,oa tSfod dhVuk’kh] QQwanuk’khA
              dVkbZ NVkbZ ,oa ’kL; fØ;kvksa ds fy;s m|kfudh VwYlA
   e. iquZjksi.k ,oa vUrj jksi.k ds fy;s xq.koÙkk ;qDr ikS/k jksi.k lkexzh d`"kdksa
      dks 50 izfr'kr vuqnkfur nj ij ij miyC/k djk;h tk;sxhA vU; lHkh
      fpfUgr vko’;d rdfudh dk;Z d`"kdks ds Loa; ds Lrj ls ftyk
      vf/kdkfj;ks dh tkudkjh esa j[krs gq;s fd;s tk;sxsaA
   f. vuqnku dh x.kuk ds fy;s cxhps esa fd;s tkus okys lHkh dk;ksZa dk
      vkadyu djds mu ij O;; gksus okyh jkf'k o Je dh jkf'k ¼izf'kf{kr o
      vizf'kf{kr½ r; dh tkosaA blesa etnwjh o vknkuksa dh [kjhn nksuksa
      lfEefyr dh tk ldsxhA
   g. x.kuk dh x;h jkf’k esa ls dk;ksZa ds isVs Je dh jkf'k o xkscj dh [kkn ij
      O;; gksus okyh jkf'k dks d`"kd fgLlk jkf'k ekurs gq;s moZjd] ikS/k laj{k.k
      jlk;u o vU; vknkuksa dh dqy jkf'k d`"kdksa dks tfj;s js[kkafdr pSd
      vFkok js[kkafdr MªkQ~V vFkok bysDVªkWfud Dyh;jsUl ds ek/;e ls Hkqxrku
      dh tkosaA 15]000 :i;s rd izfr gSDVs;j dh nj ls vf/kdre nks gSDVj
      izfr ykHkkFkhZ jkf'k vuqnku ds :i esa nh tk ldsxhA
   h. cxhps ds dk;ksZa dks ns[krs gq;s d`"kdksa dks nh tkus okyh vuqnku dh jkf'k
      dks foÙkh; o"kZ esa vf/kdre rhu fd'rksa esa foHkDr fd;k tk ldsxkA
   i. Qynkj ikS/ks ds vuqlkj ;g dk;Z ,d ls vf/kd eghuksa rd py ldrk gS
      rFkk Qynkj ikS/ks o cxhps dh vko';drk ds vuq:i dk;Z Hkh
      vyx&vyx gks ldrs gSA vr% dk;ksZa dk f'kM~;wy cukdj d`"kdksa ls bu
      dk;ksZa dks iw.kZ djokrs gq;s izek.khdj.k mijkar vuqnku jkf'k dk Hkqxrku
      tfj;s js[kkafdr pSd@js[kkafdr MªkQ~V@ bysDVªkWfud Dyh;jsUl ls fd;k
      tkosaA
   j. dk;ksZa dks iw.kZ djkus ,oa vknkuksa ds lgh mi;ksx dh ftEesnkjh d`"kd dh
      jgsxhA ;fn d`"kd dk;Z ugha djrk gS rks mls nh tkus okyh vuqnku dh
      jkf'k dh vxyh fd'r dk Hkqxrku jksdk tk ldrk gS fdUrq blds fy, iw.kZ
      rF;kRed fooj.k ftyk dysDVj ,oa v/;{k ftyk gkWVhZdYpj MoyiesaV
      lkslk;Vh ds /;ku esa ykdj muls vuqeksnu ij gh jksdk tk,xkA
   k. ;kstukUrZxr ykHkkfUor d`"kdksa ds cxhpksa dk lgk;d funs'kd m|ku]
      dk;kZy; o d`f"k i;Zos{kd Lrj ij Qlyokj] {ks=okj] d`"kdokj] tkfrokj]
      Js.khokj iw.kZ fjdkWMZ jftLVj esa la/kkfjr fd;k tkosaA
   l. Tkh.kksZ}kj fd;s x;s Qy cxhpksa ij d`"kd dk uke o iw.kZ irk] LFkkfir o"kZ]
      dqy {ks=Qy] Qly o fdLe dk uke] jk"Vªh; ckxokuh fe'ku ds rgr
      vuqnkfur bR;kfn dh tkudkjh dk cksMZ yxkuk vfuok;Z gksxkA

                 tylzzksrksa dk fodkl   (Creation of water resources)%


jk"Vªh; ckxokuh fe'ku vUrxZr ckxokuh Qlyksa dks Life saving Irrigation lqfuf'pr
djus gsrq IykfLVd vkjlhlh ykbZfuax ds lkFk lkeqnkf;d VSadl~] QkeZ ikS.M@
jstjok;lZ ds ek/;e ls tylzksr fodkl ij lgk;rk ns; gSA ;g eujsxk ds
lg;ksx ls gksxk o tgka dgha Hkh laHko gksxk blds lkFk Ik;kZIr dUojtsUl
lqfuf'pr fd;k tk;sxkA bu tylzksrksa dks ty ds dq'kyre mi;ksx gsrq lw{e
flapkbZ lqfo/kkvksa ds lkFk tksM+k tk;sxkA blds fy;s d`"kd lewg@leqnk; }kjk
Ownad and managed 10 gSDVs;j {ks= ds dek.M gsrq 100X100X3 ehVj lkbZt ds
ikS.M@ VSad ds fuekZ.k dh ykxr 15-00 yk[k :Ik;s izfr bdkbZ vuqekfur j[kh
x;h gSA blls NksVs vkdkj ds ikS.M@VSad ds fy;s dek.M {ks= ds vk/kkj ij
;Fkkuqikr vk/kkfjr ¼izksjsVk csfll½ ykxr Lohdk;Z gksxhA jk"Vªh; ckxokuh fe'ku ds
rgr lgk;rk IykfLVd@ vkjlhlh ykbZfuax rd lhfer jgsxhA ;|fi ujsxk ls
ckgj ds ykHkkfFkZ;ksa ds fy;s IykfLVd@ vkjlhlh ykbZfuax dks lfEefyr djrs gq;s
ikS.M@VSad ds fuekZ.k dh lEiw.kZ ykxr ij 'kr~ izfr'kr tks fd vf/kdre :- 15-
00 yk[k izfr bdkbZ rd lhfer j[krs gq;s dek.M {ks= ds vk/kkj ij ;Fkkuqikr
vk/kkfjr ¼izksjsVk csfll½ lgk;rk ns; gksxhA tylzksr j[k&j[kko dh ftEesnkjh
leqnk;@ d`"kd lewg dh jgsxhA
,dy d`"kd dks Hkh QkeZ ikS.M@ Dug wells ds ek/;e ls tylzksr fodkl ij
lgk;rk ns; gksxhA blds fy;s 2 gSDVs;j {ks= ds dek.M ,fj;k ds fy;s 20 ehVj
yEckbZ] 20 ehVj pkSMkbZ o 3 ehVj xgjkbZ ds vkdkj ds iks.M~l@Dug wells dh
100 :Ik;s izfr ?kuehVj dh nj ls 1-20 yk[k :Ik;s izfr bdkbZ vuqekfur ykxr
ekuh x;h gSA blls NksVs vkdkj ds ikS.M~l@Dug wells ds fy;s ykxr dek.M
                                                           z
,fj;k ds vk/kkj ij ;Fkkuqikr vk/kkj ij ns; gksxhA ;g dk;Zde Hkh eujsxk ds
lg;ksx ls gksxkA ;|fi ujsxk ls ckgj ds ykHkkfFkZ;ksa ds fy;s IykfLVd@
vkjlhlh ykbZfuax dks lfEefyr djrs gq;s ykxr dh 50 izfr'kr lgk;rk ns;
gksxhA tylzksr ds lkt&laHkky dh ftEesokjh lEcaf/kr d`"kd@ d`"kd lewg dh
jgsxhA

;fn fdlh tylzksr fuekZ.k ds dk;Z dk eujsxk ls dUojtsUl fd;k tkrk gS rks
,sls esa IykfLVd@vkjlhlh ykbZfuax dk dk;Z jk"Vªh; ckxokuh fe'ku ds tylzksr
dk;Zdze ls fd;k tk;sxkA dUjojtsal dh fLFkfr esa eujsxk ls lacaf/kr dk;Z dh
dk;Zdkjh ,tsUlh lacaf/kr xzke iapk;r@ iapk;r lfefr jgsxh ,oa
IykfLVd@vkjlhlh ykbZfuax dk dk;Z lacaf/kr gkWVhZdYpj MoyiesaV lkslk;Vh ds
ek/;e ls d`"kd lewg }kjk djk;k tk;sxkA

tylzksr p;u izfØ;k%
  a. tylzksrksa fuekZ.k esa ftys ds rqyukRed #i ls ikuh dh deh okys
      {ks=@CykWDl ds d`"kdksa dks izkFkfedrk nh tkosaA
  b. d`"kd lewg ds tylzksr fuekZ.k ds fy;s lewg ds ikl ,d LFkku ij 10
      gSDVj rFkk ,dy d`"kd ds fy;s nks gSDVs;j d`f"k Hkwfe gksuk vko’;d
      gksxkA
  c. d`"kd lewg ds tylzksr fuekZ.k ds fy;s U;wure d`"kd la[;k de ls de
      5 jgsxhA blds lkFk gh tgka rd la;qDr [kkrsnkj dk iz’u gS iRuh dks
      lewg dk lnL; ugha ekuk x;k gSA ,sls esa tekcUnh esa ifr o iRuh nksuksa
      dk uke ntZ gksus dh fLFkfr esa nksuksa esa ls ,d dks lnL; ekurs gq;s
      tekcUnh ds la;qDr [kkrs esa mYysf[kr iq=] iq=h] HkkbZ tks vyx ifjokj ds
      :Ik esa fuokl dj jgs gS mUgsa lewg dk lnL; ekuk tk;sxkA
  d. ,dy d`"kd@ d`"kd lewg ds d`"kdks dks Hkw&LokfeRo ds izek.k ds :Ik esa
      tekcUnh ¼6 ekg ls iqjkuh ugh½ o uD’kk Vsª’k vkosnu i= ds lkFk lyaXu
      djus gksaxsA
  e. tylzksr fuekZ.k ds fy;s d`"kd@d`"kd lewg dks muds Hkw&LokfeRo ds
      fgLls dh Hkwfe miyC/k djkuh gksxhA
  f. d`"kd lewg dks tylzksr fuekZ.k ds ckn o"kkZ ty lafpr gksus ij de ls
      de 4 gSDVj {ks= esa Mªhi la;= ds lkFk u;s Qy cxhps yxkus gksaxsA
      d`"kdksa ls bl vk'k; dk vuqca/k fd;k tkosa o bl gsrq 4 gSDVj {ks= esa Mªhi
      la;= yxkus dh ykxr dh d`"kd fgLlk jkf’k ftyk gksVhZdYpj MoyiesaV
      lkslk;Vh esa vfxze tek dh tkosaA
  g. d`"kd lewg }kjk tehu ds jdcs ds fglkc ls tylzksr esa ikuh dh
      fgLlsnkjh j[kus o j[k&j[kko@ejEer dh djokus dh lgerh dk
   ’kiFk&i= 100 :Ik;s ds LVkEi ij izLrqr djus ij gh vkosnu i= Lohdkj
   fd;k tkosaA
h. Lkewg esa tylzksr fuekZ.k gsrq loZizFke 31-03-2010 ls iwoZ rd izkIr
   i=kofy;ks dhs igys vkvks igys ikvks dh ojh;rk ds vk/kkj ij Lohd`fr;ka
   tkjh dh tkosaA
i. ;fn ftys dks o"kZ 2010&11 ds fy;s vkoafVr y{;ks ds fy;s xr foÙkh; o"kZ
   esa izkIr i=kofy;ksa dh Ik;kZIr la[;k ugh gS rks Tkylzksr fuekZ.k ds fy;s
   bPNqd d`"kdksa ls 20-07-2010 rd vkosnu i= izkIr djds mu ij
   ofj"Brk ds vuqlkj jftLVªs’ku uEcj o fnukad vafdr dh tkosaA
j. ,dy o lewg esa tylzksr ds fuekZ.k gsrq izkIr i=kofy;ks esa ls pkgs x;s
   nLrkostks ds vk/kkj ij iw.kZ ik;h x;h i=kofy;ksa dh iwoZ fu/kkZfjr frFkh o
   le; ij 15-08-2010 rd rhu vf/kdkfj;ksa dh desVh ds le{k miyC/k
   y{;ksa dh nksxquh la[;k rd dh ykVjh fudkyh tkosA
k. tylzksr fuekZ.k ds fy;s o"kkZ ty dh i;kZIr vkod ds vuqlkj mi;qDr
   lkbZVl~ dh i=kofy;ksa dk vfrae p;u vuqnku@ lgk;rk gsrq fd;k tkosaA
l. izkIr vkosnu i=ks esa ls o"kkZ ty dh vkod ds vuqlkj mi;qDr lkbZV~l
   dk p;u mifuns’kd m|ku lEHkkx dh v/;{krk esa xfBr rhu lnL;h;
   desVh ftlesa lnL; lfpo lEcaf/kr ftyk gksVhZdYpj MoyiesaV lkslk;Vh
   ,oa dfu"B@ lgk;d d`f"k vfHk;ark lfEefyr gksaxsa ds }kjk fd;k tkosxkA
m. desVh }kjk ftyk Lrj ij izkIr tylzksr fuekZ.k vkosnu i=ks dh ekSdk
   fLFkfr o blds fy;s vko’;d nLrkost ns[ks tkdj ikuh dh vkod ds
   vk/kkj ij p;u dh flQkfj’k dh tkosxhA
n. ftyk Lrj ij izkIr vkosnu i=ks ds p;u dh dk;Zokgh 15-09-2010 rd
   vko’;d :Ik ls iw.kZ dh tkdj desVh }kjk mi;qDr ik;h x;h
   i=kofy;k@ vkosnu i=ks ds v/;{k] gksVhZdYpj MoyiesaV lkslk;Vh ls
   vuqeksnu mijkar ftys dks vkaofVr y{;ks ds vuqlkj tylzksr fuekZ.k dh
   Lohd`fr;ka @dk;Z vkns’k tkjh fd;s tkosA
o. ;fn fdlh ftyk vf/kdkjh }kjk fu/kkZfjr dh x;h frFkh;ksa ls iwoZ dk;Zokgh
   iw.kZ dh tkrh gS rks bls Lokxr ;ksX; ekuk tkosxkA
p. desVh }kjk HkkSfrd lR;kiu ds nkSjku vLohd`r fd;s x;s vkosnu i=ksa ds
   ckn ’ks"k vkosnu i=@ i=kofy;ks dk Øe iwoZ esa fu/kkZfjr izkFkfedrk ds
   vuqlkj j[kk tkosA
q. d`"kd lewg }kjk ’kiFk&i= esa nh x;h lgerh dh vosgyuk djus ij
   jkT; ljdkj ds fu;ekuqlkj tylzksr ij O;; dh x;h jkf'k olwy dh tk
   ldsxhA
r. tylzksr dk dk;Z iw.kZ gksus ds ckn o"kkZ ty lafpr gksus ij Qy cxhps o
   cawn&cawn flapkbZ la;= yxk;s tkus dh lqfu’fpÙkk dh tkosaA
s. ty laxzg.k <kaps es ,df=r o"kkZ ds ikuh dk fMªi] QOokjk vkfn ty cpr
   ds lk/kuks ds ek/;e ls lnqi;ksx lqfuf’pr fd;k tkosaA
t. d`"kd lewg }kjk tylzksr dh Hkwfe ij Qy cxhps ,oa fM~i l;a= yxk;s
   tkus ij d`"kdksa dks bu nksuks dk;ZØeks ij ;kstuk esa miyC/k izko/kku
   vuqlkj fu;ekuqlkj vuqnku miyC/k djk;k tkosaA
tylzksr fuekZ.k
  • dk;ZØe vUrxZr ljdkjh@v)Zljdkjh {ks= ds n{k vfHk;ark ls tylzksr
      <kaps dk rdehuk cuok;k tkdj d`"kd lewg ds Loa; ds Lrj ls fuek.kZ
      dk;Z djok;k tkosaA
  2- p;fur lkbZVl~ ij o"kkZ ds ikuh dh vkod dks n`f"Vxr j[krs gq;s ty
      laxzg.k <kaps dk fuek.kZ djk;k tkosaA
  3- tylzksr fuekZ.k dk;Zokgh 'kq: djok;s tkus ls iwoZ ftyk Lrj ij rhu
      lnL;h; desVh cuk;h tkdj {ks= fo’ks"k dh vko’;drk ds vuqlkj
      tylzksr dk vkdkj o fuekZ.k gsrq ekin.M ,d lIrkg esa rS;kj djok;s
      tkdj vkj-,p-Mh-,l dks lwfpr fd;k tkosA
  4- tylzksr <kaps dk fuek.kZ lacf/kr ftykf/kdkjh ,oa lgk;d@ dfu"B
      vfHk;ark }kjk fu/kkZfjr rdehus ds vuqlkj djok;k tkosaA blds fy;s
      le;&2 ij p;fur lkbZVl~ dk fujh{k.k fd;k tkdj fu/kkZfjr ekin.M
      vuqlkj xq.koÙkk;qDr fuekZ.k dk;Z dh lqfu’pr~rk dh tkosaA tylzksr fuekZ.k
      dk dk;Z ekin.M vuqlkj ugha gksus dh fLFkfr esa vkj-,p-Mh-,l-] t;iqj ds
      /;ku esa yk;k tkosaA
  5- ty L=ksr <kapksa ds fuekZ.k ds i;Zos{k.k o eki dk dk;Z d`f"k vfHk;Urk ds
      }kjk djok;k tkosA
  6- ty L=ksr fuekZ.k ds lexz i;Zos{k.k dk dk;Z mi funs'kd m|ku] lEcfU/kr
      lEHkkx ds }kjk fd;k tkosA
  7- lkeqnkf;d QkeZ iks.M@ty laxzg.k <kaps dk fuekZ.k IykfLVd ;k vkj-lh-
      lh ykbZfuax ds lkFk djok;k tkosaA
  8- Hkkjh feVVh okys {ks=ksa esa tylzksr fuekZ.k flQZ IykfLVd ykbZfuax ds lkFk
      djus gsrq d`"kd@d`"kd lewg dh ekax@lgefr gksus dh fLFkfr esa blds
      fy;s ikap ijr dh iykfLVd fQYe tks bl dk;Z ds fy;s mi;qDr gks dks
      mi;ksx esa fy;k tkos o bls fdukjksa ds ckgj ikap ls nl QhV dh yEckbZ
      rd feV~Vh esa nckdj j[kk tkosA
  9- tylzksr fuekZ.k es iz;qDr dh tkus okyh ikWyhFkhu ’khV~l dh xq.koÙkk o
      mlds lgh <ax ls fcNkou dk fo’ks"k /;ku j[kk tkosaA blds lkFk gh
      iz;ksx dh x;h ikWyhFkhu ’khV~l dk uewuk ftyk dk;kZy; essa lqjf{kr j[kk
      tkosaA
  10- d`"kdksa dks tylzksr fuekZ.k ds fy;s cSad xkjUVh ds fo:) vfxze jkf'k
      miyC/k djk;h tkos rFkk miyC/k djk;h x;h jkf'k dk dk;Z iw.kZ gksus ij
      izekf.kdj.k mijkUr vfxze vuqnku fdLrsa Hkh bl cSad xkjUVh ds fo:)
      miyC/k djok;h tkosA
  11- d`"kdksa }kjk Lo;a ds Lrj ls O;; djds fufeZr fd;s tkus okys tylzksr dk
      mUgsa vuqnku jkf'k dk Hkqxrku fuEukuqlkj 6 fdLrksa esa le; le; ij
      izekf.kdj.k mijkUr fd;k tkosA

       Ø-la-                           dk;Z                              lgk;rk
        1 fu/kkZfjr ekin.M vuqlkj feV~Vh [kqnkbZ ,oa mls gVkus dk       15 izfr'kr
          dk;Z
      2   uhao (Foundation) esa fu/kkZfjr lhesUV daØhV js';ks ds vuqlkj   20 izfr'kr
          Q'kZ dk dk;Z iw.kZ djus ij
      3   tylzksr dh pkj esa ls ,d lkbZM ij fu/kkZfjr lhesUV daØhV        15 izfr'kr
          js';ks ds vuqlkj dk;Z iw.kZ djus ij
      4   tylzksr dh pkj esa ls nwljh lkbZM ij fu/kkZfjr lhesUV           15 izfr'kr
          daØhV js';ks ds vuqlkj dk;Z iw.kZ djus ij
      5   tylzksr dh pkj esa ls rhljh lkbZM ij fu/kkZfjr lhesUV           15 izfr'kr
          daØhV js';ks ds vuqlkj dk;Z iw.kZ djus ij
      6   tylzksr dh pkj esa ls pkSFkh o vfUre lkbZM ,oa tylzksr ds             izfr'
          pkjksa rjQ iSjkisV oky ij fu/kkZfjr lhesUV daØhV @iRFkj               kr
          lhesUV js';ks ds vuqlkj dk;Z iw.kZ djus ij

12- ;fn d`"kd@ d`"kd lewg }kjk ,d ls vf/kd fdLr dk dk;Z iw.kZ dj
    fy;k gks rks mls dk;Z ds vuqlkj Hkqxrku fd;k tkosA
13- tylzksr fuekZ.k dk;Z dk izekf.kdj.k la;qDr funs'kd d`f"k [k.M ds v/khu
    dk;Zjr lgk;d d`f"k vfHk;Urk ;k IyslesUV ,tsUlh ds ek/;e ls fy;s x;s
    dfu"B vfHk;Urk ds ek/;e ls fd;k tkosA bl dk;Z ds fy;s lEcfU/kr
    ftys dh gksVhZdYpj MoyiesUV lkslk;Vh IyslesUV ,tsUlh ds ek/;e ls
    dfu"B@ lgk;d vfHk;Urk dh lsok,a yh tk ldrh gSA
14- d`"kd lewg dks tylzksr fuekZ.k dh Lohd`fr tkjh djus ,oa vko’;d
    ekin.M@ izfØ;k ls voxr djkus ds ,d ekg ds Hkhrj dk;Z 'kq: djus
    dh vfuok;Zrk jgsxhA bl vof/k esa dk;Z 'kq: ugha djus ij 15 fnu dk
    le; nsdj p;u fujLr fd;s tkus dh dk;Zokgh vey esa yk;h tk;sxhA
15- tylzksr fuekZ.k ds fy;s vf/kdre vof/k 5 ekg fu/kkZfjr dh tkos rkfd
    fu/kkZfjr foÙkh; o"kZ esa tylzksr dk fuekZ.k iw.kZ djok;k tkdj y{;ksa dh
    izkfIr dh tk ldsA
16- d`"kd lewg }kjk tylzksr fuekZ.k dk;Z djds voxr djkus ij
    dfu"B@lgk;d vfHk;ark }kjk dk;Z ds izekf.kdj.k mijkar ,e-ch- Hkjdj
    lacaf/kr gkWVhZdYpj MoyiesaV lkslk;Vh dks vuqnku jkf'k Hkqxrku gsrq
    izLrqr dh tkosxhA dfu"B@ lgk;d vfHk;ark }kjk ,ech Hkjdj izLrqr
    djus ij vf/kdre lkr fnol esa vuqnku jkf’k dk Hkqxrku lacaf/kr d`"kd
    lewg ds cSad [kkrs esa MªkQ~V@ pSd }kjk fd;k tkosA
17- ,sls d`"kd ftuds }kjk cSad xkjaVh izLrqr djds vfxze jkf’k ls tylzksr
    fuekZ.k dk;Z fd;k tkuk gS blds fy;s fdlh Hkh jk"Vh;d`r cSad dh cSad
    xkjaVh 6 ekg dh vof/k rd ds fy;s izkIr dj mlds fo:) le;&le;
    ij vfxze jkf’k miyC/k djkdj tylzksr fuekZ.k dh dk;Zokgh djok;h
    tkosA cSad xkjaVh ftyk Lrj ij jk"Vh; ckxokuh fe’ku fØ;kUo;u
    dk;ZØe ,stsalh ^^gkWVhZdYpj MoyiesaV lkslk;Vh** ds uke izkIr dh tkosA
    d`"kd lewg }kjk izLrqr dh x;h cSad xkjaVh ds fo:) ml lewg dh rjQ
    ls loZlEerh ls vf/kd`r fd;s x;s fdlh ,d d`"kd ds cSad [kkrs esa vFkok
    lewg esa ls fdUgha rhu d`"kdksa ds uke ls la;qDr cSad [kkrs esa le;&le;
       ij dk;Z izek.khdj.k@izxfr ,oa jkf’k ds mi;ksx ds vuqlkj vuqnku jkf’k
       miyC/k djk;h tkosA
   18- tylzksr <kapsa ds pkjks rjQ <kbZ ls rhu QhV ÅapkbZ dh c.M@nhokj@
       QsfUlax tkuojksa ls lqj{kk ds fy, cukbZ tkosaA


tylzksr HkkSfrd lR;kiu%
  a. tylzksr fuek.kZ ds iw.kZ gksus ij mi funs’kd m|ku] lnL; lfpo lEcaf/kr
      ftyk gksVhZdYpj MoyiesaV lkslk;Vh ,oa dfu"B@ lgk;d vfHk;ark d`f"k
      dh rhu lnL;h; desVh ds }kjk HkkSfrd lR;kiu fd;k tkosaA
  b. HkkSfrd lR;kiu ds mijkar tylzksr dk fuekZ.k dk;Z iw.kZ ik;s tkus ij
      desVh }kjk dh x;h fjiksVZ ds ckn vuqnku jkf'k dh vfarae fd'r dk
      Hkqxrku fd;k tkosA
  c. Tkylzksr ij HkkSfrd lR;kiu desVh }kjk d`"kd dk uke o iw.kZ irk]
      LFkkfir o"kZ] dqy {ks=Qy] Qly o fdLe dk uke] jk"Vªh; ckxokuh fe'ku
      ds rgr vuqnkfur bR;kfn dh tkudkjh dk cksMZ yxok;k tkuk vfuok;Z
      gksxkA

                         lajf{kr d``f"k   (Protected cultivation)%


d`f"k tyok;qoh; dkjd& rkiØe] vknZzrk o lw;Z ds izdk'k dks fu;af=r djds
lfCt;ksa] Qwyksa o Qyksa vkfn m|kfudh Qlyksa dh fo'ks"k izdkj ls fufeZr <kapksa esa
[ksrh djds o"kZ Hkj vPNh vkenuh izkIr dh tk ldrh gSA blds fy;s d`"kdksa dks
vk/kqfud gkbZVsd i)fr;kas& xzhu gkÅl] 'kSMusV gkml] ,UVh cMZ usV rFkk iksyh
gkml] 'kSMusV gkml esa vf/kd ewY; okyh lfCt;ksa ,oa Qqyksa dh cht@ikS/k
jksi.k lkexzh ds fy, foÙkh; lgk;rk dk izko/kku gSA

¼d½ xzhu gkÅl LFkkiuk%

jk"Vªh; ckxokuh fe'ku ds rgr gkbZVsd xzhu gkÅl fuekZ.k dh ykxr 935 :Ik;s
izfr oxZehVj vf/kdre fu/kkZfjr dh xbZ gS ftlds vUrxZr jktLFkku gksVhZdYpj
MoyiesaV lkslk;Vh }kjk fu/kkZfjr ekin.M ,oa lisflfQds’ku vuqlkj xzhu gkml
¼ikyh gkml½ ds <kWaps o vko’;d lqfo/kkvks dk fuekZ.k rFkk flapkbZ lqfo/kkvks dk
fodkl lfEefyr gSA blds fy;s d`"kdksa dks ykxr dk 50 izfr'kr vf/kdre 467-
50 :- izfr oxZehVj vuqnku ns; gSA mDr ds lkFk gh jkT; ;kstuk en ls Hkh
xzhu gkÅl fuekZ.k ds fy;s y?kq o lhekUr d`"kd dks 25 izfr'kr ¼vf/kdre 233-
75 :Ik;s izfr oxZ ehVj½ o lkekU; d`"kd dks 17 izfr'kr ¼vf/kdre 158-95 :Ik;s
izfr oxZ ehVj½ vfrfjDr vuqnku miyC/k djk;s tkus dk izko/kku gSA bl izdkj
y?kq@lhekUr d`"kd dks dqy 75 izfr'kr ,oa lkekU; d`"kd dks 67 izfr'kr
vuqnku ¼jkT; ;kstuk en ls vfrfjDr vuqnku jkT; ljdkj ls Lohd`fr izkIr
gksus ds Ik'pkr½ ns; gksxkA
xzhu gkÅl fuek.kZ izfØ;k o vuqnku ds fy;s vuqnku izfØ;k%
1 d`"kd@QeZ@dEiuh tks xzhu gkÅl yxkdj m|kfudh Qly mRiknu ysuk
    pkgrk gS mls ykHkkFkhZ ekurs gq;s vuqnku fn;k tk ldsxkA
2 izR;sd ykHkkFkhZ dks vf/kdre 1000 oxZehVj {ks= ds fy;s vuqnku@lgk;rk
    ns; gksxhA
3 xzhu gkÅl dh fuekZ.k ykxr 935 :- izfr oxZehVj ls vf/kd ugha gksxh
    ftlesa flapkbZ lqfo/kk,sa Hkh lfEefyr jgsxhA vuqnku jkf’k xzhu gkÅl fuekZ.k
    ds IHITC ,Oka lEcf/kr ftyk vf/kdkjh }kjk l;qDr fujh{k.k mijkar fu/kkZjfr
    ekin.M vuqlkj ik;s tkus ij bl l;qDr desVh dh fjiksZV ds v/;/khu
    miyC/k djk;h tk;sxhA
4 xzhu gkml ¼ikyh gkml½ ds <kaaps o vko’;d lqfo/kkvks ,oa flapkbZ lqfo/kkvksa
    dk fuekZ.k jktLFkku gksVhZdYpj MoyiesaV lkslk;Vh }kjk fu/kkZfjr ekin.M
    ,oa lisflfQds’ku vuqlkj djus ij gh vuqnku ns; gksxkA xzhu gkÅl ¼ikyh
    gkml½ dk fuekZ.k jktLFkku gksVhZdYpj MoyiesaV lkslk;Vh }kjk jftLVMZ dh
    x;h (Empanelled) QeksZ ls bl gsrq fu/kkZfjr fd;s x;s ekin.M ,oa
    lisflfQds’ku vuqlkj djok;s tkus ij gh ns; gksxk ¼xzhu gkÅl fuekZ.k ds
    ekin.M i`Fkd ls fHktok;s tk jgs gS½A xzhu gkÅl fuekZ.k gsrq jktLFkku
    gksVhZdYpj MoyiesaV lkslk;Vh Lrj ls QeksZa dk iathdj.k fd;k tk jgk gS
    ftudh lwfp i`Fkd ls izsf"kr dh tkosxhA xzhu gkml dk fuekZ.k bUgh iathd`r
    QeksaZ esa ls fdlh Hkh QeZ ls djok;k tkuk vko';d gksxkA
5 IykafVx eSVsfj;y o xzhu gkÅl esa ikS/ks mxkus dh lkexzh ;Fkk feV~Vh] [kkn
    bR;kfn ij gksus okys O;; dh ykxr vyx jgsxhA
6 fdlh Hkh ykHkkFkhZ dks tks fd xzhu gkÅl yxkuk pkgrk gS mls cSad ls _.k
    ysus vFkok cSad xkjaVh nsus dh dksbZ ck/;rk ugha jgsxhA
7 xzhu gkÅl fuekZ.k ij vuqnku jk"Vªh; ckxokuh fe'ku o jkT; ;kstuk nksukas ls
    ns; gSA
8 xzhu gkÅl fuekZ.k ds fy;s vuqnku izkFkZuk&i= ds lkFk d`"kd dks Hkwfe laca/kh
    nLrkost] y?kq lhekUr dk izek.k&i=] feV~Vh ikuh dh fjiksVZ ,oa dEiuh dk
    dksVs'ku izLrqr djuk gksxk ftlds vk/kkj ij iz'kkldh; Lohd`fr tkjh dh
    tk;sxhA
9 xzhu gkÅl fuekZ.k ~ i=koyh ij d`"kd dk xzhu gkÅl ds lkFk QksVks yxk;k
    tk;sxk rFkk fcy bR;kfn ij d`"kd@ykHkkFkhZ ds gLrk{kj djokus gksaxsA bls
    HkkSfrd lR;kiu djrs le; lqfuf'pr fd;k tk;sxkA
10 ;fn fdlh d`"kd dks cSad ls _.k dh vko';drk gks rks blds fy, ,yvksvkbZ
    mi funs'kd d`f"k ¼foLrkj½@lgk;d funs'kd m|ku@lgk;d funs'kd d`f"k
    ¼foLrkj½ vius Lrj ls gh ns ldsaxsA cSad }kjk xzhu gkÅl dk iwjk _.k nsus
    dh vko';drk ugha gSA dsoy d`"kd fgLlk jkf'k ij gh _.k fn;k tk;sxkA
    D;ksafd vuqnku dh jkf'k lh/ks dEiuh dks gh fn;s tkus dk izko/kku gSA
11 vuqnku dk Hkqxrku ykHkkFkhZ dh fyf[kr lgefr ds vk/kkj ij lh/ks gh xzhu
    gkÅl fuekZ.k djus okyh dEiuh dks fd;k tk ldsxkA
12 d`"kd ls xzhu gkÅl fuekZ.k ls iwoZ esa d`"kd fgLlk jkf'k ;k rks dEiuh dks
    tek djkbZ tk ldrh gS aftldh dEiuh }kjk mldh izkfIr jlhn d`"kd dks
   nh tkosxh vFkok ftyk gksVhZdYpj MoyiesUV lsklk;Vh dks Hkh tek djkb tk
   ldrh gSA
13 d`"kd }kjk xzhu gkÅl fuekZ.k dk;Z iw.kZ dj ysus dh lwpuk ds lkFk i=koyh
   izkIr gksus ds mijkar vf/kdre ,d ekg esa HkkSfrd lR;kiu lqfuf’pr fd;k
   tkdj vuqnku dk fuLrkj.k djuk gksxkA
14 xzhu gkÅl dk fuekZ.k o rduhd vHkh izkjfEHkd voLFkk esa gS d`"kd dks
   bldh T;knk tkudkjh ugha gSA ,sls esa ftykf/kdkjh }kjk xzhu gkÅl fuekZ.k
   ds bPNqd d`"kdksa ds uke ls jftLVj la/kkfjr djds j[kk tkosa rFkk izR;sd 15
   fnol esa muls lEiØ dj ekxZn'kZu fn;k tkosaA tgka xzhu gkÅl yx jgk gS
   ml {ks= ds d`f"k i;Zos{kd ¼m|ku@d`f"k½ dh ftEesnkjh gksxh fd og d`"kd ls
   fujUrj lEiØ esa jgs o izR;sd 15 fnol esa bldh fyf[kr lwpuk o fjiksVZ
   lacaf/kr dk;kZy; dks miyC/k djkosaA leL;k dk rqjUr lek/kku xzhu gkÅl
   ;kstuk dh lQyrk ds fy, vko';d gksxkAxzhu gkml ij HkkSfrd lR;kiu
   desVh }kjk d`"kd dk uke o iw.kZ irk] LFkkfir o"kZ] dqy {ks=Qy] jk"Vªh;
   ckxokuh fe'ku ds rgr vuqnkfur bR;kfn dh tkudkjh dk cksMZ yxok;k
   tkuk vfuok;Z gksxkA

xzhu gkÅl fuekZ.k izfØ;k%
    1- vkosnd }kjk vius fuEu nLrkostks ds lkFk izkFkZuk&i= lacaf/kr ftyk
       dk;kZy; dks izLrqr djus gksxsa A
       1- feV~Vh ,oa ikuh dh tkap fjikZsVA
       2- dEiuh dk i= ftlls og xzhu gkÅl yxokuk pkgrk gSA
       3- xzhu gkÅl ds fuekZ.k ij fu/kkZfjr ekin.M vuqlkj gksus okys O;; ds
            foLr`r fooj.k ds lkFk jftLVMZ QeksZ esa ls fdlh ,d dk dksVs’ku@
            buokbl
       4- Qly dk uke ftldh og xzhu gkmLk esa [ksrh djuk pkgrk gSA
    2- d`"kd }kjk izkFkZuk i= izLrqr djus ij bldk jftLVªs'ku fd;k tk;sxk o
       d`"kd dks mlds jftLVªs'ku uEcj o fnukad dh tkudkjh nh tkosxhA
    3- d`"kd dks d`"kd fgLlk jkf'k vius Lrj ls dEiuh dks nsuh gksxhA blds
       fy;s izkFkZuk&i= ds lkFk dEiuh }kjk d`"kd fgLlk jkf'k dh jlhn yxkuh
       gksxhA ftyk gksVhZdYpj MoyiesUV lkslk;Vh esa ;fn d`"kd fgLlk jkf'k
       tek djkbZ tkrh gS rks foHkkxh; jlhn izkFkZuk i= ds lkFk laYkXu djuh
       gksxhA
    4- vkosnd }kjk vko’;d nLrkost ds lkFk izkFkZuk&i= izLrqr djus ij xzhu
       gkÅl fuekZ.k dh Lohd`fr tkjh dh tkosxhA
    5- d`"kd }kjk fgLlk jkf'k tek djkus ds i'pkr~ ftyk dk;kZy; }kjk xzhu
       gkÅl fuekZ.k dh Lohd`fr tkjh dh tk;sxhA Lohd`fr vkns'k esa d`"kd dk
       jftLVsª'ku uEcj o fnukad vafdr fd;k tk;sxk o bldh izfr jktLFkku
       gksVhZdYpj MoyiesaV lkslk;Vh dks miyC/k djk;h tk;sxhA
    6- ftyk dk;Zy; ls Lohd`fr tkjh gksus ds i'pkr~ p;fur dEiuh }kjk lkbV
       ij vkiwfrZ dh x;h xzhu gkml fuekZ.k lkexzh dh lwpuk fyf[kr esa ftyk
       dk;kZy; o d`"kd nksuksa dks nsuh gksxhA
   7- ftyk vf/kdkjh }kjk vf/kdre 10 fnol esa ekSds ij tkdj xzhu gkml
       fuekZ.k lkexzh dh tkap djds ekin.M vuqlkj gksus dh tkap dh tk;sxhA
   8- ftyk vf/kdkjh }kjk ekSds ij tkdj dh x;h tkap ds ckn lEcaf/kr QeZ
       dks vf/kdre 60 fnol esa xzhu gkÅl dk fuekZ.k dj lacaf/kr dk;kZy; esa
       lwfpr djuk gksxkA
   9- xzhu gkÅl fuekZ.k dk;Z iw.kZ gksus ij lnL; lfpo] ftyk gksVhZdYpj
       MoyiesUV lkslk;Vh ,oa vkbZ-,p-vkbZ-Vh-lh- ds fo'ks"kK dh l;qDr desVh
       }kjk HkkSfrd lR;kiu fd;k tkosxkA
   10- HkkSfrd lR;kiu ds le; xzhu gkÅl iw.kZ :i ls fufeZr gks mlesa vk/kqfud
       flapkbZ i)fr o fu/kkZfjr ekin.M vuqlkj vU; lHkh lqfo/kk;s fodflr dh
       gq;h ik;s tkus ij desVh fjiksZV ds v/;/khu vuqnku Hkqxrku dk;Zokgh dh
       tk;sxhA
   11- HkkSfrd lR;kiu ds Ik'pkr vuqnku jkf'k dk Hkqxrku lh/ksa gh fuekZrk
       dEiuh dks fd;k tk ldsxkA

¼[k½ ,UVh cMZ usV%
    m|kfudh Qlyksa esa fofHkUu if{k;kasa }kjk Qyksa esa gksus okys uqdlku dks de
    dj mRikndrk c<k;s tkus gsrq ,UVh cMZ usV ds iz;ksx dks izksRlkfgr djus ds
    fy;s ;kstuk vUrZxr ,UVh cMZ usV dh ykxr 20 :i;s izfr oxZ ehVj ij 50
    izfr'kr jkf'k :Ik;s 10@& izfr oXkZ ehVj dh nj ls vuqnku ns; gSA ,d
    ykHkkFkhZ dks vf/kdre 5000 oxZ ehVj ij vuqnku ns; gSA

vuqnku izfØ;k%
   1- m|kfudh Qly mRiknu ds fy;sa d`"kd@laLFkk@dEiuh }kjk ,UVh cMZ
      usV yxkus ij ykxr dk 50 izfr'kr ;k vf/kdre :Ik;s 50000 izfr 5000
      oxZehVj] tks Hkh de gks vuqnku ns; gSA
   2- izfr ykHkdrkZ vf/kdre 5000 oxZ ehVj {ks= rd vuqnku@ lgk;rk ns;
      gksxhA
   3- d`"kd@laLFkk@dEiuh }kjk vuqnku@lgk;rk gsrq vkosnu i= lacaf/kr
      ftyk dk;kZy; dks izLrqr djuk gksxkA
   4- ,UVh cMZ usV dh LFkkiuk ls iwoZ d`"kd ds ikl Lo;a dk Qy cxhpk gksuk
      pkfg;s ftl ij og ,UVh cMZ usV yxkuk pkgrk gSA
   5- d`"kd@ laLFkk dks ,UVh cMZ usV LFkkiuk ds fy;s <kapk vius Lrj ij Lo;a
      ds [kpsZ ls rS;kj djuk gksxkA bl ij vuqnku ns; ugha gksxkA
   6- ,UVh cMZ usV dh LFkkiuk gsrq jktLFkku gksVhZdYpj MoyiesUV lkslk;Vh
      }kjk QeksZ dk iathdj.k fd;k tk jgk gS ftldh lwpuk s i`Fkd ls izsf"kr
      dh tkosxhA
   7- ,UVh cMZ usV foHkkx }kjk iathd`r QeksZ esa ls fdlh Hkh QeZ ls yxok;k tk
      ldrk gSA foHkkx }kjk iathd`r QeksZ ds LFkku ij vU; QeZ ls yxok;s
      tkus ij ;kstukUrxZr vuqnku ns; ugha gksxkA
   8- ,UVh cMZ usV yxok;s tkus gsrq d`"kd dks izkFkZuk i= ds lkFk d`"kd fgLlk
       jkf'k tek djkbZ tkuh vfuok;Z gksxh ,oa ftl QeZ dk dksVs'ku Hkh yxkuk
       vfuok;Z gksXkkA
   9- blds Ik'pkr ftyk gksVhZdYpj MoyiesUV lkslk;Vh }kjk iz'kkldh;
       Lohd`fr tkjh dh tkosxhA RkRi'pkr d`"kd }kjk ,UVh cMZ usV yxok;s tkus
       dh dk;Zokgh dh tkosxhA
   10- dk;Z iw.kZ gksus dh lwpuk ftyk dk;kZy; dks nsus ds mijkUr laHkkxh;
       ftyk vf/kdkjh }kjk dk;Z dk HkkSfrd lR;kiu fd;k tkosxk ,oa HkkSfrd
       LkR;kiu ds mijkUr d`"kd dk lgefr i= gksus dh n'kk esa vuqnku jkf'k
       lh/ksa dh iathd`r QeZ dks nh tk ldsxhA
   11- d`"kd }kjk Lo;a ds Lrj ls ,UVh cMZ usV yxok;s tkus ij vuqnku jkf'k
       dk Hkqxrku d`"kd dk fMek.M MªkQ~V ds ek/;e ls fd;k tk ldsxkA mDr
       vuqnku jkf'k dk Hkqxrku d`"kd ls fcy izkIr gksus ds 15 fnol esa fd;k
       tkuk vfuok;Z gksxkA

¼x½ iksyh gkml esa vf/kd ewY; okyh lfCt;ksa ,oa Qwyksa dh ikS/k jksi.k lkexzh ij
    vuqnku%
    gkbZ Vsd m|kfudh dks viukus okys d`"kdksa dks xzhu gkml dh LFkkiuk ds
    lkFk lkFk vf/kd ewY; okyh lfCt;ksa ,oa Qwyksa dh ikS/k jksi.k lkexzh ij Hkh
    vuqnku ns; gS rkfd d`"kd ikyh gkml esa lfCt;kas ,oa Qwyksa dh uohu
    fdLeksa@ gkbZfczM fdLeksa dh [ksrh dj vf/kd equkQk izkIr dj ldsA bl
    dk;ZØe vUrxZr VekVj] f'keyk fepZ] [khjk] pSjh VekVj] djsyk] tjcsjk]
    dkjus'ku] xqykc vkfn Qlyksa dh ikS/k jksi.k lkexzh ij vuqnku ns; gSA

    ;kstuk vUrxZr fuEukuqlkj vuqnku ns; gS&

    ¼1½ lfCt;ksa dh ikS/k jksi.k lkexzh@cht% bl dk;ZØe vUrxZr lfCt;ksa ds
        chtksa @ikS/k jksi.k lkexzh dh dher 105@& :Ik;s oxZehVj fu/kkZfjr dh
        xbZ gS ftl ij 50 izfr'kr vuqnku vFkok 52-50@& :Ik;s izfr oxZ
        ehVj rd vf/kdre vuqnku ns; gSA ,d ykHkkFkhZ dks vf/kdre 500
        oxZehVj rd vuqnku ns; gSA
    ¼2½ Qwyksa dh ikS/k jksi.k lkexzh% bl dk;ZØe vUrxZr Qwyksa dh ikS/k jksi.k
        lkexzh dh dher 500@& :Ik;s oxZehVj fu/kkZfjr dh xbZ gS ftl ij
        50 izfr'kr vuqnku vFkok 250@& :Ik;s izfr oxZ ehVj rd vf/kdre
        vuqnku ns; gSA ,d ykHkkFkhZ dks vf/kdre 500 oxZehVj rd vuqnku ns;
        gSA

vuqnku izfØ;k%
   a. m|kfudh Qly mRiknu ds fy;sa d`"kd@laLFkk@dEiuh dks mijksDrkuqlkj
      vuqnku ns; gSA ykHkkFkhZ ds ikl Lo;a dk xzhu gkml gksuk vko';d gSA
   b. izfr ykHkdrkZ vf/kdre 500 oxZ ehVj {ks= rd vuqnku@ lgk;rk ns;
      gksxhA
   c. d`"kd@laLFkk@dEiuh }kjk vuqnku@lgk;rk gsrq vkosnu i= lacaf/kr
      ftyk dk;kZy; dks izLrqr djuk gksxkA
   d. lfCt;ksa ,ao Qwyksa dh ikS/k jksi.k lkexzh dh vkiwfrZ gsrq jktLFkku
      gksVhZdYpj MoyiesUV lkslk;Vh }kjk vkiwfrZ laLFkkvksa@ QeksZ dk iathdj.k
      fd;k tkdj ikS/k jksi.k lkexzh dh njksa dk fu/kkZj.k fd;k tk jgk gS
      ftldh lwpuk i`Fkd ls izsf"kr dh tkosxhA
   e. ikS/k jksi.k lkexzh foHkkx }kjk iathd`r QeksZ esa ls fdlh Hkh QeZ ls izkIr
      dh tk ldrh gSA foHkkx }kjk iathd`r QeksZ ds LFkku ij vU; QeZ ls ikS/k
      jksi.k lkexzh fy;s tkus ij ;kstukUrxZr vuqnku ns; ugha gksxkA
   f. lfCt;ksa ,oa Qwyksa dh ikS/kjksi.k lkexzh izkIr fd;s tkus gsrq d`"kd dks
      izkFkZuk i= ds lkFk vko';d d`"kd fgLlk jkf'k tek djkbZ tkuh vfuok;Z
      gksxh ,oa ftl LkaLFkk@QeZ ls ikS/k jksi.k lkexzh yh tkuh gS ml QeZ dk
      dksVs'ku Hkh yxkuk vfuok;Z gksXkkA
   g. blds Ik'pkr ftyk gksVhZdYpj MoyiesUV lkslk;Vh }kjk iz'kkldh;
      Lohd`fr tkjh dj vkiwfrZ lLaFkk@QeZ dks ikS/k jksi.k lkexzh dh lacaf/kr
      d`"kd dks vkiwfrZ gsrq vko';d vkns'k tkjh fd;k tkosxkA
   h. ikS/k jksi.k lkexzh vkiwfrZ gksus ds Ik'pkr ,ao mudk jksi.k gksus ds Ik'pkr
      vkiwfrZ laLFkk @QeZ dks d`"kd dh lgefr ds mijkUr vuqnku jkf'k ,oa
      d`"kd fgLlk jkf'k dk Hkqxrku fd;k tkosXkkA
   i. d`"kd }kjk Lo;a ds Lrj ls iathd`r laLFkk@ QeZ ls ikS/k jksi.k lkexzh
      Ø; djus ds Ik'pkr ,oa mudk HkkSfrd lR;kiu fd;s tkus ds mijkURk
      d`"kd dks ewy fcy izLrqr djus ds 15 fnol esa lh/ksa gh vuqnku jkf'k dk
      Hkqxrku fd;k tkosxkA

  lesfdr iks"k.k izca/ku@lesfdr thouk'kh izc/aku dks c<+kok nssuk   (IPM / INM)%


vkbZ,u,e@ vkbZih,e ds fy, dqy ykxr dh 50 izfr'kr lgk;rk nh tk,xh
ftldh vf/kdre lhek :- 1000 izfr gSDVs;j rFkk ;g 4 gSDVs;j izfr ykHkdrkZ
rd lhfer jgsxhA blds lkFk gh fodkl'khy lqfo/kkvksa tSls ikni LokLF;
fDyfud ds fy, Hkh ljdkjh laLFkkvksa dks lgk;rk miyC/k djkbZ tk,xhA

¼d½ lefUor dhV izca/ku%
vuqnku izfØ;k%
   1- ;kstukarxZr vknkuks dh ykxr dk 50 izfr'kr vf/kdre jkf'k :- 1000
      izfr gSDVs;j dh nj ls vuqnku miyC/k djk;k tkosxkA
   2- ,d d`"kd dks U;wure 0-4 gSDVs;j ,oa vf/kdre 4 gSDVs;j rd vuqnku
      fn;k tk ldsxkA
   d. izeq[k m|kfudh Qlyksa dh vkbZ-ih-,e- flQkfj'ksa ,oa lkadsfrd ykxr
      eksM~;wy ifjf'k"V&5 ,oa ifjf'k"V&6 ij layXu gSA blds vfrfjDr] {ks=h;
      leL;k vk/kkfjr vkbZ-ih-,e- eksM~;wy ftys@laHkkx esa fLFkr d`f"k
      fo'ofo|ky; ds vuqla/kku dsUnz@ d`f"k foKku dsUnz@foHkkxh; xzkg~;
       ijh{k.k dsUnz ds oSKkfudksa dh flQkfj'k ds vk/kkj ij cukdj fØ;kfUor
       fd;s tk ldsxsaA
   e. d`"kdksa dks Qly fo’ks"k ds fy;s vkbZ-ih-,e- eksM~;wy ds fooj.k dk
       lkfgR;@ yhQysV miyC/k djk;k tkuk gksxkA
   f. vkbZ-ih-,e- eksM~;wy esa ck;ksisLVhlkbZMl tSls cslhyl FkqfjUtsfUll] ,u-ih-
       oh-] VªkbZdksdkMZ~l] VªkbZdksMjek] uhe vk/kkfjr dhVuk'kh] fQjkseksu Vªsi]
       ykbZV Vªsi vkfn ij vuqnku miyC/k djk;k tkoasA
   g. ck;ksisLVhlkbZM vknkuksa ls dhV O;kf/k izcU/ku ugha gksus dh fLFkfr esa gh
       dhVuk'kh jlk;uksa ij vuqnku miyC/k djk;k tkosaA
   h. vknku O;oLFkk fuEukuqlkj dh tkosa&
      i. ftykf/kdkjh ljdkjh@lgdkjh laLFkk ls LFkkuh; Lrj ij le;c)
           vknku vkiwfrZ@miyC/krk lqfuf'pr djsa] rkfd d`"kd 'kr~ izfr'kr
           ykxr ij ogka ls vknku Ø; dj vuqnku ds Dyse~l foHkkx dks izLrqr
           dj ldssA ,sls esa foHkkx }kjk d`"kd dks vuqnku jkf'k dk pSd ds }kjk
           Hkqxrku fd;k tk;sxk vFkok d`"kd 50 izfr'kr va'knku vkiwfrZ laLFkk
           dks tek djkdj lh/ks gh vknku izkIr djsa] bl fLFkfr esa vuqnku dk
           Hkqxrku vkiwfrZ laLFkk dks fd;k tkosxkA
     ii. d`"kd dks vknku miyC/k djkus ds fy, d`f"k i;Zos{kd@lgk;d d`f"k
           vf/kdkjh }kjk ijfeV dkVk tkosxk ¼ifjf'k"V&4½A
   i. fu/kkZfjr HkkSfrd y{; izkIr djus ds ckn foÙkh; cpr dh fLFkfr esa HkkSfrd
       y{; c<+kdj foÙkh; y{;ksa dh 'kr~ izfr'kr iwfrZ lqfuf'pr dh tkosaA

¼[k½ jksx iwokZuqeku bdkbZ%

fodkl’khy lqfo/kkvksa tSls&jksx iwokZuqeku bdkbZ LFkkfir djus ds fy, dk;ZØe
ifj;kstuk vk/kkfjr gSA ftl ij ljdkjh laLFkkvksa@ d`f"k fo'ofo|ky;ksa dks 'kr
izfr'kr vf/kdre jkf'k :Ik;s 4-00 yk[k dk vuqnku ns; gSA pwfda ;g ,d
ifj;kstuk vk/kkfjr dk;ZØe gSA vr% laLFkkvksa dks ,d ifj;kstuk izLrko rS;kj
dj fe'ku funs'kd] jk"Vªh; ckxokuh fe'ku] t;iqj dks izLrqr djus gskxsaA bu
ifj;kstuk izLrkoksa dks Hkkjr ljdkj dks fHktok;k tkdj mudh Lohd`fr ds
mijkUr lacaf/kr lLaFkk dks vuqnku jkf'k miyC/k djkbZ tkosxhA

dk;Z iw.kZ gksus ij lacaf/kr laLFkku }kjk jktLFkku gkWVhZdYpj MoyiesaV lkslk;Vh]
t;iqj dks dk;Z iw.kZ gksus dh lwpuk ls voxr djkrs gq;s fu/kkZfjr izi= esa
mi;ksfxrk izek.k&i= izLrqr djuk gksxkA bdkbZ ds ckgj jk"Vªh; ckxokuh fe'ku
ls vuqnkfur dk cksMZ yxkuk gksxkA

jksx iwokZuqeku bdkbZ dh LFkkiuk gsrq xfrfof/kokj foLr`r fooj.k ifjf'k"V&7 ij
layXu gSA
jksx iwokZuqeku bdkbZ dh LFkkiuk gsrq fdlh izdkj dh Je 'kfDr ij lgk;rk
miyC/k uagh djkbZ tkosxh ,oa Hkfo"; esa lHkh izdkj dk RecuÙking Expendtiutre
lacaf/kr laLFkk }kjk gh ogu fd;k tkosXkkA

                        tSfod [ksrh   (Organic Farming):

oehZdEiksLV bdkbZ;ksa dh LFkkiuk %

fo’oLrj ij tSfod fo/kh ls mRikfnr [kk| lkexzh dh c<+rh ekax dks n`f"Vxr
j[krs gq;s m|kfudh Qlyksa esa tSfod [ksrh dks o"kZ 2005&06 ls izksRlkgu fn;k tk
jgk gSA iwoZ ds o"kksZ esa tSfod [ksrh dks izksRlkgu] oehZdEiksLV ;wfuV dh LFkkiuk
,oa tSfod izek.kkhdj.k dk;zØe fØ;kfuor fd;s tk jgs FksA pkyw foÙkh; o"kZ esa
dsoy oehZdEiksLV ;wfuV dh LFkkiuk dk;ZØe fy;k tk jgk gS ftldks izksRlkgu
gsr foHkkxh; vuqnku fuEukuqlkj miyC?k djk;k tkuk gSA

d`"kd p;u%
      d`"kd ds ikl Lo;a dh Hkwfe] ftl ij m|kfudh Qlyksa dh [ksrh dh tk
      jgh gks] gksuk vko';d gksxkA blds vfrfjDr] i;kZIr i'kq/ku] ikuh ,oa
      dkcZfud inkFkZ dh miyC/krk gksuh pkfg;sA
      d`"kd ds ikl U;wure 0-4 gSDVs;j Hkwfe Lo;a dh gksuh pkfg;sA
      tSfod [ksrh ds fy;s p;fur d`"kd@{ks= ds d`"kdksa dks izkFkfedrk nh
      tkoasA
      d`"kd }kjk oehZdEiksLV bdkbZ dh LFkkiuk gsrq vU; fdlh ;kstuk o
      foHkkxksa ls iwoZ esa vuqnku izkIr fd;k gqvk ugha gksA

vuqnku izfØ;k%
¼d½ LFkk;h lajpuk%

   1- LFkk;h lajpuk dh oehZ dEiksLV bdkbZ dh ykxr 60000@& :Ik;s fu/kkZfjr
      dh xbZ gS ftl ij 50 izfr'kr vFkok vf/kdre ykxr :Ik;s 30000@&
      dk vuqnku ns; gSA
   2- oehZ dEiksLV bdkbZ dh LFkkiuk ds fy;s 30 QqV yEckbZ o 20 QqV pkSM+kbZ
      esa LFkk;h izd`fr dh 'ksM@Nk;k dh O;oLFkk dh tkosaA
   3- oehZ dEiksLV bdkbZ ds fy;s Nk;k oehZ cSM dks rst jks'kuh ,oa cjlkr ds
      ikuh ls cpkuk gsrq 'ksM dh ÅapkbZ ,oa Hkkj bl izdkj dh tkos dh 'ksM ds
      mn~ns';ksa dh iwfrZ gks ldsA mfpr gksxk fd 'ksM dh ÅapkbZ chp esa de ls
      de 10 fQV vkSj fdukjs ij 8 fQV gksA
   4- 'ksM esa dke esa vkus okyh lkexzh LFkkuh; miyC/krk ds vuqlkj LVhy]
      ,LcsLVkl 'khV] iV~Vh ls cuk;h tk ldrh gSA blds fy;s LFkkbZ izd`fr dh
      Nk;k lkexzh mi;ksx esa yh tkosaA bl en esa ykxr dk 50 izfr'kr vuqnku
      miyC/k gksxkA
   5- oehZ dEiksLV bdkbZ ds fy;s 15 QhV yEch] 3 QhV pkSM+h csM~l rS;kj dh
       tkosaA csM~l ds pkjksa rjQ bZVksa dh nksgjh nhokj cukbZ tkosaA
   6- izR;sd 'ksM esa mDr vkdkj dh de ls de 6 csM~l cukbZ tkosa o csM~l dk
       ry dPpk j[kk tkosaA
   7- izR;sd csM esa 10 fdyks dsapq,a NksM+s tkosaA bl izdkj ,d bdkbZ ds fy;s
       de 60 fdyksa dsapq, miyC/k djk;s tkosaA
   8- dspq,a ,Vhlh] jftLVMZ xSj ljdkjh laLFkku@xkS'kkyk vkfn ls gh izkIr
       fd;s tkosaA
   9- izR;sd csM esa 400&400 xzke VªkbdksMekZ] ih,lch] ,tksVkscsDVj dYpj ,oa
       1-0 fdyksxzke uhe dh [ky iz;ksx esa yh tkosaA
   10- oehZ dEiksLV rS;kj djus ds fy;s lgk;d lkexzh tSls& dqV~Vh dh e'khu]
       nkaryh] iatk >ktk] ikbZi] QkoM+k] ijkr vkfn midj.k Hkh miyC/k djk;s
       tkosaA
   11- ftyk vf/kdkjh ;k mlds izfrfuf/k d`f"k i;Zos{kd@lgk;d d`f"k vf/kdkjh
       }kjk bdkbZ ds HkkSfrd lR;kiu mijkar gh vuqnku tkjh fd;k tkosaA
   12- vkosnd dks vuqnku jkf’k dk Hkqxrku pSd@ Mh-Mh- }kjk fd;k tkosaA
   13- oehZ dEiksLV bdkbZ dks de ls de rhu o"kZ rd fu;fer :i ls pyk;s
       j[kus ds fy;s 10 :i;s ds LVkEi ij dk 'kiFk&i= fy;k tkosaA
   14- vuqnkfur bdkbZ LFky ij LFkkbZ :i ls d`"kd dk uke] firk dk uke]
       jk"Vªh; ckxokuh fe'ku vUrxZr vuqnkfur oehZ dEiksLV bdkbZ ,oa
       vuqnkfur o"kZ vafdr djk;k tkosaA dk;Z’khy bdkbZ dk QksVksxzkQ dk;kZy;
       fjdkWMZ esa la/kkfjr djds j[kk tkosaA

¼[k½ ,p-Mh-ih-bZ oehZ csM%

   I. ,p-Mh-ih-bZ oehZ csM dh ykxr 10000@& :Ik;s fu/kkZfjr dh xbZ gS ftl
      ij 50 izfr'kr vFkok vf/kdre ykxr :Ik;s 5000@& dk vuqnku ns; gSA
  II. ,p-Mh-ih-bZ oehZ csM dk vkdkj 12 QqV yEckbZ o 4 QqV pkSM+kbZ ,oa 2 QhV
      xgjk gksuk pkfg;sA
 III. csM ds mij Nk;k dh O;oLFkk d`"kd ds Lo; ds Lrj ij dh tkosxhA
 IV. ,p-Mh-ih-bZ oehZ csM dh vkiwfrZ gsrq QeksZ dk iathdj.k jktLFkku
      gksVhZdYpj MoyiesUV lsklk;Vh }kjk fd;k tk jgk gS] ftldh lwfp s
      i`Fkd ls izsf"kr dh tkoxhA
  V. ,p-Mh-ih-bZ oehZ csM foHkkx }kjk iathd`r fdlh Hkh QeZ ls yh tk ldsxhA
 VI. ,p-Mh-ih-bZ oehZ csM dh njksa dh fu/kkZj.k Hkh foHkkx }kjk fd;k tkosxkA
VII. izfr ykHkdrkZ vf/kdre 5000 :Ik;s oehZ csM ij vuqnku miyC/k djk;k
      tkosxkA
VIII. d`"kd }kjk vuqnku@lgk;rk gsrq vkosnu i= lacaf/kr ftyk dk;kZy; dks
      izLrqr djuk gksxkA
  IX. oehZ csM foHkkx }kjk iathd`r QeksZ esa ls fdlh Hkh QeZ ls yh tk ldrh
      gSA foHkkx }kjk iathd`r QeksZ ds LFkku ij vU; QeZ ls oehZ csM fy;s tkus
      ij ;kstukUrxZr vuqnku ns; ugha gksxkA
   X. oehZ csM fy;s tkus ds fy, d`"kd dks izkFkZuk i= ds lkFk d`"kd fgLlk
      jkf'k tek djkbZ tkuh vfuok;Z gksxh ,oa ftl QeZ ls oehZ csM yh tkuh gS
      ml QeZ dk uke Hkh vfadr djuk gksxkA
  XI. blds Ik'pkr ftyk gksVhZdYpj MoyiesUV lkslk;Vh }kjk d`"kdks dh ekWax
      ds vuqlkj lacaf/kr QeksZ dks oehZ csM dh vkiwfZrZ gsrq vkns'k tkjh dj
      d`"kdks dks oehZ csM dh vkiwfrZ lqfuf'pr djsxsaA
 XII. d`"kd }kjk Lo;a ds Lrj ls oehZ csM fy;s tkus ij vuqnku jkf'k dk
      Hkqxrku d`"kd dks fMek.M MªkQ~V ds ek/;e ls fd;k tk ldsxkA mDr
      vuqnku jkf'k dk Hkqxrku d`"kd ls fcy izkIr gksus ds 15 fnol esa fd;k
      tkuk vfuok;Z gksxkA

oehZ dEiksLV rS;kj djus dh fof/k%
   1- loZizFke d`"kd vius [ksr esa 30 X 20 QhV lery Hkwfe dk p;u djsa] tks
       FkksM+h ÅapkbZ ij gks ftlls o"kkZ dk ikuh u vk ldsA
   2- lkekU;r% oehZ cSM dk vkdkj 15 X 3 QhV iz;ksxkRed :i ls lgh ekuk
       x;k gSA d`"kd bl vkdkj ds csM p;fur Hkwfe ij cuk ldrs gSA
   3- tSfod vo'ks"k ls dkap] iRFkj] /kkrq ds VqdM+s vkfn fudkydj vyx djsaA
   4- xkscj dks cSM esa Mkyus ls igys 2&3 fnu rd ikuh fNM+dj B.Mk djsaA
   5- 15 X 3 QhV ds csM esa loZiFke 6 bap rd [ksr dk lM+&xy ldus okys
                                        z
       dpjs dh rg fcNk;sA
   6- mijksDr <sj ij ,d iryh ijr iwoZ esa cuh gqbZ xkscj ;k dspq,a ds [kkn
       dh MkysA
   7- blds i'pkr~ nks&rhu fnu iwoZ esa rS;kj xkscj dh xkM+s /kksy dh ,d iryh
       ijr fcNk;s ,oa ikuh ls vPNs izdkj ls fNM+dko djsaA
   8- blds i'pkr~ bl ij 10 fdyksxzke dsapq,a NksM+sA
   9- ÙkIk'pkr~ dwM+s&dpjs dh rg fcNkdj xkscj dk /kksy mijksDrkuqlkj cukdj
       fNM+dko djsaA
   10- bl izfØ;k dks rc rd nksgjkrs jgs tc rd fd <sj 1-5 QhV Åapk u gks
       tk;sA
   11- csM dks dsys ds iÙks] VkV ;k vU; tSfod vo'ks"kksa ls <d nsuk pkfg,]
       D;ksafd dsapq, va/ksjs esa vf/kd fØ;k'khy gksrs gSA
   12- blh izdkj vU; csM rS;kj djs ,oa bl iwjs {ks= dh Nk;k gsrq LFkk;h <kapk
       cuk;k tkosaA
   13- oehZ csM esa 25&30 fnu ckn VªkbdksZMekZ] ,tsDVkscsDVj ih,lch vkfn ¼400
       xzke izR;sd½ dks 14 yhVj ikuh esa feykdj csM ds Åij fNM+dko djus ls
       oehZ dEiksLV dh xq.koÙkk esa lq/kkj gksrk gSA d`"kd blh le; ,d
       fdyksxzke uhe dh [ky dks feykdj Hkh bldh xq.koÙkk c<+k ldrs gSA
   14- 30&35 izfr'kr ueh cuk;s j[kus ds fy;s >kjs dh lgk;rk ls ikuh dk
       fNM+dko le;&le; ij djrs jgsA
   15- yxHkx 50&60 fnu esa dsapq,a tSfod vo'ks"kksa o xkscj dks oehZ dEiksLV [kkn
       esa cny nsaxsA
16- rS;kj oehZ dEiksLV dkys Hkwjs jax dh gksxh rFkk blesa fdlh izdkj dh cncw
    ugha gksxhA
17- rS;kj [kkn dks Nk;k esa <sj ds :i esa ,df=r djys] rFkk ikuh nsuk can
    dj nsA
18- 5&6 fnu ckn [kkn dks Åij ls bdV~Bk dj cksjh esa Hkjdj B.Ms LFkku
    ij j[ks rFkk uhps cph gq, [kkn dks Nyuh ls Nku dj dsapq,a dks vyx
    dj ys] ftUgsa vyx ls dke esa fy;k tk ldrk gSA
19- bl izdkj izfØ;k dks nksgjk dj fdlku ,d gh ;wfuV ls o"kZ esa 4&5 ckj
    oehZ dEiksLV rS;kj dj yxHkx 8&10 Vu rd oehZ dEiksLV iSnk dj
    ldrk gSA
20- blds vfrfjDr izfro"kZ dsapq,a ds la[;k Hkh djhc nqxquh ls vf/kd gks tkrh
    gS] ftls foi.ku dj ;k vU; bdkbZ;ksa esa dke ysdj vfrfjDr vk; izkIr
    dh tk ldrh gSA
                         e/kqeD[kh ikyu   (Bee-Keeping)%

e/kqeD[kh ikyu d`"kd ds fy, vfrfjDr vk; dk lk/ku gSA blds ikyu ls d`"kd
dks 'kgn] ds lkFk&lkFk e/kqeD[kh dkWyksuh ,oa ekse ds foØ; ls vkenuh izkIr
gksrh gS o ijijkx.k okyh Qlyksa tSls ljlksa vkfn esa e/kqeD[kh dh dkWyksuh j[kus
ls mRiknu es Hkh o`f) gksrh gSaA

jk"Vªh; ckxokuh fe’ku ds rgr e/kqeD[kh iztudksa }kjk mRikfnr e/kqeD[kh dh
Js"B dkyksfu;ksa dks fdlkukas@e/kqeD[kh ikydksa dks forfjr djok;k tk jgk gSA
blds fy;s e/kqeD[kh dh Js"B dkyksfu;ksa dh [kjhn dks c<+kok nsus gsrq pkj Qzseksa
okyh izfr dkWyksuh dh nj 1400 :Ik;s ,oa e/kqeD[kh ikyu ckDl dh dher 1600
:Ik;s fu/kkZfjr dh xbZ gsS ftl ij 50 izfr'kr dh nj ls vFkok jkf'k :Ik;s
700@& izfr dkyksuh ,oa :Ik;s 800@& izfr ckWDl dh nj ls vf/kdre vuqnku
miyC/k djk;s tkus dk izko/kku gSA ,d ykHkkFkhZ dks vf/kdre 50 dkyksuh ,oa 50
e/kqeD[kh ckDl vuqnku ij miyC/k djk;s tk ldrs gSA

blds vfrfjDr eq/qkeD[kh ikyu ls lacaf/kr midj.k tSls 'kgn fudkyus dh 4
Qzse dh e'khu] QwM xzsM dUVsuj ¼30 fdyksxzke {kerk dk½ o usV vkfn ftudh
vuqekfur ykxr 14000@& izfr lsV fu/kkZfjr dh xbZ gS ij ykxr dk 50
izfr'kr vFkok vf/kdre jkf'k :Ik;s 7000@& izfr lsV izfr ykHkkFkhZ miyC/k
djk;s tkus dk izko/kku gSA ,d ykHkkFkhZ dks bl izdkj dk ,d lsV gh vuqnku
ij miyc/k djk;k tk ldrk gSA

dkWyksuh ,oa ckWDl O;oLFkk%
e/kqeD[kh dkWyksuh ,oa e/kqeD[kh ikyu ckWDl d`"kdksa dks miyC/k djkus ds fy;s
ftykf/kdkfj;ksa }kjk fuEukuqlkj dk;Zokgh dh tkosa&
  okafNr dk;Zokgh               e/kqeD[kh dkWyksuh               e/kqeD[kh ikyu ckWDl
 LisflfQds'ku       ,d e/kqeD[kh dkWyksuh esa ydM+h ds     ,d e/kqeD[kh ikyu ckWDl esa
                    cus gq, pkj Qzse gksrs gS tks ,fil     20 Qzse ¼[kkyh½ gksrs gSa tks fd
                    eSyhQsjk iztkfr dh e/kqefD[k;ksa ds    Mcy LVksjh gksrk gSA blds uhps
                    v.Mk] ykokZ] I;wik] ,d xfHkZr jkuh     ds [k.k dks czwM o Åij ds [k.k
                    ls Hkjs jgrs gSA buesa ls de ls de     dks guh pSEcj dgrs gSaA nksuksa esa
                    ,d Qzse esa ¼70 ls 80 izfr'kr rd½      10&10 Qzse yxs gksrs gSA guh
                    I;wik] ,d esa v.Mk ykokZ ¼70 ls 80     pSEcj ds Åij <Ddu yxk
                    izfr'kr rd½ Hkjs gksus pkfg, rFkk      gksrk gSA e/kqeD[kh ikyu ckWDl
                    Qzse esa 'kgn Hkh gksA                 ds foHkkxh; Lisf'kfQds'ku
                                                           ifjf'k"V&9 ij lyaXu gSA
 dsVsfxjh ,oa lhek ;kstukUrxZr y?kq] lhekUr] vuqlwfpr      ;kstukUrxZr y?kq] lhekUr]
                   tkfr] vuqlwfpr tu tkfr] efgyk           vuqlwfpr tkfr] vuqlwfpr tu
                   d`"kd] e/kqeD[kh ikyu izf'k{k.k izkIr   tkfr] efgyk d`"kd e/kqeD[kh
                   d`"kd@ e/kqeD[kh ikydks dks             ikyu izf'k{k.k izkIr d`"kd@
                   ykHkkfUor djus esa ojh;rk nh tkosaA     e/kqeD[kh ikyd dks ykHkkfUor
                   izR;sd ykHkkFkhZ dks vf/kdre 50         djus esa ojh;rk nh tkosaA
                   dkWyksuh rd vuqnku fn;k tk izR;sd ykHkkFkhZ dks vf/kdre 50
                   ldrk gSA                             ckWDl rd vuqnku fn;k tk
                                                        ldrk gSA
foHkkxh; vuqnku dkWyksuh ds ewY; dk 50 izfr'kr e/kqeD[kh ikyu ckWDl ds ewY;
                   vFkok jkf'k :i;s 700 tks Hkh de dk 50 izfr'kr vFkok jkf'k
                   gks vuqnku ns; gksxkA                :i;s 800 tks Hkh de gks
                                                        vuqnku ns; gksxkA
dkWyksuh     ckWDl dkWyksuh dh O;oLFkk djus ds fy;s e/kqeD[kh ikyu ckWDl dh
O;oLFkk            lacaf/kr ftykf/kdkjh y?kq foKfIr O;oLFkk lacaf/kr ftykf/kdkjh
                   tkjh dj e/kqeD[kh dkWyksuh lIyk;lZ y?kq foKfIr tkjh dj e/kqeD[kh
                   ¼ch&czhMlZ½ dh ftyk eq[;ky; nj ikyu ckWDl lIyk;lZ dh ftyk
                   vkaef=r dj ch&czhMj iaftd`r eq[;ky; nj vkaef=r dj
                   djsaxs] o ftys ds fy, izkIr U;wure lIyk;lZ dks iaftd`r djsaxs] o
                   nj ij vuqnku dh x.kuk dj ftys ds fy, izkIr U;wure nj
                   vuqnku miyC/k djk;k tkosaA d`"kd ij vuqnku dh x.kuk dj
                   fdlh Hkh iathd`r lIyk;j ls vuqnku miyC/k djk;k tkosaA
                   e/kqeD[kh dkWyksuh izkIr dj ldsxk] ;g myys[kuh; gS fd d`"kd
                   ysfdu vuqnku x.kuk U;wure nj dks fdlh Hkh iathd`r lIyk;j ls
                   vk/kkj ekudj dh tk;sxhA ftys esa e/kqeD[kh ikyu ckWDl izkIr dj
                   e/kqeD[kh dkWyksuh lIyk;lZ miyC/k ldsxk] ysfdu vuqnku x.kuk
                   ugha gksus     ;k y{; ds vuq:i U;wure nj dks vk/kkj ekudj
                   LkIyk;lZ ds ikl dkWyksuh;ka miyC/k dh tk;sxhA ftys esa e/kqeD[kh
                   ugha gksus dh fLFkfr esa lacaf/kr ikyu ckWDl lIyk;lZ miyC/k
                   ftykf/kdkjh }kjk lgk;d funs'kd ugha gksus ;k y{; ds vuq:i
                   m|ku] Hkjriqj dks ekxZnf'kdk tkjh LkIyk;lZ ds ikl ckWDl miyC/k
                   gksus dh frfFk ls 20 fnol ds igys ugha gksus dh fLFkfr esa lacaf/kr
                   voxr djk;saxs] rkfd lgk;d ftykf/kdkjh }kjk lgk;d
                   funs'kd m|ku] Hkjriqj vius ftys funs'kd m|ku] Hkjriqj dks
                   ds vfrfjDr vU; ftykas ds fy, Hkh ekxZnf'kdk tkjh gksus dh frfFk
                   e/kqeD[kh dkWyksuh miyC/k djkus ds ls 20 fnol ds igys voxr
                   fy, O;oLFkk dj ldsA lgk;d djk;saxs rkfd lgk;d funs'kd
                   funs'kd m|ku fofHkUu ftyksa gsrq m|ku] Hkjriqj vius ftys ds
                   foHkkxh; Lisf'kfQds'ku ds vuq:i vfrfjDr vU; ftykas ds fy, Hkh
                   ,Q-vks-vkj- njsa izkIr dj ch&czhMlZ e/kqeD[kh ikyu ckWDl miyC/k
                   iathd`r djsaxsA njsa iathd`r djrs djkus ds fy, O;oLFkk dj
                   le; lacaf/kr ftyksa ds izfrfuf/k;ksa ldsA ,slh fLFfr esa lgk;d
                   dks Hkh cqyk;k tkosaA                funs'kd m|ku fofHkUu ftyksa
                                                        gsrq foHkkxh; Lisf'kfQds'ku ds
                                                        vuq:i ,Q-vks-vkj- njsa izkIr
                                                        dj ckWDl lIyk;lZ iathd`r
                                                        djsaxsA njsa iathd`r djrs le;
                                                        lacaf/kr ftyksa ds izfrfuf/k;ksa dks
                                                        Hkh cqyk;k tkosaA
iathdj.k 'kqYd     e/kqeD[kh      dkWyksuh     lIyk;j izR;sd e/kqeD[kh ikyu ckWDl
                  ¼ch&czhMlZ½ dh la[;k c<+kus gsrq         lIyk;j ls jkf'k :i;s 1000
                  ftys esa T;knk ls T;knk ch&czhMj         iathdj.k 'kqYd ds :i esa yh
                  iathd`r fd;s tkosaA izR;sd ch&           tkosa] tks fd ukWu fjQaMscy
                  czhMlZ ls jkf'k :i;s 1000 iathdj.k       gksxhA
                  'kqYd ds :i esa yh tkosa] tks fd
                  ukWu fjQaMscy gksxhA
flD;wfjVh jkf'k   iathdj.k 'kqYd ds vfrfjDr lewfpr         iathdj.k 'kqYd ds vfrfjDr
                  cSad xkjaVh@izfrHkwfr jkf'k Hkh izR;sd   lewfpr cSad xkjaVh@izfrHkwfr
                  ch&czhMlZ ls tek djkbZ tk;s tks          jkf'k Hkh izR;sd e/kqeD[kh ikyu
                  fd vkj-,p-Mh-,l- ds foÙkh; ,oa           ckWDl lIyk;j ls tek djkbZ
                  ys[kk fu;e ds vuq:Ik gksxhA              tk;s tks fd vkj-,p-Mh-,l- ds
                  dkWyksuh dk dksbZ fookn gksus ij         foÙkh; ,oa ys[kk fu;e ds
                  tkap gsrq iz;ksx'kkyk Hkstk tkrk gS      vuq:Ik gksxhA ckWDl dk dksbZ
                  rks mldh Qhl lacaf/kr vkiwfrZdrkZ        fookn gksus ij tkap gsrq
                  ls olwy dh tkosxhA                       iz;ksx'kkyk Hkstk tkrk gS rks
                                                           mldh Qhl lacaf/kr vkiwfrZdrkZ
                                                           ls olwy dh tkosxhA
lR;kiu            d`"kdks dks e/kqeD[kh dkWyksuh miyC/k    d`"kdks dks e/kqeD[kh ikyu
                  djkrs le; foHkkxh; Lisf'kfQds'ku         ckWDl miyC/k djkrs le;
                  ds vuq:i e/kqeD[kh dkWyksuh gS ;k        foHkkxh; Lisf'kfQds'ku ds
                  ugha dk lR;kiu lacaf/kr d`f"k            vuq:i ckWDl gS ;k ugha dk
                  i;Zos{kd }kjk 'kr izfr'kr fd;k           lR;kiu lacaf/kr d`f"k i;Zos{kd
                  tkosaA blh izdkj 65% lgk;d d`f"k         }kjk 'kr izfr'kr fd;k tkosaA
                  vf/kdkjh] 40% d`f"k vf/kdkjh] 2%         blh izdkj miyC/k djkbZ xbZ
                  lR;kiu lgk;d funs'kd m|ku                e/kqeD[kh ikyu ckWDl dk 65%
                  }kjk fd;k tkosaA                         lgk;d d`f"k vf/kdkjh] 40%
                                                           d`f"k vf/kdkjh ] 2% lR;kiu
                                                           lgk;d funs'kd m|ku }kjk
                                                           fd;k tkosxkA
e/kqeD[kh iztkfr e/kqeD[kh dh okafNr iztkfr d`"kdksa
fujh{k.k desVh   dks miyC/k djkus ds fy;s le;&
                 le; ij iathd`r ch&czhMlZ ,oa
                 ykHkkafUor d`"kdksa dk fujh{k.k fd;k
                 tkosaA bl gsrq ftys ds lgk;d
                 funs'kd m|ku o ftys@ laHkkx esa
                 fLFkr ,-Vh-lh@ ds-oh-ds-@vuqla/kku
                 dsUnz@ l;qaDr funs'kd m|ku ¼dhV½
                 esa ls fdlh ,d dhV oSKkfud dks
                 ysdj lR;kiu fd;k tkosaA
vuqnku Hkqxrku   lR;kiu i'pkr~ le; ij vuqnku lR;kiu i'pkr~ le; ij
                 jkf'k dk Hkqxrku d`"kd dks fd;k vuqnku jkf'k dk Hkqxrku d`"kd
                 tkosaA                               dks fd;k tkosaA

vuqnku izfØ;k%
e/kqeD[kh ikyd dks mPp xq.koÙkk dh e/kqeD[kh dkWyksuh le; ij feys blds fy,
30 fnlEcj dh le; lhek ds vUnj e/kqeD[kh dkWyksfu;ksa dk forj.k fd;k tkosaA

e/kqeD[kh ikyd ekbxzs'ku ij tkus ls iwoZ vius ftys ds mi funs'kd d`f"k
foLrkj@ lgk;d funs'kd m|ku ds ;gka viuk fu%'kqYd iaftdj.k djkdj
ekbxzs'ku lfVZfQdsV izkIr djsa] rkfd lQj esa vuko';d foyEc u gksA ekbxzs'ku
lfVZfQdsV tkjh djus ds fn'kk&funsZ'k ,oa lfVZfQdsV dk izk:i Øe'k%
ifjf'k"V&10 o 11 ij layXu gSA

e/kqeD[kh ikyu ls lacf/kr midj.kksa dh O;oLFkk%

   a) bl dk;ZØe vUrxZr d`"kdks dks e/kqeD[kh ikyu ls lacaf/kr midj.kksa dk
      lsV ftlesa ,d 4 Qzse dh 'kgn fudkyus dh e'khu] 30 fdyks {kerk dk
      ,d QwM xzsM dUVsuj ,oa usV lfEefyr gS] dks vuqnku ij fn;s tkus dk
      izko/kku gSA
   b) mDr midj.kksa dh O;oLFkk ds fy, lacaf/kr ftyk vf/kdkjh vius Lrj ls
      izpfyr Lis'khfQds'ku dk fu/kkZj.k djrs gq, jktLFkku gksVhZdYpj
      MoyiesUV lkslk;Vh ds ys[kk ,oa foÙkh; jsX;wys’ku ds vuqlkj fufonk
      dk;Zokgh djrs gq, vkiwfrZ drkZ dk iathdj.k djsxsaA
   c) ,d ykHkkFkhZ dks dsoy ,d lsV ij gh vuqnku miyC/k djk;k tkosxkA
   d)          mDr lsV mUgh d`"kdks dks miyC/k djk;s tk ldsxsa ftUgs foÙkh;
      o"kZ esa e/kqeD[kh dkyksuh ,ao ckDl miyc/k djk;s x;s gSA
   e)d`"kd }kjk Lo;a ds Lrj ls gh iathd`r QeZ ls midj.kksa dk lsV Ø;
      fd;k tkosxk ,ao d`"kd }kjk midj.kksa dk eqy fcy vkosnu i= ds lkFk
      tek djk;s tkus ds Ik'pkr HkkSfrd LkR;kiu fd;k tkosxkA HkkSfrd lR;kiu
      lgh ik;s tkus dh n'kk esa vuqnku dk Hkqxrku d`"kd dks fMek.M MªkQ~V ds
      ek/;e ls fd;k tkosxkA

                              m|kfudh esa ;kaf=dj.k

   m|kfudh esa ;kaf=dj.k dk;ZØe dks o"kZ 2010&11 ls gh ubZ xfrfo/kh ds :Ik
   esa jk"Vªh; ckxokuh fe'ku ds vUrxZr lfEefyr fd;k x;k gS rkfd [ksrh esa
   dke vkus okys etnwjksa dh ykxr dks de fd;k tkdj mRikndrk esa o`f} dh
   tk ldsA bl dk;ZØe ds rgr 'kfDr pfyr midj.kksa ij lgk;rk miyC/k
   djk;s tkus dk izko/kku gSA ;g vuqnku d`"kdksa ds vfrfjDr mRiknd l?ak]
   d`"kd lewg] Lo;a lgk;rk lewg] efgyk d`"kd lewg ftuds de ls de 10
   lnL; gks ,oa tks fd m|kfudh Qlyksa dh [ksrh djrs gksa] dks Hkh miyc/k
   djkbZ tk ldrh gSaA m|kfudh midj.kksa dh lgh ns[kHkky ,oa buds lgh
   iz;ksx gsrq ftyk gskVhZdYpj MoyiesUV lkslk;Vh bu lewgksa ls ,d MOU
   fd;k tkosxkA
   bl dk;ZØe ds rgr ns; vuqnku fuEukuqlkj gS&

              dk;ZØe          dqy ykxr             ns; vuqnku
    'kfDr pfyr ;a= e;    :Ik;s    35000@& ykxr dk 50 izfr'kr vf/kdre
    'kfDr pfyr dVkjh ,oa izfr lSV         :Ik;s 17500@& izfr midj.k
    ikS/k laj{k.k midj.k                  lSV
                         :Ik;s 120000@& ykxr dk 50 izfr'kr vf/kdre
    'kfDr pfyr ;a= ¼20 ch-
                         izfr lSV
    ,p-ih- rd½ e; jksVkosVj               :Ik;s 60000@& izfr midj.k
                                          lSV
    'kfDr pfyr ;a= ¼20 :Ik;s 300000@& ykxr dk 50 izfr'kr vf/kdre
    ,p-ih- ,oa vf/kd½ e; izfr lSV         :Ik;s 150000@& izfr midj.k
    vU; midj.k                            lSV

vuqnku izfØ;k%
   1- ;kstukUrxZr izR;sd d`"kd dks ,d midj.k ij gh vuqnku ns; gksxkA
   2- mDr midj.kksa @ ;a=ksa dh vkiwfrZ gsrq jktLFkku gksVhzDYpj MoyiesUV
      lkslk;Vh }kjk QeksZ dk iathdj.k fd;k tkdj midj.kksa ds Lis'khfQds'ku
      ,oa njksa dk fu/kkZj.k fd;k tk jgk gsS ftudh lwfp i`Fkd ls izsf"kr dh
      tkosxhA
   3- m|kfudh Qly mRiknu ds fy;sa d`"kd@d`"kd lewg@ Lo;a Lkgk;rk
      lewg@ efgyk d`"kd lewg dks mijksDrkuqlkj vuqnku ns; gSA ykHkkFkhZ ds
      ikl midj.kksa ij lgk;rk izkIr djus ds fy, Lo;a dk Qy cxhpk gksuk
      pkfg;sA 'kfDr pfyr ;a=kas gsrq U;wure 1 gsDVs;j] 'kfDr pfyr ;a= ¼20 ch-
      ,p-ih rd½ gsrq 2 gsDVs;j ,oa 'kfDr pfyr ;a= ¼20 ,p-ih ls vf/kd½ gsrq
      4 gsDVs;j {ks= esa Qy cxhpk LFkkfir gksuk vko';d gSA
   4- izfr ykHkdrkZ vf/kdre 1 midj.k ij vuqnku@ lgk;rk ns; gksxhA
   5- vuqnku@lgk;rk gsrq vkosnu i= jktLFkku gksVhZdYpj MoyiesUV
      lkslk;Vh] t;iqj dks izLrqr fd;s tkosxsaA
   6- ;kaf=dj.k gsrq vko';d midj.k fy;s tkus gsrq d`"kd dks izkFkZuk i= ds
      lkFk vko';d QeZ dk dksVs'ku Hkh yxkuk vfuok;Z gksXkkA blds vfrfjDRk
      ;g 'kiFk i= Hkh nsuk gksxk fd muds Lo;a ds ikl fu/kkZfjr {ks=Qy esa
      Qy cxhpk LFkkfir gSA
   7- 'kfDr pfyr ;a= e; 'kfDr pfyr dVkjh ,oa ikS/k laj{k.k midj.k gsrq
      vko';d midj.k iathd`r QeksZ esa ls fdlh Hkh QeZ ls izkIr dh tk ldrs
      gSA foHkkx }kjk iathd`r QeksZ ds LFkku ij vU; QeZ ls midj.k fy;s tkus
      ij ;kstukUrxZr vuqnku ns; ugha gksxkA
   8- 'kfDr pfyr ;a= tks 20 ch-,p-ih- ls de ;k T;knk ds gks muds fy;s
      izkIr vkosnu i=ks esa ls pkgs x;s nLrkostks ds vk/kkj ij iw.kZ ik;h x;h
      i=kofy;ksa dh iwoZ fu/kkZfjr frFkh o le; ij rhu vf/kdkfj;ksa dh desVh
      ds le{k miyC/k y{;ksa dh nksxquh la[;k rd dh ykVjh fudkyh tkosxh A
   9- ykVjh esa p;fur vkosndks dks blds Ik'pkr jktLFkku gksVhZdYpj
       MoyiesUV lkslk;Vh }kjk iz'kkldh; Lohd`fr tkjh dh tkosxhA
   10- iz'kkldh; Lohd`fr tkjh gksus ds Ik'pkr ykHkkFkhZ }kjk fdlh fuekZrk ls
       'kfDr pfyr ;a= tks 20 ch-,p-ih- ls de ;k T;knk ftlds fy;s ykVjh
       }kjk p;u fd;k x;k gS Ø; fd;s tkosxsA
   11- midj.k Ø; fd;s tkus ds Ik'pkr laHkkxh; mifuns'kd m|ku] lgk;d
       funs'kd m|ku@ mifuns'kd d`f"k ¼foLrkj½ ,oa ,d d`f"k vf/kdkjh ds
       desVh }kjk Ø; fd;s x;s midj.k ,oa d`"kd ds ikl LFkkfir Qy cxhpksa
       dk HkkSfrd lR;kiu fd;k tkosxkA HkkSfrd fujh{k.k ds Ik'pkr d`"kd dks
       vuqnku tkjh fd;k tkosxkA mDr vuqnku d`"kd dh lgefr ds mijkUr
       vuqnku lh/ksa gh QeZ dks Hkh fd;k tk ldrk gSA

  ekuo lalk/ku fodkl dk;ZØe ¼Human Resource Development Programme½%

izf'k{k.k vkSj izn'kZu ds ek/;e ls ekuo lalk/ku fodkl jk"V~h; ckxokuh fe'ku
dk ,d egRoi.wkZ fgLlk gSA bl dk;ZØe ds varxZr fdlkukas] QhYM Lrj ds
dkfeZdks rFkk vf/kdkfj;ksa ds izf'k{k.k ds dk;ZØe lfEefyr gSA Qly dh mPp
iSnkokj okyh fdLeksa rFkk d`f"k iz.kkyh ds viukus gsrq fdlkuksa dks mfpr izf'k{k.k
iznku djus ds fy, dk;ZØe ftyk Lrj ij] jkT; Lrj ij ,oa jkT; ds ckgj Hkh
vk;ksftr fd, tk,axsA izf'k{k.k dk;ZØe gsrq ftyk Lrj ij vk;ksftr izf'k{k.k gsrq
400@& :Ik;s izfr d`"kd] jkT; Lrj ij vk;ksftr fd;s tkus okys izf'k{k.k gsrq
750@& :Ik;s izfr d`"kd ,oa jkT; ls ckgj izf'k{k.k dk;ZØe vk;ksftr gksus ij
1000@& :Ik;s izfr d`"kd izfr fnu dh nj ls jkf'k O;; dh tk ldsxhA
dk;ZØe dk;kZUo;u ls tqM+s dkfeZdksa rFkk QhYM Lrj ds os deZpkjh tks fdlkukas
dks izf'kf{kr@xkbZM djus okys LVkQ ls lacafa/kr gS buds fy, Hkh izf'k{k.k
dk;ZØe fd, tk,axsA

izf'k{k.k ds varxZr ,d izeq[k dk;Zdyki fdlkukas dks lalk/ku lkexzh iznku djuk
vkSj izn'kZuh rFkk izn'kZuksa ds ek/;e ls bUgsa fofHkUu d`f"k rduhdksa ds ckjs esa izcq)
:i ls tkudkj cukuk gSA bldh O;kid vkSj lEi.wkZ izfrHkkfxrk dks lqfuf'pr
djus ds fy, izf'k{k.k dk;ZØeksa ds izpkj dh Hkh t:jr gksxhA;g dk;Zdyki
futh rFkk ljdkjh nksuksa {ks=ksa ds lkFk&lkFk jktLFkku gksVhZdYpj MoyiesaV
lkslk;Vh ds Lrj ls vuqeksnu izkIr gksus ij ,u th vks }kjk Hkh fd, tk ldsaxsaA
lQyre ,oa izxfr'khy fdlkukas ds [ksrkas dks izf'k{k.k dsUnz ds :i esa mi;ksx esa
yk;k tk,xkA

ftys esa vFkok vU; ftys esa ;k vU; jkT;kas esa viukbZ tk jgh mRiknu fØ;kfof/k
ds ckjs esa fdlkukas dks tkudkj cukus ds Øe esa izf'k{k.k vkSj [ksr nkSjkas ds
vk;ktsu ds dke dks 'kq: fd;k tk,xkA izf'k{k.k ds lkFk nkSjs dks 2&5 fnu ds
fy, vk;ksftr fd;k tk,xkA ftyk Lrj ij gh Hkze.k dk;ZØe vk;ksftr djus ij
250@& :Ik;s izfr d`"kd izfr fnu] jkT; Lrj ij Hkze.k dk;ZØe vk;ksftr djus
ij 300@& :Ik;s izfr d`"kd izfr fnu ,oa jkT; ds ckgj Hkze.k dk;ZØe
vk;ksftr djus ij 600 :Ik;s izfr d`"kd izfr fnu dh nj ls jkf'k O;; dh tk
ldsxh ftlesa vkokl] izfrfnu vkgkj HkÙkk vkSj izf'k{k.k fdV 'kkfey gSA d`"kdksa
dh ;k=k ij gksus okys O;; dks i`Fkd ls fe'ku eSustesaV en ls Hkqxrku fd;k
tkosxkA ;g izf’k{k.k@ Hkze.k dk;ZØe jktLFkku gksVhZdYpj MoyiesaV lkslk;Vh
ls izkIr y{;ksa ds v/;/khu gh vk;ksftr djok;s tk ldsaxsA

¼d½ i;Zos{kdksa] m|fe;ksa] xkMZuj rFkk QhYM dk;ZdÙkkZvkas ds izf'k{k.k dk;ZØe%
             bl dk;ZØe esa ckxokuh {ks=ksa esa yksxkas dks m|eh ;k Lojkstxkj ds
             :i esa izf'kf{kr djds izc/akdh; rFkk rduhdh nksukas Lrjksa ij
             tkudkjh rFkk n{krk c<+kus vkSj ckxokuh {ks= esa jkstxkj gsrq
             dq'kyrk ds fuekZ.k vkSj fdlkukas dh tkudkjh ds mUu;u ds fy;s
             ij eq[; :i ls /;ku fn;k x;k gSA dk;ZØe ds 3 ?kVd gS&
       1- i;Zos{kdksa ¼lqijokbZtj½ dk izf'k{k.k
       2- m|fe;kas dk izf'k{k.k
       3- xkMZujksa dk izf'k{k.k

              i;Zos{kdksa ¼lqijokbZtj½ o m|fe;ksa ds fy, izf'k{k.k ds dk;ZØe d`f"k
              fo'ofo|ky;ksa@ Hkk-d`-v-i- laLFkkukas ij vk;kfstr fd, tk,axsA
              xkMZuj ij izf’k{k.k d`f"k foKku dsUnzksa rFkk d`f"k fo'ofo|ky;kas }kjk
              fn;k tk,xkA
              ckxokuh dk;ZØeksa ds fØ;kUo;u ls tqM+s foHkkxh;
              vf/kdkfj;ksa@deZpkfj;ksa rFkk foLrkj dk;ZdÙkkZvksa dks jkT; esa ;k
              jkT; ds ckgj fofHkUu izf'k{k.k dk;ZØeksa ds varxZr izf'kf{kr fd;k
              tk,xkA ;s vf/kdkjh blds ckn vius lacaf/kr {ks= esa LVkQ vkSj
              fdlkuksa dks izf’kf{kr djsaxsA
              foHkkxh; vf/kdkfj;ksa@deZpkfj;ksa ds jkT; esa gh izf'k{k.k dk;ZØe
              vk;ksftr djus ij mUgs 200@&:i;s izfr fnu ,oa jkT; ls ckgj
              izf'k{k.k vk;ksftr djk;s tkus ij 650 :Ik;s izfr fnu ns; gksxkA
              blds vfrfjDr mUgs ;k=k HkÙkk rFkk nSfud HkÙkk Hkh ns; gksxkA ;g
              izf’k{k.k Hkh jktLFkku gksVhZdYpj MoyiesaV lkslk;Vh ds }kjk
              vkaofVr y{;ks ds v/;/khu@ funsZ’kkuqlkj gh v;ksftr djok;s tk
              ldsaxsA
              i;Zos{kd vkSj m|e'khyrk ds izf'k{k.k dk;ZØe ds fy, U;uwre
              'kS{kf.kd ;ksX;rk mPprj ek/;fed rFkk xkMZuj ds fy, d{kk&8
              ¼fefMy½ Lrj gSA
              i;Zos{kd vkSj m|fe;kas ds fy, izf'k{k.k dk;ZØe vk;ksftr djus dh
              lkadsfrd ykxr 20-00 yk[k :- o xkMZuj izf’k{k.k ds fy;s 15-00
              yk[k :- gksxhA
              cqfu;knh <kaps ds lqn`<+hdj.k gsrq laLFkku dks nh tkus okyh lgk;rk
              ,d eq'r jgsxh tks izf’k{k.k ’kq: djus ds izFke o"kZ ds fy;s gh ns;
              gksxhA
             iwoZ esa ftu laLFkkuks@dsUnzks dks ,d eq’r jkf'k miyC/k djk;h tk
             pqdh gS mUgs vc vkxs ,d eq’r jkf'k ns; ugh gksdj flQZ vU;
             izko/kuks ds rgr miyC/k jkf'k gh ns; gksxhA
             i;Zos{kdksa ¼lqijokbZtj½ ds fy;s ikB~;Øeksas dh vof/k ,d o"kZ o
             xkMZujksa ds fy, N% ekg vkSj m|fe;ksa ds fy, rhu ekg jgsxhA
             izR;sd LkLaFkku ij okf"kZd 25 i;Zos{kd] 50 ckxokuksa vkSj 25
             m|fe;ksa dks izf’kf{kr fd;k tk ldsxkA


        i;Zos{kd rFkk m|fe;kas ds izf'k{k.k        xkMZuj ds izf'k{k.k ds fy, ykxr
                ds fy, ykxr lajpuk                                   lajpuk
       1- Nk=o`fÙk 1500 :- izfrekg ¼25         6- Nk=o`fÙk 1000 :0 izfrekg ¼25
          izf'k{k.kkFkhZ] ,d o"kZ½&4-50 yk[k       izf'k{k.kkfFkZ;kas ds fy, 6 ekg ds nks
          :i;s                                     izf'k{k.k½ & 3-00 yk[k :i;s
       2- ikB~;Øe lkexzh& 0-25 yk[k            7- ikB~;Øe lkexzh & 0-25 yk[k :Ik;s
          :Ik;s                                8- cqfu;knh <kaps ds lqn`<+hdj.k gsrq
       3- cqfu;knh <kaps ds lqn`<+hdj.k gsrq       laLFkku dks lgk;rk ¼,d eq'r½&6-
          laLFkku dks lgk;rk ¼,d                   50 yk[k :Ik;s
          eq'r½&10yk[k :-                      9- vkWijs'kuy lgk;rk 5-25 yk[k :Ik;s
       4- ifjpkyu lgk;rk 5-25 yk[k             10- dqy & 15-00 yk[k :Ik;s
          :Ik;s
       5- dqy & 20-00 yk[k :Ik;s

¼[k½ d`"kd izf'k{k.k ¼Farmers Training½
lkekU; funsZ'k%
    1- izf'k{k.k izko/ku vuqlkj ,d las rhu fnolh; gksxs o izR;sd izf'k{k.k
       dk;ZØe esa 50 d`"kd Hkkx ysaxsA
    2- izf'k{k.k dk;ZØe dk vk;kstu d`f"k foKku dsUnz@d`f"k vuqla/kku
       dsUnz@,Vhlh@ ;k vU; LFkku tgka izf'k{k.k laca/kh vko';d lqfo/kk;sa
       miyC/k gS ij fd;k vkaofVr y{;ks ds vuqlkj vk;ksftr djok;k tkosaA
    3- izf'k{k.k vk;kstu ds le; o frfFk dk O;kid izpkj&izlkj fd;k tkosaA
       jktLFkku gkWVhZdYpj MoyiesaV lkslk;Vh] t;iqj dks de ls de 10 fnu
       iwoZ izf'k{k.k vk;kstu dh frfFk dh lwpuk nh tkosaA
    4- izf'k{k.k vk;kstu ds iwoZ bldh fo"k;oLrq ds eqfnzr lkfgR; dk dEisfM;e
       rS;kj fd;k tkosaA d`"kdksa dks jftLVªs'ku ds lkFk dEisfM;e dh izfr
       miyC/k djk;h tkosaA bldh 3 izfr;ka fe'ku funs'kd] jktLFkku gksVhZdYpj
       MoyiesaV lkslk;Vh] m|ku funs'kky;] t;iqj dks miyC/k djk;h tkosaA
    5- Qly@fo"k; fo'ks"k ij vk;ksftr izf'k{k.k dk;ZØe esa d`"kdksa dks fo"k;oLrq
       dh xgurk ls tkudkjh nh tkosaA
    6- izf'k{k.k ,d ls vf/kd fnu dh vo/kh dk gksus ij d`"kdksa dks jk=h foJke
       izf'k{k.k LFky ij gh djk;k tkosaA d`"kdksa dks jk=h esa fofM;ks fQYel
       izn'kZu ds ek/;e ls Hkh d`f"k rduhd dh tkudkjh nh tkosaA
   7- izR;sd izf'k{k.k ij gq;s O;; ds laf{kIr fooj.k ds lkFk izxfr ls jktLFkku
        gksVhZdYpj MoyiesaV lkslk;Vh dks voxr djk;k tkosaA
    8- ftyk Lrj ij izf'k{k.k vk;kstu gsrq foÙkh; izko/kkuksa dk enokj fooj.k
        ftyk Lrj ij cuk;k tkdj izf'k{k.k dk;ZØe vk;ksftr fd;s tkosxsaA
    9- jkT; Lrj ij izf'k{k.k dk;ZØe ds vk;kstu gsrq enokj fooj.k jktLFkku
        gksVhZdYpj MoyiesaV lkslk;Vh }kjk fHktok;k tkosxkA
    10- izf'k{k.k ds nkSjku fdlh ,d en ds O;; esa cpr vkrh gS rks nwljs en esa
        vko';drk gksus ij cpr jkf'k dke esa yh tk ldrh gS fdUrq bl ckr dk
        /;ku j[kk tkosa fd izf'k{k.k O;; fu/kkZfjr jkf'k ls vf/kd ugha gksosaA
d`"kd p;u%
    1- d`"kd p;u lacaf/kr ftys ds lgk;d funs'kd m|ku@mi funs'kd d`f"k
        ¼fo-½ ds }kjk fd;k tkosaA blds fy;s bQ~dks@lgdkjh cSad@,u-th-vks-@
        Hkwfe fodkl cSad vkfn dk Hkh lg;ksx fy;k tk ldrk gSA
    2- d`"kd p;u esa u;s Qy cxhps yxkus okys @jk"Vªh; ckxokuh fe’ku ds
        dk;ZØe ysus okys d`"kdksa dks izkFkfedrk nh tkosaA
    3- izf'k{k.kks ds }kjk le;&2 ij ;FkklEHko ftys dh lHkh iapk;r lfefr;ksa
        ds d`"kdksa dh Hkkxhnkjh lqfuf’pr dh tkosaA Qly fo'ks"k ds izf'k{k.k esa
        izxfr'khy d`"kd ftuds }kjk mDr Qly yh tk jgh gS rFkk vU; d`"kd
        ftudks m|kfudh Qlyksa gsrq izsfjr fd;k tk lds dks lfEefyr fd;k
        tkosaA
    4- d`"kdksa ds p;u esa dqN fMªi flLVe yxk;s gq;s d`"kdksa dk lekos'k fd;k
        tkosa] rkfd vkilh laokn ls bldh mi;ksfxrk dks le> ldsA
    5- i'kqikyu ,oa Ms;jh ds O;olk; ls tqM+s dEiksLV@oehZ dEiksLV dk mi;ksx
        djus okys d`"kdksa dks Hkh 'kkfey fd;k tkosaA
    6- ,sls d`"kd tks foHkkx }kjk iwoZ esa bl fo"k; ij izf'kf{kr fd;s tk pqds gks]
        dks lfEefyr ugha fd;k tkosaA

izf'k{k.k esa lfEefyr fd;s tkus okys O;k[;ku fcUnq%
izf'k{k.k esa lacaf/kr rdfudh fo"k; ds lkFk&lkFk tehu] ty ,oa tu ls tqM+s
fo"k;ksa ij tkudkjh nh tkosaA izR;sd izf'k{k.k esa fu/kkZfjr fo"k; ds lkFk ml {ks=
dh eq[;&eq[; m|kfudh Qlyksa ds fy;s ty izca/ku] dhV O;k/kh fu;a=.k]
QlyksÙkj izca/ku ,oa cht mRiknu vkfn ds lkFk fuEu fcUnqvksa ds ckjs esa Hkh
lkekU; tkudkjh d`"kdksa dks miyC/k djk;h tkosaA
    1- feV~Vh dh tkap dh vko';drk] QlypØ dh vko';drk ,oa mlls ykHk]
         Hkwfe lq/kkj] thok.kq [kkn] gjh [kkn] ftIle] lw{e Ùko] VªkbZdksMªek]
         jkbtksfc;e] ,tsDVkscsDVj ,oa ih,lch dk iz;ksxA
    2- ty iquHkZj.k] ty miyC/krk ,oa mldk leqfpr mi;ksx fMªi ,oa QOokjk
         la;a=ksa dk egRo ¼flapkbZ foHkkx ds vf/kdkfj;ksa] fMªi] QOokjk fuekZrk }kjk
         ih-,p-] bZ-lh- tehu lss ty dk fj'rk½A
    3- d`f"k ,oa m|kfudh Qly mRiknu& ¼d`f"k foHkkx ,oa m|ku foHkkx ds
         vf/kdkfj;ksa }kjk foLr`r tkudkjh nh tkosa ,oa d`"kdksa ls ppkZ dj mudh
         leL;kvksa dk lek/kku fd;k tkosa½A
   4- d`f"k ,oa m|ku foHkkx }kjk ns; lqfo/kk;saA
   5- jksx] muls cpko ,oa jksdFkke dh tkudkjhA
   6- i'kqvksa esa d`f=e xHkkZ/kku] ikSf"Vd vkgkj] jksx muls cpko ,oa jksdFkke dh
      tkudkjhA
   7- lkekftd dY;k.kdkjh ;kstukvksa dh tkudkjhA
   8- izf'k{k.k nkSjku izxfr'khy d`"kdksa ds Hkh fopkjksa dh tkudkjh mDr d`"kdksa
      dks nh tkosaA

uksV% izf'k{k.k esa Hkkx ysus okys d`"kdksa dk uke] irk ,oa nwjHkk"k uEcj ftys ds
lgk;d funs'kd m|ku@mi funs'kd d`f"k ¼fo½ dk;kZy; esa j[ks tkosa rFkk
le;&le; ij muls nwjHkk"k ij lEiØ Hkh fd;k tkosa] tkfd mudh leL;kvksa
dk lek/kku 'kh?kz gks ldsA

¼x½ d`"kd izf'k{k.k ,oa Hkze.k ¼Farmers Training & Visit½%
   1. lEHkkfx;ksa dh la[;k ,d Hkze.k ny esa cl dh {kerk ds vuq:i j[kh tk,A
   2. izR;sd d`"kd izf'k{k.k ,oa Hkze.k dk;ZØe dh vof/k vf/kdre 5 fnol dh
      gkssxhA
   3. ftys ds lHkh oxksZa ds d`"kdksa dks ykHkkfUor djok;k tk;sA
   4. ,sls izxfr'khy d`"kdksa dks ykHkkfUor djk;k tk;s] tks d`f"k laca/kh mUur
      rduhdh dks xzzg.k dj mls ykxw djus esa fo'ks"k :ph j[krs gksA
   5. jkT; vFkok jkT; ls ckgj ,sls {ks=ksa dk p;u fd;k tk, ftldh
      HkkSxksfyd ,oa tyok;q ifjfLFkfr;ka ¼Agroclimatic Conditions½@ d`f"k
      rdfud ftys ds d`"kdks ds fy;s ykHkdkjh gks ldsA
   6. Hkze.k laca/kh lHkh O;oLFkk,a iwoZ esa gh r; fd;s tkdj jktLFkku gksVhZdYpj
      MoyiesaV lkslk;Vh dks de ls de 10 fnu iwoZ lwfpr fd;k tkosaA Hkze.k
      ds izLrkfor LFkku] foJke LFky] [kkus ihus dh lqfo/kk] fn[kyk, tkus okys
      LFkkuksa rd igqapus ds lk/ku vkfn dk fo'ks"k /;ku j[kk tk,A lEHkkfx;ksa
      dks fdlh Hkh izdkj dh vuko';d vlqfo/kk ugha gksuh pkfg, blds fy;s
      ,d Vªsofyax ,tsUlh ;k ;k=k dk;ZØe ¼Tour Programme½ dk dk;Z vkids
      ftys esa tks Hkh laLFkk,a djrh gks] muls Hkh lEiØ LFkkfir dj fy;k tk,A
   7. ;g Hkze.k d`f"k vf/kdkjh@lgk;d d`f"k vf/kdkjh ds usr`Ro esa gh fd;k
      tk, rFkk dqN dkfeZd Hkh lkFk fy, tk ldrs gSA
   8. O;; djrs le; ferO;;rk dks /;ku esa j[kk tk, ,oa fu/kkZfjr izko/kkuksa ls
      vf/kd O;; ugha fd;k tkosaA
   9. jkT; ds ckgj vk;ksftr Hkze.k dk;ZØe esa mPp mRikndrk (Productivity)
      izkIr djus ds dk;ZØe] izn'kZu] d`f"k fo'ofo|ky; }kjk djk, tk jgs
      vuqla/kku dk;Z] xSj&ljdkjh laLFkkvksa }kjk djk, x, izeq[k dk;Z] gkbZVsd
      ,xzhdYpj] ckxokuh] ty dk dq'ky izca/ku] tSfod [ksrh] lafonk [ksrh vU;
      jkT;ksa ds d`f"k foHkkx }kjk fd, x;sa uokpkj dk;ZØe ;k vU; dksbZ d`f"k ls
      lacaf/kr dk;ZØe tks fn[kyk;k tkuk gS] vkfn ds ckjs esa iwoZ esa laiØ djds
      Hkze.k o izf'k{k.k dk;ZØe dk nSfud ¼rkjh[kokj o fefuV Vw fefuV½ fooj.k
      rS;kj fd;k tkosA
   10.         Hkze.k dk;ZØe jktLFkku gksVhZdYpj MoyiesaV lkslk;Vh ds }kjk
      vkaofVr y{;ks ds v/;/khu@ funsZ’kkuqlkj gh v;ksftr djok;s tk ldsaxsA
   11.         d`"kd izf'k{k.k ,oa Hkze.k dk;ZØe ds fy;s jkf'k Hkze.k dh vo/kh o
      LFkku ¼ftyk@jkT; ds vUnj@jkT; ds ckgj½ ds vuq;kj jk"Vªh; ckxokuh
      fe'ku ds ekuo lalk/ku fodkl dk;ZØe esa miyC/k izko/kku ds vuq;kj
      O;; dh tkosA bl gsrq ;kstuk ds fy;s miyC/k djk;h x;h jkf'k esa ls
      vfxze jkf'k vkgj.k djus dh Lohd`fr iznku dh tkrh gSA
   12.         d`"kdks ds Hkze.k gsrq muds ;krk;kr ij vkus okys O;; dk okLrfod
      Hkqxrku jk"Vªh; ckxokuh fe'ku ds fe'ku eSustesaV en ls fd;k tkosxkA
   13.         Hkze.k ds i'pkr~ izR;sd lgk;d funs'kd m|ku Hkze.k dk;ZØe]
      vuqHkoksa dk fooj.k e; viuh fVIi.kh ds funs'kky; dks fHktok;sxsa] lkFk gh
      dksbZ fo'ks"k vuqHko gks rks blls vU; ftyksa ds lgk;d funs'kd dks Hkh
      voxr djk;k tkosA Hkze.k@izf'k{k.k ds ckn vuqHko ckaVus (Experience
      Sharing) gsrq leh{kk cSBd esa ikoj ikWbUV iztsUVs'ku Hkh djsaxsA

                 Qly rqM+kbZ mijkar izc/aku ¼Post Harvest Management½%

Qly rqM+kbZ mijkar izc/aku esa iSdsftax] xzsfMax] ifjogu] lalk/ku vkSj idkbZ rFkk
Hk.Mkj.k 'kkfey gSA ;s lqfo/kk,a ckxokuh mRiknu dh foi.kurk dks c<+kus] mRikn
ds ewY;o/kZu] ykHkiznrk dks c<+kus vkSj gkfu de djus ds fy, vko';d gSA blds
                                               s
fy;s ckxokuh Hk.Mkj.k] ifjogu] foi.ku] iSdftax vkSj xzsfMax rFkk fu;kZr ds fy,
cqfu;knh <kpas laca/kh lqfo/kkvksa ds ,d usVoØ dh LFkkiuk dks izksRlkfgr djuk gSA
blesa jk"Vªh; ckxokuh cksMZ ¼,u ,p ch½] foi.ku ,oa fujh{k.k funs'kky; ¼Mh ,e
vkbZ½ vkSj jk"Vªh; lgdkjh fodkl fuxe ¼,u lh Mh lh½ dh ekStnwk Ldhesa
vf/kdre lHakkfor lhek rd mi;ksx esa ykbZ tk,xhA

bl lanHkZ esa fof'k"V dk;ZØe tks jk"Vªh; ckxokuh fe'ku ds rgr 'kq: fd, x;s
gS] muesa iSd x`gksa dh LFkkiuk] izh dwfyax ;wfuV] 'khr Hk.Mkj.k ;wfuVsa] izkFkfed@
py izlaLdj.k bdkbZ@ jkbZifuax psEcj] ok"ihd`r@U;wu mtkZ 'khr x`g] vYi
ykxr dh izlaLdj.k bdkbZ ,oa de ykxr ds I;kt Hk.Mkj.k lajpuk 'kkfey gSA
;s lHkh ifj;kstuk,a okf.kfT;d Ldhekas ds ek/;e ls m|fe;kas }kjk pykbZ tk,xh]
ftlds fy, ;kstukUrZxr lgk;rk ØSfMV fyad cSad ,aMsM lfClMh ds :Ik ¼tek ls
tqM+h okfilh vkfFkZd lgk;rk½ ns; gksxhA jkT; ljdkj dh ,tsafl;ka Hkh ,slh
xfrfof/k;ksa ds fy, blh lhek rd lgk;rk dh ik= gksxhA blds vfrfjDr
lgdkjh lfefr;kW] mRiknd la?k] d`"kd lewg] Lo;a lgk;rk lewg] efgyk d`"kd
lewg ftuds U;ure 25 lnL; gksa ,oa os iathd`r gks] mudks Hkh dk;ZØe ds
izko/kkuqlkj fEukuqlkj lgk;rk ns; gksxhA

QlyksÙkj izc/aku
     dEiksusUV         vuqekfur ykxr ¼yk[k :-½                      vuqnku
 d½iSd gkml ¼9 ehVj     :Ik;s 3-00 yk[k izfr bdkbZ   ykxr dk 50 izfr'kr vFkok vf/kdre jkf'k
 x 6 ehVj½                                           :Ik;s 1-50 yk[k izfr bdkbZ
 [k½ izh dwfyax ;wfuV    :Ik;s 15-00 yk[k ¼6 eSfVªd    ykxr dk 40 izfr'kr vFkok vf/kdre jkf'k
                                  Vu {kerk½            :Ik;s 6-00 yk[k izfr bdkbZ ¼ØsfMV fyaDM
                                                       cSd ,afMM vuqnku½
 x½ dksYM LVksjst         :i;s 6000@& izfr eS-Vu       ykxr dk 40 izfr'kr vFkok vf/kdre jkf'k
 ¼5000 eS-Vu gsrq½                                     :i;s 120-00 yk[k izfr bdkbZ ¼ØsfMV fyaDM
                                                       cSd ,afMM vuqnku½
 ?k½ izkFkfed @          :Ik;s 24-00 yk[k izfr bdkbZ   ykxr dk 40 izfr'kr vFkok vf/kdre jkf'k
 eksckbZy izlaLdj.k                                    :Ik;s 9-60 yk[k izfr bdkbZ ¼ØsfMV fyaDM
 bdkbZ                                                 cSd ,UmsM½
 M½ jkbifuax psEcj        :i;s 6000@& izfr eS-Vu       ykxr dk 40 izfr'kr vFkok vf/kdre jkf'k
 ¼5000 eS-Vu gsrq½                                     :i;s 120-00 yk[k izfr bdkbZ ¼ØsfMV fyaDM
                                                       cSd ,afMM vuqnku½
 p½ok"ihd`r@U;wu         :Ik;s 4-00 yk[k izfr bdkbZ    ykxr dk 50 izfr'kr vFkok vf/kdre jkf'k
 mtkZ dwy psEcj ¼8                                     :Ik;s 2-00 yk[k izfr bdkbZ
 eS-Vu½
 N½ izlaLdj.k bdkbZ      :Ik;s 2-00 yk[k izfr bdkbZ    ykxr dk      50 izfr'kr vFkok vf/kdre jkf'k
 ¼de ykxr½                                             :Ik;s 1-00   yk[k izfr bdkbZ
 t½ de ykxr dh           :Ik;s 1-00 yk[k izfr bdkbZ    ykxr dk      50 izfr'kr vFkok vf/kdre jkf'k
 I;kt Hk.Mkj.k lajPkuk                                 :Ik;s 0-50   yk[k izfr bdkbZ
 ¼25 eS-Vu½

dksYM LVksjst%
Qly mRikn dks fu;af=r okrkoj.k esa Hk.Mkfjr djds rjks&rktk cuk;s j[kus ds
fy;s eYVh pSEcj 'khr x`gksa ds fuekZ.k ij ØSfMV fyad cSad ,afMM lfClMh ds :Ik
esa vuqnku ns; gSA
    20 'khr x`g vko';d :i ls eYVh psEcj ,oa vk/kqfud rduhd ls cus gksus
        pkfg;s ,oa ;s 'khr x`g bUlwys'ku] vknzrk fu;a=.k] vk/kqfud dwfyax iz.kkyh
        ls ;qDr gksus pkfg;s rkfd ;s mtkZ laj{k.k esa ykHknk;d gks ldsA
    21 buds Lis'khfQds'ku ,oa ekin.M d`f"k ,oa lgdkfjrk foHkkx] Hkkjr ljdkj
        }kjk blds fy;s tkjh fd;s x;s fn’kkfunsZ’kkuqlkj ,oa fu/kkZfjr ekin.Mksa ds
        vuqlkj gksus vko';d gSA
                                            w
    22 bu 'khr x`gksa esa dksby ,oa fMQ~;tj flLVe tks fd ok;q lapj.k ,oa
        rkieku dks izHkko'kkyh rjhds ls fu;af=r dj lds] dk mi;ksx fd;k tkuk
        pkfg;sA
    23 iz'khru midj.k vk/kqfud rduhd ds gksus pkfg;s tks fd 'khr x`g ds
        vUnj fofHkUu rkieku Lrj dks fu;af=r dj lds ,oa okrkjo.k lg;ksxh
        gksus pkfg;asA
    24 dEiszlj eYVh flysUMj] LØw VkbZi ,oa mi;qDr {kerk dk gksuk pkfg;sA
    25 mtkZ ds mi;ksx dks de djus rFkk izHkkoh 'khryu le; dks de djus ds
        fy, dUMsUlj mi;qDr izdkj dk gksuk pkfg;sA
    26 'kkhrx`g dh ckgjh rjQ mi;qDr FkeZy bUlwys'ku ,oa vUnj dh rjQ
        mi;qDr DysfMax eSVsfj;y dk iz;ksx fd;k tkuk pkfg;sA bUlwys'ku ds
        ekin.M vkbZ,l 661%2000 ds vuq:Ik RkFkk bUlwys'ku dk iz;ksx vkbZ,l
        661 ,oa vkbZ,l 13205 ds vuqlkj gksuk pkfg;sA
   27 'khrx`gksa ds j[kj[kko ,oa lapkyu gsrq ;ksX;rk/kkjh ,oa n{k dkfeZdksa dh
      lsok,sa yh tkuh pkfg;sA
   28 'khrx`gksa dh {kerk de gksus ij Hkhs U;wure nks psEcj gksus pkfg;sA
   29 izR;sd psECkj esa rkieku ,oa vknzrk gsrq mi;qDr fu;f=ar midj.k yxs gksus
      pkfg;sA
   30 'khrx`gks esa csx vFkok ckWDl esa Ik;kZIr Hk.Mkj.k gsrq mi;qDr ry gksus
      pkfg;s ,oa fofHkUu ryksa esa mi;qDr nwjh gksuh pkfg;sA
   31 'khr x`gksa esa izlLadj.k gsrq fu/kkZfjr {ks= gksuk pkfg;s rkfd ;kf=ad NVkbZ]
      xzsfMax] /kqykbZ ,oa iSfdax ds midj.k Hkh yxk;s tk ldsA
   32 'khrx`gksa ds FkeZy bulwys'ku ds vk/kqfudhdj.k gsrq ykxr 1000 :Ik;s izfr
      eS-Vu fu/kkZfjr dh xbZ gS ,oa dwfyax flLVe ds vk/kqfudhdj.k] ,;j ¶yks]
      bysfDVªd bulqys'ku] gsUMfyax midj.k] lqj{kk midj.k vkfn ds fy,
      ykxr 2000 :Ik;s izfr eS- Vu fu/kkZfjr dh xbZ gSA
   33 QlyksÙKj izcU/ku dk;ZØe esa ,d ls vf/kd dEiksusUV ij Hkh l;qaDr :Ik
      ls lgk;rk miyC/k djkbZ tk ldrh gSA
   34 ifj;kstuk izLrkoksa esa x.kuk dh x;h tehu dh dher ifj;kstuk ykxr dh
      10 izfr’kr ls vf/kd ugha gksuh pkfg,A x.kuk dh x;h tehu dh dher
      m|e dh ekftZu euh ds :Ik esa ekuh tkosaA m|eh }kjk Ø; fd;s tkus ij
      gh tehu ykxr dh x.kuk ifj;kstuk izLrko esa lfEefyr dh tkosaA
   35 tehu dh dher Ø; dh x;h nj ls gksuh pkfg, u dh cktkj dh njksa ij
      rFkk ifj;kstuk ds fy;s dke es vkus okyh tehu dh dher gh ifj;kstuk
      izLrko es ’kkfey dh tkosaA

vuqnku izfØ;k%
   1- QlyksÙkj izc/aku lqfo/kkvksa ds fy;s foLr`r ifj;kstuk izLrko ds lkFk cSad
      _.k Lohd`fr i= ¼dk;ZØe@ dEiksusUV ij ykxw gksus dh fLFkfr esa½]
      Hkw&LokfeRo nLrkost] tehu Ø; dk izek.k o vU; fdlh laLFkk ls
      vuqnku@lgk;rk izkIr ugha fd;k ds‘’kiFk&i= lfgr vkosnu i=
      jktLFkku gkWVhZdYpj MoyiesaV lkslk;Vh] t;iqj vFkok ftyk gksVhadYpj
      MoyiesUV lkslk;Vh dks izLrqr djus gksaxsA
   2- QlyksÙKkj izcU/ku bdkbZ;ksa dh LFkkiuk ds fy;s vko';d ¼;fn dksbZ gks½
      lHkh rjg ds dkuwuh@ fof/kd nLrkostksa ds iw.kZ ikyuk dh vkosnd dh
      Lo;a dh ftEesnkjh gksxhA
   3- iSd gkml] U;wu izaLldj.k bdkbZ;ksa] U;wu mtkZ dwy psEcj ,oa de ykxr
      ds I;kt Hk.Mkj.k gsrq iz'kkldh; Lohd`fr vkj-,p-Mh-,l-] t;iqj ls tkjh
      dh tkosxhA RkFkk vU; dk;ZØeksa ds ifj;kstuk izLrko dh Hkkjr ljdkj ls
      vuqeksnu mijkar iz’kklfud Lohd`fr tkjh dh tkosxhA
   4- ØsfMV fyaDM ifj;kstukvksa esa ykHkkFkhZ dks ifj;kstuk dh ykxr dk U;wure
      75 izfr'kr rd dk _.k ysuk vfuok;Z gksxkA
   5- iz'kkldh; Lohd`fr ds mijkUr ykHkkFkhZ }kjk Lo;a dh fgLlk jkf'k ,oa cSd
      _.k }kjk fuekZ.k dk;Z ,oa vko';d midj.k dks yxk;k tkdj ifj;kstuk
        iw.kZ dh tkosxhA mDr leLr dk;Z iz'kkldh; Lohd`fr ds ,d o"kZ ds vUnj
        lEiUu djus gksxsaA
   6-   ifj;sktuk dk dk;Z iw.kZ gksus ds mijkUr ykHkkFkhZ }kjk fØ;kfUor fd;s x;s
        leLr dk;ksZ ds leLr fcyks dh izfr;ksa lfgr dk;Z iw.kZ gksus ls jktLFkku
        gksVhZdYpj MoyiesaV lkslk;Vh] m|ku funs’kky;] t;iqj dks voxr
        djk;k tkosxkA blds Ik'pkr ifj;kstuk izLrkoksa ds HkkSfrd lR;kiu gsrq
        xfBr desVh }kjk ifj;kstuk dk HkkSfrd lR;kiu fd;k tkosxkA desVh dh
        fjiksVZ ds vk/kkj ij Lohd`r vuqnku jkf'k dks ykHkkFkhZ ds cSd [kkrs esa
        LFkkukUrfjr fd;k tkosxkA
   7-   iSd gkml] U;wu izaLldj.k bdkbZ;ksa] U;wu mtkZ dwy psEcj ,oa de ykxr
        ds I;kt Hk.Mkj.k gsrq iz'kkldh; Lohd`fr tkjh fd;s tkus ds Ik'pkr
        ykHkkFkhZ }kjk ifj;kstuk Lo;a ds Lrj ls iw.kZ dh tkosxhA ifj;kstuk iw.kZ
        gksus ,oa djk;s x;s dk;ksZ ds leLr fcyks dh izfr;ks lghr dk;Z iw.kZ gksus
        ls jktLFkku gksVhZdYpj MoyiesaV lkslk;Vh] m|ku funs’kky;] t;iqj dks
        voxr djk;k tkosxkA blds Ik'pkr ifj;kstuk izLrkoksa ds Hkksfrd lR;kiu
        gsrq xfBr desVh }kjk HkkSfrd lR;kiu fd;k tkosxkA desVh dh HkkSfrd
        lR;kiu fjiksZV ds vk/kkj ij ykHkkFkhZ ds cSd [kkrs esa vuqnku dh jkf'k
        LFkkukUrfjr dh tkosxhA
   8-   vuqnku jkf'k 3 o"kZ dh ykWd bu vof/k iwjh gksus ds i'pkr~ csd ,afMM
        izfØ;k ls var esa lek;ksftr dh tk;sxhA
   9-   leLRk Lohd`r bdkb;ksa ds ckgj jk"Vªh; ckxokuh fe'ku ls vuqnkfur]
        LFkkiuk@ dk;Z iw.kZ gksus dk o"kZ] d`y ykxr] ns; vuqnku vkfn ds fooj.k
        dk cksMZ yxkuk vfuok;Z gksxkA

                    cktkj ds cqfu;knh <kapas dk l`tu@fodkl
                  ¼Establishment of Marketing Infrastructure ½%

foi.ku ds dk;ZØe Hkh ifj;kstuk ij vk/kkfjr gSA jkT; fe'ku dh dk;Zdkfj.kh
lfefr dh Lohd`fr ds ckn Hkkjr ljdkj dh ,u,p,e dk;Zdkfj.kh lfefr dks
ifj;kstuk dh O;ogk;Z ifj;kstuk,a izLrqr dh tk,xhA bl ?kVd ds varxZr
lgk;rk iznku djus ds izeq[k mn~ns';&
   1- ckxokuh dkSeksfMVh ds fy, foi.ku ds cqfu;knh <kpas ds fodkl esa futh
      vkSj lgdkjh {ks=ksa ls fuos'k djokuk]
   2- Fkksd cktkj] xzkeh.k gkV~l lfgr ekStwnk ckxokuh cktkjkas dk lqn`<+hdj.k(
   3- fdlkuksa dks csgrj ewY; izkIr djus ds ;ksX; cukus ds fy, QkeZ@ cktkj
      Lrj ij ckxokuh mRikn dh xzsfMax] ekudhdj.k rFkk xq.koÙkk izek.khdj.k
      ij /;ku dsfUnzr djuk(
   4- cktkj laca/kh d`f"k fØ;kvkas lfgr Bsds ij d`f"k ds ckjs esa fdlkukas
      miHkkDrkvkas m|fe;kas vkSj cktkj dk;ZdÙkkZvksa ds chp lkekU; tkudkjh
      rS;kj djukA
lgk;rk ekin.M%
  1- ckxokuh mRiknksa ds foi.ku ds fy, u, cqfu;knh <kpas dh ifj;kstukvkas ds
     fy, okrkoj.k fu;af=r fjVsYk ekdsZV ij ifj;kstuk dh iawthxr ykxr dk
     40 izfr'kr ØSfMV fyad cSd ,afMM lfClMh ds :Ik esa vf/kdre 4-00 yk[k
     dk vuqnku ns; gksxkA
  2- Fkksd cktkj gsrq ifj;kstuk ykxr 100 djksM vf/kdre fu/kkZfjr dh xbZ gsS
     ftl ij ykxr dk 25 izfr'kr vFkok vf/kdre jkf'k :Ik;s 25 djksM dk
     vuqnku ØsfMV fyaDM cSd ,UMsM ds :Ik esa ns; gSA
  3- LVsfVd@ eksckbZy osfUMax dkVZIysVQkZe ¼dwy psEcj lfgr½ gsrq 30000
     :Ik;s izfr bdkbZ dh ykxr fu/kkZfjr dh xbZ gS ftl ij 50 izfr'kr vFkok
     vf/kdre 15000@& :i;s izfr bdkbZ dh nj ls lgk;rk ns; gSA
  4- laxzg.k@ NVkabZ ,oa xzsfMax@iSfdax ds fy, ifj;kstuk ykxr dk 40
     izfr'kr vf/kdre 6-00 yk[k :Ik;s izR;sd bdkbZ ds fy;s i`Fkd&i`Fkd
     dszfMV fyaDM cSd ,afMM vuqnku ds :Ik esa d`f"k ,oa lgdkfjrk foHkkx]
     Hkkjr ljdkj ls vuqeknu ds mijkar miyC/k djk;s tk;saxsA
  5- ,dy O;fDr;ksa] d`"kd leqnk;] mRiknd@miHkksDrk] izfrHkkfxrk@
     izksijkbVjh QeZ] xSj ljdkjh lxaBuksa Lo;a lsoh nykas dEifu;ksa fuxeksa]
     lgdkjh lfefr;kas lgdkjh foi.ku QSMjs'ku] Lfkkuh; fudk;] d`f"k mRikn
     cktkj lfefr ,oa foi.ku cksMZ rFkk jkT; ljdkj ds fy, lgk;rk miyC/k
     gSA
  6- cqfu;knh <kaps dh ifj;kstuk eas Hkwfe dh ykxr dks xzkeh.k {ks= eas
     ifj;kstuk ykxr ds 10 izfr'kr rd rFkk uxj fuxe {ks= esa 20 izfr'kr
     rd izfrcafa/kr j[kk tk,xkA fdlh iz;kstu ds fy, vkoafaVr Hkfwe dk vfxze
     vof/k ds nkSjku nwljs iz;kstu ds fy, gLrkarfjr ugha fd;k tk,xkA
     ifj;kstuk dk vkdkj vkfFkZd O;ogk;Zrk vkSj okf.kfT;d egRo ds vk/kkj
     ij fuf'pr fd;k tkosaA bl Ldhe ds iz;kstu ds fy, ^^foi.ku cqfu;knh
     <kpak** esa fuEufyf[kr esa ls dksbZ 'kkfey gksxk%
     11- lxazg.k@vlSEcfyax] 'kq"du] lQkbZ] xzsfMax vkSj ekudhdj.k] ,l-ih-,l-
          ekin.M vkSj xq.koÙkk izekf.kdj.k] ysofyax] iSdsftax] ifjiDo pSEclZ]
          QqVdj vkSj Fkksd cktkj] ewY;o/kZu lqfo/kkvkas ds ¼mRikn dk :i
          ifjofrZr fd, cxSj½ fy, izk;ksfxd cqfu;knh <kapkA
     12- ifj;kstuk {ks= eas miHkksDrk ds fy, lkekU; lqfo/kk,a tSls nqdku@
          dk;kZy;] ykWfMax@vu&ykWfMax@vlsEcfyax ds fy, IysVQkeZ vkSj
          mRikn dh uhykeh ikfØax LFky] vkarfjd lM+ds] dwM+k&djdV fuiVku
          O;oLFkk] ihus ds ikuh dh lqfo/kk} LoPNrk izca/k} otu djus okys vkSj
          ;kaf=d j[k&j[kko ds midj.kA
     13- ckxokuh mRikn ds mRiknd ls miHkksDrk@izlaLdj.k ;fwuV@Fkksd
          [kjhnnkj rd izR;{k foi.ku ds fy, cqfu;knh <kapkA

          izn’kZu@vxziafDr izn’kZu ds ek/;e ls izkS|ksfxdh dk izlkj
 ¼Technology Dissemination through demonstration/ Front line demonstration½%
uohure izkS|ksfxdh tSls& lajf{kr [ksrh] l?ku {ks= ls Qly fof’k"V [ksrh] vkbZ-
ih-,e-@ vkbZ-,u-,e-dk iz;ksx} tSo [ksrh vkfn dks fdlku lgHkkfxrk izn’kZu ds
ek/;e ls c<+kok fn;k tk;sxkA blds fy;s fdlkuksa ds p;fur [ksrksa ij izn’kZu
vk;kstu ds fy;s lgk;rk ykxr ds 75 izfr’kr rd lhfer jgsxhA xzhu gkÅl ds
fy;s {ks=Qy 500 oxZ ehVj rd lhfer jgsxkA d`f"k fo’ofo/kky;kas ds lkoZtfud
{ks= ds QkeksZa ij vxziafDr izn’kZu vk;kstu ds fy;s 100 izfr’kr lgk;rk miyC/k
djk;h tk;sxhA

lgk;rk izfØ;k%
  1- izn’kZu@vxziafDr izn’kZu ds fy;s foLr`r ifj;kstuk izLrko jktLFkku
     gkWVhZdYpj MoyiesaV lkslk;Vh] t;iqj dks izLrqr djus gksaxsA
  2- vkj-,p-Mh-,l-] t;iqj }kjk ifj;kstuk izLrkoksa dk Hkkjr ljdkj ls
     vuqeksnu mijkar iz’kklfud Lohd`fr tkjh dh tkosxhA
  3- iz’kklfud Lohd`fr tkjh djus ds ckn dk;Zøe fn’kk funsZ’kkuqlkj o Lohd`r
     ifj;kstuk izLrko esa of.kZr vuqlkj dk;ZØe fØ;kUo;u ds fy;s ,e-vks-;w-
     gLrk{kj fd;k tkosxkA
  4- d`f"k fo’ofo/kky;ksa@laLFkku }kjk dk;Z iw.kZ djds jktLFkku gkWVhZdYpj
     MoyiesaV lkslk;Vh dks voxr djk;k tkosxkA
  5- izn’kZuksa@vxziafDr izn’kZuksa ds vk;kstu mijkar izkIr fu"d"kZ ls jktLFkku
     gkWVhZdYpj MoyiesaV lkslk;Vh] t;iqj dks voxr djkrs gq;s {ks= ds vU;
     d`"kdksa ds chp O;kid izpkj&izlkj djuk gksxkA

                    lsehukj@oØ'kkWi ¼Seminar/ Workshop½%

fofHkUu m|kfudh dk;ZØeksa dh d`"kdksa dks vf/kd ls vf/kd tkudkjh nsus ,oa
m|kfudh xfrfof/k;ksa ls tqM+s fofHkUu m|fe;ksa dks d`"kdksa ls tksM+s tkus ds fy;s
jkT; Lrjh; o ftyk Lrjh; lsehukj@oØ'kkWi~l dk vk;kstu fd;k tkuk gSA
lsehukj@oØ'kkWi dk vk;kstu jktLFkku gkWVhZdYpj MoyiesaV lkslk;Vh] m|ku
funs'kky;] t;iqj }kjk fu/kkZfjr fd;s vuqlkj p;fur fo"k;ksa ij fd;k tk;sxkA
blds fy;s jktLFkku gkWVhZdYpj MoyiesaV lkslk;Vh ds Lrj ls dk;ZØe o
vko';d fn'kk&funsZ'k i`Fkd ls tkjh fd;s tk;sxsA
                                                                                                                                 ifjf'k"V&1
                                     jk"Vªh; ckxokuh fe'ku vkosnu izi=

mifuns'kd d`f"k ¼foLrkj½ ,oa lnL; lfpo]
                                                                                                                       vkosnd dk QksVks
lgk;d funs'kd m|ku ,oa lnL; lfpo]
gksVhZdYpj MoyiesaV lkslk;Vh
ftyk -----------------------------------------------

            fo"k; %& jk"Vªh; ckxokuh fe'ku vUrxZr vuqnku@lgk;rk izkIr djus gsrqA

egks};]

eSa m|kfudh fodkl gsrq jk"Vªh; ckxokuh fe'ku ds rgr vuqnkfur@ lgk;rk vk/kkfjr
dk;ZØe ysuk pkgrk gawA fooj.k fuEu izdkj gS&
      d`"kd@laLFkk@vkosnd dk uke%---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      firk dk uke% --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      d`"kd Js.kh ¼v-tk-@v-t-tk-@v-fi-o-@lkekU;½%---------------------------------------------------------------
      laLFkk dk izdkj] ;fn ykxw gS ¼ljdkjh@iathd`r½%-----------------------------------------------------------
      iw.kZ irk% xzke-------------------------------------------------------xzke iapk;r-----------------------------------------------------
                 rglhy---------------------------------------------------ftyk--------------------------------------------------------------
      -
      dk;ZØe dk uke tks ysuk gS%-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      vkosnd@d`"kd ds uke dqy Hkwfe ¼gSDVj½%----------------------------------------------------------------------------
      [kljk uEcj ftlesa dk;ZØe@xfrfo/kh ysuh gS%------------------------------------------------------------------
      dk;ZØe@xfrfof/k dk {ks=Qy ;k la[;k%-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
      flapkbZ dk lk/ku% -----------------------------Mhty batu@eksVj gkWlZ ikoj%--------------------------------
      feV~Vh o ikuh dh tkWp fjiksZV% ¼;fn vko';d gks rks½%----------------------------------------------------
esjs }kjk nh xbZ mijksDr lwpuk lgh gS A ;kstuk vUrxZr mDr dk;ZØe dh d`"kd
fgLlk jkf'k eSa Lo;a ogu d:axk o dk;ZØe@xfrfof/k fdlh vU; dks gLrkUrfjr ;k
cspuk ugha d:axkA eSa ;g lR;kfir djrk gw dh eSus bl dk;ZØe ds fy;s fdlh vU;
laLFkk ;k ;kstuk ls lgk;rk izkIr ugh dh gS A

         fnukad%                                                                                              gLrk{kj d`"kd@laLFkk
                                                                                                                            izHkkjh
                                                                              ifjf'k"V&2

jk"Vªh; ckxokuh fe'ku vUrxZr o"kZ 2010&11 ds fy;s ftysokj p;fur
                             Qlysa
Ø-l-       ftyk                                         p;fur Qlys
 1     t;iqj          vkaoyk] csyi=] uhcw] iihrk] vukj] esFkh] xqykc
 2     vtesj          vkaoyk] csyi=] csj] uhcw] iihrk] xqykc
 3     vyoj           vkaoyk] csyi=] iihrk] uhacw] ekSleh] xqykc
 4     Vksad          ve:n] uhcw] csyi=] iihrk] vkaoyk] thjk] lkSaSQ] xqykc
 5     dksVk          larjk] ve:n] uhacw] iihrk] vukj] /kfu;k] esFkh] xqykc
 6     ckajk          larjk] uhacw] ekSleh] ve:n] /kfu;k] yglqu
 7     >kykokM+       ekSleh] /kfu;k] esFkh] larjk
 8     fpÙkkSMx<      iihrk] vkaoyk] vke] ve:n] larjk] /kfu;k
 9     tks/kiqj       csj] vukj] uhcw] yglqu] thjk
 10    ikyh           csj] csyi=] uhcw] thjk] lkSaQ
 11    tkykSj         csj] vukj] vkaoyk] thjk
 12    ckMesj         uhacw] csj] thjk
 13    ukxksj         uhacw] csj] vkaoyk] iihrk] csyi=] thjk] eSFkh
 14    xaxkuxj        fdUuks] vukj] ekSleh] tkstksck
 15    djksyh         vkaoyk] ve:n] uhcw] /kfu;k
 16    l-Ekk/kksiqj   vukj] ve:n] uhcw] /kfu;k] eSFkh
 17    ckalokMk       vke] ve:n
 18    HkhyokM+k      ve:n] vukj] larjk] thjk] /kfu;k
 19    Mwaxjiqj       vke] csj
 20    cwanh          ve:n] uhacw] /kfu;k
 21    >qU>wuw        uhacw] vukj] tkstksck] csj] eSFkh
 22    mn;iqj         ve:n] uhacw] ekSleh
 23    fljksgh        vke] iihrk] uhacw] lkSaQ
 24    tSlyesj        csj] thjk
                                                                                     ifjf'k"V&3

                       Qynkj ikS/kksa ds thfoÙkk lR;kiu gsrq izi=

 Qly -------------------------------- ¼ikS/k jksi.k ds fy;s ,d o"kZ@nks o"kZ ckn ekg ebZ&twu
 esa½
 Ø-    uke d`"kd@firk         xzke      fodkl     {ks=Qy jksfir    lR;kiu izfr'kr lR;kiu
 la-       dk uke                        [k.M             ikS/k    ds nkSjku      fnukad
                                                         la[;k      thfor
                                                                      ikS/k
                                                                    la[;k
  1            2               3           4         5       6         7         8         9




              ;ksx


Vhi- lR;kiu izfrosnu] xzkeokj] DyLVjokj ,oa fodkl [k.M okj rS;kj fd;k tkosa

                                                                                       gLrk{kj
                                                                                                                                  ifjf'k"V&4
                                                           vknku ijfeV izi=

izcU/kd]
Ø;&foØ; lgdkjh lfefr@xzke lsok lgdkjh lfefr
xzkg~; ijh{k.k dsUnz@ vkbZih,e iz;ksx'kkyk
--------------------------------------------------

                 fo"k;% vuqnkfur nj ij vknku miyC/k djkus ckcr~A


d`"kd Jh ------------------------------------------------------------------------iq= Jh -----------------------------------------------------------
tkfr -------------------------------- xzke ------------------------------------------iapk;r lfefr -----------------------------------------
-- ftyk ------------------------------------- dks jk"Vªh; ckxokuh fe'ku ds ------------------------------------------------------
------ dk;ZØe ds vUrxZr ----------- izfr'kr vFkok jkf'k :i;s --------------------------------------------------------
----------izfr gSDVs;j ds fglkc ls vuqnkfur nj ij d`"kd fgLlk jkf'k izkIr dj fuEu
vknku miyC/k djkosa A
   Ø-l-                          vknkuksa ds uke                                     vknku dqy ek=k e; iSfdax lkbZt
     1-        moZjd@iks"kd Ùko@cht
               1- --------------------------------------------------------------
               2- --------------------------------------------------------------
               3- --------------------------------------------------------------
               7-          ---------------------------------------------------------
                    ---

     2-        ikS/k laj{k.k jlk;u@ck;ks iSLVhlkbM
               1- - ------------------------------------------------------------
               2- ---------------------------------------------------------------
               3- ---------------------------------------------------------------
               4- ---------------------------------------------------------------
         fcy ds i`"B Hkkx ij gLrk{kj djokdj vknku d`"kd dks Lo;a dks miyC/k
      djkosaA
         vuqnku Dyse~l ds Hkqxrku gsrq 15 fnol esa fcy e; d`"kd lwph izLrqr djkosaA
         d`"kd }kjk 'kr~ izfr'kr jkf'k tek djkdj vknku izkIr djus ij rhu izfr;ksa esa
      fcy miyC/k djkosa] rkfd og foHkkx dks vuqnku ds Dyse~l izsf"kr dj ldsA


                                                                                                                                      gLrk{kj

          d`"kd gLrk{kj                                     d`f"k i;Zos{kd@lgk;d d`f"k vf/kdkjh@d`f"k vf/kdkjh
                                                                                    eq[;ky;-----------------------------------
                                                                          ifjf'k"V&5

                      IPM IN CHILLI, BRINJAL & TOMATO

1-    Seed treatment with chemicals/ trichoderma @ 4 gm or Bavistin @ 2 gm/
      Thiram @ 3 gm / Mancozed or Captan @ 2 gm/ kg seed.
2-    Soil treatment with Corbofuron 3G in nursery @ 8-10 gm/Sq. M.
3-    Use raised nursery beds with proper drainage.
4-    Use 40 mesh white nylon net in nursery to check vector supported by iron
      frame.
5-    If seed treatment has not been done than dipping the seedling in
      tichoderma suspension for half an hour using @ 4 gm / litre of water
      before trans planting of seedling.
6-    Two sprays of quinalphos 25 EC or 20 AF at 15 days interval @ 1 lit/ha. (1
      ml/lit of water) to check the jassid white flies and also mix Blitox @ 3 gm
      or Mancozeb @ 2 gm/ lit. of water (before flowering).
7-    Spraying of NPV (H)/NPV (a) 400 LE alone+ adjuvant (Jaggery or teepol
      0.05 %) spraving should be done in between 4 to 6 PM.
8-    Spraying of two sprays at 15 days interval of Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki
      (BTK) @ 1 kg or / lit + endosulfan 35 EC @ 6.25 ml/ha. Using 500 lit. of
      spray liquid/ ha. At 50 % or initiation of flowering.
9-    Use pheromone trape i.e. 5 traps/ ha. for monitoring.
10-   Use light trap for mass trapping of lepidopteron pests.
11-   Release 6 times Trichograma at weekly interval starting from 40-45 days
      old crop at flowering initiation stage @ 50000 eggs /ha. In released plots
      avoid insecticidal sprays (use either item 8 or this 11).
12-   If root rot problems exist than soil drenching with thiram / captan 0.2 %
      solution (2 gm / lit. of water i.e. + lit. solution /Sq.M. should be applied.)


                      IPM IN CAULIFEOWER & CABBAGE

1-    Seed treatment with chemicals / trichoderma @ 4 gm or Bavistin @ 2 gm /
      Thiram @ 3 gm. / Mancozeb or Captan @ 2 gm/ kg. seed.
2-    Soil treatment with Carbofuron 3 G in nursery @ 8-10 gm/Sq. M.
3-    Use raised nursery beds with proper drainage.
4-    Use 40 mesh white nylon net in nursery to check vector supported by iron
      frame.
5-    If seed treatment has not been done than dipping the seedling in
      trichoderma suspension for hald an hour using @ 4 gm / liter of water
      before trans planting of seedling.
6-    In Boron & Mn. Defficient soils addition of 10-15 kg. ha. Borex & Mn So4
      @ 4 to 6 kg/ha.
7-    For Black rot control seed treatment with Strephocyclin 300 ppm (1
      gm/4liter water) drip in solution for 2 hours.
8-    For the control of Dlamond back noth & other lepidoptern caterpiller use of
      2 spray of Btk @ 1 kg / lit/ ha. along with endosulphan 35 EC @ 625 ml
      /ha and followed 3rd spray of Endosulphan 35 EC @ 1.25 liter / ha or
      Caldan (Cartap hydrochloride) @ 1 liter / ha.
9-   use Pheromone/ light traps for monitoring & mass trapping of adult
     respectively.

                                IPM in Onion

     Seed treatment with Trichoderma viridae 2 gm/kg seed Bavistin @ 1
     gm/kg seed.
     Use Bavistin @ 1 gm / liter of water for half an hour dipping the seedling
     before transplanting.
     At 10 days after transplanting spray Malathion 50 EC / Emndosulfan 35
     EC @ 1.25 liter / ha. (for controlling thrips, Laphygma, Onion maggot).
     Spray with 0.2 % Mencozed (2 gm / liter water) alongwith Teepol @ 2 ml
     /15 liter spray solution for control of purple blotch.


                            IPM in Bhindi (Okra)

1.   Seed treatment with Vitavex @ 1 gm + Thiram @ 3 gm or Bavistin 1 gm +
     Thiram 3 gm / kg seed.
2.   Use Carbofuran 3 G @ 25 kg/ha as a fuÙkow application at the time of
     sowing.
3.   Spraying of Quinalphos 25 EC @ 1 lit / ha. at 20 days after sowing and
     followed by 3 sprays at 10 to 15 days interval for jassid & white flies
     control.
4.   Spraying with Dipel 8 L or Btk @ 1 liter / kg / ha + Endosulfan 35 EC @
     625 ml/ha.
5.   Spraying Endosulfan 35 EC @ 1.2 liter / ha. at 15 days interval at Square
     formation or at initiation of fruit formation.
                                                                                                  ifjf'k"V -6
                                 vkbZih,e lkadsfrd ykxr ekWM~;wy
                 Integrated Pest Management Demonstration in Tomato and Chilli
     (Assistance @ 50% cost subject to a maximum of Rs. 1000/- per ha limited to 4 ha. / beneficiary)

S.             Component/                    Stage of          Quantity of Input        Approximat      Amount
No           Recommendation                   Crop              Required / Ha.           e Rate of      require
                                                                                         Input Per       d (In
                                                                                           Kg./Lt.        Rs.)
1      Seed      treatment    with         Before          Trichoderma for 500              180
       chemicals/ trichoderma @ 4          sowing          gm seed required for a
       gm or Bavistin @ 2                                  ha. Area= 0.002 Kg.
       gm/Triram 3 gm/ Mancozeb
       or Captan @ 2 gm/Kg seed.
2      Soil     treatment     with         Nursery         500 Sq. M. nursery               58            290
       carbofuron 3 G in nursery           bed             area required for area
       @ 8-10 gm/ Sq. M.                   preparation     required for planting in
                                           (Before         one ha. Area. Therefore
                                           sowing)         quantity of Carbofuran
                                                           required =5.00 Kg.
3      Use raised nursery beds
       with proper drainage.
4      Use 40 mesh white nylon             Nursery         Approximate quantity of          30          15000
       net in nursery to check             bed             nylon net required for
       vector supported by iron            preparation     nursery = 500 Sq. M.
                                           (Before
                                           sowing)
5      If seed treatment has not           Before          Quantity of trichoderma          180           72
       been done than dipping in           transplantin    require = 0.400 kg. for
       trichoderma suspension for          g               100 lit. of water
       half an hour. /Using @ 4
       gm/ liter of water before
       transplanting of seedling.
6      Two sprays of quinalphos            Before          Quinalphos 25 EC or              250           500
       25 EC or 20 AF at 15 days           flowering       20 AF=2 lit, for two
       interval @ 1 lit. / ha. (1 ml/lit                   sprays
       water) to check the jassids,                        Mancozed= 2 kg.                  210           420
       whiteflies and also mix                             Blitgox = 3 kg.                  220           660
       Blitox @ 3 gm or mancozeb
       @ 2 gm of water (Before
       flowering)
7      Spraying of NPV (H)/NPV             Just after      NPV (H) 400 LE                Rs. 125/-        500
       (A) 400 LE alone + adjuant          egg laying                                   per 100 LE
       (Jaggery or teepol 0.05%)           of Heliothis
       Spraying should be done in
       between 4 to 6 PM
8      Spraying of two sprays at           At 50% or       Bacillus     thuringiensis       900          1800
       15 days interval of Bacillus        initiation of   kurstaki (Btk)=2 kg./Lit.
       thuringlensis          kurstaki     flowering.      for two sprays
       (Btk)@ 1 kg/lit,+Endosulfan                         Endosulfan 35 EC=                240           300
       35 EC @ 625 ml/ ha. Using                           1.250 Lit. for two sprays
       500 lit. of spray liquid / ha.
       At 50% or initiation of
       flowering.
9      Use pheromone trap i.e. 5           After           Traps = 5 numbers            Rs. 25/ trap      125
       traps/ ha. For monitoring,          transplantin    Lure= 25 lures for 5          Rs. 10/-         250
       Replace each lure after 15          g               time                          per lure
       days.
10     Use light trap for mass             After           1 trap                        Rs. 948/-        948
       trapping of lepidopteran                                                            trap
       pests.                              transplantin
                                          g
11     Release          6        times    Al flowering   2.5 trichocards required     Rs. 30/-    450
       Trichogramma at weekly             initiation     for     each    release,        per
       interval starting from 40-45       stage          therefore for 6 release    trichocards
       days old crop (at flowering                       number of trichocards
       initiation stage) @ 50000                         required are = 15 cards
       eggs/ ha. in released plots
       avoid insecticidal sprays.
       (Use either 8 or 11)
12     If root rot problem exists                        Thiram 80 kg                  160        12800
       than soil drenching with
       thiram/ captan 0.25 solution
       (2 gm / lit i.e. 4 lit solution/
       sq.) meter should be
       applied.
                 Total                                                                            34115

                 Integrated Pest Management Demonstration in Tomato and Chilli
     (Assistance @ 50% cost subject to a maximum of Rs. 1000/- per ha limited to 4 ha. / beneficiary)

S.           Component/                   Quantity of Approximate Amount
                                          Stage of
No.        Recommendation                  CropInpur     Rate of     required
                                          Regired/Ha.   Inpur Per     (In Rs.)
                                                         Kg./Lit.
1        Three sprays of the 50%          NPV=250     Rs. 125/- per 263
         IPM             module flowering LE          100 LE
         consisting of NPV @              Btk=1.500   900           1350
         1.5 X10 PIB, Btk                 Lit.
         (Dipel 8 L) @ 1500               Endosulfan 240            300
         ml and Endosulfan                35 EC @
         35 EC @ 1250 ml                  1.250 Lit.
         beginning at 50 %
         flowering and at 15
         daus            interval
         effectively reduce the
         incidence      of     H.
         armigera on Chilli.
              Total                                                     1913
                                                                              ifjf'k"V&7

 IykaV gSYFk fDyfud ySc] fV';w ,ukykbZfll ySc o ck;ks daVªksy ySc ds fy;s
                  fodflr dh tkus okyh lqfo/kkvksa dh lwph
S.No.     Plant health clinic      Tissue analysis lab            Bio Control Lab
 1      Computer                   Micro Kjeldahl unit       Heat converter
 2      PH Meter                   Atomic Absorption         AC with heating & cooling
                                   Spectro Photometer
 3      Conductivity Bridge        Flame Photometer          Refrigerator
 4      Microscope                 Centri-fuge               Hot air oven
 5      Seed tester                Balance (Analytical &     BOD incubator
                                   Precision)
 6      BOD incubator              Oven                      Centrifuge
 7      Shaker                     Flash Evaporator          Laminar flow
 8      Centerifuge                PH meter                  Autoclave verticle
 9      Glass ware                 Conductivity meter        Semi automatic corcrya rearing
                                                             system
 10     Eliza Testing Kits         Water boiler              Steel rack with compartments
 11     Lab furniture & Racks      Hot plate                 Chrysopa cages
 12     Water distillation units   BOD incubator             Table & Stools
 13     Provision for skilled      Water distillation unit   Hygrometer and Thermometer
        manpower on contract
        basis
 14     Construction of lab        Shaker                    Grinder-cum-mixer
        consumables
 15                                Spectro Photometer        Corcrya egg laying cages
 16                                Stereo binocular          UV chamber & light
                                   Microscope
 17                                Constructing lab          Exhaust fan
 18                                                          Vacum cleaner
 19                                                          Stereo Binocular microscope
 20                                                          Balance
 21                                                          Water distillation unit
                                                                   ifjf'k"V&8

                 tSfod [ksrh dk;ZØe vuqca/k izi=


1- eSaus iwoZ esa tSfod [ksrh dk;ZØe esa vuqnku izkIr ugha fd;k gSA
2- eSa p;fur [ksr esa rhu o"kZ rd tSfod fof/k ls Qly mRiknu d:axkA
3- eSa tSfod [ksrh ds fy;s p;fur {ks= esa jklk;fud izd`fr ds vknku
   dke esa ugha ywaxkA
4- eSa tSfod [ksrh izek.khdj.k laLFkk ls tqMwaxk ,oa funsZ'kksa ds vuqlkj dk;Z
   d:axkA
5- eSa tSfod [ksrh ds fy, p;fur [ksr esa tks Hkh Qly ywaxk mlesa tSfod
   d`f"k fØ;kvksa dks gh viukÅaxkA
6- eSa foHkkx }kjk le;&le; ij izlkfjr funsZ'kksa dh ikyuk djrk jgwaxkA
7- esjs }kjk mDr 'krksZa dh ikyuk ugha djus ij foHkkx dk;ZØe ds rgr
   miyC/k djk;h x;h vuqnku jkf'k okfil ysus o fof/k lEer dk;Zokgh
   djus ds fy, Lora= gksxkA
                                                                       ifjf'k"V -9
                              Specification of Bee hive
(A) For Apis mellifera bee's langstroth have is used having 20 frame (10 frame
    in brood chamber and 10 frame in super chamber) the details of various
    parts are as under.
        Bottom Board: - Made of wood 560 mm long, 413 mm broad and 22 mm
        thich. Along each end of the longer side is nailsed a wooden rod 560
        mm long, 22 mm broad and 22 mm thich and another wooden rod 363
        mmX22 mm is nailed at the back. Front is provided with entrance rod
        measuring 363 mmX22 mm and this has an entrance 75 mm long and
        22 mm deep in its middle. Two wooden blocks (each measuring 75 mm
        x 38 mm X 22 mm) are also prepared separately for shortening the
        entrance when required.
        Brood chamer- Made of 22 mm thich wood. Rectangular box without top
        and bottom. The outside measurements are 508 mm X 412 mm. Inner
        measurements are 464 X 368 mm Height is 242 mm. A rabbet, 16 mm
        deep and 11 mm wide is cut along the entire length of its width planks.
        Super chamber: Same as brood chamber.
        Frame: - Consists of top bar, two side bars and a bottom bar,
        dimensions for self spacing frame are given below. Distance between
        the centres of two adjacent framres is 35 mm, giving the bee space of 10
        mm.
        o Top bar: - 483 mm long, 25 mm wide and 22 mm thich, It is cut to 9
            mm thickness on both sides for a length of 25 mm. It has a groove; in
            the middle of it lower side for fixing the comb foundation sheet.
        o Side bar: – Each is made of 9 mm thich wood and is 232 mm long.
            The upper part of each is 35 mm wide and lower part 25 mm wide.
            Each is cut out from the middle portion at either end to accommodate
            the top and the bottom bars, respectively. There are 4 holes in each
            side bar for wiring the frame.
        o Bottom bar: - 448 mm long, 19 mm wide and 10 mm thich. Two 15
            mm staples should be driven in (to leave only 9 mm outside) to top
            bar on its opposite side, so that the frames stand 34 mm apart. One
            should make all frames either Hoffman or stapkle type. Tinned wire
            of 28 gage should be used in wiring the frame.
        Super frame: - Same as frame.
        Inner cover: - Wooden Board used to cover the brood or super chamber.
        508 mm long, 413 mm broad and 10 mm thich, 10 mm thich and 22 mm
        wide wooden bars are nailed on each of four sides.
        Top cover: - It is made up of 9 mm thick wooden board nailed, to a
        rectangular frame 50 mm high, all covered over with a metallic sheet so
        as to make it impervious to rain water. Its inside measurements are
        533X432X51 mm. It rests loosely over the hive.

(B) Material:
   1- Wood: - For the purpose of bee hive loon (Toona ciliata)/ kail (Pinus
      excelsa)/ papdi (Holloptella integrifolia) wood shall be used it should be
      free from decay, insect holes, dead knots, shabes and split. The slope of
      grain shall not be more then one in eight. The wood used should be well
      dried.
   2- Wire: - Use of reinforcement should be galvanized mild steel wire of
      diameter 0.4 mm. And should be suitably anchore in the side of ban by
      nalls.

(C) Work manship
   1- Finish:
      The different part of the bee hives shall have a smooth finish with the
      edges trimmed square and smooth. Parts of the bee hive exposed
      directly to weather shall be painted with a sutable protective paint. The
      paint shall be non-toxic and shall not have any odour disagreeable to the
      bees. The colour of the paint shall be white.
   2- Joints:
      All joints shall be sound and shall withstand normal use. Walls of
      chambers and roof shall be jointed by special box corner joints or finger
      joints or dovetail joints or tongue and groove joints properly nailed.

      When the use of nails for joints is specified, there shall be one nail at
      each end. The distance between tow consecutive nails shall be not more
      than 75 mm.

(D) Packing and Marking:
                     Packing:
      Bee hive parts shall be packed according to trade practices in such a
      way as to protect them from damage in transit and during storage.
                     Marking:
   The floowling information shall be engraved
   1. Name of the manufacturer and
   2. Govt. Subsidy year.
                                                                                                                ifjf'k"V&11

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                                                                                                                  e/kqeD[kh
                                                                                                                  ikyd dk
                                                                                                                   izekf.kr
                                                                                                                  djrs gq;s
                                                                                                                    QksVks



jkT; ljdkj ds vkns'k Øekad ----------------------------------- fnukad ---------------------- ds
vuqlj.k esa Jh --------------------------------------------------------------- iq=@iq=h Jh -----------------------------------
-------------------- xzke ----------------------------------- xzke iapk;r -------------------------------------glhy -------------
----------------------- ftyk ------------------------------ e/kqeD[kh ikyd iathdj.k uEcj ------------------------
------ dks jch ekSle dh Qlyksa dh idus dh voLFkk ls gh mudh e/kqeD[kh
dkWyksfu;ksa dks ns'k ds mÙkj 'khr {ks= esa ys tkus ds fy;s ;g e/kqeD[kh ekbZxzs'ku
izek.k&i= ,rn~ }kjk tkjh fd;k tkrk gSA


                                                                               la;qDr funs'kd d`f"k ¼foLrkj½@
                                                                               mi funs'kd d`f"k ¼foLrkj½@
                                                                               lgk;d funs'kd m|ku
                                                                               nwjHkk"k u- dk;kZy;
                                                                               fuokl
                                                                         ifjf'k"V&12
                     d`"kd izf'k{k.k ykxr dk enokj fooj.k
 1. Hkze.k vof/k& fnol
 2. ,d lewg esa lEHkkfx;ksa dh la[;k & 50
 3. 50 d`"kdksa ds izf’k{k.k gsrq fu/kkZfjr jkf’k #- 900@& izfr d`"kd dh nj ls ¾ #-
    45000-00

S.                            Item/Head                               Fin. Provision
                                                                           (Rs.)
No.
 1    Boarding & lodging @ Rs. 150/Day/Head                              22500
 2    To & Fro fair Actual or @ Rs. 100/Head                             5000
 3    Tea & snacks @ Rs. 5X2=10/Day/Head                                 1500
 4    Training Literature (Book etc.), co medium @ Rs.                   4000
      80/Head
5     Slip paid, pen etc. @ Rs. 20/Head                                   1000
6     Honorarium to guest lectures @ Rs. 300/Lect. Total 12               3600
      lac.
7     Field Visit & Demonstration/ Exhibition                             3000
8     Tool kit (Sector + budding / grafting knife etc.) @ Rs. 75/         3750
      Head
9     Miscellaneous- Publicity, Photography, Stationary,                   650
      Transparency sheet tec.
                              Total                                      45000
                                                                           ifjf’k"V&13

                   d`"kd izf’k{k.k Hkze.k ykxr dk enokj fooj.k
 4. Hkze.k vof/k& 7 fnol
 5. ,d lewg esa lEHkkfx;ksa dh la[;k & 50
 6. 50 d`"kdksa ds izf’k{k.k gsrq fu/kkZfjr jkf’k #- 2500@& izfr d`"kd dh nj ls ¾ #-
      125000-00
Ø-la-                               en                                     jkf’k
 1- f}rh; Js.kh cl@Vªsu dk vkus tkus dk okLrfod
        fdjk;k vFkok :- 1500@& izfr d`"kd tks Hkh de               1500 X 50 = 75000.00
        gksA
  2     jgus o Bgjus dk 7 fnol dk pktsZt #- 100@&                100 X 7 X 50 = 35000.00
        izfr d`"kd izfrfnu
  3     rduhdh lkfgR; dh fizfVax o vU; fofo/k O;;                        5000.00
  4     LFkkuh; ifjogu gsrq isVªksy] vkbWy] yqfczdasV                    5000.00
  5     izf’k{k.k fdV                                                    5000.00
                               ;ksx                                     125000.00

				
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