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Chief Sitting Bull

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					Chief Sitting Bull
 A Native American Hero
• Sitting Bull, Chief of
  the Lakota Sioux
  Indians of South
  Dakota, is probably
  one of the most
  famous Native
  American heroes.


                           http://www.pbs.org/weta/thewest
                           /people/s_z/sittingbull.htm
• Sitting Bull was born in
  1831 in the Black Hills of
  South Dakota. Like other
  Native Americans, he was
  not given a name when he
  was born; instead he would
  have to earn it like all
  Native Americans do.
  Unfortunately, when he was
  young he was very quiet
  and moved very slowly.
  For this reason, the other
  Indians made fun of him
  and named him “Slow” and
  that name stayed with him    http://images.artnet.com/art
  for a long time.             work_images%5C767%5C
                               112591.jpg
• At the age of 14 however, Sitting Bull showed all
  the other Native Americans that he was actually
  a person with very special powers. During a
  battle with another Native American tribe, “Slow”
  rode forward on his horse to attack the enemy
  alone. Hundreds of other Indians shot at him but
  none could hit him even when he came so close
  that he actually touched them. Sitting Bull killed
  nobody that day, but he touched ten enemy
  warriors without getting hit. This miraculous act
  of bravery convinced many Native Americans,
  even his enemies, that “Slow” actually had
  magical powers.
http://www.tfaoi.com/SRCbook/rr133.jpg
• After that day, other
  Indians called “Slow”
  their “medicine man”.
  “Medicine man” is what
  Native Americans call
  men with magical
  powers. Because of his
  magical powers, Slow
  quickly became the
  leader for many of the
  Sioux tribes. In
  particular, Slow was
  famous for his prophetic
  dreams. Slow’s dreams      http://www.accessgenealogy.com/n
  always came true.          ative/sioux/images/sittingbull.jpg
• In 1863, the U.S. Army
  started attacking the
  Native Americans in
  South Dakota. Slow
  wanted peace and had
  always lived in peace
  with White settlers, but
  he would not allow the
  U.S. Army to kill his
  people. Even though
  the Army killed innocent
  Native American women
  and children, Slow         http://people.cohums.ohio-
                             state.edu/grimsley1/usma/
  continued being kind       sand.jpg
  and friendly to White
  settlers.
• It was in 1872, when Slow got the name
  Sitting Bull. He and his warriors faced a
  large group of U.S. Army soldiers. The
  Sioux knew that the U.S. Army had faster
  and better guns and could kill them easily,
  so they hesitated to move forward. Slow
  was not afraid of anything though. He
  calmly walked over to the enemy army
  and sat down in the grass right in front of
  them. Then he pulled out a pipe and
  started smoking. The solders started
  shooting, but to their dismay, none of
  them could hit him. They tried for about
  ten minutes but no bullets could hit. After   http://cache.eb.
  he finished smoking, Slow calmly cleaned      com/eb/image?i
  his pipe, put it away, and walked back to     d=91534&rendT
  his people. This convinced the Indians        ypeId=4
  that Slow’s magic was so strong that even
  the U.S. Army couldn’t beat them. With
  new found bravery, they attacked and
  won the battle.
• After that day,
  everybody started
  calling him Tatanka
  Iyotanka, which
  means Sitting Bull
  in the Sioux
  language. Sitting
  Bull became a
  famous leader as
  people from many
  Native American
  tribes started        http://www3.cesa10.k12.wi.us/Ecosyste
                        ms/prairies/reviews/bull/picture
  believing in him.
• In 1876 Sitting Bull had another
  prophetic dream. He dreamed that
  White men were going to come and
  take away the land of his people, the
  Black Hills. His dream came true. A
  White man found gold in the Black
  Hills and thousands more quickly
  rushed in to look for gold. Soon, the
  U.S. Army came and told the Sioux
  Indians that they had to move away
  and live on a reservation. Sitting Bull
  took his people away from there but
  did not go to the reservation; instead,
  he and his people hid from the army.
http://www.blackhillsphoto
.com/black-hills-
weddings/black-hills.jpg
• But the army was not
  going to give up. In
  fact, this is what U.S.
  Army General Custer
  wanted. He and many
  others wanted an
  excuse to attack and
  kill all of the Sioux
  people---men, women,
  and children. The
  Army hunted for
  Sitting Bull and his
  people hoping to catch
  them and kill every
  one of them.
• That’s when Sitting
  Bull had another
  dream. He
  dreamed that the
  U.S. Army found
  where his people
  were hiding and
  attacked them. But
  in his dream, the
  Sioux fought back
  and won.
                        http://www.gutenberg.org/files/
                        14784/14784-h/images/img-
                        080.jpg
• Just like all his other dreams, this one also came
  true. The U.S. Army found a village where all
  the Sioux women and children were living. They
  looked around but they could see no Indian
  warriors. The village was defenseless. General
  Custer ordered his men to attack the village and
  kill all of the helpless people there. When the
  Army came in to attack however, Sitting Bull and
  his warriors appeared. At first, Custer believed
  there were very few warriors so he did not
  retreat. Suddenly they saw the largest Native
  American army ever. Sitting Bull had collected a
  huge army of Indians. It was much bigger than
  the U.S. Army group led by Custer. It was too
  late for Custer and his men to run. They were
  surrounded.
• Sitting Bull and his
  warriors destroyed
  Custer’s soldiers in
  only a few minutes.
  In fact, very few
  Indian warriors died
  because the U.S.
  soldiers’ guns
  wouldn’t work. For
  some reason, their
  guns jammed and
  wouldn’t shoot.
                         http://www.markchurms.com/
                         Merchant2/graphics/custer-
                         l.jpg
http://www.defenseindustryd
aily.com/images/MISC_Cust
er_Last_Stand_lg.jpg
• Unfortunately for the Sioux, their victory
  only made their lives worse. The U.S.
  made a bigger army and went after Sitting
  Bull and his people. Sitting Bull and the
  Sioux had to run away to Canada to
  escape the U.S. Army. With the help of
  the Canadian government, Sitting Bull and
  the Sioux people signed a peace treaty
  with the U.S. government. The treaty said
  that the Sioux and the U.S. would stop
  fighting.
• Once the war was done,
  Sitting Bull decided he would
  travel around the world so he
  could learn more about White
  people. Sitting Bull joined a
  famous traveling show called
  “Buffalo Bill’s Wild West
  Show”. During the show,
  Sitting Bull would ride out on
  a horse and speak to the
  audience in the Sioux
  language. The audience
  loved the show and cheered
  for Sitting Bull. They didn’t
  know that Sitting Bull was
  actually swearing at them in
  Sioux.
• The Wild West show paid Sitting Bull a lot of
  money but Sitting Bull was not interested in
  money or White people’s things. Sitting Bull
  often gave his money to the poor and hungry
  homeless children he saw in the cities that he
  visited.
• When he was old, Sitting Bull decided to return to
  his home in South Dakota. That’s when he had
  another dream. He dreamed that he would be
  killed there.




                                  http://www.snowwo
                                  wl.com/images/sony
                                  asitbul.jpg
• At that time, the Sioux Indians were at peace with
  the U.S. government, but some of them had a new
  method of fighting back. This method was not with
  guns, but with magic. They did a magic dance that
  conjured up ghosts. The believed the ghosts would
  make the United States weak and the Indians
  strong. This movement was called “the Ghost
  Dance.”
http://students.umf.main
e.edu/~powellas/
• The ghost dancers came to Sitting Bull. They
  wanted Sitting Bull to join them, but the Indian
  reservation had police that worked for the U.S.
  government and these police wanted to stop
  Sitting Bull from joining the ghost dance. In 1890,
  Sitting Bull was killed while trying to escape from
  the reservation.
                                        http://www.worldbo
                                        ok.com/wb/images
                                        /content_spotlight/l
                                        ewis_and_clark/ad
                                        vancingsettlers.jpg

				
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