Kyushu Electric Power
Environment Action Report
KYUSHU ELECTRIC POWER CO., INC.
Glossary How to
P00 : page number in the Fiscal 2004 Kyushu Electric Power
Environment Action Report (booklet version)
Basic term : other basic terms in environment-related field
Artificial zeolite pollution and the responsibility of businesses,
A Porous mineral consisting mainly of silicon and
aluminum and having excellent ion-exchange and
national and local governments and citizens with
a view to preventing pollution, in particular,
Acid rain absorption properties. Artificial zeolite made of coal types of pollution that have a direct impact on
Basic term ash is superior to natural zeolite in terms of purity the environment. In years to follow, social and
Defined as rain having a pH of 5.6 or lower. and performance and its application is expected economic activities based on mass-production,
Pollutants from factories such as sulfur oxides to be diversified in agricultural, environmental consumption and waste aggravated pollution in
or nitrogen oxides form a mist of sulfuric acid or and industrial fields. urban areas, and issues such as global warming
nitric acid in the atmosphere. When the mist and ozone layer depletion emerged. To address
comes in contact with rainwater, the rain will be Asbestos these issues, the Basic Environment Law was
strongly acidic. Acid rain damages the Basic term enacted in 1993 to replace the Basic Law for
ecosystems of lakes, marshes and forests as An extremely fine, fibrous mineral used widely as Environmental Pollution Control.
well as architectural structures. an industrial material for its excellent heat and
chemical resistance and insulation properties. A Basic Law for Establishing a Recycling-
Action Program to Arrest Global large intake can increase the risk of diseases based Society
Warming such as lung cancer. Basic term
Basic term A law providing a basic framework for a recycling-
A program established in 1990 by a cabinet Award system for employees who devote oriented society in which few resources are
decision which presents the government’s themselves to the local community consumed and in which the environmental load is
policies and the vision of overall actions for the P35 reduced. In order to reduce the volume of waste
future, proposing the systematic and Established by Kyushu Electric Power in 1984. finally disposed, the following priorities have been
comprehensive promotion of global warming Employees who have contributed to enhancing the determined: (1) controlling (reducing) waste
measures. It sets emission reduction targets for corporate image or company reputation through generation, (2) reusing used goods as is, (3) recycling
carbon dioxide and establishes a wide range of long-range activities in local communities are used goods as raw materials, (4) heat recovery
measures for a 20-year period (1990-2010), awarded. The objective is to encourage employees (thermal recycling), and (5) proper disposal.
such as emission control over carbon dioxide to be actively involved in social activities.
and other greenhouse gases including methane. Beneficial organisms
It also aims to promote scientific study and P36
research, observation, monitoring and R&D as A collective term used for living organisms, such
well as environmental awareness and
B as agricultural produce, fish and yeast, that are
useful in the daily life of people.
Bag filter Binary-cycle generation
Basic term P4, 21
A device to collect particulates in exhaust gas
A specific action plan to achieve sustainable A method of power generation in which turbines
by the particle deposit on the surface of a filter
development, adopted at the United Nations are rotated with the steam produced by heating
cloth. It is also called a filter dust collector.
Conference on Environment and Development and evaporating liquids with a low boiling point. It
held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in 1992. is called binary-cycle generation since electricity
Basel Convention is produced with two heat cycles; the heat source
Basic term system and the medium system. It is used in
An international agreement adopted by the geothermal power generation and binary-cycle
P14, 27, 34, 45
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) geothermal generation uses low-temperature
Atmospheric pollution caused by the combustion
in 1989, officially called the Basel Convention on steam and hot water, which were not usable in
of fossil fuel in economic and social activities.
the Control of Transboundary Movement of conventional methods, as the heat source by
Major pollutants are sulfur oxides, nitrogen
Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal. It imposes utilizing a medium with a low boiling point.
oxides, carbon monoxide, suspended particulate
strict controls on trans-border transport and
matter and photochemical oxidants.
disposal of hazardous wastes by stipulating the Biological diversity
obligation to get export permission and give Basic term
Air Pollution Control Law
advance notice as well as to re-import in the Diversity in the living organisms on earth and
case of improper exports or disposals. the living environment. Intraspecific, interspecific
One of its purposes is to protect public health and
preserve the living environment with respect to air and ecosystem diversities are included.
pollution: by controlling emissions of soot, smoke Basic Environment Law
and particulate from the business activities of Basic term Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD)
factories and business establishments; by Established by the government in 1993 to define P57
controlling emissions of particulate in the a basic policy for environmental issues. The law The amount of oxygen consumed by
demolishing of buildings; by promoting various provides fundamental principles for environmental microorganisms during decomposition of
measures concerning hazardous air pollutants; conservation and also defines the responsibilities pollutants (organic matter) in river water or
and, by setting maximum permissible limits for of the state, local governments, businesses and industrial wastewater. It is a commonly
automobile exhaust gas, etc. The law is also citizens, respectively, as well as basic matters to applied parameter for river pollution under
focused on helping victims of air pollution- be pursued by local governments, businesses environmental standards and the most stringent
related health damage by defining corporate and citizens. limit is set as 1mg /liter or less.
liability for compensation of such damage. Biomass
Basic Environment Plan P37
Allowances for publicly recognized Basic term Organic materials of biological origin used as
licenses and qualifications Basic plan established by the government to energy sources which include debris from
P35 promote the comprehensive and systematic thinned woods, sawdust from lumbering, pruned
Rewarding system implemented by Kyushu implementation of environmental conservation- plants, construction waste, manure from the
Electric Power. Allowances or rewards are paid related policies in accordance with the Basic livestock industry, organic matter collected in
to personnel who have acquired a license or Environment Law. sewage treatment facilities and kitchen garbage.
qualification related to their jobs or for self-
development. It is aimed at motivating employees Basic Law for Environmental Pollution Control Bisphenol A epoxy resin
to educate themselves to deal effectively with Basic term P30
diversified operations and tasks. A law established in 1967 for pollution An expoxide polymer used for adhesives, paints
control/prevention. It defines environmental and electrical insulant. It has a strong adhesive
ability on bonded surfaces and excellent resistance burned as a fuel and emit the absorbed CO2, economists, educators and businessmen,
to chemicals and electrical insulating properties. thereby offsetting the amount of CO2 in the established in 1970 to search for a way to avoid
environment throughout their lifecycles. the crisis for humans caused by the depletion of
Blue tide natural resources, aggregated environmental
Basic term Carbon tetrachloride pollution and population growth. It was named
Abnormal discoloration in seawater caused by P23 the Club of Rome since its first meeting was
the rise of hypoxic water mass due to the Toxic and causes digestive or nervous-system held in Rome in 1968 prior to its establishment.
decomposition of plankton sedimentation in disorders when inhaled or absorbed through the skin.
eutrophic coastal waters, a process which It is colorless liquid producing a chloroform-like odor CO2 Absorption and Sequestration Method
consumes a significant amount of oxygen. and is not combustible or explosive. Used as a fire- P36
Dissolved oxygen depletion produces hydrogen extinguishing agent or solvent and for dry cleaning. The application of photosynthesis function of plants
sulfide that affects the aquatic ecosystem. (trees) to absorb, fix and store CO2 in a solid form.
Boron and boron compounds P18 CO2 emissions intensity (end-use electricity)
P30 Material mixed with cement in concrete P18, 19
An element occurring naturally only in combi- production, enhancing the durability and heat The amount of CO2 emitted in the generation or
nation, such as borax, and found in river water, resistance of concrete. Cement to which coal consumption of 1kWh of electricity. CO 2
groundwater, seawater and soil, particularly in ash (fly ash collected in an electrostatic emissions intensity for end-use electricity refers
volcanic zones. Boron and its compounds are precipitator) has been added is called fly-ash to CO2 emissions from 1kWh of electricity used
used as glass material, solvents for plating, cement and is categorized into three types (A, B by Kyushu Electric Power’s end-users. Since
preservatives, pesticides and a neutron and C) under the Japanese Industrial Standards. electricity sold to customers includes electricity
absorber for nuclear power plants. The maximum content of fly ash is 30%. purchased from wholesale suppliers, the
amount of CO2 emissions recorded by Kyushu
Cement material Electric Power will contain emissions from
P18 power generation by wholesale suppliers as well.
C Coal ash, which may effectively substitute for
clay, used in the production of cement with other Coal ash
cement materials, and limestone, clay, silica P18, 24, 25, 36, 45, 59
Cadmium stone, ferric oxide fuel and gypsum. Ash produced from the combustion of coal in
A heavy metal found in large amounts in zinc ore
coal thermal power plants, due to ash contained
used in plating and rechargeable batteries. High Certification/Registration Organization in coals at a rate of about 5-30%. There are two
exposure to cadmium over long periods of time An organization that assesses the conformity of types of coal ash: fly ash collected in a
causes chronic poisoning, resulting in kidney businesses to the standards for environmental precipitator and cracked welded ash, called
disorders, calcium deficiency and osteomalacia. management systems of the International clinker ash, collected at the bottom of a boiler.
Organization for Standardization (ISO).
Capacity factor Combined cycle (combined power
P18, 19 Chemical oxygen demand (COD) generation method)
The ratio of average power generated, for a P13, 15 P20
period of time considered, to the total installed The amount of oxygen consumed to oxidize A Power generation method that combines gas
supply capacity of power plants or substations organic matter in water with the oxidizing agent. It and steam turbines. Heat from gas turbines is
for the same period. It indicates the is often used as an indicator for water pollution collected in a waste heat boiler, and the steam
effectiveness of facility utilization. The efficient since water with more organic matter requires more produced is used to rotate steam turbines.
use of facilities and improvement of the capacity oxygen. The unit of COD is mg/liter, and 1mg/liter
factor must be pursued through load leveling indicates that 1mg of oxygen is required for 1 liter Communication promotion campaign
and rationalization of periodic inspections to of water. COD is applied under environmental P31
ensure efficient power supply. standards to indicate the pollution level of lakes, A campaign organized by Kyushu Electric
marshes and seas. The most stringent limit for Power every October. The company hosts
Car Sharing lakes and marshes is 1mg/liter or less. community events such as community visits and
P5, 32, 33, 58, 60 open office days to listen to customers’ opinions
The systematic shared use of automobiles Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and requests and help people understand the
owned by companies or groups. This new means One of the Kyoto Mechanisms. A developed business activities of the company. A wide
of individual transportation is drawing attention as country supports a developing country in variety of events are held to express
an alternative to privately owned cars. completing an emissions reduction project and appreciation to customers.
receives an achieved reduction amount. The
Carbon dioxide (CO2) developed country is allowed to receive part of Compliance
P5,11, 13, 14, 15, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 31, 32, an achieved emissions reductions as credit to P4, 11, 35, 41
33, 34, 36, 37, 45, 49 apply to their own reduction requirement. The observation of laws, rules and other
A colorless, odorless gas and one of the
arrangements that are reasonably imposed on
greenhouse gases that absorb infrared rays. It is Clean energy cars citizens by regulatory or similar organizations.
a greenhouse gas targeted for reduction under P18, 23
the Kyoto Protocol. Electric vehicles, hybrid cars, natural gas
automobiles and methanol cars. Compliance guidance
Carbon monoxide (CO) P4
P37 Closed water area Established for employees by Kyushu Electric
A colorless, odorless toxic gas produced by Basic term Power in December 2002 to guide employees in
the incomplete combustion of carbon-based A body of water in an inland bay or sea, lake or making decisions about what should or should
compounds. It combines with hemoglobin in the marsh where water exchange rarely occurs not be done in daily operations. In order to
blood, thereby reducing oxygen delivery capacity. for topographical reasons. Pollutants are likely develop the current corporate culture, the
to accumulate making maintenance or improve- company and its employees are expected to
Carbon neutral ment of water quality difficult. review and correct their performance of duties
P37 or operations in line with societal norms and/or
Refers to a characteristic of CO2 equilibrium Club of Rome public opinion.
achieved when plants, which absorb atmospheric Basic term
carbon dioxide (CO2) by photosynthesis, are A private organization comprised of scientists,
Compost utilization of genetic resources. The convention Dibenzofurans (PCDF) and Coplanar
Basic term divides the diversities of all living organisms on Polychlorinated Biphenyls (Coplanar PCB),
Fermented or decomposed waste, including earth into three elements: ecosystem, species which are categorized into 224 different types
kitchen garbage, fallen leaves, etc. and genes (intra-species). based on the level of toxicity related to the
location and number of chlorine molecules.
Conference of Parties to the UN Corporate social responsibility (CSR) Severe and acute toxicity have been proven
Framework Convention on Climate P61 through animal testing. Dioxins are said to
Change (COP) Operating style pursing both social and economic cause cancer and deformation in humans and
Basic term values. Companies should fulfill their social are produced mainly in the combustion of waste.
9 1 9 1
Aimed to establish a framework for the responsibilities, for example, by complying with
8 O 2 8 2
prevention of global warming and the related laws and/or social standards, being considerate
rules. The first session was held in March 1995 of the environment, protecting the shareholders’ 7 O 3 7 O 3
in Berlin by the parties to the United Nations interest and participating in social activities. 6 4 6 4
Framework Convention on Climate Change, PCDDs PCDFs
which was made effective in March 1994. 3' 2' 2 3
6' 6 5
P14, 27, 46, 58 Dissolved oxygen (DO)
A facility to remove nitrogen oxides (NOx) from Basic term
the flue gas generated by fuel combustion in the The amount of oxygen dissolved in water.
boilers at thermal power plants before they are It changes according to conditions including
released from chimneys into the atmosphere. water temperature, atmospheric pressure and
salt content. The level of DO is higher in clean
Confidential document Deposit-refund system water than in polluted water where oxygen
P24, 25, 26, 41, 45, 47, 51 Basic term consumption increases.
Prohibited to be disclosed due to the secrecy or A system in which deposits are collected when
confidentiality of contents. The term usually goods are sold, in addition to the selling prices, District heating and cooling projects
refers to corporate documents such as and refunded when the goods or containers are Basic term
significant policies or human resources-related returned. Air conditioning business based on the supply of
documents. cold water and steam (or hot water). Cold water
Desulfurization facility and steam are transported by pipes from large-
Constant cycling at rated electric P14, 24, 27, 46 scale heat-generating plants to buildings located
output A facility to remove sulfur oxides (SOx) from the within a certain distance from supplying facilities
In this operation method, the thermal output of flue gas generated by fuel combustion in the for air conditioning purposes.
nuclear reactors is reduced during winter to boilers at thermal power plants before they are
maintain a stable electrical output without released from chimneys to the atmosphere. Dose evaluation value
overproduction (over 100% production) as P18
thermal efficiency increases in winter due to the Evaluation value for radiation dose that
lower temperature of seawater. This method represents the degree to which people may be
was once applied in operation. exposed to radioactive materials released by
a nearby nuclear power plant. The dose
Constant cycling at rated thermal output evaluation value is controlled to be well below
P18, 19, 0.05mSv/year, a target dose established
In this operation method, nuclear reactors are under the guidelines of the Nuclear Safety
operated at the rated thermal output as Commission in Japan.
approved by the national government (100%).
This increases electrical output to 101-104% in
winter due to the lower temperature of seawater.
Containers and Packaging Recycling E
A law promulgated in 1995 and officially called Diatom earth Earth Day is April 22, and its founding dates back
the “Law for Promotion of Sorted Collection and P36 to April 22, 1970 when large-scale demonstrations
Recycling of Containers and Packaging.” In Fossil of diatom, a phytoplankton mainly used in were organized throughout the United States for
order to reduce general waste and promote the chinaware. the purpose of appealing for the protection of the
utilization of reclaimed material, the law
environment including pollution control and nature
stipulates the roles of various parties with regard Dichloropentafluoropropane conservation. On this day, we celebrate the
to containers and packaging which make up a P42 international collaboration by declaring our
large portion of household waste: consumers Chlorofluorocarbon-replacing material commitment to protect the global environment.
are to separate waste before disposal, (HCFC225) and a clear and colorless liquid
municipalities are to collect garbage by type that produces an ether-like odor and has a
and manufacturers of containers and those Earth Summit
boiling point of 54 C. Used as detergent for Basic term
responsible for packaging of products are to various parts or components.
develop and produce recyclable products. An informal name for the United Nations
Conference on Environment and Development
Dioxins held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in 1992, aiming for
Convention on Biological Diversity
P30, 45, 48 global environment protection and sustainable
General term for certain organic compounds development. The conference resulted in the
Aimed at preserving biological diversity, the
containing chlorine, including Polychlorinated adoption of the Rio Declaration on Environment
sustainable use of its components and fair and
Dibenzo-Para-Dioxins (PCDD), Polychlorinated and Development, Agenda 21, and the State-
equitable sharing of benefits arising from the
ment of Forest Principles, setting forth rules for Electric vehicle Environment Impact Assessment Law
individuals and nations. At the conference, the P12, 18, 23, 33 P27
UN Framework Convention on Climate Change A vehicle which operates with battery-equipped The law stipulates that environment impact
and the Convention on Biological Diversity were electric motors. It emits no exhaust gas, so its assessment should be conducted on large-scale
opened for signature. emission level is low even when exhaust gas projects that may have a serious impact on the
from power plants in power generation is taken environment, for example, land development
Eco Ice into account. It also contributes to drastically projects for roads, dams, railways, airfields,
Thermal storage air-conditioning systems that reducing engine noise. power plants, land reclamation and land
utilize less expensive nighttime power for readjustment. The law has been in full force
thermal storage to provide daytime air- since June 1999.
conditioning. Eco Ice is a general term used for
ice storage air-conditioning systems that use ice Environment Month
thermal storage in summer and warm-water P14, 31, 32, 33, 34, 46, 47, 58
thermal storage in winter. The product name June has been designated by the Ministry of
was coined by combining the terms, “ecology” Environment as Environment Month in Japan.
(environmental friendliness), “economy” and Various events or programs are launched to
“ice” (ice thermal storage). raise awareness and promote environmental
conservation activities during Environment
Eco Mothers Emission Trading (ET) Month. Kyushu Electric Power also names June
A solution adopted as one of the Kyoto “Environment Month” and organizes voluntary
P5, 31, 60, 61
Mechanisms, where CO2 emissions are traded activities such as forestation, cleaning and other
The title of PR representatives who serve as
between countries or companies in order to programs.
intermediaries between Kyushu Electric Power
achieve their CO2 emission reduction target.
and its customers regarding environmental
issues. Their main task is to visit kindergartens Environment PR
and children’s associations in the local Emissions intensity P5, 11, 31
community in order to read books about the P18, 27
Delivery or disclosure of environmental policies
environment and provide environmental The amount of substances, such as CO2, NOx and
and/or activities through reports, brochures, TV,
information. They also seek the opinions of SOx, emitted upon generation or consumption of
newspapers and other forms of mass media.
parents concerning environmental issues and 1kWh of electricity.
the company’s environmental activities to relay Environmental accounting
the opinions to the company. Endocrine disrupting substances (EDSs:
P7, 12, 13, 41, 46, 58, 61
aka. environmental hormones)
Management accounting enabling companies to
Eco Mothers’ Club Basic term
understand (measure), analyze and publish in a
P58 A collective term used for certain chemicals that
quantitative manner (expressed in monetary or
A two-way network between mothers in Kyushu act like hormones once they enter the body and
in material unit) the costs and effects of
and Kyushu Electric Power for sharing have the potential to disturb the endocrine
environmental protection activities of their
environmental information and energy issues (hormone) system in humans. Dioxins,
business operation. It aims to effectively and
through Eco Mothers activities. It aims to enhance polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and DDT are
efficiently promote environmental conservation
environmental awareness and contribute to suspected substances.
among the companies in harmony with society
environment preservation society-wide. in order to achieve sustainable development.
Energy Conservation Law
Ecocute (CO2 refrigerant heat pump- Basic term
Formally known as the Law Regarding the
Environmental impact assessment
type water heater) P27, 58
P22 Rationalization of Energy Use, promulgated in
A technique used for identifying the environmental
Heat pump-type water heaters using a natural 1979 to promote rationalization (energy saving) by
impact of a project that may be hazardous to the
refrigerant (CO2: carbon dioxide) that store hot establishing specific standards for factories,
environment before its implementation. The impact
water during the night as electric water heaters. buildings, machines and equipment. The law
of the project on the environment will be studied,
provides the Top Runners Approach in which
estimated and evaluated in order to find and
Eco-friendly products standards for automobile fuel economy and energy
implement the appropriate precautional measures.
P26 conservation in electric appliances must be higher
In Japan, it is conducted in compliance with the
Products developed to reduce environment load over than those found in currently available products
Environment Impact Assessment Law for target
their lifecycle ranging from production to disposal . that have the best energy efficiency. Also, factories
projects undertaken by enterprises engaged in the
above a certain size are required to submit a plan
operation of roads, dams, railways and power
for the rationalization of energy use.
EcoLeaf environmental labeling plants. The process requires the involvement of
P20 local residents, specialists and administrative
An environmental labeling program, in which the
Environment Action Plan
agencies in charge of environmental matters. It is
P8, 9,10, 11, 58
quantitative data (calculated based on the Life one of the most important measures for preventing
Kyushu Electric Power places environmental
Cycle Assessment (LCA) method) of environmental pollution.
conservation at the top of its tasklist of
environmental load generated from
management and has proactively engaged in
manufacturing to disposal of products is Environmental Action Plan by the
tackling environmental issues including global
published, after the data is certified by third- Japanese Electric Utility Industry
warming. The Action Plan is a company-wide
implementation plan updated every year.
EcoMark An action plan established in 1996 by 12
P26 participants of the Federation of Electric Power
An environmental label that Co. of Japan to state their goals to establish global
helps consumers choose eco- warming measures, create a recycle-oriented
June 5th is designated in the Basic Environment
friendly products. EcoMark can be issusd to society and manage chemical substances, as well
Law as Environment Day. The purposes of the
eco-friendly products, or “green products,” as clarify the activities necessary to achieve these
day is to promote interest in and understanding
approved by the Japan Environment Association goals. The plan is reviewed annually to ensure
of environment conservation among people and
under the guidance of the Ministry of Environ- transparency and achieve its goals.
motivate participation in environmental activities.
ment since 1989.
June 5th is also World Environment Day, as
designated by the United Nations.
Environmental activity costs UNEP which started its activities shortly after mented in accordance with corporate
P12, 13, 14, 15, 46 World War II. environmental policies and/or the PDCA Cycle
Costs incurred to recover environmental (Plan: planning for environmental polices or
disruption and protect the environment. For schemes, Do: implementation and operation of
example, environmental disruption leads to the Plan, Check: evaluation and analysis, Action:
environmental damages. Various expenses such countermeasures) to reduce environmental load
as compensation for environmental damages or voluntarily and continuously.
victims or repairs for environmental damages
may be incurred. Usually, environmental Environmental monitoring
protection activities require costs for the P28
construction or development of environmental Surveillance and recognition of impact on the
infrastructures and other investments. environment. Air quality, noise, vibration and
water quality are inspected while a power plant
Environmental administrator is being constructed and/or after the operation of
Environmental efficiency a power plant is started in order to measure,
Personnel responsible for managing compre- evaluate and analyze the impact of smoke, noise,
Idea or concept of promoting both a reduction in
hensively environmental activities implemented in vibration and thermal wastewater produced by
environmental load and economic advantages
each relevant operational unit. In his manage- power stations on the neighboring environment.
through energy saving, recycling of waste and
ment, emphasis is placed on the accurate, Environmental monitoring is often conducted
production process using less energies.
complete and effective operation of the PDCA when a new power plant is constructed or an
Environmental efficiency is assessed based on
cycle. The first Environmental Administrator was existing power plant facility is expanded.
indicators obtained by dividing the quantiy of
appointed in August 2001 for each office and
goods produced or services offered by the
department at the Head Office and operational
associated environmental load. Increasing
units of the branch office of Kyushu Electric Power. P31, 33, 58
environmental efficiency is considered essential
Non-profit, non-governmental private groups
for realizing sustainable societies.
Environmental Affairs Department and organizations that undertake environmental
Compliance Guideline protection endeavors, including the World Wide
P11 Fund for Nature (WWF) and Greenpeace.
Standards established by Kyushu Electric Power
Providing environmental information about a
by stakeholders according to the purpose of the
product. Categorized into three types; labels
Compliance Directives (established in December P14, 15, 46, 53, 59
(such as EcoMark) certified by a third party
2002). Employees involved in environmental Organization or group of people actively involved
based on established standards, labels showing
activities should observe the standards in in environmental activities in local communities.
environmental information about a product
performing environmental activities.
provided by the manufacturer, and labels
displaying quantitative information based on
Environmental audit Basic term
LCA (life cycle assessment).
P9 Defined by the Basic Environment Law as
Process of evaluation based on objective significantly expanded damages from dirty air
Environmental Law Guideline
evidence obtained in order to determine if and water, soil contamination, noise vibration,
environmental activities implemented by an entity ground subsidence (excluding excavations from
Summary of key issues in typical environmental
comply with the related laws or regulations and/or mining) and unpleasant odors. It is caused by
laws and regulations compiled by Kyushu Electric
the entity’s related standards or environmental business or human activities and results in
Power. The Company often creates a large-scale
conservation manual. Kyushu Electric Power negative effects on human health and the living
environmental load in business activities, and
arranges an independent environmental audit to environment (including properties, plants and
therefore, must control their business operations
be conducted regularly under the control of the animals closely connected to people’s lives and
taking into consideration their social responsibility
Management Administration Office company-wide growing environment of these organisms).
related to environmental conservation.
in order to evaluate the performance of environ- Degradation of water conditions and bottom
mental activities. sediment is also defined as environmental
P12, 13, 14, 17, 18, 20, 26, 27, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44,
Environmental conservation agreement 45, 46, 48, 61
P11, 27 Any disturbance in ecological system caused Environmental radiation
Agreement concluded between a local govern- including items required for certain activities (e.g. P28
ment and a factory or business of a certain size energies, raw materials and parts), by-products Radiation existing in the living environment of
in connection with pollution control. produced or generated from activities (e.g. wastes, humans and other organisms.
effluent, gas emissions and noise) and beneficial
Environmental corporate management or valuable outputs (e.g. products and services). Environmental standards
P7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 40, 41, 42, 44, 45, 46, 47, 61 Basic term
Operation pursuing sustainable development of Referred to as “standards for conditions
an entity with attention paid to the environment. associated with air pollution, water pollution, soil
P8, 11, 39, 40, 41
It is a new operating style or strategy, in which contamination and noise, for which maintenance
Environmentally conscious corporate administration
businesses take advantage of friendly involve- is desirable to protect human health and the
or management pursuing sustainable development.
ment in the environment, instead of regarding living environment” in the Basic Environment Law.
It is a new management style or strategy, in which
environmental activities as negative factors due businesses take advantage of friendly involve-
to increased costs. At Kyushu Electric Power, ment in the environment, instead of regarding Ethylbenzene
the environmental operation is being pursued in environmental activities as negative factors due to P30, 42
its overall business activities under the Kyushu increased costs. At Kyushu Electric Power, the A colorless liquid found often in paint and
Electric Power Environment Chapter. environmental management is being pursued in varnish having a boiling point of 136.2ºC and a
its overall business activities under the Kyushu melting point of -94ºC.
Environmental education Electric Power Environment Charter.
P5, 14, 31, 32, 41, 45, 46, 47, 58, 60, 61 Ethylene glycol
Intended to define, sustain and improve an ideal Environmental Management System (EMS) P42
human environment. Environmental education P4, 10, 14, 15, 35, 44, 45, 46, 47, 51, 61 A colorless viscous liquid, producing very little
was enthusiastically inspired by the World Method of environmental management imple- odor, having a boiling point of 197.6ºC and a
Conservation Union (IUCN), UNESCO and melting point of -13ºC. It is used as a synthetic
material in dyes and perfumes or in air- Federation of Economic Organizations’ automotive fuel economy by 21.4% from the
conditioning refrigerants (anti-freeze). Voluntary Action Plan on the Environment 1995 average of gasoline-fueled automobiles).
Eutrophication (adj. eutrophied, A long-term scheme established by the Federation
eutrophicated) of Economic Organizations (Keidanren) in 1997 to
The increase in the level of nutrient salts
pursue environmental activities effectively and
continuously in all business segments of Japan. G
(nitrogen, phosphorus etc.) in certain areas of Targets are set and performance is assessed
seas, lakes and marshes, likely caused by an yearly, which enhances accountability. General waste (municipal solid waste)
inflow of wastewater from factories and Participating companies are expected to P14, 24, 25, 46, 51, 58
households. It may cause red tides and the voluntarily make the maximum effort in regarding “Waste other than industrial waste” as defined in
consequent death of marine life in seas, or the Plan as an incentive for social promise. the Waste Management and Public Cleansing
water blooms in lakes and marshes, which Law. Specifically, this includes kitchen garbage
result in odorous water. Final disposal sites and wastepaper from households, restaurants,
Basic term stores and offices.
Exhaust gas recirculation combustion Disposal sites for general and industrial waste
method approved under the Waste Management and Glass cullet
P27 Public Cleansing Law. There are three types of P36
A method that enables combustion at a low sites: non-leachate controlled landfills for stable Crushed pieces of used glass, including bottles
temperature and low oxygen level to reduce industrial waste, leachate-controlled landfills for for recycling materials.
NOx emissions. A portion of the exhaust gas is domestic and industrial waste and isolated
either mixed into the combustion air or supplied landfills for hazardous industrial waste. Global environment issues
into the combustion zone. P11, 17, 18, 19, 32, 41, 45, 48, 60, 62
Flue gas Environmental issues that go beyond national
Extended producer responsibility (EPR) P14, 15 borders such as ozone layer depletion, acid rain
Basic term A mixture of gases or smoke emitted from and global warming, and the issues faced by
An approach in which manufacturers are held factory and power plant chimneys. developing countries including loss of tropical
liable for the disposal, treatment and recycling of forests and endangered species of wild animals
their products in addition to their production and Forest Management Certification which require international efforts led by
distribution. It is anticipated that the approach P33 developed countries. These problems must be
will promote the development of products that A system to certify the proper management of addressed from a global point of view.
are easy to recycle or have low environmental forests from environmental, social and economic
load upon disposal. perspectives, the labeling of corporate standards Global warming
aimed at ensuring the use of products originating P8, 13, 14, 15, 31, 32, 34, 36, 46, 48, 60, 61, 62
solely from certified forests through the entire Rising of the surface temperature of the earth due
process from production to processing to to greenhouse gas emissions. Concentrations of
F distribution, and the validity of such standards. green house gases (such as carbon dioxide,
methane and nitrous oxide) in the atmosphere
Forestry’s contribution to the environment increase due to economic or social activities, and
Factory Location Law P49 in turn the greenhouse effect is intensified.
Forestry contributes to the environment by
Enacted in 1973 to regulate site selection for
providing recyclable resources (wood) and Global Warming Potential (GWP)
and construction of factories above a certain
maintaining functions (headwater conservation P15, 23
size (in the manufacturing and power supply
in forests; fallen leaves rot and turn to humus An index used to calculate the level of
industries) from an environmental protection
over the years; humus-rich soils store and purify greenhouse effect. It uses a relative scale based
standpoint. Construction of a new factory and
rainwater) for the benefit of the public. on the greenhouse effect of the reference gas,
additions to an existing factory must be reported
to authorities. The ratio of production facility carbon dioxide, which has a GWP of exactly one.
Freons / Fluorocarbons This potential is stipulated in the enforcement
area to the area of the whole site and the ratio
P14, 15, 23, 43, 46 ordinance to promote global warming measures.
of environmental facility space, such as
A group of chemical compounds containing
greenery areas, to the area of the whole site are
carbon and fluorine. Some Freons, such as Global Warming Prevention Headquarters
regulated by the Law.
chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) and hydro- Basic term
chlorofluorocarbon (HCFC), have been found to An organization established by a cabinet
Fast breeder reactor (FBR) cause ozone layer depletion. Their production
Nuclear power reactor, using high-speed decision following the adoption of the Kyoto
and use have been regulated since the adoption Protocol to comprehensively promote measures
neutrons (fast neutrons), able to produce more
of the Montreal Protocol in 1987. both effective and specific to prevent global
nuclear fuel than power generation consumes.
This is a feature of the reactor likened to warming in line with the steady implementation
Fuel cells of the Kyoto Protocol. It is headed by the Prime
“breeding” (i.e. uranium-238 is changed to
A device that utilizes the electrochemical
reaction of hydrogen and oxygen that is a Green consumers
Federation of Economic Organizations’ reverse reaction of water electrolysis, to Individuals with high environmental awareness
Charter for a Global Environment produce water and electricity. This method of who do not hesitate to purchase low environ-
Basic term power generation theoretically has a high mental load products at a higher price.
Declaration announced by the Federation of efficiency since fuel is directly converted into
Economic Organizations (Keidanren) in 1991. The electricity through a chemical reaction and is
charter states that the tackling of environmental
Green Electric Power System
characterized by low air pollutant emissions. P21, 59
issues is essential to member companies for their
A system established by a power company in
existence and in their business activities and
Fuel-efficient vehicles cooperation with their customers and independent
declares its commitment to implementing
P15, 18, 23 power generators with an aim of expanding the
environmental activities voluntarily and proactively
Low-emission vehicles and motor vehicles that use of natural energies nationwide.
for environmental protection.
meet the fuel economy standards as set in the
Law Concerning the Rational Use of Energy
(FY2010 fuel economy standard: to improve
Green helper Gross thermal efficiency and a zinc layer 70-100 m thick.
P32, 62 P18, 20
The title granted to individuals who completed A ratio of gross output obtained by assuming Household eco-account book
forestation-related training classes offered by the that all electricity generated in the power plant P58, 60
Interchange Association for Promoting Forestation becomes electric power effectively. An account book designed for family use. An
(NPO) to foster leadership for the “Forestation of environmental account of their everyday life
Communities” program among local people. Gypsum shows their impact on the environment. Primary
P24, 25, 45 items listed in the book include consumption of
Green mark Mineral composed of calcium sulfate. In order to energy (electricity and gas) and water, trash and
Basic term remove sulfur oxides, limestone (calcium carbonate) living, shopping and transportation.
The mark established by the Paper Recycling and exhaust gas are contacted in the desulfurization
Promotion Center in 1981 and printed on equipment of a thermal power plant to create gypsum. Hybrid car
products manufactured from used paper. The Reaction formula (Wet limestone - Gypsum method) P18, 23
purpose of the mark is to help Absorption process: A car that runs on a combination of different
consumers easily recognize the SO 2 CaCO 3 1/2H 2 0 CaSO 3 1/2H 2 O CO 2 power sources, such as an internal combustion
(Sulfur dioxide gas) (Limestone slurry) (Calcium sulfite) (Carbon dioxide gas)
use of used paper and encourage engine and batteries or an electric motor.
used paper collection and use. Oxidation process:
CaSO 3 1/2H 2 O 1/2O 2 3/2H 2 O CaSO 4 2H 2 O Hydrazine
(Calcium sulfite) (Gypsum)
Green Power Certificate P30
Political incentive measure launched by the A colorless fuming unctuous liquid having an ammonia-
government to promote the use of renewable like odor. It emits smoke in the air and reacts vigorously
energies. It is awarded according to the amount of to metal, metallic oxides and porous substances that
electricity generated using renewable energies and
the green power may be sold to other companies.
H may cause a fire or explosion. It is used as a feed water
treatment agent to remove dissolved oxygen from the
boiler during power generation.
Green procurement P14, 43, 45, 46
P11, 13, 14, 15, 18, 24, 26, 41, 44, 45, 46, 47, 58, 61
A group of FKW-containing compounds such as Hydrocarbons
Priority purchasing or procurement of low Basic term
bromine-containing bromodifluoromethane and
environmental load products or services. General term for organic compounds consisting of
bromotrifluoromethane. Halons are widely used in
fire extinguishers because they are non-flammable carbon and hydrogen. Organic compounds
Green Procurement Guideline and non-explosive, and have an excellent ability to containing oxygen and nitrogen together with
Kyushu Electric Power’s guidelines, in which its hydrocarbons are generally called hydrocarbon
extinguish fire. They are also safe from electrical
concept of or directions for the procurement of substances. Major hydrocarbon substances, alcohols,
fires and less hazardous than asphyxiating gases
eco-friendly products are stated. It sets a aldehydes and esters, are believed to cause
such as carbon dioxide and nitrogen gas.
framework that encourages suppliers as well as photochemical smog along with nitrogen oxides.
Kyushu Electric Power to actively participate in
Heat pump water heater
environmental activities Hydrochlorofiuoro carbon(Alternative Freons)
A water heater that utilizes surrounding air to heat P23, 43
Green products the refrigerant. The refrigerant is compressed, Manufactured by adding hydrogen partially or
P45, 46 thereby raising their temperatures and the heat is entirely, instead of the chlorine usually
Products such as plastic containers easily degraded transferred to cold water to supply hot water. It contained in specific Freons. HCFC
by microorganisms developed to lessen impact on reduces power consumption to about 1/3 of that (hydrochlorofluorocarbon) and HFC
the environment while manufactured or used. of electric heaters, making it an economical (hydrofluorocarbons) are alternative Freons that
choice for hot water supply. contribute less to ozone layer depletion than
Greenhouse gas(es) specific Freons (ozone depletion potential of
P11, 19, 23, 37, 45, 58, 60, 61 Heat storage system HCFC is 1/20 - 1/60 of that of CFC while that of
Any of the atmospheric gases that absorb infrared P22, 58 HFC is zero). However, they still pose a threat in
rays and contribute to the greenhouse effect. The A system that stores energy in the form of cold terms of global warming.
surface temperature of the earth is determined by or warm water produced at night in a heat
the balance between the energy from solar storage tank for daytime use.
radiation and the heat emitted from earth to space.
Most incoming solar radiation is visible and
absorbed by the earth’s surface after passing
High magnetic property
through the atmosphere. The surface heated by Quality of producing high magnetic force.
solar radiation emits infrared heat, which is “Idling stop” (Engine idling control)
retained by the “greenhouse gases.” Some High-level radioactive waste Basic term
retained thermal radiation is reflected onto the P29 This refers to avoiding unnecessary engine
ground, while some is radiated to the upper Waste, including wastewater or highly radioactive idling of automobiles while stopped and parked.
atmosphere. Together the incoming solar radiation vitrified-form wastewater, that cannot be reused This measure can help reduce the emission of
and the downward thermal radiation from the as fuel at reprocessing plants where uranium and global warming substances and air pollutants.
atmosphere raise the temperature of the earth’s plutonium are collected from spent nuclear fuel.
surface. This mechanism is called the greenhouse Industrial waste
effect. The Kyoto Protocol designated six High-pressure vacuum forming P4, 13, 14, 18, 24, 25, 41, 43, 45, 46, 49, 58, 61
greenhouse gases, including carbon dioxide (CO2), P36 Waste produced from business activities and
methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluo- A method of forming thermoplastic resin such as categorized into 19 kinds of waste such as
rocarbons (HFC), perfluorocarbons (PFC), and plastic. Forming is completed in a vacuum state cinders, sludge, oil, acid, alkali, plastic, etc. It is
sulfur hexafluoride (SF6), to be reduced. that is created by removing the air between sheet- usually produced in large quantities and
Atmosphere typed materials softened by heat and a mould. requires the use of special technologies in
e s Incoming solar treatment. Treatment is controlled by the Waste
ga s radiation
u se Management and Public Cleansing Law.
ho Hot dip galvanization
Infrared rays P42
An anti-corrosion method to protect steel
products. The products are dipped in melted
metallic zinc to form a steel and zinc alloy layer
Industrial Waste Final Disposal Site of a corporate organization, such as production, Kyoto Protocol
Engineering Controller sales and recycling. The registration is issued to Adopted in the Third Conference of Parties to the
P35 the organization that is judged to meet the standard. UN Framework Convention on Climate Change
Personnel appointed for industrial waste disposal (COP3) held in Kyoto in December 1997. Six kinds
facilities based on Article 21 of the Waste ISO-based system of gases, carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4),
Management and Public Cleansing Law. Disposal P10, 14, 44, 45, 46, 61 nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFC),
sites covered by Article 7 of the Enforcement An environmental management system that perfluorocarbons (PFC), and sulfur hexafluoride
Ordinance must designate a Controller. meets the requirements of ISO14001 though the (SF6), are regulated under the Kyoto Protocol. It
system is not officially registered. declared that developed countries including Russia
Industrial Waste Intermediate Treatment and Eastern Europe are required to reduce total
Facility Engineering Controller emissions by at least 5% on average from 1990
P35 average emissions records in the five-year period
Personnel appointed for industrial waste starting 2008 (as for HFC, PFC and SF6, 1995
An international standard for quality control. An
treatment facilities based on Article 21 of the average level may be used as a base). Japan
external certification authority evaluates a
Waste Management and Public Cleansing Law. needs to reduce by 6%, the U.S. by 7%, the EU by
system that systematically controls the quality of
The Controller is responsible for technologies 8%, and certain countries may increase by 10%.
products and services that an organization
related to the maintenance and control of facilities. offers. The registration is issued to the
organization that is judged to meet the standard. Kyushu Electric Power Group
In-furnace desulfurization P4, 8, 9, 10, 11, 24, 26, 34, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43,
P27 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 50, 61
A technology using a desulfurizing agent to Companies whose decision-making units are
absorb and remove SOx produced in fuel
combustion from exhaust gas in the combustion J controlled by Kyushu Electric Power or which are
substantially affected by Kyushu Electric Power
equipment. Inexpensive limestone is often used in financial, operating and other matters. As of
as the desulfurizing agent. Japan Nuclear Fuel Limited April 1 2004, 59 companies belong to the Group.
In-house power consumption A company located in Rokkasho-mura Village in Kyushu Industrial Advancement Center
P12, 43 Aomori Prefecture that engages in four (KIAC)
Power consumed in the operation of power undertakings: uranium enrichment; low-level P21
plants using equipment such as pumps, fans and radioactive waste disposal; intermediate storage Foundation committed to stimulating industries
lighting appliances. of high-level radioactive waste; and the in Kyushu. The center is involved in the study
reprocessing of nuclear fuel. and research of grand designs, the development
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate or exploit of projects and related feasibility
Change (IPCC) Joint Implementation (JI) studies and the provision of support for projects.
Basic term One of the Kyoto Mechanisms. If a country invests
Established by the United Nations Environment in a project related to reducing carbon dioxide in
Program (UNEP) and the World Meteorological the host country, the investing country is granted
Organization (WMO) in 1988 to serve as a place
for government discussions. Global warming
credits for emission reduction units in return.
issues as well as global warming-related
scientific findings and socioeconomic effects are Law Concerning Special Measures
discussed or assessed by governments from a
scientific viewpoint. Countermeasures for global K Basic term
Designed to prevent and eliminate dioxin-related
warming are now being discussed at IPCC.
environmental pollution. It regulates exhaust gas,
Kenaf wastewater and waste disposal, provides
Internal environmental audit (auditors) Basic term
P35 measures on soil contamination, determines the
An annual plant in the Malvaceae family,
A regular audit of the environmental management allowable daily intake of dioxins and establishes
Hibiscus genus (Hibiscus cannabinus). Considered
system to determine whether the system meets environmental criteria.
to be an alternative material for making paper as
the ISO14001 standard and is operated and a wood replacement from a forest protection
maintained properly. Internal environmental
Law Concerning Special Measure
viewpoint. Also thought to be beneficial for against PCB
auditors are those who implement such audits. preventing global warming due to its high P30
absorption of carbon dioxide. The law establishes a framework of obligations
International Organization for
and responsibilities that national and local
Standardization (ISO) Kyoto Mechanism (Flexible Mechanism) governments, businesses and citizens should
Basic term P23, 34, 36 jointly assume and fulfill in tackling global
A non-governmental international organization Scheme launched for the Kyoto Protocol and warming in response to the adoption of the Kyoto
located in Geneva, Switzerland which consists aiming to achieve emissions reduction targets set Protocol. It prescribes an action plan for the
of standardization institutes from approximately forth in the Kyoto Protocol through international achievement of the Kyoto Protocol commitments
100 countries, and establishes world-wide cooperation. It consists of the following: and encourages citizen efforts by proposing the
standards for networks and industrial matters. 1) Emissions trading: governments are allowed establishment of local councils, etc.
ISO is not technically an abbreviation; however, to trade allocated allowances between
it is used because “isos,” which means “equal” developed countries. Law Concerning the Promotion of the
in Greek, well represents the organization. The 2) Joint Implementation (JI): developed countries Measures to Cope with Global Warming
Japanese Industrial Standards Committee collaborate to complete an emissions Basic term
(JISC) has been a member since 1952. reduction project and receive emissions The law establishes a framework of obligations
reductions in proportion to the amount of and responsibilities that national and local
ISO14001 contribution. governments, businesses and citizens should
P10, 14, 15, 44, 45, 46, 47 3) Clean Development Mechanism (CDM): a jointly assume and fulfill in tackling global
An international standard for environmental developed country supports a developing warming in response to the adoption of the Kyoto
management. An external certification authority country in completing an emissions reduction Protocol. It prescribes an action plan for the
evaluates whether a system provides systematic project and receives an achieved reduction achievement of the Kyoto Protocol commitments
management to determine, valuate and improve amount. and encourages citizen efforts by proposing the
environmental impacts resulting from the activities establishment of local councils, etc.
Law Concerning the Recovery and London Convention inappropriate disposal of industrial waste. The
Destruction of Fluorocarbon Basic term system requires the producer of industrial waste
(Fluorocarbons Recovery and An international convention officially called the to check the disposal process of the waste from
Destruction Law) “Convention on the Prevention of Marine collection and transportation to final disposal if
Basic term Pollution by Dumping Wastes and Other Matter.” such disposal is entrusted to other entities.
A law officially called the Law for Ensuring the It regulates the deliberate disposal at sea from
Implementation of Recovery and Destruction of vessels, aircraft or platforms or by incineration. Material safety data sheet (MSDS)
Fluorocarbons Concerning Specified Products. Basic term
The law stipulates measures for recovery and Low NOx burner A printed form containing data regarding the
destruction of Freons in specific products (e.g. P27 properties and handling of a certain chemical
commercial air conditioners, refrigerating A burner that incorporates a NOx reduction method substance which is provided prior to or at the time
equipment and automobile air conditioners) in or a combination of such, such as lowering the level of trading such substance between companies.
order to reduce Freons emissions in the of oxygen supply in combustion zones or lowering
atmosphere. the maximum flame temperature, or shortening gas Melia azedarah tree
retention times in high temperature ranges. P28
Law for the Promotion of Nature Deciduous tree of the Meliaceae family known
Restoration Low-emission vehicles for its excellent CO2 absorption and found
Basic term P18 throughout East Asia and Japan.
A law designed to protect, restore and create a Vehicles certified as meeting the emission
natural environment and to minimize standards under the “Low Emission Vehicle Mecenat activities
environmental damage. Such efforts will be Certification Procedure (Ministry of Environment),” Basic term
pursued by various groups, including state and certified in three levels of 25, 50 or 75%- A company’s cultural activities. Mecenat is a
local governmental agencies, local residents, reductions from the latest regulation level). French word derived from the name of a politician,
NPOs and intellectuals. Maecenas, who supported art and literature during
Low-level radioactive waste the reign of Emperor Augustus in Ancient Rome.
Law on Promoting Green Purchasing P13, 15, 29 At present, the term represents cultural support
The Law Concerning the Promotion of Waste from nuclear power plants containing a without expecting any return. It is different from
Procurement of Eco-friendly Goods and Services low level of radioactive material, such as used sponsorship (advertisement and publicity) in that
by the State and Other Facilities established by work clothes, gloves and replaced equipment. the purpose of Mecenat is for social contribution.
the Japanese government on May 24 2000 and
enacted on April 1 2001. State government and Low-level Radioactive Waste Methane
agencies are required to procure goods with Disposal Center The greenhouse gas second to carbon dioxide in
lower environmental load. The Law aims to P29 its greenhouse effect. It is produced through
widen the range of green purchasing to local A facility where low-level radioactive waste decomposition of organic matters by microorganisms
governments and private organizations and to generated in the course of nuclear power plant under anaerobic conditions, such as those found
promote the use of eco-friendly products operation is disposed. The waste is stored until in marshes, rice paddies and soil or during enteric
nationwide to protect the global environment. the level of radioactivity attenuates to a level at fermentation of herbivores, as well as excavation
which it poses no safety threat. The center for natural gas or coal.
Lead and its compounds started its operation in Rokkasho-mura Village,
P42 Aomori Prefecture, in December 1992.
An odorless tasteless bluish gray metal often P18, 28
used in batteries, pigments, plating and soldering. Low-pollution vehicles One milli-sievert is 1/1000 sievert (Milli- means
P14, 18, 23, 33, 46
1/1000). The sievert (Sv) is an SI derived unit to
Life cycle assessment (LCA) As defined by Kyushu Electric Power, this refers
measure the biological effect of radiation on a
P20 to fuel-efficient vehicles and clean energy vehicles,
A method of environmental impact evaluation which though the definition is not universally endorsed.
addresses, in a quantified and objective manner, More stringent prefectural standard
the whole process from collection of resources, Basic term
production and use through disposal or recycling. A more stringent standard, in addition to the
Limits to Growth M Japanese national government’s uniform
standard for emission of particulates or
Basic term discharge of waste-water, provided through a
Research report published in 1972 by the Club of Magnetic separation
P37 prefectural ordinance, in order to more fully
Rome. It warns that if current trends in population achieve protection of human health or the living
growth and environmental degradation continue, One of separating methods using magnetism
(magnetic force) including those using filtration, environment in the region.
economic growth on earth will reach a limit within
100 years. In order to avoid global collapse, the distillation and centrifugal separation.
Mixed oxide (MOX) fuel
report emphasizes the necessity of shifting
Manganese and its compounds A mixed fuel consisting of the plutonium and
priorities from growth to worldwide balance.
P42 uranium oxides recovered in the reprocessing of
A system set forth in the Waste Disposal and spent fuel.
Liquefied natural gas (LNG)
P12, 15, 19, 27, 42, 45, 62 Public Cleansing Law aiming to prevent
environmental pollution resulting from illegal “My cup” campaign (“Bring your
Natural gas converted to liquid form by cooling
dumping and inappropriate disposal of industrial own cup” campaign)
methane (CH4)- and ethane (C2H6)-based
waste. The system requires the producer of P45
natural gas to minus 162ºC. It is transported on
industrial waste to track the waste disposal The company’s campaign to promote the usage
special tankers called LNG carriers and is
process using a manifest sheet from the origin of reusable cups (ceramic, metal, plastic etc.)
regasified to use as fuel for power generation.
of the waste to its final destination when such among employees instead of using disposable
disposal is consigned to a waste service company. paper cups.
Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG)
Liquefied mixture of gases, chiefly propane and Manifest system
butane, generated in crude oil drilling or Basic term
petroleum refinery. This is a system set forth in the Waste Disposal
Law. The system prevents environmental
pollution resulting from unlawful dumping and
Uranium fuel consisting of approx. 4% fissile
National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) uranium-235 and approx. 96% non-fissile Park & Ride
Basic term uranium-238. MOX fuel used in plutonium- Basic term
A law established in the United States to urge thermal projects is a type of nuclear fuel. A system designed to reduce the number of
administrative organizations to consider the privately-owned cars in congested downtown
environment in the decision-making process. Nuclear Waste Management areas in which suburban commuters are prompted
This law, which is the first law in the world Organization of Japan to drive to the nearest station, park at outlying
legislating environmental impact assessment, Basic term parking lots and take public transportation to their
encouraged other countries to introduce their An organization established under the Specified final destinations. The system contributes to the
own environmental assessment system. Radioactive Waste Final Disposal Act (pro- reduction of exhaust gas emission and the
mulgated in June 2000). Based on the Act, the conservation of energy sources.
Natural energy final disposal of high-level radioactive waste will
P19, 21, 58 commence in the second half of the 2030s. The Particulate
Energy generated from natural phenomena, selection of a site for and the construction of P14, 15, 27
such as polar, geothermal, hydro and wind disposing facilities will be pursued in the near A generic term for soot and solid particles (e.g.
energy and tidal power. future. ash) produced by combustion. Once emitted
Because of its smaller from chimneys, they are mixed with aerosols,
environmental load, which are also called particulates, or settled
it is regarded as dust or suspended dust.
clean energy when
compared with O PDCA Cycle
fossil fuel and P9, 40, 44
nuclear energy. Optimal combination of power sources A management method that uses the following
P19, 58 process: 1) Plan (preparation of policies and
This refers to a well-balanced combination of schemes); 2) Do (implementation and operation);
Natural parks 3) Check (inspection and correction; and 4)
power sources, such as hydro, thermal, nuclear
Basic term Action (review by the management). The cycle
and geothermal power, determined by
Park designated by the Natural Parks Law, aims for the betterment of a system so that
comprehensive analysis of the reliability of the
which is focused on protecting and preserving higher goals and targets are reached through
supply and the economical and environmental
beautiful natural scenery for outdoor activities the repetition of the cycle.
impact of each power source.
and education. National Parks and Quasi-National
Parks designated by the national government Periodic inspection
and prefectural Nature Parks designated by Outline for Promotion of Efforts to P18, 19
local governments are included. Prevent Global Warming Inspections carried out systematically at nuclear
Basic term power stations in compliance with the Electric
A package of over 100 measures and policies to Utilities Industry Law in order to maintain the
Net thermal efficiency
promote the achievement of commitments under safety of facilities, prevent problems, and ensure
the Kyushu Protocol (reduction in greenhouse safe operation of the plants.
A ratio of net output to the electricity actually
gas emissions during 2008-2012 by 6% from the
generated in the power plant obtained by
subtracting the electric energy that is consumed
1990 level). Photochemical oxidant
by facilities necessary for power plant operation Basic term
Ozone hole Substances having a strong acidity such as
(in-house power consumption for pumps, fans
Basic term ozone (O3) and PAN (peroxyacetyl nitrate).
and lighting, etc.).
An area of the ozone layer located at the Photochemical oxidants are produced when
heights of about 20-25km depleted of ozone. An nitrogen oxides and hydrocarbons emitted from
ozone hole formation over Antarctica has been factories or cars react to the sun’s ultraviolet rays.
P14, 15, 18, 19, 20, 21, 46, 48, 58, 61
Clean energy having a low environmental load
that originates from less controlled or restricted Photochemical smog
resources. It includes natural energies, including Ozone layer Basic term
solar and wind, recycled energy from waste P11, 14, 15, 23, 36, 46, 60 Photochemical oxidants concentrated in one
incineration and sewage heat; and highly- An atmospheric layer about 20km thick existing location. Caused by the combination of unusual
efficient energy from co-generation (system in at heights of approximately 20-25km from the meteorological factors such as strong sunlight,
which the excessive steam or hot water produced earth’s surface containing relatively high ozone high temperatures, and lack of wind. Responsible
in fuel combustion for power generation is used concentration. The ozone layer absorbs most for direct damage to our health such as eye and
for air conditioning). harmful ultraviolet rays in sunlight. throat irritation.
Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) Ozone Layer Protection Law Plutonium
Basic term An artificial atom with the atomic number 94,
It refers to the Law concerning the Protection of which does not exist in nature. Its pure form is
A reddish brown irritant gas produced through the
the Ozone Layer through the Control of metal, and its specific gravity changes depending
reaction of nitrogen monoxide and oxygen. It is
Specified Substances and Other Measures on crystal structures, ranging from about 16 to
hazardous when inhaled since it does not easily
issued in 1988. The purpose of this Law is to 20. It was discovered by G. T. Seaborg in 1942.
dissolve in water and can reach the deep part of
ensure the smooth implementation of the
the lungs without causing severe discomfort.
Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Plutonium-thermal project
Ozone Layer and the Montreal Protocol on (Plutonium use in light water reactors)
Nitrogen oxides (NOx)
Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, P59
P13, 15, 18, 20, 27, 42
which work together to contribute to the Utilization of MOX (mixed oxide) fuel in nuclear
Any of several oxides of nitrogen such as
protection of the ozone layer on an international power plants. MOX is a mixed oxide of plutonium
nitrogen monoxide (NO) and nitrogen dioxide
level. It stipulates measures for the production and uranium, which are obtained by reprocessing
(NO2). Nitrogen oxides are generated when fuel
and emission of specified substances such as the spent nuclear fuel from nuclear power plants.
containing nitrogen is burned or when nitrogen
Freons as well as rationalization of their
in the air is oxidized during combustion. They
are subject to regulation under the Air Pollution
Control Law as hazardous substances.
Polluter-Pays Principle (PPP) Potential of Hydrogen (pH)
A principle stating that those discharging
Concentration of solutions indicating the level of acidity
pollutants should bear the cost for the prevention and alkalinity. A pH of 7 indicates neutrality, while a pH
Qualified Person for Energy Management
of environment pollution they caused. It was above 7 indicates alkalinity, and below 7, acidity. of Type1 Designated Factory
proposed by the Organization for Economic P18, 35
Cooperation and Development (OECD) in 1972. Pressurized Fluidized Bed A licensed energy manager in designated plants of
Combustions (PFBCs) plants a certain size or larger and whose con-sumption of
Pollution Control Manager P36 electricity reaches the amount determined by a
P18, 35 A combined power generation method using steam government ordinance, appointed in compliance
Qualified personnel appointed under the Law turbines rotated by high-temperature, high-pressure steam with the Law concerning the Rational Use of Energy.
Concerning the Improvement of Pollution from a PFBC boiler and gas turbines rotated by exhaust These managers are responsible for improving and
Prevention Systems in Specific Factories. Factories gas from the boiler. It is highly efficient and achieves the supervising facility maintenance and energy usage.
of a certain size are required to retain a Pollution downsizing of facilities by using a gas turbine air
Control Manager responsible for the technical compressor and reduces in-house power consumption
duties of controlling pollution caused by smoke, while increasing the sent-out (net) thermal efficiency, by
wastewater, vibration and noise from factories. about 2%, as compared to conventional pulverized coal
Pollution load levy
fired thermal power generation. The pressurized
combustion of fuel allows downsizing of boilers.
P14, 15, 46 Infurnace desulfurization Radioactive waste
Compulsory annual levy collected from also contributes to facility P14, 29, 58
applicable smoke and soot emitting facilities as downsizing as fuel gas Waste containing radioactive materials generated
set forth in the Air Pollution Control Law. It desulfurization equipment in various nuclear power facilities. Such waste is
covers the damages related to impairments to is not required. divided into two types according to the level of
health caused by significant air pollution radioactivity. One is low-level radioactive waste that
attributable to business operations as prescribed includes used work clothing from nuclear power
by the Law Concerning Pollution-Related Health
plants and the water used to wash them. The other
Damage Compensation and Other Measures. type is high-level radioactive waste that is produced
Equipment for collecting particulates in combustion gas.
after extracting unburned uranium and plutonium
Pollution Session of the Diet There are two types of collection: mechanical and electrical.
from spent fuel at the reprocessing plants.
Extraordinary session of the Diet held at the end of Pretreated water Ramsar Convention
November 1970 (64th session), where fourteen bills P37
were approved in areas including waste disposal, Water that has been pretreated for purification. In
An international treaty officially called the
water pollution prevention and partial amendments to magnetic separation, water impurities are magnetized in
“Convention on Wetlands of International
laws on noise regulation, air pollution prevention and advance so that they may be collected by magnetic force.
Importance, Especially as Waterfowl Habitat.”
nature parks. This implementation was prompted by It aims to protect wetlands of
requests from the public for countermeasures and PRTR system inter-national importance and
the concern of pollution in society. P14, 30, 42 the fauna and flora inhabiting
A governmental system to calculate and publish those areas, as well as
Pollution-related Health Damage the amounts of toxic chemical substances that are promote sustainable utilization
Compensation Law released into the environment (atmosphere, water of wetlands.
P14, 46 or soils) and transported in waste based on reports
A law stipulating the payment of medical costs and from businesses and their estimates. PRTR stands
Ratio of recycled paper utilization
compensation for officially recognized victims for Pollutant Release and Transfer Register.
designated by a responsible party. The Law covers The ratio of recycled paper usage to total paper
areas with a high incidence of asthma due to air PRTR Law usage. Recycled paper is generally referred to paper
pollution and areas with a high incidence of specific P30, 46
partially or completely made of used paper. To
diseases such as Minamata disease, itai-itai disease A law promulgated in July 1999 and officially called
acquire the EcoMark, various requirements, such as
and arseniasis due to environmental pollution. the “Law Concerning Reporting, etc. of Releases to
containing 70% or more recycled paper or having a
the Environment of Specific Chemical Substances and
whiteness level of 70% or less, have to be met.
Polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) Promoting Improvements in Their Management,”
P30, 42, 46 which mandates notifications for the emission of
Any organic chlorine compounds consisting of carbon, environmental pollutants. It requires users of toxic
hydrogen and chlorine, with chlorine (Cl) replacing substances to exercise voluntary management for
Water from lakes, marshes or dams, which has not
hydrogen (H) in two joined hexagonal benzene rings. such substances that were conventionally subject to
been processed, treated or purified in any way.
PCB was first introduced in industrial products in 1929 control based on the regulatory standards.
and widely used for insulating oil and impact papers for Reactor thermal power
its superior heat resistance and insulation property. Pumping
Thermal energy produced from fission in nuclear reactors.
However, PCB was found to be difficult to break down in P19
the environment and could accumulate in living Pumping is to raise water to a higher location. In pumped-
storage hydropower generation, reservoirs are built at the Reclaimed material
organisms and have chronic toxicity. The production
upper and lower parts of the power plant. Water is P49
and import of PBC has been prohibited in principle since
pumped up at night utilizing surplus power and is released Recyclable materials such as used (or non-
its 1974 designation as a specified chemical substance
to produce electricity during the daytime peak or in case of used) goods abandoned or collected and
under the Law Concerning the Examination and
an emergency such as the failure of other power plants. byproducts from factories (secondary goods
Regulation of Manufacture etc. of Chemical Substances
The system utilizes its ability to store energy in the form of from production, processing or repair of goods).
(presently designated as a Type 1 Monitoring Chemical
Substance), after being subject to an administrative water since electricity cannot be stored easily.
directive for the suspension of its production and use.
A law promulgated in 1991 as the “Law for the
Promotion of Utilization of Recycled Resources,” and
P27, 48 Water that is cleaned to remove impurities. For
revised in 2000 as the “Law for Promotion of Effective
It is equipment that collects particulates in water purification by magnetic separation, purified
Utilization of Recyclable Resources.” The law enforces
combustion gases. The collection method is water is obtained by removing magnetized
recycling to create a recycle-oriented society, which
either mechanical or electrical. impurities attracted to a magnet, and then filtering.
include: reinforced recycling measures such as product Regulatory control layer of water of dams as needed to prevent flooded turbid
collection and recycling by business entities; reduction Basic term water from staying in dams too long or keeping the
measures to decrease waste generation by conserving Establishes a limit for wastewater, substances and temperature of water from dropping for irrigation purposes.
resources and prolonging the service life of products; noises emitted or discharged from factories. The impact
reuse measures to utilize parts from collected products; on human health and agricultural products is considered Sludge
and industrial waste reduction measures to reduce or for establishing the limits. Limits are provided in the Air P24, 25, 36
recycle the byproducts of industrial waste. Pollution Control Law, the Water Pollution Control Law An organic or inorganic muddy deposit or sediment
and other laws or regulations. produced in the treatment of industrial wastewater and
Recycling rate sewage as well as in various manufacturing processes.
P4, 18, 24, 25, 41, 43, 44, 45, 58 Renewable energy
The rate of recycling calculated by dividing the amount of P11, 12, 19, 20, 37, 58 Smoke
recycled waste by the amount of total waste generated. Repeatedly usable energy including solar, photovoltaic, P27
“Recycling” refers to collecting waste that otherwise hydro, wind, geothermal and biomass energies. This energy The Air Pollution Control Law defines smoke as follows and
would have been subject to final disposal and then is not at risk of depletion unlike fossil or uranium fuels. sets forth its emission standards:
utilizing such waste as a material for useful products. (1) sulfur oxides generated through the combustion of fuel
Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) and other materials;
Refuse derived fuel (RDF) P20, 21 (2) dust generated through the combustion of fuel and other
Basic term The law officially called the “Law on Special Measures materials, or the use of electricity as a heat source; and
A fuel produced by compressing and molding Concerning New Energy Use by Electric Utilities.” It aims to of the substances generated by the combustion,
combustible waste, such as kitchen garbage, waste protect the environment through the promotion of new (3) synthesis, decomposition or processing (others than
plastic and used paper after crushing and sorting it. energy utilization by requiring power companies to generate mechanical ones) of materials, including cadmium and
or purchase a certain percent or more of electricity from chlorine, those that might be hazardous to human health
Recycling-oriented society new energy sources depending on their electricity sales. or the living environment and are designated as such by
P8, 11, 17, 18, 24, 26, 36, 40, 41, 45, 47, 49, 56 the law or ordinances.
A society having a low environmental load Reprocessing
thanks to the minimization of waste. Such a P14 Soil Contamination Countermeasures Law
society can be achieved by reflecting on the Safe processing of fission products separated from spent Basic term
state of an economic society based on mass- nuclear fuel from which uranium and plutonium have A law that enforces soil contamination measures to
production and mass-consumption with an eye been extracted in advance using chemical products. protect health by setting measures to monitor the
towards maintaining, recycling and reusing our state of soil contamination for specific pollutants to
limited resources as long as possible. In fiscal Return on Assets (ROA) prevent health threats caused by such contamination.
2000, the Basic Law for Establishing a Recycling- P54
Based Society, which provides a basic An indicator of profitability determined by dividing a Space radiation
framework for a recycling-oriented society, and company’s income after tax (profit for the current term) by P28
other individual recycling laws were established. the total amount of assets. It indicates how efficiently assets Radiation existing in the atmosphere such as gamma
or managerial resources are utilized to produce profit. rays and cosmic rays emitted from space and the earth.
Red Data Book
Basic term Return on Equity (ROE) Specific chemical substances
A collection of the available information related to P54 P30
endangered species which explains their ecology, Ratio of net income for the current term to the Chemical substances designated by the PRTR Law
distribution and level of threat of extinction. shareholders’ equity, expressed in percentage. It is (or the Law Concerning Reporting, etc. of Releases
the indicator most often used to comprehen-sively to the Environment of Specific Chemical Substances
Red tide measure the company’s profitability and efficiency by and Promoting Improvements in Their Management)
P28 examining the amount of profit achieved with equity. that are hazardous to human health and the
Reddish or dark brown discoloration of seawater ecosystem. There are 354 Class 1 Chemical
surface caused by the presence of an excessive Substances and 81 Class 2 Chemical Substances.
growth of plankton. A high concentration of
plankton consumes a large amount of oxygen in
A technique of determining and analyzing potential risks so Specified Chlorofluorocarbon(Freons)
the water and causes marine life to die from P23, 43
as to prevent or minimize the damage caused by such risks.
oxygen deficiency. One possible cause is the Freon is a term used for any chemical compounds
progress of eutrophication due to nutritive salts, containing hydrocarbons such as methane and ethane
such as nitrogen and phosphor, flowing into the combined with fluorine and chlorine. Specified
water. Discoloration in lakes, marshes, dams Chlorofluorocarbon refers to the five Freons, CFC11,
Destruction of seaweed community such as kelp
and reservoirs caused by an increase in fresh- CFC12, CFC113, CFC114 and CFC115, which have high
and Undaria pinnatifida, which bleaches
water plankton is called fresh-water red tide. ozone layer depletion properties among about 20 Freons.
shoreline rocks with lime.
Regulated freons specified nonprofit activity
P18, 44 corporation (NPO corporation)
Prohibited to manufacture and use due to their P31, 32
ozone layer depletion properties. The Montreal
Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone
S NPO (Non-Profit Organization or Not-for-Profit
Organization) refers to non-profit, private organizations
Layer was adopted in 1987 on a global level, in various fields, such as health care, welfare,
and the Law Concerning the Protection of the
Seedlings obtained by tissue culture environment, culture, art, sports, community
P36 development, international cooperation, human
Ozone Layer through the Control of Specified
Seedlings grown under the method of tissue culture. exchange, human rights, peace, education and other
Substances and Other Measures was
established in Japan in 1988. support activities. NPO corporations are those certified
Selection of superior family lines under the Law to Promote Specified Nonprofit
P36 Activities(NPO Law) and are an active part of NPOs.
Regulation of total emission Family and line selection for seeds in which individual
Basic term organisms are selected to create a superior variety, Spent fuel storage
Restriction of the total sum of all emissions or such as those having an excellent growth rate. P15
discharges from factories to a certain level of Temporary storage of spent fuel removed from
concentration in a specified area devised in addition Selective water intake nuclear reactors. The spent fuel is stored in
to the conventional emissions control of air P28 water to protect it from decay heat and provide a
pollutants and waste water in terms of concentration. A method of selectively removing the surface or bottom shield for radiation.
Stakeholders water. Such material causes turbidity of water and Transmission/distribution loss factor
Basic term is used as one of the indicators for water quality. P14, 15, 18, 22, 58
All individuals and entities related to or involved in The rate of power lost based on an initial
the operations of a company, such as customers, Sustainable society (development) quantity of power transmitted from a power plant.
shareholders, investors, local communities, business P11 The loss occurs in the course of transmission or
partners (customers or affiliates) and employees. A society in which the consumption of natural distribution.
resources and environmental pollution are properly
Sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) managed and in which economic activities and Tris phosphate (dimethylphenyl)
P14, 15, 18, 23, 44, 46 social welfare will be sustainable into the future. P30
This is a compound of fluorine and sulfur. It does A pale yellow transparent liquid consisting of
not exist in nature and is industrially produced. It hydrogen, carbon, oxygen and phosphorus. It is
is chemically stable and has an excellent not defined as a combustible; however, it burns
insulating ability, and is used for insulating gas
for circuit breakers and other purposes. Sulfur T and degrades in flame, emitting toxins. When
the flame source is removed, tris phosphate
hexafluoride is said to have a greenhouse effect ceases to burn on its own. It is often used as
23,900 times larger than that of CO2. control oil for turbines in power plants.
Sulfur dioxide (SO2) Nuclear power plant thermal discharge. Seawater is Two-stage combustion method
Basic term used to cool the steam driving turbine-generators, so P27
Sulfur dioxide is a pungent-smelling, colorless its temperature is higher when it returns to the ocean. A combustion method which controls NOx
gas produced when fuel containing sulfur is The rise in temperature is about 7ºC in Japan. emissions by adjusting combustion air supply in
combusted. It irritates the mucus membranes of two stages. First, combustion air is controlled to
the respiratory organs and may cause coughing, a level below theoretical air. Then additional air
asthma and bronchitis. is supplied to supplement the shortage for
P14, 15, 18, 19, 20, 22, 46
complete combustion through the whole process.
A ratio of power output to the original input produced
Sulfur oxides (SOx) by the combustion of fuel in thermal power plants.
P13, 15, 18, 20, 27, 42 Type 1 Monitoring Chemical Substances
Any oxide of sulfurs, such as sulfur dioxide P30
(SO2) and sulfur trioxide (SO3). They are formed
Thermal recycling 354 substances covered by the Law Concerning
Basic term Reporting, etc. of Releases to the Environment
primarily from fossil fuel combustion in which the
Recovery and utilization of thermal energy from of Specific Chemical Substances and Promoting
sulfur content in fuel is oxidized. They are
waste. Improvements in Their Management. The 354
subject to regulation under the Air Pollution
Control Law as they are hazardous to human substances are specified in ordinances based on
health and the living environment. Tissue culture the opinion of governmental organizations such
P36 as the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare, the
Technology to clone in a culture a portion of a Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry and the
Superconducting magnetic energy
plant in a sterile test tube or under other conditions. Ministry of Environment regarding toxicity to
storage system (SMES)
human health, fauna and flora.
A system where electrical energy is stored by Tolerable daily intake (TDI)
taking advantage of superconducting properties Basic term
(zero electric resistance). Unlike batteries, Daily maximum intake, per 1kg of body weight,
electric energy can be stored directly, therefore
a large current may be utilized instantly.
which is considered to have little significant
effect on health when a person consumes a
certain substance throughout their lifespan.
United Nations Conference on the
Toluene Human Environment
P30, 42 Basic term
Objects made of materials with superconductivity,
A colorless flammable liquid used in explosives, The first UN conference held in Stockholm,
for which electric resistance becomes zero at an
perfume and synthetic resin. Sweden in 1972 to discuss general environmental
extremely low temperature.
issues under the slogan “Only One Earth.”
Developed countries were urged to shift their
Surplus power Total life cycle
priorities from economic growth to environmental
P20, 21 A series of stages for products from the
protection while economic development and
This refers to excess power from non-utility collection of resources, production, distribution
assistance were emphasized for developing
generators of electricity in private power and use through the disposal of products.
countries. The Declaration of the United Nations
generation facilities such as those utilizing new Conference of the Human Environment was
energy sources (e.g. photovoltaic or wind power) Total solution service
announced and the International Action Plan for
or heat exhausted from waste incineration P.4
the Environment was adopted to promote
facilities. General electric utilities (power Services offered by Kyushu Electric Power and
protection of the irreplaceable earth.
companies) purchase surplus power to effectively its group companies. It applies their experience
utilize such private generation facilities and to and expertise to provide solutions in response to
the customers’ requests. Such services include United Nations Environment Programe
promote the diffusion of new energy sources.
suggestions concerning energy cost reductions, (UNEP)
advice on energy conservation and environmental Basic term
Suspended particulate matter (SPM) An organization aimed at implementing the
measures, the maintenance and management
Basic term Declaration of the United Nations Conference on
of facilities and technical support.
SPM refers to particulate matters that are the Human Environment and the International
suspended in the air, such as fine particles and Action Plan for the Environment adopted at the
dust, and that have the particle diameter of Toxicity Equivalency Quantity (TEQ)
United Nations Conference on the Human
10µm or less. SPM can build up in various parts P30
Environment in Stockholm, Sweden in 1972. It is
of respiratory organs thereby affecting health. An index to express a level of dioxins (toxicity
responsible for comprehensively coordinating the
level). Since dioxins have different toxicity levels
activities of various existing UN organizations and
by type, the amount of dioxin is converted into
Suspended solid (SS) the most toxic 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-
addressing environmental issues that have not
Basic term been attended to through international cooperation.
SS refers to the amount of material suspended in
United Nations Framework Convention Voluntary Plan for the Environment companies) in the greenhouse gas reduction-
on Climate Change Basic term related projects of the developing or former East
Basic term Abbreviation of the action plan of companies to European countries and allocate greenhouse
Aimed to achieve the stabilization of greenhouse voluntarily address global environmental issues. gas reduction outcome to investors.
gas concentrations in the atmosphere, which Kyushu Electric Power established the
should be maintained at a level that would prevent Environment Voluntary Plan in 1992 and World Summit on Sustainable Develop-
dangerous anthropogenic interference with the changed its title to the Environment Action Plan ment
climate system. Through inter-governmental in 1998. Basic term
discussions started in February 1991, the Summit hosted by the United Nations to discuss
convention was adopted at the INC Volunteer leave system matters concerning further implementation of
(Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee) on P35 Agenda 21 and new issues, ten years after
May 9 1992, and was put into force in March 1994. The name of a special leave system which Agenda 21 was adopted by the United Nations
Kyushu Electric Power offers to support Conference on Environment and Development.
Uranium employees’ participation in activities that High-level discussions resulted in a comprehensive
P12 contribute to society, such as social welfare and specific plan for implementing Agenda 21
A metallic element [symbol U, atomic number 92] activities organized by local governments. and the Johannesburg Declaration, which lists
also found in the natural environment. Among the political intentions of world leaders towards
uranium isotopes, the readily fissionable uranium- sustainable development.
235 is a major resource of nuclear power generation.
Most of the naturally occurring radioisotopes are
non-fission uranium-238 and natural uranium W
contains only about 0.7% of uranium-235.
Urban heat island phenomenon
Basic term An international treaty officially called the Xylene
A phenomenon in which a metropolitan area “Convention on International Trade in Endangered P30, 42
becomes significantly warmer than its suburbs. Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES),” which Transparent and colorless liquid with a boiling
Major reasons are anthropogenic heat seeks to ensure, with the efforts of both exporting temperature of approx. 140ºC. It is fragrant and
emissions from industrial activities and loss of and importing countries, that international trade is contained in paints. paint and varnish.
greenery due to artificial environments, which does not threaten the survival of any endangered
reduce temperature drop by evapotranspiration. species of wild animal or plant.
P13, 15, 18, 24, 25, 41, 43, 44, 45, 47, 58
Paper used once that may be used again as a Polluted state of water in seas, rivers, lakes and
marshes due to human influence. Caused by mixing Yokkaichi pollution case
material for paper instead of trees. Old or used
of harmful substances into water having a harmful Basic term
newspapers, magazines, corrugated cardboard
affect on living organisms. Organic materials The suit filed in 1967 by the residents of
and copy paper are included.
attributable to daily human activities such as BOD, Yokkaichi City in Mie Prefecture against the
COD and oil are examples of harmful substances. companies operating within the Yokkaichi
Industrial Complex concerning the air pollution
Water-soluble zinc compound that occurred in the 1960s. In 1972, the case
A shiny blue-tinged silvery white metal used for
concluded in favor of the plaintiff.
Vacuuming metal finishing such as galvanization.
Creation of a high vacuum state by removing
gases from a certain place using a vacuum pump.
Wildlife Protection Area
Areas designated by the Minister of Environ-ment Zero emissions
Valdez Principle of Japan, governors of prefectures or other P11, 24, 47, 58, 60, 61
Basic term administrative divisions where hunting is A goal of producing no waste. Aimed at creating
A set of ten guiding principles of corporate prohibited under the Wildlife Protection and a production system using waste generated from
responsibility established as a measure to solve Hunting Law for the protection and propagation of the production process in other industries as
environmental problems. Its establishment was wildlife. Areas that require special attention for reclaimed material in order to realize a no waste
triggered by the crude oil leaked from the oil tanker these purposes are reserved as special wildlife society. It was proposed by the United Nations
Exxon Valdez off the coast of Alaska. The principles protection areas and any activities that might have University in response to the adoption of
were announced by CERES, an American group a negative impact on the wildlife are controlled. “sustainable development” at the Earth Summit.
promoting environmental conservation. The United Nations University dispatches
World Bank qualified personnel to companies desiring the
Vienna Convention for the Protection General term for the International Bank for realization of zero emissions. The Ministry of
of the Ozone Layer and the Montreal Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) Economy, Trade and Industry is actively involved
Protocol on Substances that Deplete (established in 1946, 183 member countries), in widespread/prevalent efforts and introduced
the Ozone Layer the International Finance Corporation (IFC) the Eco-Town Concept based on the idea of
Basic term (established in 1956, 174 member countries) zero emissions. An increasing number of
They provide the framework for international and the International Development Association companies want to introduce the zero emissions
measures for ozone layer protection. The (IDA) (established in 1960, 161 member concept in production activities.
Vienna Convention was adopted in 1985, and countries), all of which fund governments and
the Montreal Protocol in 1987. To facilitate their private enterprises in developing countries.
accurate and smooth implementation in Japan,
the Law concerning the Protection of the Ozone World Bank’s Prototype Carbon Fund P24
Layer through the Control of Specified Sub- (PCF) The 3Rs refer to “Reduce” “Reuse” and “Recycle”
stances and Other Measures was established P14, 15, 23 of waste in this order and the order expresses
in 1988 to control the manufacturing of Freons Established by the World Bank in January 2000 the priority in waste disposal endeavors.
and other substances. to invest funds from investors (countries or
This booklet is made from recycled paper consumed
and collected by the Kyushu Electric Group.
KYUSHU ELECTRIC POWER CO., INC.
1-82, Watanabedori 2-chome, Chuo-ku, Fukuoka 810-8720 Japan
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