Bioethanol Production from Wheat and Barley Straw at the

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					Bioethanol Production from
Wheat and Barley Straw at
  the Babilafuente Plant
    Carmen Millán Chacartegui
    Abengoa Bioenergy, Spain
                               Abengoa
  Formed in Seville in 1941, Abengoa is an industrial and technological company
  Formed in Seville in 1941, Abengoa is an industrial and technological company
  which provides solutions for sustainable development, the information and
  which provides solutions for sustainable development, the information and
  knowledge society and the creation of infrastructures.
  knowledge society and the creation of infrastructures.
• Sales amounting to 1,510 MEur (40% abroad) and EBITDA 175 MEur in 2002
• Sales amounting to 1,510 MEur (40% abroad) and EBITDA 175 MEur in 2002
• Operations in more than 40 countries. 8,500 employees worldwide
• Operations in more than 40 countries. 8,500 employees worldwide
• Innovation drive as a springboard for sustained growth
• Innovation drive as a springboard for sustained growth

                         Environmental        Information         Engineering and
                                                                  Engineering and
      Bioenergy          Environmental         Information           Industrial
      Bioenergy                                                       Industrial
                            Services
                            Services           technology
                                                technology          Construction
                                                                    Construction
 Biggest bioethanol     Leader in Europe   Worldwide leader in    Leader in Europe
 producer in Europe     in certain         energy,                and Latin America
 (226 million litres)   industrial waste   environment, traffic
                        market segments    and transport
 and 5th biggest in
                                           sectors
 the USA (325
 million litres)
                                           Information and
                                           Information and          Creation of
                                                                    Creation of
     Sustainable Development
     Sustainable Development                  Knowledge
                                              Knowledge           Infrastructures
                                                                  Infrastructures
                                                Society
                                                Society
                Abengoa Bioenergy
    Abengoa Bioenergy is a worldwide leader in renewable fuels, with
    a unique set of assets in key markets (Europe and USA), and a
    leader in R&D of renewable fuels.


Cartagena         Teixeiro
                               York, NE       Colwich, KS     Portales, NM
 (Murcia)         (Galicia )




      Babilafuente
    (Castilla y León)                                   Ravenna, NE
                Production facilities
                                                             Capacity
                Plants                    Location                              Status
                                                               (Ml)
Europe
            Ecocarburantes Españoles         Cartagena            150       Since 2000
Operation   Bioetanol Galicia                La Coruña            176       Since 2002

            Biocarburantes Castilla y León   Salamanca           200        Operations in 2005
Develop     Europa 1                         Germany             300        Operations in 2007
            Europa 2                         France/Poland       300        Operations in 2008



USA         York                             Nebraska            215
            Colwich                          Kansas               95        Acquisition 2002
Operation   Portales                         New Mexico           56



Develop     Ravenna                          Nebraska            325        Operative in 2006
            Portales (expansion)             New Mexico           56        Operative in 2006

                                       Total forecast for 2006   1.273 Ml
                                       Total forecast for 2008   1.873 Ml
         Bioethanol
Production Capability in Spain
  La Coruña
                                       Bilbao
                        ETBE

              BIOETANOL GALICIA
                   176 Ml

                                                                  Tarragona

                                           Direct Blending

                         BIOCARBURANTES
                         CASTILLA LEÓN
                                    200 Ml

                                  Puertollano



                                                                   ETBE

                                                      ECOCARBURANTES
   Huelva                                             ESPAÑOLES
                                                         150 Ml
                               Algeciras
        Bioethanol
Production Capability in USA




                      York            Direct Blending
                      210 Ml

                      Colwich              Direct Blending
                       85 Ml
           Portales          Direct Blending
             65 Ml
                     R&D Experience
                    in Liquid Biofuels

      EU Projects                  Spanish Projects



                                                Fleet
  BCL          Renew         Agrobihol       Demonstration


Enzymatic    Gasification&    Energy     E-Diesel   E-85     E-95
Hydrolysis     Catalysis       crops


    Optimisation of             Demonstration of viability
bioethanol production               of ethanol-based
  from lignocellulose            fuels in Spanish market
             Babilafuente Bioethanol
             Project (NNE5-2001-685)
Objective:
Generate technical data for the design of the straw-to-ethanol
Demonstration plant.
       - Capacity: 5 million liters/year
       - Location: Babilafuente (Salamanca, Spain)


Budget: 11,8 Million euros
Duration: 4 years (2003-2007)
Consortium:
                    Status of the Project
Scope of work
• Bench scale research in pretreatment, enzymatic hydrolysis, and
solid/liquid separation
• Feedstock supply logistics
• Ethanol blending with gasoline


Progress
• Civil work for the main starch
plant has started
• Conceptual design of the
biomass plant was completed
• Quotations for the preliminary engineering design are being reviewed.
           BCL Biomass
        to Ethanol Process
                     Storage and
   Straw Bales
                     Preparation



      Steam          Pretreatment



Commercial       Cellulose Hydrolysis &
                                             Yeast
Enzymes          Ethanol Fermentation



                      Distillation        Ethanol



                    Residual Solids
                     (Co-products)
              Lignocellulosic
            Technology Barriers



Developmental period is long and cost is high
Proprietary IP is required for a competitive advantage
Cost and time required have been underestimated
First plant capital risk is extraordinarily high
The financial and capital requirements are the key barrier to
demonstration and commercialization of biomass technology.
                         Advantages

The advantages of add on to existing facilities and starch-biomass hybrids
 The advantages of add on to existing facilities and starch-biomass hybrids
are:
 are:



    Leverage biomass risk with mature and proven starch
    technology
    Lower cost and lower investment
    Existing infrastructure
    Experience personnel familiar with the technology
    Excellent locations with abundant biomass
    Many plants with potential for additions of biomass.
                  Expected Results

Sustainable growth in ethanol production from renewable resources
 Sustainable growth in ethanol production from renewable resources


  • Near Term: Improve the economics of current starch ethanol
  operations by implementing cellulosic biomass ethanol
  conversion.

  • Near Term: Cost competitive with current starch ethanol
  technology.

  • Long term: Cost competitive with gasoline.
       Potential Cooperation
            with China

China's growth is causing a real energy crunch
Safety of grain supply
Huge potential market for bioethanol in China.
Developing fuel ethanol includes petroleum shortage,
air pollution and developing rural economy
Abengoa Bioenergy is aiming to increase inversions all
around the world. Large experience in ethanol
production from grain (wheat, barley and corn)
Possible technical improvements in current ethanol
plants in China
              Potential EU-China
               R&D Cooperation

From the Production side          From the User’s side


•Ethanol production from
 •Ethanol production from       Promotion of new uses of
                                Promotion of new uses of
energy crops: Sweet
 energy crops: Sweet            ethanol:
                                ethanol:
Sorghum
 Sorghum
                                   •E-85,
                                    •E-85,
•Use biomass as feedstock
 •Use biomass as feedstock         •E-Diesel
                                    •E-Diesel
       --Gasification
         Gasification              •Higher ethanol blends
                                    •Higher ethanol blends
       --Enzymatic Hydrolysis
         Enzymatic Hydrolysis

				
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posted:11/19/2011
language:English
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Description: Barley can help rid the body of waste and promote metabolism.