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									                       Nikkei Images
National Nikkei Museum and Heritage Centre Newsletter              ISSN#1203-9017      Autumn 2004, Vol. 9, No. 3

       Princess Takamado Visits Steveston and the Nikkei Centre
                                               by Stan Fukawa
                                                                                Memorial to Japanese fishermen on
                                                                                June 7th, the day of her arrival. She
                                                                                also visited the Japanese Language
                                                                                School, donated books at UBC’s
                                                                                Asian Library, had luncheon with the
                                                                                Lieut. Governor, visited the Nikkei
                                                                                Heritage Centre and Nikkei Home
                                                                                and finished June 8th with a reception
                                                                                at the Pan Pacific Hotel hosted by
                                                                                local Japanese and Nikkei
                                                                                         To mark her visit to Nikkei
                                                                                Place, a new painting by Ted Colyer,
                                                                                “Steadfast, Pacific Ocean”, was
                                                                                unveiled on the east wall of the Ellipse
                                                                                         Everyone seemed charmed
                                                                                by her flawless Queen’s English, her
                                                                                excellent French, her smile and her
                                                                                sincerity. And she spoke to many –
                                                                                from the children in Steveston from
                                                                                the Tomekichi Homma Elementary
                                                                                School, to the receiving line at the
                                                                                Nikkei Centre, the elders at Nikkei
                                                                                Home, and the representatives of the
                                                                                Nikkei community at the Pan Pacific.
                                                                                         Her cross-Canada tour
Her Imperial Highness Princess Takamado flanked by Richmond Mayor Malcolm       encompassed Vancouver, Edmonton,
Brodie and Attorney-General Geoff Plant at the Japanese Fishermen’s Memorial.
(Stan Fukawa photo, 2004)                                                                         Continued on page 2
         HIH Princess Takamado,                                         Contents
widow of Prince Takamado (cousin        Princess Takamado Visits Steveston and the Nikkei Centre                     1
to the Emperor Heisei) came to          Duck Decoys: From Utilitarian Object to Art Form                             2
Canada on a 14-day tour to mark the     The Shimizu Family Story. Part II                                            8
75 th anniversary of diplomatic         Visit of the ASAMA and AZUMA to Vancouver                                   14
relations between Canada and Japan.     Shashin: Japanese Canadian Studio Photography to 1942                       17
                                        Japanese Canadian National Museum Report                                    18
She was in the Vancouver area for a
                                        Board of Directors, NNMHC, 2004-2005                                        19
whirlwind two days, visiting the
                                        Nikkei Week 2004 Schedule Announced                                         19
Steveston waterfront and the            Things Japanese Sale                                                        19
                                            Toronto, Kingston, Ottawa, Montreal      is mother to three daughters and an
                                            and Charlottetown. She received two      honorary patron to over twenty
               Nikkei Week
          Sep. 15 - Oct. 2, 2004            honorary doctorates – at the             cultural, athletic, aid and international
               Nikkei Place                 Universitiy of Alberta where she         friendship groups, including the Japan
      Remembrance Day Memorial
                                            opened the Centre for Japanese           Red Cross and Les Amies de Langue
            Nov. 11, 2004                   Studies, and at the University of        Francaise. She acquired her English
JC War Monument, Stanley Park, Vancover     Prince Edward Island. While on PEI,      accent while studying at Cambridge.
Shashin: JC Studio Photography Exhibition   she attended the opening night of a      An excellent ambassador for her
               Nov., 2004                   new season for the musical, “Anne        country, her late husband’s well-
       Royal BC Museum, Victoria            of Green Gables.” At Kingston, she       known love for Canada and the very
      Asahi Baseball Team Exhibition        launched an exhibit honouring her late   positive response to her from
               Feb., 2005                   husband, who studied at Queens’          Canadians should mean that she will
               Nikkei Place
                                            University.                              grace our shores again soon. ❁
         JCNM Lecture Series                        The fifty-year old Princess
            “After the Turmoil”
     T. Kage, Dr. P. Roy, Dr. Y. Shibata         Duck Decoys: From Utilitarian Object
          Sep. 21, 2004, 7:00 pm
                Nikkei Place                          to Art Form by Mitsuo Yesaki
“History of Japanese Language Schools”      Development of the Decoy                 centres. These market hunters
          Dr. H. Noro, H. Steves                     Natives from the Atlantic       increased the demand for decoys as
           Oct., 2004, 7:00 pm
               Nikkei Place
                                            and Central regions of North America     they deployed huge rigs, sometimes
                                            used decoys for hunting waterfowl        numbering in the hundreds. They sold
    Nikkei Images is published by           since prehistoric times. They quickly    the carcasses to meat markets and
     the National Nikkei Museum             fashioned temporary decoys from          the feathers to hat-makers, when
     and Heritage Centre Society            twigs and grasses when required and      hats were high fashion and women’s
                                            generally abandoned them after use.      hats were invariably adorned with
                                            Immigrant hunters and trappers           feathers. 2
         Editorial Committee:               copied the indigenous decoys, but
    Stanley Fukawa, Grace Hama,             instead of fabricating them of           Waterfowl Hunting in the Fraser
    Jim Hasegawa, Frank Kamiya,
                                            ephemeral materials carved them of       River Delta
      Mitsuo Yesaki, Carl Yokota
                                            wood for use year after year. 1                    The Fraser River delta was
    Subscription to Nikkei Images           Wooden decoys were used by               a major stopover for waterfowl
       is free with your yearly             European immigrants by the 1700s         migrating along the Pacific Flyway.
      membership to NNMHCS:                 and are distinctive among folk arts      Shore birds, ducks, geese and swans
                                            because they are strictly a North        swarmed the delta marshes on their
              Family $25                    American art form. The hunting           southbound migrations in the fall and
            Individual $20                  grounds for ducks and geese were         again in the spring enroute to their
         Senior/Student $15                 North America’s first highways; so       northern nesting and feeding grounds.
         Senior Couple $20                  many skilled carvers were also           Waterfowl apparently was not an
     Non-profit Association $50
                                            expert boat builders from the Atlantic   important item in the diet of Native
           Corporate $100
                                            coast and the shores of the Great        peoples living on the coast of British
    $1 per copy for non-members
                                            Lakes. Initially, a few hunters carved   Columbia. Natives relied almost
           NIKKEI PLACE                     decoys for themselves and                exclusively on the abundant
     6688 Southoaks Crescent,               occasionally for their friends. They     resources of fish, shellfish, sea
      Burnaby, B.C., V5E 4M7                hunted waterfowl for sport and took      mammals, roots and berries.1 Pioneer
                Canada                      pride in perfecting the tools of the     settlers in the Fraser River delta relied
         tel: (604) 777-7000                hunt.2                                   on the seasonal waterfowl resources
         fax: (604) 777-7001                         Market hunters appeared in      to augment their food supplies.                 the mid-Nineteenth Century with the      Manoah Steves arrived in 1877 and
                                            development of railway systems           purchased 400 acres on the western
                                            capable of rapidly transporting          extremity of Lulu Island, north of
                                            waterfowl from remote hunting            what is now Steveston Highway. He
                                            grounds to burgeoning population         hunted ducks and geese with an 8-
gauge shotgun on the marsh                 were much more abundant in the
contiguous to his homestead. He            Fraser River delta, so Japanese
hunted for food, killing 100 to 150        fishermen likely expended most of
birds per outing, by mounting the          their hunting effort for ducks and
shotgun on a stand and shooting            geese. Waterfowl probably
ducks and geese grounded on the            accounted for a significant proportion
flats. His children were given the         of Japanese fishermen’s diet of meat
responsibility of processing the birds     on the Fraser River.
by cutting off the heads, wings and
feet, and skinning rather then plucking    Decoys in the Fraser River Delta
the feathers and lastly gutting the                 William Gray is attributed to
carcasses. The carcasses were              introducing decoys to the Lower
salted in barrels for consumption          Mainland in the 1880s. He settled on
through the winter.3 Salting was the       Lulu Island and started commercial
usual method of preserving                 hunting to supply the growing port of      Schematic drawings from a children’s
                                                                                      book showing how to fold bulrush
waterfowl up to the end of the             Vancouver. Other well-known
                                                                                      leaves into toy decoys. 3
Nineteenth Century. Barrels of salted      commercial hunters were Tru
waterfowl from the Maritimes were          Haviland Oliver of Ladner and Harold       Harold Steves Sr. made decoys from
shipped to cities in Quebec and            Percy Bicknell of Richmond. Oliver         newspapers folded according to a
Ontario, and as far away as London,        hunted from a battery, a craft             Native design when snow geese
England.2                                  specifically designed for market           appeared on Sturgeon Bank. 3 Most
         Little information is available   hunting, with a rig of over 100 floating   sport hunters purchased wood decoys
on the daily life of Japanese              decoys and 12 cast iron wing geese.        from professional carvers, while a
fishermen on the Fraser River in the       Bicknell started commercial hunting        few carved their own rigs.
last decades of the Nineteenth             at age 14 with a punt gun. The gun
Century. However, a diary kept by          was laid along the middle of his           Japanese Hunters and Carvers
Sannosuke Ennyu of his initial years       hunting boat, with the muzzle                      There is no information on
on the Skeena and Naas Rivers in           protruding over the bow and the stock      the percentage of Japanese that
the mid-1890s gives an overall view        against a cushion on the transom. He       hunted, but most probably the
of how fishermen lived.4 Japanese          aimed the gun by pointing the boat at      percentage of fishermen that hunted
immigrants fished two months during        duck flocks on the water. Market           for waterfowl was higher than in
the sockeye salmon season, then            hunting was prohibited in 1917, but        other occupations because of their
worked at various make-work                Oliver and Bicknell continued carving      association with waterways. They
projects, including fishing for chum       decoys, the latter for sale to sport       spent much of the year aboard their
salmon and cutting wood for making         hunters. His brant, snow geese,            boats and skiffs navigating through
charcoal, during the remainder of the      mallards and pintail decoys sold for       habitats teeming with ducks and
year. They participated in a cash          $10 to $12 per dozen during the            geese. Larry Maekawa estimates
economy during the sockeye season          depression. Bicknell carved between        that 25-percent of the Japanese
and an essentially cash-less economy       3,000 to 4,000 decoys and was more         fishermen in Ucluelet hunted
during the off-fishing season,             influential than any other carver on       waterfowl prior to World War II. 5 A
bartering for most items while literally   the style of BC decoys. 2                  cursory count of Japanese in the
living off the land. Ennyu and his                  Some hunters, shooting for        Fraser River fishery showed over
colleagues spent most of their hunting     home-use and sport, adopted the use        50-percent hunted waterfowl. This
effort targeting for deer, killing 31 in   of decoys to increase their chances        higher percentage of hunters
less than two months, and negligible       for successful hunts. A few avid           probably reflects the much greater
time hunting waterfowl, though he          hunters even kept live ducks and           concentration of waterfowl on the
does mention memorable meals of            used them as decoys. A regulation          expansive Fraser River delta
heron with udon and duck with sake.        was passed in about 1932 prohibiting       marshlands.
The terrain at the mouth of the            the use of live decoys in British                  Larry Maekawa also
Skeena River is mountainous with a         Columbia. A few hunters fashioned          remembers excess ducks that could
restricted delta, more appropriate for     temporary decoys from ephemeral            not be consumed immediately were
deer than waterfowl. Waterfowl             materials for specific occasions.                           Continued on page 4
cooked in a soy sauce and sugar           Railway, sawmill and steamboat. In         ongoing occupation requiring
solution, stored in bottles and capped    1911, he opened a barbershop with          the absolute finest grained cedar
for use during winter. Keizo Mimori       Mikizo Nishiguchi in New                   logs, which the boys would
was an avid duck hunter who lived         Westminster. A Chinese elder from          reclaim from the marshes. Once
next door to the Maekawas in Fraser       Ladner’s Chinatown advised Maeda           judgment was passed on the
Bay. On one of his hunting trips,         to open a barbershop in Ladner.            quality of the wood, duck-sized
Mimori was unable to shoot any            Maeda sold his share of the New            blocks would be sawn and then,
ducks so he shot a loon and invited       Westminster business to his partner        with the use of a sharp hatchet,
Kanzo Maekawa to taste his prize.         in 1912 and opened a barbershop at         formed into the rough shape of a
Maekawa lectured his neighbour on         417 Westham Street in Ladner. He           duck’s body. After much rasping,
adhering to hunting regulations and       followed his mentor’s advice, paying       filing and sanding a perfectly
the consequences of breaking these        special respect and ceremony when          formed mallard or pintail body
regulations, but as the loon was          cutting off the queues of Chinese          would take shape and then with
already killed consented to go over       men, and his business prospered. He        the addition of a carved neck
for dinner. He later recounted the loon   sent for a picture bride from his native   and head, Mr. Maeda would give
meat was white and the most               Okayama Prefecture in 1913. They           the result a thorough inspection,
delicious waterfowl he had ever           had seven children, three boys and         which invariably required some
eaten. 5                                  four daughters. In 1921 he built a         minute adjustments that I feel sure
         Minor infractions of hunting     house with a barbershop.8                  no self-respecting duck would
regulations were commonplace. Ihei                  Rokosuke was an avid duck        have been all that concerned
Hirata and Mitsuru Yodagawa often         hunter and “well-known in the              with. The painting was left in Mr.
hunted together. On one occasion,         Fraser River delta as a fine shot,         Maeda’s hands and with a live
they were out hunting in the marsh        a talented carver and a skilled            duck sitting on his knee he
off the Scottish Canadian Cannery.        boat builder - he was one of the           would, meticulously copy each of
They were spotted hunting from a          few hunters who used a punt and            its feathers until he ended up with
gillnetter, which was illegal, by a       pole for manoeuvring on the                something that could be
bystander who reported to the police.     marshes.”2 He kept about a dozen           considered to be a work of art
Hirata and Yodagawa were warned           mallard ducks on his waterfront            rather than any work-a-day,
that the police had been alerted so       property. He clipped the feathers on       cedar decoy. One drawback to
they tied the boat to the wharf and       one wing to prevent the ducks from         striving for such perfection was
visited with fishermen friends who        flying off. He released the ducks at       that not only the ducks were
lived in Scottish Canadian cannery        the selected hunting spot and kept         fooled. On many occasions we
houses until the police gave up their     them from wandering away from his          would be startled by some hunter
search.6                                  punt by tying strings with small           who, after spending much time
         Otokichi         Murakami,       anchors to their feet. He also had a       sneaking up on the decoys, would
Rokosuke Maeda and Miyakichi              few wood decoys that were placed           suddenly jump up in his punt in
Yesaki hunted waterfowl for sport         among his live ducks. After live           an attempt to make them fly. Some
and carved their own decoys.              ducks were prohibited, Rokosuke            hunters, not as imbued with as
Murakami fished for the Phoenix           carved a rig of more than 50 decoys.       strong a sporting disposition,
Cannery in Steveston and built boats      “He made beautifully delicate              would take a crack at the
during the off-fishing season. He had     pintail drakes and mallard drakes          defenceless decoys floating on
a punt and kept live ducks by their       and hens. The slightly oversize,           the water and then, after realizing
cannery house. After the use of live      hollow and extremely lightweight           their mistake, would quietly slink
decoys became illegal, he carved a        lures were fashioned from well-            away. It is small wonder that
rig of 5-6 decoys. The down from the      seasoned red cedar and are some            Maeda decoys have become
ducks were collected, steamed to de-      of the finest produced in the              collector’s items and that they
louse the feathers and stuffed into       country.”2                                 now claim a fancy price
pillows.7                                           Bill Hutcherson, a friend of     whenever they can be found.” 9
         Rokosuke              Maeda      the Maeda boys (Deyo and Eiji),                     The Maeda family was
immigrated to British Columbia in the     gave the following description of the      evacuated to a sugar beet farm in
1900s, where he worked at various         work required in making a decoy.           Turin, Alberta in the spring of 1942.
jobs with the Canadian Pacific            “The carving of decoys was an              They were allowed to take only 150
pounds of luggage per adult and 75                                                 By about 1930, Miyakichi became the
pounds per child, so most of their                                                 principal wage earner for the family
possessions had to be left behind in                                               fishing the Fraser River. He also
Ladner. The decoys were taken and                                                  fished the Skeena River in 1917 as a
probably used for hunting by the                                                   boat-puller on a Columbia River boat
culprit. These decoys are now sought                                               and again in 1930-1931 with the
by collectors and are frequently                                                   family’s new boat.
displayed in sport shows at the                                                             Miyakichi’s hobbies included
Pacific National Exhibition.8                                                      hunting and fishing. His favourite
         In Turin, Rokosuke started                                                commercial fishing ground for chum
giving haircuts to friends and                                                     salmon in the fall was Ladner
neighbours free-of-charge for which                                                Channel, immediately upstream of
he was reimbursed with gifts of                                                    Canoe Pass. Whenever tides were
produce. The proprietor of the town’s                                              unfavourable or catches were poor,
coffee shop provided space for                                                     he would anchor his gillnetter and
Maeda to open a barbershop.                                                        hunt in Woodward’s Slough, between
However, a license was required to                                                 the Ladner and Main Channels. He
practice barbering, so he traveled to                                              had a Steven double-barrel shotgun
Lethbridge to take an examination.                                                 and in about 1940 purchased a
One of his proudest moments was                                                    Winchester Model 12 pump-action.
when he received this license to                                                   He carved a rig of decoys and hunted
practice his chosen trade.8               Miyakichi Yesaki with Stevens double-    from a punt. Wildfowl were prized
         Rokosuke, Deyo and Eiji          barrel shotgun and trophies of the       for the meat and feathers. They were
                                          hunt. (Yesaki Family photo, 1937)
resumed hunting in Alberta after the                                               either roasted in the oven or stewed
Royal Canadian Mounted Police             him in British Columbia in 1915.         with vegetables in a marinate of soy
(RCMP) permitted Japanese                 Miyakichi started fishing the Fraser     sauce and sugar (sukiyaki). The
Canadians to carry firearms again in      River as a boat-puller on his father’s   feathers were used to make futon
1943. Maeda had left his shotgun, a       motorized gillnetter. Jinshiro and       and pillows for every member of the
L.C. Smith double barrel, with a          Miyakichi transferred to the Great       family. The pillows required as much
friend in Ladner for safekeeping. The     West Cannery after the New               feathers as the futon.
gun was returned to Rokosuke soon         Richmond Cannery burned down in                   The Yesaki family was
after the restriction was lifted. Deyo    1924. Miyakichi married Sunae            relocated to a sugar beet farm in
and Eiji resorted to the endless miles    Tasaki in 1923 and she immigrated        Picture Butte, Alberta in the spring
of fences in southern Alberta as a        to British Columbia in 1927. They had    of 1942. Miyakichi took every
source of suitable wood for decoys.       9 children, 6 sons and 3 daughters.
                                                                                                    Continued on page 6
They loped off the tops of fence
                                          Miyakichi Yesaki posing in punt with rig of decoys set along Dyke Road between
posts to carve about 20 narrow-
                                          Hong Wo General Store and the Great West Cannery. (Yesaki Family photo,
bodied decoys, which were painted
by Rokosuke.2 These decoys were
used in the Crooked Lakes, a chain
of small potholes north of Iron
Springs. The Maeda family returned
to Richmond in 1950, where Deyo
and Eiji took up commercial fishing.
While on the river, they kept a
lookout for cedar logs, which they
salvaged and transformed into
decoys. Rokosuke painted their rig
of 30 decoys of mallard drakes and
hens and several pintail drakes.2
         Jinshiro Yesaki sponsored
wife, Yuki, and son, Miyakichi, to join
opportunity during the busy farming       fishing in 1995.                             from crude imitations to accurate
season to take the children to Keho                Tad inherited his father’s          facsimiles of live waterfowl. Hunters
Lake and fish for northern pike. He       passion for hunting and took every           carved decoys as utilitarian objects
took up hunting again after the           opportunity to pursue this sport. In         and each produced artifacts
RCMP returned his two shotguns            addition, he used the trophies of the        commiserate with his skills and
sometime before the end of the war.       hunt to express his artistic talent, first   aesthetic tastes. A few hunters
The RCMP officer that returned the        through taxidermy and latterly in            carved life-like waterfowl, which
guns offered to buy the Winchester,       carving waterfowl. He studied                they painstakingly painted, including
a prized shotgun at that time. These      taxidermy through correspondence             details of the wing feathers.
guns were the only items returned to      while in Alberta and mounted many            Discerning folk art buffs began
Miyakichi; all other personal effects     animals and birds, especially the many       collecting decoys as decorative
that he turned over to be held in trust   raptors of the Canadian prairies. Tad        objects. The Migratory Bird Treaty
by the BC Security Commission were        also carved 1-2 decoys from wood             of 1917 prohibiting the commercial
lost. Miyakichi and eldest son, Tad,      cut off the tops of fence posts. His         trade of wildfowl essentially forced
hunted waterfowl on the Crooked           pursuit of artistic interests were put       market hunters out of business,
Lakes and grain fields around Picture     on hold after returning to British           greatly decreasing the demand for
Butte without decoys.                     Columbia as he sought a profession           decoys. This decline in demand
         In the spring of 1950,           and was preoccupied with raising a           forced decoy carvers into exploring
Miyakichi returned with his family to     family. He essentially abandoned             other outlets including sport hunters
Steveston and resumed commercial          taxidermy and mounted very few               and folk art collectors.2 The collectors
fishing for BC Packers. Miyakichi,        specimens. He carved a few decoys            paid much higher prices so carvers
with Kunji and Tomeyuki Kuramoto,         in 1950 and continued adding a few           increasing produced decoys that
built three punts in his Pacific Coast    in subsequent years until he had a rig       appealed to the aesthetic values of
cannery house that fall in time for the   of 30-40 decoys. He carved the last          the purchaser rather than lures to
second opening. He also carved 12         decoy in about 1980. His decoys              attract waterfowl. The first decoy
decoys for the 1950 hunting season.       were carved from old growth                  exhibition was convened at Bellport,
These were large, hollow decoys           western red cedar and were                   New York in 1923 in response to the
decorated with boat paint. All of his     generally a little larger than their live    growth in the popularity of decorative
pre- and post-World War II decoys         representatives, hollow and                  decoys.1 These exhibitions promoted
have been lost. Miyakichi quit hunting    decorated with boat paint.                   the spread of wood carving and
in about 1952 and retired in 1977 after                                                competition between carvers,
63 years of commercial fishing.           Decorative Birds                             elevating the decorative decoy to an
         Tad Yesaki worked at                    The aesthetic quality of duck         art form.
various jobs in the fishing industry,     decoys varied widely and ranged                       Old waterfowl decoys are
after returning to the coast. In 1954,    Greenwing teak female donated by Tad Yesaki for the Japanese Fishermen’s
he started working as a carpenter in      Committee banquet in November 2002. (Tad Yesaki photo, 2002)
Yamanaka Boat Works during the
off-fishing season. He fished from
various skiffs during the summers
until 1960, when he built the WILD
WEST TOO, a 27-foot V-bottom
gillnetter. Tad married Mae Yoshida
in 1961 and they have 3 children, 2
daughters and a son. Tad replaced
the 27-footer with the second WILD
WEST TOO, a 35-foot, V-bottom
gillnetter in 1967. He continued
fishing during the summer and
working at the boat works during the
off-season. He left the boat works
in about 1987 and sold his gillnetter
and essentially quit commercial
                                                              the Southeast United States, during a carving class given
                                                              by a well-known carver. He uses tupelo when giving
                                                              carving classes for the Richmond Carver’s Society, which
                                                              he has been giving, on and off, for the last ten years. He
                                                              also uses tupelo for making the heads of birds. Tad started
                                                              numbering his decorative birds in January 1986 and has
                                                              completed 182 birds as of May 2004.
                                                                       Tad first entered a mallard drake and a widgeon
                                                              in a wood carving show in Edmonton in 1988, for which
                                                              he won 2 firsts and a best of show. He has entered
                                                              decorative birds in shows held in Pullalup Washington,
                                                              Toronto Ontario, San Diego California, Parksville BC and
                                                              Steveston BC. A gadwall entered by Tad in the Brant
                                                              Festival in Parkville was featured in the Competition 2000
                                                              magazine.12 It was awarded best of division in the open
                                                              decorative flat bottom division. A mallard drake submitted
                                                              to the San Diego show in May 2004 was awarded 2 firsts
                                                              and a third in the best of show category. He is a member
                                                              of the Richmond Carver’s Society and has entered
                                                              decorative birds in the Society’s annual woodcarving show
                                                              during the past 15 years.
                                                                       Ducks Unlimited featured an article on Tad
                                                              Yesaki in 2001.13 Tad has donated a decorative bird to
                                                              the Richmond chapter of Ducks Unlimited every year
                                                              since 1987. These carvings are auctioned off at its annual
                                                              banquet and have raised over $32,000 up to 2001. The
Tad Yesaki with mallard duck and awards at the San Diego      ring-neck pheasant donated in 2001 raised $4,500 for DU.
woodcarving show. (Tad Yesaki photo, 2004)
now much sought after by collectors. Decoys in good             Kangas, Linda and Gene. Collector’s Guide to Decoys.
condition carved by Percy Bicknell currently sell for about   Wallace-Homestead, Radnor, Pennsylvania. 1992
$1,500.10 Antique decoys from the eastern United State          Fleming, Patricia and Thomas Carpenter. Traditions in
and Canada, with a much longer history, command con-          Wood: A History of Wildlife Decoys in Canada.
siderably higher prices. A collector paid a world record      Camden House Publishing, Camden East, ON. 1987
US $801,500 in 2003 for a pintail drake carved by Ameri-        Harold Steves, per. com.
can carver Elmer Croswell. A wood duck drake carved             NIKKEI IMAGES, Vol. 4, No.1, p. 1. 1999
in 1904 by Thomas Chambers of Sarnia, Ontario was               Larry Maekawa, per. com.
expected to fetch $250,000 at an auction in April 2004.11       Haruo Hirata, per. com.
        After carving the last decoy, Tad Yesaki                George Murakami, per. com.
continued making decorative birds. These were little            Nakayama, Gordon G. Issei: Stories of Japanese
different from the decoys, except he carved prominent         Canadian Pioneers. NC Press Ltd., Toronto, ON. 1984
wing feathers with hand tools and painted the carvings          Hutcherson, E.W. Looking Back at a Town Called
with acrylic tints. He was able to devote more time to        Ladner. Trafford Publishing, Victoria, BC. 2002
this hobby after retiring from the off-season work at the        Tad Hayashi, per. com.
boat works. He began studying books on carving                   THE VANCOUVER SUN, 23-04-2004, p. A5
decorative birds, which led him to engraving body feathers       Hart, Cathy. Brant Festival. Competition 2000,
with a Dremel grinder in the early 1980s. To attain ever-     Wildfowl Carving Magazine, Lemoyne, PA. 2001
finer details, he changed to a Foredom grinder and               anonymous. “Fancy stuff” keeps BC carver busy for
currently uses a NSK high-speed mini-grinder. Tad             DU. Flyway, Pacific Region, Conservator, Vol. 22, No.
continues to use red cedar to make decorative birds, but      2, 2001 ❁
was introduced to tupelo, a species of gumwood from

                 The Shimizu Family Story. Part II:
    Life and Times at Store and Fisgard Sts. by Tsutomu (Stum) Shimizu

Members of the Japanese Canadian community of Victoria gathered in front of the Osawa Hotel for an excursion to an
unknown destination. (Toshio Uyede photo, ca. 1932)
         According to an article         families in the area. Three Japanese-      adoption).
appearing in the VICTORIA                operated barbershops existed in the                 Entrance to the flat was
EXPRESS, Tuesday, April 23, 1974,        general area, one (Nakasone, a             usually by an alleyway on Fisgard St.
page 9 - “The centre of the Japanese     “bachelor”) on Store St. near              A two-stage stairway immediately to
community before the turn of the         Johnson St., another (Nagai, family        the right after exiting the alley,
century was the corner of Store and      man) on Johnson St. south of               connected to the second story
Fisgard. Here in 1890 the Osawa          Government St. and the third               platform deck in front of the Shimizu
brothers bought and operated a hotel     (Kuwata, family man) on Government         kitchen and a balcony, which ran
catering to Japanese travelers etc.”     St., just south of Herald St. 1625 Store   back toward the alley. The stairway
I have had some problems tracking        St. was the home address of Kiyoshi        to the second level was a
down this interesting paragraph since    and Hana Shimizu and their nine            characteristic feature of the
information available on the             children. (Kachan bore 10 children         tenement buildings in Chinatown and
INTERNET indicates no files or           and 9 survived to adulthood). The 3-       allowed access to apartments on the
records exist after 1974 for the         bedroom flat above the store was           second level of the building. There
VICTORIA EXPRESS.                        home to the 9 children, although           were 2 apartments off the common
         However, by the time I was      during the early years of my               balcony to the east of the Shimizu
four to five years of age (1926/27),     childhood, the numbers living at home      kitchen, one of which was used to
the corner of Store and Fisgard was      varied as social and economic              room and board transient Japanese
the western end of Chinatown. The        conditions created situations which        men, who were on their way to the
Shimizus on Store St. and the Kondos     occurred naturally (work, marriage)        “kujira” (whaling) harbour. The
on Fisgard St. were the only Japanese    or deliberately (return to Japan,          open platform in front of the kitchen
provided Kachan with room to              and opposite the bedroom                 rooms and apartments at the rear of
indulge in apartment gardening            overlooking the courtyard was an         the tenement buildings of Fisgard and
where she grew nasturtiums and            alcove containing the toilet, with a     Cormorant Sts. The journey to the
chrysanthemums in tubs and                sink and a cold-water tap outside. A     schools that the Shimizu children
containers, even using the nasturtium     flush tank over the toilet was           attended required a walk up Fisgard
flowers and chrysanthemum leaves          activated by a chain, which dangled      St. past many of the Chinese stores
to supplement the family diet.            from a lever on one side of the tank.    lining both sides of the street. Since
          The Fisgard alley opened        Paper for toilet use was a valuable      most stores were small, the
onto a courtyard and at the corner of     commodity and any useable paper          customary practice was to use the
the right angle made by the tenement      was cut into appropriate four by six     sidewalk to display their goods. One
building running east on Fisgard St.      inch pieces. Since I had sold the        particular display, which fascinated
and south on Store St., was the rear      VICTORIA TIMES since the age of          us was dried black beetles which
entrance to the Shimizu Rice Mill         nine, any unsold papers were used        were eaten like peanuts after
store. It was partially covered by the    for the toilet. Particularly treasured   removing the outer protective shell.
platform deck at the second level,        were the green-coloured tissue paper     Fresh produce was also displayed in
which overhung the corner. This area,     used by the packers of the Japanese      baskets. There was one root-like
at the rear entrance, was where the       mandarin oranges, since these didn’t     vegetable, which had the appearance
“mochitsuki” took place. A similar        require the usual crushing and           of a miniature steer with horns which
2-stage stairway inside the store, at     rubbing together of a newspaper          emitted a terrible odour which we
the rear area housing the mill, led to    sheet to soften the paper.               compared to the droppings of an alley
an area called the “chunikai” and                   The family took daily baths    cat. Shops selling herbal and
continued to the “family” room of the     in half a wine barrel, which Papa had    medicinal items were also fascinating
flat. The “master” bedroom was            obtained from local wine producers.      in their window displays, many being
directly opposite the top of the stairs   Hot water was taken in buckets from      dried and flattened animal parts.
and was one of the 2-bedrooms,            the kitchen sink and poured into the     Many of the stores, particularly the
which overlooked Store St. The            barrel and brought to bathing            herbal and medicinal ones used a
kitchen was a spacious area with a        temperature with the single cold-        two-pan balance for measuring
wide entrance to the “family” room.       water tap. As mentioned previously,      amounts of material, but all the stores
A similar entrance to the left of the     stairways, balconies and walkways        appeared to use the beads of the
room led to a hallway and the second      to provide access to second floor        abacus for calculating costs. There
bedroom overlooking Store St. Three       rooms and apartments were a              were several butcher shops selling
features dominated the “family” area.     common feature at the rear of            poultry, beef and pork products.
Overhead was a skylight in the centre     tenement buildings. From the Shimizu     Some displayed live chickens, ducks
of the high 10-foot ceiling which         balcony, there was an unobstructed       and geese. The barbeque shop with
illuminated the enclosed area with        view to the east of these fixtures at    its roasted pig was always a place of
daylight. To the left side of the         the rear of tenement buildings on        interest particularly for the delicious
stairwell and midway between the          Fisgard and Cormorant Sts. There         odour coming out of the open door.
wall of the kitchen and the bedroom,      were periodic police raids on rooms      There was a fish store on the south
a pot-bellied stove provided heat in      opening onto the open courtyard and      side of Fisgard St. with an in-floor
the winter. On the wall behind the        the Shimizu children would be            live tank and it was a constant source
stove, 2 large oval photographs of        witnesses to the interesting spectacle   of interest to us to see the different
Grandfather Rinbei and Grandmother        of smoking pots and assorted             species offered for sale. The south
Mitori looked down benevolently from      paraphernalia being thrown from the      side of Fisgard St. had several alleys,
the high-ceiling room. Both               balconies into the courtyard.            one of which we used as a
photographs were encased in ebony                   Prior to 1908, the use of      thoroughfare to get from Fisgard St.
wood frames with glass covers. A          opium, its manufacture and sale, was     to Cormorant St. or vice-versa.
small storage room, also having a         a thriving industry in Chinatown         Several alleys had small shops.
skylight in the ceiling, was opposite     (from “Chinatowns” by David              These alleys included the well-known
the hallway entrance. Next to the         Chuenyan Lai). Although an illegal       Fan Tan Alley. The click and clatter
small storage room was a third            activity in the 1920s and 1930s, its     of mahjong tiles, intermingled with
bedroom which overlooked the inner        use continued among the single           the loud voices of participants. These
courtyard. At the end of the hallway      Chinese men who occupied the                             Continued on page 10
                                                                                   seeds. A particularly bad habit that
                                                                                   the sisters abhorred was the spitting
                                                                                   and expectoration of thick and slimy
                                                                                   nose and throat sputum onto the
                                                                                   pavement or road.
                                                                                            The north pavement towards
                                                                                   the west end of Fisgard St. and
                                                                                   directly opposite the alleyway leading
                                                                                   to the Shimizu back entrance fronted
                                                                                   an empty lot. This wide pavement
                                                                                   was used in the summer to dry the
                                                                                   seaweed that had been collected
                                                                                   from the rocks and beaches. The spot
                                                                                   was ideal for the purpose since it was
                                                                                   clear and “uninhabited” and relatively
                                                                                   clean. On two occasions we were
                                                                                   spectators to Chinese funerals, one
                                                                                   of which happened to be a neighbour.
Photograph taken from the Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway Passenger                  The ritual was impressive and the
Terminal on Store St. From the left: Yon, Stum, Fumi and Osamu. (Tsutomu           formality left a lasting impression on
Shimizu photo, 1929)                                                               me. A band playing a solemn funeral
alleys were off limits and we very       particular interest to my brother and     march led the procession. They were
seldom ventured into them.               I were the appearance of                  followed by an open hearse carrying
         A confectionery store near      firecrackers of different kinds and       a coffin and a large photograph of
the corner of Fisgard and                sizes. The ones that always               the deceased, surrounded by banks
Government Sts. was one which we         fascinated us were the six – eight-       of flowers. Following the hearse
frequented to buy the paper wrapped      feet long strings of firecrackers         were two lines of mourners wearing
preserved plums and olives with their    interspersed with cannons along their     white robes with faces and heads
anise flavoured or salty taste. Other    length and topped off with a bundle       hidden under cone-shaped hoods.
dried fruits were also available as      of firecrackers approximately 10 - 12     The mourners could be heard
well as salty dried red ginger. These    inches in diameter. These were            moaning and wailing as they
were sold individually and cost          strung on bamboo poles, which were        followed the hearse down Fisgard St.
pennies to buy. Living in Chinatown      hung from the street-side balconies       to Store St. The book “Chinatowns”
made the eating of Chinese food a        of the apartments and lit on New          by Dr. David Chuenyan Lai contains
natural complement to the Japanese       Year’s Eve or during the day. The         a description of the funeral and burial
style cooking of Kachan’s daily fare.    fire, smoke, cracks of the smaller        process and the eventual exhumation
We particularly enjoyed the steamed      explosions and the periodic boom of       of the bones after 7 years to be
food sold next door to the               the cannons were an awe-inspiring         returned to China for re-burial.
confectionery store. The ha-kow and      spectacle. The final explosion of the              The Chinese United Church,
shu mai of this shop were distinctly     top bundle was one we waited for          presided over by Rev. Lowe,
different to Toronto’s dim sum           with bated breath. A lion dance would     provided my brother Yon and I an
restaurants. The steamed dow see         be performed up and down Fisgard          opportunity to play in the basement
bun and the baked bun which were         St. with spectators lighting bundles      of the Church with the younger of
sold at 9 pm were particularly           of firecrackers to throw at the feet      the 7 sons of Reverend Lowe,
favoured since both contained a          of the dancers holding the dragon         Matthew and Paul. We also used the
sweet black paste in the centre.         head and trailing body. A favourite       pathway beside the Church as a short
Chinese New Year was a time for          custom of the Chinese men was the         cut to North Ward Public School.
transformation for the shops lining      eating of seeds as they sat in front of            Store St. ran north from
Fisgard St. Paper banners and            the stores. These seeds were of 2         Johnson St. to Pembroke St. and had
postcard-sized notes coloured in         kinds, a large black seed and a smaller   the tracks of the Esquimalt and
bright red would appear in windows,      red one. Chinatown pavements were         Nanaimo (E & N) Railway running
doors and upper balconies. Of            often littered with the shells of these   down the centre. There were spurs
going off to the various wholesalers     banana shipments and a chance to           “The Chinaman’s Wharf”. This was
and meat packers, which required         “rescue” a banana broken off the           located north of the City’s garbage
railway service for delivery or export   main stalk while being transferred         dock. The floating wharf housed
of goods. Directly across from the       from boxcar to delivery truck at the       several shacks, one of which
Rice Mill was the P. Burns Meat          freight yard. Fisgard St. was paved        contained live tanks for a variety of
Packers office and adjoining             to Store St. but continued as a gravel     fish kept by the local Chinese fish
warehouse and cold storage buildings.    pathway past the Ramsay Machinery          merchant. Japanese fishermen also
The latter extended almost to the        building and an open grassy area. The      used the wharf as a marina to moor
Inner Harbour waterfront below the       gravel pathway led past slaughtering       their fishing boats. Some shacks
Johnson St. bridge. On the corner of     sheds for chickens and cold storage        leased or owned by the fishermen
Store and Swift Sts. (now Telegraph      sheds belonging to P. Burns and Swift      were used to stow motors and gear,
St.) was Swift Canadian Meat             Canadian. The wooden docks and             others were used as temporary living
Packers office and cold storage          docking facilities for the warehouses      quarters. Fishing, occupied a large
warehouses with rail sidings alongside   at the waterfront jutted out over the      part of our pre-teen existence. We
the building. Papa purchased slabs of    waters of the Inner Harbour some           fished both sides of the Inner and
bacon, 20-inch long cylinders of         25 - 30 feet and required log pilings      Outer Harbour. The Shell dock on
bologna and cases of canned corned       for support. At low and medium tide        the northwest shore of the Outer
beef for the family from Swift. With     it was possible to walk under the          Harbour was a favourite for catching
the inefficient refrigeration at home,   wooden decks of the warehouses.            skate, while the Ogden docks and the
after a period of time, the bacon        The space, which was created by the        Breakwater provided rock cod, bass,
would develop mould and the bologna      receding water and the rocky               tommy cod, lingcod and the
would undergo colour changes.            shoreline, exposed all manner of sea-      excitement of spotting the occasional
Kachan merely scraped off the            life among the boulders and rocks and      octopus.
mould from the bacon and thoroughly      particularly shrimp which were                      I can’t describe in detail the
cooked the bologna. We rarely threw      plentiful on the pilings and rocks in      activities of the sisters since they
out food, particularly during the        the water. We spent many leisurely         were older than Yon and I, and were
depression. Susumu, Yon and I            and adventurous hours below the            working as domestics. Like other
supplemented food for the family         deck netting shrimp and pulling tubes      females of their age, they were
with fish, shrimps and crabs which       of pile worms off the logs to use for      members of the Canadian Girls In
were abundant, but we ate our share      fishing bait. We also fished off the       Training (C.G.I.T.) and participated
of cabbage mixed with the above          docks at high tide for smelt and           in celebrations such as Queen
meats. Corned beef from the              herring when they passed on their          Victoria’s birthday (May 24), July 1,
trapezoid-shaped cans fried with         annual migration. We also spent            etc. Family photos show that they did
cabbage was Papa’s favourite dinner.     many hours when not in school,             “baby sit” us in our childhood.
         Swift St. continued to the      fishing or playing on a floating wharf,             The drawbridge on Johnson
wharves at the waterfront where the      which was commonly referred to as                           Continued on page 12
City scows stood ready to receive
garbage. The E & N had a station
house at the bottom of Cormorant
St., where we frequently played on
the steel pipes delineating the
platform. The rail line ran north on
Store St. to the freight yards at
Chatham and Discovery Sts. The
route of the rail line down the centre
of Store St. enabled men, standing on
top of the boxcars, to see into the
bedroom used by the three sisters
much to their disgust and annoyance.
                                         Prize-winning float from North Ward School in Victoria Day parade, on which
However to Yon and me, the passage
                                         two of the Shimizu sisters, Shizue (second from right) and Hide (sixth from right),
of a yellow boxcar meant visions of
                                         were on board. Ishida Hotel in background. (Tsutomu Shimizu photo, 1928)
a rare treat. Yellow boxcars meant
St., which spanned the Victoria City       at the Esquimalt lagoon, which in the    wooden mallets used in the kneading
side of the harbour with the Esquimalt     1920s was only accessible by boat.       and pounding of the mochigome.
side, was an irresistible attraction for   The motorised boat docked at the         Friends including wives and
us. At low tide it was possible to         Inner Harbour below the Empress          husbands would join in the occasion.
clamber amongst the rocks below the        Hotel, would be rented for the day to    The “star” performer was a stocky,
bridge, turning them over and              ferry the family to the sandy beach      well built, Japanese male whom we
watching various sea-life, particularly    of the lagoon. The picnic lunch and      knew as “Benkei-san”. He was an
small crabs scurrying to find other        supper included clams of all sizes and   employee of the Takata family,
hiding places. The Johnson St. bridge      descriptions, which were easily dug      members of whom were amongst
also made it possible for the sisters      up at the shoreline. Dungeness crabs     those assisting in the occasion. The
and brothers to gather blackberries        were easily netted from pools among      kneading and subsequent pounding of
which grew quite profusely in the          the rocks where they were isolated       the mochigome was done on the floor
area which we called the Indian            by the outgoing tide. Seafood boiled     of the mill in an “usu” (wooden
Reserve (Songhees).                        in seawater was the main fare we         mortar). The usu had been made by
          Summers were particularly        waited for after a day of activity on    Benkei-san from a 30-36 inch
enjoyable during our pre-adolescent        the beach.                               diameter Douglas fir log and stood
years. Every week meant a family                    A winter activity I enjoyed     about 30 inches tall and had the centre
picnic with friends and occasionally       and looked forward to with               hollowed out in a circular pattern
with the Japanese Canadian                 anticipation and excitement was          approximately eight to ten inches in
community at Cordova Bay sharing           mochitsuki, which was a yearly           depth. It was kept at the bottom of
the usual picnic lunches of seaweed        activity of the Rice Mill, started in    the steps from the flat to the rice mill
wrapped onigiri, freshly cooked            early December for the New Year’s        and was carefully re-conditioned
salted salmon, pickled vegetables,         festivities. We pounded as many as       before the first batch of steamed
hard boiled eggs and in season freshly     30 batches of mochigome to make          mochigome was placed in the usu.
picked corn boiled in sea water. The       mochi, from 6 am to 8 pm, at the         As well, the wooden mallets which
Mizuno/Kakuno farm was located at          approximate rate of two batches per      had been stored all year under the
Cordova Bay and dealt mainly in            hour. My participation in the            steps were re-conditioned at the
mixed farming and it was here that         production of mochi started when I       head, washed and kept beside the usu
we obtained the freshly picked             was twelve years old and joined the      in an empty shoyu or miso taru filled
Golden Bantam corn. Occasionally           other members of the family              with warm water. Kachan who had
Papa would take the family to picnic       physically capable of wielding the       risen at 3 am to steam the many
                                                                                    batches of mochigome in the
                                                                                    specially constructed wooden
                                                                                    steamers would announce the
                                                                                    readiness of the first batch about 4
                                                                                    am. It would be the bottom box of
                                                                                    the five or six, which were piled one
                                                                                    on top of the other. One of the
                                                                                    stronger participants would lift the top
                                                                                    boxes so the bottom box could be
                                                                                    removed and taken from the kitchen
                                                                                    down two flights of stairs to the mill
                                                                                    floor where there would be two men
                                                                                    standing opposite each other around
                                                                                    the usu, with Benkei-san between
                                                                                    them, giving them instructions to
                                                                                    proceed when the steaming rice was
                                                                                    emptied into the usu. Preliminary
                                                                                    kneading was downwards towards
                                                                                    the centre of the usu to compact the
Students in front of the Oriental Home on Cormorant Street. Yon Shimizu is third
                                                                                    individual grains of rice with a
from the right. (Tsutomu Shimizu photo, 1928)
                                                                                    simultaneous twisting of the shaft of
the mallets against each other to mash
the rice. When the mass became
cohesive, Benkei would give the
order to start pounding, using a vocal
cadence so that the mallets would
descend in alternate blows and also
giving him time to dip his hands in
lukewarm water to grasp and fold the
sides into the middle as well as to
moisten the surface of the rapidly
transforming grains of rice into the
glutinous form of mochi.
Occasionally he would also pick up
the whole mass to turn it upside
down. The co-ordination was
extraordinary, although as the hours
and the day wore on, there was the
odd miss-hit, usually with the mallet     Cast of Gilbert and Sullivan’s Mikado, in which the three Shimizu sisters
missing the centre and hitting the        participated. Fumi (second from right in front), Hide (third from right in front),
edge of the usu. It would result in       and Shizue (second from right in back). Photograph taken at the Gorge Tea
                                          Gardens. (Tsutomu Shimizu photo, 1928)
some wooden splinters being mixed
into the batch, which resulted in a       would form on mochi stored in               Gorge. The one at the Takata’s area,
pause in the pounding while the           iceboxes or in bread containers. This       one had to “pay” for the clothing
splinters were removed and the            did not appear to be of much concern        change privilege, while on the other
mallet temporarily taken out of           since mould formation on rice formed        side of the Gorge Bridge, the city
production to be reconditioned.           the basis of certain Japanese foods,        maintained a “free” change area).
          Batches of finished mochi       e.g. koji in the production of miso,        Our journey to the Gorge was always
were taken upstairs to the kitchen        so after scraping off the greenish          taken with a lunch prepared by
and dumped onto the kitchen table,        mould, the mochi cakes were                 Kachan, the mainstay being two,
which had been sprinkled with             consumed without any ill effects.           seaweed-wrapped onigiri, inside of
generous amounts of mochiko. The                    For the Shimizu children          which she would insert an umeboshi
women, including my sisters, would        schooling started at the pre-               (pickled plum).
form the first batches of the hot         kindergarten school located at the                   The need for family income,
glutinous mass into the familiar round    Oriental Home on Cormorant St.              brought a gradual end to the idyllic
cakes, which varied from two to           Three sisters and four brothers             days of our growing up years and
three inches in diameter to the larger    attended, in succession, schools at         working after school gave way to
four- to six-inch cakes. These latter     the Oriental Home, Quadra Primary,          steady employment. I and several of
were used as decorative offerings to      North Ward Secondary and Victoria           my friends were employed by friends
be placed in a revered area of the        High [Kunio, the eldest son, received       of the family on their farm at
Japanese household forming a              his early education, to age 16, in Japan    Cordova Bay. Produce grown on the
pyramidal circular sculpture with the     while living with his Uncle Seiji, and      farm was all manner of root and
usual mandarin orange on top of the       Hiroshi, the youngest, was adopted          leafy vegetables as well as
two or three pieces of mochi. Later       by Uncle Seiji at age 2].                   strawberries, raspberries and
batches were moulded into one large                 As we grew into our early         loganberries. Corn in season was
slab approximately one to one and         teens our playground turned towards         freshly picked on demand, since
one quarter inch thick. These when        the Gorge Tea Gardens managed by            sweetness disappeared rather quickly
firm would be cut up into                 the Takata family. Swimming at the          after removal from the stalk. There
approximately one inch by three inch      so-called “pay” area was the main           were several summers at a dairy
pieces and stored in water in stone       activity interspersed with baseball and     farm (Ono’s) where the farming was
jars to be sold during the months after   paper chases in the forest                  distinctly different. Wheat, oats and
the New Year. Mould did not form          surrounding the Tea Gardens. (There         corn were the main crops and
on mochi stored under water, but          were two swimming areas at the                               Continued on page 14
harvesting meant stooking of wheat        relatives of the Kuwabaras.               the edge of Chinatown, the closeness
and oat bundles and threshing after                The Shimizu family living on     and smell of the salt waters of the
a summer of drying in the field. Corn     Store St., by 1939/40, had been           Inner and Outer Harbours and the
was silaged in the late fall which was    reduced to father, mother, sister Fumi,   fishing it provided, the fruit that we
harder work because the bundles of        myself, younger brothers Yon and          harvested on the Indian Reserve,
corn were heavy and had to be pitch-      Osamu. Sister Fumi and I had              gave me a memory bank on which I
forked onto wagons then into the          graduated with our Junior                 could draw during the depressing
grinding mill at the silo. I also spent   matriculation and both of us had          days which followed our move from
one summer in the Fraser Valley with      found employment close to home.           Victoria to internment and exile from
the Kuwabara and Hoita boys, who          The 18 years spent living at Store and    the home where we had grown up.
were also from Victoria, picking          Fisgard Sts. were memorable ones          ❁
strawberries on a farm owned by           for me. The experience of living on
              Visit of the ASAMA and AZUMA to Vancouver,
          June 19th to 23rd, 1914 by Mitsuo Yesaki and Sakuya Nishimura

Fishing boats around the Japanese Naval Training Ships, ASAMA and AZUMA, anchored on Roberts Bank off the Fraser
River. (JCNM photo, 1914)
          Mayor Baxter of Vancouver       their community. Almost every             with large Union Jacks at the sterns
received a message from Vice-             building on Powell Street, from Main      and Hinomaru on the bows. The
Admiral Kuroi that the Japanese           Street east for several blocks, was       fishermen greeted the sailors by
Marine Training Ships, ASAMA and          brightly adorned with bunting and         singing the Japanese national anthem
AZUMA, would arrive in Burrard            British and Japanese flags.               and shouting “banzai”. The
Inlet at approximately noon on June                The ships anchored on            Japanese Fishermen Benevolent
20, 1914. Mayor Baxter urged the          Roberts Bank, south of the lightship,     Association presented about 1000 kg
citizens of the city to hoist flags and   on the afternoon of June 19, 1914 and     of spring salmon to the two ships.
buntings on as many buildings as          remained there overnight. More than                A few Caucasians joined the
possible as a gesture of courtesy in      150 Japanese fishing boats went out       welcoming fleet of fishing boats,
honour of the visiting men-of-war.        from Steveston to welcome the two         including Peter Melby with his
The residents of Japantown were           anchored ships. All the boats were        DUMBARTON CASTLE. Melby
especially enthusiastic in decorating     decorated with bunting and some           was a bank teller at the Northern

                                           School. Mrs. Chilton with her           of the Dowager Empress of Japan.
                                           daughter Eleanor, and Mr. and Mrs.      The band on the WINAMAC played
                                           Shiro Takeshima, the principal and      the Japanese national anthem.
                                           teacher of the school, aboard another   Spectators along the waterfront
                                           fishing boat traveled with the          accompanied the band by singing the
                                           DUMBARTON CASTLE to the                 anthem, and ended with a resounding
                                           anchored ships. The teachers            “Banzai”. The sailors on board stood
                                           boarded the boats at the public wharf   on the upper deck and
                                           at the foot of Second Avenue. Both      enthusiastically waved their hands.
                                           boats were festooned with bunting on             As soon as the ships were
                                           lines strung from the short masts.      securely anchored, the davits were
leave for Roberts Bank. (Steves Family              The two ships weighed          swung out to lower pinnaces and
photo, 1914)                               anchor at 5:00 the following morning    bosuns’ chairs with swarms of
                                           and picked up local pilots at Point     barelegged bluejackets to clean the
                                           Atkinson before continuing into         paint on the hulls and re-gild the
                                           Burrard Inlet, preceded by a flotilla   scrolls on the bows. Other smart
                                           of Japanese fishing boats. The          Japanese sailors on deck started
                                           Customs and Immigration launch          polishing the brassware.
                                           WINAMAC left Johnson Wharf to                    Vice-Admiral Teijiro Kuroi
                                           meet the ships with the Japanese        was the officer in command of the
                                           reception committee aboard to escort    two training ships. His staff included
                                           the ships into Burrard Inlet. The       Commander Komaki, Lieutenant
                                           welcoming committee included the        Arima and Lieutenant Suzuki.
                                           Japanese Consul (Mr. Hori),             Captain Hiraga commanded the
Boat carrying Japanese Language            members of the Canadian Japanese        ASAMA and Captain Sato the
School teachers out to Roberts Bank.       Association (CJA) and a music band.     AZUMA.
(Steves Family photo, 1914)                The two training ships anchored off              The Harbour Master,
Bank of Canada, who probably fished        the Canadian Pacific Railway dock       Captain Reed, went out to each ship
part-time and used the boat for            around 10:30 am. The ASAMA              to extend greetings and assign their
weekend and summer excursions.             anchored to the east and the AZUMA      moorings. The WINAMAC returned
The boat was unique with square            a little to the north of the            to the wharf to pick up Mr. Reid
stern, fixed stern roller and cabin with   KOMAGATA MARU loaded with               (Superintendent of Immigration),
four, large portholes. Mr. Chilton was     East Indian immigrants. The vessels     Superintendent Howard, Mr. Bonner
the manager of the bank and his wife,      in port blew their whistles to          (Secretary to the Mayor) and Mr.
Mrs. Chilton, who was the English          welcome the training ships. No salute   Yamazaki (Executive of the CJA).
teacher at the Japanese Language           was fired because of the recent death   They were welcomed aboard the ship
                                                                                   by Vice-Admiral Kuroi. Premier R.
                                                                                   L. Borden had commissioned Mr.
                                                                                   Reid to extend official welcomes
                                                                                   from the Dominion and the province,
                                                                                   and advise the crews that they were
                                                                                   free of all restrictions during their
                                                                                   visit. Mr. Bonner then outlined the
                                                                                   plans made by the city to entertain
                                                                                   the guests, which the Vice-Admiral
                                                                                   pronounced were highly satisfactory.
                                                                                            At 3:00 pm, the Mayor,
                                                                                   members of the Vancouver City
                                                                                   Council and Mr. Stevens (MP) made
A large packer boat adorned with bunting and flags enroute to welcome the
                                                                                   an official visit to the ships. An hour
Japanese training ships. Buildings in the background are most probably the
                                                                                   later, the officers of the Vancouver
Harlock and Albion Canneries. (Steves Family photo, 1914)
                                                                                                   Continued on page 16
garrison also visited the ships.         home. The visitors were served tea        by Vice-Admiral Kuroi.
         With the official receptions    and refreshments. Shimizu was                         Vice-Admiral Kuroi,
completed, the ships were opened to      greatly impressed by Kobayashi,           Captain Hiraga, Captain Sato and
the public. Pinnaces, rowboats,          who was only 24 years old and             Commander Komaki paid an official
yachts and steamers darted out from      already a Second Lieutenant. They         visit to Mayor Baxter at city hall the
every wharf along the waterfront to      returned to Vancouver at 11:00 am         morning of June 21st. The Japanese
the ships. Especially well represented   and with Takano visited the ASAMA         presented the mayor and his
among the spectators were the            in the afternoon. They were again         secretary with a pair of handsome
Japanese Canadians, not only from        treated well and were even given a        vases. They were later given a tour
Vancouver but also from communities      tour of the engine room, which was        of Fire Hall No. 2.
outside of the city, who were ferried    off limits to foreigners. Shimizu and              The Japanese Consul, Mr.
out in fishing boats. On board the       Takano returned to New Westminster        Hori, hosted a dinner at the
ships, the bands serenaded the           that evening.                             Vancouver Club that evening. Guests
crowds with music and the crews                   During the afternoon of June     included officers of the training ships,
showered them with every courtesy        21st, parties of sailors from the ships   the mayor and aldermen, officers of
and facility to inspect the ships.       were given shore leave and were           the Vancouver garrison and
         Kosaburo Shimizu was a          conducted on sightseeing tours by the     prominent citizens of the community.
young immigrant working as a             local Japanese Canadians. On the          The local Japanese Canadian band
houseboy for Mr. and Mrs. Albert         following day, half the crews of the      and the band from the ASAMA
Hill of New Westminster while            ships were given shore leave in the       entertained the guests during the
teaching English at the church night     morning and the remaining half in the     evening with Japanese, British and
school. He wanted to visit the           afternoon. They were taken to             even Scottish tunes. The banquet
AZUMA and ASAMA on June 20th,            Orange Hall, at the corner of Gore        room was lavishly decorated and the
but read in a Japanese newspaper         Avenue and Hastings Street, and           affair was one of the most
that the ships were open to the          entertained by members of the             pretentious that had been given in
general public on June 21st and 22nd.    Japanese Canadian community.              Vancouver for a long time. At the
On Saturday June 20th, he worked         Lunches for the visitors were             centre of the head table was Mr. Hori,
until 4:00 pm then took the 4:30 tram    provided at the following places:         flanked by Vice-Admiral Kuroi on his
and arrived in Vancouver at 5:30. He     - Nippon Club for officers                right and Mayor Baxter on his left.
contacted two friends and learned        - Uchida Ryokan for petty officers        Others at the head table included Mr.
another acquaintance knew an             - Shogyo Club, Sekine Fruit Store and     Justice Gregory and Commander
officer on the AZUMA. The four           Bukkyo Kai for sailors                    Komaki. Seating at the other tables
friends went out to a restaurant for a   - World Ryokan for trainees.              was arranged to spread the military
Japanese dinner and parted at 11:00               Vancouver City Council           officers, a Japanese officer paired
pm. He spent the sleepless night in a    entertained 75 officers of the ships      with a local garrison officer, amongst
strange bed at the Shimizu-shoten.       on the afternoon of June 20th. The        the civilian guests.
Shimizu and Himuro arrived at the        Council went to Pier A to meet the                 Mr. Hori proposed the toast
wharf the morning of June 21st in a      officers and 6 board members of the       to King George, countered by Mr.
heavy downpour, where sailors in         CJA. The party toured Stanley Park,       Justice Gregory with a toast to the
black raincoats were already             Shaughnessy Heights and Point Grey,       Emperor. Mr. Stevens (MP)
embarking on sightseeing tours of the    and on their return were invited to       proposed the toast to the Vice-
city. Ohyama met the friends shortly.    an informal banquet presided over by      Admiral and his officers, as well as
Two small boats were waiting at the      Mayor Baxter at the Commercial            an official welcome from the
wharf to ferry elementary school         Club. Alderman Hepburn proposed           Premier. Vice-Admiral Kuroi
children out to the ships. The three     toasts to King George, the Emperor        responded with a toast to British
friends hitched a ride with the          and the Japanese officers, which          Columbia and Vancouver, which was
children on one of the boats to the      were responded to by Vice-Admiral         replied to first by Mr. Watson (MPP)
AZUMA. On board the ship, a sailor       Kuroi. Mr. Kaburagi followed with a       for British Columbia and second by
took the three friends to the room of    toast to Vancouver that was               Mayor Baxter for Vancouver. Mr.
Second Lieutenant Kobayashi. After       acknowledged by Mayor Baxter.             Peters proposed the toast to the host
initial greetings were over, Ohyama      Alderman White toasted the                of the evening. Mr. Bell-Irving
and Kobayashi exchanged news from        Japanese Navy that was countered          proposed a toast to wives and
sweethearts of the Japanese officers,    were most cordial. The Dominion          various receptions for the visiting
which was answered by Captain Sato       Government had responded quickly         sailors. Innumerable toasts were
with wishes of health and prosperity     to the Vancouver race riots in 1907.     raised at these parties by local
to Canada and Vancouver. Colonel         W.L. Mackenzie King, Deputy              officials and acknowledged by
Worsnop made the reply.                  Minister of Labour, had been sent to     Japanese dignitaries. H.H. Stevens,
          Mr. Yamazaki, an executive     Vancouver, and settled damages to        MP for Vancouver, was a member
of the CJA, invited Vice-Admiral         Japanese businesses on Powell            of the welcoming committee and a
Kuroi and Commanders Sato and            Street, and Rodolphe Lemieux,            speaker at a reception. In a few
Hiraga for lunch at the Imaiya on June   Minister of Labour, had gone to Tokyo    years, Stevens would become one of
22nd. Local dignitaries in attendance    to negotiate stricter controls on        the BC Members of Parliament who
included Messrs. Kaburagi, Nagao,        Japanese        emigrants.        The    would be agitating for the elimination
Sato and Arai (from Seattle). The        “Gentleman’s Agreement” markedly         of the Japanese from the fishing
CJA also donated vegetables and fruit    reduced the numbers of Japanese          industry. Language used in the four
to the training ships.                   immigrants, and eased Canadian           English newspapers about the visit of
          The Japanese fishermen of      workers concerns of losing their jobs    the training ships was all positive and
Steveston invited about 50 officers      to new immigrants. In 1906, Canada       complimentary. “Jap” was not used
to review the fishing industry, tour     had ratified the Treaty of Commerce      once. Conversely, newspaper
their town and be feted at a dinner      and Navigation between Great             articles about the Japanese written
party. In the afternoon of June 22nd,    Britain and Japan. The training ships    in the 1920s and 1930s in the
62 officers took the train from          arrived when Europe was on full alert    Vancouver newspapers were
Granville to Steveston, where Mr.        for war. Japan was emerging as a         generally replete with “Jap” and
Sasaki (President of the Japanese        major naval power and, as an ally of     were often very negative and
Fishermen Benevolent Society) and        Great Britain, was expected to assist    derogatory.
the resident Japanese Canadians          in containing Germany in Asia and the
welcomed them. The officers visited      Pacific Ocean.                                   The above information was
the Japanese Language School where                One month and a half after      obtained from the following
the boys’ choir greeted them with        the visit of the training ships, Great   newspapers and individuals:
songs. Vice-Admiral Kuroi and            Britain declared war on August 4,        -THE DAILY NEWS-ADVERTI-
Commander Sato made speeches to          1914, following the German invasion      SER, June 20, 21 and 22, 1914
encourage the children and invited the   of Belgium. The heavy Japanese           -TAIRIKU NIPPO (CONTINEN-
children to come and see the ships.      cruiser IDZUMO was on patrol in          TAL DAILY NEWS), June 20 and
The officers were then given a tour      the North Pacific when hostilities       22, 1914
of the B.C. Packers’ ice-making          broke out. Japan declared war on         -THE VANCOUVER DAILY
plant, and at 6 pm were taken out to     Germany two weeks later on August        PROVINCE, June 20, 1914
observe about 200 boats fishing for      23, 1914 and seized Tsingtao and         -THE VANCOUVER SUN, June 22
spring salmon. The officers were on      other German colonies in the Far         and 23, 1914
the river for about one hour and then    East. Japan also dispatched the          -THE VANCOUVER SUN, July 31,
were taken back ashore and given a       cruiser KONGO to assist the              2004
tour of the Imperial Cannery. They       IDZUMO in patrolling the Northeast       -THE VANCOUVER WORLD,
went back to the school, had a buffet-   Pacific.                                 June 20 and 22, 1914
style supper, and went back to                    The amicable relations          -Kosaburo Shimizu’s Diary. Entries
Vancouver by the 8:25 pm tram.           between the Japanese and the larger      for June 19-22, 1914 provided by
          The two training ships left    Canadian communities were evident        Grace Arai.
for Victoria at 10:00 am on June 23rd.   from the English newspapers’             -Information and photographs about
          The visit of the Japanese      accounts of events and the language      the excursion of the fishing boats to
training ships to Vancouver occurred     used in these articles. High officials   Roberts Bank was provided by
when relations between the Japanese      from the three levels of government      Harold Steves. ❁
and the larger Canadian communities      attended the many events and the
               Shashin: Japanese Canadian Studio Photography to 1942
                                                by Grace Eiko Thomson
       An exhibition of 80               Royal British Columbia Museum, in        be announced), and installed there for
photographs is planned to open at the    Victoria, in late November (date to                      Continued on page 18
a period of three months. It is then      Tokitaro Matsubuchi, and closed in                  Who        were         these
expected to travel to host museum         the early ‘30s likely due to the Great     photographers? Were they artists,
and cultural centres across Canada,       Depression. It is known that Mr.           satisfying their creative urges, or
beginning in the spring of 2005. A        Hayashi apprenticed with Mr. Shuzo         tradespersons dictated by economic
publication for distribution will also    Fujiwara of the Fujiwara Photo             necessity and client requirements?
accompany the exhibition.                 Studio, already existing in Vancouver      And who are the subjects of the
          The exhibition aims to          before that date. In Vancouver, there      photographs? What are their motives
recognize the first photographers of      were several studios operating until       in having their pictures taken? What
Japanese ancestry who operated            1942, serving the Japanese Canadian        were their conditions? What is the
studios from the turn of the century      communities, including the studios of      function of thee photographs? And
to 1942. The earliest extant              Shokichi Akatsuka, Yataro Arikado,         how do we, in the 21st century view
photograph dates to the 1890s, taken      Columbia (M.Toyama) Studio, Main           them?
by the artist, Mr. Paul Louis             (Gujji Naskamachi) Studio, Empress                  Materials produced out of
(Tsunenojo) Okamura, who operated         (J. Shingo Murakami) Studio, F.S.          research for this exhibition and
a photography studio in New               Fujiwara Photo Studio, and Jo Seko.        publication will remain in the archives
Westminster until his death in 1937.      While the photographers were of            of the Japanese Canadian National
The Senjiro Hayashi studio in             Japanese ancestry, the photographed        Museum so that continued study by
Cumberland, opened in about 1913,         subjects are multicultural, of ethnic      students and scholars may be
succeeeded by Mr. Kitamura (details       and class backgrounds, relating to the     encouraged. ❁
of his life are not known) and by Mr.     communities the studios served.
      Japanese Canadian National Museum Report, Fall 2004 by Tim Savage
         The Museum has had an            their support and advice, and to           major travelling exhibitions, curated
active summer, with many visitors to      museum assistant Nagisa Shimizu for        by Grace Eiko Thomson, “Leveling
the gallery and research centre and       coordinating the tours.                    the Playing Field: Legacy of the Asahi
new donations of archives and                      The JCNM also contributed         Baseball Team,” which is scheduled
artifacts. JCNM participated in           a display, “Jiro’s Craft: the tools of a   to open at JCNM in spring 2005, and
several special events, including the     carpenter” on Jiro Kamiya, for the         “Shashin: Japanese Canadian Studio
Powell Street Festival on July 31st and   Burnaby Village Museum’s                   Photography to 1942,” which will
August 1 st , where the museum            Multicultural Festival that same           open at the Royal British Columbia
presented a booth in the Buddhist         weekend. Jiro Kamiya was present           Museum in Victoria in late fall 2004.
Church. Thanks for making the booth       on August 2nd to talk about the o-furo,             For the 2004 Nikkei Week
a success to our volunteers, Patrick      the traditional bathhouse he built         event at the National Nikkei Heritage
Anderson, Grace Hama, Joyce &             there for the 1977 Japanese Canadian       Centre, JCNM will present the first
Roger Kamikura, Marie Katsuno,            Centennial. In Steveston on August         of the fall season’s Speakers Series
Seishi Matsuno, Elmer, Sofi, and          21st and 22 nd for the first annual        on Tuesday, September 21st at 7 PM.
Kenji Morishita, Shoji Nishihata, Saki    Maritime Festival hosted by Britannia      “After the Turmoil,” a panel chaired
Nishimura, Nichola Ogiwara, Ray           Heritage Shipyard, the JCNM                by Dr. Midge Ayukawa examines the
Ota, Douglas Shimizu, and Mickey          contributed the exhibition “Unearthed      post-war experience of the Nikkei
Tanaka. Thanks to our summer              From the Silence.”                         communities in Canada. Panelists
student Carlo Acuna for coordinating.              At the Museum gallery in the      include Tatsuo Kage, Dr. Patricia
JCNM again presented the popular          National Nikkei Heritage Centre, the       Roy, and Dr. Yuko Shibata.
walking tours of the Powell Street        exhibition “Reshaping Memory,                       Thanks to all our Acquisitions
neighbourhood in English and              Owning History: Through the Lens           Committee members for their
Japanese for the festival. Thanks for     of Japanese Canadian Redress” has          generous efforts to review and
their much appreciated tours to           returned after its successful cross-       encourage new donations of artifacts
guides, Patrick Anderson, Ed              Canada tour in 2002-2004. A                and archives to the museum. A
Arinobu, Sofi and Elmer Morishita,        reception to welcome back the              special thanks to Shirley Omatsu,
and Douglas Shimizu. Thanks to Judy       exhibition will be held Thursday,          whose name was inadvertently not
Inoyue for leading the tour               September 9th at 7 PM.                     listed with the other members in our
orientation, to Daien Ide, Elmer                   Work continues on two             last newsletter. ❁
Morishita, and Susan Sirovyak for

                              Board of Directors, NNMHC, 2004-2005
        The Annual General Meeting          JCNM), Mitsuo Hayashi (Past Pres.-           George Oikawa, Dennis Shikaze, Henry
included elections for the Board of         NNHCS), Gordon Kadota, Frank Kamiya          Shimizu, Fred Yada (Pres.), Sam
Directors for the coming year. The          (Vice-Pres.), Albert Kokuryo (Treasurer),    Yamamoto.
members of the Board are Robert Banno,      David Masuhara, Art Miki, Elmer              *Note – Ms. Ohama was appointed to
Donald Bell, Robert Bessler, Ruth Coles     Morishita, Craig Ngai Natsuhara              fill a vacant seat after the election on
(Vice-Pres.), Stan Fukawa (Past Pres. -     (Secretary), Robert Nimi, Linda Ohama*,      May 30th, 2004. ❁

                               Nikkei Week 2004 Schedule Announced
Sept. 12 – 1-6 pm – Exhibition and craft    Centre.                                      Yuko Shibata on the relations among the
demonstration          of     Yamanaka      Sept. 17 - Katari Taiko’s 25th Anniversary   different generations of Nikkei women,
Lacquerware. 20 craftspeople will bring     Reunion Concert has invited its alumni       and Tatsuo Kage on the decisions made
over 200 pieces of Yamanaka lacquerware     to come back                to celebrate a   by exiled Canadian Nikkei on whether to
and give demonstrations of traditional      quarter century of drumming. The oldest      return to Canada or to remain in Japan.
lathing and lacquering techniques which     taiko group in Canada has helped spawn       Dr. Midge Ayukawa, well-known as the
go back over 4 centuries.                   a number of other taiko groups across        foremost authority on Japanese
Sept. 15 - Symposium on the Gap             the country. Tickets will be available at    Canadian history, will chair the panel.
between Post-War Japanese Immigrants        the front desk of the Nikkei Centre and      Large Activity Room, 7 pm. Nikkei
and Nisei/Sansei,            presented by   from Katari Taiko for the 8 pm concert at    Centre.
the Greater Vancouver Japanese              the Events Hall, Nikkei Centre.              Sept. 22 – Nikkei Heritage Day – Forums
Immigrants Association (Ijusha no Kai).     Sept. 18 - A tribute to Nikkei Farm          on Current Topics TBA.
Continuing from last year ’s                Communities, Berry Pickers and other         Sept. 23 – 7 pm – Two films: “Children of
presentations, the goal is to seek ways     Harvest Workers will be the theme for        the Camps” – on the internment
to reduce the gap.           Tatsuo Kage    this year’s Celebration Dinner. An exhibit   experience of 6 Japanese American
is the organizer/moderator. Large           will be mounted from the photos and          children, and “Living Histories: out of
Activity Room, 7 pm, Nikkei Centre.         stories submitted in advance of the          sight, out of mind” on the internment.
Sept. 16 – Aiko Saita Record Concerts       dinner. Send in your pictures and            Camp experience of 4 Japanese
at 2 pm (in Japanese) and 7 pm, presented   anecdotes to Mas Fukawa, 2962                Canadians. GVJCCA Human Rights
by Mr. K.           Kishibe from Toronto.   Coventry Place, Burnaby, BC V5A 3P8.         Committee.
The concerts marking 50 years since this    (They will be scanned and returned.)         Oct. 1 – 2 Inspired by Expo ’86, Nikkei
Canadian Nisei’s untimely death at age      Reunions for pickers and farm                Place is hosting a fun-filled cultural
45, will include Japanese songs, English    communities are encouraged. Lively           immersion into Japan. Participants can
and Russian folk songs, pop songs of        entertainment, including a Return by the     try a hand at various cultural stations –
the period and classical songs. Trained     King. Dinner Tickets are $50 (Cash or        sumie, kami ningyo, karate, kimono,
at the Royal Conservatory in Toronto        cheque), available from the front desk at    kitsuke, shigin, shodo and much more.
and in Italy, she had a program on CJOR     Nikkei Centre and Nikkei Week                Purchase a passport book in advance and
and went on to Japan where she became       Committee. Cocktails 5:30, Dinner 6:30.      get a meal voucher and collect stamps.
a well known operatic voice. Harry Aoki,    Sept. 21 – JC National Museum Speaker        Check the Nikkei Place website at
whose mother first taught Miss Saita        Series presents a Nikkei history panel, for more
how to read music in Cumberland, B.C.,      “After the Turmoil” featuring Dr. Patricia   information. Passports are $15 for
will introduce Mr. Kishibe. Admission by    Roy on the re-opening of Japanese            adults, $10 for age From 5 pm on Oct. 1
donation. Large Activity Room, Nikkei       immigration to Canada after 1945, Dr.        and from 11 am on Oct. 2). ❁

                                 Things Japanese Sale by Frank Kamiya
         On May 15 over 500 people          luncheon plate of teriyaki chicken,          proceeds will go towards the
visited the NNMHC Auxiliary’s first         chirashi sushi and their ever popular        construction of a commercial type
Things Japanese Sale looking for            manju. We had 7 community vendors            community kitchen which we hope to
treasures that were donated by over 75      who rented tables and they sold bonsai       start very shortly. With the
community members. Unique items such        plants and various Japanese items. Four      overwhelming success of this event we
as kimonos, yukatas, lacquer ware,          commercial vendors also rented space         hope to make next year’s event even
Japanese dolls and various other            to sell or promote their products. We        better, so please collect “Things
Japanese items were quickly sold to the     thank the many community donors,             Japanese” and consider donating them
anxious bargain hunters. The over 75        volunteers and the many visitors for         to the NNMHC Auxiliary who fundraise
volunteers helped with the sale and the     supporting this fundraising event. The       for various NNMHC projects. ❁
auxiliary also served a delicious
The list of new and renewing members in the summer issue was a repeat of the list given in the spring issue. This list
includes new and renewing members of the National Nikkei Museum and Heritage Centre that subscribed from February 6,
2004 to July 27, 2004.
Mr. & Mrs. Robert & Kazue K. Abe         Mr. Tak Iwata                              Mr. Kenji Okuda
Mr. & Mrs. Yoshimaru Abe                 Mr. & Mrs. Richard & June Kadonaga         Mrs. Yoshie Omura
Ms. C Donna Adams                        Ms. Diane Kadota                           Mr. & Mrs. Ray & Michiko Ota
Mr. Hideo Akune                          Mr. Tatsuo Kage                            Mr. & Mrs. Akira & Mikiko Oye
Mrs. Shizuka Akune                       Ms. Lily Y. Kamachi                        Mrs. Toshiko Quan
Mrs. Sharon Andrews                      Mrs. Sumiko Kamachi                        Mrs. Aileen Randall
Mr. & Mrs. Tats Aoki                     Mr. & Mrs. Shizuo Kamezawa                 Mrs. Linda Reid
Mr. & Mrs. Mitsuyoshi & Keiko Araki      Mr. & Mrs. Roger & Joyce Kamikura          Mr. & Mrs. Yoshiyuki & Masako Sakaue
Mr. & Mrs. Yoshiharu & Fumiko Aura       Mr. & Mrs. Walter & Jean Kamimura          Mrs. Akemi Sakiyama
Dr. Michiko Ayukawa                      Mr. & Mrs. Alfie & Rosie Kamitakahara      Miss Joyce Sakon
Mr. Frank A. Baba                        Mr. & Mrs. Yosh & Gail Kariatsumari        Mr. & Mrs. Arnold & Satomi Saper
Mr. Kohei Baba                           Mr. Masaaki Kawabata                       Mrs. Virginia Sato
Mr. Robert Banno & Ms. Cathy Makihara    Mr. & Mrs. George & June Kawaguchi         Mrs.& Ms. Mary A. &Marilyn S. Seki
Mrs. Martha Banno                        Mr. Masanobu Kawahira                      Mrs. Eva T. Shiho
Mr. & Mrs. Don & Satoko Bell             Miss Amy E. Kawamoto                       Mrs. Utaye Shimasaki
Calgary Kotobuki Society                 Mr. & Mrs. Makoto & Mary Kawamoto          Mr. & Mrs. George & Emiko Shimizu
Mr. & Mrs. Katsuji & Kuniko Chiba        Mr. & Mrs. Keiji & Barbara Kawase          Ms. Katherine Shimizu
Mrs. Sumika Child                        Mr. & Mrs. Kazuo & Mitsuko Kawashima       Mrs. Mio Shimizu
Mr. & Mrs. Michael & Ruth Coles          Mr. & Mrs. Richard & Keiko Kazuta          Mr. & Mrs. Tommy T. Shimizu
Mr. Christian Cowley & Elaine Yamamoto   Mr. & Mrs. John & Jean Kitagawa            Mr. Yoshio Shimizu
Mr. & Mrs. Shoichi & Ayako Deguchi       Mr. Gordon Kobayashi                       Ms. Gail Shimoda
LA Dinsmore                              Mr. & Mrs. Masaoki & Reiko Kodama          Mr. Sam Shinde
Mrs. Anne Dore                           Mr. & Mrs. Jim Kojima                      Mrs. Yoshiko Shirako
Mr. & Mrs. John & Karol Dubitz           Dr. May Komiyama                           Mr. & Mrs. Wataru & Barbara Shishido
Mr. Shigeyoshi Ebata                     Mrs. Kay Komori                            Mr. & Mrs. Darin & Susan M. Sirovyak
Mr. Dennis Y. Enomoto                    Ms. Amy Emiko Koyanagi                     Mr. Mike Sokugawa & Ms. Fumi Horii
Dr. & Mrs. Bruce & Vivian Ettinger       Mr. & Mrs. Teruo & Kazuko Koyanagi         Mr. & Mrs. Roy Sokugawa
Mr. & Mrs. Ken Ezaki                     Mrs. Yoshiko Koyanagi                      Mrs. B. Masako Stillwell
Mr. & Mrs. Malcolm & Keiko Fitz-Earle    Mrs. Kazue Kozaka                          Mr. & Mrs. Kanji & Yuriko K. Suga
Mrs. Esther S. Freeman                   Ms. Yoko Kusano                            Dr. & Mrs. George & Kuni Sugiyama
Mr. & Mrs. Robert & Doreen Friesen       Mr. & Mrs. Tom & Hydri Kusumoto            Mr. & Mrs. James Sugiyama
Sister Catherine Fujisawa                Mr. & Mrs. Seiya & Moko Kuwabara           Mr. Ed Suguro
Mrs. Kyomi Fujisawa                      Mr. & Mrs. Tom & Ceo Kuwahara              Suki’s Beauty Bazaar Ltd.
Ms. Margaret Fujisawa                    Mr. & Mrs. Bernie & Ruby Lofstrand         Ms. Ann-Lee Switzer
Mrs. Kay Fujishima                       Mr. & Mrs. Edward & Margaret Lyons         Mrs. Kay Tagami
Mrs. Fumiko Fujiwara                     Mr. & Mrs. Mamoru & Peggy Madokoro         Mr. & Mrs. Tom & Avalon Tagami
Mr. & Mrs. Stanley & Masako Fukawa       Mr. David Martin & Ms. Mizue Mori          Mr. & Mrs. David & Kei Takahashi
Mr. & Mrs. Frank Fukui                   Mr. David Masuhara & Ms. Beverly West      Mr. Koji Takahashi
Mr. & Mrs. James & Molly Fukui           Sharon Masui & Gwilym Smith                Mrs. Atsuko Takashima
Mr. & Mrs. Makoto Fukui                  Ms. Josie Matsuba                          Mr. & Mrs. Mikio & Aiko Takeda
Dr. & Mrs. Edwin & Lyndsay Fukushima     Mr. & Mrs. Yuki & Mary Matsuba             Mr. Tatsuya Takeda
Ms. Andrea Geiger-Adams                  Mr. & Mrs. Tsutomu & Nobuko Matsumoto      Mrs. Tamie Takeshita
Mr. & Mrs. Arthur Gorai                  Mr. & Mrs. Yoshiaki & Miyoko Matsumoto     Mr. & Mrs. Ryuta & Kanoko Takizawa
Ms. Hiromi Goto                          Ms. Janice Matsumura                       Ms. Harumi Tamoto
Ms. Tomoko Goto                          Mr. & Mrs. Hisao & Mariko Matsuoka         Mr. & Mrs. Akira & Isabel Tanaka
Ms. Kiyoko Hamada                        Mr. & Mrs. Mitsuyoshi & Lily Matsushita    Mr. Kazuo B. Tanaka
Mr. & Mrs. Roy & Kikuyo Hamade           Mr. & Mrs. Don & Connie Mayede             Mr. & Mrs. Kinzie & Terry Tanaka
Mr. & Mrs. Shoji Hamagami                Mrs. Kay McBride                           Mr. & Mrs. Masaru Tanaka
Mr. & Mrs. Roy & Audrey Hamaguchi        Mr. & Mrs. Arthur & Keiko Miki             Mr. & Mrs. Minoru & Miyoshi Tanaka
Mr. & Mrs. Arthur S. Hara, O.C.          Mr. Roy Miki                               Mr. & Mrs. Mitsuru & Yuki Tanaka
Mr. Thomas H. Hara                       Mr. & Mrs. David & Kiyomi Minamata         Mr. & Mrs. Shoji & Fusako Tanami
Mr. & Mrs. Kazuji & Chieko Haraguchi     Mr. & Mrs. Kaoru & Aki Minato              Mr. & Mrs. Ryoji & Fusako Tanizawa
Mrs. M. Grace Harling                    Mrs. Ritz Misumi                           Mr. Chuck H. Tasaka
Ms. Jennifer Hashimoto                   Mrs. Frances Miyoko Miyashita              Mr. Mike Teraguchi
Mr. Yoshiharu Hashimoto                  Mr. & Mrs. Tak & Shizuko Miyazaki          Mr. & Mrs. Shigeharu & Florence Teranishi
Mr. William T. Hashizume                 Mr. & Mrs. Don & Rose Mohoruk              Mr. & Mrs. Willy & Evelyn Tobler
Mr. & Mrs. Mas Hatanaka                  Mr. & Mrs. Kazuhiko & Toshiko Mori         Mr. & Mrs. George & Hiroko Tsuchiya
Mr. Rodney Y. Hatanaka                   Mr. & Mrs. Masanao & Shoko Morimura        Mr. & Mrs. Tomoaki & Yoshiko Tsuchiya
Mrs. Minnie Hattori                      Lillian S. Morishita                       Ms. Miwako Tsuda
Mr. & Mrs. Motoharu & Sayo Hattori       Mr. & Mrs. Steve & Shirley Morishita       Mrs. Irene Tsuyuki
Mr. & Mrs. Mickey & Betty Hayashi        Mr. & Mrs. Les & Phyllis Murata            Mr. & Mrs. Mark & June Tsuyuki
Mr. & Mrs. Mitsuo & Emmie Hayashi        Mr. & Mrs. Masuo & Shigeko Nagasaka        Mr. & Mrs. Takuo & Motoko Uegaki
Mrs. Amy Hayashida                       Mr. & Mrs. Toshio & Kazuko Nagumo          Mr. & Mrs. Ken & Kaori Ujimoto
Mrs. Susan Hidaka                        Ms. Fumie Nakagawa                         Mr. & Mrs. Hirooki & Mieko Ushijima
Mr. & Mrs. Showney & Jean Higashi        Mr. & Mrs. Toshio & Tsuyako Nakagawa       Ms. Leslie G. Uyeda
Ms. Misao Higuchi                        Mr. & Mrs. Kaz & Mary Nakamoto             Mrs. Aki Uyede
Mrs. Fukiko Hinatsu                      Mr. & Mrs. Ted & Yukiko Nakashima          Mr. & Mrs. Mutsumi Uyede
Mr. & Mrs. Shigeru & Akemi Hirai         Ms. Seiko Nakazawa                         Ms. Kuniko Uyeno
Mr. & Mrs. Toshio Hirai                  Ms. Linda H. Nasu                          Vancouver Japanese Gardeners Association
Mr. & Mrs. Masami & Chiyoko Hirano       Mr. & Mrs. Craig & Sharon Ngai-Natsuhara   Vancouver Shomonkai Aikido Association
Mr. & Mrs. Hap & Diane Hirata            Mr. & Mrs. Peter & Aster Nimi              Mr. & Mrs. Henry & Yvonne Wakabayashi
Mr. Jack Hirose                          Mr. Ron Nishi                              Mrs. Yoshiko Wakabayashi
Mr. & Mrs. Thomas T. Hirose              Ms. Gabrielle Nishiguchi                   Mr. & Mrs. Lawrence & Pearl Williams
Mr. & Mrs. Ted & Nancy Hirota            Mr. Ron Nishimura                          Mr. & Mrs. Richard & Fumiko Woloshyn
Mr. & Mrs. Isamu & Masako Hori           Ms. Sakuya Nishimura                       Mr. & Mrs. Fred & Linda Yada
Mr. & Mrs. Mikio & Midori Hori           Mrs. Shigeko Nishimura                     Mr. Shiro Yamaguchi
Mr. & Mrs. Mitsuru & Jean Hori           Dr. & Mrs. Nori Nishio                     Mr. Harold Yamamoto
Mr. Yoshio Hyodo                         Ms. Alisa Noda                             Mrs. Hisako Yamamoto
Mr. & Mrs. Naotaka & Noriko Ide          Mr. Robert Nomura                          Ms. June Yamamoto
Prof Masako Iino                         Ms. Michiko M. Obara                       Mr. & Mrs. Sam & June Yamamoto
Ms. Sanaye Ikari                         Mrs. Ginko Ochiai                          Mr. & Mrs. Tats & Mariko Yamamoto
Mr. & Mrs. Haruo & Lily Ikeda            Mr. & Mrs. Yukihide & Kazuko Ogasawara     Mr. Robert K. Yamaoka
Reverend Katsumi Imayoshi                Mr. & Mrs. Yoshio & Kazuko Ogura           Mr. & Mrs. Shoji Yamauchi
Dr. & Mrs. Tatsuo Imori                  Mrs. Mary Ohara                            Mr. & Mrs. Yasuo & Mieko Yamauchi
Mr. & Mrs. Masayasu & Masako Inoue       Ms. Naoko Ohkohchi                         Mr. & Mrs. Bill & Keiko Yamaura
Mrs. Chiyoko Inouye                      Mr. & Mrs. George & Gene Oikawa            Mr. Tom Y. Yamaura
Mr. & Mrs. Roy & Betty Inouye            Mrs. Joyce Oikawa                          Mr. & Mrs. Mas & Kaori Yano
Mr. & Mrs. Yoshitomi & Kimiyo Inouye     Dr. Mona G. Oikawa                         Mr. Mitsuo Yesaki
Mrs. May H. Ishikawa                     Mr. Larry M. Okada                         Mr. Carl Yokota
Mr. & Mrs. Klark Ito                     Ms. Ruby Okano                             Mrs. Marcia Masako Yoshida
Ms. Sumi Iwamoto                         Mr. & Mrs. Hiroshi & Sachiko Okazaki       Mr. & Mrs. Kenji & Joan Yurugi

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