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					Course: CIT 110 Computing Info Basics                                               Sheet: Acronyms                                                                                   Date Printed: 11/19/2011

LEVEL CH NUM ACRONYM            DEFINITION                                          IMPORTANCE
h       1    1 C++              programming language - C++                          language that gained popularity during 1990's - used to program small hardware devices
m       1    2 CAM              Computer Aided Manufacturing                        system to take CAD drawings as input to robotic cutters to build parts
m       1    3 CD               Compact Disc                                        storage medium for audio/video/data - typically 650 MB in capacity
m       1    4 CPU              Central Processing Unit                             main processing device on a computer, consists of a control unit & ALU
m       1    5 DVD              Digital Versatile (Video) Disc                      optical storage medium for video - typically 8 - 17 GB in capacity (Blu-ray higher)
e       1    6 FAQ              Frequently Asked Question                           list of questions and answers for users, typically found on web sites or manuals
e       1    7 GUI              Graphical User Interface                            how a user interacts with hardware e.g. the Mac or Windows interface
h       1    8 Java             programming language - Java                         introduced by Sun Microsystems during 1990's: Idea it would be a "universal" programming language
m       1    9 OS               Operating System                                    software used to manage hardware, e.g. file system, processing tasks, etc.
e       1   10 PDA              Personal Digital Assistant                          device for handling tasks such as calendars, phone contacts, note taking, etc.
m       1   11 ROM              Read Only Memory                                    chips typically used to hold key software for running hardware devices
m       1   12 SOHO             Small Office/Home Office                            term used to classify a particular type of computer user
m       1   13 USB              Universal Serial Bus                                often used to connect peripheral devices, e.g. mouse, keyboard, camera, external hard drive
h       1   14 VB               programming language - Visual Basic                 Microsoft programming language - often used for "front end" of database driven systems
m       1   15 ABC (computer)   Atanasoff-Berry computer                            first electronic digital computer created at Iowa State University for solving physics problems
h       1   16 FLOP             Floating Point Operation (per second)               measure used to calculate Supercomputer speeds (as opposed to Hertz or MIPS used on smaller systems)
h       1   17 MITS (Altair)    Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry Systems         company that sold the Altair, an early PC kit credited for starting the PC revolution
m       2   18 ARPA (DARPA)     (Defense) Advanced Research Projects Agency         responsible for new technology used by the military - original creator of the Internet
m       2   19 B2B              Business to Business                                used to describe electronic commerce between businesses
m       2   20 B2C              Business to Consumers                               used to describe electronic commerce between businesses and individual consumers
m       2   21 C2C              Consumer to Consumer                                used to describe electronic commerce between consumers e.g. eBay
e       2   22 DNS              Domain Name System (Service, Server)                "phone book" of the web translating URL's into IP addresses
h       2   23 DRM              Digital Rights Management                           method to track ownership of digital content, e.g. movies, music
e       2   24 DSL              Digital Subscriber Line (Loop)                      technologies allowing digital data transmission over phone lines
e       2   25 FTP              File Transfer (Transport) Protocol                  rules for transferring data files over the Internet
h       2   26 GIF              Graphics Interchange Format                         8 pixel bit mapped image format for images, typically logo's, etc.
e       2   27 HTML             Hyper Text Markup Language                          the "language" of web page content & structure, e.g. paragraphs, lists, etc.
e       2   28 HTTP             Hyper Text Transfer Protocol                        key "rules" for transferring web pages over the Internet
h       2   29 ICANN            Internet Corp for Assigned Names & Numbers          assigned IP addresses for specific web sites
h       2   30 IEEE             Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers   an international non-profit organization for the advancement of technology related to electricity
e       2   31 IM               Instant Messaging (Messenger)                       "real-time" communication between to users on a network (through text)
e       2   32 IP               Internet Protocol                                   key "rules" for communicating data across a packet switched network
e       2   33 ISP              Internet Service Provider                           organization that provides internet service to a consumer or business




File: 49372cf6-4cd1-4e88-a5de-1efb85556602.xlsx                                       Page: 1 of 34                                                                                   Instructor: Wm Hitchcock
Course: CIT 110 Computing Info Basics                                            Sheet: Acronyms                                                                                  Date Printed: 11/19/2011

LEVEL CH NUM ACRONYM        DEFINITION                                           IMPORTANCE
h       2   34 JPEG         Joint Photographic Experts Group                     common compression mode for storing electronic images (photos)
m       2   35 MP3          MPEG-1 Audio Layer 3                                 common file type for audio (music) files
m       2   36 MP4          MPEG-4 Part 14                                       digital audio & video (video content hosted on Web)
h       2   37 MPEG         Moving Pictures Experts Group                        ISO/IEC group charged with the development of audio & video recording standards
m       2   38 NSF          National Science Foundation                          supports research & ed in science - an original contributor of grants to universities to set up the 'Net
h       2   39 PNG          Portable Network Graphics                            image file format available on the web (JPEG more commonly used)
h       2   40 POP          Point Of Presence (or Post Office Protocol)          1) e.g. a local phone number for an ISP 2) rules for transmitting and receiving email
m       2   41 RSS          Really Simple Syndication                            "news feeds" over the web - sends message when content changes
h       2   42 SMTP         Simple Mail Transport Protocol                       rules for sending email via the Internet
m       2   43 TLD          Top Level Domain                                     Identifies the key domains on the internet, e.g. .com, .edu, .net, .gov, .mil, .org
e       2   44 URL          Uniform (Universal) Resource Locator                 a web address
h       2   45 VoIP         Voice over Internet Protocol                         allows telephone calls via the Internet (e.g. Skype) - typically low-cost/free long distance calls
h       2   46 W3C          World Wide Web Consortium                            main international standards organization for the WWW
e       2   47 WiFi         Wireless Fidelity                                    a wireless-tech brand from the WiFi Alliance focusing on certifying products w/in IEEE 802.11 standards
h       2   48 WISP         Wireless Internet Service Provider                   infrequently used term to describe organizations that provide Wireless internet service
e       2   49 WWW          World Wide Web                                       a system of hyperlinked documents connected across the Internet
m       2   50 DARPA        Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency            the central R&D organization for the DoD (Dept of Defense) - credited for early development of the Internet
e       2   51 HTM          Hyper Text Markup (Language)                         file type for web pages (see HTML)
m       2   52 JPG          Joint Photographic (Experts) Group                   common compression mode for storing electronic images (photos)
m       3   53 ASP          Application Service Provider                         method of providing software via central server or Internet (cloud computing)
e       3   54 CAD          Computer Aided Design software                       used by architects, engineers to make "electronic blueprints" of building/part designs
m       3   55 CBT          Computer Based Training                              online/electronic training devices e.g. test generators, content management systems, etc.
e       3   56 DTP          Desk Top Publishing                                  software for creating brochures, publications, etc., e.g. Adobe products
m       3   57 PDF          Portable Document Format                             Adobe files for presenting static reports
m       3   58 PIM          Personal Information Manager                         calendar/scheduling/contact device
e       4   59 AC           Alternating Current                                  form of electricity served to businesses and households (US - 120v A/C)
m       4   60 ALU          Arithmetic/Logic Unit                                a fundamental building block of the CPU, controls math & logic operations
h       4   61 AMD          Advanced Micro Devices                               competitor to Intel for manufacturing & marketing PC based CPU's
h       4   62 ASCII        American Standard Code for Information Interchange   8 bit code typically associated with PC's
m       4   63 BIT          Binary Digit                                         a 1 (on) or a 0 (off) - the fundamental unit of data on a digital computer
m       4   64 CMOS         Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor              a particular design/technologies to build electronic circuits, e.g. CPU, Static RAM, etc.
e       4   65 CPU          Central Processing Unit                              main processing device on a computer, consists of a control unit & ALU
m       4   66 DC           Direct Current                                       electric current needed for components on a computer's motherboard (think of a 9volt battery)




File: 49372cf6-4cd1-4e88-a5de-1efb85556602.xlsx                                    Page: 2 of 34                                                                                      Instructor: Wm Hitchcock
Course: CIT 110 Computing Info Basics                                           Sheet: Acronyms                                                                               Date Printed: 11/19/2011

LEVEL CH NUM ACRONYM        DEFINITION                                          IMPORTANCE
m       4   67 DIMM         Dual Inline Memory Module                           memory used for RAM on a computer
m       4   68 DRAM         Dynamic RAM                                         typical type of RAM found in PC's
h       4   69 EBCDIC       Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code      8 bit code typically associated with IBM computers
h       4   70 eSATA        External SATA                                       high speed hook-up for an external hard drive to your computer - fairly new, not that common
e       4   71 GB           Giga Bytes                                          approx 1 BILLION bytes
e       4   72 GHz          Giga Hertz                                          "billion" cycles per second (typically for CPU speeds starting around the year 2000)
m       4   73 IBM          International Business Machines                     key computer company, sells all types of hardware, software, and services
h       4   74 IEEE         Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers   e.g. Firewire is IEEE 1394, wireless routers IEEE 802.11x
m       4   75 IrDA         Infrared Data Association                           Infra-red communications - requires line of sight for short distance transmissions
e       4   76 KB           Kilo Byte                                           approx 1,000 bytes (2^10 = 1,024) or 10^3 bytes
m       4   77 Kbps         Kilo bits per second
e       4   78 MB           Mega Byte                                           approx 1,000,000 bytes (2^20 = 1,048,576) or 10^6 bytes
m       4   79 Mbps         Mega bits per second
m       4   80 MIDI         Musical Instrument Digital Interface                "small" music files e.g. game consoles - Zelda, Mario music
h       4   81 MIPS         Millions of Instructions Per Second                 used to measure computer speeds (see FLOPS for supercomputers)
m       4   82 PCI          Personal Component Interconnect                     used to connect devices to the motherboard in a computer
e       4   83 RAM          Random Access Memory                                memory type used in a PC
h       4   84 SATA         Serial Advanced Technology Attachment               used to hook up mass storage devices (hard drives) to the CPU
m       4   85 SCSI         Small Computer System Interface                     typically used to connect peripherals (HD, etc.) to computer
m       4   86 SIMM         Single Inline Memory Module                         older memory type of PC RAM
m       4   87 SRAM         Static RAM                                          memory type used in a PC (faster than DRAM, but more expensive)
e       4   88 TB           Tera Bytes                                          approx 1 TRILLION bytes
h       4   89 Unicode                                                          16 bit code for international standards in storing characters
e       4   90 USB          Universal Serial Bus                                often used to connect peripheral devices, e.g. mouse, keyboard, camera, external hard drive
m       4   91 L1 (cache)   Level 1 cache                                       high speed memory built in the CPU, typically 8-128 KB
m       4   92 L2 (cache)   Level 2 cache                                       slower than L1 cache, but part of the processor for memory, typically 64KB to 16 MB
h       4   93 MRAM         Magnetoresistive RAM                                "niche" type of RAM, but has advantages over DRAM and SRAM - it's cost is the problem
m       5   94 ADA          Americans with Disabilities Act
e       5   95 ATM          Automatic Teller Machine                            banking system
h       5   96 CCD          Charge-Coupled Device                               electronic light sensor used in digital cameras
m       5   97 DV           Digital Video (camera)
m       5   98 MICR         Magnetic Ink Character Recognition                  typically used on bank checks
m       5   99 OCR          Optical Character Recognition                       electronic readers for alphanumeric characters, sometimes used by retail stores to read price tags




File: 49372cf6-4cd1-4e88-a5de-1efb85556602.xlsx                                   Page: 3 of 34                                                                               Instructor: Wm Hitchcock
Course: CIT 110 Computing Info Basics                                             Sheet: Acronyms                                                                             Date Printed: 11/19/2011

LEVEL CH NUM ACRONYM        DEFINITION                                            IMPORTANCE
m       5   100 OMR         Optical Mark Recognition                              electronic number/code readers, e.g. scantron readers for pencil marked tests
h       5   101 OSHA        Occupational Safety and Health Administration         US regulatory agency - covers worker safety issues, e.g. computer workplace safety
e       5   102 PC          Personal Computer
m       5   103 PIN         Personal Identification Number
m       5   104 PIXEL       Picture Element
m       5   105 POS         Point of Sale (terminal)                              term used for a "computerized cash register" in a retail store
h       5   106 PPI         Pixels Per Inch                                       quality of digital camera image capturing technology, typically measured in MegaPixels
m       5   107 QWERTY      QWERTY keyboard                                       first 6 letters on top row of standard keyboard
m       5   108 RFID        Radio Frequency Identification                        used to track inventory - may replace many barcode (UPC) systems
m       5   109 UPC         Universal Product Code                                common bar code scheme for inventory items, e.g. grocery store items
e       6   110 CRT         Cathode Ray Tube (Terminal)                           older style monitor with a large picture tube - old ones were typically monochrome (green on black)
m       6   111 DLP         Digital Light Processing                              TI technology for digital projectors, uses micromirrors to direct light output
m       6   112 DVI         Digital Video Interface
e       6   113 HDTV        High Definition TeleVision
e       6   114 LCD         Liquid Crystal Display (Diode)                        technology typically used for "flat panel" screens
m       7   115 BD          Blu-Ray Disc                                          25GB to 100GB per disc for HD movies
h       7   116 CAS         Content Addressable Storage                           long term storage technology for large organizations
e       7   117 CD          Compact Disc                                          storage medium for audio/video/data - typically 650 MB in capacity
m       7   118 CD-R        Compact Disc - Recordable (WORM)
m       7   119 CD-ROM      Compact Disc - Read Only Memory
m       7   120 CD-RW       Compact Disc - ReWritable                             relative speeds (transfer, RW), capacity (around 650 MB)
e       7   121 DVD         Digital Versatile (Video) Disc
m       7   122 DVD-ROM     Digital Versatile (Video) Disc - Read Only Memory
m       7   123 DVD-RW      Digital Versatile (Video) Disc - ReWritable           capacity (around 17 GB)
m       7   124 EIDE        Enhanced Integrated Drive Electronics                 older HD connection around 100 MBps
e       7   125 HD          Hard Drive                                            typical capacity 2008 around 100 GB to 1,000 GB (1 TB), laptops smaller (40-100 GB)
h       7   126 HIPAA       Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act   requires hospitals and insurance companies to manage LOTS of data
h       7   127 NAS         Network Attached Storage                              a storage "appliance" to provide large amounts of data via network
h       7   128 OEM         Original Equipment Manufacturer
e       7   129 RAID        Redundant Array of Independent Disks                  way to store data on multiple disks for backup purposes
h       7   130 SAN         Storage Area Network                                  a network designed to attach storage devices
m       7   131 SATA        Serial Advanced Technology Attachment                 newer HD connection around 300 MBps
m       7   132 SCSI        Small Computer System Interface                       Apple HD connection around 300 MBps




File: 49372cf6-4cd1-4e88-a5de-1efb85556602.xlsx                                     Page: 4 of 34                                                                             Instructor: Wm Hitchcock
Course: CIT 110 Computing Info Basics                                         Sheet: Acronyms                                                                               Date Printed: 11/19/2011

LEVEL CH NUM ACRONYM        DEFINITION                                        IMPORTANCE
m       7   133 SD card     Secure Digital card                               small "flash" storage device for cameras, etc. (8MB - 4GB capacities in 2008)
m       7   134 UMD         Universal Media Disc                              Sony Playstation portable game console mini-DVD storage
e       7   135 USB         Universal Serial Bus                              often used to connect External Hard Drives
h       7   136 WORM        Write Once Read Many                              way to store data so it can't be changed
m       8   137 BIOS        Basic Input Output System                         ROM chip containing low-level instructions for computer - issued at start up
m       8   138 CLI         Command Line Interface                            typical on DOS or Linux interface with keyboard based input
m       8   139 GBS         Gesture Based System                              interface using motions, often found on PDA devices, e.g. iPhone
h       8   140 POST        Power On Self Test                                start up routine for a computer to ensure hardware is working correctly
m       9   141 ATM         Asychronous Transfer Mode                         network transfer method (related to ethernet, etc.)
e       9   142 DSL         Digital Subscriber Line (Loop)                    technologies allowing digital data transmission over phone lines
m       9   143 EDI         Electronic Data Interchange                       standardized methods for sharing information with organizations, e.g. orders & payments
h       9   144 EFT         Electronic Funds Transfer                         used to send money electronically
h       9   145 FCC         Federal Communications Committee                  US regulatory agency - one task consists of assigning communication bandwidth
m       9   146 FTTB        Fiber To The Business
m       9   147 FTTH        Fiber To The Home                                 allows faster & more robust services to home, e.g. internet, phone, HDTV…
e       9   148 GPS         Global Positioning System/Satellite               signals allowing you to "triangulate" your geographic location
m       9   149 IrDA        Infrared Data Association                         Infra-red communications - requires line of sight for short distance transmissions
m       9   150 ISDN        Integrated Services Digital Network
e       9   151 LAN         Local Area Network                                connected computers that can share info/data/services in a small area, e.g. home, building, campus
e       9   152 MAN         Metropolitan Area Network                         connections for sharing data in a larger city - provides the communication connectivity
m       9   153 P2P         Peer to Peer
h       9   154 POTS        Plain Old Telephone System                        older "circuit switched" telephone network
m       9   155 RFID        Radio Frequency Identification                    used to track inventory - may replace many barcode (UPC) systems
h       9   156 SMS         Short Message Service                             "text" messaging
h       9   157 SSH         Secure Shell                                      updated method for remotely logging in to a computer (replaces Telnet)
e       9   158 TCP/IP      Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol   "rules & core technologies" for transmitting data over the internet
h       9   159 UWB         Ultra Wide Band                                   a radio transmission technology, short distance, high capacity, e.g. video, images
e       9   160 WAN         Wide Area Network                                 infrastructure for sharing data in a larger geographic area, e.g. state, region
m       9   161 WAP         Wireless Application Protocol (Access Point)      network router used to provide WiFi connectivity
h       9   162 WiMax       Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access   longer distance (30 mile radius) wireless transmission - promise for better Internet connectivity
m       9   163 WLAN        Wireless Local Area Network
h      10   164 CGI         Common Gateway Interface                          method to send/receive data from a server (typically done with Web interface)
e      10   165 CIO         Chief Information Officer                         "head" person in charge of all the Info Technology resources in an organization




File: 49372cf6-4cd1-4e88-a5de-1efb85556602.xlsx                                 Page: 5 of 34                                                                                Instructor: Wm Hitchcock
Course: CIT 110 Computing Info Basics                                Sheet: Acronyms                                                                               Date Printed: 11/19/2011

LEVEL CH NUM ACRONYM        DEFINITION                               IMPORTANCE
m      10   166 DBA         Data Base Administrator                  person responsible for designing and maintaining databases
e      10   167 DBMS        Data Base Management System              software used to store, input, query, and report data, e.g. MS Access
h      10   168 DDL         Data Definition Language                 "language" used to set up the "structure" of a database (component of a DBMS)
h      10   169 DML         Data Manipulation Language               "language" used to filter/sort/maintain the data in a DB (component of DBMS)
e      10   170 GIGO        Garbage In Garbage Out                   idea that if you don't verify the data coming in, it will be junk going out to another user
m      10   171 GIS         Geographic Information System            used to store location information
e      10   172 MS          Microsoft
h      10   173 OLE         Object Linking & Embedding               a way to "paste" info from one MS Office app into another
h      10   174 OODB        Object Oriented Data Base                special database to handle non-text data, e.g. photo database, etc.
h      10   175 QBE         Query By Example                         "point & click" method of creating queries (saves you the headache of programming SQL)
e      10   176 RDBMS       Relational Data Base Management System   common database management system (e.g. MS Access is an RDBMS)
m      10   177 SQL         Structured Query Language                main "language" used by RDBMS for modifying & reporting data from a database
m      11   178 AUP         Acceptable Use Policy                    company policies that spell out what you can and can't do on corporate resources
e      11   179 PIN         Personal Indentification Number          unique/password number to protect a user/allow access
m      11   180 EULA        End User License Agreement               software license you may "sign off" on when you download software
m      11   181 SSL         Secure Sockets Layer                     encryption for passing data between computers
m      11   182 SSH         Secure Shell                             program to allow you to remotely login to a computer
m      11   183 SHTTP       Secure HTTP                              encrypts Web traffic
m      11   184 UPS         Uninterruptible Power Supply             battery backup to make sure your servers/PC doesn't crash if power goes out
m      11   185 RSI         Repetitive Strain Injury                 injury to muscles & nerves often attributed to over use of keyboards
h      11   186 CVS         Computer Vision Syndrome                 blurry vision from too much computer use
e      12   187 IS          Information System                       hardware, software, people, data/info, procedures
e      12   188 SDC/SDLC    System Development (Life) Cycle          process to create & maintain computer systems
m      12   189 PERT        Program Evaluation & Review Technique    "tool" used to help plan a project - developed by US Navy
m      12   190 JAD         Joint Application Development            a "faster" technique to help identify system requirements
m      12   191 ERD         Entity Relationship Diagram              tool/chart used to develop databases, e.g. entities = customers, employees, etc.
m      12   192 DFD         Data Flow Diagram                        tool/chart used to show how data is processed in an Info System
h      12   193 UML         Unified Modeling Language                a standardized language for designing input/output screens for system, etc.
h      12   194 HIPO        Hierarchical Input Process Output        chart used to identify key inputs, processes, and outputs for a system/program
m      13   195 RAD         Rapid Application Development            method for developing systems quickly, typically use OO programming
m      13   196 OOP         Object Oriented Programming              PC based programming to work with Windows, Buttons, etc.
m      13   197 SQL         Structured Query Language                code to allow users to update, filter, sort, manage records in a database
e      13   198 HTML        Hyper Text Markup Language               formatting language for structure of web pages (NOT a true programming language)




File: 49372cf6-4cd1-4e88-a5de-1efb85556602.xlsx                        Page: 6 of 34                                                                               Instructor: Wm Hitchcock
Course: CIT 110 Computing Info Basics                                 Sheet: Acronyms                                                                                Date Printed: 11/19/2011

LEVEL CH NUM ACRONYM        DEFINITION                                IMPORTANCE
m      13   199 XML         eXtensible Markup Language                allows web authors to create their own "structure" codes - where HTML is headed
m      13   200 ANSI        American National Standards Institute     standards body for various computer standards, e.g. flowchart symbols, ASCII, etc.
e      14   201 CEO         Chief Executive Officer                   top executive in the organization
e      14   202 CFO         Chief Financial Officer                   top accounting/financing executive in the organization
e      14   203 CIO         Chief Information Officer                 top IT executive in the organization
m      14   204 COO         Chief Operating Officer                   top Manufacturing/Service executive in the organization - ensures daily operations are being done
e      14   205 IT          Information Technology                    dept in an organization in charge of computing resources, or entire industry itself
e      14   206 POLC        Planning Organizing Leading Controlling   4 management activities - controlling tends to be the easiest/focus of IT efforts
h      14   207 BPM         Business Process Management               activities to make an organization's operations as efficient as possible
h      14   208 OLAP        On Line Analytical Processing             "crunching" huge amounts of data to find trends, etc.
h      14   209 BI          Business Intelligence                     marketing term for applications/systems for gaining knowledge from all your IT data
e      14   210 HR/HRM      Human Resources/HR Management             dept in charge of hiring, training, firing, retiring employees
h      14   211 CRM         Customer Relationship Management          system used to track every "contact" with your customers/clients
e      14   212 CAD         Computer Aided Design                     computer drawing/drafting system
e      14   213 CAM         Computer Aided Manufacturing              computer controlled production equipment
h      14   214 CAE         Computer Aided Engineering                computer testing of products
h      14   215 CIM         Computer Integrated Manufacturing         tying all the manufacturing process together via computers
m      14   216 MRP         Materials Resource Planning               bill of materials system - shows all components and sub-components
h      14   217 SFA         Sales Force Automation                    tools for travelling sales reps to better manage customer/client info
h      14   218 OIS/OAS     Office Information/Automation System      tools for scheduling, emailing, reporting, etc. in an office
m      14   219 TPS         Transaction Processing System             tracks every sale/reservation/transaction - millions of records - pulse of the operations
m      14   220 MIS         Management Information System(s)          systems for summarizing TPS data
h      14   221 DSS         Decision Support System                   mid-level management system to help decide pricing/location/bus decisions
m      14   222 ERP         Enterprise Resource Planning              centralized system to run entire operations - inbound, process, outbound, sales, etc.
m      14   223 CMS         Content Management System                 system for storing Web page content - separates content from HTML formatting
m      14   224 B2B         Business to Business                      businesses selling directly to other businesses
m      14   225 VPN         Virtual Private Network                   provides a secure remote access method to a company's network
m      14   226 RAID        Redundant Array of Independent Disks      used to ensure you don't lose data if an individual hard drive fails
h      14   227 NAS         Network Attached Storage                  servers whose sole purpose is to provide storage to users
h      14   228 SAN         Storage Area Network                      high speed network for accessing various storage drives (tapes, CD, hard drives)
m      14   229 DRP         Disaster Recovery Plan                    plans in case of a fire, flood, tornado, etc. affects your IT operations
h           230 ASP         Active Server Page                        Microsoft technology for creating "dynamic" web pages which change based on database content
h           231 CAT-5       Category 5 (wire)                         specification for wired computer communications (e.g. Cat5 wire is used for ethernet cables)




File: 49372cf6-4cd1-4e88-a5de-1efb85556602.xlsx                         Page: 7 of 34                                                                                Instructor: Wm Hitchcock
Course: CIT 110 Computing Info Basics                                        Sheet: Acronyms                                                                               Date Printed: 11/19/2011

LEVEL CH NUM ACRONYM          DEFINITION                                     IMPORTANCE
h          232 FTC            Federal Trade Commission                       US regulatory agency - covers economic and business practices
h          233 GBI            Gesture Based Interface                        interface using motions, often found on PDA devices, e.g. iPhone
e          234 GPA            Grade Point Average
e          235 IP address     Internet Protocol address                      the "numeric" address for a web server (DNS resolves the URL to an IP address)
m          236 IPOS (IPOSC)   Input Process Output Storage (Communication)   basic computer model demonstrating how all computers are composed of 4 or 5 key components
m          237 Mhz            Mega Hertz                                     typical speed measurement for CPU's during 1980's - 2000
m          238 PV             Present Value                                  the value of an asset in current (today's) dollars
m          239 ROA            Return on Assets                               financial ratio to measure performance of the profit you get per $1 of assets
m          240 ROE            Return on Equity                               financial ratio to measure performance of equity (not debt) financing = profit / $1 of what you invest
h          241 RTS            Run-Time System                                system software used to add "services" to other programs, e.g. MS .NET framework
h          242 SEC            Security and Exchange Commission               US regulatory agency - covers investments, financial reporting, etc.
h          243 TI             Texas Instruments                              company that produces integrated circuits, computing devices (calculators, etc.)
h          244 TPS            Transaction Processing System                  computer system to track each individual transaction, e.g. hotel reservation, bank transaction, etc.




File: 49372cf6-4cd1-4e88-a5de-1efb85556602.xlsx                                Page: 8 of 34                                                                               Instructor: Wm Hitchcock
Course: CIT 110 Computing Info Basics                                                          Sheet: Terms                                                       Date Printed: 11/19/2011

Num    CH   Term                        Comment                                                                                                 Actual   Approx
  39    -   antivirus software          removes "bad" software from your computer (or prevents it from getting on your computer)
  48    -   back up                     copy data to another medium for safety reasons
   2    -   bit                         basic unit of storage (0 or 1), acronym for Binary Digit
  28    -   Blackberry                  popular PDA cell phone/email communication device
  50    -   boot up                     the start up process for your computer (pulling it up by the boot straps)
  49    -   booting                     starting up a computer
 126    -   browser                     software used to view web pages e.g. MS Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome
  55    -   buffering                   using cache-like storage/memory to improve computer throughput
  54    -   buffers                     temporary memory location to speed up processing (like caching)
   1    -   byte                        8 bits (ASCII or EBCDIC) - stores 1 character
 127    -   cell                        intersection of a row and column in a spreadsheet
 106    -   cold boot                   completely shutting the computer down, and start up again
 130    -   controller (card)           circuit board specializing in controlling a specific device (same as adaptor)
 129    -   custom (software)           (software) created specifically for 1 company
 161    -   database                    a group of "tables" or "files" or "sheets"
 160    -   database hierarchy          a logical grouping of information (typical grouping in a database management system)
 131    -   decimal (number system)     base 10 number system, what humans typically use for counting & computing
  31    -   desktop PC
  36    -   digital camera
  14    -   disk                        generic term for storage - typically made of plastic (diskette) or aluminum (HD)
  15    -   diskette                    plastic based medium w/ thin magnetic coating for storing data (<2MB capacity)
 132    -   driver                      nickname for software used to control a hardware device, e.g. video driver, printer driver
  35    -   external HD
 137    -   file drive                  e.g. C: for your local hard drive
 135    -   file extension              e.g. .xlsx, .docx, .accdb, .htm
 139    -   file folder
 136    -   file name                   name you give a file when storing, e.g. index
 138    -   file path                   "full path name", e.g. C:\courses\cit110\contact list.xlsx
 140    -   file subdirectory
 134    -   file type                   e.g. .xlsx, .docx, .accdb, .htm
 141    -   flash (drive, memory)       high speed, electronic device to store data, e.g. USB flash drive
 142    -   font                        a particular size and type of typeface, typically associated with word processing software (and text)
  19    -   format                      setting up a disk so you can store data on it




File: 49372cf6-4cd1-4e88-a5de-1efb85556602.xlsx                                                Page: 9 of 34                                                      Instructor: Wm Hitchcock
Course: CIT 110 Computing Info Basics                                                           Sheet: Terms                                                                    Date Printed: 11/19/2011

Num    CH   Term                          Comment                                                                                         Actual                       Approx
  46    -   fragmentation
  47    -   fragmented
 133    -   freeware                      software that you are "free" to download - often is "open source" software
   5    -   gigabyte                      about 1 billion bytes (2^30)                                                                                1,073,741,824                 1,000,000,000
  33    -   hard drive
 143    -   hexadecimal (number system)   base 16 number system, 2^4 = 16, you can "short-cut" binary numbers with hex digits
  18    -   hot swappable                 switch out a bad hard drive w/o disconnecting the power
  34    -   internal HD
   3    -   kilobyte                      about 1,000 bytes (2^10 = 1024 or 10^3)                                                                             1,024                        1,000
  32    -   laptop PC
  40    -   linux                         "open source" stand-alone & server operating system
  51    -   Mac OS
  29    -   mainframe
   4    -   megabyte                      about 1 milion - 1,000,000 bytes (2^20)                                                                         1,048,576                    1,000,000
  17    -   microfiche                    sheet of film used to store large amounts of data for LONG times (100+ yr life)
  16    -   microfilm                     roll of film used to store large amounts of data for LONG times (100+ yr life)
   9    -   microseconds                  1/1 millionth of a second - memory speeds                                                                         0.000001
   8    -   millisecond                   1/1000th of a second - hard drive speeds                                                                             0.001
 144    -   MS Access                     Microsoft Access - the DBMS (Data Base Management System) for PC's
 145    -   MS Excel                      Microsoft Excel - the spreadsheet software
 146    -   MS IE (Internet Explorer)     Microsoft Internet Explorer - the browser
 147    -   MS Notepad                    Microsoft Notepad - a simple text editor (can create HTML pages)
 148    -   MS PowerPoint                 Microsoft PowerPoint - the presentation graphics program
 149    -   MS Word                       Microsoft Word - the word processing program
  25    -   multitask                     running more than 1 application at a time
  26    -   multi-thread                  feature of CPU's to run several applications at the same time
  10    -   nanoseconds                   1/1 billionth of a second - supercomputer speeds                                                              0.000000001
  41    -   open source                   licensing method to "share" software - not vendor specific software
  43    -   operating system              base software used to control memory, hardware devices, etc. e.g. Windows XP, Linux
 150    -   packaged software             1980's term for PC based software that was sold in a shrink wrapped box with disks & a manual
  52    -   Palm OS
   7    -   petabyte                      about 1 quadrillion bytes                                                                            1,125,899,906,842,620        1,000,000,000,000,000
  11    -   picosecond                    1/1 trillionth of a second - light speeds                                                                            1E-12




File: 49372cf6-4cd1-4e88-a5de-1efb85556602.xlsx                                                 Page: 10 of 34                                                                  Instructor: Wm Hitchcock
Course: CIT 110 Computing Info Basics                                                                  Sheet: Terms                                                                          Date Printed: 11/19/2011

Num    CH     Term                             Comment                                                                                                 Actual                       Approx
 151    -     power supply                     converts AC current to DC to supply electricity to the computer - typically measured in Watts
  37    -     printer
 152    -     printer driver                   software used to control a printer - one type of system software
  42    -     proprietary
  20    -     read                             getting data from a disk
 153    -     sans-serif (font)                WITHOUT the "tails" at the top and bottom of a letter - often used for headings or computer fonts
  38    -     scanner
  13    -     sector                           "pie" on disk surface
 154    -     serif (font)                     the "tails" at the top and bottom of a letter - enhances readability on long sections of printed text
 155    -     server                           typically a PC based computer used to provide files to others, e.g. email, web, print
  24    -     single task                      running only 1 application at a time
  53    -     spooling                         sending output to additional memory to speed printing
 156    -     spreadsheet                      "electronic graph paper"; software used to manipulate numbers in a grid format, e.g. MS Excel
  30    -     supercomputer
  44    -     system software
   6    -     terabyte                         about 1 trillion bytes                                                                                           1,099,511,627,776             1,000,000,000,000
  12    -     track                            "concentric circle" on disk surface
  22    -     transfer                         moving data from disk to processor
 157    -     transformer (see power supply)   converts AC current to DC to supply electricity to the computer - typically measured in Watts
 158    -     transformer lootbag              what you'd get at kid's birthday parties in the 1990's; alternative band from Madison, WI
  23    -     transmit
  45    -     unix                             server/mainframe based operating system
 159    -     utility program (software)       typically a 3rd party vendor software for enhancing hardware performance, e.g. virus protection
  27    -     virtual memory                   way to use some disk storage space as memory (swap "pages" in and out)
 113    -     warm boot                        OS reset of the computer - quicker than cold boot
  21    -     write                            putting data on a disk
 128        2 Chrome (Google)                  browser software introduced in 2008 as a competitor to MS Internet Explorer
            4 heat sink                        used to remove the heat from a CPU or other "hot" electronic device
 104        7 access time                      total time to position HD R/W heads, retrieve data, transmit (measured in ms)
 124        7 binary (number system)           base 2 number system, 2 digits, 0 and 1 - fundamental number system for digital computers
 103        7 cache                            special memory chips to improve processing speed
 107        7 compression                      way to reduce the file size in order to save space (e.g. JPEG files)
 108        7 latency                          time it takes to transmit data (shorter is better)




File: 49372cf6-4cd1-4e88-a5de-1efb85556602.xlsx                                                       Page: 11 of 34                                                                         Instructor: Wm Hitchcock
Course: CIT 110 Computing Info Basics                                                         Sheet: Terms                                                        Date Printed: 11/19/2011

Num    CH     Term                      Comment                                                                                                 Actual   Approx
 111        7 queue                     "waiting line" - e.g. a print queue lines up the documents needed to be printed
 112        7 R/W head                  HD component that "skims" over the disk to retrieve & store data
  67        9 adaptor                   additional circuit board for such things as a network adaptor, a video adaptor, etc.
 191        9 bandwidth                 amount of data that can travel over a comm channel
 123        9 Bell Labs                 R&D for the "Ma Bell", the original US phone company - key lab for computing & comm technologies
  60        9 bluetooth                 short distance (up to 10 meters) wireless communication medium, e.g. bluetooth headset for cell phone
 125        9 broadband                 term used to describe communication technologies, e.g. Internet via Cable TV
  71        9 CAT-5 cable
 105        9 circuit switched          establish a "fixed circuit" the entire time communication is sent/received
 187        9 client/server             networking system with a "master (server)" computer
  68        9 coaxial cable
 186        9 communication channel     the medium that you transmit data, e.g. wire, wireless, etc.
  62        9 conductor
  56        9 ethernet
  69        9 fiber optic cable
  63        9 insulation
  66        9 motherboard               main system board holding items such as the CPU, RAM, ports, etc.
 109        9 noise                     electrical interference (less is better)
 110        9 packet switched           common data comm technique to break messages up & reassemble at receiving end
  72        9 patch cable
 188        9 peer to peer network      each computer capable of sending & receiving files
 192        9 platform                  the hardware and system software, e.g. Wintel platform, Linux platform
  73        9 Putty                     software for "remote login" to computers (like Telnet)
 190        9 router                    hardware device to send messages over a network to different computers
  64        9 semi-conductor
  59        9 shielded cables
  58        9 shielding                 special "wrappings" to prevent electronic interference
  65        9 silicon
  61        9 spam
  74        9 Telnet                    older software for "remote login"
  57        9 token ring                older network style for connecting computers on a LAN
 189        9 topology                  layout of computers in a network (mainly Star "switched" now)
  70        9 twisted pair cable




File: 49372cf6-4cd1-4e88-a5de-1efb85556602.xlsx                                              Page: 12 of 34                                                       Instructor: Wm Hitchcock
Course: CIT 110 Computing Info Basics                                                                 Sheet: Terms                                    Date Printed: 11/19/2011

Num    CH       Term                         Comment                                                                                Actual   Approx
  91        10 (DBMS) character              numeric, alphabetic, or alphanumeric item
  90        10 (DBMS) field                  attribute for a file/table in a database (e.g. Name, Title, Age, etc.)
  88        10 (DBMS) file                   group of records (e.g. Movie file) - a table in a RDBMS
  89        10 (DBMS) record                 group of values for each field (e.g. Actor record for 1 actor)
  93        10 (DBMS) relationship           way to "join" two tables together in a RDBMS
  92        10 (DBMS) value                  the data for 1 record & 1 field (e.g. Wizard of Oz)
 181        10 access rights                 priveleges for reading, writing, executing files (or add, change, delete, view data)
  94        10 AutoNumber field              RDBMS field to automatically increment numbers (good for Primary key)
 173        10 back end                      the "engine" to store & process the data, e.g. a db server
 167        10 byte                          binary representation of a character (ASCII, EBCDIC, Unicode)
 166        10 character                     alphabetic, numeric, alphanumeric
 102        10 check digit                   extra number added to a primary key value to help ensure data integrity
  76        10 data base
  77        10 data base management system   DBMS - software used to input, process, report data, e.g. MS Access
 174        10 data dictionary               contains info about the data, e.g. field names, types, etc.
  83        10 data integrity                desirable trait of data to ensure it's quality (e.g. non duplicate keys, etc.)
  82        10 data redundancy               repeated data in multiple files (a bad situation)
 169        10 data type                     specifies the type of data (e.g. text, numeric, memo, etc.)
 171        10 data validation               process to ensure the data is "correct"
  75        10 data warehouse
 164        10 field                         one "column" in a table, e.g. Last Name, First Name, Date of Birth, etc.
 170        10 field type                    specifies the type of data (e.g. text, numeric, memo, etc.)
 162        10 file                          a set of related records - a sheet in Excel, a table in Access, e.g. Customer Table
  81        10 flat file system              unrelated, "pre-DBMS" system for connecting files - often had redundancy
 100        10 foreign key                   a reference to a primary key value in another table
 179        10 form                          method to "input" data into a database table
  84        10 forms                         common method to add/change/delete 1 record at a time (input)
 172        10 front end                     the "interface" to a database, e.g. the forms a user sees
  80        10 hierarchical DBMS             older DBMS that used a "parent/child" relationship between data
 168        10 key field                     unique identifier for each record (see Primary Key)
 182        10 log                           list of all the transactions to a database, e.g. log each change to a record
  95        10 Memo field                    RDBMS field to store lots of text (e.g. beyond 256 chars)
 176        10 meta-data                     "data about the data", stored in the data dictionary




File: 49372cf6-4cd1-4e88-a5de-1efb85556602.xlsx                                                      Page: 13 of 34                                   Instructor: Wm Hitchcock
Course: CIT 110 Computing Info Basics                                                             Sheet: Terms                                          Date Printed: 11/19/2011

Num    CH       Term                     Comment                                                                                      Actual   Approx
  79        10 network DBMS              older, complex dbms for many to many connections between "parents & children"
  99        10 non-key field             any "regular" field that may have duplicate values (non-unique)
 185        10 normalization             process to ensure integrity of data (e.g. 1NF = remove redundant groups)
  96        10 Numeric field             RDBMS field to restrict values to numbers
 184        10 object                    a "thing" in a database, e.g. a person, a map, a customer
  98        10 Primary key               unique identifier for each record
  85        10 queries                   common method to filter/sort/manipulate data in a DBMS (process)
 177        10 query                     a "question" you ask a database, e.g. list all customer records where Name starts with "P"
 178        10 query language            the "code" used to make queries of a database, e.g. SQL
 163        10 record                    one "row" in a table, e.g. a Customer record, Student record, etc.
  78        10 relational DBMS           "table" based database system, e.g. Access, MySQL, IBM DB2, Oracle
 183        10 relationship              relating two tables together in a database, e.g. Students to Courses
 180        10 report                    method to "output" the data from a table or query
  86        10 reports                   common method to display many records from a DBMS (output)
 175        10 repository                where data is stored in a RDBMS
  87        10 tables                    where data is stored in a RDBMS
  97        10 Text field                RDBMS field to store fixed length text (up to 256 chars)
 101        10 validation rule           specification to ensure only certain values are entered into a cell/field
 165        10 value                     one "cell" in a table, e.g. Smith for the Last Name, Pat for the First Name
 122        11 3rd party vendor          a company that sells hardware/software to enhance a primary vendor, e.g. Symantec, McAffee
 199        11 antivirus program         software to identify and remove "bad" programs
 205        11 audit trail               a "log" of all the transactions users complete on a system
 197        11 backdoor                  way to circumvent the standard login/password to use a system
 202        11 DoS attack                Denial of Service attack: flood a web server with messages to slow it down
 206        11 encrypton                 encoding information so casual users can't read it
 207        11 ergonomics                science to improve workplace safety
 203        11 firewall                  hardware/software to prevent unwanted web traffic in your network
 193        11 hacker                    someone who accesses a computer or network illegally
 204        11 honeypot                  a "vunerable" computer used to lure hackers so you can catch them
 196        11 trojan horse              virus that looks like a legit program, but is "bad"
 198        11 trusted source            person or company you will accept files/email from
 194        11 virus                     potentially damaging computer program
 201        11 virus definition (file)   file containing virus signatures to help identify them




File: 49372cf6-4cd1-4e88-a5de-1efb85556602.xlsx                                                   Page: 14 of 34                                        Instructor: Wm Hitchcock
Course: CIT 110 Computing Info Basics                                                               Sheet: Terms                                                        Date Printed: 11/19/2011

Num    CH       Term                        Comment                                                                                                   Actual   Approx
 200        11 virus signature              unique string of code that can be used to identify bad programs
 195        11 worm                         virus that copies itself repetitively, slowing down a computer
 210        12 feasibility                  operational, schedule, technical, economic ability to build a system
 209        12 Gantt chart                  "tool" used to help plan a project - shows tasks and timeline
 212        12 outsourcing                  hiring a firm outside your company to complete a task
 211        12 project dictionary           storage place for all the documents used to design a system
 208        12 steering committee           executive group to prioritize IS projects
 233        13 accumulator                  a variable used to sum items in a program, e.g. LET acc = acc + X
 222        13 assembler                    a translator for the Assembly programming language
 238        13 bug                          error in a program
 220        13 compiler                     one type of translator that converts source code all at once (more efficient) e.g. COBOL
 232        13 counter                      a variable used to count in a program, e.g. LET cnt = cnt + 1
 215        13 high level language          machine independent language, easier to program, e.g. Java
 221        13 interpreter                  one type of translator that converts & executes one line at a time (easier debugging) e.g. BASIC
 223        13 Language: assembly           low level language used for small, efficient, dedicated hardware
 225        13 Language: C                  typically used on PC based systems for O/S and Application software
 227        13 Language: C++                object-oriented extension to the C programming language
 224        13 Language: COBOL              Common Business Oriented Language: used for mainframe transactions
 226        13 Language: Java               object-oriented language for multiple machines
 229        13 Language: PERL               a server based language to process info on the Web
 228        13 Language: VB                 Visual Basic: Microsoft language for PC programming/database front ends
 214        13 low level language           machine dependent language, difficult to program, e.g. assembly
 216        13 machine language             machine dependent language, the 1's and 0's (executable code)
 230        13 macro                        series of "recorded keystrokes" to repeat the same ones over & over
 213        13 pseudo-code                  english like statements to represent logic in a program
 231        13 script                       a "short program" typically used to make dynamic web pages
 218        13 source code                  program language instructions the programmer writes
 237        13 Structures: Case             "nested" IF statements, if choice = 1, if choice = 2, if choice = n…
 235        13 Structures: decision         IF THEN ELSE constructs - execute code if the condition is true or false
 236        13 Structures: loop/iteration   repeat the code over and over until a condition changes
 234        13 Structures: sequence         program code follows in order
 217        13 symbolic language            meaningful abbreviations for complex machine code
 219        13 translator                   generic term for software that converts a high level source code file to a machine code executable file




File: 49372cf6-4cd1-4e88-a5de-1efb85556602.xlsx                                                    Page: 15 of 34                                                       Instructor: Wm Hitchcock
Course: CIT 110 Computing Info Basics                                                         Sheet: Terms                          Date Printed: 11/19/2011

Num    CH       Term                    Comment                                                                   Actual   Approx
 121        14 amortized loan           loan with equal, periodic payments
 118        14 assets                   tangible assets = physical items that you own, e.g. computer, car, etc.
 245        14 blade server             a server on a board - several share the same power/fan/etc.
 240        14 cloud computing          running applications over the Internet, e.g. Salesforce.com
 242        14 data warehouse           huge database system used to consolidate/store operational data
 239        14 enterprise computing     "large scale" computing, computing systems for corporations
 243        14 extranet                 web based server to allow customers/suppliers to access company data
 119        14 liabilities
 117        14 loss
 115        14 net income
 241        14 portal                   intranet for organization - standard interface to company info
 116        14 profit
 120        14 profit margin            net income divided by revenue
 114        14 revenue
 244        14 web services             web based technology to let different organizations share info




File: 49372cf6-4cd1-4e88-a5de-1efb85556602.xlsx                                              Page: 16 of 34                         Instructor: Wm Hitchcock
Course: CIT 110 Computing Info Basics                                                              Sheet: People                                                      Date Printed: 11/19/2011

Num Ch      Category   Last          First            Era    Contribution
   1      1 general    Babbage       Charles           1850 "father of computers" - Difference Engine, Analytic Engine
   2      3 software   Byron         Augusta Ada       1850 "first programmer" - worked with Babbage - programming language "ADA" in her honor
   3      3 software   von Neuman    John              1950 Hungarian mathematician - contributed the "stored program" concept
   4      3 software   Hopper        Grace             1950 early software developer - credited with helping to develop COBOL
   5     13 software   Dijkstra      Edsger            1960 key computer scientist - concept of structured programming
   6      3 software   Gates         William (Bill)    1970 founder of microsoft - software that made computers "personal"
   7     10 software   Ellison       Larry             1980 created Oracle, a successful database company
   8      2 software   Berners-Lee   Tim               1990 worked at CERN, created HTML which made web pages possible
   9      3 software   Torvalds      Linus             2000 developed Linux operating system - started the "open source" revolution
  10      4 hardware   Zuse          Konrad            1930 German engineer - early "binary" computing devices
  11      4 hardware   Atanasoff     John              1930 ABC computer designer - early electronic computing device
  12      4 hardware   Berry         Clifford          1930 ABC computer designer - early electronic computing device
  13      4 hardware   Bardeen       John              1940 developed the 1st transistor, which was smaller & more reliable than vacuum tubes
  14      4 hardware   Brattain      Walter            1940 developed the 1st transistor, which was smaller & more reliable than vacuum tubes
  15      4 hardware   Shockley      William           1940 developed the 1st transistor, which was smaller & more reliable than vacuum tubes
  16      4 hardware   Noyce         Robert            1960 developed the 1st integrated circuit (IC) - (Fairchild Semiconductor) - born in Burlington, IA
  17      4 hardware   Kilby         Jack              1960 developed the 1st integrated circuit - solved wiring problem w/ transistors (TI)
  18      4 hardware   Hoff          Ted               1970 created the 1st microprocessor (computer on a chip/IC)
  19      4 hardware   Moore         Gordon            1970 founder of Intel, PC CPU giant - "Moore's law" - doubling of power every 18 months
  20      1 general    Jobs          Steve             1980 co-founder of Apple - the "marketing visionary" behind the company
  21      1 general    Wozniak       Steve             1980 co-founder of Apple - the "computer guy" behind the company
  22      9 networks   Metcalfe      Robert (Bob)      1990 creator of "ether-net", which became the standard for LAN's
  23     10 database   Codd          Edgar F.          1970 developed the RDB model - Relational Data Base (most common model used in Databases during 1980s-2000s)
  24     11 general    Stoll         Clifford          1990 wrote "Silicon Snake Oil", book questioning social issues with computers
  25     13 software   Gosling       James (Jim)       1990 developed the Java programming language for Sun Microsystems
  26      2 general    Clark         Jim               1990 has created 3 "billion $ organizations"; venture capitalist that started Netscape




File: 49372cf6-4cd1-4e88-a5de-1efb85556602.xlsx                                                    Page: 17 of 34                                                     Instructor: Wm Hitchcock
Course: CIT 110 Computing Info Basics                                                        Sheet: Companies                                                                      Date Printed: 11/19/2011


Num Company           Name                              Industry          Comment                                                                                                    Key Person
   1 IBM              International Business Machines   all computer      "the" computer company, known for mainframes, still big in hardware, software, services                    Thomas J Watson (Sr & Jr)
   2 Remington Rand                                     early computers   created the 1st mainframe computer - the UNIVAC                                                            James Rand
   3 DEC              Digital Equipment Corporation     minicomputers     created the "mini computer" market, a small mainframe. Became part of Compaq                               Ken Olsen
   4 Honeywell                                          diversified       once in the mainframe market, now does electronic controllers (thermostats, etc.)
   5 Intel                                              CPU's             sells close to 80% of all PC and PC based system CPU's                                                     Gordon Moore
   6 Microsoft                                          software          most PC's use Windows based O/S and applications                                                           Bill Gates
   7 Apple                                              PC alternative    sold first popular PC's, still a small but viable alternative to "Wintel" PC platform                      Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak
   8 Oracle                                             software (db)     started as a DBMS company for large systems, now sell ERP type sytems for big business                     Larry Ellison
   9 HP               Hewlett Packard                   all computer      main competition to IBM in terms of being a "full-service" computer company                                Bill Hewlett, Dave Packard
  10 Compaq                                             PC                started as an alternative to IBM PC's - came out with some of the first portable PC's (now part of HP)
  11 Dell                                               PC                started up as an alternative to IBM PC's - introduced the "build to order" model of PC manufacturing       Michael Dell
  12 Sun              Sun Microsystems                  workstations      originally sold high speed/expensive workstations, now sell software (e.g. Java)
  13 CISCO                                              network




File: 49372cf6-4cd1-4e88-a5de-1efb85556602.xlsx                                                Page: 18 of 34                                                                      Instructor: Wm Hitchcock
Course: CIT 110 Computing Info Basics                                                        Sheet: HTML Tags Ch 2                                       Date Printed: 11/19/2011

Num Tag      Definition                   Attributes                 Purpose
   1 html    Hyper Text Markup Language                              1st tag in the web page to identify this is HTML
   2 head                                                            starts the "meta data" section of the page - data about the page
   3 title                                                           appears on the title bar of the browser, as well as bookmarks and Google searches
   4 body                                 text, link, vlink, alink   starts the main content area of the page
   5 p       paragraph
   6 a       anchor                       href                       add a hyperlink to a web page
   7 img     image                        src, alt, width, height    add an image (photo, logo) to a web page
   8 ul      unordered list                                          starts a "bulleted" list on a web page
   9 ol      ordered list                                            starts a "numbered" list on a web page
  10 li      list item                                               adds another bullet point or number in a list
  11 table                                                           starts a table in a web page
  12 tr      table row                                               starts a new record (new row) in a table)
  13 td      table data                                              starts a new column/cell in a table
  14 hr      horizontal row
  15 br      break                                                   like <p> tag - creates a break in text




File: 49372cf6-4cd1-4e88-a5de-1efb85556602.xlsx                                                     Page: 19 of 34                                       Instructor: Wm Hitchcock
Course: CIT 110 Computing Info Basics                                                       Sheet: Bits & Bytes Ch 4           Date Printed: 11/19/2011

# of bits # of chars                      Power       10 raised
        1                        2                0                                            1
        2                        4                1                                           10
        3                        8                2                                          100
        4                      16                 3                                        1,000 Kilo               thousand
        5                      32                 4                                       10,000
        6                      64                 5                                      100,000
        7                     128                 6                                     1,000,000 Mega    1000 KB   million
        8                     256                 7                                   10,000,000
        9                     512                 8                                  100,000,000
      10                     1,024 kilo           9                                 1,000,000,000 Giga    1000MB    billion
      11                     2,048            10                                  10,000,000,000
      12                     4,096            11                                 100,000,000,000
      13                     8,192            12                                1,000,000,000,000 Tera    1000GB    trillion
      14                   16,384             13                              10,000,000,000,000
      15                   32,768             14                             100,000,000,000,000
      16                   65,536             15                            1,000,000,000,000,000 Peta
      17                  131,072             16                           10,000,000,000,000,000
      18                  262,144             17                         100,000,000,000,000,000
      19                  524,288             18                        1,000,000,000,000,000,000 Exa
      20                 1,048,576 mega       19                       10,000,000,000,000,000,000
      21                 2,097,152            20                     100,000,000,000,000,000,000
      22                 4,194,304            21                    1,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 zetta
      23                 8,388,608            22                   10,000,000,000,000,000,000,000
      24                16,777,216            23                  100,000,000,000,000,000,000,000
      25                33,554,432            24              1,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 yotta
      26                67,108,864
      27               134,217,728
      28               268,435,456
      29               536,870,912
      30           1,073,741,824 giga
      31           2,147,483,648
      32           4,294,967,296
      33           8,589,934,592




File: 49372cf6-4cd1-4e88-a5de-1efb85556602.xlsx                                                     Page: 20 of 34             Instructor: Wm Hitchcock
Course: CIT 110 Computing Info Basics             Sheet: Bits & Bytes Ch 4   Date Printed: 11/19/2011

     34      17,179,869,184
     35      34,359,738,368
     36      68,719,476,736
     37     137,438,953,472
     38     274,877,906,944
     39     549,755,813,888
     40    1,099,511,627,776 tera
     41    2,199,023,255,552




File: 49372cf6-4cd1-4e88-a5de-1efb85556602.xlsx       Page: 21 of 34         Instructor: Wm Hitchcock
Sheet: Number Conversion Chart Ch 4                                                    Page: 22 of 34                                                        Instructor: Bill Hitchcock

      10                2             3                 4             5            6                7           8            9        10             11                  12            13
Decimal       Binary        Ternary       Quaternary        Quinary       Senary       Septenary        Octal       Nonary       Denary       Undenary       Duodenary        Base13
          0             0             0                 0             0            0                0           0            0            0              0                0             0
          1             1             1                 1             1            1                1           1            1            1              1                1             1
          2            10             2                 2             2            2                2           2            2            2              2                2             2
          3            11         10                    3             3            3                3           3            3            3              3                3             3
          4        100            11                   10             4            4                4           4            4            4              4                4             4
          5        101            12                   11         10               5                5           5            5            5              5                5             5
          6        110            20                   12         11           10                   6           6            6            6              6                6             6
          7        111            21                   13         12           11                  10           7            7            7              7                7             7
          8       1000            22                   20         13           12                  11       10               8            8              8                8             8
          9       1001           100                   21         14           13                  12       11           10               9              9                9             9
      10          1010           101                   22         20           14                  13       12           11           10                 A               A             A
      11          1011           102                   23                                          14       13           12           11             10                  B             B
      12          1100           110                   30                                                   14           13           12             11                  10            C
      13          1101                                 31                                                   15           14           13             12                  11            10
      14          1110                                 32                                                   16                        14             13                  12            11
      15          1111                                 33                                                   17                                       14                  13            12
      16         10000                             100                                                      20                                                           14            13
      17         10001                             101                                                      21                                                                         14
      18         10010                             102                                                      22
      19         10011                             103                                                      23
      20         10100                             110                                                      24
      21         10101                             111                                                      25
      22         10110                             112                                                      26
      23         10111                             113                                                      27
      24         11000                             120                                                      30
      25         11001                                                                                      31
      26         11010                                                                                      32
      27         11011                                                                                      33
      28         11100                                                                                      34
      29         11101                                                                                      35
      30         11110                                                                                      36
      31         11111                                                                                      37
      32        100000                                                                                      40
      33        100001                                                                                      41
      34        100010                                                                                      42
      35        100011                                                                                      43
      36        100100                                                                                      44
      37        100101                                                                                      45
      38                                                                                                    46




File: 49372cf6-4cd1-4e88-a5de-1efb85556602.xlsx                                                                                                          Date Printed: 11/19/2011
Sheet: Number Conversion Chart Ch 4                                       Page: 23 of 34                                                      Instructor: Bill Hitchcock

      10               14            15                 16        17           18           19           20            21           22           23           24           25
Decimal       Base14        Base15        Hexadecimal        Base17       Base18       Base19       Base20        Base21       Base22       Base23       Base24       Base25
          0             0             0                  0            0            0            0            0             0            0            0            0            0
          1             1             1                  1            1            1            1            1             1            1            1            1            1
          2             2             2                  2            2            2            2            2             2            2            2            2            2
          3             3             3                  3            3            3            3            3             3            3            3            3            3
          4             4             4                  4            4            4            4            4             4            4            4            4            4
          5             5             5                  5            5            5            5            5             5            5            5            5            5
          6             6             6                  6            6            6            6            6             6            6            6            6            6
          7             7             7                  7            7            7            7            7             7            7            7            7            7
          8             8             8                  8            8            8            8            8             8            8            8            8            8
          9             9             9                  9            9            9            9            9             9            9            9            9            9
      10               A             A                  A             A            A            A            A             A            A            A            A            A
      11               B             B                   B            B            B            B            B             B            B            B            B            B
      12               C             C                   C            C            C            C            C             C            C            C            C            C
      13               D             D                  D             D            D            D            D             D            D            D            D            D
      14               10             E                  E            E            E            E            E             E            E            E            E            E
      15               11            10                  F            F            F            F            F             F            F            F            F            F
      16               12            11                 10            G            G            G            G             G            G            G            G            G
      17               13            12                 11        10               H            H            H             H            H            H            H            H
      18               14            13                 12        11           10               I             I            I            I            I            I            I
      19                             14                 13        12           11           10                J            J            J            J            J            J
      20                                                14        13           12           11           10                K            K            K            K            K
      21                                                15        14           13           12           11            10               L            L            L            L
      22                                                16                     14           13           12            11           10               M            M            M
      23                                                17                                  14           13            12           11           10               N            N
      24                                                18                                               14            13           12           11           10               O
      25                                                19                                               15            14           13           12           11           10
      26                                                1A                                               16                         14           13           12           11
      27                                                1B                                               17                                      14           13           12
      28                                                1C                                               18                                                   14           13
      29                                                1D                                               19                                                                14
      30                                                1E                                               1A                                                                15
      31                                                1F                                               1B                                                                16
      32                                                20                                               1C                                                                17
      33                                                21                                               1D                                                                18
      34                                                22                                               1E                                                                19
      35                                                23                                               1F                                                                1A
      36                                                24                                               1G                                                                1B
      37                                                25                                               1H                                                                1C
      38                                                26                                                   1I                                                            1D




File: 49372cf6-4cd1-4e88-a5de-1efb85556602.xlsx                                                                                             Date Printed: 11/19/2011
Sheet: Number Conversion Chart Ch 4                                               Page: 24 of 34                                                     Instructor: Bill Hitchcock

      10           26           27           28           29           30           31           32           33           34           35           36           37            38
Decimal       Base26       Base27       Base28       Base29       Base30       Base31       Base32       Base33       Base34       Base35       Base36       Base37        Base38
          0            0            0            0            0            0            0            0            0            0            0            0            0              0
          1            1            1            1            1            1            1            1            1            1            1            1            1              1
          2            2            2            2            2            2            2            2            2            2            2            2            2              2
          3            3            3            3            3            3            3            3            3            3            3            3            3              3
          4            4            4            4            4            4            4            4            4            4            4            4            4              4
          5            5            5            5            5            5            5            5            5            5            5            5            5              5
          6            6            6            6            6            6            6            6            6            6            6            6            6              6
          7            7            7            7            7            7            7            7            7            7            7            7            7              7
          8            8            8            8            8            8            8            8            8            8            8            8            8              8
          9            9            9            9            9            9            9            9            9            9            9            9            9              9
      10               A            A            A            A            A            A            A            A            A            A            A            A              A
      11               B            B            B            B            B            B            B            B            B            B            B            B              B
      12               C            C            C            C            C            C            C            C            C            C            C            C              C
      13               D            D            D            D            D            D            D            D            D            D            D            D             D
      14               E            E            E            E            E            E            E            E            E            E            E            E              E
      15               F            F            F            F            F            F            F            F            F            F            F            F              F
      16               G            G            G            G            G            G            G            G            G            G            G            G             G
      17               H            H            H            H            H            H            H            H            H            H            H            H             H
      18               I            I            I            I            I            I            I            I            I            I            I             I              I
      19
      20
      21
      22
      23
      24
      25               P
      26           10               Q
      27           11           10               R
      28           12           11           10               S
      29           13           12           11           10               T
      30           14           13           12           11           10               U            U            U            U            U            U            U             U
      31                        14           13           12           11           10               V            V            V            V            V            V              V
      32                                     14           13           12           11           10               W            W            W            W            W             W
      33                                                  14           13           12           11           10               X            X            X            X              X
      34                                                               14           13           12           11           10               Y            Y            Y              Y
      35                                                                            14           13           12           11           10               Z            Z              Z
      36                                                                                         14           13           12           11           10               :)             :)
      37                                                                                                      14           13           12           11           10                :-)
      38                                                                                                                   14           13           12           11            10




File: 49372cf6-4cd1-4e88-a5de-1efb85556602.xlsx                                                                                                     Date Printed: 11/19/2011
Sheet: Linux Commands Ch 8                                        Page: 25 of 34                                              Instructor: Hitchcock

NUM    COMMAND              DESCRIPTION
   1   ls                   list files and folders (directories)
   2   ls -l                "long" list of files and folders
   3   ls -la               "long" list of "ALL" files and folders (e.g. "hidden" files)
   4   mkdir ____           Make a Directory (a new file folder) - replace ___ with a directory name, e.g. mkdir trees
   5   cd ____              Change Directory (to ___ directory) - e.g. cd trees
   6   cd ..                change to the "parent" directory
   7   cd                   change to the default directory (just type in cd) - helps if you get "lost" when changing directories
   8   logout               type this when you want to close the session - don't just click on X to close the dialog window
   9   pico ___             edits a file, e.g. pico index.html
  10   cp oldfile newfile   copy an "oldfile" to a "newfile", e.g. cp index.html backup.html
  11   rm ____              remove a file, e.g. rm junk.htm
  12   rmdir ___            remove directory ___, e.g. rmdir trees will remove the trees folder (note: it must be "empty")
  13   chmod 755 *          changes the "mode" of your file(s) for OGW - Owner, Group, World (0=none, 1=eXecute, 2=Read, 4=Write)
  14   mesg                 lets you know the status of whether you can receive messages or not
  15   mesg y               sets message to "Yes" - you can receive messages
  16   mesg n               sets message to "No" - you won't be bothered by messages
  17   finger ___           get "finger" information about a particular user, e.g. finger wh051423
  18   chfn                 change your "finger" information
  19   write ___            write a message to a user - use <Ctrl><z> to stop




File: 49372cf6-4cd1-4e88-a5de-1efb85556602.xlsx                                                                           Date Printed: 11/19/2011
Sheet: SDLC Ch 12                                                Page: 26 of 34                                                 Instructor: Hitchcock

                                                      System Development Cycle

Num Step                       Description
   1 planning                  review, prioritize, and allocate resources for projects
   2 analysis/design           review current system and plan for changes on new system (interview, survey, flowcharts, etc.)
   3 development               buy or make the computer system
   4 implementation            train users and install system (direct, phased, pilot, parallel conversion)
   5 operation                 run & maintain the system (this is the money maker or cost saver!)

                                                       Program Development Cycle
Num Step                       Description
   1 Analyze Requirements      figure out inputs, outputs, and processes to go from I to O (HIPO chart)
   2 Design Solution           write program flowchart(s)/pseudo-code to identify main modules and logic
   3 Validate Design           test design to make sure you handle all exceptions
   4 Implement Design          write the program(s)
   5 Test Solution             test programs (unit & system tests)
   6 Document Solution         add comments, etc.




File: 49372cf6-4cd1-4e88-a5de-1efb85556602.xlsx                                                                            Date Printed: 11/19/2011
Sheet: BASIC Programming Ch 13                                                      Page: 27 of 34                                                          Instructor: Hitchcock

Num Command               Type      Format                                                           Comment
   1 CLS                  output                                                                     clears the output screen
   2 PRINT                output    PRINT "literals in quotes" , variable ; variable , "literal"     ; = no space , = print zones (5 per line 14 chars each)
   3 LET                  process   LET variable = expression                                        expression can use functions or operators (* / + -)
   4 INPUT                input     INPUT "prompt"; variable                                         ; = ? + 1 space , = no ? No space
   5 END                  process                                                                    last statement in a program
   6 IF THEN ELSE ENDIF   process
   7 FOR NEXT             process   FOR j = start TO end STEP k NEXT j                               loops through statements between FOR & NEXT
   8 GOTO                 process   GOTO label                                                       sends control to a label
   9 PLAY                 process   PLAY "c"                                                         plays a "note"
  10 RANDOMIZE            process   RANDOMIZE number                                                 ensures you have a random set up numbers


     VARIABLES
     variable                       LET my.num = 3.14159                                             numeric (floating point = decimal) variable
     variable$                      LET my.name$ = "Bill"                                            text (string) variable
     variable%                      LET my.int% = 7                                                  integer variable


     FUNCTIONS
     INT( )                         LET some.variable = INT(3.14)                                    Integer function: some.variable = 3
     RND                            LET my.random.num = RND                                          Random number function: returns 0 - .999999
     LCASE$( )                      PRINT LCASE$("Mississippi")                                      Lower Case function: converts string to lower case
     LEFT$( )                       PRINT LEFT$("Mississippi", 4)                                    Left function: strips off X characters from the left




File: 49372cf6-4cd1-4e88-a5de-1efb85556602.xlsx                                                                                                      Date Printed: 11/19/2011
Course: CIT 110 Computing Info Basics             Sheet: Final review                               Date Printed: 11/19/2011

NUM RND             TYPE       CH   ACRONYM          DEFINITION
  19            0.04 Acronym    11 SSH               Secure Shell
  34            0.04 Acronym    13 SQL               Structured Query Language
  63            0.06 Acronym    14 RAID              Redundant Array of Independent Disks
  69            0.07 Acronym    99 DARPA             Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
  41            0.07 Acronym    14 COO               Chief Operating Officer
  72            0.09 Acronym    99 GPA               Grade Point Average
  75            0.09 Acronym    99 Mhz               Mega Hertz
  68            0.10 Acronym    99 CAT-5             Category 5 (wire)
  48            0.10 Acronym    14 CRM               Customer Relationship Management
  76            0.11 Acronym    99 PV                Present Value
   2            0.12 Acronym    10 CIO               Chief Information Officer
  60            0.12 Acronym    14 CMS               Content Management System
   3            0.13 Acronym    10 DBA               Data Base Administrator
  12            0.14 Acronym    10 QBE               Query By Example
  79            0.15 Acronym    99 RTS               Run-Time System
  33            0.17 Acronym    13 OOP               Object Oriented Programming
  25            0.17 Acronym    12 SDC/SDLC          System Development (Life) Cycle
  23            0.21 Acronym    11 CVS               Computer Vision Syndrome
  35            0.22 Acronym    13 HTML              Hyper Text Markup Language
  57            0.22 Acronym    14 MIS               Management Information System(s)
   9            0.23 Acronym    10 MS                Microsoft
  71            0.23 Acronym    99 GBI               Gesture Based Interface
   5            0.25 Acronym    10 DDL               Data Definition Language
   7            0.26 Acronym    10 GIGO              Garbage In Garbage Out
  40            0.26 Acronym    14 CIO               Chief Information Officer
  42            0.27 Acronym    14 IT                Information Technology
  11            0.28 Acronym    10 OODB              Object Oriented Data Base
  59            0.28 Acronym    14 ERP               Enterprise Resource Planning
  30            0.29 Acronym    12 UML               Unified Modeling Language
  27            0.31 Acronym    12 JAD               Joint Application Development
  24            0.33 Acronym    12 IS                Information System
  65            0.36 Acronym    14 SAN               Storage Area Network
  15            0.37 Acronym    11 AUP               Acceptable Use Policy
  70            0.38 Acronym    99 FTC               Federal Trade Commission
  31            0.42 Acronym    12 HIPO              Hierarchical Input Process Output
  53            0.42 Acronym    14 MRP               Materials Resource Planning
  55            0.43 Acronym    14 OIS/OAS           Office Information/Automation System
  52            0.43 Acronym    14 CIM               Computer Integrated Manufacturing
  32            0.46 Acronym    13 RAD               Rapid Application Development
  82            0.46 Acronym    99 TPS               Transaction Processing System
  74            0.47 Acronym    99 IPOS (IPOSC)      Input Process Output Storage (Communication)
  73            0.52 Acronym    99 IP address        Internet Protocol address
  46            0.53 Acronym    14 BI                Business Intelligence
  10            0.54 Acronym    10 OLE               Object Linking & Embedding
  49            0.55 Acronym    14 CAD               Computer Aided Design
  67            0.56 Acronym    99 ASP               Active Server Page



File: 49372cf6-4cd1-4e88-a5de-1efb85556602.xlsx     Page: 28 of 34                                  Instructor: Wm Hitchcock
Course: CIT 110 Computing Info Basics                Sheet: Final review                              Date Printed: 11/19/2011

NUM RND                TYPE           CH   ACRONYM      DEFINITION
  45              0.57 Acronym         14 OLAP          On Line Analytical Processing
  36              0.58 Acronym         13 XML           eXtensible Markup Language
  22              0.58 Acronym         11 RSI           Repetitive Strain Injury
  16              0.58 Acronym         11 PIN           Personal Indentification Number
  13              0.61 Acronym         10 RDBMS         Relational Data Base Management System
   6              0.62 Acronym         10 DML           Data Manipulation Language
  80              0.62 Acronym         99 SEC           Security and Exchange Commission
  17              0.63 Acronym         11 EULA          End User License Agreement
  38              0.64 Acronym         14 CEO           Chief Executive Officer
  26              0.64 Acronym         12 PERT          Program Evaluation & Review Technique
  77              0.64 Acronym         99 ROA           Return on Assets
  62              0.65 Acronym         14 VPN           Virtual Private Network
  18              0.65 Acronym         11 SSL           Secure Sockets Layer
  21              0.65 Acronym         11 UPS           Uninterruptible Power Supply
  56              0.66 Acronym         14 TPS           Transaction Processing System
   8              0.67 Acronym         10 GIS           Geographic Information System
   1              0.68 Acronym         10 CGI           Common Gateway Interface
  54              0.70 Acronym         14 SFA           Sales Force Automation
  29              0.70 Acronym         12 DFD           Data Flow Diagram
  39              0.72 Acronym         14 CFO           Chief Financial Officer
  43              0.72 Acronym         14 POLC          Planning Organizing Leading Controlling
  50              0.73 Acronym         14 CAM           Computer Aided Manufacturing
  47              0.74 Acronym         14 HR/HRM        Human Resources/HR Management
  61              0.75 Acronym         14 B2B           Business to Business
   4              0.75 Acronym         10 DBMS          Data Base Management System
  14              0.79 Acronym         10 SQL           Structured Query Language
  51              0.79 Acronym         14 CAE           Computer Aided Engineering
  81              0.79 Acronym         99 TI            Texas Instruments
  37              0.80 Acronym         13 ANSI          American National Standards Institute
  20              0.86 Acronym         11 SHTTP         Secure HTTP
  64              0.89 Acronym         14 NAS           Network Attached Storage
  28              0.91 Acronym         12 ERD           Entity Relationship Diagram
  44              0.94 Acronym         14 BPM           Business Process Management
  58              0.94 Acronym         14 DSS           Decision Support System
  78              0.97 Acronym         99 ROE           Return on Equity
  66              0.98 Acronym         14 DRP           Disaster Recovery Plan
       Acronym Count             82                                                               5, 6, 7, 8




File: 49372cf6-4cd1-4e88-a5de-1efb85556602.xlsx        Page: 29 of 34                                 Instructor: Wm Hitchcock
Course: CIT 110 Computing Info Basics                    Sheet: Final review   Date Printed: 11/19/2011

NUM RND                TYPE        CH   ACRONYM             DEFINITION
 217              0.01 Company          Compaq
 214              0.09 Company          Apple
 219              0.20 Company          Sun
 209              0.31 Company          Remington Rand
 213              0.36 Company          Microsoft
 215              0.45 Company          Oracle
 208              0.46 Company          IBM
 212              0.60 Company          Intel
 216              0.61 Company          HP
 211              0.77 Company          Honeywell
 218              0.77 Company          Dell
 210              0.96 Company          DEC
 220              0.97 Company          CISCO
       Company Count          13                                                    2




File: 49372cf6-4cd1-4e88-a5de-1efb85556602.xlsx            Page: 30 of 34      Instructor: Wm Hitchcock
Course: CIT 110 Computing Info Basics               Sheet: Final review             Date Printed: 11/19/2011

NUM RND                 TYPE         CH   ACRONYM      DEFINITION
 197                0.09 HTML             p            paragraph
 196                0.11 HTML             body
 195                0.17 HTML             title
 194                0.37 HTML             head
 207                0.37 HTML             br           break
 200                0.42 HTML             ul           unordered list
 204                0.46 HTML             tr           table row
 203                0.53 HTML             table
 205                0.56 HTML             td           table data
 199                0.56 HTML             img          image
 198                0.62 HTML             a            anchor
 193                0.66 HTML             html         Hyper Text Markup Language
 206                0.77 HTML             hr           horizontal row
 201                0.86 HTML             ol           ordered list
 202                0.93 HTML             li           list item
       HTML Count               15                                                       3




File: 49372cf6-4cd1-4e88-a5de-1efb85556602.xlsx       Page: 31 of 34                Instructor: Wm Hitchcock
Course: CIT 110 Computing Info Basics                       Sheet: Final review   Date Printed: 11/19/2011

NUM RND                    TYPE          CH   ACRONYM          DEFINITION
 181                  0.03 People             Shockley         William
 189                  0.04 People             Codd             Edgar F.
 190                  0.05 People             Stoll            Clifford
 174                  0.07 People             Berners-Lee      Tim
 186                  0.09 People             Jobs             Steve
 170                  0.13 People             Hopper           Grace
 188                  0.22 People             Metcalfe         Robert (Bob)
 180                  0.25 People             Brattain         Walter
 192                  0.26 People             Clark            Jim
 167                  0.34 People             Babbage          Charles
 171                  0.35 People             Dijkstra         Edsger
 168                  0.49 People             Byron            Augusta Ada
 185                  0.51 People             Moore            Gordon
 172                  0.53 People             Gates            William (Bill)
 184                  0.55 People             Hoff             Ted
 179                  0.57 People             Bardeen          John
 178                  0.61 People             Berry            Clifford
 187                  0.62 People             Wozniak          Steve
 177                  0.69 People             Atanasoff        John
 173                  0.70 People             Ellison          Larry
 182                  0.72 People             Noyce            Robert
 176                  0.73 People             Zuse             Konrad
 191                  0.75 People             Gosling          James (Jim)
 169                  0.78 People             von Neuman       John
 175                  0.93 People             Torvalds         Linus
 183                  1.00 People             Kilby            Jack
       People Count                 26                                                 4




File: 49372cf6-4cd1-4e88-a5de-1efb85556602.xlsx               Page: 32 of 34      Instructor: Wm Hitchcock
Course: CIT 110 Computing Info Basics                         Sheet: Final review   Date Printed: 11/19/2011

NUM RND             TYPE     CH     ACRONYM                      DEFINITION
 133            0.06 Term     12 outsourcing
  91            0.07 Term     10 field type
 139            0.07 Term     13 source code
 120            0.09 Term     11 antivirus program
 165            0.10 Term     14 web services
 151            0.11 Term     13 macro
 109            0.11 Term         9 peer to peer network
 131            0.14 Term     12 feasibility
 108            0.14 Term         9 client/server
  84            0.16 Term     10 record
 162            0.16 Term     14 portal
 142            0.16 Term     13 interpreter
 114            0.17 Term     11 hacker
 100            0.17 Term     10 form
 155            0.19 Term     13 Structures: sequence
  98            0.20 Term     10 query
 160            0.20 Term     14 enterprise computing
 124            0.22 Term     11 firewall
 157            0.23 Term     13 Structures: loop/iteration
 164            0.27 Term     14 extranet
 113            0.28 Term         9 platform
 121            0.28 Term     11 virus signature
 127            0.31 Term     11 encrypton
 112            0.33 Term         9 bandwidth
 107            0.35 Term         9 communication channel
 149            0.36 Term     13 Language: VB
 122            0.37 Term     11 virus definition (file)
 144            0.38 Term     13 Language: assembly
 119            0.38 Term     11 trusted source
 146            0.40 Term     13 Language: C
 153            0.40 Term     13 counter
  92            0.43 Term     10 data validation
 166            0.43 Term     14 blade server
  88            0.46 Term     10 byte
  96            0.49 Term     10 repository
 130            0.49 Term     12 Gantt chart
  93            0.50 Term     10 front end
 159            0.50 Term     13 bug
 128            0.50 Term     11 ergonomics
 154            0.51 Term     13 accumulator
 104            0.51 Term     10 relationship
  83            0.52 Term     10 file
  99            0.52 Term     10 query language
 138            0.53 Term     13 symbolic language
 106            0.54 Term     10 normalization
  94            0.55 Term     10 back end



File: 49372cf6-4cd1-4e88-a5de-1efb85556602.xlsx                 Page: 33 of 34      Instructor: Wm Hitchcock
Course: CIT 110 Computing Info Basics                             Sheet: Final review      Date Printed: 11/19/2011

NUM RND                  TYPE          CH     ACRONYM                DEFINITION
 137                 0.55 Term          13 machine language
 110                 0.55 Term              9 topology
 123                 0.56 Term          11 DoS attack
 152                 0.56 Term          13 script
 102                 0.57 Term          10 access rights
 150                 0.58 Term          13 Language: PERL
 126                 0.58 Term          11 audit trail
 135                 0.58 Term          13 low level language
 140                 0.58 Term          13 translator
 158                 0.60 Term          13 Structures: Case
  86                 0.60 Term          10 value
  90                 0.61 Term          10 data type
 156                 0.61 Term          13 Structures: decision
 115                 0.62 Term          11 virus
 148                 0.63 Term          13 Language: C++
  85                 0.65 Term          10 field
 105                 0.66 Term          10 object
 141                 0.66 Term          13 compiler
 129                 0.69 Term          12 steering committee
 161                 0.70 Term          14 cloud computing
  95                 0.70 Term          10 data dictionary
 116                 0.72 Term          11 worm
 117                 0.73 Term          11 trojan horse
 125                 0.75 Term          11 honeypot
 134                 0.81 Term          13 pseudo-code
 143                 0.83 Term          13 assembler
 101                 0.85 Term          10 report
  89                 0.88 Term          10 key field
 103                 0.88 Term          10 log
 145                 0.90 Term          13 Language: COBOL
  87                 0.91 Term          10 character
 111                 0.93 Term              9 router
 132                 0.93 Term          12 project dictionary
 147                 0.94 Term          13 Language: Java
 136                 0.95 Term          13 high level language
  97                 0.98 Term          10 meta-data
 118                 1.00 Term          11 backdoor
 163                 1.00 Term          14 data warehouse
       Term Count                 84                                                    9, 10, 11, 12
       Grand Count               220




File: 49372cf6-4cd1-4e88-a5de-1efb85556602.xlsx                     Page: 34 of 34          Instructor: Wm Hitchcock

				
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