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SOUTHWEST INDIAN JEWELRY Turquoise and Silver The core of

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					                                                                             Turquoise and Silver:
                                                                          The core of Southwest jewelry
    SOUTHWEST
      INDIAN
     JEWELRY                                                             •Turquoise has ancient usage
                                                                         •Silver introduced by Europeans



   Turquoise & Silver




 Prehistoric Native American Jewelry                            Prehistoric Jewelry of the Northwest Coast
     Great Lakes and Eastern U.S.
        •Copper
        •Shell                                                 Copper
        •Mica                                                  •Ear ornaments
                                                               •Nose ornaments
                              Copper ear spools from
                              Dickson Mounds, Illinois




                                                                The Copper is an
                              2000-3000 years old
                                                                example of metalwork.

Copper pendants shaped
As bear canine teeth                                                                              Edward Curtis Photograph




                                                                The Navajo were the first to use silver in Southwest
   Prehistoric Jewelry
   Of the Southwest
                                                               Atsidi Sani: the “Old Smith”
                                                               •Bosque Redondo
                                                               •Copper & brass
  Turquoise
                                                               •Iron
  Shell
                                                               •Tokens


                                                               After Bosque Redondo
                                                               •Hubbell at Ganado
                                                               •Mexican platero
                                                               •Coin silver
                                Ancient Pueblo Pendant
                              of shell with turquoise inlay.




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                                                                                                      •Spanish influence
                        Navajo Jewelry                        Navajo Najas and Squash Blossoms
                                                                                                      •Horse tack
Large, natural shaped stones                                                                          •Ancient Moorish symbol

Massive mountings




 Navajo Techniques                                            Navajo Chip Inlay           •Tiny waste flakes of turquoise
                                                                                           and other materials set into epoxy.
   Sandcasting
       Sandstone molds are
       Carved for casting.




The Navajo are also known for:                                                        ZUNI JEWELRY
                          Concha belts                         •First to combine turquoise & silver
                                                               •Small, matched pieces of turquoise
    Ketohs

                                                               Inlay & Channelwork




                                         Shadowbox

                                           Navajo version
                                           of Hopi Overlay.

                                                                                                           Clusterwork




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                                                        The Zuni make the
                                                        small animals for
                                                        the fetish necklaces.



                                 Zuni mosaic inlay on
                                 scallop shell.




                                                                                   HOPI
Å newer style if Zuni Jewelry:
Carved bone sculptures with
inlaid turquoise and coral.
                                                         The Hopi do OVERLAY.

                                                          •Two sheets of silver
                                                           are sandwiched.
                                                          •Top sheet has cut-out
                                                           design.




  Santo Domingo
      •Shellwork
      •Heishi
 Heishi are tiny cylindrical
 shell beads.

      •Nuggets
      •Jocla
 Jocla are turquoise
 nugget ear ornaments
 now worn on necklaces.




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posted:11/18/2011
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