NGO by G0oM6l

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									         NGO


     Non
governmental
 organization
NGO
• A non-governmental organization (NGO) is a legally constituted
  organization created by private organizations or people with no
  participation or representation of any government. In the cases in
  which NGOs are funded totally or partially by governments, the NGO
  maintains its non-governmental status insofar as it excludes
  government representatives from membership in the organization
   – The number of internationally operating NGOs is estimated at
     40,000.[1] National numbers are even higher: Russia has
     277,000 NGOs.[2] India is estimated to have between 1 million
     and 2 million NGOs
               NGO Acronyms 101
•   BINGO is short for business-oriented international NGO, or big international
    NGO;
•   CSO, short for civil society organization;
•   ENGO, short for environmental NGO, such as Global 2000;
•   GONGOs are government-operated NGOs, which may have been set up by
    governments to look like NGOs in order to qualify for outside aid or promote
    the interests of the government in question;
•   INGO stands for international NGO;
•   QUANGOs are quasi-autonomous non-governmental organisations, such
    as the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). (The ISO is
    actually not purely an NGO, since its membership is by nation, and each
    nation is represented by what the ISO Council determines to be the 'most
    broadly representative' standardisation body of a nation. That body might
    itself be a nongovernmental organisation; for example, the United States is
    represented in ISO by the American National Standards Institute, which is
    independent of the federal government. However, other countries can be
    represented by national governmental agencies; this is the trend in Europe.)
•   TANGO, short for technical assistance NGO
What do they do
• Operational
• Advocacy
Location,
• 200
  Countries
        A world of trouble…
                              Balkans
                              >Bosnia
                              >Kosovo
                              >Macedonia

• Natural
  Disasters                        Afghan

• Wars
• Internation
  al Payback


                Honduras
                           Mozambique
International Donors
• World Bank
  – IFC
• USAID
• Friendly
  Governments
• Unfriendly
  Governments
Contractors
Operatives

          DART         LAMP

  START
                 HDP          RAMP



 MCP                          SMART
                 KBS
NGO Food Business
•   Disaster/Humanitarian Relief
•   Program Monetization
•   Further Processing
•   In-country sourcing
The Land of Opportunity
• 1989 –
  Uzbekistan trade
• 2000- Northern
  Alliance/Taliban
  Alliance
• 2001 – Non
                     Founded in between meetings of
  Governmental       the R & DA in Richmond, Virginia,
                     Winter 2001
  Organization
The Road to Lashgar Gah?
• 1980- Irrigation
  Development
• 1990 – Produces
  90% of World’s
  Opium Poppy
• 2001 – CADG HQ
• 2007 – Outside of
  govt. control

>80,000 population
>No running water, electricity
>3 Mercedes Benz
Dealerships                      Hellmand
                                 River
CADG
• Kabul
• Kandahar
• Lashgar Gah
On the front lines.
BBC- “The only thing
 standing between the
 Taliban Opium Empire
 and Afghanistan is
 CADG.”
Governor of Hellmand
 Province – CADG is the
 only organization that is
 helping
CBC-
Situation
• $12 Billion opium poppy production
  – $75 million to Afghan farmers.
• Region run by tribal lords
• 200 km to Pakistani border
Challenges:
  – Demonstrate successful agricultural production to
    encourage farmers to convert to long term, legal
    businesses.
     • Pomegranates
     • Shindokhani Grapes
• Keeping
  a low
  profile
Shindokhani Raisins
• Shade dried/green
• Medicinal in India
• 6 x value of world
  traded dried fruits
Kischmish Khana




  Before          After
  4 mt per year   32 mt per year
  1 cycle         4 cycles
Pomegranates
•   No refrigeration
•   No sorting
•   No grading
•   No market
•   No juice plant
•   No money
    80 percent of the Afghan pomegranate crop is wasted.
Pomegranates
• Endemic
  product
• World’s finest
• World demand
• Market
  impossible
• No by products
Iranian Technology




             $700 of materials sourced locally
Success/Failure

 • 4,000 mt to Dubai, Malaysia
 • New juice plant in the works




                         Kandahar’s major pomegranate
                         Growing region was destroyed in
                         battle May 2008.
Security




  Country’s growth business.
Secure




         Window or snipers…
Watch the locals
Pertinence
• In the field
• Outside the base
Respect
Survival
•   Go Toyota!
•   No Rambo toys
•   No convoys
•   Watch the beggars
•   No schedule
•   Help them make
    money

								
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