Erik Erikson (1902-1994) - PowerPoint by HC111118024645

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									Erik Erikson (1902-1994)

"The personality is engaged
  with the hazards of
  existence continuously,
  even as the body's
  metabolism copes with
Psychosocial Stages of
• Psychosocial: the environment the
  child is in interacts with the child's
  heredity. More than just sexuality is
  involved. Development addresses all
  the areas of one's life.
Each stages is characterized by:
• A crisis taking the form of a dilemma (ex:
  trust vs. mistrust)
• Though one part of the dilemma sounds
  negative (ex: mistrust), it is important and
  needs to be integrated.
• For example, one would not want a child
  to approach life with a totally trustful
  attitude. A child needs to have enough
  savvy to know some things can't be
  trusted, and enough positive experiences
  to have a "basic trust", the resulting virtue
  or strength is hope.
 Erikson's stages
In the attached table you will find:
• The 8 stages (+Freudian equivalents)
• The dilemmas
• The social radius (who do people connect to at
   each stage)
• The dominant ways to relate for each stage
• The virtues/ego strengths that can emerge
• The positive social patterns that develop
• The negative unbalances that can develop
For each stage
Look at how these elements are connected.
  Create examples for each stage.
• How does a particular dilemma resolve
  itself into the development of a given
• How can a given positive social pattern
  develop (ritualization)?
• How can some things go astray?
Our sense of identity
• Develops progressively through the
  stages, all through our life time.
    Facets of identity
•   Spiritual/religious identity
•   Cultural/ethnic identity
•   Gender identity
•   Professional identity
•   Social identity
•   Etc…
Developmental Themes
• The dilemmas that Erikson proposes for
  the developmental stages are truly themes
  we wrestle with all through life, they just
  get more salient at some times.
• For example: though most of you are
  theoretically in the intimacy vs. isolation
  stage, issues of hope, will, or purpose are
  still important.
Eriksonian Virtues and
• In the slides that follow, Erikson's
  definition of a virtue is given (from Insight
  and Responsibility (1964) --New York:
  Norton pp 118-134).
• Some scriptural considerations follow.
• What connections do you see between
  psychological themes and virtues as
  Erikson sees them, and one's spiritual
  development as a Christian?
What themes are salient for
• This link leads you to a set of
  questions about each developmental
• Answer the questions, and score
  them according to the instructions.
• What are the two most salient
  themes for you at this time?
About hope
• HOPE is the enduring belief in the
  attainability of fervent wishes, in spite of
  the dark urges and rages which mark the
  beginning of existence.
• Compare Erikson's definition of hope with
  the definition of faith found in Hebrews 11.
  What dynamics are the same? Of course
  Hebrew 11 is talking about humans in
  general, not little children, but before God
  we are are small children, aren't we? And
  could some of the foundations of our adult
  faith be rooted in some of our experiences
  as little children?
About will
• WILL is the unbroken determination to
  exercise free choice as well as self-
  restraint, in spite of the unavoidable
  experience of shame and doubt in infancy
• What is the positive value of shame?
  (granted of course that we should not
  build our all identity on it) Consider
  Jeremiah 6:15 (read around it for context).
  What are the people lacking, and how
  does that get them in trouble?
About purpose
• PURPOSE is the courage to envisage and
  pursue valued goals uninhibited by the
  defeat of infantile fantasies, by guilt, and
  by the foiling fear of punishment.
• Guilt is defined in Erikson's theory as "the
  capacity for self-condemnation". It implies
  both cognitive reflective ability, and also
  the ego strength to be able to tolerate that
  inner disapproval. True guilt is healthy.
• Read Psalm 51 and reflect how the guilt
  experienced by the psalmist can be an
  asset to his relationship with God.
About competence
• COMPETENCE is the free exercise of
  dexterity and intelligence in the
  completion of tasks, unimpaired by
  infantile inferiority.
• A good example of competence and the
  obstacles to it can be found in the parable
  of the Talents MT 25:14-28
About fidelity
• FIDELITY is the ability to sustain
  loyalties freely pledged in spite of the
  inevitable contradictions of value
• Perhaps one of the most lovely
  examples of fidelity is the whole
  story of Ruth (Book of Ruth, entire
  book --promise Ruth 1:16-18
About love
• LOVE is mutuality of devotion
  forever subduing the antagonisms
  inherent in divided function.
• Read Paul's definition of love in ICor
About care
• CARE is the widening concern for what
  has been generated by love, necessity or
  accident; it overcomes the ambivalence
  adhering to irreversible obligation.
• A widening concern: we are to care not
  just for our family, or for those who love
  us, but for all --as all become our
  neigbors. Look for example at the parable
  of the Good Samaritan (Luke 10:30-37)
About wisdom
• WISDOM is detached concern with life
  itself, in the face of death itself.
• This sort of way to look at life in the
  perspective of something greater than us
  can be found in Proverbs 1:1-7 (and in the
  rest of the book). Though, for a look at life
  in the face of death, go to Ecclesiastes --
  which is NOT a sad and depressed book…
  only a wise one, full of paradoxes.
The End

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