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Edgar Allen Poe TeacherWeb


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									               Edgar Allen Poe
 "The boundaries which divide
 Life from Death are at best
shadowy and vague. Who shall
 say where the one ends and
  where the other begins?"
(from The Premature Burial, 1844)

                      Edgar Allen Poe
  Parents died shortly after he was born leaving him in the care of a
Richmond merchant, John Allen, whose surname he would later take as his
middle name
  His brother, William, died at a young age
  His sister, Rosalie, went insane later in life
 Attended the University of Virginia, but was kicked out for not paying his
gambling debts leading to John Allen disowning him

                                 Engaged to Elmira Royster in 1826 which
                                was later broken up by her parents
                                  Joined the U.S. Army under the surname
                                Edgar A. Perry
                                  Entered West Point, but was dishonorably
                                discharged for intentional neglect of his duties
                     Edgar Allen Poe
                       Moved to Baltimore to live with his father’s sister
                       Married his 13-year-old cousin, Virginia Clemm, who
                     bust a blood vessel and remained a virtual invalid until
                     her death from tuberculosis at age 24
                       Began a turbulent battle with drugs and alcohol and
                     had several affairs

  Engaged to Elmira Royster again in 1849
  Suffered from bouts of depression and madness and
attempted suicide in 1848
  The following year he disappeared for three days
after a drink at a birthday party, turned up in delirious
condition in a gutter, and died
                     Edgar Allen Poe
                         Lived in England and attended Manor School which
                       he later used as the setting for “William Wilson”
                         He was sent to Sullivan's Island, South Carolina,
                       which provided settings for 'The Gold Bug' (1843)
                       and 'The Balloon Hoax' (1844)

  Tamerlane and Other Poems (1827), which Poe
published at his own expense, sold poorly, but has
since become one of the rarest volumes in American
literary history
 Started his career as a staff member of various
magazines, among others the Southern Literary
  During these years he wrote some of his best-
known stories. Southern Literary Messenger he had
to leave partly due to his alcoholism
                          Edgar Allen Poe
  First collection, Tales of the Grotesque and Arabesque, contained
one of his most famous work, “The Fall of the House of Usher”
  In Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym, Poe's longest tale, the secret
theme is the terror of whiteness
  The dark poem of lost love, “The Raven,” brought Poe national fame
 Thomas M. Disch has argued that it was actually Poe who was the
originator of the modern science fiction

                            In his supernatural fiction, Poe usually dealt with paranoia rooted in
                          personal psychology, physical or mental enfeeblement, obsessions,
                          the damnation of death, feverish fantasies, the cosmos as source of
                          horror and inspiration, without bothering himself with such supernatural
                          beings as ghosts, werewolves, vampires, and so on
                             One of the most prolific literary journalists in American history, one
                          whose extensive body of reviews and criticism has yet to be collected

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