Missouri Career Guide

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					Missouri Career Guide
Drafting Your Plan of Action
Making an Action Plan
If you are in school, visit with your school counselor
or advisor to review your personal plan of study.
High school students should be sure to take the




follow through with your goals.
If you are out of high school and need some


toward your goals. Remember, begin with the end
in mind.

Guiding Questions
Will you or did you graduate from high school?
   ‰ yes
   ‰ no                                      see page 16
What are your plans for the future?
   ‰ job                                     see page 36
   ‰ military
   ‰ apprenticeship
   ‰ technical school                  see pages 28–35
   ‰ community college
   ‰ four-year college
What is your Career Cluster of interest?
  ______________________________________
   ‰ undecided                             see pages 6–9
Are you presently seeking a job?
   ‰ yes                                see pages 17–21
   ‰ no
Do you have a budget that works for you?
   ‰ yes
   ‰ no                                see pages 22–23
Drafting Your Plan of Action

Long–Term Goal
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
_______________________________________




What will help me get there?
Short�Term Goal 1
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
_______________________________________

Short�Term Goal 2
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
_______________________________________

Short�Term Goal 3
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
_______________________________________



What do I need to do?
Action Step 1
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
_______________________________________

Action Step 2
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
_______________________________________

Action Step 3
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
Create a Plan and Stick to It
                                                             Get Organized.
                                                             Create a space for papers and materials related to your
                      Assess                                 career goals and education, and keep things in order.
                                                             This space could be a box, a drawer or a desk. If you are
                                                             taking classes, keep your folders and notebooks tidy and

Explore                                       Act            in order, and have a separate space for papers related to
                                                             your program of study. A little time invested in keeping
                                                             your materials tidy and organized can prevent unneces-

                       Decide
                                                             sary stress and keep you from getting discouraged.

                                                             Be Prepared for Setbacks.
                                                             Every plan comes with its challenges. A job may involve
                                                             things that you didn’t expect. Classes may may be
Armed with information about career, educational             harder than you expected. When you start something
and training resources in your region, you can begin to      new, find out who you can go to if you need help, and
develop your career and educational plan. As you make        don’t be afraid to ask for help.
plans, it is important to keep them flexible. Be ready
                                                             Celebrate Your Successes.
to take advantage of new opportunities, and don’t let
unexpected challenges derail your goals.                     Take time to recognize and celebrate your
                                                             accomplishments as you move toward your career goals.
These tips may help you create a plan and follow             Motivate yourself with rewards. A healthy pride in your
through to success:                                          accomplishments can lift you through difficult times.
Use the Career Development Process.                          Make a To-Do List.
Many counselors recommend a simple process for               Using a to-do list can help you prioritize the things you
career planning that involves a cycle of actions: assess,    need to do for the day or for the week, and it can give
explore, decide and act. Start by assessing yourself,        you a greater sense of accomplishment as you work
what direction you would like to take your career, your      toward your goals. If you have a large project to do,
interests, your strengths. Next, explore different careers   break it down into individual tasks. Not only can this
and educational or training programs available. Decide       keep a longer project from becoming overwhelming,
on a plan of action, and put it to work. Keep your plan      but it can also help guarantee that you do not forget an
on hand so that you can remember what you decided to         important step.
do and how the different pieces fit together. Once you
have taken action on the plan, the cycle continues as you    Make Time to Relax.
assess what you have done and continue the process.          Always allow some time for relaxation. Often, the
                                                             greatest inspirations can come during relaxation
Make a Schedule.                                             activities. Find activities that help you relax and make
Develop a daily or weekly schedule for yourself, and         them a part of your routine. Everyone needs time to
do your best to stick to it. You can always adjust your      recharge their batteries. Whether it’s reading a book,
schedule if it seems unrealistic or too rigid, but routine   playing a sport, going for a walk or catching your
activities are a key to success. If you spend your money     favorite team on television, allowing time for your
without planning a budget and making notes in a              favorite things can prevent you from getting run down
checkbook register, you can develop big problems very        while you work toward your career goals.
fast. Your time is at least as important as your money.
Budget your time with a daily or weekly routine.
                                                            I N t r o Introduction
                                                                     duct I
                                                                                 oN

 From Governor Jay Nixon
 Welcome to the Missouri Career Guide.
 As governor, my top priority is creating new jobs for
 citizens in communities across Missouri, and making sure
 that our citizens are well–prepared to fill these jobs.
 Whether you will soon be graduating from high school,
 earning your high school equivalency certificate or
 working toward an advanced degree, the information
 in this guide can help you hone your plans and find
 Missouri resources to help make your plans a reality.
 The path to successful careers is paved with a good
 education. My vision is a healthy, educated, working
 Missouri that is prepared to compete and succeed in the
 21st Century. Now more than ever, it is important for all
 Missourians to possess the academic, technical, and soft
 skills necessary to succeed. As technology advances and
 global competition increases, our challenge is to prepare
 Missourians for the careers of the future – and, in many
 cases, careers which don’t yet exist. Those careers,
 however, certainly require a higher level of knowledge
 and skills for virtually every occupation, along with
                                                                  table of contents
 stronger preparation in reading, math and science.
                                                                  Introduction ............................................................................ 1
 This guide was developed through a partnership of state          Career Options and Exploration ............................................ 2–3
 agencies to help Missourians of all ages, genders, and           Missouri’s Top 50 Jobs ............................................................... 4
 backgrounds create personal career plans that lead to            Roads to Success ...................................................................... 5
 fulfillment and success.                                         Career Clusters and Career Interest Survey ........................... 6–9
                                                                  Competencies for Success ....................................................... 10
 I hope this guide offers you a first step in making your
                                                                  Nontraditional Careers ........................................................... 11
 career and personal dreams a reality.
                                                                  Planning: High School, College or Adult ............................. 12–16
 Sincerely,                                                       Job Seeking Tips and Guidance ........................................... 17–21
                                                                  Wage Calculator and Budgeting ....................................... 22–23
                                                                  Green Careers in Missouri ................................................. 24–27
                                                                  Find Career and Education Services .................................. 28–29
                                                                  Career Resources .............................................................. 30–36




 brought to you by




www.workforce.mo.gov   www.missourieconomy.org   www.dhe.mo.gov   www.dese.mo.gov                       www.mcce.org                   www.mochamber.org
carEEr
 opt I oNS
                                Start with the End in Mind
                                                 coursework and training                           Many of the programs in these
                                                   through high school and                         schools can help establish an
                                                    beyond, should align with                      outstanding foundation in your
                                                    your career plans.                             Career Cluster of interest. It’s
                                                                                                   important to recognize that many
                                                    The next dot is education
                                                                                                   entry–level technical jobs require
                                                  and training. The fact is, the
                                                                                                   the same skill level in English, math
                                               number of jobs that require only
                                                                                                   and science as a four–year college.
                                               a high school diploma and pay a
                                              family–supporting wage shrinks                       Within any Career Cluster, there are
                                             every year. An increasing number                      several options, including a four–
                                              of jobs require a four–year degree,                  year college, community college,
                                               but there are also many good                        apprenticeships, the military and
                                               opportunities for those who                         on–the job training. Follow the
                                              learn technical skills through                       model inside the front cover for
                                             community colleges, the military                      your career: explore, decide, plan,
    Life, it’s all about
                                            and apprenticeships.                                   prepare. By making plans now,
    you: Your personality,
                                                                                                   exploring your career options
    your needs, your abilities, your        There are area career centers,
                                                                                                   through career organizations and
    relationships and your interests. So    professional and technical
                                                                                                   the Internet, and connecting your
    how do you land the dream job that      schools, two–year colleges,
                                                                                                   education and training with a
    matches you?                            four–year colleges and vocational
                                                                                                   career goal, you can get on a path
                                            rehabilitation centers in every
    Before you can connect the dots,                                                               to success.
                                            region of the state (pages 28–35).
    you have to know what the dots are.
    The first one is you. Take the time
    for an interest survey. What do you
                                                                   Education pays in Missouri
    like? What are you good at? Write                   Unemployment                      Educational                 Median Earnings in
    down your feelings about different                     Rates, 2009                    Attainment                  the Last 12 Months
    jobs. You might be surprised what
    you learn about yourself.                 17%                                 Less than high school graduate                $18,519
    If you aren’t sure what direction                       9.5%                   High school graduate or GED        $25,838
    may be best for you, or if you just
    want to make sure you are on the                         7.6%                Some college or Associate Degree     $31,181
    right path, an excellent career
    interest survey is included in this                         3.4%                Bachelor’s Degree or higher       $46,055
    career guide (pages 7–9). Keep in
    mind, there are many more career            THE ROAD TO RICHES IS PAVED BY EDUCATION — The more education you have, the more
    interest surveys available to help          money you are likely to make and the less likely you are to be unemployed, or so the
    you find the right career for you.          data suggest. In 2009, Missouri workers age 25 to 64 with a high school diploma earned
                                                an average of $25,838 per year, while those with a bachelor’s degree earned an average
    Talk to a guidance counselor or visit       of $42,305 per year and those with a graduate or professional degree earned an annual
    the Missouri Career Center nearest          average of $52,551. Unemployment was nearly twice as high for Missourians who did not
    to you for help exploring careers.          complete high school than for those with a high school diploma or GED® credential.
    Make sure that your plans on paper              Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey (2009)
    match the vision in your mind. Your               Note: Earnings represented in 2009 inflation–adjusted dollars
      personal plan of study, outlining
2
                                                                                                            Missouri Career Guide—2011
                              Explor
                                     I NG car
                                              EErS
career Exploration options
Our world is changing faster than
ever before. New technologies are                                           What’s a Week Worth?
affecting every aspect of our lives—
how we work, how we learn, how we                   $1000                                                           $1050
communicate, and how we spend our                                                                                                   €
                                                                                                                                    €‚
                                                                                                                                     ‚
spare time. With all these changes                    $800                                              $881
come new opportunities in education                                                                                                $734
                                                      $600                                                                          Meeting
and the world of work. You have                                                            $650                                     the Basic
hundreds of choices available to you,                                          $538                                                 Needs of a
so it is important to spend some time                 $400                                                                          Family of
                                                                  $386                                                              Four
investigating the different options.
                                                      $200
Helpful tools for identifying areas of
career interests within the 16 Career                    $0
                                                                High school High school  Some      Bachelor’s Graduate or          Average
Clusters are the interest survey                                 dropout graduate, college or       Degree Professional
found in this guide (pages 7–9) and                                         no college Associate’s              Degree             Weekly
                                                                                        Degree                                     Earnings
the online career interest survey in
the Missouri Connections website at
www.missouriconnections.org.                           PLANNING FOR THE FUTURE. You need to think about what you expect your life to be like
                                                in 10 to 15 years. Does your chosen career path and potential job prospects match those
In addition, the Holland types                  expectations? Many young people expect to get married and raise their own family. When
provide a means of determining                  you think about your future career, think about the life that you want to go along with it
which careers may best fit you. The             and whether your career plans will match your expected financial needs and desires. Dig
                                                into the data. What do you expect as a starting job when you finish your education, and
Holland types classify occupations
                                                where do you hope to wind up in your career?
into six major groups: realistic
                                                The data for the needs of a family of four comes from MERIC’s Self–Sufficiency data for Moniteau
(adventuring/producing), artistic               County, a median county for the state of Missouri in 2009. Weekly income data is based on annual
(creative), enterprising (influencing),         income divided into 12 four–week months.
investigative (analytic), social (helping)        Sources: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey (2009)
and conventional (organizing).                              and Missouri Department of Economic Development (2009)
According to this model, if you share
a lot of interests with people in an
occupation, you would probably prefer that occupation.                  For Missouri career profiles, career grades, top
The Holland types are adapted from the Self–Directed                    employing occupations and highest and lowest paying
Search by John L. Holland, Ph.D.                                        occupations, visit the Missouri Economic Research and
Once you have begun to identify the career fields                       Information Center at www.missourieconomy.org.
of interest to you, it is helpful to research careers.                  Another valuable website to find state and national
Questions you might want to think about while                           occupational information including profiles and wages,
exploring careers include:                                              industry information, and state information can be
                                                                        found at www.acinet.org.
   „„What do people do in this career?
   „„In what type of environment do people                                 O*NET, the Occupational Information Network, is an
     in this career work?                                                  online database at online.onetcenter.org that contains
   „„What kind and how much training is                                    information about knowledge, skills, and abilities;
     needed to enter this career?                                          interests; general work activities; and work content.
   „„What are the opportunities in this career?                            O*NET also shows related occupations, educational
                                                                           requirements, and labor market information.
                                                                                                                                                   3
Missouri Career Guide—2011
M I S S o u r I’ S
 top 50 JobS
                                                                  Missouri’s top 50 Jobs
    Careers in Missouri with the most job openings between 2008–2018. For a complete listing of occupations, wages,
    and skills information, visit the MERIC website at www.missourieconomy.org/occupations/outlook2018.stm

                                                              average                                                                                  average
                                                              annual                                                                                   annual
    occupation                                     openings    Wage      Education   occupation                                        openings         Wage        Education

    Architecture & Construction                                                      Government & Public Administration
    Cost Estimators                                  1,655    $57,688      ìB        Compliance Officers, Except Agriculture,            1,573          $50,250            +
                                                                                     Construction, Health & Safety & Transportation
    Electrical Power–Line Installers & Repairers     1,517    $53,746         +
                                                                                     Health Science
    Civil Engineers                                  1,370    $75,812      ìB        Registered Nurses                                  21,029          $56,667         ìA
    Business Management & Administration                                             Licensed Practical & Licensed Vocational Nurses     7,815          $34,178          2
    Accountants & Auditors                           7,184    $58,199      ìB        Dental Assistants                                   2,019          $33,100
    First Line Supervisors, Office Managers &        5,946    $47,297       D
    Administrative Support Workers                                                   Pharmacists                                         1,997          $106,242        ìP
    Business Operations Specialists, All Other       3,683    $60,872      ìB        Physicians & Surgeons, All Other                    1,358          $156,266        ìP
    Sales Representatives, Services, All Other       3,200    $56,813       D        Physical Therapists                                 1,333          $62,215         ìP
    Public Relations Specialists                     2,667    $51,774      ìB        Radiologic Technologists & Technicians              1,283          $47,955         ìA
    Training & Development Specialists               2,034    $49,533      +         Family & General Practitioners                      1,255          $150,983        ìP
    Managers, All Other                              1,957    $89,706       D        Hospitality & Tourism
    Employment, Recruitment & Placement              1,445    $46,262      ìB        Self–Enrichment Education Teachers                  1,966          $35,417          D
    Specialists
                                                                                     Human Service
    Human Resources, Training & Labor                1,311    $55,967      ìB        Clergy                                              3,256          $43,945      „ M
                                                                                                                                                                      ì
    Relations Specialists, All Other
    Medical & Health Services Managers               1,307    $76,512      +         Child, Family & School Social Workers               1,902          $33,277       ìB
    Sales Managers                                   1,267    $110,584     +         Information Technology

    Compensation, Benefits & Job Analysis            1,057    $51,012      ìB        Computer Systems Analysts                           2,761          $72,018         ìB
    Specialists                                                                      Network Systems & Data Communications               2,510          $74,788         ìB
    Education & Training                                                             Analysts
    Elementary School Teachers, Except Special      10,341    $43,715      ìB        Network & Computer Systems Administrators           2,393          $63,197         ìB
    Education                                                                        Computer Software Engineers, Applications           1,905          $76,059         ìB
    Secondary School Teachers, Except Special &      7,972    $42,765      ìB
    Career Education                                                                 Computer Specialists, All Other                     1,176          $74,506         ìA
    Middle School Teachers, Except Special &         4,700    $43,418      ìB        Law, Public Safety, Corrections & Security
    Career Education                                                                 Police & Sheriff’s Patrol Officers                  3,890          $41,148            +
    Special Education Teachers, Preschool,           2,666    $45,162      ìB        Fire Fighters                                       2,685          $43,777
    Kindergarten & Elementary School                                                                                                                                       +
    Health Specialties Teachers, Postsecondary       1,837    $105,867   „ D
                                                                          ì          Emergency Medical Technicians & Paramedics          2,426          $33,392          2
    Special Education Teachers, Secondary            1,806    $47,477     ìB         Manufacturing
    Education Administrators, Elementary &           1,738    $76,743     +          Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail &
                                                                                     Farm Products
                                                                                                                                         1,829          $52,686            +
    Secondary
    Education, Career Education & School             1,709    $46,153    „ M
                                                                          ì          Marketing
    Counselors                                                                       Market Research Analysts                            1,675          $61,898         ìB
    Finance                                                                          Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics
    Insurance Sales Agents                           5,859    $54,165      ìB        Industrial Engineers                         1,136                 $71,352         ìB
    Claims Adjusters, Examiners & Investigators      2,248    $55,253         +
    Securities, Commodities & Financial Services     2,041    $86,505                  Long–term on–the–job–training
                                                                                       +                                                         „
                                                                                                                                                 ìA   Associate degree
                                                                           ìB
    Sales Agents                                                                     D Work experience in a related occupation                   ì
                                                                                                                                                 „B   Bachelor’s degree
    Personal Finance Advisors                        1,241    $91,284      ìB        2 Postsecondary vocational award                            „M
                                                                                                                                                 ì    Master’s degree
                                                                                     + Bachelor’s or higher, plus work experience                „
                                                                                                                                                 ìD   Doctoral degree
                                                                                                                                                 ìP   First professional degree




4
                                                                                                                                 Missouri Career Guide—2011
                                               r oa dS
                                                       to Su
                                                             ccE S
                                                                   S
Many roads to Success
Many opportunities are open to you to pursue your
career goals in Missouri. All manner of jobs are available,
across different career fields and with different
educational or training requirements. In Missouri, a
number of services are available to help you develop and
pursue your career goals.
The Career Clusters framework offers a valuable
perspective on the various career fields available. The
framework divides the full range of occupations into 16
distinct career clusters. This provides a powerful way to
explore different careers and see the career connections
between different occupations in a cluster. Also, within the
clusters are pathways of more closely related occupations.
By recognizing the connections among different
occupations and career fields, a person can plan education
and training that leads to the occupations that interest and
suit them the most. It is also important to recognize the
educational and training requirements of a job.



                   Missouri’s Hot Jobs
      For every 40 projected                                                    Missourians may use the MERIC website at
                                                        22 require a high       www.missourieconomy.org or Missouri Connections at
      openings among                                    school diploma and
      Missouri’s                                                                www.missouriconnections.org to explore jobs or they
      hottest             €€
                          €€                            on–the–job training.
                                                                                may visit the Missouri Career Center in their area for
      jobs ...
                          €€€
                         €€€
                         €€€€                                                   help with career exploration and planning.
                                                                                While a four–year degree offers a solid career
   10 require a
                          €€
                         €€€
                         €€€                                                    foundation for many people, there are many jobs in the
                                                                                skilled trades and other areas that require career and
   bachelor’s degree.
                                                                                technical training. Apprenticeships, technical schools,
                                                                                community colleges, and the military all provide an
     €€ €€
     €
    €€ €€€€                                                                     excellent foundation for a career.

    €€
     €
    €€                                                  6 require technical
                                                                                The military can provide a highly valuable, real–world,
                                                                                hands–on training and instruction in careers ranging
                                                        training and/or an
                                                        associate degree.       from computer programming to pharmacology. Joining
       €
       €€  3 require a master’s
           degree or higher.
                                                                                the military may also provide travel opportunities and
                                                                                international experience. For more information about
                                                                                military service, visit www.todaysmilitary.com.
   THERE ARE MANY GREAT JOBS TO BE HAD IN MISSOURI. Missouri offers
   its residents a wide variety of excellent jobs. Among the best jobs in the
   state (those with the best balance of high wages or salary and plentiful
   openings), projected openings for the coming years are spread across
   career fields and educational requirements.
     Source: Missouri Economic Research and Information Center (2010)
                                                                                                                                          5
Missouri Career Guide—2011
  carEEr
      cluSt ErS
   Hospitality & tourism
   Restaurants, Food & Beverage Services
   Recreation, Amusement & Attractions
                                                                                                                                                                                       Finance
             Travel & Tourism                                                                                                                                                          Securities &
                                                                                                                                                                                       Investments
                  Lodging                Government & public
                                                 administration                                                                                                                      Business Finance
                                                                                                 agriculture, Food                                                                   Banking Services
                                        Public Management & Administration
 Education & training                                                                           & Natural resources                                                                      Insurance
                                                    Governance                                                                                                                          Accounting
                                                 National Security                                     Agribusiness Systems
Administration & Administrative Support
                                                  Foreign Service                                         Animal Systems
    Professional Support Services
                                                     Planning                                   Food Products & Processing Systems
          Teaching & Training
                                                                                                      Natural Resources and                                business Management
                                                Revenue & Taxation
                                                                                                  Environmental Service Systems                             & administration
                                                    Regulation
                                                                                                        Power, Structural &                                        General Management
                                                                                                         Technical Systems
                                                                                                                                                             Human Resources Management
              Human Services                                                                               Plant Systems
                                                                                                                                                            Business Information Management
        Early Childhood Development & Services       law, public Safety,
                                                                                                                                                                  Administrative Support
          Counseling & Mental Health Services       corrections & Security
                                                                                                                                                                 Operations Management
              Family & Community Services                    Correction Services
                  Personal Care Services            Emergency & Fire Management Services
                   Consumer Services                                                                                                     Marketing
                                                        Security & Protective Services
                                                                                                        Nature
                                                                                                                                                                 Information technology
                                                         Law Enforcement Services                       path                          Marketing Management
                                                                Legal Services           Helping                                         Professional Sales                Network Systems
                                                                                         path                       busine                Merchandising              Web & Digital Communications
                                                                                                                          ss
      transportation,                                                                                                path               Marketing Research       Programming & Software Development
  distribution & logistics                                                                                                           Marketing Communications        Information Support & Services
                                                                                    buildin
           Transportation Operations                                                        g
                                                  Science, technology,              & Fixin
 Logistics, Planning & Management Services                                                 g                     creativ
                                                     Engineering &                   path                               e
          Warehousing & Distribution
                                                      Mathematics                                                 path
               Center Operations                                                                  Health
  Facility & Mobile Equipment Maintenance           Engineering & Technology                      path
   Transportation Systems & Infrastructure               Science & Math
     Planning, Management & Regulation
    Health, Safety & Environmental Mgmt.
                Sales & Services
                                 architecture &
                                  construction
                                  Design & Pre–Construction
                                                                                                                                                                arts, a/V technology
                                         Construction
                                                                                                                                                                 & communications
                                  Maintenance & Operations
        Manufacturing                                                                                                                                            Audio & Video Technology & Film
                Production                                                                                                                                         Journalism & Broadcasting
                                                                               Health Science                                                                          Printing Technology
        Manufacturing Production
          Process Development                                          Biotechnology Research & Development                                                           Telecommunications
Health, Safety & Environmental Assurance                                        Therapeutic Services                                                                     Performing Arts
            Quality Assurance                                                    Diagnostic Services                                                                        Visual Arts
   Maintenance, Installation & Repair                                            Health Informatics
      Logistics & Inventory Control                                               Support Services




          about the career clusters
          The 16 Career Clusters is an organizing framework                                            The clusters provide depth to Missouri’s six Career
          for careers based on common knowledge and skills.                                            Paths, which have been used by educators for years
          The clusters assist students and educators in tailoring                                      with younger students, and the clusters further narrow
          coursework and experiences that will best prepare them                                       with pathways that describe a more specific collection
          for success in their chosen career areas                                                     of careers.

    6
                                                                                                                                                Missouri Career Guide—2011
                                                                        carEE
                                                                  I NtErE S     r
                                                                            t SurVE
                                                                                    y
career clusters
                                                                                                     arts, a/V technology and communications
                                                                                                   Activities that              Personal qualities                  Subjects
                                                                                                    I like to do:               that describe me:                  that I like:


Interest Survey
                                                                                            „   Use my imagination         „   Creative and               „   Art / Graphic Design
                                                                                                to communicate new             imaginative                „   Music
                                                                                                information to others      „   Good communicator /        „   Speech and Drama
                                                                                            „   Perform in front of            good vocabulary
                                                                                                others                                                    „   Journalism / Literature
                                                                                                                           „   Curious about new
                                                                                            „   Read and write                 technology                 „   Audio–Visual
                                                                                                                                                              Technologies
        This interest survey is designed to help you                                        „   Play a musical             „   Relate well to feelings
                                                                                                instrument                     and thoughts of others
        identify the career clusters that best match                                        „   Perform creative,          „   Determined / tenacious
        you. Circle each item that matches your                                                 artistic activities
        personality. Write the number in the white                                          „   Use video and
                                                                                                recording technology
        box at the bottom and find your top three
                                                                                            „   Design brochures and
        career clusters.                                                                        posters



            agriculture, Food and Natural resources                                                   business Management and administration
       Activities that              Personal qualities                 Subjects                    Activities that              Personal qualities                  Subjects
        I like to do:               that describe me:                 that I like:                  I like to do:               that describe me:                  that I like:
„   Learn how things grow      „   Self–reliant              „   Math                       „   Perform routine,           „   Organized                  „   Computer Applications
    and stay alive             „   Nature lover              „   Life Sciences                  organized activities but   „   Practical and logical          /Business and
„   Make the best use of                                                                        can be flexible                                               Information
                               „   Physically active         „   Earth Sciences                                            „   Patient                        Technology
    the earth’s natural                                                                     „   Work with numbers
    resources                  „   Planner                   „   Chemistry                      and detailed               „   Tactful                    „   Accounting
„   Hunt and/or fish           „   Creative problem          „   Agriculture                    information                „   Responsible                „   Math
                                   solver                                                   „   Be the leader
„   Protect the                                                                                                                                           „   English
    environment                                                                             „   Make business contact                                     „   Economics
„   Be outdoors in all kinds                                                                    with people
    of weather                                                                              „   Work with computer
„   Plan, budget and keep                                                                       programs
    records                                                                                 „   Create reports and
„   Operate machines & keep                                                                     communicate ideas
    them in good repair                                                                     „   Plan my work and follow
                                                                                                instructions without
                                                                                                close supervision

                    architecture and construction                                                                    Education and training
       Activities that              Personal qualities                 Subjects                    Activities that              Personal qualities                  Subjects
        I like to do:               that describe me:                 that I like:                  I like to do:               that describe me:                  that I like:
„   Read and follow            „   Curious                   „   Math                       „   Communicate with           „   Friendly                   „   Language Arts
    blueprints and/or          „   Good at following         „   Drafting                       different types of         „   Decision maker             „   Social Studies
    instructions                   directions                                                   people
                                                             „   Physical Sciences                                         „   Helpful                    „   Math
„   Picture in my mind         „   Pay attention to detail                                  „   Help others with their
    what a finished                                          „   Construction Trades            homework or to learn       „   Innovative / inquisitive   „   Science
    product looks like         „   Good at visualizing       „   Electrical Trades, Heat,       new things                 „   Good listener              „   Psychology
                                   possibilities                 Air Conditioning and
„   Work with my hands                                                                      „   Go to school
                               „   Patient and persistent        Refrigeration, or
„   Perform work that                                            Technology Education       „   Direct and plan
    requires precise results                                                                    activities for others
„   Solve technical                                                                         „   Handle several respon-
    problems                                                                                    sibilities at once
„   Visit and learn from                                                                    „   Acquire new
    beautiful, historic or                                                                      information
    interesting buildings                                                                   „   Help people overcome
„   Follow logical, step–                                                                       their challenges
    by–step procedures
                                                                                                                                                                                        7
Missouri Career Guide—2011
carEEr
                  Ey
 I Nt ErE St SurV
                                           Finance                                                                  Hospitality and tourism
           Activities that              Personal qualities                 Subjects               Activities that               Personal qualities                Subjects
            I like to do:               that describe me:                 that I like:             I like to do:                that describe me:                that I like:
    „   Work with numbers          „   Trustworthy               „   Accounting            „   Investigate new places      „   Tactful                  „   Language Arts /
    „   Work to meet a             „   Orderly                   „   Math                      and activities              „   Self–motivated               Speech
        deadline                   „   Self–confident            „   Economics             „   Work with all ages and      „   Works well with others   „   Foreign Language
    „   Make predictions based                                                                 types of people                                          „   Social Sciences
                                   „   Logical                   „   Banking / Financial                                   „   Outgoing
        on existing facts                                            Services              „   Organize activities in                                   „   Marketing
                                   „   Methodical or efficient                                 which other people          „   Slow to anger
    „   Have a framework                                             Business Law                                                                           Food Services
        of rules by which to
                                                                 „                             enjoy themselves                                         „

        operate                                                                            „   Have a flexible
    „   Analyze financial                                                                      schedule
        information and                                                                    „   Help people make up
        interpret it to others                                                                 their minds
    „   Handle money with                                                                  „   Communicate easily,
        accuracy and reliability                                                               tactfully and
    „   Take pride in the way I                                                                courteously
        dress and look                                                                     „   Learn about other
                                                                                               cultures

                Government and public administration                                                                       Human Services
           Activities that              Personal qualities                 Subjects               Activities that               Personal qualities                Subjects
            I like to do:               that describe me:                 that I like:             I like to do:                that describe me:                that I like:
    „   Be involved in politics    „   Good communicator         „   Government            „   Care about people,          „   Good communicator /      „   Language Arts
    „   Negotiate, defend and      „   Competitive               „   Language Arts             their needs and their           good listener            „   Psychology / Sociology
        debate ideas and topics                                                                problems                    „   Caring
                                   „   Service–minded            „   History                                                                            „   Family and Consumer
    „   Plan activities and                                                                „   Participate in              „   Non–materialistic            Sciences
                                   „   Well–organized            „   Math                      community services
        cooperate with others                                                                                                  Intuitive and logical        Finance
                                   „   Problem solver            „   Foreign Language          and/or volunteering         „                            „
    „   Work with details                                                                                                      Non–judgmental               Foreign Language
                                                                                           „   Listen to other people’s    „                            „
    „   Perform a variety of                                                                   viewpoints
        duties that may change
        often                                                                              „   Help others be at their
                                                                                               best
    „   Analyze information
        and interpret it to                                                                „   Work with people from
        others                                                                                 preschool to old age
    „   Travel and see things                                                              „   Think of new ways to
        that are new to me                                                                     do things
                                                                                           „   Make friends with
                                                                                               different kinds of people

                                       Health Sciences                                                              Information technology
           Activities that              Personal qualities                 Subjects               Activities that               Personal qualities                Subjects
            I like to do:               that describe me:                 that I like:             I like to do:                that describe me:                that I like:
    „   Work under pressure        „   Compassionate and         „   Biological Sciences   „   Work with computers         „   Logical / analytical     „   Math
    „   Help sick people and           caring                    „   Chemistry             „   Reason clearly and              thinker                  „   Science
        animals                    „   Good and following        „   Math                      logically to solve          „   See details in the big   „   Computer Technology /
    „   Make decisions                 directions                                              complex problems                picture                      Computer Applications
                                                                 „   Occupational Health
        based on logic and         „   Conscientious and                                   „   Use machines, tech-         „   Persistent               „   Communications
        information                    careful                   „   Language Arts             niques and processes        „   Good concentration       „   Graphic Design
    „   Participate in health      „   Patient                                             „   Read technical                  skills
        and science classes        „   Good listener                                           materials and diagrams      „   Precise and accurate
    „   Respond quickly and                                                                    and solve technical
        calmly in emergencies                                                                  problems
    „   Work as a member of                                                                „   Adapt to change
        a team                                                                             „   Play games and figure
    „   Follow guidelines                                                                      out how they work
        precisely and meet                                                                 „   Concentrate for long
        strict standards of                                                                    periods without being
        accuracy                                                                               distracted
8
                                                                                                                                      Missouri Career Guide—2011
                                                                         carEE
                                                                   I NtErE S     r
                                                                             t SurVE
                                                                                     y
         law, public Safety, corrections and Security                                               Science, technology, Engineering and Math
       Activities that               Personal qualities                  Subjects                 Activities that              Personal qualities               Subjects
        I like to do:                that describe me:                  that I like:               I like to do:               that describe me:               that I like:
„   Communicate with            „   Friendly                   „   Language Arts           „   Interpret formulas         „   Detail–oriented         „   Math
    different types of          „   Decision maker             „   Social Studies          „   Find the answers to        „   Inquisitive             „   Drafting
    people                                                                                     questions
                                „   Helpful                    „   Math                                                   „   Objective               „   Physical Sciences
„   Help others with their                                                                 „   Work in a laboratory
    homework or to learn        „   Innovative / inquisitive   „   Science                                                „   Methodical              „   Construction Trades
    new things                  „   Good listener              „   Psychology              „   Figure out how things      „   Mechanically inclined   „   Electrical Trades, Heat,
                                                                                               work and investigate                                       Air Conditioning and
„   Go to school                                                                               new things                                                 Refrigeration, or
„   Direct and plan                                                                        „   Explore new                                                Technology Education
    activities for others                                                                      technology
„   Handle several                                                                         „   Experiment to find
    responsibilities at once                                                                   the best way to do
„   Acquire new                                                                                something
    information                                                                            „   Pay attention to details
„   Help people overcome                                                                       and help things be
    their challenges                                                                           precise


                                Manufacturing                                                         transportation, distribution and logistics
       Activities that               Personal qualities                  Subjects                 Activities that              Personal qualities               Subjects
        I like to do:                that describe me:                  that I like:               I like to do:               that describe me:               that I like:
„   Work with my hands          „   Practical                  „   Math–Geometry           „   Travel                     „   Realistic               „   Math
    and learn that way          „   Observant                  „   Chemistry               „   See well and have          „   Mechanical              „   Trade and Industry
„   Put things together         „   Physically active          „   Trade and Industry          quick reflexes             „   Coordinated                 courses
„   Do routine, organized       „   Step–by–step thinker           courses                 „   Solve mechanical           „   Observant               „   Physical Sciences
    and accurate work                                          „   Physics                     problems                                               „   Economics
                                „   Coordinated                                                                           „   Planner
„   Perform activities                                         „   Language Arts           „   Design efficient                                       „   Foreign Language
    that produce tangible                                                                      processes
    results                                                                                „   Anticipate needs and
„   Apply math to work                                                                         prepare to meet them
    out solutions                                                                          „   Drive or ride
„   Use tools and                                                                          „   Move things from one
    operate equipment                                                                          place to another
    and machinery
„   Visualize objects in
    three dimensions from
    flat drawings

                                                                                           This survey does not make
                                       Marketing
                                                                                           any claims of statistical
       Activities that
        I like to do:
                                     Personal qualities
                                     that describe me:
                                                                         Subjects
                                                                        that I like:
                                                                                           reliability and has not been          top Matches
                                                                                           normed. It is intended
„   Shop and go to the          „   Enthusiastic               „   Language Arts           for use as a guidance tool            Career Cluster 1
    mall                            Competitive                    Math
                                „                              „                           to generate discussion                ________________________
„   Be in charge                    Creative                       Business Education /    regarding careers and is valid
                                „                              „
                                                                                                                                 ________________________
„   Make displays and           „   Self–motivated                 Marketing               for that purpose. Source:
    promote ideas                                                  Economics               Adapted from the Guidance
                                „   Persuasive                 „
                                                                                                                                 Career Cluster 2
„   Give presentations and                                     „   Computer Applications   Division Survey, Oklahoma
    enjoy public speaking                                                                  Department of Career and              ________________________
„   Persuade people to                                                                     Technology Education (2005).          ________________________
    buy products or to                                                                     The Career Clusters Interest
    participate in activities                                                              Inventory is being used with          Career Cluster 3
„   Communicate my ideas                                                                   permission of:
    to other people                                                                                                              ________________________
„   Take advantage of                                                                                                            ________________________
    opportunities to make
    extra money
                                                                                           States’ Career Clusters Initiative, 2008, www.careerclusters.org                          9
Missouri Career Guide—2011
c oMp E t E N c y
       Mo d E l
              building a Foundation for Success
     When you think about a future job
     or career, it can help to imagine                     Knowledge and Skills Step by Step
     yourself in the employer’s shoes.
     That might even be your ultimate
     goal. What does an employer
     want in an employee? Which skills,
     knowledge, and attitudes are
     required, and which ones stand out?
     Getting to know your career field of
     choice certainly helps, by reading,
     talking to people in the field, and
     experiencing the work through job
     shadowing and training. Employers
     throughout the state and across the
     nation can also help. Many have
     already identified what they want
     in an employee, and many times,
     certain desires emerge and repeat
     from one career field to the next.
     Research has shown that any
     successful career begins with
     foundational competencies
     rooted in personal effectiveness,
     academics, and general workplace
     performance and ethics.
                                                  Adapted from www.CareerOneStop.org/CompetencyModel
     The first tier of personal
     effectiveness includes integrity,            START WITH THE BASICS AND BUILD UP. Understanding what employers desire need not
                                                  be a mystery. Many state and national studies have identified the knowledge and skills
     initiative, dependability, reliability,
                                                  needed for broad career fields and for specific occupations. The competency model above
     interpersonal skills, professionalism,       is a general illustration of the knowledge and skills, or competencies, needed for any job.
     and the willingness to learn.                The pyramid is divided into three main blocks of foundational, industry–related, and
     Ethical and respectful conduct               occupation–related competencies. Each of these blocks is made up of tiers consisting of
     with others are among the most               a set of competencies that represent the skills, knowledge, and abilities essential to be
     important elements in any career             successful for a given occupation in the context of its industry. The model begins with the
                                                  basics of personal effectiveness, academics, and general workplace skills.
     field or occupation. The second
     tier of academic skills relies on
     personal effectiveness skills,            abilities include teamwork, time                    from one career field to another, but
     and it includes reading, writing,         management, planning, scheduling,                   the basic requirements to develop
     verbal communication, visual              problem solving, flexibility, and                   knowledge and skills in these areas
     communication, math, and science.         following directions. Craftsmanship,                are universal. All workers are
     The third foundational tier is            familiarity with industry                           expected to develop these skills in
     for workplace competencies.               fundamentals and language, and                      today’s workplace.
     These knowledge, skills, and              the use of tools and technology vary


10
                                                                                                           Missouri Career Guide—2011
                                                                NoN t r ad I t
                                                                               I o Na l
                                                                        carEErS
consider all the options
Do not let stereotypes or traditional thinking about
who enters a particular career limit the careers and
occupations you consider. Many women and men
have found very rewarding careers in occupations that
are nontraditional. Nontraditional careers are those
where less than 25 percent of a gender is represented.
For instance, female welders and automotive
service technicians and male nurses are engaged in
nontraditional occupations.
For women, a nontraditional occupation often means
earnings that are 20 to 30 percent higher than earnings
for women in traditional occupations. Also, high–
demand and high–wage nursing occupations are
nontraditional for men. Nationally, approximately 7
percent of nurses are male.
It is important to choose a career field that is the best
fit for you. Missouri also provides a range of services
and programs to support and recognize students in
educational programs for nontraditional careers.
To support nontraditional students in educational
programs, there are eight Career Education
Coordinators throughout
                                           rs
                                  caree less
the state.                                                                                           The Career Education Coordinators work with

                        onal
               raditi e careers in whic ese
                                                                                                      secondary and postsecondary students. To find the
           nt
                                           h
      No
                                                                                                       Career Education Coordinator in your area, visit the
about onal occupations r is representchallenging
                                     ed. Th
                       ar                                                                              Missouri Center for Career Education website at
       diti         de   gen              s,                                                            www.mcce.org and click on the link for Career
Nontra ercent of a                 salarie        d
       5p                  r higher ew skills, an                                                        Education Coordinators.
than 2         often offe evelop n
       ations       ities to
                             d
                                                     f Jobs
 occup                                                                                                   Also, Missouri sponsors the annual Breaking
            portun ntial.
  work,
        op
                                             inds o ional                                                Traditions award to recognize male and female
                                       hat K
                   pote
         cemen
                t
                                                    it
  advan                      J obs W Nontrad                                                              nontraditional students throughout the state.
             ds of                                   are
                                                           ales?
        t Kin ditional
                                                                                                           Nominees are reviewed for regional and
    Wha ontra                                        for M                                                  state awards, and state award recipients are
    are N males?                                        Accoun
                                                                   t a nt                 a nt
    for Fe
                                                                                                             recognized at the annual Breaking Traditions
                        n ic i a n                                            e A ssi s t
               ice Tech                                  Admin      istrativ                                  awards reception and may receive a
                     ive Serv                                            e Provid
                                                                                    er
      Automot                     ali s t                   h i l d C ar                                       scholarship to the Missouri public community
                               ci                         C                        c he r
                  ter Spe                                                 ary Tea
       Compu                      anager                     l e m e nt                       a nt              college of their choice or Linn State Technical
                      c ti o n M                   lle r E                        g A ssi s t
        Constru                    r–Li   ne Insta          Nurse       / Nursin                                 College. Also, educators and employers who
                       al Powe                                                                                    are particularly supportive of nontraditional
         El e c t r ic e r
                         ai r
          and Rep                                                                                                  students may be nominated for Breaking
                         er                                                                                        Traditions awards. For more information
           Engine                         ce r
                              trol Offi                                                                       about the awards and the nomination process,
             P olice Pa
                                                                                                              visit the MCCE website at www.mcce.org.
                                                                                                                                                                  11
Missouri Career Guide—2011
H I G H S c Hoo l
  S t u dE Nt S
                                                       From High School to life
                                                                                  Shop around:
                    the thinning crowd                                               Compare information from college representatives,
                                                                                    „„

                                                                                     bulletins and websites.


     €€€
     €€€
   €€€€                                              For every 100 high school
                                                     freshmen in Missouri ...
                                                                                     Find out the employment rates for graduates. If you
                                                                                    „„

                                                                                     have identified a program of interest, find out the
                                                                                     job placement rates for students in that program and
                                                                                     places where graduates from the program now work.

     €€€
      €€
  23 € € €
        %
     LOSS
                                                     78 will earn their
                                                     high school diploma.
                                                                                     Ask about job placement programs and student
                                                                                    „„

                                                                                     organizations for your program of interest.


  43   €
      €€
      €€%
     LOSS
                                                     47 will enter college.       Make campus visits:
                                                                                     Tour campuses, talk with students and visit a class.
                                                                                    „„


                                                                                     Meet with financial assistance representatives.
                                                                                    „„


  34
      €€€
        %
     LOSS
                           The Thinning Crowd will still be enrolled
                               to go here
                                            32
                                            their sophomore year.
                                                                                     Research your academic program with an advisor.
                                                                                    „„


                                                                                     Verify admission requirements with a counselor.
                                                                                    „„


                                                                                     Determine the actual cost of attending the school,
       €
       €
                                                                                    „„
  28   %
     LOSS
                                                     22 will earn a college
                                                     degree by their early 20s.
                                                                                     including housing, books and lab fees.

                                                                                  Get advice:
                 €€
                  €€
                 €€                   €€€€€
                                       €€€€€
                                      €€€€€€                                         Ask your school counselor to explain the
                                                                                    „„

             Associate’s Degree (6)          Bachelor’s Degree (16)                  options available.
                                                                                     Talk to your parents about your college expectations.
                                                                                    „„

 DECREASING PYRAMID OF EDUCATIONAL ACHIEVEMENT. Only 2 in 10 ninth–
                                                                                     Visit with professionals working in the field you plan
                                                                                    „„
 grade students will go on to complete a college degree by their early 20s           to study.
 (within 150% time for their degree). Income trends show that education
 beyond high school is needed to earn a family–supporting wage.                   Meet deadlines:
 Sources:National Center for Higher Education Management Systems (2008)              Watch for early deadlines.
                                                                                    „„


                                                                                     Admission and housing applications often have
                                                                                    „„

                                                                                     a cut off date.
      Know what matters to you:                                                      Pay any required institutional fees on time.
                                                                                    „„

             Explore your career interests. Complete a career
            „„
                                                                                     Complete the Free Application for Federal Student Aid
                                                                                    „„
             interest survey, such as the one at MissouriConnections.                (FAFSA) and other financial assistance forms on time.
             org. Your school counselor can give you the information
             you need to begin your exploration.
                                                                                  paying for your studies:
             Learn about different educational opportunities. Find
            „„                                                                       Find out about financial assistance processes and
                                                                                    „„
             out about colleges, career and technical schools, the                   tuition payments, as well as state, federal and private
             military, apprenticeships, and on–the–job training                      sources of financial assistance (see page 13).
             programs and see which one best matches your
             interests and needs. Explore the academic programs                      Stay eligible for financial assistance by enrolling at least
                                                                                    „„

             and degrees or certificates available at your schools                   half time and making satisfactory academic progress.
             of interest.                                                            Use non–repayable grant aid first. If loans are
                                                                                    „„

             Review and revise your personal plan of study
            „„                                                                       necessary, federal loans offer better borrower
             developed in eighth grade. Be sure your courses not                     benefits than private loans.
             only help you meet graduation requirements, but also                    Shop around for the best interest rates, borrower
                                                                                    „„
             give you the knowledge and skills for your next steps                   benefits and subsidies.
             after high school.
                                                                                     Borrow only what you need and follow an academic
                                                                                    „„

                                                                                     plan to reduce unnecessary costs.
12
                                                                                                               Missouri Career Guide—2011
                                                                            StudEN
                                                                     F I NaNc         t
                                                                              I al a I d
paying for your Education
Financing your education need not involve working three jobs or
overtime for years. Numerous federal, state and private programs offer
outright grants, loans, tuition assistance and work–study programs. The
programs listed below are only a sample; chances are there’s assistance
whatever your age, background or interest. Look into any financial aid
carefully; state and federal student financial aid amounts can change.
For more information, go to the Career OneStop financial aid center at
www.careeronestop.org/financial/financialaidhome.asp.
The U.S. Department of Education lets users apply online for financial
aid on the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) website at
www.fafsa.ed.gov.
Another great resource for student scholarships is the Broke Scholar
website. Members of this free service can search and apply to 650,000
scholarships totaling billions of scholarship and grant dollars. Fill out
the personal profile, and they can match your profile to scholarships
that apply specifically to you. Broke Scholar can be found at www.
brokescholar.com.
The College Board also provides a scholarship search utility and financial
aid advice on its website at www.collegeboard.com/student/pay.

Additional financial grant, loan and scholarship programs include:
Access Missouri Grant program. This is a            Federal PLUS loans for parents. These loans         Missouri Savings for Tuition (MO$T)
need–based program designed to provide              may not exceed the cost of attendance.              Program. This is a state and federal tax–
students with a simplified financial aid process,                                                       deferred college savings program. Anyone
                                                    Federal Supplemental Educational
provide predictable, portable awards, and                                                               (parents, grandparents, and relatives) may open
                                                    Opportunities Grant. This program offers
increase access to a student’s school of choice.                                                        and contribute to a MO$T account, which has a
                                                    awards of up to $4,000 for undergraduate
Eligibility is determined by the student’s                                                              lifetime account maximum of $235,000. Parents
                                                    students who can demonstrate exceptional
expected family contribution as calculated                                                              or relatives should contact their tax professional
                                                    financial need. Priority is given to students who
through the Free Application for Federal Student                                                        about tax deductible contributions.
                                                    receive federal Pell grants.
Aid (FAFSA).
                                                                                                        Subsidized Federal Direct loan. These loans
                                                    Marguerite Ross Barnett Memorial
Federal College Work–Study Program.                                                                     enable students and their families to borrow
                                                    Scholarship. This scholarship is an opportunity
Undergraduate and graduate students receive                                                             low–interest loans directly from the federal
                                                    for employed students. Award amounts vary.
jobs through this program. Wages vary but must                                                          government. Maximum loans are $3,500 for
be at least minimum wage.                           Missouri A+ Schools Program. Eligible               the freshman year, $4,500 for the sophomore
                                                    students who graduate from a designated             year, and $5,500 for junior and senior years. The
Federal Pell Grant program. This is a
                                                    A+ high school may qualify for a state–paid         federal government pays the interest while you
nationwide, federal program. Funding to
                                                    financial incentive.                                are in school, during the loan’s grace period, and
individual varies.
                                                    Missouri Higher Education Academic                  when the loan is in deferment.
Federal Perkins loans. Students must be
                                                    Scholarship. This is a merit–based scholarship      Unsubsidized Federal Direct loans. These loan
a Missouri resident and enrolled full–time
                                                    for Missouri students who scored in the             opportunities mirror the subsidized, but there
in an approved Missouri school to qualify.
                                                    top 5% on the ACT or SAT assessment test.           is an additional $2,000 per year available for all
Undergraduate funding is up to $20,000.
                                                    Award amounts vary based on whether the             who qualify. The borrower pays all of the interest.
                                                    assessment score is in the 3% of the fourth and
                                                    fifth percentiles.                                                                                        13
Missouri Career Guide—2011
col l EGE
  StudENt S
                                             on the Educational path
     Majorly undecided?                      to graduates and to determine how        Not every degree program offers
     If you are attending school and         often graduates continue on the          job placement services and access
     have not yet decided on a major         career path you have envisioned.         to summer internship programs,
     program or you are rethinking your      Inquire about recent graduates who       so don’t be afraid to do your own
     degree program, a quality career        may be able to mentor you in your        legwork. Investigate companies or
     interest survey could be a valuable     chosen field.                            organizations in your area to see
                                                                                      which ones offer summer internship
                                                                                      opportunities. Often, companies
                                                                                      that routinely hire interns will post
                                                                                      those positions on their company
                                                                                      website. A summer internship
                                                                                      program can give you on–the–job
                                                                                      experience indispensable to a first–
                                                                                      time job search.
                                                                                      Student organizations also can
                                                                                      provide quality connections to begin
                                                                                      your job search. Many clubs invite
                                                                                      professionals to speak to students.
                                                                                      Attend these or help arrange them.
                                                                                      When it comes to landing a job, a
                                                                                      personal connection is invaluable.

                                                                                      oops, I Graduated
                                                                                      Your graduation date has been a
                                                                                      goal for years, and now it is quickly
                                                                                      approaching. If graduation brings
                                                                                      as much anxiety as pride, it may
                                                                                      be a good time to investigate job
     tool to determine the career path       Humming right along                      placement services.
     and educational program that            If you are a college sophomore or
                                                                                      Talk to your professors about the
     is right for you. Visit with your       junior and happy with your college
                                                                                      paths other graduates have taken.
     school’s career services personnel      experience, now is the best time
                                                                                      Attend career fairs if they are
     about the career fields that interest   to begin exploring job placement
                                                                                      available, and always enter the
     you or speak with advisors in           opportunities through your degree
                                                                                      door with a plan. If you have not
     programs that interest you.             program and to investigate summer
                                                                                      yet chalked up an internship, talk
     Arrange opportunities to job            internships. Don’t leave the process
                                                                                      to local firms about job shadowing
     shadow professionals in your career     of finding a job to your senior year.
                                                                                      opportunities. This may provide
     of interest. This can be an eye–        Often a strong summer internship
                                                                                      the information you need to put
     opening experience, reinforcing         experience can transition into a full–
                                                                                      your best foot forward. Build career
     your choice or presenting new           time position at the same company
                                                                                      relationships as much as possible
     information. Before deciding on         after graduation, or it can be the
                                                                                      and pay attention to what employers
     a degree program, ask about job         quality that separates you from the
                                                                                      want in a new employee.
     placement services for graduates        rest of the pack when looking for
     to find out the assistance available    your first job.
14
                                                                                            Missouri Career Guide—2011
                                                                          Study
                                                               S K I l l
                                                                         S & Ha
                                                                                b I t S
learn the Habits of Success
Whether you are a high school or college student, developing good study–skill habits is an important ingredient to
success. Here are some helpful tips to excel this semester and beyond:

Attend the First Class. Whether you are taking classes online or in school,       Discover What Works for You. Always look for new study–skill habits and
be sure to attend the first session. It sets the tone and usually outlines the    strategies that may work for you. For instance, if you need to memorize
course content and requirements for the semester. You will know what is           definitions, formulas, or lists, try creating your own flashcards – put topics
expected of you. Take notes from the first day, even if it is routine stuff you   on one side of the card, answers on the other, and test yourself often.
think you already know. Sitting close to the instructor helps you to focus        Some students take notes in a different color for each subject. There are
and avoid distractions.                                                           many other techniques you can try.
Be an Active Learner. Keep an open and curious mind. Listen carefully             Be Good to Yourself. Keeping your body healthy and alert will make
to the teacher for main ideas and concepts. Take good notes (and write            studying much easier and allow you to retain more information. Get up
clearly) in your class lectures and textbook readings. Use an outline form        and do something after studying for long periods of time. Stretch, take
to help you distinguish between major and minor points, plus use the              a walk, or get something to eat or drink. After your break, go back to
margins to jot down page numbers, examples or reminders. Organize and             studying. Review your notes to get a fresh start on your subject.
review your notes regularly.
Establish a Study Place. Set up a daily time and place to
study. Your study place should have a desk, comfortable
chair, good lighting, and all the supplies you need. The
area should be free of distractions. If possible, avoid
studying in an area where you routinely do other things.
Make Use of Study Resources. Use the library and
other available resources. Find out about and use labs,
tutors, videos, computer programs, and alternate
sources of information.
Meet all deadlines. Write down all homework
assignments, tests, and projects along with due
dates. Manage your time so that you can deliver all
assignments on the required dates. Procrastination is a
problem that most students have to conquer. Recognize
that “getting started” is important. Reward yourself for
completing a task.
Read. Yes, crack open your books and read. Reading
your assignments before the material is discussed in
class gives you a learning advantage. Adjust your reading
speed to the difficulty of the material and your ability.
Get more out of your books by asking yourself questions
while you read to test your understanding of the
material. Ask your teacher questions if the material is not fully understood.     If a Problem Arises, Speak with Your Instructor. There are many
                                                                                  problems that may occur during a semester: illness, personal crises, and
Put First Things First. Be self–motivated and self–disciplined. Today’s           conflicts. If a difficult situation arises, speak to your instructor as soon as
students are often faced with many obligations (family, work, etc.) that          possible. Many issues can be resolved simply by direct communication.
make demands on their time. Effective time management strategies can
help you prioritize and balance your time. Simple steps such as setting           Keep Your Eye on the Goal. Avoid over–commitment and prioritize tasks.
goals, planning and organizing, and communicating your ideas and needs            Don’t let friends and acquaintances dictate what you consider important.
with others can go a long way toward keeping you on track.                        Learn how to say “no” on occasion to protect the classroom and study time
                                                                                  needed to reach your goals. Be confident and plan for success!
                                                                                                                                                                    15
Missouri Career Guide—2011
adu l t
 l EarNE r S
                                      advice for adult learners
     Whether it has been two years or twenty since you           GEd® High School Equivalency
     last attended school, adults returning to school or         Many people who did not finish high school have
     beginning on a new career path have unique strengths        knowledge and skills comparable to people who did
     and challenges. As you look toward a new phase of life,     graduate. Most colleges and employers accept a GED
     either developing a new career or picking up a long–        certificate as being equivalent to a high school diploma.
     neglected career goal, it is very important to keep your    The GED (General Educational Development) Test is
     goals in mind and establish new routines that support       given at 27 sites throughout Missouri, and each year
     your goals. Your study skills may need some dusting, but    more than 9,000 Missouri residents earn their GED.
     you have the advantage of experience. Prize it and use it
                                                                 The GED Test is a battery of five multiple–choice
     to your advantage.
                                                                 tests that ask questions about subjects covered in
                                                                 high school. The exam covers reading, mathematics,
                                                                 social studies, science and writing skills. The writing
                                                                 skills portion includes a 200–word essay. The exam
                                                                 takes about seven hours to complete. Free assistance
                                                                 is available through adult education and literacy
                                                                 programs. For more information about preparing for the
                                                                 GED, visit www.ged.mo.gov.

                                                                 adult Education and literacy
                                                                 Missouri Adult Education and Literacy (AEL) programs
                                                                 provide assistance that helps adults (age 16 years or
                                                                 older) get the basic skills they need to be productive
                                                                 workers, family members, and citizens.
                                                                 There are 43 AEL locations across the state helping
                                                                 adults improve or review important basic skills, whether
                                                                 or not they already have a high school diploma. In most
                                                                 areas, classes are available during the day or evening.
                                                                 The major areas of support are GED preparation classes,
                                                                 adult basic education, adult secondary education, and
                                                                 English language acquisition. These programs emphasize
     Often, adults have responsibilities well beyond those of    basic skills such as reading, writing, math, English
     young students: a spouse, children or an existing job,      language competency, and problem–solving.
     maybe all of these. Because of this, it is important to
     begin with a plan. Find opportunities for support early     Nontraditional Students
     in the process and develop habits that support your         Many community colleges and four–year institutions
     goals. This guide includes many resources in every area     have support organizations for adult learners and
     of the state to help you achieve your goals.                nontraditional students. These groups can provide
     Also, as you explore your career options, keep in mind      a valuable social outlet with others who face similar
     that there are many avenues to success. In addition         challenges. Explore the student organizations available
     to community colleges and four–year universities,           for your program. These clubs can often provide a
     apprenticeships, the military and career and technical      path to your first job in a new career. Also, many
     education are available throughout Missouri. Find the       schools offer math tutoring and writing centers to help
     educational program or training that is right for you.      students. Find out when they are open and what help
                                                                 they can offer.
16
                                                                                           Missouri Career Guide—2011
                                                                                  S E EK I  Job
                                                                                           NG t I
                                                                                                  p S
 become an active Job Seeker
 Assessing your strengths and creating
 your résumé will take some time, but
 not many days. Targeting employers
 and finding sources of job information
 will occupy most of your job–search
 time. Learn more about the economy
 in your local area and across Missouri.
 Anticipating which employers will offer
 jobs—before they even announce
 them—can put you a step ahead of job
 seekers who only respond to posted
 job openings.
 One of the differences between
 effective job “searching” and an
 exhausting “chase” after employment
 is choosing to be active, rather than
 passive, in your methods.




                                                                           active Job Seeking tips
                                   rk
                              of Wo worker is the
                                                                           „„ Make your job hunting a full–time project. People work a 40–hour

                          les
                                                                              week for an employer. Don’t work less for yourself.

        N   ew ruhe most employable                                             Limit daily time spent reading job ads, in print and especially
Seven ll of All Trades – T r.
                                                                             „„

                                                                                online. If you spend eight hours a day scanning job notices, you
                                                 an d
          k/Ji                        do b e s t
                                        ke                             u          are just a reader, not a job hunter.
Be a Jac                      tile wor                      what yo ur skills.
                 d, versa                        Identify         rade yo
                                                                                                 „„Make an activity list for the start of every day. Outline telephone
 multi–s
           kille                     Sharp –           an d u p g
                           Keep it                   n                              ip of           calls, interviews, job–board searches and other activities you are
              ge a n d                    ove upo                      artners ir
                                                                                  h
 G et an Ed                     to impr                     ce is a p                               going to accomplish.
                  ly strive                       workfor r and apply the
  con  tinuous                    m–   Today’s           ch oth e                                  „„Make a daily or weekly schedule—and stick to it. Having a
                    ‘I’ in Tea                with ea
   Th  ere is No o can interact d of all.                                                             routine helps you complete tasks.
             yees wh hs for the goo                                               e r an d
    emplo                       t                             te for   comput                       „„Keep a list of all employers you contact, the persons you
                   l s t r eng                      substitu
      in dividua               d – The
                                         re is no                                      clearly
                                                                                                        spoke with, how you contacted them and the results of each
                  be Wire                                                   yourself .                    contact. Keep your list handy to help you identify an e–mail
       Born to                    .                            e x p r e ss                st
                     gy skills                    ea bility to s value the mo                             or phone call you might receive in response.
        technolo                  g ua g e – Th             plo  yer                     er
                     our Lan                      skills em                  d custom iness.
                                                                                                       „„Once you start your search, do not allow yourself little
          Watch Y ly is one of the                              tain goo                      s             “vacations.” Unemployment is not a holiday, a vacation
                       cise                             o main                      any bu
           an d p r e                      e ability t t–after skills in                                     or an opportunity to rebuild your sun porch. Do not
                               ou? – Th                   gh                  f r om b u
                                                                                          ilding
            May    I Help Y of the most sou                        benefit
                                                                                                              let others distract or take advantage of what they see
                          s is one                      l always nd outside the                                as your “free time.” Don’t be diverted by projects,
             relation                         You wil
                                  Works – le both inside
                                                                       a                                       chores, errands, favors or recreations. Explain to
                              ng
              N etworki                      p e op                                                             others—and keep reminding yourself—that you have
                                   ip with
                      lationsh                                                   rk                              “work to do.”
               a re                                                 e Netwo
                 workp      lace.                 areer   Resourc                                            „„However, do not spend 60 or 70 hours a week on job
                                      ecticut C
                  Sourc     e: Conn                                                                               hunting. An exhausted person makes a poor
                                                                                                    impression in a job interview.
                                                                                                                                                                   17
 Missouri Career Guide—2011
r É S uMÉ &
 co  V Er l Ett Er
                                How do you look on paper?
     tips for Effective cover letters                             tips for an Effective résumé
     Always enclose a cover letter when you mail out a               Type your résumé (or print it on a computer printer).
                                                                    „„

                                                                     Use 8½” x 11” quality bond paper.
     résumé. Your major purpose is to interest an employer in
     hiring you. The first step is to get your résumé read. So       Do not include irrelevant personal information
                                                                    „„

                                                                     (age, weight, height, marital status, etc.).
     keep these facts in mind when writing your cover letter:
                                                                     Do not include everything you’ve done – be selective.
                                                                    „„
       „„Address your letter to a specific person by name, when
         possible, and refer to the job opening, when known.         Do not include salary and wages.
                                                                    „„

       „„The first 20 words are important – they should attract      Center or justify all headings.
                                                                    „„

         the reader’s interest.                                      Don’t use abbreviations.
       „„Tell your story in terms of the contribution you can        Be positive. Identify accomplishments.
                                                                    „„

         make to the employer.
                                                                     Highlight items that closely match the
                                                                    „„
       „„Ask for a job interview.                                    job requirements.
       „„Be sure to refer to your résumé – it gives the facts.       Use action verbs.
                                                                    „„

       „„Use simple, direct language, correct grammar, and           Use concise sentences.
                                                                    „„

         of course, type neatly on standard size white paper         Keep it short (one page is best).
         (8½x11).
                                                                     Make sure your résumé “looks good”
                                                                    „„
       „„Keep it short and to the point. You need not cover the      (neat and readable).
         same ground as your résumé. Your letter should sum
                                                                     Proof the master copy carefully. Have someone else
                                                                    „„
         up what you have to offer and act as an “introduction
                                                                     proof the master copy as well.
         card” for your résumé.
                                                                     Inspect photocopies for clarity, smudges and marks.
                                                                    „„
       „„Use proper sentence structure, correct spelling
         and punctuation.                                            Use a lot of white space, capitals, underlining, and
                                                                    „„

                                                                     indentations to make things stand out.
       „„Type your letters.
                                                                     Consider using “bullets” to emphasize a point.
                                                                    „„
       „„Let your letter reflect
         your individuality,
         but avoid appearing
         aggressive, overbearing,
         familiar, “cute” or
         “humorous.” You are
         writing to a stranger
         about a subject that is
         serious to both of you.
       „„With local firms, take the
         initiative in suggesting
         that you will telephone
         for an interview.




18
                                                                                              Missouri Career Guide—2011
                                                                         I NtErV
                                                                                   I EW
                                                                             SK I l l S
put your best Foot Forward
Above all other considerations for a
personal interview, be on time for
the appointment. “On time” does
not mean “just in time.” Try to arrive
between 15 and 30 minutes before
your appointment. That way, you
will not be in a rush if you need to
fill out additional forms or papers,
or submit to unexpected testing.
Know yourself. Reassess your
skills, abilities, experiences and
accomplishments before you walk in
the interviewer’s door. Be ready to
respond to questions about yourself.
Be able to communicate how you
can meet the employer’s needs.
Research the job. Before the
interview, learn as much as you can
about the organization. Research
the product manufactured or the
service provided. Resources include
the Internet, company literature and
brochures, telephone books and
Chamber of Commerce publications.        impression of you and have a “short      workmates, even if the interviewer
Friends, libraries and networking        list” of candidates. Likewise, let the   expresses that same opinion.
contacts also may be good sources.       interviewer lead into conversations
                                                                                  Don’t be in a hurry to ask questions
Don’t “tune out” while the               about benefits. If you appear
                                                                                  until the interviewer invites you
interviewer is speaking, thinking        more interested in benefits than
                                                                                  to do that. The interviewer may
ahead to what you are going to say       in performing the work, it can be a
                                                                                  have a “checklist” of information to
next. Instead, listen carefully to       “turn off” for the interviewer.
                                                                                  communicate to all applicants in a
interview questions. Be as natural       Handle potentially discriminatory        specific order. The answer to your
and comfortable as possible. Dress       questions courteously. By law,           question might be further down the
for the interview. Project an image      pre–employment inquiries may not         list, so be patient.
that matches the requirements of         be asked that might discriminate
                                                                                  Don’t forget to thank the
the job and the company. Feel great      on the basis of race, color, religion,
                                                                                  interviewer for the time spent with
about the way you look.                  sex, national origin or age. Answer
                                                                                  you. If the receptionist or other staff
Salary and benefits should not           only what relates to the job. If a
                                                                                  members offered you courtesies,
appear to be your first—or only—         question is inappropriate, try to
                                                                                  such as directions, parking validation
concern in an interview. Despite         steer the conversation back to more
                                                                                  or a bottle of water, be sure and
their importance, don’t bring them       appropriate job–related information.
                                                                                  thank them too. (They might be
up first. Generally, interviewers        When discussing your previous            asked for their opinion of you after
will not want to discuss salary          jobs and work situations, never          you leave.)
until they have formed a favorable       criticize former employers or former                                               19
Missouri Career Guide—2011
 Soc I al
N E tWo r K I N G
     Social Networking & the Job Search
     Social networking websites have
     become second nature for many
     people. A quick Tweet or Facebook
     post to share your thoughts with
     friends and family is easy and often
     fun. It can also be dangerous for
     your job prospects if you aren’t
     careful about what appears on the
     Internet for the whole world to see.
     Increasingly, employers and hiring
     managers may look up candidates
     on social networking sites as a part
     of the review process. Don’t let
     your online profile derail a positive
     job opportunity.
     The top industries most likely to
     screen job candidates via social
     networking sites or online search
     engines are those that specialize       reasons Employers                         „„DO write wittily and
     in technology and sensitive             Hire candidates after                       compellingly to portray
     information.                            Screening online                            yourself as creative and a
                                                Profile provided a good feel for
                                               „„                                        good communicator
     reasons Employers                          the personality and fit                „„DO censor your profile by
     disregard candidates                       Profile supported professional
                                               „„                                        removing pictures that could
     after Screening online                     qualifications                           be seen as inappropriate
       „„Provocative or inappropriate                                                    or comments that contain
                                                Candidate was creative
                                               „„                                        rude language or excessive
         photographs or information
                                                Profile showed solid
                                               „„
                                                                                         abbreviations
       „„Content about the candidate
                                                communication skills                   „„DO be selective about who you
         drinking or using drugs
                                                                                         accept as friends and monitor
                                                Candidate portrayed as
                                               „„
       „„Bad–mouthing previous                                                           comments made by others
                                                well–rounded
         employer, co–workers, or clients
                                                                                       „„DO consider setting your profile
                                                Other people posted good
                                               „„
       „„Evidence of poor                                                                to “private” so only designated
                                                references
         communication skills                                                            friends can view it
                                                Candidate received awards
                                               „„
       „„Discriminatory comments                                                       „„DON’T mention your job search
                                                and accolades
                                                                                         if you are still employed
       „„Lied about qualifications
         Shared confidential information     do’s and don’ts to Keep a                 „„DON’T include a link on your
                                             positive Image online
       „„
                                                                                         résumé to any site which
         from a previous employer
                                                DO establish and update a
                                               „„                                        includes content that is not
       „„14% of employers have                  profile on the professional              appropriate for a business
         disregarded a candidate because        networking site LinkedIn or on           audience
         they sent a message including a        other profession–specific sites        „„DON’T list your blog on your
         smiley–face icon
                                                DO edit your blog, Facebook,
                                               „„                                        résumé unless it is relevant to
       „„16% of employers dismissed a           or MySpace page so it covers a           the career field or position
         candidate for using text language      broad portion of your life         Adapted with permission from “How Social
         in an e–mail or job application                                           Networking Sites Affect Your Job Search,” Career
                                                                                   Services of California University of Pennsylvania.
20
                                                                                            Missouri Career Guide—2011
                                                                               ValuE
                                                                                       your
                                                                              ExpEr
                                                                                    I ENcE
Gain from Job Shadowing
While you are exploring career options, remember
                                                                           tips for St
that nothing compares with the first–hand information                                  udents
you can get by trying out different interest areas. You       Dress appropri
                                                                               ately. Profession
can start out by talking with someone who works in a          opportunity se                        al dress shows
                                                                              riously.                               you are taking
                                                                                                                                      the
career field that interests you or complete a project at     Make a good fi
                                                                             rst impression.
school related to a subject in that field.                   eye contact and                     When meeting
                                                                               offer a firm han                    people, be sure
                                                             members befo                          dshake. Practice                  to make
Taking a hands–on career education course related                           rehand.                                   with friends an
                                                                                                                                       d family
to your career interests also can provide valuable          Be respectful a
                                                                            nd polite. The pe
technical and leadership skills. Volunteering within        valuable mento                        rson you shadow
                                                                            r. Do your best                           has the potent
                                                           and do not chew                     to impress them                        ial to be a
the community is a wonderful way to help others                              gum or bring a                       . Remember yo
                                                                                                 cell phone.                       ur manners,
while exploring and developing new skills. Find out if     Come prepared
                                                                           with questions.
a service–learning program is offered at your school.     for your position                     For example, w
                                                                           ? What do you m                        hat education is
                                                         range that som                         ost like about yo                    required
This program combines meaningful service to the                           eone in this po                           ur job? What is
community with classroom studies, and some               you are interest                   sition can make?                         the salary
                                                                          ed and you will                        Asking question
                                                                                             get more out of                       s will show
programs may help with funding for college.             Express your ap                                          the experience
                                                                         preciation. Than                                        .
                                                        him or her whe                        k your mentor
Overall, take advantage of your opportunities                           n you meet, whe                         for allowing yo
                                                       handwritten th                        n you leave for                    u to shadow
to participate in career fairs, work–based                              ank you note. A                        the day and late
                                                       you make may                        gain, you never                       r with a
experiences, cooperative education, student                            end up helping                         know how the
                                                                                          you in the futu                      connections
organizations, internships and more.                                                                        re.

Getting experiences such as these can help students

                                                                              ployers
become successful managers of their own

                                                                   tips for Emed to prepare talking points. Studentsswillpartments,
educational and career plans. Getting enthused                                                                            be
about your future can be a powerful motivator for                                                                    de
                                                                                      entors ne                       s mission, its va
                                                                                                                                        riou
success in school.                                                  Have a plan. M                   the business, it                           l as the
                                                                                       e history of                         ncement, as wel
                                                                    interested in th                      quired for adva                             ies and
Another great way to get exposed to the “real                                            s and what is re                         eir career histor
                                                                     job opportunitie                    mento   rs, including th             ow students
world” of careers is to participate in job shadowing.                                  their particular                     hat they will sh
                                                                      background of                       need to know w
These types of one–day experiences can take place                                       s. Mentors also                the students to
                                                                                                                                         complete.
                                                                      education path                  epare tasks for                                   to
any time of the year. They can help you see how                                           g, even pr                               ch is a good way
                                                                       and, when fittin                       m e. Providing lun
your natural strengths and interests can translate                                          al interaction ti                                  ore personal
                                                                       Create an inform                                     ch other on a m
to a career. It also exposes you to the importance                                         and students   get to know ea             dence and impo
                                                                                                                                                          rtant
                                                                        let the mentors                       stud ents build confi
of “soft skills,” such as good communication,                                               time also helps
                                                                         level. This social                                                                 k with
responsibility, and teamwork.
                                                                          interpersonal sk
                                                                                            ills.                                        enough to wor
                                                                                                            the kids,  and be flexible                   ts excited
                                                                                           ep the focus on                           will get studen
Many job shadowing programs are conducted                                  Make it fun! Ke                      es sful job shadow                            ence.
                                                                                                member, a succ                             , positive experi
through schools with local chambers of commerce.                           their interests. Re                tions. M  ake it an upbeat
                                                                                            g their career op
Job shadow experiences also can be arranged by                             about explorin
parents, school counselors, school programs, classes

                                                                        tips for a
or community organizations.
                                                                                   Successful
Businesses also benefit from job shadowing because                                                                       Job Shado
                                                                                                                                                w
                                                                       Create Success.
it gains them recognition with potential future                                           Creating a succ
                                                                      some planning.                      essful job shad
                                                                                          Junior Achievem                 owing experien
employees, giving them an edge in recruitment, and                    these lists of ti                    ent of Mississip               ce requires
it can attract more business as students spread word                                    ps for students                     pi Valley helped
                                                                                                        .                                    create
of a good experience.                                                                                                                                          21
Missouri Career Guide—2011
F a M I l y WaGE
calcul ator
                                    covering all your Expenses
     1. For income, enter a     county by county Family Wage calculator: http://apps.oseda.missouri.edu/familywagecalc/
        monthly wage. This
        may be a weekly        Income                                              Entry Wage Per Month   Average Wage Per Month
        wage multiplied by
                               Monthly Wage                                    $                          $
        4.2 or a yearly wage
                               Taxes (25% of monthly wage for federal,
        divided by 12.                state and Social Security taxes)         $                          $

                               Net Income (monthly wage – taxes)               $                          $
     2. For expenses,
        complete the
        living modestly
        column, the living                                                            Cost Per Month            Cost Per Month
                               Expense                                                Living Modestly         Living Comfortably
        comfortably column
        or both. Living        Rent/Home Mortgage                              $                          $

        modestly means         Electricity                                     $                          $
        being a bit more       Telephone and cell phone                        $                          $
        thrifty and not
                               Other utilities (natural gas, water, garbage)   $                          $
        spending quite as
                               Car and home insurance                          $                          $
        much as if you are
        living comfortably.    Cable or satellite TV and Internet              $                          $

                               Car payments, gas and maintenance               $                          $
     3. Visit http://apps.     Health insurance                                $                          $
        oseda.missouri.edu/    Food – eating out                               $                          $
        familywagecalc/
                               Food – grocery store                            $                          $
        Check the county
                               Household (paper towels, light bulbs, etc.)     $                          $
        where you live to
        find out how much a    Clothing and shoes                              $                          $
        family needs to pay    Laundry                                         $                          $
        for their expenses.    Entertainment                                   $                          $
        Note that the family
                               Vacation                                        $                          $
        wage calculator is
                               Child care                                      $                          $
        more applicable for
        the living modestly    Loan payments                                   $                          $
        column.                Other (books, DVDs, gifts, hobbies              $                          $

                               Savings and investments                         $                          $

                               Donations                                       $                          $

                               Total Expenses                                  $                          $

                               Net Income (based on entry or average wage)     $                          $

                               Income minus Expenses                           $                          $




22
                                                                                                   Missouri Career Guide—2011
                                                                                      Mo N E y
                                                                                               &
                                                                                     budGE t I NG
Managing your Money
                                                                                           With the cost of the basic
                       a typical Family budget                                             necessities increasing and salaries
                                                                                           many times remaining the same
               Healthcare 6%                 Insurance and
                                               Savings 11%           Entertainment         or even decreasing, it is important
                                                                              6%           that consumers become more
                                                                                           conservative and aware of how they
                                                                                           spend their money.
                                                                               Other
                                                                                 1%        By simply eliminating a few
         Transportation                                                                    unnecessary expenses such as
                16%                                                                        eating out, spending money on
                                                                                           luxury items such as designer
                                                 Clothing 3%                 3%
                                                                                           clothes, specialty coffees, candy,
                                                                            Donations
                                                                                           gum, soda, bottled water, you will
       Food 13%                                       Utilities 7%                         notice a considerable savings over a
                                                                                           period of time.
                                                                                           It is very important to not only
                             Housing 34%                                                   prepare a budget but also to stick to
                                                                                           it. Overspending your budget only
                                                                                           causes constant worry about how
                                                                                           you are going to pay for many of the
                                                                CHECK THIS OUT!
                                                                                           necessary items that you no longer
   HOW MUCH DOES IT COST YOU TO LIVE? The                       $1.50 Bottled Water
                                                                                           have the money for.
   average household spends nearly two–thirds                    $ .95 Candy Bar
   of its income on the combined costs of                       $2.75 Specialty Coffee     Prepare, revise, and stick to your
   housing, transportation, food and household                  $5.20 per day              budget. Eliminate unnecessary
   items. When looking at a household budget, it                      or                   expenses and take control of your
   is important to consider routine daily expenses             $36.40 per week
   and how they can accumulate over time.                                                  money and spending. Don’t let your
                                                                      or                   spending take control of you.
   Skipping one coffee drink, bottled water and            $1,892.80 per year!
   candy bar each day can save you $1,900 a year.



Preparing a budget gives an overall                  Over 60% of a family’s income is
picture of how much spendable                        spent on the basic necessities of
money you have and how this                          housing, utilities, transportation,
money will be divided in order to                    food and household items,
make a living. Due to the increases                  leaving the remaining expendable
in the cost of food, utilities, car,                 income for other items such as
gas and other essential expenses, it                 clothing, insurance, cell phones,
is necessary to periodically revise                  savings, entertainment, and
your budget to fit not only the                      repairs. Proper budgeting is
changes in the costs of goods and                    critical because so much of any
services but also the changes in                     home’s budget is consumed by
your standard of living.                             basic necessities.
                                                                                                                                   23
Missouri Career Guide—2011
WH a t I S
   GrEEN ?
                What does It Mean to be Green?
     For those who want to pursue a career that benefits the environment, Missouri offers green jobs across a wide
     range of industries. Green jobs and green industries have been described as a new opportunity for growth in
     the economy. The green economy in Missouri can be divided into six distinct areas: energy production, building,
     manufacturing, salvage and remediation, public administration, and farming. Each of these sectors offers both skilled
     and professional jobs in green careers.

     building
     Energy efficiency and the long–term cost savings provided by green building products appeal to consumers and
     industry alike. Green building uses environmentally–friendly materials and methods, converts existing property
     to lesson negative impacts on the environment, provides healthy living spaces, converts sustainable or renewable
     resources into energy, and replenishes resources such as water and oxygen. New construction skills and design
     methods have brought new jobs in the areas of energy efficiency and renewable energy production. Also,
     some industries have traditionally been green. Contractors involved in glazing and insulation, manufacturers of
     reconstituted wood, building inspectors, and remediation specialists are green by job description.

     Energy production
     Green energy is the conversion from conventional sources of energy to the technology and development of
     renewable, clean energy resources. In Missouri, the renewable energy sources with the greatest potential to replace
     conventional sources of energy are biomass, hydroelectric, solar and wind.

     Farming
     There is a wide range of occupations within agriculture that qualify as green careers. Green farming includes the
     production of biofuels, organic farming, and environmentally–friendly forestry. The development of cellulosic ethanol
     technology to create biofuels from plants like switch grass, which does not compete with food products and which
     can grow in places where other crops cannot, represents a significant opportunity for growth in green farming.

                                                           Manufacturing
                                                           Green manufacturing can be found across nearly all
                                                           manufacturing sectors. It includes the research, development,
                                                           and production of materials, parts, and products for energy
                                                           efficiency, health, renewable energy, and safety.

                                                           public administration
                                                           The administration of federal, state, and local green initiatives
                                                           will create jobs at all levels. Conservation, regulation,
                                                           certification, incentives, and economic development are
                                                           all public governance areas with a strong or growing green
                                                           direction.

                                                           Salvage and remediation
                                                           This sector is involved in the process of renewing resources
                                                           through material extraction, environmental cleanup, reuse,
                                                           and product conversion. This industry includes jobs requiring
                                                           a mix of degrees, as well as a variety of skilled and unskilled
                                                           material extraction jobs. These occupations are found in
                                                           waste management, environmental engineering, chemistry,
                                                           salvage, and maintenance.
24
                                                                                            Missouri Career Guide—2011
                                                                                     GrEEN
                                                                                           JobS

Working to Benefit the Environment
There are many ways to find work in Missouri that
benefits the environment. Welders, architects, farmers,
automotive service technicians, plumbers, green
marketers, urban and regional planners, electricians,
and wildlife biologists can all be a part of the green
economy with the right training and direction.
In addition to those who work in primary green
jobs, whose primary functions are tied to the green
economy, there are many others who work in green
supporting jobs. Green supporting jobs are those which
support the green economy, but whose functions
are more traditional in nature, requiring little to no
training to support the green economy as opposed
to other industries. Loan officers, accountants,
general managers, computer hardware engineers,
interior designers, and many others can work in green
supporting jobs.
A 2009 study by the Missouri Economic Research and
Information Center found a strong and growing green
economy in Missouri. The study identified 131,103
green jobs in Missouri, 28,720 primary green jobs,
whose primary functions are tied to the green economy,


      Green Jobs ... It’s Not all New                                       Photo courtesy U.S. Geological Survey/photo by Paul Cryan


 €€€€€
  €€€€
 €€€€€                                                                      and 102,383 green supporting jobs. Employment in
                                                                            Missouri’s green economy was divided among 160

 €€€€€€
 €€€€€
€€€€€€                                                                      different occupations. These green jobs represent
                                                                            4.8%, or about 1 in 21, of all Missouri jobs.

€€€€€€
 €€€€€€
€€€€€€                                                                      Many analysts and experts expect that in Missouri,
                                                                            the green economy’s share of the total economy
€€€€€€
 €€€€€€
€€€€€€                                                                      to grow over coming years. Policy, technology, and
                                                                            economic conditions will push industry toward
€€€€€€
 €€€€€
€€€€€€                                                                      greener products and services. This new economic
                                                                            landscape will change the way businesses and homes
 €€€€€
 €€€€€
€€€€€€                                                                      are constructed and powered, the way workers are
                                                                            educated and trained, and how industries adapt.
   GREEN JOBS ARE ALREADY AVAILABLE IN MISSOURI. Nearly 5 out               Working in a green job requires a bit of research
   of 100 jobs in Missouri can be classified as a green job. Many green     into companies and industries with green practices,
   jobs are not necessarily new jobs. In many industries, green jobs are
   existing jobs plus skill and technology advancements specific to green   but for those who want their work to better the
   technologies or principles.                                              environment, the extra effort is worth it.


                                                                                                                                        25
Missouri Career Guide—2011
                  Gy
c l E aN E NE r
  I N I t I at I V E
      Missouri’s clean Energy commitment
     Missouri’s voters have determined that a transition to
     clean energy sources is a priority, and they have turned
     this priority into a requirement transitioning the state
     toward greater use of clean energy sources.
     The Missouri Clean Energy Initiative, passed by voters
     in November 2008, mandates that Missouri investor–
     owned utilities get 15 percent of their electricity from
     clean energy sources, such as wind, solar, and biomass,
     by 2021. This commitment is likely to propel the
     development of electrical generation from renewable
     sources in Missouri and neighboring states.
     Currently, less than 2 percent of Missouri’s electricity is
     generated from renewable sources, and the majority of
     that is from conventional hydroelectricity generation.
     The state currently relies heavily on coal (82%) to
     power its electric grid, followed by nuclear (10%), and
     natural gas (5%). Requirements in this initiative will be
     implemented gradually, with a 2 percent renewable
     requirement in 2011, 5 percent in 2014, 10 percent in
     2018, and no less than 15 percent in 2021 and thereafter.
     According to the U.S. Department of Energy, Missouri
     is among 24 states which have instated similar
     standards. These requirements range from 8 percent in
     Pennsylvania to Maine’s very aggressive standard of a
     40 percent renewable requirement by 2015.
     The renewable sources defined in the initiative
     requirements are wind power, solar thermal power,
     solar photo voltaic power, small hydropower, a variety
     of biomass energy sources, and fuel cells powered by
                                                                   Photo courtesy Missouri Division of Tourism
     hydrogen from renewable energy sources. The initiative
     also allows the Missouri Department of Natural                A TRADITION OF CONSERVATION. Missourians have a long history of valuing
     Resources to designate new renewable energy sources           environmental conservation. The image of fisherman at Bagnell Dam in the
                                                                   Lake of the Ozarks illustrates how clean energy solutions can work hand–
     as technology develops.
                                                                   in–hand with environmental conservation and outdoor recreation. Bagnell
     The voter–approved mandate to move to clean,                  Dam is a hydroelectric generating station with a maximum generating
     renewable sources of energy in Missouri will drive            capacity of 215 megawatts. At this time, hydroelectric generation through
                                                                   Bagnell Dam and the Taum Sauk power station represent the majority of
     employment in green energy. For example, the initiative
                                                                   Missouri’s electrical generation from renewable sources.
     contains a requirement that at least 2 percent of the
     clean electricity must come from solar sources. This has
     the potential to grow this sector rapidly. Also, energy       Energy Initiative, utilities are required to offer their
     customers can take advantage of rebates in this initiative    customers a rebate of $2 per watt of customer–owned
     and incentives in other legislation. In the Missouri Clean    solar power systems, up to a limit of $50,000.


26
                                                                                                        Missouri Career Guide—2011
                                                                                           GrEEN
                                                                                        tra I N I N
                                                                                                    G
Getting the Skills to Go Green
Deciding to go green is one thing.
Finding appropriate training to                               transitioning to Green Jobs
land a job in the green economy
is another. Fortunately for                TRAINING OFFERS A BRIDGE TO GREEN JOBS. Most job openings in the green economy
Missourians, a large number of             will not be new occupations, but rather traditional occupations, incorporating a new layer
                                           of green skills, knowledge, and credentials. These opportunities will be found across all
educational programs feeding
                                           industries and at all levels of education. The example below illustrates the potential for job
green careers are available through        seekers with skills in existing occupations to acquire specific training and/or certification to
community colleges, technical              transition to potential green job opportunities.
schools, four–year colleges, and
universities, and many employers                                                      Weatherization Program
have taken the initiative to                                                          LEED Certification
implement in–house programs and                                                       Energy Efficiency & Conservation
on–the–job training to help build                                                     Training Program
the skills needed in for green jobs.
                                                   Existing Occupations                  Training
Recently, growth in certain green
sectors of the U.S. economy have               Carpenters
outpaced overall growth. The Pew               Construction Laborers                          Solar Thermal Installers & Technicians
Charitable Trusts estimates that               Construction Managers                          Weatherization Installers & Technicians
between 1998 and 2007, clean                   Electricians                                   LEED–Certified: Carpenters, Construction
energy jobs grew at a faster rate              Insulation Workers                             Laborers, Construction Managers,
                                                                                              Electrical Contractors,
than overall jobs – 9.1 percent for            HVAC Mechanics & Installers                    HVAC Mechanics & Installers
clean energy jobs compared to 3.7
percent for total job growth.                                                                     Green Job Opportunity
A 2010 survey of educational
providers found that Missouri
institutions offered 169 green          followed by the Metropolitan                           Leadership in Energy and
training courses or programs.           Community College in Kansas City                       Environmental Design (LEED)
Over half of these programs were        and the University of Missouri–                        Certification through the U.S. Green
relatively new, having been available   Columbia. Linn State Technical                         Building Council is a nationally–
for two years or less. There are        College also offered a large                           recognized certification for green
multiple programs throughout the        number of green training courses                       construction occupations, and
state to prepare individuals to work    or programs. The programs range                        LEED exam preparation courses
as sustainability specialists, energy   from sustainable agriculture and                       are available through the St. Louis
auditors, weatherization installers     organic food production to green                       Community College.
and technicians, construction           construction to solar and photo
                                                                                               For more information on green
laborers, and environmental science     voltaic systems. While many of the
                                                                                               jobs and training programs to
and protection technicians.             green training offerings are individual
                                                                                               pursue green jobs, visit the Missouri
Among the educational institutions      courses to supplement existing
                                                                                               Economic Research and Information
surveyed, Ozark Technical               degree programs or one– or two–
                                                                                               Center (MERIC) website at
Community College in southwest          year degree programs, Saint Louis
                                                                                               www.missourieconomy.org/
Missouri reported the most green        University also offers a Master’s of
                                                                                               greenportal/greenindex.stm
training courses or programs,           Sustainability program for business,
                                        engineering, or public policy.
                                                                                                                                              27
Missouri Career Guide—2011
carEEr &
Educ at I oN
                                    Find Services in your area




     using this Map
     This map and the following pages        For more information on additional   For more information about many
     show towns and cities throughout        educational programs throughout      career services, visit the Division of
     Missouri with career and educational    the state, visit the Department of   Workforce Development’s
     services. While this is not a compre-   Higher Education website at          Missouri Career Source website at
     hensive list of all educational and     www.dhe.mo.gov.                      www.missouricareersource.com.
     training services, it can serve as a
     good starting point.

28
                                                                                         Missouri Career Guide—2011
                                                                                              carEEr
                                                                                                        &
                                                                                               E duc a
                                                                                                       t I oN
career and Education Services
apprenticeships                                     apprenticeships                      Missouri career centers
An apprenticeship program is a sound                                                     Located in 43 cities and towns across
                                                   U.S. Department of Labor
alternative to a four–year degree, espe-
                                                   oa.doleta.gov/bat.cfm                 the state, Missouri Career Centers            Missouri career centers
cially if you are unsure about college. It is                                            house trained, friendly workforce             Division of Workforce Development
a chance to learn a skilled profession and                                               specialists that provide valuable             www.missouricareersource.com
increase knowledge and skills while earning a good wage. An apprenticeship is a          career assistance services to job             (888)728-JOBS (5627)
combination of on–the–job training and related classroom instruction in which            seekers and businesses—at no cost.
workers learn the practical and theoretical aspects of a highly–skilled occupation.      The centers can help you:
Training for more than 240 occupations can be obtained through apprenticeship                •	 Find the right career for your needs and skill sets
programs in Missouri, such as carpenter, electrician, chef, firefighter, truck driver,       •	 Prepare an eye–catching résumé
machinist, logistics engineer, automobile mechanic, heating and air–conditioning             •	 Complete job applications and other paperwork—even online
installation and service.                                                                    •	 Register on MissouriCareerSource.com—Missouri’s job matching resource—
                                                                                                and learn where the jobs are
                                                                                             •	 Practice and improve interviewing skills
                      olleges
Independent two–year colleges                                                                •	 Access education, certification and training services to improve skills
These schools, known as private                                                              •	 Learn to use supportive equipment, like computers, telephones,
                                    postsecondary Education                                     fax machines and copiers
schools, are mainly supported                                                                •	 Navigate Veterans Employment Services
by private funds and feature        Department of Higher Education
programs that traditionally         www.dhe.mo.gov                                       Vocational rehabilitation centers
take two years to complete.         (573)751-2361                                        The Missouri Division of Voca-
                                                                                         tional Rehabilitation specializes      Vocational rehab centers
                 y
                 year
Independent Four–year colleges                                                           in employment and training             Vocational Rehabilitation
These schools, known as private schools, are mainly supported by private                 services to assist eligible            www.vr.dese.mo.gov
funds and feature programs that traditionally take four years to complete.               individuals with disabilities.         (877)222-8963
                                                                                         Individualized services can
              echnical
professional/technical Schools                                                           include vocational assessment;
These degree and non–degree granting institutions’ programs are designed                 guidance and counseling; job–seeking skills and placement; and job training. The
to prepare students for direct entry into the workforce. Missouri’s profes-              centers also provide assistance with transition services, supported employment
sional and technical institutions have a strong focus on health care                     services, assistive technology services and the Ticket to Work program.
– a field with a strong growth outlook.
                                                                                         GEd® testing centers
public two–year colleges                                                                 The GED (General Educational Development) Test is given at 27 sites throughout
These schools, known as community colleges, are mainly supported by                      Missouri. Most colleges and
public funds. Their programs traditionally take two years to complete.                   employers accept a GED
Many community colleges offer programs and courses through area                                                              GEd® testing centers
                                                                                         certificate as being equivalent
career centers.                                                                                                              Department of Elementary
                                                                                         to a high school diploma. These
                                                                                                                             and Secondary Education
                                                                                         centers only provide the testing.
             ear
public Four–year colleges                                                                Assistance to prepare for the
                                                                                                                             www.ged.mo.gov
These schools are mainly supported by public funds. Their programs traditionally                                             (573)751-3504
                                                                                         exam is available through the
take four years to complete.                                                             AEL Centers.
area career centers                                                                      adult Education and literacy centers
Missouri has 57 area career centers                                                      There are 43 AEL locations across the state helping adults improve or review
across the state that offer high school area career centers                              important basic skills. The major areas of support are GED preparation, adult basic
and adult students a number of           Department of Elementary                        education, and English language acquisi-
programs in the health sciences and
skilled technical sciences, such as
                                         and Secondary Education                         tion. For up–to–date locations and phone           aEl centers
                                         www.dese.mo.gov                                 numbers, visit www.ael.mo.gov. AEL centers
automotive technology and collision                                                                                                         Department of Elementary
                                          (573)751-3500                                  coordinate classes throughout their service
repair, construction technology,                                                                                                            and Secondary Education
                                                                                         areas. Contact the local AEL office to find
electronics, and machine tool technology. Programs offered are usually one– and                                                             www.ael.mo.gov
                                                                                         locations for classes in your area, including
two–year certificate programs with many offering third–party industry certification.                                                        (800)521-READ (7323)
                                                                                         GED preparation.
                                                                                                                                                                               29
Missouri Career Guide—2011
   c & EE E r
careera r ducation
           rE S ourc E S
       arnold                                   camdenton                                        caruthersville
       Missouri Career Center                   Lake Career and Technical Center                 Caruthersville School District
       (636)287-8909                            Area Career Center                               Adult Education and Literacy Center
                                                (573)346-9260                                    (573)333-6100, ext. 3
       bethany                                  www.camdentonschools.org                         Missouri Career Center
       North Central Career Center              Lake Career and Technical Center                 (573)333-0409
       Area Career Center                       Adult Education and Literacy Center
       (660)425-2196                            (573)346-5616                                    Chesterfield
       www.shr2.k12.mo.us                       Missouri Career Center                           Logan University
                                                (573)346-9213                                    Professional/Technical College
       blue Springs                                                                              (800)782-3344
       Blue Springs R–IV School District        canton                                           www.logan.edu
       Adult Education and Literacy Center      Culver–Stockton College
       (816)224-1363                            Independent Four–Year College                    chillicothe
                                                (573)288-6000                                    Grand River Technical School
       bolivar                                  www.culver.edu                                   Area Career Center
       Bolivar Technical College                                                                 (660)646-3414
       Professional/Technical College           cape Girardeau                                   www.grts.org
       (417)777-5062                            Cape Girardeau Career & Technology Center        Missouri Career Center
       www.bolivarcollege.org                   Area Career Center                               (660)646-0671
       Southwest Baptist University             (573)334-0826                                    Vocational Rehabilitation Center
       Independent Four–Year College            www.capectc.org                                  (660)646-1542
       (800)526-5859                            Cape Girardeau Public Schools
       www.sbuniv.edu                           Adult Education and Literacy Center              clinton
                                                (573)334-3669                                    Clinton Technical School
       bonne terre                              www.capetigers.com                               Area Career Center
       UniTec Career Center                     Missouri Career Center                           (660)885-6101
       Area Career Center                       (573)290-5766                                    www.clinton.k12.mo.us/index.php?page=ts
       (573)358-2271                            Southeast Missouri State University              Missouri Career Center
       www.ncsd.k12.mo.us/ucc/                  Public Four–Year College                         (660)885-5541
       UniTec Career Center                     (573)651-2000
       Adult Education and Literacy Center      www.semo.edu                                     columbia
       (573)358-3011                            Southeast Missouri State University              Columbia Career Center
                                                GED Testing Center                               Area Career Center
       boonville                                (573)651-2836                                    (573)214-3800
       Boonslick Technical Education Center     Southeast Missouri Hospital College of           www.career-center.org
       Area Career Center                       Nursing & Health Sciences                        Columbia College
       (660)882-5306                            Professional/Technical College                   Independent Four–Year College
       www.btec.boonville.k12.mo.us             (573)334-6825                                    (573)875-8700
                                                www.southeastmissourihospitalcollege.edu         www.ccis.edu
       branson                                  Vocational Rehabilitation Center                 Columbia Public School
       Missouri Career Center                   (573)290-5788                                    Adult Education and Literacy Center
       (417)334-4156                                                                             (573)214-3690
                                                carrollton                                       Missouri Career Center
       Brookfield                               Carrollton Area Career Center                    (573)882-8821
       Brookfield Area Career Center            Area Career Center
       Area Career Center                                                                        Stephens College
                                                (660)542-0000                                    Independent Four–Year College
       (660)258-2682                            www.trojans.k12.mo.us/cacc
       www.brookfield.k12.mo.us/index.php/acc                                                    (800)876-7207
                                                                                                 www.stephens.edu
                                                carthage                                         University of Missouri–Columbia
                                                Carthage Technical Center                        Public Four–Year College
                                                Area Career Center                               (573)882-2121
                                                (417)359-7026                                    www.missouri.edu
                                                www.carthage.k12.mo.us/tc                        University of Missouri–Columbia
                                                Carthage R–IX School District                    GED Testing Center
                                                Adult Education and Literacy Center              (573)882-4801
                                                (417)359-7095                                    Vocational Rehabilitation Center
                                                www.carthage.k12.mo.us/district-wide-programs/   (573)882-9110
                                                character.html




  30
                                                                                                         Missouri Career Guide—2011
                                                                              carEEr
                                                                                     r so
                                                                               r E S oeu urces
                                                                                          rcES
                                                    please Note
                                       All of the location, phone number, and
doniphan                               website data for these career and education             Jefferson College
Current River Career Center            resources are current as of March 18, 2011.             Adult Education and Literacy Center
Area Career Center                                                                             (636)797-3000, ext. 164
                                       Please reference the appropriate resources on
(573)996-2915
crlink.tec.mo.us                       page 29 for up–to–date information.                     Houston
                                                                                               Houston R–I School District
East prairie                                                                                   Adult Education and Literacy Center
Susanna Wesley                                                                                 (417)967-8520
Family Learning Center                        Fulton                                           Texas County Technical Institute
Adult Education and Literacy Center           Westminster College                              Professional/Technical College
(573)649-3731                                 Independent Four–Year College                    (417)967-5466
                                              (573)642-3361                                    www.texascountytech.edu
Eldon                                         www.westminster-mo.edu
Eldon Career Center                           William Woods University                         Independence
Area Career Center                            Independent Four–Year College                    Metropolitan Community College–Blue River
(573)392-8060                                 (573)642-2251                                    Public Two–Year College
www.eldoncareercenter.org                     www.williamwoods.edu                             (816)604-6500
                                                                                               www.mcckc.edu
Eolia                                         Gladstone                                        Metropolitan Community College–Blue River
Pike–Lincoln Technical Center                 Vocational Rehabilitation Center                 GED Testing Center
Area Career Center                            (816)467-7900                                    (816)604-6777
(573)485-2900                                                                                  Fort Osage Career & Technology Center
www.pltc.k12.mo.us                            Hannibal                                         Area Career Center
Eureka                                        Hannibal Career and Technical Center             (816)650-7180
Rockwood R–VI School District                 Area Career Center                               www.fortosage.net
Area Career Center                            (573)221-4430                                    Independence Adult Basic Education
(573)485-2900                                 www.hannibal.tec.mo.us                           Adult Education and Literacy Center
www.pltc.k12.mo.us                            Hannibal Career and Technical Center             (816)521-5507
Rockwood R–VI School District                 Adult Education and Literacy Center              Missouri Career Center
Adult Education and Literacy Center           (573)248-2520                                    (816)325-5890
(573)733-2161                                 Hannibal–LaGrange College
                                              Independent Four–Year College                    Ironton
Excelsior Springs                             (573)221-3675                                    Arcadia Valley Career Technology Center
Excelsior Springs Area Career Center          www.hlg.edu                                      Area Career Center
Area Career Center                            Hannibal–LaGrange College                        (573)518-2127
(816)630-9240                                 GED Testing Center                               www.mineralarea.edu
www.ed2go.com/excelsior/                      (573)221-3675
                                              Missouri Career Center                           Jefferson city
Farmington                                    (573)248-2520                                    Adult Learning Center
Vocational Rehabilitation Center              Vocational Rehabilitation Center                 Adult Education and Literacy Center
(573)218-6100                                 (573)248-2410                                    (573)659-3122
                                                                                               Department of Corrections Adult Institutions
Fayette                                       Harrisonville                                    Adult Education and Literacy Center
Central Methodist University                  Cass Career Center                               (573)751-2389
Independent Four–Year College                 Area Career Center                               Department of Elementary and Secondary
(877)CMU-1854                                 (816)380-3253                                    Education
www.centralmethodist.edu                      www.casscareercenter.com                         GED Testing Center
                                                                                               (573)751-3504
Florissant                                    Hayti                                            Lincoln University
Missouri Career Center                        Pemiscot County Career & Technology Center       Public Four–Year College
(314)877-3010                                 Area Career Center                               (573)681-5000
Vocational Rehabilitation Center              (573)359-2601                                    www.lincolnu.edu
(314)877-3200                                 www.pcssd.k12.mo.us                              Missouri Career Center
                                                                                               (573)526-8115
Fort leonard Wood                             Hillsboro                                        Nichols Career Center
Missouri Career Center                        Jefferson College                                Area Career Center
(573)596-0294                                 Public Two–Year College and Area Career Center   (573)659-3100
Truman Education Center                       (636)797-3000                                    www.jcps.k12.mo.us
GED Testing Center                            www.jeffco.edu                                   Vocational Rehabilitation Center
(573)596-0172, ext. 30                        Jefferson College                                (573)751-2343
                                              GED Testing Center
                                              (636)797-3000, ext. 154 or
                                              (636)942-3000, ext. 154
                                                                                                                                              31
Missouri Career Guide—2011
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     Joplin                                             Manual Career and Technical Education Center   Kirksville Area Technical Center
     AEL Learning Center                                Area Career Center                             Area Career Center
     Adult Education and Literacy Center                (816)418-5200                                  (660)665-2865
     (417)625-5263                                      www.kcmsd.net/mctc                             www.kirksville.k12.mo.us/Tech_Center/index.html
     Franklin Technology Center                         Metropolitan Community College–Business &      Missouri Career Center
     Area Career Center                                 Technology                                     (660)785-2400
     (417)659-4400–MSSU campus                          Public Two–Year College                        Truman State University
     (417)625-5269–Iowa St. campus                      (816)604-5200                                  Public Four–Year College
     www.franklintechjoplin.com                         www.mcckc.edu                                  (660)785-4000
     Missouri Career Center                             Metropolitan Community College–Maple Woods     www.truman.edu
     (417)629-3000                                      Public Two–Year College                        Vocational Rehabilitation Center
     Missouri Southern State University                 (816)604-3167                                  (660)785-2550
     Public Four–Year College                           www.mcckc.edu
     (417)625-9300                                      Metropolitan Community College–Maple Woods     Kirkwood
     www.mssu.edu                                       GED Testing Center                             St. Louis Community College–Meramec
     Missouri Southern State University                 (816)604-3200                                  Public Two–Year College
     GED Testing Center                                 Metropolitan Community College–Penn Valley     (314)984-7500
     (417)625-9324                                      Public Two–Year College                        www.stlcc.edu/mc
     Vocational Rehabilitation Center                   (816)604-4000                                  St. Louis Community College–Meramec
     (417)629-3067                                      www.mcckc.edu                                  Adult Education and Literacy Center
                                                        Metropolitan Community College–Penn Valley     (314)984-7777
     Kansas city                                        GED Testing Center
     Avila University                                   (816)604-4433                                  lamar
     Independent Four–Year College                      Missouri Career Center                         Lamar Area Vo–Tech
     (816)942-8400                                      Kansas City, Downtown                          Area Career Center
     www.avila.edu                                      (816)471-2330                                  (417)682-3384
     Cleveland Chiropractic College                     Missouri Career Center                         www.lamar.k12.mo.us/votech.html
     Professional/Technical College                     Kansas City, Northland
     (913)234-0600                                      (816)468-8767                                  lebanon
     www.clevelandchiropractic.edu                      Missouri Career Center                         Lebanon Technology and Career Center
     Kansas City ABE                                    Kansas City, South                             Area Career Center
     Adult Education and Literacy Center                (816)325-1000                                  (417)532-5494
     (816)418-5243                                      Northland Human Services Center                www.lebanon.k12.mo.us/ltcc
     Kansas City Art Institute                          Adult Education and Literacy Center            Lebanon Technology and Career Center
     Professional/Technical College                     (816)413-5480                                  Adult Education and Literacy Center
     (816)474-5224                                      Rockhurst University                           (417)532-5494
     www.kcai.edu                                       Independent Four–Year College                  Missouri Career Center
     Kansas City University of Medicine & Biosciences   (816)501-4000                                  (417)532-6146
     Professional/Technical College                     www.rockhurst.edu
     (800)234-4847                                      University of Missouri–Kansas City             lee’s Summit
     www.kcumb.edu                                      Public Four–Year College                       Metropolitan Community College–Longview
                                                        (816)235-1000                                  Public Two–Year College
                                                        www.umkc.edu                                   (816)604-2000
                                                        Vocational Rehabilitation Center               www.mcckc.edu
                                                        (816)889-2581                                  Metropolitan Community College–Longview
                                                                                                       GED Testing Center
                                                        Kennett                                        (816)604-2661
                                                        Missouri Career Center                         Vocational Rehabilitation Center
                                                        (573)888-4518                                  (816)622-0611
                                                        Kennett Career & Technology Center
                                                        Area Career Center                             lexington
                                                        (573)717-1123                                  Lex La–Ray Technical Center
                                                        www.kennett.k12.mo.us/car.php                  Area Career Center
                                                                                                       (660)259-2264
                                                        Kirksville                                     www.lexlaray.com
                                                        A. T. Still University of Health Sciences      Missouri Career Center
                                                        Professional/Technical College                 (660)259-4671
                                                        (660)626-2121                                  Wentworth Military Academy
                                                        www.atsu.edu                                   Independent Two–Year College
                                                        Kirksville Area Technical Center               (800)962-7682
                                                        Adult Education and Literacy Center            www.wma1880.edu
                                                        (660)665-2865

32
                                                                                                               Missouri Career Guide—2011
                                                                                  carEEr
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                                                                                                rcES
liberty                                          Moberly                             New Madrid
William Jewell College                           Missouri Career Center                           New Madrid County R–I Technical Skills Center
Independent Four–Year College                    (660)263-5850                                    Area Career Center
(816)781-7700                                    Moberly Area Community College                   (573)688-2165
www.jewell.edu                                   Public Two–Year College                          www.newmadridco.k12.mo.us
                                                 (660)263-4110
linn                                             www.macc.edu                                     park Hills
Linn State Technical College                     Moberly Area Community College                   Mineral Area College
Public Two–Year College and Area Career Center   GED Testing Center                               Public Two–Year College
(573)897-5192                                    (660)263-4110, ext. 278                          (573)431-4593
www.linnstate.edu                                Moberly Area Community College                   www.mineralarea.edu
                                                 Adult Education and Literacy Center              Mineral Area College
louisburg                                        (660)263-4110, ext. 382                          GED Testing Center
Dallas County Career Center                      Moberly Area Technical Center                    (573)518-2202
Area Career Center                               Area Career Center                               Missouri Career Center
(417)752-3491                                    (660)269-2690                                    (573)518-2431
www.dallasr1.k12.mo.us                           www.moberly.k12.mo.us/matcfaculty.html
                                                                                                  parkville
Macon                                            Monett                                           Park University
Macon AVTS                                       Missouri Career Center                           Independent Four–Year College
Area Career Center                               (417)235-7877                                    (816)741-2000
(660)385-2158                                                                                     www.park.edu
www.macon.k12.mo.us/Vocational/                  Southwest Area Career Center
                                                 Area Career Center
Macon AVTS                                       (417)235-7022                                    perryville
Adult Education and Literacy Center              www.monett.schoolfusion.us                       Perryville Area Career and Technology Center
(660)385-2158                                                                                     Area Career Center
                                                 Mountain Grove                                   (573)547-7500 ext. 341
Marshall                                         Ozark Mountain Technical Center                  www.perryville.k12.mo.us/careercenter/index.htm
Missouri Valley College                          Area Career Center
Independent Four–Year College                    (417)926-3177 ext. 8                             platte city
(660)831-4000                                    www.mgr3.k12.mo.us/omtc                          Northland Career Center
www.moval.edu                                                                                     Area Career Center
Saline County Career Center                      Neosho                                           (816)858-5505
Area Career Center                               Crowder College                                  www.northlandcareercenter.com
(660)886-6958 ext. 247                           Area Career Center and Public Two–Year College
www.marshallschools.com/sccc                     (417)451-3223                                    point lookout
                                                 www.crowder.edu                                  College of the Ozarks
Maryville                                        Crowder College                                  Independent Four–Year College
Missouri Career Center                           GED Testing Center                               (417)334-6411
(660)582-8980                                    (417)455-5521                                    www.cofo.edu
Northwest Missouri State University              Crowder College AEL
Public Four–Year College                         Adult Education and Literacy Center              poplar bluff
(660)562-1212                                    (417)455-5521                                    Missouri Career Center
www.nwmissouri.edu                                                                                (573)840-9595
Northwest Missouri State University              Nevada                                           Poplar Bluff Adult Learning Center
GED Testing Center                               Cottey College                                   Adult Education and Literacy Center
(660)562-1220                                    Independent Two–Year College                     (573)686-2011
Northwest Missouri State University              (417)667-8181                                    Poplar Bluff Technical Career Center
Adult Education and Literacy Center              www.cottey.edu                                   Area Career Center
(660)562-5615                                    Missouri Career Center                           (573)785-2248
Northwest Technical School                       (417)448-1177                                    www.r1schools.org
Area Career Center                               Nevada Regional Technical Center                 Three Rivers Community College
(660)562-3022                                    Area Career Center                               Public Two–Year College
www.ed2go.com/nts/index.html                     (417)448-2090                                    (573)840-9600
                                                 www.nevada.k12.mo.us                             www.trcc.edu
Mexico                                           Nevada Regional Technical Center                 Three Rivers Community College
Davis Hart Career Center                         Adult Education and Literacy Center              GED Testing Center
Area Career Center                               (417)448-2016                                    (573)840-9667
(573)581-5684                                                                                     Vocational Rehabilitation Center
www.mexicoschools.net                            Vocational Rehabilitation Center
                                                 (417)448-1332                                    (573)840-9550
Missouri Career Center
(573)581-4576

                                                                                                                                                    33
Missouri Career Guide—2011
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     raytown                                          Evangel University                                Missouri Western State University
     Herndon Career Center                            Independent Four–Year College                     GED Testing Center
     Area Career Center                               (417)865-2815                                     (816)271-4327
     (816)268-7140                                    www.evangel.edu                                   Vocational Rehabilitation Center
     www.herndoncareercenter.com                      Missouri Career Center                            (816)387-2280
                                                      (417)887-4343
     reeds Spring                                     Missouri State University                         St. louis
     Gibson Technical Center                          Public Four–Year College                          Adult Learning Center
     Area Career Center                               (417)836-5000                                     Adult Education and Literacy Center
     (417)272-3271                                    www.missouristate.edu                             (314)367-5000
     www.wolves.k12.mo.us                             Missouri State University                         Fontbonne University
                                                      GED Testing Center                                Independent Four–Year College
     rolla                                            (417)836-5116                                     (314)862-3456
     Missouri Career Center                           Ozarks Technical Community College                www.fontbonne.edu
     (573)364-7030                                    Area Career Center and Public Two–Year College    Goldfarb School of Nursing at
     Missouri University of Science and Technology    (417)447-7500                                     Barnes–Jewish College
     Public Four–Year College                         www.otc.edu                                       Professional/Technical College
     (573)341-4111                                    Ozarks Technical Community College                (314)454-7055
     www.mst.edu                                      Adult Education and Literacy Center               www.barnesjewishcollege.edu
     Rolla Technical Institute/Center                 (417)447-8861                                     Harris–Stowe State University
     Area Career Center                               Ozarks Technical Community College                Public Four–Year College
     (573)458-0160                                    GED Testing Center                                (314)340-3300
     www.rolla.k12.mo.us/schools/rtirtc               (417)447-6982                                     www.hssu.edu
     Rolla Technical Institute                        Vocational Rehabilitation Center                  Harris–Stowe State University
     Adult Education and Literacy Center              Springfield, North                                GED Testing Center
     (573)458-0101 ext. 15150                         (417)895-5863                                     (314)340-3654
     Vocational Rehabilitation Center                 Vocational Rehabilitation Center                  (314)340-3647
     (573)368-2266                                    Springfield, South                                Hi–Tech Charities
                                                      (417)895-5720                                     Adult Education and Literacy Center
     Sedalia                                                                                            (314)389-5737, ext. 112
     Missouri Career Center                           St. charles                                       Maryville University of St Louis
     (660)530-5627                                    Lewis & Clark Career Center                       Independent Four–Year College
     State Fair Community College                     Area Career Center                                (314)529-9300
     Area Career Center and Public Two–Year College   (636)443-4950                                     www.maryville.edu
     (660)530-5800                                    www.stcharles.k12.mo.us/schools/lewis_clark.htm   Missouri Baptist University
     www.sfccmo.edu                                   Lindenwood University                             Independent Four–Year College
     State Fair Community College                     Independent Four–Year College                     (314)414-1115
     Adult Education and Literacy Center              (636)949-2000                                     www.mobap.edu
     (660)530-5815                                    www.lindenwood.edu                                Missouri Career Center
     Vocational Rehabilitation Center                 St. Charles Community College                     St. Louis, Central
     (660)530-5560                                    Adult Education and Literacy Center               (314)877-0916
                                                      (636)922-8411                                     Missouri Career Center
     Sikeston                                         St. Charles Community College                     St. Louis, Deer Creek
     Missouri Career Center                           GED Testing Center                                (314)877-0001
     (573)472-5250                                    (636)922-8629
     Sikeston Career and Technology Center            Vocational Rehabilitation Center
     Area Career Center                               (636)940-3300
     (573)471-5442
     www.sikeston.k12.mo.us/sctc                      St. Joseph
     Sikeston R–VI                                    Adult Learning Center
     Adult Education and Literacy Center              Adult Education and Literacy Center
     (573)471-9469                                    (816)671-4020
                                                      Hillyard Technical Center
     Springfield                                      Area Career Center
     Cox College                                      (816)671-4170
     Professional/Technical College                   www.hillyardtech.com
     (417)269-3401                                    Missouri Career Center
     www.coxcollege.edu                               (816)387-2380
     Drury University                                 Missouri Western State University
     Independent Four–Year College                    Public Four–Year College
     (417)873-7879                                    (816)271-4200
     www.drury.edu                                    www.missouriwestern.edu

34
                                                                                                                Missouri Career Guide—2011
                                                                                 carEEr
                                                                                  rE S ou
                                                                                                rcES
                                                Webster University                  Warrensburg
                                                Independent Four–Year College                 Missouri Career Center
                                                (314)968-6900                                 (660)429-2504
                                                www.websteruniv.edu                           University of Central Missouri
                                                Vocational Rehabilitation Center              Public Four–Year College
                                                St. Louis, Downtown                           (660)543-4111
                                                (314)877-2940                                 www.ucmo.edu
                                                Vocational Rehabilitation Center              University of Central Missouri
                                                St. Louis, South                              GED Testing Center
                                                (314)877-1900                                 (660)543-4919
                                                Vocational Rehabilitation Center              Warrensburg Area Career Center
                                                St. Louis, West                               Area Career Center
                                                (314)877-1500                                 (660)747-2283
                                                                                              warrensburg.k12.mo.us/schools/wacc/main
Missouri Career Center                          St. peters
St. Louis, North Oaks
(314)381-6700
                                                Missouri Career Center                        Warrenton
                                                (636)255-6060                                 Missouri Career Center
Missouri Career Center                          St. Charles Community College                 (636)456-9467
St. Louis, South                                Public Two–Year College
(314)416-2917                                   (636)922-8000                                 Washington
Missouri Career Center                          www.stchas.edu                                Four Rivers Career Center
St. Louis, Slate                                                                              Area Career Center
(314)589-8000                                   town & country                                (636)239-7777
Parkway Area AEL                                Special School District of St. Louis County   www.washington.k12.mo.us/schools/frcc/index.html
Adult Education and Literacy Center             Area Career Center                            Missouri Career Center
(314)415-4943                                   (314)989-8100                                 (636)239-6703
Ranken Technical College                        www.ssd.k12.mo.us/Tech_ed
Professional/Technical College                                                                Waynesville
(314)286-4809                                   trenton                                       Waynesville Career Center
www.ranken.edu                                  Missouri Career Center                        Area Career Center
Ritenour School District                        (660)359-5636                                 (573)774-6106
Adult Education and Literacy Center             North Central Missouri College                www.waynesville.k12.mo.us/schools/career_center
(314)429-7900                                   Public Two–Year College                       Waynesville R–VI School District
St. Louis College of Pharmacy                   (660)359-3948                                 Adult Education and Literacy Center
Professional/Technical College                  www.ncmissouri.edu                            (573)774-6179
(314)367-8700                                   North Central Missouri College
www.stlcop.edu                                  Adult Education and Literacy Center           West plains
St. Louis Community College–Forest Park         (660)359-3622, ext. 11                        Missouri Career Center
Public Two–Year College                         North Central Missouri College                (417)256-3158
(314)644-9100                                   GED Testing Center                            Missouri State University–West Plains
www.stlcc.edu/fp                                (660)359-3622, ext. 11                        Public Two–Year College
St. Louis Community College–Forest Park                                                       (417)255-7255
GED Testing Center                              union                                         www.wp.missouristate.edu
(314)644-9233                                   East Central College                          Missouri State University–West Plains
St. Louis Community College–Florissant Valley   Public Two–Year College                       GED Testing Center
Public Two–Year College                         (636)583-5193                                 (417)255-7940
(314)513-4200                                   www.eastcentral.edu                           South Central Career Center
www.stlcc.edu/fv                                East Central College                          Area Career Center
St. Louis University                            GED Testing Center                            (417)256-6152
Independent Four–Year College                   (636)583-5195, ext. 2364                      wphs.k12.mo.us/education/school/school.
(314)977-2500                                   East Central College Adult Learning Center    php?sectionid=5
www.imagine.slu.edu                             Adult Education and Literacy Center           West Plains R–VII School District
St. Louis University                            (636)584-6533                                 Adult Education and Literacy Center
GED Testing Center                                                                            (417)256-7788
(314)977-2963                                   university city                               Vocational Rehabilitation Center
University of Missouri–St. Louis                University City AEL                           (417)256-8294
Public Four–Year College                        Adult Education and Literacy Center
(314)516-5000                                   (314)993-0462                                 Wildwood
www.umsl.edu                                                                                  St. Louis Community College–Wildwood
Washington University                           Vandalia                                      Public Two–Year College
Independent Four–Year College                   Van Far R–I School District                   (636)422-2000
(314)935-5000                                   Adult Education and Literacy Center           www.stlcc.edu/ww
www.wustl.edu                                   (573)594-6111
                                                                                                                                                 35
Missouri Career Guide—2011
carEEr
rE S ourc E S
                                                                                        round–up
     apprenticeships                                              Higher Education
     oa.doleta.gov/bat.cfm                                        www.dhe.mo.gov
     An apprenticeship is an excellent way to enter a new         The Missouri Department of Higher Education offers
     career field in the skilled trades. The federal government   a program and institution search tool on its website
     maintains a list of qualified apprenticeship programs        to help residents find educational programs that meet
     that can be searched by area or by career focus.             their needs. This tool includes information about
                                                                  public and private educational institutions including
     Family Wage calculator                                       community colleges, career and technical schools,
     apps.oseda.missouri.edu/familywagecalc                       universities, theological schools, proprietary schools,
     The Family Wage Calculator charts county–by–county           and more.
     the actual costs of making ends meet without any public
     or private supports. Since the calculator is tied to the     Missouri career Source
     poverty threshold, most Missourians will not want to         www.missouricareersource.com
     live on as tight a budget as this calculator assumes, but    Missouri Career Source provides job search tools and
     gives teachers and parents an opening to talk about the      job listings throughout Missouri. Also, residents can
     importance of planning well for the future.                  find information about the Missouri Career Centers
                                                                  in their region through the website, then schedule an
     GEd® High School Equivalency                                 appointment with the center nearest them for help with
     www.ged.mo.gov                                               résumé writing, interview skills and knowledge of basic
     Information about free classes, test sites and               office equipment.
     opportunities for the GED high school equivalency
     test is available through the Missouri Department of         Missouri connections
     Elementary and Secondary Education.                          www.missouriconnections.org
                                                                  Missouri Connections helps students (grades 7–20),
     Military careers & training                                  parents, and adults open the door to educational
     www.todaysmilitary.com                                       planning and career exploration. Discover and explore
     The military offers training and educational                 career interests, find technical schools and colleges,
     opportunities across all career fields. Residents may        search jobs, build a résumé and more with free tools
     explore the branches of service in the U.S. military and     sponsored by the Missouri Department of Elementary
     the opportunities available through them.                    and Secondary Education.


     Vocational rehabilitation                                    Missouri Economy (MErIc)
     www.vr.dese.mo.gov                                           www.missourieconomy.org
     Vocational rehabilitation services and guidance may be       Information on occupations throughout the state,
     obtained through centers across the state of Missouri.       including wage and salary statistics and expected
     Workers with disabilities are eligible for a range of        annual openings, can be found on the website of
     services at the centers.                                     the Missouri Economic Research and Information
                                                                  Center. The occupational information on the MERIC
                                                                  website includes statewide and regional employment
                                                                  projections and statistics.



36
                                                                                            Missouri Career Guide—2011
   Department of Economic Development




This workforce solution was funded by a grant awarded by the U.S. Department of Labor's Employment and Training Administration. The solution was created by the grantee and does not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S.
Department of Labor. The Department of Labor makes no guarantees, warranties, or assurances of any kind, express or implied, with respect to such information, including any information on linked sites and including, but not limited to,
accuracy of the information or its completeness, timeliness, usefulness, adequacy, continued availability, or ownership. This solution is copyrighted by the institution that created it. Internal use by an organization and/or personal use by an
individual for non–commercial purposes is permissible. All other uses require the prior authorization of the copyright owner.
                                                                                                                                                                                   Missouri Economic Research and Information Center—2011

				
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