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									    The Higher Education
    Research Landscape in
         South Africa



Walter Claassen (2 November 2006)
           Major Flows of Funding for R&D
                     (2004/2005, in millions)
Source



           Foreign    Other SA      Government   Business
           R 1 833      R866          R3 855      R5 457
Perfomer




                     Higher Educ.   Government   Business
                        R2 534        R2 512      R6 964
                   Content

1. The new landscape of higher education in
   South Africa
2. The performers
3. The funding environment
4. Aspects of the national research scene (as
   applicable to higher education)
New/Present Higher Education Landscape,
               as in 2006:
          Types of Institutions
  Universities (11)
      many with faculties of engineering,
      some with medicine

  Universities (6)
      “comprehensive institutions”
              (i.e. university & technikon programmes)
      simply called “universities”

  “Universities of Technology” (5)
      formerly “technikons”,
      not (yet) the likes of “technical universities” in
      Germany
  New Higher Education Landscape (2006)
      (after Mergers and Incorporations*)
                          UNISA                                                             206 200
      Tshwane Univ. of Techn.                                                      63 900
                Univ. of Pretoria                                     47 000
        Univ. of Johannesburg                                         46 900
        Univ. of KwaZulu-Natal                                       45 300
               North-West Univ.                                   40 100
 Cape Peninsula Univ. Techn.                           27 900
   Nelson Mandela Metr. Univ.                         26 300
         Univ. of the Free State                     25 400
    Univ. of the Witwatersrand                       24 800
W. Sisulu Univ. of Techn. & Sc.                     23 400
        Durban Univ. of Techn.                     21 900
            Stellenbosch Univ.                     21 900
           Univ. of Cape Town                      21 300
           Vaal Univ. of Techn.                 16 800
               Univ. of Limpopo                16 200
    Univ. of the Western Cape                 14 200
     Central Univ. Techn. Free              11 300
              Univ. of Zululand             10 400        University
                 Univ. of Venda            9 000          "Univ. of techn." (formerly “technikon”)
              Univ. of Fort Hare           8 800          Comprehensive University
                   Rhodes Univ.          6 200

[Source: HEMIS, 2004]   * Projected enrolments of HE institutions in 2006, based on 2004
  SA: Total FTE Enrolments (Contact + Distance)
          by Broad Field of Study (2004)
               Univ. of Limpopo     47%                      8%       13%                31%
Cape Peninsula Univ. of Techn.      46%                            26%         7%        21%
    Univ. of the Witwatersrand      46%                        14%     6%                34%
        Durban Univ. of Techn.      44%                           30%                    26%
            Vaal Univ. of Techn.    39%                            40%                   21%
             Stellenbosch Univ.     39%                    17%     5%                    39%
            Univ. of Cape Town      39%                    17%     3%                    41%
Central Univ. of Techn. Free St.    38%                       30%           4%           28%
                Univ. of Pretoria   37%                   18%          18%               27%
       Tshwane Univ. of Techn.      35%                    24%          11%              29%
     Univ. of the Western Cape      34%              10% 7%                              49%
         Univ. of KwaZulu-Natal     33%                   26%          6%                34%
         Univ. of the Free State    31%             15%       14%                        40%
         Univ. of Johannesburg      30%                  28%            13%              29%
    Nelson Mandela Metr. Univ.      30%               21%           17%                  31%
                  Univ. of Venda    27%          12%     9%                              51%
W. Sisulu Univ. of Techn. & Sc.     27%                 33%              15%             26%
                   Rhodes Univ.     25%        11%     12%                               52%
               North-West Univ.     24%         14%           28%                        34%
                Univ. of Zululand   20%     12%            31%                           37%
              Univ. of Fort Hare    16%   16%            26%                             42%
                           UNISA    13%       33%            10%                         45%

      Science, Engineering & Technology               Business & Management
      Education                                       All Other Humanities & Social Sciences
        Research Publications (Av. 2003 & 2004)
              (all publications) Per Staff
SU                                                                   0.95
CT                                                            0.83
UP                                                     0.64
 es                                                    0.63
FS                                                  0.60
 ts                                               0.57
ZN                                         0.51
UJ                                  0.36
WU                                  0.36
SA                                  0.36
  ul                         0.28
MU                          0.27
WC                         0.26
FH                        0.25
UL                 0.14
UT               0.12
UT           0.08
 en          0.08
UT         0.06
                                                                      U
 IT       0.05
TS       0.04
                                                                      UT
MT       0.04                                                         CU
UT     0.02
        Research Publications (Av. 2003 & 2004)
              (all publications) Per Staff
SU                                                                          0.95
CT                                                                 0.83
UP                                                   0.64
 es                                                  0.63 Top Performers
 FS                                               0.60    (in alphabetical order):
 its                                            0.57      Rhodes, SU, UCT,
 ZN                                        0.51           UFS, UKZN, UP & Wits
UJ                                  0.36
WU                                  0.36
SA                                  0.36
Zul                          0.28
MU                          0.27
WC                         0.26
FH                        0.25
UL                 0.14
UT               0.12
UT           0.08
 en          0.08
UT         0.06
DIT
                                                                              U
          0.05
TS       0.04                                                                 UT
MT       0.04                                                                 CU
UT     0.02                                                                          8
              Weighted Research Output (2004)
      (DoE: Masters x1; Publications x 1; Doctoral x3):        Per Staff
U                                                                     2.17
T                                                           1.73
s                                                    1.39
P                                                   1.37
S                                               1.27
s                                        1.15
U                                    1.05
J                                   1.02
N                                  1.00
ul                          0.78
C                         0.74
A                        0.70
U                       0.68
T                0.32
L            0.22
H           0.21
T          0.18
T         0.15
T        0.13
n       0.11                                                           U
T     0.05                                                             UT
S    0.03                                                              CU
T    0.03
               Weighted Research Output (2004)
       (DoE: Masters x1; Publications x 1; Doctoral x3):        Per Staff
U                                                                           2.17
T                                                           1.73
s                                                 1.39
P                                               1.37     Top Performers
S                                            1.27
s                                        1.15            (in alphabetical order):
U                                    1.05                   NWU, Rhodes, SU,
J                                   1.02                    UCT, UFS, UJ,
N                                  1.00                     UKZN, UP & Wits
 l                          0.78
C                         0.74
A                        0.70
U                       0.68
T                0.32
L            0.22
H           0.21
T          0.18
T         0.15
T        0.13
n       0.11                                                                 U
T     0.05                                                                   UT
S    0.03                                                                    CU
T    0.03
         Rated Researchers (NRF) as % of
        Instruction/Research Staff (2005/6)
                 Instr.
         Rated
Univ.            / Res.
         Res.
                  Staff
          262      UCT                                                             33.0%
          220        SU                                                   28.3%
           47    Rhodes                             15.8%
          161      Wits                       13.7%
           65     UWC                        13.5%
           72      UFS                      12.5%
          177        UP                11.3%
           85     NWU                  11.2%
          152        UN                11.0%
           50    NMMU                8.7%
           64        UJ        6.8%
           12     UniZul      5.7%
           75    UNISA        5.6%          Ratings: 2005, as in March 2006
            5      UFH 2.1%                   Staff: 2004 (most recent HEMIS information)
        Master’s & Doctoral Degrees Awarded as % of
                 SA Totals for these Degrees
                                                          (largest players 2004)
15.6%
        11.2%
                9.8%
                       8.9%
                              8.6%
                                     8.5%
                                            7.9%
                                                   7.2%
                                                           5.9%




                                                                         Other

1       2       3      4      5      6      7      8       9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22
                                                                                    [Source: HEMIS, 2004]
         Distribution of Research
        amongst Universities in SA
 Research publication outputs:
  70% of the publ. output units are produced by:
  6 universities (SU, UCT, UP, Wits, Natal, UNISA)

 Master’s and doctoral degrees (general)
  Two-thirds of master’s and doctoral degrees are
  produced by (out of 22):
  6 universities (SU, UCT, UP, Wits, NWU, UNISA)

 Master’s and doctoral degrees (in SET)
  Two-thirds of master’s and doctoral degrees are
  produced by:
  5 universities (SU, UCT, UP, Wits, Natal)
       State Grant for Higher Education: Funds for Universities
                      (National and for SU) 2006


              State Grant                                             Earmarked
                 85%                                                     15%


                                                NSFAS support      Higher Education       Other
                                                                     Restructuring
                                                     8%                   5%               3%


Teaching: Inputs         Teaching: Outputs         Research Outputs         Institutional Factors
                       (students graduating)
     65%                        16%                      13%                        6%
 Generated by:             Generated by:             Generated by:        Gen. by: No. of enrolled
Approved student       Recipients of degrees       (Research-) M & D      students & % previously
  placements          (non-res.) and diplomas    degrees & publications   disadvantaged students


        % national in black
                State Grant (2006)
Component: Weighted Research Outputs: Composition


                                   M degrees (res.): mmm
                         R…mil            Weight:      1

  Research Outputs
                                         D degrees:       ddd
                         R…mil
        13%                                 Weight:          3
    Generated by:
  (Research-) M & D
degrees & publications
                                        Publ. units:      ppp
                         R…mil             Weight:           1

                                 Amount linked to publ. unit: R 80 000
                                 (for state grant for 2006)
        South African Research Journals
1. Recent report, Report on a Strategic Approach to
   Research Publishing in South Africa, by ASSAf
   (commissioned by DST)
2. Wide media coverage (“shocking finding“)
3. The report shows the following (amongst others):
     a) Too many research journals for the small number of researchers
        in SA
     b) Quality of many research journals leaves much to be desired
     c) Poor visibility (international) of research journals
            •    seldom (or never) cited
            •    many are not tracked in ISI (or other) well-known indexes
     d) Many authors publish too often in research journals that are (too)
        narrowly associated with the universities/departments involved
            •    sometimes on account of specialization
            •    sometimes on account of other factors
     e) Research journals not readily accessible (internationally)
4. Various recommendations have been made
5. The report has attracted a lot of attention; at all universities
                    Total 2005 Income
 (Excluding non-recurrent items and accommodation)
       (total income amount of R1 424 million)


   Tuition                                     Interest           Gov. allocation:
  R272.6                                    R100.1 (7.0%)         research
  (19.1%)                                                         R114.6 (8.0%)


   Gov.
                                                                        Contracts/
allocation:                       Third money                           grants, etc.
"subsidy"†                           stream                             R376.1
 R486.6                             R564.5                              (26.4%)
 (34.2%)                            (39.6%)
                                                                             Sales
                                                                             R73.8
                                                                             (5.2%)
         † based   on student numbers and research publications
                                                                     (in millions)
Timeline of Income per Category (2001 – 2005)
(Excl. Non-recurrent items and Accommodation)
     (three elements of 3MS indicated separately) (in millions)
40 39 37 36 34%                                 2001     2002       2003       2004   2005
       R487
     R458
     R456
   R421




                                              23 22 22 23 26%
R376




                                                           R376
               16 17 19 21 19%




                                                    R298
                                                   R273
                      R273
                      R264
                    R236




                                                R236
                                               R214
                 R184




                               7 8 7 8 8%
               R153




                                                                                 9 9 9 7 7%
                                                                  4 6 6 6 5%
                                 R115




                                                                                R105
                                R103




                                                                    R38




                                                                                R100
                                                                                R94

                                                                                R91
                                                                                R88
                                R83
                                R83




                                                                  R74

                                                                  R74
                                                                  R72
                                                                  R70
                               R63




Government          Tuition    Government       Contracts,         Sales of
allocations:      (excluding   allocations:     donations,        services &      Interest
 "subsidy"         Accomm.)      research          etc.            products
                                        Third money stream
           Major Flows of Funding for R&D
                     (2004/2005, in millions)
Source



           Foreign    Other SA      Government   Business
           R 1 833      R866          R3 855      R5 457
Perfomer




                     Higher Educ.   Government   Business
                        R2 534        R2 512      R6 964
             Important new initiatives
(As background: National R&D Strategy; Now also:-)
1. Accelerated and Shared Growth Initiative for
    South Africa (AsgiSA)
    •   growth; employment; improvement of infrastructure;
        etc.
2. Joint Initiative for Priority Skills Acquisition
   (JIPSA)

   Expectations regarding:
a) Expertise in a number of priority areas
b) Human resources
c) International competitiveness
    Gross Expenditure on R&D as % of
    GDP 2004 (International Comparisons)
     Sweden                                                                   3.98%
     Finland                                                          3.48%
       Japan                                                      3.15%
United States                                             2.68%
South Korea                                               2.63%
 OECD* ave.                                       2.26%
    EU** ave.                             1.82%
    Australia                        1.69%
       China                      1.44%
      Russia               1.17%
       Spain              1.05%
    Hungary             0.88%
South Africa
South Africa          0.87%                  * Organisation for Economic
      Greece                                   Cooperation & Development
                  0.62%
   Argentina    0.44%                        ** Expanded European Union (25 states)
          R&D Expenditure …: Overview
1. Steady increase in national expenditure on R&D:
    •   in 2003/04: 0,81% of GDP
    •   for 2004/05: 0,87% of GDP
    •   for 2008/09: target of 1%
2. Decrease in percentage of state expenditure on R&D:
    •   contribution of private sector presently more than 50%
    •   contribution of foreign funding to R&D: from very small (1994) to
        >10% in 2003/04
3. DST (Department of Science and Technology) brings
   strong interventions and investments:
    •   for the so-called “technology missions”
    •   infrastructure / equipment
    •   new programmes in targeted areas
    •   programmes aimed at alleviation of poverty
4. High expectations nationally regarding the “delivery” of
   larger numbers of students in SET (Science, Engineering
   and Technology)
              Other initiatives
•   Research Chairs (SARCHI) (NRF, with DST)
     “210 by 2010”; ca. 20 in 2006
     Exceptional support for a “mini centre of
      excellence” (about R2,3m per year per
      research chair, for 2 periods of 5 years, for
      research groups and running costs)
     Strong competition
•   Institutional Research Development
    Programme (IRDP) in research niche areas
    (RNA’s)
     Extension of programme formerly only available
      to historically disadvantaged institutions
     ca. 80 RNA’s
   Aspects of the national research scene
                   (2006)
1. Much more complex than five or ten years ago:
    a) more institutions to keep account of (e.g. DST and/or NRF
       together with other state departments, e.g. DME [SANERI])
    b) separate agendas of DST and NRF
            •   NRF bottom up (programmes that one applies for; limited
                funding available)
            •   DST programmes top down (looking for quick results; much
                more funding available)
    c) Human capacity problems at some state institutions
       (high “turnover” of staff) having a serious effect on institutions
2. National strategies are being drawn up for specific
   technologies (e.g. nanotechnology) and funding being
   made available…but the funding is far too limited to
   establish these specializations
3. New sources are becoming available / accessible.
     Aspects of the national research scene
                 (2006) (contd.)
4.   Partnerships are on the increase (and are becoming more
     complex) (universities and industry; universities in other
     countries; universities and science bodies in other
     countries)
5.   The expectations are complex and sometimes unrealistic,
     for example:
     a)   exceptionally high increase in doctoral degrees
     b)   immediate / fast results
     c)   good results but with little funding
6.   Increased demands made on offices for research support
     at universities (lots of individual programmes; very
     complex legal requirements and contracts; IP matters;
     complex auditing requirements)
Thank you
    Transformation of higher education
             in South Africa
Two major documents determine and guide the
transformation of higher education in South
Africa, the second making strong demands
especially on research-intensive institutions:
•   National Plan for Higher Education (2001)
    (Dept. of Education)
•   South Africa’s National Research and
    Development Strategy (2002) (Dept. of
    Science and Technology)
              National Plan for HE
Five key policy goals and strategtic objectives:
•   To provide increased access to HE to all, irrespective of
    race, gender, etc. ... and to produce graduates with skills
    and competencies needed
•   To promote equity of access and to redress past
    inequalities... staff and student profiles to reflect
    demographic realities of SA society
•   To ensure diversity in the organisational form and
    institutional landscape of HE through mission and
    programme differentiation
•   To build high-level research capacity to address the
    research and knowledge need of SA
•   To build new institutional and organisational forms and new
    institutional identities through regional collaboration.
        National Res. & Dev. Strategy
Three operational objectives:
•   Innovation (Achieving mastery of technological
    change in our economy and society)
       a.o. innovation activities linked to universities
•   Human capital and transformation in science,
    engineering and technology (Increasing
    investment in SA’s science base)
       a.o. the need to focus on centres and networks of
        excellence (also at universities)
•   Alignment and delivery (Creating an effective
    government science and technology system)
      Contribution of Top Universities to the
      National Total of Research Publications
  1993    1994    1995   1996   1997      1998   1999      2000   2001   2002        2003    2004
                   16%




                                    15%
                 15%
14%




                                                                         13%
                                 12%




                                                          11%




                                                                                               11%
                                                                               10%
                                                        9%




         UP
         UP              Wits
                         Wits                UCT
                                             UCT                  US
                                                                  SU                 UKZN
                                                                                     Natal
                                                                                               30
       State Grant for Higher Education: Funds for Universities
                      (National and for SU) 2006


              State Grant                                                  Earmarked
              85% [97%]                                                    15% [3%]
                   {R 529m}

                                                    NSFAS support       Higher Education        Other
                                                                          Restructuring
                                                        8% [2%]              5% [0]           3% [1%]


Teaching: Inputs             Teaching: Outputs          Research Outputs          Institutional Factors
                           (students graduating)
  65% [61%]                     16% [10%]                 13% [26%]                    6% [3%]
   {R 323m}                      {R 51m}                   {R 136m}                    {R 19m}
 Generated by:                 Generated by:             Generated by:          Gen. by: No. of enrolled
Approved student           Recipients of degrees       (Research-) M & D        students & % previously
  placements              (non-res.) and diplomas    degrees & publications     disadvantaged students

                   % national in black; SU ratio in [red]; 2006 budget amount in {blue}
                State Grant (2006)
Component: Weighted Research Outputs: Composition
                         R 136m
                          29%       M degrees (res.): 496
                                           Weight:      1
                         R 40m

  Research Outputs        21%             D degrees: 115
     13% [26%]           R 28m               Weight: 3
      {R 136m}
    Generated by:
  (Research-) M & D
degrees & publications
                          50%            Publ. units: 850
                                            Weight: 1
                         R 68m
                                  Amount linked to publ. unit: R 80 000
                                  (for state grant for 2006)
                    Rated Researchers (NRF)
                  Top 5 institutions (1997-2006)
                                                                                                                       262

                                                                                        221 220
                                                         211 205
                               194
                                                                                                   177
                         168                                        166                                         161
                                                                                                         152
                                     137                                  144 142
                  129                      122 128
     116 111

80
           UKZN




                                           UKZN




                                                                          UKZN




                                                                                                         UKZN
SU




                               SU




                                                               SU




                                                                                              SU
                  Wits




                                                  Wits




                                                                                 Wits




                                                                                                                Wits
     UP




                                     UP




                                                                    UP




                                                                                                   UP
                         UCT




                                                         UCT




                                                                                        UCT




                                                                                                                       UCT
     March 1997                      March 2003                     March 2005                     March 2006
          Official numbers middle March: indicates the number of rated researchers in the
          previous year; fluctuations due to retirements and transfers between institutions
                                                                                                                         33
             Rated Researchers as % of
         Instruction/Research Staff (2005/6)
                  Instr.
          Rated
 Univ.            / Res.
          Res.
                   Staff
UCT        262        UCT
                     795                                                           33.0%
SU         220       SU
                   778                                                    28.3%
Rhodes      47    Rhodes
                   298                              15.8%
Wits       161       Wits
                  1 175                       13.7%
UWC         65     UWC
                   480                       13.5%
UFS         72      UFS
                   577                      12.5%
UP         177        UP
                  1 573                11.3%
NWU         85     758
                    NWU                11.2%
UKZN       152    1 386
                      UN               11.0%
NMMU        50     576
                   NMMU              8.7%
UJ          64     943
                     UJ        6.8%
UniZul      12     210
                   UniZul     5.7%
UNISA       75    1 UNISA
                    335       5.6%          Ratings: 2005, as in March 2006
UFH          5     239 2.1%
                    UFH                       Staff: 2004 (most recent HEMIS information)
    DST/NRF Centres of Excellence
•   CoE for Invasion Biology (CIB) [SU]
•   CoE for Epidemiological modelling and analysis
    (SACEMA) [SU]
•   CoE for Biomedical TB-research [SU & Wits]
•   CoE for Strong Materials [Wits]
•   CoE in Birds as Keys to understanding and
    maintaining Biodiversity [UCT]
•   CoE for Chemical Processing: Catalytic Science
    Engineering and Technology Development [UCT]
•   CoE in Tree Health Biotechnology at FABI [UP]
          Total 2005 Income of SU
 (Excluding non-recurrent items and accommodation)
       (total income amount of R1 424 million)


   Tuition                                     Interest           Gov. allocation:
  R272.6                                    R100.1 (7.0%)         research
  (19.1%)                                                         R114.6 (8.0%)


   Gov.
                                                                        Contracts/
allocation:                       Third money                           grants, etc.
"subsidy"†                           stream                             R376.1
 R486.6                             R564.5                              (26.4%)
 (34.2%)                            (39.6%)
                                                                             Sales
                                                                             R73.8
                                                                             (5.2%)
         † based   on student numbers and research publications
                                                                     (in millions)   36
Timeline of Income per Category (2001 – 2005)
(Excl. Non-recurrent items and Accommodation)
               (“third money stream” indicated as a whole) (in millions)
  2001            2002              2003       2004          2005
                                                                         34 36 35 37 40%




                                                                                                     R565
40 39 37 36 34%              R487




                                                                                              R473
               R458
                      R456
        R421




                                                                                R389
R376




                                                                                       R356
                                      16 17 19 21 19%




                                                                         R315
                                                                  R273
                                                           R264
                                                    R236
                                             R184




                                                                                                            9     9     9      7     7%
                                      R153




                                                                                                                        R105


                                                                                                                                     R100
                                                                                                                  R94


                                                                                                                               R91
                                                                                                            R88
       Government                              Tuition                             Third
       allocations:                          (excluding                           money                            Interest
        "subsidy"                             Accomm.)                            stream
Timeline of Income per Category (2001 – 2005)
(Excl. Non-recurrent items and Accommodation)
     (three elements of 3MS indicated separately) (in millions)
40 39 37 36 34%                                 2001     2002       2003       2004   2005
       R487
     R458
     R456
   R421




                                              23 22 22 23 26%
R376




                                                           R376
               16 17 19 21 19%




                                                    R298
                                                   R273
                      R273
                      R264
                    R236




                                                R236
                                               R214
                 R184




                               7 8 7 8 8%
               R153




                                                                                 9 9 9 7 7%
                                                                  4 6 6 6 5%
                                 R115




                                                                                R105
                                R103




                                                                    R38




                                                                                R100
                                                                                R94

                                                                                R91
                                                                                R88
                                R83
                                R83




                                                                  R74

                                                                  R74
                                                                  R72
                                                                  R70
                               R63




Government          Tuition    Government       Contracts,         Sales of
allocations:      (excluding   allocations:     donations,        services &      Interest
 "subsidy"         Accomm.)      research          etc.            products
                                        Third money stream
  20%
       Master’s & Doctoral Degrees Awarded as % of
                SA Totals for these Degrees
                                               (largest players 2004)
              16.8%
           15.6%
           15.4%

  15%
                                                                                                             M           D            M+D
                           11.3%

                           11.2%
  10%
                         10.3%


                                       9.8%
                                       9.8%
                                       9.8%
                                                     8.9%




                                                                                 8.9%
                                                     8.8%
                                                     8.9%
                                                                   8.6%




                                                                                                                                      8.5%
                                                                  8.6%
                                                                                8.5%

                                                                                8.5%
                                                                  8.3%




                                                                                              7.9%
                                                                                              7.8%
                                                                                              7.9%
                                                                                                             7.4%

                                                                                                                        7.2%



                                                                                                                                             5.9%
                                                                                                                               5.6%
   5%




                                                                                                                    5.2%
   0%
               UP            SU       UN I SA         UK ZN            W i ts        UCT        NW U            UFS               RA U
D              UP187         SU115    UNISA  109      UKZN   98        Wits93        UCT99      NWU   87        UFS58             RAU95
M              1 223          894            778            702             683          671         626               589           441
M +D           1 410        1 009            887            800             776          770         713               647           536
Rest           9 261        4 264        14 011           7 554          3 897         4 424       8 944             4 416         6 566
T otal        10 671        5 273        14 898           8 354          4 673         5 194       9 657             5 063         7 102
          Tak e i nto account t he r el ati ve si ze of i nsti tut i ons (enr ol l ed students ["Enr ."]):
Enr . '04     46 971       21 887       206 187         45 342          24 766        21 321      40 145            25 351            30 736
                                                                                                       [Source: HEMIS, 2004]
           M & D Degrees in SET* Awarded as % of
        SA Totals for these Degrees (largest players 2003)
  25%       24.1%

                            22.2%                                                                                   M      D      M+D

  20%



  15%



                                                               15.2%
                                      13.6%
                    13.2%




                                    12.8%
                                    12.7%




                                              11.2%




                                                                                  11.2%
                                              10.9%

                                              10.9%

  10%
                                                                       10.5%




                                                                                           10.0%
                                                        9.6%




                                                                               9.5%
                                                                               9.2%




                                                                                          9.0%
                                                                                          8.8%




                                                                                                     6.8%
                                                                                                   5.8%
                                                                                                   5.6%
   5%




                                                                                                                5.0%
                                                                                                              4.0%
                                                                                                              3.8%



                                                                                                                          3.8%

                                                                                                                         3.6%

                                                                                                                                  3.4%
                                                                                                                                  3.1%

                                                                                                                                  3.2%
                                                                                                                        2.8%
   0%
                    UP                SU      W i ts      UCT                  N atal     UFS      PUCH E      RA U      UPE      UW C
D                   UP66              SU68    Wits 56     UCT 76                Natal
                                                                                    56    UFS 50   PUCHE 34    RAU 25    UPE14    UWC  17
M                  578                  304       261        229                   220       210        135        91        91        75
M +D               644                  372       317        305                   276       260        169       116       105        92
Enr . '03       40 773               21 395   22 181      19 560                29 028    17 451     25 442    22 134    21 335    12 729
  *Science, Engineering and Technology                                                                            [Source: HEMIS, 2004]
      International Students at Stellenbosch Univ.
500
          Rest of the World                                          2 245

          Rest of Africa
                                                      1 777
          SADC: Rest
                                                                      1085
          SADC: Namibia                1 421
                                                       665
                        1 076
                                        577
          844                                          250            307
                           464           151
          300                                          239            342
            50
                           59           180
           99              131
                                        513            623            511
          395              422
  0

          1997           1999           2001           2003           2005
        [International students: 10.2% of residential students of SU in 2005]
                                                                                41
     SU: International Students:
      M & D Students Enrolled
                1997                 1999      2001           2003         2005




                               237




                                                                                                  201
                         191
                   154




                                                                                            150
                                                                                           144
                                                                                           143
                129




                                                                    116
                                                                  102




                                                                                     100
           94




                                                             75




                                                                             71
                                                                             68
                                                                            63
                                                                            62
    52
    50




                                                  49




                                                                          48
  39




                                             32
 29
25




                                                        25
                                                       19
                                       15
                                      13
                                      9




Doctoral    Master’s                   Doctoral         Master’s          Doctoral     Master’s

       SADC                                 Rest of Africa                  Rest of the World

                                                                                                   42
Transformation and quality assurance
Three instruments for maintaining / developing /
promoting quality amidst the challenges of the market
place, transformation, internationalisation, etc.:
 a) programme accreditation and programme
    qualifications framework
 b) funding formula (students in different categories:
    fields, levels of study, levels of success
    [throughput]; different limits of growth)
 c) quality audits
    (Higher Education Quality Committee [HEQC];
    SU’s audit in October 2005; report still
    outstanding)
          SA: International Students by Region
                                                  (2000 & 2004)
          68.4%




47.2%
           35 962




                                                                                                30.8%
 21 215




                                                                                                 13 839
                             13.7%
                    9.7%
                              7 214




                                      6.8% 6.9%          4.7%
                     4 343




                                                  3.3%        1.5% 2.7% 0.3% 0.2% 0.3% 0.3%               3.0%
                                      3 067 3 610
                                                  1 492 2 496 675 1 435 143 128 151 167                   1 567

2000 2004 2000 2004 2000 2004 2000 2004 2000 2004 2000 2004 2000 2004 2000 2004

    SADC              Rest of          Europe       Asia         North    Australia    South     Unknown
                       Africa                                   America               America
STIAS (Stellenbosch Institute for Advanced
             Study): Overview
1. Activities began in 2000
2. Main building and wine cellar renovated in 2001
   and 2002
3. Award from the Wallenberg Foundation: R22m for
   research and seminar centre (RSC)
4. Plans finalized in June
5. Building (RSC) started: August 2006
   Anticipated completion of building: October 2007
   Building costs: R32m
6. Further support is being sought for accom-
   modation units for fellows, and trust funds for
   programmes
                                                      45
 % Black Staff (Instruction & Research)
    at HWU’s over Time (2001-2004)
                                 2001              2002    2003           2004
60%
                                                                  Wits 2003 is a timeline estimate;
                                                                  HEMIS figure of 59.6% is evidently incorrect




                                                                                        51.7%
                                                                                40.5%
                                                                               39.2%
                                                                           34.2%
30%
                                     28.1%




                                                                                                             27.0%
                                                                                                            26.0%
                                                          25.4%




                                                                                                           24.2%
                                                                                                          22.9%
                                                      21.0%




                                                      20.4%
                                                    18.0%




                                                   16.7%
                             15.1%




                                                                                                  14.8%
                                                13.1%




                                                13.1%
                                                13.1%




                                                                                                 12.9%
                           12.8%




                                                                                                 12.7%
                                                12.6%
                                                12.5%




                                                12.5%




                                                                                                12.0%
                                               11.6%
        11.4%




                                              11.0%
       10.5%




                                              10.4%
       8.9%




                                             8.3%
                        8.1%




                                             7.8%
      7.5%




                       6.2%
                       7.1%
                5.4%
                5.3%




0%
        SU        UFS       PUCHE             UP   UPE    RAU     UCT         Natal               RU        Wits
                               HAI's (Afr)                                       HAI's (Eng)
                                                                                                                   46
          A-, B- & P- Rated Researchers (NRF)
             Top 5 institutions (1997-2006)
     P                                                                                                             7

     B
     A                                                 3                             4


                                                                                                            3
                         8
                               3                             5                3            4                       87
                                         4             72                            72
                  4
                         45                                                                                 58
           4                   53               48           52               51           53
      3           35                                                   52                            50
                                         47                       44                            46
3         26                        33
     26
17                       19                            16                            18                            21
                  10           7                9            9                10           9                12
           5                         3   3                         3   4                         3   4
           UKZN




                                         UKZN




                                                                       UKZN




                                                                                                     UKZN
SU




                               SU




                                                             SU




                                                                                           SU
                  Wits




                                                Wits




                                                                              Wits




                                                                                                            Wits
     UP




                                    UP




                                                                  UP




                                                                                                UP
                         UCT




                                                       UCT




                                                                                     UCT




                                                                                                                   UCT
     March 1997                     March 2003                    March 2005                    March 2006
          Official numbers middle March: indicates the number of rated researchers in the
          previous year; fluctuations due to retirements and transfers between institutions
                                                                                                                         47
        Total Funding (THRIP + Industry) in Millions (Rand) . .




        R-
                                  R 35
                                                                    R 70
                                   R 43.8
                                                    R 61.8
                                                   R 60.6




SU
                                          R 50.2
                                         R 48.8
                                         R 49.5
         R 8.4
          R 12.8
               R 18.5
                        R 30.3




Wits
                             R 38.1
              R 3.8
                      R 26.6
                                                             1999




                        R 29.9
                                    R 44.1
                        R 30.2




UCT
                                         R 49.0
                                         R 48.3
                                                             2000




                        R 30.4
                              R 38.5
                         R 31.8
                                                                                       Total Funds




UP
                        R 29.9
                                                             2001




                                   R 45.9
                                 R 43.3
             R 12.4
                             R 36.8
                                                             2002




                                         R 48.0
                     R 26.2
NWU
                                                                                 THRIP Funds (1999-2004)




                        R 28.9
                  R 20.9
                                                             2003




         R 8.8
           R 13.0
               R 18.7
            R 15.1
Natal




            R 14.4
                                                             2004
                                                                           Performance of Universities Regarding




             R 15.7
            NRF Rated Researchers
            Black and Other (2004)
        900
                           784
                           70

        600

                     362
                           714
        300
                                           158
                     347                   30
                50               56
                                      16   128
        -       49               39
                A    B     C     P    Y    L
Total Rated     50   362   784   56   16   158
Black (incl.)   1    15    70    17   3    30
Other           49   347   714   39   13   128
     NRF Rated Black Researchers
            (2001 & 2004)
80
         2001    2004                  70


60
                              51


40
                                                                              30

                                                    17   18
20                       15
                 9                                                    7
     1       1                                                    3
                                            0
-
         A           B             C            P             Y           L

                                                                                   50
            NRF Rated Researchers
            Women and Other (2004)
        900
                          784

                          171
        600

                    362
                    50
        300               613
                                          158
                    312                   52
               50               56
                                     16   106
        -      47
               A    B     C     P    Y    L
Total Rated    50   362   784   56   16   158
Woman          3    50    171   27   5    52
Other          47   312   613   29   11   106
      NRF Rated Woman Researchers
              (2001 & 2004)
200
           2001     2004              171

150



100                              86

                            50                                                 52
50
                   24                               27   23
                                                                      13
       2       3                            3                     5
-
           A            B             C         P             Y            L
Language Composition (Western Cape)
    (First Language, Census 2001)




                                      53
              Language Composition
      (Former "Cape Province", Census 2001)
10 000 000
                           Afrikaans               English     IsiXhosa             Other Official SA Languages                               Other




                                                                                                                                  6 482 260
 8 000 000



 6 000 000
             2 810 740




 4 000 000
                                                               703 553
                         510 301




                                                                         520 104




                                                                                                                                                452 988
 2 000 000




                                                                                                             135 241

                                                                                                                       45 371
                                                                                                    12 245




                                                                                                                                                          20 625
                                      10 318

                                               6 021

                                                       4 791




                                                                                    2 019

                                                                                            1 528


        0
                                   Coloured                                        White                                        African
                                                                                                                                                               54
      First Language in SA (Total Population)
12 000 000        (Census 2001)




                                                                                                                                             10 659 309
                                     Afrikaans            English          IsiXhosa              IsiZulu
9 000 000




                                                                                                                                 7 889 000
6 000 000
            3 173 970




                                                               2 536 907


                                                                             1 687 661
3 000 000
                           756 066




                                                                                                             253 279


                                                                                                                       183 631
                                       12 174


                                                 11 397




                                                                                         5 281


                                                                                                     4 192
       0
                           Coloured                                                 White                                 African

                        Only the two largest African languages shown here.
                        Total of all other official SA languages = 16 310 576.
                                                                                                                                                          55
               Key Student Statistics
Grand total of students (for the year 2005)                22 082
Postgraduate (= 34% of total)                               7 408
Master’s students: Registered (for the year 2005)           3 846
Doctoral students: Registered (for the year 2005)             641
Percentage of males 1995 / 2005                     56.7% / 48.7%
Percentage of females 1995 / 2005                   43.3% / 51.4%
International students in the year 2003 (8.8%)              2 245
First-year (“first time entry”) enrolment (2003)            3 583

Quality of “first time entry” intake for the year 2005:
Students in the two highest M-count categories (20-24 & 25-30) 61%
Students with a Grade 12 aggregate of 85% or over (998)        28%


                                                                56
    Early history in overview
•   1859: Founding of the Theological Seminary of the
    Dutch Reformed Church
•   1866: Founding of the Stellenbosch Gymnasium,
    inspired by the Theological Seminary
•   1881: The Arts Department of the Stellenbosch
    Gymnasium developed into the Stellenbosch College
•   1887: Stellenbosch College renamed The Victoria
    College of Stellenbosch
•   1915: Bequest by Mr. Jannie Marais (required by
    Government to enable an independent – Afrikaans –
    university [rather than incorporation with Grootte
    Schuur, in Cape Town])
•   1918: The Victoria College gave way to an
    independent university, University of Stellenbosch



                                                         57
               International Students:
            Country of Origin* of Students
          SADC               Rest of Africa          Rest of the World
Botswana         44       Cameroon            20     Austria          15
DRC              36       Gabon             100      Belgium          37
Lesotho          32       Kenya               38     Canada           17
Malawi           24       Libya               20     China            24
Mozambique       15       Nigeria             41     France           55
Namibia          511      Uganda              22     Germany          322
Swaziland        18                                  India            22
Tanzania         28                                  Korea            33
Zambia           37                                  Netherlands      156
Zimbabwe         102                                 Norway           34
                                                     Sweden           27
                       * where there are more than   United Kingdom   79
                        15 Students per Country      USA              163
                                                                            58
  % Black Staff at HWU's (Afr.) (2004)
  (“Black” includes “Coloured”, African and Indian)
                  SU    UFS         NWU    UP       RAU
40%
                                                             34%
                                                 30%
                  28%                28%
                              25%
                                                       22%
                                           20%
20%
            15%
                        13%
      11%




0%
        Instruction & Research              Administrative
  % Black Staff at HWU's (Eng.) (2004)
   (“Black” includes “Coloured”, African and Indian)
100%
                UCT        UKZN    RU          Wits

                                         75%

                                  59%                    59%
             52%
50%                                              45%


                           27%
       20%
                    15%


 0%
        Instruction & Research          Administrative
 % Female Staff at HWU's (Afr.) (2004)
80%
       SU     UFS       NWU      UP   RAU              69%
                                                65%          65%
                                      60% 61%
60%

                        44%
            42%               40%
      38%         38%
40%



20%



0%
        Instruction & Research              Administrative
  % Female Staff at HWU's (Eng.) (2004)
80%
      UCT    UKZN      RU       Wits                          68%
                                       66%
                                             61%     63%
60%

                            46%
            39%
40%   34%           34%


20%



0%
       Instruction & Research                Administrative

								
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