Unit Showing Concern and Giving Advice by liaoqinmei


									Book I
             Unit 10 Showing Concern and Giving Advice

SectionⅠ: Talking
Requirement:Get familiar with instructions for taking different medications and the
                  expressions used in seeing a doctor and showing concern & giving advice
                  to others in order to express correctly.
1. Useful words, phrases and expressions needed to be mastered in this part
    Key words, phrases:
    be made up of/ be used (helpful) for/ spray into / keep(store) in…place/ ingredients/
    functions/ smooth/ soothe/ soften/ application/ squeeze/ apply/ rub/ caution/
    desired(affected) area/ come into contact with…/ keep out of reach of…/ sore throat/
    bad cough(cold/ headache)/ flu/ come down with/ a (high) fever (temperature)/
    injection/ prescription
    Useful expressions:
    -- About showing concern:
(1) What’s wrong (the matter) with you? / What’s the trouble with you?
(2) Can you tell me what the problem is? / What has happened to you?
(3) What seems to be the trouble?              / Is there anything wrong?
(4) Is something the matter?                  / Are you all right?
(5) Are you sure you are OK?                  / Why do you look so unhappy?
(6) How are you feeling today?                 / You look pale (feverish).
(7) Your arm (foot/leg/nose) is bleeding.       / Have you had (taken) any medicine?
(8) Do you need any help?                       / Shall I go with you to the hospital?
(9) That’s too bad.                              / I’m sorry to hear that.
(10)What can I do for you?
    -- About replying:
(1) I’ve got (come down with) a bad headache (cold) and a fever.
(2) I’m feeling awful (weak / so sick /dizzy) and tired now. / I hurt all over.
(3) The toothache is killing me.                  / I’m having more stomach trouble.
(4) My whole body feels weak.                     / I’m not feeling quite myself.
(5) I couldn’t sleep well.                       / I keep putting on weight.
    --About giving advice:
(1)Try…. You should feel some relief soon./ It will soothe and soften …immediately.
(2) You’d better see a doctor. Want me to go with you?
(3) You’d better go to see a doctor immediately. / You’d better lie down.
(4 ) You must take some medicine.
(5) You should have a good rest.
2. Before class
(1) Free talk: students’ presentation of free talk and teacher’s comments (3 minutes)
(2) Brief revision: review some important phrases and sentence patterns of Unit 9 (2
3. Introduction to this part (2 minutes)
         The topic area of this part is to understand and talk about instructions, relevant
   stuff and the expressions used in seeing a doctor, showing concern and giving advice
   to others. The focus is on the special format and relevant terms and expressions that
   are appropriate for talking about writing the medical instructions and expressions
   used in showing concern & giving advice.
4. About Medicine Instructions (10minutes)
         Since medicine instructions may be a little difficult for the students, first let them
   read the two instructions and try to understand them, then explain some terms and
   expressions. Remind them of the special format, relevant terms and expressions.
5. Follow the Samples & Act Out (28 minutes)
(1) Ask the students how a doctor asks a patient about his/ her illness and how the patient
   describes & how to show concern to somebody who does not feel very well.
(2) Ask the students to read the samples and underline the useful expressions when
(3) Remind them of the key phrases and expressions and ask them to recite ( see above).
(4) Read the samples in pairs and make more similar dialogues.

•Section Ⅱ: Listening
Requirement: Train listening abilities on understanding short dialogues and spot dictation
               of a passage.
1. About this part
         This part is still about seeing a doctor and showing concern & giving advice. But
    listening comprehension is always a big headache for most students, especially Part
    5: Listen and Read, which belongs to spot dictation. So explanation of some
    techniques for listening and repeated drills are quite needed. Focus on the students’
    own understanding about the main idea, some key information of each dialogue and
    the correct spellings of some key words.
2. Before listening (3 minutes)
         Give the students some short time to read the questions and choices of each
   dialogue and try to keep them in mind. When listening, try their best to write down
   the key information.
3. During listening (40minutes)
(1) Play each dialogue for three times. Ask the students to finish the exercises.
(2) Check the answers and find the common problems the students meet.
(3) Play the tape once more and ask the students to repeat and write down the key
   information in each dialogue. Explain some difficulties when needed.
4. Conclusion (2 minutes)
      Discuss with the students how to try to catch the key and useful information and
  the main ideas of the dialogues. Let them listen more after class.

5. Keys and scripts:
(1) Listen and Decode
    Key: 1.d       2. b       3.c
(2) Listen and Respond
    Key: 1. No, Jack does not look quite himself./ No, Jack does not look very well.
          2. He is feeling awful. He is suffering from a bad headache.
          3. Yes, he took some aspirin.
          4. Li suggests that Jack go to see a doctor immediately.
          5. Yes, he needs Li’s help because he can’t think straight at the moment.
          6. He’s got a terrible headache, a sore throat, and his whole body hurts him
          7. He says “Don’t worry. I think you’ve got a bad cold.”
          8. He asks Jack to take an X-ray first.
          9. Jack may have got a bad cold.
                                            Dialogue 1
Jack and Li are good friends.
   Li: Why, Jack, are you all right? You don’t look quite yourself.
Jack: I’m feeling awful. I’ve got a terrible headache.
   Li: It might be a bad cold. Have you taken any medicine?
Jack: I took some aspirin, but I still feel sick.
   Li: You’d better go to see a doctor immediately. Want me to go with you to the
Jack: Oh, it’s so nice of you to offer. I do need your help. I just can’t think straight at the
(In the hospital, a doctor is receiving Jack.)
Doctor: What’s the matter?
   Jack: I’ve got a terrible headache, a sore throat, and my whole body hurts me badly.
Doctor: Let me see. Oh, you’re running a high fever.
   Jack: Am I seriously ill, doctor?
Doctor: Don’t worry. I think you’ve just got a bad cold. But you’d better take an X-ray
   Jack: Thank you, doctor.

(3) Listen and Complete
Key: 1. dentist’s        2. toothache       3.pull out      4.too        5. open
     6.injection          7. numb            8.blood         9.medicine
(4) Listen and Judge
Key: 1. At the dentist’s.
     2. He is suffering from a bad toothache.
     3. She decides to pull it out.
     4. To make his gum numb so he won’t feel any pain.
     5. He is afraid of the injection and blood.
     6. No, just a little bit.
     7. She decides to give him some medicine first.
                                  Dialogue 2
Donald Smith is at the dentist’s. He is suffering from a bad toothache.
    Dentist: There we are. Try to relax. Now open your mouth so I can give you an
    Patient: But, but, doctor. Why do I need an injection?
    Dentist: Because I’ll have to pull out that bad tooth. The injection will make your gum
               numb so you won’t feel any pain.
    Patient: But I hate injections. And …will I lose a lot of blood?
    Dentist: Don’t worry. Just a little bit, and you won’t even notice that.
    Patient: But I’m still so frightened by the injection, and I’ll feel sick at the sight of
    Dentist: Oh, OK. Sit back and relax and we’ll try again in a moment. I’ll have to give
               you some medicine first.

(5) Listen and Read
 Key: 1. Nowadays               2. their skin         3. your       4. all the difference
       5. have a good rest                6.at least eight           7.on a fine day
       8. breaths                         9. upwards and outwards 10. twice a week
(6) Listen and Judge
   Key: 1.F 2. T 3. T 4. T 5. T 6.F 7. F 8.T
(7) Listen and Complete
   Key: 1. skin         2. rest           3. dry          4. within    5.walk
        6. breath       7.minerals 8.vegetables 9. outwards 10. young

Section Ⅲ: Reading
Passage Ⅰ: A Guide to Health for Tourists
   Memorize the key words & important sentence patterns and master how to use them.
   Learn how to write similar writing“ A Guide to„” by following the model of this
   Get to know something about traditional Chinese medicine.
1. Brief introduction to passageⅠ
          This passage mainly talks about different kinds of illness that tourists may suffer
    from while traveling out and gives some advice on how to avoid illness and solve
    different health problems. It especially mentions some traditional Chinese herbal
    medicines. The guide is very practical and useful for tourists.
2. Information related to the reading passage
          The following expressions are often used to explain the functions of traditional
    Chinese medicines. They are be of great help when the students need to translate
    relevant medical instructions.
    an enricher and nutrient for the liver and kidney 补肝益肾
    brace up the whole system and strengthen it       益气强体
    cure cough and facilitate expectoration           止咳化痰
    reduce body weight and delaying senility           轻身延寿
    good for antipyretic and throat soother            清热润喉
    help digest greasy food                           助消化除油腻
    make one feel at ease and energetic                安心益气
    nourish blood and adjust spirit                    补血调气
    invigorating blood circulation and stopping pains 活血止痛
    produce an effect toward clear vision              清火明目
    promote health and cure diseases                   保健治病
    refreshing and beneficial to the eyes               怡神明目
    refreshing and enriching the saliva                生涎消暑
    relieve rheumatism, chills and pains                除湿散寒
    prevent and cure diseases, and to have a long life 防病治病, 延年益寿
    suitable for both men and women, old and young 男女老少皆宜
    an indispensable sovereign remedy for home, traveling, factories and mines
                                                        居家旅行, 工矿必备之良药
3. Students’reading and practice (12 minutes)
        Before detailed explanation, give the students 10 minutes to do fast reading and
    practice, i.e. finish reading through the whole passage, talking about its main idea in
    brief sentences and finish the practice “Read and Think” and “Read and Judge”.
    Then check the answers together.
4. Play the tape and ask the students to follow it. The purpose of this step is to let the
    students simulate the standard pronunciation and cultivate their enthusiasm by
    reading together loudly.(3 minutes)
5. Detailed explanation of language points (60 minutes)
    Important words
(1) suffer: v. feel or have pain, lose, etc.受苦             / suffering n.
    eg: I’ll surely suffer from headaches if I stay up late.
        She is suffering from homesickness since she’s never been away from home.
(2) hurt: v. cause bodily injury or pain 伤害
    eg: I hurt my toe when practicing ballet.
        I believe your words have hurt her badly.
(3) acclimatize: v. get used to a new environment 服水土, 习惯
    eg: Don’t worry, you’ll soon get acclimatized to the life here.
        It’s easier for some people to get acclimatized while very difficult for others.
(4) fasten: v. fix firmly, tie or join together 系上, 扎, 关上
    eg: Have you fastened all the doors and windows?
        She fastened the box with a piece of string.
(5) traditional: a. of ideas etc. passing down from generation to generation 传统的
        tradition n. / traditionally adv.
    eg: To fire crackers on the New Year Eve is a traditional custom in China.
        Traditional ideas are not necessarily out-dated.
(6) reluctant: a. not willing 不情愿,不愿意
        reluctance n. / reluctantly adv.
    eg: He is reluctant to go shopping with his wife.
        I don’t think he is reluctant to accept our invitation.
(7) convince: v. make or cause sb feel certain 说服,使相信
        convincing a. / unconvincing / convincingly adv.
    eg: I’m convinced of his honesty.
        We couldn’t convince her of her mistake.
(8) soothe: v. make a person quiet or calm 抚慰,安抚
        soothing a. / soothingly adv.
    eg: The mother is soothing her crying baby.
        It’s difficult for him to soothe his anger.
    Difficult sentences
(1) Clearly, it is necessary to pack a small first aid kit with you if you go traveling.
    Analysis: clearly and similar adverbs like obviously, apparently, etc. express the
                author’s or the speaker’s idea and attitude. Go doing (sth) is a verb
                phrase often used in English, with “V-ing” giving the purpose of the verb
                go, meaning “去(干什么)”in Chinese. Other examples are: go fishing, go
                shopping, go hunting.
    Translation: 显然, 如果出去旅行, 装备一个小小的急救包是绝对有必要的。
    Example: Obviously, it is important to know about the weather if you go swimming in
                the sea.
(2) In addition to that, loose-fitting clothing, long dresses, long trousers and long-sleeved
    shirts fastened at the end are needed when traveling long distance outdoors.
    Analysis: in addition to that is an expression used to further certain opinions or points.
               The past participle phrase fastened at„is used to modify long-sleeved
               trousers and shirts. In when traveling...“you are” is omitted.
    Translation: 除此之外, 宽松的装束, 长衣长裙, 将裤脚和袖口扎紧的长裤和长
    Example: In addition to textbooks, stories adapted for the beginners with Chinese
               versions are also needed when learning a foreign language.
(3) At all times, personal clearness is of the biggest importance.
    Analysis: of the biggest importance means “the most important”. In English, “be
                 + of + (a) noun” is often used instead of “be + adjective”, with the
                 former sounding more formal.
    Translation: 任何时候个人卫生都是极端重要的。
    Example: In any case, honesty as a principle is of the utmost importance.
(4) What if your friends are reluctant to try them?
    Analysis: What if is used to make a supposition. It is an abbreviated form of “What
               would be the result if„?”
    Translation: 假设外国的朋友不愿试用怎么办呢?
    Example: Yes, he can play the main role. But what if he refuses to join us?
(5) As with Western medicine, some Chinese herbal treatments could have a satisfactory
    result without any danger or side effects.
    Analysis: as with is an abbreviated form of “as it is the case with„”. It stresses the
               likeness between two things.
    Translation: 同西药一样, 一些中华草药的疗效很令人满意, 同时又没有任何风
    Example: As with gold, some other metals are also very good conductors.
6. Practice about the passage ( 15 minutes)
    Ask the students to do the following:
     (1) to repeat and translate the important words and sentence patterns in the passage.
          Make sentences with the important words and phrases.
     (2) to find the topic sentence of each paragraph or conclude the main idea with their
          own words.
     (3) to try to retell the main idea of the passage
     (4) to say something about the structure of the passage and remind them of the way
          of writing “A Guide to„”
     (5)to answer the question: How to avoid and cure the illness tourists may suffer
          from while traveling outdoors according to the passage?
7. Exercises (45minutes)
          Ask the students to finish the rest exercises after the passage. Then check the
     answers and explain some difficult and important language points. While explaining,
     tell them how to think and solve the difficulties.

Note: Passage Ⅱ: The Loving Heart Will Go On is left to the students as homework. Ask
      them to finish reading and the exercises after class. Find some time to explain the
      difficult language points to them.

Section Ⅳ: Writing
Requirement: Learn how to write instructions for taking medicines and medicine recipes;
                master the rules for conjunctions and learn to use them correctly.
1. About this part
        This part includes two sections: applied writing—instructions for taking
    medicines and medicine recipe, a little hard for the students; and sentence
    writing—conjunction, which is about some grammar rules. For the former, ask the
    students to refer to Part Ⅰ. For the latter, refer to the following.

               Wrong usages                                   Correct usages
The machines are humming, the workers          The machines are humming, and the
are busy working.                              workers are busy working.
Practice makes perfect is believable.          That practice makes perfect is believable.
If Jane is happy doesn’t concern me.           Whether Jane is happy doesn’t concern
What had the boy done really annoyed his       What the boy had done really annoyed his
parents.                                       parents.
No matter who does wrong is punished in        Whoever does wrong is punished in the
the end.                                       end.
The reason for his hesitancy was because       The reason for his hesitancy was that he did
he did not like to blame anyone without        not like to blame anyone without sufficient
sufficient proof.                              proof.
It seems of little consequence you appear in   It seems of little consequence whether or
the court or you do not.                       not you appear in the court or you do not.
It is generally accepted silence is            It is generally accepted that silence is
agreement.                                     agreement.
Those write about science are careful in       Those who write about science are careful
checking the accuracy of their reports.        in checking the accuracy of their reports.
Because of the traffic jam which we were       Because of the traffic jam in which we
caught, we were late.                          were caught, we were late.
The students all show concern to the boy       The students all show concern to the boy
whom the teacher says is an orphan.            who the teacher says is an orphan.
Many Welsh people are going to settle in       Many Welsh people are going to settle in
North Carolina, which land is cheap.           North Carolina, where land is cheap.
Whoever has read Mark Twain will forget        Whoever that has read Mark Twain will
his humor?                                     forget his humor?
When was graduating from college, my           When I was graduating from college, my
generation also found the world in a mess.    generation also found the world in a mess.
He dislikes the environment more than         He dislikes the environment more than
John.                                         John does.
Mr. Thompson showed less interest in          Mr. Thompson showed less interest in
Beijing Opera than the actors and actresses.  Beijing Opera than in the actors and
Although he is in his seventies, but he still Although he is in his seventies, (yet) he
learns English very hard.                     still learns English very hard.

 1. Review the key phrases and expressions in this unit by practicing more.
 2. Passage Ⅱ: The Loving Heart Will Go On
 3. Writing: A Guide to Our College

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