Pyuthan Samachar - 5

					                                                                 -Ko"7fg lhNnfaf6 k|sflzt klxnf] ;dfrf/d"ns klqsf_
    xfdL ;j}sf] Pp6} /f]hfO{                                                                                                                                        cfxf ! oxf“ kf] kfO{bf] /x]5
            xfdL sxfF ljleGg l8hfOgsf cfsif{s                                                                                                                                cfw'lgs l8hfO{gsf /]l8d]6 tyf c8{/
                                   '
 ;'gsf u/uxgfx? vl/b ljlqm ug{sf ;fy} c8{/                                                                                                                          cg';f/sf cfw'lgs d]l;gaf6 tof/ ul/Psf
 adf]lhddf Uof/]G6Lsf ;fy tof/ ul/G5 .                                                                                                                              cfsif{s ;'g rf“bLsf u/ uxgfx? sDKo"6/
    – ;fy} sKo"6/ k|ljlwaf6 gfktf}n ul/G5 .                                                                                                                         d]l;g -PSo"/]6 :s]n_ af6 tf}n u/L Uofl/G6Lsf
       – k'/fgf uxgfaf6 gofF uxgf ;fl6G5 .                                                                                                                          ;fy rflxPdf xfldnfO{ ;Demg'xf];\ .
                                                                                                                                                                         k'/fgf uxgf;“u gof“ uxgf ;f6\g' k/]df
          Ps gDj/ ;'g g} xfd|f] ljz]iftf                                                                                                                                        Ps dfq ljZjfl;nf] k;n
                   k|f=] ldg/fh kGyL                                                                                                                                               k|f=] ljho uxt/fh
  dxfnIdL                  ;'g rf“bL k;n                                                                                                                            Go" dxfnIdL kfNkfnL ;' g rf“ b L k;n
                wdf{jtL–! jfUb'nf, Ko"7fg
                 df]=g+= M (*$&*@)&^$                                           /fli6«o ;fKtflxs                                                                                       jfUb'nf, Ko"7fg
                                                                                                                                                                           df]=g+= M (*$$()(@#^÷(*$&%)@%$@

    jif{ !!, c+s %, @)^* ;fn sflQs #) ut] a'wjf/                                                (Pyuthan Samachar National Weekly 16 Nov.. 2011)                                        k[i7 M *          d"No M %
            hDjf] dlGqkl/ifb\sf] klxnf] a}7s d+unjf/ ;DkGg                                                                                åGådf Ifltu|:t rf}sL aGof]
  zflGt / ;+ljwfgsf nflu hDjf] M k|d
            sf7df08f}+÷k|wfgdGqL              ePsf]n] cfkm\gf] ;/sf/sf] d'Nof+sg klg        5 . a}7sn] g]kfnL ;]gfsf ;xfos /yL
                                                                                                                                                    le+ u [ -Ko" ; ;_ ÷ z;:q
                                                                                                                                         åGåsf a] n f Ifltu| : t Onfsf k| x /L
                                                                                                                                         sfof{no le+u[sf] ejg lalxaf/ pb\3f6g
                                                                                                                                         ul/Psf] 5 . åGåsf a]nf tTsfnLg lab|f]xL
                                                                                                                                         dfcf] j fbLn] cfqmd0f u/L ejg
                                                                                                                                                                                                ejg k'gM lgdf{0fsf nflu ut
                                                                                                                                                                                    @)^& h] 7 df la/f6 lgnlu/L h] a L
                                                                                                                                                                                    sf7df08f}n] ;Demf}tf u/L ebf}b]lv sfd
                                                                                                                                                                                    ;'? u/]sf] lyof] . ;Demf}tf adf]lhd )^*
                                                                                                                                                                                    c;f/ d;fGtdf ejg lgdf{0f ;DkGg
8fS6/ afa' / fd e6\ 6 /fO{ n ] zflGt /        To;}df cfwfl/t eP/ ug{'kg{}df hf]8 lbFb}      /fds[i0f clwsf/L / /fh]Gb| If]qLnfO{ a9'jf
;+ l jwfg cl3 a9fpg aF W o eP/                k|wfgdGqLn] eGg'eof], …d}n] c?hlt /fd|f       u/]sf] 5 .                                   eTsfOPsf] lyof] . ejg zflGt tyf            ul/Psf] lgnlu/L h]aL sDkgLsf k|ltlglw
dlGqkl/ifb 7" n f] agfpg' k/] s f]            sfd u/]klg zflGt / ;+ljwfg ePg eg]                       To:t} k|fljlws tkm{sf ;xfos       k'glgdf{0f dGqfno cGtu{t &( nfv            kz'klt gsdL{n] Ko"7fg ;dfrf/nfO{
atfpg' e Psf] 5 . $( ;b:oLo                   To;sf] s'g} cy{ 5}g\ . To;}n] d]/f]                   |
                                                                                            /yLx? w'jaxfb'/ ;fx / Zofd;'Gb/ zdf{sf]      !^ xhf/ $ ;o &# ?k}ofF nfutdf              atfpg'eof] .
dlGqkl/ifb\ agfPkl5 rsf{] cfnf]rgf            ;/sf/sf] d'Nof+sgsf] s;f}6L zflGt /           kbfjlw tLg jif{ ylkPsf] ;/sf/sf k|jQmf       lgdf{0f ul/Psf] xf] .                                        af“sL * k]hdf ====
v]lk/x]sf k|wfgdGqLn] eGg'eof], …sf+u|];      ;+ljwfgsf] sfd g} xf] .Ú pxfFn] dlGqkl/ifb\   pkk|wfg tyf k//fi6«dGqL gf/fo0fsfhL
/ Pdfn] ;/sf/df gcfpg] clg cfkm\g}
leqaf6 ;/sf/ lu/fpg] s'/f cfPkl5
                                              7" n f] agfP/ cfkm\ g f] JolQmut 5lj
                                              alnbfg u/]sf] bfjL klg ug{'eof] . sflQs
                                                                                            >]i7n] atfpg'eof] . ;dfhsNof0f kl/ifb\sf
                                                                                            pkfWoIf bftf/fd vgfn, sf] i ffWoIf
                                                                                                                                         sfo{sf/L ;Dkfbs ;Ddflgt
zflGt / ;+ljwfgsf] nIo k'/f ug{ afWo          !% ut] ePsf] ;ft a'Fb] ;xdltn] zflGt          /Tgaxfb'/ 3fdu/ / ;b:o ;lrj 5]dfª                      Ko" 7 fg -Ko" ; ;_÷ Ko" 7 fg                 ;f]djf/ ;DkGg ;+3sf] !$
eP/ u7aGwgsf] rfxgf k'/f ug{'k¥of] .Ú         / ;+ljwfgsf] nIo k'/f ug{] 9f]sf vf]n]sf]     gfª\unnfO{ kbaf6 x6fO{ tTsfnnfO{ dlxnf
                                                                                                 ]                                       pBf]u afl0fHo ;+3 Ko"7fgn] klxnf] k6s      cf}+ jflif{s ;fwf/0f ;efsf] cj;/df
            ;/sf/ ag]sf] b'O{ lbgd} dw]zL     / ef]nL -a'wjf/_ b]lv sfd z"? eP/             tyf afnaflnsf dGqfnosf ;x                    lhNnfsf] ko{6g ljsf;sf nflu ;+rf/          pxfFnfO ;Ddfg u/]sf] xf] . :ju{åf/L
df]rf{n] /fHodGqLsf] gfd lbPsf]df cfkm'n]     zflGt k|lqmofn] cu|ufdL 5nfª dfg{]            ;lrjnfO{ kl/ifb\sf] ;b:o ;lrjsf]             dfWod / ;+ r f/sdL{ s f] tkm{ a f6         Ko"7fg wfdL{s dxf]T;j @)^* ;kmn
b'O{ dlxgf;Dd /f]s]klg ;/sf/ cl:y/            k|wfgdGqLn] atfpg'eof] .                      lhDd]jf/L lbOPsf] 5 . To;}u/L, ;/sf/n]       pNn]vgLo of]ubfg k'¥ofPsf]df Ko"7fg        agfpg ;+rf/ If]q tkm{af6 ljz]if of]ubfg
x'g] cj:yf cfPkl5 l;kmfl/; sfof{Gjog                     o;}ljr, $( ;b:oLo hDaf]            lzIff ;]jf cfof]udf pbo/fh ;f]tLnfO{         ;dfrf/ ;fKtflxssf sfo{sf/L ;Dkfbs          k'¥ofPsf]df ;Ddfg kq / gub k'/:sf/
u/]sf] e6\6/fO{n] atfpg'eof] . dGqL kl/ifb\   dGqLkl/ifbsf] klxnf] a}7s d+unaf/             k'gM rf/ jif{sf nflu lgo'lQm u/]sf] 5 .      ljhol;Fx ef/tLnfO{ ;Ddfg u/]sf] 5 .                           af“sL * k]hdf ====
7"nf] ePklg e|i6frf/ ug{] dGqLnfO{            ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . l;+xb/af/df ;DkGg                        a}7sn] ljB't k|flws/0fsf
avf{:t ug{] k|wfgdGqLn] r]tfjgL lbg'eof]
. clxn]sf] d'Vo sfd zflGt / ;+ljwfg
                                              a}7sn] g]kfnL ;]gfsf s]xL kbx?df a9'jf
                                              ug{'sf ;fy} ljleGg gofF lgo'lQmx? u/]sf]
                                                                                            sfo{sf/L lgb{]zs lbk]Gb|gfy zdf{sf]
                                                                                                                 af“sL * k]hdf ====
                                                                                                                                            cfsif{s 3/ ;hfj6sf nflu
                                                                                                                                               /+u/f]ugn] 3/ ;'Gb/ agfpg] tkfO{sf] ;kgf k'/f
 Ko"7fgdf em08} @@ ;o lzIfssf] cefj                                                                                                      u5{ j:g]t c8{/ P08 ;Knfo;{ ljh'jf/ Ko"7fgn] .
                                                                                                                                          xfdLsxf“ Ogfd]n, job/ uf8{, r'gf, k]G6, 8f]/ cfO6d, kbf{, sf“6L, sJhf, olt
PnaL yfkf -Ko" ; ;_                           adf]lhd lzIfs b/aGbL k'lt{sf nflu             agfpg g;lsPsf] ljBfno Aoj:yfkg                sfk]{6, Knfli6s sfk]{6, lsrg tyf afy?dsf nflu cfjZos ;Dk'0f{ ;fdu|Lx?
             Ko"7fg ÷ lzIffnfO{ ;j{;'ne       lhNnf lzIff ;ldtLn] kf; u/L uPsf]             ;ldtLsf kbfbLsf/Lx?sf] egfO{ 5 .              v'b|f tyf xf]n;]n ljlqm ul/G5 . ;fy} cTofw'lgs d]lzgjf6 sn/ jgfOG5 .
agfpg] ;/sf/sf] lgtL ePklg Ko"7fgdf           ebf}df lzIff sfof{non] k|ltj]bg ;xLt                     b/aGbL lzIfssf] cefjdf oxfF
@ xhf/ ! ;o (@ lzIfs b/aGbL ck'u              dfu k]z u/]sf] pxfFn] atfpg'eof] . dfu        lghL lzIfs yf]/} ;dosf nflu /fVbf             g]kfn zfnLdf/ k]G6\;sf] Ko"7fg :yLt cflwsf/Ls ljqm]tf
5 . lzIfssf] cefj ;a} e Gbf a9L               u/LP cg';f/ lzIfs b/aGbL cfPdf                lhDd]jf/L lzIfs aGg g;Sbf u'0f:t/Lo
k| f ylds txdf /x] s f] lhNNff lzIff          cfufdL tLg jif{ ;Dddf sj/ ug]{ lzIff          l;sfO{ k|efjsf/L aGg ;s]sf] 5}g . o;n]                                  k| f ] M nf] s jxfb' / j:g] t
sfof{no Ko"7fgn] hgfPsf] 5 . lzIff            sfof{non] hgfPsf] 5 .                         ubf{ of]Uotfsf] lzIfs /fVg ;d'bfonfO{                                j:g]t c8{/ P08 ;Knfo;{
sfof{nosf cg';f/ xfn sfo{/t dfljdf                      ljBfyL{ cg'kftsf] cfwf/df           cfly{s ef/ kg]{ u/]sf] 5 . o:t} ufpF                        ljh'jf/ -sflnsf rnlrq ejgsf] cuf8L_, Ko"7fg
! ;o ^*, lgdfljdf @ ;o #) / k|fljdf           b/aGbL cg';f/ ;fd'bflos ljBfnodf              ufpFdf lagf of]hgf :s'n ug]{ u/LPsfn]               ;Dks{ M )*^–$^)$^&, df]jfOn M (*%&*#!!(%÷(*$&(^!^%@
! xhf/ ! ;o !! lzIfs sfo{/t 5g\ .             lzIfs gx'Fbf ljBfyL{sf] cj:yf sdhf]/          klg lzIfs b/aGbL sd ePsf] /
h;cg';f/ dfljdf ! ;o !* b/aGbL /
%) /fxt, lgdfljdf ! ;o @$ b/aGbL
                                              aGb} uPsf] 5 . eg] u'0f:t/Lo lzIff
                                              kfpgaf6 lhNNffsf ljBfyL{x? al~rt
                                                                                            k7gkf7gdf k|efj k/]sf] xf] . lhNnfsf
                                                                                            sltko 7fpFdf @ b/aGbLdf * sIff;Dd
                                                                                                                                                               Ps gh/ Ptf=====
/ ! ;o ^ /fxft To;}u/L k|flj txdf             ePsf 5g\ . cfj:os lzIfssf] cefjdf             rnfPsf] afWosf/L cj:yf /x]sf] 5 .                      cfw'lgs l8hfO{gsf /]l8d]6 tyf c8{/ cg';f/sf cfw'lgs
b/aGbL * ;o $( / /fxftdf @ ;o ^@              lgoldt k7gkf7gdf ;d:of k/]sf] 5 .                        lzIfs ;'ljwf lagf ljBfno           d]l;gaf6 tof/ ul/Psf cfsif{s ;'g rf“bLsf u/ uxgfx? sDKo"6/
lzIfs sfo{/t 5g\ .                            b/aGbL lzIfssf] cefjdf lghL ;|f]tdf           cg'dlt lng] / ljBfyL{sf] cg'kft lagf                          ]
                                                                                                                                          d]l;g -PSo"/6 :s]n_ af6 tf}n u/L Uofl/G6Lsf ;fy rflxPdf xfldnfO{
             o;afx]s lhNnfdf k|fljdf !        lzIfs /fVbf ljBfnosf] jflif{s of]hgf                               af“sL * k]hdf ====       ;Demg'xf];\ .                          /
xhf/ # ;o *^, lgdfljdf % ;o $ /                                                                                                                                               Lu
                                                                                                                                                                       sng <
dfljdf # ;o @ lzIfs b/aGbL cfj:os                                            v'l;sf] vj/                                                                          }, gS ] f l              k|f=] ljho uxt/fh
5 . o;cg';f/ b}lgs sIffsf]7f lzIfssf]                                                                                                                       ]f;\ x g' xfn
cefjdf k|lt306L vfnL x'g] u/]sf] 5 .                   '
                                               o; uf}dvL ljsf; a}s lnld6]8n] ;]jfu|fxLsf] ;'ljwfnfO{ dWogh/ ub{}
                                                                  +
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                                                                                                                                                    x'g l                  Go" dxfnIdL kfNkfnL ;' g rf“ b L k;n
                                                                                                                                                wfg faf6 7                                      ljh'jf/–^, Ko"7fg
oxfFsf ljBfno;Fu b/aGbL / /fxft lzIfs          ;'grfFbL shf{df Jofh kl/jt{g u/]sf] ;xif{ hfgsf/L u/fpFb5f}+ . cj                             ;fj uxg
sf]6f gePsfn] ljBfyL{n] of] ;d:of                                                                                                                                                  df]=g+= M (*$&(*)#*%÷(&$*%!(!^(
ef]Ug'k/]sf] 5 . lhNnfdf %@ dflj, Ps           ;'grfFbL shf{ !% k|ltzt Jofhb/df pknAw u/fOg]5 .
;o lgdflj / k|flj # ;o &( 5g\ .                                                clgndl0f kf] v | ] n
             lhNnfdf cfj:os cg' ; f/                                          k|d'v sfo{sf/L lgb{]zs
;a} dfu ug{ ;Dej gePklg xfnsf
nflu k|fljdf @ ;o &%, lgdfljdf @                                      '          +
                                                                  uf}dvL ljsf; a}s lnld6]8
;o ^! / dfljdf ! ;o #^ lzIfs                                          s] l Gb| o sfof{ n o ljh' j f/, Ko" 7 fg
ljefudf dfu u/LPsf] lzIff clwsf/L                                               kmf]g M )*^–$^)#@$
uf]laGb k|;fb c¥ofnn] atfpg'eof] . dfu                                 zfvf sfof{no vn+uf / le+u[ ahf/




      æ3/ 3/df rkL{ lhNnfsf] zfg, k"0f{ ;/;kmfO{ o'Qm Ko"7fg xfd|f] klxrfgÆ æ;g\ @)!#, ;/;kmfO{ k"0f{ Ko"7fg x]/Æ
 Ko"7fg ;dfrf/ ;fKtflxs                                            @)^* ;fn sflQs #) ut] a'wjf/                                                                                                            @
                       ;Dkfbs÷k|sfzs                                                                                    b[ l i6sf] 0 f
                        Odfgl;+x ef/tL
    sfo{ s f/L ;Dkfbs
         ljho l;+x ef/tL
                                              ;Nnfxsf/
                                            l6sf/fd zdf{ l/hfn
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                                                                        l;4fGtsf af/]df g]tfx?n] ;f]rg\
      k| d ' v ;Djfbbftf                     nf]s axfb'/ a:g]t
              ;'hn >]i7
                                                                                   g]kfnL /fhgLlts j[Qdf b'O{           dgdf]xg clwsf/LnfO{ /flvPsf] 5 .                                 k| b Lk g] k fn
                                                                      k|j[lQsf] jr{:j /x]sf] 5 . nfd} ;dob]lv           jfdkGyL v]dfaf6 g]kfndf dfS;{jfb
          Joj:yfks                         sfg" g L ;Nnfxsf/          / of] jr{ : j cem} nfd} sfn;Dd                    leq\ofpg] / kl/dfh{g ug]{ >]o log}              rfxG5g\ . lgZro klg oxfF To:tf
             s]z/ /f]sf                     /d]z k|;fb /fhe08f/L      /lx/xg]5 . dfS;{jfbL efsfdf j'h'{jf               g]tfx?nfO{ lbg'k5{ .                            sDo' l gi6x? 5g hf] = ==== JolQmut
                                                                                                 ]|     '{
                                                                      kf6L{ elgg] g]kfnL sf+u; / a'hjf efsfdf                         g] k fnL sf+ u | ] ; df clxn]                                  }
                                                                                                                                                                        :jtGqtfnfO{ l:jsfg{ rfxFbgg\ / o;nfO{
                        k| w fg sfof{ n o                             ;fDojfbL elgg] g]skf Pdfn] ;dsfnLg                k| h ftflGqs ;dfhjfbL l;4fGtsf]                 ;+;f/af6 labf ug{ rfxG5g\ . pgLx?
                        vn+uf–%, Ko'7fg                               /fhgLltsf b'O{ w|'j x'g\ .                        cWoog, ljZn]if0f / ;+j{4gsf] em08}em08}         7fG5g\ ls of] k"0f{ ;fdg~h:osf] afws
               kmf]g÷km\ofS; M )*^–$@))((÷$@)))@                                   ljrf/sf ;Gb{edf eGbf a'h'{jf         v8]/L k/]sf] 5 . yf]/} 5g\ k|hftflGqs           xf] t/ xfdL :jtGqtfnfO{ ;dfgtf;Fu
              O{d]n M pyuthansamachar@yahoo.com                       /fhgLltsf] s]Gb| g]kfnL sf+u|]; xf] eGg           ;dfhjfbsf] l;4fGtnfO{ a'em\g] / JofVof          ;f6\ g rfxF b } g f} + . xfdL of] s' / fdf
                              d' b | 0 f                              cK7\of/f] dfGg' kb}{g . Tof] a'h'{jf lsQfdf            {
                                                                                                                        ug]x? ToxfF t/ ltgLx? cf]em]ndf kfl/Psf         ljZj:t 5f}+ ls ;fdflhs :jfldTjdf
        ef/tL 5fkfvfgf tyf :6]zg/L pBf]u vn+uf, Ko"7fg                cfkm\gf] l;4fGtnfO{ k|hftflGqs ;dfhaf6            5g\ . To;}n] g]kfnL sf+u|]; l;4fGtsf]           cfwfl/t ;dfhdf hlt c? s' g }
           kmf]g M )*^–$@))((÷(*$&*@))((÷(*$&*#*%(#                   eGg] g]kfnL sf+u|];b]lv /fhtGq Ao'Femfpg          ;jfndf otf g ptfsf] kf6L{ aGg k'u]sf]           ;fdflhs Joj:yfdf JolQmut
                                                                      nfluk/]sf] /fli6«o k|hftGq kf6L{ g]kfn-           5 . g]skf Pdfn]leq klg hgtfsf]                  :jtGQtfsf] ls6fgL x'Fb}g .Ú
                        sDKo"6/ n]–cfp6                               /fk|kf–g]kfn_ ;Dd /x]sf 5g\ cyf{t\ a'hjf   {'     ax'bnLo hgjfbnfO{ a'em\g] / To;sf]                          dfS;{ cfkm} n ] lgsfn] s f]
                                                                      kf6L{x?sf] k+lQd} dWodfuL{, blIf0fkGyL            Jofjxfl/s k|of]udf hf]8 lbg] lrGtgdf            lgisif{k|lt d}n] c? yk l6Kk0fL ul//x'g
             n]sfnL sDKo"6;{ P08 df]jfO{N;                            / w" / blIf0fkGyL ;d] t sf kf6L{ x ?              v8] / L k/] s f] 5 . To;} n ] cfF 7 f}          k/]g . ;g\ !((( df a]nfotsf] aLaL;L
          kmf]g M )*^–$@))$)÷(*$&*@)#@)÷(*$&*@)(((                    ;d]l6Psf 5g\ . o:tf] ljefhg cGo                   dxflwj] z gotf g] s kf Pdfn] s f]               ;+:yf4f/f ul/Psf] …ldn]lgod lyª\s/Ú
                                                                      d'n'sdf klg x'G5 .                                ;+u7gfTds hLjg af6f]df cNdlnPsf]                sf] ljZjJofkL ;j]{If0fsf] Ps gDa/df
hLjg lgtfGt 5f]6f] 5 / xfdL jt{dfgdf afFRg l;Sg' k5{ – cp8«L nf]8{                 o;}u/L ;fDojfbL /fhgLltsf]           ofqLsf] h:tf] ePsf] 5 .                         sfn{ d fS;{ k/] s f lyP . dfS;{ j fb
                                                                      s]Gb| g]kfn sDo'lgi6 kf6L{-Pdfn]_ xf] eGg                       of] cj:yfsf af/]df /fhgLlt        :jtGqtflj/f]wL x'GYof] eg] sfn{dfS;
                                                                      klg cK7\of/f] dfGg' kb}{g . oxfF klg              ug]{ ;a}n] ;f]Rg'k5{ . h;/L ;a} a'h'{jf         s;/L Ps xhf/ jif{sf] Ps gDa/sf

 ;DkfbsLo                                    ===========
                                                                      pu|jfdkGyLb]lv blIf0fkGyL ;+zf]wgjfbL
                                                                      egL cf/f]k vfO/x]sf kf6L{x? 5g\ . g]skf
                                                                      Pdfn]n] c+uLsf/ u/]sf] hgtfsf] ax'bnLo
                                                                      hgjfb, g]kfnL sDo'lgi6 cfGbf]ngsf]
                                                                                                                        kf6L{nfO{ Pp6} 8fnf]df /fVg ;lsFb}g
                                                                                                                        To;/L g} sDo'lgi6 gfd ePsf ;a}
                                                                                                                        kf6L{x?nfO{ klg Pp6} 8fnf]df xfNg
                                                                                                                        ;lsFb}g . g]kfnL sf+u|]; klg a'h'{jf kf6L{
                                                                                                                                                                        lrGts 7xl/g ;Sy] .
                                                                                                                                                                                    sfn{ d fS;{ s f] lgisif{ n fO{
                                                                                                                                                                        g]kfndf nfu" ug]{ xf] eg] g]skf Pdfn]n]
                                                                                                                                                                        dfS;{ j fbL sDo' l gi6 kf6L{ s f] kl/ro

 nf]slk|o k|wfgdGqLsf                                                 nf]stfGqLs/0fsf] k|d'v l;4fGt xf] eg]
                                                                      o;} lsQfdf cS6f]a/ qmflGtsf] ;x/L
                                                                      ljb|f]x / dfcf]T;]t'ªsf] goFf hgjfbL
                                                                      qmflGtsf] km'o'hgsf] l;4fGt af]s]sf]
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                                                                                                                        lx;fadf eGg] xf] eg] g]kfnL sf+u|];
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hgtfdf cf;fsf lbof] knfPsf] lyof] . t/ k|wfgdGqLsf                    Tof] g]skf Pdfn]nfO{ lj:yflkt u/]/                              sDo'lgi6 kf6L{sf af/]df eg]       :s'n ?;sf] cg'ej lyof] . :6flng :s'n
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Ps k6s Oltxf;d} ;j}eGbf 7"nf] dlGqkl/ifb\ u7g u/]/                    l;4fGtsf/ ljZj]Zj/k|;fb sf]O/fnf /                / dxfdGqLh:tf Ps gDa/sf g]tfx?;d]t                          dbg e08f/Ln] oxL ;+:yfut
klxnf] ePsf 5g\ . $^ ;b:oLo dlGqd08n u7g x'gf;fy                      g]kfn sDo'lgi6 kf6L{sf g]tf-kl5 g]skf             ;a} sDo'lgi6 Ps} x'g\ eGg] 8/nfUbf] e|ddf       ug{ g;lsPsf] :jtGq lrGtgnfO{ g]kfnL
                                                                      Pdfn]sf cWoIf_ dgdf]xg clwsf/L b'jn]          }   afFlr/x]sf 5g\ .                                /fhgLltdf :yfkLt u/]sf x'g\ . g]kfn
                ]
cfnf]rgf v]ksf k|wfgdGqLn] k'gM # hgf ;b:o yk]/ $(                    ;g\ !(#) sf] bzsfGtdf dfS;{jfbL                                 t/ ;a} sDo'lgi6 kf6L{x? Pp6}      sDo'lgi6 kf6L{n] )!% ;fnsf] r'gfjdf efu
                                                                      lrGtgnfO{ g]kfn k|j]z u/fPsf x'g .                x'Fb}gg\ . h;/L a'h'{jfhLdf /fhtGqjfbL          lnP klg Tof] nfdf] sfn;Dd gf}nf] hgjfbL
;b:oLo dlGqd08n u7g u/]sf 5g\ . ldtJooLtfsf] gf/f                     nIdLk| ; fb b] j sf] 6 fnfO{ ;Ddfg ug] {          / u0ftGqjfbL b'j} c6fPsf x'G5g To;}u/L          qmflGtsf] wªwªLaf6 d'Qm x'g ;s]g . of]
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cnf]slk|otfsf] dfu{df 8f]¥ofO{/x]sf] 5 . To;}u/;/sf/n] ug{]           ax;h:tf] s' / f eof] , ax; t pxfF                 .of] d]/f] lgisif{ xf]Og . dfS;{jfbsf k|0f]tf   sf/0f eP/ al;/x]sf] 5 . sf+u|]; /
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                                                                                                                                                                        sDo'lgi6 b'jn] cWoog u?g\ . b'j} wf/df
ultljlwsf] cfkm\g} kf6L{af6 cfnf]rgf e}/x]sf j]nf ;Qf                 ljrf/nfO{ lnP/ pxfF;Fu ax; ug{nfO{
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l6sfpg afWotfj; o;f] ul/Psf] pgsf] k|ltlqmofn] km]/L                  clxn] klg kf6L{sf ;+:yfks k'iknfn,                leGg 5f}F, hf] JolQmut :jtGqtfnfO{ gi6          a9fpg] d"n wf/ b'O6f dfq 5g\ . hlt
                                                                      kf6L{sf l;4fGtsf/ dbg e08f/L / g]kfnsf            ug{ nfluk/]sf 5g\, hf] ;+;f/nfO{ Pp6f                              ]
                                                                                                                                                                        7"nf] eP klg PFh?n] d"n wf/sf] k|ltlglwTj
cf;fsf lbof] kfln k;]sf g]kfnLx?nfO{ lg/fzf agfPsf] 5 .               k| y d lgjf{ l rt sDo' l gi6 k| w fgdGqL          7"nf] Aof/]s of eLdsfo uf]bfd agfpg             ug{ ;Sb}g . – ;fef/ OsflGtk'/
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bf]lif 7x¥ofO{ ;j{:j;lxt hGds}bsf] ;hfo ;'gfOPsf dfcf]jfbL               hf8fufp“sf o'jfx?sf] k|of; ;kmn xf];\
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g]tf tyf ;ef;b\ afns[i0f 9'unnfO{ cfd dflkm lbg]                                    at{dfg ;dodf o'jfx?nfO
                                                                       Tolt ;sf/fTds tl/sfn] x]g{] ul/Psf]
                                                                                                                                     Pp6f o:t} pbfx/l0fo sfddf
                                                                                                                        h'6]sf 5g\ Ko"7fg k'hf–@ hf8fufFpsf                             ;f]g's'df/ ;'gf/
dlGqkl/ifb\n] lg0f{o u/]sf] 5 . cfd gful/s ;dfh, ljkIfL                5}g . o'jfx?sf] ;dfh k|lt lhDd]jf/               o' j fx? . Ko" 7 fgsf] b' u { d ufla;sf]
                                                                       aGg g;Sg' s f sf/0f o:tf] cj:yf                  hf8fufFpdf tfdfvfgL ePsf] cg'dfg                lasf;sf nfuL nfUg ;hu u/fPsf 5g\
bn, ;+rf/ dfWod o;sf] ljkIfdf /xbfF ;d]t dlGqkl/ifb\sf]                cfPsf] 5 . o'jfx? ljleGg jfxfgfdf                ul/Psf] 5 . Tof] vfgLsf] cGj]if0f /             oxfFsf o'jfx?n] .
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lg0f{o lkmtf{ gePsf sf/0f pgsf] nf]slk|otfnfO{ wldnf]                  sf/0fn] o' j fx? s' n tdf km:g] ,                ;+efjgf 5 pQm ufFpdf . of] s'/f ToxfFsf         ;/f]sf/jfnfx?sf] e]nf 8fs]/ o'jfx?n]
agfPsf] 5 . dfcf]jfbL n8fs'sf xltof/sf sG6]g/sf] ;fFrf]                gsf/fTds sfdx? k|lt k|f]T;flxt x'g]              hgtfx?nfO{ w]/} klxn] b]lv yfxf ePklg           !( ;b:o /x]sf] vfgL ;+/If0f ;ldtL
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ljz]if ;ldltnfO{ a'emfpg]bl] v lnP/ ;]gf ;dfof]hg;Dd                   Vofn gug{], ;]jfefj la;{g] clg d}                ePg . t/ hf8fufFpsf o'jfx? n] ev{/}             /x]sf] tfdfvfgLnfO{ /fli6«o ?kdf klxrfg
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cfOk'Ubf k|wfgdGqLs} kf6L{ dfcf]jfbL pkfWoIf df]xg a}B                 vfpF d} nfFp d]/f] h:tf] aF}; s;}sf]             nfuL Pp6f ;ldtL agfP/ cGt{lqmof                 lasf; ug{sf] nfuL pgLx?n] k|of;
                                                                       klg 5}g . c?sf] s'/f klg gvfg] ;'Gbf             yfn]sf] vj/ ;'Gbf dnfO v';L nfUof] .            yfn]sf 5g . xfd|f] ;dfhdf s;}n] /fd|f]
v]dfn] n8fs'nfO{ ;dfof]hgdf ghfg jQJo dfkm{t cfu|x                     klg g;'Gg] clg cfkm\g} 9+un] c/fhs /             xfd|f] ufFp7fFpdf y'k}| dxTjk'0f{ ;Dkbf 5g\     sfd ug{ vf]H5 eg] ls jf:tf g} gug{]
u/]sf] 5 . k|wfgdGqLn] ug{] x/]s ultljlwnfO{ ljkIfL bnn]               e8\lsnf] x'Fb} hfg] o:t} x'g] u/]sf 5g\,         t/ To;sf] klxrfg / ;+/If0f ug{ xfdL             jf:tf u/] kgL pgLx?nfO{ n8fO lbg]
                                                                       lszf]/ cj:yfsf o'jfx? .                          tTk/ x'gxf] eg] xfd|} 7fpFx?df laleGg
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                                                                                                                                                                        cyf{t v'66f tfGg] k|al[ t 5 . k'hfsf
dfq geP/ cfkm\g} bnaf6 cfnf]rgfsf kfq alg/x]sf                                      o:tf ultljlw / rl/qsf               ;+efjgf 5g . cfhsfn /fhlgtLs kfl6{x/?           o'jfx?n] ;'? u/]sf] pQm k|of;nfO{ ;kmn
                                                                                                                                                                        agfpg :yfgLo /fhlgtLs bn, k'hf
                                                                       sf/0f 3/ kl/jf/ / ;dfhdf                         ;j} ;x/Ls/0f e}/x]sf] ;dodf ufFpx?,
8f=e6\6/fO{nfO{ cnf]slk|otf sdfpg] sfObf aGg k'usf] 5 .]               l76fl76Lx?sf] d'No dfGotf / cf:yf                b'udx? 5f]8/ laleGg kfFr tf/] xf]6nx?df
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                                                                       clt sdhf]/ ca:yf aGb} uPsf] 5 . t/               a}7s a:g] yf]qf of]hgfx? agfpg] /               lhNnfn] g} rf;f] lbg' h?/L 5 . clxn]
          lo / o:tf ultljlwn] bnx?ljr ePsf] / cf;fsf]                  of] s'/f ul//xFbf tkfO{nfO{ nfUg ;S5             To;nfO{ sfof{Gjog gug{] h:tf ultljlw            ;Dd o'jfx?nfO{ ;lx af6f]df kl/rfng
s]Gb|ljGb' /x]sf] & a'b] ;xdlt ;d]t cf]em]ndf kg{] z+sf
                         F                                             ;a} o'jfx? em'q]emfd] / d'Gb|] huN6]x?           e}/x]sf 5g\ . klxn]–klxn] ufFp3/df                        ] F
                                                                                                                                                                        klg /fd|f;u x'g g;ls/x]sf] cj:yfdf
                                                                       x'g\ . o;f] ;f]Rof}F eg] xfdL unt x'G5f}F        wfO/xg] Pglhcf]÷ cfOPglhcf]x? klg               ca kl/rfng txdf dfq xf]Og lgtL
pTkGg ePsf] 5 . o;n] zflGt, ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f k|lqmofnfO{                . dfly h;/L o'jfsf] g/fd|f]sf] af/]df            cfhsfn /]i6'/fFdf ;]ldgf/x? ug{] ub{5g                           [
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                                                                                                                                                                        ;dfj]z ul/g' kb{5 . ;dfhdf s]lx ug{
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;d]t c;/ k'¥ofpg] b]lvg yfn]sf] 5 . t;y{ k|wfgdGqLn]                   la/fP klg of] b]z, ;dfh kl/jt{g ug{              s'/f ug{] xf] b'ud 7fFpsf] lasf;df k'/}
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                                                                                                                                                                        vf]Hg] o'jfx?nfO{ k|fT;fxg ug'{ cfj:os
                                                                       / lasf; ug{sf] nfuL klg ;a}eGbf                  u}/lhDd]jf/ / lgl/x ePsf] dxz'; x'g             b]lvG5 . To;}n] k'hfsf lo o'jfx?sf]
cfkm\gf] JolQmut 5lj / b]zs} nflu ePkl5 cfkm\gf ultljlwdf              dxTjk'0f{ e'ldsf klg o'jfx?sf] g} x'g]           yfn]sf] 5 . lasf;sf al9 eGbf al9                k|of;nfO{ xfdL ;j}n] Ps eP/ ;xof]u
                                                                       ub{5 . o'jfx?sf] h'6af6 csNklgo /                u'0fufg ufpg] ;/sf/, /fhlglts bnx?                  '
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l56\6} kl/jt{g Nofpg' h?/L 5 .                                         hf]lvd sfdx? klg ;+ej x'g] ub{5 .                / u}/;/sf/L ;+3;:yfx?nfO{ km]/L ufFp                   sonukumarsun2@gmail.com
Ko"7fg ;dfrf/ ;fKtflxs                                           @)^* ;fn sflQs #) ut] a'wjf/                                                                                      #
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                                                            7sf]                                                            g] j f vn vn+ u f kl/jf/, Ko" 7 fg
lrtjg e/tk'/sf] lj=lk= SofG;/ c:ktfndf pkrf/ ubf{ ub}{ cNkfo'd} ePsf] c;fdlos lgwgn]
xfdL cToGt} ddf{lxt ePsf 5f} . o; b'Mvsf] 3l8df d[QfTdfsf] lr/ zflGtsf] sfdgf ub}{ zf]sfs'n                                      xflb{s ;dj]bgf
                       kl/jf/hg k|lt xflb{s ;dj]bgf k|s6 ub{5f}+ .

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                                                                                                                                        :j= rt'eh >]i7
                                                                                                                       vn+uf ahf/ O{nfsfsf ;b:o vn+uf–^, lgjf;L rt'eh >]i7{'   7sf]
                                                                                                             olx sflQs @% ut]sf lbg pkrf/sf] qmddf ePsf] c;fdlos lgwgn] xfdL
                                                                                                             cToGt} b'MvL tyf ddf{lxt ePsf 5f} . b'Mvsf] o; 3l8df d[QfTdfsf] lr/
                                          :j= /fwf yfkf                                                      zflGtsf] sfdgf ub}{ zf]sfs'n kl/jf/hg k|lt xflb{s ;dj]bgf k|s6 ub{5f} .
                                                                                                             /fdnfn >] i 7                              ;" o { lj=s=
         xfd|L k'hgLo dftf, ;f;' cfdf, xh'/ cfdf, lhh' cfdf Ko"7fg d/G7fgf–* lgjf;L                            dxf ;lrj                  tyf               cWoIf
*@ jlif{o /fwf yfkf b'Mvb lgwgn] xfld cToGt} ddf{xt ePsf 5f}+ . o; b'Mvsf] 3l8df
                 yfkfsf]                                                                                           Ko" 7 fg pBf] u jfl0fHo ;+ 3 kl/jf/, Ko" 7 fg
           d[tfTdfsf] lr/ zflGtsf] sfdgf ;lxt xflb{s >4fGhnL ck{0f ub{5f}+ .
                                                                                                                                 xflb{s ;dj]bgf
        5f]/fx? M uf]laGb axfb'/ yfkf, gLd axfb'/ yfkf, uf]kfn yfkf, xl/ axfb'/ yfkf, /fdd0fL yfkf
        a'xf/Lx? M pdf yfkf, zfGtf yfkf, /fwf yfkf, OZj/L yfkf, s]z/f yfkf, /fwf yfkf, kfj{tf yfkf                                                                      d[To' M
               ldt 5f]/fx? M kbd s];L -v'ª_, 8f]/ axfb'/ zfx -lah'nL_, pd]z gsdL{ -vn+uf_                       hGd M
                                                                                                              @)@%÷)!÷)%                                             @)^*÷)&÷@%
                                     b]j/ M n]K6g s0f]{n lu/ axfb'/ yfkf
                                 b]j/fgL -ebgL_ M b]jf yfkf, sfnLb]jL yfkf                                                                      {'
                                                                                                                                        :j= rt'eh >]i7
  gftLx? M ;gt axfb'/ yfkf, tf/f axfb'/ yfkf, 6f]k axfb'/ yfkf, k|sfz yfkf, ;'/]Gb| yfkf, 1fg axfb'/ yfkf,
                 dfwj yfkf, l/r8{ yfkf, cDa/ axfb'/ yfkf, ;'hg yfkf, ;'bg yfkf, dbg yfkf
                                                                {                                                      nfoG; Snj ckm Ko"7fgsf ;+:yfks cWoIf tyf jif{ ;g\ @)!!÷!@
                gfltgL a'xf/L M v'df yfkf, lutf yfkf, sdnf yfkf, zflGt yfkf, clDasf yfkf                     sf hf]g lro/ k;{g nfog vn+uf–^, lgjf;L rt'e'{h >]i7 olx sflQs
                                                                                                                                                                   7sf]
gfltgLx? M b]jf kf08], lgdf v8\sf, lai0f' s]=;L=, nIdL u'?ª, nIdL yfkf, kbdf lu/L, hLjg yfkf, ;'ldqf yfkf,   @% ut]sf lbg pkrf/sf] qmddf ePsf] c;fdlos lgwgn] xfdL cToGt} b'MvL
                                                                                                             tyf ddf{lxt ePsf 5f} . b'Mvsf] o; 3l8df d[QfTdfsf] lr/ zflGtsf] sfdgf
            lg? yfkf, xl/snf s]=;L=, nIdL yfkf, ladnf yfkf, /Gh' yfkf, ;'ldqf yfkf, /:dLtf yfkf              ub}{ zf]sfs'n kl/jf/hg k|lt xflb{s ;dj]bgf k|s6 ub{5f} .
gfltgL HjfFOx? M lrq kf08], t]h axfb'/ v8\sf, 5a axfb'/ s]=;L=, an axfb'/ u'?ª, a;Gt lu/L, lbks s]=;L=
           kgfltx? M uf}/a yfkf, s'zn yfkf, ;f}/a yfkf, efg'eQm yfkf, x]d/fh kf08], ;f}ut lu/L,                              5Gb axfb' / a:g] t
                                          gf/fo0f v8\sf, ;gt v8\sf                                                              cWoIf tyf
               kgfltgLx? M Plngf yfkf, ;Demgf yfkf, Pln;f yfkf, ;f]lkmof yfkf, k'ikf s]=;L=                          nfoG; Snj ckm lemd' | s Ko" 7 fg, kl/jf/
                                        5f]/L HjfFO M Wjh axfb'/ vqL
                                            gftL M /fdaxfb'/ vqL,
                             gfltgL a'xf/Lx? M s[i0ff vqL, v'df vqL, ;Gh' vqL                                                    xflb{s ;dj]bgf
                                     gfltgL M z';Lnf s]=;L=, l;tf s]=;L=
                                         gfltgL HjfFO{ M /]zd s]=;L=
     kgfltx? M dw' vqL, k'g axfb'/ s]=;L=, ;'/]z s]=;L=, ;lrg s]=;L=, km';{ axfb'/ s]=;L=, laqmd s]=;L=         hGd M                                                   d[To' M
                                             efGhL M nIdL s]=;L=                                              @)@%÷)!÷)%                                             @)^*÷)&÷@%
                                 efGhL HjfFO{ M lvd axfb'/ s]=;L= -d/G7fgf_
                                      gfltgL M ldgf s]=;L=, l;tf s]=;L=                                                                         {'
                                                                                                                                        :j= rt'eh >]i7
                       gfltgL HjfFO{ M ;'o{ axfb'/ s]=;L= -bfª_, xl/axfb'/ s]=;L= -bfª_                                nfoG; Snj ckm Ko"7fgsf ;+:yfks cWoIf tyf jif{ ;g\ @)!!÷!@
                                            kgftL M lbIffGt s]=;L=                                           sf hf]g lro/ k;{g nfog vn+uf–^, lgjf;L rt'e'{h >]i7 olx sflQs
                                                                                                                                                                   7sf]
                                            kgfltgL M lbIff s]=;L=                                           @% ut]sf lbg pkrf/sf] qmddf ePsf] c;fdlos lgwgn] xfdL cToGt} b'MvL
                                         efGhL a'xf/L M dw' lh=;L=                                           tyf ddf{lxt ePsf 5f} . b'Mvsf] o; 3l8df d[QfTdfsf] lr/ zflGtsf] sfdgf
                                      gftL M ljj]s lh=;L=, lbks lh=;L=                                       ub}{ zf]sfs'n kl/jf/hg k|lt xflb{s ;dj]bgf k|s6 ub{5f} .
                gfltgL Pj+ gfltgL a'xf/L M sdnf lh=;L=, b]jf lh=;L=, ldgf 3tL{÷h'4 3tL{                                       ef] h axfb' / a:g] t
                                                                                                                                   cWoIf tyf
                Pj+ ;Dk'0f{ yfkf kl/jf/ d/G7fgf–*, Ko"7fg                                                             nfoG; Snj ckm df08jL Ko" 7 fg, kl/jf/
Ko"7fg ;dfrf/ ;fKtflxs                                             @)^* ;fn sflQs #) ut] a'wjf/                                                                                                        $
                                                                  ;flxTo÷>[hgf
                                                            sljtf÷uhn÷hfgL /fvf} +
                                                              olt rfF8} ltdL hf]zdf cfpg' x'Gg                                      != klxnf] ljZjo"4 x'Fbf g]kfnsf k|wfgdGqL sf] lyP <
      b|Jo eGg] lrh o:t}                                      s;}n] s]xL eGb}df cfˆgf] xf]z u'dfpg'x'Gg ..                          – rGb|zD;]/
                                                                                                                                    @= g]kfndf k|To]s jif{ s'g ;KtfxnfO{ zlxb ;Ktfx dflgG5 <
rlDs+b}5 ltd|f] Hof]lt ufpF zx/ a:tL–a:tL                     ;To / tYo a'em\g'k5{ klxn] zfGt dgn]
Gofgf] nfU5 at{dfg, To:t} nfUYof] lxhf] c:tL .                s'/} ga'lemsg s;}nfO{ klg bf]if lbg'x'Gg ..                           – df3 !) b]lv !^ ut];Dd
b|Ao eGg] rLh o:t}, v} p;s} kl5 nfU5g\                        af]Ng lbg'k5{ hf] s;}nfO{ klg                                         #= /f/f /fli6«o lgs'~h s'g s'g lhNnfdf km}lnPsf] 5 <
ed/fn] /; r';L 5f]qmf km"n 5f8L efU5g\ .                      c?n] af]n]sf] eGb}df a]sf/sf] s'/f dfGg'x'Gg ..                       – d'u' / h'Dnf lhNnfdf
                                                              of] cfˆg} dfG5] xf] o;n] em'6 af]Nb}g\ elg                            $= kmnfd vfgLsf] nflu k|lz4 7fpFx?dWo] e}+;] dsjfgk'/df
8fSg'x'Gg b'idgnfO{ cfkm}–cfkm} 5'l§P/                        cfkm\Gtx?n] af]n]sf] s'/f dfq ;To 7fGg'x'Gg .                         kb{5 eg] 7f];] sxfF kb{5 <
/L; /fu kfNg'x'Gg cxd\tfdf e'l§P/ .                           /fd|f]nfO{ /fd|} dfGg'k5{ Tof] h;n] af]n] klg                         – /fd]5fk
/ge"n sf]xL eP ;xL jf6f] l;sfpg'                              g/fd|f] u5{ eg] s;}nfO{ klg 5f8\g' x'Gg ..                            %= b'O{ eGbf j9L ;Gtfg hGdfpg] dlxnfnfO{ k'/:s[t ug]{
8fnLleq cfkm" klg ar]/f;F latfpg' .                                                                                 h'g >]i7        3f]if0ff ug]{ dWoPlzofnL b]z s'g xf] <
cUnf–cUnf lxFdr'nLsf] lxpFaf6 cfˆgf kfOnf                                                                        vn+uf, Ko"7fg      – t's{d]lg:tfg
?Sg] sf]lz;\ gug'{ x} 5f]/f ltdL h]7f dfOnf .                                                                                       ^= ;j}eGbf j9L 6fk' ePsf] b]z s'g xf] <
                                                              7ofSs} b'O{ aHof] c/] ;f]xL7fpFdf j:bf;fg'
ge/]/ 3}+6f] r'x\of] kfgL l5bf{ Kjfn k/\of]                   k5\of}/Ln] d'v 5f]k] dnfO{ nfh nfUbf;fg'                              – O08f]g]lzof
sf]dnf] of] dgd'6'n] cGwsf/sf] hfn k/\of] .                   clt b'Mv kfP dt ltld gcfP/                                            &= /fKtL c~rnsf] k'/fgf] gfd s] xf] <
OR5f slt ;]nfP/ 9'Ëf;l/ au/df                                 sfnf] la/fnf]n] af6f] sf6\of] ltldsxfF cfpbf;fg'                      – :ju{4f/L
;kgLsf] a}Fz cfO{, ;a} zq' gh/df .                            cfp5' elg gcfP/ g/dfOnf] nfUof]                                       *= g]kfnsf sltj6f lhNnfn] ef/t / rLg s'gnfO{ klg 5'bgg\ <
                                                                                                                                                                                   }                 }
nfg];Dd nUof] s7} Û 5f]Kg] c8\g] 7fpF 5}g\                    Tof] lbg lgs} b'Mv kfOof] ltldnfO{ wfpbf;fg'                          – #^ lhNnf
k5f/]/ 9'Ëfdfly, of] df6f]sf] …efpÚ 5}g\ .                    ;fx|} nfdf] hLGbuLsf] cg'ofoL /ftdf                                   (= lxdfnkf/Lsf] Psdfq /fli6«o lgs'~h s'g xf] <
lg/fzf 5 To;} klg, kL8f emg} al9/xof]                         Jof6«L klg nf] eof] ltDnfO{ kmf]g nfpbf;fg'                           – z] kmf]S;'08f] /fli6«o lgs'~h
cfdf–cfdf oxL zAb d'6'leq ul9/x\of] .                         cem /dfOnf] xf]nf d':sfg                                              !)= g]kfnsf] ;jeGbf nfdf] lxdgbL v'Dj' s'g lhNnfdf kb{5 <
P kfkL xf] Û s] vf]h]sf < wd{sd{ gfz u/L                      ltld ot} cfpbf;fg'                                                    – ;f]n'v'Dj'
sfg'gn] afFW5 ca km'Sg kfGgf} jf; ;/L .                       cfkm\g} ;fyL :jLsf/]/ dfofF d}n] clt u5'{                                                                     ]|
                                                                                                                                    !!= æc? s'/f 5f]8 cfkm\gf] 5f]/fnfO{ c+uhL k9fpmÚÚ s'g k|wfdGqLsf]
g]kfnLsf dgx? a'em\g] sfd eof] e}g                            ltDn] b]sf] lrgf] x]5'{ o;f] ofb cfpbf ;fg'                           egfO{ xf] <
                                                              cem /dfOnf] x'G5/] ltdL ot} cfpbf;fg'                                 – h+ujxfb'/ /f0ff
tftf] vf]nL aUbfaUb} /f]Sg] sfd eof] e}g .                                                               gljg s] = ;L=…;+ 3 if{ Ú
/fkLnf] 5 ;f/f e"ld lr;f] kfg]{ xf] ls x}g                                                                                          !@= g]kfnsf] klxnf] x'nfs l6s6df s'g lrGx c+lst lyof] <
                                                                                               u+uf pdflj sIff–!!, n'ª Ko"7fg       – >Lk]r / v's'/L
d/], d5{g\ 5f]/fx? ltd|f] b'Mv e]l6Pg\ .
r/fr/ ePklg g]kfnLsf d'6'x?                                   olx j]nf xf]nf d}n], rfx]/ n]v] uhn                                   !#= æd af3sf] 8d? x'F dnfO{ l;gf] vfg] s's'/ g;DemÚÚ of]
Gofo vf]Hb} lx8\g] a]nf ltlg ;a km'6] a? .                    ;flxTo jG5' elg, df}sf kfP/ n]v] uhn .                                egfO{ s;sf] xf] <
                                                              uhn n]Vg] lgodx?, s]xL dnfO{ yfxfF lyPg                               – cd/l;+x yfkf
b|Jo 7"nf] dfGof] lsg dg dlGb/sf] km"n RoftL                                                                                        !$=;j} lhNnfl:yt lhNnf k|zf;g sfof{nojf6 /fxbfgL ljt/0f
kf}/vLsf] Hofg uof], uGw} uGw d"n dfly .                      ;flxTodf ;fy xft kfP, ha sf]/] uhn .
                                                              uhn n]Vg yfNby] c/], ;w} pgsf] ofbdf                                  slxn] z'? ePsf] xf] <
8]/f] nfUof] ltd|f] cfFvf, clg ;f/f 8]/f] eof]                                                                                      – @)%$ kmfu'g !
t5f8d5f8 v]n v]Nbf t]/f] x}g d]/f] eof] .                     lbgf} n]Vg] u5f}{ c/], pgnfO{ ;lDem dWo] /ftdf .
                                                              dgdf /x]sf efjgf, jflx/ lng sf]/] uhn                                 !%= dflg;df j8{ km\n' b]vf k/]sf] jif{ s'g xf] <
bnbndf ef;L uP ;f]emf;femf hgx?                                                                                                     – ;g\ !((&
zj /x\of] of] wtL{df p8L uP dgx? .                            hLjgdf wf]sf kfP, zflGt lng sf]]/] uhn .
                                                              yfxfF kfP hLGbuLdf, tj sf]]/] uhn                                     !^=ljZjdf kfOg] kfFr k|sf/sf af3dWo] g]kfndf kfOg] jf3
d+un 5}g\ s]xL 5}g\, sfn}sfnf] /ft c/]                                                                                              s'g xf] <
                                                              ;+3if{ g} ;kmn /}5, ha sf]/] uhn .
l;/fgLdf c8\g] lz/ tLgsf] 5}g\ ;fy c/] .                                                                   OZj/ jf] x /f If] q L    – kf6] af3
/l;nf] 5 dfG5f}F h;nfO{ Tof] t 5f]qmf eof] cfh                                                          n'Ë–( k"0ff{ufpF, Ko"7fg    !&=hgtfjf6 hf/L ePsf] klxnf] ;+ljwfg s'g xf] <
dfx'/Lsf HofdLx? cl/ª\ufnn] vfof] cfh .                                                                                             – g]kfnsf] cGtl/d ;+ljwfg @)^#
bfDnf] lnO{ 3fF6L afFWg] k|ultsf] rqm aGof]
ª, ªf, r, rf k9\\g] e"ld ;bf–;bf gs{ aGof] .                        hLjg Pp6f cnu af6f]                                             !*=cfly{s ?kdf clt sdhf]/ /fHonfO{ s] gfd lbOPsf] 5 <
                                                                                                                                    – Soft State
lesf/Lsf xft;w}F l;Qf dfq eP lsg                               hLjg Pp6f cnu af6f]                                                  !(=dg;"g zJb s'g efiffaf6 cke+|z eP/ cfPsf] xf] <
ql;P/ a'4x? knfPg\ eP lsg\ <                                   ltdL;+u e]6 x'Fbf .                                                  – c/jL
                            os/fh kf]v|]n æs'v'/L sfFÆ         hLjg Pp6f cnu kf6f]                                                  @)=s'g r/fnfO{ lb3f{o'sf] k|lts dflgG5 <
                                          t'iff/f, Ko"7fg      ltdL;+u lj5f]8\ eO{ PSn} ?bf ..                                      – sfsft'jf
                                                               hLjg Pp6f cnu af6f]                                                                                                    ;" o { j xfb' / /f] s f
                                                                                                                                                  sIff !) nIdL dfWoflds ljBfno jfË]d/f]7 Ko"7fg
g]kfn cfdfsf] kL8f a'lemb]pm g]tf                              rf]vf] dfofF lk|t nfpFbf .
                                                               hLjg Pp6f cnu kf6f]
a]bgfdf 56\kl6PsL l5g\ d]/L cfdf,
cfdfsf] kL8f a'lemb]pm g]tf .
                                                               ltdLaf6 wf]sf kfpFbf ..
                                                               hLjg Pp6f cnu af6f]
                                                                                                                                                                  wf]sf
                                                               ltd|f] gh/;+u d]/f] gh/ h'4f hLjg Pp6f cnu kf6f]                     wf]sf lbg' lyof] eg] lsg dfof nfof} .
aGw'Tjsf] 8f]/L sfl6Psf] a]nfdf,                               dfofF lk|tsf] /ysf kfªu|f p2]Zo ljlxg eO{ ?Sbf ..
5'l§Psf 8f]/L a'lgb]pm g]tf .                                                                                                       ;Fu} lhp5', ;Fu} d5'{ elg lsg s;d vfof} ..
                                                               hLjg Pp6f cnu af6f] ltdL;Fu x'Fbf .                                  rf]vf] k|]dsf] aGwg tf]8L ltdL lsg k/fO{ eof} .
af]Ng] / vf]Ng] sfd dfq x'g\ yfNof],                           hLjg Pp6f cnu kf6f]
ug]{ sfd ;dodf ul/b]pm g]tf .                                                                                                       dnfO{ PSn} 5f]8L ltdL lsg 6f9f eof} ..
                                                               lj5f]8df b'MvL x'Fbf ..                                              em'6f] s;d, em'6f] dfof dnfO{ lsg lbof} .
/utsf vf]nfx? au]sf oL vx/]df,                                                                            ;Gtf] i f k' g du/
zflGtsf d'xfg el/b]pm g]tf .                                                                        vn+uf–! 6f]k|]vs{, Ko"7fg       ;kgfaf6 Jo'embf ltdL d]/f] dfg;k6ndf lyof} ..
r'/f lagfsf xftx?df l;pFbf] lagfsf l;pFbf]x?df,                                                                                     ltd|f] dgsf] /x/x? a'‰g} ;lsgg\ .
/ftf r'/f / l;+b'/ /ª 5l/b]pm g]tf .                          hf]S; ===                                                             sf]OnL h:tf] ltd|f] af]nL e'Ng} ;lsgg\ ..
                                                                                                                                    ;kgfdf t ltdL d ;Fu} lyof] .
of] xfd|f] cfu|x, /fKtLaf;Lsf] cfu|x,                         kl/Iff lbP/ cfPsf] 5f]/f;Fu afj'n] ;f]w]5g\ .
Wofg lbP/ ulxl/P/ ;'lgb]pm g]tf .                                                                                                   ltd|f] cw'/f] dfof dnfO{ lsg lbof} ..
                                                              afa'– 5f]/f, sltj6f k|Zgsf] pQ/ ldNof] t <
em'§f cfZjf;gsf dxnx?df xf]Og\ ltdLn],                        5f]/f– afx|j6fdf b'O{j6f ldn]g a'af .                                 ltdLnfO{ lhjg;fyL agfpg] 7"nf] lyof] cfzf .
oyf{yjfbL em'k8Lsf syf ;'lgb]pm g]tf .                        a'af– s;/L ldn]g t afa' <                                             ltdLaf6} a'em] d}n] cfh dfof k|]dsf] kl/efiff ..
psfnL cf]/fnL, k"j{klZrd bfofF afofF gu/]/,                   5f]/f– b;j6f u/]s} 5}g\ / b'O{j6f u/]sf]df b'j} ldn]g .                                                          j] u d axfb' / s] = ;L=
                                                                                     \
                                                                         Pshgf hF8ofxf cfwf /ftdf nv{/fpFb} 3/lt/ nflu/x]sf]                               k|]mglzk sDKo"6/ Ph's]zg vn+uf–%, Ko"7fg
l:y/ agL oyfy{ laGb'df pleb]pm g]tf .                         lyof] . crfgs pm 9f]sf vf]Hb} e}F;Lsf] uf]7df k'u]5 / sf]7df
hgtfsf kl;gfdf ;'Gb/ ;+;f/ km"nfpg] rfxfgfnfO{,               cfOk'u]sf] efgkf/L e}F;Lsf] k'R5/ ;dfpFb} eg]5– lk|o, ;w}F ltdLn]
xfjfdf p8fOb]pm clg 5'/Ln] /]l6b]pm g]tf .                    b'O{ r'N7f af6\Yof} t/ cfh lsg Ps r'N7f dfq <                                                      hLjg
                                                                                                                                    hLjg z'gf}nf] ;'Gb/ km"nsf] dfnf ufF;] h:tf] /x]5
                                ;ftfsf] tl:j/                                                                                       hLjg ;'Gb/ nx/df km"n} ;/L dfofFn] xfF;] h:tf] /x]5
                                                                                                                                    hLjg wf/fsf] kfgL ufu|Ldf e/]sf] h:tf] /x]5
                                                                                                                                    hLjg lxdfn kf/L lxpF hd]sf] ;'Gb/ b[Zo h:tf] /x]5
                                                                                                                                    hLjg hfnL ?dfnsf] nfvf}F aGwg h:tf] /x]5
                                                                                                                                    hLjgdf nfvf}F cfz} cfzfsf] nx/df afFRg'g} /x]5
                                                                                                                                    hLjg km"n / sfF8f b'Mv ;'v a/fa/ h:tf] /x]5
                                                                                                                                    hLjg pl8 hfg] r/L, el/ 8fF8f kf/L uP h:tf] /x]5
                                                                                                                                    hLjg s;}nfO{ xf;f] s;}sf] cfFz'sf] /f]bg klg /x]5
                                                                                                                                    hLjg z'Gb/ ;'gf}nf] km"nsf] dfnf ufF;] h:tf] /x]5
                                                                                                                                                                      a} / fuL cfn] b fO{ æljGbf;Æ
                                                                                                                                                                         g]kfn a}+s lnld6]8, Ko"7fg

                                                                                                                                       …afnaflnsfsf] cfTd;Ddfg u/f}+
                                                                                                                                    afnaflnsfnfO{ x]nf, lx+;f / b'Jo{jxf/af6
!$ cf}+ ;ef M Ko"7fg pBf]u jfl0fHo ;+3sf !$ cf}+ jflif{s ;fwf/0f ;efsf] cj;/df lhNnfsf] ko{6g ljsf;sf nflu ;+rf/ dfWod                            arfcf}+ .Ú
/ ;+rf/sdL{sf] tkm{af6 pNn]vgLo of]ubfg k'¥ofPsf]df Ko"7fg ;dfrf/ ;fKtflxssf sfo{sf/L ;Dkfbs ljhol;+x ef/tLnfO{ ;Ddfg                         hglxtsf nflu
ul/b} -jfofF_, / ;fwf/0f ;efdf lhNnfsf ljleGg If]qaf6 ;xefuLx? -bfofF_ . ;+3sf cf7 ahf/ Onfsf u/L em08} ! xhf/ @ ;o
;b:o /x]sf 5g\ .                                                            tl:j/MPnaL yfkf÷Ko" 7 fg ;dfrf/                                                               ]
                                                                                                                                    sflnsf ljsf; s]Gb| g]kfn / ;]e b lrN8«g
  Ko"7fg ;dfrf/ ;fKtflxs                                                                   @)^* ;fn sflQs #) ut] a'wjf/                                                                                                     %
                                                                                            Ko"7fg ufp“3/
:yfgLo pTkfbgsf] k|of]u u/f}+ M kf08]                                                                                                                  {
                                                                                                                                             xftkft ug]x? tf/]vdf
                                                                                                                                                        vn+ u f -Ko" ; ;_ ÷ lhNnf                    5' 6 ] s f ltg} hgf;F u k| x /L
af;' b ] j lu/L                                                                                                                              k| x /L sfof{ n o Ko" 7 fgsf k| = gf=p=      sfof{no u]6df kmf]6f] lvRg vf]Hbf /
            ljh'jf/-Ko";;_÷g]kfn                                                                                                             l8NnL/fh kGt / /f]Nkf lhNnf k|x/L            k|ltlqmof lng hfFbf pgsf cfkmGtn]
pBf] u jfl0fHo dxf;+ 3 sf pkfWoIf                                                                                                            sfof{nosf k|=gf=p= s]bf/ /hf}/]nfO xft       kqsf/nfO{ klg wDsfPsf] kqqsf/ k|df]b
k|lbkh+u kf08]n] :yfgLo pTkfbgsf]                                                                                                            kft ug]{ # hgfnfO{ lalxaf/ lhNnf k|x/L             ]|
                                                                                                                                                                                          kf]vnn] atfpg'eof] . k|x/Lsf cg';f/ 36gf
clwstd k|of]u u/L nufgL ug{ ;s]                                                                                                              sfof{no Ko"7fgn] tf/]sdf xfhL/ x'g]          ePsf] a]nf xfld l8P;lk xf} eg]/ kl/ro
lhNnfdf pBf]u Aofkf/ Aoj;fo km:6fpg]                                                                                                         eGb} 5f]8]sf] 5 . bfË nfndl6of # 3/          kq b]vfpFbf ;d]t ltg} hgfsf]] ;d'x
atfpg'ePsf] 5 . Ko"7fg pBf]u jfl0fHo                                                                                                         ePsf @# alif{o df]xdb x;g, @! alif{o         l8P;lk dfly cfOnfu]/ df]jfOn vf]:g]
;+3sf] !$ cf} jflif{s ;fwf/0f ;efdf                                                                                                          df] x db /l;b / @% alif{ o df] x db          k|of; u/]kl5 cfkm"x? efu]sf] /f]Nkfsf k|x/L
k|d'v cltlysf] cf;gaf6 af]Nb} pxfFn]                                                                                                         kmlhnn] d+ u naf/ b' a } l8P;kLnfO{              '               ]
                                                                                                                                                                                          k|dv s]bf/ /hf}/n] atfpg'eof] .
Aoj;fo ug{sf nflu ;a}n] xf]6n tyf                                                                                                            xftkft ug]{ k|of; u/]sf lyP .                           s'6lk6 ug{ vf]Hbf efu]sf
k;n dfq vf]Ng] k/Dk/f /x]sfn] casf                                                                                                                      Ko" 7 fgsf] bef{ g df :yflgo      l8P;kLsf] lgb]{;gdf Ko"7fg / efn'jfË
lbgdf kl/jt{ g sf] cfjZos /x] s f]                                                                                                           o'jfnfO{ s'6lk6 u/L/x]sf a]nf s'6lk6sf]      k|x/Ln] b/efg If]qnfO 3]/f aGbL u/L
atfpg'eof] .                                                                                                                                 ljifoaf/] a' e m\ g vf] H bf cfkm" x ?nfO{   xftkft / b'Jo{afxf/ ug]{ ltg} hgfnfO{
            lhNnfdf @$ ;} 306f laB't                                                                                                         wDsfpFb} s'6lk6 ug{] k|of; u/]sf] k|x/Ln]    kqmfp u/L lhNnf k| x /L sfof{ n o
pknAw x'g] ePsfn] o;sf] ;b'kof]u u/L                                                                                                         hgfPsf] 5 . b'O{ lhNnfsf k|x/L k|d'v         Ko'7fgdf sfaf{xLsf nflu NofOPsf] lyof]
3/] n ' pTkfbgnfO{ a9fjf lbg' k g] { d f        z'esfdgf dGtAo lbb} k|d'v lhNnf                   lassf] cWoIftf / :jfut dGtJoaf6            dfly g} b'Ao{jxf/ ug]{ lt o'jfnfO{ lagf      . 3/ labfdf /x]sf a]nf lhNnf kms{b}
pkfWoIf kf08]n] hf]8 lbg'eof] . 3/              clwsf/L n' s axfb' / If] q Ln] plrt               k| f /De ePsf] pb\ 3 f6g ;df/f] x df       sfaf{xL /fhlglts bnsf] bafjdf 5f]8]sf]       ubf{ bfª 3/ ePsf lt o' j fn] b' a }
jl/k/L /x]sf :yfgLo pTkfbgsf] k|of]u            jftfj/0fdf nufgL ug{ / 9'Ss eP/ Aofkf/            ;+ 3 sf dxf;lrj /fdnfn >] i 7n]            eGb} lhNNffjf;Lx?sf] l6Kk0fL 5 .             l8P;kLnfO{ b'Ao{jxf/ u/]sf lyP .
ug{ ;s] lhNnfsf] ko{6gsf] ljsf; /               ug{ cfu|x ug'{ eof] . lhNnfdf ;'/Iffsf]           jflif{s k|ult k|ltj]bg tyf sf]iffWoIf
cfly{s ;d[l4df ;xof]u ldNg] pxfFsf]
ljZjf; lyof] . pBf]uL Joj;foLx?sf
nflu k'j{ If]qdf rGbf cft+sn] ;'/Iffsf]
                                                cefjdf nufgL /f]lsg] cj:yf gePsfn]
                                                pBf]u / Aoj;fo ljsf;sf nflu k|zf;gn]
                                                Joj;foLnfO{ ;'/Iff lbg] ljZjf; lbnfpg'
                                                                                                  afnfh' >]i7n] @# nfv @% xhf/ $(
                                                                                                  ?k}ofsf] cfoAoo k|:t't ug'{ePsf] lyof]
                                                                                                  eg] pkl:yt ;a}nfO{ lgjt{dfg cWoIf
                                                                                                                                             ljB't ;6 x'bf cfunfuL
                                                                                                                                                        “
cfjZstf /x]sf] l6Kk0fL ub}{ pxfFn] klZrd        eof] . o:t} sfo{qmddf af]Ng] ;/f]sf/jfnf          Odfgl;+x ef/tLn] wGojfb 1fkg ug'{          x] d /fh vgfn                                                           ]
                                                                                                                                                                                          lbpF;f]lt/ :yflgo ufpFnsf] ;lqmotfdf
If]qdf nufgLsf] jftfj/0f u/fpg' kg]{df          lgsfo tyf lhNNff l:yt /fhgLlts                    ePsf] lyof] . pb\3f6g ;qdf ;+3sf]                     v}/f -Ko";;_÷v}/f ! /Kr'df                             +
                                                                                                                                                                                          lgefOPsf] lyof] . bz}÷ltxf/ labfdf ef/tsf]
;/f] s f/jfnf lgsfosf] Wofgfsif{ 0 f            bnx?n] lhNNffsf] ;du| ljsf;sf nflu                /ftL ca] ; /;Dd a;] s f] aGb ;qn]          /x]sf] Ps 3/df zlgjf/ cfunfuL x'Fbf          uf]/vk'/af6 3/ vr{ / pkrf/ vr{sf nflu
u/fpg'eof] .                                    cfkm"x? k|ltj4 /x]sfn] gLlh If]qsf] nufgL         v'Nnf ;qdf k|:t't jflif{s k|ltj]bg         sl/a % nfv a/fa/sf] IftL ePsf] 5 .                                            F
                                                                                                                                                                                          NofPsf] ;'g k};f ;a} hn]/ gi6 x'bf k/Ljf/
            Aoj;foLx?n] Joj;fo ul/              ;+/If0fdf cfkm"x?n] ;xof]u ug]{ atfPsf                                                       3/df ljB't ;6 eO{ cfunfuL x'Fbf              ;d:ofdf k/]sf 5g\ .
                                                                                                  tyf cfly{s k|ltj]bg kfl/t u/]sf] ;+3n]     3/leqsf wgdfn, rn ;DklQ ;a} hn]/                        uf] / vk' / af6 5f] / f lji0f'
/x]sf] ePklg cfd hgtfsf] hLjgofkg               5g\ . dxf;+3sf s[i0fk|;fb zdf{ n] nufgL           hgfPsf] 5 . ;+ 3 n] ko{ 6 g ljsf;,         gi6 ePsf] clUglkl8t nfn axfb' /              g]kfnLn] pkrf/ vr{sf nflu of] k};f
bogLo ePsfn] pBf]u Ao;fosf] lasf;sf                                     {
                                                d}qL jftfj/0f aGg' kg]df hf]8 lbg' eof]           ;8s lgdf{0f, cf}wf]lus If]q :yfkgf,        g]kfnLn] atfpg'eof] . cfunfuLaf6 s'g}        5f]8]/ hfuL/sf nflu pgL km]/L uf]/vk'/
nflu ;/sf/n] gLlh If]qnfO{ nufgL ug{sf]         . ;+3sf] ;fwf/0f ;ef sflnsf ljsf;                 8lDkª ;fO{ 8 lgwf{ / 0f nufotsf            dfgljo IftL gePklg 3/df /x]sf] gub           uPsf] a'xf/L ;fljqf g]kfnLn] atfpg'eof]
nflu plrt jftfj/0f ldnfpg ;'emfj                s]Gb| g]kfn lah'jf/ Ko"7fgsf] ;efxndf             dxTjk" 0 f{ lg0f{ o x? u/] s f] 5 . o;     @ nfv %) xhf/, @ tf]nf ;'g, nQf              . :yflgo cfbz{ k|fljdf sIff # df
lbg'eof] . lhNnf lhNnfdf o;sf] g]tTj   [        ;DkGg ePsf] lyof] .                               jif{b]lv lhNnfdf ko{6g tyf cfly{s          sk8f ef8fjt{g ;xLt sl/a % nfv                cWog/t * jlif{o pdL{nf g]kfnLn] ?b}
pBf]u jfl0fHo ;+3n] ug]{ atfpg'eof] .                       lgb] { z s emljGb| zdf{ s f]          ljsf;sf nflu snd rnfpg]                    hn]/ gi6 ePsf] pxfFn] atfpg'eof] .           elgg\ …d]/f t lstfj / nfpg] 8«]; ;a}
sfo{ q mddf pBf] u L Aoj;foLx?nfO{              ;~rfngdf ;+3sf cWoIf ;'o{ axfb'/                  kqsf/nfO{ k'/:s[t ug{ z'? u/]sf] 5 .                  cfly{s lx;fjn] lakGg k/Ljf/df     hn]/ v/fgL eP ca s]df k9\g] xf]nf <Ú
                                                                                                                                                        F
                                                                                                                                             cfunfuL x'bf !! hgfsf] k/Ljf/ larNnL         pgL zgLjf/sf lbg labf ePsfn] :s'n
                                                                                                                                             k/]sf] 5 . zlgjf/ laxfgb]lv nfu]sf] cfuf]    uPsL lyOgg\ .
 k'mnjf/Lsf] !# cf}+ ;fwf/0f;ef ;DkGg >Ldfg >LdtL d[t km]nf
k| s fz ;' j ] b L                              u/]sf] lgIf]kaf6 C0f lnP/ cfjZostf                nfv *^ xhf/ # ;o %) ?k}ofF ;dfj]z
           v} / f - Ko" ; ; _ ÷ g] k fn art
                          ;_                    cg' ; f/ t/sf/L v] t L, kz' k fng,                u/LPsf] lyof] . of] ;xsf/LnfO{ clxn]                                 ;_÷kfF
                                                                                                                                                         rsrs] -Ko";;_÷ r lbgb]lv a]kQf Ko"7fg bfvfSjf8L ( sf Ps
tyf C0f ;xsf/L ;+:yfsf s]lGb|o cWoIf            s'v'/fkfng Aofj;fo, cGo s[lif k];f                cfkm\ g f] :yfkgf lbj;sf] cj;/df            bDklQ df8L gbL lsgf/df ;f]daf/ d[t cj:yfdf km]nf k/]sf 5g\ . ut lalxaf/b]lv
ldg/fh s+8]nn] lhNnfdf :yflgo ?kdf              h:tf cfo cfh{gsf lqmofsnfk ub}{                   dWo]klZrds} pTs[i6 ;xsf/L ?kdf              a]kQf jif{ ^) sf g]q axfb'/ vqL / jif{ %% ls uf}/L vqL rsrs] glhs df8L gbL
:jtM:km"t{ 9+uaf6 ufpF ufpFdf vf]nLPsf          cfPsfn] art tyf C0f ;xsf/Lk|lt                    g]km\:s'gn] cfpFbf] k'; ! ut] k'/:s[t       lsgf/df d[t cj:yfdf km]nf k/]sf] lhNnf k|x/L sfof{no Ko"7fgn] hgfPsf] 5 .
;xsf/L ;+ : yfnfO{ k| e fjsf/L ?kdf             ;j{;fwf/0f ;a}sf] cfsif{0f a9\b} uPsf]            ug{ nfu]sf] hfgsf/L u/fOPsf] lyof] .                    pgLx? b'a}sf] sDd/df /;Ln] afFw]sf] cj:yfdf km]nf k/]sf k|x/L
n}hfg'kg]{ atfpg'ePsf] 5 . ;xsf/Laf6            atfpg'eof] .                                                  ;DkGGf ;fwf/0f ;efdf cfufdL     ;xfos lgl/Ifs /fd axfb'/ dxt/fn] atfpg'eof] . 36gfsf] af/]df cg';Gwfg
Aoj;fo ug{, ;fgf]ltgf] C0f eg]sf] avt                       lj=;+ @)%! ;fndf %) g+                sfo{qmdsf nflu PDa'nG; ;]jf ;+rfng
                                                                                                                          ]                   e}/x]sf] / d[tssf ;a ;f]daf/ g} cfkmGtnfO{ a'emfOPsf] pxfFn] atfpg'eof] . lt
t'?Gt kfOg] / C0f vf]Hb} ;fx' dxfhgsf]          df btf{ ePsf] klxnf] art tyf C0f                  ug],{ z]o; ;b:ox?sf] C0fsf] dfunfO{         bDkltn] cfTd xTof u/]sf] x'g;Sg] k|x/Lsf] cg'dfg 5 .
3/ rfxfb}{ lx8\g' gkg]{ ePsfn] :yflgo           ;xsf/L ;+:yf km'njf/L art tyf C0f                 dWogh/ u/L bft[ lgsfoaf6 C0f lnP/
?kdf vf]nLPsf ;xsf/LnfO{ ;a{;fwf/0f             ;xsf/L ;+:yfsf @)^* c;f/;Dddf !%                  ;d]t C0fsf] kl/k'lt{ ug]{ h:tf sfo{qmd
;a} s f] kx' F r df n} h fg' k g] { d f hf] 8   ;o %@ ;]o/ ;b:o /x]sf 5g\ . ;+:yfn]               aGb ;qdf kf/Lt u/LPsf] ;+:yfn] hgfPsf]
lbg'ePsf] 5 .                                   $ s/f]8 ^) nfv @) xhf/ ( ;o ?k}of                 5 . ;+:yfsf cWoIf nf]s axfb'/ a:g]tsf]
           ;f]daf/ km'njf/L art tyf             a/fj/sf] cfly{s k|ltj]bgdf hfgsf/L                cWoIftfdf ;DkGg sfo{qmdsf] ;+rfng                                    o; /]l8of]sf k|f]u|fd k|8';/ kqsf/ ljhol;Fx
C0f ;xsf/L ;+:yf v}/fdf ;DkGg !#                hfgsf/L u/fOPsf] lyof] . ;+:yfsf ;lrj                                         {
                                                                                                  Aoj:yfks k|sfz j}Bn] ug'ePsf] lyof] .
cf}+ ;fwf/0f ;efdf k|d'v cltlysf]               df] x g ;' j ] b Ln] k| : t' t u/] s f] cfly{ s   ;fwf/0f ;efdf ;+:yfsf ;lrj df]xg                                 ef/tL Ko"7fg pBf]u afl0fHo ;+3sf] !$ jflif{s
cf;gaf6 af]Nb} pxfFn] ;xsf/L ;+:yfdf            k|ltj]bgdf art ;+sng @ s/f]8 #*                   ;'jbLn] cfly{s tyf k|ult k|ltj]bg k|:t't
                                                                                                       ]                                                           ;fwf/0f ;efsf] cj;/df Ko"7fg lhNnfsf] ko{6g
cfa4 AolQmx?n] dfl;s ?kdf ;+sng                 nfv % xhf/ @ ;o () / z]o/ k'FhL @^                ug'ePsf] lyof] .
                                                                                                     {                                                             ljsf;sf] nflu ;+rf/ dfWod / ;+rf/sdL{sf] tkm{af6
                                                                                                                                                                              '
                                                                                                                                                                   ;DdfgLt x'gePsf]df xflb{s jwfO{ 1fkg ub{} kqsfl/tf

 lhNnfsf] lzIff cj:yfaf/] 5nkmn
k| H jn kxf8L
                                                                                                                                                   If]qdf pxfFsf] pQ/f]Q/ k|utLsf] sfdgf ub{5f}+ .
                                                                                                                                                     ;fd'bflos /]l8of] Ko"7fg Pkm=Pd= (@ d]ufxh{
                                                af] l 8{ ª :s' n /fd| f ] eGg] 5fk k/] s f]       lqmofsnfk u/fpg ;lsG5 .Ú                                         kl/jf/, Ko"7fg
            vn+ u f -Ko" ; ;_÷ lhNnfsf]         atfpg'eof] . pFxfn] lhNnfdf b/jGbL                sfo{qmddf 5}7f}sf lhNnf cWoIf ;'o{
;du| z}lIfs cj:yf / /fHosf] bfloTj              ldnfgdf ;d:of b] l vPsf] atfpF b }                lj=sn] …lhNnfsf] ;du| z}lIfs cj:yf
ljifos cGt/lqmof a'wjf/ ;b/d'sfd                tTsfn ;d:of ;dfwfg ug'{kg]{df hf]8                / /fHosf] bfloTjÚ ljifos cjwf/0fkq
vn+ufdf ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . sfo{qmddf               lbg'eof] . /fli6«o hgdf]rf{sf lhNnf               kq k|:t't ug'{ePsf] lyof] . sfo{qmddf
lhNnfsf] jt{dfg z}lIfs cj:yfsf] af/]df          ;lrj /fd kxf8Ln] cltl/Qm lqmofsnfk                lhNNff lzIff clwsf/L uf]ljGb k|;fb                                   o; ;fKtflxssf sfo{ s f/L ;Dkfbs
5nkmn ul/Psf] lyof] . sfo{qmddf af]Nb}          Jojxf/Ls ?kdf ;+rfng gePsf] eGb}                              '
                                                                                                  cof{nsf] k|dv cfltYotf / 5}7f}sf s]lGb|o                        ljhol;Fx ef/tL Ko"7fg pBf]u afl0fHo ;+3sf]
lhNnf lzIff clwsf/L uf]ljGb k|;fb               o;tkm{ ;'wf/ ug{ ;'emfj lbg'eof] .                ;lrjfno ;b:o led /fgfsf] ljz]if                                 !$ cf}+ jflif{s ;fwf/0f ;efsf] cj;/df Ko"7fg
cof{nn] lhNnfsf] z}lIfs cj:yfnfO{ /fd|f]        pF x fn] cj aGg] z} l Ifs Sofn] G 8/df            cfltYotf /x]sf] lyof] . sfo{qmddf :jfut                         lhNnfsf] ko{6g ljsf;sf] nflu ;+rf/ dfWod /
agfpg ;j} txaf6 lhDd]jf/L lgjf{x                z'qmjf/ klg k'/f k9fO{ u/fpg'kg]{ eGb}            pkfWoIf h'dfgl;+x s];L / ;+rfng ;'jf;
ug'{kg]{ atfpg'eof] . pFxfn] eGg'eof],          eGg' e of] , …xKtfdf Ps af/ cltl/Qm               lh=;Ln] ug'{ePsf] lyof] .                                                                       '
                                                                                                                                                                  ;+rf/sdL{sf] tkm{af6 ;DdfgLt x'gePsf]df xflb{s
…lhNnfsf] z}lIfs cj:yf v:Sof] eGg]                                                                                                                  jwfO{ 1fkg ub{} kqsfl/tf If]qdf pxfFsf] pQ/f]Q/ k|utLsf]
eGbf klg s;/L ;' w f/ ug{ ;lsG5                                                                                                                                                                          ]
                                                                                                                                                    sfdgf ub{5f}+ . ;fy} kqsfl/tfsf] ljsf;sf nflu k|fT;fxg
To;tkm{ nfUg'k5{ .Ú                                                                                                                                 ug{] ;+3 k|lt xflb{s wGojfb JoQm ub{5f}+ .
            pxfFn] lhNnfsf] z}lIfs tYof+s
;lx ?kdf lng g;Sbf z}lIfs gLlt                                            o; ;+:yfsf cwoIf Pj+ kqsf/
tyf of]hgfx? agfpg ;d:of k/]sf]
atfpg'eof] . pFxfn] ;/sf/L ljBfnosf                              ljhol;Fx ef/tL Ko"7fg pBf]u afl0fHo
ljBfyL{sf] u'0f:t/ sd x'g'sf] sf/0f                              ;+3sf] !$ cf}+ jflif{s ;fwf/0f ;efsf] cj;/df
;fd' b flos ljBfnon] gofF k| l jlwsf]                            Ko"7fg lhNnfsf] ko{6g ljsf;sf] nflu ;+rf/
k|of]u ug{ g;Sg' atfpg'eof] . Ko"7fg                                                            '
                                                 dfWod / ;+rf/sdL{sf] tkm{af6 ;DdfgLt x'gePsf]df xflb{s
SofDk; k| d ' v ci6 s' d f/ >] i 7n]                                                                                                                            k|]; rf}tf/L g]kfn Ko"7fgsf ;b:o kqsf/
lhNnfsf] ;du| lzIffsf] ljsf;sf nflu              jwfO{ 1fkg ub{} kqsfl/tf If]qdf pxfFsf] pQ/f]Q/ k|utLsf]                                                       ljhol;Fx ef/tL Ko"7fg pBf]u afl0fHo ;+3sf]
lhNnf lzIff ;ldltn] Wofg lbg' k g] {             sfdgf ub{5f}+ .                                                                                                !$ cf}+ jflif{s ;fwf/0f ;efsf] cj;/df Ko"7fg
atfpg'eof] . pFxfn] z}lIfs Sofn]G8/nfO{                                                                                                                         lhNnfsf] ko{6g ljsf;sf] nflu ;+rf/ dfWod /
kl/dflh{t ul/ Jojxf/Ls agfpg'kg]{                       ;' h n >] i 7                             PnaL yfkf
                                                                                                    pkfWoIf                                                                        '
                                                                                                                                                 ;+rf/sdL{sf] tkm{af6 ;Ddflgt x'gePsf]df xflb{s jwfO{ 1fkg
atfpFb} eGg'eof],… hf] n] h] ug'{kg]{ xf]                   ;lrj                                                                                 ub{} kqsfl/tf If]qdf pxfFsf] pQ/f]Q/ k|utLsf] sfdgf ub{5f}+ .
Tof] xfdLn] lhDd]jf/L k"j{s u¥of} eg]                                         Pj+
cfwf ;d:of ;dfwfg x'G5 .                                                                                                                                                             lu?k| ; fb e08f/L
            clvn g]kfn lzIfs ;+3sf                             o'y ldl8of 8]enKd]G6 ;]G6/ g]kfn                                                                                             cWoIf
s] l Gb| o dxf;lrj rqmkf0fL kf} 8 ] n n]                                              kl/jf/, Ko"7fg                                                                         k|]; rf}tf/L g]kfn, Ko"7fg
unt lrGtgn] ubf{ cleefjsx?df
  Ko"7fg ;dfrf/ ;fKtflxs                                                         @)^* ;fn sflQs #) ut] a'wjf/                                                                                                                         ^
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lj1 ;d'xsf r'gf}tLx? b[li6sf]0f, Ifdtf / x'ssf] ;+:sf/                                                                                                     dflg; ljj]slzn k|f0fL xf] .
           ;+ l jwfgdf Joj:yf eP             g] t [ T jdf ;/sf/ ag] kZrft zflGt                                                             ljj]ss} sf/0fn] cGo k|f0fL eGbf km/s /
cg';/sf] cfo]fu u7g ug]{ jf lj1 ;d"x         k|s[ofdf lgSs} dxTjk"0f{ pknAwL ePsf]                                                          ;j{>]i7 sxlnPsf] xf] . dflg;sf] s'g}
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agfP/ /fHo k'g;/rgfsf] ljjfb ;dfwfg          5 ;ft a'Fb] ;xdtL dfkm{t . dfcf]jfbL                                                           ljifo, 36gfk|lt lglZrt b[li6sf]0f x'gkb{5      '
ug]{ eGg] ljjfb lgSs} nfdf] ;do;Dd           g]tfx?sf] bf]xf]/f] ;'/Iffsf] cGTo ug]{,                                                       / x'g] ub{5 . o;f] eGb}df ;j}df lglZrt
/Xof] bnx?sf aLrdf . x'gt cfof]u             n8fs'sf sG6]g/, xltof/ / n8fs' /x]sf                                                           :ki6 b[li6sf]0f x'G5 g} eGg ;lsb}g .
agfpg cj pko'Qm x'Fb}g eGg]df ljjfb          lzlj/sf] ;fFrf] ;]gf ;dfof]hg ljz]if                                                           Ifdtf klg To:t} xf], ;j}df s]xL g s]xL
;dfwfg pk;ldltdf klg ;fdfGo                  ;ldltnfO{ a'emfpg] sfd o;cl3 g}                                                                Ifdtf x'G5 / x'g' kb{5 . Ifdtf ePg eg]
;xdtL eO;s]sf] ljifo lyof] . t/ tLg          eO;s]sf] 5 . oBkL ;fFrf] a'emfpg] lg0f{o                                                       of] ;+3if{lzn hLjgdf hLpg ufx|f] x'G5 .
bn / dw];L df]rf{aLr ut sflQs !%             kl5 pAh]sf] ljjfb ;/sf/ u7gsf a]nf
ut] ePsf] ;xdtLn] cfof]usf] ;§f lj1          dw];L df]rf{;Fu ePsf] rf/ a'Fb] ;xdtL                                                          b[li6sf]0f :ki6 ePg / c?sf] l;sfOsf                                                f;LÆ
                                                                                                                                                                                                      gf/fo0f kf} 8 ] n æ k| o f;L Æ
;d"x g} agfpg' kg]{ lgisif{ lgsfNb}          x'Fb} ef/t;Fu ePsf] ljKkf ;Demf}tf /                       jf] d nfn lu/L                      e/df dfq rNg], af]Ng] / sfd ug]{ ePdf
;xdtLdf x:tfIf/ ePsf] 5 .                    tLg bn / dw];L df]rf{aLr ePsf] ;ft                                                             v/fj ;+:sf/sf] ljsf; x'g k'Ub5 .                                         [
                                                                                                                                                                                               kb{5, cufl8 g]tTj lbP klg s'g} dxTj
                                                                                        PsLs[ t d:of} b fsf nflu ;+ j } w flgs              cfhef]ln x/]s If]qdf b]vfkg]{ u/]sf] /               F}
                                                                                                                                                                                               x'bg, aLrdf /fVbf jf kl5 nufpbf eg]
           ;+3Lotfsf] k|f?k s:tf] x'g] <     a' F b ] ;xdtL;Dd cfOk' U bf dfcf] j fbL   ;ldltdf k]z ug'{ kg]{ k|fAwfg cfof]usf]
slt k|b]z, s] sf cfwf/df gfdf+s/0f           leqsf] ljjfb r/df]Tsif{df k'u]sf] 5 .                                                                                      ]
                                                                                                                                            ;+:sf/sf] ?k lng vf]hsf] ljs[lt s] ePsf]           s]xL dxTj kfp5 h:t}M ! / !)))÷!))!,
                                                                                        ;Gbee{df ul/Psf] 5 . To;}n] lj1                     5 eg] JolQmdf cGt/lglxt k|ltef .                   cfh xfd|f sltko JolQmx? ToxL z'Go
ug]{ < klxrfgsf] cfGbf]ngfO{ s;/L            h;n] ubf{ df]xg a}B kIfx? cfˆg} kf6L{sf]   ;d"xn] klg ToxL k|s[of k"/f ug'{ kg]{
;Daf]wg ug]{ < cjsf] zf;g Joj:yf             ;/sf/ aGbf klg k|ltKfIfL ePsf] 5 .                                                             Ifdtfsf] klxrfgsf cfwf/df cj;/ lbg]                dfGotfdf /x]sf vfnsf 5g\ . g]tTj kfP/   [
                                                                                        x'G5 . To;sf] k|ltj]bg sfof{Gjog ug'{               jf …/fd|fÚ dfG5]nfO{ cj;/ lbg] eGbf …xfd|fÚ        s] ug'{ < clg ;+:sf/ To:t} …xfd|fÚ dfq
s:tf] x'g] < dlxnf, cflbjf;L, hghflt,                     t/ h] eP klg cj cfof]usf]     lgSs} nfdf] / emGeml6nf] x'g]5 .
dw];L, lk58f ju{ nufotsf] k|ltlglwTj         ;§f lj1 ;d"x t aGg] g} eof] . To;sf                                                            dfG5]nfO{ cj;/ lbg] / lbg'kg]{ ;+:sf/n]            …/fd|fÚ eGg] ljsl;t u/fObf b"/ufdL ?kdf
                                                                                                     ;do l9KsLb} uPsf] cj:yfdf              k|fyldstf kfpg] u/]sf] ;j{q dxz'if ug{             g/fd|f kl/0ffd lgDtg] u/]sf 5g\ . Ifdtfsf]
;'lglZrt ug{ s:tf] vfnsf] lgjf{rg            afah't lj1 ;d"x aGg] eof] eg] To;sf]       lj1 ;d"xdf /xg] :jtGq lj1sf] g} cefj
k|0ff{nL ckgfpg] < ;+3Lo / k|fb]lzs          sfo{ljlw, To;nfO{ lbg] ;do, To;df          x'g] b]lvG5 . lsgls 5f]6f] cjlwdf sfd               ;lsG5 jf yflnPsf] 5 .                                                          F
                                                                                                                                                                                               klxrfg u/L xfd|f gx'bf klg /fd|f x'g
lgjf{rg k|0ffnLdf dtbfg ug{ kfpg' kg]{       /xg] ;b:ox?sf] k[i7e"ld, ;b:ox?sf]         ubf{ h; kfpg] cfwf/ gx'g] ePsfn] :jtGq                             hf] JolQm …xfd|fÚ] x'G5 Tof] aNn    ;S5g eGg] oyfy{k/s b[li6sf]0f, d"No
pd]/ slt x'g] < dGqL kl/if7sf] u7g           ;+Vof, ug'{ kg]{ sfdsf] sfo{If]q nufotsf   lj1x? To;df /xg c:jLsf/ ug]{ lglZrt                 /fd|f] x'G5, xfd|f] gx'g] JolQm /fd|f] x'g ;Sb}g   dfGotf / ;+:sf/ ljsf; u/fpg] xf] eg]
s;/L ug]{ < /fhgLlts cu|flwsf/ /             ljifodf ;xdtL ug}{ bnx?n] cem} lgSs}       5 . clg bnx?n] efuj08f ug'{ kg]{ cj:yf              eGg] dfGotf lglZrt b[li6sf]0f agfpg                dfq ;dfhdf ;sf/fTds kl/jt{g Nofpg
cfTd lg0f{osf] clwsf/ nufotsf ljjfb          ;do vr{g] 5g\ . o;/L lgSs} 7"nf]           cfpg ;S5 . efuj08fdf cfkm"n] eg] h:tf]              g;Sg] Ifdtf gePsf dflg;x?nfO{                      ;+ej x'G5, b"/ufdL ?kdf c;n kl/0ffd
s;/L ;Dffwfg ug]{ < e"ld;'wf/ nfu"           hf]8anaf6 aGg] lj1;d"xsf r'gf}tL eg]       gePdf cfˆgf] efudf k/]sf lj1sf] gfd                 l;sfP/ x/]s If]qdf ToxL vfnsf Jojxf/               cfpF5 . oxL v/fj ;+:sf/ x'sb} hfg] xf]{
ug]{ ls gug]{ < ug]{ xf] eg] Ifltk'lt{       sd x']g 5}gg .                             lbg] cfgfsfgL ug]5g\ bnx?n] . To:tf]
                                                                                                            {                               ug]{ / ug{ nufpg] ugf{n] w]/} If]qdf ljs[lt,       eg] s]jn ;dosf] jjf{bL dfq xf]Og, ;do
:j?k d'cfAhf lbg] ls glbg] < /fhb'tsf]                    lj1 ;d"xnfO{ ;a}eGbf 7"nf]    cj:yf cfof] eg] ;dosf] rfkn] emg k]Nb}              lj;+ult, c/fhstf, czflGt / snx lgDtg]              hLjg xf], ;dosf xfdL Ps c+z dfq xf},+
kbdf lgo'lQ ubf{ ;dfg'kflnts cfwf/df                             ]      }
                                             r'gf}tL ;dosf] x'g5 . ;+jwflgs Joj:yf      n}hfg] 5 . Tof] eGbf cem} dxTjk"0f{ s'/f            u/]sf 5g\ . hf] xfd|f eGg]df k5{g ltgnfO{          xfd|f] hLjg g} jjf{b x'G5 . k|ltef jf
ls ;dfj]zL cfwf/df x'g] < ;+ljwfg            ul/Psf] cfof]u h:t} lj1 ;d"x agfOof]       efua08fsf] k|efj blno c;xdtL eGbf                   tL sdhf]/ -lglZrt cfkm\gf] b[li6sf]0f              Ifdtfn] cj;/ kfpg' kb{5 . cj;/ kfPdf
;+;f]wg ug]{ k|s[of s:tf] x'g] < ;+ljwfg     eg] To;sf] k|ltj]bg sfof{gjogdf klg        km/s x'g] 5}g . bnx?sf ljrdf eO/x]sf]               agfpg g;Sg]x?_ JolQmx?n] eujfg                     dfq Ifdtf yfxf x'G5 . h;/L jNj-rLd_
;+;f]wg eO;s] kl5 To;nfO{ cg'df]bg           nfd} af6f] kf/ ug'{ k5{ . Psflt/ lj1       ljjfb lj1 ;d"xdf b]lvg] 5 . o:tf]                   (GOD) dfG5g\ lsgsL ToxL l;sfOPsf]                  ljB't k|jfx ePsf] xf]N8/df h8fg u/L
ug]{ cfwf/ s] x'g] < ax'dt k|b]z jf          ;d"x ag]sf] cj:yfdf To;nfO{ slt            cj:yfdf lj1 ;d"xn] s;/L :jtGq ?kdf
ax'dt hg;+Vofsf] k|ltlglwTj ug]{ ;b:o        ;do lbg] eGg]d} bnx?aLr ljjfb x'g]                                                             x'G5 Tolt dfq xf]Og xfd|f] gx'g] / xfdLaf6         :jLr cg u/]df k|sfz lbg;S5 t/
                                                                                        ;'emfj lbg ;S5 < clg bnx?aLr k|bzsf]   ]            aflx/LPsf jf aflx/ kg]{ t emg\ v/fj                To;}nfO{ h8fg u/L :jLr4f/f ckm u/L
jf hg;+Vofsf cfwf/df x'g] < ;+ljwfgdf                              [
                                             b]lvG5 . k|r08 g]tTjsf] ;/sf/n] u7g        ;+Vof, gfd+sg, l;df+sg, cfwf/ nufotsf
ckl/jt{lgo ljifox? s] s] /fVg] < nufot       u/]sf] cfof]unfO{ k|ltj]bg tof/ ug{sf                                                               '
                                                                                                                                            s's/ (DOG) x'g egL ltg} JolQmnfO{                  lgoGq0fdf /flvG5 jf xf]N8/af6 jflx/
                                                                                        ljifodf lj1 ;d"xn] s;/L ^ ;o Ps                     /fd|/L k|lzIfLt ul/Psf] x'G5 . clg s] yfxf         /flvG5 eg] To;sf] k|sfz lbg] Ifdtfsf]
$& j6f a'Fbfdf ;xdtL x'g afFsL 5 .           nflu $% lbg lbg] ;xdtL ePsf] lyof] .       hgfsf] lrQ a'emfpg ;S5 < of] klg lj1
cGo ljifox?df blno ;xdtL x' g ]              To;}n] Tof] eGbf 5f]6f] cjlw lj1 ;d"xsf                                                        ltgnfO{ sL JolQmsf] k|ltef-Ifdtf_ sf]              cy{ /xb}g .
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                                                                                        ;d"xsf] csf]{ dxTjk"0f{ r'gf}tL x'g5 .              klxrfg < l;sfOPsf] lgb]zg kfngf / {                             To;}n] j9L jf6sf] cfjZos 7fpFdf
ljlQs} ;dfwfg x'g] eP klg lgSs} hln6         nflu lgSs} ck|ofKt x'g]5 . $% lbg                       To;dfly /fHo k' g ;{ + / rgf
/ dxTjk"0f{ ;+3Lo ;+/rgfsf] ljjfb            pknAw u/fpg] xf] eg] ;+ljwfg ;efsf]                                                            efiffsf] k|of]u :jefj}n] u5{g .                    jl9 jf6sf] g/fvL sd jf6sf] /fVg] tyf
                                                                                        ;ldltn] tof/ kf/]sf] k|ltj]bgnfO{ lj1                              oxfF GOD / DOG zAb /                     "
                                                                                                                                                                                               km\oh ePsf] rLd xf]N8/df /fVg] / km\oh        "
r'6\lssf e/fdf ;dfwfg x'Fb}g .               Dofb ;lsg cj w]/} lbg afFsL 5}g .          ;d"xn] cfd"n kl/jt{g ug{ kfpg] 5}g .
           To;} n ] g] k fnsf] cGtl/d        To;}n] km]/L klg Dofb gylk t ;'v} 5}g .                                                        k|of]udf lgs} /fd|f] ;DjGw ePsf] kfOG5 .           gePsf] rLd aflx/ /fVg] u/L cWof/fdf a:g]
                                                                                        /, Tof] sfo{ljlw klg kfpg] 5}g . lbOof]             lglZrt b[li6sf]0f x'g] JolQmx? ;xh} GOD                                    F}
                                                                                                                                                                                               h:tf Jojxf/ ug'{ x'bg . a? rLd km\oh eP     "
;+ljwfgsf] wf/f Ps ;o #* n] /fHosf]          t/ slt ;do yKg] eGg]df klg km]/L csf]{     eg], !# dlxgf & lbgsf] ;do nufP/
k'g{;+/rgfsf nflu ;'emfj lbg Ps pRr          ljjfb gxf]nf eGg ;lsGg .                   tof/ kf/]sf] k|ltj]bg lg/y{s ;fljt x'g]             h:tf] elgPsf] JolQmnfO{ PsfPs DOG                  gePsf], slt Ifdtfsf] eGg] a'em]/ cj;/
:tl/o cfof]usf] kl/snkgf u/]sf] lyof]                     lj1 ;d"xn] hgtg cfˆgf]        qf;df ;ldltn] cfklQ hgfpg]5 . h;n]                  eGg ;Sb}gg\ t/ b[li6sf]0f g} 5}g, a'em\g           lbg] jf pkof]u ug]{ afgLsf] ljsf; ug'{ cfjZos
. t/ cfh;Dd klg blno c8fgsf sf/0f            k| l tj] b g tof/ u¥of] eg] ;+ l jwfg      emg 7"nf] nkm8f glgDTofnf eGg ;lsGg                 ;Sg] Ifdtf g} 5}g eg] h] l;sfof] ToxL              5 . o:tf Jojxf/df hlt;Sbf] rfF8f] ;'wf/
cfof]u aGg ;s]g . To;}n] cfof]usf]           ;ef;Dd k'Ug} nfdf] af6f] kf/ ug'{ k5{ .    . o:tf] cj:yf cfpg] eof] eg] lgSs}                  af]N5g lsgsL GOD nfO{ l7s 9+un]                    Nofpg' cfjZos 5 . hlt l9nf u¥of] TotL
cf}lrTo ;dfKt ePsf] dfGb} cfof]usf]          k|ltj]bg ;a}eGbf klxn] ;+ljwfg;efsf        7"nf] hf]8ann] u7g x'g] lj1 ;d"xsf]                 pN6fpFbf b'j} k6s s]Gb| ljGb'df …OÚ kb{5 .         ;do cyf{t hLjgsf] jjf{bL x'g] x'bf xfdL   F
ljsNksf ?kdf lj1 ;d" x agfpg]                cWoIfsf] xftdf kg' { kg] { 5 .             cf}lrTo s] < eGg] k|Zg klg ;xh} p7\g]               of] …OÚ c+uhLdf …cf]Ú cIf/ xf] . c+uhLdf
                                                                                                                                                          ]|                            ]|     hf]–hf] hxfF–hxfF 5f} x/]sn] cfkm"nfO{ d lglZrt
lgisif{ lgsflnPsf] 5 .                       ;+ljwfg;efsf cWoIfn] ;+ljwfg;efdf          5 . To;}n] tTsfn} :jtGq lj1 ;d"xsf]                 of] cIf/sf] cfsf/sf] dxTjnfO{ ljZn]if0f            d"No, dfGotf / b[li6sf]0fdf rn]sf] 5'F sL
           bf];f| ] k6s ylkPsf] Dofb Pp6f    k]z u/]kl5 ;+ljwfg;efn] kf; u/L            sfo{ljlw to u/L u7g u/]/ p;nfO{                     ug]{ xf] eg] rf}tkmL{ ;dfg b[li6sf]0faf6 x]/,      l;sfPs} e/df z'GodfGotfdf rn]sf] 5'F egL
klg ;+ljwfg;efsf] a}7s gla; laTof] .         /fHosf] k'g{;+/rgf tyf /fHo zlQmsf]        lgikIf 9+un] sfd ug]{ df}sf lbg l9nfO{              cfu|x / k"jf{ux g/fv, :jtGq ?kdf /x'F
                                                                                                                                                               |                                        F + ]
                                                                                                                                                                                               ulDe/ x'b} ;f]r/ lhDd]jf/Ldf 5f}+ eg] ljj]sk"0f{
clg t];|f] k6s ylkPsf] Dofb cfh;Dd           afF8kmfF8 ;ldltnfO{ lbg' kg]{ x'G5 clg     ug'{'x'Gg . /, lj1 ;d"xnfO{ zflGt k|s[of            cfkm\gf] klxrfg sfod /fv eGg] x'g;S5 .             sfo{ ug{ l;sf}+ / ;fdfGo cj:yfdf 5f}+ eg]
;lsbf klg cem} Pp6f pknAwL ljlxg             ;ldltn] lj1 ;d"xsf] k|ltj]bg cg';f/        k"/f ug]{ ;t{sf ?kdf klg cl3 ;fg'{                  oxL cIf/ ul0ftLo efiffdf z'Go xf], cGo             :ki6 b[li6sf]0f ckgfpg l;sf},+ l;sfcf}+ /
;+j}wflgs ;ldltsf] a}7s a:g' afx]s           cfˆgf] k| l tj] b g kl/dfh{ g u/L          plrt x'Fb}g . lsgsL blno ;xdtL x'g]
c? k|ult x'g ;s]sf] 5}g . ;+ljwfg            ;+ljwfg;efdf k]z u/] kl5 % lbg;Dd                                                                                     \
                                                                                                                                            c+ssf] cfkm\g} 5'66} d"No, dfGotf x'G5,                      ]
                                                                                                                                                                                               o;tkm{ k|/Lt xf]cf},+ oxL cfhsf] cfjZostf
                                                                                        xf] eg] ;+ljwfg n]vgnfO{ hlt ;do                    z'Gosf] cfkm\gf] 5'66} dfGotf x'bg, To;}n]
                                                                                                                                                                     \            F}           xf] . o;n] g} JolQm, ;dfh / /fi6«sf] lxt x'G5
lgdf{0fdf s'g} k|utL gePsf] eP klg           ;+ljwfg ;efdf 5nkmn ug'{ kg]{ x'G5 .       zflGt k|s[of k"/f ug{ nfUb}g .
dfcf]jfbL pkfWoIf 8f= afa'/fd e§/fO{sf]      ;+ljwfg ;efn] kfl/t u/] kl5 dfq                                                                of] s;}sf] ;xf/fdf 6fl;g jf kl5 nfUg'              . clxn]nfO{ oQL .
                                                                                                     cGoyf km]/L klg …rNnf klxn]
                                                                                        ls c08fÚ eg] h:t} ;+ljwfg n]vg klxn]
                         xflb{s lgdGq0ff                                                ls zflGt k|s[of klxn] eGg] ljjfbdf                                               xflb{s ;dj]bgf
                                                                                        ?dlNng] xf] eg] To;sf] k|efj ;+ljwfg;ef
                                 {
 æklZrd kg]{ ln3f / 8fd|L k"jdf lnjfª,                                                                 [
                                                                                        / zflGt k|sofsf] eljio;Fu hf]l8g]5 .
 3/–3/df rkL{ jGof] ;kmf eof] xfd|f] vjfªÆ                                                       F                     [
                                                                                        ;ft a'b] ;xdtLn] zflGt k|sofnfO{ hlt
                                                                                        dxTj lbP/ x:tfIf/ ul/Psf] 5,                                hGd M                                                              d[To' M
          k|:t't ljifodf Ko"7fg lhNnfsf] æ;g\ @)!#, k"0f{ ;/;kmfO{ o'Qm                 ;+ljwfgsf ljifodf Tolt dxTj lbOPsf]                        !(*^ ;fn                                                         @)^*÷)&÷@)
Ko"7fg x]/Æ eGg] d'n gf/fnfO{ cfTd;ft ub}{ o; vjfª uflj;nfO{                                             [
                                                                                        5}g . zflGt k|sof / ;+ljwfgsf cfwf/e"t
tklznsf] ldlt ;do / :yfgdf uflj; :tl/o v'Nnf lbzfd"Qm If]q                              ljifodf bnx?aLr ;xdtL gx'g] xf] eg]                                                        :j= /fwf yfkf
                                                                                        d+l;/ !$ kl5 ;+ljwfg;efsf] eljio
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3f]if0ff ug]{ sfo{qmd /x]sf] x'bf oxfFsf] ul/dfdo pkl:yltsf] nflu                       cGwsf/df gkm:nf eGg ;lsGg . lsgls                                 o; k|lti7fgsf sf]iffWoIf /fdd0fL yfkfsf] ddtfdoL dftf d/G7fgf–
xflb{s lgdGq0ff ub{5f} .                                                                     {
                                                                                        ;jf]Rr cbfntsf] cfb]z / ut h]7 !$                                            yfkfsf]
                                                                                                                                              *, sf]6 lgjf;L /fwf yfkf *@ jif{sf] pd]/df ePsf] lgwgn] xfld ;Dk"0f{
                                                                                        sf] ;xdtL cg';f/ ebf} !$ df Dofb
              tklzn                         rkL{ uO{ ;s] kl5 ;fa'g                      yKg ;lhnf] ePsf] lyof] . t/ d+l;/ !$                  nf]sbf]xf]/L snfsf/x? cToGt} b'MvL tyf ddf{lxt ePsf 5f} . o; b'Mvsf]
 ldlt M @)^*÷)*÷)&                                                                      kl5 eg] s'g cfwf/df Dofb yKg] xf] eGg]                3l8df d[tfTdfsf] lr/ zflGtsf] sfdgf ub}{ zf]sfs'n kl/jf/hg k|lt OZj/n]
 ;do M ljxfg !! jh]                         kfgL jf v/fgL kfgLn]                                                                                 {
                                                                                                                                              w}owf/0f ug]{ zlQm k|bfg u?g eGb} efjk"0f{ ;dj]bgf k|s6 ub{5f} .
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 :yfg M b'uf{ dflj vjfª, Ko"7fg                  xft w'g] u/f}+ .                       dlxgf Dofb yKbf ;d]t ;+ljwfg ;efsf]                                                  t' s dfg l;F x sfsL{
                                                                                        Pp6f a}7s a:g ;Sb}g eg] Dofb yKg'sf]                                                       cWoIf tyf
                            kxn l;Fx 3lt{du/                                                                             [
                                                                                        s] cf}lrTo < clg zflGt k|sof g6'lËP/                   /fli6« o nf] s tyf bf] x f] / Llut k| l ti7fg lhNnf zfvf Ko" 7 fg kl/jf/
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                                   uflj; ;lrj                                           dflgg] 5}g . To;kl5 hgtfn] s;}nfO{
                                                                                        klg dflkm lbg] 5}gg\ .
         vjfª uflj;sf] sfof{no vjfª Ko"7fg                                                         -thisisbom@gmail.com                                                  xflb{s ;dj]bgf
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 u'0f:tl/o cl8of], leHjn 8s'd]lG6«           ljleGg l8hfO{gdf df]6/;fO{sn tyf           /+lug sn/df xf]l8Ëjf]8,{ ;fO{g jf]8,{ kmf]6f] tyf                       yfkfsf]
                                                                                                                                              sf]6 lgjf;L /fwf yfkf lgwgn] xfld cToGt} ddf{lxt ePsf 5f} . o;
 lgdf{0fsf nflu xfdLnfO{ ;Dks{               :s'6/ wdfwd ljlqm eO{ /x]sf 5g\ .          gDj/ Kn]6 nufotsf ;]jf pknAw 5 .                      b'Mvsf] 3l8df d[tfTdfsf] lr/ zflGtsf] sfdgf ub}{ zf]sfs'n kl/jf/hg k|lt
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  Ko"7fg ;dfrf/ ;fKtflxs                                                                 @)^* ;fn sflQs #) ut] a'wjf/                                                                                        &
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                                                                                                                                        d+;L/ !* / !( ut] Ko"7fg lhNnfsf] ljh'jf/ uflj;sf] /d0fLo :yn lemd?s
                                                                                                                                        gbL lsgf/df /x]sf] v]ns"b d}bfgdf k|yd /fKtL c~rn :t/Lo v'Nnf s/fFt]
             ko{6g eGgfn] ofqf ug{' jf 3'Dg'   nflu, SoflDkª, lxdfn cf/f]x0f. u'Daf
eGg] a'lemG5 . o;/L ofqf ug{] JolQmnfO{        tyf d7 dlGb/ x]g{, tftf]kfgLdf g'xfpg,                                                   k|ltof]lutf cfof]hgf ug{ nfluPsf] oxfFx?nfO{ ;xif{ hfgsf/L u/fpFb5f} . ;fy}
ko{6s elgG5 . To;}u/L ko{6sn] ug{] ;Dk'0f{     ;+:s[lt, /xg ;xg / snf x]g{, aGohGt',                                                    pQm s/fFt] k|ltof]lutfnfO{ ;kmn agfpgsf] nflu oxfFx?n] cfkm\gf] ;+3af6
lqmofsnfknfO{ ko{6g eg]/ a'em\g ;lsG5          r/f r'?ËL cflb cjnf]sg ug{, k|fs[lts                                                     v]nf8L ;xefuL u/fO{lbg'x'g cg'/f]w ub{5f}+ .
. s'g} JolQm cfkm' a;f]jf; ul//x]sf] 7fFpaf6   cfgGb lng, ufFpn] lhg lhjg x]g{                                                                     cf] s f] ÷ s' l dt] tkm{
cGo s'g} 7fFpdf vf; p2]Zo lnP/ 3'D5 /          nufotsf nflu ko{6s cfpg] ub{5g\ .                                                                        tf}n ;d'x                               sftf
ToxfF cfkm'n] NofPsf] k};f vr{ u5{ eg]         h;df k|fs[lts / P]ltxfl;s ljifoa:t'n]                                                    k'?if – $) $% %) %% ^) ^% v'Nnf                      k'?if @ hgf
To;nfO{ ko{6s elgG5 . o:tf ko{6sn]             k|efj kf5{ . lo ljifodf xfdLn] yk                                                        dlxnf – #% $) $% %) v'Nnf                           dlxnf @ hgf
oxfF cfP ug{] ;Dk'0f{ lsl;dsf ultljlw          ljsf; ug{ ;Sof} eg] ko{6g cfsif{0f                                                                                           cfof] h s
ko{6g x'g\ .                                   ug{ /fd|f] >f]t aGg ;S5 . k|fs[lts /                                                                        g]kfn ;f]tf]sfg s/f“t] ;+3
             ko{6s :jb]zL jf ljb]zL b'j}       P]ltxfl;s :ynx?sf] k|rf/ k|;f/ u/L                         ljhol;+ x ef/tL                                         zfvf 8f]hf], Ko"7fg
x'g ;S5 . s'g} Pp6f b]zaf6 csf{] b]z /         o;df ¥oflkm\6Ë, Kof/fUnfOl8Ë, 3f]7r9L,                                                                     ;Dk{sM (*$&*&&%#%,(*$&*&$(^*
cfkm\g} b]zsf] Ps 7fFpaf6 csf{] 7fFp .         xfQLr9L, hnljxf/, df5f dfg{], xfQL               ;S5f}+ . lj1fg / k|ljlwsf] ljsf;;Fu} oxfF
t/ ko{6s x'gnfO{ s]lx s'/fn] k|efj kfg{        kf]nf], s]j'nsf/, vfg a:g]sf] plrt               /x]sf k|fs[lts / P]ltxfl;s :ynx?sf]
ub{5 . cfkm\gf] :yfoL a;f]af; ePsf]
7fFpaf6 csf{] 7fFp k'u]sf] x'g'k5{, 3'Dg]
                                               Joj:yf -xf]d :6]_, h:tf ljifodf ljsf;
                                               ug{ ;Sg] xf] ko{6g ljsf; ug{ ;lsG5 .
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p2]Zo ePsf] x'g'k5{ gsL s'g} k|sf/sf]                        g]kfn ;/sf/n] ;g\ @)!! nfO{        cf:yfsf] s]Gb| Pp6f kf6f] x'g ;S5, To;df
cfly{s cfh{g ug{] / sDtLdf p:n] gofF           ko{6g jif{sf ?kdf dgfpg] 3f]if0ff u/];u}   F     xfdLn] cGo dgf]/GhgfTds lx;fjn] hf]8g      \
7fFpdf slDtdf Ps lbg ljtfPsf] x'g'k5{          h;/L ;'?jftsf lbg lgSs} tfdemfd ;fy              ;Sof} eg] ;' g df ;' u Gw eg] em}                       hGd M                                                  d[To' M
cgL dfq o:tf] cj:yfdf ko{6s eGg                eof] To;n] ultlng g;Sbf clxn] ko{6g              ko{6sx?sf] ;+Vofdf a[l4 Nofpg ;S5f}+ .            @)@%÷)!÷)%                                            @)^*÷)&÷@%
;lsG5 . ko{6s x'gsf nflu s]lx lglZrt           jif{ s]lx cf]em]ndf k/] h:tf] cg'e'lt                           kl5Nnf] ;do dflg;x?df
p2]Zox? x'g] ub{5g\ . dgf]/Ghgsf nflu,         u/fPsf] 5 . Ko"7fg lhNnfsf] ;Gbe{df              cfDbfgL;F u } cfTd;Gt' l i6 ;lxt Tof]                                                  {'
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s'g} lglZrt ljifo a:t'df cWoog tyf             klg ;g\ @)!! sf] ;'?jftdf y'k}| ;+3;:yf          cfDbfgL vr{ ug{] kl/kf6Lsf] ljsf; x'b}       F                                                              {'
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cg';Gwfg ug{ cfpg], ljbf dgfpg                 tyf lgsfox?n] w'dwfdsf ;fy ;'? u/]klg            uPsf] 5 . To:t} cjsf] o'u lj1fg
cfpg], kfl/jfl/s e]6 tyf cfkmGt;Fu             To;n] lg/Gt/tf gkfpFbf ko{6g jif{                k|ljlwsf] o'u 5 . xfdLn] Pp6f ;fgf]             sflQs @% ut]sf lbg pkrf/sf] qmddf ePsf] c;fdlos lgwgn] xfdL cToGt}
e]63f6 jf cfkmGt;Fusf] e]6 ug{ cfpg]           cf]em]ndf k/]sf] 5 . Ko"7fg lhNnf klg            sf]7fdf a;]/ ;+;f/ e/L s] e}/x]sf] 5,           b'MvL tyf ddf{lxt ePsf 5f} . b'Mvsf] o; 38Ldf d[QfTdfsf] lr/ zflGtsf]
h:tf p2]Zo lnP/ cfjt hfjt ug{]nfO{                                              '
                                               ko{6gsf lx;fjn] lgSs} k|r/ ;+efjgf               cfkm'n] vf]h] h:tf] 7fFp jf 3'Dg hfg]           sfdgf ub}{ zf]sfs'n kl/jf/hg k|lt xflb{s ;dj]bgf ck{0f ub{5f} .
ko{6s eGg ;lsG5 . To:t} ;fxl;s                 af]ssf] lhNnfsf] xf] eGbf s;}sf] b'O{ dt
                                                    ]                                           7fFp sxfF 5 eGg] hfgsf/L cfkm' a;]s}             k| d f] b kf] v | ] n                                 /fdnfn >] i 7
dgf]/Ghg, lty{j|t ug{ cfpg], ljz]if                                           ]
                                               gxf]nf t/ lt ;+efjgf af]ssf :ynx?sf]             :yfgaf6 lng rfxG5f}+ . t/ Ko"7fgsf] ko{6g              ;lrj                       tyf                          cWoIf
?lr cg';f/ 3'Dg cfpg], dw'df; -                ;lx ljsf; / k|j4{g x'g g;Sbf hlt                 ljsf;sf] hltg} ;+efjgfsf] rrf{ u/]kl5
xlgd'g_ dgfpg cfpg] tyf ;fd'lxs                Ko"7fgLx?n] To;sf] kmfObf lng' kg{] xf]          xfdLn] lt :yfgx?nfO{ k|ljlwsf] o'u;Fu           Ko" 7 fg pBf] u jfl0fHo ;+ 3 vn+ u f ahf/ O{ n fsf kl/jf/, Ko" 7 fg
?kdf 3'Dg cfpg] ;d'xnfO{ ko{6ssf               Tof] ge}/x]sf] cj:yf b]vf kg{ yfn]sf] 5 .               \                       \
                                                                                                hf]8g ;s]gf} / To;;Fu hf]8g ;s]gf} eg]
?kdf a'em\g] ul/G5 .                           oBkL s]lx ultljlw gePsf] eg] xf]Og .             ljgf k|rf/ k|;f/sf] ko{6g ljsf; ;Dej
             ko{6sx? Ps 7fFpaf6 csf{]                        ko{ 6 g jif{ s f] ;' ? jft;F u }   x'g ;Sb}g\ . Ko"7fgdf s] slt :yfgx?                          xflb{s ;dj]bgf
7fFp cfpg To; 7fFpsf] ljz]iftfn] km/s          l/kf] l 6{ ª sf qmddf o; If] q sf                ko{6g ljsf;sf nflu 5g\, ltgLx?sf]
kfg{] x'G5 . cyf{t 3'Dg hfgsf nflu             JolQmTjx?;Fusf] s'/fsfgLsf ub{} hfFbf Ps         k'/ftfTjLs dxTj, cfsif{0fsf ljifodf af/]df
s]lx cfsif{0f / ljz]iftf x'g' h?/L 5 .         hgf cltlyn] eg]sf] s'/f clxn] d}n]               hfgsf/L lbg rfxg]x?sf nfuL s'g} pkfo
o;df sltko s'/fx? k|fs[lts ?kn] km/s           ;DemL/x]sf] 5' . pxfFsf] egfO{ lyof], …xfdL      g} 5}g\ . oxfF ko{6s cfpg] eg]sf] dfgL;x?s}              hGd M                                                 d[To' M
kf5{ eg] sltko s'/fx? dfgj lgld{t              ;'gsf] yfnL ;dfP/ lev dflu /x]sf 5f}+            xf]–xNnf / Ps JolQm b]lv csf{] JolQm              @)@%÷)!÷)%                                            @)^*÷)&÷@%
x'g] ub{5g\ . 7fFp ljz]if cg';f/ To;df         .Ú x'g klg xfdL;Fu y'k}| ;Defjgf 5g\,            ljr x'g] ;Djfbs} sf/0fn] xf] .
cfsif{0f yKg xfdLn] ;Sof} eg] dfq              ljZjk|Voft >f]t xfdL;Fu 5 hxfFaf6                               o;sf] ;dfwfgsf nflu o;                                                     {'
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ko{6g ljsf; x'g ;S5 . k}bn ofqfsf              lhNnfs} cfly{s ljsf;df 6]jf k'¥ofpg              If]qsf ljleGg lgsfo,qm=;+=                kb
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                                                                                                                                                tyf dfGotf k|ePsf 5f} . b'Mvsf] o; g;{df k|d[QfTdfsf] lr/ zflGtsf] fsfdgf    s
 axfb'/ k'gn] xfd|f] a'jf÷;;'/f gftf kg]{ dgL/fd /f]sfsf] ldlt )^#÷@÷# df                       k|fs[lts ;f}Gbo{tfsf af/]d       kmfd]{; cl;:6] ub} dfGotf Kt lzIf0f ;+t xflb{ ;dj]bgf ck{0f ub{5f}
                                                                                                                          $ f hfgsf/L Llbg G6 { zf]sfs'nk|fkl/jf/hg k|l:yfaf6skmfd]{;Ldf k|df0fkq tx .plQ0f{ u/]sf           s
 cfkm\gf] sfnultaf6 d[To' ePsf] / lghsf] z]ifkl5 xs c+z vfg kfpg] glhssf]                       gofF ldl8of k|ljlwsf] k|o% u/]c=g=dL e/
                                                                                                                           f]u / ;+;f/               dfGotf k|fKt lzIf0f ;+:yfaf6 cgdL sf]if{ plQ0f{ u/]sf]                  s
 xsbf/ xfd|f 5f]/L÷ a'xf/L gftf kg]{ r]t axfb'/ k'g / nfnLb]jL /f]sf du/ dfq                    g} ;j{;ne agfpg' h?/L^5 . o;sfjnfuL
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                                                                                                                                                     dfGotf k|fKt lzIf0f nf]yfaf6 CMA sf]a:g] t u/]sf]                       s
 ePsfn] d[ts dlg/fd /f]sfsf] gfddf btf{ sfod /x]sf] lgDg hUuf ;+o'Qm                            OG6/g]6 dfkm{t j]j;fO6 lgdf{0f, j|cl;:6]G6
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 gfd;f/L ul/kfpm elg lgj]bg lbPsfn] of] ;'rgf k|sflzt ul/Psf] 5 lgh                                                                                        sf]if{ plQ0f{ u/L ckm uf} d ' v fKt u/]s
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 d[tssf] z]if kl5 xs vfg kfpg] cGo s'g} JolQm eP of] ;'rgf k|sflzt ul/Psf]                         ]
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                                                                                                                           ( lt ko{6sLo G6           dfGotf k|fKt lzIf0f ;+:yfaf6 Joj:yfkg ;+sfodf k|df0fkq tx plQ0f{ u/]sf] s
 ldltn] af6fsf Dofb afx]s #% lbg leq ;j'b k|df0fx? lnO pkl:yt e} xsbfjL
 ug{ cfpg'xf]nf . cGoyf lgj]bg dfu bfjL adf]lhd d[ts >L dlg/fd /f]sfsf
 gfddf btf{ /x]sf] tkl;n adf]lhdsf] hUuf lgj]bssf] ;+o'Qm gfddf gfd;f/L e}
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 hfg] Joxf]/f ;j{ ;fwf/0fsf] nflu of] ;'rgf k|sflzt ul/Psf] 5 .                                 ToxfFsf] klxrfg lbg] cfsif{s tl:j/x?sf]
                          hUufsf] ljj/0f tkl;n                                                  lgdf{0f ug{'kb{5 . h;n] oxfF cfpg
 uf=k=uf=lj=;         j8f g+ =            lsQf g+ =           If] q kmn                         ko{6sx?nfO{ x]g}{ cgL 3'Dg} kg{] :yfgx?
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                                                                                                5'6g] 5}gg\ . To;} u/L lhNnf :tl/o ko{6sLo                                                              @)^*÷)&÷@%
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 dfemsf]6             $                   $*^                 @=$=#=!                           ;dfwfg x'g ;S5 .                                           o; nfoG; Snjsf ;+:yfks cWoIf tyf jif{ ;g\ @)!!÷!@ sf
 dfemsf]6             (                   #*#                 %=)=@=#                           -jif{ !) c+ s $(, Ko" 7 fg ;dfrf/                                                                    7sf]
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                             sd{rf/L cfjZostf ;DjlGw ;"rgf                                                                               tyf ddf{lxt ePsf 5f} . b'Mvsf] o; 38Ldf d[QfTdfsf] lr/ zflGtsf] sfdgf
                                                                                                                                         ub}{ zf]sfs'n kl/jf/hg k|lt xflb{s ;dj]bgf ck{0f ub{5f} .
         lgs6 eljiodf Jofjl:yt ?kdf ;+rfng x'g uO/x]sf] o; o; :ju{4f/L nfOkm s]o/ xl:k6n k|f=ln=                                                             t' N ;L/fd l/hfn
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nfO{ tkl;n adf]lhdsf sd{rf/Lx?sf] cfjZostf k/]sf]n] OR5's of]Uotf k'usf of]Uo pd]bjf/x?n] cfjZos                                                                  cWoIf tyf
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sfuhft ;lxt @)^* d+l;/ * ut]leq b/vf:t lbg'xg of] ;'rgf k|sfl;t ul/Psf] 5 .                                                                            nfoG; Snj ckm Ko" 7 fg kl/jf/

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  cfjZos sfuhftx?M                                                                                                                      cToGt} b'MvL tyf ddf{lxt ePsf 5f} . b'Mvsf] o; 38Ldf d[QfTdfsf] lr/
  – z}lIfs of]Uotfsf] k|df0fkqx?sf] k|ltlnkL – gful/stfsf] k|ltlnkL – sfo{ cg'ejx?sf] k|ltlnkL – kf;kf]6{ ;fOhsf] kmf]6f] @ k|lt        zflGtsf] sfdgf ub}{ zf]sfs'n kl/jf/hg k|lt xflb{s ;dj]bgf ck{0f ub{5f} .
                                       :ju{åf/L nfOkm s]o/ xl:k6n k|f=nL=                                                                                             lzj/fh >] i 7
                                               wdf{ j tL–! afUb' n f, Ko" 7 fg                                                                                           ;efklt
                                       cGo hgsf/Lsf] nflu M Hof]tL s'j/ (&%*%)#^)%                                                              tyf g] q Hof] t L ;+ 3 lhNnf zfvf kl/jf/, Ko" 7 fg
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 Ko"7fg ;dfrf/ ;fKtflxs                                                                   @)^* ;fn sflQs #) ut] a'wjf/                                                                                      Ko"=lh=x'=sf=b=g+= )!÷)^^÷^&                *
                                                                                             Ko"7fgdf ====          hgtf;Fu                                             ldn]/ hgtfsf] lgZkIf eP/                sfo{sf/L ====
gu/kflnsf / e"–dflkmof                                                                                tx a9fpgfn] klg lzIfs cefj a9\b}
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                                                                                                                                                            ug'{eof] . sfo{qmddf k|x/LnfO{ ;fwg /               dfWod tyf ;+rf/ ;+:yfdf sfo{/t 5g\
              d cfkm" e"ldut /fhgLltdf ;lqmo /xFbf b]lvg} Ko"7fgL k5f8L k/]sf]df                      b/aGbL laxLg xF ' b f ufpF d } ljBfno                 ;|ftn] ;DkGg agfpg / /f]Nkf / Ko"7fgsf]
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lrGtf ul//xg] hdft w]/} lyP / plgx?sf u'gf;f] ;'lg/xg' kb{Yof] . )$%÷)$^                              ;+rfng u/]/ 5f]/f5f]/Lsf] eljio pHjn                  b'a} lhNnfsf] dxTjk'0f{ :yfgdf /x]sf]               ;+ 3 n] Ps hgf pTs[ i 7 kqsf/nfO{
;fndf k~rfotL lg/+s'z Joj:yfsf sf/0f k5f8L k/]sf] xf] . k|hftGq k|flKt kl5                            agfpg] :yflgo cleefjsx? ;d:ofdf                       Onfsf k| x /L sfof{ n o le+ u [ n fO{ …sÚ           ;Ddfg ug{] 3f]if0ff u/]sf] lyof] .
;d:of ;dfwfg x'g]5g\ . b]z cufl8 a9\g]5 / lhNnfn] klg lbg @ u'gf /ft $                                k/]sf 5g\ .                                           >]0fLsf] Onfsf k|x/L sfof{nodf /fVb}                             To;}ljr ;+3 cGt/utsf cf7
u'gf km8\sf] dfg]{ 5 . k|hftGq k|flKt eof] nf]stGq / u0ftGq k|flKt kl5 dfq                            zflGt ====                                            oftfoftsf] ;'ljwf;Fu cfj:os /x]sf]n]                ahf/ Onfsf dWo le+u[ ahf/ OnfsfnfO{
ljsf; x'g]5 /fhtGqsf] cGTo gu/];Dd ljsf; x'b}g eGg] km]l/ u'gf;f ;'lgg yfn]                           /flhgfdf :jLs[t u/L v'nf k|lt:kwf{s}                  ;/sf/sf] Wofgfsif{0f u/fOPsf] lyof] .               pTs[ i 7 ;Ddfg u/] s f] 5 . ;+ 3 sf]
t/ clxn] nf]stflGqs u0ftGq d'n'sdf cfO;s]sf] 5 t/ klg xfd|f] ;f]+r / Jojxf/                           cfwf/df sfo{sf/L lgb{]zs lgo'Qm ug{]                              Onfsf k|x/L sfof{no cfqmd0fsf           ;lrjfno lgdf{0fdf kmlg{r/ ;xof]u ug{]
stf uO/x]sf] 5, k~rfot, ax'bn jf u0ftGq xfldn] k'gd{"Nofs+g ug]{ ;do                                  lg0f{o klg u/]sf] 5 . o:t} dGqLkl/ifb\n]              a]nf To;a]nf !* hgf k|x/Ln] la/utL k|fKt            g]q cfrfo{, hUuf ;xof]u ug{] e/ts'df/
cfPsf] 5 .                                                                                            cfly{s ;fxfotf sfo{ljlwnfO{ ;+zf]wg                   u/]sf lyP . dfcf]jfbL åGåsf a]nf hgo'4              >]i7, :ju{åf/Lsf] cfwf/ lzlj/ le+u[
              z;:q ;+3if{sf] ;dodf ……ljgf; kl5 ljsf; x'G5ÚÚ eGg] dfcf]jfbLx?                          u/]sf] 5 . ca s;}nfO{ pkrf/ vr{ lbFbf                        F
                                                                                                                                                            ;'? x'bf Ko"7fgdf klxnf] k6s kmf]KnLsf]             hn's]df lgdf{0f x'g nfu]sf] Joj;flos
k|x/L rf}sL / uflj; ejgdf dfq v/af}sf] vr{ x'b}5, slxn] jGnfg lt eTs]sf                               JolQmnfO{ glbP/ ;f]em} c:ktfnnfO{                          ]
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ejgx? < ufpF ufpFdf ;8s k'¥ofpg], ufpFnfO{ ;xl/s/0f ug]{ / gu/ If]qsf] ?kdf                           e'QmfgL ug{] Joj:yf ul/Psf] >]i7n]                    ;xf/fdf cfqmd0f ul/Psf] lyof] . of] afx]s           u/fpg] 6]sk|;fb e08f/L, :ju{4f/L Ko"7fg
zx/ lj:tf/ ug]{ ;f]+r ;fFRr} xfld ;j}df 5 ls 5}g < Psk6s cfkm" leq /                                  hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . o:t} ;fj{hlgs kbdf                 Ko"7fgdf cGo # O{nfsf k|x/L sfof{no / !#            wfdL{s dxf]T;jdf oftfoft ;xof]u ug{]
cfkm"nfO{ g} ;f]Wof} . ;b/d'sfddf /x]sf k'/fgf 3/ dd{t u/]/} j:g], kSsL 7"nf 7"nf                     /x]sf d'n'ssf nflu of]ubfg k'¥ofPsf                   k|x/L rf}sL ef8fsf 3/df ;+rfnLt 5g\ .               s[i0fk|;fb zdf{nfO{ ;Ddfg u/]sf] 5 .
3/ g]kfnu~h, j'6jn / sf7df08f}+df agfpg] ;f]+r xfld ;b/d'sfd jf;Ldf 5 .                               JolQmnfO{ cf} i fwL pkrf/ vr{ lbF b f
lemd?s pkTosf leqsf k'/fgf 3/ dfq xf]Og gofF jg]sf kSsL 3/df ;6/
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b]Vgg} 5f]8]5g\ h:tf] . lsg vfnL e't aËfn jGb}5g\ 3/x? o;sf] pQ/ ;lhnf] 5                             ;fdfGo pkrf/ vr{ afx]s ;f+;bnfO{                                           ]
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;'ljwf vf]Hg zx/ k;]sfn] xf]Og / <                                                                    ljz]if cf}iflw pkrf/ vr{ lbFbf ;ldlt                  u/]sf] :ju{åf/L cf>d Ko"7fgsf] hUuf cem}            lkmtf{ u5f}{ eGg], dfly s'/f ubf{ tnÚsf;u+
              lhNnfdf g} ;'ljwf ;DkGg agfpg sd;]sd gu/ If]q, wfld{s If]q,                             agfP/ lbOg] ePsf] 5 .                                 lkmtf{ ePsf] 5}g . sf]lrafª uflj;df                 s'/f ug'{ g, eg]/ 6fg]{ u/]sf 5g\ .Ú
ko{6sLo If]q, cf}Bf]lus If]q, Jofkfl/s If]q / Jojl:yt j;f]jf; If]q lgwf{/0f ug'{                      åGbdf ====                                            /x]sf] ! ;o $) /f]kgL v]t cem} lkmtf{                            cf>dsf] nufot JolQmut,
kg]{ xf]Og / < o; jf/] ax;, 5nkmn / lg0f{o s'g} gug]{ j'6jn sf7df08f}+ / cGo                                     pb\ 3 f6g        sfo{ q mddf               gePsf] cf>dn] hgfPsf] 5 .                           ;+:yfut ;a}sf] sAhf ul/Psf 3/hUufsf]
7fpFdf vl/b u/]sf] 3/ 38]/L kfFrf} u'0ff a9L ;Sof], vf]O oxfF nufgL u/]/ s] ug]{                                          '
                                                                                                      dWoklZrd k|x/L k|dv kfj{tL yfkf, /fKtL                            hUuf lkmtf{ gx' + b f cf>d              laifodf :ynut a'em\g lhNnfdf ;j{blno
h:tf lg/f;fsf s'/f dfq ul//xFbf s] ljsf; cufl8 a9\g ;Snf <                                            c~rn k|x/L k|d'v 3dfgGb e§, k|lhc                     ;+rfngdf ;d:of k/]sf] cf>dsf sf]7f/L                ;+oGq agfPsf] 5 . ;+oGqn] kl5Nnf] ;dodf
              Ko"7fgdf hGd]/ klxn] Jojl:yt Ko"7fgnfO{ u/f}+ clgdfq aflx/ klg                                                                                xl/ clwsf/Ln] atfpg'eof] . hUuf lkmtf{              u/]sf] k|utLaf/] cfkm'nfO{ hfgsf/L gePsf]
                                                                                                      n's axfb'/ If]qL nufot ljleGg ;'/Iff                  gu/]kl5 cf>dn] dfcf]afbL Ko"7fgsf]                  k|dv lhNnf clwsf/L n's axfb'/ IfqLn]
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qmd;M nufgL u/f}+ . of] jftfj/0f lsg jlg/x]sf] 5}g Ko"7fgdf . Ko"7fgjf6                               ;Da4 lgsfosf] pkl:ytL /x]sf] lyof] .                  gfddf lhNnf k|zf;g sfof{nodf d'¢f                   atfpg'eof] . dfcf]afbL lhNnf OGrfh{ wg]Zj/
/fhgLlt z'? u/]sfx? qmdz M Ko"7fg 5f]8\b} hfg] u/]sf] /fhg]tfx?sf sd{yfnf] /                          ejg pb\6gsf nflu k|x/L cltl/Qm                                                            '
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pkTosfnfO{ rfF8f] eGbf rfF8f] u'? of]hgf leq /fv]/ o;sf] ljsf; ug'{ k5{                               k|d'v cfltTYo /x]sf] lyof] .                          :yfgLo dfcf]afbL sfo{stf{nfO{ af+l8Psf]             cf>dnfO{ hUuf lkmtf{ ul/g] atfpg'eof] .
eGg]x?df b'O{dt 5}g t/ lhNnf aflx/ uO/x]sf] 7"nf] wg/fzLnfO{ oxL nufgL ug{                                       pb\ 3 f6g sfo{ q mddf a] f Nb}
snsf/vfgf, pBf]u;+u} 3/ 38]/L, xf]6n / ljB't u[x ;+rfng ug'{ h?/L 5 . o;sf]
nflu klxnf] z'?jft g} gu/kflnsf 3f]if0ff xf] . 3f]lift gu/kflnsfsf] klxnf] gu/
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ug'{ k5{ . of] g} Ko"7fgsf] klxnf] cfjZostf xf] .                                                     lbg'ePsf] lyof] . cfd hg;d'bfo /                       ;f]d' pknAw 5 . xfdLsxf“ c8{/ adf]lhd sf7af6 lgld{t ;f]kmf;]6, kn·,
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sf8{sf] ?kdf cleJoQm ePsf] 5 t slxn] ;+rf/ dfWodaf6 . e"–eg]sf] hldg /                                / /fd|f] sfdsf] k|z+;f ug{ cg'/f]w ub}{                s]z cflb ;'ky d'Nodf kfOG5 . ;fy} :6]zg/L, kqklqsf, kf7\ok':ts /
dflkmof eg]sf] u}/sfg'gL ?kdf ul/g] sf/f]jf/ eGg] d}n] a'em]sf] 5' . s] ;fFRr}                        pxfFn] cfkm\gf dftxtsf k|x/LnfO{ o:tf]                 z}lIfs ;fdfu|Lsf] nflu ;Demfg'xf];\ .
hldgnfO{ u}/ sfg'gL ?kdf vl/b ljlqm ul/b} cfPsf] 5 < Tof] s]lx zx/x?df xf]nf                          lgb]{zg lbg'ePsf] xf] . pxfFn] lhNnfsf                                             k|f=] ;'o{ lj=s=
t/ Ko"7fgdf To;f] ePsf] 5}gsL eGg] dnfO{ nfu]sf] 5 . To;}n] cGo Joj;fo                                k|x/LnfO{ s;}sf] bjfjdf k/]/ xf]Og 86]/
h;/L ;+rfng eO/x]sf 5g\ To;}u/L 38]/L vl/b ljlqm Joj;fo klg ;+rfng ug'{                               sfd ug{ cfu|x ug'{eof] .                                            ljzfn kmlg{r/ pBf]u tyf ljzfn k':ts ;bg
k5{ / ug{ kfpg' k5{ t/ olx elg/xFbf lhNnfsf] zfg lemd?s pkTosfdf 5                                               :yflgo zflGt ;'/Iff sfod                                               ljh'jf/–^, Ko"7fg
To;nfO{ df:g' k5{ eGg] rfFlx unt x'g]5 .                                                              ug{sf nflu k|x/Ln] hgftfsf] sfd ubf{                         kmf]g M )*^–$^)!*)÷(*$&*@!!*)÷(*)($)@(%) -rfns s[i0f_
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clxn] ePsf] ;8s b]lv lrltvf]nf lsgf/, h'd|L vf]nf lsgf/, ljh'jf/ vn+uf ;8s                            k|x/Ls} pkNnf] lgsfosf] bjfa cfPklg                    tkfO{nfO{ sfof{no tyf 3/sf]7f ;hfj6 ;fdu|L rflxof] <
lsgf/, k'0ofvf]nf lsgf/, l6s'/L / jfUb'nf ;8s jl/k/L Jojl:yt ejg lgdf{0f                              sfg'g ldr]/ s'g} sfd gug{ pxfFsf]
ug'{ k5{ / jLrsf] v]lt of]Uo hldgnfO{ wfg, ds} / ux'F v]tL xf]Og a]df};dL                             lgb]{zg s]lGb|t lyof] . k|x/L / hgtfsf]                         sf7 kmlg{r/, :l6n kmlg{r/, sfF6L sAhf, wf/fsf] lkml6ª ;fdu|L,
t/sf/L / Ps ufpF Ps pTkfbg cGtu{tsf gub] v]tL pTkfbg ug'{ k5{ . v}/fsf]                               ;DjGw gª / df;' s f] ePsf] eGb}                        ljleGg lsl;dsf /ª /f]ug, KnfO{p8, sfk]{6x?, Knfli6ssf efF8fx? d'leË
kmfF6 / hnljB't 8\ofd ;fO8nfO{ ……lkslgs :ynÚÚ sf] ?kdf ljzfn tnfp                                                                                            lro/, sDKo"6/ 6]an tyf cGo sfof{no ;fdu|Lsf] nflu xfdLnfO{ ;Demg'xf];\ .
lgdf{0f;F+{u} xl/ofnL gbL lsgf/, df5f kf]v/Lx? lgdf{0fn] ;'Gb/ pkTosf lgdf{0f                          kqsf/nfO{ ;Ddfg u/f}+                                          em\ofn 9f]sfsf kNnf, rf}s;, ljleGg kmlg{r/ ;fdu|L c8{/ cg';f/
ug'{ k5{ . olx dfu :ju{åf/L Ko"7fg dxf]T;j @)^% df tTsflng /Iff dGqL /fd                                                                                     plrt d"Nodf pknAw u/fO{G5 .
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posted:11/17/2011
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