AP Chemistry Syllabus 4 by keralaguest


									AP Chemistry Syllabus for J.L. Mann H.S.
    By Richard Hart

Website: http://teachers.greenville.k12.sc.us/sites/rhart
e-mail: rhart@greenville.k12.sc.us     phone # 8643556358
Office hours Tuesday, Thursday, and Friday afternoons;
     mornings by appointment.

Course Description

        Welcome to AP chemistry. This course is designed to accommodate
focused students with an interest in chemistry. As such this class is to equal a
college freshman level chemistry course. Similar material and labs will be
covered, though in a significantly retarded pace.
        An AP examination given by the College Board (www.collegeboard.com) is
administered by a third party at the end of the year in May. This exam is a
culmination of all that is learned in this course and similarly all that would be
learned by a college freshman in a general chemistry course. A score of three
(3) or more out of five (5) possible points may qualify students to receive college
credit.      The majority of colleges accept scores of 4 or better, while fewer
schools accept credit for a score of 3. Every student taking this course should
have in goal to score at least a 4 on the AP Chemistry exam.
        The primary teacher resource for this course will be Chemistry: The
Central Science 11th ed. by Brown, LeMay, etc. This textbook is considered the
best for this level and is widely used both at the AP chem level and college level.
I strongly encourage students, if able, to buy their own copy of this textbook. I
will be correlating all assigned student reading in their textbook this pages in this
book, as well. Supplemental instructor material will include Chemistry by
Zumdahl and Zumdahl, AP Chemistry Workshop Handbook 2009-2010 by the
College Board, Barron’s AP Chemistry by Jespersen, Experimental Chemistry lab
manual 7th ed by Hall, and Laboratory Experiments for the World of Chemistry 1 st
ed. by Zumdahl.
        The student textbook for this course is Chemistry by Holt McDougal.
        It is my intention to establish a medium for class discussion. Possible
avenues for this may be a facebook page, blogspot, or some other such
communication interface. As it stands now, the website assigned to me by
Greenville county is too cumbersome to utilize sensibly, and as such will not be
used as a resource for this course.

Student Responsibilities & Teacher Expectations of students
        Time: I anticipate students will need to dedicate at least one hour every
night solely to AP Chemistry. Previously, I have stated that an average of seven
hours a week would suffice, but I am now specifying a recommended daily
devotion of the aforementioned minimum one hour. This is so students do not
fall behind in their work. I believe it is nearly impossible to catch up in a course
of this magnitude.
        Chemistry is perhaps unique amongst the high school sciences in that it
requires laboratory experiments spanning several hours to completion. As such,
students can expect segments of extended labs to be completed over the course
of several class periods spent in the laboratory.

Parents / Guardians:

         A strong parental support can go a long way towards success in difficult
high school classes such as this one. Please understand your son or daughter
should have assignments and studying nearly every night and if that does not
seem to be the case then something is probably amiss. Please contact me ASAP
if this seems to be the case. Thank you.

Grading Policies

       All school policies regarding grading will be followed. An in depth
explanation of these policies can be found in the student handbook. A basic
overview, however, follows. The percentage gives the value of each type out of
a total 100% and the second number denotes their expected frequency per

      Tests –        40%          4-6
      Quizzes –      10%          4-6
      Homework - 15%              daily
      Labs -         20%          6-8
      Projects -     10%          1
      Participation- 5%           daily

      Midterm -      20%          At end of first semester

      Note: The above percentages and frequencies are subject to change
upon notification.

      Quizzes: Students can expect quizzes at the end of each chapter that
address the contents of that chapter. In addition, there will be random
unannounced quizzes composed of any material previously covered.
       Tests: Tests will always be cumulative, filled with questions from any/all
previously covered material per my discretion. As with quizzes, there will be a
test after each newly reviewed chapter. The purpose of this is to ensure
continued review and conceptual understanding of all material.

       Homework: Because the majority of AP chemistry is algebra based and
the material is extensive, homework will be assigned in packets made available
on a Friday and due the following Friday. A student’s main responsibility is to
stay current with their assigned readings. It should be assumed that if a certain
topic is addressed one day, the subsequent topic will be covered the next day
and each student is responsible to complete their reading accordingly.

       Labs – There are 22 College Board recommended laboratory experiments.
While a majority of these labs can be modified in such a way to reduce cost and
time, some labs will span more than one period.

       Projects - There will be one project per quarter. This project may take
the form of a hands-on construction project, a research paper, or science fair
project. A science fair is required of all honors and AP level courses. This
science fair project is not typically a difficult endeavor; it is, however, extremely
time consuming. Students are to devise and conduct a scientific experiment.
The science fair experiment does not necessarily have to be in chemistry.
Appropriate level experiments will be conveyed to the students at a later time.
Details of this science fair project will be provided early in the year as it is
undergoing revision from the previous year.

        Participation – Student participation means students are attentive, ask
questions when needed and answer questions when asked. Students are to
bring their required materials (see below) each day. This is the only grade that
will start each quarter with full marks and then be deducted as necessary to
reflect student participation.

      Midterm – The midterm will be questions culled from previous AP
Chemistry exams. All questions will pertain to material previously covered.

     Late work, make-up: By school policy, you have five school days to
make-up anything missed. After that, it will not be accepted. This includes late
homework and missed tests.

Required Materials (daily)
                                                     2. Accompanying lined
       1. Homework packets                                 paper.
                                                     3. Writing utensil
       4.   3-ring binder                            8. Textbook – I do
       5.   Lab manuals                                    understand it is heavy,
       6.   Lab notebook on lab days                       but please, everyday.
       7.   Scientific Calculator

Harsh, but necessary policy: As failure to bring the required materials to class
impedes learning, students habitually doing so will receive a referral for

Course Goals

       1. Scientific Nurturing. Students will further develop their critical and
            scientific thinking and apply this thinking to both chemistry and every
            day problems.

       2. Scientific application. Students will use their knowledge of chemistry
            to analyze and critique social issues.

       3. Scientific method. Students will hone and apply their laboratory
            procedures to further their data assessment skills, problem solving
            skills, and problem identification skills.

       4. Scientific knowledge. Students will attain an understanding of all
          chemistry concepts covered this year that include, but is not limited to,
          all material outlined in section: Topic Outline.

       5. Student achievement. Students will attain a grade of 3 or better on the
          AP exam in May.

Teaching Strategies:

Students will receive a mixture of problem sets, internet enabled explorations,
laboratory investigations, group work, and lecture notes,.

Topic Outline:

What follows is a basic topic outline with corresponding percentage of
approximate # of multiple choice questions found in the AP exam.

       I. Structure of Matter (20%)
              Evidence for atomic theory
             Binding Forces
             Nuclear Chemistry

      II. States of Matter (20%)
             Liquids and Solids

      III. Reactions (35-40%)
            Reaction Types

      IV. Descriptive Chemistry (10-15%)
            Chemical Reactivity and Products of Chemical Reactions
      IV. Laboratory (5-10%)

      Note: As you receive grades, there are instructions in the student
handbook for determining your overall grade if you need to do so. Remember,
powerteacher does this for you!

Tentative Schedule:
(Roman numerals indicate corresponding topic outline. Chapters in bold
represent chapters of greater importance and needing special attention.
Chapters are presented in their expected order of coverage). The letters in
parentheses following labs are for my (the teacher’s) reference.

Introduction to course: ½ Week
       A. Expectations
       B. Syllabus expectations
       C. Lab equipment review
       D. Safety Review
               1. Procedures
               2. Chemical containment & cleanup
               3. Emergency equipment

1. Matter and Measurement: (II, IV) ½ Week
       A. Studying chemistry; proper units
       B. Classification & Properties of matter
       Labs: Lab equipment ID:
              Laboratory Techniques (Z)
              Chemistry of Fire (Z)

2. Atoms, Molecules and Ions (I, II, IV) 1 Week
      A. Atomic Theory
      B. Ascending complexity
      C. Characteristics of each
      Lab: Counting by weighing. Counting by weighing.doc
      Lab: Separation of Mixtures (H)

3. Stoichiometry: Calculations with Chemical Formulas and Equations
(III) 1 Week
      A. Reading and Balancing Equations
      B. Determining molecular masses
      C. Determining moles, Avogadro’s #
      D. Balanced Equation information
      Labs: Percent Composition of a Mixture (H)

4. Aqueous Reactions and Solution Stoichiometry (II, III) 2 Weeks
      A. General Properties
      B. Types of Reactions
      C. Characteristics of each type
      D. Determining concentration
      E. Titrations
      Labs: Recognizing & Interpreting Chemical Reactions (Z)
              Stoichiometric Determinations (H)

5. Thermochemistry (III) 1 Week
     A. Energy
     B. Laws of Thermodynamics (I, II, & III)
     C. Enthalpy and Entropy
     D. Additional Laws
     E. Calculating Enthalpies

19. Chemical Thermodynamics: (III) 1 Week
     A. Spontaneous processes
     B. Molecular interpretation of Entropy
     C. Entropy changes in Reactions
     D. Gibbs Free energy
     E. Equilibrium constant and effected changes
     Lab: Heats of Reaction & Calorimetry (H)

6. Electronic Structure of Atoms (I) 1 Week
      A. Energy of Atoms
      B. Components and depictions
      C. Determining configurations
      Labs: Forming and Naming Ionic Compounds (Z)
7. Periodic Properties of Elements (I, IV) 1 Week
       A. History
       B. Patterns, Trends, & Tendencies
       C. Families and Properties
       Lab: preparation of Nylon (Z)

8. Basic concept of Chemical Bonding (I, IV) 1 Week
       A. Bonds, Lewis symbols, and Octect Rule
       B. Ionic vs. Covalent bonding
       C. Polarity and Electronegativity
       D. Exceptions
       E. Determining strength of bond
       Lab: Flame Test & Spectrphotometry (H)

9. Molecular Geometry and Bonding (I, IV) 1 Week
      A. Determining bond shape
      B. Identifying geometry
      C. Single vs. multiple bonds
Lab: Molecular Shapes and Structures (H)

10. Gases (II) 2 Weeks
     A. Characteristics of Gases
     B. Understanding and calculating Pressure
     C. PV=nRT
     D. Real vs. ideal gases
     Lab: Molar volume & the Universal Gas Constant (Z)

11. Intermolecular Forces, Liquids, and Solids (I, II, IV) 1 Week
      A. Intermolecular Forces (Dipole-Dipole….London…)
      B. Properties of Liquids
      C. Properties of Solids
      D. Phase changes and Diagrams
      Lab: Freezing Point Depression & Molar Mass Determination (H)

13. Properties of Solutions (II) 1 Week
       A. Properties of the solution process
       B. Types of solutions
       C. Factors affecting solutions
       D. Changes affecting solutions
       Lab: Effects of Polarity & Temperature on Solubility
Review and Exam: 1 Week

14. Chemical Kinetics (III) ½ Week
      A. Factor affecting reaction rates
      B. Rate law and Rate constant
      C. Order of reaction
      Lab: Rates of Chemical Reactions: Iodine Clock Reaction (H)

15. Chemical Equilibrium (III) ½ Week
      A. Concept
      B. Determining & Working with Equilibrium constant
      C. Le Chatelier’s Principle
      Lab: Solubility Product of Silver Acetate

16. Acid-Base Equilibria (III) 2 Week
     A. Acid-Base review
     B. pH scale
     C. Acid-dissociation constant
     D. Determining and working with Ka & Kb
     E. Lewis acids and Bases

17. Additional Aspects of Aqueous Equilibria (III) 2 Week
     A. Buffers
     B. Acid-Base Titrations
     C. Factors affecting solubility
     D. Precipitation and Separation of Ions
     Lab: Acids, Bases, & Buffered Systems (H)
     Lab: Acid-Base Titrations (H)

20. Electrochemistry (III, IV) 2 Weeks
      A. Balancing Redox reactions
      B. Voltaic Cells
      C. Calculating EMF
      D. Free energy
      E. Batteries and Fuel Cells & corrosion
      F. Electrolysis
      Lab: Oxidation-Reduction and Electrochemical Cells

21. Nuclear Chemistry (I) 1 Week
      A. Radioactivity
      B. Nuclear Transmutations
      C. Rates of Radioactive Decay
      D. Nuclear Reaction Energy changes
       E. Nuclear Power
       Lab: radioactive dating

22. Chemistry of the Nonmetals (I, IV) 1 Week
      A. General concepts
      B. Noble Gases
      C. Halogens
      D. Group 6 elements
      E. Group 5 elements
      F. Group 4 Elements

23. Metals and Metallurgy (I, IV) 1 Week
       A. Pyrometallurgy
       B. Hydrometallurgy
       C. Electrometallurgy
       D. Metallic Bonding
       E. Alloys and Transition metals
       Lab: Brass plating pennies;

24. Chemistry of Coordination Compounds (I, IV) 1 Week
      A. Metal Complexes
      B. Ligands
      C. Nomenclature
      D. Isomerism
      E. Crystal-Field theory
      Lab: Identifying malnutrition by pathology case packets (self-created)

25. Chemistry of Life: (I, IV) 1 Week
     A. Organic Molecules
     B. Hydrocarbons
     C. Functional Groups
     D. Macromolecules
     Lab: Enzyme-catalyst lab in Biology Experiments

12. Modern Materials: (I, IV) 1 Week
     A. Classes of Materials
     B. Polymers and Plastics
     C. Biomaterials
     D. Ceramics
     E. Liquid Crystals
      F. Nanomaterials

18. Chemistry of the Environment: (I, III, IV) 1 Week
       A. Earth’s atmosphere
       B. Ocean
       C. Freshwater
       D. Soil
       E. Green Chemistry
       Lab: Air, Water, & Soil simulation

Review: Review     1 Week
      A. AP Exam
      B. Should time permit, I hope to extend review time to more than one
week. Throughout the year we will work towards this goal.

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