THE SIMPLE PAST TENSE by T38VvGO

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									THE SIMPLE PAST
     TENSE
    THE SIMPLE PAST TENSE
• Affirmative Statement
• Negative Form
• Question Form (Making yes/no questions)
• Making ‘wh’ Questions with
  what,where,why,what time,when “
• Verbs-regular & irregular
• Exercises
  THE SIMPLE PAST TENSE
• We use the simple past for an action that began
  and ended at a particular time in the past.
• We use it for an activity that took place regularly
  in the past.
             TIME EXPRESSIONS
If we want to say how      2 days ago
much time has passed       2 weeks ago
since the event happened   5 years ago
                           a long time ago
we use AGO

We can say how long the    for 2 weeks
event lasted with FOR      for 5 months


  YESTERDAY
                           last week , month , year..
  LAST
The adverbials often go at the end of the
sentence but not always …

                   Eg.
   Two weeks ago, I went to the cinema
   I went to the cinema two weeks ago
           V E R B S
R E G U L A R    I R R E G U L A R
  V E R B S          V E R B S
                      IRREGULAR
                        VERBS

I n f i n i t i v e    P a s t    Past participle
Some of the Irregular Verbs

Present   Simple      Past
          Past        Participle
          Tense
awake     awoke       awoken

be        was, were   been

become    became      become

          began       begun
begin

catch     caught      caught

eat       ate         eaten
        * The simple past tense is one of
        the most common tenses in
        English.

 *Its form is the same with all
 subjects
 * It is usually formed by adding -ED
 to the verb
* This page will explain the rules for
forming the tense with regular verbs …
 Verb ending in...   How to make the simple past     Examples




  e                     We add -d                  Live - lived


Consonant + y        Change y to i, we add -ed     try - tried

One vowel + one         Double the consonant,       commit -
 consonant (but           then we add -ed           committed
  NOT w or y)

                                                   boil - boiled
[anything else]            We add -ed              fill - filled
AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCE
I went to Rome yesterday.
She cleaned the house last week.
We played         two hours ago.


SUBJECT + VERB 2 + OBJECT
     swam
They…………………(swim)in the pool last week.
           made
My mother…………………(make) a cake yesterday.
              ran
Tom and Jane……………(run) in the forest two days ago.
      phoned
Jane…………………( phone ) his boyfriend three
hours ago.
     were
They…………………….(be) at the picnic last weekend.
   went
I……………(go) to a party
yesterday .
    met
 I…………(meet) a new
 girlfriend there.
GALATASARAY couldn’t be the champion but
      won
they…………………..( win ) the cup two weeks ago.
           Negative Form
  I did not go to Rome yesterday.
She didn’t clean the house last week.
They didn’t play football on Sunday.

 S+ did not +V1 + O
            Short form: didn’t
    didn’t talk
She………………………(talk) to her husband last night.
    watched
She………………….(watch) television.
 John …………………..( not / work ) yesterday. His family
         didn’t work
                                   thought
………………….( not / be) at home. He ……………………( think )
 Weren’t
his new car . Then , he ……………(sleep ) in the garden .
                         slept
 QUESTION FORM



*Did you go to Rome last year ?

Yes,I did / Yes,I went to Rome last year.

No,I didn’t. / No,I didn’t go to Rome last year.
Did you study
English ?
Did she go shopping yesterday ?

Yes, she did. / Yes, she went shopping yesterday.
No,I didn’t take my    Did you take your
                       medicines last
medicines last week.
                       week?
*Did Hakan Sukur kick a goal last week ?

Yes,he did. / Yes, he kicked a goal last week.
Did your grandmother clean the house yesterday ?

No , she didn’t.




She only watched television and ate chips in her
living room yesterday.
                                   I’m Timy.
I’m
Tomy.




        danced
 We ……………………….(dance) together at the party
 three days ago.
FORMING “ WH “ QUESTIONS

                                Verb
 Question
Word
          Auxiliary   Subject   infinitiv   object
                                e


                       I
                      you
                      he

                                                           ?
 When
Why                   she
How        did        it         go         to the beach
                                            yesterday
Where                 we
etc.
                      you
                      they
                      John
What   did the nurse bring for the patient ‘ Tom ‘ ?

She brought the medicines for him.
When did Janet and Jim get married ?




They got married three days ago .
Why didn’t you talk to each other at the party?
Because we argued with each other two days ago.


      WHY ?                       BECAUSE ….
Why   did John buy a gift and flowers for his wife ?




 Because he cAme home late yesterday
 evening.
What did the frogs talk about ?
They talked about the childhood
of the frog ‘Kermit’.
Ha ha ha..                 Ha ha ha…
Where did they play basketball ?

They played basketball in the garden .
It started at
08:30.




                What time
                did the
                lesson start?
   bought
I …………………………( buy )     How can I pay the
some new clothes from   credit card bills ?
Paris last week .
 - Where did Selami and Gonul go for
their honeymoon two weeks ago ?




- They went to Paris for their
honeymoon two weeks ago .

								
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