History of Vocational Psychology, Ideals of Career Development

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					History of Vocational Psychology, Ideals
         of Career Development
             January 17 07
Early Benchmarks in Formal History
   1844 YMCA opened in London
   1851 first YMCA opened in US (Boston)
   From preparation, remediation to prevention, 1890
   1901 E. L. Thorndike among consultants
   1922 “Find Yourself” programs
   1925 Fryer writes “Vocational Self-Guidance”
Early Benchmarks in Formal History
   Use of correlational statistics by Galton 1883
   Cattell (1890) advanced statistics to study people
   1911 Thorndike among those in this movement
   Frank Parsons (1909) law professor, social issues
    developed a “vocational guidance” course for
    YMCA first time term used
   Development of psychological laboratories in
    municipal vocational bureaus
   Hollingsworth publishes Vocational Psychology
Early Benchmarks in Formal History
   E. K. Strong was a student of Hollingsworth
   J. B. Minor publishes Analysis of Work Interests
   World War I
   Yerkes, APA president, involved psychologists in
    intellectual testing (Army Alpha, Beta)
   Scott (and Thorndike, Terman, Watson, Strong)
    involved in performance ratings and evaluations
Early Benchmarks in Formal History
   Returning soldiers: Vocational rehabilitation acts
   Terman brought Strong to Stanford, published
    Strong Vocational Interest Blank 1927
   Minnesota begins “ability” tests
   World War II
   Aviation Psychology Program
   Subsequent higher degree of specificity in field
   Rehabilitation and reentry of veterans
Career Development Assumptions?

    Everyone has the ability to

     make work choices.”
Career Development Assumptions?

 Work is a contained part of
  people’s lives….
Career Development Assumptions?

 The world of work is
Career Development Assumptions?

 An individual will make one
  decision early in life….
Career Development Assumptions?

 Career counseling is short
  term and focused in
  information giving….
Our World of Work

  Economies   and work –
   Agrarian  economies; SES gaps, rural, need
    property rights, legal issues; science?
   Industrialized economies; factory jobs,
    monotony, loosens family ties? Middle
    class emerges
   Post-industrial; global, choices varied but
Our World of Work

  Work   Structure –
   Transnationalcorporations
   Changes in job classifications (to functions)
Our World of Work

  Globalization
  Social   Factors
    Gender   equity, dual role workers, aging,
  Technology

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