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HAZMAT IN THE USA

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					   HAZMAT IN THE USA
It’s a serious commodity

 WHERE IS YOUR PAPER WORK
     ARE YOU TRAINED




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             DOT and
             Hazardous Materials
             (Dangerous Goods)
The US Department of Transportation (DOT)
regulates the transportation of hazardous
materials by all modes of transportation within
(to, from, and through) the United States.
This includes hazardous materials carried by
passengers and crewmembers.

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 HazMat Incident Reporting
Hazardous Materials Information Center
          1-800-467-4922
      Mon-Fri 9AM-5PM Eastern
       http://hazmat.dot.gov




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              HazMat Safety
There are over 17 Million different chemicals in
  use around the world each day.




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        Safety, Paperwork, and You
• Once a year the two most boring topics combine to
  bring you a safety briefing so boring that it is classified
  as a hazardous material.
   Health:
       Short exposure to this safety briefing
        could cause serious temporary or
        moderate residual injury.
   Flammability:
       This safety briefing will not burn.
   Reactivity:
       This safety briefing is normally stable,
        but can become unstable at elevated
        temperatures and pressures.
   Misc:
       This safety briefing reacts with water in an unusual or dangerous manner.

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NFPA 704 Placard




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NFPA 704 Placard




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        Blue
   (Health Hazard)
 4 (e.g. Phosgene)
   Materials which on very short exposure could cause death or major residual
    injury even though prompt medical treatment were given.
 3 (Lye)
   Materials which on short exposure could cause serious temporary or residual
    injury even though prompt medical treatment were given.
 2 (Hydrogen Peroxide and Phosphoric Acid)
   Materials which on intense or continued exposure could cause temporary
    incapacitation or possible residual injury unless prompt medical treatment is
    given.
 1 (Propane)
   Materials which on exposure would cause irritation but only minor residual
    injury even if no treatment is given.
 0 (Olive Oil)
   Materials which on exposure under fire conditions would offer no hazard beyond
    that of ordinary combustible material.


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      Red
  (Flammability)
4 (e.g. Propane)
   Materials which will rapidly or completely vaporize at atmospheric
    pressure and normal ambient temperature, or which are readily
    dispersed in air and which will burn readily.
3 (Isopropyl Alcohol or Petroleum)
   Liquids and solids that can be ignited under almost all ambient
    temperature conditions.
2 (Pine Oil)
   Materials that must be moderately heated or exposed to relatively high
    ambient temperatures before ignition can occur.
1 (Olive Oil)
   Materials that must be pre-heated before ignition can occur.
0 (Hydrogen Peroxide)
   Materials that will not burn.


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  Yellow
  (Reactivity)
 4 (e.g. Nitroglycerin)
   Materials which in themselves are readily capable of detonation or of explosive
    decomposition or reaction at normal temperatures and pressures.
 3 (Perchloric Acid)
   Materials which in themselves are capable of detonation or explosive reaction but
    require a strong detonation source or which must be heated under confinement
    before initiation or which react explosively with water.
 2 (Potassium)
   Materials which in themselves are normally unstable and readily undergo violent
    chemical change but do not detonate. Also materials which may react violently with
    water or which may form potentially explosive mixtures with water.
 1 (Lye or Hydrogen Peroxide)
   Materials which in themselves are normally stable, but which can become unstable
    at elevated temperatures and pressures or which may react with water with some
    release of energy but not violently.
 0 (Olive Oil or Pine Oil)
   Materials which in themselves are normally stable, even under fire exposure
    conditions, and which are not reactive with water.




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NFPA 704 Placard




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          DOT Hazmat Placards
Categories:
    Class 1: Explosives
    Class 2: Gases
    Class 3: Flammable & Combustible Liquids
    Class 4: Flammable Solids
    Class 5: Oxidizing Agents & Organic Peroxides
    Class 6: Poison (Inhalation) and Infectious Substances
    Class 7: Radioactive Substances
    Class 8: Corrosive Substances
    Class 9: Miscellaneous
     Subclasses (e.g. 1.1, 1.4) hard to find information on. Wikipedia is not
      a source of mine, but is a good reference on this subject.


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DOT Hazmat Placards




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Employer Training Violations
 An employer’s failure to train any
 Hazardous Materials employee
 carries potential fines from $1,500
 to $25,000.

 Fines for failure to maintain
 training records are $500 and up.


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                     49 CFR

• 49 CFR (Title 49 of the Code
  of Federal Regulations) is
  where many US Department
  of Transportation regulations
  are found.
• Parts 171-180 of 49 CFR
  contain the Hazardous
  Materials Regulations (the
  “HMR”).

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                    Definitions
                   49 CFR 171.8
•   Hazmat Employer
•   Hazmat Employee
•   Hazardous Material
•   If an FAA certified repair station is a Hazmat
    Employer it must comply with the Hazardous
    Materials Training Requirements outlined in
    49 CFR


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  What is a hazardous material?
 The DOT definition:
 “Hazardous Material means a substance or material, which has been
 determined by the Secretary of Transportation to be capable of posing an
 unreasonable risk to health, safety, and property when transported in
 commerce, and which has been so designated.”
                                                            --49 CFR 171.8




So what does that mean?
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       HazMat Classification and
           Identification
1) Explosives

2) Gases

3) Flammable and Combustible Liquids




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        HazMat Classification and
            Identification
4) Flammable solids, combustible materials,
   and dangerous when wet materials

5) Oxidizers and organic peroxides

6) Toxic materials and infectious substances



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       HazMat Classification and
           Identification
7. Radioactive Materials

8. Corrosive Materials

9. Miscellaneous dangerous goods




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Hazardous Material must be Classified
        for Transportation

To aid in determining when
something is a hazardous material
for transportation, the DOT
classifies material into nine
different hazard classes.
Each of these hazard classes has its
own technical and scientific criteria.
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                 Hazard Classes
There are nine DOT hazard classes. Some
classes are further divided into divisions.

1 - Explosives                              6 - Poisons & Infectious
                                            Substances
2 - Gases
                                            7 - Radioactive
3 - Flammable Liquids                       Materials
4 - Flammable Solids                        8 - Corrosives
5 - Oxidizers & Organic                     9 - Miscellaneous
Peroxides
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Identifying Hazardous Materials in
             Packages
The DOT usually requires the outer
packagings of hazardous materials
packages to have certain hazard labels
and markings.
It is important to recognize these DOT
hazard labels and markings since they                       Gasoline
can identify packages that contain                          UN 1203
hazardous materials.

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         DOT Hazard Labels
• DOT Hazard labels
                                                           DOT Chart 2
                                                           has a listing
                                                           and display of
                                                           DOT hazard
• Cargo Aircraft Only label
                                                           labels &
                                                           markings.


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       US DOT Hazardous Materials
                Labels
•   Describe the characteristics.
•   Coded: color, symbol, number, text.
•   Generator’s responsibility.
•   Driver’s responsibility.




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    Dangerous When Wet Materials
• The words “Dangerous When
  Wet”
• Column 6 of the Hazardous
  Materials Table.
• Placard any quantity, in
  addition to any other placards
  required

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       Labels for Bulk Packaging

• With 4 digit DOT ID Number.
• Package capacity >1,000 gallons
   – Display on each side and each
     end
• Package capacity <1,000 gallons
   – Display on two opposite sides



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Displaying Labels




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                    Placards
                Non-Bulk Packages
• DANGEROUS placard, in place of
  the individual Table 2 placards.
• However, when 2,205 pounds or
  more of one hazard class of
  material is loaded at the same
  site, the individual hazard class
  placard must be displayed.

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EXAMPLE
                                                                          Orientation
A package of acetone                                                       arrows*
may be marked and                                                      *Also used on many
                                                                     non-hazardous shipments
labeled like this:
                            DOT Hazard Label




 Proper
 Shipping
 Name                  To: XXXXX
                       From: XXXXX

 Identification        ACETONE
  number
                       UN 1090

 Hazmat package
                            U
 specification
                            n 4G/Y20/S/99/USA/M1234
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Some hazmat packages are not required to have DOT hazard labels. A
package of spray paint may look like this:




                                         To:
                                         From:




                           Consumer Commodity


                                ORM-D-AIR
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      Labels on Product Containers

The DOT does not require
hazard labels or markings on
inner packagings. But
consumer and worker safety
regulations do require product
containers to indicate when
they contain hazardous
products.

 CAUTION: Contents flammable.                          WARNING: Reacts violently
                                                       with water.
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           WHY ARE WE HERE?
To review the D.O.T. regulations requiring that hazmat
  employees:
 Are familiar with the requirements of the regulations
 Are able to identify hazardous materials
 Know specific requirements that apply to their job
 Know how to respond to emergencies, protect
  themselves and prevent accidents



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 WHAT’S A HAZARDOUS MATERIAL?

Any substance or material capable of
 posing an unreasonable risk to health,
 safety and property when transported in
 commerce
These materials are located in the
 HAZARDOUS MATERIALS TABLE



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     WHAT’S A HAZMAT EMPLOYEE?
A person who directly affects the safe transport of
  hazmat:
 Manufactures packaging
 Selects or purchases packaging, labeling, etc.
 Fills packages with hazardous materials
 Prepares shipping papers and emergency response
  data
 Handles and ships finished hazmat packages
 Drives transport vehicles containing hazardous
  materials
 Provides emergency response information

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     THE HAZARDOUS MATERIALS TABLE
Contains all the necessary information to identify the
  requirements that apply to each shipment of each
  hazardous material:
Column 1 – Symbols
Column 2 – Proper Shipping Descriptions And Names
Column 3 – Hazard Class Or Division
Column 4 – Identification Numbers
Column 5 – Packing Group
Column 6 – Labeling Requirements
Column 7 – Special Provisions
Column 8 – Packaging Authorizations
Column 9 – Quantity Limitations
Column 10 – Vessel Stowage Consultants Alberta Canada
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     HAZMAT TABLE - QUESTIONS
Who uses the hazardous materials table?
  a)Everyone
  b)Anyone who makes, handles, packages or ships
    hazardous materials
  c)Those who determine shipping descriptions and
    packaging, labeling, shipping requirements




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SHIPPING PAPERS




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                 SHIPPING PAPERS
 Entry must be legible and in English
 Entry may not contain code numbers or
  abbreviations
 Each entry for each hazardous material must
  include the BASIC DESCRIPTION:
   –   Proper shipping name (Column 2, Hazmat Table)
   –   Hazard class (Column 3, Hazmat Table)
   –   Identification Number (Column 4, Hazmat Table)
   –   Packing Group (Column 5, Hazmat Table)


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                  SHIPPING PAPERS
• Shipping paper must:
  –   Contain the name of the shipper
  –   Indicate multiple pages, for example “page 1 of 4”.
  –   Show emergency response number
  –   Contain Shipper’s Certification
  –   Include the total quantity of material
  –   Accompany the shipment (give to the driver)
  –   Be readily available in driver’s compartment




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SHIPPING PAPERS




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PACKAGING AND PACKAGE MARKING
 Hazmat packaging must be designed to safely
  contain the material
 The more hazardous the material, the more
  strict the packaging requirement:
   –   Packing Group I – Great Danger
   –   Packing Group II – Medium Danger
   –   Packing Group III – Minor Danger
 All packagings must be tested prior to use.
   –   Performance Oriented Packaging, “POP”


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PACKAGING AND PACKAGE MARKING




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PACKAGING AND PACKAGE MARKING




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   LABELING




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                             LABELING
 Labels must include both the hazard class and the division of
  hazard, if required, according to the Hazardous Materials
  Table (Col. 6).
    Example: 5.1 for Oxidizer
 The first label listed is the primary hazard of the material.
  This label MUST contain the hazard class number.
 Additional labels indicate subsidiary hazards. These labels DO
  NOT contain the hazard class number.
 Labels must be visible. Example: Stretch wrapped skids of
  items.



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  LABELING




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  LABELING




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               PLACARDING
Hazmat placards are similar to the shape, color
 and design of hazmat warning labels. They
 serve the following purposes:
To alert the public to the potential dangers of
 hazardous materials.
To guide emergency personnel in their actions
 during a hazmat incident.


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                 PLACARDING
Unless excepted, each:
 Bulk package
 Freight container
 Unit load device
 Transport vehicle
 Rail car
Containing any quantity of a hazardous material must be
  placarded on each side and each end with the placards
  specified in Part 172, Subpart F.

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PLACARDING




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PLACARDING




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        HAZMAT EMERGENCIES
 Those who handle hazardous materials must know:
• The basic description & technical name of the material
• Immediate hazard(s) to health
• Risks of fire and exposure
• Who to contact
• How to clear the area
• How to isolate a spill
• Preliminary first aid and fire fighting methods
• Emergency response phone numbers


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                            MSDS’S
Primary tool for communicating hazard information.
 Chemical Identity
 Physical/Chemical characteristics
 Routes of entry
 Permissible exposure levels (PEL)
 Carcinogen?
 Handling precautions
 Engineering controls (e.g. ventilation)
 Emergency & 1st aid procedures
 Preparation date (should be current)
 Contact information
New requirements (ANSI)
 Environmental/transportation regulatory information
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                  TRAINING
Required for new employees, new job, new
 material(s) present
Explanation of the Hazcom standard
Where hazards are present
Location of written programs, lists, MSDS’s
How releases are detected
Physical and health hazards in work areas
Protection measures, including PPE
Details of the Hazcom program
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    BE AWARE OF WHAT’S AROUND YOU
Be observant
Be aware of new materials that are purchased
Be aware of unusual package or container
 conditions (gassing, bulging, tipping, etc.)
Be aware of suspicious vehicles on site
It’s like the unattended suitcase thing in an
 airport
When in doubt, notify supervision/mgt.

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Hazmat Information




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New DOT Label

                        • Effective January 1,
                          2011 this new label
                          must be used.
                        • Combines Organic
                          Peroxide Primary
                          hazard with
                          Flammable Liquid
                          Subsidiary hazard.

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 Hazardous Materials Regulations
Hazardous materials are regulated in order to:
  – Prevent accidents, leaks and spills
  – Help emergency responders
  – Ensure that HAZMAT employees are aware of the
    hazards of materials they handle




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  What Are Hazardous Materials?
“HAZARDOUS MATERIALS are any substances or
  materials, including environmentally
  hazardous substances, which have been
  determined to be capable of posing an
  unreasonable risk to health, safety or property
  when transported in commerce, and have
  been so designated.” (171.8)



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           Laws Affect Transportation of
              Hazardous Materials
Regulations
• US DOT Reg. 49 CFR ..........................All modes within the USA
• ICAO Technical Instructions ................International air transport
• IATA Dangerous Goods Reg................ Commercial air transport
• IMDG Code ..........................................International sea transport
• TDG Regulations Regulations .............Shipments to/from Canada
• Mexican DOT Regs. ........................... Shipments to/from Mexico




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   The Hazardous Materials Regs
The HMR of the Federal Hazardous Materials
  Transportation LAW (49 CFR) apply to:
  –   Responsibilities for offering and accepting shipments
  –   Classification of hazardous materials
  –   Packaging standards
  –   Shipping papers
  –   Labels, marks and placards
  –   Emergency response requirements
  –   Training requirements
  –   Registration
  –   Segregation and modal requirements

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                        Penalties

• Civil Penalties
  – Maximum fines up to $25,000 per day per
    violation. Updated for inflation
• Criminal Penalties
  – Fines up to $500,000 per day per violation
  – Up to five years in prison
• Injunctive Action
  – Shipments stopped or seized

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Numbering Sections in 49 CFR
  Read and know the law

Part    Section Paragraph                     Subparagraph




       172. 500 (b) (1)



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          Structure of HMR
– Part 171 Definitions
– Part 172 - Hazard Communication
– Part 172.101 - Hazardous Materials Table
– Part 173 - Classification and Packaging
– Part 174, 175, 176 & 177 - Modal Variations
– Part 178 - Standards for Non-Bulk Packaging
– Part 179 - Standards for Bulk Packaging (tank cars)
– Part 180 - Continuing qualification/maint.


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    Administrative Requirements
The HAZMAT employer must
  – Train & test employees
  – Certify & keep records
Training Compliance Dates
  – New employee - 90 days
  – Job function changed - 90 days
  – Update every 3 years


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       Six Steps to Compliance
1. Classification - obtain shipping description
2. Packaging - selection and assembly
3. Marking of packages
4. Labeling of packages
5. Shipping papers & emergency response info
6. Placarding & marking of vehicles
  For NJ-review Steps 1, 5 and 6


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  Step 1 of the Six Step Procedure
• Obtain shipping description (172.202)
• SHIP--The Basic Shipping Description consists
  of:
  – The Shipping Name
  – The Hazard Classification
  – The Identification Number (UN or NA)
  – The Packing Group



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        HM Table




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        ***Packing Groups***

• Packing Group I - Great danger
• Packing Group II - Moderate danger
• Packing Group III - Mild danger




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           Hazard Classes/Divisions
•   Class 1 - Explosives (173.50)
•   Class 2 - Compressed gasses (173.115)
•   Class 3 - Flammable liquids (173.120)
•   Class 4 - Flammable solids (173.240)
•   Class 5 - Oxidizers and organic Peroxides (173.127 & 128)
•   Class 6 - Poisonous and infectious materials (173.132 & 134)
•   Class 7 - Radioactives (173.403)
•   Class 8 - Corrosive materials (173.136)
•   Class 9 - Miscellaneous Hazardous Materials (173.140)
•   ORM - Other Regulated Material (173.144)
•   Elevated Temperature (171.8)

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             Multiple Hazards
• Some materials may have more than one
  hazard
• The first one is called the primary hazard
• Other hazards are called subsidiary hazards

• How do you determine primary hazard
  – Precedence of Hazard Table (173.2a(b))
  – HM Table
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         Hazardous Substances
“Hazardous substances” are materials that:
• Are listed in Appendix A to Section 172.101;
  AND
• Are in a quantity in one package that equals or
  exceeds the listed Reportable Quantity (RQ)




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    Using the HM Table (172.101)

•   Shipping names
•   Hazard classes
•   Identification numbers
•   Labeling requirements
•   Special provisions
•   Package specifications


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   Shipping Name Procedures (I)
• Chemicals listed by name

• Chemicals not listed by name
  – Generic names based on hazard
  – Generic names based on chemical family
  – Generic names based on usage
  – Technical name rule for generic names
    (172.203(k)(3))

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   Shipping Name Procedures (II)
Hazardous Substances and Marine Pollutants,
 not meeting the definition of a DOT hazard
 class
  – Environmentally hazardous substance, liquid,
    n.o.s.
  – Environmentally hazardous substance, solid, n.o.s.
  – Other regulated substance, liquid, n.o.s
  – Other regulated substance, solid, n.o.s.


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  Step 5 of the Six Step Procedure
Completing the shipping paper for hazardous
  material shipments




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       The Shipping Description
S H I P -- The shipping paper must show the basic
  shipping description, consisting of:
   – Proper shipping name
   – Hazard class and division (subsidiary is optional
      for domestic shipment)
   – Identification number (UN or NA)
   – Packing Group (I, II or III)
      • PLUS more?
   – The total quantity
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          Additional Shipping Paper
              Requirements (I)

•   DOT exemption number, if applicable
•   Limited Quantity, if applicable
•   RQ for hazardous substances
•   Marine Pollutant
•   Residue, last contained, if applicable
•   Dangerous When Wet for Division 4.3
[172.203]

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         Additional Shipping Paper
            Requirements (II)
•   Technical name(s) in parentheses
•   Poison Inhalation Hazard, if applicable
•   Poison, if not otherwise indicated
•   HOT for elevated temperature material
•   Radioactives
•   Special requirements for air, rail and water


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            Shipper’s Certification
“This is to certify the above named materials are
  properly classified, described, packaged,
  marked and labeled, and are in proper
  condition for transportation according to the
  applicable regulations of the Department of
  Transport.”

[172.204]

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    Hazardous and Non-Hazardous
             Materials
You can list hazardous and non-hazardous
  materials on the same shipping paper, if you
  do one of the following:

  – Enter all hazardous materials first
  – Highlight hazardous materials
  – Mark an “X” or RQ in column headed “Hazardous
    Materials” or “HM”

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 Emergency Response Information
• Shippers use MSDS, ERG, forms. Information must
  include:

  –   Basic Description of the hazardous material
  –   Immediate hazards to health
  –   Risks of fire or explosion
  –   Immediate precautions in case of an accident
  –   Procedures in case of fire
  –   Methods for handling spills and leaks
  –   Preliminary first aid
  –   24-hour telephone number

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Review a sample shipping paper




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  Step 6 of the Six Step Procedure
Placarding vehicles and containers of hazardous
  materials (172.500)




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             What to placard?

• Table 1 - placard any quantity
  – cannot use “DANGEROUS” placard
• Table 2 - Placard if total quantity 454 kg (1001
  pounds)
  – “DANGEROUS” placard permitted for mixed load if
    < 1000 Kg (2205 lb) per class loaded at facility



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Identification Numbers and placement

• Bulk containers must display the identification
  number of their contents, either on the placard, or
  an orange panel beside the placard.
• Placards should be placed on each end and each side
  of motor vehicles or railroads.
• Cargo tanks and portable tanks less than 1000
  gallons require two placards on opposite sides of the
  tank

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   Examples




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      Examples




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      Examples




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      Examples




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      Examples




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      Examples




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      Examples




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      Examples




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      Examples




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      Examples




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      Examples




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      Examples




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      Examples




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          Hazardous Material Worker
A hazardous material worker is one who:
• Operates a vehicle transporting hazardous materials.
• Loads or unloads hazardous materials;
• Prepares hazardous materials for transport;
• Prepares shipping documents for the transportation of hazardous
   materials; or,
• Takes responsibility for hazardous material transportation safety.




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Hazardous Materials Regulations

•   Classification
•   Packaging
•   Hazard Communication
•   Emergency Response Information
•   Training of HazMat employees
•   Transportation
•   Incident Reporting
•   Security




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        Employer Responsibilities
                 Training must be provided:
• within 90 days of hire
• renewed every 3 years thereafter. If an employee was
  previously trained prior to hire, the training must be
  current (within the last three years).




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   Employer Responsibilities
Required training includes:
  General Awareness/Familiarization
  Function Specific Training
  Safety Training
 Modal Specific Training
 Security Awareness Training


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     Employee Responsibilities

• Each employee must ensure each step is
  complete for the safe transportation of
  hazardous materials and waste.
• Improperly prepared shipments or
  incomplete paperwork CANNOT be
  accepted.
• If a problem exists, contact a supervisor
  immediately to describe the situation and
  receive further instruction.
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         Proper Shipping Names
            Additional Descriptions


• “Solution” or “Mixture”
• “Waste”
• Generic Shipping Names or “Not Otherwise
  Specified” (N.O.S.)
• “Reportable Quantity” or RQ


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     Poison-Inhalation Hazards


• The words “Poison-Inhalation
  Hazard, Zone ____”
• Look in Column 7 of the
  Hazardous Materials Table.
• Zones A, B, C, D



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   Poison-Inhalation Hazards


• Bromine, 8, UN1744, PGI, Poison-
  Inhalation Hazard, Zone A.
• Placard any quantity, in addition to any
  other placards required.




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     TRANSPORTATION VIOLATIONS AND
               PENALTIES
COCA-COLA BOTTLING CO. CONSOLIDATED
Failed to mark a package “Inhalation Hazard” when required; failed to
properly label hazardous materials container or package; failed to provide
emergency response information; transported a hazardous materials
shipment without a proper shipping paper. [172.301(a), 172.400(a),
172.600(c)(1), 177.817(a)]



                       Penalty: $10,000




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                     Packing Groups

• Column 5
• Does not apply to hazard class 2, 7, Division 6.2 and ORM-D materials.
• Packing Group                   Danger Presented by Material
       PG I                                  Great Danger
       PG II                                 Medium Danger
       PG III                                Minor Danger




                          P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
         Hazardous Substance

A hazardous substance is defined as:
• A material listed in Appendix A of the US DOT
  Hazardous Material Table; and,
• Is transported in a quantity, in one package,
  which equals or exceeds the reportable
  quantity (RQ) value listed in Appendix A for
  the material.

                P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
          Hazardous Substance
• Proper shipping description:
  – Look up name of Hazardous Substance
  – If not listed use:
     • Environmentally Hazardous substance, n.o.s., liquid,
       (add more info. here).
     • Environmentally Hazardous substance, n.o.s., solid,
       (add more info. here).




                   P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
        Hazardous Substances
• Selecting Proper Shipping Name
  – One of the following must be noted in parentheses
    following the shipping description:
     • The name of the hazardous substance as it appears in
       Appendix A; or,
     • The corresponding “D” code for wastes that exhibit an
       EPA characteristic of ignitability, corrosivity, reactivity or
       toxicity.




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         Reportable Quantity
• If a spill of the hazardous substance
  occurs during transportation in an
  amount which exceeds or equals the RQ
  value listed in Appendix A to the
  Hazardous Materials Table the spill must
  be reported to the National Response
  Center.

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           Packaging Standards and
                Specifications
•   The UN package marking is placed on any
    container/package by the manufacturer to
    indicate the standards to which the
    container/package has been manufactured.




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               Packaging Standards and
                    Specifications
Packaging codes are used to identify:
   Type of Packaging
   Materials of Construction
   Category of Packaging
   Performance Standards
   Other Special Designations




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               Packaging Standards and
                    Specifications
Package Identification Codes
             Type of Package
1 = Drum
2 = Wooden Barrel
3 = Jerrican
4 = Box or Crate
5 = Bag
6 = Composite Packaging
7 = Pressure Receptacle




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                   Packaging Standards and
                        Specifications
      Package Identification Codes
Materials of Construction
A = Steel (all types and surface treatment)
B = Aluminum
C = Natural Wood
D = Plywood
F = Reconstituted Wood
G = Fiberboard




                                   P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
        Packaging Standards and
             Specifications
            Package Identification Codes
Materials of Construction (continued)
H = Plastic
L = Textile
M = Paper, multi wall
N = Metal (other than steel or aluminum)
P = glass, porcelain, or stoneware




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      Packaging Standards and
           Specifications
            Package Identification Codes
                             Category of Packaging
                 1 = non-removable head (for drums or jerricans)
2 = removable head (for drums or jerricans)




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           Segregation Table
• Based on Hazard Classes (primary and
  subsidiary).
• Prohibit cyanides and acids.




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   TRANSPORTATION VIOLATIONS AND
             PENALTIES
IDEAL CHEMICAL & SUPPLY COMPANY, INC.

Loaded, transported or stored prohibited
combination of hazardous material together.
[177.834(j)]

                  Penalty: $10,000




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              Segregation Table
Question #1
 May the following materials be loaded,
 transported, or stored together?
  • Phosphine, 2.3, UN2199, Poison - Inhalation
    Hazard Zone A
  • Naphtha, 3, UN2553, PG II
 What conditions apply, if any?


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            Segregation Table
Answer #1
 [X] Materials may not be loaded, transported,
  or stored together in the same transport
  vehicle or storage facility during the course of
  transportation.




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              Segregation Table
Question #2
 May the following materials be loaded,
 transported, or stored together?
  • Waste Flammable Liquids, N.O.S. (Benzene, Lead),
    3, UN1993, PG II
  • Waste Hydrochloric Acid, Solution, 8, UN1789, PG
    II
 What conditions apply, if any?

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            Segregation Table
Answer #2
 Blank - No restrictions apply.




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P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
              Bill of Lading
Question #1
 When do you use a Bill of Lading?




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              Bill of Lading
Answer #1
 Bills of Lading may be used to document the
 transportation of materials which are not state
 or US EPA RCRA hazardous. The materials,
 however, may be hazardous according to US
 DOT regulations.



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             Bill of Lading
Question # 2
For waste that is not US DOT regulated,
what is entered in the Hazard Class
block?




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            Bill of Lading
Answer #2
 “Non-Hazardous”




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               Bill of Lading
Question #3
 The Certification block is signed by the
 generator/shipper.
                                             True or False




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            Bill of Lading
Answer #3
 True




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     Hazardous Waste Manifests
• Required for EPA and State Hazardous Wastes.
• Hazardous waste entry before non-hazardous
  entry.
• Each party must provide a handwritten
  signature.




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      Hazardous Waste Manifests
NEWS FLASH……..
Effective September 6, 2006 only the Federal Uniform
   Hazardous Waste Manifest may be used.
All State specific manifests are void.




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   TRANSPORTATION VIOLATIONS AND
             PENALTIES
DSI TRANSPORTS, INC.

Offered hazardous materials for
transportation which were not properly
prepared for transportation. [172.2(c)]

                Penalty: $18,000




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  Emergency Response Guides
The emergency response information must
include information on fire and health
hazards, emergency actions to be taken and
proper first aid techniques.




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          HazMat Compliance
The DOT HazMat regulations cover
  transportation related activities by shippers,
  brokers, freight forwarders, warehouses,
  carriers, packaging manufacturers, and many
  others. These regulations apply to all aspects
  of the transportation of an item from
  packaging to its final point of delivery.



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    HazMat Protective Packaging
All inner packages must be adequately secured
  and cushioned in order to prevent spillage or
  breakage during normal transport.




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  HazMat Hazard Communication
At a MINIMUM, a properly prepared shipping
  paper clearly identifies HazMat by its proper
  shipping name, hazard class and division, UN
  identification number, packing group (if
  applicable), and total quantity.




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         HazMat Security Plan
 Risk Management Self-Evaluation Framework
                 (RMSEF)

      http://hazmat.dot.gov/rmsef.htm

Based on the result of the RSEF develop your
  security plan to improve weak areas.

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         HazMat Security Plan
DOT regulations require all employees to be
 trained in the company’s security plan.




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              HazMat Safety
In summary…




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    2008 North American Emergency
         Response Guidebook

• Published by the US
  DOT for use by first
  responders during the
  initial phase of a
  hazardous material
  incident.
• Divided into 4 color-
  coded sections.
              P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
    Emergency Response Guides
Question #1
 What Emergency Response Guide would
 accompany the following material?
  • Waste Flammable Liquid, N.O.S. (Acetone,
    Hexane), 3, UN1993, PG II




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    Emergency Response Guides
Answer #1
 Emergency Response Guide # 128




             P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada
                       Summary
• UNDERSTAND the hazard of the materials you handle

• KNOW and FOLLOW all your HAZMAT responsibilities, as they
  apply to your job

• You must know the BASIC DESCRIPTION of a material to ship
  it properly

• If you have questions, ASK SOMEONE who knows. Consult
  regs, procedures, others


                    P bar Y Safety Consultants Alberta Canada

				
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posted:11/16/2011
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Description: worker safety