VIEWS: 8 PAGES: 34 POSTED ON: 11/16/2011
Definitions and Examples • Extended metaphor where the object & actions in a narrative, are equated with the meaning that lie outside the narrative itself • e.g. Blindfolded female statue with scales for Justice http://www.wellpromo.com/Printable- Imprinted-Branded-Printing-Printed/j/Justice/ • Reference to a person, place, thing, event, or idea in history, classical literature, or even pop culture (mostly biblical) • e.g. Clockwork Orange http://moviescreens.tripod.com/clockw ork/ http://templepoetry.blogspot.com/20 09/10/intertextuality-allusion.html • Intentional or Unintentional use of a person, object or event that is out of place chronologically • e.g. The Knight’s Tale (2001) in a scene of jousting tournament the crowd sings “We Will Rock You” by Queen and also does the wave • Force that opposes the protagonist • e.g. Voldemort vs. Harry Potter or Edward vs. Jacob http://elirutten.deviantart.com/art/Harry-Potter-vs-Voldemort- 211975713 http://www.google.com/imgres?q=jacob+vs+edward&um=1&hl =en&client=firefox-a&sa=N&rls=org.mozilla:en- US:official&biw=1366&bih=575&tbm=isch&tbnid=uVggeZ1YaB • Indirect Characterization • Is the process by which the shows things that reveal the writer reveals the personality personality of a character. of a character. • S-Speech • Direct Characterization tells • T-Thoughts the audience what the • E-Effect on others toward the personality of the character character is. • A-Actions • e.g. “The patient boy and • L-Looks quiet girl were both well mannered and did not • e.g “The boy took his time disobey their mother.” with work. The girl responds with phrases like “Yes ma’am” and “No sir.” http://www.readwritethink.org/files/resou rces/lesson_images/lesson800/Characteri zation.pdf • The point of greatest tension or emotional intensity in a plot, the turning point • Carrie (1976) pigs blood before killing classmates http://theeverythingstore.wordpress. com/2009/02/08/725/ • A confrontation or struggle between opposing characters or forces in a plot whether it be internal or external. • e.g. Man vs. Self Man vs. Man Man vs. Nature Man vs. Society Man vs. Technology http://systematicdeviation.blogspot.co m/ • “Unknotting” of the plot falling action, resolution, or conclusion/solution to mystery • e.g Cinderella’s wedding • The language of a particular • Jim: "We's safe, Huck, we's district, class, or group of safe! Jump up and crack yo' persons-encompasses the heels. Dat's de good ole sounds, spelling, grammar, Cairo at las', I jis knows it." and diction employed by a • Huck: "I'll take the canoe and specific people as go see, Jim. It mightn't be, distinguished from other you know." persons either geographically or socially. • e.g Mark Twain uses exaggerated dialect in his Huckleberry Finn to differentiate between characters: http://bernel.blogspot.com/2010_08_0 1_archive.html http://web.cn.edu/kwheeler/lit_terms_d .html Connotation Denotation • Associations & Implications • Literal dictionary definition that go beyond a word’s of word definitions (positive or • Hollywood is a city in negative) California. • Hollywood is the place of romance and glittering success. http://www.gointothestory. com/2011/06/hollywood- tales_21.html • Interruption of the chronological sequence of events by interjection of scenes or events of earlier occurrence • e.g. Toy Story (1999) Jessie’s backstory • Hints & Clues to suggest • “A pair of star-cross'd what will happen later in lovers take their life; a plot Whose misadventured • e.g. Romeo & Juliet by piteous overthrows Shakespeare “Prologue” Do with their death bury their parents' strife” (Act I, Prologue). http://morgankoehn.blogspot. com/ • Distinctive type of category of literary composition, such as epic, novel, poem, short story, etc. • e.g. Fairy-Tales http://ah_coo.tripod.com/goldil ocks.htm • Pictures or images in the reader’s mind; description based on any of the five senses • e.g. Smell-sweaty clothes, the pungent skin, dusty odor of the dry earth http://www.dlackey.org/weblog/2010/03/ • Logical conclusion drawn from available data • e.g. Student X has only two grades a 65 and a 59. One can infer the student is not passing. http://www.allfacebook.com/facebook -college-grades-2009-04 • Dramatic-the audience • Situational- An occasion in knows more than the which the outcome is characters e.g. pranks or significantly different from scary movies what was expected or considered appropriate • Verbal-Sarcasm e.g. “Sure e.g. Juliet takes a drug to you can live forever” fake her death, Romeo however takes poison as he believes Juliet to be dead, when she awakens from her self-induced coma, she finds Romeo's body and thus kills herself for real. • Comparison of an unknown object between a known object without using “like” or “as” to understand the unknown object • e.g. “His head was spinning with ideas.” • Emotions intended to be felt by the reader of a literary work • “He furtively glanced behind him, for hear of his imagined pursuers, then hurriedly walked on, jumping at the slightest sound even of a leaf crackling under his own foot.” http://www.inetteacher.com/Upload1/102670 /docs/Tone-Mood%20Worksheet.pdf • The mixture of situation and personality that impels a character to behave the way he or she does. • e.g. Wolf in Red Riding hood http://www.onlineaudiostories.com/tag/good-vs- evil/ • A speaker through whom an author presents a narrative, often but not always a character in the work. • e.g. Wilson, the volleyball addressed by Chuck Noland, the marooned character played by Tom Hanks in the film Cast Away (2000), is a narrative device used to inform the audience of the thoughts and feelings of the isolated, lonely protagonist. http://www2.ljworld.com/photos /2001/jan/08/16298/ • Attributing of human characteristics to nonhuman things • e.g. cartoons http://disney.wikia.com/wiki/The_Little_Mermaid http://www.fanpop.com/spots/beauty-and-the- beast/images/309492/title/beauty-beast-photo • Structure of the story • The arrangement and interrelation of events in a narrative work Conflict Climax Falling Action Rising Action Exposition Denouement • 1st Person- “I” e.g “I just finished a • 3rd Person Omniscient- All knowing 60 hour work week. Exhausted out shares thoughts, feels, and beliefs of my mind I begged for sleep. Just of any character e.g. “The smooth as I, was drifting, I heard the jazz sax player needed extra cash startling sound of a saxophone.” on the spot. Little did he know, the • 2nd person- “you” e.g. “You come over-worked labor despised the home after a long night’s work. music rising in the air. However, the Your only focus is sleeping. Just as woman in 14B smiled at the jazz your head hits the pillow, you hear player and her heart skipped a the unwelcome sound of a beat as he smiled back.” saxophone.” • 3rd Person Limited- Not all knowing shares thoughts, feels, and beliefs of some characters e.g. “The jazz player played and smiled at his audience. Even the man screaming from his apartment window.” • e.g. Harry Potter, Bella, and Jersey Shore Cast http://members.outpost10f.com/~lindax/harrypotter/wallpaper.html http://twilightupdates.com/twilight-quotes/bella-quotes/ http://blog.zap2it.com/pop2it/2010/01/could-jersey-shore-be-more- trashtastic-the-cast-says-yes.html • Has this ever happened to you? You work very horde on a paper for English clash And then get a very glow raid (like a D or even a D=) and all because you are the • Literary mode based on word¹s liverwurst spoiler. Proofreading your peppers is a matter of the the utmost criticism of people and impotence. This is a problem that affects society through ridicule or manly, manly students. mocking e.g. The the • I needed a place that would offer me impotence of proofreading intellectual simulation, I really need to be challenged, challenged dentally. I know this By Taylor Mali makes me sound like a stereo, but I really www.taylormali.com & South wanted to go to an ivory legal collegue. Park • So I needed to improvement…So I got myself a spell checker and figured I was on Sleazy Street. But there are several missed aches that a spell chukker can¹t can¹t catch catch. For instant, if you accidentally leave a word your spell exchequer won¹t put it in you. • The place where the story happens and the time when it happens • e.g. once upon a time in a far away land • Indirect comparison using “like” or “as” • e.g. The soul in the body is like a bird in a cage. • An author's method of treating a character so that the character is immediately identified with a group. A character may be associated with a group through accent, food choices, style of dress, or any readily identifiable group characteristic. • e.g. are the rugged cowboy, the bearded psychiatrist, and the scarred villain. • Manner of expression of a • A man can be destroyed particular writer produced but not defeated. by diction, grammar, • A man's got to take a lot structures, devices, and all of punishment to write a possible parts of language really funny book. use • e.g Ernest Hemingway's style derives, in part, from his short, powerful sentences. The style of the Declaration of Independence can be described as elegant. • That quality of a literary work that makes the reader or audience uncertain or tense about the outcome of events. Suspense makes the reader ask "What will happen next?". • Suspense is greatest when it focuses attention on a sympathetic character. Thus, the most familiar kind of suspense involves a character hanging form the ledge of a tall building, or tied to a railroad tracks as a train approaches. • Something that on the surface is its literal self but which also has another meaning or even several meanings • Central idea the thesis or moral • e.g. Lord of the Flies – There is evil in all mankind. • Attitude of a writer toward • "Life and death appeared his/her subject to me ideal bounds, which I • D-Diction (word Choice) should first break through, • I-Imagery and pour a torrent of light into our dark world." - • D-Details Frankenstein: Victor speaks • L-Language these words at the very • S-Syntax (Arrangement of beginning of the novel, words & grammatical setting an ominous mood elements in a sentence) for the rest of the tale.
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