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					Definitions and Examples
• Extended metaphor
  where the object &
  actions in a narrative,
  are equated with the
  meaning that lie outside
  the narrative itself
• e.g. Blindfolded female
  statue with scales for
  Justice

                       http://www.wellpromo.com/Printable-
                       Imprinted-Branded-Printing-Printed/j/Justice/
• Reference to a person,
  place, thing, event, or
  idea in history, classical
  literature, or even pop
  culture (mostly biblical)
• e.g. Clockwork Orange


 http://moviescreens.tripod.com/clockw
 ork/
 http://templepoetry.blogspot.com/20
 09/10/intertextuality-allusion.html
• Intentional or
  Unintentional use of a
  person, object or event
  that is out of place
  chronologically
• e.g. The Knight’s Tale
  (2001) in a scene of
  jousting tournament the
  crowd sings “We Will
  Rock You” by Queen and
  also does the wave
• Force that opposes the
  protagonist
• e.g. Voldemort vs. Harry
  Potter or Edward vs.
  Jacob




  http://elirutten.deviantart.com/art/Harry-Potter-vs-Voldemort-
  211975713
  http://www.google.com/imgres?q=jacob+vs+edward&um=1&hl
  =en&client=firefox-a&sa=N&rls=org.mozilla:en-
  US:official&biw=1366&bih=575&tbm=isch&tbnid=uVggeZ1YaB
                                          • Indirect Characterization
• Is the process by which the               shows things that reveal the
  writer reveals the personality            personality of a character.
  of a character.                         • S-Speech
• Direct Characterization tells           • T-Thoughts
  the audience what the                   • E-Effect on others toward the
  personality of the character              character
  is.                                     • A-Actions
• e.g. “The patient boy and               • L-Looks
  quiet girl were both well
  mannered and did not                    • e.g “The boy took his time
  disobey their mother.”                    with work. The girl responds
                                            with phrases like “Yes
                                            ma’am” and “No sir.”
    http://www.readwritethink.org/files/resou
    rces/lesson_images/lesson800/Characteri
    zation.pdf
• The point of greatest
  tension or emotional
  intensity in a plot, the
  turning point
• Carrie (1976) pigs blood
  before killing classmates




           http://theeverythingstore.wordpress.
           com/2009/02/08/725/
• A confrontation or
  struggle between
  opposing characters or
  forces in a plot whether
  it be internal or external.
• e.g. Man vs. Self
  Man vs. Man
  Man vs. Nature
  Man vs. Society
  Man vs. Technology
        http://systematicdeviation.blogspot.co
        m/
• “Unknotting” of the plot
  falling action, resolution,
  or conclusion/solution to
  mystery
• e.g Cinderella’s wedding
• The language of a particular             • Jim: "We's safe, Huck, we's
  district, class, or group of               safe! Jump up and crack yo'
  persons-encompasses the                    heels. Dat's de good ole
  sounds, spelling, grammar,                 Cairo at las', I jis knows it."
  and diction employed by a                • Huck: "I'll take the canoe and
  specific people as                         go see, Jim. It mightn't be,
  distinguished from other                   you know."
  persons either
  geographically or socially.
• e.g Mark Twain uses
  exaggerated dialect in his
  Huckleberry Finn to
  differentiate between
  characters:
  http://bernel.blogspot.com/2010_08_0
  1_archive.html
  http://web.cn.edu/kwheeler/lit_terms_d
  .html
          Connotation                        Denotation
• Associations & Implications     • Literal dictionary definition
  that go beyond a word’s           of word
  definitions (positive or        • Hollywood is a city in
  negative)                         California.
• Hollywood is the place of
  romance and glittering
  success.



     http://www.gointothestory.
     com/2011/06/hollywood-
     tales_21.html
• Interruption of the
  chronological sequence
  of events by interjection
  of scenes or events of
  earlier occurrence
• e.g. Toy Story (1999)
  Jessie’s backstory
• Hints & Clues to suggest      • “A pair of star-cross'd
  what will happen later in       lovers take their life;
  a plot                          Whose misadventured
• e.g. Romeo & Juliet by          piteous overthrows
  Shakespeare “Prologue”          Do with their death bury
                                  their parents' strife” (Act
                                  I, Prologue).



 http://morgankoehn.blogspot.
 com/
• Distinctive type of
  category of literary
  composition, such as epic,
  novel, poem, short story,
  etc.
• e.g. Fairy-Tales




  http://ah_coo.tripod.com/goldil
  ocks.htm
• Pictures or images in the
  reader’s mind;
  description based on any
  of the five senses
• e.g. Smell-sweaty
  clothes, the pungent skin,
  dusty odor of the dry
  earth


http://www.dlackey.org/weblog/2010/03/
• Logical conclusion drawn
  from available data
• e.g. Student X has only
  two grades a 65 and a
  59. One can infer the
  student is not passing.




  http://www.allfacebook.com/facebook
  -college-grades-2009-04
• Dramatic-the audience       • Situational- An occasion in
  knows more than the           which the outcome is
  characters e.g. pranks or     significantly different from
  scary movies                  what was expected or
                                considered appropriate
• Verbal-Sarcasm e.g. “Sure     e.g. Juliet takes a drug to
  you can live forever”         fake her death, Romeo
                                however takes poison as he
                                believes Juliet to be dead,
                                when she awakens from
                                her self-induced coma, she
                                finds Romeo's body and
                                thus kills herself for real.
• Comparison of an
  unknown object between
  a known object without
  using “like” or “as” to
  understand the unknown
  object
• e.g. “His head was
  spinning with ideas.”
• Emotions intended to be
  felt by the reader of a
  literary work
• “He furtively glanced
  behind him, for hear of
  his imagined pursuers,
  then hurriedly walked on,
  jumping at the slightest
  sound even of a leaf
  crackling under his own
  foot.”
           http://www.inetteacher.com/Upload1/102670
           /docs/Tone-Mood%20Worksheet.pdf
• The mixture of situation
  and personality that
  impels a character to
  behave the way he or
  she does.
• e.g. Wolf in Red Riding
  hood


           http://www.onlineaudiostories.com/tag/good-vs-
           evil/
• A speaker through whom an
  author presents a narrative,
  often but not always a
  character in the work.
• e.g. Wilson, the volleyball
  addressed by Chuck Noland,
  the marooned character
  played by Tom Hanks in the
  film Cast Away (2000), is a
  narrative device used to
  inform the audience of the
  thoughts and feelings of the
  isolated, lonely protagonist.
                                  http://www2.ljworld.com/photos
                                  /2001/jan/08/16298/
• Attributing of human
  characteristics to
  nonhuman things
• e.g. cartoons




http://disney.wikia.com/wiki/The_Little_Mermaid
http://www.fanpop.com/spots/beauty-and-the-
beast/images/309492/title/beauty-beast-photo
• Structure of the story
• The arrangement and
  interrelation of events in
  a narrative work
                                                   Conflict
                        Climax


                                 Falling Action
        Rising Action

 Exposition                                Denouement
• 1st Person- “I” e.g “I just finished a   • 3rd Person Omniscient- All knowing
  60 hour work week. Exhausted out           shares thoughts, feels, and beliefs
  of my mind I begged for sleep. Just        of any character e.g. “The smooth
  as I, was drifting, I heard the            jazz sax player needed extra cash
  startling sound of a saxophone.”           on the spot. Little did he know, the
• 2nd person- “you” e.g. “You come           over-worked labor despised the
  home after a long night’s work.            music rising in the air. However, the
  Your only focus is sleeping. Just as       woman in 14B smiled at the jazz
  your head hits the pillow, you hear        player and her heart skipped a
  the unwelcome sound of a                   beat as he smiled back.”
  saxophone.”                              • 3rd Person Limited- Not all knowing
                                             shares thoughts, feels, and beliefs
                                             of some characters e.g. “The jazz
                                             player played and smiled at his
                                             audience. Even the man screaming
                                             from his apartment window.”
• e.g. Harry Potter, Bella,
  and Jersey Shore Cast




    http://members.outpost10f.com/~lindax/harrypotter/wallpaper.html
    http://twilightupdates.com/twilight-quotes/bella-quotes/
    http://blog.zap2it.com/pop2it/2010/01/could-jersey-shore-be-more-
    trashtastic-the-cast-says-yes.html
                                • Has this ever happened to you? You work
                                  very horde on a paper for English clash
                                  And then get a very glow raid (like a D or
                                  even a D=) and all because you are the
• Literary mode based on          word¹s liverwurst spoiler. Proofreading
                                  your peppers is a matter of the the utmost
  criticism of people and         impotence. This is a problem that affects
  society through ridicule or     manly, manly students.
  mocking e.g. The the          • I needed a place that would offer me
  impotence of proofreading       intellectual simulation, I really need to be
                                  challenged, challenged dentally. I know this
  By Taylor Mali                  makes me sound like a stereo, but I really
  www.taylormali.com & South      wanted to go to an ivory legal collegue.
  Park                          • So I needed to improvement…So I got
                                  myself a spell checker and figured I was on
                                  Sleazy Street. But there are several missed
                                  aches that a spell chukker can¹t can¹t catch
                                  catch. For instant, if you accidentally leave
                                  a word your spell exchequer won¹t put it in
                                  you.
• The place where the
  story happens and the
  time when it happens
• e.g. once upon a time in
  a far away land
• Indirect comparison using
  “like” or “as”
• e.g. The soul in the body
  is like a bird in a cage.
• An author's method of
  treating a character so
  that the character is
  immediately identified with
  a group. A character may
  be associated with a
  group through accent, food
  choices, style of dress, or
  any readily identifiable
  group characteristic.
• e.g. are the rugged
  cowboy, the bearded
  psychiatrist, and the
  scarred villain.
• Manner of expression of a      • A man can be destroyed
  particular writer produced       but not defeated.
  by diction, grammar,           • A man's got to take a lot
  structures, devices, and all     of punishment to write a
  possible parts of language       really funny book.
  use
• e.g Ernest Hemingway's
  style derives, in part, from
  his short, powerful
  sentences. The style of the
  Declaration of
  Independence can be
  described as elegant.
• That quality of a literary
  work that makes the reader
  or audience uncertain or
  tense about the outcome of
  events. Suspense makes the
  reader ask "What will
  happen next?".
• Suspense is greatest when it
  focuses attention on a
  sympathetic character. Thus,
  the most familiar kind of
  suspense involves a character
  hanging form the ledge of a
  tall building, or tied to a
  railroad tracks as a train
  approaches.
• Something that on the
  surface is its literal self
  but which also has
  another meaning or even
  several meanings
• Central idea the thesis or
  moral
• e.g. Lord of the Flies –
  There is evil in all
  mankind.
• Attitude of a writer toward   • "Life and death appeared
  his/her subject                 to me ideal bounds, which I
• D-Diction (word Choice)         should first break through,
• I-Imagery                       and pour a torrent of light
                                  into our dark world." -
• D-Details                       Frankenstein: Victor speaks
• L-Language                      these words at the very
• S-Syntax (Arrangement of        beginning of the novel,
  words & grammatical             setting an ominous mood
  elements in a sentence)         for the rest of the tale.

				
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posted:11/16/2011
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