AUSTRALIA Computer Clubs for

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					Computer Clubs for Girls

     Melody Hermon

•   e-skills UK
•   The Challenge
•   Computer Clubs for Girls – CC4G
•   The CC4G courseware
•   The impact
     – Evaluation
     – Case study – Pembroke School
     – Further evaluation
 e-skills UK

• Sector Skills Council for IT and Telecoms
• Employer led
• Not for profit
  – Research
  – Skills supply – IT Management and Business
  – Workforce development
     • Skills for the Information Age
     • Business IT Guide
  – Sector attractiveness
• User skills – e-skills UK Passport
The Challenge
The future workforce

• IT and Telecoms account for just under 1.4
  million of the UK's total workforce
• Growth over the next decade
• Central to the UK's economy
• Significant numbers of people will be needed
• Changing skills
• Market forces
Women working in IT

• Women represent 46% of the UK workforce
• Women represent 19% of IT and Telecoms
  – 18% of IT managers are female
  – 12% of IT strategy and planning professionals
  – 14% software professionals
  – 58% database assistants
Women in IT – education

• At 16
  – 44% of applicants were girls
  – Girls performed better than boys
  – Numbers increased since 2003
• At 18
  – 39% of applicants are female
  – ICT v Computing
• Higher education choices
  – 58% of HE places go to women
  – 24% of places on IT and related courses

• Department of Trade and Industry research
• British Computer Society Research
• e-skills UK – a negative perceptions
  –   The type of people who work in technology
  –   Male dominated
  –   Influence of school experience
  –   Knowledge of IT careers
  –   Lack of strong role and relevant role models
  –   HE courses not attractive
  –   Changes between 10 and 14
Positive Action

• Women working in IT
  – Networking Groups
  – Employer Diversity Programmes
     • IBM 'Respect for the Individual‘
     • Accenture 'Women's Networking Forum' and 'Global
       Women's Initiative'
  – Recruitment and information websites
  – National awards
• CC4G
 What is CC4G?

• Out of hours school club
• Web-based activities and challenges
• Courseware meets the needs of:
   – Employers
   – Schools
   – Girls aged between 10 and 14
• Courseware introduces a range of ICT skills within a
  familiar and exciting context
• A website to support girls and teachers
What is CC4G (cont.)

• Club materials
• Support
  – Regional organisations
  – Employers
• CC4G Helpdesk
 The story so far

• Pilot and roll-out across to state funded
  schools across England

• Pilot in Northern Ireland

• Programmes in Scotland

• Programmes in Wales
The CC4G courseware
 What teachers say - Delivery

• 89% said the quality of guidance was ‘absolutely
  brilliant’ or ‘pretty good’
• 79% said it was ‘easy’ or ‘pretty easy’ to get
  started with CC4G
• 81% said it was ‘easy’ or ‘pretty easy’ to facilitate
• 65% said CC4G should remain girls only
 What teachers say – Impact

• 98% said that members’ IT confidence levels improved
• 96% said that members’ IT skills are improved
• 97% said that membership will have a positive impact on
  members’ achievements in IT
• 88% said that membership will have a positive impact on
  members’ achievements across the curriculum
• 52% said their level of confidence in IT has improved
• 55% said their level of skills in IT has improved

• 67% said that CC4G had made them more likely to want
  to work in a career involving technology
• 86% said that CC4G should stay girls only
• Girls who are not comfortable in other clubs (music,
  sport) often find their niche in CC4G
• Cross-curricular gains are made, particularly when girls
  realise that ICT can help them in different contexts
• Evidence suggests ICT skills learnt in the club
  environment are more enduring, and girls correlate
  these more easily than those learned in a classroom.
CC4G in practice
    Pembroke School – why CC4G?

• To promote improved transition links
• Work on existing business and education links
• Uptake of qualifications
• Girls under-achieving
• Girls in Y6/Y7 switching off ICT
• Complementary
• Potential growth of the IT industry in Wales of
• Local regional support
 Pembroke school – what?

• Pilot
   – Three centres
   – Transition years – primary to secondary
   – 6th formers as mentors
   – Girls
        • Girls from rural primary schools
        • Lack of IT at home
        • Mid year exams identified as under-achievers
• How it worked
   – Training
   – ‘Celebrity’ visits
   – Created a ‘chill zone’
   – On-going evaluation

•   Performance has overtaken boys
•   Improved transition
•   Attendance
•   85% reported increased confidence
•   90% more likely to do and ICT exam
•   66% said used skills elsewhere
    What next

•   More mentors, centres and girls
•   Older girls
•   Links to other programmes
•   Further evaluation
•   Spread good practice
•   Encourage parental participation
•   Qualifications for girls and teachers
 Further evaluation

• Analysis of discourse
   – High percentage of exploratory and cumulative discourse
   – Little or no off-task discourse
• Outcomes better than any individual student could
  produce alone
• Members consistently fully engaged
• Peer support – older girls supporting younger effectively
  in Clubs
• Exploratory approach – girls more likely to engage with
  and explore courseware and the related software
    Further evaluation 2

• Increasing confidence with ICT
• Growing self-esteem
• More relaxed and happier than in class
• Special educational needs students making
• 10 year olds outperforming students from the
  year above
    Future developments

•   Community environment
•   Navigation
•   Topic refreshes
•   New topics

•   e-skills UK
•   The Challenge
•   Computer Clubs for Girls – CC4G
•   The CC4G courseware
•   The impact
     – Evaluation
     – Case study – Pembroke School
     – Further evaluation

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