II Samuel 18 by wQy67a


									II Samuel
II Samuel 18
The No win war!

     Calculating for War
• (2 Sam 18:1 NKJV) And David numbered the
  people who were with him, and set captains
  of thousands and captains of hundreds over

      Divided three ways
• (2 Sam 18:2 NKJV) Then David sent out one
  third of the people under the hand of Joab,
  one third under the hand of Abishai the son
  of Zeruiah, Joab's brother, and one third
  under the hand of Ittai the Gittite. And the
  king said to the people, "I also will surely go
  out with you myself."

       David will not Go!
• (2 Sam 18:3 NKJV) But the people answered,
  "You shall not go out! For if we flee away,
  they will not care about us; nor if half of us
  die, will they care about us. But you are
  worth ten thousand of us now. For you are
  now more help to us in the city."

  David lets the people say.
• (2 Sam 18:4 NKJV) Then the king said to
  them, "Whatever seems best to you I will
  do." So the king stood beside the gate, and
  all the people went out by hundreds and by

  Please spare Absalom!
• (2 Sam 18:5 KJV) And the king commanded
  Joab and Abishai and Ittai, saying, Deal gently
  for my sake with the young man, even with
  Absalom. And all the people heard when the
  king gave all the captains charge concerning

  Please spare Absalom!
• This is a difficult “No win situation.”
  Absalom certainly had no similar policy of
  “Do not kill my father”
• Absalom is basically what the war is all

   Civil War: Israel vs. Israel
• (2 Sam 18:6 KJV) So the people went out into
  the field against Israel: and the battle was in
  the wood of Ephraim;

            20,000 lost!
• (2 Sam 18:7 NKJV) The people of Israel were
  overthrown there before the servants of
  David, and a great slaughter of twenty
  thousand took place there that day.

  How did “the wood” kill?
• (2 Sam 18:8 KJV) For the battle was there
  scattered over the face of all the country: and
  the wood devoured more people that day
  than the sword devoured.

           Adam Clarke:
• 2Sa 18:8
• The wood devoured more people - It is
  generally supposed that, when the army was
  broken, they betook themselves to the wood,
  fell into pits, swamps, etc., and, being
  entangled, were hewn down by David’s men;
  but the Chaldee, Syriac, and Arabic, state that
  they were devoured by wild beasts in the

Absalom is caught--literally!
• (2 Sam 18:9 NKJV) Then Absalom met the
  servants of David. Absalom rode on a mule.
  The mule went under the thick boughs of a
  great terebinth tree, and his head caught in
  the terebinth; so he was left hanging
  between heaven and earth. And the mule
  which was under him went on.

         Joab finds out!
• (2 Sam 18:10 NKJV) Now a certain man saw
  it and told Joab, and said, "I just saw
  Absalom hanging in a terebinth tree!"

   Why didn’t you kill him?
• (2 Sam 18:11 NKJV) So Joab said to the man
  who told him, "You just saw him! And why
  did you not strike him there to the ground? I
  would have given you ten shekels of silver
  and a belt."

              Adam Clarke
• And a girdle [belt]- The military belt was the
  chief ornament of a soldier, and was highly
  prized in all ancient nations; it was also a rich
  present from one chieftain to another.
  Jonathan gave his to David, as the highest
  pledge of his esteem and perpetual
  friendship, 1Sa_18:4.

  I heard the king’s command!
• (2 Sam 18:12 NKJV) But the man said to
  Joab, "Though I were to receive a thousand
  shekels of silver in my hand, I would not raise
  my hand against the king's son. For in our
  hearing the king commanded you and
  Abishai and Ittai, saying, 'Beware lest anyone
  touch the young man Absalom!'

    I heard the king’s command!
• (2 Sam 18:13 NKJV) "Otherwise I would have
  dealt falsely against my own life. For there is
  nothing hidden from the king, and you
  yourself would have set yourself against me."

           Adam Clarke:
• 2Sa 18:13
• Thou thyself wouldest have set thyself
  against me - This is a strong appeal to Joab’s
  loyalty, and respect for the orders of David;
  but he was proof against every fine feeling,
  and against every generous sentiment.

        Joab will Act Now!
• (2 Sam 18:14 NKJV) Then Joab said, "I cannot
  linger with you." And he took three spears in
  his hand and thrust them through Absalom's
  heart, while he was still alive in the midst of
  the terebinth tree.

 NIV says into Absalom's heart
• (2 Sam 18:14 NIV) Joab said, "I'm not going
  to wait like this for you." So he took three
  javelins in his hand and plunged them into
  Absalom's heart while Absalom was still alive
  in the oak tree.

 Adam Clarke’s Comments:
• Thrust them through the heart of Absalom -
  He was determined to make sure work, and
  therefore he pierced his heart.
• Joab should have obeyed the king’s
  commandment: and yet the safety of the
  state required the sacrifice of Absalom. But
  independently of this, his life was quadruply
  forfeited to the law: -

 “his life was quadruply forfeited”
• 1. In having murdered his brother Amnon.
• 2. In having excited an insurrection in the
• 3. In having taken up arms against his own
  father, Deu_21:18, Deu_21:21.
• 4. In having lain with his father’s
  concubines, Lev_18:29.

 Justice had not been done!
• Long ago he should have died by the hand of
  justice; and now all his crimes are visited on
  him in his last act of rebellion. Yet, in the
  present circumstances, Joab’s act was base
  and disloyal, and a cowardly murder. -- Adam

     Who Killed Absalom?
• (2 Sam 18:15 NKJV) And ten young men who
  bore Joab's armor surrounded Absalom, and
  struck and killed him.

          Who Killed Absalom?
       Adam Clarke                   Keil-Delitzsch
• Ten young men - smote        • The last clause of the
  Absalom and slew him -         verse belongs to what
  That is, they all pierced      follows: “Still living (i.e.,
  the body; but there could      as he was still alive) in
  be no life in it after three
  darts had been thrust          the midst of the
  through the heart: but         terebinth, ten young
  they added as much as          men, Joab's armour-
  would have killed him had      bearers, surrounded him,
  he been alive.                 and smote him to death.”
   The Trumpet of Victory!
• (2 Sam 18:16 NKJV) So Joab blew the
  trumpet, and the people returned from
  pursuing Israel. For Joab held back the

         The War is Over!
• 2Sa 18:16
• Immediately afterwards Joab stopped any
  further pursuit, “for Joab spared the people,”
  i.e., he wanted to spare them. -- Keil-

    Absalom cast in a pit
• (2 Sam 18:17 NKJV) And they took Absalom
  and cast him into a large pit in the woods,
  and laid a very large heap of stones over him.
  Then all Israel fled, everyone to his tent.

Two versions of the heap of stones
    Adam Clarke                      Keil-Delitzsch
• 2Sa 18:17                     • 2Sa 18:17
• And laid a very great heap of • But Absalom they cast into a
  stones - This was the method    great pit in the wood, and
  of burying heroes, and even     threw up over him a very
  traitors, the heap of stones
                                  large heap of stones, as an
  being designed to perpetuate
                                  ignominious monument, like
  the memory of the event,
  whether good or bad. The        those thrown up over Achan
  ancient cairns or heaps of      (Jos_7:26) and the king of Air
  stones, in different parts of   (Jos_8:29). This was the end
  the world, are of this kind.    of Absalom and his rebellion.

Erected His Own Monument
• (2 Sam 18:18 NKJV) Now Absalom in his
  lifetime had taken and set up a pillar for
  himself, which is in the King's Valley. For he
  said, "I have no son to keep my name in
  remembrance." He called the pillar after his
  own name. And to this day it is called
  Absalom's Monument.

  Let’s tell what happened
• (2 Sam 18:19 NKJV) Then Ahimaaz the son of
  Zadok said, "Let me run now and take the
  news to the king, how the LORD has avenged
  him of his enemies.“ (His own son)

It’s not good news for David
• (2 Sam 18:20 NKJV) And Joab said to him,
  "You shall not take the news this day, for you
  shall take the news another day. But today
  you shall take no news, because the king's
  son is dead."

    The Cushite may go.
• (2 Sam 18:21 NKJV) Then Joab said to the
  Cushite, "Go, tell the king what you have
  seen." So the Cushite bowed himself to Joab
  and ran.

    I want to go regardless
• (2 Sam 18:22 NKJV) And Ahimaaz the son of
  Zadok said again to Joab, "But whatever
  happens, please let me also run after the
  Cushite." So Joab said, "Why will you run, my
  son, since you have no news ready?"

 I’ll accept the consequences.
• (2 Sam 18:23 NKJV) "But whatever
  happens," he said, "let me run." So he said to
  him, "Run." Then Ahimaaz ran by way of the
  plain, and outran the Cushite.

      David was waiting
• (2 Sam 18:24 NKJV) Now David was sitting
  between the two gates. And the watchman
  went up to the roof over the gate, to the
  wall, lifted his eyes and looked, and there
  was a man, running alone.

         News is coming
• (2 Sam 18:25 NKJV) Then the watchman
  cried out and told the king. And the king said,
  "If he is alone, there is news in his mouth."
  And he came rapidly and drew near.

   There’s a second runner.
• (2 Sam 18:26 NKJV) Then the watchman saw
  another man running, and the watchman
  called to the gatekeeper and said, "There is
  another man, running alone!" And the king
  said, "He also brings news."

• 2Sa 18:25-26
• When he announced this to the king, he said, “If
  he (is or comes) alone, there is good news in his
  mouth,” namely, because several runners would
  have shown themselves if it had been a flight. As
  the first messenger came nearer and nearer, the
  watchman saw another man running, and
  shouted this into the gate . . . whereupon the
  king replied, “This is also a good messenger.”

 Known by our walk or run
• (2 Sam 18:27 NKJV) So the watchman said, "I
  think the running of the first is like the
  running of Ahimaaz the son of Zadok." And
  the king said, "He is a good man, and comes
  with good news."

• (2 Sam 18:28 NKJV) And Ahimaaz called out
  and said to the king, "All is well!" Then he
  bowed down with his face to the earth
  before the king, and said, "Blessed be the
  LORD your God, who has delivered up the
  men who raised their hand against my lord
  the king!"

  Ahimaaz avoids the question
• (2 Sam 18:29 NKJV) The king said, "Is the
  young man Absalom safe?" Ahimaaz
  answered, "When Joab sent the king's
  servant and me your servant, I saw a great
  tumult, but I did not know what it was

          Two Accounts
• (2 Sam 18:30 NKJV)   • 2Sa 18:30
  And the king said,   • Stand here - He
  "Turn aside and        intended to confront
  stand here." So he     two messengers,
  turned aside and       and compare their
  stood still.           accounts. -- Adam

       The Cushite’s News:
• (2 Sam 18:31 NKJV) Just then the Cushite
  came, and the Cushite said, "There is good
  news, my lord the king! For the LORD has
  avenged you this day of all those who rose
  against you."

 Absalom seems his only concern
• (2 Sam 18:32 NKJV) And the king said to the
  Cushite, "Is the young man Absalom safe?"
  So the Cushite answered, "May the enemies
  of my lord the king, and all who rise against
  you to do harm, be like that young man!"

           David’s Despair
• (2 Sam 18:33 NKJV) Then the king was
  deeply moved, and went up to the chamber
  over the gate, and wept. And as he went, he
  said thus: "O my son Absalom; my son, my
  son Absalom; if only I had died in your place!
  O Absalom my son, my son!"

•So ends chapter
    18, but, of
    course, the
 story continues.
            Joab steps in
• (2 Sam 19:1 NKJV) And Joab was told,
  "Behold, the king is weeping and mourning
  for Absalom."

 Victory turned into mourning
• (2 Sam 19:2 NKJV) So the victory that day
  was turned into mourning for all the people.
  For the people heard it said that day, "The
  king is grieved for his son."

       Victors sneak away
• (2 Sam 19:3 NKJV) And the people stole back
  into the city that day, as people who are
  ashamed steal away when they flee in battle.

            David Weeps
• (2 Sam 19:4 NKJV) But the king covered his
  face, and the king cried out with a loud voice,
  "O my son Absalom! O Absalom, my son, my

         David’s bitter pill
• (Prov 13:15 KJV) Good understanding giveth
  favour: but the way of transgressors is hard.

    David continues to pay
• (2 Sam 12:11 NKJV) "Thus says the LORD:
  'Behold, I will raise up adversity against you
  from your own house; and I will take your
  wives before your eyes and give them to your
  neighbor, and he shall lie with your wives in
  the sight of this sun.

          The No win war!
• David continued to pay for his sins.

          The No win war!
• David continued to pay for his sins.
• He did not correct Absalom.

          The No win war!
• David continued to pay for his sins.
• He did not correct Absalom.
• He did not right other wrongs

           The No win war!
•   David continued to pay for his sins.
•   He did not correct Absalom.
•   He did not right other wrongs.
•   He was weakened as a man by his own faults.

           The No win war!
•   David continued to pay for his sins.
•   He did not correct Absalom.
•   He did not right other wrongs.
•   He was weakened as a man by his own faults.
•   He almost turned victory into defeat.

           The No win war!
•   David continued to pay for his sins.
•   He did not correct Absalom.
•   He did not right other wrongs.
•   He was weakened as a man by his own faults.
•   He almost turned victory into defeat.
•   As Joab tells him in the next chapter, He had
    turned against his own supporters.

II Samuel

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