Fragments Finding the

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					                    Finding the Rules

   Box 1                            Box 2
1. From the party          1. I got home from the party.
2. Mend the fences         2. My dad mended the fences
                              last summer.
3. Traveling abroad        3. Traveling abroad, I learned a lot
                              about other cultures.
4. For example, the dent 4. My car had some problems, for
   on the door              example, a dent on the door and a
                              flat tire.
 5. Since I finished all   5. Since I finished all my assignments,
    my assignments            I went home early.
Identify whether the following word groups are sentences or fragments:
1.  As I was driving my car to work last Monday morning.
2.  I saw an animal die.
3.  It was a beautiful, breezy fall day.
4.  With colorful leaves swirling across the road.
5.  Suddenly, a squirrel darted out from the bushes.
6.  And began zigzagging in the path of approaching cars.
7.  Soundlessly, the car in front of me hit the animal.
8.  Sending its tiny gray-brown body flying off the road
    in a flurry of leaves.
9. After the incident, I thought about how fragile life is.
10. And how easily and quickly it can be taken away.
                Box 1                                    Box 2
1.   After I stopped drinking coffee.    1.    After I stopped drinking coffee,
     I began sleeping better at night.         I began sleeping better at night.


2. Brian sat nervously in the dental     2. Brian sat nervously in the dental
   clinic. While waiting to have his        clinic, while waiting to have his
   wisdom tooth pulled.                     wisdom tooth pulled.

                                          3.    Maria decided to throw away the
3. Maria decided to throw away the
                                                boxes, that had accumulated for years
   boxes. That had accumulated for
                                                in the basement.
   years in the basement.

                     Dependent-Word Fragments
                     (Although because since when
                     while    that    which   if )
        Box 1                           Box 2

1. To cover his bald spot.       1. To cover his bald spot,
Arnold combed long strand of     Arnold combed long strand of
hair over the top of his head.   hair over the top of his head.


2. Julie spent an hour at her    2. Julie spent an hour at her
desk. Staring at a blank         desk, staring at a blank piece of
piece of paper.                  paper.

3. Searching in the kitchen      3. Searching in the kitchen
drawer. Lucia found the key      drawer, Lucia found the key
she had misplaced a year ago.    she had misplaced a year ago.


                  -Ing/to fragments
       Box 1                              Box 2

1. My apartment has its            1. My apartment has its
drawbacks. For example, no hot     drawbacks, for example, no hot
water in the morning.              water in the morning.


2. Max has worked at many          2. Max has worked at many
jobs. Such as busboy, painter,     jobs, such as busboy, painter,
and security guard.                and security guard.

3. My little brother is addicted   3. My little brother is
to junk food. For example,         addicted to junk food, for
Bugles and Doritos.                example, Bugles and Doritos.


                Added-Detail Fragments
        Box 1                              Box 2
Wally took his wool sweaters       Wally took his wool sweaters
out of storage. And found          out of storage, and found them
them full of moth holes.           full of moth holes.

My sister is taking a word         My sister is taking a word
processing course. Also, is        processing course, and also, is
learning two computer languages.   learning two computer languages.

A tiny bug crawled across my       A tiny bug crawled across my
paper. And sat down in the         paper, and sat down in the
middle of a sentence.              middle of a sentence.



                    Missing-Subject Fragments
         What are Fragments?
• Definition: Fragments are incomplete thoughts. They
  are phrases or dependent clauses rather than complete
  sentences or independent clauses. The following are
  four types of fragments.


• Four Types of Fragments:
  1. Dependent-word fragments
  2. Ing/to phrase fragments
  3. Added-detail fragments
  4. Missing-subject fragments
  Four Types of Fragments
1. Dependent-word fragments:
    I didn’t care about school. Until one day
    my Mom had a talk with me.
2. Ing/to phrase fragments:
    To finish college. A student needs
    dedication.
3. Added-Detail fragments:
  A good nurse should have some good
  qualities. Such as being compassionate,
  conscientious and competent.
4. Missing Subject fragments:
  American people are wasteful people
  because waste food, clothing and natural
  resources.
           More Examples
The following paragraph contains fragments.
Identify which types of fragments they are.
     Having enjoyed a nice Spring Break. I feel
recharged. I am ready to do my school work. Such
as finishing my essays and conducting research
for my history class. When the assignments are
due. I will be able to turn in all my work on time.
And get a good grade.
What types of fragments are the following?

1. Juan has to do a lot of work to keep up with the farm.
   For example, making sure that the fence is in good condition
   so it can hold the cattle in.

2. One of my children is always eating junk food. Such as candy,
   pickles and potato chips.

3. The radiation treatment destroyed her gland. Which also caused
   her feet to swell and ooze.

4. You may run out of money to pay the bills. Since you are living
   alone and are not earning much.
What types of fragments are the following?
1. Are you tired of living with your parents? Having to
    experience the nagging of your Mom, or Dad telling you
    to go and cut the backyard.
2. Looking from the window. You can enjoy the scenery of
    the mountain.
3. To handle school and work. It is very stressful.
4. The doctor finally realized that the problem was the
    radiation treatment. The treatment was changed and
    in a month was able to walk.
5. Finally is important to remember living alone has both
   advantages and disadvantages.
      How to Correct Fragments

I. Use a comma to connect the fragment
   to the independent clause:
Example 1:
Because there was a mosquito in the room. I could
not fall asleep.
Because there was a mosquito in the room, I
could not fall asleep.
Example 2
Sitting quietly on the couch. The dog didn’t look
as if he’d eaten my sandwich.
Sitting quietly on the couch, the dog didn’t look as
if he’d eaten my sandwich.
Example 3
Almost everyone loves ice cream. Especially vanilla.
Almost everyone loves ice cream, especially vanilla.
  II. Fill in the missing part and turn the fragment
  into a complete sentence
 Example 1
 The day-long rain was good for the garden. But
 flooded the basement.
The day-long rain was good for the garden, but it
flooded the basement.
Example 2
A mouse’s face popped out of a hole near the sink.
Then disappeared quickly.
A mouse’s face popped out of a hole near the
sink.Then it disappeared quickly.

				
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posted:11/16/2011
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