VIEWS: 7 PAGES: 15 POSTED ON: 11/16/2011
Finding the Rules Box 1 Box 2 1. From the party 1. I got home from the party. 2. Mend the fences 2. My dad mended the fences last summer. 3. Traveling abroad 3. Traveling abroad, I learned a lot about other cultures. 4. For example, the dent 4. My car had some problems, for on the door example, a dent on the door and a flat tire. 5. Since I finished all 5. Since I finished all my assignments, my assignments I went home early. Identify whether the following word groups are sentences or fragments: 1. As I was driving my car to work last Monday morning. 2. I saw an animal die. 3. It was a beautiful, breezy fall day. 4. With colorful leaves swirling across the road. 5. Suddenly, a squirrel darted out from the bushes. 6. And began zigzagging in the path of approaching cars. 7. Soundlessly, the car in front of me hit the animal. 8. Sending its tiny gray-brown body flying off the road in a flurry of leaves. 9. After the incident, I thought about how fragile life is. 10. And how easily and quickly it can be taken away. Box 1 Box 2 1. After I stopped drinking coffee. 1. After I stopped drinking coffee, I began sleeping better at night. I began sleeping better at night. 2. Brian sat nervously in the dental 2. Brian sat nervously in the dental clinic. While waiting to have his clinic, while waiting to have his wisdom tooth pulled. wisdom tooth pulled. 3. Maria decided to throw away the 3. Maria decided to throw away the boxes, that had accumulated for years boxes. That had accumulated for in the basement. years in the basement. Dependent-Word Fragments (Although because since when while that which if ) Box 1 Box 2 1. To cover his bald spot. 1. To cover his bald spot, Arnold combed long strand of Arnold combed long strand of hair over the top of his head. hair over the top of his head. 2. Julie spent an hour at her 2. Julie spent an hour at her desk. Staring at a blank desk, staring at a blank piece of piece of paper. paper. 3. Searching in the kitchen 3. Searching in the kitchen drawer. Lucia found the key drawer, Lucia found the key she had misplaced a year ago. she had misplaced a year ago. -Ing/to fragments Box 1 Box 2 1. My apartment has its 1. My apartment has its drawbacks. For example, no hot drawbacks, for example, no hot water in the morning. water in the morning. 2. Max has worked at many 2. Max has worked at many jobs. Such as busboy, painter, jobs, such as busboy, painter, and security guard. and security guard. 3. My little brother is addicted 3. My little brother is to junk food. For example, addicted to junk food, for Bugles and Doritos. example, Bugles and Doritos. Added-Detail Fragments Box 1 Box 2 Wally took his wool sweaters Wally took his wool sweaters out of storage. And found out of storage, and found them them full of moth holes. full of moth holes. My sister is taking a word My sister is taking a word processing course. Also, is processing course, and also, is learning two computer languages. learning two computer languages. A tiny bug crawled across my A tiny bug crawled across my paper. And sat down in the paper, and sat down in the middle of a sentence. middle of a sentence. Missing-Subject Fragments What are Fragments? • Definition: Fragments are incomplete thoughts. They are phrases or dependent clauses rather than complete sentences or independent clauses. The following are four types of fragments. • Four Types of Fragments: 1. Dependent-word fragments 2. Ing/to phrase fragments 3. Added-detail fragments 4. Missing-subject fragments Four Types of Fragments 1. Dependent-word fragments: I didn’t care about school. Until one day my Mom had a talk with me. 2. Ing/to phrase fragments: To finish college. A student needs dedication. 3. Added-Detail fragments: A good nurse should have some good qualities. Such as being compassionate, conscientious and competent. 4. Missing Subject fragments: American people are wasteful people because waste food, clothing and natural resources. More Examples The following paragraph contains fragments. Identify which types of fragments they are. Having enjoyed a nice Spring Break. I feel recharged. I am ready to do my school work. Such as finishing my essays and conducting research for my history class. When the assignments are due. I will be able to turn in all my work on time. And get a good grade. What types of fragments are the following? 1. Juan has to do a lot of work to keep up with the farm. For example, making sure that the fence is in good condition so it can hold the cattle in. 2. One of my children is always eating junk food. Such as candy, pickles and potato chips. 3. The radiation treatment destroyed her gland. Which also caused her feet to swell and ooze. 4. You may run out of money to pay the bills. Since you are living alone and are not earning much. What types of fragments are the following? 1. Are you tired of living with your parents? Having to experience the nagging of your Mom, or Dad telling you to go and cut the backyard. 2. Looking from the window. You can enjoy the scenery of the mountain. 3. To handle school and work. It is very stressful. 4. The doctor finally realized that the problem was the radiation treatment. The treatment was changed and in a month was able to walk. 5. Finally is important to remember living alone has both advantages and disadvantages. How to Correct Fragments I. Use a comma to connect the fragment to the independent clause: Example 1: Because there was a mosquito in the room. I could not fall asleep. Because there was a mosquito in the room, I could not fall asleep. Example 2 Sitting quietly on the couch. The dog didn’t look as if he’d eaten my sandwich. Sitting quietly on the couch, the dog didn’t look as if he’d eaten my sandwich. Example 3 Almost everyone loves ice cream. Especially vanilla. Almost everyone loves ice cream, especially vanilla. II. Fill in the missing part and turn the fragment into a complete sentence Example 1 The day-long rain was good for the garden. But flooded the basement. The day-long rain was good for the garden, but it flooded the basement. Example 2 A mouse’s face popped out of a hole near the sink. Then disappeared quickly. A mouse’s face popped out of a hole near the sink.Then it disappeared quickly.
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