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					Education Development Center, Inc.                                                                      Volume 5, Number 2, May 2000



    INSIDE                                                                                 FROM THE EDITOR
                                                                                           Unprecedented Resources and
    From the Editor .............................................................. 1       Opportunity
    Healthy People 2010 ..................................................... 3            Improving access to treatment, expanding health in-
    Mental Health Report ..................................................... 3           surance coverage, and streamlining HMO administra-
    Kolbe Comments ........................................................... 3           tion are thorny, pressing issues that command our at-
    Federal Interagency Committee ....................................... 4
                                                                                           tention and are likely to persist over the coming years.
                                                                                           Equally compelling to public health practitioners is
    ATOD Use Among Students ............................................ 5
                                                                                           the unprecedented opportunity to apply billions of
    States Direct Settlement Funds ......................................... 6
                                                                                           dollars to health promotion and disease prevention,
    Focus on Tobacco Settlements and CSHPs ........................ 7                      thanks to the $206-billion tobacco settlement windfall.
    Making Health Academic ............................................... 8
    After School Programs ................................................... 9            This settlement, along with the new Healthy People
    Surveys Examine Sex Education Policy ............................ 9
                                                                                           2010 initiative and the Surgeon General’s mental
                                                                                           health report, creates unequaled opportunities for
    GLBTQ Youth of Color Work Group ................................ 10
                                                                                           CSHP advocates to change the face of student health
    Prevention Research ....................................................... 10
                                                                                           across the nation.
    CVD, Cancer, Diabetes Reduction ................................... 12
    USDA Nutrition Grants .................................................. 12            Tobacco use is the single leading preventable cause of
    Maryland Breakfast Program .......................................... 13               death in the United States. Yet despite a recent de-
    Ohio Oral Health Initiative ............................................. 13
                                                                                           cline in the proportion of teens who smoke cigarettes,
                                                                                           tobacco use remains a serious problem. According to
    Health in Education Network .......................................... 14
                                                                                           the CDC, each day more than 6,000 youth under age
    AAP Guidelines ............................................................. 15
                                                                                           18 try their first cigarette and more than 3,000 become
    Kentucky Evaluation Study .............................................. 15            daily smokers.
    EPA Launches SunWise Program ..................................... 16
    HIV/AIDS Among Minority Men ..................................... 16                   The first payment of tobacco settlement revenues was
    New York Academy of Medicine Establishes Council ........ 16
                                                                                           released to states in mid-December. As governors and
                                                                                           state legislatures explore proposals to distribute these
    Coaching Association Established ................................... 17
                                                                                           funds, the task forces and committees they use for this
    CHIP Outreach .............................................................. 17
                                                                                           purpose become forums in which CSHP advocates can
    Resources ...................................................................... 18    promote disease prevention and health promotion.
    Websites ....................................................................... 23
    Conferences .................................................................. 24      The Surgeon General’s Healthy People 2010 initiative
    Journals ........................................................................ 27
                                                                                           also provides leverage for promoting healthier lifestyles
                                                                                           among schoolchildren. Two of its 10 leading health
    Glossary ....................................................................... 28
                                                                                           indicators set objectives for increasing the proportion
    Special Insert: National Training Partnership
                                                                                                                                  continued on page 2
School Health Program News


    The publication of this newsletter is made possible by coop-   of adolescents who engage in vigorous physical activity and
    erative agreement number U87/CCU110236 and contract            for reducing the proportion of children and adolescents
    number 200-95-0937 from the U.S. Centers for Disease
                                                                   who are overweight or obese.
    Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Dis-
    ease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Ado-
                                                                   While poor nutrition, obesity, and lack of physical activity
    lescent and School Health. Its contents are solely the re-
    sponsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent   are increasingly problems not just for adults, but also for
    the official views of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control     toddlers, children, and adolescents, junk-food marketers
    and Prevention.                                                target schools to improve sales of their products. As more
                                                                   young people are consuming fats, we see a 50-percent drop
                                                                   in students’ daily participation in physical education.
                                                                   Twenty-five percent of U.S. children are overweight or at
                                                                   risk for it, increasing their risk for cardiovascular disease.
                          PROGRAM NEWS
    Staff                                                          The publication of the Surgeon General’s mental health
                                                                   report reenergizes us to focus on public health practices
    Editor Evelyn Frankford
                                                                   that seek to identify risk factors for mental health problems;
    Associate Editor Melanie Adler                                 to mount preventive interventions that may block the emer-
                                                                   gence of severe illnesses; and to actively promote good
    Technical Monitors Deborah Haber,                              mental health. This constitutes a prescription for school-
    Tim Dunn                                                       based mental health.

    School Health Program News
                                                                   In this issue of the News, you will find information about
    Education Development Center, Inc.
    55 Chapel Street                                               these initiatives. I look forward to hearing from you about
    Newton, MA 02458-1060                                          your activities to embrace these opportunities for coordi-
    (617) 969-7100                                                 nated school health programs.
    (800) 225-4276



                                                                   Evelyn R. Frankford, Editor
            These symbols indicate
            resources that may interest you.

School Health Program News is published three
times per year: January, May, and September.
We invite organizational and resource informa-
tion and articles that discuss issues of general
interest. Deadlines for submission are Novem-
ber 24, March 24, and July 26.




2
                                                                                                             May 2000

                  Surgeon General Launches Public Health Initiatives
HHS Secretary and Surgeon                  abuse, responsible sexual behavior,       Dr. Kolbe Comments on New
General Launch Healthy                     mental health, injury and violence,       Federal Initiatives
                                           environmental quality, immuniza-
People 2010                                                                          School Health Program News Editor
                                           tion, and access to health care. The
U.S. Department of Health and              indicators will measure the nation’s      Evelyn Frankford interviewed Dr.
Human Services (HHS) Secretary             progress by monitoring 467 objec-         Lloyd Kolbe about the implications
Donna Shalala and Surgeon General          tives grouped into 28 focus areas.        for coordinated school health pro-
David Satcher, M.D., Ph.D., have                                                     grams of recent federal initiatives.
launched Healthy People 2010, the          To download the full report or for        (See articles elsewhere in this issue.)
nation’s health promotion and dis-         more information about how to par-
ease prevention goals for the de-          ticipate in follow-up activities          EF: Please talk about the implications
cade. The goals focus on two major         around the country, visit the Healthy     for CSHPs of Healthy People 2010
themes: increasing the quality and         People website at http://                 and the Surgeon General’s Report
years of healthy life and eliminating      www.health.gov/healthypeople/ or          on Mental Health.
racial and ethnic disparities in           call (800) 367–4725.
health status.                                                                       LK: Among the more than 400
                                                                                     Healthy People 2010 objectives, 14
Satcher and Shalala showcased the                                                    address various components of
goals at the January 2000 confer-                                                    school health programs. These ob-
ence, “Partnerships for Health in the      Mental Health Report Issues               jectives include: school health edu-
New Millennium.” Over the past 100         Challenge                                 cation on six behaviors; proper nurse
years, the nation has seen remark-                                                   to student ratio; school health cen-
able improvements in the quality of        The Surgeon General’s landmark            ters with oral health; weapon carry-
life for many Americans, noted             report on mental health, released in      ing on school property; tobacco-free
Satcher. For most, life expectancy         December 1999, issues a challenge         school environments; disabled stu-
rose dramatically and infant mortal-       to communities, health and social         dents in regular classes; healthy
ity dropped. However, not all Ameri-       service agencies, policymakers, em-       school meals and snacks; physical
cans benefited equally from those          ployers, and citizens to take action,     activity; head, face, eye, mouth pro-
advances. Certain minority popula-         urging people to educate themselves       tection; daily physical education re-
tions have poorer general health           and others about mental health and        quired; students participate in daily
and reduced life expectancy due to         mental illness and to confront their      physical education; physical activity
elevated rates of infant mortality, dia-   attitudes, fears, and misunderstand-      in physical education; access to
betes, heart disease, HIV/AIDS, and        ings. The 460-page report, which          school physical activity facilities;
other health problems. These dis-          asserts that mental illness is a criti-   worksites offer employee health pro-
parities exist because of differences      cal public health problem, describes      motion; and, increase high school
in access to health care, different        the relationship between mental and       completion rates.
lifestyle behaviors that affect health,    physical health, encourages indi-
the complex effects of poverty, and        viduals to seek treatment for men-        The Surgeon General’s Report on
many other factors. Healthy People         tal distress, and notes the availabil-    Mental Health is groundbreaking,
2010 focuses on risk factors for dis-      ity of medications and psychosocial       pulling together a wide range of sci-
ease and death that can be influ-          interventions that effectively treat      entific knowledge about mental
enced by individual choice, such as        most mental disorders. The report         health and mental illness. The fore-
physical activity, weight control, to-     also describes obstacles that may         most finding of the Report is that
bacco use, substance abuse, and im-        limit the availability or accessibility   most children in need of mental
munizations, among others.                 of mental health services, citing stig-   health services do not get them. In
                                           matization of people with mental ill-     the Report, schools are identified as
To measure progress in achieving           ness as the most formidable.              a prominent place both for identify-
the two goals, HHS unveiled a new                                                    ing mental disorders and providing
national health assessment tool,           One of the report’s eight chapters        needed services. In fact, the largest
“Leading Health Indicators,” that          is devoted to children and mental         provider of mental health services
covers physical activity, overweight       health. The chapter describes the         for young people 9–17 years old is
and obesity, tobacco use, substance        forces that maintain children’s and       the school system.
                                                               continued on page 4                       continued on page 4
                                                                                                                         3
School Health Program News
Mental Health Report Issues              Dr. Kolbe Comments on New                few within CDC. DASH is pushing
Challenge (cont.)                        Federal Initiatives (cont.)              ahead on an initiative that recog-
                                                                                  nizes that the most serious adult ill-
adolescents’ mental health and keep      EF: The Mental Health Report lays
                                                                                  nesses—cardiovascular disease, can-
them on course to become mentally        out a comprehensive approach that
                                                                                  cer, and diabetes—not only con-
healthy adults. It identifies factors    encompasses the full continuum
                                                                                  sume the great majority of health
that may place some children at risk     from mental health through mental
                                         disorders and illnesses. How can we      care resources but have their origins
for mental illness and others that
                                         build on this work to address chil-      in behaviors that begin during child-
may protect children from risk. The
                                                                                  hood. That is, by the time they
chapter also describes common            dren and adolescent mental health?
                                                                                  graduate from high school 40% of
mental disorders that affect children
                                         LK: We all need to do more to ad-        our nation’s students smoke ciga-
and adolescents, what can be done
                                         dress the mental health of young         rettes, 73% do not eat enough fruits
to prevent or treat these conditions,
                                         people. We need to understand how        and vegetables, 43% do not engage
and how services can be designed
                                         young people feel about their lives      regularly in vigorous physical activ-
and operated to best suit the needs
                                         and how these feelings contribute        ity, and 25% are overweight or at risk
of children.
                                         both to their well-being as well as to   of overweight.
Other chapters describe mental           many health risk behaviors, includ-
                                                                                  DASH has acquired resources to pro-
health and mental illness across the     ing violence, drug abuse, and sexual
                                                                                  vide support for five more states (we
lifespan, noting how gender and          behaviors. However, no consensus
                                         exists about how to measure mental       currently support 16 states) to build
culture, in addition to age, influence
                                         health, in contrast to mental illness.   the infrastructures they need to help
the diagnosis, course, and treatment
                                                                                  schools prevent tobacco use, poor
of mental illness; the organization      Importantly, a recent estimate of the
                                                                                  diets, inadequate physical activity,
and financing of mental health ser-      global burden of disease suggested
                                                                                  and obesity—as part of a coordi-
vices; privacy concerns, beginning       that the leading cause of Disability
                                                                                  nated school health program. In
with the importance of an assurance      Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) for 15-
                                         to 44-year-olds worldwide is depres-     addition, DASH will be providing
of confidentiality in individual deci-
                                         sion.                                    support for national and model state
sions to seek mental health treat-
                                                                                  efforts to systematically help schools
ment; and strategies for overcoming
                                         EF: In the recently enacted federal      prevent two public health problems
barriers to treatment.
                                         budget, what new initiatives are         that are growing more widespread
                                         there that address the eight CSHP        and more serious–food borne ill-
The Surgeon General’s report is the
product of a collaboration between       components?                              nesses and asthma attacks and ab-
the National Institutes of Health                                                 sences.
(NIH), which supports and con-           LK: There are numerous budget ini-
                                         tiatives across and within Cabinet       For more information, see CDC/
ducts research on mental illness and
                                         level departments; let me focus on a     DASH’s     website:    <http://
mental health through its National
                                                                                  www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dash/>.
Institute of Mental Health (NIMH),
and the Substance Abuse and Men-
tal Health Services Administration              Federal Officials Convene Interagency
(SAMHSA). The full report is avail-
able on the Surgeon General’s                       Committee on School Health
website which can be found at
                                         The recently released Healthy            and Consumer Services at the U.S.
<http://www.surgeongeneral.gov>.
                                         People 2010 objectives offer “a good     Department of Agriculture.
To receive a copy of the executive
summary call (877) 9-MHEALTH             template for moving forward on
                                         school health,” according to Lloyd       Speakers from national nonprofits
(964-3258).
                                         Kolbe, Ph.D., director of CDC’s Di-      discussed ways their organizations’
                                         vision of Adolescent and School          partnerships with government could
                                         Health. Kolbe and others discussed       respond to the objectives. John
                                         the objectives and their implications    Seffrin, CEO of the American Can-
                                         for school health at the February        cer Society (ACS), stated that “to
                                         meeting of the Interagency Commit-       impact cancer, we need to advance
                                         tee on School Health. The meeting        the agenda for comprehensive
                                         was chaired by Shirley Watkins, Un-      school health education.” Sixty per-
                                         der Secretary for Food, Nutrition,       cent of cancers are preventable; ACS

4
                                                                                                         May 2000
is devoting half of its research bud-   Julie Bosland, Special Assistant to     ATOD Use Among Students (cont.)
get to prevention and is partnering     the Commissioner of the Adminis-
with CDC to implement local pre-        tration on Children, Youth, and         •   The percentage of high school
vention marketing campaigns.            Families (ACYF), told the group that        students who currently smoke
                                        the president has directed that             bidis and kreteks (two new
George Hardy, new CEO of the As-        agency to devise new CHIP outreach          types of imported cigarettes) is
sociation of State and Territorial      strategies using school-based pro-          almost as high as the propor-
Health Officers (ASTHO), empha-         grams. In addition, ACYF is imple-          tion who use smokeless to-
sized that schools must take a strong   menting a positive youth develop-           bacco. These unfiltered brands
role in the key years when young        ment initiative. Philip L. Smith, Ma-       are harmful because they
people are forming health habits.       ternal and Child Health Coordina-           require deeper inhalation that
He also highlighted the importance      tor for the Indian Health Service,          damages the lungs more than
of partnerships with the federal gov-   urged health professionals to find          filtered American cigarettes.
ernment in infrastructure develop-      lessons in success, such as learning
                                                                                Findings from the school-based
ment.                                   what children who are not obese are
                                                                                NYTS are based on a nationally rep-
                                        doing right.
                                                                                resentative sample of students in
                                                                                grades 6–12. A full report of the
                                                                                NYTS is described in the article “To-
                                                                                bacco Use Among Middle and High
                                                                                School Students” appearing in the
                                                                                Januar y edition of Morbidity and
                                                                                Mortality Weekly Report (Volume 49,
                                                                                Number 3). It also appears on the
                                                                                Web at <http://www.cdc.gov/epo/
                                                                                m m w r / p r e v i e w / m m w rh t m l /
                                                                                mm4903a1.htm>.


                                                                                Monitoring the Future
                                                                                The 1999 Monitoring the Future
                                                                                (MTF) study of American secondary
                                                                                school students showed that, with a
    L to r: John Seffrin, Lloyd Kolbe, Ph.D., David Satcher, M.D.,
                                                                                few notable exceptions, adolescent
    Shirley Watkins                                                             drug use in 1999 held steady, follow-
                                                                                ing a slight decrease from the peak
                                                                                levels reached in 1996 and 1997.
  Reports Describe ATOD Use Among Students                                      Little change was noted in the use
                                                                                of marijuana, amphetamines, hallu-
National Youth Tobacco                  •   12.8 percent of middle school       cinogens, tranquilizers, and heroin.
Survey                                      students and 34.8 percent of        Some decline was evident in stu-
                                            high school students use some       dents’ reports of inhalant use, and
The first national survey on smok-          form of tobacco, including          both eighth and tenth graders
ing among children ages 11 to 13            chewing tobacco, pipes, and         showed a significant drop in the use
found that one of every eight had           cigars.                             of crack cocaine. Finally, MTF data
used tobacco in some form, includ-                                              indicate that the proportion of teens
                                        •   The low prevalence of current
ing unfiltered Asian cigarettes that                                            who are current cigarette smokers
                                            cigarette smoking observed
are considered more hazardous                                                   continues to decline. The study also
                                            among black high school
than American brands. Data from                                                 showed that MDMA (“ecstasy”) use
                                            students throughout the 1990s
the National Youth Tobacco Survey                                               rose among older teens, as did the
                                            is not found among middle
(NYTS), conducted during the fall                                               use of anabolic steroids by males in
                                            school students: blacks, whites,
of 1999 by the American Legacy                                                  their early to mid-teens. Data show-
                                            and Hispanics all seem to be
Foundation, in collaboration with                                               ing an unusual and distinct drop in
                                            smoking at the same rates.
the CDC Foundation, showed the                                                  perceived risk and disapproval of
following:                                                                      steroid use suggest that a historical
                                                                                                      continued on page 8
                                                                                                                      5
School Health Program News
                                     States Direct Tobacco Settlement Funds
The nation’s governors and legisla-                    For summary information on state               participate in decisionmaking on
tors are now deciding how to spend                     tobacco settlement initiatives, visit          tobacco funds, go to your state’s
tobacco settlement funds, which to-                    the NGA website (http://                       website and enter “Tobacco Settle-
tal $206 billion nationally. Forty-four                www.nga.org) or the NCSL website               ment” in the Search box, or contact
states have opted to direct them to                    (http://www.ncsl.org). For informa-            your school health coordinator in
school health, health education, and                   tion about your own state’s activities         the State Education Agency.
other prevention initiatives. Gover-                   on settlement initiatives and how to
nors’ top priority for these revenues
is health initiatives, with education                                   Total Payments to Each State Through 2025
a close second, according to the Na-
tional Governors’ Association                          Alabama                    $3,166,302,118.81    Nevada                  $1,194,976,854.76


(NGA). Because of the complexity                       Alaska                      $668,903,056.50     New Hampshire           $1,304,689,150.27

of the settlement agreement, gover-
                                                       Arizona                    $2,887,614,909.02    New Jersey              $7,576,167,918.47
nors in many states have convened
task forces to manage the decision-                    Arkansas                   $1,622,336,125.69    New Mexico              $1,168,438,809.05

making process. States will have to                                                                    New York               $25,003,202,243.12
                                                       California                $25,006,972,510.74
make plans to adjust to unpredict-
                                                                                                       North Carolina          $4,569,381,898.24
able payment schedules and levels,                     Colorado                   $2,685,773,548.89

decreased funds if cigarette sales fal-                Connecticut                $3,637,303,381.55
                                                                                                       North Dakota             $717,089,369.09

ter, and adjustments for inflation.
                                                                                                       Ohio                    $9,869,422,448.51
                                                       Delaware                    $774,798,676.89

State legislatures, too, favor tobacco                 D.C.                       $1,189,458,105.56
                                                                                                       Oklahoma                $2,029,985,862.29

use prevention and health care ser-                                                                    Oregon                  $2,248,476,833.11
                                                       Florida                               $0.00
vices, according to a National Con-
                                                                                                       Pennsylvania           $11,259,169,603.46
ference of State Legislatures (NCSL)                   Georgia                    $4,808,740,668.60

survey. More than 400 bills aimed at                                                                   Rhode Island            $1,408,469,747.28
                                                       Hawaii                     $1,179,165,923.07
allocating state tobacco settlement                                                                    South Carolina          $2,304,693,119.82
funds have been filed in state legis-                  Idaho                       $711,700,479.23

latures across the country, in addi-                                                                   South Dakota             $683,650,008.54
                                                       Illinois                   $9,118,539,559.10
tion to more than 300 related bills                                                                    Tennessee               $4,782,168,127.09

that address tobacco and youth.                        Indiana                    $3,996,355,551.01
                                                                                                       Texas                              $0.00
                                                       Iowa                       $1,703,839,985.56
Maine’s treasurer has a website en-                                                                    Utah                     $871,616,513.42

titled “What Should Maine Do with                      Kansas                     $1,633,317,646.19
                                                                                                       Vermont                  $805,588,329.25
1.5 Billion Dollars: An Overview of                    Kentucky                   $3,450,438,586.10

Maine’s Tobacco Settlement” (http:/                                                                    Virginia                $4,006,037,550.26

                                                       Louisiana                  $4,418,657,915.22
/ w w w. s t a t e . m e . u s . t r e a s u r e r /                                                   Washington              $4,022,716,266.79

newsletter.htm) that outlines three                    Maine                      $1,507,301,275.81
                                                                                                       West Virginia           $1,736,741,427.33
basic options. Maine’s CSHP Key
                                                       Maryland                   $4,428,657,383.58
Advisory Committee, composed of                                                                        Wisconsin               $4,059,511,421.32

state-level non-governmental organi-                   Massachusetts              $7,913,114,212.77
                                                                                                       Wyoming                  $486,553,976.10
zations, will work with the executive                  Michigan                   $8,526,278,033.60
                                                                                                       American Samoa             $29,812,955.31
branch and legislators to educate
them about school health initiatives.                  Minnesota                             $0.00
                                                                                                       N. Mariana Islands         $16,530,900.80


                                                       Mississippi                           $0.00     Guam                       $42,978,803.27
States with proposals and legislation
                                                       Missouri                   $4,456,368,286.30
to direct tobacco settlement rev-                                                                      U.S. Virgin Islands        $34,010,102.11


enues to children’s health and wel-                    Montana                     $832,182,430.63     Puerto Rico             $2,196,791,813.07

fare, including providing for the
                                                       Nebraska                   $1,165,683,457.48    Total Payments        $195,918,675,920.00
uninsured, include Indiana, Ne-
braska, Alaska, Florida, Kansas, Ar-
                                                       Source: Master Settlement Agreement, National Association of Attorneys Gen-
kansas, and Montana.                                   eral Website (http://www.naag.org)


6
                                                                                                          May 2000

                               Focus: Tobacco Settlement & CSHPs
Four tobacco companies recently           clinics, family planning, and SCHIP      State CSHP infrastructure staff
settled out of court to compensate        expansion.                               worked with schools, universities, and
46 states for the cost of treating                                                 health agencies to develop the
smoking-related illnesses of Medic-       The Maine CSHP Key Advisor y             funded school health proposal,
aid patients. The payments total          Committee and the Maine School           which builds on CSHP-related pro-
$206 billion over 25 years (which will    Health Education Coalition, as well      grams and initiatives, including
increase or decrease, depending on        as many of their member organiza-        school health education, safe and
the amount of cigarettes sold in each     tions, testified in March before the     drug-free schools, and after-school
state) and represent the largest          Committee on Appropriations and          programs, which are also funded in
chunk of money ever available for         Financial Affairs about the impor-       part through 21st Century Commu-
health promotion and tobacco pre-         tance of directing tobacco settle-       nity Learning Center grants. Strate-
vention initiatives (please see the       ment funds to CSHPs. The various         gies will include curriculum develop-
chart of payment levels for each state    state partnerships expect to work        ment, media literacy activities, smok-
on page 6). According to the agree-       with state officials, the legislature,   ing cessation groups, and after-school
ment, the four additional states          and the media to ensure that CSHPs       programs, led by youth, on tobacco
settled separately for $40 billion.       participate fully in tobacco preven-     media literacy and other life skills.
                                          tion funding.
While many states are opting to ap-                                                For more information contact:
ply the funds to anti-smoking initia-     For more information on Maine’s
tives, there are no rules to restrict     activities regarding tobacco settle-          David F. Gunderson
the way the money is spent. In each       ment funds and CSHPs contact:                 Interim Executive Director
issue of School Health Program News,                                                    Wisconsin Tobacco Control
this column will highlight state part-         Bill Primmerman or DeEtte Hall              Board
nerships that are working with gov-            CSHP Coordinators                        E-mail: gundeedf@dhfs.wi.us
ernors, state legislatures, businesses,        E-mail:                                  Website: http://
government agencies, and nonprofit             bill.primmerman@state.me.us              www.dpi.state.us/dpi/dlsea/
organizations to direct this funding           or deette.hall@state.me.us               sspw
to CSHPs. We start this month with
                                          Wisconsin                                     Douglas White
Maine and Wisconsin.
                                                                                        Team Leader
                                          Wisconsin is scheduled to receive             Prevention and Wellness
Maine
                                          $132.8 million in June, the first in-            Team
                                          stallment of its $4.06 billion over 25        Wisconsin Department of
Maine will receive $1.5 billion over
                                          years. The funds will be adminis-                Public Instruction
the next 25 years, and the governor
                                          tered by a Tobacco Control Board              E-mail:
and the legislature are considering
                                          attached to the Department of                 douglas.white@dpi.state.wi.us
proposals and making decisions
about the use of the $50-million          Health and Family Services and will
                                          become part of the general revenues      We at School Health Program News so-
share for 2000.                                                                    licit reports about activities in your
                                          of the state budget, subject to allo-
                                          cation based on legislative action.      state to invest tobacco settlement
Both the governor’s and the                                                        funds in CSHPs and create effective
legislature’s bills contain allocations                                            coalitions of non-governmental orga-
to support school-community health        The board solicits proposals and has
                                          earmarked the funds for cessation        nizations able to focus elected offi-
and youth tobacco prevention initia-                                               cials on funding school health. Please
tives. The governor’s bill provides a     and prevention, including school-
                                          based programs, partnerships             send summaries of your actions and
more comprehensive approach, au-                                                   strategic plans to:
thorizing funding to school districts     among statewide organizations,
for CSHPs and CSHE, school-based          marketing, and community-based
                                                                                         Melanie Adler
health centers, and university-based      programs. One million dollars of
                                                                                         Associate Editor
pre-ser vice education on CSHP/           Wisconsin’s FY 2001 tobacco settle-
                                                                                         Phone: (617) 618-2309
CSHE. Both bills provide funding          ment funding is budgeted for school
                                                                                         Fax: (617) 244-3436
for a state school nurse consultant,      health, supplementing $1 million in
                                                                                         E-mail: Madler@edc.org
home visiting for children, dental        an existing state-funded tobacco
                                          control program started in 1999.

                                                                                                                     7
School Health Program News
ATOD Use Among Students (cont.)              training. Chaired by Peter Doran,        School, Family, and Community
                                             Ph.D., president of the American         Partnerships, have convened two
    event—such as Mark McGwire’s re-
                                             Lung Association of Maine, the com-      interagency meetings to identify
    ported use of steroids during the
                                             mittee has met three times to spell      next steps to advance local CSHPs.
    year he set a new home run               out its vision, mission, roles, and
    record—may have given young boys         responsibilities and to carry out ini-   At the first meeting, participants
    the impression that steroid use was                                               produced a list of 77 existing state
                                             tial tasks. The vision: All Maine stu-
    safe and sanctioned.                                                              initiatives related to CSHPs. At the
                                             dents will be actively engaged in a
                                             coordinated school health program        subsequent meeting, committee
    Each spring, the MTF study, funded
                                             throughout their academic career.        members analyzed the list and con-
    under a grant from the NIDA, sur-
                                                                                      cluded that expenditures need to be
    veys nationally representative           In consultation with EDC, the Com-       attached to the initiatives.
    samples of students in grades 8, 10,     mittee has identified roles and re-
    and 12. In 1999, a total of nearly                                                Responding to the bureau chief’s
                                             sponsibilities that include commu-
    45,000 students in 433 public and                                                 request, EDC staff arranged for Con-
                                             nicating with the State Children’s
    private secondary schools partici-                                                necticut officials to visit a Port
                                             Cabinet; informing and educating
    pated in the study. For further in-                                               Chester, N.Y. middle school that has
                                             the Legislature and the public about
    formation on the MTF study con-          the importance of CSHPs and re-          been evolving a CSHP over a period
    tact:                                    lated services; and assisting the In-    of years.
         Lloyd D. Johnston                   terdepartmental Coordinating
                                             Committee in the development of          Wisconsin
         Principal Investigator
                                             a collaborative model that promotes
         University of Michigan
                                             school health.                           EDC provided technical assistance
         Institute for Social Research
                                                                                      to staff at the Wisconsin Department
         Phone: (734) 763-5043
                                             A highlight of the Committee’s work      of Public Instruction as they sought
         Website: http://
                                             thus far has been presenting testi-      to strengthen their School Health
         www.isr.umich.edu/src/mtf
                                             mony supporting school health at         Coalition’s capabilities and func-
                                             the Legislature’s March hearings on      tioning. With the tobacco settle-
                                             tobacco settlement funding. The          ment providing the state $170 mil-
         Making Health                       Committee has also arranged for a        lion this year, the Coalition seeks to
       Academic Pursues                      special program on school health to      actively advocate that some money
                                             be broadcast on Maine’s public tele-     be used for CSHPs (see article else-
         Partnerships                        vision channel in May.                   where in this issue on tobacco settle-
                                                                                      ment issues). EDC worked with state
Through the Making Health Aca-               EDC project staff are working with       staff on building capacity to ensure
demic project, HHD/EDC is work-              Maine CSHP staff to customize a          effective NGO leadership of the
ing with Maine, Connecticut, and             training program for the spring and      Coalition and on developing strate-
Wisconsin to advance state-level             summer to build capacity in mem-         gies for engaging NGOs to coalesce
partnerships among government                ber organizations and create a cadre     around a common position state-
agencies, non-governmental organi-           of volunteers who can present the        ment even while they advance their
zations, universities, and school dis-       CSHP message at the many fall state-     own institutions’ mission.
tricts to promote and implement              wide educational conferences.
coordinated school health programs                                                    We are actively seeking news about
at the state level and in local districts.   Connecticut                              effective NGO-led state school
The project is funded by a CDC/                                                       health coalitions in both infrastruc-
DASH cooperative agreement and               HHD/EDC, in collaboration with           ture and non-infrastructure states.
builds on the book Health Is Aca-            SSDHPER, continues to assist Con-        To provide us with this information
demic.                                       necticut state agencies as they work     and to obtain more information
                                             together and plan for partnerships       about the Making Health Academic
Maine                                        with non-governmental organiza-          project contact:
                                             tions. Leslie Averna, associate com-
                                             missioner for the Division of School           Evelyn R. Frankford
EDC is helping to build Maine’s
                                             Improvement in the Connecticut                 Project Director
CSHP Key Advisory Committee and
                                             Department of Education, and                   Phone: (617) 618-2421
to develop capacity in its member or-
                                             Eddie Davis, the bureau chief for              E-mail: Efrankford@edc.org
ganizations through customized
8
                                                                                                           May 2000
                                          Mott Foundation, revealed that 92
     After-School                         percent of Americans believe that
                                                                                     National Surveys
   Programs Receive                       there should be some type of orga-           Examine Sex
                                          nized activity or after-school pro-
        Funding                           gram for children and teens every         Education Policy and
                                          day. The poll showed that adults
Nearly $452 million will be infused       want to see after-school programs              Practices
into “community learning centers”         provide children with a safe environ-
across the country as part of the U.S.    ment; teach children respect for         Two recent surveys of public school
Department of Education’s 21st Cen-       people different from themselves;        district principals and superinten-
tury Community Learning Centers           provide structured adult supervi-        dents provide insight into the varia-
program. The school-based centers         sion, tutoring, and homework help;       tions and nuances of sex education
provide enriched learning opportu-        and teach ways to resolve conflict       policy and curricula. The Kaiser
nities to children outside of the regu-   with other young people. Studies by      Family Foundation conducted a na-
lar school hours and during the sum-      the FBI and youth advocacy groups        tional telephone survey of 313 pub-
mer. “These funds will help keep kids     have found that peak hours for ju-       lic secondary school principals and
off the streets, out of trouble, and      venile crime and victimization are       found that most junior and senior
give many the extra help they need        from 2 p.m. to 8 p.m.—when youth         high schools took a comprehensive
to realize their full potential,” said    are most often without supervision.      approach to sex education that in-
Vice President Al Gore. The awards                                                 cludes information about contracep-
include $252 million in new grants        A list of grantees and program con-      tion and safer sex. Almost all sex
and $200 million to fund ongoing          tacts is available on the USED           education materials included mes-
programs.                                 website at <http://www.ed.gov/           sages about abstinence, but only
                                          PressReleases/12-1999/wh-                one-third of schools promoted an
The 21st Century program, autho-          1220a.html>. Descriptions of each        abstinence-only message.
rized under Title X, Part I, of the       project are also available on the
Elementary and Secondary Educa-           department’s website at <http://         However, the meaning of “compre-
tion Act (ESEA), enables schools to       w w w. e d . g o v / 2 1 s t c c l c /   hensive sex education” varied greatly
stay open longer to provide learning      newawards.html>. For more infor-         across schools. Fewer than half the
opportunities for children and            mation contact:                          schools that reported taking a com-
adults. Schools offer youth tutoring                                               prehensive educational approach
                                                USED                               provided information about where
and homework help; academic en-
                                                Phone: (800) USA-LEARN             to get and how to use contraception
richment, technology education,
                                                E-mail: 21stCCLC@ed.gov            and condoms, and as many as one
drug and violence prevention coun-
seling, supervised recreational op-                                                in two schools did not address more
portunities, and services for youth                                                controversial topics, such as abor-
with disabilities. About 1,600 rural                                               tion and sexual orientation.
and inner-city public schools in 468
communities currently participate in                                               In a separate study, the Alan
the program.                                                                       Guttmacher Institute (AGI) con-
                                                                                   ducted a nationwide assessment to
During his final State of the Union                                                determine the extent to which sexu-
Address, President Clinton urged                                                   ality education policy focuses on
Congress to increase funding levels                                                abstinence promotion. Among the
to $1 billion to help local communi-                                               7 in 10 public school districts report-
ties start or expand their afterschool                                             ing a district-wide policy to teach
and summer school programs. This                                                   sexuality education, most required
appropriation would triple the num-                                                that abstinence be promoted, either
ber of children served by after-school                                             as the preferred option for teenag-
programs from 850,000 to 2.5 mil-                                                  ers or as the only option outside of
lion.                                                                              marriage. Just 14 percent had a com-
                                                                                   prehensive policy that addressed
A 1999 national poll, funded by                                                    abstinence as one option in a
JCPenney in partnership with the                                                   broader educational program. Two-
                                                                                   thirds of district policies permitted

                                                                                                                       9
School Health Program News

 discussion of the benefits of contra-    with comprehensive and targeted         LaRaza and COSSMHO. For more
 ception. However, in the one-third       prevention programs. The GLBTQ          information contact:
 of districts with an abstinence-only     Youth of Color (YOC) subcommit-
 policy, information about contra-        tee will support schools and youth-            Kathleen Somers
 ception was either prohibited en-        serving community-based organiza-              Program Analyst
 tirely or limited to discussion of its   tions in the following ways:                   Division of Adolescent and
 ineffectiveness in protecting against                                                      School Health
 unplanned pregnancy and sexually         •   identifying and disseminating              Phone: (770) 488-4477
 transmitted diseases.                        information about prevention               E-mail: KKS4@cdc.gov
                                              strategies and services that
 Results from the AGI study appear            have been shown to work with
 in the journal Family Planning Per-          GLBTQ youth of color
 spectives (November/December             •   providing information about             Prevention Research
 1999, Vol. 31, No. 6). For more in-          the comparative health risk
 formation contact:                           behaviors and resilience of             Promotes Children’s
                                              GLBTQ youth
      Amy Weitz                                                                             Health
                                          •   encouraging collaboration
      Kaiser Family Foundation
                                              among organizations working
      2400 Sand Hill Road                                                         Researchers have launched Healthy
                                              with GLBTQ youth of color
      Menlo Park, California 94025                                                Futures, a new longitudinal study of
      Phone: (650) 854-9400               One of the subcommittee’s primary       9,000 subjects ages 8–20. The study
      Fax: (650) 854-4800                 goals will be to help both educators    is being conducted by CDC/DASH
      Website: http://www.kff.org/        and researchers recognize the           in partnership with Prevention Re-
      content/1999/1560                   unique needs of GLBTQ youth of          search Centers (PRC) at the Univer-
                                          color and understand the impor-         sities of Alabama at Birmingham,
      Susan Tew or Chris Kirchgaessner                                            California at Los Angeles/RAND,
                                          tance of developing targeted, cultur-
      The Alan Guttmacher                                                         and Texas Health Sciences Center
                                          ally specific prevention programs.
         Institute                                                                at Houston. PRCs are academic in-
      12 Wall Street                                                              stitutions funded through the CDC-
                                          The subcommittee will develop a
      New York, NY 10005                                                          administered Health Promotion
                                          GLBTQ youth of color issues infor-
      Phone: (212) 248-1111, x2203                                                and Disease Prevention Research
                                          mation packet for SEAs and LEAs,
      Fax: (212) 248-1952                                                         Center Program to conduct commu-
                                          highlighting effective prevention
      Website: http://www.agi-                                                    nity-based prevention research. The
                                          and outreach programs, as well as
      usa.org                                                                     study is designed to provide the de-
                                          innovative strategies organizations
                                          use to reach and support GLBTQ          tailed information families, health
                                          youth of color. The committee is also   care providers, schools, and commu-
      CDC Work Group                      investigating future training oppor-    nities need to develop effective
                                          tunities.                               health-promoting policies and pro-
     Focuses on GLBTQ                                                             grams for youth.
       Youth of Color                     The GLBTQ Work Group currently
                                          consists of seven CDC-funded orga-      The 14-year study will include sub-
                                          nizations: Advocates for Youth          jects from a variety of races,
In an effort to stem the spread of
                                          (AFY), American College Health          ethnicities, geographic regions, and
HIV in racial and ethnic communi-
                                          Association, American Psychological     economic backgrounds. Study sub-
ties, DASH’s Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual,
                                          Association, National Association of    jects will be assessed annually to help
Transgender, and Questioning
                                          People with AIDS (NAPWA), Na-           researchers identify several things:
(GLBTQ) Work Group has formed
                                          tional Network for Youth, National
a subcommittee to focus on the HIV                                                •    factors that predict the initia-
                                          Youth Advocacy Coalition (NYAC),
prevention needs of GLBTQ youth                                                        tion of health behaviors and
                                          and the National Alliance of State
of color. As HIV/AIDS continues to                                                     adverse health outcomes
                                          and Territorial AIDS Directors
take a disproportionate toll within
                                          (NASTAD). The YOC subcommittee          •    how health behaviors develop
communities of color, it becomes
                                          includes representatives from AFY,           and change over time
increasingly important that pro-
                                          NAPWA, NYAC, and NASTAD, as             •    what age and developmental
grams reach men and women from
                                          well as the National Council of              periods predict health behav-
these communities at an early age

10
                                                                                                        May 2000
    iors and adverse health out-        education, health, and social service    tion among educators and health
    comes                               agencies to improve school health        care and social service professionals.
•   how families and communities        programs. Under the leadership of        Activities include sponsoring a state-
    can help prevent adverse            the University of Texas (UT), the        wide higher education workgroup
    health outcomes                     Centers will develop an evidence-        on school health; developing pre-
                                        based advocacy document to pro-          service programs for educational ad-
Healthy Futures promises to produce     mote the benefits of CSHPs.              ministrator students; creating a
essential information. The diversity                                             UNM intra-university workgroup to
of the study sample will allow re-      Each center will also develop its own    develop a system for “cross-training”
searchers to make inferences about      pre-service training program. UT’s       students in education, health care,
how different demographic factors       program, designed to increase over-      and social services; and offering
influence a range of health behav-      all staff capacity to adopt and imple-   technical support to faculty in other
iors and health, educational, and       ment CSHPs, will use the Child and       New Mexico IHEs to develop pre-
social outcomes. Also, the extended     Adolescent Trial for Cardiovascular      service training programs.
follow-up period will allow research-   Health (CATCH) as a model for pro-
ers to examine the onset of high-risk   gram implementation. Activities at       Each center will also convene an
behavior, as well as track and under-   this center include development and      advisory panel to guide program
stand patterns of change. For more      delivery of pre-service curriculum       development and link its projects to
information about the study contact:    modules on CSHPs for school ad-          other state efforts. For more infor-
                                        ministrators and health and physical     mation contact:
      Jo Anne Grunbaum                  education teachers, elementar y
      Project Officer                   school teachers, and nutritionists;           David Poehler
      DASH/CDC                          continuing education “mini-courses”           Project Officer
      Phone: (770) 488-3203             on CSHPs for school administrators;           DASH/CDC
      E-mail: jpg9@cdc.gov              and evaluation tools for school and           Phone: (770) 488-3194
                                        district-level program implementa-            E-mail: dop1@cdc.gov
      Michael Windle
                                        tion.
      Principal Investigator                                                          Nancy Murray
      University of Alabama at                                                        Scientific Coordinator
                                        At the University of North Carolina’s
         Birmingham                                                                   Texas Prevention Research
                                        Center for Health Promotion and
      Phone: (205) 975-9463                                                              Center
                                        Disease Prevention, researchers will
      E-mail: windle@uab.edu                                                          Phone: (713) 500-9629
                                        develop a program designed to in-
                                                                                      E-mail:
      Mark Schuster                     crease awareness of CSHPs among
                                                                                      nmurray@utsph.sph.uth.tmc.edu
      Principal Investigator            school principals. Program activities,
      University of California at Los   designed in collaboration with the            Alan W. Cross
         Angeles/RAND                   university’s Center for School Lead-          Principal Investigator
      Phone: (310) 794-2163             ership Development (CSLD) and                 Phone: (919) 966-6035
      E-mail: schuster@rand.org         Masters in School Administration              E-mail: across@UNC.edu
                                        (MSA) Programs, the North Caro-
      Guy Parcel                        lina Department of Health and Hu-             Sally Davis
      Principal Investigator            man Services, and the North Caro-             Principal Investigator
      University of Texas, Houston      lina Department of Public Instruc-            Peg Allen
      Phone: (713) 500-9622             tion, include developing a continu-           Coordinator
      E-mail:                           ing education course on CSHPs for             University of New Mexico
      guy@utsph.sph.uth.tme.edu         CSLD’s Principals’ Executive Pro-             Phone: (505) 272–4462
                                        gram; creating a coordinated school           E-mail: smdavis@unm.edu
Promoting CSHPs
                                        health component for a statewide
                                                                                 To learn more about the Health Pro-
                                        mentoring program for aspiring
CDC/DASH is providing up to four                                                 motion and Disease Prevention Re-
                                        principals; and incorporating ques-
years of funding to PRCs at the Uni-                                             search Center Program, visit the CDC
                                        tions on coordinated school health
versities of Texas at Houston, North                                             website at <http://www.cdc.gov/
                                        into North Carolina’s Principals’ Li-
Carolina at Chapel Hill, and New                                                 nccdphp/cdwin99.pdf>.
                                        censing Exam.
Mexico to enhance collaboration
between institutions of higher edu-
                                        The University of New Mexico
cation (IHEs) and state and local
                                        (UNM) program fosters collabora-

                                                                                                                    11
School Health Program News

Collaboration Initiative Promotes CVD, Cancer,                                     USDA Awards Four
             Diabetes Reduction                                                   Team Nutrition Grants
Six CDC divisions are implementing            ated with cardiovascular disease
                                                                                  The USDA has awarded Team Nu-
a new initiative to reduce cardiovas-     •   expand the Health/Literacy          trition Demonstration Project
cular disease, cancer, and diabetes.          Institute, a citywide K–12          grants to Idaho, Iowa, Kansas and
The program will support national,            program for low-performing          Michigan to develop implementa-
state, and local health and education         schools with high levels of         tion models and establish commu-
agencies to collaboratively enable            poverty and racial/ethnic           nity partnerships. Team Nutrition is
schools to institutionalize effective         minority populations                a nationwide school-based program
disease prevention policies and pro-
                                          •   increase the competency of          that builds skills and motivates chil-
grams. A joint effort of the Divisions                                            dren to make healthy food choices
of Adolescent and School Health,              school staff to deliver effective
                                              skills-based coordinated health     by encouraging children to eat a va-
Adult and Community Health, Can-
                                              programs                            riety of foods; more fruits, veg-
cer Prevention and Control, Diabe-
                                                                                  etables, and grains; lower-fat foods
tes Translation, and Nutrition and        •   build the capacity of selected
                                                                                  more often; and be physically active.
Physical Activity, and the Office on          schools to collaborate with
Smoking and Health, the initiative            community-based organizations
                                                                                  The two-year demonstration project
focuses on reducing the four pri-             to implement CSHPs                  is based on a pilot study that showed
mary risk factors for these chronic                                               that students participating in the
                                          CDC also has provided support to
diseases: tobacco use, excessive con-                                             Team Nutrition program made
sumption of fat and calories, inad-       each of the 16 CDC Coordinated
                                          School Health Program Infrastruc-       healthier food choices. Beginning in
equate physical activity, and obesity.                                            September 2000, demonstration
                                          ture States and to Milwaukee to
Strategies will include monitoring                                                project schools will use multiple
                                          implement this initiative. For more
and disseminating information                                                     communication channels to deliver
                                          information contact:
about changing trends in disease                                                  the Team Nutrition message. These
prevalence, mortality, and risk fac-                                              include:
                                                Grace E. Stevens
tors; identifying new policies and
                                                New York State Education
programs that have been shown to                                                  •   classroom activities for grades
                                                Department
be effective in reducing each of the            Washington Avenue                     pre-K–8 that provide science-
four risk factors; and enabling CDC             Room 318M                             based, behavior-focused
constituents to implement these                                                       nutrition education
                                                Albany, NY 12234
policies and programs effectively.                                                •   food service initiatives, such as
                                                E-mail:
                                                gstevens@mail.mysed.gov               developing school menus that
Under this initiative, CDC has pro-                                                   are consistent with the Dietary
vided up to five years of funding to            Effie Bynum, Ph.D.                    Guidelines for Americans,
New York’s State Education and                  New York City Board of                providing at least 10 hours of
Health Departments and the New                  Education                             training to food service staff,
York City Board of Education to ad-             110 Livingston Street                 and implementing two nutri-
dress cardiovascular disease preven-            Room 510                              tion promotion events in the
tion as part of a CSHP. These agen-             Brooklyn, NY 11201                    cafeteria
cies will work closely with commu-
nity-based organizations, profes-                                                 •   schoolwide events that convey
sional organizations, the New York                                                    the Team Nutrition messages,
City Department of Health, HMOs,                                                      such as hallway art displays, PA
and local hospitals to do the follow-                                                 announcements, and special
ing:                                                                                  assemblies
                                                                                  •   home activities designed to
•    establish an effective state-level                                               promote interaction between
     management system to lead                                                        students and parents
     and coordinate the develop-
     ment of guidelines that will                                                 •   community events, such as
     outline ways that CSHPs can                                                      community fairs, chef demon-
     prevent risk behaviors associ-

12
                                                                                                               May 2000
    strations, tasting events, and               complaints of tiredness, aches,       schools; (2) linking schoolchildren
    community gardens                            and pains                             with local dental care providers; and
•   media events and coverage of             •   fewer visits to the school nurse      (3) encouraging families to enroll
    school and community Team                                                          in CHIP to obtain necessary ser-
    Nutrition events                         The program is open to any elemen-        vices. The group will also develop a
                                             tary, middle, or high school where        plan to publicize the relationship be-
More information on these demon-             at least 40 percent of the students are   tween dental health and improved
stration projects is available on the        eligible for free or reduced-price        attendance, readiness to learn, and
Team Nutrition website, <http://             meals. For more information con-          the potential to improve test scores.
w w w. f n s . g o v / t n / G r a n t s /   tact:
99projgrants.html>. For additional                                                     The initiative is based on a survey
information contact:                               Sheila G. Terry                     of school nurses in 667 high-risk el-
                                                   Director for Child Nutrition        ementary schools (defined as urban
      Clare Miller                                   Programs                          schools in which at least half the stu-
      Senior Nutritionist                          Maryland State Department           dents are eligible for free/reduced-
      USDA Food and Nutrition                        of Education                      cost meals, or rural schools in which
         Services                                  Phone: (410) 767-0199               the median family income is up to
      Phone: (703) 305-2135                        E-mail: sterry@qis.net              150 percent of the federal poverty
      E-mail:                                                                          level). Seventy-two percent of the
      Clare.Miller@fns.usda.gov                                                        schools responded. Results from the
                                               Ohio Emphasizes                         sur vey, which focused on how
                                                                                       schools identify and deal with chil-
  Breakfast Program                          School-Based/Linked                       dren who need dental care, in-
Improves Student and                             Oral Health                           cluded the following:

                                                                                       •   80 percent of high-risk schools
 School Performance                          In response to the dental disease             provide dental health educa-
                                             crisis among low-income children,             tion
Students who eat breakfast in their          the Ohio Departments of Education
                                                                                       •   53 percent of these schools
classrooms each morning perform              and Health are developing model
                                                                                           screen and refer students for
better in school than students who           plans and recommendations to in-
                                                                                           necessary care
do not eat in the classroom, accord-         tegrate oral health into existing co-
ing to a new study released by the           ordinated school health programs.         •   53 percent of these schools
Maryland Department of Education.            Results of a recent oral health sur-          participate in school-based
The evaluation of Maryland Meals             vey indicate that Ohio children from          dental-sealant programs
for Achievement (MMFA), a project            low-income families or families with-     •   10 percent of students have
launched in 1998 to explore the re-          out dental insurance experience               dental problems serious
lationship between free classroom            more dental problems and have less            enough to affect their atten-
breakfasts, student nutrition, and           access to dental care than the gen-           dance and ability to learn
academic achievement, included 12            eral population. Third graders with
elementary schools serving a diverse         low-income parents are four times         The survey also revealed that 9 out
population of children.                      more likely than their peers to have      of 10 schools try to help students
                                             not had the dental care they needed       obtain care, but only 50 percent of
Compared to students in non-partici-         in the last 12 months.                    students actually receive needed
pating schools, students who ate                                                       dental treatment. Financial barriers
breakfast at school had:                     A steering committee composed of          and the low priority of dental health
                                             dental professionals, health educa-       were the major obstacles to obtain-
•   greater gains in state perfor-                                                     ing dental care. For more informa-
                                             tors, school nurses, and school ad-
    mance assessment scores                                                            tion contact:
                                             ministrators will develop a plan to
•   better school attendance                 improve access to dental disease pre-
                                             vention and treatment. The commit-              Kathleen D. Heiden
•   less tardiness
                                                                                             Division of Oral Health
                                             tee is examining existing service
•   fewer behavior problems                                                                  CDC
                                             delivery systems and will make rec-
•   longer attention spans                                                                   Phone: (770) 488-6059
                                             ommendations on (1) providing
                                                                                             Fax: (770) 488-6080
•   reduced hunger and fewer                 some oral health services through
                                                                                             E-Mail: kih9@cdc.gov
                                                                                                                           13
School Health Program News



                        Health in Education Network
                                     Affiliated with the
                  Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development

The Health in Education Network                                                  based public health organizations.
of the Association for Supervision                                               Awards were granted to programs
and Curriculum Development
                                         ascdnetworks                            in Cambridge, Massachusetts;
(ASCD) continues to increase                                                     Itasca County, Minnesota; McLean
awareness of the relationship be-          The purpose of the Health             County, Kentucky; Philadelphia,
tween public health and public            in Education Network is to:            Pennsylvania; Pawtucket, Rhode Is-
education initiatives in school and      • increase understanding of             land; Belmont, California; Ritchie
community settings. This relation-         and support for school                County, West Virginia; Seattle,
ship was the focus of the March            health education among                Washington; Cache County, Utah;
issue of ASCD’s leading journal,           school administrators and             and the Bronx, New York. Descrip-
Educational Leadership (see the            educators                             tions of program activities appear
journal section of this newsletter for   • promote networking                    on the ASCD website, <http://
a full description of this issue).         among health and educa-               www.ascd.org>. For more infor-
                                           tion practitioners working            mation about the initiative contact:
                                           in school health
The Fifty-fifth Annual Conference
of the ASCD was held in New Or-                                                        Health in Education Initiative
leans on March 25–27, 2000. Sev-                                                       Phone: (703) 575-5622
eral key health education presen-        During the conference, the asso-              E-mail: HEALTH@ascd.org
tations were made to principals, su-     ciation also awarded 10 grants
perintendents, policymakers, and         through its Health in Education
teachers, including “Policymakers        Initiative, designed to address
Can Merge Education and Health           specific public health issues affect-
Agendas: Have You Tried This?”,          ing students within their commu-
“From Challenges to Partnership,         nities, educate school communi-
Developing Relationships with            ties about those issues, and cre-
Communities of Faith: What Will It       ate awareness of professions
Take?”, and “Creating a Safe             within the public health arena.
Place: Districtwide Professional De-     Funded by the Robert Wood
velopment, Meeting the Needs of          Johnson Foundation, the grants
Sexual Minority Youth and Fami-          encourage model partnerships
lies.”                                   between school- and community-




14
                                                                                                             May 2000
                                           confidentiality and parental consent,
     AAP Guidelines                        and servicing children with special
                                                                                        Evaluation Study
     Project Plans for                     health care needs.                          Provides Program
      Review Phase                         Fourteen expert panels have begun          Direction to Kentucky
                                           reviewing literature and existing
The American Academy of Pediatrics         guidelines, consolidating existing rec-   District-level policies on HIV/AIDS
(AAP), in collaboration with the Na-       ommendations, and creating new rec-       improve school efforts and prac-
tional Association of School Nurses,       ommendations (see sidebar for a list      tices, according to results of a state-
is soliciting volunteer reviewers as it    of panel areas). Drafts of the compen-    wide evaluation in Kentucky. The
develops a compendium of guide-            dium will be available for public re-     evaluation, conducted by the Evalu-
lines and recommendations for the          view by late fall 2000. Health and edu-   ation Consultation Center at the
health, mental health, and safety of       cation professionals who want to par-     Academy for Educational Develop-
students and staff in elementary,          ticipate in the review process can send   ment (AED) and the Kentucky De-
middle/junior, and high schools.           contact information, indicating           partment of Education, was de-
Funded by the Maternal and Child           which panel areas[s] they would like      signed to examine the technical as-
Health Bureau, Health Resources            to review, to:                            sistance and training needs of
and Services Administration, this ini-                                               school districts and schools regard-
tiative aims to provide school admin-            HMHSS Project                       ing HIV/AIDS policy adoption, staff
istrators, educators, nurses, physi-             American Academy of                 training, and student education.
                                                    Pediatrics
cians, board members, other health                                                   The data emerge from a survey of
                                                 141 Northwest Point Blvd.
and education professionals, and                                                     the state’s HIV/AIDS school district
                                                 Elk Grove Village, IL 60007
community groups with information                                                    coordinators. A total of 86 percent
                                                 Fax: (847) 228-5097
on such issues as keeping children                                                   responded.
and schools safe, best practices for ad-         E-mail: hmhss@aap.org
ministering medication to students,                                                  Highlights of the study include the
                                                                                     following:
Expert Panel Areas                         New Name:
                                                                                     •   Many districts had not adopted
Staff Roles, and Responsibilities and      The Violence Prevention Coordinat-            policies and had no plans to do
    Staff Health Promotion                 ing Center has been renamed the               so.
                                           Safe Schools/Healthy Students Ac-
Health and Mental Health Services                                                    •   Districts that had adopted HIV/
                                           tion Center. For more information
Mental Health in Schools and Coun-                                                       AIDS education policies were
                                           contact:
  seling, Psychology, and Social                                                         more likely to have adopted an
  Service Programs                                                                       HIV/AIDS curriculum.
                                                 Sandra McElhaney
Oral Health and Dental Services                  NMHA                                •   Gaps in HIV/STD content
                                                 Phone: (703) 684-7722                   coverage were identified at both
Emergency Management and Care/
                                                                                         the high and middle school
  Crisis Management
                                                                                         levels.
Children with Special Health Care
                                                                                     •   Districts that had adopted
   Needs
                                                                                         policies regarding school staff
Health Education                                                                         training in HIV education were
Tobacco, Alcohol, and Substance                                                          more likely to train large
   Abuse                                                                                 numbers of staff.
Sexuality and Reproductive Health                                                    •   General education students
                                                                                         were more likely to have
Physical Activity and Physical Educa-
                                                                                         received HIV/AIDS education
   tion
                                                                                         than their special education
Injury Prevention                                                                        peers.
Healthy School Environment                                                           •   Districts indicated substantial
Nutrition                                                                                technical assistance needs,
                                                                                         especially regarding policy and
Family and Community Involvement
                                                                                         legal issues, curriculum materi-
                                                                                         als, and staff training.

                                                                                                                         15
School Health Program News
Study results also provided state- and      materials and a variety of program       MSM may become infected at
district-level staff with useful data to    activities.                              younger ages than white MSM.
target specific programmatic im-
provements, such as increasing dis-         For more information or to become        The full report of “HIV/AIDS
trict adoption of policies and edu-         a SunWise participant contact:           Among Racial/Ethnic Minority Men
cation requirements, enhancing                                                       Who Have Sex with Men—United
specific HIV content coverage, in-               Linda Rutsch                        States, 1989–1998” appears in Mor-
creasing provision of education to               Phone: (202) 564-2261               bidity and Mortality Weekly Report (Vol-
all students, and providing techni-              E-mail: rutsch.linda@epa.gov        ume 49, Number 1). It also appears
cal assistance on district-identified            Website: http://www.epa.gov/        on the Web at <http://
priorities. For more information                 sunwise                             www.cdc.gov/epo/mmwr/preview/
contact:                                                                             mmwrhtml/mm4901a2.htm>.

      Richard Sawyer                          HIV/AIDS Among
      Senior Research and
         Evaluation Officer                 Racial/Ethnic Minority New York Academy of
      AED
                                             Men Who Have Sex      Medicine Establishes
      Phone: (202) 884-8868
      E-mail: rsawyer@aed.org
                                                  with Men         Coordinating Council
                                                                                     The New York Academy of
                                            Among men who have sex with men
       EPA to Launch                        (MSM), more men of color have
                                                                                     Medicine’s (NYAM) School Health
                                                                                     Program has established the New
      SunWise School                        AIDS than white men. Based on an
                                                                                     York City School Health Coordinat-
                                            examination of U.S. AIDS cases over
                                                                                     ing Council. Council participants
         Program                            the past decade, a CDC study found
                                                                                     include representatives from the
                                            an increasing proportion of AIDS
                                                                                     New York City Board of Education
The U.S. Environmental Protection           cases among racial/ethnic minority
                                                                                     and Department of Health; local
Agency (EPA) will officially launch         MSM, rising from 31 percent in 1989
                                                                                     and national leaders in health and
its SunWise School Program this             to 52 percent in 1998. Non-Hispanic
                                                                                     education policy, public health, so-
spring, following more than a year          black men comprised one-third of
                                                                                     cial services, research, and govern-
of successful pilot testing. The na-        AIDS cases among MSM, while His-
                                                                                     ment; and a number of foundations
tional education program, designed          panic men represented 18 percent
                                                                                     and corporations. The council will
to foster awareness among young stu-        of cases. White men accounted for
                                                                                     establish and institutionalize a city-
dents of the risks posed by overex-         48 percent of AIDS cases among
                                                                                     level infrastructure to help New
posure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation,       MSM in 1998, a decrease from 69
                                                                                     York City public schools create and
has been piloted in almost 170 el-          percent in 1989.
                                                                                     strengthen CSHPs. It will also pro-
ementary schools nationwide.                                                         vide policy-level coordination and
                                            The report also suggests that the
                                                                                     collaboration, and will facilitate the
Through the use of classroom-,              stigma of homosexuality may play a
                                                                                     interaction of health, education,
school-, and community-based com-           key role in the disease’s spread
                                                                                     and government agencies; academic
ponents, SunWise seeks to comple-           within this group. Men of color who
                                                                                     institutions; and related agencies
ment regular instruction with hands-        have sex with men may not identify
                                                                                     and organizations.
on, cross-curricular activities. It in-     themselves as “gay” or “bisexual,”
cludes an evaluation component to           which may prevent them from seek-
                                                                                     For more information contact:
ensure that its messages, educational       ing or receiving HIV prevention and
approaches, and activities are effec-       treatment services. In addition, they          Leslie Goldman
tive.                                       may put their female partners and              Executive Director
                                            children at risk.                              School Health Programs
SunWise will sponsor a media kick-                                                         NYAM
off event in May and SunWise activ-         The study also points to the early age         1216 Fifth Avenue
ity kits will be available free of charge   at which MSM are becoming in-                  New York, NY 10029
by the beginning of the 2000–2001           fected. Data on HIV diagnoses                  Phone: (212) 822-7265
school year. Kits include educational       among 13–24 year olds suggests that            E-mail: lgoldman@nyam.org
                                            non-Hispanic black and Hispanic

16
                                                                                                         May 2000
                                                                                       each state’s CHIP. The report
      New Coaching                           Resources Support                         describes the status of each
       Association                             CHIP Outreach                           program in a concise two-to-
                                                                                       four page format. The 1999
       Established                       Resources for schools can help the
                                                                                       Annual Report appears on the
                                                                                       NGA website at <http://
                                         five million American children who
The new National Council for Ac-                                                       www.nga.org/MCH/Annual/
                                         still lack health insurance receive the
creditation of Coaching Education                                                      Index.asp>.
                                         coverage they need, as the following
(NCACE) is recruiting members.           examples demonstrate:                     •   The Children’s Defense Fund
The nonprofit organization will be                                                     has developed the CHIP
dedicated to improving the quality       •   The USDA, which oversees the              Toolkit: A Community Guide to
of coaching and coaching educa-              National School Lunch and                 Enrolling Children in Free and
tion. The council was formed to pro-         School Breakfast Programs, has            Low-Cost Health Insurance
vide clear and consistent guidelines         issued a sample school lunch              Programs, providing step-by-
for coaching education that are              enrollment form, including an             step information on how to
based on a consensus of scientific           insurance check-off box that              involve schools, the child care
and practical knowledge. The coun-           can be used for CHIP and                  community, religious organiza-
cil will endorse national standards          Medicaid outreach. The form               tions, local businesses, and
for coaching certification, evalua-          and other school lunch and                individuals in outreach efforts.
tion, and selection; oversee the de-         CHIP information can be                   The 12-chapter guide includes
velopment of coaching education              viewed online at <http://                 outreach materials, such as
guidelines; and review coaching              www.fns.usda.gov/fns/menu/                state-by-state income eligibility
education/certification programs             whatsnew/chip/chip.htm>.                  tables, flyers, and contact
that seek national accreditation.        •   The Health Resources and                  information for state officials
NCACE seeks to recruit member or-            Services Administration                   and local advocates working on
ganizations from single-sport or             (HRSA) and the Health Care                CHIP and Medicaid. The CHIP
multi-sport coaching education pro-          Financing Administration                  Toolkit can be downloaded at
grams, science/medical/educa-                (HCFA) have launched a new                no cost from the CDF website
tional organizations that have               website at http://www.uic.edu/            at <http://
coaching education programs or               sph/cade/chip/chip                        www.childrensdefense.org/
elements, and other organizations            outreach.htm to provide ideas,            publications/
looking to certify coaches at all lev-       advice, and technical assistance          healthtoolkit.html>. Print
els of sport. For more information           for groups working to increase            copies can be ordered for $2
contact:                                     enrollment in state CHIPs and             apiece (fewer than five copies
                                             Medicaid. The site includes               are free) by contacting:
     Christine Bolger
                                             recommendations for strength-               Desmond Brown
     National Association for Sport
                                             ening federal-state partner-                Children’s Defense Fund
       and Physical Education                ships; federal actions taken in
     (NASPE)                                                                             Phone: (202) 662-3561
                                             response to these recommen-                 E-mail:
     1900 Association Drive
                                             dations; descriptions of state              dbrown@childrensdefense.org
     Reston, VA 20191
                                             achievements in enrolling
     Phone: (800) 213-7193, x417
                                             children; and contact names
     Fax: (703) 476-8316
                                             and phone numbers of indi-
     E-mail: cbolger@aahperd.org             viduals working in specific
     Website: http://                        areas.
     www.aahperd.org/naspe/
     naspe-main.html                     •   The NGA Health Policy Studies
                                             Division, in collaboration with
                                             the NCSL, released its 1999
                                             State Children’s Health Insurance
                                             Program (SCHIP) Annual Report,
                                             a resource for policymakers,
                                             state agency officials, research-
                                             ers, and advocates detailing


                                                                                                                     17
School Health Program News

     Resources                      Resources                         Resources                        Resources
                                               health. Currently, five states are working
     Implementing School                       with CCSSO and ASTHO to pilot-test the
                                                                                                  WEEA Curriculum
       Health Guidelines                       materials in a variety of settings. The re-       Addresses Diversity
                                               sults of this testing will be distributed by
CDC has funded the Academy for Edu-            CCSSO and ASTHO in 2000.                       The Women’s Educational Equity Act
cational Development (AED) to pro-                                                            (WEEA) Resource Center at EDC has
duce the newsletter Update: Tips for Imple-    CCSSO and ASTHO developed the kit              published Raising the Grade, a collection
menting CDC School Health Guidelines!          in response to requests for (1) common         of practical tools for sixth through
Written for school administrators,             language to describe the benefits of a         twelfth graders. The materials examine
policymakers, and advocates, Update sup-       coordinated approach to school health,         gender bias and the role media plays in
ports state and local efforts to imple-        (2) clear, jargon-free messages that reso-     defining gender roles, and identify steps
ment CDC’s school and community                nate with target audiences, e.g., parents,     students can take to improve gender
guidelines for promoting lifelong physi-       teachers, and others who work in schools       equity at their schools. Each section of
cal activity and healthy eating, and pre-      and school administration, and (3) ef-         the four-part program includes lecture
venting tobacco use and addiction.             fective tools to enable action.                notes, discussion points, and interactive
                                                                                              activities. Materials can be used as part
Each issue will focus on a specific guide-     The School Health Starter Kit contains:
                                                                                              of a thematic unit, across the curricu-
line topic. The first issue, released in De-   •   tools and materials to educate and         lum, or on their own.
cember 1999, examined an approach to               motivate the public about school
physical education that focuses on mo-             health issues                              The curriculum, which costs $17 (plus
tivating young people to become inter-                                                        shipping), can be ordered by contacting:
                                               •   a booklet for policymakers and
ested and involved in physical activity.
                                                   opinion leaders                                  EDC, Inc.
The newsletter will also include sections
                                               •   resources to increase community                  P.O. Box 1020
on the latest research findings, new tech-
                                                   awareness about the importance of                Sewickley, PA 15143-1020
nical assistance resources, tips for imple-
                                                   school health                                    Phone: (800) 793-5076
menting key guidelines, and profiles of
                                                                                                    Fax: (412) 741-0609
successful programs in the areas of nu-        •   a CD-ROM containing all the                      E-mail: edcorders@abdintl.com
trition, physical activity, and tobacco use        materials, graphics files, and text              Website: http://www.edc.org/
prevention.                                        that were used to create the kit                 WomensEquity
Newsletter subscribers will be contacted       For more information about the Kit or
by e-mail as new editions of Update are        other CCSSO school health projects con-
released. To subscribe online, go to the       tact:                                              Financing School-
Update website at <http://eta.aed.org>.
                                                     Nora Howley                                  Based Health Care
                                                     Project Director
                                                     Resource Center on Educational           The long-term sustainability of school-
 CCSSO/ASTHO Receive                                    Equity                                based health centers is discussed in a
                                                     CCSSO                                    new publication from the National As-
   Award For School                                  One Massachusetts Ave, NW,               sembly on School-Based Health Care
   Health Starter Kit                                Suite 700                                (NASBHC). In collaboration with the
                                                     Washington, DC 20001                     Kellogg Foundation, NASBHC con-
The School Health Starter Kit, produced by           Phone: (202) 336-7033                    vened a series of regional meetings in-
the Council of Chief State School Offic-             E-mail: norah@ccsso.org.                 volving more than 125 school-based
ers (CCSSO) and the Association of State                                                      health care providers, administrators,
and Territorial Health Officials                                                              and state policymakers from 18 states.
(ASTHO), recently received an honor-                                                          The resulting six-page report, Critical
able mention award from the Commu-                                                            Issues in Financing School-Based Health
nications Section of the American Soci-                                                       Care, summarizes discussions in three
ety of Association Executives in the 1998                                                     realms: (1) identifying mechanisms for
Gold Circle Awards competition. The kit                                                       financing school-based health care, (2)
was designed for use by chief state school                                                    exploring challenges in utilizing these
officers, state health officials, and their                                                   resources as long-term funding sources,
staffs to help build support in commu-                                                        and (3) outlining future opportunities
nities and schools for coordinated school


18
                                                                                                                          May 2000

  Resources                             Resources                        Resources                        Resources
for creating a sustainable national net-
work of school-based health centers.
                                                       The State of Hispanic                         HIV Prevention for
                                                               Girls                                   Young Teens
The report is available on the NASBHC
website at <http://www.nasbhc.org>                 COSSMHO has published The State of           EveryBody: Preventing HIV and Other Sexu-
(click on Critical Issues Report). For             Hispanic Girls, an 81-page report describ-   ally Transmitted Diseases Among Young
more information contact:                          ing trends in health risk behaviors          Teens™, is a research-based curriculum
       NASBHC                                      among Hispanic girls. The document,          developed by RAD Educational Pro-
       666 11th Street, NW                         which analyzes current research, pre-        grams for students in grades 5–9. The
       Suite 735                                   sents findings from focus groups with        curriculum consists of 24 sequential, stu-
       Washington, DC 20001                        girls, and offers recommendations for        dent-centered activities focusing on
       Phone: (888) 286-8727                       preventing high-risk behavior in this        both risk elimination (abstinence) and
                                                   population, includes these key findings:     reduction strategies. Materials include
                                                                                                guiding questions, step-by-step direc-
                                                   •   Overall, immigrant Hispanic girls
                                                                                                tions, assessment measures, lesson ex-
 Federal Grants Manual                                 are less likely to engage in high-
                                                                                                tensions, a facilitator’s guide, and infor-
                                                       risk behaviors than their Hispanic
  for Youth Programs                                   peers born in the United States.
                                                                                                mation on HIV/STDs and related top-
                                                                                                ics. The program’s flexible format can
                                                   •   Hispanic girls lead girls nationwide     be adapted for use in school, home, and
CDC/DASH, in partnership with the
                                                       in many high-risk behaviors,             clinical settings.
Institute for Youth Development (IYD),
                                                       including substance abuse, suicide,
has published the first of a two-part vol-
                                                       dropping out of school, teen             EveryBody ™ can be purchased for $35
ume, The Federal Grants Manual for Youth
                                                       pregnancy, and gun possession.           (plus shipping and sales tax, where ap-
Programs: A Guide to Youth Risk Behavior
                                                                                                plicable) through the RAD/EveryBody
Prevention Funding. The 378-page “how              •   National support is needed for
                                                                                                website at http://www.preventaids.net
to” manual provides a comprehensive                    culturally specific, community-
                                                                                                or by calling (800) 936-4443. To request
listing of DHHS grants available to states,            based programs designed to
                                                                                                an order form for mail or fax use con-
organizations, and individuals to help                 strengthen Hispanic families and
                                                                                                tact:
youth avoid unhealthy behaviors. It also               reinforce protective factors.
includes basic information on proposal                                                                 RAD Educational Programs
                                                   The State of Hispanic Girls can be down-
development, including grant require-                                                                  P.O. Box 1433
                                                   loaded at no cost from the COSSMHO
ments, contact and regulatory informa-                                                                 Carbondale, CO 81623
                                                   website, <http://www.cossmho.org>.
tion, congressional intent, and grant                                                                  Phone: (970) 963-1727
                                                   The report (order #3310), can also be
recipient history.
                                                   purchased for $18 (plus $1.50 for ship-
                                                   ping) by mailing or faxing an online
Sample sections from the manual appear
                                                   purchasing form to:
on the IYD website at <http://                                                                            Just the Facts
w w w. y o u t h d e v e l o p m e n t . o r g /         COSSMHO Publications Office
grantsman.htm>. Single copies of The                     1501 Sixteenth Street, NW              Just the Facts About Sexual Orientation and
Federal Grants Manual can be purchased                   Washington, DC 20036                   Youth: A Primer for Principals, Educators,
for $49 (including shipping and han-                     Phone: (202) 797-4324                  and School Personnel is now available. De-
dling) from:                                             Fax: (202) 265-8027                    veloped by the Gay, Lesbian, and Straight
                                                         E-mail:                                Education Network (GLSEN), in col-
       Institute for Youth Development
                                                         publications@cossmho.org               laboration with several national educa-
       P.O. Box 16560
       Washington, DC 20041                                                                     tion, health, mental health, and religious
       Phone: (703) 471-7350                                                                    organizations, the primer was mailed to
                                                                                                15,000 public school superintendents
                                                                                                across the country. The coalition pro-
                                                                                                duced the publication in response to
                                                                                                concerns that school personnel were
                                                                                                receiving inaccurate information on the
                                                                                                issue of sexual orientation and how best
                                                                                                to address it with students. The docu-
                                                                                                ment addresses sexual orientation devel-
                                                                                                opment, reparative therapy (psychologi-


                                                                                                                                        19
School Health Program News

     Resources                      Resources                        Resources                         Resources
cal therapy to eliminate individuals’
sexual desires for members of their own
                                              Expedition to Antarctica NEA Network Addresses
gender), transformational ministry (the
                                              The adventures of two female explorers,
                                                                                      School Violence
use of religion to eliminate those de-
                                              Ann Bancroft (United States) and Liv
sires), and relevant legal principles, and                                                   Original television broadcasts produced
                                              Arnesen (Norway), as they attempt next
encourages the creation of safe and                                                          by the National Education Association
                                              fall to become the first women to ski
healthy school environments in which all                                                     (NEA) are now available to school dis-
                                              across Antarctica, will be a media sensa-
students can thrive. The publication also                                                    tricts around the country. NEA—in col-
                                              tion. The National Center for Health
includes a substantial resource list for                                                     laboration with EchoStar Communica-
                                              Education (NCHE) and Base Camp Pro-
educators who desire to learn more on                                                        tions Corporation, a direct broadcast
                                              motions, L.L.C., are making plans for
these topics.                                                                                satellite TV company, and its partner,
                                              them to be a classroom sensation as well.
                                              To maximize the expedition’s educa-            FutureView—has created the NEA Safe
Just the Facts appears on the GLSEN                                                          Schools Now Network. Dedicated to pro-
website at <http://www.glsen.org/sec-         tional impact, the partners have devel-
                                              oped an interdisciplinary, health-based        moting school safety, the network broad-
tions/news/alerts/rep.pdf/>. To obtain                                                       casts programs that highlight effective re-
a copy of the 13-page publication con-        classroom curriculum for K–6 students.
                                              It employs a variety of instructional strat-   search-based strategies and information
tact:                                                                                        on how to prevent school violence. Pro-
                                              egies and features hands-on lessons that
      Clinton Anderson                        teach about health by having students          grams are broadcast to school districts
      American Psychological                  compare their health needs to the ex-          around the country, either through vid-
         Association                          plorers’. Lessons address the nutritional      eotape or via satellite. EchoStar and Fu-
      750 First Street, NE                    needs of the skiers; the health risks as-      ture View have donated 1,000 free satel-
      Washington, DC 20002-4242               sociated with exploration, such as frost-      lite television dishes and air time to
      Phone: (202) 336-5977                   bite, hypothermia, sunburn, and wind-          school districts nationwide.
      E-mail: canderson@apa.org               burn; and how the explorers prepared
                                                                                             NEA is working with a number of orga-
                                              for the physical, mental, and emotional
                                                                                             nizations to design and distribute the
                                              challenges of the expedition. The cur-
                                                                                             shows, including the U.S. Departments
                                              riculum also promotes the development
 NASBE Publishes Policy                       of life skills development, including goal
                                                                                             of Education, Justice, and Health and
                                                                                             Human Services, and the Learning First
        Guide                                 setting, decision making, and critical
                                                                                             Alliance, a coalition of 12 education or-
                                              thinking.
                                                                                             ganizations. Programs are designed to
Fit, Healthy, and Ready to Learn: A School                                                   assist teachers, administrators, counse-
Health Policy Guide, published by the Na-     The curriculum will be available on the
                                              Bancroft Arnesen Expedition website at         lors, parents, and law enforcement offic-
tional Association of State Boards of Edu-                                                   ers in identifying early warning signs of
cation (NASBE), is designed to help state     http:// www.yourexpedition.com and
                                              from NCHE. For more information con-           potentially violent behavior in students.
and local decision makers develop
school health policy frameworks and           tact:
                                                                                             The network has broadcast four epi-
specific policies to promote physical ac-            Teresa Stahl                            sodes, focusing on topics ranging from
tivity and healthy eating and discourage             NCHE                                    components needed for a nurturing and
tobacco use.                                         Phone: (212) 334-9470, x26              safe school climate to effective school-
                                                     E-mail: teresa@nche.org                 community collaborations for school
The guide is distributed as a set of binder                                                  safety. Additional programs, airing in the
contents and includes practical guidance                                                     fall of 2000 and spring of 2001, will ad-
on controversial topics, such as the role                                                    dress anger management, policymaking
of schools in promoting good health,                                                         for safe schools, the role of discrimina-
physical education requirements, food                                                        tion and harassment in school violence,
vending machines, and tobacco enforce-                                                       peer mediation, and the influence of the
ment measures.                                                                               media on young people.

The guide can be purchased for $22 plus                                                      The TV broadcasts are provided at no
$4 shipping and handling (volume dis-                                                        cost. School districts interested in apply-
counts are available) by calling:                                                            ing for a free satellite dish or in down-
       NASBE                                                                                 loading a discussion or list of resource
       Phone: (800) 220-5183                                                                 materials can visit the NEA website at
                                                                                             <http://www.safeschoolsnow.org>. Epi-
                                                                                             sodes will also be cybercast on Apple

20
                                                                                                                             May 2000

  Resources                             Resources                         Resources                         Resources
Computer Inc.’s website, <http://                  document also includes tools that states        To access this series online, go to the
www.apple.com/ali>. For more informa-              can use to design or tailor ELO pro-            Policy Matters homepage (http://
tion contact:                                      grams to their students’ academic and           www.policymatters.org/), click the
                                                   health needs.                                   “Pubs” button on the top menu bar, then
       NEA Communications
                                                                                                   select the “Proposition 10” hyperlink. To
       1201 16th Street, NW                        This new brief is available on the NGA          receive a print copy of the series at no
       Washington, DC 20036                        website at <http://www.nga.org/Pubs/            cost contact:
       Phone: (202) 822-7200                       IssueBriefs/2000/Sum000125ELO.asp>.
                                                   Additional information on ELOs appears                California Center for Health
                                                   at <http://www.nga.org/CBP/Activities/                   Improvement
    NGA Briefs Address                             ExtraLearning.asp>. For more informa-                 1321 Garden Highway, Suite 210
                                                   tion contact:                                         Sacramento, CA 95833
     Teen Pregnancy,                                                                                     Phone: (916) 646-2149
                                                          Mark Ouellette                                 Fax: (916) 646-2151
     Healthy Lifestyles                                   NGA                                            E-mail: policymatters@cchi.org
                                                          444 N. Capitol Street, Suite 267               Website: www.policymatters.org
A new issue brief, State Role in Preventing               Washington, DC 20001
Teen Pregnancy, from the National Gov-                    Phone: (202) 624-5359
ernors’ Association’s (NGA) Health
Policy Studies Division, describes the fi-                                                          NPTA Resource Builds
nancial and social costs of teen preg-
nancy; the role of governors in reduc-
                                                                                                     School-Community
ing teen pregnancy; and current state
                                                    CCHI Series Addresses                               Partnerships
and federal funding partnerships.

The entire report appears on the NGA
                                                     Smoking Prevention                            Building Successful Partnerships: A Guide
                                                                                                   for Developing Parent and Family Involve-
Center for Best Practices website at
                                                   The California Center for Health Im-            ment Programs is a new book authored
< h t t p : / / w w w. n g a . o r g / P u b s /
                                                   provement (CCHI) has released the               by the National Congress of Parents and
I s s u e B r i e f s / 2 0 0 0 /
                                                   publication Smoke-Free Childhood: A Prop.       Teachers (NPTA) to help schools de-
Sum0000111Pregnancy.asp>.
                                                   10 Opportunity. Developed in collabora-         velop quality parent-involvement pro-
                                                   tion with national experts in the field of      grams. Created for parents, administra-
NGA’s Education Policy Studies Division
                                                   tobacco control, the series outlines to-        tors, teachers, parent involvement pro-
has also issued the brief Extra Learning
                                                   bacco control research and programs             fessionals, Title 1 coordinators, and lead-
Opportunities that Encourage Healthy
                                                   targeting pregnant women and young              ers of PTAs and other parent groups, the
Lifestyles, which examines eight extra
                                                   children.                                       256-page guide offers field-tested strat-
learning opportunities (ELOs) that en-
                                                                                                   egies for overcoming barriers to effec-
courage healthy lifestyles for youth.
                                                   The first publication in the series, Mil-       tive collaboration, reaching out to key
ELOs provide school-age children (ages
                                                   lions of California Children Still Exposed to   participants, and improving student
5 through 18) with recreational, aca-
                                                   Tobacco Smoke; Harms to Health, Higher          achievement.
demic, and development opportunities
                                                   Costs Result, highlights the problem of
that supplement the education provided
                                                   continued exposure of pregnant women            A preview of the text of the book can be
during a typical school day. Examples
                                                   and children to tobacco smoke. The sec-         found at <http://www.nesonline.com/
include organized sports, dance, or art
                                                   ond publication, Trained Healthcare Pro-        partners/>. The guide can be ordered
activities; tutoring or homework help;
                                                   viders + Brief Counseling Sessions + Support    for $18.95 (plus 5% shipping) by con-
mentoring; optional or mandatory full-
                                                   Systems = Effective Smoking Cessation Pro-      tacting:
day kindergarten; community service;
                                                   grams details health care system changes
and youth development activities. Re-                                                                    National Educational Service
                                                   that will be critical to the success of smok-
search indicates that ELOs improve the                                                                   Phone: (800) 733-6786
                                                   ing cessation strategies for pregnant
health of students and their ability to                                                                  E-mail: nes@nesonline.com
                                                   women and members of their families.
learn.                                                                                                   Website: www.nesonline.com
                                                   The third publication, What Works? Com-
The brief includes a summary of CDC’s              munity-based Support Ser vices Enhance
eight-component model for CSHPs, fol-              Smoking Cessation Programs, highlights
lowed by descriptions and contact infor-           local and statewide California-based or-
mation for eight programs that support             ganizations that are working together to
one or more CSHP components. The                   reduce harm to children from exposure
                                                   to tobacco smoke.

                                                                                                                                          21
School Health Program News
     Resources                      Resources                         Resources                        Resources
      Bulletin Focuses on                         Financing Out-of-                             Violence Prevention
         Teen Fathers                           School Time Initiatives                              Broadcast
Teenage Fatherhood and Delinquent Behav-       The Finance Project has published Us-         “Bringing the Elements Together: End-
ior, a new OJJDP publication, focuses on       ing TANF to Finance Out-of-School Time        ing the Cycle of Violence,” a satellite
the problems faced by teenage fathers          Initiatives, a 12-page strategy brief that    broadcast scheduled for October 20, will
and their children. The eight-page bul-        explores how policymakers, program            examine how different types of violence
letin describes OJJDP’s Rochester Youth        developers, and community leaders can         are interrelated and the ways that fam-
Development Study and Pittsburgh               use Temporar y Assistance to Needy            ily dynamics can perpetuate a cycle of
Youth Study, which have examined risk          Families (TANF), the block grant cre-         violence. The broadcast will identify risk
factors for teenage paternity. Both stud-      ated by the 1996 welfare reform legisla-      and resiliency factors that exist at the in-
ies concluded that early delinquency is        tion, to generate funding to maintain,        dividual, family, community, and societal
a highly significant risk factor for becom-    improve, and expand out-of-school time        levels and the roles they can play in re-
ing a teen father. In addition, the Roch-      and community school initiatives. The         ducing violence. Intended audiences
ester study reported that the possibility      publication presents general consider-        include educators, health officials, law
of teen paternity rises dramatically as risk   ations for using TANF to support initia-      enforcement officers, community
factors accumulate, and the Pittsburgh         tives; describes three strategies for using   agency representatives, youth, and fam-
study found that teen fatherhood may           funding; discusses considerations for the     ily members. The series hopes to stimu-
be followed by greater involvement in          use of each strategy; and provides ex-        late broader school/community partner-
delinquency.                                   amples of innovative state approaches.        ships by providing examples of evaluated
                                               Copies of the brief are available for $3      programs for making schools and com-
This bulletin, one of a series on youth        from:                                         munities safe.
development being published by OJJDP,
is available online at <http://                      Barbara Langford                        This will be the last of six broadcasts
ojjdp.ncjrs.org/pubs/                                The Finance Project                     sponsored by Partnerships for Prevent-
delinqsum.html#178899>. You can also                 10000 Vermont Avenue, NW                ing Violence, a three-year project sup-
order print copies at no cost by contact-            Suite 600                               ported by funding from USED’s Safe and
ing:                                                 Washington, DC 20005                    Drug-Free Schools Program, in conjunc-
                                                     Phone: (202) 628-4200                   tion with DHHS, HRSA, MCHB, CDC,
       Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse                E-mail:                                 USDOJ, and OJJDP.
       P.O. Box 6000                                 blangford@financeproject.org
       Rockville, MD 208949-6000                                                             Pre- and post-broadcast activities and
       Phone: (800) 638-8736                   Using TANF to Finance Out-of-School Time
                                                                                             facilitated discussions are available at
       E-mail: puborder@ncjrs.org              Initiatives also appears on the Finance
                                                                                             more than 80 sites. Broadcasts are also
       Website: http://ojjdp.ncjrs.org         Project       website    at   <http://
                                                                                             available free of charge to any individual
                                               www.financeproject.org/osthome.htm>.
                                                                                             or organization with the capacity to re-
                                                                                             ceive the satellite transmission. For in-
                                                                                             formation about registering with a facili-
                                                                                             tated core site or registering your own
                                                                                             site contact:

                                                                                                    Phone: (877) 778-4774
                                                                                                    Website: http://
                                                                                                    www.walcoff.com/partnerships

                                                                                             Videotapes of previous broadcasts are
                                                                                             available by calling:

                                                                                                    Harvard School of Public Health
                                                                                                    Phone: (617) 495-7777




22
                                                                                                                                  May 2000

    Websites                                 Websites                          Websites                         Websites
      2010 Tool Library                                            Food Safety                            Health Observance
      Available On-line                                  The USDA website contains updated in-
                                                                                                                 Days
                                                         formation on food safety on their Healthy
An online resource that allows users to                  School Meals Resource System, at <http:/     Several websites now offer schedules and
view and download available Healthy                      /schoolmeals.nal.usda.gov:8001/Safety/       materials for health observances, the
People 2010 materials has been devel-                    index.html>. New items include the fol-      days, weeks, or months devoted to pro-
oped by the Public Health Foundation                     lowing:                                      moting particular health concerns.
(PHF), through a cooperative agree-                                                                   Health professionals, teachers, commu-
ment with DHHS’s Office of Disease                       •   “School Meal Programs: Few               nity groups, and others can use these
Prevention and Health Promotion. The                         Outbreaks of Foodborne Illness           designated times to sponsor health pro-
State Healthy People 2010 Tool Library                       Reported,” the February 2000 U.S.        motion events, stimulate awareness of
( h t t p : / / w w w. p h f . o r g / H P t o o l s /       General Accounting Office’s food         health risks, or focus on disease preven-
state.htm) features seven sections:                          safety report                            tion.

•    Building the Foundation: Leader-                    •   the revised training package
                                                                                                      The following websites provide informa-
     ship and Structure                                      Serving It Safe: A Manager’s Tool Kit,
                                                                                                      tion on nationally recognized health ob-
                                                             featuring a trainer’s manual,
•    Identifying and Securing Re-                                                                     servance days:
                                                             poster, CD-ROM interactive
     sources                                                 software, and handouts, as well as              Office of Disease Prevention and
•    Identifying and Engaging Commu-                         updated pages that can be inserted                  Health Promotion
     nity Partners                                           into the kit’s 1996 manual                      odphp.osophs.dhhs.gov/
•    Setting Health Priorities and                       •   an updated USDA/FDA                             default.htm
     Establishing Objectives                                 foodborne illness training materi-
                                                                                                      This calendar lists selected health obser-
•    Obtaining Baseline Measures,                            als database, including descrip-
                                                                                                      vances for 2000 in three ways: A calen-
     Setting Targets, and Measuring                          tions and ordering information for
                                                                                                      dar shows days and weeks, and text list-
     Progress                                                food safety training materials, such
                                                                                                      ings and an“At-a-Glance” sheet show
                                                             as games and teaching guides for
•    Managing and Sustaining the                                                                      monthly health observances. To access,
                                                             school children, materials for food
     Process                                                                                          click on the “2000 National Health Ob-
                                                             service providers, audiovisual
                                                                                                      servances” hyperlink in the Online Pub-
•    Communicating Health Goals and                          materials, and posters
                                                                                                      lications section.
     Objectives (Marketing)                              •   an updated link to the Food Safety
                                                             and Inspection Service’s Recall                 National Wellness Institute
These action areas are described in
                                                             Information Center, offering a                  www.wellnessnwi.org/
PHF’s Healthy People 2010 Toolkit: A Field
Guide to Health Planning, available at                       complete listing of both current         This calendar offers a comprehensive list
<http://www.health.gov/                                      and completed product recalls            of health observances for 2000 and con-
healthypeople/state/toolkit>. Copying                                                                 tact information. To access, click on
and adaptation of materials found on                                                                  “Health Calendar (pdf),” located on the
the website is encouraged, but users are                                                              menu bar on the left side of the page.
asked to credit the state initiative listed
                                                                                                             Food and Health Communications,
to the right of each document name.
                                                                                                                Inc.
                                                                                                             www.foodandhealth.com/
                                                                                                             healthcalendar.htm
    Search Engine Targets
                                                                                                      This site includes specific food obser-
         Education                                                                                    vance days, such as National Soup Month
                                                                                                      (January) and Fresh Fruit and Vegetable
The new search engine EduHound.com                                                                    Month (July).
is designed to help K–12 educators, stu-
dents, and their families access up-to-                                                               In addition, the book Chase’s Calendar of
date information about educational pro-                                                               Events 2000 (Contemporary Books, Oc-
grams and news. The site also includes                                                                tober 1999), available in most bookstores
links to lesson plans, news bulletins,                                                                and libraries, lists all state-specific recog-
Internet tutorials, and USED sites.                                                                   nition days, including locally observed
                                                                                                      food days.

                                                                                                                                                23
School Health Program News
     Websites                       Websites                         Websites                        Conferences
    Pregnancy Prevention                      Websites Help Teachers                       Conference on Children
                                                                                           and Oral Health
          Website                                Find Learning                             “The Face of a Child: The Surgeon

ETR Associates has launched the Resource
                                                    Resources                              General’s Conference on Children and
                                                                                           Oral Health” is scheduled for June 12–
Center for Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention
                                              USED has launched two websites de-           13, 2000, at the Hyatt Regency Hotel on
(ReCAPP), a website for health educators
                                              signed to help teachers, parents, and ad-    Capitol Hill, Washington, D.C. Focus
and program coordinators. Located at
                                              ministrators identify teaching and learn-    areas will include the following:
<http://www.etr.org/recapp>, the site
provides practical tools and information      ing resources quickly and easily. The        •   oral health as an indicator of
on reducing sexual risk-taking behaviors      Gateway to Educational Materials (GEM) at        children’s health status and access
among teens, includes the following:          http://www.thegateway.org provides ac-
                                              cess to lesson plans, teacher guides, in-    •   maximizing children’s potential by
•    best practices in pregnancy              structional units, and other free educa-         integrating oral health into overall
     prevention education, skill-             tional materials from more than 140 fed-         health
     building activities, and education       eral, state, university, nonprofit, and      •   ethics, law, and health policy as
     and facilitation tips                    commercial organizations. These mate-            tools to eliminate disparities in
•    information on evidence-based            rials may be browsed by subject area or          children’s health outcomes
     programs that change sexual risk-        keyword. Currently, more than 7,000          •   creating effective partnerships to
     taking behavior                          items are included in GEM, with hun-             promote children’s health and
                                              dreds of new resources added each                well-being
•    statistics, abstracts, news summa-
                                              month. GEM is a project of USED’s Na-
     ries, and papers on current                                                           For more information on the confer-
                                              tional Library of Education and is a spe-
     research in the field of teen                                                         ence, visit the website at <http://
                                              cial project of the ERIC Clearinghouse
     pregnancy prevention                                                                  www.nidcr.nih.gov/sgr/children/
                                              on Information and Technology.
•    a resource database of educational                                                    children.htm>.
     resource materials                       USED, in collaboration with more than
                                              40 federal organizations, has also cre-
•    a calendar of current events in the                                                   International Character
                                              ated the Federal Resources for Educational
     field of pregnancy prevention
                                              Excellence (FREE) website at <http://        Education Conference
Visitors to the site can also join ReCAPP’s   www.ed.gov/free/>. While teaching and        “The Four Pillars of Democracy: Home,
electronic mailing list by clicking on        learning resources are the aim of both       School, Church, Community,” the Sec-
“ReCAPPNotes” on the website’s                sites, FREE focuses on materials created     ond international conference on char-
homepage. Subscribers will receive            with federal support, while GEM in-          acter education, is scheduled for June
monthly e-mails about updates made to         cludes mostly materials created with no      25–27, 2000, at the University of San
the site.                                     federal support.                             Diego. Conference objectives include
                                                                                           increasing student achievement, reduc-
                                                                                           ing violence, and increasing peaceful
 PBS’s “Teacher Source”                                                                    conflict resolution. A “Character Edu-
                                                                                           cation Academy” (June 27–29), for prin-
PBS has created a “Teacher Source”                                                         cipals and teachers, will include three
website containing resources and articles                                                  days of intensive immersion in the study
for K–12 educators. The site is divided                                                    of best practices and a curriculum fair.
into disciplines, with the health and fit-                                                 For information contact:
ness section found at <http://
                                                                                                 International Center for
www.pbs.org/teachersource/health>.
                                                                                                     Character Education
This section includes grade-specific les-
                                                                                                 University of San Diego
sons and activities, feature articles (re-
                                                                                                 Phone: (619) 260-5980
cent topics include interdisciplinary ap-
                                                                                                 Website: http://teachvalues.org
proaches to teaching health, and essen-
tial elements of prevention programs),
and links to recommended books,
websites, and grants and conference list-
ings.



24
                                                                                                                        May 2000
 Conferences                       Conferences                       Conferences                     Conferences
Healthy Schools, Healthy                      cus on strategies to establish and facili-    of After-School Programs.” For more in-
Communities                                   tate the connection between school            formation visit the NCSL website (http:/
                                              health services and educational out-          /www.ncsl.org) or contact:
The HRSA’s Bureau of Primary Health
                                              comes. Workshops will address counsel-
Care’s Healthy Schools, Healthy Com-                                                               NCSL
                                              ing skills, mental health issues, substance
munities (HSHC) program plans to con-                                                              1560 Broadway, Suite 700
                                              abuse and violence prevention, and
vene its annual technical assistance                                                               Denver, CO 80202
                                              managing chronic illness. For registra-
meeting June 25–27, in conjunction                                                                 Phone: (303) 830-2200
                                              tion information contact:
with the National Assembly for School-                                                             Fax: (303) 863-8003
based Health Care’s annual conference.               NASN
The meeting will include workshops on                P.O. Box 1300
                                                                                            National Prevention
mental health, prevention, research and              Scarborough, ME 04070–1300
                                                                                            Institute
evaluation, and clinical issues. For infor-          Phone: (207) 883-2117
mation contact:                                      E-mail: nasn@nasn.org                  “Passion for Prevention” is the theme of
                                                     Website: http://www.nasn.org           the Comprehensive Health Education
       Judy Oliver                                                                          Foundation’s (CHEF®) Year 2000 Na-
       HSHC                                                                                 tional Prevention Institute, scheduled
       Phone: (301) 594-4470                  NCACE National Coaching
                                                                                            for July 19–21 at the Hyatt Mission Bay
                                              Congress                                      in San Diego, California. This year’s in-
National Assembly on                          The newly formed National Council for         stitute focuses on the following:
School-Based Health Care                      Accreditation of Coaching Education
                                                                                            •   state-of-the-art prevention strate-
                                              (NCACE) will sponsor the first-ever Na-
“Fulfilling Prevention’s Promise” is the                                                        gies and activities to reduce youth
                                              tional Congress on July 14–16, 2000, at
theme of the National Assembly’s an-                                                            risk behaviors in the areas of
                                              the Grand Casino Hotel in Gulfport,
nual meeting, scheduled for June 25–                                                            violence, sexuality, suicide and
                                              Mississippi. The purpose of the congress
27, 2000, at the Dearborn Hyatt in De-                                                          other injuries, drug abuse, school
                                              is to describe recent coaching education
troit, Michigan. Workshops will high-                                                           dropout, and delinquency
                                              initiatives, proposed guidelines for pro-
light the role of prevention in school-                                                     •   strategies for implementing and
                                              gram review, and NCACE’s organiza-
based health care with emphasis on tech-                                                        merging program models
                                              tional structure. Participants will also
nical skills development, applied re-
                                              elect NCACE’s first Board of Directors.       •   evaluation strategies
search, program descriptions, and policy
                                              For more information contact:
discussions on clinical, curricular, and                                                    •   resources to boost prevention
counseling strategies. James Gabarino,              Christine Bolger                            efforts
author of Lost Boys: Why our Sons Turn              NASPE
                                                                                            For information go to http://
Violent and How We Can Save Them, will              1900 Association Drive
                                                                                            www.chef.org or call (800) 323-2433 for
give the keynote address. Information               Reston, VA 20191
                                                                                            a conference brochure.
on registration, workshop sessions, spe-            Phone: (800) 213-7193, x417
cial events, and accommodations is avail-           Fax: (703) 476-8316
able from:                                          E-mail: cbolger@aahperd.org             National Conference for
                                                    Website: http://                        K–12 Physical Educators
      Michael Ambrose
                                                    www.aahperd.org/naspe/naspe-
      National Assembly on School                                                           The Council on Physical Education for
                                                    main.html
         based Health Care                                                                  Children and the Middle and Second-
      Phone: (888) 286-8727                                                                 ary School Physical Education Council
      E-mail: mambrose@nasbhc.org             National Conference of                        are cosponsoring the conference “Link-
      Website: http://www.nasbhc.org          State Legislatures                            ing Fitness and Physical Activity,” sched-
                                              The twenty-sixth annual meeting of the        uled for July 20–22, 2000, at Towson
National Association of                       National Conference of State Legisla-         University and the Sheraton Baltimore
School Nurses                                 tures (NCSL) is scheduled for July 16–        North Hotel in Baltimore, Maryland.
                                              20, 2000, at the Sheraton Chicago and         The conference will focus on NASPE’s
“Building Bridges to Link Health and                                                        national physical education standards.
                                              Navy Pier Convention Center in Chi-
Education,” is the theme of the National                                                    Leaders in fitness and physical activity
                                              cago, Illinois. Informational sessions in-
Association of School Nurses’ (NASN)                                                        will present keynote, activity, and drop-
                                              clude “Turning Schools Around,” “Cre-
thirty-second annual conference, sched-                                                     in sessions; participate in roundtable
                                              ative Solutions for Children at Risk,” and
uled for June 28–July 1, 2000, in Milwau-                                                   discussions; and share curricula ideas,
                                              “When Schools Let Out: State Support
kee, Wisconsin. The conference will fo-                                                     innovative assessment techniques, and


                                                                                                                                  25
School Health Program News
     Conferences                     Conferences                     Conferences                    Conferences
information on using technology to en-         Achievement, and Responsible Behav-         Pennsylvania. The conference will in-
hance teaching. Physical Best Specialist       ior” by Jacqueline Sowers, “Tell Your       clude sessions on student advocacy, cur-
and Instructor certification workshops         Administrators: Health Risks Do             riculum integration, creating caring
will be offered as a pre-conference ses-       Threaten School Success” by Cindy           communities, opportunities for moral
sion. For more information visit the           Wolford-Symons, and “Now that I Have        action, and assessment and evaluation.
NASPE        website      at   http://         It . . . What Do I Do with It?” by JoAnne   For more information contact:
www.aahperd.org/naspe or call:                 Owens-Nauslar.
                                                                                                 Character Education Partnership
       Phone: (800) 213-7193, x410             Registration forms are available by con-          1600 K Street, NW, Suite 501
                                               tacting:                                          Washington, DC 20006
                                                                                                 Phone: (800) 988-8081
School Nurse Institute                               Mary Bamer Ramsier                          Fax: (202) 296-7779
Program                                              ASHA                                        E-mail: geninfo@character.org
“Promoting Healthy Schools: Defining                 P.O. Box 708                                Website: http://
the School Nurse Role” is the theme of               Kent, OH 44240                              www.character.org/forum
this summer’s School Nurse Institute                 Phone: (330) 678-1601, x127
Program, sponsored by the Center for                 E-mail: mbramsi@ashaweb.org
                                                     Website: http://
                                                                                           California Center for
School Mental Health Assistance
(CSMHA). The Institute, scheduled for                www.ashaweb.org/conferences           Childhood Injury
July 31–August 4, 2000, at the Sheraton                                                    Prevention
Baltimore North Hotel in Towson, Mary-         CSMHA                                       The fourteenth annual California Con-
land, will address mental health issues,                                                   ference on Childhood Injury Control
the role of the school nurse in crisis plan-   “Advancing School-Based Mental              is scheduled for October 22–25, 2000,
ning, health and mental health connec-         Health Programs” is the theme of the        at the Radisson Hotel in Sacramento,
tions, the new IDEA/504, and manage-           fifth national CSMHA conference,            California. The conference is designed
ment and delegation strategies; and will       scheduled for September 21–23, 2000,        to update public health and public
include facilitation and assessment work-      at the Sheraton Atlanta Hotel in Geor-      safety professionals, nurses, physicians,
shops. For more information contact:           gia. The meeting will include work-         and injury prevention advocates on cur-
                                               shops on mental health service deliv-       rent issues and future directions in in-
      CSMHA                                    ery models, legal and ethical issues,       jury epidemiology, public policy, and
      University of Maryland                   research in school mental health, cul-      injury prevention strategies. The meet-
      680 W. Lexington St., 10th Floor         tural competency, funding options, and      ing will focus on state and national in-
      Baltimore, MD 21201-1570                 working with partners. For more infor-      jury control priorities, new research on
      Phone: (888) 706-0980                    mation, or to order audiocassettes of       child and adolescent injuries, and injury
      Fax: (410) 706-0984                      sessions of CSMHA’s fourth annual           prevention program models and lessons
      E-mail:                                  conference held September 16–19 in          learned. Continuing education credits
      csmha@umpsy.umaryland.edu                Denver, contact:                            will be available for physicians, regis-
      Website: http://
                                                     CSMHA                                 tered nurses, and health educators. For
      csmha.umaryland.edu
                                                     University of Maryland                information contact:
                                                     680 W. Lexington St., 10th Floor            California Center for Childhood
ASHA Summer Institute                                Baltimore, MD 21201-1570                       Injury Prevention
The American School Health                           Phone: (888) 706-0980                       San Diego State University
Association’s (ASHA) seventh annual                  Fax: (410) 706-0984                         6505 Alvarado Road
summer institute, “Weaving the Vines of              E-mail:                                     Suite 208
Collaboration: Our Common Purpose,”                  csmha@umpsy.umaryland.edu                   San Diego, CA 92120
is scheduled for August 2–4, 2000, at                Website: http://                            Phone: (619) 594-3691
Ithaca College in Ithaca, New York. The              csmha.umaryland.edu                         Website: http://www.cccip.org
institute will focus on the eight compo-
nents of the coordinated school health         Character Education
model and provide in-depth informa-                                                        National School Boards
                                               Partnership                                 Association
tion and skill-building to achieve stan-
dards-based success. Keynote addresses         Character Education Partnership’s sev-      The National School Boards
include, “Health Education in 2000 and         enth national forum is scheduled for        Association’s (NSBA) thirteenth annual
Beyond: Making the Links Between               October 19–21 at the Wyndham                Technology and Learning Conference
Health, Brain Function, Academic               Franklin Plaza Hotel in Philadelphia,       will be held on October 25–28, 2000, in

26
                                                                                                                         May 2000
  Conferences                      Conferences                        Conferences                        Journals
Denver, Colorado. The conference,             the mailing list. The registration form          ior, health resource funding, after-school
hosted by NSBA’s Institute for the Trans-     will be available on-line in May at http:/       programs, new approaches to teaching
fer of Technology to Education and co-        /www.apha.org.                                   physical education, substance abuse pre-
sponsored by more than 30 education                                                            vention, nutrition, and child safety.
organizations, will address the use of                                                         (March 2000, Vol. 57, No. 6)
technology to educate and support stu-        International Union for
dents and increase understanding of why       Health Promotion and                             ASCD members can access the electronic
health is a priority for schools. Partici-    Education                                        version of this issue through ASCD’s
pants include superintendents, technol-                                                        WebPages at <http://www.ascd.org>.
                                              “Health: An Investment for Society,” the
ogy coordinators, library/media special-                                                       Non-members can order single copies of
                                              17th World Conference on Health Pro-
ists, teachers, school board members,                                                          Education Leadership for $6 from:
                                              motion and Health Education, is sched-
and district and building administrators.     uled for July 15–20, 2001, in Paris,                    ASCD Service Center
For more information contact:                 France. Conference themes will focus on                 P.O. Box 79760
      Brenda Z. Greene                        evidence of effective health promotion                  Baltimore, MD 21279
      School Health Programs                  at local, regional, and international lev-              Phone: (800) 933-2723 (press 2)
      NSBA                                    els; investment in promoting health; ad-
      Phone: (703) 838-6756                   vocacy for health; and ethics. A call for
                                                                                               The Future of Children
      E-mail: bgreene@nsba.org                abstracts was issued in April 2000. Infor-
      Website: http://www.nsba.org            mation is available from:                        “When School Is Out” is the theme of
                                                                                               the Fall issue of The Future of Children.
                                                     International Union for Health            Articles focus on after-school programs
ASHA National Conference                                 Promotion and Education               and the potential effects of different af-
                                                     2 Rue Auguste Comte                       ter-school options on children’s develop-
ASHA’s seventy-fourth National School
                                                     92170 Vanves                              ment. Topics include the following:
Health Conference, “Schools and Com-
                                                     Phone: 01 46 45 00 59
munities: Partners for Children’s
                                                     Fax: 01 46 45 00 45                       •   the importance of public invest-
Health” is scheduled for October 25–29,
                                                     E-mail: iuhpemcl@worldnet.fr                  ment, community-level planning,
2000, at the Radisson Hotel in New Or-
                                                                                                   and increased knowledge to meet
leans, Louisiana. For information con-
                                                                                                   the growing demand for out-of-
tact:                                                       Journals                               school programs and activities
      Mary Bamer Ramsier                      Readers are invited to submit reviews of ar-     •   characteristics of after-school
      ASHA                                    ticles, especially from publications/journals        programs that serve low-income
      P.O. Box 708                            that may not come to the attention of the edi-       children
      Kent, OH 44240                          tor of School Health Program News.
                                                                                               •   community strategies for keeping
      Phone: (330) 678-1601, x127
                                                                                                   children safe during after-school
       E-mail: mbramsi@ashaweb.org
                                              Educational Leadership                               hours
      Website: http://
      www.ashaweb.org/conferences             “Healthy Bodies, Minds, and Buildings”           In addition, four essays by policy analysts
                                              is the theme of the March issue of Edu-          offer perspectives on key forces that may
APHA                                          cational Leadership, the journal of the          influence the future of after-school pro-
                                              Association for Supervision and Curricu-         gramming. (Fall 1999, Vol. 9, No.2)
APHA’s 128th annual meeting, “Elimi-          lum Development (ASCD). The issue
nating Health Disparities,” is scheduled      looks at what schools can do to ensure           The executive summary and electronic
for November 12–16, 2000, in Boston,          that their students prosper physically,          version of this issue appear online at
Massachusetts. With more than 1,000           mentally, and socially in a safe environ-        <http://www.futureofchildren.org>.
sessions and 12,000 attendees, the APHA       ment. More than a dozen articles de-             Print copies are available at no cost by
annual meeting is the largest public          scribe strategies for linking school health      contacting:
health conference in the world. Advance       with school reform, models for creating
registration forms will be available in the                                                          Circulation Department
                                              partnerships between schools and com-                  The David and Lucile Packard
spring and will be mailed to all mem-         munity agencies, and examples of how
bers, along with the May issue of The                                                                    Foundation
                                              school staff can work collaboratively with             300 Second Street, Suite 200
Nation’s Health. Non-APHA members             one another to improve the welfare and
who want to receive information about                                                                Los Altos, CA 94022
                                              academic achievement of students. The                  Fax: (650) 948-6498
the annual meeting should provide a           issue also examines how school facilities
complete mailing address to                                                                          E-mail:
                                              affect student achievement and behav-                  circulation@futureofchildren.org
edward.shipley@apha.org to be added to

                                                                                                                                      27
                                                          Glossary
AAP: American Academy of Pediatrics; ACS: American Cancer Society; ACYF: Administration on Children, Youth, and Families; AED:
Academy for Educational Development; AFY: Advocates for Youth; AGI: Alan Guttmacher Institute; ASTHO: Association of State and
Territorial Health Officials; APHA: American Public Health Association; ASCD: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Develop-
ment; ASHA: American School Health Association; CCHI: California Center for Health Improvement; CCSSO: Council of Chief State
School Officers; CDC/DASH: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Division of Adolescent and School Health; CHEF:
Comprehensive Health Education Foundation; CHIP: Children’s Health Insurance Program; CSLD: Center for School Leadership
Development; CSMHA: Center for School Mental Health Assistance; CSHE: Comprehensive School Health Education; CSHP: Coordi-
nated School Health Program; DALYs: Disability Adjusted Life Years; DHHS: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; DOJ:
U.S. Department of Justice; ELOs: extra learning opportunities; EPA: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; ESEA: Elementary and
Secondary Education Act; FDA: U.S. Food and Drug Administration; FREE: Federal Resources for Educational Excellence website;
GEM: Gateway to Educational Materials website; GLBTQ: Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender and Questioning; GLSEN: Gay, Lesbian,
and Straight Education Network; HCFA: Health Care Finance Administration; HHD/EDC: Health and Human Development Pro-
grams at Education Development Center, Inc.; HIV: Human Immunodeficiency Virus; HMOs: health maintenance organizations;
HRSA: Health Resources and Services Administration; HSHC: Healthy Schools, Healthy Communities; IHEs: Institutions of Higher
Education; IYD: Institute for Youth Development; LEAs: Local education agencies; MCH: Maternal and Child Health; MCHB: Mater-
nal and Child Health Bureau; MHA: Making Health Academic; MMFA: Maryland Meals for Achievement; MSA: Masters in School
Administration; MSM: men who sleep with men; MTF: Monitoring the Future program; NAPWA: National Association of People With
AIDS; NASBE: National Association of State Boards of Education; NASBHC: National Assembly on School-Based Health Care; NASN:
National Association of School Nurses; NASPE: National Association for Sport and Physical Education; NASTAD: National Alliance of
State and Territorial AIDS Directors; NCACE: National Council for Accreditation of Coaching Education; NCHA: National Center for
Health Statistics; NCHE: National Center for Health Education; NCHL: National Coalition of State Legislators; National Conference of
State Legislators; NCLR: National Council of La Raza; NCSL: National Conference of State Legislatures; NEA: National Education
Association; NGA: National Governors’ Association; NGOs: Nongovernmental organizations; NIDA: National Institute on Drug Abuse;
NIH: National Institutes of Health; NIMH: National Institute of Mental Health; NMSA: National Middle School Association; NSBA:
National School Boards Association; NTP: National Training Partnership; NYAC: National Youth Advocacy Coalition; NYAM: New York
Academy of Medicine; NYTS: National Youth Tobacco Survey; OJJDP: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention; PA:
Public Announcement; PHF: Public Health Foundation; PRC: Prevention Research Centers; ReCAPP: Resource Center for Adolescent
Pregnancy Prevention website; SAMHSA: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration; SCHIP: State Children’s Health
Insurance Program; SEA: State education agency; SSDHPER: Society of State Directors of Health, Physical Education and Recreation;
SSRE: Social Science Research and Evaluation, Inc.; STD: Sexually transmitted disease; TANF: Temporary Assistance to Needy Families;
TDC: Training and Development Consortium; UNM: University of New Mexico; USDA: U.S. Department of Agriculture; USED, ED:
U.S. Department of Education; UV: ultraviolet; WEEA: The Women’s Educational Equity Act Resource Center at Educational Develop-
ment Center, Inc.; YOC: Youth of Color




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