MINISTRY TRAINING INSTITUTE
Oklahoma Baptist University
OBU @ OKC
Capital Baptist Association
For REL 3563
Baptist History and Theology
Oklahoma Baptist University
Condensed edition produced by Dr. Eli H. Sheldon
For Classroom and At-Home Use
INFORMATION FOR THE STUDENT
As a student of "Baptist History and Theology" you are preparing to study one of Christianity's most
interesting movements. Diverse, controversial, radical, and aggressive, the people called Baptists have made
enormous contributions to the heritage of Christ's followers.
This course will begin with a study of the origin of the Baptists and the issues related to this topic. The rise
of British Baptists and their subsequent developments will give you an awareness of their contributions to
Baptists in the world and in the United States. A study of Baptists in America will demonstrate the diversity
of the denomination and will help you to appreciate your own denomination. Special attention will be given
to Southern Baptists. The history of the movement will help you to understand past trends and to evaluate
more effectively current issues. A special section on Baptist theology should enable you to better
comprehend the theoretical and historical foundations of Baptist theology, and the content and use of Baptist
confessions of faith.
The Purpose of the Course: The primary purpose of this course is to introduce you to the historical,
organizational, and theological development of the Baptists. Attention will be given to personalities,
movements, controversies, institutional and intellectual development, significant literature, and contributions
to Christianity as a whole by the Baptists. The influence of the Baptists upon Christianity and general
history will be emphasized. Although lectures and readings will highlight many names, dates, and events,
this study will keep several important questions before the students. Who are the Baptists? What are their
characteristics and contributions? What do they have in common with other denominations? What are their
distinctions in relation to other denominations? How have they defined and achieved the mission and
The textbook by McBeth is excellent. It is readable, thorough, and scholarly. His selection of information
and examples is superb. Don't allow the book's length to intimidate you. You will enjoy the book and you
will know who the Baptists are by the time you have finished reading this work.
The study guide can be a burden or a help, depending solely upon you. It will be helpful to look at the
questions in it prior to reading the textbook. If you put forth your best effort you will complete the course
with an excellent foundation for the future study of Baptists.
Slayden A. Yarbrough
Former Associate Professor of Religion, OBU
When the above article was written in 1987, the text book was already beginning to show some dating
historically. The conservative resurgence began in 1978, gathered steam in the mid-1980’s, and McBeth’s
book was published in 1987. His writing reflects a moderate viewpoint of recent Baptist history, and is
hampered by the vast reorganization of the Southern Baptist Convention after the books’ publication. The
result is a very readable book that is often outdated. This course brings the students up to date with the
current structure of the SBC. The course also covers the purpose and function of the Baptist General
Convention of Oklahoma and the local Baptist Associations ( a subject of practical importance not covered
Eli H. Sheldon, Adjunct Professor of Religion, OBU
Pictured above is Eli Sheldon, your instructor for
Baptist History and Theology - - REL 3563
Dr. Sheldon currently serves as Historical Secretary for the Baptist General
Convention of Oklahoma (3800 N. May, OKC). His office is in the Gaskin
Baptist Archives at the BGCO. His telephone number is 942-3000, ext.4117.
He is a longtime pastor, with his last church being Crown Heights Baptist,
OKC, where he served almost 28 years. Bro. Sheldon is married and they have
two children. Their son Todd died in 2007. Their daughter, Stefanie, and her
husband live in Edmond.
His wife, Freida, is the ministry assistant at the Gaskin Baptist Archives, is the
pianist at Portland Avenue Baptist, and is in the Singing Church Women of
Bro. Eli’s hobbies are writing, cartooning, collecting comic books, and doing
cryptograms. Each year Eli and Freida spend January and February on
sabbatical at South Padre Island, Texas, where they work on various projects for
the BGCO. He may be reached at (405) 924-0328
STUDENT INFORMATION SHEET
This sheet will need to be filled out and handed in to Dr. Sheldon
during the third class session.
The following information will only be used by Dr. Sheldon during the current course. It will be used in the
case of an emergency or important change in schedule. Please list a phone number which will provide the
quickest response. The address will be used only to send class materials to you if you miss a session.
Where do you attend church?
Are you on a church staff, have a position of church leadership, or serve in your church?
Yes-- ____ No-- ____
If yes, what position or places of service do you occupy?
BAPTIST HISTORY AND THEOLOGY
Spring Semester, 2010
SESSION ASSIGNMENT TEXTBOOK
I. Feb. 18 Introduction None
II. Feb. 25 Chap. 1&2, and Study Guide (SG) 77 pages
III. Mar. 4 Chap. 3-4, SG 59 pages
IV. Mar. 11 Chap. 5-6, SG 48 pages
V. Mar. 18 Exam I, British & European Bapt. (from Chap. 9, 12, 13, 17) 14 pages
VI. Mar. 25 Chap. 7-8, SG Check 84 pages
VII. Apr. 1 Chap. 10, SG 48 pages
VIII Apr. 8 Chap. 11, SG 71 pages
IX. Apr. 15 Exam II & Chap. 14, SG 45 pages
X. Apr. 22 Chap. 15, pages 609-675, SG 75 pages
XI. Apr. 29 Analysis paper due, Chap. 15, pages 675-701, SG 37 pages
XII. May 6 Chap. 16, SG Check (must be completed) 83 pages
XIII. May 13 Final Exam
Baptist History and Theology
There are five primary grading factors, each of equal value.
Factor Points Toward 1000 Question: How do I get 1000 points?
They don’t seem to add up.
Exam I 200
Exam II 200 Answer: For example:
Final Exam 200 95 on an exam = 190 Pts.
Finished Study Guide 200 80 on an exam = 160 Pts.
Analysis Paper 200
Total ------------------ -- 1000
Other factors can affect your grade. A lack of class attendance or consistent tardiness may drop your grade.
More than three absences and you get an ―F‖ (an OBU rule).
EXAMS: The first two exams will contain materials only from those particular class sessions. That is, Exam I
will cover items from sessions I to IV. Exam II will only cover materials from Sessions V-VIII. The Final
Exam will cover materials from Sessions IX through XIII, AND any questions on the previous two exams. I
will attempt to provide an exam review sheet the session prior to each exam. Nothing will be on an exam that
wasn’t on the exam review sheets.
STUDY GUIDE: You will be graded twice on your study guide. That is during the VI and XII Sessions. You
must bring your study guide! If you do not have your study guide, you will lose 10 points for every day you
are late. Grading of the study guide as to the extent of completion is at the instructor’s personnel interpretation.
ANALYSIS PAPER: This paper is due at the beginning of Session XI. The cover sheet should be titled: An
Analysis of Doctrine in a Local Church. The paper will be an interview and the cover will have your name as
the reporter (writer). It must be 8-12 pages, with no larger than 12 point font, double-spaced typed. It will be
graded on syntax and grammar. You may need to add you own personal analysis of the answers given you in
order to meet the 8-12 page requirement. The good news is there need not be any footnotes or extensive
research (unless you quote from copyrighted materials). This will be a report of an interview with some church
official. You may interview a pastor, staffer, or denominational worker for your report. Your source must
remain anonymous. You will (perhaps a week before the interview) provide the pastor, or source, with the
following four questions and set up an interview time. At the time of the interview, you will ask the fifth
question stated herein. I prefer a spontaneous response to that fifth question, and request that it not be revealed
until the last of the actual meeting. It is my belief that every pastor should have a solid position on the first four
questions, and be willing to state them in public. You, as a member of the church (or as an interested party),
have the right to know what the leadership of the church believes. If you are a pastor, I request you interview
someone else. With permission from the one you are interviewing, you might need to audio tape the session for
later review and correctness.
The questions are:
1. When is the Lord’s Supper observed in your (this) church, and what is your opinion regarding ―open‖
and ―closed‖ communion?
2. What is your polity (government form) for this church regarding accepting people into membership,
conducting church business meetings, the authority of the individual member, and the autonomy of the
3. What is your opinion and policy on accepting baptisms from other churches?
4. What are your church’s purposes or goals, and how is the church attempting to achieve those goals?
5. (To be revealed at the end of the session.) Does your church have a constitution and by-laws, and what
does it say about the four previous questions?
The Analysis Paper should be a fun time, and not a dreaded ―term paper.‖
SESSION I – BAPTIST HISTORY AND THEOLOGY
The instructor’s name is: Dr. Eli H. Sheldon (Bro. Eli)
Each session you need to bring: Textbook, Study Guide, Bible, and something with which to write.
The following items are of special note for Session I and would normally be put on a white board (or chalk
board). Anything put on the white board is probably exam material.
1. 5th Century (early 400’s)—The Theodosian Code was adopted by the Roman Church. It said in effect:
―There will be the death penalty for anyone, other than a priest or authorized church authority, who rebaptizes
another.‖ Rebaptisms from about 300 A. D. through 1641 were by sprinkling (or occasionally pouring). The
reestablishment of immersion as the proper form of baptism occurred sometime around 1630-40’s.
2. Define Donatists—
4. John Wycliffe (1329-1384) was called: The _________________________________________.
5. Wycliffe’s views included:
8. John Huss (in 1415)—
9. What event most prepared the world for Reformation?
10. Concerning dates: I will require only a dozen or so specific dates to be remembered.
The first two dates to remember are:
Oct. 31, 1517—
11. Luther’s 95 thesis on the door of the church at Wittenburg had three general subjects:
1. The trafficking of indulgences—
2. The power of the pope to forgive sins—
3. The character of the treasury of the church—
12. Identify: Pope Leo X—
13. Know the chart of English rulers (it’s a handout)
14. The church of England went from:
1. Roman Catholic
2. Church of England (Church of Angland, Anglican Church)
5. Various Dissenters
SESSION II – BAPTIST HISTORY AND THEOLOGY
By now you should have completed your Study Guide pages relating to Chapters 1-2, in McBeth.
White Board Notes:
1. John Calvin and Jacob Arminius (from the handout)--
2. Menno Simons—
3. Melchoir Hofman—Hofmanite Christology—
4. When did Baptists begin? Three theories include:
I. Successionism (A.D. 30) – Held from late 1600’s until early 1900’s
II. Separatists (1609)—Held by Leon McBeth—
III. Anabaptists (1641)—Held by William Estep—
5. General Baptist—
6. Particular Baptists—
7. Church Polity:
I. Monarchial—Ruled by one
II. Oligarchical—Ruled by several. There are two forms:
8. John Smyth and his beliefs:
A. True worship—
C. Two-Fold Ministry—
9. Dates to remember: 1. 1455—
2. Oct. 31, 1517
10. Dissenters and churches to remember:
1. John Smyth 7. Spitalfield Church
2. Thomas Helwys 8. JLJ Church
3. William Brewster 9. Samuel Eaton
4. William Bradford 10. Marke Luker
5. Gainsborough Church 11. Richard Blunt
6. Scrooby Manor Church
11. What are Dr. Sheldon’s views on these early churches and dissenters?
Give the five English rulers between 1509 and 1624, how they stood religiously, and the effects of their
reign on the dissenter groups.
Ruler Date Ruled Religious Position Effects and Results
Henry VIII (1509-1547) Roman Catholic Owing to his marital problems, he established
the English Catholic Church (Circa 1532-34).
Edward VI (1547-1553) Protestant Leanings He officially established the Church of
England (Anglican Church). He allowed
dissenters (reformers) their freedom to
Mary Tudor (1553-1558) Strongly Catholic Her extreme persecutions of all reformers
earned her the name of ―Bloody Mary.‖
Elizabeth Tudor (1559-1603) Showed religious Her political skills and religious compromise
tolerance helped establish the ―Elizabethan Period.‖
King James I (1603-1624) Re-established the His restriction of other religious groups led
(A Stuart from Anglican Church to the establishment of several dissenter
Scotland) churches in Europe and the Plymouth
church in America. Baptists were established
either during his reign or shortly after this
John Calvin Jacob Arminius
A French Theologian A Dutch Theologian
Atonement--------- Christ died only for those Christ died for all men in
particular ones who were in general, and all men have
predestined to be saved. the opportunity to accept
(Limited or Particular Him if confronted with the
Predestination------ God elects, chooses, predetermines, Any person who voluntarily
predestines, some to salvation and believes and trusts in Christ
all others to damnation. can be saved.
Security--------------- Once saved you can never lose You can lose your salvation
your salvation. and ―fall from grace.‖
Polity------------------- The local church has complete The church structure allows
control over its own actions. only limited congregational
Associations have only advisory authority. This gives greater
or missionary functions as authorized power to hierarchies.
by the individual local church.
Followers--------------- Are called Calvinists. Are called Arminians.
BAPTIST HERITAGE: Chapter 1
I. MATCHING: Please put the correct letter by the most correct numbered item.
___ 1. Marian Separatists a. Separatist author of The True Church and the False Church (1588)
___ 2. Robert Browne b. Particular Baptist who journeyed to Holland in 1641 to observe
___ 3. affusion c. led early separatist congregation in 1560's in London at Plumber's hall
___ 4. John Smyth d. secret English congregations that provided models for the later English
___ 5. John Wycliffe e. wrote The Book of Martyrs describing religious persecution of
___ 6. Richard Blunt f. became pastor in 1592 of the London Separatist congregation, which was
called the "Ancient church" in Amsterdam
___ 7. Slayden A. Yarbrough g. mode of baptism where the subject is totally submerged
___ 8. Collegiant Mennonites h. "morning star of the Reformation," put Bible into English in 1382
___ 9. Barrington R. White i. author of Four Causes of Separation, which accused the Church of
England with false worship, ministry, discipline, and membership
___10. Henry Jacob j. Catholic daughter of Henry VIII, dismantled Protestantism, restored
___11. immersion k. founded a church in 1616 in the Southwark section of England
___12. Thomas Helwys 1. Anabaptist group called Waterlanders, practiced immersion
___13. William Bonam m. author of contemporary study entitled John Robinson and the English
___14. Francis Johnson n. early English Baptists who held that Christ died only for the elect,
___15. Mary Tudor o. early English Baptists who held that anyone who voluntarily believes in
Christ can be saved
___16. Leonard Busher p. beautiful, controversial wife of Francis Johnson, source of conflict in
___17. John Robinson q. well-to-do layman in the Gainsborough Separatist church who helped
establish first General Baptist church in Amsterdam
___18. John Greenwood r. led separation of the Church of England from Rome by the Act of
___19. General Baptists s. author of contemporary dissertation on Henry Jacob
___20. Thomasine Boys t. method of baptism by pouring
___21. John Foxe u. established first Baptist church in 1609, baptized himself, Helwys and
about 40 others
___22. Timothy George v. Dutchman, wrote Religion's Peace on religious liberty, advocated
immersion 30 years before Particular Baptists
___23. Henry VIII w. Separatist pioneer who wrote famous A Treatise of Reformation without
tarrying for anie
___24. Particular Baptists x. author of contemporary The English Separatist Tradition
___25. Henry Barrowe y. pastor of milder Separatist church at Scrooby Manor which became the
famous "Pilgrim church"
BAPTIST HERITAGE: Chapter 2
I. IDENTIFICATIONS: Identify or describe briefly the following terms or persons. Include for each person,
if available, his/her dates, Baptist affiliations (General or Particular), important publications, and contributions.
A. Hofmanite Christology
B. Thomas Collier
D. Jacob Arminius
E. Calvinistic view of atonement
F. "visible saints"
G. twofold order of ministry
I. Daniel Fealty
J. "open communion"
K. "closed communion"
L. John Bunyan
M. Fifth Monarchy Movement
N. Munster radicalism
O. Vavasor Powell
P. Thomas Grantham
Q. Benjamin Keach and congregational hymn singing
R. Anna Trapnell
S. Isaac Marlow
A. McBeth discusses three formative influences which helped Baptists shape and articulate their doctrinal
positions. Name, explain, and give a few representative examples of each.
BAPTIST HERITAGE: Chapter 3
I. MATCHING: Match the person and statements below, and put your response to the left of the
statement or writing.
1. James I 2. William Laud 3. John Smyth 4. Thomas Helwys
5. Leonard Busher 6. John Murton 7. Oliver Cromwell 8. Edward Barber
9. Christopher Blackwood 10. John Tombes 11. John Clarke 12. Henry Denne
13. Thomas Venner 14. William Kiffin 15. Thomas Delaune
____ wrote Religion's Peace: A Plea for Liberty of Conscience, earliest Baptist treatise exclusively on
____ led Parliament's army to victory over the forces of Charles I
____ author of the treatise on religious liberty entitled The Ancient Bounds, allowed government interference
to prevent total neglect of religion or too militant practices
____ Rhode Island Baptist, wrote Ill Newes from New-England, describing persecution of Baptists in Boston
wrote A Patterne of True Prayer, in which he advocated government authority over religion
____ London merchant imprisoned in 1641 for denying tithes and infant baptism, responsible for petition
To the Kings Majesty
____ author of A Short Declaration of the Mistery of Iniquity, the most inclusive statement on liberty of the
____ Cambridge graduate who wrote The Storming of the Antichrist and Apostolical Baptisme, advocated
less liberty for Roman Catholics than for Protestants
____ rejected the Puritans' demands for reform and the Separatists' Millenary Petition, authorized new
English translation of the Bible (issued in 1611)
____ author of The Quaker No Papist, in which he defended religious freedom for all, including Catholics
____ led several Baptists in 1661 in the publication of The Humble Apology of Some Commonly Called
Anabaptist in an attempt to distance themselves from the Fifth-Monarchy movement
____ London schoolmaster and printer who published A Plea for the Non-Conformists in 1683, which stated that
Baptists were justified in separating from the Church of England and that all denominations should be
allowed complete religious freedom
____ leader of the English General Baptists after the death of Thomas Helwys, wrote from prison in 1615
Objections Answered by Way of Dialogue
____ a Fifth Monarchist who led a group of armed horsemen in rebellion on January 6, 1661; he was
executed for this act
____ Archbishop of Canterbury appointed by Charles I who limited dissent and enforced Anglican
II. SHORT ESSAYS
A. Write a short essay summarizing the attitude of King James I toward dissenters.
B. Discuss the actions and attitude of Parliament toward dissenters after the Civil War during
the period 1640-1648.
C. Describe the Fifth Monarchy movement and its consequences upon Baptists.
D. Name the laws of the Clarendon Code and describe each one briefly.
E. Give details about the passage of the Toleration Act of 1689 and its impact upon Baptists
and other dissenters.
A. List and summarize the contributions of Roger Williams.
D. List the three factors which account for religious toleration in the Middle Colonies.
A. Write an essay discussing the claims of being the original Baptist church in America by the
respective Baptist churches of Providence and Newport. Based upon the evidence, what is
your opinion on the issue?
BAPTIST HERITAGE: Chapter 5
I . SHORT ESSAYS
A. Write a short essay discussing the impact of Matthew Caffyn upon the General Baptists.
B. Briefly explain the practice of shared decisions among the General Baptists.
C. Explain why some General Baptists rejected singing in worship services and arguments
given against such views by men such as Dan Taylor.
BAPTIST HERITAGE: Chapter 6
I. MATCHING: Please put the most proper letter by the proper number.
____ 1. John Gill a. Anglican laymen who began Sunday instruction for disadvantaged
____ 2. Andrew Fuller b. pastor at Leicestershire, author of Help to Zion's Travellers
____ 3. Ann Dutton c. Cambridge Baptist who in 1788 helped frame an early resolution to
Parliament against slavery
____ 4. Abraham Booth d. hyper-Calvinist who told Carey to "Sit down" at 1787 meeting of the
____ 5. Robert Raikes e. hyper-Calvinist pastor at Horsleydown church, author of the Body of
____ 6. Edward Terrill f. Baptist laymen who turned the Sunday School more to religious
____ 7. Dr. John Thomas g. wrote major theological work on the ordinances entitled An
Apology for the Baptists .. .
____ 8. Robert Hall, Sr. h. proposed the "Schism Bill" which would have repealed the Act of
____ 9. Joseph Hussey i. Particular Baptist, rejected hyper-Calvinism by living it down and
preaching the Gospel
____10. Alvery Jackson j. pastor at Kettering, wrote The Gospel Worthy of All Acceptation
____11. William Carey k. Baptist physician appointed to India as the first missionary of the
____12. William Fox 1. cobbler who led in the origin of the Baptist Missionary Society,
went to India
____13. Robert Robinson m. hyper-Calvinist at Curriers' Hall in Crippelgate, wrote The
Covenant of Grace Opened
____14. Hugh Evans n. defended the practice of women writing for publication, teaching
publically in the church
____15. Hercules Collins o. Anglican rector in Wiltshire, extreme Calvinist even before the Civil
____16. Queen Anne p. left substantial bequest to support a pastor who would teach others,
roots of Bristol College
____17. William Ward q. hyper-Calvinist pastor at Cripplegate, author of Divine Energy
____18. John Brine r. BMS was formed in this widow's home on October 2, 1792
____19. John Skepp s. co-pastor at Bristol with his son, Caleb, responsible for Bristol
____20. John Marshman t. hyper-Calvinist Presbyterian pastor in Cambridge, influenced John
____21. Tobias Crisp u. moderate "Fullerite" who was the son of a famous hyper-Calvinist
____22. John Fawcett v. preacher of the Serempore Mission, worked with Carey
____23. Dr. John Ryland, Sr. w. in 1702 he wrote a treatise on education entitled The Temple
____24. John Ryland, Jr. x. Baptist printer and missionary who worked with Carey in Serempore
____25. Martha Wallace y. pastor at Yorkshire who in 1752 published a book attempting to
A. Particular Baptist Fund
C. Baptist Missionary Society
A. Write a brief summary of the Particular Baptist's attitude or approach to the following:
2. Laying on of hands
3. Conditions on Communion
4. Church Discipline
BAPTIST HERITAGE: Chapter 7
I. MATCHING: Put the most correct letter by the proper number.
____ 1. Martha Stearns a. prepared a brief Essay for the Philadelphia Assn. on the power and
duty of an association
____ 2. James Manning b. pastor of First Church, Charleston for 38 years, college in Greenville,
S.C. named after him
____ 3. Paul Palmer c. led the Baptist church at Shaftsbury, the earliest congregation in
____ 4. Isaac Backus d. Massachusetts Baptist, chaplain in Revolutionary War, formed
church at Haverhill, leading founder of Rhode Island College
____ 5. Benjamin Griffith e. pastor of Charleston, led in the establishment of the Charleston
Baptist Association in 1751
____ 6. T. J. Frelinghuysen f. ecumenical English evangelist, made at least five tours of the
____ 7, Richard Furman g. much-persecuted black preacher who led the Savannah church to
rapid growth and acceptance into the Georgia Association in 1688
____ 8. Hezekiah Smith h. first known Baptist in New Hampshire, gained one convert in 40
____ 9. Squire Boone i. elected as the first president of Rhode Island College instead of
____10. George Whitefield j. pastor of the Gilbert's Creek Church, known as the "travelling
____11. Oliver Hart k. English Baptist who formed the Mill Swamp Church in Virginia
____12. Gwyn A. Williams 1. New Light Congregationalist, became Separate Baptist, established
church at Middleborough
____13. Isaac Eaton m. sister of Shubal Steams, wife of Daniel Marshall, Separate Baptist
____14. Rachel T. Scammon n. pastor of First Baptist, Philadelphia, prime mover in forming Rhode
____15. Robert Norden o. earliest known Baptist in Connecticut, ousted from the New Haven
Congregational Church in 1657
____16. Jonathan Edwards p. a native of Maryland, he led organized Baptist work in North Carolina
although he pastored no church
____17. Morgan Edwards q. Presbyterian minister who established the "Log College," forerunner
____18. Andrew Bryan r. Dutch Reformed minister, led revival in the Raritan Valley of New
____19. Bliss Willoughby s. early Baptist preacher in Kentucky and brother of Daniel Boone
____20. William Screven t. author of The Search for Beulah Land, which describes Welsh
immigration to America
____21. Gilbert Tennent u. became pastor of the first Regular Baptist church in New York City
in 1762, served 26 years
____22. Mrs. Theophilus Eaton v. pastor of Northampton Congregational Church, theologian of the
____23. Lewis Craig w. Awakening minister whose sermon "Danger of an Unconverted
Ministry" helped split the Presbyterians
____24. William Tennent x. first pastor of the Baptist church in Charleston beginning in 1696
____25. John Gano y. established Hopewell Academy in New Jersey, graduates included
Hezekiah Smith, James Manning
III. SHORT ESSAYS
A. Briefly discuss the attitudes of early Baptist churches toward baptism, the Lord's Supper, Easter, and
B. Discuss briefly the origins of the Philadelphia Baptist Association, the Charleston Association, and the Warren
Association and some of their early characteristics and actions.
BAPTIST HERITAGE: Chapter 8
I.. IDENTIFY: Identify the following persons, terms, movements, etc., in relation to the Baptist struggle for and
contributions to religious liberty and separation of church and state.
A. The Rights of Conscience Inalienable
B. William Penn
C. "Exemption Laws"
D. "A Memorial and Remonstrance"
E. Elizabeth Backus
F. John "Swearing Jack" Waller
G. Government and Liberty Described
H. John Leland
I. General Assessment Bill of Virginia
J. Article VI, U. S. Constitution
K. Warren Association
L. "Liberty of Conscience"
M. Grievance Committee
N. General Committee, Virginia
O. "bill for Establishing Religious Freedom"
P. Lewis Craig
Q. Sturbridge, Massachusetts
R. Isaac Backus
S. James Ireland
T. James Barbour
U. An Appeal to the People
V. First Amendment, U. S. Constitution
W. Samuel Harris
A. Write an essay discussing the contributions of Isaac Backus to the cause of religious liberty in New England
and to the new nation.
BAPTIST HERITAGE, Chapter 10
____ 1 . John Mason Peck
a. a widow who applied for appointment as a foreign missionary with Geor ge E. Hough family
b. Tennessee predestinarian pastor who opposed missions and published Views on the Two
____ 2. James E. Reeve Seeds
c. published a pamphlet in 1820 which helped turn the Kehuckee association, NC, against
____ 3. Samuel Mills missions
d. Triennial Convention missionary to China, switched to Southern Baptist Convention
____ 4. Richard Furman
e. father of Alexander Campbell, led in formation of the "Christian Association of
____ 5. Issachar J. Roberts Washington"
f. English Baptist who came to America with James Hoby to urge Baptists to abandon slavery
____ 6. Daniel Parker g. pastor, FBC, Charleston, first president of the Triennial Convention
h. student at Williams College, led a group of students interested in missions
____ 7. J. L. Waller i. a slave owner who was nominated to the American Baptist Home Missionary Society
in 1844, led to division of Baptists, North and South
____ 8. Ann Hasseltine
j. Congregationalist who became a Baptist in India, married to Ann Hasseltine
____ 9. Jonathan Going k. author of Not A Silent People, advocated that controversy has helped shape Baptists
l. black missionary to Liberia of the Triennial Convention, chose to switch to the SBC
____ 10. Charlotte H. White m. appointed as missionary to the Missouri Territory by the Triennial Convention in 1817
n. the first corresponding of the American Baptist Home Mission Society
____ 11. Thomas Campbell
o. founder of a movement of "Reformers" which after 1830 became the Disciples of Christ or
____ 12. William B. Johnson the Church of Christ
p. editor of the Baptist Banner and Pioneer, advocated caution and delay on separation issue
____ 13. John Taylor q. chosen first president of the Southern Baptist Convention in Augusta, Ga., May 1845
____ 14. Adoniram Judson
r. the first secretary of the Baptist General Tract Society which was established in his home
s. appointed missionary to the Missouri Territory in 1817 with John Mason Peck
____ 15, Francis Cox t. married Adoniram Judson on February 5, 1812, sailed for India with him on February 19,
____ 16. Joshua Lawrence u. moderate antimission leader of Virginia, published pamphlet Thoughts on Missions
v. appointed by the Triennial Convention as a missionary to the Indians near Fort Wayne
____ 17. Isaac McCoy
w. Congregationalist missionary to India, became a Baptist, promoted the mission cause in the
____ 18. Lucius Bolles United States
x. elected corresponding secretary of the Triennial Convention in 1826
____ 19. John Day y. Kentucky Baptist led in the founding of the antislavery Baptist Licking Locust Association,
Friends of Humanity
____ 20. Luther Rice
____ 21. David Barrow
____ 22. Walter Shurden
____ 23. Alexander Campbell
____ 24. James Welch
____ 25. George Wood
II. IDENTIFY: Briefly identify the following terms, movements, or publications.
A. "Star in the East"
B. Massachusetts Baptist Missionary Society
C. Latter Day Luminary,
D. Baptist Manual
E. The Psalmist
G. Millennial Harbinger
H. "Alabama Resolutions"
A. List and briefly explain the several reasons given by McBeth for the widespread antimission movement among Baptists.
B. List and briefly explain the areas of disagreement between Alexander Campbell and the Baptists.
C. List the three factors given by McBeth which led to the division between the Baptists in the North and the South in 1845.
D. In his address explaining the reasons for the establishment of the Southern Baptist Convention in 1845, W. B. Johnson,
first president of the SBC, made three points. List and briefly explain them.
A. Briefly discuss the beginnings, dates, and purposes of the three major societies established in the first half of the
nineteenth century by the Baptists of America
B. Write an essay defining and explaining the differences between the society and the convention ap proaches to
organization by the Baptists.
C. Discuss the factors leading to a division between the Baptists of the North and the Baptists of the South. Give special
attention to the slavery issue.
BAPTIST HERITAGE: Chapter 11
____ 1. James P. Boyce a. in 1877 meeting of Baptist women she called for sending delegates to SBC
meeting in Richmond
____ 2. Eleanor Macomber b. English businessman, helped form FBC of Monterrey, appointed missionary
to Mexico in 1870
____ 3. James M. Frost c. ABMU missionary, led a revival in Africa called the "Pentecost of the
____ 4. William D. Powell d. appointed SBC missionary to Japan, lost at sea along with his wife and
another SBC couple
____ 5. Thomas W. Westrup e. Old Testament professor at Southern Seminary, forced to resign because of
____ 6. Lott Cary f. missionary appointed to Tengchow in China, in 1877 suggested a special
Christmas offering by Baptist women in the South
____ 7. R. B. C. Howell g. first chairman of the faculty at Southern Baptist Theological Seminary
____ 8. Anne L. Bagby h. ABMU single woman missionary appointed to the Karens, lived alone
____ 9. Hans Valder i. first missionary appointed by the FMB, SBC, served in China
____10. Annie Armstrong j. early corresponding secretary of the HMB, resigned after serving only 5
____11. John Roher k. the first secretary of the current Sunday School Board of the SBC
____12. A. J. Rowland 1. established the first Swedish Baptist church in America in Rock Island,
Illinois, in 1852
____13. Henry Richards m. pastor of First Baptist, Nashville, published first issues of what is now the
Baptist and Reflector
____14. Fung Seung Nam n. led in the establishment of the American Baptist Education Society in 1888
____15. Samuel C. Clopton o. physician whose gift led to the forming of the first college of Missouri
Baptists in 1849
____16. BYPU p. headed a German department at Rochester Seminary beginning in 1858
____17. James B. Taylor q. Black Baptist appointed missionary to Liberia by the African Baptist
____18. Crawford Toy r. Baptist who served in Africa in Lagos, convert was Moses Stone who later
caused a schism
____19. August Rauschenbusch s. young people's movement established by the SBC's Sunday School Board in
____20. Lottie Moon t. served in Brazil for 61 years, longest tenure of any SBC foreign missionary
____21. Gustaf Palmquist u. HMS missionary appointed to work in the San Francisco area in 1870
____22. Daniel P. Bestor v. established the first Norwegian Baptist church in this country in 1848 in
____23. William Jewell w. led to replace Thomas Westrup as a missionary to Mexico after the latter was
____24. William J. David x. appointed first secretary of the Foreign Mission Board of the SBC
____25. Henry L. Morehouse y. ABPS secretary who attacked SBS Sunday School Board in 1897 resulting
in loss of Southern support
1. List and describe or characterize the three major leaders of the Landmark movement among Southern Baptists in
the nineteenth century.
2. List and explain the basic teachings of Landmarkism as given by McBeth.
3. Discuss the work and contributions of I. T. Tichnor in relation to the Home Mission Board, SBC.
BAPTIST HERITAGE: Chapter 14
I. IDENTIFY: Identify the following persons, terms, or movements in relation to Baptists in the North in the
B. William Bell Riley
C. T. O. Conant
D. The Finality of the Christian Religion
E. The Buffalo Convention of 1920
F. "inclusive policy"
G. The Baptist
H. Conservative Baptists of America
L. Baptist Bible Union
J. General Association of Regular Baptist Churches
K. Edwin T. Dahlberg
L. Valley Forge
N. G. Pitt Beers
O . Immigrants, Baptists, and the Protestant Mind in America
P. J. S. Murrow
Q. Jitsuo Morikawa
R. American Baptist Historical Society
S. Board of Education (1912)
T. Eastern Baptist Theological Seminary
U. Theological Education in the Northern Baptist Convention
V. Outline of Christian Theology
W. Systematic Theology
X. Christianity and the Social Crisis
Y. The Faith of A Modern
Z. Kenneth L. Pagard
A. Name the three new names adopted by the Baptists of the North in the 20th century and discuss the rationale
and the substantive changes related to each new name.
B. Name and discuss thoroughly the three areas of attack by the Fundamentalists upon the Northern Baptist
BAPTIST HERITAGE: Chapter 15
I. MATCHING: Put the most correct letter to the left of the appropriate number.
____ 1. Ebbie C. Smith a. first full-time secretary of the Executive Committee of the SBC
____ 2. G. Henton Davies b. Nashville pastor who led in the establishment of the Annuity Board,
its first secretary
____ 3. A. H. Newman c. daughter of Southern Seminary professor, helped raise money for a
dormitory for women students
____ 4. Anne Rosser d. Houston laymen who led an ultraconservative quest to capture the
SBC during late 1970s and 1980s
____ 5. L. R. Scarborough e. pioneer of Theological Education by Extension (TEE) in Southeast
____ 6. William Lunsford f. Fundamentalist pastor of First Baptist Church, Fort Worth, who
attacked SWBTS and other persons and agencies
____ 7. B. H. Carroll g. a Texas layman who is considered to be the first full-time Southern
Baptist evangelist (1870)
____ 8. Bernard W. Spilman h. general publishing arm of the SSB, named after John A.Broadus and
____ 9. Austin Crouch i. author of The Southern Baptist Convention and Its People 1607-1982.
____10. Paul Pressler j. chairman of the Social Service Commission which was established
____11. J. T. Henderson k. author of the Genesis commentary in The Broadman Bible
Commentary which was withdrawn by the SSB
____12. W. L. Poteat 1. co-pastor with her husband, Aubrey, of a Southern Baptist church in
Richmond, baptized 3 in 1980
____13. Frank Tripp m. in 1901 appointed the first "field worker" of the Sunday School Board
____14. Broadman Press n. the pioneer leader of the Laymen's Missionary Movement, which was
formed in 1907
____15. Robert A. Baker o. president of SWBTS who was the south wide director of the
"Seventy-Five Million Campaign"
____16. Addie Davis p. editor of the moderate Fundamentalist publication, the Southern
____17. J. Frank Norris q. first president of the Southern Baptist Historical Society, formed
____18. William Penn r. treasurer of the Home Mission Board who had embezzled $909,461
up through 1928
____19. Norman W. Cox s. regular preacher on the "Baptist Hour" for eighteen years, Oklahoma
____20. Ralph Elliot t. led in the forming of the Hundred Thousand Club in 1933 to
pay off convention debts
____21. Herschel H. Hobbs u. founder and first president of Southwestern Baptist Theological
____22. Russell Kammerling v. chairman of a committee appointed in 1938 to survey the potential for
____23. Eliza S. Broadus w. first secretary (1951-1959) of the Historical Commission of the SBC
____24. Samuel F. Lowe x. first woman formally ordained to the ministry in a Southern Baptist
____25. Clinton S. Carnes y. author of The Message of Genesis which was published by the SSB in
1961, caused furor
A. List the three significant things that happened in the twentieth century to the Christmas offering for foreign
missions taken by Baptist women in the South in 1888.
B. List the five points in the formula given by Arthur Flake on how to build an effective Sunday School.
C. List the three standing committees of the Southern Baptist Convention and briefly describe the work of each
D. Write a brief essay discussing the rise and the role of the Executive Co mmittee of the SBC.
B. Write a brief essay discussing the basis for being a messenger to the Southern Baptist Convention. Discuss the
difference between a "delegate" and a "messenger". Discuss any changes which have taken place in relation to
representation as a messenger at the annual convention.
C. Write a brief essay discussing the approach to financing Southern Baptist work up to 1925. Include specific
examples. Discuss the establishment of the Cooperative Program, including its purpose, benefits and drawbacks.
D. List and briefly describe the four factors which have contributed to a resurgence of Calvinism among Baptists.
I. Chapter 16
A. . List the forerunner groups of a national organization of black Baptists.
A. Write a major essay discussing the rise and development of black Baptists. Include the origin of the different
national organizations and the relation between black and white Baptists.