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       Oklahoma Baptist University

              OBU @ OKC
        Capital Baptist Association

                  Study Guide
                 For REL 3563
 Baptist History and Theology


                  Slayden Yarbrough
                   Professor Emeritus
              Oklahoma Baptist University
                  Shawnee, Oklahoma

    Condensed edition produced by Dr. Eli H. Sheldon

            For Classroom and At-Home Use


As a student of "Baptist History and Theology" you are preparing to study one of Christianity's most
interesting movements. Diverse, controversial, radical, and aggressive, the people called Baptists have made
enormous contributions to the heritage of Christ's followers.

This course will begin with a study of the origin of the Baptists and the issues related to this topic. The rise
of British Baptists and their subsequent developments will give you an awareness of their contributions to
Baptists in the world and in the United States. A study of Baptists in America will demonstrate the diversity
of the denomination and will help you to appreciate your own denomination. Special attention will be given
to Southern Baptists. The history of the movement will help you to understand past trends and to evaluate
more effectively current issues. A special section on Baptist theology should enable you to better
comprehend the theoretical and historical foundations of Baptist theology, and the content and use of Baptist
confessions of faith.

The Purpose of the Course: The primary purpose of this course is to introduce you to the historical,
organizational, and theological development of the Baptists. Attention will be given to personalities,
movements, controversies, institutional and intellectual development, significant literature, and contributions
to Christianity as a whole by the Baptists. The influence of the Baptists upon Christianity and general
history will be emphasized. Although lectures and readings will highlight many names, dates, and events,
this study will keep several important questions before the students. Who are the Baptists? What are their
characteristics and contributions? What do they have in common with other denominations? What are their
distinctions in relation to other denominations? How have they defined and achieved the mission and

The textbook by McBeth is excellent. It is readable, thorough, and scholarly. His selection of information
and examples is superb. Don't allow the book's length to intimidate you. You will enjoy the book and you
will know who the Baptists are by the time you have finished reading this work.

The study guide can be a burden or a help, depending solely upon you. It will be helpful to look at the
questions in it prior to reading the textbook. If you put forth your best effort you will complete the course
with an excellent foundation for the future study of Baptists.

Slayden A. Yarbrough
Former Associate Professor of Religion, OBU

When the above article was written in 1987, the text book was already beginning to show some dating
historically. The conservative resurgence began in 1978, gathered steam in the mid-1980’s, and McBeth’s
book was published in 1987. His writing reflects a moderate viewpoint of recent Baptist history, and is
hampered by the vast reorganization of the Southern Baptist Convention after the books’ publication. The
result is a very readable book that is often outdated. This course brings the students up to date with the
current structure of the SBC. The course also covers the purpose and function of the Baptist General
Convention of Oklahoma and the local Baptist Associations ( a subject of practical importance not covered
by McBeth).

Eli H. Sheldon, Adjunct Professor of Religion, OBU

               Pictured above is Eli Sheldon, your instructor for
                  Baptist History and Theology - - REL 3563

  Dr. Sheldon currently serves as Historical Secretary for the Baptist General
  Convention of Oklahoma (3800 N. May, OKC). His office is in the Gaskin
 Baptist Archives at the BGCO. His telephone number is 942-3000, ext.4117.

  He is a longtime pastor, with his last church being Crown Heights Baptist,
OKC, where he served almost 28 years. Bro. Sheldon is married and they have
two children. Their son Todd died in 2007. Their daughter, Stefanie, and her
                           husband live in Edmond.

His wife, Freida, is the ministry assistant at the Gaskin Baptist Archives, is the
 pianist at Portland Avenue Baptist, and is in the Singing Church Women of

  Bro. Eli’s hobbies are writing, cartooning, collecting comic books, and doing
     cryptograms. Each year Eli and Freida spend January and February on
sabbatical at South Padre Island, Texas, where they work on various projects for
               the BGCO. He may be reached at (405) 924-0328

                            STUDENT INFORMATION SHEET

                 This sheet will need to be filled out and handed in to Dr. Sheldon
                                   during the third class session.

   The following information will only be used by Dr. Sheldon during the current course. It will be used in the
case of an emergency or important change in schedule. Please list a phone number which will provide the
quickest response. The address will be used only to send class materials to you if you miss a session.

Student Name:

Mailing Address:

Phone Number(s):

E-mail Address:

Where do you attend church?

Are you on a church staff, have a position of church leadership, or serve in your church?
Yes-- ____ No-- ____

If yes, what position or places of service do you occupy?

                      BAPTIST HISTORY AND THEOLOGY
                                  REL 3563
                                  Spring Semester, 2010

SESSION         ASSIGNMENT                                                    TEXTBOOK

I.    Feb. 18   Introduction                                                  None

II.   Feb. 25   Chap. 1&2, and Study Guide (SG)                               77 pages

III. Mar. 4     Chap. 3-4, SG                                                 59 pages

IV. Mar. 11     Chap. 5-6, SG                                                 48 pages

V.    Mar. 18   Exam I, British & European Bapt. (from Chap. 9, 12, 13, 17)   14 pages

VI. Mar. 25     Chap. 7-8, SG Check                                           84 pages

VII. Apr. 1     Chap. 10, SG                                                  48 pages

VIII Apr. 8     Chap. 11, SG                                                  71 pages

IX. Apr. 15     Exam II & Chap. 14, SG                                        45 pages

X.    Apr. 22   Chap. 15, pages 609-675, SG                                   75 pages

XI. Apr. 29     Analysis paper due, Chap. 15, pages 675-701, SG               37 pages

XII. May 6      Chap. 16, SG Check (must be completed)                        83 pages

XIII. May 13    Final Exam

                                            GRADING FACTORS
                                          Baptist History and Theology
                                                   REL 3563

There are five primary grading factors, each of equal value.

Factor                  Points Toward 1000           Question: How do I get 1000 points?
                                                       They don’t seem to add up.
Exam I                         200
Exam II                        200                     Answer: For example:
Final Exam                     200                       95 on an exam = 190 Pts.
Finished Study Guide           200                       80 on an exam = 160 Pts.
Analysis Paper                 200
  Total ------------------ -- 1000

Other factors can affect your grade. A lack of class attendance or consistent tardiness may drop your grade.
More than three absences and you get an ―F‖ (an OBU rule).

EXAMS: The first two exams will contain materials only from those particular class sessions. That is, Exam I
will cover items from sessions I to IV. Exam II will only cover materials from Sessions V-VIII. The Final
Exam will cover materials from Sessions IX through XIII, AND any questions on the previous two exams. I
will attempt to provide an exam review sheet the session prior to each exam. Nothing will be on an exam that
wasn’t on the exam review sheets.

STUDY GUIDE: You will be graded twice on your study guide. That is during the VI and XII Sessions. You
must bring your study guide! If you do not have your study guide, you will lose 10 points for every day you
are late. Grading of the study guide as to the extent of completion is at the instructor’s personnel interpretation.

ANALYSIS PAPER: This paper is due at the beginning of Session XI. The cover sheet should be titled: An
Analysis of Doctrine in a Local Church. The paper will be an interview and the cover will have your name as
the reporter (writer). It must be 8-12 pages, with no larger than 12 point font, double-spaced typed. It will be
graded on syntax and grammar. You may need to add you own personal analysis of the answers given you in
order to meet the 8-12 page requirement. The good news is there need not be any footnotes or extensive
research (unless you quote from copyrighted materials). This will be a report of an interview with some church
official. You may interview a pastor, staffer, or denominational worker for your report. Your source must
remain anonymous. You will (perhaps a week before the interview) provide the pastor, or source, with the
following four questions and set up an interview time. At the time of the interview, you will ask the fifth
question stated herein. I prefer a spontaneous response to that fifth question, and request that it not be revealed
until the last of the actual meeting. It is my belief that every pastor should have a solid position on the first four
questions, and be willing to state them in public. You, as a member of the church (or as an interested party),
have the right to know what the leadership of the church believes. If you are a pastor, I request you interview
someone else. With permission from the one you are interviewing, you might need to audio tape the session for
later review and correctness.

The questions are:

   1. When is the Lord’s Supper observed in your (this) church, and what is your opinion regarding ―open‖
      and ―closed‖ communion?

   2. What is your polity (government form) for this church regarding accepting people into membership,
      conducting church business meetings, the authority of the individual member, and the autonomy of the

   3. What is your opinion and policy on accepting baptisms from other churches?

   4. What are your church’s purposes or goals, and how is the church attempting to achieve those goals?

   5. (To be revealed at the end of the session.) Does your church have a constitution and by-laws, and what
      does it say about the four previous questions?

The Analysis Paper should be a fun time, and not a dreaded ―term paper.‖

                          SESSION I – BAPTIST HISTORY AND THEOLOGY

The instructor’s name is: Dr. Eli H. Sheldon (Bro. Eli)

Each session you need to bring: Textbook, Study Guide, Bible, and something with which to write.

The following items are of special note for Session I and would normally be put on a white board (or chalk
board). Anything put on the white board is probably exam material.

 1. 5th Century (early 400’s)—The Theodosian Code was adopted by the Roman Church. It said in effect:
―There will be the death penalty for anyone, other than a priest or authorized church authority, who rebaptizes
another.‖ Rebaptisms from about 300 A. D. through 1641 were by sprinkling (or occasionally pouring). The
reestablishment of immersion as the proper form of baptism occurred sometime around 1630-40’s.

 2. Define Donatists—

 3. Anabaptists—

 4. John Wycliffe (1329-1384) was called: The _________________________________________.

 5. Wycliffe’s views included:





 6. Transubstantiation—

 7. Consubstantiation—

 8. John Huss (in 1415)—

 9. What event most prepared the world for Reformation?

10. Concerning dates: I will require only a dozen or so specific dates to be remembered.
    The first two dates to remember are:


                      Oct. 31, 1517—

11. Luther’s 95 thesis on the door of the church at Wittenburg had three general subjects:

   1. The trafficking of indulgences—

   2. The power of the pope to forgive sins—

   3. The character of the treasury of the church—

12. Identify: Pope Leo X—


13. Know the chart of English rulers (it’s a handout)

14. The church of England went from:

      1. Roman Catholic

      2. Church of England (Church of Angland, Anglican Church)

      3. Puritans

      4. Separatists

      5. Various Dissenters


By now you should have completed your Study Guide pages relating to Chapters 1-2, in McBeth.

White Board Notes:

1. John Calvin and Jacob Arminius (from the handout)--

2. Menno Simons—

3. Melchoir Hofman—Hofmanite Christology—

4. When did Baptists begin? Three theories include:

    I. Successionism (A.D. 30) – Held from late 1600’s until early 1900’s

    II. Separatists (1609)—Held by Leon McBeth—

   III. Anabaptists (1641)—Held by William Estep—

5. General Baptist—

6. Particular Baptists—

7. Church Polity:

  I. Monarchial—Ruled by one

  II. Oligarchical—Ruled by several. There are two forms:
                    A. Episcopal—

                      B. Presbyterial—

 III. Congregational—

8. John Smyth and his beliefs:

   A. True worship—

   B. Prayers—

   C. Two-Fold Ministry—

   D. Finances—

9. Dates to remember: 1. 1455—

                        2. Oct. 31, 1517

                        3. 1609

                        4. 1611

                        5. 1641

10. Dissenters and churches to remember:

  1.   John Smyth                                 7. Spitalfield Church
  2.   Thomas Helwys                              8. JLJ Church
  3.   William Brewster                           9. Samuel Eaton
  4.   William Bradford                          10. Marke Luker
  5.   Gainsborough Church                       11. Richard Blunt
  6.   Scrooby Manor Church

11. What are Dr. Sheldon’s views on these early churches and dissenters?

Give the five English rulers between 1509 and 1624, how they stood religiously, and the effects of their
reign on the dissenter groups.

Ruler            Date Ruled          Religious Position          Effects and Results

Henry VIII       (1509-1547)         Roman Catholic          Owing to his marital problems, he established
                                                             the English Catholic Church (Circa 1532-34).

Edward VI        (1547-1553)        Protestant Leanings      He officially established the Church of
                                                             England (Anglican Church). He allowed
                                                             dissenters (reformers) their freedom to

Mary Tudor        (1553-1558)        Strongly Catholic        Her extreme persecutions of all reformers
                                                              earned her the name of ―Bloody Mary.‖

Elizabeth Tudor (1559-1603)           Showed religious        Her political skills and religious compromise
                                         tolerance            helped establish the ―Elizabethan Period.‖

King James I       (1603-1624)        Re-established the       His restriction of other religious groups led
(A Stuart from                         Anglican Church         to the establishment of several dissenter
  Scotland)                                                    churches in Europe and the Plymouth
                                                               church in America. Baptists were established
                                                               either during his reign or shortly after this

                               John Calvin                             Jacob Arminius
                                (1509-1564)                              (1560-1609)
                             A French Theologian                      A Dutch Theologian

Atonement---------         Christ died only for those             Christ died for all men in
                           particular ones who were               in general, and all men have
                           predestined to be saved.               the opportunity to accept
                           (Limited or Particular                 Him if confronted with the
                              Atonement)                          Gospel.
                                                                  (General Atonement)

Predestination------       God elects, chooses, predetermines,     Any person who voluntarily
                           predestines, some to salvation and      believes and trusts in Christ
                           all others to damnation.                can be saved.

Security---------------    Once saved you can never lose           You can lose your salvation
                           your salvation.                         and ―fall from grace.‖

Polity------------------- The local church has complete            The church structure allows
                          control over its own actions.            only limited congregational
                          Associations have only advisory          authority. This gives greater
                          or missionary functions as authorized    power to hierarchies.
                          by the individual local church.

Followers---------------     Are called Calvinists.                Are called Arminians.




                                                                             BAPTIST HERITAGE: Chapter 1

I. MATCHING: Please put the correct letter by the most correct numbered item.

___ 1. Marian Separatists        a. Separatist author of The True Church and the False Church (1588)

___ 2. Robert Browne             b. Particular Baptist who journeyed to Holland in 1641 to observe

___ 3. affusion                  c. led early separatist congregation in 1560's in London at Plumber's hall

___ 4. John Smyth                d. secret English congregations that provided models for the later English
                                    Separtist movement.

___ 5. John Wycliffe             e. wrote The Book of Martyrs describing religious persecution of

___ 6. Richard Blunt             f. became pastor in 1592 of the London Separatist congregation, which was
                                     called the "Ancient church" in Amsterdam

___ 7. Slayden A. Yarbrough      g. mode of baptism where the subject is totally submerged

___ 8. Collegiant Mennonites     h. "morning star of the Reformation," put Bible into English in 1382

___ 9. Barrington R. White       i. author of Four Causes of Separation, which accused the Church of
                                     England with false worship, ministry, discipline, and membership

___10. Henry Jacob               j. Catholic daughter of Henry VIII, dismantled Protestantism, restored

___11. immersion                 k. founded a church in 1616 in the Southwark section of England

___12. Thomas Helwys             1. Anabaptist group called Waterlanders, practiced immersion

___13. William Bonam             m. author of contemporary study entitled John Robinson and the English
                                    Separatist Tradition

___14. Francis Johnson           n. early English Baptists who held that Christ died only for the elect,

___15. Mary Tudor                o. early English Baptists who held that anyone who voluntarily believes in
                                    Christ can be saved

___16. Leonard Busher            p. beautiful, controversial wife of Francis Johnson, source of conflict in

___17. John Robinson             q. well-to-do layman in the Gainsborough Separatist church who helped
                                    establish first General Baptist church in Amsterdam
___18. John Greenwood        r. led separation of the Church of England from Rome by the Act of
                                 Supremacy (1534)

___19. General Baptists      s. author of contemporary dissertation on Henry Jacob

___20. Thomasine Boys        t. method of baptism by pouring

___21. John Foxe             u. established first Baptist church in 1609, baptized himself, Helwys and
                                about 40 others

___22. Timothy George        v. Dutchman, wrote Religion's Peace on religious liberty, advocated
                                immersion 30 years before Particular Baptists

___23. Henry VIII            w. Separatist pioneer who wrote famous A Treatise of Reformation without
                                tarrying for anie

___24. Particular Baptists   x. author of contemporary The English Separatist Tradition

___25. Henry Barrowe         y. pastor of milder Separatist church at Scrooby Manor which became the
                                famous "Pilgrim church"

                                                                                      BAPTIST HERITAGE: Chapter 2

I. IDENTIFICATIONS: Identify or describe briefly the following terms or persons. Include for each person,
    if available, his/her dates, Baptist affiliations (General or Particular), important publications, and contributions.

A. Hofmanite Christology

B. Thomas Collier

C. atonement

D. Jacob Arminius

E. Calvinistic view of atonement

F. "visible saints"

G. twofold order of ministry

H. "messenger"

I. Daniel Fealty

J. "open communion"

K. "closed communion"

L. John Bunyan

M. Fifth Monarchy Movement

N. Munster radicalism

O. Vavasor Powell

P. Thomas Grantham

Q. Benjamin Keach and congregational hymn singing

R. Anna Trapnell

S. Isaac Marlow

T. "association"

A. McBeth discusses three formative influences which helped Baptists shape and articulate their doctrinal
     positions. Name, explain, and give a few representative examples of each.




                                                                             BAPTIST HERITAGE: Chapter 3

 I. MATCHING: Match the person and statements below, and put your response to the left of the
statement or writing.
 1. James I                     2. William Laud             3. John Smyth                4. Thomas Helwys
 5. Leonard Busher              6. John Murton              7. Oliver Cromwell           8. Edward Barber
 9. Christopher Blackwood      10. John Tombes             11. John Clarke             12. Henry Denne
13. Thomas Venner              14. William Kiffin          15. Thomas Delaune

____ wrote Religion's Peace: A Plea for Liberty of Conscience, earliest Baptist treatise exclusively on
     religious liberty

____ led Parliament's army to victory over the forces of Charles I

____ author of the treatise on religious liberty entitled The Ancient Bounds, allowed government interference
     to prevent total neglect of religion or too militant practices

____ Rhode Island Baptist, wrote Ill Newes from New-England, describing persecution of Baptists in Boston
     wrote A Patterne of True Prayer, in which he advocated government authority over religion

____ London merchant imprisoned in 1641 for denying tithes and infant baptism, responsible for petition
     To the Kings Majesty

____ author of A Short Declaration of the Mistery of Iniquity, the most inclusive statement on liberty of the

____ Cambridge graduate who wrote The Storming of the Antichrist and Apostolical Baptisme, advocated
     less liberty for Roman Catholics than for Protestants

____ rejected the Puritans' demands for reform and the Separatists' Millenary Petition, authorized new
     English translation of the Bible (issued in 1611)

____ author of The Quaker No Papist, in which he defended religious freedom for all, including Catholics
     and Quakers

____ led several Baptists in 1661 in the publication of The Humble Apology of Some Commonly Called
     Anabaptist in an attempt to distance themselves from the Fifth-Monarchy movement

____ London schoolmaster and printer who published A Plea for the Non-Conformists in 1683, which stated that
     Baptists were justified in separating from the Church of England and that all denominations should be
     allowed complete religious freedom

____ leader of the English General Baptists after the death of Thomas Helwys, wrote from prison in 1615
     Objections Answered by Way of Dialogue

____ a Fifth Monarchist who led a group of armed horsemen in rebellion on January 6, 1661; he was
     executed for this act

____ Archbishop of Canterbury appointed by Charles I who limited dissent and enforced Anglican


A.   Write a short essay summarizing the attitude of King James I toward dissenters.

B. Discuss the actions and attitude of Parliament toward dissenters after the Civil War during
   the period 1640-1648.

C. Describe the Fifth Monarchy movement and its consequences upon Baptists.

D. Name the laws of the Clarendon Code and describe each one briefly.

E. Give details about the passage of the Toleration Act of 1689 and its impact upon Baptists
   and other dissenters.


A.     List and summarize the contributions of Roger Williams.






D. List the three factors which account for religious toleration in the Middle Colonies.





A. Write an essay discussing the claims of being the original Baptist church in America by the
    respective Baptist churches of Providence and Newport. Based upon the evidence, what is
    your opinion on the issue?

                                                             BAPTIST HERITAGE: Chapter 5

A. Write a short essay discussing the impact of Matthew Caffyn upon the General Baptists.

B. Briefly explain the practice of shared decisions among the General Baptists.

C. Explain why some General Baptists rejected singing in worship services and arguments
   given against such views by men such as Dan Taylor.

                                                                             BAPTIST HERITAGE: Chapter 6

I. MATCHING: Please put the most proper letter by the proper number.

____ 1. John Gill                     a. Anglican laymen who began Sunday instruction for disadvantaged
____ 2. Andrew Fuller                 b. pastor at Leicestershire, author of Help to Zion's Travellers

____ 3. Ann Dutton                    c. Cambridge Baptist who in 1788 helped frame an early resolution to
                                          Parliament against slavery

____ 4. Abraham Booth                 d. hyper-Calvinist who told Carey to "Sit down" at 1787 meeting of the
                                          Northampton Association

____ 5. Robert Raikes                 e. hyper-Calvinist pastor at Horsleydown church, author of the Body of
                                          Doctrinal Divinity

____ 6. Edward Terrill                f. Baptist laymen who turned the Sunday School more to religious

____ 7. Dr. John Thomas               g. wrote major theological work on the ordinances entitled An
                                          Apology for the Baptists .. .

____ 8. Robert Hall, Sr.              h. proposed the "Schism Bill" which would have repealed the Act of

____ 9. Joseph Hussey                 i. Particular Baptist, rejected hyper-Calvinism by living it down and
                                           preaching the Gospel

____10. Alvery Jackson                j. pastor at Kettering, wrote The Gospel Worthy of All Acceptation

____11. William Carey                 k. Baptist physician appointed to India as the first missionary of the

____12. William Fox                   1. cobbler who led in the origin of the Baptist Missionary Society,
                                          went to India

____13. Robert Robinson               m. hyper-Calvinist at Curriers' Hall in Crippelgate, wrote The
                                          Covenant of Grace Opened

____14. Hugh Evans                    n. defended the practice of women writing for publication, teaching
                                          publically in the church

____15. Hercules Collins              o. Anglican rector in Wiltshire, extreme Calvinist even before the Civil

____16. Queen Anne                    p. left substantial bequest to support a pastor who would teach others,
                                           roots of Bristol College

____17. William Ward                  q. hyper-Calvinist pastor at Cripplegate, author of Divine Energy

____18. John Brine                    r. BMS was formed in this widow's home on October 2, 1792


____19. John Skepp             s. co-pastor at Bristol with his son, Caleb, responsible for Bristol

____20. John Marshman          t. hyper-Calvinist Presbyterian pastor in Cambridge, influenced John

____21. Tobias Crisp           u. moderate "Fullerite" who was the son of a famous hyper-Calvinist

____22. John Fawcett           v. preacher of the Serempore Mission, worked with Carey

____23. Dr. John Ryland, Sr.   w. in 1702 he wrote a treatise on education entitled The Temple

____24. John Ryland, Jr.       x. Baptist printer and missionary who worked with Carey in Serempore

____25. Martha Wallace         y. pastor at Yorkshire who in 1752 published a book attempting to
                                   refute hyper-Calvinism


A. Particular Baptist Fund

B. Dissenters

C. Baptist Missionary Society

D. Hyper-Calvinism

E. Antinomianism


A. Write a brief summary of the Particular Baptist's attitude or approach to the following:

   1. Toleration

   2. Laying on of hands

   3. Conditions on Communion

   4. Church Discipline

                                                                              BAPTIST HERITAGE: Chapter 7

I. MATCHING: Put the most correct letter by the proper number.

____ 1. Martha Stearns              a. prepared a brief Essay for the Philadelphia Assn. on the power and
                                       duty of an association

____ 2. James Manning               b. pastor of First Church, Charleston for 38 years, college in Greenville,
                                       S.C. named after him

____ 3. Paul Palmer                 c. led the Baptist church at Shaftsbury, the earliest congregation in

____ 4. Isaac Backus                d. Massachusetts Baptist, chaplain in Revolutionary War, formed
                                       church at Haverhill, leading founder of Rhode Island College

____ 5. Benjamin Griffith           e. pastor of Charleston, led in the establishment of the Charleston
                                       Baptist Association in 1751

____ 6. T. J. Frelinghuysen         f.   ecumenical English evangelist, made at least five tours of the
                                         American colonies

____ 7, Richard Furman              g. much-persecuted black preacher who led the Savannah church to
                                       rapid growth and acceptance into the Georgia Association in 1688

____ 8. Hezekiah Smith              h. first known Baptist in New Hampshire, gained one convert in 40

____ 9. Squire Boone                i. elected as the first president of Rhode Island College instead of
                                        Jeremiah Condy

____10. George Whitefield           j. pastor of the Gilbert's Creek Church, known as the "travelling

____11. Oliver Hart                 k. English Baptist who formed the Mill Swamp Church in Virginia

____12. Gwyn A. Williams            1. New Light Congregationalist, became Separate Baptist, established
                                       church at Middleborough

____13. Isaac Eaton                 m. sister of Shubal Steams, wife of Daniel Marshall, Separate Baptist
                                       who preached

____14. Rachel T. Scammon           n. pastor of First Baptist, Philadelphia, prime mover in forming Rhode
                                       Island College

____15. Robert Norden               o. earliest known Baptist in Connecticut, ousted from the New Haven
                                       Congregational Church in 1657

____16. Jonathan Edwards            p. a native of Maryland, he led organized Baptist work in North Carolina
                                       although he pastored no church

____17. Morgan Edwards              q. Presbyterian minister who established the "Log College," forerunner
                                       of Princeton

____18. Andrew Bryan                r.   Dutch Reformed minister, led revival in the Raritan Valley of New

____19. Bliss Willoughby        s. early Baptist preacher in Kentucky and brother of Daniel Boone

____20. William Screven         t.   author of The Search for Beulah Land, which describes Welsh
                                     immigration to America

____21. Gilbert Tennent         u. became pastor of the first Regular Baptist church in New York City
                                   in 1762, served 26 years

____22. Mrs. Theophilus Eaton   v. pastor of Northampton Congregational Church, theologian of the
                                   First Awakening

____23. Lewis Craig             w. Awakening minister whose sermon "Danger of an Unconverted
                                   Ministry" helped split the Presbyterians

____24. William Tennent         x. first pastor of the Baptist church in Charleston beginning in 1696

____25. John Gano               y. established Hopewell Academy in New Jersey, graduates included
                                   Hezekiah Smith, James Manning


A. Briefly discuss the attitudes of early Baptist churches toward baptism, the Lord's Supper, Easter, and

B. Discuss briefly the origins of the Philadelphia Baptist Association, the Charleston Association, and the Warren
   Association and some of their early characteristics and actions.

                                                                                    BAPTIST HERITAGE: Chapter 8

I.. IDENTIFY: Identify the following persons, terms, movements, etc., in relation to the Baptist struggle for and
    contributions to religious liberty and separation of church and state.

A. The Rights of Conscience Inalienable

B. William Penn

C. "Exemption Laws"

D. "A Memorial and Remonstrance"

E. Elizabeth Backus

F. John "Swearing Jack" Waller

G. Government and Liberty Described

H. John Leland

I. General Assessment Bill of Virginia

J. Article VI, U. S. Constitution

K. Warren Association

L. "Liberty of Conscience"

M. Grievance Committee

N. General Committee, Virginia

O. "bill for Establishing Religious Freedom"

P. Lewis Craig

Q. Sturbridge, Massachusetts

R. Isaac Backus

S. James Ireland

T. James Barbour

U. An Appeal to the People

V. First Amendment, U. S. Constitution

W. Samuel Harris


A. Write an essay discussing the contributions of Isaac Backus to the cause of religious liberty in New England
and to the new nation.

                                                                                          BAPTIST HERITAGE, Chapter 10


____ 1 . John Mason Peck
                              a.    a widow who applied for appointment as a foreign missionary with Geor ge E. Hough family
                              b.    Tennessee predestinarian pastor who opposed missions and published Views on the Two
____ 2. James E. Reeve              Seeds
                              c.    published a pamphlet in 1820 which helped turn the Kehuckee association, NC, against
____ 3. Samuel Mills                missions
                              d.    Triennial Convention missionary to China, switched to Southern Baptist Convention
____ 4. Richard Furman
                              e.    father of Alexander Campbell, led in formation of the "Christian Association of
____ 5. Issachar J. Roberts         Washington"
                              f.    English Baptist who came to America with James Hoby to urge Baptists to abandon slavery
____ 6. Daniel Parker         g.    pastor, FBC, Charleston, first president of the Triennial Convention
                              h.    student at Williams College, led a group of students interested in missions
____ 7. J. L. Waller          i.    a slave owner who was nominated to the American Baptist Home Missionary Society
                                             in 1844, led to division of Baptists, North and South
____ 8. Ann Hasseltine
                               j.   Congregationalist who became a Baptist in India, married to Ann Hasseltine
____ 9. Jonathan Going         k.   author of Not A Silent People, advocated that controversy has helped shape Baptists
                               l.   black missionary to Liberia of the Triennial Convention, chose to switch to the SBC
____ 10. Charlotte H. White   m.    appointed as missionary to the Missouri Territory by the Triennial Convention in 1817
                              n.    the first corresponding of the American Baptist Home Mission Society
____ 11. Thomas Campbell
                              o. founder of a movement of "Reformers" which after 1830 became the Disciples of Christ or
____ 12. William B. Johnson      the Church of Christ
                              p. editor of the Baptist Banner and Pioneer, advocated caution and delay on separation issue
____ 13. John Taylor          q. chosen first president of the Southern Baptist Convention in Augusta, Ga., May 1845
____ 14. Adoniram Judson
                              r. the first secretary of the Baptist General Tract Society which was established in his home
                              s. appointed missionary to the Missouri Territory in 1817 with John Mason Peck
____ 15, Francis Cox          t. married Adoniram Judson on February 5, 1812, sailed for India with him on February 19,
____ 16. Joshua Lawrence      u. moderate antimission leader of Virginia, published pamphlet Thoughts on Missions
                              v. appointed by the Triennial Convention as a missionary to the Indians near Fort Wayne
____ 17. Isaac McCoy
                              w. Congregationalist missionary to India, became a Baptist, promoted the mission cause in the
____ 18. Lucius Bolles           United States
                              x. elected corresponding secretary of the Triennial Convention in 1826
____ 19. John Day             y. Kentucky Baptist led in the founding of the antislavery Baptist Licking Locust Association,
                                 Friends of Humanity
____ 20. Luther Rice

____ 21. David Barrow

____ 22. Walter Shurden

____ 23. Alexander Campbell

____ 24. James Welch

____ 25. George Wood

II. IDENTIFY: Briefly identify the following terms, movements, or publications.

A. "Star in the East"

B. Massachusetts Baptist Missionary Society

C. Latter Day Luminary,

D. Baptist Manual

E. The Psalmist

F. Kehuckeeism

G. Millennial Harbinger

H. "Alabama Resolutions"

A. List and briefly explain the several reasons given by McBeth for the widespread antimission movement among Baptists.





B. List and briefly explain the areas of disagreement between Alexander Campbell and the Baptists.





C. List the three factors given by McBeth which led to the division between the Baptists in the North and the South in 1845.




D. In his address explaining the reasons for the establishment of the Southern Baptist Convention in 1845, W. B. Johnson,
   first president of the SBC, made three points. List and briefly explain them.





A. Briefly discuss the beginnings, dates, and purposes of the three major societies established in the first half of the
   nineteenth century by the Baptists of America

B.   Write an essay defining and explaining the differences between the society and the convention ap proaches to
     organization by the Baptists.

C.   Discuss the factors leading to a division between the Baptists of the North and the Baptists of the South. Give special
     attention to the slavery issue.

                                                                          BAPTIST HERITAGE: Chapter 11

____ 1. James P. Boyce      a. in 1877 meeting of Baptist women she called for sending delegates to SBC
                                meeting in Richmond

____ 2. Eleanor Macomber    b. English businessman, helped form FBC of Monterrey, appointed missionary
                               to Mexico in 1870

____ 3. James M. Frost      c. ABMU missionary, led a revival in Africa called the "Pentecost of the

____ 4. William D. Powell   d. appointed SBC missionary to Japan, lost at sea along with his wife and
                               another SBC couple

____ 5. Thomas W. Westrup   e. Old Testament professor at Southern Seminary, forced to resign because of
                               controversial views

____ 6. Lott Cary           f. missionary appointed to Tengchow in China, in 1877 suggested a special
                               Christmas offering by Baptist women in the South

____ 7. R. B. C. Howell     g. first chairman of the faculty at Southern Baptist Theological Seminary

____ 8. Anne L. Bagby       h. ABMU single woman missionary appointed to the Karens, lived alone

____ 9. Hans Valder         i. first missionary appointed by the FMB, SBC, served in China

____10. Annie Armstrong     j. early corresponding secretary of the HMB, resigned after serving only 5

____11. John Roher          k. the first secretary of the current Sunday School Board of the SBC

____12. A. J. Rowland       1. established the first Swedish Baptist church in America in Rock Island,
                               Illinois, in 1852

____13. Henry Richards      m. pastor of First Baptist, Nashville, published first issues of what is now the
                               Baptist and Reflector

____14. Fung Seung Nam      n. led in the establishment of the American Baptist Education Society in 1888

____15. Samuel C. Clopton   o. physician whose gift led to the forming of the first college of Missouri
                               Baptists in 1849

____16. BYPU                p. headed a German department at Rochester Seminary beginning in 1858

____17. James B. Taylor     q. Black Baptist appointed missionary to Liberia by the African Baptist
                               Missionary Society

____18. Crawford Toy        r. Baptist who served in Africa in Lagos, convert was Moses Stone who later
                               caused a schism

____19. August Rauschenbusch   s. young people's movement established by the SBC's Sunday School Board in
                                  the 1890s
____20. Lottie Moon            t. served in Brazil for 61 years, longest tenure of any SBC foreign missionary

____21. Gustaf Palmquist       u. HMS missionary appointed to work in the San Francisco area in 1870

____22. Daniel P. Bestor       v. established the first Norwegian Baptist church in this country in 1848 in

____23. William Jewell         w. led to replace Thomas Westrup as a missionary to Mexico after the latter was

____24. William J. David       x. appointed first secretary of the Foreign Mission Board of the SBC

____25. Henry L. Morehouse     y. ABPS secretary who attacked SBS Sunday School Board in 1897 resulting
                                  in loss of Southern support

1. List and describe or characterize the three major leaders of the Landmark movement among Southern Baptists in
   the nineteenth century.

  2. List and explain the basic teachings of Landmarkism as given by McBeth.

3. Discuss the work and contributions of I. T. Tichnor in relation to the Home Mission Board, SBC.

                                                                               BAPTIST HERITAGE: Chapter 14

I. IDENTIFY: Identify the following persons, terms, or movements in relation to Baptists in the North in the
   20th century.

A.   Efficiency

B. William Bell Riley

C. T. O. Conant

D. The Finality of the Christian Religion

E. The Buffalo Convention of 1920

F. "inclusive policy"

G. The Baptist

H. Conservative Baptists of America

L.    Baptist Bible Union

J.   General Association of Regular Baptist Churches

K.   Edwin T. Dahlberg

L.   Valley Forge


N.   G. Pitt Beers

O . Immigrants, Baptists, and the Protestant Mind in America

P.   J. S. Murrow

Q.   Jitsuo Morikawa

R.   American Baptist Historical Society

S.   Board of Education (1912)

T.   Eastern Baptist Theological Seminary

U.   Theological Education in the Northern Baptist Convention

V.   Outline of Christian Theology

W. Systematic Theology

X.   Christianity and the Social Crisis

Y.   The Faith of A Modern

Z.   Kenneth L. Pagard


A.   Name the three new names adopted by the Baptists of the North in the 20th century and discuss the rationale
     and the substantive changes related to each new name.

B.   Name and discuss thoroughly the three areas of attack by the Fundamentalists upon the Northern Baptist

                                                                      BAPTIST HERITAGE: Chapter 15

I. MATCHING: Put the most correct letter to the left of the appropriate number.

____ 1. Ebbie C. Smith        a. first full-time secretary of the Executive Committee of the SBC

____ 2. G. Henton Davies      b. Nashville pastor who led in the establishment of the Annuity Board,
                                 its first secretary

____ 3. A. H. Newman          c. daughter of Southern Seminary professor, helped raise money for a
                                 dormitory for women students

____ 4. Anne Rosser           d. Houston laymen who led an ultraconservative quest to capture the
                                 SBC during late 1970s and 1980s

____ 5. L. R. Scarborough     e. pioneer of Theological Education by Extension (TEE) in Southeast

____ 6. William Lunsford      f. Fundamentalist pastor of First Baptist Church, Fort Worth, who
                                 attacked SWBTS and other persons and agencies

____ 7. B. H. Carroll         g. a Texas layman who is considered to be the first full-time Southern
                                 Baptist evangelist (1870)

____ 8. Bernard W. Spilman h. general publishing arm of the SSB, named after John A.Broadus and
                              Basil Manly

____ 9. Austin Crouch         i. author of The Southern Baptist Convention and Its People 1607-1982.

____10. Paul Pressler         j. chairman of the Social Service Commission which was established
                                 in 1913

____11. J. T. Henderson       k. author of the Genesis commentary in The Broadman Bible
                                 Commentary which was withdrawn by the SSB

____12. W. L. Poteat          1. co-pastor with her husband, Aubrey, of a Southern Baptist church in
                                 Richmond, baptized 3 in 1980

____13. Frank Tripp           m. in 1901 appointed the first "field worker" of the Sunday School Board

____14. Broadman Press        n. the pioneer leader of the Laymen's Missionary Movement, which was
                                 formed in 1907

____15. Robert A. Baker       o. president of SWBTS who was the south wide director of the
                                 "Seventy-Five Million Campaign"

____16. Addie Davis           p. editor of the moderate Fundamentalist publication, the Southern
                                 Baptist Advocate

____17. J. Frank Norris           q. first president of the Southern Baptist Historical Society, formed
                                  in 1922

____18. William Penn         r. treasurer of the Home Mission Board who had embezzled $909,461
                                up through 1928

____19. Norman W. Cox        s. regular preacher on the "Baptist Hour" for eighteen years, Oklahoma
                                City pastor

____20. Ralph Elliot         t. led in the forming of the Hundred Thousand Club in 1933 to
                                pay off convention debts

____21. Herschel H. Hobbs    u. founder and first president of Southwestern Baptist Theological

____22. Russell Kammerling v. chairman of a committee appointed in 1938 to survey the potential for
                              gospel broadcasting

____23. Eliza S. Broadus     w. first secretary (1951-1959) of the Historical Commission of the SBC

____24. Samuel F. Lowe       x. first woman formally ordained to the ministry in a Southern Baptist
____25. Clinton S. Carnes    y. author of The Message of Genesis which was published by the SSB in
                                1961, caused furor

A. List the three significant things that happened in the twentieth century to the Christmas offering for foreign
   missions taken by Baptist women in the South in 1888.




B. List the five points in the formula given by Arthur Flake on how to build an effective Sunday School.






   C. List the three standing committees of the Southern Baptist Convention and briefly describe the work of each




D. Write a brief essay discussing the rise and the role of the Executive Co mmittee of the SBC.

B. Write a brief essay discussing the basis for being a messenger to the Southern Baptist Convention. Discuss the
   difference between a "delegate" and a "messenger". Discuss any changes which have taken place in relation to
   representation as a messenger at the annual convention.

C. Write a brief essay discussing the approach to financing Southern Baptist work up to 1925. Include specific
   examples. Discuss the establishment of the Cooperative Program, including its purpose, benefits and drawbacks.

D. List and briefly describe the four factors which have contributed to a resurgence of Calvinism among Baptists.





I. Chapter 16

A. . List the forerunner groups of a national organization of black Baptists.





A. Write a major essay discussing the rise and development of black Baptists. Include the origin of the different
national organizations and the relation between black and white Baptists.


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