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Cricket Introduction: Cricket, like baseball or softball, is a bat and ball sport. Teams alternate batting and fielding, trying to score runs while batting, trying to get batters out while fielding. Batting: The cricket batter stands in front of one wicket and tries to hit pitches thrown to them by the pitcher (actually called a bowler) who stands at the other wicket. Another fielder, who is called the wicket keeper, acts as a “catcher” and stands behind the batters wicket. 1. The batter must always bat with a partner, who stands at the other wicket. Only one batter actually hits the ball at any given time, but both must work together to score runs. 2. There’s no foul territory in cricket. The batters can hit the ball anywhere. 3. There are no balls or strikes. No matter how often the batter misses the ball, he or she never strikes out. 4. The batter does not have to run after hitting the ball if he or she does not want to. 5. Both batters must carry their bats with them when they run. Scoring Runs: Runs are scored when the ball is hit and both batters run to their opposite wickets. Both batters must always be on opposite wickets in order for a run to be scored. Getting batters out: The fielding team can get batters out in four ways: 1. If the bowler can get a pitch past the batter and hit the batters wicket down. 2. If the batter hits down his own wicket while batting. 3. If a fielder catches a ball on the fly. 4. If a fielder can hit the wicket with the ball before the batter, when going for a run, can get over the safe line. 5. Once a batter is out, the next person from their team takes their place. Rules for the bowler: 1. The bowler must stay behind the safe line at his wicket until he releases the ball. 2. The bowler can throw the ball on the bounce as well as on the fly. 3. The bowler must bowl underarm. 4. The bowler must throw the ball with-in reach of the batter. The Game: A real cricket match lasts only one inning!! This is because everyone on the batting team must come up, and all, except the very last batter, be put out one after another (the very last batter doesn’t have to be put out because no one can bat alone). The fielding team then comes up and bats through their entire order. Whichever team has the most runs is the winner. Terminology: 1. Bowler—Person who pitches the ball in a cricket game 2. Wicket Keeper—Person who stands behind the wicket and catches the ball from the bowler. 3. Wicket—The instrument behind the two batters, which the ball is thrown at in order to get the batters out. 4. Ball—the object that is thrown by the bowler to the batter. 5. Batter—The person who hits the ball and runs past the safe lines. 6. Safe Lines—The position on the field the runners must get to before the fielders hit the wicket. 7. Fielders—The people in the field of play who try to hit the ball up against the wicket while the batters are running.
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