Pet Emergency Steps

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					Pet Emergency Protocols
Poisonings - Symptoms
Seizuring ; Vomiting; Diarrhea; Swollen Red Eyes; Swollen Tongue; Burned Lips

   -    Check ABC’s
   -    Identify the Poison
   -    Call ASPCA Poison Control at 1800-548-2423. Be prepared to give…
             o Substance
             o Amount
             o Time elapsed
             o Breed
             o Age
             o Sex
             o Weight
             o Symptoms
   -    Bring the poison’s container; bring a sample of vomit
             o If advised to make the dog vomit, give a can of moist dog food first
             o Next give a tsp of3% hydrogen peroxide for every 10 lbs of body weight (up to 9 tsp total)
   -    Check breathing and keep the dog warm while seeking medical attention

   -    Make sure the scene is safe
   -    Check the ABC’s. Make sure the dog’s head is in a neutral position (unless you suspect spinal injuries)
   -    Lay the dog gently on its right side; be sure not to shift the spine if you suspect spinal injuries
   -    Perform compressions on the dog’s left side just behind the elbow
            o If the dog is large, they should face away from you; if small, towards you
            o Compress the chest 1-3” in large dogs or 0.5-1” in small dogs
            o Perform 3 compressions if with a person or 5 compressions if by yourself
            o Holding the dog’s mouth shut, give a breath through the nose, watching to make sure the chest rises
            o Repeat compressions and breaths. Check the pulse and respiration every 2 minutes
            o Continue until help arrives or the dog begins responding

Car Accident
   -    Make sure the scene is safe
   -    If possible, check the ABC’s
   -    Move the dog to safety in a manner that prevents further spinal injuries
   -    Check the dog’s ABC’s again once it is safe
   -    Have someone phone a vet
   -    Perform CPR, Artificial Respiration, or Compressions if necessary
   -    Once stable, treat the animal for possible shock
Small Dogs

   -   Try to remove the object by hand
   -   Life the dog by the front legs with the spine against your chest
   -   Wrap your arms around the animal under the ribs
   -   Make a fist and place over the abdomen under the ribs. Place one hand over the fist and give 5 rapid abdominal
       thrusts (in and up)
   -   Check the animal’s mouth again to see if the object is dislodged

Large Dogs

   -   Place the dog on its side and extend the head and neck in a neutral position
   -   Place the palms of your hand below the rib cage
   -   Give 5 quick compressions (in and up)
   -   Check the animal’s mouth
   -   If the dog goes unconscious, you will need to perform rescue breathing.

Hypothermia is a body temp below 95 degrees. Symptoms: shivering, stumbling, drowsiness, non-responsiveness

   -   Take the dog to a warm room, and wrap it in a blanket. Dry it with a blow dryer or towel. DO NOT use hot
       water bottles or hot pads
   -   If the temp is below 98.5 degrees, take to a vet

   -   Cover the burn area with a cool wet towel or icepack wrapped in cloth.
   -   If the burn is not serious, apply an antiseptic ointment
   -   Transport to the vet if serious. Phone to alert your impending arrival.

   -   Cover any gaping wounds or tissue with a wet cloth or towel; the organs must be kept moist
   -   Transport to the vet immediately. Phone to alert your impending arrival.

Penetrating Chest Wounds
   -   Check ABC’s and listen for the sound of air moving through the chest wall. The dog may have trouble breathing
   -   Take a gauze pad and thoroughly coat with antibiotic ointment or petroleum jelly
   -   Place the dressing over the wound; keep in place with a non-restrictive bandage
   -   Transport to the vet immediately. Phone to alert your impending arrival.

Embedded Objects
   -   DO NOT remove the embedded object. Check the dog’s ABC’s
   -   Secure the object in place with several roles of gauze and tape
   -   Cut the object at least 5 inches from the wound
   -   Transport the animal to a vet. Phone to alert your impending arrival.
   Chemical Burns
       -    Make sure the scene is safe
       -    Try to identify the substance
       -    Contact the ASPCA poison control center or a vet for advice
       -    If advised, wash off any caustic chemicals using warm, soapy water.
       -    Never apply anything to a dog that you would not use on yourself.
       -    Cover the burn with a clean, cool, wet towel and treat the animal for shock.
       -     Transport to the vet immediately. Phone to alert your impending arrival.

   Electrical Shock/Burns
       -    Make sure the scene is safe. Turn off the power
       -    If live wires are still present, use a long, dry wooden pole to move them
       -    Check the ABC’s. Perform CPR, artificial respiration, or compressions if needed
       -    Examine the inside of the mouth for burns. If you see any, flush them with cool water.
       -    Transport to the vet immediately if the injuries are serious. Phone to alert your impending arrival.

Figure 1 Source: ASPCA Complete Dog Care (all photos)

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