Diet and diabetes by mrmradona

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Choose more high fibre foods. To help maintain blood glucose levels and cholesterol levels. Fruit; Vegetables; Pulses; Oats. Helps to maintain a healthy

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									Diet and diabetes
Reasons for diet

• Weight control
• Blood glucose control
• Prevention and management of short-
  term and long-term complications of
  diabetes
Dietary
recommendations for
diabetes
•   Eat starchy foods regularly
•   Eat more fruit and vegetables
•   Reduce animal or saturated fat
•   Cut down on sugar
•   Reduce salt
Balancing food
choices
Eat starchy foods
regularly
              •   Bread
              •   Potatoes
              •   Rice
              •   Pasta
              •   Cereals
              •   Plantain
              •   Chapatis
Eat more fruit and
vegetables
•   Fresh
•   Frozen
•   Tinned
•   Dried
•   Juice
Choose more high
fibre foods
To help maintain blood   Helps to maintain a
glucose levels and       healthy gut
cholesterol levels

•   Fruit                •   Wholegrain cereals
•   Vegetables           •   Wholemeal bread
•   Pulses               •   Wholewheat pasta
•   Oats                 •   Brown rice
Reduce animal or
saturated fat intake
• Use low fat milk
• Use low fat spread
  instead of butter
• Use oil high in
  unsaturated fat, eg
  olive oil, rapeseed
  oil
Use less fat in
cooking

•   Grill
•   Dry-roast
•   Microwave
•   Steam
Choose the right sort
       of fat
SATURATED                MONO-             POLY-
                          UNSATURATED       UNSATURATED
• Full fat dairy
  produce (eg            • Olive oil       • Sunflower oil
  cheese, butter, full                       (products)
                         • Rapeseed oil
  cream milk)
                                           • Oily fish
                         • Groundnut oil
• Pies
• Biscuits
• Savoury snacks
• Lard
• Hard vegetable fat
Cut down on sugary
foods

• Not a sugar free
  diet
• Cut out sweets
• Cut out sugary
  drinks
Choose low sugar
products

             • Use diet or low
               calorie, sugar free
               drinks
Intense sweeteners


• Tablet
• Liquid
• Granulated
Avoid diabetic
products

•   Cost
•   Laxative effects
•   Focus on ‘sugar free’
•   Still raise blood glucose levels
•   Still contain same calories
Reduce salt intake

              • Cut down on added
                salt
              • Use alternative
                seasonings
              • Look out for
                reduced/low sodium
                foods, eg bread
              • Avoid salt substitutes
Eat regular meals
based on carbohydrate:

Breakfast
Lunch or snack meal
Main meal
Weight management
and diabetes
Be more active
Slimming tips

•   Be realistic about your target weight
•   Aim to lose weight gradually
•   Eat regular meals
•   Make small changes you can stick to
Drink alcohol in
  moderation

        That’s
  2 units a day for women
   3 units a day for men
     How many units in your
     drink?
                                             units
•   1 pint premium strength lager or cider    3
•   1 pint average strength lager            2.8
•   1 pint average strength cider            2.6
•   1 pint bitter                            2.3
•   1 pint stout                             2.3
•   Medium glass (175mls)white or red wine   2.3
•   Large glass (250mls) white or red wine   3.3
•   Pub measure (25mls) spirit                1
For more information
on diabetes
0800 585 088
  Diabetes UK Careline
       0845 120 2960
      Monday to Friday
        9am to 5pm
Recorded diabetes information
         24hours/day
Website - www.diabetes.org.uk

								
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