100 TOP SAT VOCABULARY WORDS

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100 TOP SAT VOCABULARY WORDS Powered By Docstoc
					                100 TOP SAT VOCABULARY WORDS
abbreviate        shorten, abridge           impute            to attribute to someone
abstinence        act of refraining from     incompatible      unable to work together
adulation         high praise                inconsequential   trivial
adversity         misfortune                 inevitable        unavoidable, certain
aesthetic         pertaining to beauty       integrity         honesty, decency
amicable          agreeable                  intrepid          fearless, adventurous
anachronistic     out-of-date                intuitive         instinctive, untaught
anecdote          short account of event     jubilation        joy, exultation
anonymous         nameless                   lobbyist          persuader of legislators
antagonist        opponent                   longevity         long life
arid              extremely dry              mundane           ordinary, common
assiduous         hard-working               nonchalant        calm, casual
asylum            sanctuary                  novice            beginner
benevolent        friendly, helpful          opulent           wealthy
camaraderie       trust among friends        orator            speaker
censure           to criticize harshly       ostentatious      displaying wealth
circuitous        indirect, roundabout       parched           dried up
clairvoyant       able to see the future     perfidious        disloyal
collaborate       to work together           precocious        talented beyond one's age
compassion        sympathy, mercy            pretentious       pompous, self-important
compromise        to settle differences      procrastinate     to delay unnecessarily
condescending     patronizing                prosaic           run-of-the-mill
conditional       provisional, contingent    prosperity        wealth, success
conformist        follower of customs        provocative       inflammatory
congregation      crowd of people            prudent           wise, careful, cautious
convergence       joining of parts           querulous         irritable
deleterious       harmful                    rancorous         hateful
demagogue         rabble-rousing leader      reclusive         withdrawn, hermit-like
digression        straying from main point   reconciliation    agreement after a quarrel
diligent          hard-working               renovation        state of being renewed
discredit         dishonor, disgrace         resilient         quick to recover
disdain           to regard with scorn       restrained        controlled, restricted
divergent                     variant, moving apart             reverence                       profound respect
empathy                       sharing of feelings               sagacity                        wisdom
emulate                       follow an example                 scrutinize                      to observe carefully
enervating                    tiring, weakening                 spontaneity                     impulsive action
enhance                       improve, augment                  spurious                        phony, false
ephemeral                     momentary, fleeting               submissive                      meek
evanescent                    short-lived, as an image          substantiate                    to verify, confirm
exasperation                  irritation, frustration           subtle                          elusive, sly, ambiguous
exemplary                     outstanding                       superficial                     lacking in depth
extenuating                   guilt diminishing                 superfluous                     more than enough
florid                        flushed, ornate                   suppress                        to end an activity
fortuitous                    lucky                             surreptitious                   secret, stealthy
frugal                        thrifty                           tactful                         diplomatic, polite
hackneyed                     overused, cliched                 tenacious                       persistent, resolute
haughty                       arrogant, condescending           transient                       temporary, fleeting
hedonist                      pleasure seeker                   venerable                       respectable due to age
hypothesis                    theory requiring proof            vindicate                       to clear from blame
impetuous                     rash, impulsive                   wary                            watchful, alert

Taken from the superfun website http://www.quia.com/mc/1527.html

Check your answers, or try more practice: http://www.majortests.com/sat/sentence-completion.php

1. Today Wegener's theory is ____ ; however, he died an outsider treated with ____ by the scientific
establishment.
    A. unsupported - approval           B. dismissed - contempt           C. accepted - approbation
    D. unchallenged - disdain           E. unrivalled - reverence

2. The revolution in art has not lost its steam; it ____ on as fiercely as ever.
    A. trudges      B. meanders           C. edges        D. ambles       E. rages

3. Each occupation has its own ____ ; bankers, lawyers and computer professionals, for example, all use among
themselves language which outsiders have difficulty following.
    A. merits      B. disadvantages          C. rewards       D. jargon        E. problems

4. ____ by nature, Jones spoke very little even to his own family members.
    A. garrulous      B. equivocal          C. taciturn      D. arrogant        E. gregarious
5. Biological clocks are of such ____ adaptive value to living organisms, that we would expect most organisms
to ____ them.
    A. clear - avoid       B. meager - evolve         C. significant - eschew
    D. obvious - possess         E. ambivalent - develop

6. The peasants were the least ____ of all people, bound by tradition and ____ by superstitions.
    A. free - fettered      B. enfranchised - rejected        C. enthralled - tied
    D. pinioned - limited        E. conventional - encumbered

7. Many people at that time believed that spices help preserve food; however, Hall found that many marketed
spices were ____ bacteria, moulds and yeasts.
    A. devoid of         B. teeming with       C. improved by         D. destroyed by        E. active against

8. If there is nothing to absorb the energy of sound waves, they travel on ____ , but their intensity ____ as they
travel further from their source.
    A. erratically - mitigates       B. eternally - alleviates      C. forever - increases
    D. steadily - stabilizes       E. indefinitely - diminishes

9. The two artists differed markedly in their temperaments; Palmer was reserved and courteous, Frazer ____ and
boastful.
    A. phlegmatic         B. choleric       C. constrained       D. tractable    E. stoic

10. The intellectual flexibility inherent in a multicultural nation has been ____ in classrooms where emphasis on
British-American literature has not reflected the cultural ____ of our country.
    A. eradicated - unanimity           B. encouraged - aspirations      C. stifled - diversity
    D. thwarted - uniformity         E. inculcated - divide

11. The conclusion of his argument, while ____ , is far from ____ .
    A. stimulating - interesting         B. worthwhile - valueless       C. esoteric - obscure
    D. germane - relevant         E. abstruse - incomprehensible

12. In the Middle Ages, the ____ of the great cathedrals did not enter into the architects' plans; almost
invariably a cathedral was positioned haphazardly in ____ surroundings.
    A. situation - incongruous          B. location - apt     C. ambience - salubrious
   D. durability - convenient E. majesty - grandiose
__________________________________________________________________________________________

From… 5 Ways to Write a Great Essay on the SAT; by Justin Dolecki; The Princeton Review

Here are 5 no-nonsense tips on how to score big on the SAT essay:

1. Neatness counts
        The idea of having to handwrite an essay may seem quite old fashioned, somewhere along the lines of
sending a letter through the mail. But like it or not, you won't be using Microsoft Word on the SAT. Therefore,
one of the simplest ways to earn a good score is to write legibly. You see, graders are responsible for getting
through tons of essays each day, and so they usually only spend around 2 minutes reading each one. When they
come upon an essay that is messy and makes life more difficult for them, right away they are left with a bad
impression. Translation: a lower score for you. Who can blame them though? If you had to read a bunch of
messy essays that make you squint and squirm, wouldn't you be annoyed? So print neatly, because the graders
will appreciate it. (Yes, print--no script!)

2. More is more
        You've probably heard the maxim, it's not the quantity, it's the quality that counts. Good advice in the
real world, but here in SAT land, quantity is just as important as quality. Remember, ETS graders will read
your essay holistically, meaning they look at the overall package and won't really get down to the nitty-gritty.
So when grading an essay as a whole, longer always looks better. There are 45 lines to fill--get as close to that
as possible. Filling 40 lines is good. Only twenty ... not so good. Oh, by the way, for those of you who usually
have a lot to say, it's important to know that you can only use the space that is given. So don't ramble on
forever, because you won't be getting any extra sheets of paper.

3. Paragraphs are your friend
       Remember that basic writing structure you learned in grammar school English: intro, body, conclusion?
Well, follow that same format on the SAT essay. First, your introduction should include a thesis statement (the
SAT asks you if you agree or disagree with a given statement). Then you need three supporting paragraphs that
back up your thesis. And finally, you'll need a conclusion to sum it all up. By following this standard format
you will give the impression that you are organized (they don't need to know that your locker is a disaster) and
you know how to structure an essay. One other mini-tip--Clearly indent all of your paragraphs, about a full half-
inch. The clearer you make things for them, the happier the graders will be.

4. When Shakespeare comes in handy
        You created your thesis statement in the introduction, but now you need to back up your argument. The
best way to do this is by citing examples. Some may be tempted to write about stuff they've seen on TV or read
in US Weekly to explain "the tragedy of war" (the great feud between Hillary Duff and Lindsay Lohan), or their
personal life to explain "the sorrow of love lost" (your breakup with your boyfriend or girlfriend). But essay
graders will find illustrations from history or literature to be more persuasive. If you can display that you are
well read or that you know about topics like the Civil War, graders will be impressed. Be prepared with some
literary or historical examples before you take the SAT.

5. Channel your inner Webster
        Even though the SAT requires less knowledge of vocabulary than previous years (analogies are gone),
you can make a very favorable impression by simply adding a few well-placed "big words." Ideally you will
want to show off your considerable diction in the introduction or conclusion, because your power words might
get lost in the body. Don't go overboard though and make sure you actually know the meaning of the words
before you use them. Short words are better than misused words any day. If you're looking to strengthen your
vocabulary, check out The Princeton Review's SAT Word of the Day.

__________________________________________________________________________________________
Practice Prompt:

Think carefully about the following statement. Then read the assignment below it and plan and write your essay
as directed.

“The more things change, the more they stay the same.”

Assignment: Do you agree with this statement? Plan and write an essay in which you develop your position on
this issue. Support your point of view with reasoning and examples taken from your reading, studies,
experience, or observations.

				
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