100 TOP SAT VOCABULARY WORDS
abbreviate shorten, abridge impute to attribute to someone
abstinence act of refraining from incompatible unable to work together
adulation high praise inconsequential trivial
adversity misfortune inevitable unavoidable, certain
aesthetic pertaining to beauty integrity honesty, decency
amicable agreeable intrepid fearless, adventurous
anachronistic out-of-date intuitive instinctive, untaught
anecdote short account of event jubilation joy, exultation
anonymous nameless lobbyist persuader of legislators
antagonist opponent longevity long life
arid extremely dry mundane ordinary, common
assiduous hard-working nonchalant calm, casual
asylum sanctuary novice beginner
benevolent friendly, helpful opulent wealthy
camaraderie trust among friends orator speaker
censure to criticize harshly ostentatious displaying wealth
circuitous indirect, roundabout parched dried up
clairvoyant able to see the future perfidious disloyal
collaborate to work together precocious talented beyond one's age
compassion sympathy, mercy pretentious pompous, self-important
compromise to settle differences procrastinate to delay unnecessarily
condescending patronizing prosaic run-of-the-mill
conditional provisional, contingent prosperity wealth, success
conformist follower of customs provocative inflammatory
congregation crowd of people prudent wise, careful, cautious
convergence joining of parts querulous irritable
deleterious harmful rancorous hateful
demagogue rabble-rousing leader reclusive withdrawn, hermit-like
digression straying from main point reconciliation agreement after a quarrel
diligent hard-working renovation state of being renewed
discredit dishonor, disgrace resilient quick to recover
disdain to regard with scorn restrained controlled, restricted
divergent variant, moving apart reverence profound respect
empathy sharing of feelings sagacity wisdom
emulate follow an example scrutinize to observe carefully
enervating tiring, weakening spontaneity impulsive action
enhance improve, augment spurious phony, false
ephemeral momentary, fleeting submissive meek
evanescent short-lived, as an image substantiate to verify, confirm
exasperation irritation, frustration subtle elusive, sly, ambiguous
exemplary outstanding superficial lacking in depth
extenuating guilt diminishing superfluous more than enough
florid flushed, ornate suppress to end an activity
fortuitous lucky surreptitious secret, stealthy
frugal thrifty tactful diplomatic, polite
hackneyed overused, cliched tenacious persistent, resolute
haughty arrogant, condescending transient temporary, fleeting
hedonist pleasure seeker venerable respectable due to age
hypothesis theory requiring proof vindicate to clear from blame
impetuous rash, impulsive wary watchful, alert
Taken from the superfun website http://www.quia.com/mc/1527.html
Check your answers, or try more practice: http://www.majortests.com/sat/sentence-completion.php
1. Today Wegener's theory is ____ ; however, he died an outsider treated with ____ by the scientific
A. unsupported - approval B. dismissed - contempt C. accepted - approbation
D. unchallenged - disdain E. unrivalled - reverence
2. The revolution in art has not lost its steam; it ____ on as fiercely as ever.
A. trudges B. meanders C. edges D. ambles E. rages
3. Each occupation has its own ____ ; bankers, lawyers and computer professionals, for example, all use among
themselves language which outsiders have difficulty following.
A. merits B. disadvantages C. rewards D. jargon E. problems
4. ____ by nature, Jones spoke very little even to his own family members.
A. garrulous B. equivocal C. taciturn D. arrogant E. gregarious
5. Biological clocks are of such ____ adaptive value to living organisms, that we would expect most organisms
to ____ them.
A. clear - avoid B. meager - evolve C. significant - eschew
D. obvious - possess E. ambivalent - develop
6. The peasants were the least ____ of all people, bound by tradition and ____ by superstitions.
A. free - fettered B. enfranchised - rejected C. enthralled - tied
D. pinioned - limited E. conventional - encumbered
7. Many people at that time believed that spices help preserve food; however, Hall found that many marketed
spices were ____ bacteria, moulds and yeasts.
A. devoid of B. teeming with C. improved by D. destroyed by E. active against
8. If there is nothing to absorb the energy of sound waves, they travel on ____ , but their intensity ____ as they
travel further from their source.
A. erratically - mitigates B. eternally - alleviates C. forever - increases
D. steadily - stabilizes E. indefinitely - diminishes
9. The two artists differed markedly in their temperaments; Palmer was reserved and courteous, Frazer ____ and
A. phlegmatic B. choleric C. constrained D. tractable E. stoic
10. The intellectual flexibility inherent in a multicultural nation has been ____ in classrooms where emphasis on
British-American literature has not reflected the cultural ____ of our country.
A. eradicated - unanimity B. encouraged - aspirations C. stifled - diversity
D. thwarted - uniformity E. inculcated - divide
11. The conclusion of his argument, while ____ , is far from ____ .
A. stimulating - interesting B. worthwhile - valueless C. esoteric - obscure
D. germane - relevant E. abstruse - incomprehensible
12. In the Middle Ages, the ____ of the great cathedrals did not enter into the architects' plans; almost
invariably a cathedral was positioned haphazardly in ____ surroundings.
A. situation - incongruous B. location - apt C. ambience - salubrious
D. durability - convenient E. majesty - grandiose
From… 5 Ways to Write a Great Essay on the SAT; by Justin Dolecki; The Princeton Review
Here are 5 no-nonsense tips on how to score big on the SAT essay:
1. Neatness counts
The idea of having to handwrite an essay may seem quite old fashioned, somewhere along the lines of
sending a letter through the mail. But like it or not, you won't be using Microsoft Word on the SAT. Therefore,
one of the simplest ways to earn a good score is to write legibly. You see, graders are responsible for getting
through tons of essays each day, and so they usually only spend around 2 minutes reading each one. When they
come upon an essay that is messy and makes life more difficult for them, right away they are left with a bad
impression. Translation: a lower score for you. Who can blame them though? If you had to read a bunch of
messy essays that make you squint and squirm, wouldn't you be annoyed? So print neatly, because the graders
will appreciate it. (Yes, print--no script!)
2. More is more
You've probably heard the maxim, it's not the quantity, it's the quality that counts. Good advice in the
real world, but here in SAT land, quantity is just as important as quality. Remember, ETS graders will read
your essay holistically, meaning they look at the overall package and won't really get down to the nitty-gritty.
So when grading an essay as a whole, longer always looks better. There are 45 lines to fill--get as close to that
as possible. Filling 40 lines is good. Only twenty ... not so good. Oh, by the way, for those of you who usually
have a lot to say, it's important to know that you can only use the space that is given. So don't ramble on
forever, because you won't be getting any extra sheets of paper.
3. Paragraphs are your friend
Remember that basic writing structure you learned in grammar school English: intro, body, conclusion?
Well, follow that same format on the SAT essay. First, your introduction should include a thesis statement (the
SAT asks you if you agree or disagree with a given statement). Then you need three supporting paragraphs that
back up your thesis. And finally, you'll need a conclusion to sum it all up. By following this standard format
you will give the impression that you are organized (they don't need to know that your locker is a disaster) and
you know how to structure an essay. One other mini-tip--Clearly indent all of your paragraphs, about a full half-
inch. The clearer you make things for them, the happier the graders will be.
4. When Shakespeare comes in handy
You created your thesis statement in the introduction, but now you need to back up your argument. The
best way to do this is by citing examples. Some may be tempted to write about stuff they've seen on TV or read
in US Weekly to explain "the tragedy of war" (the great feud between Hillary Duff and Lindsay Lohan), or their
personal life to explain "the sorrow of love lost" (your breakup with your boyfriend or girlfriend). But essay
graders will find illustrations from history or literature to be more persuasive. If you can display that you are
well read or that you know about topics like the Civil War, graders will be impressed. Be prepared with some
literary or historical examples before you take the SAT.
5. Channel your inner Webster
Even though the SAT requires less knowledge of vocabulary than previous years (analogies are gone),
you can make a very favorable impression by simply adding a few well-placed "big words." Ideally you will
want to show off your considerable diction in the introduction or conclusion, because your power words might
get lost in the body. Don't go overboard though and make sure you actually know the meaning of the words
before you use them. Short words are better than misused words any day. If you're looking to strengthen your
vocabulary, check out The Princeton Review's SAT Word of the Day.
Think carefully about the following statement. Then read the assignment below it and plan and write your essay
“The more things change, the more they stay the same.”
Assignment: Do you agree with this statement? Plan and write an essay in which you develop your position on
this issue. Support your point of view with reasoning and examples taken from your reading, studies,
experience, or observations.