Olivaris and Marahute the Bald Eagles by liaoqinmei

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									  ”Olivaris” and “Marahute”
       the Bald Eagles
       General Bald Eagle Information

Scientific Name
   Haliaeetus leucocephalus

Size/Weight/Life Span
    Body Length: 28-38 inches, Wingspan: 66-
88 inches. Female bald eagles are up to 25%
larger than males. Weight is 6-14 lbs. Bald
eagles live up to 30 years in the wild and even
longer in captivity.

Range
   Habitats near seacoasts, rivers, and large lakes located through North America.

Diet
   Bald eagles are found in many environments and eat a wide array of foods. Most feed mainly
on fish, but bald eagles also feed on mammals such as rabbits, beavers and sea otters, birds
such as ducks, gulls and geese, and reptiles, amphibians, and crustaceans.

Breeding
   Bald eagles build large nests, that can weigh up to 6000 pounds! When bald eagles pair up,
they tend to mate for life, laying 1-3 eggs a year. Both the male and the female take turns
incubating the eggs which hatch in about 35 days.

Population Status
   Once abundant over much of North America with over 500,000 individuals, bald eagles fell to
endangered status with an estimated 400 breeding pairs during the 1950s. Population decline
was attributed to hunting, habitat loss, and pesticides. In 1967 the bald eagle was declared an
endangered species. In 1972 the most harmful pesticide to bald eagles, DDT, was also banned.
Since then the bald eagle population has rebounded to over 100,000 birds and has been removed
from the endangered species list.

About Olivaris and Marahute
    Olivaris arrived at the nature center on April 21st, 2008. She was found at a landfill in Virginia.
She had a severe case of lead poisoning from ingesting lead. The lead poisoning deformed the
growth of her feathers, permanently removing her ability to fly. As a rescue animal, we don’t know
her exact age, but she is at least 5 years old due to the fact that bald eagles don’t have white
head feathers until they reach maturity. Like Olivaris, Marahute has limited flight ability after
damaging her wings when she was hit by a tractor trailer. Though they are the newest members
of the GNC, the eagles have quickly become two of our most popular animals.

                         Greenburgh Nature Center, 99 Dromore Road, Scarsdale, NY 10583
                                    www.greenburghnaturecenter.org

								
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