Google Earth Directions for Whale Rider.docx - whaleriderproject

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					Google Earth Directions for Whale Rider Project – Part I
Downloading and Installing Google Earth

   1.   Open and Internet Browser and
        navigate to –

   2. Click on the “Download” button
      to start the process.

   3. Click the “Agree” button to
      agree to the license agreement.

   4. The software will be
      downloaded to your computer.
      When it is finished, click “Run
      Google Earth” button to install
      the software.

   5. NOTE: At a later time you might
      also want to consider trying
      Google Earth Pro, which can be
      downloaded from the same
      page. Pro has a number of
      advantages over Free Earth,
      including better measuring tools
      and integration with GPS data
      and GIS shape files.

                                                    Networked Learning - 2009
Logging into Google Earth Pro

   1. Double click on the icon with your cursor to
      launch the software. There should be an icon on
      your desktop. If you do not have an icon, please
      inform the instructor.

Navigating In Google Earth

   2.    The software offers a navigation tool in the upper
        right-hand corner of the screen. This tool will help
        you to zoom in or out, change your direction, or tilt
        your perspective.

   3. Clicking the “N” on the compass will re-orient the
      globe. Dragging the “N” will adjust the north axis.
      You can rotate in 360 degrees.

   4. The top compass lets you change your perspective
      from overhead to a position along side of it.

   5. The bottom compass spins the Earth North, South,
      East and West. Clicking and holding down the four
      directional arrows either on the compass or on
      your keyboard will also spin the Earth.

   6. The horizontal slide bar beneath the compass lets
      you zoom in and out. Spend some time zooming in
      and out.

   7. Move your mouse over the Earth and a hand will
      appear. Clicking and dragging in one of the
      cardinal directions will move the Earth in that

   8. Use your mouse to practice moving around. Try to
      center your location on the Southeastern United
      States. When you get there, zoom in on your
      school. Can you see the building where your class

                                                                Networked Learning - 2009
Finding Places in Google Earth

   1. In the upper left-hand corner, type in your
      address, and then click on the magnifying glass.
      The program will zoom in on the location of the
      address you entered. Any place with a physical
      street address can be found this way.

   2. You can also find places of interest such as
      National Parks or monuments by typing in its
      name. Type in “Statue of Liberty” and click on
      the magnifying glass to zoom in on that location.
      Notice anything interesting? What can you see
      of the statue? What can’t you see? Why is this?

   3. In the Layers Panel, click on 3D Buildings and wait
      a couple of minutes for the layer to load. What
      has changed? Now use the arrows in the top
      compass to change your perspective.

   4. Besides address and places of interest, you can
      find an exact location using latitude and
      longitude. To the right are the coordinates for
      Auckland, NZ. Type in their latitude and

   5. Other places mentioned in the book include: The
      Valdes Peninsula of Argentina, Tonga, Galapagos,
      Easter Island, Tokelau, Rarotonga, Hawaiki, Island
      of the Ancients, Antarctica, and Whangara, NZ
      (summarized on pp. 139). Find each of these
      places. Notice how each search is stored in your
      temporary folder in the search panel.

   6.   You can travel back and forth to each place you
        have visited by double clicking on that place.

   7. NOTE: You can change the speed that you travel
      around the Earth by going to Tools >> Options >>
      Navigation and using the slide bar to adjust the

                                                            Networked Learning - 2009
Searching GE’s Database

   1. Students can use GE’s extensive database to
      research a number of topics. For example, as part of
      The Whale Rider project you might want students to
      research various Oceanographic research facilities
      around the globe.

   2. To find a type of business, click on “Find Business”
      and type in your search string.

   3. Students can use these business balloons to find the
      address, phone number and typically a website in
      which to begin their research.

   4. NOTE: You might even want students (or yourself)
      to call the public relations department and arrange
      an interview with a researcher, which could be done
      in Skype or and then recorded and
      posted on the project wiki for others to view. You
      can find some Interview Guidelines on the
      Documents page of my main site (The Networked
      Learner –
      ents ) and other project documents and rubrics
      which you are welcome to distribute to your

                                                             Networked Learning - 2009
Exploring Google Earths Layer Data

   1. Google Earth contains over 210 layers, at my last
      count that, can be used by students for
      research. With the release of GE 5.0, they have
      added a layer on the oceans.

   2. To access this layer, click the “Ocean” folder in
      the Layers panel.

   3. To expand the folder, click on the (+) sign.

   4. Layers that students might study for The Whale
      Rider project include: ARKive: endangered
      Ocean Species; Marine Protected Areas; Animal
      Tracking, and Census of Marine Life.

   5. NOTE: The visibility of a layer’s balloons depends
      on your elevation in Google Earth. If you don’t
      see a layer, try zooming in or out.

   6. Take a few minutes to explore these layers.
      Then “Turn and Talk”: What is one way you
      could incorporate ocean data into your

                                                           Networked Learning - 2009
Adding Layer Content

   1.    Google Earth has a number of layers that are
        not included in the primary database. These
        layers are created by a number of organizations
        and stored on Google Earth’s website and can
        be downloaded and added to Earth.

   2. To download a layer, click on the “Add Content”
      button from Google Earth’s Outreach
      Community. GE will bring up a browser and
      navigate to the web page where the layers are

   3. Take a few moments to explore some of the
      Educational layers.

   4. For this project, click on Ocean Layer and then
      choose a layer that interests you. To load a
      layer in GE, click on the link that says “Open in
      Google Earth”.

   5. In my case, I chose the layer “Exploring
      America’s Oceans”, as Right Whales have been
      spotted along our coasts. As you can see, the
      new layer is loaded under the “Places” panel in
      your “Temporary Places” folder which contains
      all of the searches you have done during this

   6. NOTE: You might assign particular layers to
      students and ask them to evaluate the
      importance of this data to the whales in our

   7. Google Earth also has a number of layers as part
      of their Outreach program, filed under the
      headings of “Showcase” and “Case Studies”
      which can be found at -

                                                          Networked Learning - 2009
Searching for Data Layers

   1.    Other research organizations may have layer
        data stored on their servers which are not
        part of Google Earth Outreach. A good
        strategy for finding these layers which can be
        added to Earth are to use the advanced
        search features of Google Search –

   2. Navigate to Google Search and click on
      “Advanced Search” to the right of the search

   3. Type in your search string and then under
      “File Type” choose “KMZ” or “KML”. This will
      look for only those types of files. The search
      on the left for Right Whales yielded a number
      of layers that have information about the

   4. NOTE: KML stands for Keyhole Modeling
      Language, while a KMZ file is a zipped file
      that contains not only layer data but any
      information you have personally added to the
      layer, such as links to images and your own

                                                         Networked Learning - 2009
Google Earth Directions for Whale Rider Project – Part II
Creating a Folder to Store Your Placemark(s)

   1.    One of the major goals of The Whale Rider
        Project is for students to use Google Earth to
        visualize the journey of the whales. Because
        different groups of students may be working on
        similar aspects of the project it is important for
        each group to store their placemark data in a
        separate folder with an appropriate title and
        their name.

   2. To create a folder to store your placemarks,
      move your mouse over the “My Places” icon in
      the “Places” panel and then right-click with your

   3. Choose “Add” from the menu and then move
      your mouse toward the arrow for the pop-out

   4. Choose the “Folder” option.

   5. Give the Folder a title and also include your
      name (for example: The Whale Rider – ThomasC
      – Spring 2009). This will help the teacher know
      which placemark belongs to which student and
      also what year it was done.

   6. NOTE: If students are working on various topics,
      such as culture, oceanography, geography,
      ecology, language, you might want to have them
      name their folders with that designation.

   7. You can also provide a description about the
      project under the description tab. In this text
      box you can type in any information you want
      and also format how it will be displayed using
      XHTML. For now just type in a short description.
      We will be learning how to work with XHTML

                                                             Networked Learning - 2009
Creating a Placemark

   1.    Click on the yellow push pin in the tool bar at the
        top of your screen. A yellow push pin will appear
        along with a dialog box where we will be entering
        information later.

   2. Click and drag the push pin to where you live.

   3. NOTE: If you can’t see a location in enough detail,
      you can use the navigation tools to move around
      or the zoom tool to zoom in or out until you are at
      your desired location.

   4. Type in a title for your placemark, such as the
      name of the place and click OK.

   5. NOTE: You could also have students create extra
      placemarks that deal with one of the major
      subjects that can be addressed along with the
      general story, such as cultural anthropology,
      biology, ecology, geography, history, linguistics,
      and oceanography.

   6. You should now see your placemark. If it’s not in
      the right location and you want to move it, right
      click on the yellow push pin and choose
      “Properties” from the menu. Once the dialog box
      is open you can use your mouse to move the
      placemark to where you want it.

   7. Now spend a few minutes creating a placemark
      for each location the whales travel mentioned in
      the book: The Valdes Peninsula, Tonga, Easter
      Island, Hawaiki, Antarctica, and Whangara.

   8. Give each placemark a title and then move each
      placemark into the storage folder you created.

                                                               Networked Learning - 2009
Measuring Distances

   1. Google Earth provides a number of measuring
      tools that can be used by students who want to
      explore various aspects of geography, such as the
      spatial relationships between places on Earth. To
      use one of the measuring tools, click on the ruler
      in the tool bar.

   2. In the Free and Plus version of Google Earth,
      students can draw lines to determine the distance
      between to places. Distances can be converted to
      a number of different types of measurements as
      shown to the right.

   3. The path tool can be used to measure distances
      not in a straight line, such as following the path of
      a road from one city to another.

   4. In the Pro version of Google Earth, students can
      also use a circle tools or the polygon tool to
      measure different areas.

   5. Use both the path and line tool to measure the
      distance between two places mentioned in the
      book, The Whale Rider.

   6. NOTE: You could have students use the path tool
      to measure the distance the whales travel on their
      journey. Which legs are the longest, or the
      shortest? What physical, biological, or ecological
      factors may have contributed to the time it took
      for the whales to travel from one place to

                                                              Networked Learning - 2009
Saving Your Information to Your Computer

   1.    The placemarks you create are stored on the
        computer you are working on and not on
        Google’s server. It is therefore necessary to
        save the placemarks you create to your folder
        on the school’s network.

   2. Before we save our placemark (or layer), make
      sure that any placemarks you created are in the
      folder. If they are not, then click on them and
      drag them into the folder you created earlier.

   3. Collapse the folder by clicking on the “+ “ sign
      next to the folder.

   4. Make sure there is a “Check Mark” in the box
      next to the folder. This means that all objects
      in the folder have been selected. If there is not,
      then click on the box to the left of the folder
      until a checkmark appears. NOTE: This is the
      most common way students lose their

   5. Click on the folder to highlight it.

   6. In the File menu, choose “Save” and then “Save
      Place As”. Because your placemark(s) are in a
      folder the program considers the folder to be
      one object.

   7. Navigate to your folder on the school network
      by clicking on “Browse Folders”. Then click

                                                           Networked Learning - 2009
Changing Icons

   1. Right click on one of your placemarks in the
      Places Panel.

   2. Choose “Properties” from the menu.

   3. Click on the icon in the upper right corner of the
      Edit Placemark window.

   4. Choose a different icon from the list.

   5. Click “OK” to save.

                                                           Networked Learning - 2009
Downloading and Installing a Custom Icon

   1. Icon Archive is a website that contains thousands of
      free icons that you can use for projects. Use an
      Internet browser to navigate to -

   2. Use the search box to find a whale fluke icon, like the
      one shown at this location -
      icons-by-afterglow/Whale-Watching-icon.html .

   3. Right click on the largest image of the whale fluke and
      choose “Save Image As”. Save the image to your
      project folder on the school network.

   4. To upload the file, right click on a placemark and then
      click on the icon in the Edit Placemark window.

   5. At the bottom of the window, click on “Add Custom
      Icon” and then browse your computer for that icon.

   6. Click “OK” to save. Repeat this process for each icon.

   7. NOTE: I would create a “Documents” page on the
      project wiki to store any files you want the students to
      use, such as images or direction on how to use Google

                                                                 Networked Learning - 2009
Adding a Path to Connect Your Placemarks

   1. The path tool is one way to connect
      placemarks in a layer. To draw a path
      between two placeamrks, click on the “Add
       Path” tool,    then name your path.

   2. Click on the location where you want to
      start your path and drag your mouse until
      you reach your destination. You do not
      have to draw in a straight line.

   3. Click “OK” to save your path.

   4. To edit your path, right click on the path
      icon in the “Places” menu. Zoom in to see
      the section of the path you want to change.
      Click on the sizing handles to adjust the

   5. NOTE: If you want to increase the length of
      your path, you will have to choose the
      sizing handle on either end of the path and
      drag it. You cannot add to the path. If the
      path is not sufficient, you will have to
      delete it and start over.

                                                    Networked Learning - 2009
Adding Text to a Placemark

    1. Each placemark will displace text like a Word
       document. You can type in any information that you
       choose in the text box of the placemark. Take some
       time and add a short summary about The Whale Rider
       to the Description tab of the project folder you
       created in Google Earth. If you haven’t read the story
       you can get a summary from

        Wikipedia -
        Book Review -
        Film Review -

    2. Click “OK” to save the information.

    3. Click on the placemark to view your information.

    4. NOTE: If you want to format your text, such as making
       it bold, or in italics, you will have to use XHTML and
       CSS code discussed in a later section.

The following is an excerpt from the book The Whale Rider (pp. 27). We will be using this code in the
following sections. Please copy and paste this code into the placemark – Navel of the Universe. If you did not
create one for this location, then do so now. Locate this placemark about 400 leagues from Easter Island in
the Pacific. A league is about 3.000006 miles. Then copy and paste the following paragraphs into your

Four hundred leagues from Easter Island. Te Pito o te Whenua. Diatoms of light shimmered in the cobalt blue
depths of the Pacific. The herd, sixty strong, led by its ancient leader, was following the course computed by
him in the massive banks of his memory. The elderly females assisted the younger mothers, shepherding the
newborn in the first journey from the cetacean crib. Way out in front, on point, and in the rear, the young
males kept guard on the horizon. They watched for danger, not from other creatures of the sea but from the
greatest threat of all – man. At every sighting they would send their ululation back to their leader. They had
grown to rely on his member of the underwater cathedrals where they could take sanctuary, often for days,
until man had passed. Such a huge cathedral lay beneath the sea at the place known as the Navel of the

                                                                                      Networked Learning - 2009
Formatting Text in a Placemark

   1. To edit the the placemark, right click on
      the placemark and choose “Properties”
      from the menu.

   2. Copy and paste the text from The Whale
      Rider provided above into your

   3. To start a paragraph, type the code <p> in
      front of the paragraph. At the end of the
      paragraph, type code </p> to end the

   4. To make the Maori phrase “Te Pito o te
      Whenua” italics, type the code <i> in front
      of the first word. To end the italics, type
      the code </i> after the period that ends
      that sentence.

   5. NOTE: I have provided an XHTML Crib
      Sheet that I give to the students as a guide
      which explains how to also underline or
      bold text. You can find more XHTML code
      on W3Schools website at -

                                                     Networked Learning - 2009
Adding Links to a Placemark

   1. If you closed the placemark from the previous
      exercise, reopen it by right clicking on it in the Places
      Panel and choosing “Properties” from the menu.

   2. We are going to add a link to an online resource
      where students can learn more about marine
      diatoms at - The "Friedrich Hustedt Study Centre for
      Diatoms -

   3. In front of the word “diatoms” type the code <a

   4. After the quotes, copy and paste in the link to the
      diatom online database and then type the code “>

   5. After the word “diatoms” type the code to close the
      link </a>                                                   <a
   6. The complete code for this link should be:                  L=0">
   7. NOTE: You might consider linking to other types of
      media, such as right whale sound files. You can find
      other Right Whale sounds and learn how to read a
      spectrogram at the Right Whale Listening Network
      which is part of the Bioacoustics Research Program
      at the Cornell Lab of Ornthology -

                                                                                       Networked Learning - 2009
Google Earth Directions for Whale Rider Project – Part III
Adding Images to a Placemark

   1. Right click on the placemark you want to add a
      picture to and choose “Properties” from the menu
      to edit the placemark.

   2. Click above the text you entered from before and
      hit enter to make room for the code for the picture.

   3. NOTE: All pictures must already be loaded on the
      Internet. You can access pictures by searching for
      images in Google or by using a photosharing site
      such as Flickr ( or
      Photobucket ( to
      upload your own pictures.

   4. Bring up a web browser.

   5. Type in the address for Google Search

   6. Click on images link in the upper left corner of the

   7. Type in “Southern Right Whales” in the search box.

   8. Click on an image of your choice that relates to the

   9. Click on “See Full-Size Image” at the top of the

   10. Right click to bring up the menu and choose
       “Properties”. This will bring up an “Element
       Properties” dialog box which contains information
       on the image.

   11. Highlight the location code for the image. It should
       start with“http:” and end with a file extension, such
       as “.jpg”.

   12. Click above the first text entry and then hit enter to
       move the text down. Copy this information into the
       placemark. I like to put my images above the
       information in the placemark.

                                                                Networked Learning - 2009
13. Click before the “http:” and add the following
    information: <img src=”thenthelinkcode”>

14. Click “OK” to save the information.

15. Click on the placemark to view the information.

16. NOTE: You can add links, images, video, and other
    objects to your placemark but you will need to
    understand some XHTML code. In the appendix,
    I’ve provided a crib sheet that I give my students.

                                                          Networked Learning - 2009
Adding Video to a Placemark

   1. You can embed video into a placemark to add
      some dynamic content. To do this, open an
      Internet browser and navigate to
      or another video sharing site such as Google or

   2. In the “Search” box, type in your search criteria.
      For this exercise we will search on Southern
      Right Whales, which is the type of whale
      discussed in The Whale Rider.

   3. Choose a short video that you like. Once you
      have one that you would like to embed, look for
      the “Embed” code. For it is
      typically shown on the right side of the screen
      under the “Link” code.

   4. Copy and paste the “Embed” code into a
      placemark that you are working on.

   5. Click “OK” to save the code and then click on the
      placemark to view it.

   6. NOTE: You can also add text above this
      embedded object or below it by using the text
      formatting codes we discussed earlier.

   7. A great place to find educational videos is the
      Census of Marine Life Project’s video gallery -

                                                           Networked Learning - 2009
Embedding a Document or Spreadsheet into a Placemark

   1. You can use the same embed code to embed a
      document or spreadsheet into a placemark in
      Google Earth. For this project you might
      consider having students use Google Docs
      ( to create a
      spreadsheet on data about Southern Right
      Whales or other organisms mentioned in the
      text. Students could obtain this information
      from one of the data collection projects
      connected with the Marine Census of Life - Some
      project quick links are shown to the right. Or,
      they could search for other online databases.

   2. To embed a document/spreadsheet, have
      students create their document and then save it
      as a PDF file. To do this, click File >> Save As and
      when the menu appears, choose Adobe PDF or
      another PDF creator, as shown to the right.

   3. I then have students sign up for a
      account and upload their document there.

   4. Have them copy the “Embed” code that is
      provided by as indicated by the blue
      highlighted code to the right.

   5. Open a placemark and paste the code into the
      placemark where you want it to appear.
      Remember that you can add text above or
      below it to explain what the presentation is
      about by using the text formatting code
      discussed earlier.

                                                             Networked Learning - 2009
Embedding PowerPoints into a Placemark

   1. You can use the same embed code to embed
      a PowerPoint Presentation into a placemark
      in Google Earth. For this project you might
      consider having students create a
      multimedia presentation on the biology of
      Southern Right Whales, Oceanography, or
      the Ecology of New Zealand.

   2. To embed a presentation, have students
      create their PowerPoint and then save it as a
      PDF file. To do this, click File >> Save As and
      when the menu appear, choose Adobe PDF
      or another PDF creator, as shown to the

   3. I then have students sign up for a account and upload their
      presentation there.

   4. Have them copy the “Embed” code that is
      provided by as indicated by
      the blue highlighted code to the right.

   5. Open a placemark and paste the code into
      the placemark where you want it to appear.
      Remember that you can add text above or
      below it to explain what the presentation is
      about by using the text formatting code
      discussed earlier.

                                                        Networked Learning - 2009
Using a Dreamweaver Template to Layout Elements in a Placemark

   1. Open a web browser, such as Internet Explorer
      and type in the address for The Whale Rider
      Project in the address bar of your browser:

   2. On the right-hand side of your screen under
      “Resources”, click on the “Documents” page

   3. Scroll down and look for the “Placemark
      Template Code” file and double click on it to
      open it.

   4. If it asks you if you want to save it or open it,
      choose “Open with” and choose Microsoft
      Word from the drop down list. Then click OK.

   5. Copy and paste the code from the Word
      document into the placemark.

   6. Click OK to save the template to your icon.

   7. Double click on the icon to see what the
      template looks like. There is a banner which
      ties together each placemark and gives them a
      common appearance. There is also a place for
      you to write about your project, add the
      results of your data and also to add an image.
      The image could be of you or a friend taking a
      water quality test, or you could place an image
      of a graph in the picture place holder.

                                                                 Networked Learning - 2009
Changing the Placeholder Text in the Template

   8.    If you navigated away from the “Documents”
        page of The Whale Rider Project return to that
        page by clicking on the “Documents” link on the
        left-side of the wikispace.

   9. On the documents page, scroll down and open
      the file “The Whale Rider Template Guide”.

   10. As with opening the file in the last section, if it
       asks you if you want to save it or open it, choose
       “Open with” and choose Microsoft Word from
       the drop down list. Then click OK.

   11. When the file opens, take a couple of minutes to
       review it. This document explains some of the
       code and shows you where to substitute your
       text with the place holder text. Items on the
       right in the boxes give you directions on what to
       do. Arrows point from the boxes to the text
       where you should substitute your information.
       A section of this document is shown to the right.

   12. If you have any questions about where to place
       your text, you should ask your instructor.

   13. We will be editing each sections and then saving
       it. Once you have replaced the text for a
       section, click OK on the placemark.

                                                             Networked Learning - 2009
Animating Tours

   1.    With the release of 5.0 the free version of Earth,
        you now have the ability to create animated
        tours of your placemark balloons.

   2. To create a tour, click on the video camera icon
      in the tool bar. A small recording tool bar will
      appear at the bottom of the Earth window.

   3. Click the “Record” button represented by the
      red dot.

   4. To add audio to the recording, click on the
      microphone and speak.

   5. To stop the recording, click on the red dot again.

   6. To review the recording, click on the “Play”

   7. To save the recording, click the “Save” button.
      Then name the tour. You could also add a
      description of the tour if you want. As with
      other placemarks, the description will handle
      text and other formatting code.

   8. Click “OK” to save the tour. Also, make sure to
      click the “X” on the recorder. Having the
      recorder open, limits other functions in Google

   9. NOTE: Make sure to move this tour placemark
      into your folder for the Whale Rider before you
      export it.

                                                              Networked Learning - 2009

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