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                                            The Newsletter of the Historic Preservation Program
                                              At Bucks County Community College         Fall 2007

                                     The Secret Garden                                                 By Kathryn Ann Auerbach

                              The soft afternoon air carries a                    indeed to document the outbuildings within the
                              warm breeze through tall hollyhocks and             domestic yard at Araby, namely the stone ten-
                              larkspur, gently swaying their strong stems.        ant house, brick outbuilding, well house and
                              Brick paths and weathered gates lure the visi-      wood implement shed. Our team of six, plus
                              tor from room to room, past formal plantings        BCCC student assistants and two NPS summer
       “While the actors      of shrubbery, through perennial beds, long          interns set about placing datum lines and
                              stone walls and down a tunnel of boxwood            measuring the small outbuildings. Each build-
         themselves have      hedge. Farther reaches of more causal ap-           ing had its own curiosities, the well house en-
       vanished from the      pearance offer continued surprises of prickly       closed the original stone lined 50-foot well,
                              mahonia with bold blue berries and large            garden tools, and an occasional snake, the
 stage, the setting which                                                         brick outbuilding has charred rafters suggest-
                              bushes full of hydrangea blossoms, next to
    they themselves have      specimen sequoia and magnolia and canopied          ing possible smoke house function (or mischie-
 created can be retained      by tall poplars. Every time we turned into the      vous pyrotechnics by the teenage sons who
                              long drive, past the brick piers topped by          lived there) and the wood implement shed de-
   to suggest the drama                                                           fied gravity as it floated above large ground-
                              graceful geese, along the long straight path
     once enacted there.”     defined from the flanking meadows by sturdy         hog holes at a precarious angle. The stone ten-
       - G. Edwin Brumbaugh   trees, as the brick mansion came into view,         ant house, most recently serving as a summer
                              there was a growing sense of anticipation.          recreation and entertainment center for the
                              That would be enough to satisfy the senses,         adjoining pool, held the most mystery as to
     In this Issue            but now, once around the house the lure was         function and changes, slowly offering clues of
                              immediate. The lawns, the paths, the pictur-        multiple incarnations as a barn, workshop,
From the Director        2    esque outbuildings … the larkspur and holly-        wagon house, slave quarters, and tenant house
                              hocks … one’s immediate impulse is to ex-           before becoming a pool house in the 1950s.
Forum Lecture            2
                              plore … and get lost in this secret garden.
Cornwall Trip            3    The Bucks County Community College                  The 1950 decade was a pivotal one for
Funding for HP           4    HABS workshop team were invited guests              the domestic yard at Araby. After years of be-
                              over the last several summers to this secret        nign neglect, the house empty or only partially
Spring Courses           5    garden at Araby, the Thomas Farm in Mono-           occupied by the tenant farmers (there was a
                              cacy National Battlefield in Frederick, Mary-       cream separator in the front dining room), the
Online Certificate       5    land. Previously, in 2004, student teams            yard barely offering seasonal vegetables, the
                              documented the farm outbuildings at Araby,          property began to shift to something more akin
New England              6    including the large barn, corncrib and brick        to its more elegant past. In the 1940s a family
Architecture                  silo (4th place Peterson Prize in 2005). As we      named Hildenberg began improvements to the
Notes on the Tyler       6    worked nearly side-by-side with the cows in         mansion house with flanking additions and
Formal Garden                 the barnyard, we wondered what it was like          modern indoor improvements. The charm of
                              on the other side of the board fence and bor-       rural life was still a bit raw, and the distance
Sacred Places            7    der plantings, under the tall trees in the curti-   into Frederick town was still a bit far, and the
                              lage of the mansion house. Our next assign-         Hildenberg’s sold to a more adventurous fam-
News & Notes             8
                              ment from the National Park Service was                                          (Continued on page 2)
                                                                   leave the classroom, I can put my knowledge to work
    From the                                                       right away.”
    Director’s                                                     Prepares me to study HP at different levels – for
                                                                   personal enrichment, professional advancement, or
        Desk                                                       academic credit. The skills and knowledge learned be-
                                                                   come basic “building blocks” for future endeavors, no
                                                                   matter how big or small they might be. Recently, one
                                                                   of our students told me that “The Historic Preservation
                                                                   Program at Bucks was a total godsend. It is exception-
  I have often been asked the following question in                ally beneficial to those of us who work as trades persons
  the past 16 years as I directed the HP Program.                  in the preservation field.”
  “Why should I enroll in the HP Certificate Program
  (classroom or online) at Bucks?” This is not a trivial           Helps me to fulfill an interest and lifelong ambition of
  question, there is only so much time and money to                studying preservation.
  invest in a serious pursuit of studying the built envi-
  ronment. Prospective students want to investigate                Permits me to study at a college with a national
  the Bucks program – what it has to offer and how it              reputation.
  might fit into their respective career and personal
  goals. To answer the question, “Why should I study               The price is right. A community college can deliver a
  at Bucks,” let me suggest and “list” some of the rea-            quality preservation education at affordable, prices.
  sons students have given for enrolling here.
                                                                   Read all about us in this issue of Community Preseva-
  The Certificate at Bucks:                                        tion. As this page goes to press, Bucks has more than 70
  Enables me to enter the preservation market-                     students actively participating in work that leads to a
  place immediately or pursue advanced academic                    Certificate in Historic Preservation. Will you join us in
  study. Jobs are available and students gain employ-              the spring of 2008? We look forward to seeing you.
  ment from the local to the state and Federal levels.
  One student summed it up like this, “As soon as I                                               - Lyle Rosenberger, Director

32nd Forum Lecture                                                                       (Continued from page 1)
                                                                                         ily, Robert and Josephine Clapp and their

       Revisit a Great Architect                                                         four young sons, in 1954. Vision, patience
                                                                                         and determination may characterize the
                                                                                         ambitious Josephine, who set about to
This fall, the Preservation Forum Lec-    urban culture and architecture. Plan to        create a world of enchantment and pleas-
ture Series will feature Dr. George E.    attend this very unusual lecture and tour.     ure amid the grassy field surrounding the
Thomas in a slide/lecture entitled        The cost of the lecture and field trip is      tenant house and dusty paths and drives
“Frank Furness, the Poet of the Pre-      $20.00 for non-students and $8.00 for          leading to and surrounding the house and
sent.” This will be our 32nd Forum        students with ID. For information call         outbuildings. She retained T. Stuart Hal-
Lecture at Bucks County Community         215-968-8286 or email rosen-                   ler, the landscape architect working both
College. We will meet on Saturday,                                 in Frederick and New York City, to pro-
October 27 at 9:30 am in the Library                                                     vide a master plan for her to carry out.
Auditorium on the main campus. After                                                     Haller was familiar with Araby, having
lunch on your own, we will travel to                                                     proposed a plan in the late 1920s for
Philadelphia (map provided) where Dr.                                                    Monocacy Battlefield to create driving
Thomas will lead a tour at the Pennsyl-                                                  paths throughout the fields and farms. The
vania Academy of Fine Arts and the                                                       “modern” idea (although not carried out)
Fisher Fine Arts building on the Penn                                                    was to motor to the bluffs and ridges that
campus.                                                                                  in 1864 saw the confrontation between
                                                                                         large numbers of Confederate troops ad-
Dr. Thomas is a lecturer in both the                                                     vancing towards Washington and a resis-
Department of Urban Studies and Plan-                                                    tance by brave, but far lesser Union divi-
ning and in the Historic Preservation                                                    sions. Haller also designed a private oasis
Program at the University of Pennsyl-                                                    of boxwood surrounding a reflecting pool
                                             Furness designed Fisher Fine Arts Library
vania. He specializes in the study of        on the University of Pennsylvania campus.                             (Continued on page 4)

Fall 2007                                                          2                                         Community Preservation
                      BCCC Invades Kernow. Where Now? Cornwall!
                                                                                                                    The real penance was climbing up to the
                                                                                                                    house, an almost vertical cobblestone
                                                                                                                    track that zigged and zagged up the hill
                                                                                                                    to a stone fortress. The gardens were cut
                                                                                                                    into the opposite side of the mountain,
                                                                                                                    equally steep, with amazing plant com-
                                                                                                                    binations found only in this subtropical
                                                                                                                    micro-climate: blooming roses, azaleas,
                                                                                                                    and tropical plants the size of trees –
                                                                                                                    which we grow here as houseplants.
                                                                                                                    The Newlyn School of painters in the
Photo by Laura May

                                                                                                                    museum at Penlee Gallery. These art-
                                                                                                                    ists were based near Newlyn, a fishing
                                                                                                                    village adjacent to Penzance. Led by
                                                                                                                    Stanhope Forbes and Frank Bramley,
                                                                                                                    they were the first to paint subject mat-
                                                                                                                    ter drawn from Cornish rural life, par-
                     Students visit St. Michael’s Mount.            We learned the meaning of the word ver-
                                                                                                                    ticularly fishermen.
                                                                    tiginous several times over, especially at
                                                                    the gardens of Trebah and Glendurgan.           Local cuisine: Fish, fish, and – yes –
                     By Margaret Rastiello and Laura May
                                                                                                                    more fish. Ling, John Dory, hake, sole,
                                                                    Somehow, it only rained at night or when
                     Quite Fun! With typical British under-                                                         pilchard, mackerel, and the occasional
                                                                    we traveled on the bus – could that be
                     statement, this is how the docent at St.                                                       haddock. Restaurants would post the
                                                                    because we were in Camelot?
                     Michael’s Mount in Cornwall de-                                                                name of the boat that caught the fish
                     scribed a boat tour and it certainly ap-       The Eden Project – a giant Disneyland           that day, so you knew it was fresh!
                     plied to our entire trip. From June 9-         for gardeners. While the biodomes were
                                                                                                                    The restaurant in Zennor where we ap-
                     19, 2007, our wonderful guides, Bob            spectacular trips through the horticultural
                                                                                                                    prehensively scanned the menu seeking
                     Machin, his wife Marcia and Professor          world via plants and culture, we all liked
                                                                                                                    something recognizable only to have it
                     Rosenberger, piloted the intrepid group        the Beer Garden with its giant hops tow-
                                                                                                                    turn out as the best meal of our trip The
                     from BCCC through the “beautiful and           ers and the rainbow of colorful herbs and
                                                                                                                    Gurnard’s Head (another fish!) turned
                     dangerous” wilds of Cornwall. To-              vegetables that curved around the restau-
                                                                                                                    out to be so note-worthy it was re-
                     gether we dashed down green lanes,             rant. We were lucky enough to be there
                                                                                                                    viewed in the Wall Street Journal. As
                     meandered across picturesque farm-             the day the 700-ton stone sculpture,
                                                                                                                    we sat in the courtyard enjoying a local
                     land and pastures, inched along dizzy-         “Seed,” was installed.
                                                                                                                    brew, the chef himself came out to the
                     ing cliffs and squeezed our way
                                                                    Tales of the Brothers Grimm at the Minack       gardens and picked the herbs featured in
                     through the narrow lanes of quaint
                                                                    Open Air Theater – a play performed at          our meal.
                     towns and villages, only to emerge
                     onto breath-taking coves and beaches.          cliff’s edge overlooking the crashing waves
                                                                                                                    Driving on country lanes bordered by
                                                                    at sunset. It was freezing cold, surprisingly
                                                                                                                    stone walls and high trees sounds quaint
                     Cornwall is located in an isolated part of     scary and dramatically beautiful.
                                                                                                                    until you experience the harrowing feel-
                     England – the southwest region below
                                                                    Tin mines and cliff walks. After touring        ing of it. Town lanes were so close we
                     Wales and far west of London. High and
                                                                    the Geevor contemporary mine works              all inhaled at the same time to help the
                     lonely, the mystical Bodmin Moor sepa-
                                                                    that closed in the 1980s, some of us were       bus fit through the street.
                     rates Cornwall from the urbanized areas
                     of Great Britain. As a result, it has devel-   brave enough to venture 70 feet under-
                                                                                                                    PASTIES – pronounced pah-stees, not
                     oped a subculture of its own, dependent        ground in pitch-black to view the condi-
                                                                                                                    pay-stees! This is the local fast food
                     on the sea and land for sustenance and         tions under which tin was mined 200
                                                                                                                    found everywhere. The half-moon
                     shelter. The local beer and cider is often     years ago. (Only the guide had a flash-
                                                                                                                    shaped piecrust could be filled with
                     used to toast “Fish, copper and tin” – the     light.) For further adventure, we pro-
                                                                                                                    meat but was usually filled with “neeps
                     three great mainstays of early Cornish         ceeded to hike along a cattle track border-
                                                                                                                    and tatties” – turnips and potatoes!
                     life and economy. Today, Cornwall's            ing a sheer drop to the sea below. Very
                     unique culture, spectacular landscape and      exciting! Although we were a little nerv-       Llanhydrock – Part of this great 17th cen-
                     mild climate make it a popular tourist         ous, finding a pub at the end of the trail      tury country house was destroyed by fire
                     destination.                                   made it worthwhile.                             in 1881. When restored, the Victorian
                                                                                                                    kitchen could have been used in the movie
                     Highlights of Our Trip:                        Mount Saint Michael’s – walking over
                     Everything is either up a hill or down.        at low tide and taking a boat ride back.                               (Continued on page 4)

                     Fall 2007                                                             3                                        Community Preservation
                                              covered Celtic crosses!                    ability to work around the buildings.
         Show Me                              The Lost Gardens of Heligan – this
                                                                                         Large mature boxwoods and prickly ma-
                                                                                         honia took every opportunity to impede
        the Money                             featured a working kitchen garden that
                                              fascinated us with its tunnel of espal-
                                                                                         the placement of tape measures, level
                                                                                         lines, and ladders, while ivy and vinca
     Funding for Historic                     iered apple trees, cutting gardens and     intertwined our ankles to a quick halt.
                                              herb bed. The potting shed was a work      But Ann’s knowledge made us realize
     Preservation Projects                    of art. Towering 150-year old rhodo-       that documentation of the garden went
                                              dendrons made up the “The Jungle,” a       hand in hand with the buildings. The
By Pat Fisher-Olsen                           surreal landscape of black trunks and      following summer, while one team of
A major component in the success of           green canopy.                              students was measuring the Best Stone
many historic preservation projects is        Horses, cows and sheep pastured to-        Barn (Community Preservation Spring
obtaining adequate funding for the pro-       gether, while the slopes were covered      2007), Ann, Laura May, and her friend
ject. There are sources available from        with bunnies of all colors – a veritable   Margaret Rastiello (all master gardeners
federal and state government bodies as        Watership Down.                            or botanists) were assisted by NPS in-
well as private foundations for historic                                                 terns and set about documenting the
preservation projects. The key is finding     The Elizabethan manor house, Tre-          plantings and garden features. Through-
the right funding for the right project.      rice, gave us a chance to stretch our      out the fall (2006), winter and spring
                                              legs and show off our American ath-        (2007) volunteer students, including Ra-
This fall the Historic Preservation Pro-      letic prowess by dragging unsuspect-       chel Craven, Pat Fisher-Olsen, Petrona
gram at Bucks debuts a new course un-         ing Brits into a game of Kayles            Charles, and Doreen Ruffe set about ink-
der HIST 210 - Historic Preservation          (Cornish skittles) on the lawn, fol-       ing the building plans and elevations.
Field Studies: Funding Opportunities          lowed by an energetic game of Slap-        Geoff Raike fine-tuned the sketchy bo-
for Historic Preservation Projects.           cock (Tudor badminton).                    tanical field notes into a formal land-
                                                                                         scape plan complete with species list
The course will examine the types of          Finally, the Driftwood Spars hotel         printed with both Latin and common
funding (grants, tax credits, loans, re-      and its gracious owner and hostess,        terms. Petrona embellished the cover
volving funds, financing, tax credit syn-     Louise, who fed us magnificent break-      sheet and landscape plans with detailed
dication and twining) that are specific       fasts and saw to all of our needs.         drawings of garden features including the
for historic preservation projects. It will   While the plumbing was typically           gates, entrance piers, statues, weather-
explore sources at the federal and state      British, the views of St. Agnes and        vane and bird bath. The labels and nota-
government levels as well as additional       Trevaunce Cove were spectacular!           tions were hand lettered to compliment
monies available through private foun-
                                                                                         the hand drawings and the vernacular
dations, corporate foundations and local      Many thanks to Professor Rosenberger
                                                                                         nature of these weathered outbuildings.
organizations.                                and Bob Machin for another success-
                                                                                         We began working longer hours at
                                              ful British adventure!
The course will review the qualifica-                                                    Petrona’s studio as the June deadline
tions for historic preservation projects                                                 approached, for some learning first-hand
put forth by the funding sources as well      (Continued from page 2)                    the meaning of a charrette. Our hard ef-
as navigate the hierarchy of the applica-     at the nearby estate of Guilford and, in   forts produced a remarkable set of 15
tion processes through the development        the 1950s, the landscape around a new      sheets filled with exquisite drawings and
of a course project.                          wing of the local hospital. At Araby he    detailed information about a place where
                                              envisioned “rooms” that moved one          peacefulness belies the varied and at
The economic benefits that the funding        from the formality of the main house to    times struggling 250 years of occupation.
of historic preservation projects pro-        the relaxed rural atmosphere adjoining     Even as the ink was drying on the draw-
vides will be presented through a series      the cow pastures. He relocated the         ings, the garden was evolving from a
of comprehensive studies done at the          driveway from behind the house to a        private sanctuary to its new, more public
state and city level.                         lower side terrace, effectively screen-    role in the center of the Monocacy Na-
                                              ing automobiles from garden life. Jose-    tional Battlefield. Our hope is to some-
This course offers an opportunity for         phine ardently spent nearly the next 50    how have captured the magic of the gen-
preservationist to look at the world of       years, with little help from her sons,     teel, yet relaxed place where nature was
historic preservation financing and to        developing, maintaining, and modify-       groomed to compliment the domestic
learn where the money comes from and          ing the plan to suit her pleasure and      pattern of past and present.
how to qualify for it.                        incorporate her family’s love of swim-
                                                                                         (Kathryn Auerbach, Adjunct Instructor for the Historic
                                              ming and tennis.                           Preservation Program, attended a reception of the Preser-
                                                                                         vation Institute: Nantucket this past summer to celebrate
(Continued from page 3)
                                              Our principal activity in 2005 was to      its 35th anniversary. She was invited to lecture to students
Gosford Park. The estate grounds con-                                                    on preservation and the college’s HABS work. The col-
                                              collect the field measurments of the
tained a Victorian bedding garden, an                                                    lege’s colleague at the National Park Service, Tom Vi-
                                              four buildings set within this garden      tanza, was also on hand and gave a presentation on the
extensive perennial border with plants we                                                Brawner Farmhouse, using BCCC’s HABS drawings from
                                              space. One team member, Ann Bren-          2001 (3rd Place Peterson Prize) to illustrate his discussion
can actually grow in Bucks County, and a
                                              nan, began naming the species of           on the building’s construction evolution. Once again, our
family graveyard complete with moss-
                                              plantings (in Latin) that challenged our   fine work was in the forefront of preservation education!)

Fall 2007                                                         4                                             Community Preservation
   Online Certificate Program
                                                   Spring 2008 Courses
By Ellen Freedman Schultz
                                                   All classes will meet in Tyler Hall (PUB) unless otherwise indicated below.
The Historic Preservation Program continues        Notice also that all courses require fieldtrip experience.
its longstanding ability to think “outside the
box.” It is official that our 24-credit program    HIST 195.N83 – Introduction to Historical Archaeology (3 credits) Wed.
can now be taken completely online. Preserva-      6:30 – 9:10. L. Rosenberger. Jan. 23 – May 7. Gain another skill in preserva-
tion is known for its recognition of firsts, and   tion and learn from a practicing archaeologist.
this too is the first complete program being
                                                   HIST 197.U81 – History and Theory of Historic Preservation (3 credits)
offered at a community college level. Students
                                                   Mon. 6:30 – 9:10. *Required for Certificate. P. Fisher-Olsen. Jan. 28 – May
will only need an internet connection to be-
                                                   2. Upper Bucks Campus. For students interested in learning about preserva-
come part of our BCCC community, with the
                                                   tion as a future career. Emphasis is on the history and philosophy of historic
same high level of instruction and academic
excellence that has earned us our fine reputa-
tion as a leader in preservation education.        HIST 198.E59 – History of American Architecture (3 credits) *Required
                                                   for Certificate. Online course. E. Freedman Schultz. Jan. 23 – May 13. This
Many students, both in Bucks County and
                                                   course is designed to give students an overview of American architectural
from Cape May to as far away as Ohio have
already taken some of our online offerings,
such as the History of American Architecture,      HIST 199.E59 – Methodology and Documentation (3 credits) *Required
the History of American Furniture, and the         for Certificate. Online course. J. Wells. Jan. 23 – May 13. The methodology
History and Theory of Historic Preservation.       of documentation will be studied and applied to buildings.
This Fall 2007, we have added Ray Tschoepe’s
online version of his face-to-face class on        HIST 219.E59 – Management of Historic Sites (3 credits) Online course.
Building Conservation, and Material Culture        H. Krueger Jebitsch and B. Reigle. Jan. 23 – May 13. The how-to’s of suc-
taught by Roberta Mayer. Two new courses           cessful historic site operation, including mission statements, management
will be available this Spring 2008: HIST 199       style, personnel and financial management, fund raising, and programming.
Methodology and Documentation taught by
Jeremy Wells and HIST 219 Management of            HIST 205.N86 – Restoration Workshop I (3 credits) Sat. 9:00 – noon. J.
Historic Sites, team taught by Hilary Krueger      Rodgers. Jan. 26 – May 10. Finishing the restoration of a springhouse is our
Jebitsch and Brenda Reigle. Jeremy Wells is        goal.
currently a doctoral candidate in the Environ-     HIST 208.N84 – History, Society and Architecture of the Delaware
mental Design and Planning Program at Clem-        Valley (3 credits) Thurs. 6:30 – 9:10. K. Auerbach. Jan. 24 – May 8.
son University and Hilary and Brenda work for      Students will explore the history of the Delaware Valley with special
the PHMC—Hilary as the Site Administrator          reference to settlement patterns of ethnic groups, their building traditions
at Washington Crossing Historic Park and           and material culture.
Brenda as a Curator.
                                                   HIST 218.N82 – Fundamentals of Drawing for HABS Workshop (1
Near and far, distance learning can provide a      credit) Tues. 6:30 – 9:10. K. Auerbach. April 8 – May 13. An introduction to
flexible, quality (GREEN) learning environ-        drawing procedures employed in drafting HABS drawings. Preparation for
ment for working professionals, stay-at-home       HABS 207 (HABS Workshop).
moms, retired senior citizens, or aspiring com-
munity activists— those that have little oppor-    HIST 203.N81 – Internship for Historic Preservation (3 credits)
tunity in their own communities to enter such a    *Required for Certificate. TBA. By permission. L. Rosenberger. Students
highly acclaimed academic program in historic      complete their Certificate requirements in the Historic Preservation Program
preservation.                                      by doing research on a select topic.
                                                   HIST 222.C20 – Archaeology Topics (1 credit) Thurs. 1:00 – 3:30. V.
                                                   Braubitz. March 6 – April 3. Discover how archaeologists work. Study about
                                                   sites at Jamestown, New Jersey, and the Revolutionary War.
                                                   Registration: The last day for spring registration is January 11. PLEASE
                                                   USE Curriculum Code 3127. Registration begins in late November 2007 and
                                                   runs to January 11, 2008. Register early – classes do fill up! For questions
                                                   about registration call 215-968-8101 or Lyle Rosenberger at 215-968-8286.
                                                   There are no prerequisites, except for the internship. Residents from any
                                                   county in Pennsylvania can use the “sharing” form so they do not have to pay
                                                   OUT-OF-COUNTY fees. Call L. Rosenberger at 215-968-8286.

Fall 2007                                                      5                                         Community Preservation
 Early New England and Architecture                                                                                 Notes on the Tyler
                                                                                                                    Formal Gardens
By Dr. Margaret Bye Richie                    of houses and furniture. Happily, the
                                              Puritans had attained a new and domi-                             Restoration Continues – If you have
In pursuing Alan Gowans’ book Images          nant social structure. They no longer                             visited the main campus during the week
of American Living, a comprehensive           had to live as menials below rich land                            of September 10, you may have noticed
analysis of the early development of the      holders and Royalty as in the old coun-                           that serious work appears to be underway
American way of life, I find that his         try. However, their fear of domination                            in the Tyler formal gardens. This is in-
opinion, based on the following state-        caused serious postponements of new                               deed the case because four inner rooms
ment, needs explanation. It reads, “If        regulations. In another area of life per-                         on the second terrace are having sod and
there is one idea about early American        haps it was not surprising that often                             steel edging installed to facilitate mainte-
history fixed in peoples’ heads, it is the    they went back to simple meeting                                  nance of the flower garden borders.
primacy of New England.” There is             houses in their towns and villages in-                            Gasper Landscapes, Inc., of Richboro, is
much to prove it. To begin with, we must      stead of worshiping in private houses                             doing the installation. We are deeply
discard the situations drawn by Haw-          which had been the custom.                                        grateful to both Gasper Landscapes and
thorne in the Scarlet Letter and similar
                                                                                                                the Bucks County Community College
stereotypes suggested by other writers.       When we study the 17th century New
                                                                                                                Foundation for their generous and timely
                                              England house types we find two sim-
Beginning with the Puritans (1630), the                                                                         support of this project. Stop in to see how
                                              ple and straight-forward designs known
overwhelming number of settlers who                                                                             our garden grows this fall!
                                              today as the Cape and the Salt Box.
were establishing freedom from harsh          These two came into form in New Eng-
religion and the demanding powers of                                                                            Garden Course Offered – This fall se-
                                              land in the 1600s, flourished in the next
upper class and royal landholders in Eng-                                                                       mester, Russ Strover (Master Gardener
                                              century, lost éclat during the 1800s and
land, were from the middle classes.                                                                             and HP Adjunct Instructor) will again
                                              thrived once more in the 1900s. Both
These, as the earlier Pilgrims who                                                                              use the Tyler Gardens as a laboratory to
                                              styles can be found throughout New
founded Plymouth in 1620, were men                                                                              teach about restoring historic gardens.
                                              England today. They are simple, well-
and women who had never had the free-                                                                           Sign up now (there is still room) for
                                              proportioned, practical, manifestly ex-
dom or money to choose their own way                                                                            HIST 217.N86 – Historic Gardens of the
                                              uding charm. The Cape impresses the
of life. They were, however, steeped in                                                                         20th Century (1 credit). This five week
                                              onlooker as an enlarged cottage,
family traditions that could reach back                                                                         class (October 27 is the Forum Lecture)
                                              whereas the Salt Box seems inventive
over a hundred years or more into the                                                                           meets on Saturday mornings from 9:00
                                              in its sloping rear roof, sometimes
Middle Ages, a remembered mode of                                                                               a.m. to noon, September 29 to November
                                              called a “catslide,” (reflecting an as-
living in past centuries which had been                                                                         3. All are welcome, no experience or
                                              sumed pleasure for cats) which offers
replete in design and decorative color of                                                                       “green thumb” necessary. For informa-
                                              additional space. Its name derives from
home and furniture.                                                                                             tion about registration call 215-968-8286.
                                              the small wooden box in which many
In 1982, the Museum of Fine Arts in           generations held salt.
                                                                                                                Volunteers Needed – All hands are
Boston fostered a 500-object exhibition       This brief column opens the way for                               needed to restore and maintain Tyler
which displayed the bright-colored cloth-     examining and comparing life and lead-                            Gardens throughout the year. Let’s make
ing and decorated furniture enjoyed by        ership in New England with other lo-                              this garden (nearly an acre) look good for
early Bostonians (1630-1700). These           cales in America.                                                 every visitor. If you like to work in gar-
middling people who displayed color and                                                                         dens and appreciate fresh air, join our
good design were also literate, basically     (Editorial Note: Dr. Margaret Bye Richie, longtime resident       energetic volunteers in the fall and spring
                                              of Bucks County, recently moved to Hingham, Massachu-
perhaps because it was important to be        setts. She is a noted architectural historian, lecturer, active   as they keep the gardens in shape. All are
able to read the Bible. Eighty to ninety      preservationist and valued friend of the Historic Preservation    welcome and hours can be arranged. Call
percent could read and write. It is not       program at Bucks. Dr. Richie is also a founding member of         215-968-8286. Don’t forget our restora-
altogether surprising that these vital, en-   the Advisory Board in the HP Program and contributor to
                                              our Slide Resource Center. In 2005, she published Stone
                                                                                                                tion projects need funding. The Tyler
terprising men and women of English           Houses: Traditional Homes of Pennsylvania’s                       Restoration Committee expresses its ap-
culture soon expressed their capabilities     Bucks County and Brandywine Valley.)                              preciation to local businesses and the
in establishing education for the next                                                                          Bucks County Community College
generation. This was clearly reflected in                                                                       Foundation for their continued support.
the founding of Harvard College just six
years after Boston was first settled.
The freedom in religion, attained in the
new environment, led the religious lead-
                                                         Don’t Forget the Forum Lecture
ers to abandon government regulations
that formerly dominated their lives in
                                                              on October 27, 2007
Old England. This independence reached                Learn more about the architect Frank Furness
out further to some extent in the design

Fall 2007                                                                    6                                                   Community Preservation
            Sacred Places in Philadelphia
By Christina Wilkinson                         Places, spoke about the challenges that    formance.
                                               face owners of older religious buildings
Those who attended the spring Preserva-        as they try to balance the high cost of    Together, we trooped down 46th Street
tion Forum Lecture, held on Saturday,          maintenance with the financial support     to Saint Francis de Sales, on Springfield
April 21, 2007, were treated to a lecture      provided by congregations. For our         Avenue, where we were introduced to
and slide show by Dr. Roger W. Moss,           visit, she selected two churches located   Sue Wyler. A member of the parish
Executive Director of the Athenaeum, in        within an easy walk of each other. Al-     since 1980, she explained the church
Philadelphia. Moss, who recently au-           though both were built in the early        had been built to serve Irish immigrants
thored Historic Sacred Places of Phila-        1900s, they are diverse in appearance,     who were employed in the area as do-
delphia, made a compelling case for the        denomination, and history.                 mestic servants. Designed by architect
preservation of religious structures as                                                   Henry Dagit, the colorful, rooftop
centers of our cultural heritage.              Our first stop was Calvary United          domes of the Byzantine-styled building
                                               Methodist Church, a Gothic Revival         create tremendous visual impact. The
As Moss pointed out, congregations once        building situated at the corner of S.      interior speaks to Dagit’s choice of
secured the best craftsmen and artisans to     48th Street and Baltimore Avenue. Rich     Guastavino tile construction, a tech-
erect a building they deemed worthy of         Kirk, who has lived in the area since      nique imported from Spain that sought
their Creator. Although many structures        the 1970s, guided us through the inte-     to avoid large columns. By setting inter-
have been lost, those that remain repre-       rior and shared his experiences. He        locking terra cotta tiles into mortar, four
sent a wide diversity of architectural         became involved in the restoration pro-    self-supporting, polychromatic tiled
styles and museum quality sculptures and       ject in 1994, when the congregation        arches were created to offer support for
statuary. He urged us to visit them in         successfully fought to prevent the sale    the huge domed ceiling. The resulting
person and, while appreciating the archi-      of their Tiffany windows. By forming a     acoustics are so outstanding the church
tecture, look for the stories within. In his   separate nonprofit organization, the       has hosted performances of the Phila-
words, “the history of the building cannot     Calvary Center for Culture and Com-        delphia Orchestra. However, as with
be separated from the history of the con-      munity, the church has become an ex-       any historic structure, maintaining the
gregation.”                                    ample of collaboration.                    integrity of the building is a daunting,
After lunch, we followed his advice and                                                   ongoing process.
                                               Currently, there are no less than six
journeyed into the University City area,       congregations, including a synagogue,      Currently, the entrance to Saint Francis
formerly known as West Philadelphia.           operating within its walls. Along with     peeks out around scaffolding as restora-
There we met Erin Coryell, from Partners       focus groups and other nonprofits, the     tion work continues. In the struggle to
for Sacred Places. Partners for Sacred         Curio Theatre Company has also found       preserve their buildings, both Calvary
Places is a nonprofit organization, with       a home there, staging their productions    and Saint Francis have benefited from
offices in Philadelphia and Fort Worth,        amid the medieval atmosphere pro-          grants awarded by Partners in combina-
Texas, established to promote the preser-      duced by the dark timbers and stained-     tion with fundraising efforts; they are
vation and adaptive reuse of religious         glass windows. As we left for our next     always looking for volunteers to help
properties. Coryell, director of Partners’     stop, actors were rehearsing for a per-    them preserve their sacred places.
Philadelphia Regional Fund for Sacred
                                                                                          (Editorial Note: Christina Wilkinson is from Ohio
                                                                                          and a student in our online Certificate Program.)

                                                                                   Dave Callahan (left), of Newtown, accepts
                                                                                   the 2007 Honorary Certificate of Induction
                                                                                   into the Eta Chapter of Sigma Pi Kappa
                                                                                   (the honor society for Historic Preservation
                                                                                   students) from Lyle L. Rosenberger, Direc-
                                                                                   tor of the Historic Preservation program at
                                                                                   Bucks County Community College. Calla-
                                                                                   han received this honor in recognition of
                                                                                   his support and dedication to the restoration
                                                                                   of Tyler Hall on the campus of BCCC. The
                                                                                   presentation was made at the 2007 gradua-
                                                                                   tion ceremonies at Rosewood Estate in Har-
                                                                                   leysville (home of Professor Rosenberger
                                                                                   and his wife, Janet).

Fall 2007                                                         7                                         Community Preservation
Community Preservation                                                                                                              FIRST CLASS
The Newsletter of the Historic Preservation                                                                                          U.S. Postage
Program at Bucks County Community College                                                                                               PAID
                                                                                                                                    Newtown, PA
                                                                                                                                    Permit No. 83
Bucks County Community College
275 Swamp Road     Newtown, PA 18940
Phone: 215-968-8286 Fax: 215-968-8349
Lyle Rosenberger, Director -

Newsletter E-mail:
Edited by Carla A. Loughlin

       News and Notes

       Kudos to May Graduates at Bucks – Bucks wishes all the              Congratulations go to Karen Boyd, John Kriebel and Leo
       best to Jennifer Eagen, Kevin Keating, Christopher Smith,           Shane. David Callahan, owner of Newtown Hardware
       and Vickie Stauffer for their new certificates.                     House, was also inducted as an honorary member in recogni-
                                                                           tion of his support and dedication to the restoration of Tyler
       Bucks Students Complete Graduate School – Congratula-               Hall on campus. We are grateful for the initiates accomplish-
       tions for an outstanding academic record. We are proud of           ments, they represent the best of historic preservation ideals.
       you. Patricia Fisher-Olsen (HP ’04) M.S. in Historic Preser-
       vation, Pratt Institute Graduate School of Architecture, Com-       Donation to HABS – A special thanks to Geoffrey Raike
       munity Planning & the Environment. With highest honors!             for his generous donation of time and money to the summer
       Connie Walsh (HP ’05) M.A. in Historic Preservation, Uni-           HABS project. Your contribution is deeply appreciated by
       versity of Delaware, Department of Urban Planning and Pub-          everyone at Bucks.
       lic Policy. Vanessa Zeoli (HP ’05) M.H.P. in Historic Preser-
       vation, University of Kentucky, Historic Preservation Depart-       Faculty Publishes – Ray Tschoepe, Director of Conserva-
       ment.                                                               tion at Fairmount Park Historic Preservation Trust in Phila-
                                                                           delphia and our own HP Adjunct Instructor, just published in
       Preservation Awards in Bucks HP Program – All the best              the July/August issue of Old House Journal, a timely article,
       for your outstanding contributions to our HP Program. Karen         “To Build a Better Porch.” Those familiar with Mr.
       Boyd – Lower Makefield Historical Society Scholarship               Tschoepe’s demanding course on building conservation, will
       Award. Jennifer Eagen – Social Science Annual HP Award              appreciate how his 25 years of experience in conservation
       (see plaque at back of PUB classroom). Paul Fugazzotto –            informs us how to drain water from porch areas. Congratula-
       Lyle Rosenberger HP Award.                                          tions on a significant contribution to late-Victorian verandas.
       SPK Initiates Join Eta Chapter – At the May graduation              Latest Updates on PHMC News – Use your computer to
       picnic, three of our HP students joined the International           find out about the latest in Pennsylvania preservation news:
       Honor Society of Historic Preservation – Sigma Pi Kappa.  
      Fall 2007                                                        8                                          Community Preservation

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