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NB Distribution of Bald Eagles by liaoqinmei


Bald Eagle                                        Habitat   & Survival
                                                                                                    There are two different populations of
                                                  Bald Eagles build their nests of sticks and
                                                                                                    Bald Eagle in New Brunswick; one which
Description   & Biology                           plant material in the tops of tall trees;
                                                                                                    is a permanent resident and spends it
                                                  most often large white pines. They have
The Bald Eagle is a distinctive bird of                                                             winters   here,      and   one   that   annually
                                                  the largest nests of any bird in North
prey, with its white feathered head and tail                                                        migrates to and from southeastern US.
                                                  America; as big as 2m in diameter. These
and its yellow feet and bill. It develops its                                                       Although the Bald Eagle may be found
                                                  nests are often used for a number of years
vivid plumage only as it reaches maturity,                                                          throughout     the   province,   its    is   more
                                                  before they are abandoned. Bald Eagles
at the age of four or five years. Juvenile                                                          common in the southwestern region where
                                                  become      very   territorial   during   their
Bald Eagles are entirely brown for their                                                            there is more open water.
                                                  breeding season, and defend an area of up
first 2 years of life, after which they begin
                                                  to 2 km around their nest.
to develop white feathers.                                                                          The distribution of the Bald Eagle extends
                                                                                                    across Canada, with the exception of the
                                                  Nests are usually built at sites that are
Bald Eagles have toes that are equipped                                                             prairies and the arctic, to just south of the
                                                  near open water, where there is an
with strong, sharp talons, which are used                                                           United States. The largest concentration
                                                  abundance of fish. In New Brunswick, a
to capture their prey. They possess a                                                               of Bald Eagles in eastern North America is
                                                  number of our coastal islands provide
large, hooked bill used to dispatch prey                                                            found in Cape-Breton
                                                  suitable habitat and therefore it is not
and to tear food into pieces. They are
                                                  uncommon to see eagles nesting there.
capable of capturing live large fish, but
also feed on carrion, especially in the
                                                  During the winter season these birds are
winter. Aquatic birds and small mammals
                                                  more frequently found in the south-west
are also part of their diet.
                                                  region of New Brunswick, where there is
                                                  more food availability due to the fact the
In New Brunswick, bald eagles return to
                                                  Bay of Fundy does not freeze over.
nesting sites as early as February, and
breeding occurs in April through mid-May.
                                                  An effective conservation measure for this
Any    disturbance   during    this   sensitive
                                                  species is to limit alterations to the
period may cause the pair to abandon their
                                                  environment around nesting sites, and to                         NB Distribution of
nest. The young have usually left the nest                                                                           Bald Eagles
                                                  avoid disturbing nesting pairs.
      the end of August.

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