Bald Eagle Habitat & Survival
There are two different populations of
Bald Eagles build their nests of sticks and
Bald Eagle in New Brunswick; one which
Description & Biology plant material in the tops of tall trees;
is a permanent resident and spends it
most often large white pines. They have
The Bald Eagle is a distinctive bird of winters here, and one that annually
the largest nests of any bird in North
prey, with its white feathered head and tail migrates to and from southeastern US.
America; as big as 2m in diameter. These
and its yellow feet and bill. It develops its Although the Bald Eagle may be found
nests are often used for a number of years
vivid plumage only as it reaches maturity, throughout the province, its is more
before they are abandoned. Bald Eagles
at the age of four or five years. Juvenile common in the southwestern region where
become very territorial during their
Bald Eagles are entirely brown for their there is more open water.
breeding season, and defend an area of up
first 2 years of life, after which they begin
to 2 km around their nest.
to develop white feathers. The distribution of the Bald Eagle extends
across Canada, with the exception of the
Nests are usually built at sites that are
Bald Eagles have toes that are equipped prairies and the arctic, to just south of the
near open water, where there is an
with strong, sharp talons, which are used United States. The largest concentration
abundance of fish. In New Brunswick, a
to capture their prey. They possess a of Bald Eagles in eastern North America is
number of our coastal islands provide
large, hooked bill used to dispatch prey found in Cape-Breton
suitable habitat and therefore it is not
and to tear food into pieces. They are
uncommon to see eagles nesting there.
capable of capturing live large fish, but
also feed on carrion, especially in the
During the winter season these birds are
winter. Aquatic birds and small mammals
more frequently found in the south-west
are also part of their diet.
region of New Brunswick, where there is
more food availability due to the fact the
In New Brunswick, bald eagles return to
Bay of Fundy does not freeze over.
nesting sites as early as February, and
breeding occurs in April through mid-May.
An effective conservation measure for this
Any disturbance during this sensitive
species is to limit alterations to the
period may cause the pair to abandon their
environment around nesting sites, and to NB Distribution of
nest. The young have usually left the nest Bald Eagles
avoid disturbing nesting pairs.
the end of August.