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VIEWS: 6 PAGES: 14

									Name:                                                                         Honors Kinesiology

Period:

Unit 2/Chapter 5: Tissues (p. 142-168)

OBJECTIVES

1. Define the term tissue.

2. Name the four primary adult tissue types, and give a brief description of each.

3. Compare and contrast the structure and function of the three types of cell junctions.

4. Sketch a typical layer of epithelium. Label each structure and use this cell layer to discuss
   the characteristics, locations, and functions of epithelia.

5. Explain how epithelia are nourished.

6. Discuss the classification scheme for epithelia.

7. For each of the following epithelial tissues (ET), give a structural description (including any
   special features such as cilia, goblet cells, etc.), denote a key body location, and identify its
   function(s):
      a. Simple Squamous ET
      b. Simple Cuboidal ET
      c. Simple Columnar ET
      d. Pseudostratified Columnar ET
      e. Transitional ET
      f. Stratified Squamous ET (both keratinized and non-keratinized)
      g. Stratified Cuboidal ET
      h. Stratified Columnar ET
      i. Glandular ET

8. Distinguish between merocrine, apocrine, and holocrine exocrine glands and give an
   example of each.

9. Define the term carcinoma.

10. Describe the general characteristics of connective tissues (CT) and discuss the major
   structural differences from ET's.

11. Explain how CT's are composed of cells plus an extracellular matrix composed of ground
   substance and fibers.


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12. Describe ground substance, list the three CT fiber types, and name the many types of cells
   that may compose CT.

13. For each of the following connective tissues (CT), describe its structure, name a key body
   location, and identify its function(s):
       a. Mesenchyme
       b. Areolar CT
       c. Adipose Tissue
       d. Reticular CT
       e. Dense Regular CT
       f. Dense Irregular CT
       g. Elastic CT
       h. Hyaline Cartilage
       i. Fibrocartilage
       j. Elastic Cartilage
       k. Bone
       l. Blood

14. Explain why a CT may be either liquid (blood), semi-solid (fat), or very rigid (bone).

15. Define the term epithelial membrane and discuss the structure, location, and function of the
   three different types: cutaneous, mucous, and serous.

16. Explain why muscle cells are called fibers and define contractility.

17. Compare and contrast the three types of muscle tissue in terms of their structure, control,
   location in the human body, and function.

18. Identify the major cell within nervous tissue, denote the location of nervous tissue in the
   body, and discuss its function.



1. Understanding Words (p. 142): define, give an example and explain the following
   terms:

   1.1. adip -

   1.2. chondr-

   1.3. -cyt –

   1.4. epi –



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    1.5. -glia –

    1.6. hist-

    1.7. hyal-

    1.8. inter-

    1.9. macr-

    1.10.          neur- nerve (neuron)

    1.11.          os-

    1.12.          phag-

    1.13.          pseudo-

    1.14.          squam-

    1.15.          strat-

    1.16.          stria-

2. In order to familiarize you with the main 4 types of tissues, their locations and

    characteristics, please fill out/summarize Table 5.1 on (p. 144)


Type               Functions              Locations            Characteristics




Table 5.1 p. 144

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3. Epithelial Tissues (ET): General Characteristics (p. 143-145)

   3.1. Describe where ET are found:



   3.2. Differentiate between the apical (free) surface and the basement membrane:




   3.3. How well vascularized are ET?

   3.4. How do ET receive nutrients?

   3.5. Do ET undergo mitosis?

   3.6. Explain why desmosomes cause ET to form very good barriers. (refer to Chap 3, p. 80

        text as well as Fig 3.8)




   3.7. List and describe the three cell shapes that ET are classified by:

       3.7.1.

       3.7.2.

       3.7.3.



   3.8. Differentiate between:

       3.8.1. simple

       3.8.2. stratified




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4. Simple Squamous Epithelium (p. 145)

   4.1. Sketch and label Fig 5.1a on p. 144:




   4.2. Describe:

       4.2.1. shape

       4.2.2. number of layers

       4.2.3. functions (2)

       4.2.4. locations

5. Simple Cuboidal Epithelium (p. 145)

   5.1. Sketch and label Fig 5.2a on p. 145:




   5.2. Describe:

       5.2.1. shape

       5.2.2. number of layers

       5.2.3. functions (2)

       5.2.4. locations




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6. Simple Columnar Epithelium (p. 145-146)

   6.1. Sketch and label Fig 5.3a on p. 146:




   6.2. Describe:

       6.2.1. shape

       6.2.2. number of layers

       6.2.3. functions (2)

       6.2.4. locations

7. Pseudostratified Columnar Epithelium (p. 146-147)

   7.1. Sketch and label Fig 5.5a on p. 147:




   7.2. Describe:

       7.2.1. shape

       7.2.2. number of layers

       7.2.3. function/special feature

       7.2.4. locations




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8. Stratified Squamous Epithelium (p. 146-147)

   8.1. Sketch and label Fig 5.6a on p. 147:




   8.2. Describe:

       8.2.1. shape

       8.2.2. number of layers

       8.2.3. special feature of basement layer

       8.2.4. function of ketatin

       8.2.5. locations

9. Stratified Cuboidal Epithelium (p. 148)

   9.1. Sketch and label Fig 5.7a on p. 148:




   9.2. Describe:

       9.2.1. shape

       9.2.2. number of layers

       9.2.3. locations




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10. Stratified Columnar Epithelium (p. 148)

   10.1.      Sketch and label Fig 5.8a on p. 148:




   10.2.      Describe:

       10.2.1. shape

       10.2.2. number of layers

       10.2.3. locations

11. Transitional Epithelium (p. 148-149)

   11.1.      Sketch and label Fig 5.9a and b on p. 149:




   11.2.      Describe:

       11.2.1. structure and function of transitional epithelials as a result of tension




       11.2.2. locations



       11.2.3. selective permeabiliy




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12. Glandular Epithelium (Fig 5.10 on p. 150, p. 149-151)

   12.1.         functions (2):

   12.2.         locations (2):

   12.3.         term for >1 cell:

   12.4.         two types of glands:

       12.4.1.     exocrine

            12.4.1.1.    location of secretions:

            12.4.1.2.    secretion methods (explain):

                 12.4.1.2.1.      merocrine:

                 12.4.1.2.2.      apocrine:

                 12.4.1.2.3.      holocrine:

       12.4.2.     endocrine

            12.4.2.1.    location of secretions:

   12.5.         Sketch Fig 5.11abc on p. 151 (glandular seretions):




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   12.6.       Fill out Table 5.3 on pp. 151:


                Type                   Description of Secretion   Example(s)




13. Connective Tissues (CT) (p. 152-162)

   13.1.       General Characteristics (p. 152)

       13.1.1. List 8 “jobs” that connective tissues perform:

            13.1.1.1.

            13.1.1.2.

            13.1.1.3.

            13.1.1.4.

            13.1.1.5.

            13.1.1.6.

            13.1.1.7.

            13.1.1.8.

       13.1.2. Describe distance between CT cells:

       13.1.3. List 2 components of extracellular matrix (ECM)

            13.1.3.1.

            13.1.3.2.

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   13.2.        2 major CT cell types based on movement:

      13.2.1.

      13.2.2.

   13.3.        2 types of fixed cells and their functions:

      13.3.1.

      13.3.2.

   13.4.        1 type of wandering cell and their functions:

      13.4.1.

   13.5.        Connective Tissue Fibers (p. 153-155)

      13.5.1. Fibroblasts produce 3 types of fibers:

            13.5.1.1.

            13.5.1.2.

            13.5.1.3.

      13.5.2. describe collagenous fibers

            13.5.2.1.   protein:

            13.5.2.2.   elasticity:

            13.5.2.3.   strength

      13.5.3. describe elastic fibers

            13.5.3.1.   protein:

            13.5.3.2.   elasticity:

            13.5.3.3.   strength

      13.5.4. describe reticular fibers

            13.5.4.1.   protein:

            13.5.4.2.   strength




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   13.6.       Dense Connective Tissue (p. 157). Describe:

      13.6.1. special orientation of proteins:

      13.6.2. protein type:

      13.6.3. locations:

      13.6.4. vascularization and consequences:

   13.7.       Specialized connective tissues (p. 159-162)

      13.7.1. Cartilage (p. 159)

            13.7.1.1.   2 functions:

            13.7.1.2.   comprised of 4 substances:

               13.7.1.2.1.

               13.7.1.2.2.

               13.7.1.2.3.

               13.7.1.2.4.

            13.7.1.3.   describe vascularization and consequences:



            13.7.1.4.   describe how nutrients taken-in:




            13.7.1.5.   describe 3 types of cartilage:

               13.7.1.5.1.



               13.7.1.5.2.



               13.7.1.5.3.




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      13.7.2. Bone (p. 159-161)

            13.7.2.1.   Functions (3):

                13.7.2.1.1.

                13.7.2.1.2.

                13.7.2.1.3.

            13.7.2.2.   Sketch and label Fig 5.27a (including the little inset diagram) on p. 161:




      13.7.3. Blood (p. 160-161)

            13.7.3.1.   List three types of cells/cell fragments and their functions:

                13.7.3.1.1.

                13.7.3.1.2.

                13.7.3.1.3.

14. Types of Membranes (p. 162)

   14.1.        List and describe the three types of epithelial membranes:

      14.1.1.

      14.1.2.

      14.1.3.




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15. Muscle Tissues (p. 162-164)

   15.1.         Summarize general characteristics (p. 162):




   15.2.         List and describe the three types of muscle tissue (p. 162-164):


       15.2.1.



       15.2.2.



       15.2.3.

16. Nervous Tissue (p. 164-165)

   16.1.         Found in three locations:

       16.1.1.

       16.1.2.

       16.1.3.

   16.2.         Functions (2):




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