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Vol. 19, 2004                                          Bibliography                                          117

Matrimonial Torts and Crimes: An
Annotated Bibliography

Nancy Levit*

        This bibliography covers articles published between
        1995-2004 relating to the intersection of matrimonial
        law and tort law or criminal law.1 It annotates articles
        published from 1999-2004, and cites but does not anno-
        tate articles published between 1995-1998. In the inter-
        est of brevity, A.L.R. collections (the titles of which are
        usually self-explanatory) and articles concerning indi-
        vidual cases or single state’s statutes are cited but not

Table of Contents
Abuse of Process and Malicious Prosecution . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                       118     R
Adoption and the Tort of Wrongful Adoption . . . . . . . . . . . .                                           119     R
Adultery, Alienation of Affections, Criminal
Conversation, Deceit and Seduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                              121     R
       Parental Alienation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                   123     R
Child Abuse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .    124     R
       Corporal Punishment and Parental Discipline . . . . .                                                 124     R
       Criminal Prosecutions and Defense . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                     125     R
       Reporting Statutes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                  128     R
       Repressed Memories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                      129     R
       Sexual Abuse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .              133     R
       Tort Remedies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .               134     R
Consortium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   136     R
Custodial Interference and Child Abduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                       139     R
       International . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .           139     R

     * Edward D. Ellison Professor of Law, University of Missouri-Kansas
City School of Law.
     1 For a prior bibliography covering matrimonial tort articles between
1989-94, see Nancy Levit, Annotated Torts Bibliography, 12 J. AM. ACAD. MA-
TRIM. LA . 415 (1994).
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118 Journal of the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers

Domestic Violence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                140     R
         Children—Impact on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                          141     R
         Criminal Prosecutions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                       143     R
         Particular Populations—The Elderly, Immigrant
         Victims, Women of Color . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                             145     R
         Protective Orders and Other Protective Measures .                                                       147     R
         Same-Sex Couples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                      149     R
         Stalking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .        150     R
         Tort Remedies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                 152     R
Elder Abuse and Neglect . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                        154     R
Fraud and Misrepresentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                          158     R
Immunity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .     160     R
         Interspousal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            160     R
         Parental . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .        160     R
Infliction of Emotional Distress . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                           162     R
Insurance Coverage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                 163     R
Interspousal Torts and Divorce Proceedings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                         164     R
Parental Kidnapping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                  166     R
Parental Liability for Minors’ Crimes and Torts . . . . . . . . . . .                                            168     R
Prenatal Torts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .         172     R
         Criminal Prosecutions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                       172     R
         Tort Liability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            173     R
RICO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   174     R
Sexually Transmitted Disease Liability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                                   175     R
Surveillance and Wiretapping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                           177     R
Visitation Abuse or Unlawful Interference with
         Visitation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .          181     R

Abuse of Process and Malicious Prosecution
Attorneys May Be Liable for Malicious Prosecution Based on
Claims That Began in Family Law Proceeding, But Did Not In-
volve Family Law Issues, 29 PROF. LIABILITY REP. 8 (Jan.
Philip L. Gordon, Defeating Abusive Claims and Counterclaims
for Abuse of Process, 30 COLO. LAW. 47 (Mar. 2001)(Colorado).
Jonathan Simonds Pyatt, An Action for Malicious Prosecution
Lies When at Least One of Several Possible Grounds of Recovery
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Vol. 19, 2004                               Bibliography                    119

Lacks Probable Cause and Is Brought with Malice: Crowley v.
Katleman, 23 PEPP. L. REV. 1073 (1996)(California).
Jeffrey J. Utermohle, Look What They’ve Done to My Tort, Ma:
The Unfortunate Demise of “Abuse of Process” in Maryland, 32
U. BALT. L. REV. 1 (2002)(Maryland).
Christopher W. Weber, Note, The Loss of Consortium-Malicious
Prosecution Nexus: No Recovery for Loss of Spousal Consortium
Absent Physical Injury and No Recovery for Malicious Prosecu-
tion Beyond the Person Prosecuted: Browning-Ferris Industries,
Inc. v. Lieck, 881 S.W.2d 288 (Tex. 1994), 26 TEXAS TECH. L.
REV. 217 (1995)(Texas).

Adoption and the Tort of Wrongful Adoption
Mary Hora, Note, A Standard of Service That All Families De-
serve: The Transformation of Intercountry Adoption Between the
United States and the Russian Federation, 40 BRANDEIS L.J. 1017
(2002)(discussing wrongful adoption claims in the international
adoption context).
Liane Leshne, Wrongful Adoption: Fewer Secrets and Lies, But
Agencies Still Fail at Full Disclosure, 35 TRIAL 14 (Apr.
1999)(noting that “[a]ppellate courts in at least 10 states have
specifically recognized some form of wrongful adoption since the
Ohio Supreme Court first recognized the tort” in 1986, and
touching briefly on issues of waivers, agency liability and set-offs
from other founts of recovery).
Erica Shultz, Note, Ignoring Distress Signals: Why Courts Recog-
nize Emotional Distress Damages in Wrongful Adoption Claims,
52 FLA. L. REV. 1073 (2000)(chronicling the development of the
wrongful adoption cause of action and exploring the emotional
injuries of adoptive parents as a component of damages).
Robert J. Baker, Gibbs v. Ernst: Pennsylvania Recognizes Negli-
gent Nondisclosure in Wrongful Adoption Cases, 31 TORT & INS.
L.J. 103 (1995)(Pennsylvania).
Michelle A. Bernstein, Extending Tort of Negligent Misrepresen-
tation to Adoption Context—Mallette v. Children’s Friend & Ser-
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120 Journal of the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers

vice, 661 A.2d 67 (R.I. 1995), 30 SUFFOLK U. L. REV. 615
(1997)(Rhode Island).
Howard M. Cooper, Enforcement of Contractual Release and
Hold Harmless Language in “Wrongful Adoption” Cases, 44
BOSTON B.J. 14 (2000)(Massachusetts).
Jennifer Emmaneel, Note, Beyond Wrongful Adoption: Ex-
panding Adoption Agency Liability to Include a Duty to Investi-
gate and a Duty to Warn, 29 GOLDEN GATE U. L. REV. 181
Troy D. Farmer, Note, Protecting the Rights of Hard to Place
Children in Adoptions, 72 IND. L.J. 1165 (1997).
Thanda A. Fields, Note, Declaring a Policy of Truth: Recognizing
the Wrongful Adoption Claim, 37 B.C. L. REV. 975 (1996).
Susan G. James, Note, Disclosure of the Mental Health of Biolog-
ical Families in Adoptions, 34 U. LOUISVILLE J. FAM. L. 717
Denise Marie La Verde, Note, Juman v. Louise Wise Services:
Disallowing Emotional Distress Damages Undermines the Tort of
Wrongful Adoption, 29 SW. U. L. REV. 167 (1999)(New York).
Harriet Dinegar Milks, “Wrongful Adoption” Causes of Action
Against Adoption Agencies Where Children Have or Develop
Mental or Physical Problems That Are Misrepresented or Not
Disclosed to Adoptive Parents, 74 A.L.R. 5TH 1 (1999).
Laura Morgan, Telling the Truth in Adoption Proceedings: Tort
Actions for Wrongful Adoption, 10 DIVORCE LITIG. 11 (Jan.
Brionne B. Pattison, Case Retrospective: Mohr v. Commonwealth
of Massachusetts and Pamela Tompkins, 1 J.L. & FAM. STUD. 267
Wanda M. Temm, Out of Sight, Out of Mind, But Not Out of
Duty: Adoption Agency’s Duty to Disclose Medical Information
to Birth Parents Post-Relinquishment, 63 UMKC L. Rev. 359
Sarah Clarke Wixson, Comment, And Baby Makes Three: The
Rights of the Child, the Adoptive Parents, and the Biological Par-
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Vol. 19, 2004                               Bibliography                    121

ents Under the Uniform Adoption Act, 33 IDAHO L. REV. 481

Adultery, Alienation of Affections, Criminal
Conversation, Deceit and Seduction
William Corbett, A Somewhat Modest Proposal to Prevent Adul-
tery and Save Families: Two Old Torts Looking for a New Career,
33 ARIZ. ST. L.J. 985 (2001)(tracing the disappearance of aliena-
tion of affection and criminal conversation causes of action and
urging revision of these torts into an intentional interference with
marriage tort).
Raul V. Esquivel, III, Comment, Implications of the Military’s
Proscription of Adultery Upon Individual Privacy, 47 LOY. L.
REV. 835 (2001)(noting that the Uniform Code of Military Jus-
tice permits adultery prosecutions and questioning the appropri-
ate constitutional standard to apply to a right of privacy to
engage in adulterous behavior).
C. Quince Hopkins, Rank Matters But Should Marriage?: Adul-
tery, Fraternization, and Honor in the Military, 9 UCLA WO-
MEN’S L.J. 177 (1999)(examining the rationales supporting the
military prosecution of adultery).
Jill Jones, Comment, Fanning an Old Flame: Alienation of Affec-
tions and Criminal Conversation Revisited, 26 PEPP. L. REV. 61
(1999)(reviewing the arguments for abolition of heartbalm ac-
tions, such as their philosophical grounding in property interests
in people, and arguments in favor of retaining them, and offering
some modifications to their elements).
Rachel Moran, Law and Emotion, Love and Hate, 11 J. CON-
TEMP. LEGAL ISSUES 747 (2001) (rethinking, primarily as a theo-
retical work, the abandonment of heartbalm causes of action, in
light of the emotional investment that predominately women
make in relationships).
Paulette Benz, Note, Nunn v. Allen, Living Separate and Apart in
North Carolina: Separation Agreements, Sex, the Meaning of Un-
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122 Journal of the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers

married, and Liability of Third Parties, 25 N.C. CENTRAL L.J. 242
(2003)(North Carolina).
Kathryn R. Burke, The Privacy Penumbra and Adultery: Does
Military Necessity Justify an Adultery Regulation and What Will It
Take for the Court to Declare It Unconstitutional?, 19 HAMLINE J.
PUB. POL’Y & L. 301 (1997).
Michele Crissman, Student Article, Alienation of Affections: An
Ancient Tort—But Still Alive in South Dakota, 48 S.D. L. REV.
518 (2002-03)(South Dakota).
Melissa Ash Haggard, Note, Adultery: A Comparison of Military
Law and State Law and the Controversy This Causes Under Our
Constitution and Criminal Justice System, 37 BRANDEIS L.J. 469
Christina Tavella Hall, Note, Sex Online: Is This Adultery?, 20
HASTINGS COMM. & ENT. L.J. 201 (1997).
Heiner v. Simpson—Nothing in a Claim for Alienation of Affec-
tions Precludes a Claim for Intentional or Negligent Infliction of
Emotional Distress, 2001 UTAH L. REV. 1084 (Utah).
Stephanie Levy, Alienation of Affections Remains Viable Tort in
South Dakota, 35 TRIAL 19 (July 1999)(South Dakota).
W. Dudley McCarter, Supreme Court of Missouri Abolishes
Alienation of Affection Tort, 59 J. MO. B. 157 (July-Aug.
Jennifer E. McDougal, Legislating Morality: The Actions for
Alienation of Affection and Criminal Conversation in North Car-
olina, 33 WAKE FOREST L. REV. 163 (1998)(North Carolina).
Bruce V. Nguyen, Note, Hey, That’s My Wife!—The Tort of
Alienation of Affections in Missouri, Thornburg v. Federal Ex-
press Corp., 68 MO. L. REV. 241 (2003)(Missouri).
Nehal A. Patel, Note, The State’s Perpetual Protection of Adul-
tery: Examining Koestler v. Pollard and Wisconsin’s Faded Adul-
tery Torts, 2003 WIS. L. REV. 1013 (Wisconsin).
Lea Vandervelde, The Legal Ways of Seduction, 48 STAN. L. REV.
817 (1996).
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Vol. 19, 2004                               Bibliography                    123

James M. Winner, Comment, Beds with Sheets But No Covers:
The Right to Privacy and the Military’s Regulation of Adultery, 31
LOY. L.A. L. REV. 1073 (1998).

 Parental Alienation

Carol S. Bruch, Parental Alienation Syndrome and Parental
Alienation Getting It Wrong in Child Custody Cases, 35 FAM.
L.Q. 527 (2001)(offering methodological concerns about the re-
search on parental alienation syndrome, and suggesting the term
is often too loosely applied to any situation in which a child is
reluctant to visit a parent).
Douglas Darnall, Parental Alienation: Not in the Best Interest of
the Children, 75 N.D. L. REV. 323 (1999)(offering a psycholo-
gist’s primer on the signs of alienating behaviors by parents and
symptoms of alienated children and giving tips to attorneys on
how to confirm the presence of parental alienation, including a
list of suggested deposition questions).
Special Issue, Alienated Children in Divorce, 39 FAM. CT. REV.
249 (2001)(collecting articles from therapists and judges about
evaluating parental alienation syndrome and urging caution in
distinguishing a syndrome from episodic refusals of contact).
Richard A. Warshack, Bringing Sense to Parental Alienation: A
Look at the Disputes and the Evidence, 37 FAM. L.Q. 273
(2003)(referring to the body of scientific literature on the exis-
tence and treatment of parental alienation syndrome).
Jeffrey F. Ghent, Right of Child or Parent to Recover for Aliena-
tion of Other’s Affections, 60 A.L.R. 3RD 931 (1974, Supp. 2004).
Louann C. McGlynn, Comment, Parent and Child—Custody and
Control of Child: Parental Alienation: Trash Talking the Non-Cus-
todial Parent Is Not Okay, Hendrickson v. Hendrickson, 2000
N.D. 1, 603 N.W.2d 896 (2001), 77 N.D. L. REV. 525
(2001)(North Dakota).
Kathleen Niggemyer, Parental Alienation Is Open Heart Surgery:
It Needs More Than a Band-Aid to Fix It, 34 CAL. W. L. REV. 567
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124 Journal of the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers

Cheri L. Wood, The Parental Alienation Syndrome: A Dangerous
Aura of Reliability, 27 LOY. L.A. L. REV. 1367 (1994).

Child Abuse (See also Domestic Violence and
Prenatal Torts and Crimes)
 Corporal Punishment and Parental Discipline

Karolyn Ann Hicks, Comment, “Reparative” Therapy: Whether
Parental Attempts to Change a Child’s Sexual Orientation Can Le-
gally Constitute Child Abuse, 49 AM. U. L. REV. 505 (1999)(argu-
ing that parents who try to force their homosexual, bisexual and
transgendered children into heterosexuality are perpetrating
emotional and mental abuse that should be recognized under
child abuse and neglect statutes).
Deana Pollard, Banning Child Corporal Punishment, 77 TULANE
L. REV. 575 (2003)(presenting scientific evidence from a variety
of disciplines that spanking causes cognitive and psychiatric dis-
orders, and advocating the elimination of civil and criminal im-
munity for parents who physically punish their children).
N. Dickon Reppucci & Carrie S. Fried, Child Abuse and the Law,
69 UMKC L. REV. 107 (2000)(covering legal definitions of child
maltreatment, the content of child abuse screening reports, and
evidentiary standards for child abuse).
Murray A. Strauss, Corporal Punishment by Parents: The Cradle
of Violence in the Family and Society, 8 VA. J. SOC. POL’Y & L. 7
(2000)(reviewing rates of the prevalence of violence by parents
against children).
Jon D. Anderson, Comment, Parental Smoking: A Form of Child
Abuse?, 77 MARQ. L. REV. 360 (1994).
Susan H. Bitenskey, Spare the Rod, Embrace Our Humanity: To-
ward a New Legal Regime Prohibiting the Corporal Punishment
of Children, 31 U. MICH. J. L. REF. 353 (1998).
Scott A. Davidson, Note, When Is Parental Discipline Child
Abuse? The Vagueness of Child Abuse Laws, 34 U. LOUISVILLE
J. FAM. L. 403 (1995-96).
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Vol. 19, 2004                               Bibliography                    125

Leonard P. Edwards, Corporal Punishment and the Legal System,
36 SANTA CLARA L. REV. 983 (1996).
Richard Garner, Fundamentally Speaking: Application of Ohio’s
Domestic Violence Laws in Parental Discipline Cases—A Parental
Perspective, 30 U. TOL. L. REV. 1 (1998)(Ohio).
Mary Kate Kearney, Substantive Due Process and Parental Cor-
poral Punishment: Democracy and the Excluded Child, 32 SAN
DIEGO L. REV. 1 (1995).
Caroll J. Miller, Validity and Application of Statute Allowing En-
dangered Child to Be Temporarily Removed from Parental Cus-
tody, 38 A.L.R. 4TH 756 (1985; Supp. 2000).
David Orentlicher, Spanking and Other Corporal Punishment of
Children: Overvaluing Pain, Undervaluing Children, 35 HOUS. L.
REV. 147 (1998).
Henry Plum, Proving Physical Abuse of Children, 17 FAM. AD-
VOC.46 (Winter 1995).
Marcia Sprague & Mark Hardin, Coordination of Juvenile and
Criminal Court Child Abuse and Neglect Proceedings, 35 U. LOU-
ISVILLE J. FAM. L. 239 (1996-97).

Tana Vanderbilt, Child Abuse and Neglect Cases, 14 S.C. LAW. 20
(Sep./Oct. 2002)(South Carolina).
Patricia E. Weidler, Parental Physical Discipline in Maine and
New Hampshire: An Analysis of Two States’ Approaches to Pro-
tecting Children from Parental Violence, 3 WHITTIER J. CHILD &
FAM. ADVOC. 77 (2003)(Maine and New Hampshire).

 Criminal Prosecutions and Defense

Thea Brown, Fathers and Child Abuse Allegations in the Context
of Parental Separation and Divorce, 41 FAM. CT. REV. 367
(2003)(providing statistics on the frequency of substantiated and
unsubstantiated child abuse allegations).
Jeanne A. Fugate, Note, Who’s Failing Whom? A Critical Look
at Failure-to-Protect Laws, 76 N.Y.U. L. REV. 272 (2001)(noticing
the gender disparities in prosecutions of women for failure to
protect their children from abuse).
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126 Journal of the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers

Joelle Anne Moreno, Einstein on the Bench? Exposing What
Judges Do Not Know About Science and Using Child Abuse
Cases to Improve How Courts Evaluate Scientific Evidence, 64
OHIO ST. L.J. 531 (2003)(assessing medical evidence regarding
Temporary Brittle Bone Disease, one of the most frequent medi-
cal defense strategies in child abuse cases, and explaining the sci-
entific evidence standards by which this defense is evaluated).
Janet Leach Richards, Protecting the Child Witness in Abuse
Cases, 34 FAM. L.Q. 393 (2000)(explaining the constitutional con-
frontation requirements that protect the rights of defendants
charged with child abuse and discussing ways to make the experi-
ence of testifying less traumatic for children).
Erwin Chemerinsky, Constitution Bars Prosecution of Long-Ago
Child Abusers, 40 TRIAL 64 (Jan. 2004)(Stogner v. California).
Michael Compitello, Comment, Parental Rights and Family Integ-
rity: Forgotten Victims in the Battle Against Child Abuse, 18 PACE
L. REV. 135 (1997).
Richard Garner, Fundamentally Speaking: Application of Ohio’s
Domestic Violence Laws in Parental Discipline Cases—A Parental
Perspective, 30 U. TOL. L. REV. 1 (1998)(Ohio).
Craig E. Hansen, An Indiana Approach to the Emerging Passive
Parent Action, 29 VAL. L. REV. 1299 (1995)(Indiana).
Ashran Jen, Stogner v. California: A Collision Between the Ex
Post Facto Clause and California’s Interest in Protecting Child Sex
Abuse Victims, 94 J. CRIM. L. & CRIMINOLOGY 723
Joni Jones, Note, Maintaining Unsubstantiated Records of “Sus-
pected” Child Abuse: Much Ado About Nothing or a Violation of
the Right to Privacy?, 1995 UTAH L. REV. 887 (4th Circuit).
Gina L. Kershaw, The Child Witness as a Victim of Domestic Vio-
lence: Prosecuting the Batterer Under California’s Child Abuse
Statute, 19 J. JUV. L. 196 (1998).
Sean E. Kreiger, Degren v. State: Failure to Prevent the Sexual
Abuse of a Child, When It’s Reasonably Possible to Act, Qualifies
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Vol. 19, 2004                               Bibliography                     127

as Sexual Abuse Under Maryland’s Child Abuse Statute, 29 U.
BALT. L.F. 53 (1999)(Maryland).
Bryan A. Liang & Wendy L. Macfarlane, Murder by Omission:
Child Abuse and the Passive Parent, 36 HARV. J. ON LEGIS. 397
Christine A. Martin, Note, Murder by Child Abuse—Who’s Re-
sponsible After State v. Jackson?, 24 SEATTLE U.L. REV. 663
Karen D. McDonald, Note, Michigan’s Efforts to Hold Women
Criminally and Civilly Liable for Failure to Protect: Implications
for Battered Women, 44 WAYNE L. REV. 289 (1998)(Michigan).
Barbara A. Micheels, Comment, Is Justice Served? The Develop-
ment of Tort Liability Against the Passive Parent in Incest Cases,
41 ST. LOUIS U. L.J. 809 (1997).
Cathy Naugle, Teresa Hampton & Kathleen Elliott, Defending
Against Child Abuse Allegations in Parallel Proceedings, 33
IDAHO L. REV. 333 (1997)(Idaho).
Cathleen C. Opel, Beyond the Abuser to the Enabler: Extending
Criminal Liability to Caregivers Who Fail to Protect a Child from
Sexual Abuse by a Third Party, 59 MARYLAND L. REV. 951
Linda J. Panko, Legal Backlash: The Expanding Liability of Wo-
men Who Fail to Protect Their Children from Their Male Part-
ner’s Abuse, 6 HASTINGS WOMEN’S L.J. 67 (1995).
Jean Peters-Baker, Note, Punishing the Passive Parent: Ending a
Cycle of Violence, 65 UMKC L. REV. 1003 (1997).
Tobin P. Richer, Placing Proper Limits on Battered Woman Syn-
drome in Areas Beyond Self-Defense: An Argument Against Ad-
mission in Child Abuse and Neglect Cases, 1 DEPAUL J. HEALTH
CARE L. 855 (1997)(Arizona).
David N. Schaffer, When DCFS Knocks: Representing a Client
Accused of Child Abuse or Neglect, 92 ILL. B.J. 26 (Jan.
Dari R. Schwartz, Child Abuse Reforms within the Criminal Jus-
tice System, 12 J. SUFFOLK ACAD. L. 173 (1998)(New York).
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128 Journal of the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers

Erika A. Swanson, Note, Who Framed Robert Devereaux? Dev-
ereaux v. Perez, A Deliberate Indifference Standard, and a Right
Not to Be Framed in the Context of Child Sexual Abuse Investiga-
tions, 77 CHI.-KENT L. REV. 901 (2002)(9th Circuit).
Cassandra Terhune, Comment, Cultural and Religious Defenses
to Child Abuse and Neglect, 14 J. AM. ACAD. MATRIM. LAW. 152
Beth A. Townsend, Defending the “Indefensible”: A Primer to
Defending Allegations of Child Abuse, 45 A.F. L. REV. 261
Joseph V. Treanor, III, Orchestrating the Successful Prosecution
of Child Sexual Abuse Cases, 39 A.F. L. REV. 277 (1996).

 Reporting Statutes

Douglas J. Besharov, Child Abuse Realities: Over-Reporting and
Poverty, 8 VA. J. SOC. POL’Y & L. 165 (2000)(noting that in the
case of low-income families, child abuse is over-reported and so-
cial service agencies overreact to it).
Laura W. Morgan, Between a Rock and a Hard Place: An Attor-
ney’s Duty to Report Child Abuse, 10 DIVORCE LITIG. 125 (July
1998)(listing each state’s reporting statute according to the cate-
gories of individuals required to report and assessing the compet-
ing obligations of an attorney’s ethical obligation to preserve
client confidences and an attorney’s statutory duties to report
Curt Richardson, Physician/Hospital Liability for Negligently Re-
porting Child Abuse, 23 J. LEGAL MED. 131 (Mar. 2002)(provid-
ing an overview of state child abuse reporting laws as they apply
to doctors and hospitals, and touching on government immunity
Brooke Albrandt, Note, Turning in the Client: Mandatory Child
Abuse Reporting Requirements and the Criminal Defense of Bat-
tered Women, 81 TEX. L. REV. 655 (2002)(Texas).
Alison M. Arcuri, Sherrice Iverson Act: Duty to Report Child
Abuse and Neglect, 20 PACE L. REV. 471 (2000).
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Vol. 19, 2004                               Bibliography                     129

Alison Beyea, Competing Liabilities: Responding to Evidence of
Child Abuse that Surfaces During the Attorney-Client Relation-
ship, 51 ME. L. REV. 269 (1999)(Maine).
Howard Davidson, Reporting Suspicions of Child Abuse: What
Must a Family Lawyer Do?, 17 FAM. ADVOC. 19 (Winter 1995).
Jessica R. Givelber, Note, Imposing Duties on Witnesses to Child
Sexual Abuse: A Futile Response to Bystander Indifference, 67
FORDHAM L. REV. 3169 (1999)(Sherrice Iverson Act).
Thomas R. Malia, Validity, Construction, and Application of Stat-
ute Limiting Physician-Patient Privilege in Judicial Proceedings
Relating to Child Abuse or Neglect, 44 A.L.R. 4TH 649 (1986,
Supp. 2004).
Ellen Marrus, Please Keep My Secret: Child Abuse Reporting
Statutes, Confidentiality, and Juvenile Delinquency, 11 GEO. J.
LEGAL ETHICS 509 (1998).
The Needs of Children Committee of the Young Lawyer Divi-
sion, Attorneys and the Child Abuse Reporting Statute, 17 UTAH
B.J. 23 (Apr. 2004)(Utah).
Robin A. Rosencrantz, Note, Rejecting “Hear No Evil, Speak No
Evil”: Expanding the Attorney’s Role in Child Abuse Reporting, 8
GEO. J. LEGAL ETHICS 327 (1995).
Steven J. Singley, Comment, Failure to Report Suspected Child
Abuse: Civil Liability of Mandated Reporters, 19 J. JUV. L. 236
Caroline T. Trost, Note, Chilling Child Abuse Reporting: Re-
thinking the CAPTA Amendments, 51 VAND. L. REV. 183 (1998).
Danny R. Veilleux, Validity, Construction, and Application of
State Statute Requiring Doctor or Other Person to Report Child
Abuse, 73 A.L.R. 4TH 782 (1989, Supp. 2004).

 Repressed Memories (See also Child Abuse—Sexual Abuse)

James M. Berger, Comment, False Memory Syndrome and Thera-
pist Liability to Third Parties for Emotional Distress Injuries Aris-
ing from Recovered Memory Therapy: A General Prohibition on
Liability and a Limited Liability Exception, 73 TEMP. L. REV. 795
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130 Journal of the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers

(2000)(evaluating the duties therapists have to third parties when
they assist patients in the recovery of false memories of abuse).
Caia Johnson, Traumatic Amnesia in the New Millennium: A New
Approach to Exhumed Memories of Childhood Sexual Abuse, 21
HAMLINE J. PUB. L. & POL’Y 387 (2000)(looking at the social
science evidence regarding traumatic amnesia and Child Sexual
Abuse Accommodation Syndrome).
Robert Timothy Reagan, Scientific Consensus on Memory Re-
pression and Recovery, 51 RUTGERS L. REV. 275 (1999)(review-
ing the position papers of memory scientists and concluding that
repressed memory syndrome lacks reliability).
Brian Richardson, Comment, Missing Pieces of Memory: A Re-
jection of ‘Type’ Classifications and a Demand for a More Subjec-
tive Approach Regarding Adult Survivors of Childhood Sexual
Abuse, 11 ST. THOMAS L. REV. 515 (1999)(surveying state ap-
proaches to application of the delayed discovery rule to cases of
child sexual abuse, and reviewing the ways different psychologi-
cal typologies lead to different case outcomes).
Judith L. Alpert et al., Final Conclusions of the American Psy-
chological Association Working Group on Investigation of Memo-
ries of Child Abuse, 4 PSYCHOL., PUB. POL’Y & L. 933 (1998).
Judith L. Alpert et al., Symptomatic Clients and Memories of
Childhood Abuse: What the Trauma and Child Sexual Abuse
Literature Tells Us, 4 PSYCHOL., PUB. POL’Y & L. 941 (1998).
Kathleen A. Biesterveld, False Memories and the Public Policy
Debate: Toward a Heightened Standard of Care for Psychother-
apy, 2002 WIS. L. REV. 169 (Wisconsin).
Jorge L. Carro & Joseph V. Hatala, Recovered Memories, Ex-
tended Statutes of Limitations and Discovery Exceptions in Child-
hood Sexual Abuse Cases: Have We Gone Too Far?, 23 PEPP. L.
REV. 1239 (1996).
Krista L. Duncan, Note, ‘Lies, Damned Lies, and Statistics?’ Psy-
chological Syndrome Evidence in the Courtroom After Daubert,
71 IND. L.J. 753 (1996).
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Vol. 19, 2004                               Bibliography                     131

Matthew J. Eisenberg, Comment, Recovered Memories of Child-
hood Sexual Abuse: The Admissibility Question, 68 TEMP. L.
REV. 249 (1995).

Rosemarie Ferrante, Note, The Discovery Rule: Allowing Adult
Survivors of Childhood Sexual Abuse the Opportunity for Re-
dress, 61 BROOK. L. REV. 199 (1995).

Lynn Holdsworth, Is It Repressed Memory with Delayed Recall or
Is It False Memory Syndrome? The Controversy and Its Potential
Legal Implications, 22 LAW & PSYCHOL. REV. 103 (1998).

Jacqueline Hough, Note, Recovered Memories of Childhood Sex-
ual Abuse: Applying the Daubert Standard in State Courts, 69 S.
CAL. L. REV. 855 (1996).

Laura Johnson, Litigating Nightmares: Repressed Memories of
Childhood Sexual Abuse, 51 S.C. L. REV. 939 (2000)(South

Wendy J. Kisch, From the Couch to the Bench: How Should the
Legal System Respond to Recovered Memories of Childhood Sex-
ual Abuse, 5 AM. U. J. GENDER & L. 207 (1996).

Joy Lazo, Comment, True or False: Expert Testimony on Re-
pressed Memory, 28 LOY. L.A. L. REV. 1345 (1995).

Robert G. Marks, Should We Believe the People Who Believe the
Children?: The Need for a New Sexual Abuse Tender Years Hear-
say Exception Statute, 32 HARV. J. ON LEGIS. 207 (1995).

Julie M. Kosmond Murray, Comment, Repression, Memory, and
Suggestibility: A Call for Limitations on the Admissibility of Re-
pressed Memory Testimony in Sexual Abuse Trials, 66 U. COLO.
L. REV. 477 (1995).

Peter A. Ornstein et al., Adult Recollections of Childhood Abuse:
Cognitive and Developmental Perspectives, 4 PSYCHOL., PUB.
POL’Y & L. 1025 (1998).

Peter A. Ornstein et al., Comment on Alpert, Brown, and Cour-
tois (1998): The Science of Memory and the Practice of Psycho-
therapy, 4 PSYCHOL., PUB. POL’Y & L. 996 (1998).
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132 Journal of the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers

Kaela Phillips, Note, Burkholz v. Joyce: Repressed Memory of
Sexual Abuse and the Statute of Limitation, 2 J. FAM. L. & STUD.
53 (2000)(Utah).

Douglas R. Richmond, Bad Science: Repressed and Recovered
Memories of Childhood Sexual Abuse, 44 U. KAN. L. REV. 517

Henry L. Roediger, III & Erik T. Bergman, The Controversy
Over Recovered Memories, 4 PSYCHOL., PUB. POL’Y & L. 1091

David J. Schaibley, Legal and Scientific Discord: Supporting a
Cause of Action Based Upon Repressed Memories, 17 HAMLINE
J. PUB. L. & POL’Y 151 (1995).

Peter E. Smith, The Massachusetts Discovery Rule and Its Appli-
cation to Non-Perpetrators in “Repressed Memory” Child Sexual
179 (2004)(Massachusetts).

Emily E. Smith-Lee, Note, Recovered Memories of Childhood
Abuse: Should Long-Buried Memories Be Admissible Testimony,
37 B.C. L. REV. 591 (1996).

Joseph A. Spadaro, Note, An Elusive Search for the Truth: The
Admissibility of Repressed and Recovered Memories in Light of
Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals, Inc., 30 CONN. L. REV.
1147 (1998).

Tomika N. Stevens, The Admissibility of Expert Testimony on Re-
pressed Memories of Childhood Sexual Abuse in Logerquist v.
McVey: Reliability Takes a Backseat to Relevancy, 46 VILL. L.
REV. 385 (2001)(Arizona).

Sheila Taub, The Legal Treatment of Recovered Memories of
Child Sexual Abuse, 17 J. LEGAL MED. 183 (1996).

Rola J. Yamini, Note, Repressed and Recovered Memories of
Child Sexual Abuse: The Accused as “Direct Victim,” 47 HAS-
TINGS L.J. 551 (1996).
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Vol. 19, 2004                               Bibliography                     133

 Sexual Abuse (See also Child Abuse—Repressed Memories)

Larry EchoHawk, Child Sexual Abuse in Indian Country: Is the
Guardian Keeping in Mind the Seventh Generation?, 5 N.Y.U. J.
LEGIS. & PUB. POL’Y 83 (2001-02)(reviewing complex jurisdic-
tional roles of federal, state, and tribal governments in prosecut-
ing sexual abuse of Indian children, as well as cultural differences
that may affect prosecutions).

Jodi Leibowitz, Note, Criminal Statutes of Limitations: An Obsta-
cle to the Prosecution and Punishment of Child Sexual Abuse, 25
CARDOZO L. REV. 907 (2003)(covering the admissibility of re-
pressed memories, as well as tolling exceptions to child sexual
abuse statutes of limitation, such as concealment).

Elizabeth A. Wilson, Suing for Lost Childhood: Child Sexual
Abuse, the Delayed Discovery Rule, and the Problem of Finding
Justice for Adult-Survivors of Child Sexual Abuse, 12 UCLA WO-
MEN’S L.J. 145 (2003)(considering cases and statutes that apply a
delayed discovery rule to cases in which adults file suits for sex-
ual abuse that occurred during their childhoods, and arguing that
the same principle should apply also to cases of physical abuse).


Dana D. Anderson, Note, Assessing the Reliability of Child Testi-
mony in Sexual Abuse Cases, 69 S. CAL. L. REV. 2117 (1996).

Dana T. Blackmore, The Tug of War Between the Confrontation
Clause and Hearsay Exceptions in Child Sexual Abuse Cases: Im-
plications of White v. Illinois, 28 S. ILL. U. L. REV. 93
(2001)(White v. Illinois).

Celina E. Contreras, Has Florida Won or Lost the Battle by Elim-
inating Section 90.803(4) as an Alternative Tool in Prosecuting
Child Sexual Abuse?, 55 U. MIAMI L. REV. 533 (2001)(Florida).

Rosemary L. Flint, Note, Child Sexual Abuse Accommodation
Syndrome: Admissibility Requirements, 23 AM. J. CRIM. L. 171

Craig E. Hansen, Note, An Indiana Approach to the Emerging
Passive Parent Action, 29 VAL. U. L. REV. 1299 (1995)(Indiana).
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134 Journal of the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers

Ann M. Haralambie, Child Sexual Abuse: Representing the Ac-
cuser, 17 FAM. ADVOC. 61 (Winter 1995).

Sharon Lowenstein, Missouri Limitation Period for Child Sexual
Abuse, 53 J. MO. B. 288 (Sep./Oct. 1997)(Missouri).

Ashley E. Seuell, Walking the Fine Line: How Alabama Courts
Have Interpreted and Applied the Child Physical and Sexual
Abuse Victim Protection Act, 54 ALA. L. REV. 1427

Michael D. Stanger, Throwing the Baby Out with the Bathwater:
Why Child Sexual Abuse Accommodation Syndrome Should Be
Allowed as a Rehabilitative Tool in the Florida Courts, 55 U.
MIAMI L. REV. 561 (2001)(Florida).

Marsa Wilkinson, Civil Procedure—Tolling the Statute of Limita-
tions: The Discovery Rule in Child Sexual Abuse Cases, 19 AM. J.
TRIAL ADVOC. 237 (1995)(Ohio).

 Tort Remedies

Jessica R. Givelber, Note, Imposing Duties on Witnesses to Child
Sexual Abuse: A Futile Response to Bystander Indifference, 67
FORDHAM L. REV. 3169 (1999)(reviewing the laws from the eight
states that impose statutory duties to report witnessed child

G. Steven Neeley, The Psychological and Emotional Abuse of
Children Suing Parents in Tort for the Infliction of Emotional Dis-
tress, 27 N. KY. L. REV. 689 (2000)(suggesting that survivors of
child abuse consider suing their parents or caretakers for inflic-
tion of emotional distress as well as abuse and neglect).

Elizabeth A. Wilson, Suing for Lost Childhood: Child Sexual
Abuse, the Delayed Discovery Rule, and the Problem of Finding
Justice for Adult-Survivors of Child Abuse, 12 UCLA WOMEN’S
L.J. 145 (2003)(examining court decisions that use the delayed
discovery rule to keep alive claims by adult survivors of child sex-
ual abuse and positing that the same rule should apply to claims
by survivors of physical abuse).
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Vol. 19, 2004                               Bibliography                     135

Mauricia Allen, Note, The Georgia Tort Claims Act: A License
for Negligence in Child Deprivation Cases? 18 GA. ST. U. L. REV.
795 (2002)(Georgia).
Sheri Bonstell & Christine Schessler, Comment, Adjourning Jus-
tice: New York State’s Failure to Support Assigned Counsel Vio-
lates the Rights of Families in Child Abuse and Neglect
Proceedings, 28 FORDHAM URB. L.J. 1151 (2001)(New York).
Cynthia Grant Bowman, The Manipulation of Legal Remedies to
Deter Suits by Survivors of Child Sexual Abuse, 92 NW. U.L.
REV. 1481 (1998).
Cynthia Grant Bowman & Elizabeth Mertz, Attorneys as Gate-
keepers to the Court: The Potential Liability of Attorneys Bringing
Suits Based on Recovered Memories of Child Sexual Abuse, 27
HOFSTRA L. REV. 223 (1998).
DeAnne Casperson, Comment, False Accusations of Childhood
Sexual Abuse: Who Should Pay the Price?, 67 UMKC L. REV.
387 (1998).
Ronald G. Donaldson, Running of Limitations Against Action for
Civil Damages for Sexual Abuse of Child, 9 A.L.R. 5TH 321
(1993, Supp. 2004).
Joel Jay Finer, Therapists’ Liability to the Falsely Accused for In-
ducing Illusory Memories of Childhood Sexual Abuse—Current
Remedies and a Proposed Statute, 11 J.L. & HEALTH 45 (1996-
Chrissie F. Garza, Comment, Adult Survivors of Childhood Sex-
ual Abuse Seeking Compensation from Their Abusers: Are Illi-
nois Courts Fairly Applying the Discovery Rule to All Victims?, 23
N. ILL. U. L. REV. 317 (2003)(Illinois).
Renee R. Hollander, Comment, No Proof of Force Needed:
Changing Texas Policy Regarding Adolescent Victims of In-
trafamilial Aggravated Sexual Assault, 5 SCHOLAR 293
Daniel Kagan, Insurance Coverage for Victims of Sexual Abuse:
A Mixed Message from the Law Court, 12 ME. B.J. 292 (Sep.
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136 Journal of the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers

Mary Kate Kearney, Breaking the Silence: Tort Liability for Fail-
ing to Protect Children from Abuse, 42 BUFF. L. REV. 405 (1994).
Michael Krauss, Note, Fundamental Fairness in Child Sexual
Abuse Civil Litigation, 8 STAN. L. & POL’Y REV. 205 (1997).
Christine Mollenauer, Wife Had Duty to Warn of Husband’s Pro-
pensity for Child Sexual Abuse, 34 TRIAL 19 (Dec. 1998)(New
Amy L. Nilsen, Speaking Out Against Passive Parent Child
Abuse: The Time Has Come to Hold Parents Liable for Failing to
Protect Their Children, 37 HOUS. L. REV. 253 (2000)(Texas).
Merric J. Polloway, Note, A Duty to Rescue within the Sexual
Abuse Context: Foreseeability and Public Policy Drive the Duty
Analysis of the Supreme Court of New Jersey, 29 SETON HALL L.
REV. 1581 (1999)(New Jersey).
Qualified Immunity Protects Child Abuse Caseworkers Despite
Constitutional Rights Violation, 9 PRIVATE EDUC. L. REP. 3 (June
2003)(7th Cir.).
Keldon K. Scott, Negligence Actions by Abused Children Against
Parents and Caretakers, 75 MICH. B.J. 654 (1996)(Michigan).
Sexual Abuse: Is It a Private or Public Offense?, 20 WOMEN’S
RTS. L. REP. 193 (1999)(New Jersey).
Arpa B. Stepanian, Statutory Private Right of Action Against Po-
lice, 3 J. LEGAL ADVOC. & PRAC. 164 (2001)(California).
Jeffrey M. Whitesell, Comment, Ridicule or Recourse: Parents
Falsely Accused of Past Sexual Abuse Fight Back, 11 J. L. &
HEALTH 303 (1996-97).

Paul Davis Fancher, Note, To Have and Not Hold: Applying the
Discovery Rule to Loss of Consortium Claims Stemming from
Premarital, Latent Injuries, 53 VAND. L. REV. 685 (2000)(submit-
ting that spousal consortium damages should be available in
cases of premarital injuries with latent consequences that de-
velop after the marriage).
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Vol. 19, 2004                               Bibliography                     137

Ernest J. Szarwark, Recovery for Loss of Parental Consortium in
Non-Wrongful Death Cases, 25 WHITTIER L. REV. 3 (2003)(ex-
ploring the rationales for granting and denying consortium claims
by children and arguing in favor of recognition of such causes of
action as natural extensions of the treatment of consortium in
wrongful death cases).
Benny Agosto, Jr. & Mario A. Rodriguez, What About the Par-
ents? Can the Parents of a Non-Fatally Injured Child Recover
Damages for Loss of Consortium?, 66 TEX. B.J. 396 (May
Richard C. Alvarez, Parental Consortium: “Have You Checked
the Children’s Claims?”, 74 FLA. B.J. 72 (Oct. 2000)(Florida).
Jennifer Shea Carroll, Tort Law—Mendillo v. Board of Educa-
tion: The Majority Continues to Deny Loss of Parental Consor-
tium, 22 AM. J. TRIAL ADVOC. 489 (1998)(Connecticut).
Susanne Cetrulo, A Practitioner’s Analysis of the Loss of Parental
Consortium in Kentucky, 26 N. KY. L. REV. 1 (1999)(Kentucky).
John A. Day, Loss of Filial Consortium, 37 TENN. B.J. 26 (May
Todd L. Fulks, Comment, Torts—Jordan v. Baptist Three Rivers
Hospital: The Tennessee Supreme Court Allows Recovery of Pa-
rental Consortium in Wrongful Death Actions, 30 U. MEM. L.
REV. 439 (2000)(Tennessee).
Julian E. Hammar, Note, Breaking the Age Barrier in Alaska: In-
cluding Adult Children in Loss of Filial Consortium Claims, 12
ALASKA L. REV. 73 (1995)(Alaska).
Andrew J. Harakas, Loss of Consortium After Zicherman v. Ko-
rean Air Lines, 11 AIR & SPACE LAW. 3 (Fall 1996).
Mary H. Keyes, Loss of Consortium and the Cap on
Noneconomic Damages, 55 MD. L. REV. 819 (1994-
Michelle D. Killion, Note, Jacoby v. Brinkerhoff: Further Devel-
opments of the Common Law Doctrine of Loss of Consortium, 20
QUINNIPIAC L. REV. 287 (2000)(Connecticut).
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138 Journal of the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers

Scott Korzenowski, Note, Valuable in Life, Valuable in Death,
Why Not Valuable When Severely Injured? The Need to Recog-
nize a Parent’s Loss of a Child’s Consortium in Minnesota, 80
MINN. L. REV. 677 (1996)(Minnesota).

Brian A. Mark, Note, Home Alone: The Nebraska Supreme
Court Rejects the Child’s Right to Loss of Consortium for a Negli-
gently Injured Parent in Guenther v. Stollberg, 242 Neb. 415, 495
N.W.2d 286 (1993), 73 NEB. L. REV. 432 (1994).

Johnny Parker, Parental Consortium: Assessing the Contours of
the New Tort in Town, 64 MISS. L.J. 37 (1994).

Cara Peterson, Note, A Child’s Cause of Action for Loss of Pa-
rental Consortium: Procedural Issues in the Iowa Court, 86 IOWA
L. REV. 1307 (2001)(Iowa).

Laura M. Raisty, Note, Bystander Distress and Loss of Consor-
tium: An Examination of the Relationship Requirements in Light
of Romer v. Evans, 65 FORDHAM L. REV. 2647 (1997).

Ronald J. Resmini, Recovery for Loss of Consortium in Rhode
Island, 44 R.I. B.J. 13 (Feb. 1996)(Rhode Island).

Anne E. Simerman, Note, The Right of a Cohabitant to Recover
in Tort: Wrongful Death, Negligent Infliction of Emotional Dis-
tress and Loss of Consortium, 32 U. LOUISVILLE J. FAM. L. 531

Elizabeth Trainor, Who, Other Than Parent, May Recover for
Loss of Consortium on Death of Minor Child, 84 A.L.R. 5TH 687
(2000, Supp. 2004).

Julie Wray, Utah’s Consortium Laws Unavailable to Parents of an
Injured Adult Child, 1994 UTAH L. REV. 459 (Utah).

Melissa S. York, Note, Recognizing the Child’s Consortium Ac-
tion by Denying the Spouse’s, 28 IND. L. REV. 785 (1995).
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Vol. 19, 2004                               Bibliography                     139

Custodial Interference and Child Abduction (See
also Adultery, Alienation of Affections—
Parental Alienation and Parental Kidnapping)

Edward B. Borris, Torts Arising Out of Interference with Custody
and Visitation, 7 DIVORCE LITIG. 192 (Sep. 1995).

Sharon McDonnell Dobbs, Note, Torts Law—Tort Recovery for
Intentional Interference with Custodial Rights in Minnesota, Lar-
son v. Dunn, 460 N.W. 2d 39 (Minn. 1990), 17 WM. MITCHELL L.
REV. 1159 (1991).

Joseph R. Hillebrand, Note, Parental Kidnapping and the Tort of
Custodial Interference: Not in a Child’s Best Interests, 25 IND. L.
REV. 893 (1991).

William B. Johnson, Liability of Legal or Natural Parent, or One
Who Aids and Abets, for Damages Resulting from Abduction of
Own Child, 49 A.L.R. 4TH 7 (1986, Supp. 2004).


Laura C. Clemens, Note, International Parental Child Abduction:
Time for the United States to Take a Stand, 30 SYRACUSE J. INT’L
L. & COM. 151 (2003) (listing countries that are signatories to the
Hague Convention and explaining its provisions).

Saniya O’Brien, Note, The Trials and Tribulations of Implement-
ing the Hague Convention on International Child Abduction: Im-
proving Dispute Resolution and Enforcement of Parental Rights
in the International Arena, 35 GEO. WASH. INT’L L. REV. 197
(2003)(identifying key aspects of the Hague Convention, such as
habitual residence, wrongful removal or retention, and the sum-
mary return mechanism).

Rhona Schuz, The Hague Child Abduction Convention and Chil-
dren’s Rights, 12 TRANSNAT’L L. & CONTEMP. PROBS. 393
(2002)(discussing the creation of an international tort cause of
action for child abduction).
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140 Journal of the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers

Lara Cardin, The Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of Inter-
national Child Abduction as Applied to Nonsignatory Nations:
Getting to Square One, 20 HOUS. J. INT’L L. 141 (1997).
Tom Harper, The Limitations of the Hague Convention and Alter-
native Remedies for a Parent Including Re-Abduction, 9 EMORY
INT’L L. REV. 257 (1995).
Jan Rewers McMillan, Current International and Domestic Issues
Affecting Children: Getting Them Back: The Disappointing Real-
ity of Return Orders Under the Hague Convention on the Civil
Aspects of International Child Abduction, 14 J. AM. ACAD. MA-
TRIM. L. 99 (1997).

Domestic Violence
Sarah M. Buel, Fifty Obstacles to Leaving, A.K.A., Why Abuse
Victims Stay, 28 COLO. LAW. 19 (Oct. 1999)(detailing the answer
to the main question jurors ask in domestic abuse cases—why
didn’t the victim just leave?).
Alexander Detschelt, Recognizing Domestic Violence Directed
Towards Men: Overcoming Societal Perceptions, Conducting Ac-
curate Studies, and Enacting Responsible Legislation, 12 KAN.
J.L. & PUB. POL’Y 249 (2003)(reviewing stereotypes and statistics
regarding male victims of intimate violence).
Deborah M. Goelman, Shelter from the Storm: Using Jurisdic-
tional Statutes to Protect Victims of Domestic Violence After the
Violence Against Women Act of 2000, 13 COLUM. J. GENDER &
L. 101 (2004)(examining the phenomenon of domestic violence
in the context of custody disputes and exploring the possible use
of safety provisions in federal statutes intended to regulate cus-
tody jurisdiction, such as the UCCJA, the UCCJEA, the PKPA,
and VAWA, to protect possible victims).
Cynthia D. Cook, Triggered: Targeting Domestic Violence Of-
fenders in California, 31 MCGEORGE L. REV. 328
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Vol. 19, 2004                               Bibliography                     141

Catherine F. Klein & Leslye E. Orloff, Representing a Victim of
Domestic Violence, 17 FAM. ADVOC. 25 (Winter 1995).

Elizabeth Trainor, “Cohabitation” for Purposes of Domestic Vio-
lence Statutes, 71 A.L.R. 5TH 285 (1999).

 Children—Impact on (See also Child Abuse)

Failure to Protect Working Group, Charging Battered Moms with
“Failure to Protect”: Still Blaming the Victim, 27 FORDHAM URB.
L.J. 849 (2000)(considering the criminal liability of battered
mothers who expose their children to domestic violence).

Jeanne A. Fugate, Note, Who’s Failing Whom? A Critical Look
at Failure to Protect Laws, 76 N.Y.U. L. REV. 272 (2001)(main-
taining that since abused woman often face excessive failure-to-
protect charges, states should develop an affirmative defense “to
excuse persons who fear for their own safety or the safety of
abused children”).

Leigh Goodmark, From Property to Personhood: What the Legal
System Should Do for Children in Family Violence Cases, 102 W.
VA. L. REV. 237 (1999)(covering comprehensively the effects of
domestic violence on children, the impact violence does and
should have on custody and visitation, children as witnesses in
civil and criminal proceedings where domestic violence is al-
leged, and appropriate protective services for children).

Mary Kate Kearney, Child Witnesses of Domestic Violence: Third
Party Recovery for Intentional Infliction of Emotional Distress, 47
LOY. L. REV. 283 (2001)(urging use of the intentional infliction
tort to permit child witnesses of intimate violence to recover, and
considering some of the impediments to use of the tort, including
immunities, statutes of limitation, and doctrinal requirements).

Melissa A. Trepiccione, Note, At the Crossroads of Law and So-
cial Science: Is Charging a Battered Mother with Failure to Protect
Her Child an Acceptable Solution When Her Child Witnesses Do-
mestic Violence?, 69 FORDHAM L. REV. 1487 (2001)(probing the
flaws in the contemporary social science literature regarding the
psychological effects on children of witnessing domestic violence
and questioning policies of both automatic removal from the
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142 Journal of the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers

home of child witnesses and prosecutions of mothers under fail-
ure to protect laws).
Lois A. Weithorn, Protecting Children from Exposure to Domes-
tic Violence: The Use and Abuse of Child Maltreatment, 53 HAS-
TINGS L.J. 1 (2001)(considering exposure to domestic violence as
a form of child mistreatment, the article explores various mea-
sures of protective intervention).
Debra Whitcomb, Prosecutors, Kids, and Domestic Violence
Cases, 36 PROSECUTOR 32 (Oct. 2002)(touching on new laws up-
grading the severity of domestic violence offenses if they are
committed in the presence of children).
Howard A. Davidson, Child Abuse and Domestic Violence: Legal
Connections and Controversies, 29 FAM. L.Q. 357 (1995).
Natalie Kay Fox, Note, Family/Tort Law—Through the Eyes and
Ears of Children: A Significant Advance for Third Parties Ex-
posed to Domestic Violence, Bevan v. Fix, 42 P.3d 1013 (Wyo.
2002), 3 WYO. L. REV. 735 (2003)(Wyoming).
Amy Haddix, Comment, Unseen Victims: Acknowledging the Ef-
fects of Domestic Violence on Children Through Statutory Termi-
nation of Parental Rights, 84 CALIF. L. REV. 757 (1996).
Laurel A. Kent, Comment, Addressing the Impact of Domestic
Violence on Children: Alternatives to Laws Criminalizing the
Commission of Domestic Violence in the Presence of a Child,
2001 WIS. L. REV. 1337 (Wisconsin).
Melanie Margarida Nowling, Note, Protecting Children Who Wit-
ness Domestic Violence: Is Nicholson v. Williams an Adequate
Response?, 41 FAM. CT. REV. 517 (2003)(New York).
Christine A. O’Riley & Cindy S. Lederman, Co-Occurring Child
Maltreatment and Domestic Violence, 75 FLA. B.J. 40 (Nov.
Phyllis A. Roestenberg, Representing Children When There Are
Allegations of Domestic Violence, 28 COLO. LAW. 77 (Nov.
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Vol. 19, 2004                               Bibliography                     143

Audrey E. Stone & Rebecca J. Fialk, Criminalizing the Exposure
of Children to Family Violence: Breaking the Cycle of Abuse, 20
HARV. WOMEN’S L.J. 205 (1997).
Patricia K. Susi, The Forgotten Victims of Domestic Violence, 54
J. MO. B. 231 (Sep./Oct. 1998)(Missouri).

 Criminal Prosecutions

Michelle J. Anderson, Marital Immunity, Intimate Relationships,
and Improper Inferences: A New Law on Sexual Offenses by Inti-
mates, 54 HASTINGS L.J. 1465 (2003)(discussing the remaining
vestiges of the marital rape exemption, including levying lesser
penalties or more arduous proof requirements for sexual asssault
within marriage).
Donna Coker, Crime Control and Feminist Law Reform in Do-
mestic Violence Law: A Critical Review, 4 BUFF. CRIM. L. REV.
801 (2001)(assessing the efficacy of mandatory prosecution poli-
cies on recidivist behavior).
Deborah Epstein, Procedural Justice: Tempering the State’s Re-
sponse to Domestic Violence, 43 WM. & MARY L. REV. 1843
(2002)(reviewing data on the efficacy of intimate violence re-
forms, including no-drop policies, warrantless arrests, and protec-
tive orders, and evaluating how these reforms have affected
perpetrators’ impressions of procedural fairness, which, in turn,
affects compliance).
Elliot H. Gourvitz, Unjust Accusation: Preparing for the Defense
of Domestic Violence Cases, 17 MATRIM. STRATEGIST 4 (Mar.
1999)(offering strategies to assist in defending a client accused of
perpetrating intimate violence).
Sandy Chestnut, The Practice of Dual Arrests in Domestic Vio-
lence Situations: Does It Accomplish Anything?, 70 MISS. L.J. 971
Vito Nicholas Ciraco, Note, Fighting Domestic Violence with
Mandatory Arrest, Are We Winning?: An Analysis in New Jersey,
22 WOMEN’S RTS. L. REP. 169 (2001)(New Jersey).
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144 Journal of the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers

Heather Fleniken Cochran, Note, Improving Prosecution of Bat-
tering Partners: Some Innovations in the Law of Evidence, 7 TEX.
J. WOMEN & L. 89 (1997).
The Family Violence Project of the National Council of Juvenile
and Family Court Judges, American Bar Association, Family Vio-
lence in Child Custody Statutes: An Analysis of State Codes and
Legal Practice, 29 FAM. L.Q. 197 (1995).
David M. Fine, Note, The Violence Against Women Act of 1994:
The Proper Federal Role in Policing Domestic Violence, 84 COR-
NELL L. REV. 252 (1998).

Sharon L. Gold, Why Are Victims of Domestic Violence Still Dy-
ing at the Hands of Their Abusers? Filling the Gap in State Do-
mestic Violence Gun Laws, 91 KY. L.J. 935 (2002-03).
Cheryl Hanna, No Right to Choose: Mandated Victim Participa-
tion in Domestic Violence Prosecutions, 109 HARV. L. REV. 1849
Virginia E. Hench, Essay: When Less Is More—Can Reducing
Penalties Reduce Household Violence, 19 U. HAW. L. REV. 37
Brooks Holland, Using Excited Utterances to Prosecute Domestic
Violence in New York: The Door Opens Wide, or Just a Crack?, 8
CARDOZO WOMEN’S L.J. 171 (2002)(New York).
Robert H. Humphrey, Domestic Violence: Detection, Prosecution
and Defense, 51 R.I. B.J. 5 (Feb. 2003)(Rhode Island).
Thomas L. Kirsch II, Problems in Domestic Violence: Should Vic-
tims Be Forced to Participate in the Prosecution of Their Abus-
ers?, 7 WM. & MARY J. WOMEN & L. 383 (2001)(Indiana).
Lanae L. Monera, Note, Michigan’s Domestic Violence Laws: A
Critique and Proposals for Reform, 42 WAYNE L. REV. 227
Nichole Miras Mordini, Note, Mandatory State Interventions for
Domestic Abuse Cases: An Examination of the Effects on Victim
Safety and Autonomy, 52 DRAKE L. REV. 295 (2004)
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Vol. 19, 2004                               Bibliography                     145

Pamela A. Paziotopoulos, Violence Against Women Act: Federal
Relief for State Prosecutors, 30 PROSECUTOR 20 (1996).
Harriet Russell, Virginia’s Response to Family Violence, 3 WM. &
MARY J. WOMEN & L. 189 (1997)(Virginia).
Elizabeth S. Saylor, Federalism and the Family After Morrison:
An Examination of the Child Support Recovery Act, the Freedom
of Access to Clinic Entrances Act, and a Federal Law Outlawing
Gun Possession by Domestic Violence Abusers, 25 HARV. WO-
MEN’S L.J. 57 (2002).

George B. Stevenson, Federal Antiviolence and Abuse Legisla-
tion: Toward Elimination of Disparate Justice for Women and
Children, 33 WILLAMETTE L. REV. 847 (1997).
H. Morley Swingle, et al., Unhappy Families: Prosecuting and De-
fending Domestic Violence Cases, 58 J. MO. B. 220 (July-Aug.
George C. Thompson, Applying Lautenberg Amendment to Indi-
ana Misdemeanor Crimes of Domestic Violence, 47 RES GESTAE
15 (Apr. 2004)(Indiana).
Reynaldo Anaya Valencia, Obtaining the Intended Protection for
Victims of Domestic Violence Under Section 22.01 of the Texas
Penal Code, 12 TEX. J. WOMEN & L. 97 (2002)(Texas).
Dan Walkenhorst, Domestic Abuse: Curbing a Widespread Epi-
demic in Missouri, 51 J. MO. B. 9 (Feb. 1995)(Missouri).
Donna Wills, Domestic Violence: The Case for Aggressive Prose-
cution, 7 UCLA WOMEN’S L.J. 173 (1997)(California).
Renee M. Yoshimura, Empowering Battered Women: Changes in
Domestic Violence Laws in Hawaii, 17 U. HAW. L. REV. 575

 Particular Populations—The Elderly, Immigrant Victims,
 Women of Color (See also Elder Abuse)

Bonnie Brandl & Tess Meuer, Domestic Abuse in Later Life, 8
ELDER L.J. 297 (2000)(defining elder abuse and exploring issues
of competency, reporting requirements, remedies for financial
abuse, restraining orders, and mandatory arrest policies).
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146 Journal of the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers

Michelle Decasas, Comment, Protecting Hispanic Women: The
Inadequacy of Domestic Violence Policy, 24 CHICANO-LATINO L.
REV. 56 (2003)(providing data showing the increased risks of vio-
lence faced by Hispanic women).

Amy Gottlieb, The Violence Against Women Act: Remedies for
Immigrant Victims of Domestic Violence, 227 N.J. LAW. 18 (Apr.
2004)(surveying the specific concerns of immigrant victims of do-
mestic abuse and the laws applicable to their situations).

Dane Holbrook, Protecting Immigrant Child Victims of Domestic
Violence Through U.S. Asylum Law, 12 KAN. J.L. & PUB. POL’Y
311 (2003)(applying asylum requirements to child victims of do-
mestic violence).

Eloise Rathbone-McCuan, Elder Abuse within the Context of In-
timate Violence, 69 UMKC L. REV. 215 (2000)(surveying the
types of adult protective service programs available for elderly
victims of domestic violence).

Hannah R. Shapiro, Battered Immigrant Women Caught in the
Intersection of U.S. Criminal and Immigration Laws: Conse-
quences and Remedies, 16 TEMP. INT’L & COMP. L.J. 27
(2002)(reviewing the immigration consequences of criminal pros-
ecution of intimate violence and the Violence Against Women
Act’s remedies to disparate treatment of immigrant women).

Elizabeth Shor, Note, Domestic Abuse and Alien Women in Im-
migration Law: Response and Responsibility, 9 CORNELL J. L. &
PUB POL’Y 697 (2000)(providing an overview of federal legisla-
tion affecting domestic violence of immigrants, including the Im-
migration and Nationality Act, the Personal Responsibility and
Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act, and the Violence Against
Women Act).


Beverly Horsburgh, Lifting the Veil of Secrecy: Domestic Violence
in the Jewish Community, 18 HARV. WOMEN’S L.J. 171 (1995).

Linda Kelly, Stories from the Front: Seeking Refuge for Battered
Immigrants in the Violence Against Women Act, 92 NW. U. L.
REV. 665 (1998).
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Vol. 19, 2004                               Bibliography                     147

Lisa M. Martinson, Comment, An Analysis of Racism and Re-
sources for African-American Female Victims of Domestic Vio-
lence in Wisconsin, 16 WIS. WOMEN’S L.J. 259 (2001)(Wisconsin).
Christina Matias, Elder Abuse as Domestic Violence in Califor-
nia, 11 J. CONTEMP. LEGAL ISSUES 76 (2000)(California).
Note, Trapped in Domestic Violence: The Impact of United States
Immigration Laws on Battered Immigrant Women, 6 B.U. PUB.
INT. L.J. 589 (1997).
Gloria Valencia-Weber & Christine P. Zuni, Domestic Violence
and Tribal Protection of Indigenous Women in the United States,
69 ST. JOHN’S L. REV. 69 (1995).

 Protective Orders and Other Protective Measures

John M. Burman, Lawyers and Domestic Violence: Raising the
Standard of Practice, 9 MICH. J. GENDER & L. 207 (2003)(offer-
ing specific questions lawyers can use to screen clients to deter-
mine if their client is at risk of domestic violence and presenting
guidelines to assist the client with safety planning).
Mary K. Kisthardt & Barbara Handschu, Domestic Violence:
Strategies for Advising and Assisting a Client Who May Be a Vic-
tim, 20 MATRIM. STRATEGIST 4 (Mar. 2002)(offering practical ad-
vice about developing a safety plan for domestic violence victims
and obtaining protective orders).
Emily J. Sack, Domestic Violence Across State Lines: The Full
Faith and Credit Clause, Congressional Power, and Interstate En-
forcement of Protection Orders, 98 NW. U. L. REV. 827 (2004)(re-
viewing cases regarding the interstate enforcement of domestic
violence protection orders and arguing that none of the excep-
tions to the Full Faith and Credit Clause should prevent other
jurisdictions from fully enforcing protective orders).
John A. Birdsall, Trouble Ahead: Wisconsin’s New Domestic
Abuse Laws, 77 WIS. LAW. 6 (Feb. 2004)(Wisconsin).
Michael B. Blacker, Representing a Defendant in a Domestic Vio-
lence Contempt Proceeding, 186 N.J. LAW. 10 (Aug. 1997)(New
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148 Journal of the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers

Carolyne R. Dilgard, Note, Crossing the Line: The Interstate Im-
plications of Issuing and Enforcing Domestic Violence Protection
Orders: An Examination of New Jersey, 35 RUTGERS L.J. 253
(2003)(New Jersey).
Marjory D. Fields, Expanded Enforcement Options for Orders of
Protection Provide Powerful Reply to Domestic Violence, 73 N.Y.
ST. B.J. 18 (Feb. 2001)(New York).
Christopher R. Frank, Comment, Criminal Protection Orders in
Domestic Violence Cases: Getting Rid of Rats with Snakes, 50 U.
MIAMI L. REV. 919 (1996).
Dianna J. Gentry, Including Companion Animals in Protective
Orders: Curtailing the Reach of Domestic Violence, 13 YALE J. L.
& FEM. 97 (2001)(Oregon).
Cherry Henault, Note, The Reissuance of Domestic Violence Or-
ders Under Kentucky Law: A Due Process Analysis, 40 BRANDEIS
L.J. 575 (2001)(Kentucky).
Maria Kelly, Note, Domestic Violence and Guns: Seizing Weap-
ons Before the Court Has Made a Finding of Abuse, 23 VT. L.
REV. 349 (1998)(New Jersey and Vermont).
Catherine F. Klein, Full Faith and Credit: Interstate Enforcement
of Protection Orders Under the Violence Against Women Act of
1994, 29 FAM. L.Q. 253 (1995).
Carolyn N. Ko, Note, Civil Restraining Orders for Domestic Vio-
lence: The Unresolved Question of “Efficacy,” 11 S. CAL. IN-
TERDIS. L.J. 361 (2002)(California).

Manuel C. Maltos, Comment, Family Violence Protective Orders
in Texas and Appellate Review: Are They Meant for Each Other?,
35 ST. MARY’S L.J. 781 (2004)(Texas).
Sheila Simon, Survey of Illinois Law—The Illinois Domestic Vio-
lence Act, 27 S. ILL. U. L.J. 719 (2003)(Illinois).
Sean D. Thueson, Civil Domestic Violence Protection Orders in
Wyoming: Do They Protect Victims of Domestic Violence, 4 WYO.
L. REV. 271 (2004)(Wyoming).
Mayumi Waddy, Family Law Restraining Orders and Domestic
Violence, 11 J. CONTEMP. LEGAL ISSUES 87 (2000)(California).
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Vol. 19, 2004                               Bibliography                     149

David Zlotnick, Empowering the Battered Woman: The Use of
Criminal Contempt Sanctions to Enforce Civil Protection Orders,
56 OHIO ST. L.J. 1153 (1995).

 Same-Sex Couples

Michelle Aulivola, Note, Outing Domestic Violence, 42 FAM. CT.
REV. 162 (Jan. 2004)(evaluating the challenges faced by victims
of same-sex intimate violence and arguing for an expanded defi-
nition of family relations under domestic violence statutes).

Mary Beth D. Collins, Note, Same-Sex Domestic Violence: Ad-
dressing the Issues for the Proper Protection of Victims, 4 J. L.
SOC’Y 99 (2002)(examining various state statutes, some with spe-
cific opposite-sex language, others with more inclusive language,
and case law interpreting the statutes, to argue for protection of
victims of same-sex violence).

Pamela M. Jablow, Note, Victims of Abuse and Discrimination:
Protecting Battered Homosexuals Under Domestic Violence Leg-
islation, 28 HOFSTRA L. REV. 1095 (2000)(demonstrating the dis-
criminatory treatment of gay and lesbian domestic violence
victims and offering constitutional arguments for equal

Nancy J. Knauer, Same-Sex Domestic Violence: Claiming a Do-
mestic Sphere While Risking Negative Stereotypes, 8 TEMP. POL.
& CIV. RTS. L. REV. 325 (1999)(noting that gays and lesbians
have resisted acknowledging the phenomenon of domestic vio-
lence, discussing court decisions extending protection to homo-
sexual victims of violence, and observing a practical problem of
indifferent police response, even if statutes or cases provide for-
mal equal treatment).


Patricia G. Barnes, ‘Its Just a Quarrel’: Some States Offer No Do-
mestic Violence Protection to Gays, 84 A.B.A. J. 24 (Feb. 1998).

Kathleen Finley Duthu, Why Doesn’t Anyone Talk About Gay
and Lesbian Domestic Violence?, 18 T. JEFFERSON L. REV. 23
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150 Journal of the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers

Nancy E. Murphy, Note, Queer Justice: Equal Protection for Vic-
tims of Same-Sex Domestic Violence, 30 VAL. U. L. REV. 335


Carol E. Jordan, et al., Stalking: Cultural, Clinical, and Legal
Considerations, 38 BRANDEIS L.J. 513 (2000)(providing statistical
data about the phenomenon of stalking and research regarding
types of stalkers).
Amy C. Radosevich, Note, Thwarting the Stalker: Are Anti-Stalk-
ing Measures Keeping Pace with Today’s Stalker, 2000 U. ILL. L.
REV. 1371 (reviewing psychological typologies of stalkers, and
evaluating whether state statutes, in prohibiting trespass, surveil-
lance, harassment, and pursuit, reach contemporary technologi-
cal means of stalking, such as cyber-stalking).
Belinda Wiggins, Note, Stalking Humans: Is There a Need for
Federalization of Anti-Stalking Laws in Order to Prevent Recidi-
vism in Stalking?, 50 SYRACUSE L. REV. 1067 (2000)(examining
typical elements in state anti-stalking statutes, observing some
loopholes in current laws, and evaluating constitutional chal-
lenges to these statutes).
Seema Zaya, Civil Lawsuits and Safety Planning for Stalking Vic-
tims, 44 ADVOC. 23 (June 2001)(listing safety tips to avoid stalk-
ers and preserve evidence).
Nick Zimmerman, Attempted Stalking: An Attempt-to-Almost-At-
tempt-to-Act, 20 N. ILL. U. L. REV. 219 (2000)(offering defense
arguments to challenge prosecutions for attempted stalking).
Gene Barton, Comment, Taking a Byte Out of Crime: E-Mail
Harassment and the Inefficacy of Existing Law, 70 WASH. L.
REV. 465 (1995).
J. Alan Baty, Comment, Alabama’s Stalking Statutes: Coming
Out of the Shadows, 48 ALA. L. REV. 229 (1996)(Alabama).
Kristin J. Bouchard, Can Civil Damage Suits Stop Stalkers?, 6
B.U. PUB. INT. L.J. 551 1997).
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Vol. 19, 2004                               Bibliography                     151

Jennifer L. Bradfield, Anti-Stalking Laws: Do They Adequately
Protect Stalking Victims?, 21 HARV. WOMEN’S L.J. 229 (1998).
Marjorie A. Caner, Validity, Construction, and Application of
Stalking Statutes, 29 A.L.R. 5TH 487 (1995 & Supp. 2004).
Mark H. Dellinger, Stalking and Domestic Violence, 1999 W. VA.
LAW. 16 (Mar. 1999)(West Virginia).
Julie A. Finney, The Paradox of Actual Substantial Emotional
Distress within the Context of California’s Criminal Stalking Law,
29 W. ST. U. L. REV. 341 (2002)(California).
Christine Gregson, Comment, California’s Antistalking Statute:
The Pivotal Role of Intent, 28 GOLDEN GATE U. L. REV.
Jennifer A. Hueter, Comment, Lifesaving Legislation: But Will
the Washington Stalking Law Survive Constitutional Scrutiny?, 72
WASH. L. REV. 213 (1997)(Washington).
J. Thomas Kirkman, Every Breath You Take: Massachusetts Steps
up Its Efforts to Stop Stalkers, 85 MASS. L. REV. 174
Rebecca K. Lee, Romantic and Electronic Stalking in a College
Context, 4 WM. & MARY J. WOMEN & L. 373 (1998).
Callie Anderson Marks, Note, The Kansas Stalking Law: A
“Credible Threat” to Victims. A Critique of the Kansas Stalking
Law and Proposed Legislation, 36 WASHBURN L.J. 468
Stacy Casper Martinez, Comment, Utilizing the Tools: Success-
fully Implementing the Stalking Statutes, 35 LAND & WATER L.
REV. 521 (2000)(Wyoming).
Brian L. McMahon, Comment, Constitutional Law—Unreasona-
ble Ambiguity: Minnesota’s Amended Stalking Statute Is Uncon-
stitutionally Vague, 24 WM. MITCHELL L. REV. 189
Demetra M. Pappas, Stopping New Yorkers’ Stalkers: An Anti-
Stalking Law for the Millenium, 27 FORDHAM URBAN L.J. 945
(2000)(New York).
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152 Journal of the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers

 Tort Remedies

Ellen M. Bublick, Citizen No-Duty Rules: Rape Victims and
Comparative Fault, 99 COLUM. L. REV. 1413 (1999)(considering
the use of comparative fault principles by third party defendants,
such as hotels and landlords, to essentially blame rape victims in
the civil suits they bring).
Maria Amelia Calaf, Note, Breaking the Cycle: Title VII, Domes-
tic Violence and Workplace Discrimination, 21 LAW & INEQ. 167
(2003)(examining causes of action to reach employers who dis-
criminate against employees because they are victims of intimate
Carolyn Magnuson, Marital Tort Lawsuits Can Make Abusers
Pay, 38 TRIAL 12 (Feb. 2002)(reviewing a handful of cases using
tort theories, such as infliction of emotional distress and breach
of fiduciary duty, to obtain damage awards in the context of
Melissa J. Pena, Note, The Role of Appellate Courts in Domestic
Violence Cases and the Prospect of a New Partner Abuse Cause of
Action, 20 REV. LITIG. 503 (2001)(considering the prospects for a
civil tort of battered intimate partner syndrome).
Jerry J. Phillips, What Is a Good Woman Worth? Tort Compensa-
tion for Domestic Violence, 47 LOY. L. REV. 303 (2001)(assessing
the two principal impediments to tort actions (typically, battery
and infliction of emotional distress) for domestic violence—stat-
ute of limitations problems and procedural difficulties regarding
the interrelation of the civil action and the divorce).
Peter Nash Swisher, The ALI Principles: A Farewell to Fault—
But What Remedy for the Egregious Marital Misconduct of an
Abusive Spouse?, 8 DUKE J. GENDER L. & POL’Y 213 (2001)(not-
ing that about three-fifths of no-fault states actually have some
factors in various statutes that permit consideration of fault, and
arguing that serious misconduct, such as intimate violence,
should result in extra compensation at divorce).
Peter J.M. Romary, Recovery for Domestic Abuse, 39 TRIAL 30
(Aug. 2003)(suggesting ways to frame tort complaints for inti-
mate violence to obtain coverage under insurance liability
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Vol. 19, 2004                               Bibliography                     153

Deborah Weinstein & William Klemick, Who Is Liable When
Domestic Violence Invades the Workplace?, 8 EMP. L. STRATE-
GIST 1 (Nov. 2000)(reviewing theories of employer liability when
foreseeable domestic violence occurs at work).

Jennifer Wriggins, Domestic Violence Torts, 75 S. CAL. L. REV.
121 (2001)(investigating reasons for the paucity of civil tort suits
to redress domestic violence—lack of insurance coverage, ab-
sence of assets, and procedural limitations—and urging insurance


Corinne Casarino, Note, Civil Remedies in Acquaintance Rape
Cases, 6 B.U. PUB. INT. L.J. 185 (1996).

Clare Dalton, Domestic Violence, Domestic Torts and Divorce:
Constraints and Possibilities, 31 NEW ENG. L. REV. 319 (1997).

Peter H. Donaldson, Note, United States v. Morrison: Constitu-
tional Limits on Federal Authority to Remedy Gender-Based Vio-
lent Crime, 3 J.L. & FAM. STUD. 189 (2001).

M. Mercedes Fort, Note, A New Tort: Domestic Violence Gets the
Status It Deserves in Jewitt v. Jewitt, 21 S. ILL. U. L.J. 355

James T.R. Jones, Battered Spouses’ Damage Actions Against
Non-Reporting Physicians, 45 DEPAUL L. REV. 191 (1996).

James T.R. Jones, Kentucky Tort Liability for Failure to Report
Family Violence, 26 N. KY. L. REV. 43 (1999)(Kentucky).

Leonard Karp, Civil Relief for Victims of “Uncivilized Behavior,”
17 FAM. ADVOC. 77 (Winter 1995).

Kristyn J. Krohse, Note, No Longer Following the Rule of
Thumb—What to Do with Domestic Torts and Divorce Claims,
1997 U. ILL. L. REV. 923.

Jill Lebowitz, Comment, Giovine v. Giovine: Pursuit of Tort
Claims for Domestic Violence in New Jersey and the Creation of a
New Tort Cause of Action for “Battered Women’s Syndrome,” 17
WOMEN’S RTS. L. REP. 259 (1996)(New Jersey).
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154 Journal of the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers

Fredrica L. Lehrman, Uncovering the Hidden Tort: Domestic Vio-
lence May Provide Ground for Civil Action Against Abusers, 82
A.B.A. J. 82 (Sep. 1996).
David E. Poplar, Comment, Tolling the Statute of Limitations for
Battered Women After Giovine v. Giovine: Creating Equitable
Exceptions for Victims of Domestic Abuse, 101 DICK. L. REV. 161
(1996)(New Jersey).
James C. Stuchell, Comment, Tradition, Distortion, and Creation:
Three Approaches to “Battered Woman’s Syndrome” in Tort, 8
REGENT U.L. REV. 83 (1997).
Michael J. Sudekum, Homeowner’s Policies and Missouri Law
Make Recovery for the Domestic Violence Victim/Co-insured an
Olympic Challenge, 69 UMKC L. REV. 363 (2000)(Missouri).
Heather Tonsing, Note, Battered Women Syndrome as a Tort
Cause of Action, 12 J. L. & HEALTH 407 (1998).
Merle H. Weiner, Domestic Violence and the Per Se Standard of
Outrage, 54 MD. L. REV. 183 (1995).

Elder Abuse and Neglect2
John B. Breaux & Orrin G. Hatch, Confronting Elder Abuse,
Neglect and Exploitation: The Need for Elder Justice Legislation,
11 ELDER L.J. 207 (2003)(discussing domestic and institutional
elder abuse and financial exploitation, and describing several in-
novative programs around the country, such as interdisciplinary
collaborations among physicians, protective service workers, and
regulatory bodies).
Cory W. Brooks, Skilled Nursing Homes: Replacing Patient Re-
straints with Patient Rights, 45 S.D. L. REV. 606 (2000)(examining
the provisions of the Nursing Home Reform Law and various
types of medical, chemical, and physical restraints).
Marie-Therese Connolly, Federal Law Enforcement in Long
Term Care, 4 J. HEALTH CARE L. & POL’Y 230 (2001)(reviewing
federal criminal, civil, and civil rights approaches to abuses in

   2 See also Barbara Glesner Fines, Elder Law Bibliography, 16 J. AM.
ACAD. MATRIM. LAW. 593 (2000).
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Vol. 19, 2004                               Bibliography                     155

nursing homes, including the False Claims Act and the Civil
Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act).
Carolyn L. Dessin, Financial Abuse of the Elderly, 36 IDAHO L.
REV. 203 (2000)(examining different types of financial abuse of
older people, including theft, fraud, breach of fiduciary duty, and
negligent management of assets, and suggesting possible legisla-
tive responses).
Sana Loue, Elder Abuse and Neglect in Medicine and Law: The
Need for Reform, 22 J. LEGAL MED. 159 (2001)(reviewing vary-
ing state definitions of elder mistreatment, and considering pro-
tective measures such as advance directives, durable powers of
attorney, protective orders, and guardianships and
Angela Snellenberger Quin, Imposing Federal Criminal Liability
on Nursing Homes: A Way of Deterring Inadequate Health Care
and Improving the Quality of Care Delivered?, 43 ST. LOUIS
U.L.J. 653 (1999)(discussing Health and Human Service regula-
tions and private tort suits as means of remedying nursing home
Sarah S. Sandusky, The Lawyer’s Role in Combating the Hidden
Crime of Elder Abuse, 11 ELDER L.J. 459 (2003)(evaluating ethi-
cal difficulties in representing the elderly who are victims of
abuse, including whether statutory reporting requirements over-
ride obligations of confidentiality).
James G. Sokolove, Handling Elder Abuse and Neglect Cases, 35
TRIAL 40 (Dec. 1999)(surveying briefly the criminal, civil, regula-
tory, and insurance avenues to pursue elder abuse cases).
Amanda A. Thilges, Comment, Abuse of a Power of Attorney:
Who Is More Likely to Be Punished, the Elder or the Abuser, 16
J. AM. ACAD. MATRIM. LAW. 579 (2000)(listing different state
approaches to the misuse of powers of attorney as a form of elder
Christine V. Williams, Comment, The Nursing Home Dilemma in
America Today: The Suffering Must Be Recognized and Eradi-
cated, 41 SANTA CLARA L. REV. 867 (2001)(discussing the fed-
eral regulatory overlay controlling nursing home care and several
high profile tort suits regarding nursing home abuse).
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156 Journal of the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers

Betsy J. Abramson, Ethical Considerations in Elder Abuse Cases,
73 WIS. LAW. 16 (Sep. 2000)(Wisconsin).
John W. Bellflower, Jr., Comment, Respecting Our Elders: Can
Tennessee Do More to Protect Its Elder Population from Institu-
tional Abuse and Neglect?, 66 TENN. L. REV. 819
Lee Beneze, Reporting Elder Abuse: Not a Requirement, But an
Option for Lawyers, 89 ILL. B.J. 93 (Feb. 2001)(Illinois).
Joann Blair, Note, “Honor Thy Father and Thy Mother”—But
For How Long?—Adult Children’s Duty to Care for and Protect
Elderly Parents, 35 U. LOUISVILLE J. FAM. L. 765 (1996-97).
David F. Bragg, Dealing with Nursing Home Neglect: The Need
for Private Litigation, 39 S. TEX. L. REV. 1 (1997)(Texas).
Jeffrey L. Bratkiewicz, “Here’s a Quarter, Call Someone Who
Cares”: Who Is Answering the Elderly’s Call for Protection from
Telemarketing Fraud?, 45 S.D. L. REV. 586 (2000)(South
James L. Buchwalter, Validity, Construction, and Application of
State Civil and Criminal Elder Abuse Laws, 113 A.L.R. 5TH 431
Sande L. Buhai & James W. Gilliam, Jr., Honor Thy Mother and
Father: Preventing Elder Abuse Through Education and Litiga-
tion, 36 LOY. L.A. L. REV. 565 (2003)(California).
David P. Chapus, Criminal Liability Under Statutes Penalizing
Abuse or Neglect of the Institutionalized Infirm, 60 A.L.R. 4TH
1153 (1988).
Carolyn L. Dessin, Financial Abuse of the Elderly: Is the Solution
a Problem?, 34 MCGEORGE L. REV. 267 (2003)(California).
George S. Ingalls et al., Elder Abuse Originating in the Institu-
tional Setting, 74 N.D. L. REV. 313 (1998).
Kymberleigh N. Korpus, Note, Extinguishing Inheritance Rights:
California Breaks New Ground in the Fight Against Elder Abuse
But Fails to Build an Effective Foundation, 52 HASTINGS L.J. 537
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Vol. 19, 2004                               Bibliography                     157

Tracy L. Kramer, Comment, Section 784.08 of the Florida Stat-
utes: A Necessary Tool to Combat Elder Abuse and Victimization,
19 NOVA L. REV. 735 (1995)(Florida).
Terrie Lewis, Fifty Ways to Exploit Your Grandmother: The Sta-
tus of Financial Abuse of the Elderly in Minnesota, 28 WM.
MITCHELL L. REV. 911 (2001)(Minnesota).
Gilah R. Mayer, Comment, Bergman v. Chin: Why an Elder
Abuse Case Is a Stride in the Direction of Civil Culpability for
Physicians Who Undertreat Patients Suffering from Terminal
Pain, 37 NEW ENG. L. REV. 313 (2003)(California).
Kelly J. McDonald & Stanley J. Marks, Fighting Back for Elder
Abuse Victims, 34 ARIZ. ATTY. 20 (Dec. 1997)(Arizona).
Seymour Moskowitz, Golden Age in the Golden State: Contempo-
rary Legal Developments in Elder Abuse and Neglect, 36 LOY.
L.A. L. REV. 589 (2003)(California).
Seymour Moskowitz, New Remedies for Elder Abuse and Neg-
lect, 12 PROB. & PROP. 52 (1998).
Seymour Moskowitz, Saving Granny from the Wolf: Elder Abuse
and Neglect—The Legal Framework, 31 CONN. L. REV. 77
Trent M. Murch, Note, Revamping the Phantom Protections for
the Vulnerable Elderly: Section 3A1.1(B), New Hope for Old Vic-
tims, 6 ELDER L.J. 49 (1998)(United States Sentencing
Heath R. Oberloh, A Call to Legislative Action: Protecting Our
Elders from Abuse, 45 S.D. L. REV. 655 (2000)(South Dakota).
Robert Polisky, Note, Criminalizing Physical and Emotional
Elder Abuse, 3 ELDER L.J. 377 (1995).
Ana Kellia Ramares, Criminal Assault or Battery Statutes Making
Attack on Elderly Person a Special or Aggravated Offense, 73
A.L.R. 4TH 1123 (1989, Supp. 2004).
Martin Ramey, Putting the Cart Before the Horse: The Need to
Re-examine Damage Caps in California’s Elder Abuse Act, 39
SAN DIEGO L. REV. 599 (2002)(California).
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158 Journal of the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers

Ken Ransford, Financial Abuse of Elderly Adults, 23 COLO. LAW.
1077 (1994)(Colorado).
Nina Santo, Breaking the Silence: Strategies for Combating Elder
Abuse in California, 31 MCGEORGE L. REV. 801
Jill C. Skabronski, Comment, Elder Abuse: Washington’s Re-
sponse to a Growing Epidemic, 31 GONZ. L. REV. 627 (1995-
Kate Speltz & Jane Raymond, Elder Abuse, Including Domestic
Violence in Later Life, 73 WIS. LAW. 10 (Sep. 2000)(Wisconsin).
Jeffrey Spitzer-Resnick & Maya Krajcinovic, Protecting the
Rights of Nursing Home Residents: How Tort Liability Interacts
with Statutory Protections, 19 NOVA L. REV. 629 (1995).
Molly Dickinson Velick, Mandatory Reporting Statutes: A Neces-
sary Yet Underutilized Response to Elder Abuse, 3 ELDER L. J.
165 (1995).
Daniel P. Whitmore, Note, Enforcing the Equal Protection
Clause on Behalf of Domestic Violence Victims: The Impact of
Doe v. Calumet City, 45 DEPAUL L. REV. 123 (1995)(Illinois).

Fraud and Misrepresentation (See also RICO)
Ellen S. Podgor, Mail Fraud: Redefining the Boundaries, 10 ST.
THOMAS L. REV. 557 (1998)(providing an introductory set of ex-
planations of the federal mail fraud statutes).
Tort Actions Against Third Parties for Fraud in Procuring an Eq-
uitable Distribution Settlement, 17 EQUITABLE DISTRIBUTION J. 3
(Feb. 2000)(discussing the liability of third parties who assist di-
vorcing spouses conceal assets and defraud the other spouse of
community property).
Bradley L. Adams, Comment, The Doctrine of Fraud on the
Community, 49 BAYLOR L. REV. 449 (1997)(Texas).
Keith Paul Bishop, California’s Unique Approach to Insider
Trading Regulation, 17 INSIGHTS 21 (July 2003)(California).
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Vol. 19, 2004                               Bibliography                     159

Christa Brown, Marital Fraud: The Tort Survives with an Appel-
late Twist, 63 TEX. B.J. 630 (July 2000)(Texas).

Alison Dempsey, A Bad Day: The Nebraska Supreme Court
Refuses to Recognize Claims for Misrepresented Paternity in Day
v. Heller, 37 CREIGHTON L. REV. 197 (2003)(Nebraska).

Fraud Counterclaim Arises Out of Same Transaction as Divorce:
Statute of Limitations Is Extended, 15 FAIR$HARE 22 (Nov.

Steven J. Gaynor, Fraud Actions: Right to Recover for Mental or
Emotional Distress, 11 A.L.R. 5TH 88 (1993, Supp. 2004).

Teal E. Luthy, Comment, Assigning Common Law Claims for
Fraud, 65 U. CHI. L. REV. 1001 (1998).

Anne M. Payne, Sexual Partner’s Tort Liability to Other Partner
for Fraudulent Misrepresentation Regarding Sterility or Use of
Birth Control Resulting in Pregnancy, 2 A.L.R. 5TH 301 (1992,
Supp. 2004).

Brenda Saiz, Note, Tort Law: Tort Liability When Fraudulent
Misrepresentation Regarding Birth Control Results in the Birth of
a Healthy Child—Wallis v. Smith, 32 N.M. L. REV. 549
(2002)(New Mexico).

Alexandria Streich, Comment, Spousal Fiduciaries in the Marital
Partnership: Marriage Means Business, But the Sharks Do Not
Have a Code of Conduct, 34 IDAHO L. REV. 367 (1998)(Idaho).

Judith R. Taber, Note, Zehr v. Haugen and Wrongful Pregnancy:
Extending the Rationale to Deceitful Pregnancy Claims, 74 ORE-
GON L. REV. 405 (1995)(Oregon).

John Walters, Does It Matter If Bubba Told a Lie? A Marital Dis-
solution Hypothetical, 11 J. CONTEMP. LEGAL ISSUES 159 (Oct.
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160 Journal of the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers


Seymour Benson & Leigh Knisken, Interspousal Tort Liability:
Abrogation of Interspousal Immunity, 68 FLA. B.J.
Interspousal Torts: A Procedural Framework for Hawai’i, 19
HAWAI I L. REV. 377 (1999).
Stephen Kelson, The Doctrine of Interspousal Immunity: Does It
Still Exist in Utah?, 3 J.L. & FAM. STUD. 161 (2001)(Utah).
Sousan Alemansour Myaskovsky, Interspousal Immunity, 45 OR-
ANGE COUNTY LA . 45 (Jan. 2004)(California).

Malinda L. Seymore, Isn’t It a Crime: Feminist Perspectives on
Spousal Immunity and Spousal Violence, 90 NW. U. L. REV. 1032
Carl Tobias, The Imminent Demise of Interspousal Tort Immu-
nity, 60 MONT. L. REV. 101 (1999)(Montana and Virginia).


Dennis R. Weaver, Parental Immunity, Then and Now, 20 TRIAL
40 (Feb. 2004)(summarizing briefly different state approaches to
the law of parental immunity).
Joseph J. Basgier, III, Children’s Rights: A Renewed Call for the
End of Parental Immunity in Alabama and Arguments for the
Further Expansion of a Child’s Right to Sue, 26 LAW & PSYCHOL.
REV. 123 (2002)(Alabama).
Dena M. Dietrich, Note, Eagan v. Calhoun: A Child May Bring a
Wrongful Death Action Against a Parent for the Intentional Kill-
ing of the Other Parent, 28 U. BALT. L. REV. 235
Melissa B. Gosart-Convertito, Ascuitto v. Farricielli: Connecti-
cut’s Failure to Reform Familial Tort Liability, 19 QUINNIPIAC L.
REV. 581 (2000)(Connecticut).
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Vol. 19, 2004                               Bibliography                     161

Sandra L. Haley, Comment, The Parental Tort Immunity Doc-
trine: Is It a Defensible Defense, 30 U. RICH. L. REV. 575 (1996).

Brenda K. Harmon, Note, Parent-Child Tort Immunity: The Su-
preme Court of Illinois Finally Gives This Doctrine the Attention
It’s Been Demanding, Cates v. Cates, 19 S. ILL. U. L.J. 633

Michael Harper, Comment, Broadbent v. Broadbent: Arizona
Adopts the “Reasonable Parent” Standard, 28 ARIZ. ST. L.J. 699

Thomas J. Herthel, Comment, Parental Immunity in Alabama:
Let’s Not Let Parents Get Away with Murder—An Argument to
Reexamine the Issue, 25 CUMB. L. REV. 409 (1995)(Alabama).

A. John Hoomani & Kimberly Sieredzki Woodell, Comment,
Liner v. Brown: Where Should We Go from Here, 19 CAMPBELL
L. REV. 447 (1997)(North Carolina).

David A. Lieb, Maryland Refuses to Abrogate Parental Tort Im-
munity, 55 MD. L. REV. 832 (1996)(Maryland).

Margo J. Maxwell, Note, Torts—Parental Immunity Doctrine—
Scope of Parental Exemption from Liability for Injuries to Child,
62 TENN. L. REV. 183 (1994)(Tennessee).

Sean S. Modjarrad, Hartman v. Hartman: Is “Parental Immunity”
Recognized?, 22 AM. J. TRIAL ADVOC. 463 (1998)(Missouri).

Marjorie A. Shields, Liability of Parent or Person in Loco Paren-
tis for Personal Tort Against Minor Child—Willful or Malicious
Act, 118 A.L.R. 5TH 513 (2004).

Geoffrey A. Vance, Note, Rock-A-Bye Lawsuit: Can a Baby Sue
the Hand that Rocked the Cradle, 28 J. MARSHALL L. REV. 429

Carla M. Venhoff, Note, Parental Immunity, 36 BRANDEIS J.
FAM. L. 149 (1997-98)(Texas).

Sarie E. Winner, Note, Nichol v. Stass: Ending Predictability for
Foster Parents in the Laws of Sovereign and Parental Immunity,
32 LOY. U. CHI. L.J. 735 (2001)(Illinois).
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162 Journal of the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers

Infliction of Emotional Distress
Linda L. Berger, Lies Between Mommy and Daddy: The Case for
Recognizing Spousal Emotional Distress Claims Based on Do-
mestic Deceit That Interferes with Parent-Child Relationships, 33
LOY. L.A. L. REV. 449 (2000)(encouraging recognition of inten-
tional infliction of emotional distress claims based on interfer-
ence by one parent in the other parent’s relationship with their
G. Steven Neeley, The Psychological and Emotional Abuse of
Children: Suing Parents in Tort for the Infliction of Emotional
Distress, 27 N. KY. L. REV. 689 (2000)(discussing the absence of
cases regarding suits against parents for intentional and negligent
infliction of emotional distress and ways of meeting the proof re-
quirements of both torts).
George L. Blum, Intentional Infliction of Distress in Marital Con-
text, 110 A.L.R. 5TH 371 (2003).
Bradley A. Case, Note, Turning Marital Misery into Financial
Fortune: Assertion of Intentional Infliction of Emotional Distress
Claims by Divorcing Spouses, 33 U. LOUISVILLE J. FAM. L. 101
Ira Mark Ellman & Stephen D. Sugarman, Spousal Emotional
Abuse as a Tort?, 55 MD. L. REV. 1268 (1996).
Patricia A. Harris, Note, Intentional Infliction of Emotional Dis-
tress and Divorce: An Argument Against Joinder, 34 U. LOUIS-
VILLE J. FAM. L. 897 (1995-96).

Leonard Karp & Laura C. Belleau, Litigating Domestic Emo-
tional Distress Claims, 18 FAIR$HARE 2 (1998).
Brandi Monger, Note, Family Law—Wyoming’s Adoption of In-
tentional Infliction of Emotional Distress in the Marital Context,
McCulloh v. Drake, 24 P.3d 1162 (Wyo. 2001), 2 WYO. L. REV.
563 (2002)(Wyoming).
Tiffany Oliver, Comment, Intentional Infliction of Emotional
Distress Between Spouses: New Mexico’s Excessively High
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Vol. 19, 2004                               Bibliography                     163

Threshold for Outrageous Conduct, 33 N.M. L. REV. 381
(2003)(New Mexico).
Richard R. Orsinger, Asserting Claims for Intentionally or Reck-
lessly Causing Severe Emotional Distress in Connection with Di-
vorce, 25 ST. MARY’S L.J. 1253 (1994).
Marjorie A. Shields, Action for Intentional Infliction of Emo-
tional Distress Against Paramours, 99 A.L.R. 5TH 445 (2002).
Meredith L. Taylor, Comment, North Carolina’s Recognition of
Tort Liability for the Intentional Infliction of Emotional Distress
During Marriage, 32 WAKE FOREST L. REV. 1261 (1997)(North

Insurance Coverage
Hazel Glenn Beh, Tort Liability for Intentional Acts of Family
Members: Will Your Insurer Stand by You?, 68 TENN. L. REV. 1
(2000)(reviewing theories of liability against family members for
the intentional torts and crimes of their children and spouses and
evaluating insurance coverage for these torts in light of inten-
tional act exclusions in most homeowners’ policies).
Dragomir Cosanici, Exclusionary Clauses in Automobile Insur-
ance Policy: A Call for Federal Regulation, 8 KAN. J.L. & PUB.
POL’Y 191 (1999)(urging the elimination of spousal immunity ex-
clusions in automobile insurance contracts).
Sherri A. Mullikin, Note, A Cost Analysis Approach to Determin-
ing the Reasonableness of Using Domestic Violence as an Insur-
ance Classification, 25 J. LEGIS. 195 (1999)(evaluating whether
insurance practices of making domestic violence an insurance
classification for purposes of setting rates or canceling coverage
violates state anti-discrimination or civil rights statutes).
Cynthia A. Muse, Note, Homeowners Insurance: A Way to Pay
for Children’s Intentional—and Often Violent—Acts?, 33 IND. L.
REV. 665 (2000)(reviewing the tests courts use to decide for in-
surance purposes whether a covered individual has committed an
intentional act).
Jennifer Wriggins, Interspousal Tort Immunity and Insurance
“Family Member Exclusions”: Shared Assumptions, Relational,
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164 Journal of the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers

and Liberal Feminist Challenges, 17 WIS. WOMEN’S L.J. 251
(2002)(discussing the ways de facto interspousal immunity per-
sists through intentional act and family member insurance policy
Tom Baker, Reconsidering Insurance for Punitive Damages, 1998
WIS. L. REV. 101.
Kevin Black, Lewis v. West American Insurance Co.: Public Pol-
icy or Insurance Policy?, 24 N. KY. L. REV. 333
David S. Florig, Insurance Coverage for Sexual Abuse or Molesta-
tion, 30 TORT & INS. L.J. 699 (1995).
Deborah S. Hellman, Is Actuarially Fair Insurance Pricing Actu-
ally Fair?: A Case Study in Insuring Battered Women, 32 HARV.
C.R.-C.L. L. REV. 355 (1997).
Daniel G. Kagan, Insurance Coverage for Victims of Sexual
Abuse: A Mixed Message from the Law Court, 12 ME. B.J. 292
Martin J. McMahon, Validity, Under Insurance Statutes, of Cover-
age Exclusion for Injury to or Death of Insured’s Family or
Household Members, 52 A.L.R. 4th 18 (1987, Supp. 2004).
Ellen J. Morrison, Insurance Discrimination Against Battered
Women: Proposed Legislative Protections, 72 IND. L.J. 259
Ellen S. Pryor, The Stories We Tell: Intentional Harm and the
Quest for Insurance Funding, 75 TEX. L. REV.1721 (1997).
Michael J. Sudekum, Homeowner’s Policies and Missouri Law
Make Recovery for the Domestic Violence Victim/Co-insured an
Olympic Challenge, 69 UMKC L. REV. 363 (2000)(Missouri).

Interspousal Torts and Divorce Proceedings
William J. Glucksman & Kristina C. Royce, Determining
Whether to Pursue Potential Interspousal Tort Actions, 17 MA-
TRIM. STRATEGIST 4 (Nov. 1999)(assessing briefly a variety of
torts arising out of divorce battles, such as one spouse being
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Vol. 19, 2004                               Bibliography                     165

locked out of the marital home, defamation, and breach of fiduci-
ary duty regarding disclosure of assets).
Kristyn J. Krohse, Note, No Longer Following the Rule of
Thumb—What to Do with Domestic Torts and Divorce Claims,
1997 U. ILL. L. REV. 923 (advocating the joinder of marital tort
claims with divorce proceedings, for efficiency reasons (since
many of the issues in the tort and civil proceedings arose out of
the same set of transactions) and because the adversarial nature
of the tort claims may make mediation alternatives inappropriate
regarding the dissolution).
Robert G. Spector, Marital TortsSearch Term Begin Search Term
End : The Current Legal Landscape, 33 FAM. L.Q. 745
(1999)(surveying a range of interspousal torts, including assault,
battery, fraud, fraudulent inducement to marry, and fraud in pro-
curing a settlement, and reviewing some practical limits on tort
suits, such as a lack of assets or emotional wherewithal to pursue
marital tort claims).
Paul R. Dunkelman & Judith J. Carlson, Marital Torts, 30 COLO.
LAW. 49 (Jan. 2001)(Colorado).
Robert J. Durst, New Jersey: Jury Trials for Marital Tort Claims?,
17 FAIR$HARE 10 (Jan. 1997)(New Jersey).
Ira Mark Ellman, The Place of Fault in a Modern Divorce Law,
28 ARIZ. ST. L.J. 773 (1996).
Richard Friedling, Domestic Torts—Opportunities, Hazards for
Family Lawyers, 15 MATRIM. STRATEGIST 1 (May 1997).
Steven J. Gaynor, Joinder of Tort Actions Between Spouses with
Proceedings for Dissolution of Marriage, 4 A.L.R. 5TH 972 (1993,
Supp. 2004).
Barbara Glesner Fines, Joinder of Tort Claims in Divorce Ac-
tions, 12 J. AM. ACAD. MATRIM. LAW. 285 (1994).
Bruce D. Greenberg & Gary K. Wolinetz, Civil Jury Trials Under
the New Jersey Constitution, 185 N.J. LAW. 30 (June 1997)(New
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166 Journal of the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers

Gregg A. Greenstein, Blending Spousal Tort Claims and Colo-
rado Divorce Actions, 25 COLO. LAW. 57 (May 1996)(Colorado).
Hanley M. Gurwin & David S. Mendelson, Domestic Torts:
Avoiding Two Bites of the Apple, 17 FAIR$HARE 5 (Nov. 1997).
Harry D. Krause, On the Danger of Allowing Marital Fault to Re-
Emerge in the Guise of Torts, 73 NOTRE DAME L. REV. 1355
Steven H. Levy, Divide and Conquer: Bifurcating the Complex
Case, 20 FAM. ADVOC. 38 (Winter 1998).
Madeline Marzano-Lesnevich & Francine Del Vescovo, The En-
tire Controversy with the Entire Controversy Doctrine, 184 N.J.
LAW. 16 (May 1997)(New Jersey).
Carole Pasternak, Comment, Victims Once Again: The New
Jersey Supreme Court’s Unwillingness to Provide All Marital Tort
Victims a Right to a Jury Trial, 7 SETON HALL CONST. L.J. 467
(1997)(New Jersey).
Janet W. Steverson, Interspousal Tort Claims in a Divorce Action
in Oregon, 31 WILLAMETTE L. REV. 757 (1995)(Oregon).

Parental Kidnapping (See also Visitation Abuse)
Stanley S. Clawar, Anticipating Abductions: Flight-Risk Factors
and What Can Be Done, 26 FAM. ADVOC. 42 (Spring
2004)(describing a constellation of deviant behaviors, patterns of
conduct, and exit strategies that assist in identifying parents who
represent a high risk of fleeing with children).
Laura C. Clemens, Note, International Parental Child Abduction:
Time for the United States to Take a Stand, 30 SYRACUSE J. INT’L
L. & COMMERCE 151 (2003)(sorting through the federal statutes
and international conventions and treaties regarding interna-
tional parental kidnapping).
Russell M. Coombs, Child Custody and Visitation by Non-Parents
Under the New Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction and Enforce-
ment Act: A Rerun of Seize-and-Run, 16 J. AM. ACAD. MATRIM.
L. 1 (1999)(detailing the provisions of the new UCCJEA and
evaluating its interactions with the Parental Kidnapping Preven-
tion Act).
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Vol. 19, 2004                               Bibliography                     167

Jacqueline D. Golub, The International Parental Kidnapping Act
of 1993: The United States’ Attempt to Get Our Children Back—
How Is It Working?, 24 BROOK. J. INT’L L. 797 (1999)(describing
the federal statute making parental kidnapping a crime and as-
sessing its efficacy).

Susan Kreston, Prosecuting International Parental Kidnapping, 15
NOTRE DAME J. L. ETHICS & PUB. POL’Y 533 (2001)(explaining
the procedural steps that occur in law enforcement investigation
of a suspected federal or international kidnapping offense, in-
cluding the roles of local authorities, the FBI, INTERPOL, the
National Center for Missing and Exploited Children, and the
State Department, as well as the coordination of civil remedies
for the child’s return and criminal charges against the

Linda Silberman, Patching Up the Abduction Convention: A Call
for a New International Protocol and a Suggestion for Amend-
ments to ICARA, 38 TEX. INT’L L.J. 41 (2003)(focusing on some
enforcement difficulties under the International Child Abduction
Remedies Act and suggested improvements).


Patricia E. Apy, Managing Child Custody Cases Involving Non-
Hague Contracting States, 14 J. AM. ACAD. MATRIM. L. 77

Susan Barone, International Parental Child Abduction: A Global
Dilemma with Limited Relief, 8 N.Y. INT’L L. REV. 95 (1995).

Christopher L. Blakesley, Comparativist Ruminations from the
Bayou on Child Custody Jurisdiction: The UCCJA, the PKPA,
and the Hague Convention on Child Abduction, 58 LA. L. REV.
449 (1998).

Richard E. Crouch, Resolving International Custody Disputes in
the United States, 13 J. AM. ACAD. MATRIM. L. 229 (1996).

William B. Johnson, Kidnapping or Related Offense by Taking or
Removing of Child by or Under Authority of Parent or One in
Loco Parentis, 20 A.L.R. 4TH 823 (1983, Supp. 2004).
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168 Journal of the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers

Susan Mackie, Comment, Procedural Problems in the Adjudica-
tion of International Parental Child Abduction Cases, 10 TEMP.
INT’L & COMP. L.J. 445, 446 (1996)
Merritt L. McKeon, International Parental Kidnapping: A New
Law, a New Solution, 30 FAM. L.Q. 235 (1996).
Jason Miller, Court: Parent May Be Convicted of Kidnapping His
Own Child, 5 LAWYERS J. 2 (Aug. 8, 2003)(Pennsylvania).
Antoinette Passanante, Note, International Parental Kidnapping:
The Call for an Increased Federal Response, 34 COLUM. J. TRANS-
NAT’L L. 677 (1996).

Sheldon A. Vincenti, The Parental Kidnapping Prevention Act:
Time to Reassess, 33 IDAHO L. REV. 351 (1997).

Parental Liability for Minors’ Torts and Crimes
Rhonda V. Magee Andrews, The Justice of Parental Accountabil-
ity: Hypothetical Disinterested Citizens and Real Victims’ Voices in
the Debate over Expanded Parental Liability, 75 TEMP. L. REV.
375 (2002)(tracing current parental civil liability statutes and ar-
guing for more expansive common law parental tort liability for
their children’s torts and crimes).
Valerie D. Barton, Comment, Reconciling the Burden: Parental
Liability for the Tortious Acts of Minors, 51 EMORY L.J. 877
(2002)(examining the policy bases for vicarious parental liability
as well as various tort theories, such as negligent supervision, res
ipsa loquitur, and strict liability).
James Herbie DiFonzo, Parental Responsibility for Juvenile
Crimes, 80 OR. L. REV. 1 (2001)(evaluating parental criminal re-
sponsibility laws for juveniles’ crimes and proposing instead ther-
apeutic solutions, entailing mediation, family conferences, and
other dispute resolution methods in lieu of criminal
Pamela K. Graham, Comment, Parental Responsibility Laws: Let
the Punishment Fit the Crime, 33 LOY. L.A. L. REV. 1719
(2000)(looking at the history of parental criminal liability stat-
utes, with a focus on the California state statute and the parental
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Vol. 19, 2004                               Bibliography                     169

responsibility provision in the federal Youth Gun Crime Enforce-
ment Act of 1999).
Elena R. Laskin, Note, How Parental Liability Statutes Criminal-
ize and Stigmatize Minority Mothers, 37 AM. CRIM. L. REV. 1195
(2000)(arguing that parental criminal liability statutes have a dis-
proportionate impact on women of color).
Lisa Lockwood, Comment, Where Are the Parents? Parental
Criminal Responsibility for the Acts of Children, 30 GOLDEN
GATE U.L. REV. 497 (2000)(reviewing the lack of success in con-
stitutional challenges to parental vicarious liability laws and ana-
lyzing the theoretical basis for parental criminal responsibility
based on the parent’s own negligence or recklessness).
Deborah A. Nichols, Note, Parental Liability for Youth Violence:
The Contrast Between Moral Responsibilities and Legal Obliga-
tions, 53 RUTGERS L. REV. 215 (2000)(covering theories of pa-
rental liability for both torts and crimes and evaluating the latter
according to two types of statutes—those that punish parents as
essentially accomplices and those that punish bad parenting).
Katherine R. Richardson, Note, Parental Liability and the Crimi-
nal Misconduct of Children in the Wake of an Unregulated In-
ternet: Who Should Pay?, 7 CARDOZO WOMEN’S L.J. 29
(2000)(focusing on the potential for parental criminal and civil
liability under vicarious responsibility statutes for children’s torts
and crimes that stem from unsupervised internet use).
Richard M. AuBuchon, Juveniles, Firearms and Crime: Extending
Criminal Liability to Parents in Oklahoma and Beyond, 36 TULSA
L.J. 435 (2000)(Oklahoma).
Naomi R. Cahn, Pragmatic Questions About Parental Liability
Statutes, 1996 WIS. L. REV. 399.
Karen Cavanaugh & Daniel Pollack, Liability Protections for
Foster Parents, 6 KAN. J.L. & PUB. POL’Y 78 (Fall 1997).
Linda A. Chapin, Out of Control? The Uses and Abuses of Paren-
tal Liability Laws to Control Juvenile Delinquency in the United
States, 37 SANTA CLARA L. REV. 621 (1997).
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170 Journal of the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers

Catherine Clements, Williams v. Garcetti: The Constitutionality
of Holding Parents Criminally Responsible for the Acts of Their
Children, 25 GOLDEN GATE U. L. REV. 417 (1995).
Howard Davidson, No Consequences—Re-examining Parenting
Responsibility Laws, 7 STAN. L. & POL’Y REV. 23 (1995).
Jason Emilios Dimitris, Comment, Parental Responsibility Stat-
utes and the Programs that Must Accompany Them, 27 STETSON
L. REV. 655 (1997).
Eric Paul Ebenstein, Note, Criminal and Civil Parental Liability
Statutes: Would They Have Saved the 15 Who Died at Colum-
bine?, 7 CARDOZO WOMEN’S L.J. 1 (2000)(Colorado).
Eunice A. Eichelberger, Criminal Responsibility of Parents for
Act of Child, 12 A.L.R. 4TH 673 (1982, Supp. 2004).
Kimberly A. Gobla, Comment, The Infeasability of Federal In-
ternet Regulation: The Online Parental Control Act of 1996—A
Reaction to the Communications Decency Act of 1996, 102 DICK.
L. REV. 93 (1997).
Andrew C. Gratz, Comment, Increasing the Price of Parenthood:
When Should Parents Be Held Civilly Liable for the Torts of Their
Children?, 39 HOUS. L. REV. 169 (2002)(Texas).
Christine T. Greenwood, Note, Holding Parents Criminally Re-
sponsible for the Delinquent Acts of Their Children: Reasoned
Response or ”Knee-Jerk Reaction”?, 23 J. CONTEMP. L. 401
Wade R. Habeeb, Parents’ Liability for Injury or Damage Inten-
tionally Inflicted by Minor Child, 54 A.L.R. 3RD 974 (2000).
A. Dale Ihrie III, Parental Delinquency: Should Parents Be Crim-
inally Liable for Failing to Supervise Their Children?, 74 U. DET.
MERCY L. REV. 93 (1996).
David F. Johnson, Paying for the Sins of Another—Parental Lia-
bility in Texas for the Torts of Children, 8 TEX. WESLEYAN L.
REV. 359 (2002)(Texas).
Kenneth Alvin Kalvig, Comment, Oregon’s New Parental Re-
sponsibility Acts: Should Other States Follow Oregon’s Trail, 75
OR. L. REV. 829 (1996)(Oregon).
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Vol. 19, 2004                               Bibliography                     171

Susan S. Kuo, A Little Privacy, Please: Should We Punish Parents
for Teenage Sex?, 89 KY. L.J. 135 (2000-01)(Illinois).

Joseph Mack, Comment, Street Fights, Air Rifles, Shotguns, Mi-
nors & Their Parents: A New York Perspective on Parental Liabil-
ity for the Torts of Their Minors, 21 PACE L. REV. 441
(2001)(New York).

Michelle L. Maute, Note, New Jersey Takes Aim at Gun Violence
by Minors: Parental Criminal Liability, 26 RUTGERS L.J. 431
(1995)(New Jersey).

Maureen O. Nash, Student on Student Sexual Harassment: If
Schools Are Liable, What About the Parents?, 31 CREIGHTON L.
REV. 1131 (1998).

B.C. Ricketts, Validity and Construction of Statutes Making Par-
ents Liable for Torts Committed by Their Minor Children, 8
A.L.R. 3RD 612 (1966, Supp. 2004).

Daniel W. Rinaldelli, Parent’s Right to Contest Amount of Resti-
tution, 21 J. JUV. L. 196 (2000)(Arizona).

Hope Viner Samborn, Kids’ Crimes Can Send Parents to Jail, 82
A.B.A. J. 28 (Mar. 1996)(Oregon).

Tami Scarola, Note, Creating Problems Rather Than Solving
Them: Why Criminal Parental Responsibility Laws Do Not Fit
within Our Understandings of Justice, 66 FORDHAM L. REV. 1029

Paul W. Schmidt, Note, Dangerous Children and the Regulated
Family: The Shifting Focus of Parental Responsibility Laws, 73
N.Y.U. L. REV. 667 (1998).

Jefferey L. Skaare, Note, The Development and Current Status of
Parental Liability for the Torts of Minors, 76 N.D. L. REV. 89
(2000)(North Dakota).

Courtney L. Zolman, Comment, Parental Responsibility Acts:
Medicine for Ailing Families and Hope for the Future, 27 CAP. U.
L. REV. 217 (1998)(Ohio).
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172 Journal of the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers

Prenatal Crimes and Torts
 Criminal Prosecutions

Deanna Rae Reitman, Note, The Collision Between the Rights of
Women, the Rights of the Fetus and the Rights of the State: A Criti-
cal Analysis of the Criminal Prosecution of Drug Addicted Preg-
nant Women, 16 ST. JOHN’S J. LEGAL COMMENT. 267
(2002)(demonstrating that criminal prosecution of drug-addicted
pregnant women will heightened the physical health risks to the
fetus, because women will avoid medical care).
James R. Schueller, Note, The Use of Cocaine by Pregnant Wo-
men: Child Abuse or Choice?, 25 J. LEGIS. 163 (1999)(arguing
that efforts to prosecute drug-abusing pregnant women under
child abuse statutes is constitutional and will act as a deterrent).
Christine M. Bulger, In the Best Interest of the Child? Race and
Class Discrimination in Prenatal Drug Use Prosecution, 19 B.C.
THIRD WORLD L.J. 709 (1999).
C. Antoinette Clark, FINS, PINS, CHIPS, & CHINS: A Rea-
soned Approach to the Problem of Drug Use During Pregnancy,
29 SETON HALL L. REV. 634 (1998)(Wisconsin).
Regina M. Coady, Extending Child Abuse Protection to the Via-
ble Fetus: Whitner v. State of South Carolina, 71 ST. JOHN’S L.
REV. 667 (1997)(South Carolina).
Carol Gosain, Note, Protective Custody for Fetuses: A Solution to
the Problem of Maternal Drug Use? Casenote on Wisconsin ex
rel. Angela v. Kruzicki, 5 GEORGE MASON L. REV. 799 (1997).
James G. Hodge, Jr., Prosecution of Mother for Prenatal Sub-
stance Abuse Based on Endangerment of or Delivery of Con-
trolled Substance to Child, 70 A.L.R. 5TH 461 (1999).
Nova D. Janssen, Note, Fetal Rights and the Prosecution of Wo-
men for Using Drugs During Pregnancy, 48 DRAKE L. REV. 741
Kristin L. Johnson, An Argument for Consideration of Prenatal
Smoking in Neglect and Abuse Determinations, 46 EMORY L.J.
1661 (1997).
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Vol. 19, 2004                               Bibliography                     173

Alison M. Leonard, Note, Fetal Personhood, Legal Substance
Abuse, and Maternal Prosecutions: Child Protection or “Gesta-
tional Gestapo?,” 32 NEW ENG. L. REV. 615 (1998).
Cari L. Leventhal, Comment, The Crimes Against the Unborn
Child Act: Recognizing Potential Human Life in Pennsylvania
Criminal Law, 103 DICK. L. REV. 173 (1998)(Pennsylvania).
Michelle D. Mills, Comment, Fetal Abuse Prosecutions: The Tri-
umph of Reaction over Reason, 47 DEPAUL L. REV. 989 (1998)
(Whitner v. South Carolina).
Lisa M. Noller, Taking Care of Two: Criminalizing the Ingestion
of Controlled Substances During Pregnancy, 2 U. CHI. L. SCH.
ROUNDTABLE 367 (1995).
Lynn M. Paltrow, Pregnant Drug Users, Fetal Persons, and the
Threat to Roe v. Wade, 62 ALB. L. REV. 999 (1999)(Whitner v.
South Carolina).
Kellam T. Parks, Note, Protecting the Fetus: The Criminalization
of Prenatal Drug Use, 5 WM. & MARY J. WOMEN & L. 245
Carol Jean Sovinski, Comment, The Criminalization of Maternal
Substance Abuse: A Quick Fix to a Complex Problem, 25 PEPP. L.
REV. 107 (1997)(South Carolina).
Alma Tolliver, Note, Child Abuse Statute Expanded to Protect the
Viable Fetus: The Abusive Effects of South Carolina’s Interpreta-
tion of the Word “Child,” Whitner v. South Carolina, 492 S.E.2d
777 (S.C. 1997), cert. denied, 118 S. Ct. 1857 (1998), 24 S. ILL. U.
L.J. 383 (2000)(South Carolina).

 Tort Liability (See also Immunity—Parental)

Moses Cook, Note, From Conception Until Birth: Exploring the
Maternal Duty to Protect Fetal Health, 80 WASH. U.L.Q. 1307
(2002)(addressing the development of fetal rights ideas at the in-
tersection of tort law and criminal law and arguing for limited
criminal liability, except in egregious cases).
Mark Strasser, Wrongful Life, Wrongful Birth, Wrongful Death,
and the Right to Refuse Treatment: Can Reasonable Jurisdictions
Recognize All But One?, 64 MO. L. REV. 29 (1999)(covering the
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174 Journal of the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers

range of birth-related torts, but focusing on wrongful life cases by
children against parents).
Thomas M. Fleming, Right of Child to Action Against Mother for
Infliction of Prenatal Injuries, 78 A.L.R. 4TH 1082 (1990, Supp.
Jill D. Washburn Helbling, To Recover or Not to Recover: A State
by State Survey of Fetal Wrongful Death Law, 99 W. VA. L. REV.
363 (1996).
Dena M. Marks & John H. Marks, Prenatal Torts in Michigan, 83
MICH. B.J. 28 (June 2004)(Michigan).
Sheldon R. Shapiro, Right to Maintain Action or to Recover
Damages for Death of Unborn Child, 84 A.L.R. 3RD 411 (2001).
Lois Shepard, Protecting Parents’ Freedom to Have Children with
Genetic Differences, 1995 U. ILL. L. REV. 761.
Edward Sylvester, Note, Chenault v. Huie: Denying the Existence
of a Legal Duty Between a Mother and Her Unborn Child, 33
AKRON L. REV. 107 (1999)(Texas).
Geoffrey A. Vance, Note, Rock-a-Bye Lawsuit: Can a Baby Sue
the Hand that Rocked the Cradle?, 28 JOHN MARSHALL L. REV.
429 (1995)(Illinois).
Aaron Wagner, Texas Two-Step: Serving Up Fetal Rights by Side-
stepping Roe v. Wade Has Set the Table for Another Showdown
on Fetal Personhood in Texas and Beyond, 32 TEX. TECH. L.
REV. 1085 (2001)(Texas).

Erin Alexander, Comment, The Honeymoon Is Definitely Over:
The Use of Civil RICO in Divorce, 37 SAN DIEGO L. REV. 541
(2000)(assessing the applicability of civil RICO in the divorce
Teresa Bryan et al., Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organiza-
tions, 40 AM. CRIM. L. REV. 987 (2003)(providing a thorough
overview of the elements of the criminal and civil RICO
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Vol. 19, 2004                               Bibliography                     175

Laura W. Morgan, Civil Conspiracy and Civil RICO in Divorce
Actions, 12 DIVORCE LITIG. 223 (Nov. 2000)(discussing the pos-
sibilities of using civil RICO against third parties who conspire
with a divorcing spouse to hide assets during a dissolution).


William C. Smith, See You in Divorce Tort: Splitting Spouses
Raise RICO, Fraud, and Other Claims, 85 A.B.A. J. 30 (Jan.

Sexually Transmitted Disease Liability
Daniel C. Eidsmoe & Pamela K. Edwards, Sex, Lies, and Insur-
ance Coverage? Insurance Carrier Coverage Defenses for Sexually
Transmitted Disease Claims, 34 TORT & INS. L.J. 921 (1999)(ex-
amining communicable disease, sexually transmitted disease, and
intentional and criminal act exclusions in insurance policies).

Jon L. Gillum, Fear of Disease in Another Person: Assessing the
Merits of an Emerging Tort Claim, 79 TEX. L. REV. 227
(2000)(recommending a limited recognition of toxic tort fear of
disease claims when the disease may occur in parents or children
of the plaintiff).

Josette M. LeDoux, Interspousal Liability and the Wrongful
Transmission of HIV-AIDS: An Argument for Broadening Legal
Avenues for the Injured Spouse and Further Expanding Chil-
dren’s Rights to Sue Their Parents, 34 NEW ENG. L. REV. 392
(2000)(discussing various theories of tort liability for HIV trans-
mission and arguing for abrogation of familial immunity).

Mona Markus, A Treatment for the Disease: Criminal HIV Trans-
mission/Exposure Laws, 23 NOVA L. REV. 847 (1999)(examining
the variations among HIV-specific transmission and exposure

Amy L. McGuire, AIDS as a Weapon: Criminal Prosecution of
HIV Exposure, 36 HOUS. L. REV. 1787 (1999)(maintaining that
the use of traditional criminal law statutes to prosecute inten-
tional HIV exposure is problematic because the mens rea re-
quirements are difficult to meet).
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176 Journal of the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers

Jodi Mosiello, Why the Intentional Sexual Transmission of
Human Immunodeficiency Virus Should Be Criminalized
Through the Use of Specific HIV Criminal Statutes, 15 N.Y.L.
SCH. J. HUM. RTS. 595 (1999)(arguing for new laws criminalizing
the transmission of HIV with an emphasis on intent and foresee-
ability to avoid constitutional difficulties).

Rebecca Ruby, Note, Apprehending the Weapon within: The Case
for Criminalizing the Intentional Transmission of HIV, 36 AM.
CRIM. L. REV. 313 (1999)(suggesting the use of existing criminal
statutes to prosecute intentional HIV transmission, using the de-
fendant’s HIV status as an aggravating factor).

John A. Turcotte, Comment, When You Should Have Known:
Rethinking Constructive Knowledge in Tort Liability for the
Transmission of HIV, 52 ME. L. REV. 261 (2000)(covering the
possible tort causes of action for fraud, battery, infliction of emo-
tional distress, and negligence, the immunity, privacy, lack of
knowledge, and lack of duty defenses to them, and the interac-
tion of state statutes and common law tort theories).


Roderick D. Blanchard & Jeffrey M. Thompson, Epilogue to
North Star Mutual Insurance Co. v. R.W., 431 N.W.2d 138
(Minn. Ct. App. 1988), 19 HAMLINE L. REV. 159 (1995)

Amy M. Decker, Criminalizing the Intentional or Reckless Expo-
sure to HIV: A Wake-Up Call to Kansas, 46 U. KAN. L. REV. 333

Matthew Warren Grill, Recovery for Emotional Distress Due to
Fear of AIDS: Exposing AIDSPhobia in Alabama, 49 ALA. L.
REV. 1009 (1998)(Alabama).

Jennifer Grishkin, Note, Knowingly Exposing Another to HIV,
106 YALE L.J. 1617 (1997)(Maryland).

Amy L. Hansen, Note, Establishing Uniformity in HIV-Fear
Cases: A Modification of the Distinct Event Approach, 29 VAL.
U.L. REV. 1251 (1995).
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Vol. 19, 2004                               Bibliography                     177

Mark A. Koppel, Gilliam v. Roche Biomedical Laboratories: An
Introduction to Fear-of-Disease Damages in Arkansas, 48 ARK. L.
REV. 555 (1995) (Arkansas).
David J. Mack, Note, Cleansing the System: A Fresh Approach to
Liability for the Negligent or Fraudulent Transmission of Sexually
Transmitted Diseases, 30 U. TOL. L. REV. 647 (1999)(Maine).
Michele L. Mekel, Note, Kiss And Tell: Making the Case for the
Tortious Transmission of Herpes and Human Papillomavirus, 66
MO. L. REV. 929 (2001)(Missouri).
David P. Niemeier, Comment, The Criminal Transmission of
AIDS: A Critical Examination of Missouri’s HIV-Specific Statute,
45 ST. LOUIS U. L.J. 667 (2001)(Missouri).
Erin M. O’Toole, HIV-Specific Crime Legislation: Targeting an
Epidemic for Criminal Prosecution, 10 J.L. & HEALTH 183
Gregory G. Sarno, Tort Liability for Infliction of Venereal Dis-
ease, 40 A.L.R. 4TH 1089 (1985, Supp. 2004).
Statutory Survey, State Statutes Dealing with HIV and AIDS: A
Comprehensive State-by-State Summary, 13 LAW & SEXUALITY 1
William Sundbeck, It Takes Two to Tango: Rethinking Negligence
Liability for the Sexual Transmission of AIDS, 5 HEALTH MA-
TRIX 397 (1995).

Richard K. Vanik, Comment, Emotional Distress for Fear of Ex-
posure to AIDS: An Infection Headed for Texas, 32 HOUS. L.
REV. 1451 (1996)(Texas).
Kevin Walding, Wrongful Transmission of a Sexually Transmitted
Disease in Alabama: Elements and Some Practical Considera-
tions, 62 ALA. LAW. 256 (July 2001)(Alabama).

Surveillance and Wiretapping
Alison S. Aaronson, Comment, Changing with the Times: Why
Rampant School Violence Warrants Legalization of Parental
Wiretapping to Monitor Children’s Activities, 9 J. L. & POL’Y 785
(2001)(urging explicit amendment of Title III of the Omnibus
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178 Journal of the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers

Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 to permit parents to
wiretap their children’s phone calls without liability and review-
ing two recent state statutory provisions, in Georgia and Virginia,
that permit this monitoring).
Debra Bogosavljevic, Can Parents Vicariously Consent to Record-
ing a Telephone Conversation on Behalf of a Minor Child?: An
Examination of the Vicarious Consent Exception Under Title III
of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968, 2000
U. ILL. L. REV. 321 (examining the vicarious consent exception
that permits parental tapping of children’s calls and surveying the
split among federal courts regarding liability for interspousal
L. Kathryn Hedrick & Mark Gruber, Cybersex and Divorce: In-
terception of and Access to E-Mail and Other Electronic Commu-
nications in the Marital Home, 17 J. AM. ACAD. MATRIM. L. 1
(2001)(investigating whether retrieving a spouse’s phone
messages or e-mail is a violation of the Electronic Communica-
tions Privacy Act of 1986).
Deana A. Labriola, Comment, Parent-Child Wiretapping: Is Title
III Enough?, 50 CATH. U. L. REV. 429 (2001)(discussing the vica-
rious consent exception to the Federal Wiretap Act, which courts
have interpreted to permit parents to “consent” for and then
wiretap their own children, and arguing for some limitations on
the wide scope of vicarious parental consent).
Parental Wiretapping: Should Federal Courts Provide a Civil
Remedy in a Family Law Matter?, 48 U. KAN. L. REV. 397
2000)(reviewing the provisions of Title III of the Omnibus Crime
Control and Safe Streets Act and evaluating the intrafamily cases
decided under Title III and the common law defenses to familial
liability that have developed).
Shana K. Rahavy, The Federal Wiretap Act: The Permissible
Scope of Eavesdropping in the Family Home, 2 J. HIGH TECH. L.
87 (2003)(evaluating the general prohibitions of the Federal
Wiretap Act and the enumerated exceptions, and then observing
that courts generally allow interspousal wiretapping under the
federal statute, even though it is not one of the enumerated ex-
ceptions, because of the common law exception for spousal
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Vol. 19, 2004                               Bibliography                     179


Carol M. Bast, Eavesdropping in Florida: Beware a Time-
Honored But Dangerous Pastime, 21 NOVA L. REV. 431

Barbara Richards Campbell, Wiretapping Pitfalls: When a Client
Presents You with a Tape, 39 RES GESTAE 40 (Apr. 1996).

David A. Elder, Rhode Island Privacy Law—An Overview and
Some Important Recent Developments, 31 SUFFOLK U. L. REV.
837 (1998)(Rhode Island).

Ann B. Frick & Marjorie J. Long, Interspousal Wiretapping and
Eavesdropping: An Update—Part 1, 24 COLO. LAW. 2343 (1995).

Ann B. Frick & Marjorie J. Long, Interspousal Wiretapping and
Eavesdropping: An Update—Part II, 24 COLO. LAW. 2569 (1995).

Jay Goldberg, Tape Recorded Evidence: A Little Known Impedi-
ment to Use of Electronic Devices to Gather Evidence, Even in a
One-Party Consent State, 25 CHAMPION 24 (Apr. 2001)(New

Henry S. Gornbein & Jorin G. Rubin, Listening In: Is Accessing
Others’ E-Mail or Recording Their Telephone Conversations Le-
gal During a Divorce or Custody Proceeding?, 81 MICH. B.J. 18
(June 2002)(Michigan).

Joan Gutermuth, Offenses Against Public Order and Safety: Inva-
sions of Privacy, Wiretapping, Eavesdropping, Surveillance, and
Related Offenses, 17 GA. ST. U.L. REV. 102 (2000)(Georgia).

Kristine Cordier Karnezis, Construction and Application of Pro-
vision of Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (18
U.S.C.A. § 2520) Authorizing Civil Cause of Action by Person
Whose Wire or Oral Communication Is Intercepted, Disclosed, or
Used in Violation of Act, 164 A.L.R. FED. 139 (2000).

Laura S. Killian, Concerned or Just Plain Nosy? The Conse-
quences of Parental Wiretapping Under the Federal Wiretap Act in
Light of Pollock v. Pollock, 104 DICK. L. REV. 561 (2000)(6th
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180 Journal of the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers

Steve Leben, Evidence for the Family Lawyer: Intrafamily Wire-
tapping, the Fifth Amendment and Other Selected Topics, 68 J.
KAN. B.A. 24 (1999)(Kansas and federal).
Stacy L. Mills, Note, He Wouldn’t Listen to Me Before, But Now
. . . : Interspousal Wiretapping and an Analysis of State Wiretap-
ping Statutes, 37 BRANDEIS L.J. 415 (1998).
Jan Hemm Pritchard, Email Privacy: An Oxymoron?, 53 J. MO.
B. 239 (1997).
Delight K. Roberts, More on Nevada’s Wiretap Statutes, 4 NEV.
LAW. 23 (Apr. 1996)(Nevada).
Dorian L. Rowe, Wiretapping and the Modern Marriage: Does
Title III Provide a Federal Remedy for Victims of Interspousal
Electronic Surveillance?, 91 DICK. L. REV. 855 (1987).
Lee Ashley Smith, Note, The Admissibility of Tape Recordings in
Criminal Trials Involving Domestic Disputes: California’s Pro-
position 8 and Title III of the Federal Omnibus Crime Control and
Safe Streets Act, 15 HASTINGS WOMEN’S L.J. 217 (2004)
Judith N. Stimson, When Can Telephone Conversations Legally
Be Recorded?, 16 FAIR$HARE 8 (Jul. 1996).
Lowell H. Sucherman & Michelene Insalaco, Tape Recorded Evi-
dence: Tempting, But Is It Legal?, 18 FAIR$HARE 5 (Sep. 1998).
Kimberly R. Thompson, Note, Cell Phone Snooping: Why Elec-
tronic Eavesdropping Goes Unpunished, 35 AM. CRIM. L. REV.
137 (1997).
Andru E. Wall, Prying Eyes: The Legal Consequences of Reading
Your Spouse’s Electronic Mail, 30 FAM. L.Q. 742 (1996).
Richard G. Whiting, Intrafamily Wiretapping in the Electronic
Age, 11 S.C. LAW. 33 (May/June 2000)(South Carolina).
Elizabeth Williams, Applicability, in Civil Action, of Provisions of
Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968, Prohibiting
Interception of Communications (18 U.S.C. § 2511(1)), to Inter-
ceptions by Spouse, or Spouse’s Agent, of Conversations of Other
Spouse, 139 A.L.R. FED. 517 (1997).
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Vol. 19, 2004                               Bibliography                     181

Visitation Abuse or Unlawful Interference with
Kathleen Brown, I Can’t See Our Child. Help!, 44 ORANGE CTY.
LAW. 46 (Feb. 2002)(California).
Celia Guzaldo Gamrath, Visitation Abuse v. Unlawful Visitation
Interference—Is There Comfort for Custodial Parents?, 91 ILL.
B.J. 450 (Sep. 2003)(Illinois).
William L. Hill, Note, Tort Recovery for Intentional Interference
with Visitation Rights: A Necessary Alternative, 32 U. LOUISVILLE
J. FAM. L. 657 (1993-94).
Ira Daniel Turkat, Management of Visitation Interference, 36
JUDGES J. 17 (Spring 1997).
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