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SOPHOMORE SAT VOCABULARY – UNIT 3 QUIZ: FRIDAY, OCTOBER 16, 2009 KNOW THE DEFINITIONS AND HOW TO USE THE WORD IN A SENTENCE. 1. acquiesce VERB – To give in; to comply SYN: accede, agree, assent, (AK wee es) ANT: to object; to disagree consent I was so desperate that I had to acquiesce to his demands. 2. affinity NOUN – A likeness, a natural relationship, a kinship (uh FIN uh tee) SYN: ---------- ANT: repulsion Having suffered himself, he felt an affinity for the homeless. 3. blasphemous ADJ – Irreverent, profane (BLAS fuh mus) SYN: ---------- ANT: sacred; reverent Telling a sacrilegious joke is blasphemous. 4. circumspect ADJ – Careful to consider consequences, cautious, wary (SIR kum spekt) SYN: chary; wary ANT: reckless; careless; indiscreet Her circumspect behavior left no doubts as to her integrity. 5. corroboration NOUN – Confirmation (kuh rob uh RAY shun) SYN: authentication; validation ANT: refutation Fortunately, I had some corroboration for my whereabouts on the night of the crime. 6. deplete VERB – To use up gradually; to lessen in amount or value (deh PLETE) SYN: ---------- ANT: to restore Our oil reserves have been depleted because of years of drilling and pumping. 7. despotic ADJ – Ruling oppressively and absolutely; tyrannical (deh SPOT ik) SYN: ---------- ANT: ruling democratically Americans do not like despotic behaviors. 8. emaciated ADJ – Very thin (usually as a result of starvation); wasting away (eh MAY she ay tid) SYN: ---------- ANT: fat; corpulent As a result of receiving little food, most prisoners of concentration camps become extremely emaciated. 9. extraneous ADJ – Not essential or vital (ik STRAY nee us) SYN: alien; extrinsic; foreign ANT: essential The extraneous assignments left the student with little time for himself. 10. fallow ADJ – Inactive, plowed but not sowed (FAL ow) SYN: ---------- ANT: active In order for land to be productive, it must lie fallow occasionally. 11. homogeneous ADJ – Of the same kind (hoe muh JEE nee us) SYN: ---------- ANT: heterogeneous To get the best results with this research, we need a homogeneous group of people to fill out the questionnaire. 12. incontrovertible ADJ – Indisputable (in kon truh VUR tuh bul) SYN: ---------- ANT: disputable; arguable The district attorney was looking for incontrovertible evidence to prove that the accused arsonist burned the bank. 13. irascible ADJ – Irritable, easily angered, cranky, cross (uh RAS uh bul) SYN: ---------- ANT: impassive; imperturbable Just about anything could set off his irascible temper. 14. magnanimity NOUN – Having a lofty, generous, and courageous spirit (mag nuh NIM eh tee) SYN: ---------- ANT: greed; stinginess The magnanimity of the king endeared him to his subjects. 15. proliferation NOUN – An increase in number, multiplication (pro lif uh RAY shun) SYN: ---------- ANT: decline; decrease Many are afraid of nuclear proliferation and the possibility that a terrorist country will explode a bomb. 16. scrupulous ADJ – Very principled, very careful and conscientious (SKROO pyuh lus) SYN: meticulous; punctilious ANT: unprincipled The scrupulous police officer never took a bribe, and he ceaseless tried to prevent crime. 17. sublime ADJ – Exalted, noble, uplifting (suh BLIME) SYN: resplendent; superb ANT: ---------- The romantic dinner, which included delicious food, soft music, and a beautiful setting, was simply sublime. 18. surreptitious ADJ – Secret, clandestine, stealthy SYN: covert; furtive; (sur up TISH us) ANT: aboveboard; in an open manner underhanded The Watergate burglars tried to attain information in a surreptitious manner. 19. veracity NOUN – Devotion to the truth (vuh RAS eh tee) SYN: truthfulness; accuracy ANT: ---------- The lawyer had no confidence in the veracity of the witness. 20. zeal NOUN – Enthusiasm, fervor (ZEEL) SYN: ---------- ANT: lack of enthusiasm To the delight of his students, he brought great zeal to the teaching profession. SAT word lists compiled by Laying the Foundation, Inc.
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