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```									Shading Exercises
A. Three Objects/Four Sources of Light                                                    /32
Objectives:
- Understand how the location of a light source changes the shading and shadowing of an
object
- Understand how shading appears on a variety of shapes
- Use shading to create dimensionality on various objects
Method:
- Using two pages in your sketchbook, you will divide both pages in half from top to
bottom, drawing a line that separates the two halves
- About half-way from top and bottom in each quarter, you will draw these four shapes,
approximately this size:

-  In all four quarters, you will need to indicate the following light sources:
#1 : Top right corner                  #2: Top left corner
#3: Bottom right corner                #4: Bottom left corner
- You will shade each object according to where the light source is located. You will also
provide a shadow for the object if appropriate.
Evaluation:
- You will be graded on accurate shading, as well as effort in technique
- The total exercise will be graded out of 32 marks  2 marks for each shape
POOR (0 marks for each shape)
- Shading is inconsistent with light source
- Shadow is inconsistent with light source
- Technique is messy, shapes are too quickly or messily drawn
GOOD (1 mark for each shape)
- Shading is consistent with light source
- Shadow is consistent with light source
- Technique and shapes are messily or too quickly done
EXCELLENT (2 marks for each shape)
- Shading is consistent with light source
- Shadow is consistent with light source
- Technique and shapes are done very neatly, and effort is apparent
Objectives:
- Transfer shading skills from geometric shapes to real-life, more complex shapes
- Use a real-life source to assist you in creating a piece of art
Method:
- You will choose 3 objects from the classroom that you can use as sources
- These three objects MUST DIFFER IN GENERAL SHAPE
- The objects you choose should vary in difficulty - that means that not all three objects
should be “easy” - challenge yourself!
- You will draw the object as it appears on the table in front of you
- You will accurately portray the shading of the object, using a specific light source
- Each object will be drawn on its own page, taking up the majority of the page (actual
size if the object is smaller than the page)
Evaluation:
- Your drawings will be worth 16 marks a piece, and will be graded according to the
following rubric:

- 1 MARK –            - 2 MARKS –           - 3 MARKS –          - 4 MARKS –
Poor               Insufficient             Good                Excellent
Object is very         Object is roughly     Object is depicted    Object is accurately
roughly sketched       sketched but fits     well and fits well on depicted and fits
Object Depiction   on the page, and       well on the page      the page              well on the page
does not fit on the
page
object is not          object is not         object are              object are
Shading and       accurate to            accurate to           consistent with         consistent with
Shadowing        position of light      position of light     position of the light   position of the light
source or is           source                source                  source and creates
incomplete                                                           dimensionality on
the objects
smooth, and no         and very little       in the majority of      creating realistic
creating realistic     evidently used        smoothed                used in the piece;
used                                                                 and looks realistic
Piece is messy,        Piece is not neatly   Piece is complete,      Student has put
ripped, crumpled,      done, or polished     and neatly done         great effort into
Effort        or unfinished                                                        creating a finished,
polished, and
neatly done
drawing
C. Creation of Shaded Environment                                                               /16
Objectives:
- Use creativity to create a fantasy landscape
- Use shading techniques and knowledge of light source to shade artificial, organic objects
Method:
- You will create a complex fantasy landscape/environment that contains no discernable
human creations (e.g. buildings, cars, machines, etc.)
***This landscape must be completely organic***
- On one page of your sketchbook, you will draw a rectangle of these specific dimensions:
7” by 5”
- Within this rectangle, you will create your ARTIFICIAL, ORGANIC environment/landscape
***It might be a good idea to plan out your drawing by sketching ideas before
beginning the good copy***
- You will be shading your environment/landscape according to a SINGLE LIGHT SOURCE
light source
environment/landscape should look 3-dimensional, like we could step into the page)
Evaluation:
- You will be graded on this assignment using the following rubric:
- 1 MARK –          - 2 MARKS –         - 3 MARKS –       - 4 MARKS –
Poor             Insufficient           Good            Excellent
Landscape is too Landscape is too Landscape is            Landscape is
simple or is not    simple, is          fairly complex    complex,
completed           completed, but      and is            attractive, fits the
Environment/Landscape                              does not fit the    completed,        dimensions of the
Creation                                   dimensions of the fitting the         rectangle, and
rectangle           dimensions of the does not contain
rectangle         objects of human
creation
landscape is not more than one          consistent with a consistent with a
Shading and Shadowing          consistent with     light source, and   single light      single light source,
single light        does not show       source, but does and creates depth
source              depth               not show depth    and
dimensionality in
the piece