Newfoundland_ Labrador and Baffin Island 2012 by pengxiang

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									           Newfoundland, Labrador and Baffin Island
                                     July 10 - 23, 2012


The Canadian University alumni community continues its exploration of what defines us as
Canadians. On board our exclusively chartered expedition vessel, we’ll enjoy a series of
informative and engaging seminars by our resource educators affiliated with Canadian
universities and research centres in the fields of archeology, natural history and contemporary
politics. Local Innu resource educators and National Park wardens provide additional context
and enrichment. Our artists in residence team include an award winning photographer, artist,
musician and story teller, adding a unique cultural component to our expedition. We go ashore
every day by Zodiac to explore archaeological sites, capture photographic moments, meet local
residents and take walks and hikes, suitable for chargers and contemplative wanderers alike.


Day 1              Tuesday, July 10, Meet in St. John’s

                   Our intrepid group of travellers arrives in St. John’s today. We’ll be hosted
                   this evening by Memorial University for dinner and a lecture on research
                   projects underway at MUN. Current projects range from genetically-
                   engineered salmon (listed as one of the 50 best inventions of 2010 by Time
                   magazine) to the development of autonomous underwater vehicles to push
                   the boundaries of oceanographic research and a computer model that
                   predicts when cabinet ministers are going to be sacked.

                   Overnight: St. John’s

Day 2              Wednesday, July 11, Embark and Departure from St. John’s, NL

                   This morning we’ll get to know St. John’s with a visit of The Rooms -
                   Newfoundland and Labrador's largest public cultural space. It's the place
                   where it all comes together - history, heritage and artistic expression.
                   Soaring into the skyline of historic St. John's, The Rooms combines twenty-
                   first century technology with a striking visual reference to our past. Its
                   unique design mirrors the "fishing rooms" where families came together to
                   process their catch. The Rooms today is also a place to gather: in them,
                   you'll find collections, exhibits and programs that tell our stories and
                   interpret our natural world through art, artifacts, archaeology, architecture
                   and archival records.

                   We’ll board our vessel, the R.V Akademik Ioffe, this afternoon and set sail
                   north along the coastline. As we sail out of St. John’s Harbour, we will have
                   Signal Hill on our port side, where Marconi received the first trans-Atlantic
                   wireless transmission in 1901. On our starboard side, we will see Fort
                   Amherst, built by the British to protect the entrance to the Narrows. As we
                   clear the harbour, we can look to the southeast and see the lighthouse at
                   Cape Spear that marks the easternmost point of the continent of North
                   America. We will leave this behind as we sail northwest around the Avalon
                   Peninsula and on to the Great Northern Peninsula of Newfoundland.




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Day 3   Thursday, July 12, L’Anse aux Meadows

        We’ll arrive off shore at L’Anse aux Meadows, a UNESCO World Heritage
        Site and go ashore in our sturdy Zodiacs, landing on the beach, reminiscent
        of the ancient Norsemen. This will be our first of many experiences with our
        Zodiacs, a very safe and versatile craft invented by the famous Jacques
        Cousteau. L’Anse aux Meadows is a corruption of the original French
        L’Anse au Meduse meaning Jellyfish Creek. This is where Norseman, Leif
        Erikson, is thought to have founded “Vinland” in 1000 AD. As we explore
        the reconstructed sod huts and Norse ruins with the site’s archaeologist,
        we’ll see evidence that the Vikings discovered North America five hundred
        years before Columbus arrived.

Day 4   Friday, July 13, Battle Harbour

        We’ll set sail for the coast of Labrador and cross the Strait of Belle Isle to
        arrive at Battle Harbour, one of the first British-based settlements in the east
        and home to the Church of St. James the Apostle, built in 1852. We will
        explore the restored fishing, whaling, commercial and religious buildings of
        this remote community, amid the backdrop of breathtaking coastal views.
        On the way across the Strait we’ll be on the lookout for humpback and
        minke whales, along with seals and many species of pelagic birds. Dr.
        Wilfred Grenfell built one of the first hospitals in Labrador in Battle Harbour
        in 1893, with one doctor and one nurse on staff. Further along the coast
        we’ll arrive at Hawkes Harbour in the late afternoon for a visit to an
        abandoned whaling station, operated by the Newfoundland Whaling Co.
        Ltd., and built in 1933.

Day 5   Saturday, July 14, Labrador Coast and Mealy Mountains National Park

        Today we’ll make our way along the wild and ruggedly beautiful coast of
        Labrador with some cliffs rising as sheer rock walls over 1500 metres. As
        we sail we’ll be sea watching from the bridge and upper decks of the Ioffe
        looking for humpback, minke whales, white-beaked dolphins and perhaps
        orcas. We’ll pass the site of the proposed new Mealy Mountains National
        Park. The Park represents 39 distinct Canadian ecosystems and has been
        home to Labrador Innu, Inuit, Métis, descendents of European settlers and
        Quebec Innu. We plan to explore the Wonderstrands, a spectacular length
        of beach on the Atlantic Coast. This long line of sand glints in the sunshine,
        sweeping in a graceful arc for over 40 kilometres. Signs of human habitation
        have been found here dating back some 7,000 years. This is also one of the
        best places in the entire national park system to spot wild timber wolves.

Day 6   Sunday, July 15, Hopedale

        The ancient rocks of the Canadian Shield cradling the hamlet of Hopedale,
        population approximately 620, will greet us as we rise this morning. After
        breakfast, we will go ashore by Zodiac visit the Hopedale Moravian Mission
        - built in 1782 and said to be the oldest building east of Quebec. Here we
        will learn about the influence of the Moravian missionaries on the Inuit
        people of Northern Labrador. We hope to visit the local museum and
        perhaps buy a carving or two from the local Inuit as we explore the town.




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Day 7   Monday July 16, Okak / Cape Mygford

        We’ll sail north to Okak Bay, and land at Okak, an abandoned community,
        former Moravian Mission and subsequent Hudson’s Bay Company trading
        post until 1956 when the Canadian government relocated the inhabitants to
        other communities in Labrador. This site offers lush sub-Arctic tundra
        walking on the open-rock barren lands of coastal Labrador. We’ll explore
        this area and others farther north for the ancient camps of the early pre-
        Dorset people who occupied this barren landscape.

        Our next stop will be Cape Mugford, one of the two sources along the coast
        of Labrador, of the stone, Ramah Chert – used for over 7000 years by the
        Paleo-Eskimo peoples and the Maritime Archaic Indians. It was preferred by
        many flintknappers (or stone workers) because the pattern with which the
        chert fractured was predictable, producing a better formed tool. There are
        only two known sources of high quality, flakeable chert along the entire
        Labrador coast. One is in the Cape Mugford region; the other is farther
        north in the area of Ramah Bay. This second source is found in an
        extremely limited area, as part of a sedimentary formation that runs from
        Saglek Bay north through Ramah Bay, ending at Nachvak Fiord. We hope
        to go ashore here to view this interesting rock formation and for further
        tundra exploration.

Day 8   Tuesday, July 17, Hebron / Torngat Mountains National Park

        Today we hope to visit Hebron, once the northernmost settlement in
        Labrador. Hebron was established by the Moravian missionaries in 1831.
        The Mission was closed and the Inuit families relocated in 1959 but the
        buildings still stand today. From here we sail north and into Saglek Fjord.
        This is the southern gateway to the Torngat Mountains National Park
        Reserve, established in 2005.

        The Torngat Mountains National Park Reserve covers 9,600 square
        kilometres in Northern Labrador, bordering Quebec on one side and the
        Labrador coast on the other. It is home to Canada’s highest mountains east
        of the Rockies, breathtaking fjords and stunning Barrenland viewscapes.
        The Inuit and their predecessors have occupied this region for over 7500
        years.

        The Inuktitut word Torngait, means “place of spirits” and the Torngat
        Mountains have been home to Inuit and their predecessors for thousands of
        years. The mountain peaks along the border with Quebec are the highest in
        mainland Canada east of the Rockies, and are dotted with remnant glaciers.
        Polar bears hunt seals along the coast, and both the Torngat Mountains
        and George River caribou herds cross paths as they migrate to and from
        their calving grounds. Today, Inuit continue to use this area for hunting,
        fishing, and travelling throughout the year. We’ll go ashore and explore the
        area. Wildflowers are spectacular when in bloom and bears feast on the
        aptly named bearberry and crowberries, among the sedges and grasses, on
        the raised beaches along the shores of the fiords.

Day 9   Wednesday, July 18, Nachvak Fjord

        Near Natchvak, the Torngats are a particularly beautiful range. It means
        “the place where the spirits live” and surely no one will disturb them in this
        eerie place. According to Inuit legend the area was once home to a form of



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         giant brown bear that was even bigger than a polar bear and would attack
         humans on sight.

         The Torngat Mountains are particularly beautiful here and Nachvak Fjord is
         no exception. This deep and narrow Fjord is 22 kilometres long and all sorts
         of animals congregate in the fjord including whales, seals, walrus, Arctic fox
         and polar bear. There are also great concentrations of sea birds including
         puffins and murres. We’ll enjoy this abundance of wildlife and striking
         scenery by ship and Zodiac. Photographic and drawing opportunities
         abound!

Day 10   Thursday, July 19, Button Islands

         As we sail up the final stretch of coastal Labrador, we will attempt a visit to
         Martin Bay to view the site of the German automated weather station
         established in secrecy in October 1943 by a German U-Boat. This station
         remained undiscovered until the late 1970’s when a German historian came
         across a reference to it in the German naval archives. The equipment was
         collected by the Canadian Coast Guard in the early 1980’s and is on
         permanent display in the Canadian War Museum in Ottawa.

         Later in the day, we will visit the Button Islands before sailing into Ungava
         Bay. Named after Thomas Button who explored the area in 1612, the
         islands are in the middle of the upwelling of nutrients of the edge of the
         continental shelf. These nutrients attract thousands of seabirds and other
         marine mammals.

Day 11   Friday, July 20, Akpatok Island

         We’ll start our day with a short walk up a narrow river valley to view
         archaeological sites on the eastern shore of Akpatok Island. During yet
         another of our excellent lunches, the ship will sail around to the bird cliffs on
         the northern shore of the island where we will plan to launch the Zodiacs
         and cruise among this wildlife extravaganza. Named after the Akpat, the
         Inuktitut name for thick-billed murre, this limestone island is home to over
         500,000 breeding pairs. The clamour of chicks demanding a feed, the
         arguing of parents over ledge space and the squawking of gulls on the hunt
         for an abandoned chick will provide a noisy background to the warm aroma
         of a seafood-based diet.

Day 12   Saturday, July 21, Hudson Strait / Lower Savage Islands

         Today we’ll sail across the Hudson Strait to the Lower Savage Islands. This
         strait is rich in sea life, providing the food for the large seabird colonies that
         line its shore. We will cruise in our Zodiacs among the maze of channels
         that comprise the Lower Savage Islands, looking for Polar Bears and,
         where no bears are found, a place to go ashore. These rarely visited islands
         will be our first landfall on Baffin Island. We’ll stroll among the wildflowers
         and dwarf birches and Arctic willows that abound in this wild place and with
         our resource educator archaeologist, we’ll look for evidence of the early
         Paleo- Eskimos who may have called the islands home.

Day 13   Sunday, July 22, Monumental Island

         Today we’ll sail across the mouth of Frobisher Bay to visit Monumental
         Island, a small, steep-sided island off the Southeast coast of Baffin Island.



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                                                    Newfoundland, Labrador and Baffin Island 2012


                 Here we’ll be looking for the polar bears and walrus that live around this
                 island in an uneasy truce. While polar bears have been known to attack and
                 kill young walrus, they are no match for a fully grown male walrus,
                 especially in the water. This will be our last Zodiac cruise and tonight, on
                 board the ship, we’ll enjoy the sumptuous fare at the captain’s dinner.
                 During the night the ship will negotiate the narrow channels of Frobisher
                 Bay on the way to our disembarkation point, Iqualuit, the capital city of
                 Nunavut.

Day 14           Monday, July 23, Iqualuit

                 We will disembark by Zodiac and, after a short tour of Iqualuit (if time and
                 tides permit), we’ll transfer to the airport in time for the flight home.


Please Note: As with all of our expedition cruises, weather, ice or other conditions may
require that changes be made to our itinerary and certain shore excursions cancelled or
altered.




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                                                        Newfoundland, Labrador and Baffin Island 2012




INCLUDED FEATURES
   • Accommodation for one night based on double occupancy in St. John’s
   • Dinner, breakfast and lunch in St. John’s
   • Accommodation for 11 nights in selected cabin on board ship
   • All meals while on ship
   • A full program of activities and lectures on board
   • All entry and park fees
   • Our team of resource specialists
   • All Zodiac excursions
   • Service charges and port fees


Not Included:
   • Airfare from your home to St. John’s and from Iqaluit to your home via scheduled carriers
   • Ship board expenses not noted above or in the itinerary
   • Travel Insurance
   • Discretionary gratuities (approx $10-$15 pp per day)
   • GST

Signature Moments:
   • Discovering contemporary Newfoundland at Memorial University
   • Exploring archaeology at L’Anse aux Meadows
   • Walking the Wonderstrands of Mealy Mountains N.P.
   • Taking stunning photographs during two days in spectacular Torngat N.P.
   • Spotting whales and walruses
   • Staying up late to experience the Northern Lights
   • Enjoying the best of East Coast folklore on board

Some Topics we will address during our Expedition:
   • Creating a National Park: ecological and political considerations
   • Creating a nation: land claims settlements with the Nunatsiavut Government of northern
      Labrador
   • Canada’s archaeological riches: Viking artifacts and pre-historic cultures
   • Military and missionaries: challenges of remote destinations
   • Newfoundland’s cultural legacy: storytelling, music and the arts
   • Preserving wildlife: Wild timber wolves, black bears and polar bears
   • Canada’s fisheries: what’s next?

Pre- and Post- Tour Extensions Available
    • A 5 day / 4 night pre-tour extension to St. John’s and Gros Morne N.P.
    • A 3 day / 2 night pre-tour extension to St. John’s only
    • A 3 day / 2 night post-tour extension in Iqualuit


ON BOARD THE SHIP

Designed for polar scientific research vessel, The R.V. Akademik Ioffe is modern, comfortable, safe
and ice-strengthened. Refitting and refurbishment over the last five years oriented towards her role
as an expedition cruise vessel has improved the comfort and caliber of the facilities aboard the
ship.

The R. V. Akademik Ioffe provides a multipurpose platform from which we can participate in a
variety of activities. While there may be up to 96 passengers on the voyage, we will often be able to



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                                                         Newfoundland, Labrador and Baffin Island 2012


participate in activities in groups as small as 10 to 15. There are enough Zodiac inflatable boats
available to get everyone on the water at once, so there is minimal waiting around.

Our partners at One Ocean Expeditions provide a highly qualified staff team, many of whom are
leaders in their respective fields, to guide all activities and to ensure high levels of safety and
organization. While relaxing onboard or enthralled outside, you will be cared for by our focused
team of expedition and hospitality staff who are highly trained in Zodiac, kayak and hiking
operations, hospitality and first aid response.

OPERATIONAL FEATURES OF THE R.V. AKADEMIK IOFFE
Since other ships also make voyages into Arctic waters, we feel it is important to highlight some of
the special safety and operational features of the R.V. Akademik Ioffe.

The R.V. Akademik Ioffe:
   • Was built in Finland in 1989, at one of the most sophisticated shipyards in the world, for the
       Russian Academy of Sciences.
   • Is a large ship of 6450 tonnes, with an ice-rated hull
   • Employs a highly technical and sophisticated hydraulic stabilizing system that ensures the
       most comfortable sailing conditions for its passengers at all times.
   • Has state of the art lifeboats that are self-propelled, fully enclosed, and self-righting.
   • Has powerful twin engines and screws that can propel it at a speed of over 14 knots. It
       also has bow and stern thrusters that make it into an incredibly agile ship, especially in
       tricky ice conditions. In fact a Canadian Coast Guard captain once referred to the Ioffe as
       the “Ferrari” of the expedition cruise ships.
   • Has a full range of facilities on board including an Iridium satellite communication system,
       an infirmary, library, lounge, mud room, presentation room and multimedia room. An
       elevator services decks 1 through 5.
   • Will carry a maximum of 96 passengers on our voyage
   • Supports ongoing oceanographic research

The R.V. Akademik Ioffe was originally designed to ensure the safety, convenience and comfort of
its scientists and crew while operating in all oceans of the world for extended periods of time. It has
added many, new safety, electronic and navigation features in the past few years and is in full
compliance with all international marine safety standards.

Cabin categories:

Main Deck Triple – Located on Deck 3 these cabins have bunk beds and a sofa bed. Facilities are
shared. There is a washbasin in the cabin, a writing desk and chair and ample storage space. All
cabins have a porthole.

Main Deck – Located on Deck 3 these cabins have bunk beds. Facilities are shared. There is a
washbasin in the cabin, a writing desk and chair and ample storage space. All cabins have a
porthole.

Upper Deck - Located on Deck 4 these cabins have one lower berth and a sofa bed, a writing desk
and chair and ample storage space. Facilities are semi-private (one bathroom between two cabins).
All cabins have a window.

Superior – Located on Deck 4 and 5. All cabins have one lower berth and a sofa bed, a writing
desk and chair and ample storage space. Facilities are private. All cabins have a window.

Superior Deluxe - Located on Deck 6. All cabins have two lower berths, a sofa, a writing desk and
chair and ample storage space. Facilities are private. All cabins have a window.




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                                                        Newfoundland, Labrador and Baffin Island 2012


Shackleton Suite - Located on Deck 4 and 5. All cabins have one double berth, a sofa bed,
separate sleeping quarters, a writing desk and chair and ample storage space. Facilities are
private. All cabins have a window.

One Ocean Suite - Located on Deck 5. This cabin has one double berth, a sofa bed, separate
sleeping quarters, a writing desk and chair, TV, VCR and ample storage space. Facilities are
private and have a bathtub. This cabin has windows overlooking the bow.

OPERATING CREW
The ship’s operating crew is Russian. They have many years of experience and are committed to
ensuring a safe and memorable journey.

A NOTE ABOUT CLIMATE
Most days will see temperatures around -1°C to +8°C, although when the sun is out and the winds
are calm, we could experience 12°C. There is a good chance that we will have both rain and snow
as we sail in this region. When we are on deck or going ashore in our Zodiacs, windy conditions will
greatly increase the wind-chill factor. A well-known feature of Arctic travel is that the weather can
change very quickly so, when it is warm and sunny, we always have to be alert for the possibility of
a fast drop in temperature. You should come prepared for all types of weather and bring lots of
layers.


NOTE: This itinerary is subject to change due to operating conditions.




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