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Unit 3 – ICT in Society Coursework Assignment

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					Unit 3 – ICT in Society Coursework Assignment
This piece of coursework will allow you to find out how far ICT systems affect everyday
life. You will explore how individuals as well as families, clubs and societies, work
teams and community groups use ICT, in their personal, social and professional lives.
Some individuals and groups do not have access to ICT, yet ICT still affects their lives.


New ICT products and applications are constantly being developed and the pace of
development is very fast. You will explore how and why ICT can have negative as well
as positive effects. You will consider how developments in technology have influenced
and may continue to influence areas, such as:
      business;
      working styles and new employment opportunities;
      legislation;
      entertainment and leisure;
      personal communications.


Unit 3 requires the production of 5 separate but related pieces of work relating to how
ICT is used in society building up one whole piece of coursework carrying 33% of your
total marks for your GCSE in Applied ICT (Double Award) qualification.


You are expected to dedicate a lot of time to the completion of these pieces of work
both inside and, more importantly, outside of school. It is anticipated that you will
complete all of your Unit 3 coursework in Year 10 and spend a minimum of 30 hours
on this piece of coursework. Each of the five pieces of work, therefore, should be a
reflection of about 6 hours of work.


Whilst your teacher will guide you as much as possible you must remember that this
is your own piece of work. Similarly, work copied from textbooks or the Internet will
not gain any credit.


Good Luck!
Unit 3(a)


You need to produce an investigation of how ICT systems
                  affect everyday life.

    You must produce a multimedia presentation on the
                   impact of ICT on:

           the way you do things at home and at school


You are expected to make full use of multimedia presentation software
in the production of this piece of work. It will need to include both slides
and notes.

Your report should describe the technologies you use both at home and
at school and evaluate to what extent these technologies meet your needs.

These may include things like:

The Internet
Email
Mobile telephones:
SMS (Simple Message Service)
WAP (Wireless Application Protocol)
Digital TV
Personal digital assistants (PDAs) and organisers
DVDs
Touch Screens (in banks, building societies, quiz machines in pubs, supermarkets, large
stores etc)
MP3 (Music files)
Teletext
Ceefax
Playstation/Dreamcast
Digital Cameras
TIPS!

                     Think carefully about how you are going to structure
                     this report. Look at all areas of your life at home and
                     at school.


                     Make notes on everything you do in a typical two-day
                     period and analyse how technology has affected you
                     at home and at school during that period.


 Remember – this report forms part of your double GCSE in ICT.


Make a note of all relevant websites that you have used.
Use your collected evidence to assemble your own presentation, in your
own words. You must not just simply paste all of your Internet research
into a single document and call it a presentation.
You should pay particular attention to the words INDICATE, DESCRIBE
and EVALUATE – given in the Assessment Criteria below.



Assessment Grid Criteria - AO4 (Maximum 11 marks)

Mark Band 1 ( Range 1-5)
   A description of some of the technologies used by the student at
    home and at school/college, with some indication of how these meet
    their needs.
Mark Band 2 (Range 6-8)
   A description of a range of technologies used by the student at
    home and at school/college, with an explanation of how these meet
    their needs.
Mark Band 3 (Range 9-11)
   A description of a wide range of technologies used by the student at
    home and at school/college, with an evaluation of the extent to
    which these meet their needs.
              WHAT CRITERIA ARE THE TEACHERS LOOKING FOR WHEN THEY
              MARK MY WORK?


When your work is marked teachers have to grade using evidence requirement
guidelines, which the examination boards agree. The evidence your teacher will look
for is listed below in the relevant Mark band:


Mark band 1 (1-5)
Characterised by lists and simple but relevant statements.
      A simple unstructured list/table of the technologies used – 1 mark
      A list/table that categorises a number of personal and social uses at home and
       at school/college – 2 marks for one categorisation (eg personal/social), 3 marks
       for both (ie social/personal and home/school/college)
      To achieve the higher marks in this band the student must indicate how some of
       these uses meet his/her needs. This could be an additional column in the table,
       or by separate descriptive comment – „I text my mates loads of times each day to
       plan where we will go in the evening.‟ Two or three such comments together
       with a well structured list/table would be worth full marks in this band.


Mark band 2 (6 – 8 marks)
Characterised by a range of personal/social and home/school/college uses, and some
explanation of how the technologies meet the student‟s needs.


      It is not the number of uses that defines this level so much as the range. The
       range should give a fair presentation of the variety of uses the student has for
       ICT.
      There must be some explanation of how the technologies meet the student‟s
       needs – not just „I use the internet,‟ but „I use the internet to research
       information for my ICT GCSE because we have to investigate …‟
      One good explanatory comment together with a clear range of uses is enough to
       take the mark into the lower end of band 2. For full marks in this band there
       must be at least one well explained comment about each of personal, social,
       home and school/college use.
Mark band 3 (9-11)
Characterised by a wide range of personal/social and home/school/college uses, and
some evaluation of the extent to which the technologies meet the student‟s needs.


      The „wide range‟ of uses might not number many more than is offered for mark
       band 2; the key point is that it is representative of all the main uses the student
       has for ICT in his/her personal, social home and school/college life.
      There should be some evaluation of the extent to which the technologies meet
       the student‟s needs – not just „I use the internet to research information for my
       ICT GCSE because we have to investigate ….‟ but ‟..however there is some
       information, such as … that can only be obtained by asking questions directly to
       the people involved.
      One good evaluative comment together with a wide range of uses is enough to
       take the mark into the lower end of band 3. For full marks in this band there
       must be at least one evaluative comment about each of personal, social, home
       and school/college uses.
Unit 3(b)


You need to produce an investigation of how ICT systems
                  affect everyday life.

    You must compile a report on the impact of ICT on:

an adult in employment, including the way it has had
          an effect on his/her working style.


You are expected to make full use of ICT in the production of your
portfolio work. Work that is entirely handwritten will not gain any marks.

Your report must look at the impact that ICT has on an adult. You must
describe a wide range of technologies used by the adult in his/her daily
life as well as in their employment. You should also produce an
evaluation of the extent to which these technologies meet their needs and
have affected working styles.


Interview a parent, relative or friend of the family.
As a last resort, if you can‟t find anyone suitable you
may interview your ICT teacher.


You will need to investigate how ICT has changed work styles. For
example, you could investigate:-
   the places in which people work – where people work, how business
     practice has changed
   people‟s work patterns – use of e-mail, mobile
     phones, laptops
   the hours that people work
   the ICT skills and training required – specialist ICT packages, new
     technology
   the social aspects of work
   the way people interact at work – how does ICT
     affect communication between people, e.g.
     using e-mails instead of talking directly to each other.
   the types of jobs available – e.g. ICT has automated many
     „traditional‟ jobs from office work to manufacturing, but has created
     other specialist jobs such as website designers, software and
     hardware engineers



TIPS!

                     Think carefully about how you are going to structure
                     this report. Cover how the adults life has changed
                     because of ICT, look at their
                     professional/personal/social and home/work lives.
                     What are the benefits, what are the disadvantages?
                     Do they think that society has changed because ICT,
                     if so how?

Remember to look at the job, if it existed, prior to new technology and look
at the changes. To what extent does technology meet their needs?


 Remember – this report forms part of your double GCSE in ICT. If you
would like to gain high grades for this subject: plan, implement and
evaluate. Look at the grading boundaries attached on the following page.
Assessment Grid Criteria - AO1, 2, 3 (14 Marks maximum)

Mark Band 1 ( Range 1-6)
   a description of some of the technologies used by an adult in
    employment, with some identification of how these meet their needs
    and have affected working styles.
Mark Band 2 (Range 7-10)
   description of a range of technologies used by an adult in
    employment, with an explanation of how these meet their needs and
    have affected working styles
Mark Band 3 (Range 11-14)
   a description of a wide range of technologies used by an adult in
    employment, with an evaluation of the extent to which these meet
    their needs and have affected working styles.


            WHAT CRITERIA ARE THE TEACHERS LOOKING FOR WHEN THEY
            MARK MY WORK?


When your work is marked teachers have to grade using evidence requirement
guidelines, which the examination boards agree. The evidence your teacher will look
for is listed below in the relevant Mark band:


Mark band 1 (1-6 marks)
Characterised by lists and simple but relevant statements.
      A simple unstructured list/table of the technologies used – 1 mark
      A list/table that categorises a number of professional, personal and social uses
       at home and at work – 2 marks for one categorisation, 3 marks for both
      To achieve higher marks in this band the student must indicate how some of
       these uses meet the adult‟s needs. This could be an additional column in the
       table, or by separate descriptive comment – „I used the internet at home to book
       a holiday.‟
      There also needs to be some comment on the effect on working styles – „I used to
       go and visit client regularly, now I do it by e-mail.‟
      Three or four comments covering at least one need and one change to working
       practices together with a well structured list/table would be worth full marks in
       this band.
Mark band 2 (7-10 marks)
Characterised by a range of professional/personal/social and home/work uses, and
some explanation of how the technologies meet the adult‟s needs and have changed
their working practices.
      It is not the number of uses that defines this level so much as the range. The
       range should give a fair representation of the variety of uses the adult has for
       ICT.
      There must be some explanation of how the technologies meet the adult‟s needs
       – not just
  „I used the internet to book a holiday.‟ but „I used the internet to book a holiday
  because it is cheaper than …‟

      There also needs to be some explanatory comment on working practices – for
       example:
  „I used to visit clients at least once a month, but with e-mail I can keep in contact
  more often and deal with more clients.‟

      One good explanatory comment about either use of working practices together
       with a clear range of uses is enough to take the mark into the lower end of band
       2. For full marks in this band there must be at least one well explained
       comment about each of professional, personal, social, home and work use.
   Mark band 3 (11-14 marks)

   Characterised by a wide range of professional/personal/social and home/work
   uses, and some evaluation of the extent to which the technologies meet the adult‟s
   needs.

      The „wide range‟ of uses might not number more than is offered for mark band
       2; the key point is that it is representative of all the main uses the adult has for
       ICT in his/her professional/personal, social, home and work life.
      There should be some evaluation of the extent to which the technologies meet
       the adult‟s needs – not just „I used the internet to book my holiday because it is
       cheaper than …‟ but „…and I was able to make the booking at home in the
       evening – I would not have time to visit a travel agent during the day.
      One good evaluative comment about either use or working practices together
       with a wide range of uses is enough to take the mark into the lower end of band
       3. For full marks in this band there must be at least one evaluative comment
       about each of professional, personal, social, home and work use.
Unit 3(c)

You need to produce an investigation of how ICT systems
                  affect everyday life.

       You must compile a report on the impact of ICT on:

             A person with special/particular needs

You are expected to make full use of ICT in the production of your portfolio work.
Work that is entirely handwritten will not gain any marks.


There are large numbers of people who need to use ICT adapted to their particular
needs, in order to have improved quality of life.


You will investigate how ICT can enable people with special/particular needs to access
and exchange information and carry out transactions, using standard technology such
as:-
      Vibrate alert telephones and pagers
      Video conferencing
      SMS
      Online shopping


You should also investigate what specially-adapted ICT hardware and software is
available, such as:-
      Incoming speech amplifiers and induction loops
      Speech synthesisers and voice recognition systems
      Environmental control systems.


The changes that ICT brings to this group in society mirrors changes that the industry
brings to the user groups, such as schools and colleges, rural groups and official
agencies.


Be aware that the person that you chose does not need to have severe special
needs. You can use your grandmother as the basis of your study who might have
difficulty carrying shopping home. She may make use of the TESCO home
delivery facility and so on.


TIPS!
                         There are many ways in which ICT can help people with
                         special needs. ICT should present these people with many
                         new opportunities and enrich their lives.


                         Think of people with a sensory impairment – If a person is
                         blind they may use a talking computer, where the text is
                         spoken as it is typed. Computer screens with large characters
                         are also available for partially sighted people. People with
                         hearing problems may use an induction loop.

People who have physical disabilities may use voice-activated systems – think of
Professor Stephen Hawking. DO NOT USE STEPHEN HAWKING AS A CASE STUDY
Think of the following when compiling your report:
       Spellcheckers
       Touch screens
       Speech recognition systems
       Predictive wordprocessors
       Environmental control systems
       Speech synthesis systems
       Videoconferencing
When compiling your report you should have identified a person with special needs.
Interview them, talk to them about how ICT has enriched their lives. What
technologies do they use? What technologies are being developed that will further
enrich their lives?


Evaluate to what extent technology meets their needs.
Assessment Grid Criteria - AO1, 2, 3 ( Maximum 11 Marks)

Mark Band 1 ( Range 1-5)
   A description of some of the technologies used by a person with
    special or particular needs, with some identification of how these
    meet their needs.

Mark Band 2 (Range 6-8)
   A description of a range of technologies used by a person with
    special or particular needs, with an explanation of how these meet
    their needs.

Mark Band 3 (Range 9-11)
   A description of a wide range of technologies used by a person with
    special or particular needs, with an evaluation of the extent to which
    these meet their needs.
             WHAT CRITERIA ARE THE TEACHERS LOOKING FOR WHEN THEY
             MARK MY WORK?


When your work is marked teachers have to grade using evidence requirement
guidelines, which the examination boards agree. The evidence your teacher will look
for is listed below in the relevant Mark band:


Mark band 1 (1-5marks)
Characterised by lists and simple but relevant statements.
      A clear indication of the person‟s special/particular needs – 1 mark
      A simple unstructured list/table of the technologies used – 1 mark
      A list/table that categorises a number of personal and social (and possibly
       professional) uses – 2 marks
      To achieve higher marks in this band the student must indicate how some of
       these uses meet the person‟s needs. This could be an additional column in the
       table, or by separate descriptive comment – „I use a Braille keyboard because I
       can‟t see the letters on an ordinary one‟
      Three or four such comments together with a well-structured list/table would be
       worth full marks in this band


Mark band 2 (6-8 marks)
Characterised by a range of personal/social and possibly professional uses, and some
explanation of how the technologies meet the person‟s needs.
      It is not the number of uses that defines this level so much as the range. The
       range should give a fair representation of the variety of uses the adult has for
       ICT
      There must be some explanation of how the technologies meet the adult‟s needs
       – not just „I use a Braille keyboard because I can‟t see the letters on an ordinary
       one,‟ but „The Braille characters on the keyboard mean I can feel what they are,
       even if I can‟t see them ….‟
      One good explanatory comment together with a clear range of uses is enough to
       take the mark into the lower end of band 2. For full marks in this band there
       are likely to be at least three well explained comments covering personal and
       social (and possibly professional) uses.
Mark band 3 (9-11 marks)
Characterised by a wide range of personal/social and possibly professional uses, and
some evaluation of the extent to which the technologies meet the person‟s needs.
      The „wide range‟ of uses might not number many more than is offered for mark
       band 2; the key point is that it is representative of all the main uses the person
       has for ICT in his/her personal and social and possibly professional life.
      There should be some evaluation of the extent to which the technologies meet
       the person‟s needs – not just „The Braille characters on the keyboard mean I can
       feel what they are, even if I can‟t see them….,‟ but „however it takes a longer
       time to type, and so I am thinking of getting voice recognition software instead.‟
      One good evaluative comment together with a wide range of uses is enough to
       take the mark into the lower end of band 3. For full marks in this band there
       are likely to be at least three evaluative comments covering personal and social
       (and possibly professional) uses.
Unit 3(d)


You need to produce an investigation of how ICT systems
                  affect everyday life.

  You must compile a report on the impact of ICT on
               the local community


You are expected to make full use of ICT in the production of your
portfolio work. Work that is entirely handwritten will not gain any marks.

Your report should describe the impact that ICT has had on people and
organisations in your local community.

This may include references to establishments or services such as:-


Leisure                                Education
     Clubs                                 Library
     Restaurants                           Museums

Healthcare                                Emergency Services
     Doctors                              Police


and: Charities, Retail Services, Doorstep services


There are others . . . . . . . . . .
Tips



                      Useful sources of information can be:
                      your parents;
                      elderly relatives
                      friends and their family members
                      people who work in the local community from the
                      areas of work


Ask them how things
                  - used to be in the “olden days”
                  - compare with what they (and you) experience now.


   Has the installation of broadband in your village had a dramatic
       effect in the way in which people use ICT?
   Do residents of your community now have access to ATM
       facilities which they didn‟t before?
   Has the installation of a mobile phone mast made the reception
       to peoples‟ mobile phones much more improved?
   What are the negatives of having this improved ICT?


Is it the same in other communities?


Have a look on the internet and see if you can find some different
examples.


You should pay particular attention to the words DESCRIBE and
EVALUATE – given in the Assessment Criteria below.
Unit 3 Coursework

    Assessment Grid Criteria AO1,2,3 (Maximum 11 marks)


    Mark Band 1 (Range 1-5)
       Describe some of the technologies used in the local community
        with some identification of how this meets local needs.

    Mark Band 2 (Range 6-8)
       Describe a range of the technologies used in the local
        community with an explanation of how these meet local needs.


    Mark Band 3 (Range 9-11)
       Describe a wide range of technologies used in the local
        community with an evaluation of the extent to which these meet
        local needs.




Page 17
                                                                  Unit 3 Coursework

Unit 3(e)

  You need to produce an investigation into how legislation is
 used to protect individuals and groups from the misuse of ICT.


You are expected to make full use of ICT in the production of your portfolio
work. Work that is entirely handwritten will not gain any marks.


Your report should describe the items of legislation that are used to help
protect citizens and groups/companies from the potential misuse of ICT. You
will need to use the 4 people or persons described in parts (a) to (d) of your
coursework, i.e. how ICT legislation affects yourself, the adult in employment,
a person with special needs and the community.

These may include such things as :-
The Data Protection Act 1998
Health and Safety at Work Act 1974
Computer misuse Act 1990
The Internet Code of Practice
There are others………….
For each piece of legislation consider producing :-
                        - a description of the main points
                        - why the legislation was introduced (its purpose)
                        - how does the legislation affect groups/individuals
                        - how successful is the legislation – an evaluation




                                                                               Page 18
Unit 3 Coursework

    Tips

                           In order to prepare your report you will have to do
                           some research on the Internet to find out about
                           different pieces of legislation which are used to protect
                           users of ICT


                           Read the information on these sites and copy any
                           relevant detail. Save this in your user area.
    Make a note of all relevant websites that you have used.
    Use your collected evidence to assemble your own report, in your own words.
    You must not just simply paste all of your Internet research into a single
    document and call it a report.


    You should pay particular attention to the words INDICATE, DESCRIBE and
    EVALUATE – given in the Assessment Criteria below.



    Assessment Grid Criteria - AO3,4 (Maximum 11 marks)

    Mark Band 1 ( Range 1-5)
       Indicate some of the relevant legislation and how it protects people and
         groups from the misuse of ICT.

    Mark Band 2 (Range 6-8)
       Describe the most relevant legislation, why it was introduced and how it
         protects people and groups from the misuse of ICT.

    Mark Band 3 (Range 9-11)
       Describe all relevant legislation and why it was introduced, and an
         evaluation of the extent to which it protects people and groups from the
         misuse of ICT.




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