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The In this issue: Issue: In This Artifact • Featured Artifact • Digital Preservation • Community News • Passport Winners • Director’s Corner • Finding Fire • Oral History Transcript • Peanuts Gallery January 2008 • Guide By Cell No. 186 • Upcoming Events Digital Preservation Underway Meet the two newest members of the Museum staff – Katie Schumm and Rachel Byers. Katie and Rachel are both graduate students in the University of Oregon’s Arts Admin- istration program. They were hired this fall as part of a large-scale digital preservation project. The Lane County Historical Museum’s research archives are home to 14,000 historical The steamboat, “The City photographs and 30+ cubic feet of nitrate negatives. Unfortunately, if left in storage, of Eugene” was built in nitrate negatives can emit harmful acidic gases and damage surrounding museum 1898 on the riverbank at materials, and original photographs are vulnerable to deterioration, mishandling, and the present site of Skinner wear and tear. Digital scans are the safest, most effective way to preserve these historic Butte Park. Today, the images. seven-foot diameter ship’s wheel is displayed on the This past summer, as the Museum’s marketing intern, Katie helped write several grant museum balcony. proposals to fund digitization of the photographs and negatives. The Museum was awarded a total of $15,000 from Trust Management Services Inc., the Oregon Cultural The boat was designed for Trust, and the Oregon Heritage Commission, which paid for up-to-date software, a new shallow waters of the computer, a high-resolution scanner, and two part-time staff. Eugene – Portland trade route, drafting a depth of Says Katie about being hired for the project, “I was grateful for the opportunity to 15 inches into the river. follow this project from the grant-writing phase to the actual scanning of the negatives.” The vessel measured 132 Just over 200 negatives have been scanned thus far and already new information about feet long, 26 feet wide, and the Museum’s stagecoach has been discovered! “Digitization is the next big wave for carried 51 tons of freight preservation of historic collections,” says Rachel, “and I think it’s great that the Lane Seventeen crew members County Historical Museum has made this project a priority.” served on the boat. On March 30, 1899 the stern-wheeler make its first commercial voyage carrying 800 bushels of wheat and several passen- gers. After less than a year, Eugene Transfer Company cancelled the service. The water levels in the river were unpredictable, there were hazards in the river, the company could not maintain a steady supply of wood to fuel the steam- boat boilers, and railroad freight rates declined. January 2008 The Artifact newsletter of the Lane County Historical Society & Museum Community News Passport to the Past Winners Springfield Museum Has New Director! This summer Lane County Historical Society The Springfield Museum has chosen Debra Gruell to was proud to partner with thirteen other Lane succeed former Museum Director David Staton. Ms. County history museums in a collaborative Gruell is the award-winning creator of ArtSmart Kids, a effort to encourage families to visit as many fine art enrichment program. She has an extensive back- local museums as possible. A free “Passport to ground in teacher training workshops, public presenta- the Past” was developed and each museum tions, and fundraising. During your next visit to the Springfield Museum, please say hello. stamped the passports of museum visitors. A degree of competition was introduced by Long-Term Museum Curator Dies offering prizes for those who managed to aquire eight stamps on thier passports. Each Isabelle Gates Woolcott, curator of the Cottage Grove of the following 31 youth earned a prize: Historical Museum, died on November 22 at age 92. Born in Belfountain to Franklin and Margaret Safley, she married Lester Gates in 1940, and after his death, John Christian Alamo Subway gift certificate Woolcott in 1998. That same year she was named Cottage Wes Ames Splash Swim gift certificate Grove First Citizen of the Year by the Chamber of Martin Bailey EZ Build model kit Commerce. She is survived by a son and daughter, and Cade Bradshaw paper doll stickers five grandchildren. Evan Bradshaw BiMart gift card Marissa Braun Gold mining kit Bohemia Mining Museum Has New Digs! Sophia Braun MNCH gift certificate Bryce Buser Gift Certificate The Bohemia Mining Museum in Jessica Buser Portable bb backboard Cottage Grove will be closed during January while they move into the Marcella Buser Binoculars historic Stewart Building across the Sara Ericson Gift certificate street at 137 E. Main St. This Sean Ericson Splash Swim gift certificate building once housed the Pioneer Kallin Kasten iPod Nano Hardware Store, active during the Jenni Larson EZ Build model kit heyday of Cottage Grove mining. Adam Pendell Subway gift certificate This new, larger space will also accommodate the new home of the Cottage Grove Historical Society. Jessica Pendell Subway gift certificate Cheyenne Pettit Splash Swim gift certificate Delaney Pietch Subway gift certificate Tiernan Pietch Gold mining kit Alex Plummer Subway gift certificate Alexis Pope Coloring book Alyssa Roberts EZ Build model kit Chris Shaw Vintage boy’s bicycle Hunter Shaw Scrapbook, journal, album Christian Spears EZ Build model kit Levi Spears Heritage journal & archive pens Landon Stevens EZ Build model kit Leisha Stevens Gold mining kit Marty Toney Splash Swim gift certificate Cameron Tunnell Splash Swim gift certificate Nathan Tunnell Museum store gift certificate Congratulations, and thank you all! January 2008 The Artifact newsletter of the Lane County Historical Society & Museum Director’s Corner By Bob Hart Happy New Year to all our members! This holiday season has been truly a busy one for the Society. First there was the opening of the Snoopy exhibit with a wonderful talk by Jan Eliot, of Stone Soup fame. This was followed in short order by Al LePage’s masterful one-man rendition of Charles Dickens’ “A Christmas Carol,” which, in turn, coincided with the Society’s firetower book, Finding Fire by Doug Newman. And before the Snoopy exhibit closes, members and the public will have an opportunity to hear cartoonist James Cloutier, of the whimsical Eugene map fame, on the afternoon of January 13th. The Museum has taken on two new part-time employees, Katie and Rachel, in order to accomplish the ambitious photographic digitization project. The Museum has only been able to do this, as I wrote in my letter to the Register Guard, because of receiv- ing three successive grants for ($15,000) to supplement Society Rachel Byers, Katie Schumm and the Kodak iQsmart2 scanner. resources. The Oregon Cultural Trust and Trust Management Services provided money up front; the Oregon Heritage Com- mission will reimburse us for expenses. So why were we chosen over other competing non-profit organizations? We have an estimated 9,000 nitrate negatives. Our museum building does not have modern climate controls, nor can the Society afford the cost of creating the cold storage neces- sary for storing the negatives safely in perpetuity. So we were faced with one of our collections eventually causing a fire or blowing us up! Digitizing these negatives, which represent a regionally significant collection, was a priority the granting agencies agreed with. The solution is a happy one because it not only makes the other Museum collections safer, but it improves public access to our photographic collections. You will have the opportunity to see both Katie and Rachel at work down on the main Museum floor after the Snoopy exhibit heads for its next stop, the Evergreen Aviation Museum in McMinnville. The Museum staff is in the planning stages for a Springtime grand reopening celebration. Watch for a future announcement of dates. It will mark the completion of the exhibit reorganization and repainting efforts that have occupied the last calendar year. A new book from Lane County Historical Society: Finding Fire by Eugene’s legendary Doug Newman The men and women who protected our forests in peace and war share their stories: true tales of adventure, humor, beauty, tragedy. Illustrated with rare photos. Available at the Museum store. $18.95 January 2008 The Artifact newsletter of the Lane County Historical Society & Museum Oral History from the LCHM Archives: Thelma Coe Thelma Coe remembers life in the logging camp as a child. Interviewed by Lois Barton on May 20th, 1990, she recounts living in several logging camps above Wendling. Lois: …I would just like to have a picture of what it was like as a child in a logging camp. Thelma: Well, it was pretty wonderful. It was a good place to grow up. Of course there is a lot of it I don’t remember. I was only like—well we moved there a couple of months before I was four years old. And when we first went there we lived in a—I guess you’d call it a tent house. My dad built a floor and side boards about four feet high and then put this big tent on top of it. Lois: It was summer time, I hope. Thelma: No, we lived in that year round for at least the first year. …he worked for the section. Lois: What do you mean worked for the section? Thelma: Well, the section people build the railroads, and then when they move they tear them up, and we moved to camp 29 which was on the east side of Mt. Nebo, and they were almost through with that site, so then they moved clear around onto the west side of—well, the north and west side of the mountain. Lois: How long were you there? To what age did you stay in logging camps? Thelma: Well, I lived in logging camps, different ones until I was about 12. [Section deleted] Booth Kelly Lumber Company camp #35 at Wendling. Meat and cookhouses are on the left. Photo #GN4524 Thelma: And then when I was about five, I guess, we moved to camp 34 and my Dad started firing one of the steam donkeys. And we lived in a house then. And it was right by an old landing where they had loaded the logs on the flat cars and the bark would peel off and it was quite deep. Maybe a couple of feet deep, and that caught on fire, and for two days and nights, all night long, we could have read a newspaper by this light, except it was red. And they kept a tank of water right by our house, shooting water on the house. Lois: You were that close? Thelma: Yeah, just-well it just came within- maybe the bark part would be within 100 feet of the front door. And they kept that water shooting on the house to keep it from bursting into flames. And the water tank was about, oh about maybe a block and a half away, and when the railroad tank would run dry, they’d race up to the big tank and fill it up, and the house would be so hot by the time they’d get back, when the water hit it, it would just sizzle. I was too little to be afraid, you know. It was just interesting. [Section deleted] Lois: Was that the one that would get moved? Continued next page January 2008 The Artifact newsletter of the Lane County Historical Society & Museum Thelma: All of [them] would. They were on what-well they called them skids. There was water piped outside. You know, they’d pipe water into the camp. Everybody had, like a faucet, maybe in the yard. Lois: Was this on a siding somewhere, the railroad car? The school car? Thelma: Yes, they made a little siding for the school house. And usually the houses themselves, and like the cook house and the bunkhouse, maybe they…well the cookhouse sometimes was on a siding, but it’d be close like between the siding and the main line. But the houses would be scattered up and down along the main line. Lois: Well did the –you had your own kitchen though, so you didn’t eat in the cook house with everybody. Thelma: No. That was for the single men. [Section deleted] Lois: Well, it would be a real job to build, to set up camp for a new camp every couple of years like that. Thelma: Well, yeah, because they had to build these-they were built out of 6x6s or 8x8s, whatever railroad ties are, that big. They’d build these frameworks and the houses were built on two long runners of that, and then they’d place one-the house would be pulled onto the flat car and taken to the new camp and then there’d be one of these things placed from the… Lois: Skids? Thelma: Yeah. There’d be one of these placed from the bunk where the logs lay, over to the framework that the house went on. And they’d grease it and put a cable around the house and slowly inch it up till they got it in position. I can’t remember for sure which one- both of the porch roofs were hinged. So they’d just go down. I think it was the back porch, the bottom was hinged too, and they’d put that up and then put the roof down over it. And then the other one, my dad would just build a new- Lois: Oh, I see. The floor of the porch would be –would come up. Amazing! These houses, then moved from camp to camp, and they didn’t have to reconstruct. So if you had water piped to the house, why then they’d just have to bring pipes to the outside connection if they set ‘em up that way… Thelma: Well, they’d have to lay new water pipes at each camp, but then I suppose the men all joined together and did that. And then usually there was enough space either between your house and the road or maybe-railroad, or maybe a wide space like front or back and they’d bring in wood logs and dump off, and you had a couple of logs, whatever you needed to cut up for wood. Lois: Crosscut saw? Thelma: Yeah. Lois: No power saws those days. [Section deleted] Thelma: Right. When I was about, I was part way through the second grade, and they moved. Course you couldn’t move the camp all at once, you know. And the school was moved before we were. Sometimes my mother and another lady, like her kids would stay with us till the school was moved, and then when the school went, then I’d go and stay with them, so we didn’t miss any school. But this particular time when we moved from 34 to 37, I don’t know why I didn’t do that, but my mother was a very strict school teacher. More than the real teacher. She kept me at the books all day long, you know. By myself, and having to study that long, I really got through them, so by the time we moved I had finished my second grade books. So the teacher said, well, since I was in a class by myself, I might just as well start the third grade. Above: Mess hall at unidentified Wendling logging camp, circa 1920. Photo#GN2887 [Section deleted] Continued next page January 2008 The Artifact newsletter of the Lane County Historical Society & Museum Continued from previous page Thelma: Well, on Saturday nights, ‘course that was six day weeks back in that time, they had one box car that had seats along the side, and anybody that wanted to go out, why that box car, and the train took the box car to Wendl- ing, and anybody that owned a car-had a car in Wendling. [Section deleted] We never went out more than every two weeks, and usually my folks only went once a month. I know mom would buy-well, milk by the case, and sugar by the fifty pounds or maybe hundred pounds, flour by fifty or hundred pounds. And I remember she used to buy eggs for several different women in camp. She’d buy those from a farm right across from where the Springfield golf course is now. She used to buy them twelve dozen at a time. Lois: Well, that would be something. And did you have gardens? Did you ever have time to grow, or was there any place where-or the deer? Thelma: We never had. I can’t remember them ever planting-mom always had flowers. But I can’t remember us ever having a garden. [Section deleted] I used to tell people that I had ridden in the box car, on the flat cars, in the engine, on the front which we called the cow catcher, in the caboose, but I was eighteen before I ever rode a passenger train. Lois: Well, that’s quite a record. Thelma: [section deleted] One time when we were-they usually brought two train loads of logs out a day from the camps down to Wendling. Any of the women or anybody that needed to go to town could always ride down in the caboose. And one time when we were coming down, probably when I was five, one of the wheels on one of the loads locked. That train just came to a dead stop. Everybody in the caboose was thrown on the floor. The main brakie went down forward to see, you know, what had happened, and he came back and told us. So then we had to walk down along the train, I mean down along the load of logs to the engine. The second brakie happened to be ridin’ that load of logs, and it threw him and injured him, and they put him on a stretcher up in the engine. I don’t know if he was bloody, or what, but they didn’t think that I should be up in there, so my mother and another lady and I had to ride on the cow catcher on down to Wendling. Had to stand on that. [Section deleted] Lois: How many cars-how many train loads would that be? You said two loads a day. Thelma: If you only had like thirteen carloads of logs-so many different things happened that the foreman got superst itious. If there were thirteen, one load was left there. [Section deleted] Lois: About how many people would there be in a section group like that? How many households? Thelma: Oh, let me think. I can count in 34. Let’s see-couple dozen houses anyway. I think more than that. I just-I’m roughly tryin’ to remember that, but there’d be a lot of single men, you know, at the bunkhouses. And then there would be a- Lois: Did you know anything about the cooks? In the bunkhouse? Who did that? Was it some of the women? Thelma: Well, they hired regular cooks. At 34 when we lived there, there was a Mrs. Kahn did it. And then she’d have several people to help her and two or three women to do the serving. Thelma’s mother would leave camp to pick hops in the fall and while her father worked she would stay with the cooks. During the Depression the camps closed for twenty-two months and the family moved into town where her father worked in a furniture store. She remembers the 4L halls in Wendling where the silent movies were shown on Saturday night and the kids would crowd the front row of the theater to read the text. Boys would treat their girlfriends with a nickel box of Smith Brothers Cough Drops because they tasted like licorice. More about Wendling can be learned in the Historian issue #20 Vol. 1. Contact us for a copy and to read the entire oral history of Thelma Coe. Near Yarnell circa 1910. Photo #GN2752. -Virginia Sherwood, Oral History Co-coordinator January 2008 The Artifact newsletter of the Lane County Historical Society & Museum Peanuts Gallery A Big Suceess By Mark Tolonen Families drove to the Museum from as far away as Florence, Medford and Portland to participate in a children’s art workshop led by Katie Schumm on December 29, 2007. R.S.V.P. was required and the “Peanuts Gallery” quickly sold out! Initially the young artists (ages 6-10) explored the “Snoopy as the World War I Flying Ace” exhibit with a focus on how an artist conveys reality versus imagination. They also compared Charles Schultz’ illustration techniques with those of Bill Watterson’s Calvin and Hobbes comics. Finally, Katie assigned them the task of illustrating a four panel comic featuring both fiction and non-fiction realities. We are still enjoying some of the cartoons they produced, on display at the Museum. Carson’s “real” school was visited by a Sopwith Camel, ghosts and a robot. Faith illustrated a soup recipe. Misha’s character was relieved to wake from a dream to find that he had not really been squashed by a giant robot! The boys shared thoughts of robots and space battles. All of the kids explored their creative selves and enjoyed the collective By Mischa experience. Age 9 Peanuts Gallery at Lane County Historical Society By Carson Age 6 Historical Museum Audio Tour: 541-255-1499 Some of the exhbits at the Museum are enhanced by oral history quotes, songs and historic recordings. Some visitors use cell phones while touring the museum. Others call from home. Here are the recordings currently available: 1. Introduction to Museum and Park Blocks exhibit 2. Skinner/Mulligan land donation 3. Edith Jenkins (born 1888) oral history excerpt 4. Don Hunter’s radio interview (1983) with recording of Court House clock 5. Recording of Court House Clock 6. Zera Sweet’s jug and the judge, traditional story, 1852 7. The Park Blocks in the 1926 Oregon Trail Pageant 8. 1899 newspaper stories 9. Tolling the bell as a “no-no”, 1876 10. Peanuts theme song “Linus and Lucy”, written and performed by Vince Guaraldi (1968) 11. “Snoopy Vs. The Red Baron” by The Royal Guardsmen (1966) Lane County Historical Society & Museum NONPROFIT ORG US POSTAG E PAID 740 West 13th Avenue EUGENE, OR PERMIT NO. 658 Eugene, OR 97402 Membership Benefits Update Your Calendar & Attend These Free Events • Receive tri-annual “Historian” and quarterly newsletter “The Artifact” January 13, 2008: Meet professional illustrator Jim Cloutier, • Free admission to museum exhibits 2:00 P.M. at Special Events Center, Room 2 • Invitation to members-only events January 19, 2008: Last day of “Snoopy” exhibit • Discount on museum gift shop purchases • Discount on research requests April 12-19, 2008: 2008 Annual Quilt Show Museum Information Tentative LCHS Spring Programs, free and open to the public, • Phone: (541) 682-4239, 24 hr recorded info followed by refreshments: • Office: (541) 682-4242 Tue-Fri 9–4 • E-mail: in email@example.com Feb 10, 2008: Dr. Erlinda Gonzalez-Berry, Sojourners, Settlers and new • Website: www.lanecountyhistoricalsociety.org Immigrants: Mexicanos in Oregon (Chautauqua). 2:00 PM at the Eugene Garden Club, 1645 High St. Gift Shop Oregon Trail and local history books, Feb 24, 2008: Joe Blakeley, Lifting Oregon Out of the Mud. 2:00 PM at the watercolor prints by local artists, note cards and Eugene Garden Club, 1645 High St. postcards, gift-wrap, quilt gifts, old fashioned toys Mar 9, 2008: William Sullivan, Hiking Oregon’s History. 2:00 PM at the Eugene Sons of Norway Lodge, 1836 Alder St. Museum Hours (park behind building) Tuesday–Saturday 10:00 A.M.—4:00 P.M. Admission Adults $3.00, Seniors 60+ $2.00, Thanks to our volunteers and members. Youth (15 - 17) $.75 14 & under Free Members Free Your support greatly helps the Museum’s efforts. The Artifact is produced quarterly and distributed to members of Lane County Historical Society and Museum.
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