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									                      The                                                                   In this issue: Issue:
                                                                                                    In This

                                                                                            •   Featured Artifact
                                                                                            •   Digital Preservation
                                                                                            •   Community News
                                                                                            •   Passport Winners
                                                                                            •   Director’s Corner
                                                                                            •   Finding Fire
                                                                                            •   Oral History Transcript
                                                                                            •   Peanuts Gallery
January 2008                                                                                •   Guide By Cell
      No. 186                                                                               •   Upcoming Events

                               Digital Preservation Underway
                               Meet the two newest members of the Museum staff – Katie Schumm and Rachel Byers.
                               Katie and Rachel are both graduate students in the University of Oregon’s Arts Admin-
                               istration program. They were hired this fall as part of a large-scale digital preservation

                               The Lane County Historical Museum’s research archives are home to 14,000 historical
The steamboat, “The City       photographs and 30+ cubic feet of nitrate negatives. Unfortunately, if left in storage,
of Eugene” was built in        nitrate negatives can emit harmful acidic gases and damage surrounding museum
1898 on the riverbank at       materials, and original photographs are vulnerable to deterioration, mishandling, and
the present site of Skinner    wear and tear. Digital scans are the safest, most effective way to preserve these historic
Butte Park. Today, the         images.
seven-foot diameter ship’s
wheel is displayed on the      This past summer, as the Museum’s marketing intern, Katie helped write several grant
museum balcony.                proposals to fund digitization of the photographs and negatives. The Museum was
                               awarded a total of $15,000 from Trust Management Services Inc., the Oregon Cultural
The boat was designed for      Trust, and the Oregon Heritage Commission, which paid for up-to-date software, a new
shallow waters of the          computer, a high-resolution scanner, and two part-time staff.
Eugene – Portland trade
route, drafting a depth of     Says Katie about being hired for the project, “I was grateful for the opportunity to
15 inches into the river.      follow this project from the grant-writing phase to the actual scanning of the negatives.”
The vessel measured 132        Just over 200 negatives have been scanned thus far and already new information about
feet long, 26 feet wide, and   the Museum’s stagecoach has been discovered! “Digitization is the next big wave for
carried 51 tons of freight     preservation of historic collections,” says Rachel, “and I think it’s great that the Lane
Seventeen crew members         County Historical Museum has made this project a priority.”
served on the boat.

On March 30, 1899 the
stern-wheeler make its
first commercial voyage
carrying 800 bushels of
wheat and several passen-

After less than a year,
Eugene Transfer Company
cancelled the service. The
water levels in the river
were unpredictable, there
were hazards in the river,
the company could not
maintain a steady supply
of wood to fuel the steam-
boat boilers, and railroad
freight rates declined.
January 2008
                                                            The Artifact newsletter of the Lane County Historical Society & Museum

               Community News                                          Passport to the Past Winners
Springfield Museum Has New Director!                             This summer Lane County Historical Society
The Springfield Museum has chosen Debra Gruell to
                                                                 was proud to partner with thirteen other Lane
succeed former Museum Director David Staton. Ms.                 County history museums in a collaborative
Gruell is the award-winning creator of ArtSmart Kids, a          effort to encourage families to visit as many
fine art enrichment program. She has an extensive back-          local museums as possible. A free “Passport to
ground in teacher training workshops, public presenta-           the Past” was developed and each museum
tions, and fundraising. During your next visit to the
Springfield Museum, please say hello.
                                                                 stamped the passports of museum visitors.

                                                                 A degree of competition was introduced by
Long-Term Museum Curator Dies                                    offering prizes for those who managed to
                                                                 aquire eight stamps on thier passports. Each
Isabelle Gates Woolcott, curator of the Cottage Grove            of the following 31 youth earned a prize:
Historical Museum, died on November 22 at age 92. Born
in Belfountain to Franklin and Margaret Safley, she
married Lester Gates in 1940, and after his death, John          Christian Alamo           Subway gift certificate
Woolcott in 1998. That same year she was named Cottage           Wes Ames                  Splash Swim gift certificate
Grove First Citizen of the Year by the Chamber of                Martin Bailey             EZ Build model kit
Commerce. She is survived by a son and daughter, and             Cade Bradshaw             paper doll stickers
five grandchildren.
                                                                 Evan Bradshaw             BiMart gift card
                                                                 Marissa Braun             Gold mining kit
Bohemia Mining Museum Has New Digs!                              Sophia Braun              MNCH gift certificate
                                                                 Bryce Buser               Gift Certificate
The Bohemia Mining Museum in
                                                                 Jessica Buser             Portable bb backboard
Cottage Grove will be closed during
January while they move into the                                 Marcella Buser            Binoculars
historic Stewart Building across the                             Sara Ericson              Gift certificate
street at 137 E. Main St. This                                   Sean Ericson              Splash Swim gift certificate
building once housed the Pioneer                                 Kallin Kasten             iPod Nano
Hardware Store, active during the
                                                                 Jenni Larson              EZ Build model kit
heyday of Cottage Grove mining.
                                                                 Adam Pendell              Subway gift certificate
This new, larger space will also accommodate the new home
of the Cottage Grove Historical Society.                         Jessica Pendell           Subway gift certificate
                                                                 Cheyenne Pettit           Splash Swim gift certificate
                                                                 Delaney Pietch            Subway gift certificate
                                                                 Tiernan Pietch            Gold mining kit
                                                                 Alex Plummer              Subway gift certificate
                                                                 Alexis Pope               Coloring book
                                                                 Alyssa Roberts            EZ Build model kit
                                                                 Chris Shaw                Vintage boy’s bicycle
                                                                 Hunter Shaw               Scrapbook, journal, album
                                                                 Christian Spears          EZ Build model kit
                                                                 Levi Spears               Heritage journal & archive
                                                                 Landon Stevens            EZ Build model kit
                                                                 Leisha Stevens            Gold mining kit
                                                                 Marty Toney               Splash Swim gift certificate
                                                                 Cameron Tunnell           Splash Swim gift certificate
                                                                 Nathan Tunnell            Museum store gift certificate

                                                                  Congratulations, and thank you all!
 January 2008
                                                               The Artifact newsletter of the Lane County Historical Society & Museum

Director’s Corner
By Bob Hart
Happy New Year to all our members! This holiday season has
been truly a busy one for the Society. First there was the
opening of the Snoopy exhibit with a wonderful talk by Jan
Eliot, of Stone Soup fame. This was followed in short order by Al
LePage’s masterful one-man rendition of Charles Dickens’ “A
Christmas Carol,” which, in turn, coincided with the Society’s
firetower book, Finding Fire by Doug Newman. And before the
Snoopy exhibit closes, members and the public will have an
opportunity to hear cartoonist James Cloutier, of the whimsical
Eugene map fame, on the afternoon of January 13th.

The Museum has taken on two new part-time employees, Katie
and Rachel, in order to accomplish the ambitious photographic
digitization project. The Museum has only been able to do this,
as I wrote in my letter to the Register Guard, because of receiv-
ing three successive grants for ($15,000) to supplement Society
                                                                           Rachel Byers, Katie Schumm and the Kodak iQsmart2 scanner.
resources. The Oregon Cultural Trust and Trust Management
Services provided money up front; the Oregon Heritage Com-
mission will reimburse us for expenses.

So why were we chosen over other competing non-profit organizations? We have an estimated 9,000 nitrate negatives. Our
museum building does not have modern climate controls, nor can the Society afford the cost of creating the cold storage neces-
sary for storing the negatives safely in perpetuity. So we were faced with one of our collections eventually causing a fire or
blowing us up! Digitizing these negatives, which represent a regionally significant collection, was a priority the granting
agencies agreed with. The solution is a happy one because it not only makes the other Museum collections safer, but it
improves public access to our photographic collections.

You will have the opportunity to see both Katie and Rachel at work down on the main Museum floor after the Snoopy exhibit
heads for its next stop, the Evergreen Aviation Museum in McMinnville.

The Museum staff is in the planning stages for a Springtime grand reopening celebration. Watch for a future announcement of
dates. It will mark the completion of the exhibit reorganization and repainting efforts that have occupied the last calendar year.

                                                                    A new book from Lane County Historical Society:
                                                                    Finding Fire by Eugene’s legendary Doug Newman

                                                                    The men and women who protected our forests
                                                                    in peace and war share their stories: true tales of
                                                                    adventure, humor, beauty, tragedy. Illustrated with rare

                                                                    Available at the Museum store. $18.95
 January 2008
                                                             The Artifact newsletter of the Lane County Historical Society & Museum

Oral History from the LCHM Archives: Thelma Coe
Thelma Coe remembers life in the logging camp as a child. Interviewed by Lois Barton on May 20th, 1990, she recounts living
in several logging camps above Wendling.

Lois:           …I would just like to have a picture of what it was like as a child in a logging camp.
Thelma:         Well, it was pretty wonderful. It was a good place to grow up. Of course there is a lot of it I don’t remember.
                  I was only like—well we moved there a couple of months before I was four years old. And when we first went
                there we lived in a—I guess you’d call it a tent house. My dad built a floor and side boards about four feet high
                and then put this big tent on top of it.
Lois:           It was summer time, I hope.
Thelma:         No, we lived in that year round for at least the first year. …he worked for the section.
Lois:           What do you mean worked for the section?
Thelma:         Well, the section people build the railroads, and then when they move they tear them up, and we moved to
                camp 29 which was on the east side of Mt. Nebo, and they were almost through with that site, so then they
                moved clear around onto the west side of—well, the north and west side of the mountain.
Lois:           How long were you there? To what age did you stay in logging camps?
Thelma:         Well, I lived in logging camps, different ones until I was about 12.
[Section deleted]

                                                                                                             Booth Kelly Lumber
                                                                                                             Company camp #35
                                                                                                             at Wendling.

                                                                                                             Meat and cookhouses
                                                                                                             are on the left.

                                                                                                             Photo #GN4524

Thelma:          And then when I was about five, I guess, we moved to camp 34 and my Dad started firing one of the steam
                 donkeys. And we lived in a house then. And it was right by an old landing where they had loaded the logs on
                 the flat cars and the bark would peel off and it was quite deep. Maybe a couple of feet deep, and that caught
                 on fire, and for two days and nights, all night long, we could have read a newspaper by this light, except it
                 was red. And they kept a tank of water right by our house, shooting water on the house.
Lois:            You were that close?
Thelma:          Yeah, just-well it just came within- maybe the bark part would be within 100 feet of the front door. And they
                 kept that water shooting on the house to keep it from bursting into flames. And the water tank was about, oh
                 about maybe a block and a half away, and when the railroad tank would run dry, they’d race up to the big
                 tank and fill it up, and the house would be so hot by the time they’d get back, when the water hit it, it would
                 just sizzle. I was too little to be afraid, you know. It was just interesting.

[Section deleted]

Lois:     Was that the one that would get moved?                                                             Continued next page
January 2008
                                                                 The Artifact newsletter of the Lane County Historical Society & Museum

Thelma:          All of [them] would. They were on what-well they called them skids. There was water piped outside. You
                 know, they’d pipe water into the camp. Everybody had, like a faucet, maybe in the yard.
Lois:            Was this on a siding somewhere, the railroad car? The school car?
Thelma:          Yes, they made a little siding for the school house. And usually the houses themselves, and like the cook house
                 and the bunkhouse, maybe they…well the cookhouse sometimes was on a siding, but it’d be close like between
                 the siding and the main line. But the houses would be scattered up and down along the main line.
Lois:            Well did the –you had your own kitchen though, so you didn’t eat in the cook house with everybody.
Thelma:          No. That was for the single men.

[Section deleted]

Lois:            Well, it would be a real job to build, to set up camp for a new camp every couple of years like that.
Thelma:          Well, yeah, because they had to build these-they were built out of 6x6s or 8x8s, whatever railroad ties are, that
                 big. They’d build these frameworks and the houses were built on two long runners of that, and then they’d
                 place one-the house would be pulled onto the flat car and taken to the new camp and then there’d be one of
                 these things placed from the…
Lois:            Skids?
Thelma:          Yeah. There’d be one of these placed from the bunk where the logs lay, over to the framework that the house
                 went on. And they’d grease it and put a cable around the house and slowly inch it up till they got it in position.
                 I can’t remember for sure which one- both of the porch roofs were hinged. So they’d just go down. I think it was
                 the back porch, the bottom was hinged too, and they’d put that up and then put the roof down over it. And
                 then the other one, my dad would just build a new-
Lois:            Oh, I see. The floor of the porch would be –would come up. Amazing! These houses, then moved from camp to
                 camp, and they didn’t have to reconstruct. So if you had water piped to the house, why then they’d just have to
                  bring pipes to the outside connection if they set ‘em up that way…
Thelma:          Well, they’d have to lay new water pipes at each camp, but then I suppose the men all joined together and did
                 that. And then usually there was enough space either between your house and the road or maybe-railroad, or
                 maybe a wide space like front or back and they’d bring in wood logs and dump off, and you had a couple of
                 logs, whatever you needed to cut up for wood.
Lois:            Crosscut saw?
Thelma:          Yeah.
Lois:            No power saws those days.

[Section deleted]

Thelma:           Right. When I was about, I
was part way through the second grade,
and they moved. Course you couldn’t move the
camp all at once, you know. And the school
was moved before we were. Sometimes my
mother and another lady, like her kids
would stay with us till the school was
moved, and then when the school went,
then I’d go and stay with them, so we
didn’t miss any school. But this particular
time when we moved from 34 to 37, I don’t
know why I didn’t do that, but my mother
was a very strict school teacher. More than
the real teacher. She kept me at the books all
day long, you know. By myself, and having
to study that long, I really got through
them, so by the time we moved I had
finished my second grade books. So the
teacher said, well, since I was in a class by myself, I might just as well start the
third grade.                                                                            Above: Mess hall at unidentified Wendling
                                                                                        logging camp, circa 1920. Photo#GN2887
[Section deleted]

                                                                                                                  Continued next page
 January 2008
                                                              The Artifact newsletter of the Lane County Historical Society & Museum

Continued from previous page

Thelma:         Well, on Saturday nights, ‘course that was six day weeks back in that time, they had one box car that had seats
                along the side, and anybody that wanted to go out, why that box car, and the train took the box car to Wendl-
                ing, and anybody that owned a car-had a car in Wendling. [Section deleted] We never went out more than
                every two weeks, and usually my folks only went once a month. I know mom would buy-well, milk by the case,
                and sugar by the fifty pounds or maybe hundred pounds, flour by fifty or hundred pounds. And I remember
                she used to buy eggs for several different women in camp. She’d buy those from a farm right across from where
                 the Springfield golf course is now. She used to buy them twelve dozen at a time.
Lois:           Well, that would be something. And did you have gardens? Did you ever have time to grow, or was there any
                place where-or the deer?
Thelma:         We never had. I can’t remember them ever planting-mom always had flowers. But I can’t remember us ever
                having a garden. [Section deleted] I used to tell people that I had ridden in the box car, on the flat cars, in the
                 engine, on the front which we called the cow catcher, in the caboose, but I was eighteen before I ever rode a
                 passenger train.
Lois:           Well, that’s quite a record.
Thelma:         [section deleted] One time when we were-they usually brought two train loads of logs out a day from the camps
                 down to Wendling. Any of the women or anybody that needed to go to town could always ride down in the
                caboose. And one time when we were coming down, probably when I was five, one of the wheels on one of the
                 loads locked. That train just came to a dead stop. Everybody in the caboose was thrown on the floor. The main
                 brakie went down forward to see, you know, what had happened, and he came back and told us. So then we
                 had to walk down along the train, I mean down along the load of logs to the engine. The second brakie
                 happened to be ridin’ that load of logs, and it threw him and injured him, and they put him on a stretcher up
                 in the engine. I don’t know if he was bloody, or what, but they didn’t think that I should be up in there, so my
                mother and another lady and I had to ride on the cow catcher on down to Wendling. Had to stand on that.

[Section deleted]

Lois:           How many cars-how many train loads would that be? You said two loads a day.
Thelma:         If you only had like thirteen carloads of logs-so many different things happened that the foreman got superst
                itious. If there were thirteen, one load was left there.

[Section deleted]

Lois:           About how many people would there be in a section group like that? How many households?
Thelma:         Oh, let me think. I can count in 34. Let’s see-couple dozen houses anyway. I think more than that. I just-I’m
                roughly tryin’ to remember that, but there’d be a lot of single men, you know, at the bunkhouses. And then
                there would be a-
Lois:           Did you know anything about the cooks? In the bunkhouse? Who did that? Was it some of the women?
Thelma:         Well, they hired regular cooks. At 34 when we lived there, there was a Mrs. Kahn did it. And then she’d have
                 several people to help her and two or three women to do the serving.

                                              Thelma’s mother would leave camp to pick hops in the fall and while her father
                                             worked she would stay with the cooks. During the Depression the camps closed
                                                                            for twenty-two months and the family moved into
                                                                           town where her father worked in a furniture store.
                                                                                   She remembers the 4L halls in Wendling
                                                                                     where the silent movies were shown on
                                                                                    Saturday night and the kids would crowd
                                                                                       the front row of the theater to read the
                                                                                       text. Boys would treat their girlfriends
                                                                                          with a nickel box of Smith Brothers
                                                                              Cough Drops because they tasted like licorice.

                                                                                    More about Wendling can be learned in the
                                                                                                      Historian issue #20 Vol. 1.
                                                                                                     Contact us for a copy and
                                                                                  to read the entire oral history of Thelma Coe.
        Near Yarnell circa 1910. Photo #GN2752.                                 -Virginia Sherwood, Oral History Co-coordinator
January 2008
                                                              The Artifact newsletter of the Lane County Historical Society & Museum

Peanuts Gallery A Big Suceess
By Mark Tolonen
Families drove to the Museum from as far away as Florence, Medford
and Portland to participate in a children’s art workshop led by Katie
Schumm on December 29, 2007. R.S.V.P. was required and the “Peanuts
Gallery” quickly sold out!

Initially the young artists (ages 6-10) explored the “Snoopy as the World
War I Flying Ace” exhibit with a focus on how an artist conveys reality
versus imagination. They also compared Charles Schultz’ illustration
techniques with those of Bill Watterson’s Calvin and Hobbes comics.
Finally, Katie assigned them the task of illustrating a four panel comic
featuring both fiction and non-fiction realities. We are still enjoying
some of the cartoons they produced, on display at the Museum.

Carson’s “real” school was visited by a Sopwith Camel, ghosts and a
robot. Faith illustrated a soup recipe. Misha’s character was relieved to
wake from a dream to find that he had not really been squashed by a
giant robot! The boys shared thoughts of robots and space battles. All
of the kids explored their creative selves and enjoyed the collective             By Mischa
experience.                                                                       Age 9

      Peanuts Gallery at
      Lane County Historical Society                                  By Carson
                                                                          Age 6

Historical Museum Audio Tour: 541-255-1499
Some of the exhbits at the Museum are enhanced by oral history quotes, songs and historic recordings. Some visitors use cell
phones while touring the museum. Others call from home. Here are the recordings currently available:

1.       Introduction to Museum and Park Blocks exhibit
2.       Skinner/Mulligan land donation
3.       Edith Jenkins (born 1888) oral history excerpt
4.       Don Hunter’s radio interview (1983) with recording of Court House clock
5.       Recording of Court House Clock
6.       Zera Sweet’s jug and the judge, traditional story, 1852
7.       The Park Blocks in the 1926 Oregon Trail Pageant
8.       1899 newspaper stories
9.       Tolling the bell as a “no-no”, 1876
10.      Peanuts theme song “Linus and Lucy”, written and performed by Vince Guaraldi (1968)
11.      “Snoopy Vs. The Red Baron” by The Royal Guardsmen (1966)
Lane County Historical Society & Museum                                                                                NONPROFIT ORG
                                                                                                                       US POSTAG E PAID
740 West 13th Avenue                                                                                                     EUGENE, OR
                                                                                                                        PERMIT NO. 658
Eugene, OR 97402

 Membership Benefits                                        Update Your Calendar & Attend These Free Events
 • Receive tri-annual “Historian” and
   quarterly newsletter “The Artifact”                   January 13, 2008:        Meet professional illustrator Jim Cloutier,
 • Free admission to museum exhibits                                              2:00 P.M. at Special Events Center, Room 2
 • Invitation to members-only events
                                                         January 19, 2008:        Last day of “Snoopy” exhibit
 • Discount on museum gift shop purchases
 • Discount on research requests
                                                         April 12-19, 2008:       2008 Annual Quilt Show

 Museum Information                                         Tentative LCHS Spring Programs, free and open to the public,
 •   Phone: (541) 682-4239, 24 hr recorded info                              followed by refreshments:
 •   Office: (541) 682-4242 Tue-Fri 9–4
 •   E-mail: in       Feb 10, 2008:            Dr. Erlinda Gonzalez-Berry, Sojourners, Settlers and new
 •   Website:                                 Immigrants: Mexicanos in Oregon (Chautauqua).
                                                                                  2:00 PM at the Eugene Garden Club, 1645 High St.
 Gift Shop Oregon Trail and local history books,         Feb 24, 2008:            Joe Blakeley, Lifting Oregon Out of the Mud. 2:00 PM at the
 watercolor prints by local artists, note cards and                               Eugene Garden Club, 1645 High St.
 postcards, gift-wrap, quilt gifts, old fashioned toys   Mar 9, 2008:             William Sullivan, Hiking Oregon’s History. 2:00 PM at the
                                                                                  Eugene Sons of Norway Lodge, 1836 Alder St.
 Museum Hours                                                                     (park behind building)
 Tuesday–Saturday 10:00 A.M.—4:00 P.M.

 Adults $3.00, Seniors 60+ $2.00,
                                                                         Thanks to our volunteers and members.
 Youth (15 - 17) $.75 14 & under Free Members Free                       Your support greatly helps the Museum’s efforts.

 The Artifact is produced quarterly and
 distributed to members of Lane County
 Historical Society and Museum.

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