Weird Frog BUDGET 2008-2009 by yurtgc548



    NEW DELHI February 28 - March 5, 2008                                                         Volume4, No. 4, Pages16, Rs. 5.00

    HOT TOPICS                      BUDGET 2008-2009
   First Air-Powered Car

            Youth                                                   More on page 2



                                                                                       Buried Seed Vault Opens in Arctic

  Weird Frog
After several years of planning and                                                      digging, the world has its rst secure,
deep-frozen repository for backup
supplies of seeds from hundreds of thousands of plant varieties that underpin
agriculture. The Svalbard Global Seed Vault was built into a frigid mountainside in
Norway’s northernmost archipelago, deep in the Arctic. It had its ceremonial open-
ing Tuesday morning in the midst of the Arctic winter. There are something like
1,400 seed banks around the world, guarding samples of crop plants ranging from
alfalfa to yams. They are eroding under forces including war, storms, scant money
or bad management, particularly in the world’s poorest or most turbulent places.
Eamples: Iraq’s bank of ancient wheat, barley and other crop strains in the town of
Abu Ghraib was looted during the war and an international rice repository in the
Philippines was shredded by a typhoon. The new repository is intended to be an
insurance policy for individual countries and also for humanity more generally, should a larger-scale disaster strike.

                                                                                                                THE WEEK
                                                                                                         D OF
         Thought                       To subscribe log on to                        TRICHOLOGY

        of the Week ing                or send cheque made to the order of                           Pronunciation: (tri·kol·o·gy)
"The greatest glory in liv                                                                               the study of hair
                  falling, but in      Young Minds, F 90/25, Okhla Phase I, New Delhi-20
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Young Minds, New Delhi February 28 - March 5, 2008                                                       

                                                    Ye Mera India!

India launches 1st nuclear submarine
                                                       What's a budget?
                                                       It’s simply an organized way of managing
                                                       money. A budget can be as simple or as
                                                       complicated as you wish. Basically, it gives
                                                       you an overall picture of where your money
                                                       is coming from, when it’s coming in and
                                                       how it’s being spent.

                                                       Who makes a budget?
                                                    In your family, its probably your mother and
India is set to launch its rst nuclear submarine    father. Your school may have a nance control-
later this year. The project's code name is the     ler Your country's budget is managed by the
Advanced Technology Vessel. Reports now indicate "Finance Minister". The Finance Minister, P.               Finance Minister,P. Chidabaram
that India has overcome the biggest problem or      Chidabaram, is going to reveal the budget for
miniaturisation of a nuclear power plant that is to India for the year 2008 to 2009. Imagine what a big job it is!
be mounted on a submarine hull. There are           * He has to plan where the money that India has, is going to be spent, wisely and
rumours of Russian assistance with the mini nuclear correctly.
plant that has been reportedly tested and validated * He has to plan how the government is going to make more money!
at Kalpakkam. The vessel will be launched in        * He has to also plan to save for the future!
Vishakapatnam and sea trials for this submarine are
slated to begin by 2010, and are expected to be     Imagine, if "you" were the Finance Minister of India! You would be a very busy person
fully operational by 2012.                          this week!

Darjeeling: Bandh                         PM expected to waive o                                       Lalu lays the track for a full-on
                                          Rs 32,000 cr loan to farmers                                 election budget
                                                                                                        Railway minister Lalu Prasad Yadav has
                                                                                                        done it again. This year’s rail budget has cut
                                                                                                     fares and freight and announced 63 new
                                                                                                      trains, signi cant concessions for women,
                                                                                  students and porters, ‘world-class’ railway stations and other
                                                                                  amenities, besides a fancy IT initiative that includes smart cards
                                                                                  for suburban Mumbai passengers. And yet, it has projected
                                                                                  healthy nancials and substantial investments to enhance the
 The unrest in the hills of West Bengal
                                                                                  railways’ carrying capacity and productivity.
 continued for seventh consecutive
 day with the inde nite bandh called
 by the Gorkha Janmukti Morcha
 disrupting normal life in Darjeeling.
 The GJM is a breakaway faction of the
                                          New Delhi: This budget season Prime Minister
 Gorkha National Liberation Front
                                          Manmohan Singh and Finance Minister P Chidam-
 (GNLF) and has been demanding
                                          baram have their focus on the Indian countryside
 separate statehood for Darjeeling,
                                          and the farmer.
 protesting the introduction of Sixth
 Schedule status for the region.
 The protests cut o Sikkim from the            If I was the Finance Minister of
 rest of the country and tourists and                    India I would...
 vehicles were stranded on the NH-31
 Highway.                                  Send your comments to

Young Minds published at F 90/25, Okhla Industrial Area, Phase I, New Delhi 110020. Printed by Aravali Printers & Publishers Pvt. Ltd., W-30,
Okhla Industrial Area, Phase II, New Delhi – 110020, on behalf of Young Minds Newspapers Pvt. Ltd. Editor: Latika Kohli                    Pg 2
Young Minds, New Delhi February 28 - March 5, 2008                             

                           WEIRD BUT TRUE
                                                          chocolate a ects a dog's heart
                                                            and nervous system. A few
                     Beavers                              ounces is enough to kill a small
                      can hold                                       sized dog.
                    for 45 min-
                    utes under
                                                                                             The rst owner
                                                           The                                  of the
                                                       of the sun                            Marlboro
   Like ngerprints,                                  can reach up to                             cigarette
      everyone's                                       15 million                            Company died
    tongue print is                                     degrees                              of lung cancer.
       di erent.                                       fahrenheit.

                                                                          If the population
    Mexico Cit                                                          of China walked past
               y sinks
   about 10 i                                                         you in single line, the line
              nches a                                                     Would never end
         year.                                                             because of the
                                                                        rate of reproduction

               TYPEWRITER is the longest word that can be ma
                                                        Chewing gum
                 using the letters only on one row of the ke
                                                        while peeling
                                                         onions will
 Antarctica is the driest, coldest, windiest and        keep you from
                            highest continent on earth.    crying. Pg 3
Young Minds, New Delhi February 28 - March 5, 2008                                                     

Lee becomes South Korean president                                                                    American visit to North Korea
                                                      Former businessman Lee Myung-bak took
                                                      the oath of o ce as South Korea's new           after 60 years
                                                      president Monday, vowing to revitalize the
                                                      economy, strengthen relations with the
                                                      U.S. and deal with nuclear-armed North
                                                      Korea. He is the 10th man to be South
                                                      Korea's president and the rst to come
                                                      from a business background. He has prom-
                                                      ised to achieve annual growth of 7 percent,
                                                      double the country's per capita income to
                                                      $40,000 over a decade and make South
                                                      Korea one of the world's top seven econo-
                                                      mies. He calls this his "747" pledge, meant
                                                      to evoke a soaring jumbo jet.

                                      Cyprus                               It was the rst time an American cultural organization performed in
                                                                           PYONGYANG, North Korea, and the largest contingent of United
                                                                           States citizens appeared since the Korean War. It was seen by some
                                                                           as an opening for warmer relations with the United States, which
                                                                           North Korea has long reviled.
                                                                           It is separated from South Korea by the Korean Demilitarized Zone.
                                                                           The division happened following World War II.

                                                                           North Korea Capital: Pyongyang
                                                                           Government: Communist dictatorship
                                                                           Currency: Won
                                                                           Did you Know: North Korea is one of the world’s communist countries.

Cyprus has been divided into a break-
away Turkish Cypriot north and a Greek                                     Clinton and Obama row over backer
Cypriot south since 1974, when Turkey
invaded in the wake of a coup attempt-
ing to unite the island with Greece. The
decades long division of Cyprus could
be resolved by the end of the year, the
leader of the breakaway Turkish Cypri-
ots said Monday, a day after Greek
Cypriots elected Dimitris Christo as, the
new President. The island's division is
also a major source of tension between
NATO allies Turkey and Greece.
                                                                            Debating at Cleveland State University, Hillary Clinton repeated
                                  YouTube outage blamed                     angry claims from the campaign trail that Obama mischaracterized
                                  on Pakistan                               her stances on health care and NAFTA in political material mailed
                                                                            to voters in Ohio. The mailers, which Obama defends, claim that
                                  Pakistan's attempts to block access to    Clinton's health care plan would force people who don't want
                                  YouTube have been blamed for a near       insurance to buy it. Clinton in her defense, said that her health
                                  global blackout of the site on Sunday.    plan would cover everyone and would be a ordable to everyone.
                                  Google, the owner of YouTube, blamed
                                  the outage on "erroneous internet        Name:                   Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton
                                  protocols", sourced in Pakistan.         Date of Birth:          October 26, 1947
                                                                           Nationality:            American
                                                                           Spouse:                 Bill Clinton
Young Minds, New Delhi February 28 - March 5, 2008                                                            

                                        COOL STUFF !
       Stu ff f
  Cooll Stu
  Coo                                                 New LG-KF600
   First biofuel powered plane takes
                   o !
                                                                    LG reckon its new LG-KF600 has a mind of its own because the touchscreen
                                                                    device has what they call a unique InteractPad. There's no joypad style
                                                                    thing, just "context-speci c" virtual keys that change to t the task you are
                                                                    doing. So keys illuminate as you need them which is meant to mean you
                                                                    have the exact buttons at hand. LG also say it makes it easier to work the
                                                                    multimedia features like audio player, camera and video camera. And I like
                                                                    the sound of this. When a virtual button is pressed it becomes larger and
                                                                    the phone vibrates slightly. But then, I am a geek! The snapper is 3MP and
On Sunday, a Virgin Airlines Boeing 747
                                                                    you get an FM radio too plus cool touch-control games.
took off from London's Heathrow Airport
en route to Amsterdam. The aircraft did not
carry passengers - but it was the first
                                                sk fa What is digital TV?
commercial aircraft to fly partly under the
power of biofuels. One of the aircraft's four A
engines ran on fuel comprising a 20%
                                              M us
biofuel mix of coconut and babassu oil and          Digital TV sends information in a di erent way to tradi-
80% of the normal Jet A aviation fuel.              tional television. This means hundreds of channels can be
Biofuels - principally ethanol and diesel           squeezed in and pictures can be sent much quicker.
made from plants - are one of the few               There are three sorts of digital TV: satellite (from a satel-
viable options for replacing the liquid fuels       lite dish), cable (from an underground cable) and terres-
derived from petroleum used in transport,           trial (through your normal TV).
the source of about one quarter of the
human race's greenhouse gas emissions.
                                                               For all your queries on computers, write to me at

              E            Suzuki to launch premium bikes in India by April
                                                                                             Yamaha YZF R15 for India for below Rs 99000
       IK                      “India is a major market for our parent com-                                              Yamaha Motor India is seriously
   B                               pany. We had introduced bikes in the                                                  planning to create a serious
                                   mass market category (100-125cc) under                                               brand image and re-establish its
                                     the brand name Heat and Zeus. We are                                               position in India, and are plan-
                                     now ready to introduce premium-                                                    ning some serious bikes this year
                                      powered bikes in the country,” said Mr.                                              for some serious riders. What
                                        Atul Gupta, VP (Sales & Marketing),                                                  you see here is the Yamaha
                                        Suzuki Motorcycle India. The com-                                                    YZF-R15 which will make it
                                        pany will launch the bikes in April                                                  to India somewhere around
                                        2008.                                                                               June or July.

                                       The Vialta Beamer                                                   Wrist Net watch with MSN Direct
                                         A new product on the market lets you call                        The Wrist Net watch with MSN Direct

                                         family and friends and see them on your                            receives information wirelessly, so
                                         TV. The Vialta Beamer adds video to your                            you're in the know while on the go.
                                         conversations using an ordinary telephone                            Find everything from a great new
                                         line. Vialta's new Beamer TV gives you the                           restaurant to the latest news. Along
                                         ability to instantly add video to phone calls                        with a glanceable, seamless connec-
                                         using your existing home phone and                                  tion to your world, there are tons of
              television. Beamer TV works with any home phone (corded or                                   watch faces to choose from, for just the
              cordless) over any standard analog phone line (one-line or two-line)                       look you want. Set-up is easy: simply
              to display full color video of the person you're talking to. All you
                                                                                       charge       up, activate your watch online, and set up the
              have to do is pick up the phone, dial a friend or family member (who
                                                                                       content channels you want.
              also has a Beamer TV or Videophone), and press the Start/Views
              button on the remote control.                                                                                                     Pg 5
Young Minds, New Delhi February 28 - March 5, 2008                                                            

                                                          ghtly pear-shaped. The
                            Earth is not round; it is sli                                                   Summer on Uranus lasts for 21 years
                                                            longer than the South
                            North Pole radius is 44mm                                                       - but so does winter.
                            Pole radius.                                       and
                                                                   olar system
                                                      net in the s
                                         densest pla                 .
                            Earth is the ot named after a god
                            the only on
                                         e n
                                                                   ro   gravity at th   ec

                                                        s i

       The Dead Sea

                                                                                               of earth.
      is 365 m (1,200
        ft) below sea
                                                                                                                   The deepest point in the sea: the
                                                                                                                   Mariana Trench o Guam in the
                                                                                                                   Paci c Ocean; it is 10,9 km (6.77
                                                                                                                   miles) below sea level.

                                                All the
                                                planets                                          A storm o cially
                                        in the solar system                                    becomes a hurricane
                                       rotate anticlockwise,                                    when cyclone winds
                                            except Venus.                                    reach 119 km/h (74 mph).
                                        It is the only planet
                                      that rotates clockwise.

Amazing Aqua Trick

                                I’M MAC KING.
                                                                1               First, wet the               2               with one hand
                                                                              rim of the glass.                             holding the card
                        I can show you how to make

                                                                               Then cover the                                 rmly over the
                          water defy gravity. All you
                                                                              top of the glass                               mouth of the
                          need is a small juice glass
                                                                              with the plating

                            that’s half full of water.                                                                      glass, slowly ip

                                                                                     card.                                  the whole thing
                                                                                                                             upside down.

           3                 slowly remove your hand
                                                                                                  Howdy do it?
                                 from the card and
                             ...Aquacadabra! you have                                   This trick works because of “air
                              achived the impossible.                                    pressure.” pushing up on the
                            everything is upside down,                                  card is greater than the force of
                              and yet the playing card                                  the water pushing down. But it


       Seal!                 remains stuck to the glass
                                                                                               lokks like a magic!
                            and not a drop of water has
                                    been spilled.
Young Minds, New Delhi February 28 - March 5, 2008                                                              

                                      Did Y ou Know ?
The tallest ice sculpture in the world

                                                                       d was
                                                        re in the worl
                              The tall  est ice sculptu      ever snows! D
                                              ce where it n         y where a 40
                              built in a pla       r skiing facilit
                                               doo                           2006.
                              has a large in                  built in April
                                                ulpture was                  unds
                               feet tall ice sc              st 100,000 po
                               The sculptu    re used almo
                                of ice.

                                                   The Great wall of China
                                                                                                                                     6,508 km (4,000
                                                                                                it stretches over approximately
                                                   The Great  Wall is visible from space and                       west, along an arc that roughly
                                                   miles) from Shanhaigu     an in the east to Lop Nur in the                             km (4,160
                                                                                                        olia, but stretches to over 6,700
                                                   delineates the   southern edge of Inner Mong                       more than one million men. It
                                                   miles) in total. At its peak, the Ming Wall was guarded by                                  rt of the
                                                                                                               to 3 million Chinese died as pa
                                                   been estimated tha     t somewhere in the range of 2                                 of the world.
                                                                                                   ll. It is one of the seven wonders
                                                    centuries -long project of building the wa

               g  ?
   Inte restin                                                                                        You way less at the top of a mountain then sea level.
                                   ggs pe r day.                                             le ss.
                          0-1500 e                                                 you weigh
               an lay 8
                       0                                            ctly over you,
          bee c                                      m  oon is dire
  A queen                                   When the
                                                                              The oldest known animal was a tortoise, which lived to be 152 years old.
     Mosquitoes are attracted to people who just ate bananas.
                                                                                                                    l dog.
                                                                                               untry with a nationa
                                                                       Holland is the only co
  Smelling apples and/or banana                                                                                                                        piano.
                                   s can help you lose weight.                                                    e in 1956      and was the size of a
                                                                                              The rst VCR was mad

 Chichen Itza is one of the seven wonders of the world.
                                                                             Chichen Itza is one of the most popular Mayan sites in Mexico, and the
                                                                             Castillo (also called the Pyramid of Kukulcan) is the center of Chichen Itza.
                                                                             Remarkably symmetric and surrounded by a large meadow its also the site
                                                                             of the Equinox festivals held at Chichen Itza. On the equinox there are
                                                                             dancers, musicians and a few thousand more visitors than normal.

                                                                                                                                                         Pg 7
Young Minds, New Delhi February 28 - March 5, 2008                                                    

                                                                                                                 1      2         3        4          5     6
  Quiz: Summer                                                                                                   7                8    9              10

                                                                                                                             11                 12
                                               Across                                                            13    14                       15    16
                                               1. 6 minus 1               1. Hopping amphibian                         17
                                               4. Military branch         2. Within                              18                             19          20
                                               7. Registered nurse        3. Hearing organ
                                               8. Type of snake                                                              21   22       23
                                                                          4. Large primate
                                               10. Mother                 5. Similar to Smarties                 24     25        26                  27
                                               11. Carrying a weapon      6. Used in knitting                    28                        29
                                               13. Pump it into cars      9. Su cate
                                               15. Rightfully possess     11. Remnants of re                  For Answers see next week’s edition
Question 1                                     17. U.S. space vehicle     12. Girl playthings
What is the name given to the                  18. Ukulele (abbr.)        14. Pose a question
                                               19. Lower limb                                                        Answers of previous puzzle
                                                                          16. Very small
longest day of the year?                       21. Tool buildings         18. Opposite of redo            Across: 1.fuss, 4.glad, 7.on, 8.tee,, 11.tummy,
A: Summer Sunday                               24. Direct Current         20. Firm hold                   13.duo, 15.ate, 17.stretch, 18.wee, 19.hen, 21.shoot,
                                               26. I am, you ___                                , 26.arc,, 28.thug, 29.time
B: Summer Solstice                                                        22. Horses eat it
                                               27. Note between re and fa 23. Morning moisture on grass   Down:, 2.un, 3.stu, 4.gem,, 6.dome,
C: Summer Scorcher                             28. Slick with oil         25. Spy agency: _ _ A           9.emperor, 11.totes, 12.yacht, 14.use, 16.the,
                                               29. Twist out of shape     27. Mister (abbr.)              18.want, 20.nine, 22.hag, 23.Oct, 25.oh, 27.AM
Question 2
Which of these is NOT a summer
A: Gooseberries
B: Bananas
C: Strawberries

Question 3
What does SPF stand for in sun
cream - which you have to wear
when it's hot?
A: Sun Protection Factor                                                              Help the cat find
                                                                                       its way through
B: Sun Pouring Foam                                                                                                  Say this fast three times:
                                                                                       the cat shaped
C: Strong Protection Factor                                                             maze to catch                Carol's cat carries carrots
                                                                                          the mouse                           in a cart.

Question 4
Which of these is not a slang word
for barbecue?                                                                   These photographs show close-up of spotted animals.
A: BBQ                                                                                   Unscramble the letter to identify
B: Beebee                                                                               what’s in each picture. Seeing spots?
C: Barbie

Question 5
2006 had the hottest summer on
record in the UK. True or false?
A: True
B: False                                                EITK                           NLBOLOA                                         IEPUNNG

             Turn to page 16 for answers                                                                                                                   Pg 9
Young Minds, New Delhi February 28 - March 5, 2008                                                          

                                         What Where When
                                          hat  here  hen

Where are Sherpas from?
                                                                                                   The tallest mountain in the world stood in
                                                                                                   front of 16-year-old Temba Tsheri Sherpa. He
                                                                                                   had always dreamed of climbing Mount
                                                                                                   Everest. Now all Temba could think about was
                                                                                                   surviving the 29,035-foot (8,850-meter) climb
                                                                                                   to the top.
                                                                                                   Sherpa Superpowers
                                                                                                   One of the youngest people ever to summit
                                                                                                   Everest, Temba is a Sherpa—a member of an
                                                                                                   ethnic group that lives mainly in the country of
                                                                                                   Nepal, in the Himalaya mountains. "Sherpas
                                                                                                   exhibit almost superhuman strength climbing
                                                                                                   at high altitudes," says Everest expert Brot
Living in mountain villages as high as 14,000 feet (4,267 meters), with no roads or cars, Sherpas hike everywhere and lug everything on their
backs—even TVs and refrigerators. Some kids even climb 1,500-foot (457-meter) slopes to get to school. That's equal to 150 stories!
Temba's courage comes partly from his religious beliefs. As followers of a religion called Tibetan Buddhism, the Sherpa believe in being peace-
ful, honoring all people, and accepting su ering without complaint.
An Avalanche of Change
Temba's trek continues his people's history of climbing feats. The tradition began nearly a hundred years ago when Sherpas started carrying
supplies for visiting mountaineers. In 1953, the Sherpa won fame when Sherpa Tenzing Norgay and explorer Edmund Hillary became the rst
people to summit Everest.

 Why is Iraq in the news so much?                                                                       DID YOU KNOW
                                                                     Iraq has been in the               Mesopotamia which is now Iraq was the
                                                                     headlines for a number                     cradle of civilization.
                                                                     of years, but the country
                                                                     has been in the news
                                                                     more often since the
                                                                     US-led invasion of the      THIS WEEK IN HISTORY.
                                                                     country in 2003. At the     FEB 28th The last British troops leave India
                                                                     time there were fears         1948
                                                                     that the leader of Iraq,
                                                                     President Saddam            FEB 29th
                                                                                                            February 29, Friday, is the 60th day of 2008.
                                                                     Hussein, would use very       2008
                                                                                                          There are 306 days left in the year. This is a
                                                                     dangerous weapons -                  Leap Year Day.
                                                                     called weapons of mass       March   US tests hydrogen bomb in the Pacific
                                                                     destruction (WMDs) - to     1st 1954 archipelago of Bikini, part of the Marshall
                                                                     attack other countries.              Islands.
 Control of the country was taken from Saddam Hussein very quickly, and he was                    March    The British Queen signs a proclamation giving
 captured and killed on 30 December 2006 in the Iraqi capital Baghdad. But Iraq is still a       2nd 1986 Australia legal independence.
 violent country and there are thousands of soldiers from other countries. But some
                                                                                                           The BBC announced that it will begin
 people in Iraq want all foreigners, particularly the soldiers, to leave straight away, and       March
 think that by attacking them they will force them out. Iraqis voted for a new govern-           3rd 1966 broadcasting television programmes in colour
                                                                                                           from next year.
 ment in December 2005.Most days there are attacks on the foreign soldiers or unrest
 between Iraqi groups with di erent beliefs.                                                       4rth
                                                                                                           US President Bill Clinton bans federally
                                                                                                           funded human cloning research.
 Iraq Capital: Baghdad
                                                                                                  March The Jharkhand Party is founded in India.
 Government: Transitional
                                                                                                 5th 1949
 Currency: Iraqi Dinar                                                                                                                                Pg 10
Young Minds, New Delhi February 28 - March 5, 2008                                                 

                                 G roovy T imes

                       53rd Filmfare awards
                       53rd Filmfare awards

                    The annual lmfare awards were presented in a glittering ceremony on 23rd February at Mumbai at
                    the Yash Raj Studios. It was hosted by Vidya Balan and Karan Johar. had performances from Akshay
                    Kumar, Neil Nitin Mukesh, Deepika Padukone, Kareena Kapoor and Vivek Oberoi. ALong with
                    Himesh Reshamiya. (Although the award show was conspicuous by the absence of the Bacchan
                    brigade including all the Bacchan family and the Hrithiks.)
                    Here are the winners.                                 Best Director: Aamir Khan for Taare Zameen Par
                    Best Actor (Male): Shah Rukh Khan for Chak De India   Best Film: Aamir Khan for Taare Zameen Par
                    Best Actor (Female): Kareena Kapoor for Jab We Met    Best Female Debutant: Deepika for Om Shanti Om.

                    80th Annual Academy Awards
                                US directors                                                    David Parker, Kirk
                                Ethan (L) and Joel                                              Francis and Scott
                                Cohen hold their                                                Millan (order
                                Oscars for                                                      unknown) share the
                                Achievement in
                                                                                                Academy Award for
                                Directing as well
                                                                                                Best Achievement in
                                as Adapted
                                Screenplay for                                                  Sound for "The
                                'No Country for                                                 Bourne Ultimatum"
                                Old Men'

                                                                                            What are the Oscars ?
                                                                                    The Oscars are the biggest film awards in the
                                                                                    world. They've been going since 1929 and are
                                                                                    the awards that everyone in the movie busi-
                                                                                    ness want to win, whether they work in front of
                                                                                    the camera or behind it. They're organised by
                                                                                    the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and
                                                                                    Sciences. Different types of film from all over
                                                                                    the world are also recognised, with categories
                                                                                    including best animation, best documentary
                                                                                    and best foreign language film. The 80th Acad-
                                                                                    emy Awards will be held on Sunday, 24 Febru-
      Best Actor                  Best Actress              Best Supporting Actor   ary 2008 in Hollywood, California. At the first
   Daniel Day-Lewis,             Marion Cotillard               Javier Bardem,      Academy Awards ceremony in 1929, 270 guests
 "There Will Be Blood”             "Môme, La”              "No Country for Old Men” attended and tickets cost $5.
                                                                                                                                Pg 11
Young Minds, New Delhi February 28 - March 5, 2008                                                   

                                 OUR ENVIRONMENT

                         Save Power, Protect your planet                                                                          Switch o the
                                                                                                                                light every time
                                                                                 Ask Mom or Dad to                                 you leave a
                                                                                    turn o the car                                    room.
                                                                                 instead of letting it
                                                                                   idle while you're

                           Replace incandescent light
  Place your desk next     bulbs with compact uores-
  to a window and use     cent ones. They last up to ten
      natural light.       times longer and can use a
                              quarter of the energy.

                            Keep those fans
                          buzzing in summer
                         instead of turning on            Close your curtains to keep out
                          the air conditioner.         daytime summer heat or keep in night
                                                               time winter warmth.

                                     What is Oil?
                                     Oil is a liquid formed from ancient plants and animals
                                     which have been turned to rock (fossilised) over millions
                                     of years. Oil rises up through the earth and underground
                                     lakes of it form when the oil comes up against types of
                                     rock which won't let it pass. Pipes are drilled down under
                                     the land or sea to where the oil lies sandwiched between
                                     layers of rock. The oil is pumped up to the surface and
                                     transported by tankers or pipelines. Oil is a non-
                                     renewable fossil fuel, that means if we use it all up we
                                     can't get any more. Burning oil releases the greenhouse
                                     gas carbon dioxide. The price of oil goes up and down a
                                     lot, that makes it hard for power companies to plan
                                     ahead. The supply can also be interrupted by war as lots
                                     of oil comes from parts of the world where there is
                                     con ict.
                                                                                                         What is Coal?
                                  What is Natural Gas?                                               Coal is formed from ancient pla
                                                                                                     that have been squashed for
                                  Natural gas is formed by the decay of plants and animals.          millions of years under very thi
                                                                                                     layers of rock. These fossili  sed
                                  Gas from living things that died millions of years ago gets                                            and
                                  trapped between seams of rock under the earth's surface.           ancient forests can be dug up
                                  Pipes are sunk into the ground to release this gas, which           burned to provide heat or ele
                                  is often used in houses for heating and cooking. It's               ity. It's well established, cheap
                                  reliable and releases less of the greenhouse gas carbon             reliable but it is is a non-renew
                                                                                                                                        it all,
                                  dioxide than coal. Gas is a very cheap source of energy.            fossil fuel; when we've burnt
                                                                                                       we can't get any more.
                                                                                                                                                Pg 12
Young Minds, New Delhi February 28 - March 5, 2008                                                       

                              AMAZING ANIMALS
                                             * The most common breed of peacock is the Indian Blue.
                                             * Peacocks are members of the pheasant family.
                                             * Peacocks have an average lifespan of twenty years in the wild.
                                             * Contrary to popular belief, peacocks do fly but only for short
                                             * Peacocks do not just fan out their tails, they vibrate them too,
                                             making a rattling sound and showing off the shimmering
                                             * Peacocks have been kept as tame birds in India for over 3000

  Monster frog found by scientists.                                     Parasite disguises ant as berry
                                                                                                                          Scientists have discov-
                                                                                                                          ered a parasite that
                                                                                                                          transforms the appear-
                                                                                                                          ance of its host, an ant,
                                                                                                                          into that of a juicy red
                                                                                                                          berry that birds are more
                                                                                                                          likely to eat and disperse
                                                                                                                          into new habitats,
                                                                                                                          reports an article pub-
                                                                                                                          lished in The American
                                                                                                                          Naturalist. It is the rst
 How's this for a monster frog?
                                                                         example of fruit mimicry caused by a parasite, say the researchers who
 A 70-million-year-old fossil of the beast - which was the size of a
                                                                         discovered the parasite, a nematode or roundworm found in the canopy
 squashed beach ball - has just been uncovered. Scientists say
                                                                         of tropical forests ranging from Central America to the lowland Amazon.
 it's a relative of the present-day horned toad, which is famed for
 its bad temper. Its diet also probably included insects and
 lizards. The fossil was found in Madagascar by a team of UK and
 US scientists. They say the frog would have weighed about 4kg
 (9lb), with a body length of about 40cm (16 inches).
                                                                         Big budget plan to save the tiger
                                                                                                                                  A big budget
                                                                                                                                  plan to save
                            A woodpecker can peck twenty                                                                          tigers from
                                  times a second.                                                                                 extinction has
                                                                                                                                  been unveiled by
                                                                                                                                  the government
                                                                                                                                  of India. There
                                                                                                                                  are now around
                                                                                                                                  1,411 tigers in
                                                                                                                                  India - fewer than
                                                                                                                                  half the number
                                                                                                                                  living there five
  Every year, a bird called the arctic                                   years ago. In a £80m plan, the government is setting up new parks for
   tern migrates from the Arctic to                                      the animals, and will get retired soldiers to work in them to keep the
   the edges of Antarctic and back                                       animals safe. There are also big concerns about tigers in Sumatra,
  again! That could be a round trip                                      Indonesia - where only 400 to 500 of the beasts are left. Sumatran
    journey of 40,000 km (25,000                                         tigers are some of the most endangered in the world. They are at threat
   miles)! This bird actually enjoys                                     because people think parts of them can be used to make medicine.
      two summers every year.
                                                                         Across Asia there are now 3,500 tigers, compared to around 5,000 in
         A hummingbird's heart beats                                     1997. It will take the Indian government five years to set up the new
             1,400 times a minute.                                       parks, also called reserves.
                                                                                                                                                 Pg 13
Young Minds, New Delhi February 28 - March 5, 2008                                                     

                                      Active Minds & Active Bodies


Singapore will host the rst Youth Olympics in 2010 after the city-state won 53 out of 97 postal votes, It was awarded by the The International
Olympic Committee. Moscow,the other contender won 44 votes. The new event, is designed to generate enthusiasm among the world's teen-
agers who in recent years have turned away from the Games in greater numbers raising the average age of Olympics' television viewers.
Singapore will host the Games that will have about 3,200 athletes, aged 14-18, competing in 26 sports and will cost about $30 million.

What is your favourite sport?
1. Athletics, 2. Football, 3. Badminton, 4. Swimming, 5. Cycling

Who is M.C Mary Kom?                                             Venus Falls in Cellular South Cup Opener
                                             Mary who?
                                             Twenty- ve-
                                             year-old M.C
                                             Mary Kom from
                                             Manipur has
                                             won the world
                                             boxing champi-
                                             onship not
                                             once, not twice
                                             but thrice in the
                                             46 kilogram
                                             (Boxers of
 similar body weight compete in a category.)
 Mary won the three titles consecutively or in three
 straight years. She won her titles in Turkey in 2004, in        Top seed and defending champion Venus Williams was upset in the opening
 Russia in 2005 and in Delhi in 2007. How many of us know        round of the WTA's Cellular South Cup Tuesday night by quali er Petra Kvitova.
 of the achievements of this powerhouse of punches who           The 17-year-old Kvitova won only the second WTA Tour match of her career,
 comes from a remote village in the northeastern state of        stunning Williams, the winner of four Wimbledon titles, 2-6, 6-4, 6-3.
 Answers to Healthy living Quiz on page 8
 1. B, 2. B, 3. C, 4. C, 5. D, 6. B                                                                                                         Pg 14
Young Minds, New Delhi February 28 - March 5, 2008                                                  

                          Active Minds & Active Bodies

 Tendulkar and Praveen inspire India to
 series triumph

     Harbhajan Singh exults after the win, Australia v India, CB
            Series, 2nd nal, Brisbane, March 4, 2008

                                                                      An o cial restrains Adam Gilchrist
                                                                   following an altercation with a camera-
                                                                    man, Australia v India, CB Series, 2nd
                                                                         nal, Brisbane, March 4, 2008

                                                               India 9 for 258 (Tendulkar 91, Bracken 3-31, Clarke
                                                               3-52) beat Australia 249 (Hopes 63, Hayden 55, Praveen
                                                               4-46) by 9 runs

                                                             In the nal installment of its 29-year existence, a series that has become a part
                                                             of Australia's summer culture came to a climactic end with a tting humdinger
                                                             at the Gabba. Twenty-three years after India's last signi cant limited-overs title
                                                             in Australia, Sachin Tendulkar helped script another memorable chapter with an
  Yuvraj Singh and Praveen Kumar combine to dismiss Ricky innings of skill and determination. There was to be no repeat of his twin centu-
   Ponting, Australia v India, CB Series, 2nd nal, Brisbane, ries against Australia in 1998, but his 91 set up a total which, backed by Praveen
                         March 4, 2008                       Kumar's subtle-swinging accuracy, proved nine runs too much for Australia.

Williams sisters aim to win doubles title in Bangalore                                                          PAES TO STAY AS TEAM
                                                                                                                LEADER FOR NOW
                                                                                                                The All India Tennis Associa-
                                                                                                                tion (AITA) has decided not to
                                                                                                                take any decision on players'
                                                                                                                revolt against Davis Cup team
                                                                                                                skipper Leander Paes till April.
                                                                                                                Hence, Paes will lead the team
                                                                                                                against Japan in April. The
                                                                                                                AITA says there will be no
                                                                                                                change in India's Davis Cup
                                                                                                                squad against Japan and has
 Dubai, Feb 28: Sania Mirza squandered one set advantage                                                        also requested Paes and
 to go down ghting against fourth seed Jelena Jankovic                                                          Mahesh Bhupathi to play
 of Serbia 6-4 3-6 4-6 to crash out of the USD 1,500,000                                                        together in the Beijing Olym-
 Dubai Tennis Championships. Sania, who pulled o a                                                              pics which is to be held from
 7-6(5) 6-2 win over Russian quali er Vera Dushevina in the                                                     August 8-24, 2008.
 opening round, found her touch early in the second round
 match, sending down her trademark forehand volleys to
 unsettle her higher ranked rival to go one set up.                                                                                       Pg 15
Young Minds, New Delhi February 28 - March 5, 2008                                                     

                                       OUR PAGE
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Rock Climbing                                                                                   Why did the child bring his car to school?
Daily until April, call for timimgs                                                             Because he wanted to drive the teacher up
Introduce your kids to advanture activities at Dhauj,                                           the wall!!!
seven Km from the Chhattarpur border. Camp Wild
conducts rock climbing cources for children aged 10+,
depending on the individual child’s fitness levelThe
course includes learning to tie knot, rapelling,
river-crossing and different techniques of climbing.
Holyday moods, 3/6 DB Gupta Road,
Paharganj (6545-7730). Starting from Rs. 850 per child.
Art Classes                                                                                                                               KIDS
Mon, Wed and Fri, 4-5pm, 5-6 pm
One of the other oldest art institutions in Delhi,
Triveni Kala Sangam offers Classes for children in
drawing and painting. Children aged 6+.
Traveni Kala Sangam, 205 Tansen Marg (2371-8833).                                                      DO YOU WANT TO
Fee: adimission Rs. 1100 (including Rs 250 refundable
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Bal Bhavan Classes                                                                               written and edited by CHILDREN.
Tue- Sat 9am-5.30pm                                                                              Ten guest editors are invited every
The National Bal Bhavan has regular classes                                                      Tuesday. If you wish to participate in
throughout the year for children up to age of 16.                                                the edition of Young Minds, please
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Answers to Space Quiz on page 9
                                                                                                will be 7 Rs, 3. Americans Indians, or Native Ameri-
                                               Cost of annual subscription in Rs. 260/- only
                                                                                                1. Di erent strokes for di erent folks., 2. The change
1. B, 2. B, 3. A, 4. B, 5. A,                                                                   Answer                                                   Pg 16

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