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Present Perfect Subjunctive ~ Perfecto de subjuntivo The present perfect subjunctive, also known as the past or perfect subjunctive, is used when a verb or expression requiring the subjunctive in the main clause is in the present, future, or present perfect. You might notice that the same definition holds true for the regular (present) subjunctive, so what is the difference? The present subjunctive is used when the dependent clause is in the present or future, while the present perfect subjunctive is used when the dependent clause is in the past. For example, if you want to say, "I doubt you'll do it," you'd use the present subjunctive: Dudo que lo hagas. But if you wanted to say "I doubt that you did it," you'd use the present perfect subjunctive: Dudo que lo hayas hecho. Another example: "It's good that he is studying" - Es bueno que estudie vs "It's good that he studied" - Es bueno que haya estudiado. Pluscuamperfecto de Subjuntivo - Spanish Pluperfect Subjunctive The pluperfect tense of the subjunctive mood is used to express the same subjectivity as the present subjunctive, but at a point before another action in the past. The pluperfect subjunctive is used in three main ways: 1. To express subjectivity in the past after the same verbs, impersonal expressions, and conjunctions as the present subjunctive. For the pluperfect subjunctive to be needed, the verb in the main clause has to be in one of the following tenses/moods: preterite, imperfect, or conditional. Quería que tú lo hubieras hecho. I wanted you to do it. Fue una lástima que no hubiera podido It was too bad that he could not come. venir. Estaba triste de oír que su padre hubiera It was sad to hear that his father had muerto. died. 2. To express a wish, after ojalá que, that something had happened differently in the past. Ojalá que hubiera ido. I wish he had come. Ojalá que hubiéramos podido verlo. If only we could have seen it. 3. In conditional sentences (si clauses). Si hubiera sabido, habría ido contigo. If I had known, I would have gone with you.
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