TEMA 1 by cuiliqing

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									                                                             Inglés ESO. Nivel 1 – Bloque 6


                                        TEMA 1

1. TV

When in 1932 BBC's TV public service began not many people had the opportunity to
watch it; there weren’t many TV sets available and they were very expensive, they were
as expensive as a small car.
Today, a great number of families all over the world have more than one TV set in their
houses.
Many years ago the central figure of a sitting-room was the table around which family
life moved. Sitting around the table parents and children had their meals, talked about
their interests, read papers or stories but, above all, listened to the others, there was
communication!
Today the central figure is… the TV screen! The bigger, the better! (¡cuanto más
grande …mejor!).
Many families today spend more hours watching TV than talking to each other or
playing games, or reading or writing and therefore TV becomes their main source of
information, communication and… education?. Whether this is good or bad, it is a
question that each of us should answer.


2. DID

         En este punto estudiaremos el Pasado Simple, pero veamos primero un ejemplo
en Presente Simple.

Algo que sabemos hacer en presente:

Sujeto + verbo para la oración afirmativa

Sujeto + Do/Does + not + forma base para la transformación negativa

Do/Does + Sujeto + forma base del verbo + ? para la interrogativa

                                 You work in the school

                             You do not work in the school

                              Do you work in the school?



         Pues bien, vayamos ahora con el PASADO:

Usamos el pasado para hablar de situaciones que ocurrieron hace un tiempo.

Normalmente usamos adverbios de tiempo para apoyar la frase como:
Ayer/Yesterday, la semana pasada/Last week. etc.




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                                                           Inglés ESO. Nivel 1 – Bloque 6


       La FORMA AFIRMATIVA con el pasado del verbo conjugado.




- En el caso de los verbos regulares se forma añadiendo "ed" al verbo

Si el verbo acaba en consonante + y la y se transforma en i al formar el pasado

                                     Cry+ed = cried

Si el verbo acaba en e, se le añade sólo d.

                                  decide+ed = decided

- Para los verbos irregulares, usa la segunda columna de la listas de verbos




       La FORMA NEGATIVA se forma con didn't y el infinitivo del verbo
conjugado.




       La FORMA INTERROGATIVA se hace con el auxiliar did y el infinitivo del
verbo conjugado




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                                                         Inglés ESO. Nivel 1 – Bloque 6




      El Pasado Simple se usa para describir sucesos del pasado, así pues va
frecuentemente acompañado de adverbios de tiempo.

      Yesterday                Ayer
     Last night                A noche
     Last year                 El año pasado
     Last week                 La semana pasada
     Last weekend              El fin de semana pasado
     Last month                El mes pasado




            Yo comí                      I ate
            Tu comiste                   you ate
            El comió                     He ate
            Ella comió                   She ate
            Ello comió                   It ate
            Nosotros comimos             We ate



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                                                               Inglés ESO. Nivel 1 – Bloque 6


            Vosotros comisteis               You ate
            Ellos comieron                   They ate




                             No comí         I didn't eat
                             No comiste      you didn't eat
                             No comió (él)   He didn't eat
                             No comió (ella) She didn't eat
                             No comió(ello) It didn't eat
                             No comimos      we didn't eat
                             No comisteis    you didn't eat
                             No comieron     They didn't eat




                         ¿Comí yo?               Did I eat?
                         ¿Comiste tu?            Did you eat?
                         ¿Comió el?              Did he eat?
                         ¿Comió ella?            Did she eat?
                         ¿Comió ello?            Did it eat?
                         ¿Comimos nosotros? Did we eat?
                         ¿Comisteis vosotros? Did you eat?
                         ¿Comieron ellos?        Did they eat?



3. TV and family life

A BIT OF VOCABULARY

                 A.= Adjective (adjetivo); ADV.= Adverb. (adverbio);

                        N.= Noun (nombre); V.=Verb (verbo)

- a comercial: N. an advertisement on TV (American English)

              Un anuncio en la television




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                                                              Inglés ESO. Nivel 1 – Bloque 6


- a couch potato: N. a lazy person who sits around all day watching TV

                     Alguien perezoso que se pasa el día sentado viendo la tele

- a documentary: N. an educational TV programme or movie (film) usually describing
nature or history.

                     Documental

- to kick back: V. to sit in a big comfortable chair or lie on a couch and relax

                  Estar tumbado

- nope: this is an informal way of saying “no”

         No (en charlas informales)

- prime-time: A. between 8:00 p.m. and 11:00 p.m. every night (referring to the TV
schedule)

               N. referring to TV, time from 8pm to 11pm every night

               Las horas de más audiencia en la tele y en las que se pasan los
programas con más aceptación.

Ahora lee este diálogo y trata de localizar en él las palabras de vocabulario que te
hemos ofrecido.

Janet: Let's do something! Why don't we go out for dinner or go dancing.
Jack: I'm watching TV.
Janet: You're always watching TV. Stop being such a couch potato. Get up, and let's
do something!
Jack: I am doing something. I'm watching TV.
Janet: You're always watching some stupid sitcom. It's a waste of time, and a waste of
brain power.
Jack: Sometimes it's nice just to kick back, relax and laugh a little. There is nothing
wrong with a little comedy in one's life. In fact, that's why I married you.
Janet: Ha, ha! VERY FUNNY!
Jack: Besides, I am watching something serious.
Janet: What? I bet it's some ridiculous drama with perfect looking people complaining
about the trials and tribulations of daily life.
Jack: Nope, wrong again.
Janet: Then it must be a prime-time news program describing how some woman went
crazy and killed her husband.



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                                                            Inglés ESO. Nivel 1 – Bloque 6


Jack: No, I watched that last night. You had better guess quickly - the commercials are
almost over.
Janet: Is it a murder mystery? Or some science fiction show like Star Trek?
Jack: No.
Janet: A game show where they test your knowledge of useless trivia?
Jack: No, it's a documentary on dolphins in the Caribbean.
Janet: Hey, that sounds interesting!
Jack: Why don't we make some popcorn and then watch the rest of it together.



                               ACTIVIDADES TEMA 1

1. Make these sentences negative or interrogative.

- Mary did her homework yesterday evening (negative)

 _____________________________________________________________________

- Janet and her sister bought (pasado de Buy= comprar, verbo irregular) a new house
last year (negative)

 _____________________________________________________________________

- They went to Madrid in January (interrogative)

 _____________________________________________________________________

- She phoned me yesterday (interrogative)

 _____________________________________________________________________

- Jane’s brother worked in a Bank last summer (negative)

 _____________________________________________________________________

- Yesterday my friends and I attended a very interesting lecture (interrogative)

 _____________________________________________________________________

- There were some books on a desk (interrogative)

 _____________________________________________________________________

- They asked us many questions (negative)

 _____________________________________________________________________




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                                                         Inglés ESO. Nivel 1 – Bloque 6


Tarea

2. Une las preguntas con sus correspondientes respuestas.

Do John and Hellen like comedy programs? -She likes dramas and soap operas
Why does John not like The Simpsons?     -Because they're exciting.
What kind of TV programmes does Hellen -When the family watches TV they usually
like?                                    watch cartoons, travelling and nature
                                         programmes
What kind of TV programmes does John -Because he finds them boring, repetitive
like?                                    and extravagant. He doesn't think that they
                                         are the true image of an ordinary American
                                         family.
What programmes do they usually watch -Yes, they do. They think that Comedy
with their children?                     shows are funny and relaxing. They often
                                         watch comedy programmes after dinner,
                                         when their children are in bed.
Why do the children like nature          - He likes documentary programmes
programmes?                              because they are interesting, the News and
                                         all the sports programmes.


3. Con la información obtenida uniendo las preguntas y respuestas del ejercicio 2,
completa esta breve redacción.

John and Hellen Smith and their children have one TV set in their house and they
always watch TV together... well, the parents watch TV for a Langer time than children
and they also watch different programmes.

John Smith likes ________________________________________________________
and he doesn’t like _______________________________________________________
because    _____________________________________________________________
and Hellen likes _________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
When they are with their children they watch __________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
Sometimes, at night, when the children are in bed John and Hellen watch ___________
______________________________________________________________________
____________because ___________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________



                         PARA APRENDER HAZLO TÚ


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                                                            Inglés ESO. Nivel 1 – Bloque 6


       Con los ejercicios que te ofrecemos a continuación pretendemos que afiances
conceptos gramaticales fundamentales que hemos repasado en este Tema y que
practiques las formas negativa e interrogativa del Pasado Simple.

1. Completa el diálogo:

JANE: Hi, Bob! Where ___________(BE)you last night at half past eight? We
_____________(PHONE)you at that time and you______                  _______ _________
(ANSWER)

BOB: Let me see..., last night at half past eight... I _______ (BE) at home but I
_________ (BE) repairing one of the shelves in the garage and I ________ (BE) using
an electric screw-driver and an electric drill, that's perhaps the reason why I _________
_________       _____________(HEAR)the         phone.   And...   what   _________YOU
__________(WANT)?

JANE: Well, I ___________(BE) phoning because Phil and I __________(WANT)you
to come with Brian and us to a premiere.

BOB: ..... a premiere?

JANE: Yes, Phil's boss ___________(HAVE) four invitations to the premiere of
Almodovar's new film "Broken Hugs" but his wife WAS ill and they couldn't go so, he
_________(GIVE)them to Phil and we __________(THINK) that because Brian and
you ____________(LIKE) Almodovar's films so much you would be very pleased to
come with us.

BOB: What a pity! And... _________YOU _____________(CONTACT) Brian?

JANE: Yes, of course we _________and we _____________(HAVE) a wonderful time
together. The film is really good!

2. Traduce al inglés las siguientes frases:

1.- Ayer por la noche mis padres y yo vimos una película muy buena en la televisión.

2.- El jefe de mi hermano nos dio dos entradas para el teatro

3.- No fuimos al cine, fuimos al teatro

4.- ¿Me llamaste por teléfono ayer por la noche?

5.- No sabemos cuando estuvo en Londres pero creemos que fue el año pasado


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                                                           Inglés ESO. Nivel 1 – Bloque 6


1. ____________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________

2. ____________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________

3. ____________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________

4. ____________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________

5. ____________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________

3. Reescribe el siguiente texto pero en Presente Simple.

This is what Jane Smith did yesterday. In the morning, she got up at a quarter to six and
had a quick shower, after that she went to the kitchen and got her breakfast ready. When
she was about to finish her breakfast her little dog appeared in the kitchen. She looked
in the cupboard for some food for her dog and put it in his bowl. The dog had his
breakfast and they both went to the park for a walk. They arrived back home at half past
seven and Jane got dressed and went to work. She came back home at five in the
evening and took Krat, her dog, for a walk.




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