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Tables of Specific Renewable Energy Tariffs _Excel_ xls - Wind Works

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Tables of Specific Renewable Energy Tariffs _Excel_ xls - Wind Works Powered By Docstoc
					Renewable Energy Tariffs Worldwide

1-Nov-11
These tables summarize tariffs for
different technologies in different
countries, and in states and
provinces, as well as provide an
overview of program details. These
tables are updated as information
becomes available or is thought
pertinent to the disc
For details on the programs in
specific countries see the country
specific information on the the Wind-
Works web site or follow the links
provided in the tables.
Note: In many programs the
tariffs change at the beginning of
the new year. Some tariffs
increase, some decrease. This is
especially significant for solar PV
tariffs. Many programs decrease
the solar PV tariffs substantially
every year as the costs for so


http://www.wind-works.org/articles/feed_laws.html

For questions about these tables contact:
Paul Gipe
606 Hillcrest Dr.
Bakersfield, CA 93305
pgipe@igc.org
www.wind-works.org
661 325 9590
Currency Exchange Rate
    24-Sep-11
              € (Euro) $ (CAD) $ (USD)
                  1      1.3873  1.34962   1.1369   0.0167
 ##########
The
following
exchange
rates are not
updated on
a regular
basis.
                         1€=
Algeria         DZD     99.5060
Australia      $AUS      1.3805
Bulgaria        Leva     1.9542
Cayman IslandsKYD        1.1892
Chile           CLP 697.0680
China           CNY      8.6219
Croatia         HRK      7.4825
Czech RepublicCZK       24.6383
Denmark         DKK      7.4414
Great Britain ^(GBP)     0.8731
India           INR     66.5942
Iran            IRR ########
Israel          NIS      4.9979
Japan           JPY 103.3740
Kenya           KES 133.2830
Lithuania       LTL      3.4528
Malaysia       MYR       4.2718
Mongolia       MNT ########
New Zealand $NZD         1.7389
Pakistan        PKR 119.6980
Philippines     Php     58.7524
South Africa ZAR        10.9326
Sri Lanka       LKR 148.1030
Switzerland     CHF      1.2218
Taiwan         TWD      40.9526
Tanzania        TZS ########
Thailand        THB     41.7192
Ukraine         UAH     10.7970
Vietnam         VND     28193.56
Maldives       MVR      20.8848
http://www.xe
.com/ucc/con
vert.cgi
 Price Summary for Small Wind
                Tariffs
20-Sep-11
Selected programs with
contract terms of 15 years or
longer.
Jurisdiction                      Years€/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Portugal <3.68 kW (Microgenerator) 15 0.43    0.599  0.583
Nova Scotia                         20 0.360  0.499  0.485
Britain 1.5 kW-15 kW                20 0.321  0.445  0.433
Israel <50 kW                       20 0.320  0.444  0.432
Britain >15 kW<100 kW               20 0.290  0.402  0.391
Israel <15 kW                       20 0.250  0.347  0.338
Greece <50 kW                       20 0.250  0.347  0.337
Switzerland <10 kW                  20 0.244  0.339  0.330
Italy <1 MW                         15 0.220  0.305  0.297
Vermont <15 kW                      20 0.148  0.206  0.200
Hawaii <100 kW                       20 0.102 0.142  0.138
Slovenia <50 kW                      15 0.095 0.132  0.129
Denmark <25 kW Maximum              20 0.081  0.112  0.109
                                              Minimu
                                              m Wind
 Wind Tariffs                                 Tariff at
  Worldwide                                   Windiest
   Summary                                      Sites
20-Sep-11                                     #######
Selected
programs
with
contract
terms of 15
years or
longer.
Jurisdiction    Years €/kWh CAD/kWh USD/kWh              Years€/kWhCAD/kWh
                                              Jurisdiction                 USD/kWh
Cyprus             20   0.166 0.230   0.224   Germany     6-20 0.049 0.068   0.066
Rhode Island       15   0.099 0.137   0.134   France     11-15 0.028 0.039   0.038
Ontario           20    0.097 0.135   0.131
Bulgaria           15   0.096 0.134   0.130
Slovenia           15   0.095 0.132   0.129
Nova Scotia        20   0.094 0.131   0.127
Vermont            20   0.093 0.128   0.125
Uganda             20   0.092 0.127   0.124
Spain Maximum      20   0.091 0.126   0.122
Czech Republic     15   0.091 0.126   0.122
Germany           20    0.089 0.124   0.121
Greece Mainland    20   0.088 0.121   0.118
Luxembourg         15   0.082 0.114   0.111
France            15    0.082 0.114   0.111
Slovakia           15   0.081 0.112   0.109
Portugal           15   0.074 0.103   0.100
Ecuador            15   0.068 0.094   0.091
Ireland            15   0.066 0.092   0.090
Offhsore Wind Tariffs
 Worldwide Summary
20-Sep-11

Selected programs
with contract terms
of 15 years or longer.
Jurisdiction           Years€/kWhCAD/kWh USD/kWh
                         20
Germany with Sprinter Bonus 0.190  0.264   0.256
Spain (Maximum)          20 0.177  0.246   0.239
Germany                  20 0.150  0.208   0.202
Ireland                  15 0.140  0.194   0.189
France                   15 0.130  0.180   0.175
Greece                   20 0.097  0.135   0.131
Denmark (Maximum)        20 0.083  0.116   0.112
Geother
  mal
 Tariffs
Worldwi
   de
Summar
    y
#######


Selected
program
s with
contract
terms of
15 years
or
longer.
JurisdictionYears€/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Switzerland 20 0.489    0.678  0.660
Germany        20 0.250 0.347  0.337
France        15 0.200  0.277  0.270
Italy<1 MW 15 0.200     0.277  0.270
Slovakia       15 0.196 0.272  0.264
Slovenia       15 0.152 0.212  0.206
Greece        20 0.150  0.208  0.202
Ecuador        15 0.098 0.136  0.132
Spain          20 0.074 0.103  0.100
Kenya          20 0.063 0.087  0.085
Uganda         20 0.057 0.079  0.077
  Biomass
    Tariffs
 Worldwide
  Summary
20-Sep-11
Selected
programs
with
contract
terms of 15
years or
longer.
Jurisdiction    Years€/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Italy              15 0.220 0.305  0.297
Czech Republic     15 0.186 0.258  0.251
Spain              15 0.172 0.238  0.232
Austria            15 0.150 0.208  0.202
Luxembourg         15 0.144 0.200  0.194
Cyprus             15 0.135 0.187  0.182
Nova Scotia        20 0.126 0.175  0.170
France             20 0.125 0.173  0.169
Portugal           25 0.119 0.165  0.161
Slovakia           15 0.113 0.157  0.153
Bulgaria           15 0.112 0.155  0.151
Great Britain      15 0.103 0.143  0.139
Ontario            20 0.099 0.138  0.134
Vermont            20 0.093 0.128  0.125
Ireland            15 0.083 0.115  0.112
Greece Mainland    20 0.081 0.113  0.110
Uganda             20 0.076 0.106  0.103
Malaysia           16 0.073 0.101  0.098
     Biogas Tariffs
 Worldwide Summary
20-Sep-11
Selected programs
with contract terms of
15 years or longer.
Jurisdiction              Years€/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Switzerland <100 kW          20 0.305 0.424  0.412
Italy                        15 0.280 0.388  0.378
Greece < 2 MW                20 0.220 0.305  0.297
Bulgaria <150 kW             15 0.217 0.301  0.293
Austria <250 kW              15 0.185 0.257  0.250
France <150 kW               20 0.161 0.223  0.217
Great Britain <250 kW        20 0.160 0.222  0.216
Slovenia >50 kW<1,000 kW     15 0.156 0.217  0.211
Luxembourg >150 kW<300 kW    20 0.149 0.206  0.201
Germany <150 kW              20 0.143 0.198  0.193
Spain <500 kW                15 0.141 0.196  0.190
Ontario <100 kW              20 0.141 0.195  0.190
Slovakia                     15 0.126 0.175  0.170
Ireland                      15 0.120 0.166  0.162
Vermont                      20 0.119 0.164  0.160
Portugal                     15 0.115 0.160  0.155
Cyprus                       20 0.115 0.159  0.155
Uganda                       20 0.085 0.118  0.115
Malaysia <4 MW               16 0.075 0.104  0.101
       Hydro Tariffs
  Worldwide Summary
20-Sep-11
Selected programs
with contract terms of
15 years or longer.
Jurisdiction               Years€/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Switzerland <50 kW            25 0.244 0.339  0.330
Hawaii All Islands            20 0.158 0.219  0.213
Great Britain >100 kW<2 MW    20 0.132 0.183  0.178
Germany                       20 0.127 0.176  0.171
Czech Republic                15 0.122 0.169  0.164
Portugal                      25 0.119 0.165  0.161
Bulgaria                      15 0.114 0.158  0.154
Slovenia                      15 0.105 0.146  0.142
Luxembourg                    15 0.104 0.145  0.141
Nova Scotia                   20 0.101 0.140  0.136
Ontario                       40 0.094 0.131  0.127
Vermont                       20 0.093 0.128  0.125
Greece Mainland               20 0.088 0.122  0.119
Spain                         25 0.084 0.117  0.114
Ireland                       15 0.083 0.115  0.112
Uganda                        20 0.081 0.112  0.109
Malaysia                      21 0.056 0.078  0.076
France                        20 0.055 0.076  0.074
Slovakia                      15 0.061 0.085  0.082
Ecuador                       15 0.053 0.074  0.072
 Wave and Tidal
    Tariffs
  Worldwide
   Summary

Selected
programs with
contract terms
of 15 years or
longer.
Jurisdiction          Years€/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Nova Scotia              20 0.470 0.652  0.634
Italy                    15 0.340 0.472  0.459
Portugal First 5 MW      15 0.260 0.361  0.351
Ireland                  15 0.220 0.305  0.297
 Price Summary
   for Solar PV
      Tariffs
    Worldwide
20-Sep-11                           1.387    1.350
Selected
programs with
contract terms
of 15 years or
longer.
Jurisdiction      Years€/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh

Small or Non-Differentiated
Switzterland         25 0.590        0.819    0.796
Ontario MicroFIT     20 0.578        0.802    0.780
Great Britain        20 0.425        0.584    0.606
France               20 0.288        0.564    0.548
Bulgaria             25 0.389        0.539    0.525
Luxembourg           15 0.382        0.530    0.516
Slovakia             15 0.382        0.530    0.516
Italy September 2011 20 0.361        0.501    0.487
Cyprus               20 0.360        0.499    0.486
Israel               20 0.334        0.464    0.451
Slovenia             15 0.332        0.461    0.449
Czech Republic       20 0.304        0.422    0.411
Ecuador              15 0.297        0.411    0.400
Malaysia             21 0.288        0.399    0.389
Germany              20 0.287        0.399    0.388
Uganda               20 0.268        0.372    0.362
Rhode Island         15 0.247        0.343    0.334
Gainesville, FL      20 0.237        0.329    0.320
Vermont              25 0.222        0.308    0.300
Hawaii All Islands   20 0.162        0.224    0.218

Large
Switzterland           25   0.353    0.490    0.477
Ontario                20   0.319    0.443    0.431
Israel                 20   0.298    0.414    0.402
Slovenia               15   0.288    0.399    0.388
Italy September 2011   20   0.264    0.366    0.356
Germany                20   0.221    0.306    0.298
Malaysia               21   0.199    0.276    0.269
France <12 MW          20   0.114    0.158    0.154
    Typical
Contract Term
 in Years for
  Renewable
     Tariffs
20-Sep-11

Selected
programs for
illustrative
purposes only.
Jurisdiction      Wind             Solar PVHydro BiogasBiomassGeothermal
                       Offshore Wind                                   Wave-Tidal
Austria            13       n/a       13    n/a    15     15      13      n/a
Belgium            10       10        10    10     10     10      10      10
Bulgaria           15       n/a       25    15     15     15     n/a      n/a
Croatia            10       n/a       10    10     n/a    10      10      n/a
Cyprus             20       n/a       20    n/a    20     20     n/a      n/a
Czech Republic 15           n/a       15    15     n/a    15     n/a      n/a
France             20       20        20    20     15     20      15      n/a
                   n/a
Gainesville, Florida        n/a       20    n/a    n/a    n/a    n/a      n/a
Germany            20       20        20    20     20     20      20      n/a
Great Britain      20       n/a       25    20     20     15     n/a      n/a
Greece             20       20       20-25 20      20     20      20      n/a
Hawaii             20       n/a       20    20     n/a    n/a    n/a      n/a
Ireland            15       15        n/a   15     n/a    15     n/a      15
Israel             20       n/a       20    n/a    n/a    n/a    n/a      n/a
Kenya              20       n/a       20    20     20     20      20      n/a
Latvia             20       n/a       20    20     20     20     n/a      n/a
Lithuania          10       n/a       10    10     n/a    10     n/a      n/a
Luxembourg         15       n/a       15    15     20     15     n/a      n/a
Malaysia           n/a      n/a       21    21     16     16     n/a      n/a
Mongolia           10       n/a       10    10     n/a    n/a    n/a      n/a
Nova Scotia        20       n/a       n/a   20     n/a    20     n/a      20
Ontario            20       20        20    40     20     20     n/a      n/a
Philippines        12       n/a       12    12     n/a    n/a    n/a      12
Portugal           15       n/a       15    25     15     25      12      15
Serbia             12       n/a       12    12     12     12      12      n/a
Slovakia           15       n/a       15    15     15     15      15      n/a
Slovenia           15       n/a       15    15     15     15      15      n/a
Switzerland        20       n/a       25    25     20     20      20      n/a
Thailand           10       n/a       10     7      7      7     n/a      n/a
Turkey             10       n/a       10    10     n/a    10      10      n/a
Uganda             20       n/a       20    20     20     20      20      n/a
Vermont            20       n/a       25    20     20     20     n/a      n/a
newable Tariffs Program Size or Limit (MW)
Renewable Tariff Adjustments for Inflation
      Selected programs for
      illustrative purposes
      only.
      Ontario SOC & FIT                             20%
      France                                     60%-70%
      Spain                             75% to 2012, 50% post 2012
      Greece                                        25%
      Ireland                                      100%
      California FSO4                      Ramped for Inflation
      FSO4: Final Standard Offer Contract (Never Implemented).
Renewable Energy Tariffs in Algeria

                                             99.5 1.387  1.350
                    Years% of Base RateDZD €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Base Rate                               3.5 0.035
Wind Energy                      300%       0.106  0.146  0.142
Solar Photovoltaics              300%       0.106  0.146  0.142
Concentrating Solar              200%       0.070  0.098  0.095
Hydro                            100%       0.035  0.049  0.047
Waste                            200%       0.070  0.098  0.095
Decree 04-92, 2004.
Projects must be <50 MW.
Feed-in Tariff in Armenia
9/20/2011 0:00
                                       1.38725 1.3496
                 Years Drams/kWh€/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Renewable Energy
              Through 2016  17.2 0.037    0.051  0.050


http://www.ebrdrenewables.com/sites/renew/countries/Armenia/default.aspx
Proposed Advanced Renewable Tariffs in Argentina
Needs updated.
                                   1.3873 1.3496
               YearsPeso/kWh€/kWh CAD/kWh USD/kWh
Wind Energy                  0.054   0.075 0.073

Proposed 500 MW              0.082   0.113   0.110
     20-May-09
8% supply in 10 years

Camara Argentina de Generadores Eolicos (CADGE)
http://www.cadge.org.ar/
Solar PV Feed-in Tariff in the Australian Capitol Territory

                                   1.380 1.387  1.350
               Years Hours AUD/kWh€/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Solar PV <30 kW ?            0.505 0.366  0.507  0.494
www.act.gov.au
Proposed Solar PV Feed-in Tariff in South Australia*

                     1.380 1.387   1.350
        YearsAUD/kWh€/kWhCAD/kWh  USD/kWh
Solar PV   5    0.44 0.319  0.442   0.430

http://www.climatechange.sa.gov.au/news/news_5.htm

*Primari
ly a
form of
net-
meterin
g. Not
a true
feed-in
tariff.
The
tariff is
paid
only on
excess
generati
on.

Cap:
10,000
systems
, 10
kW
single
phase,
30 kW
three-
phase.

Only
generati
on in
excess
of
consum
ption or
"net".
Advanced Renewable Tariffs in Austria

                         1.3873 1.3496
              Years€/kWhCAD/kWh USD/kWh
Wind Energy     13 ####   0.135   0.131
Photovoltaics
<5 kW           13 n/a    0.000   0.000 Subsidies only
5-20 kW         13 ####   0.527   0.513
>20 kW          13 ####   0.458   0.445
Sewage Gas      13 ####   0.083   0.081
Landfill Gas    13 ####   0.069   0.067
Geothermal      13 ####   0.104   0.101
Biogas
<250 kW         15 ####   0.257   0.250
250 kW-500 kW 15 ####     0.229   0.223
>500 kW         15 0.13   0.180   0.175
   CHP Bonus 15 ####      0.028   0.027
Pipeline Bonus 15 ####    0.028   0.027
Biomass
<500 kW         15 ####   0.208   0.202
500-1000 kW     15 ####   0.188   0.183
1 MW-1.5 MW     15 ####   0.182   0.177
1.5 MW-2 MW     15 ####   0.180   0.175
2 MW-5 MW       15 ####   0.170   0.165
5 MW-10 MW      15 ####   0.167   0.163
>10 MW          15 ####   0.139   0.135

Biomass Waste 15       ####     0.069     0.067 Waste with a high "biogenic" fraction.
Biomass Co-firing 15   ####     0.085     0.083
Liquid Biomass 15      ####     0.080     0.078
   CHP Bonus 15        ####     0.028     0.027

RE target 2020 4.7 TWh increase
Hydro target 20203.5 TWh increase
Wind target 2020 2.8 TWh increase


http://www.eco
fys.com/com/p
ublications/doc
uments/RE-
SHAPING_Re
newable-
Energy-Policy-
Country-
profiles-
2011.pdf

Austria is constituionally prohibited from using nuclear fission.
Population: 8.2 million.
PV generation: 13 GWh. 2004
Yields: 850-950 kWh/kW/yr.
Irradiation: 1,150-1,300 kWh/m2/yr.
Residential tariffs: 0.14-0.17 Euros/kWh.

Official details:
http://www.e-control.at/portal/page/portal/ECONTROL_HOME/OKO/EINSPEISETARIFE
Renewable Tariffs in the Cayman Islands

                              0.873   1.38725   1.34962
               Years KYD/kWh€/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Customer sited    20     0.37 0.42 0.588  0.572

Pilot program beginning February, 2011 through 2012.
Program cap: 1 MW; 70% reserved for commercial customers.
Gross feed-
in tariff:
Payment of
$0.37/kWh
offsets
consumption
 at
$0.30/kWh.
Accounts settled annually.
Term: 20 years.
Project size limit maximum: 20 kW residential; 50 kW commercial.
http://www.c
uc-
cayman.com/
PDF/off%20t
he%20wire/fi
scal%20201
1/era%20cuc
%20feed%2
0in%20tariffs
%20160211.
pdf
Renewable Tariffs in Belgium*

                                          1.3873 1.3496
                              Years €/kWh       U
                                         CAD/kWh SD/kWh
Flanders
Wind on land              10         0.09   0.125   0.121
Hydro, Tidal, & Wave      10         0.09   0.125   0.121
Biomass & Other           10         0.08   0.111   0.108
Biomass Co-firing         10         0.06   0.083   0.081
Sewage gas                10         0.06   0.083   0.081
Waste burning             10         0.06   0.083   0.081
Solid or liquid biomass   10         0.09   0.125   0.121
Biogas                    10         0.13   0.173   0.169
Photovoltaics
                     2011
<1 MW                     20         0.33   0.458   0.445
                          2
>1 MW >50% self consumption0         0.33   0.458   0.445
                          2
>1 MW <50% self consumption0         0.33   0.458   0.445
                     2012
<1 MW                     20         0.25   0.347   0.337
                          2
>1 MW >50% self consumption0         0.15   0.208   0.202
                          2
>1 MW <50% self consumption0         0.09   0.125   0.121
                     2013
<1 MW                     15         0.19   0.264   0.256
                          1
>1 MW >50% self consumption5         0.09   0.125   0.121
                          1
>1 MW <50% self consumption5         0.09   0.125   0.121

Wallonia
Wind on land                    10   0.05   0.069   0.067
Hydro, Tidal, & Wave            10   0.05   0.069   0.067
Biomass & Other                 10   0.02   0.028   0.027
Photovoltaics                   10   0.15   0.208   0.202

Federal
Wind offshore                   20   0.09   0.125   0.121
Wind on land                    10   0.05   0.069   0.067
Hydro, Tidal, & Wave            10   0.05   0.069   0.067
Biomass & Other                 10   0.02   0.028   0.027
Photovoltaics                   10   0.15   0.208   0.202
*Most authorities do not
classify the Flemish and
Walloon programs as
feed-in tariffs. The
minimum payments
under the Quota
program have been
included here because
they act like a fixed price
feed-in tariff.
http://www.ecofys.com/co
m/publications/document
s/RE-
SHAPING_Renewable-
Energy-Policy-Country-
profiles-2011.pdf

http://www.energiesparen.be/groenestroomcertificaten
Flanders wind and biomass: certificate value.
http://www.energiesparen.be/groenestroomcertificaten
http://www.cwape.be/servlet/Repository?IDR=9271
Wallonia is payment for green certificate.
Renewable Tariffs in Bosnia Herzegovina

                                   1.38725   1.34962
              Years       €/kWh CAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Renewable Energy 12        0.061  0.085  0.083
Source: Jeff Potter.

http://www.rene
wableenergywo
rld.com/rea/ne
ws/article/2010/
12/waking-
wind-in-the-
balkans-region-
offering-new-
opportunities-
in-wind
Renewable Tariffs in Brazil (Proinfa)

                   Capacity      1.3873 1.3496
              Years Factor €/kWh       U
                               CAD/kWh SD/kWh
Wind
                 20    34% 0.06      0.077    0.074
                 20    44% 0.05      0.068    0.066

Biomass          20          0.04    0.054    0.053

Hydro <30 MW 20              0.04    0.050    0.049

Source: Economics of Wind Farms in Brazil, DEWI Magazin, Nr 25, August 2004.

Contracts
awarded by
tenders
limited to
1,100 MW.
For projects
<30 MW
cost of
transportatio
n
(transmissio
n) tariff are
halved.
Tariffs a funtion of performance as indiecated.
Source for data other than wind: New Energy 3/2004.
Proinfa, only applicable to projects with 60% of value added from within Brazil.

New
Energy,
3/2006
reports wind
tariff 190
real
(€76)/MWh,
increaseds
with inflation
to 212
real/MWh.
DEWI: IRR targets, high wind: 18%; low wind: 15%.
Capacity
Factor
definition is
non-
standard,
that is, it is
slightly
different
than the
international
norm.
Tariffs increase with IGPM inflation index (100%).
http://onlinepact.org/brazil.html
Renewable Tariffs in Bulgaria

                                                       66.594 1.38725 1.34962
                                   Years HoursLeva/kWh €/kWh CAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Wind Energy                             15
<800 kW                                                            0.076      0.105       0.103
>800 kW                                      <2250                 0.096      0.134       0.130
>800 kW                                      >2250                 0.088      0.123       0.119
Photovoltaics                           25
<5 kW                                                              0.389      0.539       0.525
>5 kW                                                              0.357      0.496       0.482
Biomass                                 15
Wood wastes from pruning >5 MW                                     0.112      0.155       0.151
Wood <5 MW                                                         0.129      0.179       0.174
Wood CHP <5 MW                                                     0.147      0.204       0.199
Agricultural wastes <5 MW                                          0.086      0.119       0.116
Energy crops <5 MW                                                 0.095      0.132       0.129
Biogas                                  15
<150 kW                                                            0.217      0.301       0.293
150 kW-500 kW                                                      0.203      0.282       0.275
500 kW-5 MW                                                        0.155      0.215       0.209
Hydro                                   15
<10 MW before June 2007                                            0.058      0.080       0.078
<200 kW                                                            0.114      0.158       0.154
200 kW-10 MW max. 30 m head                                        0.109      0.151       0.147
200 kW-10 MW 30 m-100 m head                                       0.091      0.127       0.123
<10 MW with penstock                                               0.130      0.180       0.175
Energy from Waste                       15
<150 kW                                                            0.136      0.189       0.183
150 kW-500 kW                                                      0.131      0.182       0.177
500kW - 5 MW                                                       0.126      0.175       0.170
Energy from Sewage                      15
<150 kW                                                             0.077       0.107       0.104
150 kW-500 kW                                                       0.070       0.097       0.094
500kW - 5 MW                                                        0.062       0.086       0.083
These are not true fixed-price contracts. The prices can be revised during the contract term.

http://www.ecofys.com/com/
publications/documents/RE-
SHAPING_Renewable-
Energy-Policy-Country-
profiles-2011.pdf
Renewable Tariffs in Bulgaria

                                                        66.594 1.38725 1.34962
                                   Years Hours Leva/kWh €/kWh CAD/kWh USD/kWh
Wind Energy
<800 kW                              20           0.14   0.002   0.003   0.003
>800 kW                              20 <2250    0.186   0.003   0.004   0.004
>800 kW                              20 >2250    0.168   0.003   0.003   0.003

Small Hydro
<10 MW                               20          0.097   0.001   0.002   0.002

Photovoltaics 2009
<5 kW                                20          0.823   0.012   0.017   0.017 Photon 5/2009
>5 kW                                20          0.755   0.011   0.016   0.015 Photon 5/2009

Biomass
<5 MW (products from wood-processing)            0.215   0.003   0.004   0.004
<5 MW (farm products)                            0.162   0.002   0.003   0.003
<5 MW (from sorgo,thistle,reed)                  0.184   0.003   0.004   0.004
>5 MW (products from wood-processing)            0.114   0.002   0.002   0.002

http://www.hydroenergycompany.com/files/Renewable%20prices%2031.03.2008_v1_en.pdf
Dipl. Eng. Ivelin Shapkov
Hydroenergy Company Ltd.
Suite 206
38, Vasil Levski Blvrd.
2700, Blagoevgrad
Bulgaria
www.hydroenergycompany.com

Tariffs set every March by State
Energy and Water Regulatory
Commission based on the
average electricity price from
previous year to which a bonus
is applied. New tariffs will be
offered in 2012.



Tariffs set every March by State
Energy and Water Regulatory
Commission based on the
average electricity price from
previous year to which a bonus
is applied. New tariffs will be
offered in 2012.
California Pilot Performance-Based Incentive Program

              Tariff 1.38725 1.3496
      Years €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
           3
Photovoltaics 0.370     0.514  0.500


Effective January 19, 2005.
http://www.energy.ca.gov/renewables/performance_based/index.html
$400,000 per project maximum.
$1,000,000 cap for systems installed by corporate or government parent.

Third
party
syste
m
perfor
manc
e
data
report
ing
either
by
applic
ant's
utility
or by
web-
based

monit
oring
syste
m.
Total of $10 million available.
Rebate program $2.8/W for 3,000 MW; PUC 2006.
Accessed 09-Jun-08.
California Solar Initiative (Million Solar Roofs)

                                                     1.39    1.35
                          Years Hours Factor €/kWhCAD/kWh USD/kWh
Photovoltaics
<100 kW                                           Buy-Down or Capacity Payment

>100 kW Taxable         5                          0.29    0.40     0.39
Net-Metered Retail Rate                            0.08    0.12     0.11
Total                                              0.37    0.52     0.50

>100 kW Non-Taxable     5                          0.37    0.51     0.50
Net-Metered Retail Rate                            0.08    0.12     0.11
Total                                              0.45    0.12     0.11


Note that this
program is not a
true tariff but a
"Production-Based
Incentive", that is, a
payment. This is a
net-metering
program. The meter
on the PV system is
on the customer's
side of the utility's
revenue meter.
Effective January 1, 2007.
Buy-Down Payment: $2.50/W Taxable, $3.25/W Non-Taxable.
Buy-Down Payment will be converted to an Estimated Production-Based Incentive.
Non-Taxable are tax-exempt organizations and government agencies.
All systems must now install separate meters.
Beginning 2010 tariff program lowered to 30 kW.
Rules implementing the program are not final.
http://www.cpuc.ca.gov/static/energy/solar/csi_factsheet_082406.pdf
Los Angeles Business Council Proposed Solar PV Tariff

                                   1.38725     1.34962
              Years €/kWhCAD/kWh USD/kWhMW Degression
Photovoltaics
<50 kW          20 0.25     0.35   0.340 100    -5%
>50 kW          20 0.16     0.23   0.220 300    -5%
Groundmounted 20 0.12 #######      0.160 200    -5%
UCLA Proposal for LABC.                        Total Cap 600
Tariffs include federal ITC. Without ITC, tariffs would increase 43%.
60 MW per year for ten years.

http://www.la
businesscou
ncil.org/onlin
e_documents
/2010/LABC-
UCLA-FIT-
Study-07810-
FINAL.pdf




Proposed Renewable Tariff in the Czech Republic
       2006
                   Tariff ####### ######
            Years €/kWhCAD/kWh    USD/kWh
Wind          15 0.086      0.000   0.000

Photovoltaics 2009
<30 kW             20 0.496          0.000      0.000
>30 kW             20 0.493          0.000      0.000
Full inflation adjustment.
Feed-in Tariff in California*

                                            1.38725 1.350
                        Years        €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
All Renewables 2009 15, or 20
                 10,
PG&E Summer                15
Peak                                  0.13      0.19    0.180
Shoulder                              0.06      0.08    0.080
Offpeak                               0.04      0.06    0.060
PG&E Winter                     15
Peak                                  0.10      0.14    0.140
Shoulder                              0.07      0.10    0.100
Offpeak                               0.05      0.07    0.070

SCE Summer                      15
Peak                                  0.23      0.32    0.310
Shoulder                              0.09      0.12    0.120
Offpeak                               0.04      0.06    0.060
SCE Winter                      15
Peak                                  0.07      0.10    0.100
Shoulder                              0.06      0.08    0.080
Offpeak                               0.04      0.06    0.060

SDG&E Summer                    15
Peak                                  0.11      0.15    0.150
Shoulder                              0.07      0.10    0.100
Offpeak                               0.06      0.08    0.080
SDG&E Winter                    15
Peak                            0.08    0.11    0.110
Shoulder                        0.07    0.10    0.100
Offpeak                         0.05    0.07    0.070
http://docs.cpuc.ca.gov/published/Agenda_resolution/78255.htm
*This program is
not a true feed-in
tariff as it is
alsmost
impossible to
project revenues
from the "tariff".
This kind of
program is
called by critics
a FITINO, a feed-
in tariff in name
only.
Program Cap: 478.447 MW. (No, that's not a misprint.)
Project Size Cap: 1.5 MW
Tariff Based on: Market Price Referant.
The tariffs in the
above table are
only for the 15-
year contract
and only an
approximation as
the payment
varies with the
time of the day
and the season.
Renewable Tariffs in China

                                              8.622 1.38725 1.34962
                                YearsCHN/kWh €/kWh CAD/kWhUSD/kWhDegression
                                                                          Degression
Wind Onshore
Category 1 Energy Zone                       0.51    0.059       0.082      0.080
Category 2 Energy Zone                       0.54    0.063       0.087      0.085
Category 3 Energy Zone                       0.58    0.067       0.093      0.091
Category 4 Energy Zone                       0.61    0.071       0.098      0.095

Biogas Bonus (July 23, 2010)                 0.75    0.087       0.121      0.117

Provincial Solar PV Tariffs
National PV Tariffs 2011                     1.15    0.133       0.000      0.000

http://www.bloomberg.co
m/news/2011-08-
01/chinese-government-
sets-nationwide-solar-
photovoltaic-power-on-
grid-prices.html

Zhejiang PV Bonus                           0.70     0.081       0.113      0.110
Zhejiang Coal Price                          0.46    0.053       0.074      0.072

Jiangsu PV Bonus
Building Integrated                            4.3   0.499       0.692      0.673        -3.5%         -2.9%
Rooftop                                        3.7   0.429       0.595      0.579        -3.0%         -2.4%
Groundmounted                                  2.1   0.244       0.338      0.329        -1.7%         -1.4%


Source wind tariffs: NDRC Pricing Reg. (2009)1906, July 20, 2009. Translation by LBL.
The tariffs for new projects were to go into effect August 1, 2009.
Category 1 Energy
Zone: Inner Mongolia -
excl. Chifeng, Tongliao,
Xing-an County,
Hulunbei-er; Xinjiang,
incl. Urumqi, Yili-Kazak
Autonomous Region,
Changji County,
Kelamayi, Shi-he-zi.

Category 2 Energy
Zone: Hebei Province,
incl.Zhangjiakou,
Chengde; Inner
Mongolia, Incl. Chifeng,
Tongliao, Xing-an,
Hulunbei-er; Gansu
Province, incl. Zhangye,
Jiayuguan, Jiuquan.

Category 3 Energy
Zone: Jilin, incl.
Baicheng, Songyuan;
Heilongjiang Province,
incl. Jixi,
Shuangyashan,Qitaihe,
Suihua, Yichun, Daxing-
anling; Gansu Province,
excl. Zhangye,
Jiayuguan, Jiuquan;
Xinjiang, excl. Urumqi,
Yili Kasak Autonomous
Region, Chang
Category 4 Energy
Zone: Other region not
included in Categories
1, 2 and 3.

Biogas bonus previously paid on top of coal-fired generation payment which varies by profince. Now s simple tariff.
Source: Eric Martinot.
PV Tariffs: Eric Martinot.
http://www.renewableenergyworld.com/rea/news/article/2010/07/renewable-energy-policy-update-for-china
Renewable Tariffs in Chile

                            697 1.38725 1.34962
          Years Pesos/kWh €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
RE                   43.5 0.062  0.087   0.084




Not a
true
tariff.
Price
is
recalc
ulated

every
six
month
s for
projec
ts up
to 20
MW.
Neue Energie 04/2008.
www.cne.cl
Renewable Tariffs in Croatia

                           7.483 1.38725 1.3496
             YearsHRK/kWh€/kWhCAD/kWh    USD/kWh
Wind           12
<1 MW                 0.64 0.086   0.119   0.115
>1 MW                 0.65 0.087   0.121   0.117

Photovoltaics 12
<10 kW                         0.46   0.638      0.621
<30 kW                         0.41   0.569      0.553
>30 kW                         0.26   0.361      0.351

Hydro            12
<1 MW                  0.69   0.092   0.128      0.124
>1 MW                  0.42   0.056   0.078      0.076

Biomass          12
<1 MW                  0.95   0.127   0.176      0.171
                        1.2   0.160   0.222      0.216
>1 MW                  0.83   0.111   0.154      0.150
                       1.04   0.139   0.193      0.188

Geothermal       12
<1 MW                  1.26   0.168   0.234      0.227
>1 MW                  1.26   0.168   0.234      0.227

Other            12
<1 MW                   0.6   0.080   0.111      0.108
>1 MW                   0.5   0.067   0.093      0.090

Stanic page 20
2007:
1.7%
renewable
energy in
electricity
supply;
2010: est.
5.8%,
excluding
large-
scale
hydro.
2007: consumption 17.6 TWh.
Renewable fee: 0.0089 kn/kWh.
Projects just getting underway in spring 2009.
Renewable Tariffs in Cyprus
##########
                              1.38725   1.34962
              YearskWh/kW€/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Wind            20 <1,750 0.166 0.230  0.224
Photovoltaics 20
<20 kW          20        0.360 0.499  0.486
20 kW-150 kW    20        0.340 0.472  0.459
Solar Thermal   20        0.260 0.361  0.351
Biomass         20        0.135 0.187  0.182
Biogas          20        0.115 0.159  0.155
http://www.e
cofys.com/c
om/publicati
ons/docume
nts/RE-
SHAPING_
Renewable-
Energy-
Policy-
Country-
profiles-
2011.pdf
Renewable Tariffs in the Czech Republic
 9/20/2011 0:00
                               ##### 1.3873 1.3496
                YearsCZK/kWh€/kWhCAD/kWh   USD/kWh
Wind              15      2.23 0.091  0.126 0.122
Photovoltaics
<30 kW            20       7.5 0.304  0.422 0.411
30 kW-100 kW      20       5.9 0.239  0.332 0.323
>100 kW                    5.5 0.223  0.310 0.301
Small Hydro       15         3 0.122  0.169 0.164
Biomass 1         15      4.58 0.186  0.258 0.251
Biomass 2         15      3.53 0.143  0.199 0.193
Biomass 3         15      2.63 0.107  0.148 0.144

http://www.ecof
ys.com/com/pu
blications/docu
ments/RE-
SHAPING_Ren
ewable-Energy-
Policy-Country-
profiles-
2011.pdf
Renewable Tariffs in Denmark
        9/20/2011 0:00
                               Full Load       7.441 1.38725 1.3496
                          Years Hours DKK/kWh€/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Wind Onshore
Premimum                        22,000 0.255 0.034      0.048 0.046
Balance price                            0.023 0.003    0.004 0.004
Market (Wholesale) Price                  ?
                    Total                0.278 0.037    0.052 0.050
Wind Household <25 kW
Max Payment                                      0.600 0.081   0.112   0.109
Wind Offshore
Max Payment                     20               0.620 0.083   0.116   0.112
Biomass                         15               0.150 0.020   0.028   0.027
Biogas                          10                     0.000   0.000   0.000
Max Payment                                      0.745 0.100   0.139   0.135
Wave, Solar PV
                             1-10                0.600 0.081   0.112   0.109
                            11-20                0.400 0.054   0.075   0.073
http://www.ecofys.com/
com/publications/docu
ments/RE-
SHAPING_Renewable
-Energy-Policy-
Country-profiles-
2011.pdf
Mix of fixed-price payment plus premium and trading price.
http://onlinepact.org/denmark.html
Renewable Tariffs in the Dominican Republic

                       1.38725   1.34962
         Years €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Poject
o de
Ley
de
Incent
ivo al
Desar
rollo
de
Buent
es
Reno
vable
s de
Energ
ia
establ
ishes
a
premi
um
syste
m for
wind
projec
ts up
to 50

Neue Energie 06/2007
Gainesville Regional Utilities (Florida) Solar PV Feed-in Tariff
     10/24/2011 0:00
                                      1.387     1.350
                     Years €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Solar PV 2012            20
Rooftop & Groundmounted
<10 kW                              0.178   0.247   0.240
>10 kW<300 kW                       0.163   0.226   0.220
Groundmounted >25 kW                0.141   0.195   0.190

Solar PV 2011
Rooftop & Groundmounted
<10 kW                         20   0.237   0.329   0.320
>10 kW<25 kW                   20   0.215   0.298   0.290
Groundmounted >25 kW           20   0.178   0.247   0.240

Solar PV 2009 & 2010
<25 kW                         20   0.237   0.329   0.320
Groundmounted                  20   0.193   0.267   0.260

Degression begins in 2011.
http://www.gru.com/AboutGRU/PublicDiscussion/FuturePower/default.jsp


Gainesville Regional Utilities (Florida) Solar PV Feed-in Tariff


                             Years €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
                   2011
Rooftop & Groundmounted
<10 kW                         20   0.237   0.329   0.320
>10 kW<25 kW                   20   0.215   0.298   0.290
Groundmounted >25 kW           20   0.178   0.247   0.240
Renewable Tariffs in Ecuador

                                            1.3496
                                           1.38725
                         Years €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Continental
Wind                       15    0.068      0.094    0.0913
Solar Photovoltaics        15    0.297      0.411    0.4003
Biomass-Biogas <5 MW       15    0.082      0.114    0.1105
Biomass-Biogas >5 MW       15    0.071      0.099    0.0960
Geothermal                 15    0.098      0.136    0.1321
Hydro <10 MW               15    0.053      0.074    0.0717
Hydro >10 MW<30 MW         15    0.051      0.071    0.0688
Hydro >30 MW<50 MW         15    0.046      0.064    0.0621

Galápagos
Wind                       15    0.074      0.103    0.1004
Solar Photovoltaics        15    0.326      0.453    0.4403
Biomass-Biogas <5 MW       15    0.090      0.125    0.1216
Biomass-Biogas >5 MW       15    0.078      0.109    0.1056
Geothermal                 15    0.108      0.149    0.1453

Tariffs in USD/kWh.
Contract term: 15 years from 1 January, 2013.
Renewable Tariffs in Finland
###########
                                    1.38725    1.34962
                  Years €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Wind Energy
                   1-3 0.090         0.125      0.122
                  4-12 0.084         0.116      0.113

Biogas                12   0.084     0.116      0.113

Biogas with CHP       12   0.134     0.185      0.180



Note: Bonus
system
similar to that
in Spain, that
is, bonus is
paid above
the wholesale
price. Total
payment not
to exceed
tariff.
Payment
every three
months. To
go into effect
in 2010.
Finland Wind Target: 6 TWh/yr by 2020, 30 times 2008 generation.
http://www.tem.fi/?89521_m=95022&l=en&s=2471
http://www.nordicenergyperspectives.org/Kiviluoma_Feedintariff_Finland.pdf
Bonus paid from taxes and emisison trading profits.
 Advanced Renewable Tariffs in France


                                       Capacity Tariff 1.387 1.35
                               Full Load
                          Years Hours Factor €/kWhCAD/kWh   USD/kWh
 Wind Energy                                                       No longer decrease of 10% in tariff after 1,500 MW reached.

  Continental 2011 Tariffs 1-10                   0.082   0.114   0.1105 -2% decrease beginning 2008, 100% corrected for inflation.
  Low                      11-15   2,400   0.27   0.082   0.114   0.1105 60% corrected for inflaiton.
                           11-15   2,500   0.29   0.078   0.109   0.1058
                                   2,600   0.30   0.075   0.104   0.1012
                                   2,700   0.31   0.071   0.099   0.0965
  Medium                           2,800   0.32   0.068   0.094   0.0918
                                   2,900   0.33   0.063   0.087   0.0850
                                   3,000   0.34   0.058   0.080   0.0783
                                   3,100   0.35   0.053   0.074   0.0715
                                   3,200   0.37   0.048   0.067   0.0648
                                   3,300   0.38   0.043   0.060   0.0580
                                   3,400   0.39   0.038   0.053   0.0513
                                   3,500   0.40   0.033   0.046   0.0445
   High                   11-15    3,600   0.41   0.028   0.039   0.0378

  Overseas Territories    1-15                    0.110   0.153 0.1485

  Offshore                1-10                    0.130   0.180   0.1755
  Low                     11-20    2,800   0.32   0.130   0.180   0.1755
                                   2,900   0.33   0.120   0.166   0.1620
                                   3,000   0.34   0.110   0.153   0.1485
                                   3,100   0.35   0.100   0.139   0.1350
  Medium                  11-20    3,200   0.37   0.090   0.125   0.1215
                                   3,300   0.38   0.075   0.104   0.1012
                                   3,400   0.39   0.060   0.083   0.0810
                                   3,500   0.40   0.045   0.062   0.0607
  High                    11-15    3,600   0.41   0.030   0.042   0.0405

 Biogas                                                                    No tariff decrease, 70% corrected for inflation.
 <150 kW                    15                    0.090 0.125 0.121
 >150 kW<2,000 kW           15                    Linear interpolation
 >2,000 kW                  15                    0.086 0.119 0.116
 Biogas Premium (on-farm methane)                 0.020 0.028 0.027
 Plus premium for heat content
 <40% efficiency                                  0.000 0.000 0.000
 >40%<70% efficiency                              Linear interpolation
 >70% efficiency                                  0.030 0.042 0.040

 Geothermal                 15
 Continental <12 MW                               0.200   0.277    0.270 raised from 0.12 in 2010.
 Plus premium for heat content
 <30%                                             0.000 0.000 0.000
                                                  Linear interpolation
 >70% efficiency                                  0.080 0.111 0.108
 Overseas Territories                             0.130 0.180 0.175 raised from 0.10 in 2010.
 Plus premium for heat content
 <30%                                             0.000 0.000 0.000
                                                  Linear interpolation
 >70% efficiency                                  0.030 0.042 0.040

  http://www.legifrance.g
  ouv.fr/jopdf/common/jo
  _pdf.jsp?numJO=0&dat
  eJO=20100724&numT
  exte=22&pageDebut=1
  3676&pageFin=13678
  Biocombustion (Biomass)
                12-Jan-09
    70% inflation indexing
           >5 MW<12 MW     20                     0.125   0.173    0.169 raised from 0.064 in 2010.
  Fixed Efficiency Bonus                          0.080   0.111    0.108
Variable Efficiency Bonus
          <40% efficiency                         0.000 0.000 0.000
   >40%<70% efficiency                            Linear interpolation
          >70% efficiency                         0.050 0.069 0.067 raised from 0.03 in 2010.

 Hydropower                  20                   0.055   0.076    0.074   Dependent upon season and size.
                                                  0.061   0.085    0.082
 Cogeneration                12                   0.061   0.085    0.082   Dependent upon price of gas and size.
                                                  0.091   0.126    0.123
 Waste to Energy             15                   0.045   0.062    0.061   Dependent upon efficiency
                                                  0.050   0.069    0.067
 Animal Wastes               15                   0.045   0.062    0.061
                                                  0.050   0.069    0.067
 Small Installations         15                   0.079   0.109    0.106   Dependent upon tariff.
                                                  0.096   0.133    0.130

 PV: 50% tax credit on
 hardware (ie,
 excluding installation)
 for residential,
 maximum Euro 8,000
 plus Euro 500 for the
 first child and 400 for
 other children. Tax
 subsidy includes solar
 DHW, wood heating,
 and heat pumps.
 Region Rhone-Alps
 tariff of 0.6/kW
 PV: Revenue from PV
 is not taxable income
 (probably only for
 homeowners). Sun &
 Wind Energy, 6/2009.
 Wind: Linear interpolation between wind values of T2 (years 10-15).
 Only wind power tariff
 was set using
 ADEME's Profitability
 Index, PV's tariff set
 politically. See
 http://www.ontario-
 sea.org/ARTs/ChabotS
 aulniercanwea2001.do
 c.
 Inflation Indexing: PV
 and Wind: 0.6;
 Geothermal and
 Biogas: 0.7.
 http://www.ontario-sea.org/ARTs/ChabotSaulniercanwea2001.doc
 http://www.wind-works.org/articles/francefeedlaw.html
 mailto: chabot@ademe.fr
 http://www.hespul.org/
 http://www.minefi.gouv.fr/minefi/minefi_ang/entreprise/index.htm


 Renewable Targets France 2010

 Continental France
                           2012     2020
 PV                       1,100    5,400
 Wind
 Onshore                   #### 19,000
 Offshore                 1,000 6,000
                           #### 25,000
 Biomass                     520 2,300
 Hydro                           3,000

 Arrete 10 January 2010
 http://www.developpement-durable.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/15.12.2009_Arrete_Production_d_electricite_cle7efe36.pdf

 Old French Tariffs Through July 2006
              30-Jan-06
                                        Capacity Tariff 1.387 1.35
                                Full Load
                          Years Hours Factor €/kWhCAD/kWh    USD/kWh
 Wind Energy
                          1-5
 Continental (Metropolitan)                     0.084 0.116 0.113
 Low                      6-15    2,000   0.23 0.084 0.116 0.113
                                  2,100   0.24 0.080 0.110 0.107
                                  2,200   0.25 0.076 0.105 0.102
                                  2,300   0.26 0.072 0.099 0.097
                                  2,400   0.27 0.068 0.094 0.091
                                  2,500   0.29 0.064 0.088 0.086
 Medium                   6-15    2,600   0.30 0.060 0.083 0.080
                                  2,700   0.31 0.057 0.079 0.076
                                  2,800   0.32 0.054 0.074 0.072
                                  2,900   0.33 0.051 0.070 0.069
                                  3,000   0.34 0.048 0.066 0.065
                                  3,100   0.35 0.045 0.062 0.061
                                  3,200   0.37 0.042 0.058 0.057
                                  3,300   0.38 0.039 0.054 0.053
                                  3,400   0.39 0.036 0.050 0.049
                                  3,500   0.40 0.033 0.046 0.045
 High                     6-15    3,600   0.41 0.031 0.042 0.041

                         1-5
  Overseas Territories (DOM-TOM & Corsica)   0.092        0.127    0.123
  Low wind               6-15  2,050    0.23 0.092        0.127    0.123
  Moderate wind          6-15  2,400    0.27 0.075        0.104    0.101
  High wind              6-15  3,300    0.38 0.046        0.063    0.062

 Photovoltaics
 Continental (Metropolitan)
 Residential*               20                    0.300   0.416    0.405 Plus 50% tax credit on hardware costs.
 Building Integrated*       20                    0.550   0.763    0.742
 Region Rhone-Alps           6                    0.600   0.832    0.810 Up to 2 kW, reduced to 0.30/kWh after introduction of new national tariffs.

                           20
  Overseas Territories (DOM-TOM & Corsica)        0.305   0.423    0.412

 Geothermal                  15                   0.076   0.106    0.103

 Biogas                      15                   0.046   0.064    0.062 Plus premium for heat content.

 Biocombustion               15                   0.049   0.068    0.066

 Hydropower                  20                   0.055   0.076    0.074   Dependent upon season and size.
                                                  0.061   0.085    0.082
 Cogeneration                12                   0.061   0.085    0.082   Dependent upon price of gas and size.
                                                  0.091   0.126    0.123
 Waste to Energy             15                   0.045   0.062    0.061   Dependent upon efficiency
                                                  0.050   0.069    0.067
 Animal Wastes               15                   0.045   0.062    0.061
                                                  0.050   0.069    0.067
 Small Installations         15                   0.079   0.109    0.106   Dependent upon tariff.
                                                  0.096   0.133    0.130

 PV Tariffs prior to 2010
 Photovoltaics                                                             No tariff decrease, 60% corrected for inflation.
 Continental (Metropolitan)
 Base (all)                 20                    0.328   0.455 0.4427 Plus 50% tax credit on hardware costs.
 Building Integrated 2008 20                      0.601   0.834 0.8111
 Region Rhone-Alps Incentive6                     0.400   0.555 0.5398 Up to 2 kW, reduced to 0.30/kWh after introduction of new national tariffs.

  Overseas Territories       20                   0.437   0.606    0.590
  Building Integrated        20                   0.601   0.834    0.811
Advanced Renewable Tariffs for Solar PV in France

                                                                          1.387  1.350
                                                      Years Factor €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh           %
Photovoltaics
Continental (Metropolitan)
Integrated <250 kW                                                                               -9% Beginning after 2012.
 Housing <3 kW                                            20             0.580   0.805   0.783
 Housing >3 kW                                            20             0.510   0.707   0.688
 Education or health facilities more
than 2 years old                                          20             0.510   0.707   0.688
 Other closed buildings more than 2
years old                                                 20             0.440   0.610   0.594

Ground-mounted Systems <250 kW                                           0.276   0.383   0.372   -9%
Ground-mounted Systems by Departement >250 kW
Base Tariff                                                              0.276   0.383   0.372   -9%
Tariff by Departement (partial list for illustration)
 Vaucluse                                                 20      1.00   0.276   0.383   0.372   -9%
 Tarn                                                     20      1.03   0.284   0.394   0.384   -9%
 Jura                                                     20      1.10   0.304   0.421   0.410   -9%
 Paris                                                    20      1.15   0.317   0.440   0.428   -9%
 Somme                                                    20      1.20   0.331   0.459   0.447   -9%

Overseas Territories & Corsica
                                                          20             0.400   0.555   0.540   -9%

Degression begins in 2013.
Architectural Simplified Building Integrated tariffs begin June, 2010.
Simplified Building Integrated prohibits
pergolas, car ports, and the like. The
systems must be part of the roof and in
the plane of the roof. Does not include
conventional rooftop mounting. Though
"simplified" conventional rooftop mounting
is not include
Tariffs will remain in effect through 2012.
There are 95 Departements in Continental France.
The Departement of the Somme has the
least insolation and thus the highest
insolation multiplier in the French
program.
The Departement of the Vaucluse has the
most insolation and thus the lowest
insolation multiplier in the French
program.
Systems less than 3 kW qualify for a 50% tax credit on material costs.
No program cap. Program is time limited.
Simplified Building Integrated>3 kW<250
kW is only applicable to commercial
buildings.
Tariffs are indexed with 20% of inflation.
100 MW of Solar PV applications filed in Corsica.

Overproduction, that is generation greater
per kW installed than that used to
calculate the tariffs are paid only
0.05/kWh for the excess. The regulations
stipulate overproduction is generation
greater than 1,500 kWh/kWhDC/yr in
continental France, 1,800
http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000021673951
Advanced Renewable Tariffs for France
               21-Oct-11
                                                         1.387 1.350
                                Years €/kWh€/kWh €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Biogas                             20
<150 kW                                 0.03 0.135 0.161 0.223 0.217
>150 kW<300 kW                          0.02 0.128 0.143 0.198 0.193
>300 kW<500 kW**                        0.01 0.123 0.132 0.183 0.178
>500 kW<1,000 kW                             0.118 0.118 0.164 0.159
>1,000 kW<2,000 kW                           0.113 0.113 0.157 0.153
Bonus for using effluent from livestock operations.
**Efficiency bonus or incentive.

Biogas Pipeline Injection                20
<60 m3/h                                              0.103 0.103       0.143     0.139
>60 m3/h<700 m3/h                                     Linear interpolation
>700 m3/h                                             0.050 0.050       0.069     0.067

Photovoltaics 4th Qtr 2011
Continental France
Building Integrated
Residential
<9 kW                                     20          0.406               0.564   0.548
>9<36 kW                                  20          0.356               0.493   0.480
Education or health
facilities more than 2 years
old
<9 kW                                     20          0.288               0.400   0.389
>9<36 kW                                              0.333               0.461   0.449

Simplified Building Integrated
Residential
<36 kW                                    20          0.249               0.345   0.335
>36<100 kW                                20          0.236               0.328   0.319
Education or health
facilities more than 2 years
old
<36 kW                                    20          0.249               0.345   0.335
>36<100 kW                                20          0.236               0.328   0.319
Other Systems
<36 kW                                    20          0.249               0.345   0.335
>36<100 kW                                20          0.236               0.328   0.319
All Other Systems <12 MW                              0.114               0.158   0.154

Source: CLER and the Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Transport.
http://www.cler.org/info/spip.php?article9291
http://www.economie.gouv.fr/
discours-presse/discours-
communiques_finances.php?t
ype=communique&id=5110&r
ub=1
For solar PV.
RFPs for all rooftop projects
>100 kW and all
groundmounted projects.
Simplified RFPs for all
rooftop projects >100
kW<250 kW. Winners
chosen on several non-price
factors. Winners will receive
the fixed tariff listed.
RFPs for all rooftop projects
>250 kW and all
groundmounted projects will
be judged on price,
environmental impact,
innovation and other criteria.
Degression of 10% per 10 MW per tranche every quarter.
Target is 100 MW per tranche per year, 25 MW per quarter.
Target is 500 MW per year.

Contract term is 20 years
with 18 months for
completion. Term reduced by
time for project to come on
line greater than 18 months.
Projects greater than 9 kW requires a bank statement of financeability.
Beginning in 2012 PV projects are obligated to provide end-of-life recycling.
Beginning in mid 2011 PV projects must include a carbon balance.
Advanced Renewable Tariffs in Germany
Tariff Year                       2008
                                  Tariff 1.3873 1.3496
                         Years    €/kWhCAD/kWh  USD/kWh
                                                                                Degression
Winda                                                                           2.0% 2.0% 2.0% 2.0%            New     1.0% 1.0% 1.0% 1.0% 1.0% 1.0%   1%
On Land                                                             EEG 2004    2005 2006 2007 2008            2009    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
60% Reference Yield                20 0.08         0.111    0.108     0.0870     0.09 0.08 0.08 0.08           0.092   0.091 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09
70% Reference Yield               16.9 0.08        0.111    0.108     0.0870     0.09 0.08 0.08 0.08           0.092   0.091 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09
80% Reference Yield               15.4 0.08        0.111    0.108     0.0870     0.09 0.08 0.08 0.08           0.092   0.091 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09
90% Reference Yield               13.9 0.08        0.111    0.108     0.0870     0.09 0.08 0.08 0.08           0.092   0.091 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09
100% Reference Yield              12.4 0.08        0.111    0.108     0.0870     0.09 0.08 0.08 0.08           0.092   0.091 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09
110% Reference Yield              10.9 0.08        0.111    0.108     0.0870     0.09 0.08 0.08 0.08           0.092   0.091 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09
120% Reference Yield               9.4 0.08        0.111    0.108     0.0870     0.09 0.08 0.08 0.08           0.092   0.091 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09
130% Reference Yield                 8 0.08        0.111    0.108     0.0870     0.09 0.08 0.08 0.08           0.092   0.091 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09
140% Reference Yield               6.5 0.08        0.111    0.108     0.0870     0.09 0.08 0.08 0.08           0.092   0.091 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09
150% Reference Yield                 5 0.08        0.111    0.108     0.0870     0.09 0.08 0.08 0.08           0.092   0.091 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09
All                           To Year 200.05       0.070    0.068     0.0550     0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05            0.05    0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05

Grid Compatibility Bonus                                                                                       0.007   0.007   0.01   0.01   0.01   0.01   0.01   0.01
Repowering Incentive                                                                                           0.005   0.005   0.01   0.01   0.01   0.01   0.01   0.01

                                                                             Degression
                                                                             0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 2.0%               0.0%    0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 5.0%
                                                                    EEG 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008               2009    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Offshoreb                               0.09       0.124    0.120     0.0910 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09                0.15    0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.13 0.13
60% Reference Yield                20 0.09         0.124    0.120     0.0910 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09                0.15    0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.13 0.13
100% Reference Yield               16 0.09         0.124    0.120     0.0910 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09                0.15    0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.13 0.13
150% Reference Yiled                 5 0.09        0.124    0.120     0.0910 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09                0.15    0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.13 0.13
All                           To Year 200.06       0.084    0.082     0.0619 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.06               0.035   0.035 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04


Solar Photovoltaic
                                                                           Degression
                                                                           5.0% 6.5% 6.5% 6.5%                         10.0% 9.0% 9.0% 9.0% 9.0% 9.0% 9.0%
                                                                  EEG 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008                 2009     2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Freestanding                         20 0.35       0.492    0.479   0.4570 0.43 0.41 0.38 0.35                 0.319    0.287 0.26 0.24 0.22  0.2 0.18 0.16

                                                                                Degression
                                                                                5.0% 6.5% 6.5% 6.5%           8.0% 9.0% 9.0% 9.0% 9.0% 9.0% 9.0%
<30 kW rooftop                       20 0.47       0.649    0.631      0.5740    0.55 0.51 0.48 0.47 0.4301 0.3957 0.36 0.33   0.3 0.27 0.25 0.22
<100 kW rooftop                      20 0.44       0.617    0.600      0.5460    0.52 0.48 0.45 0.44 0.4091 0.3764 0.34 0.31 0.28 0.26 0.23 0.21

                                                                                                                     10%   9%   9%   9%   9%   9%   9%
>100 kW rooftop                      20 0.44       0.610    0.594      0.5400    0.51   0.48   0.45    0.44 0.3958 0.3562 #### #### #### #### #### ####
>1,000 kW rooftop                                                                                           0.3300 0.2970 #### #### #### #### #### ####


Facade cladding Bonus<30 kW          20 0.52       0.718    0.698                     Facade ####
                                                                       0.6240 #### #### ####Bonus of 0.05/kWh discontinued.
Facade cladding Bonus<100 kW         20 0.49       0.686    0.668      0.5960 #### #### #### ####
Facade cladding Bonus>100 kW         20 0.49       0.680    0.661      0.5900 #### #### #### ####
Facade cladding Bonus>1000 kW        20    0       0.000    0.000
                                                                             Degression
                                                                             1.0% 1.0% 1.0% 1.0%               1.0%    1.0% 1.0% 1.0% 1.0% 1.0% 1.0%
Hydro                                                               EEG 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008               2009    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
<500 kW                              30 0.07       0.102    0.099     0.0767 0.08 0.08 0.07 0.07               0.127   0.125 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12
<2 MW                                30 0.06       0.089    0.086     0.0665 0.07 0.07 0.06 0.06               0.087   0.086 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08
<5 MW (new in 2009)                  30                                                                        0.077   0.076 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.07

<10 MW                               30   0.06     0.089    0.086      0.0665    0.07   0.07   0.06    0.06    0.059   0.058   0.06   0.06   0.06   0.06   0.06
<20 MW                               15   0.06     0.081    0.079      0.0610    0.06   0.06   0.06    0.06    0.054   0.053   0.05   0.05   0.05   0.05   0.05
<50 MW                               15   0.04     0.061    0.059      0.0456    0.05   0.04   0.04    0.04    0.04     0.04   0.04   0.04   0.04   0.04   0.04
>50 MW                               15   0.04     0.049    0.048      0.0370    0.04   0.04   0.04    0.04    0.032   0.032   0.03   0.03   0.03   0.03   0.03

Upgraded plants
<500 kW                              20 0.09       0.129    0.125      0.0967     0.1   0.09   0.09    0.09    0.107   0.106    0.1    0.1    0.1    0.1    0.1
<5 MW                                20 0.06       0.089    0.086      0.0665    0.07   0.07   0.06    0.06    0.077   0.076   0.07   0.07   0.07   0.07   0.07

                                                                             Degression
                                                                             1.5% 1.5% 1.5% 1.5%               1.5%    1.5% 1.5% 1.5% 1.5% 1.5% 1.5%
Biomass/Biogas                                                      EEG 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008               2009    2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
<150 kW                              20   0.11     0.150    0.146     0.1150 0.11 0.11 0.11 0.11               0.117   0.115 0.11 0.11 0.11 0.11 0.11
<500 kW                              20   0.09     0.129    0.126     0.0990   0.1    0.1 0.09 0.09            0.092    0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.08
<5 MW                                20   0.08     0.116    0.113     0.0890 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.08               0.083   0.081 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08
<20 MW                               20   0.08     0.110    0.107     0.0840 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08               0.078   0.077 0.08 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.07
Fuel Bonuse                          20
<5 MW Wood Wastes                    20   0.06     0.078    0.076      0.0600 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.056 0.055 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05
<5 MW No Wood                        20   0.04     0.051    0.050      0.0390 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.036 0.036 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03
Innovation Bonus                     20   0.02     0.028    0.027      0.0200 #### #### #### #### 0.0300 0.0300 #### #### #### #### ####
District Heating Bonus               20   0.02     0.028    0.027      0.0200 #### #### #### #### 0.0300 0.0300 #### #### #### #### ####

                                                                           Degression
                                                                           0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 1.0% 1.0% 1.0%                           1.0% 1.0% 1.0%
Geothermal                                                        EEG 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012                           2013 2014 2015
<5 MW (class eliminated in 2009)     20 0.15       0.208    0.202   0.1500 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15
<10 MW                               20 0.14       0.194    0.189   0.1400 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.1600 0.1584 #### ####                       #### #### ####
>10 MW                                                                                         0.1050 0.1040 #### ####                       #### #### ####
<20 MW (class eliminated in 2009)    20 0.09       0.124    0.121   0.0895 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09
>20 MW (class eliminated in 2009)    20 0.07       0.099    0.097   0.0716 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.07
Bonus for district heating                                                                     0.0200 0.0200 #### ####                       #### #### ####

                                                                           Degression
                                                                           1.5% 1.5% 1.5% 1.5% 1.5% 1.5%                       1.5%   1.5%   1.5%   1.5%   1.5%
Landfill Gas                                                      EEG 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010                       2011   2012   2013   2014   2015
<500 kW                              20 0.07    0.100       0.097   0.0767 0.08 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.0900 0.0887                   ####   ####   ####   ####   ####
<5 MW                                20 0.06    0.085       0.083   0.0650 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.0616 0.0607                   ####   ####   ####   ####   ####
Innovation Bonus                     20                                                        0.0200 0.0200                   ####   ####   ####   ####   ####
>5 MW                                   Market price

Sewage Gas
<500 kW                              20 0.07       0.100    0.097      0.0767    0.08   0.07   0.07    0.07     0.071    0.07 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.06
<5 MW                                20 0.06       0.085    0.083      0.0650    0.06   0.06   0.06    0.06     0.062 0.061 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.06
Innovation Bonus                                                                                               0.0200 0.0200 #### #### #### #### ####
>5 MW                                20

*Awaiting confirmation. Adapted from the German. My knowledge of German is limited. Paul Gipe. 12/18/2007
a There is a continuum
between reference yields
that's not explicity stated in
the table. All sites are paid
the inital price for five
years. The initial price is
extended two months for
every 0.75 x the quotient of
the actual yield relative to
150% of th
bAll sites are paid the initial tariff for the first 12 years. Sites must be beyond 12 miles and bonus for further offshore and deeper than 20 meters.
d Is in operation by Dec 31, 2010.
e Premium paid according to fuel used and for use of "innovative" technology.
Reference yield data on wind turbines on the German market: http://www.wind-fgw.de/eeg_referenzertrag.htm.
http://www.wind-fgw.de/eeg_referenzertrag.htm
http://www.wind-fgw.de/eeg_start.htm
Tariffs degress annually as noted; beginning in 2006 freestanding or ground-mounted PV tariffs degress 6.5%, all other tarfiffs for PV degress 5%.
http://www.wind-works.org/FeedLaws/Germany/EEG-New-English-final.pdf


Solar Photovoltaic 2009
There are many new provisions for Solar PV in 2009.
1. There is now a sliding scale for degression that depends upon the rate of growth from one year to the next.
2009: 1,000-1,500 MW
2010: 1,100-1,700 MW
2011: 1,200-1,900 MW
If growth exceeds this rate, the digression is increased by 1%.
If growth is less than this rate, the digression is decreased by 1%.
2. The facade bonus was eliminated.
3. There are provisions now for self-generation.
4. Systems greater than 100 kW must be capable of being remotely controlled.
5. Operators will be reimbursed for any generation that the grid operator rejects (for systems greater than 100 kW).

Wind 2009
Repowering incentive is paid under the condition that the turbines being replaced are 10 years old or older and that the new capacity is more than twice the original capacity.

Wind 2009
Grid extension obligation for each new renewable installation.
Penalty or compensation in favour of the operator if the grid installation is not sufficient.
Detailed report obligation against the grid operator for regular and transparent reports on the grid status.
via Heinrich Bartelt
Advanced Renewable Tariffs in Germany
Tariff Year
                                        Tariff 1.3873 1.3496
                               Years €/kWh CAD/kWh     USD/kWh
Note: Wind tariffs use the German Reference Yield Method. This table is only an approximation.
                                                               Degression
Winda                                                             New 1.0% 1.0% 1.0%                               1.0%    1.0%    1.0%      1%
On Land                                                           2009 2010 2011 2012                               2013    2014    2015    2016
60% Reference Yield                20 0.0920     0.128    0.124 0.092 0.091 0.09 0.089                             0.088   0.087   0.087   0.086
70% Reference Yield              16.9 0.0920     0.128    0.124 0.092 0.091 0.09 0.089                             0.088   0.087   0.087   0.086
80% Reference Yield              15.4 0.0920     0.128    0.124 0.092 0.091 0.09 0.089                             0.088   0.087   0.087   0.086
90% Reference Yield              13.9 0.0920     0.128    0.124 0.092 0.091 0.09 0.089                             0.088   0.087   0.087   0.086
100% Reference Yield             12.4 0.0920     0.128    0.124 0.092 0.091 0.09 0.089                             0.088   0.087   0.087   0.086
110% Reference Yield             10.9 0.0920     0.128    0.124 0.092 0.091 0.09 0.089                             0.088   0.087   0.087   0.086
120% Reference Yield              9.4 0.0920     0.128    0.124 0.092 0.091 0.09 0.089                             0.088   0.087   0.087   0.086
130% Reference Yield                8 0.0920     0.128    0.124 0.092 0.091 0.09 0.089                             0.088   0.087   0.087   0.086
140% Reference Yield              6.5 0.0920     0.128    0.124 0.092 0.091 0.09 0.089                             0.088   0.087   0.087   0.086
150% Reference Yield                5 0.0920     0.128    0.124 0.092 0.091 0.09 0.089                             0.088   0.087   0.087   0.086
All                          To Year 200.0502    0.070    0.068 0.05 0.05 0.049 0.049                              0.048   0.048   0.047   0.047

Grid Compatibility Bonus                       0.0070                           0.007 0.007 0.007 0.007 0.007 0.007 0.007 0.007
Repowering Incentive                           0.0050                           0.005 0.005 0.005 0.005 0.005 0.005 0.005 0.005


                                                                             0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%                            5.0%
                                                                              2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015                            2016
Offshoreb                                      0.1300       0.180      0.175 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13                            0.129
60% Reference Yield                        20 0.1300        0.180      0.175 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13                            0.129
100% Reference Yield                       16 0.1300        0.180      0.175 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13                            0.129
150% Reference Yiled                        5 0.1300        0.180      0.175 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13                            0.129
All                                  To Year 200.0350       0.049      0.047 0.035 0.035 0.035 0.035 0.035 0.035 0.035

Offshore Bonus (If in service by 2013)         0.0200       0.028      0.027 ##### ##### ##### #####
                           Total               0.1500       0.208      0.202

Solar Photovoltaic
                                                         Degression (See Note on Solar Photovoltaic)
                                                                                  ##### 9.0% 9.0% 9.0% 9.0% 9.0% 9.0%
                                                                           2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Freestanding                               20 0.3194       0.443    0.431 0.319 0.287 0.262 0.238 0.217 0.197 0.179 0.163

                                                                                   8.0% 9.0% 9.0% 9.0% 9.0% 9.0% 9.0%
<30 kW rooftop                             20 0.4301        0.597      0.580 ##### ##### 0.36 0.328 0.298 0.271 0.247 0.225
>30 kW<100 kW rooftop                      20 0.4091        0.568      0.552 ##### ##### 0.342 0.312 0.284 0.258 0.235 0.214

                                                                                    10%    9%    9%    9%    9%    9%    9%
>100 kW rooftop                            20 0.3958        0.549      0.534 ##### ##### ##### ##### ##### ##### ##### #####
>1,000 kW rooftop                          30 0.3300        0.458      0.445 ##### ##### ##### ##### ##### ##### ##### #####

<30 kW Net Metered                         20 0.2501                             0.25       ?       ?        ?       ?       ?       ?       ?


Facade cladding Bonus<30 kW n/a                  n/a        n/a     n/a
                                                           Facade Bonus of 0.05/kWh discontinued.
Facade cladding Bonus<100 kWn/a                  n/a        n/a     n/a
Facade cladding Bonus>100 kWn/a                  n/a        n/a     n/a
                            n/a
Facade cladding Bonus>1000 kW                    n/a        n/a     n/a

                                                                  Degression on Plants >5 MW
                                                                             1.0% 1.0% 1.0% 1.0% 1.0% 1.0% 1.0%
Hydro                                                                        2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
New
<500 kW                                    20 0.1267        0.176      0.171 0.127 0.127 0.127 0.127 0.127 0.127 0.127
>500 kW<2 MW                               20 0.0865        0.120      0.117 0.087 0.087 0.087 0.087 0.087 0.087 0.087
>2 MW<5 MW                                 20 0.0765        0.106      0.103 0.077 0.077 0.077 0.077 0.077 0.077 0.077

Revitalized Plants
<500 kW                                    20 0.1167        0.162      0.158 0.117 0.117 0.117 0.117 0.117 0.117 0.117
>500 kW<2 MW                               20 0.0865        0.120      0.117 0.087 0.087 0.087 0.087 0.087 0.087 0.087
>2 MW<5 MW                                 20 0.0865        0.120      0.117 0.087 0.087 0.087 0.087 0.087 0.087 0.087

Modernized Plants (amount upgraded)
<500 kW                         15             0.0729       0.101      0.098    #####      #####   #####   #####   #####   #####   #####
<10 MW                          15             0.0632       0.088      0.085    #####      0.063   0.062   0.061   0.061    0.06    0.06
<20 MW                          15             0.0580       0.080      0.078    #####      0.057   0.057   0.056   0.056   0.055   0.055
<50 MW                          15             0.0434       0.060      0.059    #####      #####   0.043   0.042   0.042   0.041   0.041
>50 MW                          15             0.0350       0.049      0.047    #####      0.035   0.034   0.034   0.034   0.033   0.033

Note: The biomass/biogas tariffs are extremely complex. Please see the EEG directly or contact the Bundesverband Erneuerbare Energie (BEE).
                                                                   0.0% 1.0% 1.0% 1.0% 1.0% 1.0% 1.0%
Biomass/Biogas                                                     2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
<150 kW                             20 0.1167     0.162    0.158 0.117 0.116 0.114 0.113 0.112 0.111 0.11
>150 kW<500 kW                      20 0.0918     0.127    0.124 0.092 0.091 0.09 0.089 0.088 0.087 0.086
>500 kW<5 MW                        20 0.0825     0.114    0.111 0.083 0.082 0.081 0.08 0.079 0.078 0.078
>5 MW<20 MW                         20 0.0779     0.108    0.105 0.078 0.077 0.076 0.076 0.075 0.074 0.073

Fuel Bonuse
<150 kW Biogas from Biomass     20 0.0600                   0.083      0.081    ##### 0.059 0.059 0.058 0.058              0.057   0.056
<150 kW Biogas                  20 0.0700                   0.097      0.094    ##### 0.069 0.069 0.068 0.067              0.067   0.066
<150 kW, <30% manure            20 0.0400                   0.055      0.054    ##### 0.04 0.039 0.039 0.038               0.038   0.038
<150 kW Biogas from farm wastes 20 0.0200                   0.028      0.027    ##### 0.02 0.02 0.019 0.019                0.019   0.019

<500 kW    Biomass Wastes          20          0.0600       0.083      0.081    ##### 0.059 0.059 0.058 0.058 0.057 0.056
<500 kW                            20
           Liquid Gasforming Biomass           0.0600       0.083      0.081    ##### 0.059 0.059 0.058 0.058 0.057 0.056
<500 kW    Biogas                  20          0.0700       0.097      0.094    ##### 0.069 0.069 0.068 0.067 0.067 0.066
<500 kW    Biogas, <30 manure      20          0.0100       0.014      0.013    ##### 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.009
<150 kW    Biogas from farm wastes 20          0.0200       0.028      0.027    ##### 0.02 0.02 0.019 0.019 0.019 0.019

<5 MW Biomass Wastes           20              0.0400       0.055      0.054    ##### 0.04 0.039           0.039   0.038   0.038   0.038
<5 MW Liquid Gasforming Biomass20              0.0400       0.055      0.054    ##### 0.04 0.039           0.039   0.038   0.038   0.038
< 5MW Wood Burning             20              0.0250       0.035      0.034    ##### 0.025 0.025          0.024   0.024   0.024   0.024
                               20
< 5MW Wood Burning from Plantation             0.0400       0.055      0.054    ##### 0.04 0.039           0.039   0.038   0.038   0.038

Innovation Bonus                           20 0.0200        0.028      0.027 #####          0.02 0.02 0.019 0.019 0.019 0.019
District Heating Bonus <30 MW              20 0.0300        0.042      0.040 #####          0.03 0.029 0.029 0.029 0.029 0.028
Note: Biomass-Biogas tariffs need clarification. Some report max. tariffs of 0.2367/kWh.
                                                                                0.0%       1.0%    1.0%    1.0%    1.0% 1.0% 1.0%
Geothermal                                                                       2009       2010    2011    2012    2013 2014 2015
<10 MW                            20           0.1568       0.218      0.212    #####      #####   #####   #####   ##### ##### #####
>10 MW                            20           0.1029       0.143      0.139    #####      #####   #####   #####   ##### ##### #####
Bonus for installation before 201620           0.0392       0.054      0.053    #####      #####   #####   #####
District heating bonus            20           0.0294       0.041      0.040    #####      #####   #####   #####   #####   #####   #####
Technology bonus for hot-dry-rock 20           0.0392       0.054      0.053    #####      #####   #####   #####   #####   #####   #####
                                                                                1.5%       1.5%    1.5%    1.5%    1.5%    1.5%    1.5%
Landfill Gas                                                                     2009       2010    2011    2012    2013    2014    2015
<500 kW                                    20 0.0900        0.125      0.121    #####      #####   #####   #####   #####   #####   #####
<5 MW                                      20 0.0616        0.085      0.083    #####      #####   #####   #####   #####   #####   #####

Sewage Gas
<500 kW                                    20 0.0711        0.099      0.096 0.071 ##### ##### ##### ##### ##### #####
<5 MW                                      20 0.0616        0.085      0.083 0.062 0.061 0.06 0.059 0.058 0.057 0.056

Innovation Bonus for Landfill and Sewage Gas
<350 Nm3/hour                                                                   ##### ##### ##### ##### ##### ##### #####
<700 Nm3/hour                                                                   ##### ##### ##### ##### ##### ##### #####


a There is a continuum
between reference yields
that's not explicity stated in
the table. All sites are paid
the inital price for five
years. The initial price is
extended two months for
every 0.75 x the quotient of
the actual yield relative to
150% of th
bAll sites are paid the initial tariff for the first 12 years. Sites must be beyond 12 miles and bonus for further offshore and deeper than 20 meters.
d Is in operation by Dec 31, 2015.
e Premium paid according to fuel used and for use of "innovative" technology.
Reference yield data on wind turbines on the German market: http://www.wind-fgw.de/eeg_referenzertrag.htm.
http://www.wind-fgw.de/eeg_referenzertrag.htm
http://www.wind-fgw.de/eeg_start.htm
Tariffs degress annually as noted.
http://www.wind-works.org/FeedLaws/Germany/EEG-New-English-final.pdf
District heating bonus: must replace fossil fuels, 1/5 of heat "decoupled". See Annex 4 for Heat Bonus requirements.

Solar Photovoltaic 2009
There are many new provisions for Solar PV in 2009.
1. There is now a sliding scale for degression that depends upon the rate of growth from one year to the next.
2009: 1,000-1,500 MW
2010: 1,100-1,700 MW
2011: 1,200-1,900 MW
If growth exceeds this rate, the digression is increased by 1%.
If growth is less than this rate, the digression is decreased by 1%.
2. The facade bonus was eliminated.
3. There are provisions now for self-generation.
4. Systems greater than 100 kW must be capable of being remotely controlled.
5. Operators will be reimbursed for any generation that the grid operator rejects (for systems greater than 100 kW).

Wind 2009
Repowering incentive is paid under the condition that the turbines being replaced are 10 years old or older and that the new capacity is more than twice the original capacity.

Wind 2009
Grid extension obligation for each new renewable installation.
Penalty or compensation in favour of the operator if the grid installation is not sufficient.
Detailed report obligation against the grid operator for regular and transparent reports on the grid status.
via Heinrich Bartelt
Germany 2011 Solar PV Tariffs

                                                     Tariff 1.38725 1.3496
                                              Years €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWhNotes
Tariffs January 1, 2011
<30 kW rooftop                                    20   0.287    0.399   0.388
>30 kW<100 kW rooftop                             20   0.273    0.379   0.369
>100 kW <1,000 kW rooftop                         20   0.259    0.359   0.349
>1,000 kW rooftop                                 20   0.216    0.299   0.291
Groundmounted Conversion and Sealed Areas         20   0.211    0.293   0.285
Groundmounted Commercial Zones                    20   0.221    0.306   0.298
Groundmounted Crop Land                           20    n/a                     No longer permitted.
<30 kW Net Metered <30%                           20   0.124    0.171   0.167
<30 kW Net Metered >30%                           20   0.167    0.232   0.226
<100 kW Net Metered <30%                         20    0.110    0.152   0.148
<100 kW Net Metered >30%                         20    0.153    0.213   0.207
>100 kW <500 kW Net Metered <30%                 20    0.095    0.132   0.128
>100 kW <500 kW Net Metered >30%                 20    0.139    0.192   0.187
Note: Net-metered customers offset ~€0.20/kWh in retail rates
Source:
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erneuerbare-Energien-Gesetz
 Ger
man
Solar
 PV
Degr
essio
  n
EEG
2012

                   Additional
           Base
          Degressi Degressi
MW/yr       on        on      Total
1,500         -9%       7.5% ####
2,000         -9%       5.0% ####
2,500         -9%       2.5% ####
3,500         -9%         0% -9%
4,500         -9%        -3% -12%
5,500         -9%        -6% -15%
6,500         -9%      -12% -21%
7,500         -9%      -15% -24%
Degr
essio
n
deter
mine
d
twice
per
year:
Marc
h-
May,
and
Sept
embe
r-
Octo
ber.
The
intent
 is to
maint
ain
in
the
corrid
or


http://
www.
erne
uerb
are-
ener
gien.
de/fil
es/pd
fs/all
geme
in/ap
plicati
on/pd
f/eeg
_nov
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entw
urf_2
011.p
df
Advanced Renewable Tariffs in Germany
                                                        Tariff 1.387 1.35 Degression
                                                  Years €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Note: Wind tariffs use the German
Reference Yield Method. This table is
only an approximation.

Winda                                                                                2013
On Land                                                                            -1.50%
60% Reference Yield                                  20 0.0893     0.124   0.121
70% Reference Yield                                16.9 0.0893     0.124   0.121
80% Reference Yield                                15.4 0.0893     0.124   0.121
90% Reference Yield                                13.9 0.0893     0.124   0.121
100% Reference Yield                               12.4 0.0893     0.124   0.121
110% Reference Yield                               10.9 0.0893     0.124   0.121
120% Reference Yield                                9.4 0.0893     0.124   0.121
130% Reference Yield                                  8 0.0893     0.124   0.121
140% Reference Yield                                6.5 0.0893     0.124   0.121
150% Reference Yield                                  5 0.0893     0.124   0.121
All                                                     0.0487
                                                  To Year 20       0.068   0.066

Repowering Incentive                                      0.0050   0.007   0.007
                                                                                     2018
Offshoreb                                                                            -7%
60% Reference Yield                                  20 0.1500     0.208   0.202
100% Reference Yield                                 16 0.1500     0.208   0.202
150% Reference Yiled                                  5 0.1500     0.208   0.202
All                                                     0.0350
                                                  To Year 20       0.049   0.047

Offshore Sprinter Bonus (If in service by 2018)      8 0.1900      0.264   0.256
                                                    12 0.1500      0.208   0.202
                                                                                     2012
Solar Photovoltaic 2012                                                              -9% See accompanying degression schedule.
<30 kW rooftop                                      20    0.2443   0.339   0.330
>30 kW<100 kW rooftop                               20    0.2323   0.322   0.314
>100 kW <1,000 kW rooftop                           20    0.2198   0.305   0.297
>1,000 kW rooftop                                   20    0.1833   0.254   0.247
Groundmounted Brownfields                           20    0.1876   0.260   0.253
Groundmounted Other                                 20    0.1794   0.249   0.242
Groundmounted Crop Land                             20      n/a

<30 kW Net Metered <30%                             20 0.0805      0.112   0.109
<30 kW Net Metered >30%                             20 0.1243      0.172   0.168
<100 kW Net Metered <30%                            20 0.0683      0.095   0.092
<100 kW Net Metered >30%                            20 0.1123      0.156   0.152
>100 kW <500 kW Net Metered <30%                    20 0.0560      0.078   0.076
>100 kW <500 kW Net Metered >30%                    20 0.0998      0.138   0.135
Note: Net-metered customers offset ~€0.20/kWh in retail rates
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erneuerbare-Energien-Gesetz#Photovoltaik
                                                                                     2013
Hydro                                                                                -1%
<500 kW                                             20  0.1270     0.176   0.171
>500 kW<2 MW                                        20  0.0830     0.115   0.112
>2 MW<5 MW                                          20  0.0630     0.087   0.085
>5 MW<10 MW                                         20  0.0550     0.076   0.074
>10 MW<20 MW                                         20 0.5300     0.735   0.715
>20 MW<50 MW                                         20 0.0420     0.058   0.057
>50 MW                                               20 0.0340     0.047   0.046
                                                                                     2013
Biomass/Biogas                                                                       -2%
Note: The biomass tariffs are
extremely complex. The tables
below are based on a cursory
examination of the 2012 EEG and
my limited understanding of
German.
<150 kW                                             20    0.1430   0.198   0.193
>150 kW<500 kW                                      20    0.1230   0.171   0.166
>500 kW<5 MW                                        20    0.1100   0.153   0.148
>5 MW<20 MW                                         20    0.0600   0.083   0.081

Fuel Class I Bonus
<500 kW                                                   0.0600   0.083   0.081
>500 kW<750 kW                                            0.0500   0.069   0.067
>750 kW<5 MW                                              0.0400   0.055   0.054
>5 MW                                                     0.0250   0.035   0.034

Fuel Class II Bonus
<5 MW                                                     0.0800   0.111   0.108

Fuel from Manure
<500 kW                                                   0.0800   0.111   0.108
>500 kW<5 MW                                              0.0600   0.083   0.081

Anerobic fermentation of biomass wastes
<500 kW                                             20 0.1600      0.222   0.216
>500 kW<20 MW                                       20 0.1400      0.194   0.189

Geothermal                                                                           2018
                                                     20                              -5%
All sizes                                                 0.2500   0.347   0.337
Technology bonus for hot-dry-rock                         0.0500   0.069   0.067
                                                                                     2013
Landfill Gas                                                                       -1.50%
<500 kW                                             20 0.0860      0.119   0.116
<5 MW                                               20 0.0589      0.082   0.079
                                                                                     2013
Sewage Gas                                                                         -1.50%
<500 kW                                             20 0.0679      0.094   0.092
<5 MW                                               20 0.0589      0.082   0.079

Note: This table is based upon my limited knowledge of German.
http://www.erneuerbare-energien.de/files/pdfs/allgemein/application/pdf/eeg_novelle_entwurf_2011.pdf
Advanced Renewable Tariffs in Germany
Tariff Year                 2010
                                   Tariff 1.387 1.35
                            Years €/kWh        USD/kWh
                                         CAD/kWh
Note: Wind tariffs use the German Reference Yield Method. This table is only an approximation.
                                                      Degression
Winda                                                            1.0% 1.0% 1.0% 1.0% 1.0%                                 1.0%     1%
On Land                                                  2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014                                    2015    ###
60% Reference Yield            20 #### 0.125 0.122 0.09 0.091 0.090 0.089 0.088 0.087                                     0.087   ###
70% Reference Yield          16.9 #### 0.125 0.122 0.09 0.091 0.090 0.089 0.088 0.087                                     0.087   ###
80% Reference Yield          15.4 #### 0.125 0.122 0.09 0.091 0.090 0.089 0.088 0.087                                     0.087   ###
90% Reference Yield          13.9 #### 0.125 0.122 0.09 0.091 0.090 0.089 0.088 0.087                                     0.087   ###
100% Reference Yield         12.4 #### 0.125 0.122 0.09 0.091 0.090 0.089 0.088 0.087                                     0.087   ###
110% Reference Yield         10.9 #### 0.125 0.122 0.09 0.091 0.090 0.089 0.088 0.087                                     0.087   ###
120% Reference Yield          9.4 #### 0.125 0.122 0.09 0.091 0.090 0.089 0.088 0.087                                     0.087   ###
130% Reference Yield            8 #### 0.125 0.122 0.09 0.091 0.090 0.089 0.088 0.087                                     0.087   ###
140% Reference Yield          6.5 #### 0.125 0.122 0.09 0.091 0.090 0.089 0.088 0.087                                     0.087   ###
150% Reference Yield            5 #### 0.125 0.122 0.09 0.091 0.090 0.089 0.088 0.087                                     0.087   ###
All                                20
                            To Year#### 0.068 0.066 0.05 0.050 0.049 0.049 0.048 0.048                                    0.047   ###

Grid Compatibility Bonus                 ####                         0.01 0.007 0.007 0.007 0.007 0.007 0.007 ###
Repowering Incentive                     ####                         0.01 0.005 0.005 0.005 0.005 0.005 0.005 ###


                                                                     0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% ###
                                                                     2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Offshoreb                              ####       0.180     0.175     0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.1
60% Reference Yield                20 ####        0.180     0.175     0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.1
100% Reference Yield               16 ####        0.180     0.175     0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.1
150% Reference Yiled                5 ####        0.180     0.175     0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.1
All                                    20
                                To Year####       0.049     0.047     0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04

Offshore Bonus (If in service by 2013)   ####     0.028     0.027 #### 0.020 0.020 0.020
                        Total            ####     0.208     0.202

Solar Photovoltaic
See separate tab.                                      Degression on Plants >5 MW
                                                                  1.0% 1.0% 1.0% 1.0% 1.0% 1.0% 1.0%
Hydro                                                             2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
New
<500 kW                             20 ####       0.176     0.171     0.13     0.13        0.13    0.13    0.13    0.13    0.13
>500 kW<2 MW                        20 ####       0.120     0.117     0.09     0.09        0.09    0.09    0.09    0.09    0.09
>2 MW<5 MW                          20 ####       0.106     0.103     0.08     0.08        0.08    0.08    0.08    0.08    0.08

Revitalized Plants
<500 kW                             20 ####       0.117     0.158     0.12     0.12        0.12    0.12    0.12    0.12    0.12
>500 kW<2 MW                        20 ####       0.087     0.117     0.09     0.09        0.09    0.09    0.09    0.09    0.09
>2 MW<5 MW                          20 ####       0.087     0.117     0.09     0.09        0.09    0.09    0.09    0.09    0.09

Modernized Plants (amount upgraded)
<500 kW                     15 ####               0.101     0.098    #### #### #### #### #### #### ####
<10 MW                      15 ####               0.086     0.084    #### 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.06
<20 MW                      15 ####               0.079     0.077    #### 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.05
<50 MW                      15 ####               0.059     0.057    #### #### 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04
>50 MW                      15 ####               0.048     0.046    #### 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03

Note: The biomass/biogas tariffs are extremely complex. Please see the EEG directly or contact the Bundesverband Erneuerbare Energie (BEE).
                                                         0.0% 1.0% 1.0% 1.0% 1.0% 1.0% 1.0%
Biomass/Biogas                                           2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
<150 kW                      20 #### 0.159 0.154 0.12 0.12 0.11 0.11 0.11 0.11 0.11
>150 kW<500 kW               20 #### 0.125 0.121 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09
>500 kW<5 MW                 20 #### 0.112 0.109 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08
>5 MW<20 MW                  20 #### 0.106 0.103 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.07 0.07 0.07

Fuel Bonuse
<150 kW Biogas from Biomass20 ####                0.082     0.079    ####      0.06        0.06    0.06    0.06    0.06    0.06
<150 kW Biogas             20 ####                0.095     0.093    ####      0.07        0.07    0.07    0.07    0.07    0.07
<150 kW, <30% manure       20 ####                0.054     0.053    ####      0.04        0.04    0.04    0.04    0.04    0.04
                           20
<150 kW Biogas from farm wastes ####              0.027     0.026    ####      0.02        0.02    0.02    0.02    0.02    0.02

<500 kW    Biomass Wastes     20 ####             0.082     0.079    ####      0.06        0.06    0.06    0.06    0.06    0.06
<500 kW                       20 ####
           Liquid Gasforming Biomass              0.082     0.079    ####      0.06        0.06    0.06    0.06    0.06    0.06
<500 kW    Biogas             20 ####             0.095     0.093    ####      0.07        0.07    0.07    0.07    0.07    0.07
<500 kW    Biogas, <30 manure20 ####              0.014     0.013    ####      0.01        0.01    0.01    0.01    0.01    0.01
<150 kW                       20
           Biogas from farm wastes ####           0.027     0.026    ####      0.02        0.02    0.02    0.02    0.02    0.02

<5 MW Biomass Wastes       20 ####                0.054     0.053    ####      0.04        0.04    0.04    0.04    0.04    0.04
                           20 ####
<5 MW Liquid Gasforming Biomass                   0.054     0.053    ####      0.04        0.04    0.04    0.04    0.04    0.04
< 5MW Wood Burning            ####
                                20                0.034     0.033    ####      0.02        0.02    0.02    0.02    0.02    0.02
                              ####
                                20
< 5MW Wood Burning from Plantation                0.054     0.053    ####      0.04        0.04    0.04    0.04    0.04    0.04

Innovation Bonus            20 ####               0.027     0.026 ####         0.02        0.02    0.02    0.02    0.02    0.02
                            20
District Heating Bonus <30 MW ####                0.041     0.040 ####         0.03        0.03    0.03    0.03    0.03    0.03
Note: Biomass-Biogas tariffs need clarification. Some report max. tariffs of 0.2367/kWh.
                                                                     0.0%     1.0%    1.0%        1.0%    1.0%    1.0%    1.0%
Geothermal                                                           2009     2010    2011        2012    2013    2014    2015
<5 MW                          20 ####            0.218     0.212    0.160    0.158   0.157       0.155   0.154   0.152   0.151
<10 MW                         20 ####            0.218     0.212    0.160    0.158   0.157       0.155   0.154   0.152   0.151
>10 MW<20 MW                   20 ####            0.143     0.139    0.105    0.104   0.103       0.102   0.101   0.100   0.099
                               20
>20 MW (class eliminated in 2009)####             0.143     0.139    0.105    0.104   0.103       0.102   0.101   0.100   0.099
Bonus for district heating <20 MW ####            0.041     0.040    0.030    0.030   0.029       0.029   0.029   0.029   0.028
Technology Bonus <10 MW           ####            0.054     0.053    0.040    0.040   0.039       0.039   0.038   0.038   0.038

                                                                  1.5% 1.5%           1.5%        1.5%    1.5%    1.5%    1.5%
Landfill Gas                                                      2009 2010           2011        2012    2013    2014    2015
<500 kW                             20 ####       0.121     0.118 0.090 0.089         0.087       0.086   0.085   0.083   0.082
<5 MW                               20 ####       0.083     0.081 0.062 0.061         0.060       0.059   0.058   0.057   0.056

Sewage Gas
<500 kW                             20 ####       0.096     0.093     0.07 #### #### #### #### #### ####
<5 MW                               20 ####       0.083     0.081     0.06 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.06

Innovation Bonus for Landfill and Sewage Gas
<350 Nm3/hour                            ####                       #### #### #### #### #### #### ####
<700 Nm3/hour                            ####                       #### #### #### #### #### #### ####
Note: This table is based upon my limited knowledge of German.
a There is a continuum
between reference yields
that's not explicity stated
in the table. All sites are
paid the inital price for
five years. The initial
price is extended two
months for every 0.75 x
the quotient of the actual
yield relative to 150% of
th
bAll sites are paid the initial tariff for the first 12 years. Sites must be beyond 12 miles and bonus for further offshore and deeper than 20 meters.
d Is in operation by Dec 31, 2015.
e Premium paid according to fuel used and for use of "innovative" technology.
Reference yield data on wind turbines on the German market: http://www.wind-fgw.de/eeg_referenzertrag.htm.
http://www.wind-fgw.de/eeg_referenzertrag.htm
http://www.wind-fgw.de/eeg_start.htm
Tariffs degress annually as noted.
http://www.wind-works.org/FeedLaws/Germany/EEG-New-English-final.pdf


Solar Photovoltaic 2009
There are many new provisions for Solar PV in 2009.
1. There is now a sliding scale for degression that depends upon the rate of growth from one year to the next.
2009: 1,000-1,500 MW
2010: 1,100-1,700 MW
2011: 1,200-1,900 MW
If growth exceeds this rate, the digression is increased by 1%.
If growth is less than this rate, the digression is decreased by 1%.
2. The facade bonus was eliminated.
3. There are provisions now for self-generation.
4. Systems greater than 100 kW must be capable of being remotely controlled.
5. Operators will be reimbursed for any generation that the grid operator rejects (for systems greater than 100 kW).

Wind 2009
Repowering incentive is paid under the condition that the turbines being replaced are 10 years old or older and that the new capacity is more than twice the original capacity.

Wind 2009
Grid extension obligation for each new renewable installation.
Penalty or compensation in favour of the operator if the grid installation is not sufficient.
Detailed report obligation against the grid operator for regular and transparent reports on the grid status.
via Heinrich Bartelt
Renewable Heat Tariffs in Great Britain

                                                  0.873  1.387  1.350
                                      Years ^/kWh €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh Metering
Solid biomass                            20                           Metered
<200 kW Tier 1                              0.076 0.087  0.121  0.117
<200 kW Tier 2                              0.020 0.023  0.032  0.031
>200 kW<1,000 kW Tier 1                     0.049 0.056  0.078  0.076
>200 kW<1,000 kW Tier 2                     0.020 0.023  0.032  0.031
>1,000 kW                                   0.027 0.031  0.043  0.042

Groundsource heatpumps & geothermal       20                                   Metered
<100 kW                                        0.045 0.052     0.072   0.070
>100 kW                                        0.032 0.037     0.051   0.049

Solar thermal                             20                                   Metered
<200 kW                                        0.085 0.097     0.135   0.131

Biomethane injection &
combustion excepting landfill
gas                                       20                                   Metered
<200 kW                                        0.068 0.078     0.108   0.105


Original Proposal for Comparison
Solid biomass                             15
<45 kW                                         0.090   0.103   0.143   0.139   Estimated
<500 kW                                        0.065   0.074   0.103   0.100   Estimated
>500 kW                                        0.016   0.018   0.025   0.025   Metered
                                               0.025   0.029   0.040   0.039   Metered

Bioliquids                                15
<45 kW                                         0.065 0.074     0.103   0.100 Estimated

Biogas on-site combustion                 10
<45 kW                                         0.055 0.063     0.087   0.085 Estimated
<200 kW                                        0.055 0.063     0.087   0.085 Estimated

Groundsource heatpumps
<45 kW                                    23 0.070 0.080       0.111   0.108 Estimated
<350 kW                                   20 0.055 0.063       0.087   0.085 Estimated
>350 kW                                   20 0.015 0.017       0.024   0.023 Metered

Air source heatpumps
<45 kW                                    18 0.075 0.086       0.119   0.116 Estimated
<350 kW                                   20 0.020 0.023       0.032   0.031 Estimated

Solar thermal (DHW)
<20 kW                                    20 0.180 0.206       0.286   0.278 Estimated
<100 kW                                   20 0.170 0.195       0.270   0.263 Estimated

Biomethane injection                      15 0.040 0.046       0.064   0.062

Consultation on the Renewable Heat Incentive (RHI)
http://www.decc.gov.uk/en/content/cms/consultations/rhi/rhi.aspx
Renewable Electricity Tariffs in Great Britain , Revised Solar & Biogas 2011

                                              0.873  1.387  1.350
                                  Years ^/kWh €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Solar PV                             25
<4 kW New Build                           0.378   0.433   0.601   0.584
<4 kW Retrofit                            0.433   0.496   0.688   0.669
>4 kW<10 kW                               0.378   0.433   0.601   0.584
>10 kW<50 kW                              0.329   0.377   0.523   0.509
>50 kW<150 kW                             0.190   0.218   0.302   0.294   New
>150 kW<250 kW                            0.150   0.172   0.238   0.232   New
>250 kW<5 MW                              0.085   0.097   0.135   0.131   New
Stand Alone (IPP or Greenfield)           0.085   0.097   0.135   0.131   New

Anaerobic Digestion                  20
<250 kW                                   0.140 0.160     0.222   0.216 New
>250 kW<500 kW                            0.130 0.149     0.207   0.201 New
>500 kW                                   0.094 0.108     0.149   0.145


http://www.decc.gov.uk/en
/content/cms/what_we_do
/uk_supply/energy_mix/re
newable/policy/feedin_tarr
iff/en/content/cms/news/p
n11_046/pn11_046.aspx
Renewable Electricity
Tariffs in Great Britain

                                             0.873  1.387  1.350
                                  Years^/kWh €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Export Tariff*                         0.031 0.027  0.038  0.037

Wind Energy                         20
<1.5 kW                                  0.362   0.415   0.575   0.560
>1.5 kW<15 kW                            0.280   0.321   0.445   0.433
>15 kW<100 kW                            0.253   0.290   0.402   0.391
>100 kW<500 kW                           0.197   0.226   0.313   0.305
>500 kW<1.5 MW                           0.099   0.113   0.157   0.153
>1.5 MW<5 MW                             0.047   0.054   0.075   0.073

Solar PV                            25
<4 kW New Build                          0.378   0.433   0.601   0.584
<4 kW Retrofit                           0.433   0.496   0.688   0.669
>4 kW<10 kW                              0.378   0.433   0.601   0.584
>10 kW<100 kW                            0.329   0.377   0.523   0.509 See Great Britain 2011 Rev.
>100 kW<5 MW                             0.307   0.352   0.488   0.475 See Great Britain 2011 Rev.
Stand Alone (IPP or Greenfield)          0.307   0.352   0.488   0.475 See Great Britain 2011 Rev.
Export Tariff                            0.031   0.036   0.049   0.048

Hydro                               20
<15 kW                                   0.209   0.239   0.332   0.323
>10 kW<100 kW                            0.187   0.214   0.297   0.289
>100 kW<2 MW                             0.115   0.132   0.183   0.178
>2 MW<5 MW                               0.047   0.054   0.075   0.073

Anaerobic Digestion                 20
<500 kW                                  0.121 0.139     0.192   0.187 See Great Britain 2011 Rev.
>500 kW                                  0.094 0.108     0.149   0.145

Existing
microgenerators
transferred from RO.                20 0.090 0.103       0.143   0.139

Micro CHP <2 kW                     10 0.105 0.120       0.167   0.162

Solid biomass
<45 kW                              15 0.090 0.103       0.143   0.139
>45 kW<500 kW                       15 0.065 0.074       0.103   0.100
>500 kW                             15 0.025 0.029       0.040   0.039

Biodiesel <45 kW                    15 0.065 0.074       0.103   0.100

Biogas on-site combustion
<45 kW                              10 0.055 0.063       0.087   0.085
>45 kW<200 kW                       10 0.055 0.063       0.087   0.085

Begins April 10, 2010
though systems installed
up to that time can
qualify.
http://www.decc.gov.uk/en/content/cms/news/pn10_010/pn10_010.aspx

Micro CHP <2 kW: This
tariff is available only for
30,000 microCHP
installations. A review will
take place when 12,000
units have been installed.


*The program is intended
primarily for off-loading
consumption. To
encourage conservation,
the program pays a
bonus for electricity
exported to the grid.
Renewable Tariffs in Greece

                     2011 Tariff  1.3873 1.3496
                     Years €/kWh CAD/kWhUSD/kWh Degression

Wind Energy On Land20
Mainland                       0.088    0.121     0.118
Islands                        0.099    0.138     0.134
Small Wind          20
<50 kW                         0.250    0.347     0.337
Wind Energy Offshore20
Mainland                       0.097    0.135     0.131
Islands                        0.097    0.135     0.131
Small Hydro <15 MW 20
Mainland                       0.088    0.122     0.119
Biomass             20
Mainland                       0.081    0.113     0.110
Islands                        0.097    0.135     0.131
Geothermal          20
                               0.150    0.208     0.202
High Temperature               0.099    0.138     0.134
Photovoltaics
<10 kW rooftop*      25        0.550    0.763     0.742        -5% Degression begings 2012.
<100 kW Mainland Feb.20        0.419    0.582     0.566             Begins 2010
<100 kW Mainland Aug.20        0.395    0.548     0.533
>100 kW Mainland Feb.20        0.373    0.517     0.503
>100 kW Mainland Aug.20        0.351    0.487     0.474
<100 kW Islands Feb. 20        0.466    0.647     0.629
<100 kW Islands Aug. 20        0.439    0.609     0.592
>100 kW Islands Feb. 20        0.419    0.582     0.566
>100 kW Islands Aug. 20        0.399    0.553     0.538
Solar Thermal        20
                               0.265    0.367     0.357
with Storage                   0.285    0.395     0.384
Biomass                 20
<1 MW                        0.200    0.277 0.270
>1 MW<5 MW                   0.175    0.243 0.236
>5 MW                        0.150    0.208 0.202
Landfill Gas           20
<2 MW                        0.120    0.166 0.162
>2 MW                        0.100    0.138 0.134
Biogas                 20
<3 MW                        0.220    0.305 0.297
>3 MW                        0.200    0.277 0.270
Other Renewables       20    0.089    0.123 0.119
District Heating/Cogen 20
 Mainland                    0.089    0.123 0.119
 Islands                     0.099    0.138 0.134
http://www.ecofys.com/com/publications/documents/RE-SHAPING_Renewable-Energy-Policy-Country-profiles-2011.pdf
*No program cap. 25% inflation adjustment. To qualify, must also use solar DHW.

On top of the tariffs
are grants up to
40% of the cost up
to 100,000 Euros.
Rooftop program
will be
implemented later
in 2009 for up to
750 MW. Rooftop
systems will
receive a higher
tariff but no grant.
For systems >10
MW, tendering
process. FITs
adjusted
More than 3,000 MW of applications have been filed in late 2008.
http://www.helapco.gr/index_en.html
See also
http://llns-test.blogspot.com/2009/10/greece-finalizes-feed-in-tariffs-law.html
Renewable Tariffs in Hawii

                                    2011 Tariff 1.38725 1.3496
                                    Years €/kWh CAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Tier 1 <20 kW
PV, all islands with state tax credit 0 0.162
                                          2            0.224   0.218
PV, all islands without state tax credit  20 0.203     0.282   0.274
CSP, all islands with state tax credit    20 0.199     0.277   0.269
CSP, all islands without state tax credit 20 0.245     0.340   0.331
Wind, all islands                         20 0.119     0.165   0.161
Hydro, all islands                        20 0.158     0.219   0.213

Tier 2
PV with state tax credit                  20   0.140   0.194   0.189
>20 kW <500 kW Oahu, <250
kW Maui and Hawaii, <100 kW
Lanai and Molokai
PV without state tax credit               20   0.176   0.245   0.238

CSP                                       20   0.188   0.261   0.254
<500 kW Oahu, Maui, and
Hawaii, <100 kW Lanai and
Molokai

Wind                                      20   0.102   0.142   0.138
<100 kW on all islands

Hydro                                     20   0.140   0.194   0.189
<100 kW on all islands

Baseline FIT                              20   0.102   0.142   0.138

Tier 3 (Not in Effect)
<5 MW on Oahu                                                  n/a

<2.72 MW on Maui and Hawaii                                    n/a
Wind: >100 kW excluded on
Maui and Hawaii

http://www.dsireusa.org/incentiv
es/incentive.cfm?Incentive_Cod
e=HI29F&re=1&ee=1
http://www.heco.com/vcmconte
nt/StaticFiles/FileScan/PDF/En
ergyServices/Tarrifs/HECO/HE
CORatesFIT.pdf
http://www.heco.com/portal/site
/heco/menuitem.508576f78baa
14340b4c0610c510b1ca/?vgne
xtoid=0b0a8618ce4f7210VgnV
CM1000005c011bacRCRD&vg
nextfmt=default&cpsextcurrcha
nnel=1

Residential and business
customers can participate as
long as the available FIT
capacity has not been
exceeded. Current Net Energy
Metering ("NEM") customers
will receive a one-time choice
to convert from NEM to FIT.
Program Limits:
Oahu - 60 MW
Big Island - 10 MW
Maui, Lanai, Molokai (combined) - 10 MW
Queue:
https://www.hecofitio.com/_helco2/helco_queue.asp?scroll=0
Renewable Tariffs in Hungary

                         1.38725 1.3496
         Years €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Standard           0.09     0.128    0.124
Biomass
                  0.129     0.179    0.174
                  0.115     0.160    0.155
New tariffs instituted in 2011. I have no data on the new tariffs.
Neue Energie 06/2007.
Neue Energie 11/2008 Biomass
2011: Hungary could adopt new tariffs late 2011.
http://w
ww.bbj.
hu/busi
ness/hu
ngary-
could-
adopt-
feed-in-
tariff-
mecha
nism-
to-
support
-
renewa
ble-
energy
_60719
?produ
ct=Nort
on%20I
nternet
%20Se
curity&v
ersion=
19.1.1.
3&layo
Indianapolis Power & Light Renewable Energy Payment

                3-Oct-11                1.387  1.350
                           Years €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Wind
>50 kW<100 kW                  10   0.104   0.144   0.140
>100 kW<1 MW                   10   0.078   0.108   0.105
>1 MW<10 MW                    10   0.056   0.077   0.075

Solar PV
>20 kW <100 kW                 10   0.178   0.247   0.240
>20 kW <100 kW                 10   0.148   0.206   0.200

Biomass                        10   0.063   0.087   0.085

Indianapolis Power &
Light only; program
limited to 1% of retail
or ~150 million
kWh/yr. Tariffs
assume DCF with full
use of all tax
subsidies.

https://myweb.in.gov/I
URC/eds/Modules/IU
RC/CategorySearch/vi
ewfile.aspx?contentid
=0900b63180108558
IP&L Retail sales 15 TWh/yr.
 Northern
  Indiana
   Public
  Service
 Company
 (NIPSCO)
  Feed-in
    Tariff

     3-Oct-11                 1.387   1.350
                 Years €/kWhCAD/kWh USD/kWh
Wind
<100 kW             15   0.126    0.175   0.170
>100 kW<2 MW        15   0.074    0.103   0.100
Photovoltaics
<10 kW              15   0.222    0.308   0.300
>10 kW<2 MW         15   0.193    0.267   0.260
Biomass <5 MW       15   0.079    0.109   0.106
Hydro <1 MW         15   0.089    0.123   0.120

Program cap: 30 MW.
Solar PV <10 kW set aside: 500 kW.
Small wind <10 kW set aside: 500 kW.
Each customer limited to 5 MW.
Purchase
rate for
energy shall
be subject to
an escalator
of 2% per
year
Program effective through 2013.

http://www.ds
ireusa.org/inc
entives/incent
ive.cfm?Ince
ntive_Code=I
N79F&re=1&
ee=1

http://www.ni
psco.com/Ou
r-
Services/Con
necting-to-
the-Grid.aspx
Indian State of Gujarat

                           1.38725   1.34962
                Years €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Photovoltaics 2009
Solar PV <5 MW 12 0.200      0.278  0.270

Sun & Wind Energy 2/2009
Proposed Renewable Tariff in India

                                    66.5942   1.38725   1.34962 Degression
                Years INR/kWh €/kWh CAD/kWhUSD/kWh                  %

Solar PV <1 MW 25            19.6    0.294     0.408     0.397


Commissioned before March 31, 2012.
India Draft_Explanatory_Memo_for_Rooftop_PV.pdf
http://www.rechargenews.com/energy/solar/article203215.ece
http://www.telegraphindia.com/1100322/jsp/opinion/story_12226756.jsp
Target; 22,000 MW by 2022.
Renewable Tariff in Iran

                                                  14377    1.38725    1.34962
                               Years IRR/kWh €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh                %
All Renewables
Peak & Medium Load 20 hours               1,300 0.090        0.125      0.122
Low Load (4 hours)                          900 0.063        0.087      0.084

Program commenced November 6, 2008.
Tariffs vary annually.
Source: Renewable Energy Organization of Iran (SUNA), Ministry of Energy.
Irish Renewable Energy Feed-In Tariff (ReFIT)
               9/20/2011 0:00
                                                1.387 1.350
                                Years€/kWh           U
                                            CAD/kWh SD/kWh    %
Wave & Tidal Power               15 0.22        0.305 0.297
Small Wind 2009 (see note below)
Onshore Wind
<5 MW                              15 0.69      0.953 0.927
>5 MW                              15 0.07      0.092 0.090
Offshore Wind                      15 ####      0.194 0.189
Landfill Gas                       15 ####      0.113 0.110
Hydro                              15 0.08      0.115 0.112
Biomass                            15 0.08      0.115 0.112
Anerobic Digestion                 15 ####      0.166 0.162
Tariffs are fully indexed with inflation (CPI).

http://www.ecofys.com/com/
publications/documents/RE-
SHAPING_Renewable-
Energy-Policy-Country-
profiles-2011.pdf
http://www.dcenr.gov.ie/Pre
ss+Releases/Minister+Ryan
+announces+new+Govern
ment+support+price+for+bio
-energy.htm
http://www.dcmnr.gov.ie/Pre
ss+Releases/Minister+Noel
+Dempsey+announces+ne
w+initiative+to+increase++p
roduction+of+electricity+fro
m+renewable.htm
Ireland Renewables Target 33% by 2020, 2008.

Irish Small Wind Tariff
2009. In March of 2009 the
Minister of Energy
announced a "net" feed-in
tariff for small wind and
other microgeneration. This
has been widely reported in
the press and by AWEA. I
have not reported on it or
included it because it is

Microgeneration Net Tariff       3 0.19    0.058    0.056
Applicable to only 4,000 units
Renewable Tariffs in Israel

                                  4.998 1.38725 1.34962 Digression
                       Years     €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh2011-2015
                           NIS/kWh
Photovoltaics
>4 kW<15 kW                20    1.67 0.334       0.464      0.451         -7% NEF
>15 kW<50 kW               20    1.51 0.302       0.419      0.408         -7% NEF
>50 kW<5 MW                20    1.49 0.298       0.414      0.402         -5%
Solar (PV & CSP)
>100 kW<20 MW              20    0.92 0.184       0.255      0.248         -4%
>20 MW                     20    0.73 0.146       0.203      0.197         -4%
Wind
<15 kW Residential         20  1.25 0.250     0.347    0.338      -2%
>15 kW <50 kW              20 1.60 0.320      0.444    0.432      -2%
Renewable Energy              0.44 0.088      0.122    0.119
Sonne Wind & Waerme 6/2011 report changes to the program.
Target: 10% renewables by 2020.
Tariffs from 0.99 to 1.08 NIS/kWh.
Medium size projects to 12 MW, 300 MW by 2014.
To 2014, 1,055 MW target.
New Energy
Finance (NEF)
reported changes
to the program's
small scale PV
tariffs in July 2010
to take effect in
September.
http://www.pua.gov.il/51-1475-he/Electricity.aspx?pos=1
Tariff for new projects adjusted annually to 2010, then degress 4% annually in 2011.
Project size:
Private individuals up to 15 kW.
Companies up to 50 kW.
Program size: 50
MW or 7 years
whichever comes
first, though recent
article suggest
target is 200 MW
by 2014.
20% of program must be from private individuals.
Tariff after 2015 is final tariff.
Solar PV Small Projects Cap: 50 MW through 2015.
Solar PV 40 kW<20 MW Projects Cap: 300 MW through 2015.
Solar PV tariff indexed with inflation.
Wind: Cap 50 MW through 2016.
Renewable Energy: Premium green payment on top of wholesale cost (average cost of production), approximate.


http://cleantech-israel.blogspot.com/2009/02/israel-sets-feed-in-tariff-for-wind.html
http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?cid=1261364529378&pagename=JPost%2FJPArticle%2FShowFull
Renewable Tariffs in Italy
Conto Energia Decreto 19/02/07
                         Net-Metering 1.387    1.350
              2009 Years €/kWh CAD/kWhUSD/kWh egression
                                                     D
Photovoltiacs
1-3 kW                          0.11     0.153  0.148
3-20 kW                         0.11     0.153  0.148
>20 kW                          0.11     0.153  0.148
                        Incentive Tariff
Ground-mounted
1-3 kW                20       0.392     0.544  0.529  -2%
3-20 kW               20       0.372     0.517  0.503  -2%
>20 kW                20       0.353     0.489  0.476

                        Incentive Tariff
Rooftop
1-3 kW                 20      0.431       0.598   0.582
3-20 kW                20      0.412       0.571   0.556
>20 kW                 20      0.392       0.544   0.529

                        Incentive Tariff
BIPV
1-3 kW                20       0.480     0.666     0.648
3-20 kW               20       0.451     0.625     0.608
>20 kW                20       0.431     0.598     0.582
Sun & Wind Energy/Italy 11/2009.

                     Bonus Payment System
<500 MWh/yr                   0.095    0.132       0.128
500-1,000 MWh/yr               0.08    0.111       0.108
>1,000 MWh/yr                  0.07    0.097       0.094

                        Incentive Tariff
Rooftop
<500 MWh/yr                     0.35       0.486   0.472
500-1,000 MWh/yr                0.35       0.486   0.472
>1,000 MWh/yr                   0.35       0.486   0.472

                        Incentive Tariff
Ground-mounted
<500 MWh/yr                     0.39       0.541   0.526
500-1,000 MWh/yr                0.39       0.541   0.526
>1,000 MWh/yr                   0.39       0.541   0.526

                        Incentive Tariff
BIPV
1-3 kW                 20       0.43       0.597   0.580
3-20 kW                20       0.43       0.597   0.580
>20 kW                 20       0.43       0.597   0.580


Small Wind <200 kW 15           0.30       0.416   0.405
Geothermal <1 MW      15        0.20       0.277   0.270
Wave & Tidal <100 MW  15        0.34       0.472   0.459
Biomass waste <1 MW15           0.22       0.305   0.297
                      1
Farm Biomass & Biogas 5         0.30       0.416   0.405
                      15
Landfill and Sewage Gas         0.18       0.250   0.243



1. Net metering rates from 0.11-0.15/kWh. This table uses a conservative value.
2. Additional premiums apply for municipalities, schools, and hospitals.
3. Additional premius of 5% for BIPV on farm roofs replacing asbestos.
4. Annual cap lifted.
5. Program cap of 1,200 MW, 2012; 3,000 MW 2016.
Source: Sun & Wind Energy 2/2007.

NOTE: In 2008
Wind TGC were
converted from
trading value to a
fixed value
(monetizing) to
increase
investment
security and
payments have
been extended
from 12 to 15
years. This is a
major change in
the Italian
program and
confirms the shift
toward feed-i

Associazione
Nazionale Energia
del Vento (ANEV)
Renewable Tariffs in Italy
Conto Energia Decreto 19/02/07
                  Tariff   1.387 1.350 Degression
            Years €/kWh CAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Photovoltaics

Ground-Mounted (Non integrato)
1-3 kW       20 0.384 0.5327         0.5183
3-20 kW      20 0.365 0.5063         0.4926
>20 kW       20 0.346 0.4800         0.4670

Rooftop (Parzialmente integrato)
1-3 kW          20 0.422 0.5854      0.5695
3-20 kW         20 0.403 0.5591      0.5439
>20 kW          20 0.384 0.5327      0.5183

BIPV (Integrato)
1-3 kW          20 0.470    0.6520   0.6343
3-20 kW         20 0.442    0.6132   0.5965
>20 kW          20 0.422    0.5854   0.5695


http://www.
gse.it/attivit
a/ContoEn
ergiaF/Pub
blInf/Docu
ments/Gui
daContoEn
ergia.pdf
http://www.contoenergia.it/interna.asp?pag=contributi_pubblici



New tariffs
for 2011,
2012,
2013 to be
introduced
summer
2010. 18%
reduction
in three
6% steps
per
quarter.
3,000 MW
soft cap
with 14
month
grace
period.
http://www.gifi-fv.it
Note: Italy's
new Quarto
Conto
Energia (4th
Energy
Law) has
gone into
effect.
Because of
its
complexity,
the new
tariffs are
not posted
as part of
this table.
The new
Italian
tariffs,
program
targets, and
program
cost limits
are
presented
in a
separate ta
Tables of Italy's new feed-in tariffs for solar PV.
http://www.wi
nd-
works.org/Fe
edLaws/Italy/I
taly%20Quart
o%20Conto
%20Energia.
xls

Renewable Tariffs in Italy                                                         2008 Budget Law (244/2007), updated by law 99/2009
Tariff Year   2011                                                                 Tariff Year          2011
                    Tariff    1.387 1.350 Degression                                                          Tariff   1.387   1.350 Degression
              Years €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh                                                                 Years €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Photovoltaics                                                                      Wind <1 MW             15 0.22       0.31    0.30
January 1-May 1, 2011                                                              Geothermal <1 MW       15 0.20       0.28    0.27
Rooftop (Parzialmente integrato)                                                   Wave & Tidal <1 MW 15 0.34           0.47    0.46
>1 kW<3 kW       20 0.402     0.558 0.543                                          Biomass waste <1 MW 15 0.22          0.31    0.30
>3 kW<20 kW 20 0.377          0.523 0.509                                          Farm Biomass & Biogas 15 0.28        0.39    0.38
>20 kW<200 kW 20 0.358        0.497 0.483                                          Landfill and Sewage Gas15 0.18       0.25    0.24
>200<1,000 kW 20 0.355        0.492 0.479                                          http://www.ecofys.com/com/publications/documents/RE-SHAPING_Renewable-Energy-Policy-Country-profiles-2011.pdf
                                                                                   http://www.feed-in-
                                                                                   cooperation.org/wDe
                                                                                   fault_7/download-
                                                                                   files/8th-
                                                                                   workshop/8th-IFIC-
                                                                                   WS_Ragwitz_Devel
                                                                                   opments-
                                                                                   achievements-
>1 MW<5 MW            20 0.351         0.487        0.474                          FiS.pdf
>5 MW                 20 0.333         0.462        0.449

Ground-Mounted (Non integrato)
>1 kW<3 kW     20 0.362     0.502                   0.489
>3 kW<20 kW 20 0.339        0.470                   0.458
>20 kW<200 kW 20 0.321      0.445                   0.433
>200<1,000 kW 20 0.314      0.436                   0.424
>1 MW<5 MW 20 0.313         0.434                   0.422
>5 MW          20 0.297     0.412                   0.401

May 1-September 1, 2011
Rooftop (Parzialmente integrato)
>1 kW<3 kW       20 0.391     0.542                 0.528
>3 kW<20 kW 20 0.360          0.499                 0.486
>20 kW<200 kW 20 0.341        0.473                 0.460
>200<1,000 kW 20 0.335        0.465                 0.452
>1 MW<5 MW 20 0.327           0.454                 0.441
>5 MW            20 0.331     0.459                 0.447

Ground-Mounted (Non integrato)
>1 kW<3 kW     20 0.347     0.481                   0.468
>3 kW<20 kW 20 0.322        0.447                   0.435
>20 kW<200 kW 20 0.309      0.429                   0.417
>200<1,000 kW 20 0.303      0.420                   0.409
>1 MW<5 MW 20 0.289         0.401                   0.390
>5 MW          20 0.275     0.381                   0.371

After September 1, 2011
Rooftop (Parzialmente integrato)
>1 kW<3 kW       20 0.380     0.527                 0.513           -6%    Beginning in 2012
>3 kW<20 kW 20 0.342          0.474                 0.462           -6%    Beginning in 2012
>20 kW<200 kW 20 0.323        0.448                 0.436           -6%    Beginning in 2012
>200<1,000 kW 20 0.314        0.436                 0.424           -6%    Beginning in 2012
>1 MW<5 MW 20 0.302           0.419                 0.408           -6%    Beginning in 2012
>5 MW            20 0.287     0.398                 0.387           -6%    Beginning in 2012

Ground-Mounted (Non integrato)
>1 kW<3 kW     20 0.333     0.462                   0.449           -6%    Beginning in 2012
>3 kW<20 kW 20 0.304        0.422                   0.410           -6%    Beginning in 2012
>20 kW<200 kW 20 0.285      0.395                   0.385           -6%    Beginning in 2012
>200<1,000 kW 20 0.266      0.369                   0.359           -6%    Beginning in 2012
>1 MW<5 MW 20 0.257         0.357                   0.347           -6%    Beginning in 2012
>5 MW          20 0.244     0.338                   0.329           -6%    Beginning in 2012

Source: Neue Energie 08/2010, p. 89, from Gifi.
Program Cap: 3,000 MW for the three-year period from 2011 to 2013.
Gifi (Gestore dei Servizi Energetici)
Distribution of Installed Capacity to mid 2010.
<3 kW: 6%
>3 kW<20 kW: 21%
>20 kW<200 kW: 23%
>200 kW<1,000 kW: 36%
>1,000 kW: 14%
~One-fourth of all Italian solar PV installations are less than 20 kW in size.
Renewable Tariffs in Italy

The
quota
syste
m will
be
replac
ed by
a
tende
r
sche
me
for
new
plants

(exce
pt
bioma
ss)
with
a
capac
ity
above

deter

Feed-in Tariffs for Projects < 5 MW.
Term: average life of plants.
Prices: fixed during term.
Differentiated by technology and project size.
Prices could be increased if the project can show firm power.
Initial 2 year review period, 3 years thereafter.
Administered by GSE.

http://
www.
ecofy
s.com
/com/
public
ations
/docu
ments
/RE-
SHAP
ING_
Rene
wable
-
Energ
y-
Policy
-
Count
ry-
profile
s-
2011.
pdf
Renewable Tariffs in Japan
           8/26/2011 0:00
                                             103.4   1.38725   1.34962 Degression
                           YearsJPY/kWh€/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh                %/yr
Suggested for 2012*
Photovoltaics                 20     40 0.387 0.537  0.522
Wind                          20     20 0.193 0.268  0.261
                              20
Biomass, Geothermal, Small Hydro   ?

Existing Policy
Photovoltaics
Residential                             42 0.406      0.564    0.548
Commercial                              40 0.387      0.537    0.522
Note: This is a net tariff, not
gross. Payment is only for
production in excess of
consumption.
Residential also receives subsidies. Commercial subsidies discontinued.

*Suggested tariffs only.
No discussions have
taken place at this time.
See

http://www.reuters.com/articl
e/2011/08/22/us-japan-
renewables-
idUSTRE77L1AR20110822
Renewable Tariffs in Kenya
                                 2010                                   Program
                                                           1.387  1.350 Cap
                                        YearsKES/kWh€/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh MW
Wind >500 kW<100 MW                       20        0.089  0.123  0.120     300
Geothermal <70 MW                         20        0.063  0.087  0.085     500
Solar Photovoltaic                         20
>500 kW<10 MW, firm                                        0.148   0.206   0.200   100
>500 kW<10 MW, non firm                                    0.074   0.103   0.100    50
Biomass, firm >500 kW<100 MW              20               0.059   0.082   0.080   200
Biomass, non firm >500 kW<100 MW          20               0.044   0.062   0.060    50
Hydro, firm                               20                                       150
>500 kW<1 MW                                               0.089   0.123   0.120
>1 MW<5 MW                                                 0.074   0.103   0.100
>5 MW<10 MW                                                0.059   0.082   0.080
Hydro, non firm                           20                                        50
<1 MW                                                      0.074   0.103   0.100
>1 MW<5 MW                                                 0.059   0.082   0.080
>5 MW<10 MW                                                0.044   0.062   0.060
Biogas, firm >500 kW<40 MW                20               0.059   0.082   0.080   100
Biogas, non firm >500 kW<40 MW            20               0.044   0.062   0.060    50
                            Total                                              1,550
Note: Despite the tital, these are not true feed-in tariffs. This is the maximum price permitted.
Tariffs are in USD/kWh.
Tariffs have been in effect since 2008, revised in 2010.
http://www.energy.go.ke/wp-content/uploads/2010/08/feed%20in%20tarriffs2.pdf
http://www.futurepolicy.org/fileadmin/user_upload/Axel/Kenya_FIT_2008.pdf
http://www.google.com/url?sa=
t&source=web&cd=1&ved=0C
B4QFjAA&url=http%3A%2F%
2Fwww.investmentkenya.com
%2Findex.php%3Foption%3D
com_docman%26Itemid%3D%
26task%3Ddoc_download%26
gid%3D20&rct=j&q=kenya%20
feed-
in%20tariff&ei=CopJTZDJHpT
AsAOlrLzyCg&usg=AFQjCNH5
GaC
http://www.unep.org/greeneco
nomy/SuccessStories/FeedinT
arrifsinKenya/tabid/4654/langu
age/en-US/Default.aspx
http://www.google.com/url?sa=
t&source=web&cd=1&ved=0C
BYQFjAA&url=http%3A%2F%
2Fwww.investmentkenya.com
%2Findex.php%3Foption%3D
com_docman%26Itemid%3D%
26task%3Ddoc_download%26
gid%3D29&rct=j&q=enya%20
Ministry%20of%20Energy%2C
%20Feed-in-
tariffs%20Policy%20on%2
Renewable Tariffs in Latvia
#########
                                                       Targets or Technology
                                   1.38725   1.34962            Caps
                YearsLVL/kWh€/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh        Hydro power plants (<5 MWe )               1.98
Wind                                                   Wind power plants                          5.37
<250 kW          1-10      0.083    0.116     0.113    Biogas power plants                        7.93
>250 kW          1-10      0.068    0.095     0.092    Biomass power plants                       4.97
<250 kW         11-20      0.051    0.070     0.069    Solar power plant                          0.01
>250 kW         11-20      0.041    0.057     0.055    TOTAL                                     54.57
Photovoltaics     20       0.234    0.325     0.316    http://www.ecofys.com/com/publications/documents/RE-SHAPING_Renewable-Energy-Policy-Country-profiles-2011.pdf
Biomass
<4 MW            1-10      0.091    0.126     0.123
>4 MW            1-10      0.060    0.084     0.081
<4 MW           11-20      0.069    0.095     0.093
>4 MW           11-20      0.050    0.070     0.068
Biogas
<2 MW            1-10      0.135    0.187     0.182
>2 MW            1-10      0.075    0.105     0.102
<2 MW           11-20      0.108    0.149     0.145
>2 MW           11-20      0.057    0.079     0.077
Hydro <5 MW      1-10      0.109    0.151     0.147
                11-20      0.087    0.121     0.118

Note:
Tariffs are
based on
the
exchange
rate and
the cost of
natural
gas. See
the source
below for
details.

http://www.
ecofys.com
/com/public
ations/doc
uments/RE
-
SHAPING_
Renewable
-Energy-
Policy-
Country-
profiles-
2011.pdf
Renewable Tariffs in Lithuania
 ##########
                           3.453 1.38725 1.34962
            YearsLTL/kWh€/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Wind            10    0.30 0.087  0.121   0.117
Hydro           10    0.26 0.075  0.104   0.102
Biomass         10    0.30 0.087  0.121   0.117
Photovoltaics
<100 kW         10   1.63 0.472   0.655   0.637
>100 kW<1 MW    10   1.56 0.452   0.627   0.610
>1 MW           10   1.51 0.437   0.607   0.590
http://www.ec
ofys.com/co
m/publication
s/documents/
RE-
SHAPING_R
enewable-
Energy-
Policy-
Country-
profiles-
2011.pdf
Renewable Tariffs in Luxembourg

                                   1.3873 1.3496 Degression
                       Years €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh %/yr
Wind Energy               15 0.082 0.114 0.111
Photovoltaics             15
<30 kW                         0.382   0.530   0.516
>30 kW<1 MW                    0.337   0.467   0.454
Hydro                     15
<1 MW                          0.104   0.145   0.141
>1 MW<6 MW                     0.084   0.117   0.114
Biogas                    20
>150 kW<300 kW              0.149 0.206 0.201
>300 kW<500 kW              0.139 0.193 0.188
>500 kW<2.5 MW              0.119 0.165 0.161
Sewage gas               15 0.065 0.089 0.087
Biomass                  15
<1 MW                       0.144 0.200 0.194
>1 MW<5 MW                  0.124 0.172 0.167
Waste wood               15
<1 MW                       0.129 0.179 0.174
>1 MW<5 MW                  0.109 0.151 0.147
Premium for Heat from CHP 0.030 0.042 0.040
PV: In addition to the
tariff, "up to 30% of
the project’s cost are
subsidised with a
maximum of 1650
€/kW."
Premium for Heat from CHP "using pure biogas or solid biomass."
http://www.ecofys.com/
com/publications/docu
ments/RE-
SHAPING_Renewable
-Energy-Policy-
Country-profiles-
2011.pdf
Renewable Tariffs in Malaysia
                    14-Apr-11
                                                    ####  1.387  1.350
                                         Years     €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWhDegression
                                             MYR/kWh                                                                                                                                     C
                                                                                                                                                                                   Annual umulative
Solar PV                                                                                       Year BiogasBiogas-Sewage Biomass Biomass-Waste mall Hydro olar PV<1MW
                                                                                                                                               S       S              Solar >1 MW Total    MW
<4 kW                                        21     1.23   ####        0.399   0.389   -8.0%   2011     20            5       90            15       60             9           20   219      219
>4 kW<24 kW                                  21     1.20   ####        0.390   0.379   -8.0%   2012     15           10       50            20       50            11           35   191      410
>24 kW<72 kW                                 21     1.18   ####        0.383   0.373   -8.0%   2013     15           10       60            30       60            13           50   238      648
>72 kW<1,000 kW                              21     1.14   ####        0.370   0.360   -8.0%   2014     25           10       60            40       60            15           80   290      938
>1 MW<10 MW                                  21     0.95   ####        0.309   0.300   -8.0%   2015     25           10       70            50       60            17          110   342    1,280
>10 MW<30 MW                                 21     0.85   ####        0.276   0.269   -8.0%   2016     25           10       80            30       60            19          130   354    1,634
Bonus for rooftop                            21     0.26   ####        0.084   0.082   -8.0%   2017     30           10       90            30       50            21          145   376    2,010
Bonus for BIPV                               21     0.25   ####        0.081   0.079   -8.0%   2018     30           10      100            20       40            24          155   379    2,389
Bonus for local modules                      21     0.03   ####        0.010   0.009   -8.0%   2019     30           10      100            20       30            28          165   383    2,772
Bonus for local inverters                    21     0.01   ####        0.003   0.003   -8.0%   2020     25           10      100            10       20            33          170   368    3,140
                                                                                               2021     25                    90             6                     37           30   188    3,328
Biomass                                                                                        2022     25                    90             5                     41           80   241    3,569
<10 MW                                       16     0.31   ####        0.101   0.098   -0.5%   2023     20            4       80                                   47          130   281    3,850
>10 MW<20 MW                                 16     0.29   ####        0.094   0.092   -0.5%   2024     20            3       70                                   60          250   403    4,253
>2 MW<30 MW                                  16     0.27   ####        0.088   0.085   -0.5%   2025     20                    60                                   80          250   410    4,663
Bonus for gasification                       16     0.02   ####        0.006   0.006   -0.5%   2026     20                    50                                  105          250   425    5,088
Bonus for steam generation >14% effic.       16     0.01   ####        0.003   0.003   -0.5%   2027     20                    50                                  135          250   455    5,543
Bonus for local manufacture                  16     0.01   ####        0.003   0.003   -0.5%   2028     20                    50                                  175          250   495    6,038
Bonus for municipal solid waste              16     0.10   ####        0.032   0.032   -1.8%   2029                                                               220          250   470    6,508
                                                                                               2030                                                               280          300   580    7,088
Biogas                                                                                         http://www.mbipv.net.my/dload/presentation-FiT%20Updates-27Jan2011.pdf
<4 MW                                        16     0.32   ####        0.104   0.101   -0.5%
>4 MW<10 MW                                  16     0.30   ####        0.097   0.095   -0.5%
>10 MW<30 MW                                 16     0.28   ####        0.091   0.088   -0.5%
Bonus for gas engine >40% effic.             16     0.02   ####        0.006   0.006   -0.5%
Bonus for local manufacture                  16     0.01   ####        0.003   0.003   -0.5%
Bonus for landfill or seweage gas            16     0.08   ####        0.026   0.025   -1.8%

Minihydro
<10 MW                                       21     0.24 ####          0.078   0.076   0.0%
>10 MW<30 MW                                 21     0.23 ####          0.075   0.073   0.0%

Renewable Energy Bill passed 5th April 2011.
http://www.parlimen.gov.my/files/billindex/pdf/2010/DR472010E.pdf
For details see:
http://www.mbipv.net.my/content.asp?higherID=0&zoneid=6&categoryid=34
http://www.mbipv.net.my/dload/presentation-FiT%20Updates-27Jan2011.pdf
FIT is expected to cost 1% of average electricity bill.
Average solar PV yield in Malaysia: 1,000-1,500 kWh/kWDC/yr.
Not applicable in Sarawak or Sabah. Different tariffs will apply in Sabah.
Renewable target: 5.5% by 2015.
Renewable Tariffs in the Maldives
######
                       ####    1.387 1.350
        YearsMVR/kWh€/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Solar PV         0.35 0.017    0.023 0.023
http://m
inivann
ews.co
m/envir
onment
/climate
-
experts
-and-
celebriti
es-
conver
ge-on-
maldive
s-for-
slow-
life-
sympos
ium-
26711


It
doesn't
appear
in the
Maldive
s
Renew
able
Invest
ment
Frame
work
that
there
is any
provisio
n for
feed-in
tariffs.


http://m
aldives.
co2.org
/index.p
hp?/file
s/downl
oad/84-
maldive
s-
renewa
ble-
energy-
investm
ent-
framew
ork/
Renewable Tariffs in Marocco
Needs updated.
                                 1.3873 1.3496
      Years Hours   Factor €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh



New law patterned after German EEG.
Neue Energie 06/2007.
Renewable Tariffs in Malta
9/20/2011 0:00
                                     1.38725    1.34962
                    Years €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Malta
Residential <3 kW       8   0.250     0.347      0.337
Non Residential         7   0.200     0.277      0.270
Gozo
Residential <3 kW       8   0.280     0.388      0.378
Non Residential         7   0.200     0.277      0.270


http://www.eco
fys.com/com/p
ublications/doc
uments/RE-
SHAPING_Re
newable-
Energy-Policy-
Country-
profiles-
2011.pdf
PV: 50$ subsidy up to 3,000 Euro per family.
Wind: 25% subsidy up to 3.7 kW.
Limits on the amount of renewable generation for each class.
Proposed Consumer Energy's Renewable Energy Payment
              2009
                                  1.387  1.350
                     Years €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Solar PV 2009
Residential            12   0.482   0.668   0.650
Commercial             12   0.333   0.463   0.450


Program cap: 2 MW.
Project cap: 150 kW.
http://efile.mpsc.cis.state.mi.us/efile/docs/15805/0024.pdf
See pages 9, 26-28, 232-234 and 242.
Minnesota Community-Based Energy Development

                                   1.3496 1.3873
                        Years€/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Wind
C-BED Tariff             1-10 0.035    0.049    0.048
                         11-20 0.024   0.034    0.033
To provide NPV of 0.027 USD/kWh.
                               0.019   0.028    0.027
1. 15% renewables by 2010.


                             Years€/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Wind (Previous)
Xcel Fixed Tariff <2 MW        20 0.024    0.034 0.033
Minnesota Community Wind10 0.011Incentive1 0.015 0.015
            Total for 10 yrs        0.035  0.049 0.048
1US$0.015/kWh for 10 years production incentive equivalent to Canadian WPPI. Initially capped at 100 MW. A second 100 MW tranche was added later.
Not sufficient to drive development with PTC.
www.windustry.org
mailto: lisadaniels@windustry.org
Renewable Tariffs in the Republic of Moldova
#########
No details available.
            Years      €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Wind          15
Photovoltaics 15
Hydro         15
Biomass       15
Geothermal    15

http://www.energy-community.org/pls/portal/docs/324190.PDF
Term: 15 years.
Renewable Tariffs in Mongolia

                        1703 1703 1.38725 1.3873    1.35 1.34962
                 Years €/kWh€/kWhCAD/kWhCAD/kWh  USD/kWh USD/kWh
Transmission Connected
Wind                10 0.059 0.070 0.082 0.098     0.080   0.095
Solar               10 0.111 0.133 0.154 0.185     0.150   0.180
Hydro <5 MW         10 0.033 0.044 0.046 0.062     0.045   0.060

Distribution Connected & the Capitol
Wind                  10 0.074 0.111   0.103   0.154   0.100   0.150
Solar                 10 0.148 0.222   0.206   0.308   0.200   0.300
Hydro <0.5 MW         10 0.059 0.074   0.082   0.103   0.080   0.100
Hydro <0.5-2 MW       10 0.037 0.044   0.051   0.062   0.050   0.060
Hydro <2-5 MW         10 0.033 0.037   0.046   0.051   0.045   0.050

Paid for from Special Purpose Fund.
January 11, 2007.
No reason given for the range.
New Brunswick Proposed Community-Based Feed-in Tariff

                     1.38725   1.35
         Years €/kWh$CAD/kWh SD/kWh
                             U
Wind
<10 MW     20 0.072   0.100   0.097
New Mexico Performance-Based Incentive (Purchase of Tradable Credits)

                                                   1.3873 1.3496
                                       Years €/kWh
                                                 CAD/kWh USD/kWh
Public Service New Mexico
 Solar PV                               2006-2018 0.1   0.134   0.13
 Net Metering Rate                                0.1   0.082   0.08
 Total                                            0.2   0.216   0.21
Note that this program is not a true
tariff but a "Production-Based
Incentive", that is, a payment. This is
a net-metering program. The meter
on the PV system is on the
customer's side of the utility's
revenue meter. PSNM simply buys
the Renewable Energy
Passed Senate and Assembly, May 2005.
Project cap: 10 kW.
Program cap: 1.2 MW
Fees: $100, application; $50, net metering fee.
March 2006.
http://www.pnm.com/customers/pv_rec.htm
30% state tax credit up to $7,000;
program cap $3 million; project cap
raised to $9,000 if federal tax credit
expires.
   Nova Scotia
 Community-Based
  Feed-in Tariffs
    (ComFIT)
           2-Sep-11
                                          1.38725 1.3496
                              Years €/kWh$CAD/kWh SD/kWh
                                                    U
Wind                            20
<50 kW (<200 m2)                    0.360     0.499   0.485
>50 kW                              0.094     0.131   0.127

Biomass CHP                     20 0.126      0.175   0.170

Run-of-the-River Hydro          20 0.101     0.140    0.136

Small-Scale In-Stream Tidal     20 0.470     0.652    0.634

Biomass CHP: fuel
portion of the biomass
rate is indexed to the
Nova Scotia CPI and
price of diesel fuel.
http://www.nsrenewabl
es.ca/comfit-technical-
details


Nova Scotia Proposed Community-Based Feed-in Tariffs (ComFIT)
           21-Dec-10
                                                  Assumed
                     Years €/kWh$CAD/kWh SD/kWh
                                          U      WACC pre-tax
Wind                   20
<50 kW                     0.472    0.655   0.637       10%
>50 kW                     0.114    0.158   0.154       10%

Biomass CHP                     20 0.052      0.072   0.070   9.40%

Hydro                           20 0.142      0.197   0.192    10%

Tidal                           20 0.562     0.780    0.759    15%
Source:
Synapse Energy Economics
617-661-3248 X249
WACC: Weighted Average Cost of Capital
 Ontario Power Authority's
    Feed-in Tariffs 2009                                   Ontario Aboriginal and Community Adder
                                                                                                                    Com
                                                                                       Abori                        munit
                       1-Oct-09 Effective Date                                         ginal                         y
                                              1.38725 1.3496                                    1.38725   1.34962           1.38725   1.34962
                                 Years €/kWh $CAD/kWh SD/kWh
                                                     U                                 €/kWh$CAD/kWh SD/kWh€/kWh$CAD/kWh SD/kWh
                                                                                                         U                         U
Wind                                                                   Wind            0.011      0.015      0.015 0.007     0.010   0.010
Onshore*                             20   0.10    0.135    0.131       PV Groundmounted0.011      0.015      0.015 0.007     0.010   0.010
Offshore*                            20   0.14    0.190    0.185       Hydro           0.006      0.009      0.009 0.004     0.006   0.006
                                                                       Biogas          0.004      0.006      0.006 0.003     0.004   0.004
Photovoltaics                                                          Biomass         0.004      0.006      0.006 0.003     0.004   0.004
MicroFIT                                                               Landifill Gas   0.004      0.006      0.006 0.003     0.004   0.004
Rooftop <10 kW                       20   0.58    0.802    0.780       http://www.powerauthority.on.ca/fit/Storage.asp?StorageID=10143
Groundmounted <10 kW (2 July 2010)   20   0.46     0.642   0.625
                                                 Percent of Adder Relative to the Percentage of Local Controls
Rooftop >10 kW<250 kW                20   0.51    0.713    0.694        50 to 100 percent control eligible for the full price adder
Rooftop >250 kW<500 kW               20   0.46    0.635    0.618        40 to 49 percent controleligible for 80 to 99 percent of the price adder
Rooftop >500 kW                      20   0.39    0.539    0.524        25 to 39 percent controleligible for 50 to 79 percent of the price adder
Groundmounted <10 MW*                20   0.32    0.443    0.431        10 to 24 percent controleligible for 20 to 49 percent of the price adder
                                                                        http://fit.powerauthority.on.ca/Page.asp?PageID=122&ContentID=10380&SiteNodeID=1103&BL_ExpandID=260
Hydro
<10 MW*                              40   0.09    0.131    0.127
>10 MW<50 MW*                        40   0.09    0.122    0.119

Landfill Gas
<10 MW*                              20   0.08    0.111    0.108
>10 MW*                              20   0.07    0.103    0.100

Biogas*
On-Farm <100 kW                      20   0.14    0.195    0.190
On-Farm >100 kW<250 kW               20   0.13    0.185    0.180
<500 kW                              20   0.12    0.160    0.156
>500 kW<10 MW                        20   0.11    0.147    0.143
>10 MW                               20   0.07    0.104    0.101

Biomass
<10 MW*                              20   0.10    0.138    0.134
>10 MW*                              20   0.09    0.130    0.126

*Eligible for Aboriginal or
Community Bonus.
Inflation adjustment: 100%
during construction (3 years),
20% during life of contract.
http://www.powerauthority.on.ca/fit/Storage.asp?StorageID=10143
CanWEA Proposed Ontario Small Wind FITsGipe Proposed to CanWEA 2009

                        1.38725     1.35                       1.38725 1.34962                1.38725   1.34962
           Years €/kWh $CAD/kWh SD/kWh
                                 U               Years €/kWh $CAD/kWh USD/kWh    Years €/kWh $CAD/kWh USD/kWh
Wind         20                          Wind
1-10 kW           0.396    0.550   0.535 <50 m2     20 0.216    0.300   0.292         0.288    0.400     0.389
11-100 kW         0.252    0.350   0.341 <500 M2    20 0.144    0.200   0.195         0.180    0.250     0.243
101-500 kW        0.180    0.250   0.243
March 22, 2010.
Ontario Standard Offer Contracts (Advanced Renewable Tariffs)

                              1.38725 1.3496
                 Years €/kWh $CAD/kWh  USD/kWh
Wind               20 0.080      0.110   0.107

Photovoltaics       20 0.303    0.420   0.409

                    <10 MW.
Limited to projects20 0.080     0.110   0.107
On-Peak Bonus 20 0.025          0.035   0.034

Biomass           20 0.080      0.110    0.107
 On-Peak Bonus 20 0.025         0.035    0.034
Announced by the Ontario Premier Dalton McGuinty, March 21, 2006.
Inflation Adjustment: 20%, excluding PV.
Project size capped at 10 MW.
Projects limited to <50 kV.
No program
limit.
Program
review every
two years.
Projects built after January 1, 2006 are included.
Contracts became available November 17, 2006.
Note: This program has been superseeded by the OPA's Feed-in Tariff program.
Renewable
  Tariffs
 Pakistan
   10-Oct-11
                              #####   1.387  1.350 Target
                 YearsPKR/kWh €/kWh CAD/kWhUSD/kWh MW
Wind                                                1,500
Foreign owned
                  1-10 14.812   0.124   0.172   0.167
                 11-20 6.898    0.058   0.080   0.078
Domestic owned
                  1-10 21.104   0.176   0.245   0.238
                 11-20 7.347    0.061   0.085   0.083

Tariffs have
been
submitted to
the Water
and Power
Ministry from
National
Electric
Power
Regulatory
Authority
(NEPRA).
http://www.ne
pra.org.pk/Tar
iff/Upfront/Up
Front%20Tari
ff%20Wind.p
df
Project size: >5 MW<250 MW.
Renewable Tariffs Proposed in the Philippines
As of July 2011                                              Targets
                                      #### 1.38725 1.34962First 3 Years
                       Years Php/kWh€/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh        MW
Wind                      12    10.37 0.177 0.245   0.238          220
Solar PV Groundmounted    12    17.95 0.306 0.424   0.412          100
Biomass                   12        7 0.119 0.165   0.161          250
Hyrdo Run-of-the-River    12     6.15 0.105 0.145   0.141          250
Ocean                     12    17.65 0.300 0.417   0.405           10
                                                     Total         830
http://www.erc.gov.p
h/pdf/NREB%28Petit
ion-FIT%29.pdf
Advanced Renewable Tariffs in Portugal
Note that this sheet has not been updated, September 10, 2009.
                               Full LoadCapacity Coef. Tariff     1.3873         1.3496          Degression
                          Years Hours Factor      Z €/kWh€/kWhCAD/kWhCAD/kWh    USD/kWh  USD/kWh %/yr
Wind Energy
<2000 h                      15 2,000      0.23 1.7 0.052 0.079     0.072 0.110    0.070   0.107
2000-2200 h                  15 2,200      0.25 1.3 0.044 0.085     0.061 0.118    0.059   0.115
2200-2400 h                  15 2,400      0.27     1 0.038 0.072   0.053 0.100    0.051   0.097
2400-2600 h                  15 2,600      0.30 0.7 0.032 0.060     0.044 0.083    0.043   0.081
>2600 h                      15 2,800      0.32 0.4 0.026 0.052     0.036 0.072    0.035   0.070

Microgenerators
<3.68 kW Solar & Wind      15                            0.43          0.599              0.583

Net Metering (see below)                                0.030          0.042              0.040

Photovoltaics Rooftop*
<3.68 kW                     5 2,100      0.24 6.4 0.65                0.902              0.877           -5% for every 10 MW completed.
50 MW cap.
Income tax credit of max 30% of investment costs, max .. 728 for private income taxable
investors.
*Valid for all technologies.

Photovoltaics Groundmounted
<5 kW                    15                              0.52          0.721              0.702
>5 kW<5 MW               15                              0.35          0.486              0.472
150 MW cap.

Small Hydro                15                     1.2    0.04   0.08   0.058    0.114     0.057   0.111

Wave Energy                15                     6.4    0.15   0.28   0.201    0.388     0.196   0.378

Concentrating Solar Power
<10 MW                 ?                                 0.27          0.375              0.364
>10 MW**               ?                                 0.16          0.222              0.216

Other                      15                       1    0.04   0.75   0.055    1.040     0.054   1.012

At the end of 15 years if
TGC are not available
Tariffs are extended for
another 5 years. Ole
Langniss, Zentrum für
Sonnenenergie und
Wasserstoff-Forschung
(ZSW).
Municipalities where wind projects are located receive 2.5% royalty. Ole Lagniss.
Source: Agencia para A Energia, feed-in tariff for wind energy in Portugal.
Feed Law first introduced in 1988 at 0.055€/kWh.
Feed Law modifed in 1999 at 0.045-0.075€/kWh.
Feed Law mofified in 2001 and tariff varies by technology.
http://www.react.novem.org/Feed-in%20tariffs%20for%20wind%20energy.pdf
http://www.ontario-sea.org/ARTs/Portugal/ADENA%20Renewable%20Tariffs%20in%20Portugal%20.doc
http://www.dge.pt/main.asp
Lease royalty of 2.5% paid to local commune.
**0.16-0.20 Euro/kWh, http://www.solarpaces.org/News/news.htm.
Microgenerators: DL 363/ 2007. All energy must be sold to the grid.
Net Metering: DL 68/2002. Generation greater than 50% of consumption delivered to the grid.




Advanced Renewable Tariffs in Portugal 2005

                             Full LoadCapacity Tariff 1.39 1.35
                        Years Hours Factor €/kWh   CAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Wind Energy                                     0.1 0.099 0.099

Photovoltaics
<5 kW                                             0.5 0.731 0.731
<5 MW                                             0.4 0.514 0.514
>5 MW                                             0.4 0.503 0.503

Hydro                                             0.1 0.107 0.107

Biogas                                            0.1 0.140 0.140

Biomass                                        0.1 0.148 0.148
Neue Energie, June 2005, Nr. 06; New Decree 33-A/2005.
Advanced Renewable Tariffs in Portugal
Tarifa Verde: Indicative or
minimum tariffs only. Tariffs are
adjusted monthly for all contracts.
                      9/20/2011 0:00            Tariff 1.3873 1.3496 Degression
                                     GWh/MW €/kWh CAD/kWhUSD/kWh €/kWh
                                          Years
Wind                                   33   15 0.074     0.103  0.100
Photovoltaics
Rooftop <5 kW                                      15    0.470        0.652      0.634
Rooftop >5 kW<150 kW                               15    0.355        0.492      0.479
<5 kW                                      21      15    0.450        0.624      0.607
>5 kW                                      21      15    0.310        0.430      0.418
Concentrating PV <3 MW (Limit 5 MW)                12    0.380        0.527      0.513
Photovoltaic Power Plants                  34      20    0.257        0.357      0.347
Solar Thermal Electric <10 MW              21      15    0.267        0.370      0.360
Biogas                                             15    0.115        0.160      0.155
Landfil Gas                                        15    0.102        0.141      0.138
Unsorted urban waste                               15    0.053        0.074      0.072
Sorted urban waste                                 15    0.074        0.103      0.100
Wave <4 MW Demonstration                           15    0.260        0.361      0.351
Wave <20 MW Pre-Commercial                         15    0.191        0.265      0.258
Wave Commercial First 100 MW                       15    0.131        0.182      0.177
Wave Commercial Second 150 MW                      15    0.101        0.140      0.136
Wave Commercial Beyond                             15    0.076        0.105      0.103
Geothermal Deep Well <3 MW (Limit 6 MW)            12    0.270        0.375      0.364
Geothermal Deep Well <3 MW (Limit 10 MW)           12    0.170        0.236      0.229
Hydro
<10 MW                                             25    0.095        0.132      0.128
>10 MW<20 MW                                       25    0.091        0.126      0.123
Biomass                                            25    0.119        0.165      0.161
Microgenerators (Wind & Solar) <3.68 kW
                                                1-8 0.400             0.555      0.540          -0.02
                                                9-15 0.240            0.333      0.324          -0.02

Microgenerators qualify for tariff
only when installed with solar
DHW or biomass-fired boiler. Total
limited to 25 MW. In addtion, there
are susidies and tax credits.

The feed-in tariffs, comprehensive
of both the physical electricity and
the green value together, are
defined on a monthly basis for both
existing and new installations,
according to a rather complicated
formula, introduced first in 1999
and then more rec
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SHAPING_Renewable-Energy-                       profil   2011.     2011.pd     2011.pd     profiles-
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Renewable Tariff on Prince Edward Island
#######
               Tariff 1.3873 1.35
        Years €/kWhCAD/kWh   USD/kWh
Renewable Energy
<100 kW               net meter
>100 kW    20 0.056     0.078 0.075


2. After 15% target reached, fixed tariff open to all renewables.
3. Retail rate ~$0.10 CAD/kWh.
4. $0.0575/kWh fixed tarif, $0.02/kWh rate variable with annual CPI or 26% of price varies with inflation.
5. Tariff is limited to areas zoned for wind.
6. Zoned areas have very high winds ~ 9 m/s.

m/s      kWh/m2/yr
        9 1600
        7 1100
     6.5 900
     5.5 950
7. PEI has ~ 2X the wind resource of Ontario (800 vs 1,600 kWh/m2/yr).




mailto: international@appa.es
http://www.ontario-sea.org/ARTs/Spain/Report%20on%20the%20new%20Spanish%20RES-E%20payment%20mechanism.pdf
Renewable
 Tariffs in
   Rhode
Island and
Providence

Plantations
   3-Oct-11
                         1.387            Target if no Wind Developed
                                1.350 Target
             Years €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh MW              MW
Wind <1.5 MW    15 0.099  0.137  0.134   1.5                      0
Photovoltaics
10-150 kW            15   0.247       0.334
                                    0.343       0.5                 1
150-500 kW           15   0.234       0.316
                                    0.325         1               1.5
500-5,000 kW         15   0.215       0.290
                                    0.298         2               2.5
                                       Total      5                 5
http://www.ripuc.org/eventsactions/docket/4288-OER-CP%289-28-11%29.pdf
Tariffs are "ceiling prices" under the program.
Renewable Tariffs in Serbia
    7-Dec-09
                          1.387  1.350
             Years €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Wind            12 0.095   0.132  0.128
Solar PV        12 0.230   0.319  0.310
Biomass         12 0.136   0.189  0.184
                12 0.114   0.189  0.184
Biogas          12 0.160   0.222  0.216
                12 0.120   0.222  0.216
Landfill gas    12 0.067   0.093  0.090
Geothermal      12 0.075   0.104  0.101
Hyrdo           12 0.097   0.135  0.131
 <10 MW         12 0.078   0.108  0.105
Wind projects capped att 450 MW.
Solar PV capped at 5 MW.
No source provided.
If you have
any links to
original
sources, in
English
preferably,
send them
to
pgipe@igc.o
rg.
Renewable Tariff in Slovakia
            20-Sep-11
                                                1.387  1.350
                              YearsSKK/kWh€/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Wind <15 MW                      15       0.081  0.112  0.109
Geothermal >5 MW                 15       0.196  0.272  0.264
Biomass combustion <10 MW        15       0.113  0.157  0.153
Biogas <10 MW                    15       0.126  0.175  0.170
Photovoltaics Rooftop <100 kW    15       0.382  0.530  0.516
Hydro                            15       0.061  0.085  0.082
http://www.ecofys.com/co
m/publications/document
s/RE-
SHAPING_Renewable-
Energy-Policy-Country-
profiles-2011.pdf

For wind projects greater
than 15 MW, the greater
than 15 MW amount is
paid half the tariff.
Renewable Combined Heat & Power Support in Slovenia
                2010        OP: Operating Support
                                   1.387     1.350
                      Years €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Wood Biomass             15
<4,000 operating hours
<50 kW                      Determined individually
>50 kW<1,000 kW             0.283    0.393    0.382
>1 MW<5 MW                  0.204    0.283    0.275
>5 MW <25 MW                0.138    0.191    0.186
>25 MW <50 MW               0.105    0.146    0.142
>50 MW <200 MW              Determined individually
Wood Biomass
>4,000 operating hours
<50 kW                      Determined individually
>50 kW<1,000 kW             0.172    0.238    0.232
>1 MW<5 MW                  0.123    0.170    0.166
>5 MW <25 MW                0.080    0.110    0.107
>25 MW <50 MW               0.058    0.081    0.079
>50 MW <200 MW              Determined individually

Operating support is
not fixed but varies
with the wholesale
cost of electricity.
Renewable Tariffs in Slovenia
        9/20/2011 0:00            GP: Guaranteed Purchase               OP: Operating Support
                   2011                       1.387 1.350                      1.3873 1.3496
                          Years €/kWh CAD/kWh SD/kWhDegression€/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
                                                     U
Wind                         15
 <50 kW                               0.095 0.132 0.129                 ####     0.527    0.527
 >50 kW<1,000 kW                      0.095 0.132 0.129                 ####     0.527    0.527
 >1 MW<10 MW                          0.095 0.132 0.129                 ####     0.527    0.527
 >10 MW<125 MW                        n/a                               ####     0.527    0.527
Solar PV*                    15                                  -7.0%
 On Buildings
 <50 kW                               0.332 0.461 0.449                 ####     0.396    0.385
 >50 kW<1,000 kW                      0.304 0.422 0.410                 ####     0.357    0.347
 >1 MW<10 MW                          0.252 0.350 0.340                 ####     0.283    0.275
 >10 MW<125 MW                        n/a                               ####     0.238    0.231
 Building Integrated**
 <50 kW                               0.382 0.530 0.516                 ####     0.465    0.453
 >50 kW<1,000 kW                      0.350 0.485 0.472                 ####     0.420    0.409
 >1 MW<10 MW                          0.290 0.402 0.392                 ####     0.335    0.326
 >10 MW<125 MW                        n/a                               ####     0.285    0.277
 Ground-mounted
 <50 kW                               0.312 0.433 0.422                 ####     0.369    0.359
 >50 kW<1,000 kW                      0.288 0.399 0.388                 ####     0.334    0.325
Note:
Groundmounted
solar PV are limited to
only 5 MW.
http://www.feed-in-
cooperation.org/wDefa
ult_7/download-
files/8th-
workshop/8th-IFIC-
WS_Toman_FiS-
Slovenia.pdf
 >1 MW<10 MW                          0.232 0.322 0.313                 ####     0.255    0.248
 >10 MW<125 MW                        n/a                               ####     0.225    0.219
Hydro                        15
 <50 kW                               0.105 0.146 0.142                 ####     0.083    0.081
 >50 kW<1,000 kW                      0.093 0.128 0.125                 ####     0.065    0.063
 >1 MW<10 MW                          0.082 0.114 0.111                 ####     0.048    0.047
 >10 MW<125 MW                        n/a                               ####     0.040    0.039
Geothermal                   15
 <50 kW                               0.152 0.212 0.206                 ####     0.144    0.140
 >50 kW<1,000 kW                      0.152 0.212 0.206                 ####     0.144    0.140
 >1 MW<10 MW                          0.152 0.212 0.206                 ####     0.144    0.140
 >10 MW<125 MW                        n/a                               Determined individually
Wood Biomass                 15
 <50 kW                           Determined individually               Determined individually
 >50 kW<1,000 kW                      0.234 0.324 0.316                 ####     0.257    0.250
 >1 MW<10 MW                          0.175 0.243 0.237                 ####     0.175    0.171
 >10 MW<125 MW                    Determined individually               Determined individually
Co-Firing Wood Biomass15
 <50 kW                               n/a      0.000 0.000              ####     0.088    0.086
 >50 kW<1,000 kW                      n/a      0.000 0.000              ####     0.086    0.084
 >1 MW<10 MW                          n/a      0.000 0.000              ####     0.085    0.083
 >10 MW<125 MW                    Determined individually               Determined individually
Biogas from Biomass          15
 <50 kW                               0.161 0.223 0.217                 ####     0.158    0.154
 >50 kW<1,000 kW                      0.156 0.217 0.211                 ####     0.150    0.146
 >1 MW<10 MW                          0.141 0.196 0.191                 ####     0.128    0.125
 >10 MW<125 MW                        n/a                                n/a
Biogas-Waste***              15
 <50 kW                               0.139 0.193 0.188                 ####     0.128    0.125
 >50 kW<1,000 kW                      0.139 0.193 0.188                 ####     0.126    0.123
 >1 MW<10 MW                          0.129 0.179 0.174                 ####     0.115    0.112
 >10 MW<125 MW                        n/a                                n/a
Sewage Gas                   15
 <50 kW                               0.086 0.119 0.116                 ####     0.051    0.050
 >50 kW<1,000 kW                      0.074 0.103 0.100                 ####     0.035    0.034
 >1 MW<10 MW                          0.066 0.092 0.089                 ####     0.024    0.023
 >10 MW<125 MW                        n/a                                n/a
Landfill Gas                 15
 <50 kW                               0.099 0.138 0.134                 ####     0.076    0.074
 >50 kW<1,000 kW                      0.067 0.094 0.091                 ####     0.026    0.025
 >1 MW<10 MW                          0.062 0.086 0.083                 ####     0.018    0.017
 >10 MW<125 MW                        n/a                                n/a
Biodegradable Wastes 15
 <50 kW                               n/a
 >50 kW<1,000 kW                      0.077 0.107 0.105                 ####     0.040    0.039
 >1 MW<10 MW                          0.074 0.103 0.100                 ####     0.035    0.034
 >10 MW<125 MW                    Determined individually               Determined individually
http://www.mg.gov.si/fi
leadmin/mg.gov.si/pag
euploads/Energetika/P
orocila/Podpore_jan_2
011.pdf
Note: In addition, there are tariffs or Operating Support for Combined Heat and Power.

Guaranteed purchase
price for projects up
to 10 MW. Beyond 10
MW total payments
will equal the
Reference Cost but
the tariff is not fixed.

http://www.feed-in-
cooperation.org/image
s/files/7thWorkshop/pr
esentations/s5.13%20
-%20merse%20-
%20new%20feedin%2
0system%20in%20slo
venia.pdf
*Until targets for PV are set, ground-mounted systems are limited to 5 MW.
**Supplement of 15% for constituent part of the building.
***Supplement of
10% where manure
and slurry exceed
30% of the volume.
Supplement of 20%
for plants less than
200 kW where
manure and slurry
exceed 70% of the
volume.
Supplement of 10%
where a certain
percentage of heat is
used in geothermal,
biogas, landfill gas,
and gas brom
biodegradable
wastes. See the
presentation for
details.

Source 2010: Borsen,
Determination of the
level of support for
electricity generated
from RES and CHP
and the level of
support in 2010,
Ljubljana, 16th
December 2009.
http://www.borzen.si/pripone/384/Podpore2010_v1.2_eng.pdf
Renewable Tariffs in South Africa
  4/9/2009 0:00
                                                       1.38725 1.3496
                                                 10.9326
                    Years ZAR/kWh             €/kWh CAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Wind                   20    1.25                0.114    0.159  0.154
Hydro                  20    0.94                0.086    0.119  0.116
Landfill Gas           20    0.90                0.082    0.114  0.111
Concentrating Solar    20    2.10                0.192    0.266  0.259
Note: Program effectively suspended by regulator in mid 2011.
For the fist five years, tariffs for new projects reviewed every year then every three years thereafter.
Tariffs based on the cost of generation plus a reasonable profit.
Tariffs adjusted annually for inflation.
Target: 10 TWh/yr by 2013.
Other technologies may be included within 6 months.
Generation purchased by RE Purchase Agency ( REPA) within ESKOM.
Renewable Tariffs in South Korea
Believed discontinued in 2010.
                       Tariff 0.001 1.387  1.350
               YearsWon/kWh€/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Wind                   107.66 0.085  0.118  0.115
Small Hydro             73.69 0.058  0.081  0.079
Landfill Gas
<20 MW                    65.2 0.052 0.072  0.070
>20 MW<50 MW              61.8 0.049 0.068  0.066
Photovoltaics
<3 kW          Buy-Down or Rebate
>3 kW             15 716.44 0.566    0.786  0.765
>3 kW 2010        20           0.330 0.458  0.445

Sonne Wind & Waerme 1/2007
Source: Photon International, 12/2005, p. 46.
1,300 MW target by 2012.
20 MW cap by October 2006 for fixed tariff on large systems.
70% rebate for systems less than 3 kW.
Average electricity price $0.05/kWh.
Fixed tariff for large-scale commercial applications.
Suntechnics built 1 MW plant in fall 2006.
Renewable Tariffs in Spain
Note: These Tariffs Have Been Superseded by RD 661/2007.
March 12, 2004, Royal Decrees 436/2004 for RES <50 MW
As a % of AET, Average Electricity Tariff                                                               AET
                                Tariff (4)                                        Market          Total Price
               Years Regulated     2005 1.3873 1.3496 Premium 2005 1.3873 1.3496 Incentive 2005 Premium 2005 1.39 1.35
                       Tariff (1) €/kWh       USD/kWh Tariff €/kWhCAD/kWh
                                        CAD/kWh                           USD/kWhPremium€/kWh €/kWh €/kWh CAD/kWh   USD/kWh
Wind Onshore                                                                                             0.07 0.102 0.099
<5 MW          0-15        90% #### 0.092 0.089          40% 0.029   0.041 0.040    10% 0.007 0.037
               15+         80% #### 0.081 0.079          40% 0.029   0.041 0.040    10% 0.007 0.037
>5 MW          0-5         90% #### 0.092 0.089          40% 0.029   0.041 0.040    10% 0.007 0.037
               6-15        85% #### 0.086 0.084          40% 0.029   0.041 0.040    10% 0.007 0.037
               15+         80% #### 0.081 0.079          40% 0.029   0.041 0.040    10% 0.007 0.037

Wind Offshore
<5 MW         0-15         90%   ####    0.092    0.089    40%   0.029    0.041    0.040    10%   0.007   0.037
              15+          80%   ####    0.081    0.079    40%   0.029    0.041    0.040    10%   0.007   0.037
>5 MW         0-5          90%   ####    0.092    0.089    40%   0.029    0.041    0.040    10%   0.007   0.037
              6-15         85%   ####    0.086    0.084    40%   0.029    0.041    0.040    10%   0.007   0.037
              15+          80%   ####    0.081    0.079    40%   0.029    0.041    0.040    10%   0.007   0.037

Photoovoltaics
<100 kW        0-25       575%   ####    0.585    0.569
               25+        460%   ####    0.468    0.455
>100 kW        0-25       300%   ####    0.305    0.297   250% 0.183      0.254    0.247    10% 0.007     0.191
               25+        240%   ####    0.244    0.237   200% 0.147      0.203    0.198    10% 0.007     0.154

               0-25
Solar Thermolectric       300% ####      0.305    0.297   250% 0.183      0.254    0.247    10% 0.007     0.191
               25+        240% ####      0.244    0.237   200% 0.147      0.203    0.198    10% 0.007     0.154

Hydro
<10 MW     0-25            90%   ####    0.092    0.089    40%   0.029    0.041    0.040    10%   0.007   0.037
           25+             80%   ####    0.081    0.079    40%   0.029    0.041    0.040    10%   0.007   0.037
           0-15
>10 MW<25 MW               90%   ####    0.092    0.089    40%   0.029    0.041    0.040    10%   0.007   0.037
           25+             80%   ####    0.081    0.079    40%   0.029    0.041    0.040    10%   0.007   0.037
>25 MW<50 MW               80%   ####    0.081    0.079    30%   0.022    0.031    0.030    10%   0.007   0.029

Biomass
Energy Crops 0-20          90%   ####    0.092    0.089    40%   0.029    0.555    0.040    10%   0.007   0.037
                20+        80%   ####    0.081    0.079    40%   0.029    0.555    0.040    10%   0.007   0.037
                0
Biomass, Biogas -20        90%   ####    0.092    0.089    40%   0.029    0.555    0.040    10%   0.007   0.037
                20+        80%   ####    0.081    0.079    40%   0.029    0.555    0.040    10%   0.007   0.037
Forest & Industrial Wastes 80%   ####    0.081    0.079    30%   0.022    0.416    0.030    10%   0.007   0.029

Geothermal      0-20       90% ####      0.092    0.089    40% 0.029      0.555    0.040    10% 0.007     0.037
                20+        80% ####      0.081    0.079    40% 0.029      0.555    0.040    10% 0.007     0.037

New Spanish tariffs introduced May 25, 2007.
http://www.wind-works.org/FeedLaws/Spain/SpanishList.html
1. Operator can choose between two systems: fixed or "regulated tariffs", or a premium payment plus the wholesale price.
4. There are additional payments for reactive power supply and voltage support. There are also deductoins for forecasting costs.
5. Fully inflation adjustd because of connection to AET price. The price rises 1.4-1.7% annually says AEE.
6. Bonus system: market price plus ~40% of AET, plus a 10% bonus to switch to the bonus system or ~Euro 0.0365/kWh.
7. Bonus
system in
2005: Euro
0.0693
(0.0365+0.000
48+0.031-
0.003/kWh).
This is slightly
higher than
fixed payment
but depends
upon
fluctuation
market price.
8. Low interest loans for Solar PV Euro 120 million for small installations.
9. First tariffs begain with decree in 1997.
10. There is no price degression.
Source: 5-8, New Energy 4/2005.
Source: 1-4, The New Payment Mechanism of RES-E in Spain by Manuel Bustos, APPA, Barcelona, May 2004.
mailto: international@appa.es
http://www.ontario-sea.org/ARTs/Spain/Report%20on%20the%20new%20Spanish%20RES-E%20payment%20mechanism.pdf
Renewable Tariffs in Spain
May 25, 2007, Royal Decrees 661/2007 for RES <50 MW, for 2009.
16-Jun-10
                               Fixed Tariff (Option a)       Market Incentive Premium (Option b)
                                Years            1.387 1.3496 Degression Premium 1.3873 1.3496 Maximum 1.3873 1.3496 Minimum 1.3873 1.3496
                                       €/kWh CAD/kWh   USD/kWh %/yr         €/kWh CAD/kWhUSD/kWh €/kWh CAD/kWhUSD/kWh €/kWh CAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Wind
Wind Onshore                       20 0.0757      0.105 0.1021              0.0303 0.0420 0.0409 0.0907 0.1258 0.1224 0.0761 0.1056 0.1027
                                 +20 0.0633       0.088 0.0854

Wind Offshore                              n/a                                  0.0871   0.1209      0.1176   0.1695   0.2351   0.2287    n/a


Solar PV: See Spain RD 6 2009

Solar Thermal Electric              25 0.2784      0.386   0.3757               0.2625   0.3642      0.3543   0.3555   0.4932   0.4798   0.2625   0.3642   0.3543
                                   +25 0.2227      0.309   0.3006               0.2100   0.2913      0.2834   0.3555   0.4932   0.4798   0.2625   0.3642   0.3543

Incomplete
Wave, Tides, Ocean Thermal,
Ocean Currents                      20 0.0712      0.099   0.0961               0.0397   0.0551      0.0536
                                   +20 0.0673      0.093   0.0908               0.0316   0.0439      0.0427

Geothermal                          20 0.0712      0.099   0.0961               0.0397   0.0551      0.0536
                                   +20 0.0673      0.093   0.0908               0.0316   0.0439      0.0427

Hydro
<10 MW                              25 0.0806      0.112   0.1088               0.0259   0.0359      0.0349   0.0910   0.1262   0.1228   0.0696   0.0966   0.0939
                                   +25 0.0726      0.101   0.0979                                             0.0910   0.1262   0.1228   0.0696   0.0966   0.0939
>10 MW<50 MW                        25 n/a                                      0.0225   0.0312      0.0303   0.0854   0.1185   0.1153   0.0653   0.0906   0.0882
                                   +25 n/a                                      0.0144   0.0199      0.0194   0.0854   0.1185   0.1153   0.0653   0.0906   0.0882

Biomass
Energy Crops
<2 MW                               15 0.1696      0.235   0.2290               0.1279   0.1774      0.1726   0.1776   0.2463   0.2396   0.1645   0.2282   0.2221
Cogeneration Premium                   0.1167      0.162   0.1575
                                   +15 0.1259      0.175   0.1699                n/a

>2 MW                               15 0.1565      0.217   0.2112               0.1126   0.1562      0.1520   0.1611   0.2235   0.1509   0.1524   0.2114   0.2056
Cogeneration Premium                   0.0196      0.027   0.0265
                                   +15 0.1318      0.183   0.1779                n/a

Agricultural Wastes
<2 MW                               15 0.1342      0.186   0.1811               0.0925   0.1283      0.1248   0.1421   0.1971   0.1918   0.1291   0.1791   0.1742
Cogeneration Premium                   0.0846      0.117   0.1142
                                   +15 0.0905      0.126   0.1221                n/a
>2 MW                               15 0.1148      0.159   0.1550               0.0709   0.0983      0.0957   0.1195   0.1657   0.1612   0.1108   0.1537   0.1496
Cogeneration Premium                   0.0619      0.086   0.0836
                                   +15 0.0861      0.119   0.1162                n/a
Forestry Wastes
<2 MW                               15 0.1342      0.186   0.1811               0.0925   0.1283      0.1248   0.1421   0.1971   0.1918   0.1291   0.1791   0.1742
Cogeneration Premium                   0.0846      0.117   0.1142
                                   +15 0.0905      0.126   0.1221                n/a
>2 MW                               15 0.1263      0.175   0.1705               0.0824   0.1143      0.1112   0.1309   0.1816   0.1767   0.1221   0.1694   0.1648
Cogeneration Premium                   0.0727      0.101   0.0981
                                   +15 0.0834      0.116   0.1125

Landfill gas                        15 0.0853      0.118   0.1152               0.0451   0.0626      0.0609   0.0957   0.1327   0.1291   0.0794   0.1102   0.1072
Cogeneration Premium                   0.0479      0.066   0.0646
                                   +15 0.0695      0.096   0.0938                n/a
Gas from Anerobic Digestion
<500 kW                             15 0.1395      0.194   0.1883               0.1091   0.1513      0.1472   0.1637   0.2271   0.2209   0.1319   0.1829   0.1780
Cogeneration Premium <2 MW             0.0184      0.026   0.0249
                                   +15 0.0695      0.096   0.0938                n/a
>500 kW                             15 0.1034      0.143   0.1395               0.0665   0.0922      0.0897   0.1178   0.1634   0.1589   0.1020   0.1414   0.1376
Cogeneration Premium >2 MW             0.0619      0.086   0.0835
                                   +15 0.0695      0.096   0.0938                n/a

                                      15 0.0572
Liquid Biofuels & Its Derivatives & Manure         0.079   0.0772               0.0377   0.0523      0.0509   0.0889   0.1234   0.1200   0.0545   0.0755   0.0735
Cogeneration Premium >2 MW                0.0384   0.053   0.0519
                                     +15 0.0572    0.079   0.0772                n/a

Agricultural Industry Wastes
<2 MW                               15 0.1342      0.186   0.1811               0.0925   0.1283      0.1248   0.1421   0.1971   0.1918   0.1291   0.1791   0.1742
Cogeneration Premium                   0.0846      0.117   0.1142
                                   +15 0.0905      0.126   0.1221                n/a
>2 MW                               15 0.1148      0.159   0.1550               0.0709   0.0983      0.0957   0.1195   0.1657   0.1612   0.1108   0.1537   0.1496
Cogeneration Premium                   0.0638      0.089   0.0861
                                   +15 0.0861      0.119   0.1162                n/a

Forestry Industry Wastes
<2 MW                               15 0.0991      0.137   0.1337               0.0509   0.0706      0.0686   0.1036   0.1437   0.1398   0.0908   0.1260   0.1226
Cogeneration Premium                   0.0516      0.072   0.0696
                                   +15 0.0695      0.096   0.0938                n/a
>2 MW                               15 0.0695      0.096   0.0938               0.0256   0.0355      0.0345   0.0741   0.1028   0.1000   0.0653   0.0906   0.0882
Cogeneration Premium                   0.0300      0.042   0.0404
                                   +15 0.0695      0.096   0.0938

Black Liqour
<2 MW                                 15 0.0991     0.130 0.1337                 0.0600 0.0832 0.0810 0.1070 0.1484 0.1444 0.0938 0.1302 0.1267
Cogeneration Premium                      0.0542    0.075 0.0731
                                     +15 0.0695     0.096 0.0938                   n/a
>2 MW                                 15 0.0854     0.118 0.1153                 0.0392 0.0543 0.0529 0.0961 0.1333 0.1297 0.0801 0.1111 0.1081
Cogeneration Premium                      0.0496    0.069 0.0669
                                     +15 0.0695     0.096 0.0938                   n/a
My thanks to Hugo Lucas Porto, DAE (Instituto para la Diversificación y Ahorro de la Energía), Departamento de Relaciones Internacionales, hlucas@idae.es.
Inflation indexing: Previously 100% with AET. 2007 Decret; 75% to 2012, 50% post 2012.
Note: There are capacity limits on each technology.
€ 500/kW security deposit required; returned when system begins operation. Because of the tariff, banks have finance dup to 88% of project costs. Sun & Wind Energy 1/2009.
6,000 MW of new wind permitted through 2012.
2,400 MW of new CSP permitted through 2013. 2010 limit for CSP raised from 500 MW to 861 MW. After 2010 500 MW of CSP permitted per year. New Energy 6/2009.

For an chart for 2009 prices see.
http://www.canrea.ca/site/wp-content/uploads/2010/02/spanish-fit-program-york-u-toronto-nov-09.pdf
Renewable Tariffs in Spain
Royal Decree 1614/2010,
dated December 7th, Royal
decree 1565/2010, dated
November 19, Royal Decree
Law 14/2010, dated
December 23, 2010.
See Spain 2011 Tab for current status of photovoltaics.
                            Fixed Tariff (Option a)           Market Incentive Premium (Option b)
                             Years           1.387 1.350 Degression         Premium 1.3873 1.350 Maximum1.38725 1.350 Minimum 1.350
                                    €/kWhCAD/kWh SD/kWh %/yr
                                                    U                        €/kWh CAD/kWh  USD/kWh €/kWh CAD/kWhUSD/kWh €/kWh USD/kWh
Wind Onshore                    20 0.079 0.110          0.107                  0.020  0.028     0.027 0.092 0.127  0.124   0.077 0.104
                               +20 0.066 0.092          0.089
Wind Offshore                         n/a                                      0.091  0.126     0.123 0.177 0.246  0.239   n/a
Photovoltaics (Note that the tariffs of RD 6 2009 supersede these for new installations.)
<100 kW                                   30 0.476 0.660            0.642
>100 kW<10 MW                             30 0.451 0.625            0.609
>10 MW<50 MW                              30 0.248 0.344            0.335
Solar Thermal Electric                     25 0.291 0.404           0.393                   0.274   0.381   0.370   0.371   0.515   0.501   0.274   0.370
                                       +25     0.233     0.323       0.314
Geothermal                              20     0.074     0.103       0.100                  0.042   0.058   0.056
                                       +20     0.070     0.098       0.095                  0.033   0.046   0.045
Hydro
<10 MW                                  25     0.084     0.117       0.114                  0.027   0.038   0.037   0.092   0.128   0.124   0.070   0.095
                                       +25     0.076     0.105       0.102                  0.015   0.020   0.020
>10 MW<50 MW                            25     n/a                                          0.023   0.032   0.031   0.086   0.120   0.117   0.066   0.089
                                       +25     n/a
Biomass
Energy Crops <2 MW                      15     0.172     0.238       0.232                  0.129   0.179   0.175   0.180   0.249   0.242   0.166   0.225
                                       +15     0.127     0.177       0.172
Energy Crops >2 MW                      15     0.158     0.220       0.214                  0.114   0.158   0.154   0.163   0.226   0.220   0.154   0.208
                                       +15     0.133     0.185       0.180
Agricultural Wastes <2 MW               15     0.136     0.188       0.183                  0.094   0.130   0.126   0.144   0.199   0.194   0.131   0.176
                                       +15     0.092     0.127       0.124
Agricultural Wastes >2 MW               15     0.116     0.161       0.157
                                       +15     0.087     0.121       0.118
Forestry Wastes <2 MW                   15     0.136     0.188       0.183                  0.083   0.116   0.112   0.132   0.184   0.179   0.124   0.167
                                       +15     0.092     0.127       0.124
Forestry Wastes >2 MW                   15     0.128     0.177       0.172
                                       +15     0.087     0.121       0.118
Landfill Gas                            15     0.086     0.120       0.116                  0.046   0.063   0.062   0.097   0.134   0.131   0.080   0.108
                                       +15     0.070     0.098       0.095
Gas from Anerobic Digestion
<500 kW                          15  0.141 0.196    0.190             0.110   0.153     0.149      0.166    0.230                   0.223   0.133   0.180
                                +15  0.070 0.098    0.095
>500 kW                          15  0.105 0.145    0.141             0.067   0.093     0.091      0.119    0.165                   0.161   0.103   0.139
                                +15  0.070 0.098    0.095
Manure Biofuel Combustion        15  0.058 0.080    0.078             0.038   0.053     0.051      0.090    0.125                   0.121   0.055   0.074
                                +15  0.058 0.080    0.078
                                 15
Agricultural Indusrial Wastes <2 MW  0.136 0.188    0.183             0.094   0.130     0.126      0.144    0.199                   0.194   0.131   0.176
                                +15  0.092 0.127    0.124
                                 15
Agricultural Indusrial Wastes >2 MW  0.116 0.161    0.157             0.072   0.099     0.097      0.121    0.168                   0.163   0.112   0.151
                                +15  0.087 0.121    0.118
Forestry Wastes <2 MW            15  0.100 0.139    0.135             0.058   0.080     0.078      0.108    0.150                   0.146   0.095   0.128
                                +15  0.070 0.098    0.095
Forestry Wastes >2 MW            15  0.070 0.098    0.095             0.026   0.036     0.035      0.075    0.104                   0.101   0.066   0.089
                                +15  0.070 0.098    0.095
Black Liquour <2 MW              15  0.100 0.139    0.135             0.061   0.084     0.082      0.108    0.150                   0.146   0.095   0.128
                                +15  0.070 0.098    0.095
Black Liquour >2 MW              15  0.086 0.120    0.117             0.040   0.055     0.053      0.097    0.135                   0.131   0.081   0.109
                                +15  0.070 0.098    0.095
Urban Solid Waste                    0.058 0.080    0.078             0.030   0.041     0.040
Waste >50%                           0.041 0.058    0.056             0.030   0.041     0.040
Waste from Mining                    0.076 0.105    0.102             0.032   0.044     0.043
http://www.ecofys.com/com/publications/documents/RE-SHAPING_Renewable-Energy-Policy-Country-profiles-2011.pdf
Renewable Tariffs in Spain for PV 2009
RD 6 2009

                                               Fixed Tariff
                                          Years           1.3873 1.3496
                                                 €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Type Solar PV
I.1 Rooftop & Facades <20 kW                    25     0.34    0.4717      0.4589
I.2 Rooftop & Facades >20 kW <2 MW              25     0.32    0.4439      0.4319
II Remainder (Ground-mounted) < 10 MW           25     0.32    0.4439      0.4319

Quota                                  2009 Extra              Total
                                       MW    MW                MW
I.1 Rooftop & Facades <20 kW           26.70                       26.7
I.2 Rooftop & Facades >20 kW <2 MW 240.30                         240.3
II Remainder (Ground-mounted) < 10 MW 133.00  100                   233
                               Total 400.00                         500

Quota                                  2010 Extra              Total
                                       MW    MW                MW
I.1 Rooftop & Facades <20 kW           29.37                     29.37
I.2 Rooftop & Facades >20 kW <2 MW 264.33                       264.33
II Remainder (Ground-mounted) < 10 MW 146.30   60                206.3
                               Total 440.00                        500

Quota                                  2011
                                       MW
I.1 Rooftop & Facades <20 kW           32.31
I.2 Rooftop & Facades >20 kW <2 MW 290.76
II Remainder (Ground-mounted) < 10 MW 160.93
                               Total 484.00

Quota                                  2012
                                       MW
I.1 Rooftop & Facades <20 kW           35.54
I.2 Rooftop & Facades >20 kW <2 MW 319.84
II Remainder (Ground-mounted) < 10 MW 177.02
                               Total 532.40

Notes:
If 75% of the quota is met, the tariff decreases by an amount relative to the quota.
If 75% of the quota is not met, the tariff remains the same.
Source: Hugo Lucas, IADE, 7th workshop of the InternationalFeed-In Cooperation.
Renewable Tariffs in Spain Modified by Law on Sustainable Economy, of 4th of March 2011

3-Oct-11
                                           Fixed Tariff (Option a)           Market Incentive Premium (Option b)
                                            Years          1.3873 1.3496 Degression        Premium 1.3873 1.3496 Maximum 1.3873 1.3496 Minimum 1.3873 1.3496
                                                  €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh %/yr                  €/kWh CAD/kWhUSD/kWh €/kWh CAD/kWhUSD/kWh €/kWh CAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Wind Onshore                                   20                                           0.0188 0.0261 0.0254 0.0907 0.1258 0.1224 0.0761 0.1056 0.1027
                                              +20
Above 2,350 full load hours receive only the market price.
New tariffs will affect all wind turbines installed since 2007.
Agreement allows 300 MW more of wind to be connected.

Concentating Solar Power                          25     0.28                                   0.26   0.3607   0.3509

Paid for the first year of
operation. Beginning second
year can choose between this
price or market price plus bonus


Photovoltaics

RD1578/2008 set a PV Cap of
500 MW per year with quotas on
the amount of PV installed in the
two different applications

I.1 Rooftop & Facades <20 kW                     25 0.281          0.390      0.380     -10%
I.2 Rooftop & Facades >20 kW <2 MW               25 0.198          0.275      0.268     -10%
II Remainder (Ground-mounted) < 10 MW            25 0.130          0.181      0.176     -10%

RDL 14/2010
Maximum full-load hours for all
PV installations for the period
2011-2013 installed under RD
661/2007.

                                            Equiv
                                            alent
                                            refere
                                            nce
                                            hours
                                            per
Technology                                  year
Fixed installation                           1,250
Installation with 1-axis tracking            1,644
Installation with 2-axis tracking            1,707

RDL 14/2010, for all PV installations

                                            Refer
                                            ence
                                            Equiv
                                            alent
                                              Full-
                                             load
Technology                                  Hours
                                            Zone I Zone II Zone III Zone IV           Zone V
Fixed installation                          1,232      1,362    1,492      1,632        1,753
Installation with single –axis trackers     1,602      1,770    1,940      2,122        2,279
Installation with dual - axis trackers      1,664      1,838    2,015      2,204        2,367


Note: Because of the complexity
of the Spanish program,
revisions to existing law, and
new Royal Decrees, it has
become difficult for me to
present the information in a
coherent tabular form. Please
contact Spanish trade
associations for current informati

Spanish Renewable Energy Association - APPA
Muntaner 269 - 1º1ª
ES-08021 Barcelona
Spain
+34 93 241 93 63
www.appa.es
Renewable Tariffs in Sri Lanka
      7-Oct-11
                                 148.103 1.387      1.350
                  Years LKR/kWh €/kWh CAD/kWh    USD/kWh
These tariffs escalate with O&M and base fuel rate.
Wind
                   1-8     23.07   0.156   0.216     0.210
                  9-15     10.29   0.069   0.096     0.094
                   16+      4.71   0.032   0.044     0.043
Wind local
                   1-8     21.39   0.144   0.200     0.195
                  9-15     10.58   0.071   0.099     0.096
                   16+      4.79   0.032   0.045     0.044
Mini-hydro
                       1-8      14.25      0.096       0.133      0.130
                      9-15       6.77      0.046       0.063      0.062
                                 3.29      0.022       0.031      0.030
Mini-hydro local
                       1-8      14.57      0.098       0.136      0.133
                      9-15       6.93      0.047       0.065      0.063
                      16+        3.33      0.022       0.031      0.030
Biomass
                       1-8      17.97      0.121       0.168      0.164
                      9-15       4.94      0.033       0.046      0.045
                      16+          3.29    0.022       0.031      0.030
Biomass from wastes
                       1-8        13.42    0.091       0.126      0.122
                      9-15         8.94    0.060       0.084      0.081
                      16+          7.84    0.053       0.073      0.071
Municipal waste
                       1-8        21.42    0.145       0.201      0.195
                      9-15        12.45    0.084       0.117      0.113
                      16+          7.94    0.054       0.074      0.072
Waste heat recovery
                       1-8         7.56    0.051       0.071      0.069
                      9-15         3.08    0.021       0.029      0.028
                      16+          2.11    0.014       0.020      0.019
The following
are a Flat Rate
or Fixed Tariff.
There is no
escalation with
inflation.
Wind                20            19.43   0.131       0.182       0.177
Wind local          20            19.97   0.135       0.187       0.182
Mini-hydro          20            13.04   0.088       0.122       0.119
Mini-hydro local    20            13.32   0.090       0.125       0.121
Biomass             20             20.7   0.140       0.194       0.189
Biomass from wastes20             14.53   0.098       0.136       0.132
Municipal waste     20            22.02   0.149       0.206       0.201
Waste heat recovery 20             6.64   0.045       0.062       0.061
My thanks to Anil Cabral, racabraal@msn.com, for providing the link below.
http://www.pucsl.gov.lk/download/Electricity/PUCSL_NCRE_Advertisement.pdf

http://www.sari-
energy.org/Page
Files/What_We_
Do/activities/Sup
porting_Wind_Po
wer_Take-
off_in_the_SARIE
nergy_Region/Pr
esentations/Vend
ors/Suzlon_SARI
_Workshop.pdf
Renewable Tariffs in Switzerland

                                     Tariff 1.3873 1.34962
                   Years Swiss F/kWh€/kWh CAD/kWh USD/kWh
Photovoltaics < 19 kW                  0.57   0.791    0.769
Wind Energy            5               0.17   0.236    0.229
                   5+                  0.12   0.166    0.162

1. SBC 0.6 centimes/kWh on all consumers.
2. PV capped at 5% of SBC fund.
3. Beginning in 2010 degression of 8%.
4. Neue Energie 4/2008.
5. Reto Rigassi, Windkraftverbandes Suisse Eole.
reto.rigassi@eicher-pauli.ch

                            Tariff    1.3873 1.3496
                  Years    €/kWh CAD/kWh      USD/kWhSwiss F/kWh
Wind Energy                       0.1   0.139   0.135      0.15

Photovoltaics                 0.1    0.139     0.135     0.15
http://www.swissolar.ch/
Payment above own consumption; net metering.
2007 new net
metering
regulations to go
into effect. Total
program costs
not to exceed .03
rappen/kWh to
consumer or
~110 million
Euros. No
technology can
use more than
50% of the total
funds available.
National Council
(Nationalrat)
report states "The
re
Swiss consumption 56 TWh/y.
                                    KYD      1.3873 1.34962
                         SWF/kWh €/kWh CAD/kWh USD/kWh
                              0.2    0.000     0.000    0.000
Renewable Tariffs in Switzerland for 2009
March, 2008 Swiss Electricitty Supply Law
                                             1.3873 1.3496 Degression
                          Years SWF/kWh€/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh     %                        Year
Wind Energy
Small Wind <10 kW               20    0.2000 ####         0.0000   0.0000     -1.50%     2013

Large Wind > 10 kW*                                                           -1.50%     2013
60% Reference Yield     20            0.2000       ####   0.0000   0.0000
70% Reference Yield     20            0.2000       ####   0.0000   0.0000
80% Reference Yield     20            0.2000       ####   0.0000   0.0000
90% Reference Yield   18.3            0.2000       ####   0.0000   0.0000
100% Reference Yield 16.1             0.2000       ####   0.0000   0.0000
110% Reference Yield 13.9             0.2000       ####   0.0000   0.0000
120% Reference Yield 11.7             0.2000       ####   0.0000   0.0000
130% Reference Yield   9.4            0.2000       ####   0.0000   0.0000
140% Reference Yield   7.2            0.2000       ####   0.0000   0.0000
150% Reference Yield     5            0.2000       ####   0.0000   0.0000
                   To
After Premium Period Year 20          0.1700       ####   0.0000   0.0000

Solar Photovoltaic              25                                               -8%     2010
Ground-mounted
 <10 kW                               0.6500       ####   0.0000   0.0000
 <30 kW                               0.5400       ####   0.0000   0.0000
 <100 kW                              0.5100       ####   0.0000   0.0000
 >100 kW                              0.4900       ####   0.0000   0.0000
Rooftop
 <10 kW                               0.7500       ####   0.0000   0.0000
 <30 kW                               0.6500       ####   0.0000   0.0000
 <100 kW                              0.6200       ####   0.0000   0.0000
 >100 kW                              0.6000       ####   0.0000   0.0000
Building Integrated
 <10 kW                               0.9000       ####   0.0000   0.0000
 <30 kW                               0.7400       ####   0.0000   0.0000
 <100 kW                              0.6700       ####   0.0000   0.0000
 >100 kW                              0.6200       ####   0.0000   0.0000

Geothemal                       20                                            -0.50%     2018
<5 MW                                 0.3000 ####         0.0000   0.0000
<10 MW                                0.2700 ####         0.0000   0.0000
<20 MW                                0.1700 ####         0.0000   0.0000

Hydro                          25                                                 0%
<10 kW                               0.2600        ####   0.0000   0.0000
<50 kW                               0.2000        ####   0.0000   0.0000
<300 kW                              0.1450        ####   0.0000   0.0000
<1 MW                                0.1100        ####   0.0000   0.0000
<10 MW                               0.0750        ####   0.0000   0.0000
Pressure Bonus (for the head of the penstock)
<5 m                                 0.0450        ####   0.0000   0.0000
<10 m                                0.0270        ####   0.0000   0.0000
<20 m                                0.0200        ####   0.0000   0.0000
<50 m                                0.0150        ####   0.0000   0.0000
>50 m                                0.0100        ####   0.0000   0.0000
Water Management Bonus**
Maximum tariff                       0.3500        ####   0.0000   0.0000

Biomass***                     20                                                 0%
Sewage gas maximum                 0.2400          ####   0.0000   0.0000
Waste gas maximum                  0.2000          ####   0.0000   0.0000
Other biogas
 <50 kW                            0.2400          ####   0.0000   0.0000
 <100 kW                           0.2150          ####   0.0000   0.0000
 <500 kW                           0.1900          ####   0.0000   0.0000
 <5 MW                             0.1600          ####   0.0000   0.0000
 >5 MW                             0.1500          ####   0.0000   0.0000
Wood burning bonus                 0.0300          ####   0.0000   0.0000
Power Bonus from Agricultural Wastes
<50 kW                             0.1500          ####   0.0000   0.0000
<100 kW                            0.1350          ####   0.0000   0.0000
<500 kW                            0.1100          ####   0.0000   0.0000
<5 MW                              0.0400          ####   0.0000   0.0000
>5 MW                              0.0000          ####   0.0000   0.0000
Bonus for manure****                               ####   0.1360   0.1323
Bonus for district heating****                     ####   0.0180   0.0175
www.admin.ch/ch/f/as/2008/1223.pdf



*Switzerland has
opted for the
German system of
tariff
differentiation by
resource intensity.
Unlike the French
system, the
German and
Swiss system
extend the
premium payment
for a certain
number of months
as opposed to
dropping the tariff
in year 6. Ret


**A premium is
offered if the costs
of "water
management" are
greater than 20%
of the total project
costs, according
to a formula,
increasing up to
50%, at which
point the full
premium must be
paid. Toby Couture
***A formula not suited for a table.
Program capped at 0.006% of electricity cales: ~320 million SWF. Cap is 150% of program funds.
Hydro capped at 50% of program.
Wind capped at 30% of program.


Solar Photovoltaic
capped at 5% but
will increase to
10% when the
average system
price falls below
0.60 SWF/kWh.
Contracts from
2006 through April
1, 2008 are
grandfathered into
the program.
David
Stickelberger,
www.swissolar.ch.
Reviewed every 5 years. First review in 3 years.
****Neue Energie 11/2008.
Renewable Tariffs in Switzerland
Switzerland has updated their tariffs for 2011, notably PV.
                                         1.222 1.387   1.350 Degression
                           Years SWF/kWh €/kWh CAD/kWhUSD/kWh    %      Year
2011 Tariffs
Solar Photovoltaic               25                                                  -8%
Ground-mounted
 <10 kW                                  0.427     0.522      0.724   0.704
 <30 kW                                  0.393     0.480      0.666   0.648
 <100 kW                                 0.343     0.419      0.581   0.566
 >100 kW                                 0.305     0.373      0.517   0.503
 >1,000 kW                               0.289     0.353      0.490   0.477
Rooftop
<10 kW                                   0.483     0.590      0.819   0.796
<30 kW                                   0.467     0.571      0.792   0.770
<100 kW                                  0.422     0.516      0.715   0.696
>100 kW                                  0.378     0.462      0.641   0.623
 >1,000 kW                               0.361     0.441      0.612   0.595
Building Integrated
<10 kW                           0.592 0.723        1.003   0.976
<30 kW                           0.542 0.662        0.919   0.894
<100 kW                          0.459 0.561        0.778   0.757
>100 kW                          0.415 0.507        0.703   0.684
 >1,000 kW                       0.391 0.478        0.663   0.645
http://www.swissolar.ch/fileadmin/files/swissolar/News/KEV-Tarife_2011.pdf
Program cap for Solar PV raised from 5% to 10% of program funds.


2010 Tariffs
Small Wind <10 kW                20      0.200     0.244      0.339   0.330      -1.50% 2013

Large Wind > 10 kW*                                                              -1.50% 2013
All Sites              1-5               0.200     0.244      0.339   0.330
60% Reference Yield 6-20                 0.200     0.244      0.339   0.330
70% Reference Yield 6-20                 0.200     0.244      0.339   0.330
80% Reference Yield 6-20                 0.200     0.244      0.339   0.330
90% Reference Yield 6-18.3               0.200     0.244      0.339   0.330
100% Reference Yield6-16.1               0.200     0.244      0.339   0.330
110% Reference Yield6-13.9               0.200     0.244      0.339   0.330
120% Reference Yield6-11.7               0.200     0.244      0.339   0.330
130% Reference Yield 6-9.4               0.200     0.244      0.339   0.330
140% Reference Yield 6-7.2               0.200     0.244      0.339   0.330
150% Reference Yield     5               0.200     0.244      0.339   0.330
                  To
After Premium Period Year 20             0.170     0.208      0.288   0.280

Geothermal                       20                                              -0.50% 2018
<5 MW                                    0.400     0.489      0.678   0.660
<10 MW                                   0.360     0.440      0.610   0.594
<20 MW                                   0.280     0.342      0.475   0.462
>20 MW                                   0.227     0.277      0.385   0.374

Hydro                            25                                                  0%
<10 kW                                 0.260       0.318      0.441   0.429
<50 kW                                 0.200       0.244      0.339   0.330
<300 kW                                0.145       0.177      0.246   0.239
<1 MW                                  0.110       0.134      0.186   0.181
<10 MW                                 0.075       0.092      0.127   0.124
Pressure Bonus (for the head of the penstock)
<5 m                                   0.045       0.055      0.076   0.074
<10 m                                  0.027       0.033      0.046   0.045
<20 m                                  0.020       0.024      0.034   0.033
<50 m                                  0.015       0.018      0.025   0.025
>50 m                                  0.010       0.012      0.017   0.016
Water Management Bonus**
<10 kW                                 0.055       0.067      0.093   0.091
<50 kW                                 0.040       0.049      0.068   0.066
<300 kW                                0.030       0.037      0.051   0.049
>300 kW                                0.025       0.031      0.042   0.041
Maximum tariff                         0.350       0.428      0.593   0.577

Biomass***                     20                                                    0%
Sewage gas maximum                       0.240     0.293      0.407   0.396
Waste gas maximum                        0.200     0.244      0.339   0.330
Other biogas
 <50 kW                                  0.280     0.342      0.475   0.462
 <100 kW                                 0.250     0.305      0.424   0.412
 <500 kW                                 0.220     0.269      0.373   0.363
 <5 MW                                   0.185     0.226      0.314   0.305
 >5 MW                                   0.175     0.214      0.297   0.289
Wood burning bonus                       0.035     0.043      0.059   0.058
Power Bonus from Agricultural Wastes
<50 kW                           0.180 0.220                  0.305   0.297
<100 kW                          0.160 0.195                  0.271   0.264
<500 kW                          0.130 0.159                  0.220   0.214
<5 MW                            0.045 0.055                  0.076   0.074
>5 MW                            0.000 0.000                  0.000   0.000
Bonus for district heating****   0.020 0.024                  0.034   0.033
2010: http://www.admin.ch/ch/f/rs/7/730.01.fr.pdf
2009: 'www.admin.ch/ch/f/as/2008/1223.pdf



*Switzerland has
opted for the
German system
of tariff
differentiation by
resource intensity.
Unlike the French
system, the
German and
Swiss system
extend the
premium payment
for a certain
number of months
as opposed to
dropping the tariff
in year 6. Ret

**A premium is
offered if the costs
of "water
management" are
greater than 20%
of the total project
costs, according
to a formula,
increasing up to
50%, at which
point the full
premium must be
paid. Toby
Couture
***A formula not suited for a table.
Program capped at 0.006% of electricity sales: ~320 million SWF. Cap is 150% of program funds.
Hydro capped at 50% of program.
Wind capped at 30% of program.
Reviewed every 5 years.



Appears this is
the result of the
first review after 3
years of program.
PV tariffs reduce,
others raised.
Wind and &
Hydro unchanged.
Renewable Tariffs in Taiwan
         1/31/2011 0:00
                                               1.222 1.387  1.350
                                 YearsTWD/kWh €/kWh CAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Wind Energy on Shore
<10 kW                                       7.356     6.021       8.353       8.126
>10 kW                                       2.614     2.139       2.968       2.887
Wind Energy Offshore                         5.563     4.553       6.316       6.145
Photovoltaics
Rooftop
<10 kW                           10.319 8.446 11.716                          11.398
>10 kW<100 kW                     9.180 7.514 10.423                          10.141
>100 kW <500 kW                   8.824 7.223 10.019                           9.748
>500 kW                           7.970 6.524     9.050                        8.804
Groundmounted*                    7.330 5.999     8.323                        8.097
Run of the River Hydro            2.182 1.786     2.478                        2.410
Geothermal                        4.804 3.932     5.455                        5.307
Biomass                           2.182 1.786     2.478                        2.410
Waste                             2.688 2.200     3.052                        2.969
Other                             2.182 1.786     2.478                        2.410
http://www.digitimes.com/news/a20110130PD202.html

Program Caps 2011
PV: 70 MW
Wind: 100 MW
10 MW of PV reserved for rooftop <10 kW
60 MW of PV reserved for rooftop >10 kW<10 MW.
*Groundmounted systems will use bidding. This is not a true feed-in tariff.




Renewable Tariffs in Taiwan
        10/20/2010 0:00
                                              1.222 0.000   0.000
                                 YearsTWD/kWh €/kWh CAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Wind Energy on Shore
<10 kW                                       7.271     5.952       8.256       8.032
>10 kW                                       2.383     1.951       2.706       2.633
Wind Energy Offshore                         4.198     3.436       4.767       4.638

Photovoltaics
<10 kW with subsidy                        11.188 9.158          12.704       12.359
<10 kW without subsidy                     14.603 11.953         16.581       16.131
<500 kW                                    12.972 10.618         14.729       14.330
>500 kW                                    11.119 9.101          12.625       12.283

Run of the River Hydro                       4.198     3.436       4.767       4.638

Geothermal                                   5.184     4.243       5.886       5.726

Biomass                                      2.062     1.687       2.341       2.277

Other                                        2.088     1.709       2.371       2.306

*TWD 50,000 subsidy also available
http://www.digitimes.com/news/a20091221PD212.html
Renewable Tariffs in Tanzania
                7-Oct-11
                     2011                40.953 1.387   1.350
                          Years TZS/kWh €/kWh CAD/kWhUSD/kWh
                            15
Small Power Producer Tariff 112.430        2.745  3.809  3.705
Dry season (Aug-Nov)        15    134.92   3.295  4.570  4.446
Wet season (Jan-Jul)        15    101.19   2.471  3.428  3.335
Rural Diesel                15    380.22   9.284 12.880 12.530
http://www.ewura.go.tz
/pdf/SPPT/Draft%20S
PPT_Public%20Notice
_English%20version_1
8Feb2011.pdf
Project size cap: 10 MW.
Electricity Act of 2008 provides for SPPA and SPPT.
Tariffs based on Long Run Marginal Cost + Short Run Marginal Cost.
San Antonio Texas Renewable Energy Tariffs (CPS Energy)
Tariff Year         2010
                                1.387 1.350
                   Years €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
                      20
Solar PV >25 kW<500 kW 0.200    0.278     0.270

Progam limit: 2 years.
Program cap: 10 MW.
CPS Energy is Austin's Municipal utility.
Tennesse Valley Authority Green Power Switch Program
Tariff Year       2007
                        1.3873 1.3496
            Years€/kWhCAD/kWh  USD/kWh
Residential 10 0.111     0.154    0.150
Commercial 10 0.148      0.206    0.200
TVA's
program
is limited
to a total
of 150
kW.
Payment
is made
only in
the form
of credit
against
an
existing
account.
Residenti
al
customers
 receive a
$500
subsidy.
http://www.tva.com/greenpowerswitch/partners/
Note: In
the past
TVA's
program
has not
been
listed
here
because
of its
limitied
utility.
Renewable Tariffs in Thailand
Very Small Power Producers (<10 MW)
                                         #### 1.3873 1.3496
                           YearsBaht/kWh€/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Wind Energy
<50 kW                        10     4.500   0.002   0.003    0.003
>50 kW                        10     3.500   0.002   0.002    0.002
Bonus for offsetting diesel   10     1.500   0.001   0.001    0.001
                              10
Bonus in three southern provinces    1.500   0.001   0.001    0.001

Solar                         10     8.000 0.004     0.005    0.005
Bonus for offsetting diesel   10     1.500 0.001     0.001    0.001
                              10
Bonus in three southern provinces    1.500 0.001     0.001    0.001

Hydro
<50 kW                          7    1.500   0.001   0.001    0.001
50 kW<200 kW                    7    0.800   0.000   0.000    0.000
Bonus for offsetting diesel     7    1.000   0.000   0.001    0.001
                                7
Bonus in three southern provinces    1.000   0.000   0.001    0.001

Biomass
<1 MW                           7    0.500   0.000   0.000    0.000
>1 MW                           7    0.300   0.000   0.000    0.000
Bonus for offsetting diesel     7    1.000   0.000   0.001    0.001
                                7
Bonus in three southern provinces    1.000   0.000   0.001    0.001

Biogas
<1 MW                           7    0.500   0.000   0.000    0.000
<1 MW                           7    0.300   0.000   0.000    0.000
Bonus for offsetting diesel     7    1.000   0.000   0.001    0.001
                                7
Bonus in three southern provinces    1.000   0.000   0.001    0.001

Waste
Fermentation                    7    2.500   0.001   0.002    0.002
Thermal process                 7    3.500   0.002   0.002    0.002
Bonus for offsetting diesel     7    0.906   0.000   0.001    0.001
                                7
Bonus in three southern provinces    0.906   0.000   0.001    0.001

Fue Volatility Adder                0.930 0.000      0.001   0.001
Bulk Supply Tariff (Wind)           2.000
Bulk Supply Tariff (Solar PV)       2.600
Bulk Supply Tariff (All other)      1.800 0.001      0.001   0.001
Bonus model, <10 MW, began in 2006.
2002-2006 tariffs based on avoided cost and limited to 1 MW project size cap.
Example Payment Solar PV: 8 + 2.6+ 0.93 = 11.5 Baht/kWh.
Source:
http://www.palangthai.org/docs/FeedinThaiTanzania8May10.ppt
http://www.palangthai.org/en/vspp
Renewable Tariffs in the Netherlands 2005
Dutch MEP Beginning January 2004

            Full LoadTariff1 1.38725 Total Tariff1 1.38725 1.3496
      Years2 Hours €/kWhCAD/kWh €/kWh CAD/kWh             USD/kWh

Wind
Onshore        20000    0.08    0.107      0.097     0.135    0.131


Self-Standing Biomass
<50 MW                0.1       0.135      0.117     0.162    0.158

Hydropower               0.1    0.135      0.117     0.162    0.158

Solar PV                   0.1       0.135     0.117     0.162     0.158
Source: 'http://www.enerq.nl/mep/
1. Also paid wholesale price of ~€0.02/kWh.
2. Renewable tariff paid up to 18,000 full-load hours.
3. MEP is not a true Renewable Tariff but a Bonus System.
EnerQ is the organisation which the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs has charged with the implementation of the 'MEP Scheme' (MEP being the Dutch acronym for “Electricity Generation Environmental Quality”) as a grant scheme aimed at the vigorous and cos
EnerQ is a subsidiary of TenneT bv as the national grid administrator/TSO in charge of the Dutch high voltage grid.
EnerQ is a private limited liability company (in Dutch: 'besloten vennootschap' or B.V. for short) whereas TenneT has been granted Independent Administrative Body (in Dutch: 'zelfstandig bestuursorgaan' or ZBO) status with respect to the implementation of
EnerQ was officially launched on 1 July 2003, this being the date of implementation of the MEP Scheme.
The MEP Scheme applies to renewable energy generating, CHP (combined heat and power) plants and so-called CNFE (climate neutral fossil energy) plants. EnerQ pays out grants on the basis of generation certificates. The level of subsidy per kWh is set by th
EnerQ collects the funds it pays out by way of MEP grants from the grid administrators, which collect EUR 34,00 each for connecting the generating company (or for implementing connections at the generating company). EnerQ administers these funds and rende
The MEP Scheme is open to all renewable energy, CHP and CNFE plants that are hooked up either to the Dutch grid or to a factory.


Dutch Program 2006
New elections called and existing program canceled.
Meanwhile 1st offshore project received 27 million subsidy plus Euro 0.097/kWh for 10 years plus the wholesale price currently 0.04-0.06/kWh!
Greenpeace had demanded a feed-in law.
New Energy 5/2006.
Renewable Tariffs in the Netherlands
######
  2011        Tariff 1.38725 1.3496 Degression
       Years €/kWhCAD/kWh   USD/kWh %/yr

While
some
report
the
Dutch
progra
m as a
feed-in
tariff
and I
have
include
d the
Dutch
progra
m in
the
past, I
will no
longer
due
so.
The
progra
m is so
convolu
ted,
           http:/
           /ww      http://
           w.ec     www.
           ofys.    ecofy
           com/     s.co
           com/     m/co
           publi    m/pu
http://w   catio    blicati
ww.eco     ns/d     ons/d
fys.com    ocu      ocum
/com/p     ment     ents/                  http://w
ublicati   s/RE     RE-                    ww.ecof
ons/doc    -        SHA       http://w     ys.com/
uments     SHA      PING      ww.ecof      com/pu      http://ww
/RE-       PIN      _Ren      ys.com/      blication   w.ecofys.
SHAPI      G_R      ewab      com/pub      s/docum     com/com/
NG_Re      enew     le-       lications/   ents/RE     publicatio
newabl     able-    Ener      docume       -           ns/docum
e-         Ener     gy-       nts/RE-      SHAPIN      ents/RE-
Energy-    gy-      Polic     SHAPIN       G_Rene      SHAPIN
Policy-    Polic    y-        G_Rene       wable-      G_Rene
Country    y-       Coun      wable-       Energy-     wable-
-          Coun     try-      Energy-      Policy-     Energy-
profiles   try-     profil    Policy-      Country-    Policy-
-          profil   es-       Country-     profiles-   Country-
2011.p     es-      2011.     profiles-    2011.pd     profiles-
df         2011     pdf       2011.pdf     f           2011.pdf
    Renewable Tariffs in Turkey
                    1/17/2011 0:00
                                              0.000 1.387  1.350
                                        Years €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
    Wind                                  10 0.054   0.075  0.073
    Hydro                                 10 0.054   0.075  0.073
    Geothermal                            10 0.078   0.108  0.105
    Solar                                 10 0.099   0.137  0.133
    Biomass & landfill gas                10 0.099   0.137  0.133

    Program Cap: 600 MW/yr through 2013.
    Payment made in US cents, not Euro cents.

    Bonus Payment for "Made in Turkey" Components
    Wind
    Blades                             0.006  0.008              0.008
    Generator & power electronics      0.007  0.010              0.010
    Tower                              0.004  0.006              0.006
    All other mechanical components    0.010  0.013              0.013

    Hydro
    Turbine                                    0.010     0.013   0.013
    Generator & power electronics              0.007     0.010   0.010

    Geothermal
    Steam or gas turbine                       0.010     0.013   0.013
    Generator & power electronics              0.052     0.072   0.070
    Steam injector or gas compressor           0.052     0.072   0.070

    Solar PV
    PV panel integration                       0.006     0.008   0.008
    Modules                                    0.010     0.013   0.013
    Cells which constitute modules             0.026     0.036   0.035
    Inverter                                   0.004     0.006   0.006
    Tracking system                            0.004     0.005   0.005

    Concentrating Solar
    Heat tube                                    0.018   0.025   0.024
    Mirrors                                      0.004   0.006   0.006
    Tracking system                              0.004   0.006   0.006
   Mechanical components of heat storage         0.010   0.013   0.013
Mechanical components of heat collection 0.018           0.025   0.024
   Stirling Engine                               0.010   0.013   0.013
   Panel integration and mechanical construction 0.044   0.062   0.060

    Biomass & landfill gas
    Fluidized bed steam boiler                 0.006     0.008   0.008
    Liquid or gas fueled steam boiler          0.003     0.004   0.004
    Gasification & gas cleaning components     0.004     0.006   0.006
    Steam or gas turbine                       0.015     0.021   0.020
    ICE or Stirling engine                     0.007     0.009   0.009
    Generator & power electronics              0.004     0.005   0.005
    Cogeneration                               0.003     0.004   0.004

    Source: Ibrahim Akgun.
Uganda Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariff (REFIT)
for 2011-2012                         Cummulative Capacity Limits
                                1.39    1.350 MW                           Linear tariff: hydro 1><=8MW
                   Years €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh ### ### ### ###               MW USD/kWhMW USD/kWhMW USD/kWhMW USD/kWh
Wind                 20 0.092    0.127    0.124    50   75 100 150                 1 0.109   3          0.1     5   0.091     7   0.082
Solar PV              20 0.268   0.372     0.362    2    3     5  7.5            1.1 0.109 3.1          0.1   5.1   0.091   7.1   0.082
Geothermal            20 0.057   0.079     0.077   10   30    50   75            1.2 0.108 3.2        0.099   5.2    0.09   7.2   0.081
Landfill gas          20 0.066   0.091     0.089   10   20    30   50            1.3 0.108 3.3        0.099   5.3    0.09   7.3   0.081
Biogas                20 0.085   0.118     0.115   10   20    30   50            1.4 0.107 3.4        0.098   5.4   0.089   7.4    0.08
Biomass               20 0.076   0.106     0.103   10   20    30   50            1.5 0.107 3.5        0.098   5.5   0.089   7.5    0.08
Bagasse               20 0.060   0.083     0.081   20   50    75 100             1.6 0.106 3.6        0.097   5.6   0.088   7.6   0.079
Hydro >500 kW<1 MW    20 0.081   0.112     0.109    1  1.5     2    5            1.7 0.106 3.7        0.097   5.7   0.088   7.7   0.079
Hydro >1 MW<8 MW             20                      Linear tariff 15 30  60  90 1.8 0.105 3.8        0.096   5.8   0.087   7.8   0.078
Hydro >9 MW<20MW             20 0.054       0.075          0.073   45 90 135 180 1.9 0.105 3.9        0.096   5.9   0.087   7.9   0.078
http://www.era.or.ug/Pdf/Approved_Uganda%20REFIT%20Guidelines%20V4%20%282%29.pdf 4 2 0.105            0.096     6   0.087     8   0.078
Project size cap: <20 MW.                                                        2.1 0.104 4.1        0.095   6.1   0.086   8.1   0.077
Inflation adjustment based on O&M costs of tariff.                               2.2 0.104 4.2        0.095   6.2   0.086   8.2   0.077
Administered by Uganda's Electric Regulatory Authority (ERA).                    2.3 0.103 4.3        0.094   6.3   0.085   8.3   0.076
Tariffs based on the cost of generation plus profit.                             2.4 0.103 4.4        0.094   6.4   0.085   8.4   0.076
                                                                                 2.5 0.102 4.5        0.093   6.5   0.084   8.5   0.075
                                                                                 2.6 0.102 4.6        0.093   6.6   0.084   8.6   0.075
                                                                                 2.7 0.101 4.7        0.092   6.7   0.083   8.7   0.074
                                                                                 2.8 0.101 4.8        0.092   6.8   0.083   8.8   0.074
                                                                                 2.9   0.1 4.9        0.091   6.9   0.082   8.9   0.073
                                                                                   3   0.1
                                                                                 3.1   0.1
                                                                                 3.2 0.099
                                                                                 3.3 0.099
                                                                                 3.4 0.098
                                                                                 3.5 0.098
                                                                                 3.6 0.097
                                                                                 3.7 0.097
                                                                                 3.8 0.096
                                                                                 3.9 0.096
                                                                                   4 0.096
                                                                                 4.1 0.095
                                                                                 4.2 0.095
                                                                                 4.3 0.094
                                                                                 4.4 0.094
                                                                                 4.5 0.093
                                                                                 4.6 0.093
                                                                                 4.7 0.092
                                                                                 4.8 0.092
                                                                                 4.9 0.091
                                                                                   5 0.091
                                                                                 5.1 0.091
                                                                                 5.2  0.09
                                                                                 5.3  0.09
                                                                                 5.4 0.089
                                                                                 5.5 0.089
                                                                                 5.6 0.088
                                                                                 5.7 0.088
                                                                                 5.8 0.087
                                                                                 5.9 0.087
                                                                                   6 0.087
                                                                                 6.1 0.086
                                                                                 6.2 0.086
                                                                                 6.3 0.085
                                                                                 6.4 0.085
                                                                                 6.5 0.084
                                                                                 6.6 0.084
                                                                                 6.7 0.083
                                                                                 6.8 0.083
                                                                                 6.9 0.082
                                                                                   7 0.082
                                                                                 7.1 0.082
                                                                                 7.2 0.081
                                                                                 7.3 0.081
                                                                                 7.4  0.08
                                                                                 7.5  0.08
                                                                                 7.6 0.079
                                                                                 7.7 0.079
                                                                                 7.8 0.078
                                                                                 7.9 0.078
                                                                                   8 0.078
                                                                                 8.1 0.077
                                                                                 8.2 0.077
                                                                                 8.3 0.076
                                                                                 8.4 0.076
                                                                                 8.5 0.075
                                                                                 8.6 0.075
                                                                                 8.7 0.074
                                                                                 8.8 0.074
                                                                                 8.9 0.073
                                                                                   9 0.073
Renewable Tariffs in Ukraine
      8-Jul-09
                                                     10.855 1.38725   1.3496
                                   Green
                                         Minimu
                              Mulipli       m
                 Years UAH/kWh er UAH/kWh €/kWh CAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Wind Energy
<600 kW        2030       0.5846      1.2   0.7015    0.065   0.090    0.087
               2030
>600 kW<1,200 kW          0.5846      1.4   0.8184    0.075   0.105    0.102
>1,200 kW      2030       0.5846      2.1   1.2277    0.113   0.157    0.153

Photovoltaics
<100 kW           2030    0.5846      4.4   2.5722    0.237   0.329    0.320
>100 kW           2030    0.5846      4.6   2.6892    0.248   0.344    0.334

Biomass           2030    0.5846      2.3   1.3446    0.124   0.172    0.167

Hydro
<10,000 kW        2030    0.5846      0.8   0.4677    0.043   0.060    0.058

http://www.ssd.com/ukraine_law_alert_april_2009
Vermont Renewable Energy Tariffs
         7-Oct-09
                               1.39   1.350
                  Years €/kWhCAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Wind Energy
<15 kW              20 0.148    0.206  0.200
>15 kW <2.2 MW       20 0.093   0.128  0.125
Photovoltaics       25 0.222    0.308  0.300
Biomass              20 0.093   0.128  0.125
Landfill Methane     15 0.089   0.123  0.120
Farm Methane         20 0.119   0.164  0.160
Hydro                20 0.093   0.128  0.125

http://psb.vermo
nt.gov/sites/psb/f
iles/orders/2009/
7523interimprice
order.pdf
Program cap of 50 MW.
Project size cap of 2.2 MW.
Became law May 27, 2009. H446.
Become effective October 19, 2009.
Vietnam Renewable Energy Tariffs (Draft)
       7-Jan-11
                                  10.80   1.39    1.35
                   Years VND/kWh €/kWh CAD/kWhUSD/kWh
Wind Energy          ?
Purchase Agreement         1,317 121.978 169.214 164.624
Government subsidy            185 17.134 23.770 23.125
                    Total  1,502 139.113 192.984 187.749
Preferential loan rates.
Tax exemption for four years.
For early 2011.

http://www.winde
nergy.org.vn/ind
ex.php?mact=N
ews,cntnt01,det
ail,0&cntnt01arti
cleid=171&cntnt
01origid=15&cnt
nt01returnid=54
Performance-Based Incentive in Washington State 2009

                               Rate 0.000   1.387 1.350
                        Years Factor €/kWhCAD/kWh USD/kWh
Base Rate               2020      1 0.222   0.308   0.300

Solar PV             2020
Out-of-State PV                   1   0.222   0.308   0.300
In-State PV                     2.4   0.533   0.740   0.720
In-State Inverter               1.2   0.267   0.370   0.360
In State Total                  3.6   0.800   1.110   1.080
Net-Metered Retail Rate               0.052   0.072   0.070
Total Solar In State                  0.852   1.182   1.150

Wind                2020
Out-of-State Wind              0.08   0.089   0.123   0.120
In State Inverter               1.2   0.267   0.370   0.360
In State Blades                   1   0.222   0.308   0.300
In State Total                  2.2   0.489   0.678   0.660
Net-Metered Retail Rate               0.059   0.082   0.080
Total Wind In State                   0.548   0.761   0.740

Biogas                  2020     1 0.222      0.308   0.300

Note that this
program is not a
true tariff but a
"Production-Based
Incentive", that is, a
payment. This is a
net-metering
program. The meter
on the PV system
is on the
customer's side of
the utility's revenue
meter.
Out-of-State=Manufactured Out-of-State.
Currently no small
wind turbine is
manufactured in
Washington State,
but there are
inverters
manufactured in
the state.
Progam limit: $10 million per year.
Project limit: $5,000/yr.
Incentive good through 2020.
Max. 25 kW under Washington State's Net Metering policy.
Applicable only to customer-owned generation.
http://www.dsireusa.
org/incentives/incen
tive.cfm?Incentive_
Code=WA27F&re=1
&ee=1
Performance-Based Incentive in Washington State

                           Rate         1.39 1.3496
                    Years Factor €/kWhCAD/kWh SD/kWh
                                             U
Base Rate                     1 0.111   0.154   0.15

Solar PV
Out-of-State PV           8      1   0.111   0.154   0.15
In-State PV               8    2.4   0.267   0.370   0.36
In-State Inverter         8    1.2   0.133   0.185   0.18
In State Total            8    3.6   0.400   0.555   0.54
Net-Metered Retail Rate              0.052   0.072   0.07
Total Solar In State                 0.452   0.627   0.61

Wind
Out-of-State Wind         8   0.08   0.089   0.123   0.12
In State Inverter         8    1.2   0.133   0.185   0.18
In State Blades           8      1   0.111   0.154   0.15
In State Total            8    2.2   0.245   0.339   0.33
Net-Metered Retail Rate              0.059   0.082   0.08
Total Wind In State                  0.304   0.421   0.41

Biogas                    8     1 0.111      0.154   0.15


Note that this
program is not a
true tariff but a
"Production-Based
Incentive", that is,
a payment. This is
a net-metering
program. The
meter on the PV
system is on the
customer's side of
the utility's revenue
meter.
Out-of-State=Manufactured Out-of-State.
Currently no small
wind turbine is
manufactured in
Washington State,
but there are
inverters
manufactured in
the state.
Progam limit: $10 million per year.
Project limit: $2,000/yr.
Max. 25 kW under Washington State's Net Metering policy.
Applicable only to customer-owned generation.
http://www.northwestsolarcenter.org/5101%20q%26a.pdf

.025% of the Utility Use Tax, as tax payments increase program also expands somewhat as rates increase.
3.8% of gross sales to the state as a Utility Use Tax.

02/13/08, 500 solar PV systems installed, 1.20-1.5 MW.
Chelan County PUD (Washington State)
Tariff Year    2006
                     1.3873 1.3496
         Years€/kWh        U
                    CAD/kWh SD/kWh
SNAP        1 ####    0.257    0.25

SNAP tariff a function of number of kWh generated and amount of voluntary customer contribution of funds (voluntary SBC).
There is also a nominal payment for wholesale generation (75% of the avg. low-load rate).
SNAP pays generator once per year on Earth Day.
Size limited to 25 kW.
$100 connection fee; $10 service charge; and $3.65 monthly meter fee.
Includes wind, solar, hydro.
42 systems installed; ~96 kW total.
http://www.chelanpud.org/
Wisconsin Renewable Energy Tariffs
                    27-Dec-10
                                                      1.39   1.350
                                        Years €/kWh        U       P
                                                    CAD/kWh SD/kWh rogram CapExpires
We Energies                                                         0.5% of sales
Biogas <2 MW                               10                       10 MW       ######
On peak                                        ####   0.159 0.155
Off peak                                       ####   0.063 0.061
Average                                        ####   0.097 0.094

Madison Gas & Electric
Solar PV >1 kW<10 kW                       10 ####     0.257   0.250 1 MW
Renewables >20 kW<5 MW                     10 ####     0.063   0.061 5 MW

Wisconsin Public Service PV                10
Biogas <2 MW                                                         10 MW           ######
On peak                                         ####   0.109   0.106
Off peak                                        ####   0.063   0.061
Average                                         ####   0.083   0.081
Solar PV >1 kW<20 kW                            ####   0.257   0.250 300 kW          ######

Xcel Energy
Wind <1 MW                                 10 ####     0.068   0.066 0.25% of sales
Biomass >20 kW<800 kW                      10 ####     0.075   0.073 0.25% of sales

Alliant-Wisconsin Power & Light
Solar PV >1 kW<20 kW                       10 ####     0.257   0.250 683 kW
Biogas <2 MW                               10 ####     0.095   0.092 0.5% of sales     ?
Wind, Hydro, Landfill Gas <1 MW               ####     0.095   0.092 0.5% of sales     ?

Wisconsin Public Power Inc. (WPPI Energy)
                                         10 ####
River Falls Municipal Utility Solar PV < 4 kW          0.308   0.300   30 kW           ?
Stoughton Utilities Solar PV < 6 kW      10 ####       0.308   0.300   45 kW           ?
Mount Horeb Utilities Solar PV <6 kW 10 ####           0.308   0.300   18 kW           ?
Black River Falls Solar PV <6 kW         10 ####       0.308   0.300   15 kW           ?

Source: RENEW Wisconsin, www.renewwisconsin.org
http://www.renewwisconsin.org/poli
cy/ARTS/DG%20Rates/Wisconsin
%20Active%20ARTs%20Rates%2
012-22-10.pdf




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des/incentive2.cfm?Incentive_Cod
e=WI15F&state=WI&CurrentPageI
D=1&RE=1&EE=0

				
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