Lesson Plans- Moon Phases

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Lesson Plans- Moon Phases Powered By Docstoc
					                            Music Fundamentals 251
                     Instructor Benjamin Boyer Spring 2009
                                  Erin Goodrich

Overview
      Topic: Moon Phases
      Song or Composition: “If You’re Happy and You Know It”
      Grade Level: 3rd
      Number of Students: 24

Objectives
      General Objectives:
            3.3 Physical Setting
      Behavioral or Specific Objectives:
            3.3.4 Observe and describe that the moon looks a little different every day,
            but looks the same again about every four weeks.

Skills included
        Psychomotor: Following instructions and “biting” the cookie in the moon phase
        activity
        Cognitive: Understanding the different phases of the moon and the order in which
        they occur
        Affective: Responding, and participating in group activity

Science Elements included in lesson
       The moon and its phases

Vocabulary
      Gibbous – gibbous moon is between a full moon and a half moon, or between a
      half moon and a full moon
      Waxing – when the moon seems to be getting bigger, going from new to crescent
      to half to gibbous to full
      Waning – when the moon seems to be getting smaller, going from full to gibbous
      to half to crescent to new
      Crescent – when we can see only a sliver of the moon's disk (the side of the moon
      facing us)

Materials
      Construction Paper, Vanilla Wafers, Song Sheets, Review Sheets, Bookmarks,
      Overhead Projector, Computer to play music

Procedures
      Introduction:
      Good morning students. We have spent quite a while working on the planets in
      our solar system. Can anybody name all nine planets for me? Remember to think
      about the “easy” remembering tool we worked on in class… “My Very Educated
       Mother Just Served Us Nine Pizzas” or “Many Very Early Maps Just Show Us
       Nine Planets”. I have created bookmarks for the students to use as a tool to help
       them remember.

       Body of the Lesson:
       Today we are going to start working on the different phases of the moon. The
       moon has 8 phases throughout the month (or every 29 days) – refer to the
       overhead for the definitions. Refer to overhead to show pictures of the phases. I
       will be passing out a study sheet for the students to fill in the lines about the
       phases of the moon. We will go through this sheet together. It is always fun to
       use music to remember certain things about history and English; science is no
       exception. Instruct students to get out their song sheets. Refer to last week’s
       English lesson when they learned the Subject and Predicate song to “If You’re
       Happy and You Know It.” We will be using the same tune to learn a song about
       the phases of the Moon. I will play through the tune of the song just to refresh
       their memories. We will then sing the song together a couple of times. Next, we
       will be doing an activity to help reinforce the phases of the moon. In this activity,
       each student will receive a bag with 5 vanilla wafers. They will also each get a
       piece of construction paper. The students will trace the wafer, color it in if
       necessary, and label the phase. For example: draw a full moon. The students will
       trace the vanilla wafer, color in the entire circle, and label it “Full Moon”. Next,
       draw a new moon. The students will trace the vanilla wafer and will not color in
       anything to show that during a new moon, the moon is not visible. Take a small
       bite out of your next cookie – this small bite should leave a “C” shape in the
       cookie. Now trace this cookie and color it in. This phase is the _________
       phase? Answer – Waxing Crescent. ETC… When the students are finished, I will
       display the answer key on the overhead and instruct students to take papers home
       and use as a study guide for their next test. They will then turn this paper in when
       they take their test and they will receive a participation grade.

Assessment:
      I will be assessing the students through their work on the moon phase activity and
      participation in class. The students will be taking an exam at the end of the week,
      so they will be assessed through their knowledge on the test. Finally, they will be
      assessed on their group project.

Modifications for Students with Special Needs:
      There are several students in this class that are having difficulties viewing
      information that is left on the chalkboard; therefore, I have created this lesson on
      the overhead for easier viewing. I have also made handouts of the important
      information that is being discussed.

       This class is taught using the “reward” system. Students that listen and participate
       are rewarded for their positive behavior. This type of class structure usually
       appeals to those students that have attention disorders because they like to receive
       recognition and reward.
       There is a lot of new information in this lesson; therefore, students will be
       working together in their table groups. Group work will help those students who
       do not understand the information as well.

Relationship to Multicultural Education:
       Due to the nature of this subject, this lesson cannot be modified around different
       cultures. All areas of the world and people of different races share the same solar
       system; we must all learn the same information.

Follow-up Lesson:
      In our next class, we will be reviewing all of the information that we learned
      today in class. We will start discussing our science project that will be due in two
      weeks. This project will require the students to work in groups of two. The
      groups will decide which planet interests them the most and come up with a
      display that will include 10 facts about this planet and pictures of the planet. The
      groups will present their facts to the class during “We Love Science Week.”
Bibliography

4th Grade Science Songs.(2009).Moon Phases Song. Retrieved April 13, 2009, from Web
site: http://mal.sbo.hampton.k12.va.us/fourth/sci/sci_songs_4thgrade.htm

Enchanted Learning.(2007).Moon Phases. Retrieved April 13, 2009, from Web site:
http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/astronomy/activities/label/labelmoonphasesa
nswers.shtml

Indiana Department of Education.(2009).Indiana Standards and Resources. Retrieved
April 12, 2009, from Web site:
http://dc.doe.in.gov/Standards/AcademicStandards/StandardSearch.aspx

KidzSing Garden of Songs.(2009).Nursery Rhymes. Retrieved April 13, 2009, from Web
site: http://www.gardenofsong.com/happy.html#two

Lesson Plans Page.(2009).Moon Munching. Retrieved April 13, 2009, from Web site:
http://www.lessonplanspage.com/ScienceCIMoonMunching23.htm

				
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